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TEST DI STORIA DELL’ARTE – IL BASSO MEDIOEVO Nome:_______________________

1. Quali sono gli anni in cui si afferma l’arte romanica? (6) _________________________________________
2. Spiega su quanti livelli è generalmente costruita una chiesa romanica e qual è la loro funzione. (12)
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3. A che cosa servivano le numerose decorazioni pittoriche e scultoree presenti nelle chiese romaniche? (10)
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4. Quale delle due immagini qui di seguito rappresenta la planimetria di una città medievale e quale quella di una
città fondata dai romani? Che cosa ti permette di distinguerle? (10)

[A] [B]

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5. Quali sono le altre caratteristiche della città medievale? (10)


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6. Come si chiama la forma di queste due diverse facciate di chiese romaniche? (10)

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7. Vocabolario: (18)
a. Rosone ______________________________________________________________________________
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b. Protiro ______________________________________________________________________________
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c. Reliquia _____________________________________________________________________________
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d. Telamone____________________________________________________________________________
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e. Transetto____________________________________________________________________________
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f. Bestiario____________________________________________________________________________
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8. Quale fu uno dei più grandi scultori di quest’epoca? (4) ____________________________________________
9. Descrivi brevemente i principali elementi di un castello. (12)
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10. Vero o falso? (10)
a. Il castello serviva come dimora per il signore e per proteggere la popolazione del feudo [V] [F]
b. Lo stile romanico presenta diverse varianti in Italia. [V] [F]
c. I contrafforti erano dei sostegni a forma di uomo posti sotto l’altare. [V] [F]
d. I telamoni hanno spesso un significato simbolico. [V] [F]
e. Il duomo di Modena fu progettato da Lucignano. [V] [F]
f. Il numero quattro era alla base del progetto del duomo di Modena. [V] [F]
g. Le reliquie dei santi si trovano sempre nelle feritoie. [V] [F]
h. Spesso nelle chiese appaiono animali che hanno una funzione simbolica. [V] [F]
i. Le strutture delle chiese romaniche si basano sull’arco a sesto acuto. [V] [F]
j. La campata è un particolare stile usato per scolpire i santi. [V] [F]

[Totale punti 102] VOTO _______________________