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101 Frasi in Inglese con i Verbi “Do” e “Make”

Stephen Harrison

www.ebooksforenglish.it
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Kindle Edition

Copyright © 2013 by Stephen Harrison. All rights reserved.

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Indice

Nota dell'autore

Prefazione

Frasi con il verbo ‘do’

Frasi con il verbo ‘make’

Tipi di verbo frasale

Verbo frasale con il verbo ‘do’

Verbo frasale con il verbo ‘make’

Esercizi

Soluzioni

101 Things to Do…

101 siti web gratuiti per imparare l'inglese

Altri Titoli

Informazioni sull’Autore

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Nota dell'autore

Caro lettore,

Grazie per aver scaricato il mio eBook! Come insegnante e studente di lingue, riconosco il valore del
materiale di alta qualità a un buon prezzo per l'apprendimento delle lingue.

Il mio intento è scrivere eBook validi per imparare l'inglese, che non siano troppo costosi. Ho scritto diversi
eBook con questo scopo e sono elencati alla fine di questo mio lavoro (e anche su www.ebooksforenglish.it).

Ogni volta che pubblico un nuovo eBook, lo rendo disponibile gratuitamente per i primi giorni. Se volete
essere sempre aggiornati sulle offerte gratuite, visitate www.relevantenglish.com e registrate il vostro
indirizzo e-mail.

Infine, spero davvero che questo libro vi piaccia e vi aiuti a migliorare il vostro inglese - che è il mio
obiettivo. Se siete soddisfatti, siete pregati di lasciare un commento. Il vostro feedback è importante e mi
aiuterà a continuare a produrre eBook efficaci per le vostre esigenze di apprendimento dell' inglese.

Grazie!

Stephen

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Prefazione

Per molti studenti di Inglese e’ difficile capire come usare correttamente I verbi do e make. Ci sono
tantissime espressioni in inglese che utilizzano questi verbi ed è molto facile scegliere quella sbagliata.

“Do”può essere usato come verbo ausiliare, ad esempio: Do you speak English? (Parli inglese?);Oppure
come verbo principale, ad esempio: I did a test this morning (Ho fatto un test questa mattina). Quando viene
usato come verbo ausiliare, non ha alcun significato; Fa semplicemente parte della struttura grammaticale
della frase. Il verbo ”do” viene anche usato come parte di molte espressioni di tutti i giorni, ad esempio: to do
a test (fare un test), to do the washing up (lavarele stoviglie), ecc

“Make” non è un verbo ausiliare. È sempre verbo principale, ad esempio:”I made a complaint last
week”(Ho fatto un reclamo la settimana scorsa).

Gli Inglesi di solito usano il “make” quando si parla di costruire, creare, fare artigianalmente.

Spesso usano il “do” quando si esegue un qualcosa in maniera attiva, un compito , un’azione. Ci sono
comunque molte eccezioni a queste regole è perciò meglio imparare le espressioni a memoria. Questa breve
guida vi aiuterà a raggiungere questo obiettivo!

In questo libro troverete oltre 100 espressioni con l’utilizzo del “do” e “make”. Ogni espressione è un
esempio di utilizzo in un contesto specifico. Vi è una sezione sui verbi frasali con “do” e “make”.

Il libro contiene anche esercizi di grammatica con le risposte.

Alla fine troverete un breve racconto intitolato ‘101 Things to Do...’ (“101 Cose da fare ...”). E 'stato scritto
appositamente per studenti di inglese e utilizza molte delle espressioni trattate nel libro.

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Frasi con il verbo ‘do’

to do a favour (fare un favore)

A: Sorry to bother you, but could you do me a favour?

B: Sure, what is it?

A: I’m going on holiday and I need someone to feed my cats.

to do a project (lavorare ad un progetto)

A: I’m doing a really exciting project at the moment.

B: Oh really? What?

A: I’m writing a book about World War Two.

to do a test (fare un test)

A: I did a test this morning.

B: And?

A: It was really hard but I think I did OK.

to do an assignment (preparare una tesina)

A: How’s college?

B: Great but I have a lot of work. I have to do a five thousand word assignment on Queen Victoria for next
week.

to do an exam (sostenere un esame)

A: Where’s Jenny?

B: She’s sleeping upstairs. She did an exam today and she’s exhausted.

Anche: ‘to sit an exam’.

to do badly (andar male)

A: Hey! How did the job interview go?

B: Oh, I did really badly.

A: I’m sure you didn’t.

to do business (lavorare )

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A: Thank you Mr Jones. It’s been a pleasure doing business with you.

B: You’re very welcome.

to do damage (arrecare danno)

A: Hurricane Katrina did a lot of damage in New Orleans.

B: I know. They are still rebuilding it today.

to do exercise (fare esercizi)

A: Doctors recommend that you do thirty minutes of exercise a day.

B: I know. I actually do one hour a day.

to do good (fare del bene)

A: The church where I live does a lot of good.

B: Oh yes, I saw them giving food to the homeless.

to do harm (fare del male)

A: I know you were trying to help by talking to Anna but you did harm instead.

B: I know. I just thought she needed some advice.

A: Yes but telling her to quit her job was a bit impulsive. How will she pay her bills?

to do homework (fare I compiti)

A: Mum, can I go out to play?

B: Have you done your homework?

A: Not yet.

B: Do it first, then you can go out.

to do housework (fare le faccende di casa)

A: I’m so tired.

B: Why?

A: I spent all day doing housework.

to do nothing (fare niente)

A: I feel so depressed.

B: Why don’t you come for a walk and get some fresh air?

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A: No, I’m staying home today.

B: Come on, if you do nothing, you’ll just feel worse.

to do research (fare una ricerca)

A: I’m writing a new book.

B: Oh, what on?

A: The French revolution. I studied it at university but I need to do more research first.

to do something (fare qualcosa)

A: Hey, are you free tonight?

B: Yeah, why?

A: I thought we could do something? Maybe the cinema…

to do some reading (leggere qualcosa)

A: Did you finish your assignment?

B: No, I still need to do some reading before I submit it.

to do some studying (mettersi a studiare)

A: How is university?

B: I love it! I am having a lot of fun but I think I need to do some studying.

to do some writing (mettersi a scrivere)

A: I have been feeling very creative lately.

B: In what way?

A: I don’t know. I feel like I want to do some writing. Maybe I could write a novel.

to do the accounts (preparare una situazione contabile)

A: Right, today is the day.

B: The day for what?

A: I’m going to do the accounts. It will be April soon and that’s the end of the financial year.

to do the cleaning (fare le pulizie)

A: Are you coming to the park?

B: I can’t. I have to do the cleaning, my house is a mess!

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to do the dishes/the washing up (lavare le stoviglie)

A: That was delicious, thank you!

B: You’re welcome. Now it’s your turn to do the dishes!

to do the ironing (stirare)

A: I’m going to do the cleaning and John can do the dishes.

B: OK, I’ll do the ironing.

to do the laundry (Stati Uniti)/washing (Regno Unito) (lavare I panni)

A: I need a favour…

B: What is it?

A: Can you do the laundry? I have to go out.

to do the math (Stati Uniti)/ the maths (Regno Unito) (fare I conti)

A: How much should I charge for my new book?

B: You need to think about how long it took you to write and how much profit you want to make.

A: OK, I am going home to do the math.

to do the maximum (dare il massimo)

A: Do you want to succeed?

B: Yes of course. I’ll do the maximum that I can in order to achieve my goals.

to do the minimum (dare il minimo)

A: Michael is a very lazy boy. He will do the minimum and no more.

B: That sounds like him. He puts in no effort at all.

to do the paperwork (fare I documenti)

A: Did you buy the new house?

B: Yes!

A: Congratulations.

B: I just need to do the paperwork now.

to do the shopping (fare la spesa)

A: What are you up to on Saturday morning?

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B: I’m doing the shopping but I’m free after 1pm.

to do the vacuuming (passare l’aspirapolvere)

A: Shall we watch a film?

B: I need to do the vacuuming first.

to do time (scontare una pena in prigione)

A: Have you ever been to prison?

B: Yes, I did time when I was younger.

to do work (lavorarci)

A: Your Spanish has really improved.

B: Thanks. I have studied hard but I need to do more work. I will be studying hard this month.

to do your best (fare del proprio meglio)

A: Mum, I think I failed the Maths test today.

B: As long as you did your best, that’s all that matters.

to do your duty (fare il proprio dovere)

A: You acted very bravely.

B: I was just doing my duty, sir.

to do your hair (farsi I capelli)

A: Who does your hair? It’s gorgeous.

B: Oh thanks. It’s Rodrigo, my hairdresser. He’s amazing.

to do your nails (farsi le unghie)

A: Are you coming out tonight?

B: I can’t. I’m doing my nails.

to do your job (fare il proprio lavoro)

A: That customer wants to complain about me because I wouldn’t let his child eat for half price.

B: Don’t worry. You were doing your job, I’ll deal with him.

to do your makeup (truccarsi)

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A: Come on, we’re running late.

B: I just need to do my makeup and then I’ll be ready. Wait!

to do 50 miles/kilometres per hour (andare a 50 all’ora)

A: Slow down.

B: It’s OK, I’m not going very fast.

A: Look! We’re in a 30 miles per hour zone and we’re doing 40!

to do lunch (incontrarsi per pranzo –vedi ‘to make lunch’)

A: Are you free Saturday?

B: Yes.

A: Great, let’s do lunch.

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Frasi con il verbo ‘make’

to make a booking (fare una prenotazione)

A: Good afternoon, how may I help?

B: Hi there, I’d like to make a booking please.

A: Certainly sir, when for?

to make a bundle (fare un sacco di soldi)

A: That’s Jackie Jones.

B: Nice car she’s driving.

A: I know. She made a bundle buying and renovating houses.

to make a call (fare una telefonata)

A: Excuse me one moment.

B: Where are you going?

A: I just need to make a call outside.

to make a cake (fare una torta)

A: I had such a lovely birthday.

B: Great.

A: And thanks for making me a cake.

to make a choice (fare una scelta)

A: Listen, you need to make a choice. Either you want to work here, or you need to leave.

B: OK, I know. Sorry.

to make a comment (fare un commento)

A: What’s wrong? You look upset?

B: Louise made a really nasty comment this morning and it has upset me.

A: Ignore her. She’s in a bad mood.

to make a complaint (fare un reclamo)

A: Excuse me, could I see the manager?

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B: Yes madam certainly. May I ask what it’s about?

A: I want to make a complaint.

to make a compromise (fare un compromesso)

A: I want to go to Spain but Danny wants to go to Croatia.

B: Well you will just have to make a compromise.

to make a deal (fare un patto)

A: Did you see the news?

B: No, why?

A: It says that the murderer has made a deal with the police. He will tell them where the bodies are, in
exchange for time off his sentence.

to make a decision (prendere una decisione)

A: Are you coming tonight?

B: Oh I don’t know.

A: You need to make a decision soon.

to make a difference (fare la differenza)

A: Oh the house looks lovely.

B: Thanks.

A: The new paint has really made a difference.

to make a fire (fare il fuoco)

A: We went camping on Saturday.

B: Was it fun?

A: Oh yes. However, we forgot the stove so we had to make a fire.

to make a fool of yourself(rendersi ridicoli)

A: Peter, you need to stop drinking so fast. You’re really drunk.

B: I’m fine.

A: No you’re not. You are making a fool of yourself.

to make a fortune (fare fortuna)

A: Bill Gates has made a fortune in the IT industry.

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B: I know. I wish I was as rich as he is.

to make a fuss (essere eccitati o preoccupati per un niente)

A: Mum, I don’t like this! I don’t like this!

B: Stop making a fuss! Just sit down and eat your dinner.

to make a habit (farne un abitudine)

A: I’m so sorry I’m late.

B: It’s OK, just don’t make it a habit.

to make a phone call (fare una telefonata)

A: Excuse me a moment, I need to make a phone call.

B: Sure, no problem.

to make a point of something (farlo apposta)

A: Do you remember when Phillip said I don’t speak in meetings?

B: Oh yeah, you were really angry.

A: Well I made a point of speaking today.

to make a profit (guadagnare)

A: How’s the new business going?

B: Great, we made a profit last month.

to make a promise (fare una promessa)

A: I want you to make me a promise that you’ll never do that again.

B: OK dad, I promise.

to make a remark (fare osservazione)

A: How are you?

B: I’m quite upset and angry.

A: Why?

B: Jane made a very rude remark today.

to make a reservation (prenotare)

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A: Hi there, I would like to make a reservation for 7pm tonight.

B: We have 7.30pm, is that OK?

to make a sound (fare rumore)

A: I think there is an intruder downstairs.

B: OK, don’t make a sound. I will call the police.

to make a speech (fare un discorso)

A: I’m so nervous.

B: Why?

A: I have to make a speech at my friend’s wedding on Saturday.

to make a suggestion (fare una proposta)

A: Our sales are down by 20%. We have a problem.

B: May I make a suggestion?

A: Certainly, go ahead.

to make a threat (minacciare)

A: I’m calling the police.

B: Why?

A: My neighbour made a threat against me today.

to make a visit (fare visita)

A: Where were you this morning?

B: I made a visit to see Aunty Anne.

A: Oh really, how is she?

B: She’s great and she sends her love.

to make amends (rimediare)

A: I cannot believe how Paul behaved. He was horrible to his wife Sarah.

B: I know but he was an alcoholic at the time. He is sorry and he has made amends.

A: I know but it still shocks me. But you are right, he has tried to make everything better.

to make an appearance (farsi vivi)

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A: Hi mum!

B: I was hoping you would make an appearance. Where were you last night?

A: I was at a party. I tried to call but the line was busy.

to make an appointment (prendere un appuntamento)

A: Hello, I’d like to see Dr Jones.

B: He’s busy.

A: I made an appointment this morning by phone. My name is Kevin White.

to make an attempt (fare un tentativo)

A: This house is disgusting. You haven’t cleaned at all.

B: I have, look this room is tidy.

A: Well I suppose so, you have made an attempt in here.

to make an enquiry (Regno Unito)/inquiry (Stati Uniti)(fare una richiesta)

A: We need to go to the railway station.

B: Why?

A: I want to make an enquiry about train times to London.

to make an exception (fare un eccezione)

A: I’m sorry, I can’t find my ticket. Can I still board the train?

B: I’m sorry but no. If I make an exception for you, everyone will expect it.

to make an excuse (scusarsi)

A: Have you seen my car?

B: No.

A: A woman scratched it last week with her shopping trolley.

B: Oh no, what happened?

A: She made an excuse about being in a hurry and left.

to make an offer (fare un offerta)

A: Hurray! Great news!

B: What is it?

A: We made an offer and it’s been accepted. We have a new house!

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to make arrangements or plans. (organizzare,prendere accordi)

A: I’m so sorry about your father. He was a lovely man.

B: Thanks.

A: Have you made arrangements for the funeral?

to make believe (immaginare)

A: Do you remember when we were kids? We used to make believe we were princesses.

B: I know. We had great imaginations!

to make friends (fare amicizia)

A: I’m really glad I started playing tennis.

B: Do you enjoy it?

A: Yes, but I have also made some new friends.

to make fun of somebody/something (prendere in giro)

A: I am going to see my son’s teacher today.

B: Why?

A: A boy in his class keeps making fun of him. I want it to stop.

to make changes(fare dei cambiamenti)

A: I’m exhausted. I spent the whole night making changes to my book.

B: Why don’t you go back to bed and have a rest?

to make corrections (fare delle correzioni)

A: Are you coming to the concert tonight?

B: I can’t. I handed my manuscript in last week. They returned it today and I need to make corrections.

to make do (arrangiarsi,accontentarsi)

A: We don’t have enough plates for tonight’s party.

B: We have some large saucers. We’ll just have to make do.

to make love (fare l’amore)

A: Rome is a very special place for me.

B: How come?

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A: It’s where John and I made love for the first time.

to make money (far soldi)

A: That’s Phil. He set up his own company last year.

B: Was he successful?

A: Oh yes. He has made a lot of money.

to make noise (fare chiasso)

A: Shh! You’re making too much noise.

B: Sorry.

to make peace (fare la pace)

A: The war went on for years.

B: I know. Thank goodness they finally made peace.

to make plans (fare programmi)

A: Don’t make plans for next weekend.

B: Why?

A: It’s a surprise…

to make progress (fare progressi)

A: I am so happy with my child’s school.

B: Why?

A: Since she started in September, she has made progress.

to make sense (avere senso compiuto)

A: I can’t understand what this message says, it doesn’t make sense.

B: That’s because it’s in German.

A: Oh, yeah!

to make someone angry (fare arrabbiare qualcuno)

A: I have asked you to stop humming!

B: Sorry.

A: OK, just stop. You’re making me angry.

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to make someone happy (fare felice qualcuno)

A: Thank you for being you!

B: What a lovely thing to say, darling.

A: You make me happy!

to make someone mad (fare arrabbiare)

A: I’m sick of Jamie

B: Why?

A: It’s just his behaviour. He makes me so mad!

to make someone sad (rattristare)

A: I’m sorry I made you sad.

B: It’s OK. Let’s just forget about it.

to make someone’s day (fare veramente felice qualcuno)

A: These flowers are for you.

B: Oh thank you, they’re beautiful. You made my day!

to make sure (accertarsi)

A: Before you leave the house, you must make sure that you have turned off the iron.

B: Yeah, or else you could burn the house down.

to make time (trovare il tempo)

A: Did you do your homework?

B: No, I didn’t have time.

A: Well you need to make time.

to make trouble (causare problemi)

A: Mum, David is being silly.

B: Oh don’t make trouble. He’s not doing anything!

to make dinner (preparare la cena)

A: I need to leave now, it’s 6pm.

B: OK, no problem.

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A: I have to go to the supermarket and then make dinner.

to make lunch (incontrarsi per pranzo,vedi to do lunch)

A: Do you want to visit later?

B: Yes, what time?

A: How about 1pm? I can make lunch.

to make breakfast (preparare la colazione)

A: What time is it?

B: It’s 9am.

A: OK, you stay in bed and I’ll make breakfast.

to make a snack (preparare uno spuntino)

A: We have one hour to get ready and leave.

B: That’s plenty of time. I’m going to make a snack first.

to make tea/coffee (preparare un tea o caffe’)

A: Are you going to the kitchen?

B: Yeah.

A: Oh, would you make me a coffee?

to make a mess (fare disordine)

A: Don’t make a mess!

B: Sorry!

A: I just tidied up.

to make a mistake (fare un errore)

A: I can’t believe I got lost…again!

B: Don’t worry, we all make mistakes.

to make the bed (rifare il letto)

A: What is your worst habit?

B: I always forget to make the bed in the morning.

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to make war (combattere)

A: This book is so interesting.

B: Really? What’s it about?

A: It’s about ancient African tribes. It talks about how they made war, their customs and lots of interesting
stuff.

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Tipi di verbo frasale

I verbi frasali sono notoriamente difficili per gli studenti di Inglese. Sfortunatamente, essi sono estremamente
comuni, specialmente nell’Inglese parlato. Un verbo frasale è un verbo abbinato ad una preposizione (o due
preposizioni). La preposizione può aggiungere un significato aggiuntivo al verbo, oppure donargli un’enfasi
maggiore.

Molti verbi frasali sono idiomatici, il che significa che il loro significato è spesso completamente diverso da
quello indicato dal verbo che li compone, ad es. ‘to pass away’ [lett. “passare via”] significa ‘to die’
[”morire”].

Ciò significa che gli studenti di Inglese dovranno impararne il significato a memoria, proprio come farebbero
con altri idiomi.

Esistono inoltre vari tipi di verbi frasali, che si comportano in maniera differente a seconda che il
complemento oggetto sia un sostantivo o un pronome. Per usare i verbi frasali correttamente, dovrai
conoscerne il significato ed il tipo.

Esistono quattro tipi di verbo frasale.

Tipo 1

Questi verbi non hanno bisogno di un complemento oggetto (sono ‘intransitivi’).

The car broke down. [la macchina si è rotta]

The effects wore off. [gli effetti svanirono]

Tipo 2

Questi verbi frasali hanno bisogno di un complemento oggetto (sono ‘transitivi’). L’oggetto può trovarsi
dopo la preposizione oppure tra il verbo e la preposizione. Tuttavia, quando l’oggetto è un pronome, deve
trovarsi tra il verbo e la preposizione.

I added the bill up. [ho calcolato il conto]

I added up the bill. [ho calcolato il conto]

I added it up. [l’ho calcolato (sott. il conto)]

Tipo 3

Questi verbi hanno bisogno di un complemento oggetto (sono ‘transitivi’), ma l’oggetto deve trovarsi dopo la
preposizione. Lo stesso vale se l’oggetto è un pronome o un sostantivo.

I will look after the cat. [mi prenderò cura del gatto]

I will look after it. [me ne prenderò cura]

Tipo 4

Questi sono verbi di tipo 3, eccetto che hanno due preposizioni, invece di una sola.

He got away with the crime. [l’ha fatta franca per quel crimine]

He got away with it. [l’ha fatta franca]

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Verbo Frasale con il verbo ‘do’

Do away with (fare a meno) tipo 4

A: They did away with bull fighting in Spain.

B: I know. What happened to all the bulls?

Do out of (tradire) tipo 4

A: When Peter’s parents died his sister got everything.

B: What? You mean she did him out of his inheritance?

A: Yes, she’s an awful woman.

Could do with (avere bisogno) tipo 3

A: Oh I’m so tired after work today.

B: You could do with a hot bath and an early night.

Could do without (non aver bisogno/non voler fare qualcosa) tipo 3

A: Are you coming to football practice tonight?

B: Yes but I’m so tired after work today. I could do without it.

Do up (migliorare/ristrutturare) tipo 2

A: How are you?

B: I’m good but very busy. I have been doing up a house.

Do without (farne a meno/non volere) tipo 3

A: Would you like a coffee?

B: Yes please.

A: Oh no, we have no milk?

B: Don’t worry. I can do without.

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Verbo frasale con il verbo ‘make’

Make up a story (inventare una storia) tipo 2

A: Did you hear about the woman who said she saw aliens?

B: Oh yeah, she made it up.

A: What a liar!

Make out (essere in grado di vedere a mala pena) tipo 2

A: Look, here’s my scar from when the dog bit me.

B: Oh yes, I can make it out. However, it’s almost gone.

Make out (baciare – frase usata solo negli Stati Uniti) tipo 1

A: I saw my sister and her boyfriend making out!

Make out with (baciarsi con – frase usata solo negli Stati Uniti tipo 4

A: I saw my sister making out with her boyfriend!

Make do with (arrangiarsi,accontentarsi) tipo 4

A: During World War Two, we had to make do with the food and clothes we had. We weren’t spoiled like
you are now.

Make do (arrangiarsi,accontentarsi) tipo 1

A: During World War Two, we had to make do. We weren’t spoiled like you are now.

Make over (migliorare l’apparenza di qualcuno/qualcosa) tipo 2

A: Have you seen her? Isn’t she lovely?

B: Yes, she won a competition and they made her over on TV.

Make into (trasformare) tipo 2

A: I found an old coconut shell.

B: Really? What did you do with it?

A: I made it into an ashtray.

Be made of (essere fatto di) tipo 3

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A: What a beautiful necklace!

B: Thanks. It’s made of emeralds and gold.

Make up for (rifarsi/ripagare) tipo 4

A: John took me out for a meal last night.

B: Oh how lovely, why?

A: I didn’t get a job I had applied for and he wanted to make up for it.

Make it up to (ripagare/farsi perdonare) tipo 4

A: You are late again!

B: I’m so sorry. I will make it up to you. I promise!

Make towards (andare in direzione di) tipo 3

A: I was so scared yesterday.

B: Why?

A: There was a crazy man with a knife outside the office. He made towards me but the police came and
arrested him.

Make after (inseguire) tipo 3

A: Julie walked out of the restaurant crying last night.

B: What did John do?

A: He looked at us and then made after her.

Make off with (scappare con) tipo 4

A: The robbers made off with £20,000!

B: I know. I hope they catch them.

26
Esercizi

1. Hurricane Katrina _____ a lot of damage to New Orleans.

made ...... did ...... making ...... doing

2. They _____ away with bull fighting in Spain.

made ...... did

3. I’m exhausted. I spent the whole night _____ changes to my book.

made ...... did ...... making ...... doing

4. Don’t _____ a mess!

make ...... did ...... making ...... doing

5. We _____ a profit this month!

made ...... did ...... making ...... doing

6. Did you _____ plans for next weekend?

made ...... did ...... make ...... do

7. Yesterday, I _____ a visit to see Aunty Anne.

make ...... made ...... do ...... did

8. Are you hungry? I’m going to _____ a snack.

make ...... made ...... do ...... did

9. Hurry up! We need to _____ the shopping before the stores close.

make ...... made ...... do ...... did

10. Who _____ your hair? It’s gorgeous.

makes ...... make ...... do ...... does

11. I want you to _____ me a promise that you’ll never do that again.

makes ...... make ...... do ...... does

27
12. Hi there, I would like to _____ a reservation for 7pm tonight.

making ...... make ...... doing ...... do

13. I have to _____ a speech at my friend’s wedding on Saturday.

making ...... make ...... doing ...... do

14. Sorry to bother you, but could you _____ me a favour?

make ...... do ...... did ...... made

15. I _____ a test this morning.

make ...... do ...... did ...... made

16. She _____ an excuse about being in a hurry and left.

make ...... do ...... did ...... made

17. I always forget to _____ the bed in the morning.

making ...... make ...... doing ...... do

18. Shh! You’re _____ too much noise.

making ...... make ...... doing ...... do

19. As long as you _____ your best, that’s all that matters.

do ...... make ...... making ...... doing

20. She _____an exam today and she’s exhausted.

make ...... do ...... did ...... made

21. Don’t worry, we all _____ mistakes.

making ...... make ...... doing ...... do

22. I know you’re busy but you must _____ time to enjoy yourself.

making ...... make ...... doing ...... do

23. I’m going to _____ a cup of coffee.

making ...... make ...... doing ...... do

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24. I spent an hour _____ my makeup. How does it look?

making ...... make ...... doing ...... do

25. A good soldier must _____ their duty.

making ...... make ...... doing ...... do

26. James _____ me a lovely cake for my birthday.

making ...... made ...... doing ...... did

27. The church where I live _____ a lot of good.

makes ...... does ...... making ...... doing

28. Do you want to _____ something tonight? Maybe go to the cinema?

making ...... make ...... doing ...... do

29. You must _____ your homework before you play on the computer.

making ...... make ...... doing ...... do

30. I need to _____ some reading before my exam next week.

making ...... make ...... doing ...... do

31. I spent all day _____ the cleaning.

making ...... make ...... doing ...... do

32. My dad _____ a bundle selling used cars. He’s very rich now!

making ...... made ...... doing ...... did

33. Robert _____ a rude remark today.

making ...... made ...... doing ...... did

34. Can I _____ a suggestion? Why don’t we stop for a break?

makes ...... does ...... make ...... do

35. It is against the law to _____ threats of violence.

makes ...... does ...... make ...... do

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36. When we go camping, I always _____ a fire.

makes ...... does ...... make ...... do

37. Hurry up! You need to _____ a decision.

makes ...... does ...... make ...... do

38. Could I please see the manager? I would like to _____ a complaint.

making ...... doing ...... make ...... do

39. Bill Gates has _____ a fortune.

making ...... doing ...... made ...... did

40. I would like to _____ an appointment to see the doctor.

making ...... doing ...... make ...... do

41. to make an attempt

to try ...... to stop ...... to intend ...... to hit

42. to do the cleaning.

to clean yourself ...... to clean the house ...... to tidy the garden

43. to enquire(British English)/inquire(American English)

to anger ...... to search ...... to ask ...... to tell

44. to do the laundry.

to wash clothes ...... to iron clothes ...... to wash dishes

45. to do time

to wait ...... to go to prison ...... to look at the clock

46. to make a booking

to write a book ...... to reserve ...... to go to the library

47. to make believe

to believe ...... to imagine ...... to convince

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48. to make a decision

to decline ...... to deceive ...... to decide

49. to make a call

to be called ...... to telephone ...... to telegraph

50. to make a cake

to fry ...... to bake ...... to boil ...... to steam

31
Soluzioni

1. Hurricane Katrina did a lot of damage to New Orleans.

2. They did away with bull fighting in Spain.

3. I’m exhausted. I spent the whole night making changes to my book.

4. Don’t make a mess!

5. We made a profit this month!

6. Did you make plans for next weekend?

7. Yesterday, I made a visit to see Aunty Anne.

8. Are you hungry? I’m going to make a snack first.

9. Hurry up! We need to do the shopping before the stores close.

10. Who does your hair? It’s gorgeous.

11. I want you to make me a promise that you’ll never do that again.

12. Hi there, I would like to make a reservation for 7pm tonight.

13. I have to make a speech at my friend’s wedding on Saturday.

14. Sorry to bother you, but could you do me a favour?

15. I did a test this morning.

16. She made an excuse about being in a hurry and left.

17. I always forget to make the bed in the morning.

18. Shh! You’re making too much noise.

19. As long as you do your best, that’s all that matters.

20. She did an exam today and now she’s exhausted.

21. Don’t worry, we all make mistakes.

22. I know you’re busy but you must make time to enjoy yourself.

23. I’m going to make a cup of coffee.

24. I spent an hour doing my makeup. How does it look?

25. A good soldier must do their duty.

26. James made me a lovely cake for my birthday.

27. The church where I live does a lot of good.

28. Do you want to do something tonight? Maybe go to the cinema?

29. You must do your homework before you play on the computer.

30. I need to do some reading before my exam next week.

32
31. I spent all day doing the cleaning.

32. My dad made a bundle selling used cars. He’s very rich now!

33. Robert made a rude remark today.

34. Can I make a suggestion? Why don’t we stop for a break?

35. It is against the law to make threats of violence.

36. When we go camping, I always make a fire.

37. Hurry up! You need to make a decision.

38. Could I please see the manager? I would like to make a complaint.

39. Bill Gates has made a fortune.

40. I would like to make an appointment to see the doctor.

41. to make an attempt – to try

42. to do the cleaning – to clean the house.

43. to enquire (British English)/inquire (American English) – to ask

44. to do the laundry - to wash clothes

45. to do time - to go to prison

46. to make a booking - to reserve

47. to make believe - to imagine

48. to make a decision - to decide

49. to make a call - to telephone

50. to make a cake - to bake

33
101 Things to Do…

London, 2060

It was a bright, spring morning in the year 2060 and Melanie Jones was making a cup of tea in her kitchen.
She was an attractive woman and, although it was only 7am, she had already done her makeup. Melanie liked
to look her best and she was going to do her nails later that day. She was stirring* her coffee, when her
husband, John Jones, walked into the kitchen.

“Good morning darling,” he said, kissing her on the cheek.

“Good morning, dear,” she replied.

John Jones was a handsome* man, with clear blue eyes and jet black hair. He liked to do a lot of exercise and
did his best to stay healthy. John looked at his wife and thought that she seemed quite nervous. She was
standing by the window and looking at the buildings below.

“Is something wrong dear?” he asked her.

Melanie made towards her husband and sat down next to him.

“Darling, I’m just worried. Do you remember what day it is?” she asked.

John looked puzzled.

“It’s April the 3rd. I know as we have a meeting today with Zord Clize, he’s a representative from the Planet
Zaigon. We’ve been doing business with his government for the last two years,” said John.

John Jones had an extremely well-paid job for Transcene Intergalactic, a company which worked with
species from other planets. The Zaigons had made contact with Earth ten years ago. John’s job was to do the
accounts on any business deals with the Zaigons. His company had made a fortune.

Melanie looked at her husband. She loved him but he was obsessed* with his job!

“Darling, your mother is coming tonight,” she said.

“Oh yes!” exclaimed John, “I had almost forgotten.”

“I think you had forgotten,” said Melanie.

“So what’s the problem?” asked John.

Melanie smiled to herself. Men! He didn’t know what his mother could be like. Andrea Jones was a strong
woman with many opinions. Melanie was a housewife* so Andrea expected the house to be extremely tidy.
The problem was Melanie hated to do housework! She preferred to meet her friends and do lunch in the city.

“The problem is that your mother always criticizes me. She thinks our house should be perfect,” said
Melanie, a little angry.

John could tell that his wife was becoming angry. He didn’t have time for this!

Just at that moment, the video screen on the wall was showing an advert which caught his eye*. It was for a
new robot called a ‘house-bot’, a robot which did all the housework.

“Right darling! Don’t worry,” he said and turned up the volume, “your problems are solved.”

The couple looked at the screen. The house-bot was made of titanium and looked fantastic.

“Would you like one?” asked John.

34
Melanie thought about it.

“Yes I would,” she said.

“Right then,” said John, “it’s done.”

John blinked* once. This meant that he was using his neural* interface to buy the house-bot. A message in
his brain told him that his payment had been accepted. The house-bot would arrive that morning! Feeling
pleased with himself, John kissed Melanie and left for work.

About an hour later, Melanie was making a cake for her mother-in-law. She heard the door buzzer. Melanie
made towards the entrance but before she could open the door, the house-bot walked in.

“Good morning Melanie Jones,” it said in a computerized voice.

“How did you get in?” asked Melanie, “I didn’t open the door for you.”

The house-bot looked at her with its glowing, red eyes.

“When John Jones ordered through his neural interface, we downloaded his access codes,” it said.

Melanie didn’t like that and she decided to make a complaint later. However, the apartment was a mess and
her mother-in-law would be arriving with John at 5pm.

“Right, I’d like you…” Melanie said, before the house-bot interrupted.

“I have assessed your housework needs and I will begin immediately!” said the house-bot.

Melanie had a bad feeling about this, wasn’t she in charge? Or was the house-bot taking control?

“Sit!” it said loudly, and began to work.

First the house-bot tried to do the ironing but it tore the clothes with its sharp hands. Next, it tried to do the
laundry, but it filled the washing machine with cooking oil! The smell was horrendous. After that, Melanie
started to worry. The house-bot seemed to be doing more harm than good. She couldn’t just sit and do
nothing.

“Right… what do I call you?” she asked.

“My designation is C1-11,” it said.

“Right C1-11, you’re making a mess. Let me make a suggestion, why don’t you do the dishes while I make a
call?” she said.

She quickly hurried to her bedroom and made a call on the video phone. Her husband’s face filled the screen.

“Melanie,” he said, “it’s not like you to call me at work.”

“John this house-bot idea is not working. It’s doing damage…John, John…” she said as her husband
disappeared from the screen.

That was strange, videophones always worked. It was technology that the Zaigons had brought to Earth.

Just at that moment, the house-bot entered her bedroom.

“I have terminated the call,” it said, “House-bot Solutions Inc. requires you to try all house-bots for twenty-
four hours. You may not complain!”

“How dare you?” shouted Melanie, “you ended a private call to my husband. I’ve had enough, I’m leaving”

As she went to the front door, she heard the electronic door locking.

“What are you doing?” she screamed.

35
“You must observe my good work. You may not leave,” said the house-bot.

Melanie was helpless. She couldn’t contact her husband and she was a prisoner in her own home. Why hadn’t
she done some research before buying this house-bot?

For the next four hours, Melanie watched helplessly as the house-bot destroyed her home. It tried to do the
vacuuming, but instead it ruined her carpet. Then, it went to the home office and started to do her paperwork
but it shredded* everything!

Finally, she could take it no longer. The crazy machine was about to start cleaning her favourite painting.
Melanie made towards the house-bot and made an attempt to stop it. However, it grabbed* her and tied her to
a chair.

“Let me go, let me go!” she shouted.

Right at that moment, John and his mother Andrea walked in. Melanie saw the look on their faces. They were
looking at the destroyed apartment and the mess the house-bot had made. The carpet was torn, the curtains
were ripped, and water was overflowing from the sink and bath. It was a disaster. Suddenly, they saw
Melanie tied to the chair.

“What on Earth is going on here?” demanded John.

The house-bot turned its metal head and looked at the angry human.

“Clients must observe house-bots while we work. They may not interfere,” it said mechanically.

Right at that moment, Andrea walked over to the house-bot. On the table was a vase* of flowers. Andrea
picked up the flowers and tipped the water onto the house-bot. There was a flash of electricity and the house-
bot stopped moving.

John and Melanie looked at the older lady in amazement. She looked back.

“Your father bought me one of these horrible machines last month. It destroyed our house. Poor Melanie
must have had a bad day,” said Andrea.

“Don’t just stand there doing nothing,” she told her son, “untie your poor wife and I’ll tidy up.”

“Thank you Andrea,” said Melanie, “you saved the day.”

“It’s OK my dear,” she replied, “I don’t know why you bought one of those house-bots. You always do a
good job yourself. You have a beautiful home.”

Melanie didn’t know whether to laugh or cry, but one thing was certain… she would never complain about
doing the housework again!

Glossary

to stir – to mix

handsome – good-looking, attractive (used for men only).

housewife – a woman who works in the home.

to be obsessed with something – to think about it constantly.

to catch your eye – to make you look.

to blink – to involuntarily close your eyes for a second (not the same as ‘to wink’)

neural – an adjective used to describe brain activities (from the noun – ‘neuron’)

to shred – to tear, to rip.

36
to grab – to take hold roughly.

a vase – a container for flowers.

37
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38
le più comuni pregiudizi sulla grammatica inglese.

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‘The Internet Grammar of English’ è un corso online di grammatica inglese scritto in primo luogo per gli
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Questo è un grande blog per gli studenti di livello intermedio e avanzato. Ha un tavolo per spiegare il tempo
visivamente piacevole e aspetto dei verbi inglesi.

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Un gioco divertente che richiede agli studenti di identificare le parti di frasi in inglese.

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39
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40
Informazioni sull’Autore

Dopo aver conseguito una Laurea di Eccellenza in Linguistica nel 2001, Stephen si trasferì in Spagna dove
insegnò Inglese ed imparò lo Spagnolo. Da allora ha continuato ad insegnare a adulti e bambini così come a
formare altri insegnanti. Stephen al momento vive a Manchester, nel Regno Unito.

Per maggiori informazioni, e per registrarvi con i vostri dettagli per ricevere notizie e offerte speciali, visitate
www.relevantenglish.com o venite a trovarci su Facebook - Relevant English.

41
Indice
Nota dell'autore 4
Prefazione 5
Frasi con il verbo ‘do’ 6
Frasi con il verbo ‘make’ 12
Tipi di verbo frasale 22
Verbo frasale con il verbo ‘do’ 24
Verbo frasale con il verbo ‘make’ 25
Esercizi 27
Soluzioni 32
101 Things to Do… 34
101 siti web gratuiti per imparare l'inglese 38
Altri Titoli 40
Informazioni sull’Autore 41

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