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NORMA TECNICA DATA

CEN/TR 15135:2005 01/06/2005

TITOLO INGLESE

Welding - Design and non-destructive testing of welds

TESTO DELLA NORMA


CLASSIFICAZIONE ARGOMENTO

CEN/TC 121 - SALDATURA IN VIGORE

STATO VALIDITA'

LINGUA PAGINE PREZZO NON SOCI PREZZO SOCI

Inglese 20 46,50 46,50

Documento contenuto nel prodotto PED edizione 2007. E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

Documento contenuto nel prodotto PED edizione 2007. E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

TECHNICAL REPORT RAPPORT TECHNIQUE TECHNISCHER BERICHT


ICS 25.160.40

CEN/TR 15135

June 2005

English version

Welding - Design and non-destructive testing of welds


Soudage - Conception et essais non destructifs des assemblages souds Schweien - Gestaltung von Schweinhten und ihre zerstrungsfreie Prfung

This Technical Report was approved by CEN on 15 May 2005. It has been drawn up by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 121. CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMIT EUROPEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPISCHES KOMITEE FR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

B-1050 Brussels

2005 CEN

All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members.

Ref. No. CEN/TR 15135:2005: E

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Contents

Page

Foreword ..........................................................................................................................................................3 1 2 3 Scope ...................................................................................................................................................4 General ................................................................................................................................................4 Evaluation of a design for non-destructive testing ..........................................................................4

Bibliography...................................................................................................................................................20

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Foreword
This Technical Report (CEN/TR 15135:2005) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 121 Welding, the secretariat of which is held by DIN. According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to announce this Technical Report: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Scope

This Technical Report is an information document and provides guidance for design and evaluation of various joint types and geometrical configurations concerning the accessibility or ability of the weld to be examined with non-destructive testing methods.

General

The application of non-destructive testing is highly dependent on the geometrical conditions (among others) of the component, the configuration and accessibility of the joint. This is particularly true for volumetric methods, radiographic and ultrasonic testing. The methods for surface testing visual, magnetic particle, penetrant and eddy current are primarily dependent on the surface conditions and accessibility. There are a very wide range of geometrical conditions. This Technical Report shows examples for general non-destructive evaluation of welded joints in Table 1. More specific examples for the evaluation of different weld types representing various applications are shown in Table 2. The examples are intended to give guidance when planning for non-destructive testing during design and fabrication. The examples in this Technical Report can be used for specifying non-destructive methods in accordance with EN 12062.

Evaluation of a design for non-destructive testing

The following tables show the suitability of the non-destructive testing methods for different types of joint configuration. Each serial number starts with a joint configuration, showing: a) the least acceptable configuration for testing; b) a better joint configuration for testing; c) the best configuration; d) more modifications. The letters following the serial number define the different test methods: visual testing ultrasonic testing radiographic testing magnetic particle testing penetrant testing VT; UT; RT; MT; PT.

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

The following conventions are also used: + implies that the method is applicable and that the results will satisfy ordinary requirements;

(+) implies that the method has a limited application. The method should be supplemented with another method; implies that the method cannot be used or that the results are not sufficient.

It should be noted that in ultrasonic testing the direction of the sound beam, and in radiography the direction of the radiation beam relative to the anticipated imperfections, is very important. The metallurgical structure of a material, its thickness, surface finish and geometry can have a significant affect on the non-destructive test method.

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Table 1 General evaluation of welded joints Serial no. Example VT NDT method UT RT MT PT Remarks

1a

(+)

1b

(+)

1c

1d

2a

2b

3a

(+)

(+)

3b

(+)

4a + (+) (+) + +

(to be continued)

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Table 1 (concluded) Serial no. Example VT NDT method UT RT MT PT Remarks

4b

5a + + + + +

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Table 2 Evaluation of specific examples of welded joints Serial no. Example VT NDT method UT RT MT PT Remarks

1a

(+)

More suitable for examination than 1a 1b + + + + +

2a

2b

3a

3b

More suitable for examination than 3b 3c + + + + +

(to be continued)

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Table 2 (continued) Serial no. Example Welded joint VT NDT method UT RT MT PT Remarks

(+)

Accessibility is restricted to one side

4a

(+) Accessibility is restricted to one side

1 4b 2

(+)

(+)

(+)

1 5a

(+)

(+)

(+)

+ (to be continued)

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Table 2 (continued) Serial no. Example Welded joint VT NDT method UT RT MT PT Remarks

5b

1 6a 2a

+ +

+ +

(+) +

+ +

+ + Variant 2a: accessible from all surfaces Variant 2b: not accessible from internal surfaces *) for double wall radiography take thickness into consideration

2b

(+)

+ *)

(+)

(+)

1 6b 2

(+)

(+)

To be carried out prior to weld n 3

3 1

+ +

+ +

(+) +

+ +

+ + Variant a: accessible from all surfaces Variant b: not accessible from internal surfaces *) for double wall radiography take thickness into consideration (to be continued)

6c

2a

2b

+*)

10

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Table 2 (continued) Serial no. Example Welded joint VT 1 + NDT method UT RT (+) MT + PT + RT needs access from both side Remarks

7a 2 1 7b + + (+) (+) + + + + RT needs access from both side

(+)

(+)

8a

(+)

More suitable for welding than 8a 8b + + + + +

1 9a

(+)

(to be continued)

11

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Table 2 (continued) Serial no. Example Welded joint VT 9b 1 + NDT method UT + RT + MT + PT + Remarks

3 1 10a 2

+ +

+ -*)

+ (+)

+ +

+ + Prior to welding of reinforcement ring

-*)

(+)

+ *) accessible from internal surface

(+)

10b

-*)

(+)

*) accessible from internal surface

11a

+*)

(+) *)

*) accessible from internal surface

(to be continued)

12

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Table 2 (continued) Serial no. Example Welded joint VT NDT method UT RT MT PT Remarks

11b

12

13a

1a

(+)

Prior to welding weld 2 After welding weld 2 *) for double wall radiography take thickness into consideration

13b

1b

(+)

(+)

2 1 14a 2a

+ +

+ (+)

+*) (+)

+ +

(+) +

(+)

(+)

2a: prior to welding weld n3

2b 3

(+) +

+ 2b: after welding weld n3

(to be continued)

13

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Table 2 (continued) Serial no. Example Welded joint VT 1 14b 2a + + + + + 2a: prior to welding weld n3 2b: after welding weld n3 *) double wall radiography 3 + + +*) + + + NDT method UT + RT + MT + PT + Remarks

2b

(+)

+*)

(+)

(+)

(+)

(+)

1: prior to welding weld n2

15

+ 16a

(+)

(+)

16b + + + + +

(to be continued)

14

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Table 2 (continued) Serial no. Example Welded joint VT NDT method UT RT MT PT Remarks

17a

+*)

(+)

*) more favourable prior to drilling

+ 17b

1a 18a

(+)

1a: prior to welding of support plate

1b

+*)

(+) *)

1b: after to welding of support plate

(+)

*) restricted in the area of support plate

(+)

18b 2 + (+) + + (to be continued)

15

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Table 2 (continued) Serial no. Example Welded joint VT NDT method UT RT MT PT Remarks

19a

(+)

(+)

1 19b 2

(+)

20a

(+)

(+)

+ 20b

(to be continued)

16

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Table 2 (continued) Serial no. Example Welded joint VT NDT method UT RT MT PT Remarks

21a

(+)

21b

22a

22b

(+)

(to be continued)

17

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Table 2 (continued) Serial no. Example Welded joint VT NDT method UT RT MT PT Remarks

23a

(+)

(+)

23b

24a

(+)

24b

(+)

25a

(+)

25b

+ (to be continued)

18

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Table 2 (concluded) Serial no. Example Welded joint VT NDT method UT RT MT PT Remarks

26a

(+)

(+)

(+)

26b

19

CEN/TR 15135:2005 (E)

Bibliography

EN 12062, Non-destructive examination of welds General rules for metallic materials

20