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Helfer AR, et al: Determination of the moisture content of vital and pulpless teeth. Oral Surg Oral Med
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2
Hunter et al, 1989
3
Henry & Bower, 1977

4
Sorensen & Martinoff showed no improvement in prognosis with posts present. 1984
5
Aquilino & Caplan, 1982
6
Manocci et al, 2002
7
Nagasiri & Chitmongkolsuk, 2005

8
Rosenstiel, Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics, 4th Ed, 2006
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Hanson, 1990
10
Christensen, 2004
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JADA 2004
12
Kane, JJ et al, 1990
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Rosenstiel, Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics, 4th Ed, 2006

14
Assif et al, 1989
15
Milot & Stein, 1992
16
Rosenstiel, Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics, 4th Ed, 2006
17
In vitro fracture resistance of endodontically treated central incisors with varying ferrule heights and
configurations Tan et al, Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, 2005

0 1.0m 2.0m 3.0m

18
Effect of a crown ferrule on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth restored with
prefabricated posts Perreira et al, Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, 2006
19
Effect of crown lengthening and ferrule placement on static load failure of cemented cast post-cores and
crowns Gegauff, Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry, 2000


Tooth on left represents no surgery and no ferrule.
Tooth on right represents surgery to obtain ferrule.
Center tooth represents ortho extrusion to obtain ferrule.

20
Rosenstiel, Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics, 4th Ed, 2006
21
Standlee et al, 1978
22
Kurer et al, 1977
23
Cooney et al, 1986
24
Standlee and Caputo, 1992

length of the root





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Fuss et al, 2001
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Hunter et al, 1989
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Johnson & Sokumura, 1978
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Leary et al, 1989
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Zillich, 1984
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Henry & Bower, 1977
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Stern & Hirshfeld, 1973
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Abou-Rass et al, 1982
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Tilk et al, 1979

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Kuttler et al, 2004
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Tilk et al, 1979
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Peters et al, 1983
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Johnson & Sakumura, 1978
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Trabert et al, 1978

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Hunter et al, 1989
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Rosenstiel, Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics, 4th Ed, 2006
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Colley et al 1968
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Ruemping et al, 1979
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Wood, 1983
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Henry & Bower, 1977
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Kurer et al, 1977
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Standlee et al, 1978
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Ruemping et al, 1979
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Johnson & Sakumura 1978

49
Fuss et al, 2001
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Standlee et al, 1972

51
Henry & Bower, 1977
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Rosenstiel, Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics, 4th Ed.
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Standlee & Caputo, 1992
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Christensen, 2004

55
Christensen, 1996
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Fredriksson et al, 1998
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Martinez-Insua et al, 1998
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Dean et al, 1998
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Christensen, 2004
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Bateman et al, 2003

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Pontius & Hutter, 2002
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Qualtrough et al, 2003
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Newman et al, 2003
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Teixeira et al, 2006
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Roberts et al, 2004
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Cormier et al, 2001
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Christensen, 2004


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Hedlund et al, 2003
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Purton et al, 2003
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Akkayan & Gulmez, 2002

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Standlee & Caputo, 1992
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Bakke et al, 1985
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Troppe et al, 1985

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Oliveira et al, 1987
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Scurria et al, 1995
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Pilo et al, 2002
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Hansen et al, 1990
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Goodacre et al, 2001
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Reisbick & Shillingburg, 1975

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Woolsey & Matich, 1978
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Weed & Baez, 1984
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Wiskott et al, 1996
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Zuckerman, 1988
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Proussaefs et al, 2004