Sei sulla pagina 1di 26

0 ISSUE TM STIN STIN SEPT.

94
REV. DESCRIPTION PREP'D CHK'D APPR'D DATE

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATION
D.C. SWITCHBOARD
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0
September 1994
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 2

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
FOREWORD
Rev. 0 Total Number of pages 26
September 1994
Issued to comply with the EEC directives
Cancelling and replacing the following specification:
a) 01794.EQP.ELE.SPC : GENERAL SPECIFICATION - D.C. SWITCHBOARDS
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 3

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
INDEX
1. GENERAL
1.1. Scope
1.2. Normative references
1..2.1. European normative references
2. FUNCTIONAL NORMATIVE REQUIREMENTS
2.1. Definitions
2.1.1. Prototype Switchboard
2.1.2 Metal-enclosed Switchboard
2.2. Symbols and abbreviations
2.3. Operating Environment
2.4. Functional Requirements
2.4.1. Functional characteristics
2.4.2. Construction characteristics
2.4.3. Packing for transport
2.5. Boundaries, limits and exclusions
2.5.1. Limits and exclusions
2.6. Ergonomics
2.6.1. Accessibility
2.7. Safety
2.7.1. General prescriptions
2.7.2. Protection against direct contacts
2.7.3. Protection against indirect contacts
2.7.4. Fire resistance
2.8. Requirement for Quality Management and Assurance
2.9. Additional Requirements for Review
2.9.1. Type Test
2.9.2. Acceptance Test (individual)
2.9.3. Special Test
2.10. Documentation
2.10.1. Bid documentation
2.10.2. Documentation subjected to Approval
2.10.3 Documentation used by the Company for the system design
2.10.4. Test documents
2.10.5. Final technical documentation
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 4

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
1. GENERAL
1.1. Scope
This specification sets out the minimum requirements and the inspection plans for the
supply of d.c. electric switchboards for storage battery charge and feed of auxiliary
services.
Any other additional information not covered by this specification will be specified in
the rules and publications in force and in the project technical documentation,
particularly:
Data Sheets
Inspection Data Sheets (I.D.S.)
Required Documentation Data Sheet (R.D.D.S.)
The technical requirements of this functional specification are based upon
considerations of performances and functionality, therefore the instructions contained
in this document are not meant to be discriminatory.
Any alternative suggestions will be considered, provided that the compliance with
what required in this document is satisfied both from functional and performance
points of view.
1.2.Normative references
The rules and publications that entirely define the d.c. electric switchboards in their
assembly are herewith listed.
When applicable, references will be made to the European codes EN and the
CENELEC Harmonisation Documents or, in their absence, to the CEI/CEI UNEL
codes and IEC publications.
In any case, the plants shall comply with the rules and regulations issued by the Local
Authorities and Organisations under which jurisdiction they are installed.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 5

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
1.2.1.European Normative References
EUROPEAN
CENELEC
INTERNATIONAL
IEC
NATIONAL
CEI/CEI UNEL
TITLE
( NOTE 1 )
EN 60439 - 1 ( ) 439 - 1 () 17 - 13 / 1
Low voltage switchgear and control gear
assemblies.
Part 1: Requirements for type-tested and
partially type-tested assemblies.
EN 60439 - 2 ( ) 439 - 2 () 17 - 13 / 2
Low voltage switchgear and control gear
assemblies.
Part 2: Particular requirements for busbar
systems.
HD 384
364 - 4
364 - 5
64 - 8
(note 2)
Electrical installations of buildings .
Part 4: Protection for safety.
HD 528 S1 () 890 () 17 - 43
A method of temperature rise assessment by
extrapolation for partially type-tested
assemblies (PTTA) of low voltage switchgear
and controlgear.
--- 1117 17 - 52
A method for assessing the short-circuit
withstand strength of partially type tested
assemblies (PTTA).
EN 60529 () 529 () 70 - 1 Degrees of protection provided by enclosures
(IP code)
--- 50 --- International Electrotechnical Vocabulary
EN 60947 - 1 ( ) 947 - 1 () 17 - 44
Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear.
Part 1 : General rules
EN 60947 - 2 ( ) 947 - 2 () 17 - 5
Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear.
Part 2 : Circuit-breakers
EN 60947 - 3 ( ) 947 - 3 () 17 - 11
Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear.
Part 3 : Switches disconnectors, switch-
disconnectors and fuse-combination units.
EN 60947-4-1 ( ) 947 - 4 - 1() 17 - 50
Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear.
Part 4 : Contactors and motor starters. Section
1-electromechanical contactors and motor
starters.
EN 60947-5-1 ( ) 947 - 5 - 1() 17 - 45
Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear.
Part 5 : Control circuit devices and switching
elements. Section 1-electromechanical control
circuit devices.
EN 60947-6-1 ( ) 947 - 6 - 1() 17 - 47
Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear.
Part 6 : Multiple function equipment.
EN 60947-7-1 ( ) 947 - 7 - 1 () 17 - 48
Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear.
Part 7 : Ancillary equipment. Section 1-terminal
blocks for copper conductors.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 6

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
follows " European Normative References"
EUROPEAN
CENELEC
INTERNATIONAL
IEC
NATIONAL
CEI/CEI UNEL
TITLE
( NOTE 1 )
EN 60947-4-1 ( ) 947 - 4 - 1 17 - 3
Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear.
Part 4 : Contactors and motor starters. Section
1-electromechanical contactors and motor
starters.
--- 654 - 2 () 65 - 2
Operating conditions for industrial-process
measurement and control equipment.
Part 2 : Power .
EN 60742 () 742
14 - 6
(note 2)
Isolating transformers and safety isolating
transformers.
--- 185 () 38 - 1 Current transformers
--- 186 () 38 - 2 Voltage transformers
--- 255 41 - 1
Electrical relays-General rules
EN 60688 688 85 - 15
Electrical measuring transducers for converting
a.c. electrical quantities into d.c. electrical
quantities.
EN 60445 () 445 () 16 - 2
Identification of equipment terminals and of
terminations of certain designated conductors,
including general rules of an alphanumeric
system.
EN 60073 () 73
16 - 3
(note 2)
Coding of indicating devices and actuators by
colours and supplementary means.
HD 324 () 446 () 16 - 4
Identification of conductors by colours and
numerals.
HD 457 S1 757 16 - 6 Code for designation of colours
--- --- 16 - 7
Elementi per identificare i morsetti e le
terminazioni dei cavi
EN 61082 - 1 ( ) 1082 - 1 () 3 - 36
Preparations of documents used in
electrotechnology.
Part 1 : General requirements.
HD 246.4 1082 - 2 3 - 33
Preparation of documents used in
electrotechnology.
Part 2 : Recommendations for the preparation of
electric circuit diagrams.
Notes for reading the table in paragraph 1.2.1.:
1) Titles of IEC publications, when common to CEI rules and CENELEC, are
translated from the original relevant texts.
2) Rule with some variations to IEC publication.
3) The Normative References and Publications with () have complete
correspondence with the CEI or UNI National ones. In the other cases the subject
is the same but the requirements are not entirely the same.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 7

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2. FUNCTIONAL NORMATIVE REQUIREMENTS
2.1. Definitions
For definitions and terminology reference will be made to the rules in paragraph 1.2.
In accordance with EN 60439 Code this specification is applied to d.c. electric
switchboards, defined as protection and manoeuvre equipment in accordance with the
following typologies :
In compliance with EN 60439-1 In compliance with CEI 17-13/1
TTA
"Type Tested Assemblies"
AS
"Mass-produced Equipment"
PTTA
"Partially Type Tested
Assemblies"
ANS
"Non-mass-produced Equipment"
Definitions in accordance with CEI 17-13/1 Rules are the translation of the
corresponding European Normative References.
The definition of the type will be sole competence of the switchboard Supplier, who
will assume the overall responsibility.
Moreover the following additional definitions are given:
2.1.1. Prototype switchboard
It is a switchboard which has passed successfully the test type prescribed by EN
60439-1 Normative References and has a defined in advance construction system
referred to by type tested assemblies (TTA/AS).
2.1.2. Metal-enclosed switchboard
It is a switchboard enclosed on all sides (except for the openings for cables), fitted
with metallic enclosure.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 8

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.2. Symbols and abbreviations
For symbols and abbreviations reference is made to the Normative References listed
in 1.2.
Moreover the following are defined:
RT : Main Rectifier
RSR : Service Section Rectifier
RBC : Charge Battery Rectifier
2.3. Operating Environment
The d.c. switchboards will be designed and built according to the environmental
conditions of the installation site, that will be described in the Data Sheet, and
according to service conditions prescribed in EN 60439-1 Rule.
Switchboards and single components will not be subject to harmonic vibrations and
violent shocks that can occur during normal service.
When the presence of H
2
S in the atmosphere is anticipated, the following
concentrations will be assumed, if not otherwise specified:
- 0.10 ppm of H
2
S continuously;
- 5 ppm of H
2
S and 2 ppm of SO
2
occasionally of short periods.
The Supplier shall adopt adequate protections and demonstrate the validity with test
certificates on the components.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 9

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.4 Functional Requirements
2.4.1. Functional Characteristics
2.4.1.1. Types of switchboard
The types of switchboards normally utilised are the following:
type A : switchboard with spare battery under charge;
type B : switchboard with back-up battery;
type C : switchboard with back-up battery and redundant rectifier;
type D : switchboard with back up battery and complete redundancy.
Other types may be defined in the Data Sheet.
2.4.1.2. Operating conditions
The switchboard, under normal operation shall provide:
the feeding of thed.c. loads directly from the rectifier;
the maintenance of the storage battery charge.
The d.c. loads shall be switched with continuity solutions, to the battery in case of :
feeding network failure;
failure of rectifiers;
excessive decrease of d.c. voltage.
When the conditions that have determined the switching are restored, the system shall
return to its normal operating position as concerns the load feeding and provide
automatically for the charge of the battery, when necessary.
The switching system shall be able to prevent the batteries from feeding failures from
rectifiers and/or from their auxiliaries.
2.4.1.3. Performances
The switching system shall be able to supply the rated performances with the
variations indicated here below, both single and combined of the a.c. feeding
frequency and voltage:
voltage 10%
frequency 5%
In the feeding conditions defined above and with a load varying from 0 to 100%, the
output d.c. voltage variation shall be within the following limits:
5% with rectifier under normal operations and a.c. feedings;
+10% under emergency conditions and batteries completely charged; for the
switchboard with spare batteries under maintenance charge without a d.c.
stabiliser, this value shall be guaranteed only for a 5% or higher load;
-15% under emergency conditions and with a battery at the end of discharge;
The alternate component under direct current (ripple) with battery separated from the
switchboard, load between 0 and 100% and with the feeding conditions indicated
above shall be lower than 5% (peak- to-peak).
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 10

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.4.1.4. Stabilisation of d.c. voltage
The stabilisation of voltage on D.C. load side within stated values may be obtained
with one of the following systems:
stabilisation of the service rectifier output (RSR);
stabilisation of the batteries under discharge and/or recharge phase;
d.c. stabilisers.
a) Switchboard with spare batteries under maintenance charge
The service rectifier shall always have the output stabilised within values already
defined.
The stabilisation of d.c. voltage during the battery discharge shall be obtained by
choosing conveniently the number of elements according to the minimum
discharge voltage of the storage battery.
When this is not technically possible or economically convenient, partial
connection devices of the batteries shall be used. The utilisation of the stabilisers
connected directly to the d.c, distribution shall be previously accepted by the
Company.
b) Switchboard with back up battery
This stabilisation system through partialization of the batteries during the charge
and discharge phases shall be foreseen when the possible partial insertions are
not above two.
The auxiliary charge rectifier of a part of the batteries shall have characteristics
consisting with the batteries and corresponding to this of main rectifiers.
Whenever foreseen the stabiliser on the d.c. distribution shall be of the voltage
drop diode type.
The use of d.c./d.c. controllers (chopper) shall be limited to the cases where
voltages with high stabilisation are required.
2.4.1.5. D.C. distribution
Unless otherwise indicated, the d.c. distributions shall be of the type with both poles
isolated.
The single starters shall be provided with automatic circuit breakers or fuses and on-
load disconnecting switches, as defined in the Data Sheet.
The cut off and/or disconnecting devices shall be bipolar type; the protection against
overloads and/or short-circuits shall be installed on both poles.
2.4.1.6. Charge of batteries
Taking into account that the charge system shall be suitable for the type and
characteristics of the batteries utilised, it shall provide to:
the holding charge;
the full charge.
and, when expressly required in the Data Sheet:
the rapid charge.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 11

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
a) Holding charge
The holding charge shall be carried out at a constant value of voltage, defined by
the battery Manufacturer.
Under the feeding conditions already defined, the value of the holding voltage
shall:
be stabilised at 2%;
be adjustable, with respect to the set point, by 5%.
b) Full charge
The full charge shall be obtained by the following cycle:
1st phase:constant current and voltage increasing up to the value stated by
the battery Manufacturer.
2nd phase:constant voltage at the value indicated above and decreasing
current.
With batteries at the discharge minimum voltage, the complete cycle of the full
charge shall allow the recharge of the battery at 90% in a period of 810 hours
and the recharge at 100% in 1214 hours.
The passage from the first to the second phase will occur automatically.
The passage from the holding charge to full charge and vice versa shall be
possible both automatically and manually.
When in automatic, the batteries shall receive full charge after every period (even
partial) of discharge.
Under the feeding conditions mentioned above, the full charge voltage and
current shall be stabilised and adjusted as follows:
stabiliser of the constant current : 3%
stabiliser of the constant voltage : 2%
control of the constant current : 15%
control of the constant voltage : 15%.
When the fan of the battery room is provided, the full charge shall be affected by
the fan operation.
c) Rapid charge
When requested in the Data Sheet, a rapid charge system shall be installed.
It shall be of the constant current type with voltage increasing up to the maximum
value specified by the battery Manufacturer.
The charge system shall allow the recharge of the batteries completely discharged
in a 57 hours period.
The rapid charge shall be carried out only manually.
Under the feeding conditions already indicated, the rapid charge current shall be:
stabilised 3%;
adjustable with respect to the set point by + 10%, - 50%.
When the fan of the battery room is provided, the rapid charge shall be affected
by the fan operation.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 12

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.4.1.7. Electric sizing
The switchboards in their whole, each single equipment and component will be sized
in accordance with the relevant codes, and assuming that:
normal service conditions are as prescribed in Rule EN 60439-1 or otherwise
specified in the Data Sheet.
the installed equipment and bars conform to the rated values prescribed in the
Data Sheet, considering the possible future loads;
When not otherwise specified, the maximum virtual connection temperature for diodes
and thyristors, operating in the most severe conditions (including overloads, if any)
shall not exceed 125
o
C, even if the utilised elements would allow higher
temperatures.
a) Type A
In switchboards with back up batteries under holding charge, the service rectifier
(RSR) shall be sized for feeding the maximum d.c. load expected in normal
operating conditions (network presence).
b) Type B
In switchboards with back up battery, the main rectifier (RT) shall be sized to feed
at the same time:
the maximum d.c. load expected;
the charge of battery.
c) Type C
In switchboard with back up battery and redundant rectifier, each main rectifier
(RT-1 and RT-2) shall be sized to feed at the same time what foreseen in section
2.1.4.2. "Operating Conditions".
The two rectifiers shall normally operate in parallel.
Block diodes or other devices shall be installed to avoid, in case of failures, the
transfer of energy from a rectifier to the other.
d) Type D
In switchboards with back up battery of complete redundancy type, each rectifier
shall be sized to feed:
the maximum d.c. load expected;
the charge of the relevant storage battery.
The two groups rectifiers/battery chargers shall normally operate in parallel and
shall be controlled separately.
Block diodes or other devices shall be installed to avoid, in case of failures, the
transfer of energy from a group to the other.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 13

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.4.1.8. Auxiliary Circuits
The auxiliary circuits provided in the switchboards shall have functional requirements
in compliance with the Normative References and as specified in the Data Sheet.
When not otherwise specified, the following minimum requirements shall be
guaranteed:
a) Alarms
The alarm signals relevant to automatic reset protections shall be provided with
memory, as per ISA-S18.1, with sequence F2M-1-14 (fixed-flashing visual alarm,
manual reset, acknowledgement push-button and lamp test circuit).
The alarm signals to be indicated are the following:
faulty rectifier (for each rectifying unit);
discharged battery (for each storage battery);
pole (+) earthed;
pole (-) earthed;
a.c. failure;
lock-out of ventilation in the switchboard;
lock-out of fan(s) in battery room.
b) Signals
The colours utilised for the visual signals (lamps) shall be in compliance with the
EN 60073 Codes. The following minimum requirements shall be guaranteed:
FUNCTION LAMP COLOUR
Battery under holding charge WHITE
Battery under full charge YELLOW
Battery under rapid charge YELLOW
Battery on RED
d.c. loads fed from the network WHITE
fan(s) operating in the battery room WHITE
c) Measurements
The following measurements shall be provided:
for each switchboard:
- network voltage (for each feeding line);
- voltage on the d.c. loads;
- supplied current (d.c. side).
for each battery:
- charge/discharge current;
- voltage of the whole battery.
d) Remote Alarms and Measurements
The switchboards shall be prearranged for remote repetition of the following:
each alarm conditions listed in the above section "a) Alarms";
voltage on d.c. loads.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 14

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.4.1.9. Ventilation
a) Battery room
When requested in the Data Sheet, and when dangerous substances are present
during the charge operations of the storage batteries, one or two fans shall be
provided for the extraction of the air from the battery room.
If not otherwise indicated in the Data Sheet, the operating logic of the fan(s) shall
follow the following minimum requirements:
when two fans are provided, only the selected one is started. The second one
will be inserted only upon failure of the first fan.
for each starter, a manipulator shall be installed on the panel front. The
manipulator shall have three fixed positions with the following functions:
- 0
- manual
- automatic.
the position "Automatic" shall operate as follows:
- the fan(s) shall be put into service when the full charge or the rapid charge
must be carried out. They shall be stopped at the end of the charge with 1
hour of delay.
- the full charge and the rapid charge can be obtained only when at least one
of the fans is in service.
b) Switchboard
When it is requested by cooling necessities, the Supplier, at his judgement, shall
provide a ventilation system fed from the switchboard itself, as per the fans in the
storage battery room.
2.4.1.10. Possibility for extension
The compartments will be arranged to allow for extension of the d.c. distribution
section.
Compartments or cells will be provided when specifically required, or to complete the
arrangement of the switchboard.
The arrangement as functional units will be described in more detail by the Company
in the Data Sheet.
2.4.1.11. Ex-d box for batteries cut-off
When requested in the Data Sheet, in presence of dangerous substances, an
explosion-proof execution outdoor junction box (Ex-d) shall be provided to allow the
cut-off of the outdoor batteries connected to the d.c. switchboard.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 15

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.4.2. Construction Characteristics
2.4.2.1. General prescriptions on materials
Materials will be suitable for the installation site, service and transport conditions.
The use of series and standard materials available on the market will be
recommended.
Boxes, windows and other plastic parts belonging to the external cover will be resilient
to mechanical shocks not lower than a 7 J friction energy.
2.4.2.2. Type of Switchboard
The switchboard shall be of the closed type, and with the following sections:
section with rectifiers and battery charger
section for the distribution of the d.c.
section for the storage batteries (when requested).
2.4.2.3. Segregation
Switchboards will be built with internal subdivisions through barriers or diaphragms in
accordance with Rule EN 60439-1, and identified in the typical form of segregation
specified in the Data sheet.
The equipment in each section of the switchboard shall be installed in separated
compartment or compartment fractions.
In details, the separation limits between the rectifiers and d.c. distribution sections and
the storage batteries section (if any), shall be obtained taking into account the sealing
against the vapours of the batteries and the potential leaks of liquid from the
accumulators.
The compartments for the storage batteries, if any, shall have, in their upper sections,
proper louvers complete with gaskets and closing plat for the potential connection with
a discharge conduit for the acid vapours of the batteries.
2.4.2.4. Structure and enclosure
Switchboards will be built according to a mechanical design, with enclosure and
protection level in accordance with the provisions of Rule EN 60439-1.
If not otherwise indicated in the Data Sheet, the following protection degrees will be
guaranteed:
IP 3X: vertical sides; air or drain openings (protected internally by nets or metal
sheets with holes to prevent the entry of insects)
IP 4X: upper side and non vertical surfaces
IP 2X: internal diaphragms
The structure will be self supporting with reinforcements where needed and that can
be easily fitted as indicated in the Data Sheet; the enclosure will be made with steel
sheets adequately treated and protected.
Cables can be inserted in the switchboard from below or above as indicated in the
Data Sheet. This can be achieved through removable plates, or when required, with
cable glands or other sealing systems.
Plates for single core cables (i.e. for power supply) will be of non-magnetic material.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 16

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.4.2.5. Bus bar systems
The bus bar system, including shunted bars, will be capable of withstanding electric
and mechanical stresses due to short circuit currents, for the time specified in the
reference codes.
Bars will be hinged taking into account expansions and possible vibrations.
If not otherwise indicated, bars will be made of electrolytic copper. Bars of different
material can be considered only if a technical documentation on thermal and electro-
dynamic calculations is given beside the normal required prescriptions.
Bus bars shall be insulated if required in the Data Sheet or if provided as typical by the
Supplier.
The type of insulating material and protection and its thickness will be defined by the
Supplier in relationship to the service conditions in the Data Sheet.
Sheaths and resins will be of a flame retardant type in accordance with the CENELEC
HD 405-1 Harmonisation Document, and resistant to superficial discharges.
In bar-bar joints and bar-cable joints, bars shall be adequately protected against
oxidation.
Bolts and clamps will be provided with anti-loosening systems.
Supports of bars can be obtained by insulators or printed or banded insulating
supports; they will be of non hygroscopic and non flammable material and designed
so that they can avoid superficial charges in case of dust or condense.
Bars and insulated power conductors will be labelled as indicated by the Normative
Reference.
a) Neutral bar (N)
In three-phase systems with neutral, the neutral bar shall extend for the whole
length of the phase bars and will be:
of a section equal to phase bars up to 200 mm
2
, if copper;
if and with larger section, of a section half of the phase bars with a minimum of
200 mm
2
, except for more restrictive prescriptions due to fault currents.
b) Protection bar (PE)
A protection bar (PE) shall extend for the whole length of the switchboard and
shall be provided with connection bolts at both ends, and anywhere the
connection of a cable is expected.
The sizing of a protection bar (PE) will be in accordance with the provisions of
Rule EN 60439-1 for protection conductors.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 17

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.4.2.6. Main Circuit
Power equipment shall have electric and construction characteristics as defined in the
Data Sheet, and in accordance with the Normative References.
If not otherwise specified, they shall have a main circuit with insulation rated voltage
equal at least to the one of the switchboard, and breaking capacity higher than the
maximum acceptable value of the short circuit current.
It not otherwise indicated, maximum overtemperatures accepted will be as provided in
Rule EN 60439-1.
a) Automatic circuit breakers
Automatic circuit breakers will conform to Rule EN 60947-2. If not otherwise
indicated in the Data Sheet, they will be provided with a service breaking capacity
(Ics) higher than the maximum value accepted of the assumed short circuit
current.
Circuit breakers will be proved for the "A" or "B" category of utilisation, as
specified in the Data Sheet; if not otherwise indicated, "A" category switches will
be used.
b) Contactors
Contactors will be made according to Rule EN 60947-4-1.
Contactors will be air-break and compact type; other types of contactors may be
considered time by time.
The release voltage of the a.c and d.c. coil will be as specified in the relevant
Rule.
c) Protection relays
Protection relays will comply with Rule IEC 255 and the prescription specified in
the Data Sheet, whereas those integrated with automatic circuit breakers will
respond to the rules of switches.
d) Diodes and thyristors
Diodes and Thyristors shall be silicon based.
e) Current and voltage transformers (CT, VT)
Current transformers (CT) will comply with Rule IEC 185 whereas voltage
transformers (VT) will conform to Rule IEC 186.
They will have a standard insulation voltage (Ui) and rated operation voltage (Ue)
equal to the one of the switchboard; they will be enclosed type with air or resin
insulation.
Current transformers will be able to withstand thermal and dynamic stresses
related to the switchboard short-circuit.
For rated performances much higher than the actual loads, additional loads, as
resistors, shall be provided.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 18

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
f) Starters for fans
Whenever requested in the Data Sheet, in the d.c. distribution section one or two
starter for the a.c. supply of the fan(s) for the air extraction shall be provided.
Starters, that is devices to start, stop and protect against overloads, consisting of
contactors and direct thermal relays, will be made in accordance with Rule EN
60947-4-1.
If not otherwise specified, the protection against short circuits shall be obtained
through automatic switches co-ordinated with the starters, in such a way to obtain
type "2" co-ordinations in compliance with EN 60947-4-1 Code.
The automatic switches for the co-ordination of the starter shall be of the "A"
category, in compliance with the EN 60947-2 Codes.
The employment category for the starters shall be A-C-3, in compliance with the
EN 60947-4-1 Code.
Direct protection devices will be with manual reset.
When required by Company, the co-ordination of electric motor starters will be
indicated in the Data Sheet, and referred to in the relevant tables.
g) Ex-d box for batteries cut-off
When requested in the Data Sheet, the outdoor junction box for the cut-off of the
batteries shall be in explosion-proof execution (Ex-d), in compliance with the CEI
64-2 Codes, and shall be equipped as specified in the Data Sheet.
2.4.2.7. Auxiliary circuits
All auxiliary equipment will conform to Rule EN 60947-5, suitable for continuous
service and with the following use groups:
a.c.: AC-14 or AC-15
d.c.: DC-13 or DC-14
Auxiliary connections between compartments will be made with cable trays to
facilitate the insertion or removal in safety conditions of single conductors.
In crossings points of metal walls, the conductors will be protected with brushings or
insulating sheaths. When connections must be removed for deliveries they will be
connected to terminal boards. Conductors terminations shall have compression type
cable terminals and shall be identified in accordance with Rule IEC 391.
Auxiliary equipment shall have an insulation rated voltage equal to the one of the
electric system where they are inserted; equipment which comes directly from the
electric power system, will have an insulation rated voltage equal to the one of the
switchboard.
If not otherwise indicated in the Data Sheet, the following minimum characteristics will
be guaranteed:
rated currents (Ie) : 5A 220 V a.c..; 1A 120 V d.c.
reference charge service : 120 cycles / hour (each relay)
mechanical duration class : 1 (in millions of operation cycles)
Each connection to single auxiliary users will be protected as indicated in the Data
Sheet.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 19

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
a) Auxiliary relays
They will comply with IEC 255 Rules and the prescriptions of the Data Sheet.
They will be provided with the necessary auxiliary contacts for the specified
schemes, and with 1NO + 1NC additional free contacts.
Lock-out relays (86) will be in continuous service with manual reset and the lock-
out position clearly indicated.
The auxiliary relays shall be suitable to be permanently excited without any
resistance.
b) Transducers
Transducers will comply with Rule EN 60688 and will have characteristics as
indicated in the Data Sheet.
c) Push-buttons and manipulators
Push-buttons, when provided, will be positioned and coloured with regard to their
function according to the provisions of Rule EN 60073.
d) Signalling lamps
Lamps shall be incandescent type, with a series drop resistance.
Other types of lamps or LEDS can be adopted only with previous approval, case
by case.
e) Supply transformers
Supply transformers for control circuits will be provided only if expressly required
and indicated in the Data Sheet.
When provided, they will have the characteristics specified in Rule EN 60742 for
"insulation transformers".
Supply transformers of more circuits, will be sized in such a way that:
the highest rated contactor or breaker is closed;
all other contactors or breakers are closed and the relevant signal lamps are
on;
the available voltage on the secondary is not lower than 95% of the rated
voltage.
2.4.2.8. Instruments
All instruments will have accuracy class equal to 1.5 or higher.
All the instruments to be assembled on the front panel of the switchboard will be flush-
mounted with rear connections; the case will have preferably square or rectangular
case and with the possibility of applying seals where necessary.
Generally, ammeters and voltmeters will have a deviation at the rated value of about
75% of the full-scale value.
Blank zero instruments will have a doubled scale around the rated value.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 20

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.4.2.9. Conductors
Conductors, except those of control electronic logic, will have the main following
requirements:
a) Technical characteristics:
DATA CHARACTERISTICS
CEI - UNEL Tag Cable N07G9-K - 1 x -- CEI-UNEL 35368
Nominal Voltage Uo/U 450/750 V
Conductor Tinned annealed flexible copper plait
Insulation G9 elastomeric compound
b) Specific Characteristics
REFERENCE RULES
CHARACTERISTICS EUROPEAN
CENELEC
INTERNATIONAL
IEC
NATIONAL
CEI/CEI UNEL
Fire-retardant --- 332 - 3 20 - 22
Flame-retardant HD 405. 1 S1 332 - 1 20 - 35
Low propagation of toxic and
corrosive smoke and gas
---
---
754
---
20 - 37
20 - 38
The section of conductors used for connections will be sized in accordance with the
minimum and maximum values prescribed in Rule EN 60439-1 and considering the
following minimum sections allowed:
2.5 mm
2
: power and ammeters circuits.
1.0 mm
2
: auxiliary connections within the equipment
1 mm
2
: interconnections of the control electronic logics
1.5 mm
2
: other conductors
The sizing of protection conductors will be made according to the systems prescribed
by the above Rule.
2.4.2.10. Terminal strips
Terminal strips, both main and auxiliary, will be suitable for the type and material of
the prescribed conductors, and in accordance with Rule EN 60947-1-1.
Terminals not belonging to single equipment, will be with the components assembled
on standardised strips and grouped in identified terminal blocks with a code reported
on an adequate label.
Terminals with the same function will be close to one another and connected with
connecting links or similar method, thus avoiding the use of wire connection as much
as possible.
The terminal insulator will be made of melanin or other high density plastic.
Spare terminals will be provided in the terminal blocks for external connections, of at
least 10%.
Terminals of amperometric circuits between CT, protection and control devices, and
all amperometric terminals of strips for external connections, will be short-circuitable,
disconnectable and with a socket for portable instrument prods.
Unused CT secondary circuits and additional connection sockets will be connected to
the exit terminal blocks.
Unused amperometric terminals will be short circuited.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 21

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
Terminals of voltmetric circuits between VT, protection and control devices, and all
terminal blocks for external connections, will be sectionable.
All the terminals relevant to control and signalling circuits will be numbered with
progressive numbers; power, voltmetric and amperometric terminals will be labelled
as indicated in the reference rules.
In metal enclosed switchboards, both power and auxiliary terminal blocks will be
positioned with regard to the incoming for external connections.
In cell type switchboards, power and auxiliary terminal blocks can be placed in the
single compartments.
2.4.2.11. Accessories and auxiliaries
a) Nameplates
Beside the safety name plates defined by the Supplier, and in accordance with
Rule EN 60439-1, the following nameplates made with plastic material sheets
fastened with bolts and with the below inscriptions will be provided.
General data
Giving the identification data of the Supplier, and other data prescribed by Rule
EN 60439-1.
Switchboard tag
External installed in front.
Circuit or user tag
External installed in front for each circuit or user
Equipment tag
Internal or on view for each main and auxiliary equipment.
Relevant tags will be specified in the Data Sheet.
b) Anti condensation heater
In accordance with the requirements provided by Rule EN 60439-1, for the
prevention of dangerous condensation inside the switchboard, anti condensation
heaters controlled by a thermostat will be provided .
2.4.2.12. Assembly accessories and equipment
a) Assembly accessories
For each switchboard at least the following accessories will be supplied:
lift padeyes or similar devices;
supporting section irons and accessories for the switchboard clamping;
materials necessary for mechanic and electric assembly of the switchboard;
any other accessories that may be indicated in the Data Sheet
b) Tools
For each switchboard a set of keys and special tools will be supplied in such a
quantity and type to allow complete installation and maintenance of the switchboard.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 22

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.4.2.12. Spare parts for the Start-up
For each switchboard the material indicated below will be supplied.
The Supplier may suggest other materials on the basis of his experience and types
used.
ITEM COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
QUANTITIES
( note 1 )
1
Fuses of different types and rated currents
according to quantities installed
10 %
(note 2)
2
Signalling lamps 10 %
(note 2)
3
Lamp holders with dropping resistance and cap 5 %
(note 2)
5
Coloured caps for indicating lamps of different
colours
10 %
(note 2)
6
Conductor connecting terminals of different
types and sections
5 %
(note 2)
7
Auxiliary relays of the type and Supplier as
those installed and with 4 NC + 4 NO contacts
No. 2
8
Push buttons of the two types most used in the
switchboard
No. 2
9
Selector manipulators of the two types most
used in the switchboard
No. 2
10 Finishing paint
1 kg
for each type and colour
11
Lubricant for contacts, only for switchboards
containing circuit breakers and power
contactors
1 kg
12
Silicon grease for Eex-d execution battery cut-
off
1 kg
13
Measuring instruments of the two types most
used in the switchboard
No. 2
NOTES:
1) Adjust to the highest number if the decimal is higher than 5.
2) Percentage quantity referred to the total number of components of the same type
installed in the switchboard, with a minimum quantity of 2.
2.4.2.13. Protective treatments
a) Painting
Painting and the relevant protective treatments will be done in accordance with
the requirements contained in the Data Sheet.
b) Tropicalization
When required in the Data Sheet, equipment and materials will be subjected to
tropicalization treatments in accordance with the relevant reference specification.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 23

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.4.3. Packing for transport
Transport arrangements will be defined by the Supplier according to the Company
modalities.
If any, switchboards will be sectioned in units suitable for transport and their
reassemble will be as simple and safe as possible.
The switchboard components and equipment will be fitted and fastened so as to
withstand vibrations and frictions due to transport (road, train, sea) and the necessary
loading, unloading and installation operations carried out with lifting equipment.
Accelerations will be particularly considered, such as:
axial, critical in train transport
transversal, critical in road transport
vertical, critical in sea transport
2.5. Boundaries, limits and exclusions
2.5.1. Limits and exclusions
Particular limits and exclusions, if any, are indicated in the Data Sheet.
2.6. Ergonomics
2.6.1. Accessibility
The accessibility of components for the different activities of assembly, maintenance,
operation and service will conform to the recommendations of Rule EN 60439-1 and
other reference rules.
2.7. Safety
2.7.1. General prescriptions
The Supplier will guarantee that low voltage switchboards, subject of this Functional
Specification will be designed to respect the safety prescriptions contained in the
Reference Rules.
2.7.2. Protection against direct contacts
Live parts of electric circuits will be placed and protected in the terms prescribed by
Rule EN 60439-1, so that trained and authorised persons can carry out the following
operations with energised switchboard without danger of direct contacts:
visual inspection of manoeuvre equipment;
control and reset of relays and disconnecting switch, inspection of signalling
devices and instruments;
replacement of auxiliary fuses, lamps, etc.;
voltage measurements, current and location of failures, carried out with the proper
instruments adequately insulated;
connection of cables from outdoor;
removal, for maintenance reasons, of the components of each de-energised circuit
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 24

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.7.3. Protection against indirect contacts
In accordance with the prescriptions of Rule EN 60439-1 and the IEC
Recommendations 364-4-41, protection against indirect contacts can be achieved:
with protection circuit;
with measurements not using protection circuits.
Except for exceptional cases indicated in the Data Sheet, protection adopted will be
achieved by using a protection circuit to be connected to the earthing system, with
regard to the neutral system specified in the data sheet and in accordance with the
Harmonisation Document CENELEC HD 528 S1.
For this reason a "protection bar (PE)" will be installed in all switchboards. In case of
switchboards with complete insulation, the "protection bar (PE)" will connect the
protection conductors and the cables armouring from outside the switchboard, and will
remain insulated from live parts and masses.
Removable equipment will be connected to the protection circuit with peg, wiping or
spring contact, both in service position and in test position.
2.7.4. Fire resistance
The materials characteristics will be so that when subjected to fire or heating, they will
not catch fire, burn, keep combustion and emit fumes.
Especially for plastic materials, the self-extinguishing requirements will be guaranteed
in accordance with one of the following test methods:
ANSI UL 94, Class V
IEC 707, Class FV
IEC 695
The Manufacturer of switchboards will therefore provide test certificates of reaction to
fire by an officially recognised laboratory.
2.8. Requirements for Quality Management and Assurance
Any additional requirements of Quality Management and/or Quality Assurance are
contained in the relevant management specification enclosed in the request for bid.
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 25

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.9. Additional Requirements for Review
When required, they will be indicated in the Inspection Data Sheet (I.D.S.) and are
subdivided in:
Type test;
Acceptance test (individual);
Special test.
For any inspection and test not included in the Normative References and in this
Specification and requested in the Inspection Data Sheet (I.D.S), the execution
procedures shall be defined on a case by case basis.
2.9.1. Type Test
Purpose of the type test is to verify that a specific type of low voltage switchboard
conforms to the reference Rules.
The type test will be carried out by making separate tests for each type tested
assemblies (TTA / AS), and for partially type tested assemblies (PTTA / ANS), and its
installation will be entire responsibility of the Supplier.
2.9.2. Acceptance Test (individual)
Purpose of this acceptance test is to verify that the single switchboard complies with
to the Company's requirements and to detect any inherent defects of materials and
construction.
The acceptance test (individual) will be carried out on all switchboards of the scope of
supply, after assembly and by the Supplier, carrying out the tests specified by the
Rule EN 60439-1 and classified in type tested assemblies (TTA / AS) and partially
type tested assemblies (PTTA / ANS).
2.9.3. Special Test
It includes tests and inspections not provided in the type and acceptance tests, that
the Company may require time to time.
The list of tests and inspections and any criteria of execution will be indicated in the
Inspection Data Sheet (I.D.S.)
20162.EQP.ELE.FUN
Rev. 0 September 94
Sheet 26

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.10. Documentation
The Supplier will deliver to the Company all the documents indicated in the Requested
Document Data Sheet (R.D.D.S.), in accordance with the agreed terms and schedule.
The technical documentation will be written in the official language indicated in the
Data Sheet and using the symbols indicated in the CENELEC, CEI Rules and in IEC
Publications.
2.10.1. Bid Documentation
The Supplier will include in his bid all the information and documentation required in
the Data Sheet (R.D.D.S.).
2.10.2. Documents Subjected to Approval
The approval of the documentation by the Company, if necessary, will refer to the
formal verification of the parameters indicated in the design's documents only.
2.10.3. Documentation used by the Company for the system design
The Supplier will deliver to the Company all the documentation necessary to the
execution of the system design and to the installation of the supplied system.
2.10.4. Test Documents
The Supplier will deliver to the Company, within the schedule and in the way indicated
in the Data Sheet, all the certificates relating to the type, acceptance and special
tests.
2.10.5. Final Technical Documentation
The final technical documentation, with the only exception of the Supplier and
Subsuppliers catalogues and publications will include the following references:
name of the Supplier;
name of the Company;
identification tag of the switchboards, as indicated by the Company;
title of the document;
details of the Company's orders.
and will consist of:
a) Design and Installation instructions;
b) Operations instructions;
c) Maintenance instructions.
The description and drawings can be contained in catalogues and documents of the
Supplier, as long as they satisfy the following conditions:
they contain all data and information required in their final form
they are relevant to the type supplied and the materials included in the supply are
clearly identified amongst those in the document.
The documentation subject to approval will be integral part of the final documentation
approved by the Company.