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Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP . It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATION
APPLICATION OF PROTECTIVE COATING ON PIPE
WELDED JOINTS
20476. VAR.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0
March 1996
20476.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 0 March 1996
Sheet 2

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP . It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
FOREWORD
Rev.0 No. 11 Sheets
March 1996
This Specification was issued in agreement to E.E.C. Directives.
20476.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 0 March 1996
Sheet 3

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP . It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
CONTENTS
1. GENERAL
1.1 Scope
1.2 Normative references
1.2.1 Normative references of ISO, IEC and national organizations
1.2.2 Legislation
2. FUNCTIONAL NORMATIVE REQUIREMENTS
2.1 Operative environment
2.2 Functional requirements
2.2.1 Type of joint coating
2.2.2 Plastic tape type joint coatings
2.2.3 Surface Tolerant paint type joint coatings
2.2.4 Preservation of the coating materials
2.2.5 Cleanliness degree
2.2.6 Plastic tape application
2.2.7 Surface tolerant paint application
2.3 Safety
2.4 Ergonomics
2.5 Requirements for Quality Management and Quality Assurance
2.6 Additional requirements for review
2.6.1 Reception of the coating materials
2.6.2 Production process control
2.6.3 Checks, inspections and testing
2.7 Documentation
20476.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 0 March 1996
Sheet 4

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP . It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
1. GENERAL
1.1 Scope
This Specification defines the provisions relevant to materials to be used, to
their application criteria, and to the controls required for the protective coating
of welded joints in on-shore line pipes.
1.2 Normative references
1.2.1 Normative references of ISO, IEC and national organizations
ISO 8501-1 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paint and
related products. Visual assessment of surface cleanliness.
Part 1: Rust grades and preparation grades of uncoated steel
substrates and of steel substrates after overall removal of
previous coatings.
ISO 8502-4 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paint and
related products. Tests for the assessment of surface
cleanliness.
Part 4: Guide on the estimation of the probability of
condensation prior to paint application.
ISO 8504-1 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paint and
related products. Surface preparation methods. Part 1: General
principles.
UNI 10190 Prodotti di acciaio impiegati per tubazioni. Rivestimento
esterno in nastri di polietilene autoadesivi.
20476.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 0 March 1996
Sheet 5

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP . It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
1.2.2 Legislation
D.P.R. del 27 Aprile 1955, N. 547 Norme per la prevenzione degli infortuni
sul lavoro.
D.P.R. del 19 Marzo 1956, N.303 Norme generali per ligiene del lavoro .
Legge del 29 Maggio 1974, N. 256 Classificazione e disciplina
dellimballaggio e delletichettatura delle sostanze e dei preparati pericolosi .
Ministero della Sanit - Decreto No. 50 del Febbraio 1993
In Countries other than Italy these regulations may be complemented,
integrated or substituted by applicable local Laws and regulations.
20476.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 0 March 1996
Sheet 6

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP . It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2. FUNCTIONAL NORMATIVE REQUIREMENTS
2.1 Operative environment
Continuous protection from corrosion of a buried pipeline or of plant piping is
obtained by coating its welded joints.
The materials used for coating welded joints can be used in a service
environment featuring attack by chemical and by microbiological agents and
reaching temperatures up to 60C.
2.2 Functional requirements
2.2.1 Type of joint coating
Coating of joints shall be performed using the following materials:
Pipe joints with coating thickness >
500 m
plastic tapes
Pipe joints with coating thickness up
to 500 m
high thickness surface tolerant paint ,
with very low solvent level ( < 3% in
weight)
2.2.2 Plastic tape type joint coatings
Plastic tape joint coatings shall be made of:
- one layer of epoxy primer
- one layer of anti corrosion tape
- one layer of tape providing mechanical protection.
Plastic tape coatings shall comply with the provisions of UNI 10190 Std.
2.2.2.1 Primer
The primer is composed of a solvent and of a solid component (synthetic resin
and rubber) and shall be supplied in drums.
20476.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 0 March 1996
Sheet 7

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP . It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.2.2.2 Anticorrosion tape
The plastic anticorrosion tape must ensure protection from corrosion.
The tape is composed of a polyolefine based support and by an adhesive layer
either rubber and synthetic resins based or bituminous rubber based.
Before the coating is applied the thickness of the support and of the adhesive
shall be those specified in the relevant Data Sheet.
The tape must be supplied in rolls wound on a cardboard core having a
minimum diameter of 3 in. At about 5 m distance from the tape end a colour
mark shall indicate this distance.
Width and length of the tape rolls to be supplied shall be indicated by the
Contractor.
The tape must be compatible with the primer properties and with those of the
tape providing mechanical protection.
2.2.2.3 Mechanical protection tape
This plastic tape shall guarantee mechanical protection and is usually
differentiated from the anticorrosion tape by its higher thickness and different
colour.
Before the coating is applied the thickness of the support and of the adhesive
shall be those specified in the relevant Data Sheet.
The tape must be compatible with the properties of the anticorrosion tape.
The supply shall be performed similarly to the anticorrosion tape.
2.2.3 Surface Tolerant paint type joint coatings
The joint coatings made with surface tolerant paint are obtained using a high
thickness paint with very low solvent level (<3% in weight) for single layer
application. The Contractor shall submit to the Company for approval the
product he intends to use..
2.2.4 Preservation of the coating materials
Materials to be used for coating shall be stored as follows in the Contractor's
Works or on site:
The containers holding liquid products shall be kept hermetically sealed, and be
protected from solar radiation and kept at a proper distance from heat sources
and from those Works areas where free flames are used.
The containers shall not be in direct contact with the ground.
20476.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 0 March 1996
Sheet 8

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP . It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
Solid products shall be kept in sheltered areas to controlled temperature and
humidity.
Products supplied packaged shall be kept in their packagings until they are
used; any handling shall be carried out taking care not to damage these
packages.
Packaged materials shall not be placed nor stored on wet or damp surfaces or
environment, nor in places that can be flooded or are near to possible sources of
fire.
All products that become altered for any reason shall be removed from the
manufacturing areas.
2.2.5 Cleanliness degree
Surfaces to be cleaned shall be carefully checked in accordance to ISO 8504 - 1
in order to choose the most suitable cleaning cycle.
Welded joints to be coated using plastic tapes or surface tolerant paint shall
have surfaces with a cleanliness degree corresponding as a minimum to grade
Sa 2 of ISO 8501 - 1 Std.
The surfaces of welded joints may be either blast cleaned or brush cleaned.
On the welded joint surfaces there shall never be any residue of the pipe
coating, of welding, oil or grease or other foreign matter.
2.2.6 Plastic tape application
The primer may be applied by brush as long as a uniform and adherent coating
is obtained, without wrinkles, folds, cavities or cuts.
Tapes shall be applied in spirals under tension, in order to obtain a 50%
overlapping. At both their ends the tapes shall overlap the pipe coating for at
least 20 cm.
2.2.7 Surface tolerant paint application
Surface tolerant products shall be applied immediately after joint cleaning
operations, using either a spray gun or a brush.
At both ends, the surface tolerant paint shall overlap the pipe coating for at least
5 cm.
20476.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 0 March 1996
Sheet 9

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP . It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.3 Safety
It is the Contractor's duty to observe the regulations on safety and health
applicable to his premises. Special consideration is to be given to the
following:
- painting products mixing and handling shall be performed in areas where air
can circulate freely and that are distant from zones of danger;
- blast cleaning abrasives shall be chosen among those not harmful to
operators' health.
the painting materials storerooms shall be appropriately ventilated and
complying with applicable law provisions on safety and fire prevention.
All paints, solvents, fluidifiers, catalysts, etc. shall bear on their container the
data required by the Decreto Ministero della Sanit (Health Ministry Decree)
N 50 of 16 February 1993, and/or be accompanied by the relevant safety data
sheets mentioned in that Decree.
In Countries other than Italy, these regulations may be complemented,
integrated or substituted by applicable local Laws and regulations .
2.4 Ergonomics
Not applicable.
2.5 Requirements for Quality Management and Quality Assurance
The additional requirements for Quality Management and/or Quality Assurance
are contained in the applicable Quality and Execution Requirements
Specification attached to the Invitation to Bid.
2.6 Additional requirements for review
2.6.1 Reception of the coating materials
The Contractor shall ensure that products purchased comply with the
requirements specified in the technical documents concerning the specific job.
The Contractor shall purchase the products to be used for coating from
Suppliers qualified by the Company.
20476.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 0 March 1996
Sheet 10

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP . It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
The Contractor shall file and retain all the technical and administrative
documents related to the purchase, both those issued by himself and by the
Supplier, for at least 3 years.
All coating materials shall be delivered on the job site in their original factory
containers with intact labels and seals. The containers shall be provided with
identifying documents or inscriptions, stating clearly their content and its
validity expiry date.
The containers shall be stored in a closed, well ventilated storeroom, observing
the range of allowable temperatures recommended by the Supplier.
2.6.2 Production process control
The Contractor shall possess an appropriate organization able to perform the
following functions:
- prepare written work instructions describing how operations are to be
performed, the proper equipment to be used, the adequate work
environment, and the compliance with reference Standards and codes and
with the Companys requirements.
- monitoring and checking of specific characteristics of the process and of
application.
2.6.3 Checks, inspections and testing
2.6.3.1 Preliminary tests
Upon arrival of a load of products, the Contractor shall provide to verify:
- the integrity of the containers;
- the date of expiry of validity for the materials;
- correspondence of the shipping documents with the identification of the
containers.
2.6.3.2 Inspection and tests during work progress
The Contractor shall perform at the start, middle, and end of every work shift a
check of ambient temperature and relative humidity using appropriate
instruments, and calculate the probability of moisture condensation according
to ISO 8502-4 Standard; the values shall all be recorded in the relevant work
log book section.
20476.VAR.PAI.FUN
Rev. 0 March 1996
Sheet 11

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP . It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
When surface preparation is completed, appropriate checks must be carried out
as follows:
- visual check: shall be performed in accordance to ISO 8501 - 1 Std.; the
substrate finish shall be as specified;
- check of welding flux removal: when requested by the Company, the pH
value of the surface near the welded joints shall be checked, wetting the area
and applying litmus paper; acceptance level is neutral pH.
2.6.3.3 Final inspection
Once coating application is completed the following checks shall be carried
out:
- check of thickness: for each joint at least 10 thickness measurements shall be
made; the average value, calculated excluding the highest and lowest value,
shall be at least equal to the pipe coating thickness.
- visual check: a careful visual inspection shall be performed on 100% of the
coated joint surface; no runs, orange peel are allowable on surface tolerant
paint joints; no folds, wrinkles, cavities or cuts are allowed on the plastic
tape coated joints.
- continuity check: all the coated joints shall be tested for holidays, the holiday
tester being operated at the voltage required for holiday testing of the pipe
coating.
2.7 Documentation
The Contractor shall provide the Companys representative with the following
documentation:
1) Certificates of the materials used for joint coating grouped by lot and/or
batch of materials.
2) Conformity declaration, stating that the data recorded on the material
certificates comply with the requirements of this Specification.
3) Daily production certificates day, showing the sequential identification
number of each joint and the checks performed with the relevant result.