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STANDARDIZATION

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATION
SPRAY COATING OF STEEL PIPES EXTERNAL SURFACE
WITH EPOXY OR POLYURETHANE PAINT
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
February 1995
REV. DESCRIPTION PREPD CHKD APPRD DATE
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 2

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
FOREWORD
Rev. 0 Total Number of Sheets: 21
February 1995
This Specification was issued in agreement to E.E.C. Directives.
It cancels and substitutes AGIP General Specification. 02954 - SLI - COR - SPC -
Rev. 0 of April 1988 - Rivestimento esterno con pittura epossidica o poliuretanica
da applicare a spruzzo su tubi di acciaio
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 3

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
CONTENTS
1. GENERAL
1.1 Scope
1.2 Normative References
1.2.1 European Normative References
1.2.2 Normative references of ISO, IEC, and national organizations
1.2.3 Legislation
2. FUNCTIONAL NORMATIVE REQUIREMENTS
2.1 Operative environment
2.2 Functional requirements
2.2.1 Coating characteristics
2.2.2 Bituminous and tar-base paints
2.2.3 Polyurethane paints
2.2.4 Epoxy paints
2.2.5 Paint storage and preservation
2.2.6 Storage and handling of bare pipes
2.2.7 Environmental conditions
2.2.8 Surface preparation
2.2.9 Spray painting
2.2.10 Cut back
2.2.11 Marking
2.2.12 Handling, storage and delivery of the coated pipes
2.3 Safety and Ergonomics
2.4 One-off functional requirements
2.4.1 Painting defects and relevant repairs
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 4

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.5 Requirements for Quality Management and Quality Assurance
2.6 Additional Requirements for Review
2.6.1 Reception of bare pipes
2.6.2 Reception of painting materials
2.6.3 Pipe identification
2.6.4 Control of environmental conditions
2.6.5 Control of surface cleanliness
2.6.6 Control of paint application
2.7 Documentation
3. SUPPLEMENTARY ELEMENTS
3.1 Appendix A: Check of Dry Film Thickness for paints and varnishes applied
on the external surface of pipes
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 5

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
1. GENERAL
1.1 Scope
This specification defines the properties of materials and the application methods
to be used for external coating of steel line pipe with an epoxy or polyurethane
based paint product.
1.2 Normative References
This Specification refers to the under mentioned Standards; their most recent
edition is an integral part of this specification.
1.2.1 European Normative References
UNI-EN 535 Determinazione del tempo di efflusso per mezzo di coppe.
UNI-EN 605 Provini normalizzati per le prove.
UNI-EN 21513 Esame e preparazione dei campioni per il collaudo.
UNI-EN 24624 Misura dell'adesione mediante prova di trazione
1.2.2 Normative references of ISO, IEC, and national organizations
ISO 8501-1 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and
related products. - Visual assessment of surface cleanliness.
Part 1: Rust grades and preparation grades of uncoated steel
substrates and of steel substrates after overall removal of
previous coatings.
ISO 8502-3 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paint and
related products. Tests for the assessment of surface cleanliness.
Part 3: Assessment of dust on steel surfaces prepared for painting
(pressure sensitive tape method)
ISO 8502-4 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paint and
related products. Tests for the assessment of surface cleanliness.
Part 4: Guide on the estimation of the probability of
condensation prior to paint application.
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 6

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
ISO 8503-1 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paint and
related products. Surface roughness characteristics of blast
cleaned steel substrates.
Part 1: Specifications and definitions for ISO surface profile
comparators for the assessment of abrasive blast-cleaned
surfaces.
ISO 8503-2 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paint and
related products. Surface roughness characteristics of blast
cleaned steel substrates.
Part 2: Method for the calibration of ISO surface profile
comparators and for the determination of surface profile
Comparator procedure.
ISO 8503-4 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paint and
related products. Surface roughness characteristics of blast
cleaned steel substrates.
Part 4: Method for the calibration of ISO surface profile
comparators and the determination of surface profile. Stylus
instrument procedure.
ISO 8504-1 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paint and
related products. Surface preparation methods.
Part 1: General principles.
ISO 8504-2 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paint and
related products. Surface preparation methods.
Part 2: Abrasive blast cleaning.
ISO 8504-3 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paint and
related products. Surface preparation methods.
Part 3: Hand and power-tool cleaning.
1.2.3 Legislation
Ministero della Sanit Decreto Ministeriale No. 50 del 16 Febbraio 1993
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 7

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2. FUNCTIONAL NORMATIVE REQUIREMENTS
2.1 Operative environment
The external anticorrosion coating of steel line pipe with a polyurethane or epoxy
product can reach a maximum service temperature of 80C, in an environment
involving attack by chemical agents and/or microbiological attack.
2.2 Functional requirements
2.2.1 Coating characteristics
The anticorrosion coating of pipes shall consist of a product that can be applied in
high thickness and that hardens rapidly in air, with a very short reaction time.
The dry residue shall not be less than 94% in volume. Once the product is mixed,
its pot life shall be within 5 and 7 minutes at 25C. The coating product to be
applied shall satisfy the following characteristics:
A) Optimum adhesion
B) Optimum insulation
C) Abrasion resistance
D) Flexural resistance
E) Impact resistance
F) Resistance to chemical attack
G) Resistance to microbiological attack
H) Withstand thermal excursions (range -30C to +80C)
I) Resistance to cathodic disbonding
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 8

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
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2.2.2 Bituminous and tar-base paints
These products use polyamidic resins as catalysts.
When polymerization takes place in air a paint film is produced from resin,
catalyst and tar (or bitumen) that are in part bonded to each other.
2.2.3 Polyurethane paints
These products can be either two-component or one-component paints.
The former are obtained by mixing determined quantities of a base and of a
reagent at the time of application.
The base component can be an alchidic, polyester, or acrylic resin, while the
catalyst or hardening reagent is a polyisocyanate with high molecular weight, of
aliphatic or aromatic type, or mixed.
2.2.4 Epoxy paints
In epoxy base paints, the binder consists of epoxy resins, their properties being
highly influenced by their molecular weight.
Epoxy paints need the addition of proper hardening reagents on order to be able to
reticulate; these reagents must be able to transform, also at ambient temperature,
the binder from a thermoplastic to a thermosetting type.
Baking in a furnace can speed the rate of curing processes.
2.2.5 Paint storage and preservation
The paint drums and/or containers shall be protected both from the atmospheric
agents and solar radiation, therefore they shall be stored in an indoor environment,
thermally controlled to a constant temperature of about 18C 20C.
The rooms where paints are to be stored shall be adequately ventilated and shall
comply with all applicable law requirements on safety and fire prevention.
If paints are to be stored for a relatively long time, the Contractor shall provide to
upturn the containers at periodic time intervals.
Paints that have been exposed directly to sun rays, or have been heated or frozen
may not be used under any circumstance.
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 9

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.2.6 Storage and handling of bare pipes
2.2.6.1 Storage areas:
Pipe storage areas within the Contractor's Works shall meet the following
requirements:
A) they shall be at least at 30 m distance from any type of electrical power line, the
distance being measured from the vertical projection on the ground of the
nearest conductor.
B) shall be free or be freed before use from all kind of plant life; the same applies
to a surrounding area of a width sufficient to keep fires from propagating to the
pipe stacks
C) shall be free or freed before use from protruding stones and foreign matter
D) shall be level on a horizontal plane, in order to allow uniform loading of the
supports and ensure stack stability
E) shall have sufficient load bearing capability, in order that no subsiding in the
ground takes place at all in course of time.
F) shall never be directly exposed to salt water spray.
2.2.6.2 Handling:
All stacking operations shall be performed using lifting equipment (such as
overhead or other types of cranes, lift trucks) with adequate slings and hooks.
Hooks for lifting pipes from their ends shall be provided with a rubber or copper
sheathing in order to avoid damaging the pipe bevels.
Suspended pipes shall be kept from swiveling around by providing appropriate
guide ropes to the lifting equipment.
When handled, pipes shall be kept from striking or scraping against other bodies
or pipes; positioning of the pipes on those already stacked shall be carried out
using utmost care. Slings and hooks shall also neither strike nor scrape the pipes.
Flat wooden supports shall be positioned on the ground. The outside supports
shall be at least at 0.5 m distance from the pipe end.
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 10

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.2.7 Environmental conditions
In selecting a coating system consideration must be given to the climatic
conditions in which the coating operations will take place.
More precisely, both the surface cleaning operations and the paint application are
strictly dependent on environment.temperature and relative humidity.
Two different levels of environmental conditions are considered:
2.2.7.1 Normal conditions
Both for the surface cleaning operations and for the coating application an
environment temperature over +10C and a relative humidity below 85% are
considered normal conditions.
2.2.7.2 Severe conditions
An environment in which temperature is below +10C or relative humidity is over
85% is considered to present severe conditions.
No surface cleaning operations or paint application may take place when relative
humidity exceeds 85% and the metal surface temperature is not at least 3C higher
than the dew point.
2.2.8 Surface preparation
All pipes shall be carefully visually inspected before they are subjected to
cleaning, in order to verify the degree of corrosion of metal surfaces and any
presence on these surfaces of oil, grease and other foreign matter, and to decide in
consequence the most suitable cleaning cycle.
2.2.8.1 Environmental conditions
The Contractor shall check that the pipe surface is completely dry before
proceeding to its blast cleaning, and that ambient humidity corresponds to a dew
point at least 3 C lower than ambient temperature.
If the pipe surface is moist, or the dew point is 3C higher than ambient
temperature, a preheat is considered necessary before blast cleaning of the pipes.
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 11

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.2.8.2 Preheat
The equipment used for preheating the pipes shall be approved by the Company.
If the Contractor uses for preheating purposes free open flames in direct contact
with the pipe surface, the surface shall be kept in motion in respect to the flame at
a minimum rate of 10 mm/s, along a helically winding path. The flame shall also
be adjusted in its combustion ratio so that no soot or moisture are deposited on the
metal.
All measures shall be taken and developed by the Contractor in order to avoid
possible stoppages of the line resulting in the steel being brought to uselessly or
damagingly high temperatures.
The preheat temperature shall be kept between 35C and 50C; it shall be checked
at least three times for every work shift (at its start, middle, and end) and
whenever stoppages occur in the production line.
The preheat temperature can be checked using either temperature indicating
crayons or contact thermometers. All temperature measurements shall be recorded
on the production certificate.
2.2.8.3 Cleanliness degree
Pipes that shall be subjected to a painting cycle, shall have a surface
corresponding at least to grade Sa 2.5 of ISO 8504 Standard, i.e. to a finish grade
to near white metal.
2.2.8.4 Surface roughness
The average surface roughness shall be between 40 and 80 micron.
2.2.9 Spray painting
The equipment employed shall be able to comply with the requirements of the
paint manufacturer in relation to paint application.
The equipment that the Contractor will use shall be inspected and approved by
the Companys Representative before work starts.
All paints containing heavy or metallic pigments that tend to settle shall be kept in
suspension in the pressurized container using a mechanical mixer.
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 12

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
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Appropriate pressure gauges and controls shall be used both for the air supplied to
the pressurized container and for air reaching the spray gun.
The fluid pressure shall be adjusted and maintained in such a way as to supply
spray guns with a maximum of 670 g/minute of material. Air is to be added in
the quantities strictly needed for atomizing the material.
The spray gun shall be kept at a distance within a range of 45 to 60 cm from the
surface to be painted, and at a constant angle to this surface.
Painting passes shall be parallel and uniform ones. Each pass shall overlap the
preceding one for about 50%.
Each coat shall be uniformly applied, covering the entire surface.
All drippings and/or irregular spraying shall be patched at once by paint brush;
should this be impossible, the paint shall be removed from the part concerned, that
will be properly repaired at a later time.
2.2.10 Cut back
The pipe surface shall be left bare at both ends of the pipe, for a 100 mm distance
from the ends.
Before applying the paint, the Contractor shall properly protect these end areas
and the pipe bevel, that must remain perfectly clean and free from paint traces.
Once the coating operations are completed these bare ends shall be protected from
corrosion by applying a temporary protection, easily removable by brushing.
The type of this temporary protection, if not specified in the order or other contract
documents, must be approved by the Companys Representative.
2.2.11 Marking
The Contractor shall provide to re-apply the original markings that may have been
removed by the coating process, following the instructions given by the
Companys Representative.
These markings shall be applied using indelible paint.
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 13

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.2.12 Handling, storage and delivery of the coated pipes
2.2.12.1 Handling
In handling the pipes, all care shall be taken to avoid causing damage to the pipes
and to their coating.
Handling shall be carried out using idoneous equipment, equipped with the
appropriate protective sheathing, in order to avoid damaging the pipe or its
coating.
All personnel involved in the handling operations shall be of proven experience.
Handling operations and equipment shall all strictly comply with the applicable
safety regulations and laws.
2.2.12.2 Storage
Stacks shall have a maximum height of 3 m, exclusive of bottom and intermediate
supports height. Supports shall provide sufficient distance from the ground,
considering its nature (compacted or agricultural type soil).
Supports shall be of a sufficient width and number to ensure proper load
distribution and avoid permanent deformations.
2.2.12.3 Delivery
All coated pipes shall be accurately inspected before they are loaded on transport
equipment.
All pipes showing damaged coating shall be repaired according to the provisions
of Point 2.4.1
All these repairs shall be carefully inspected visually and with holiday detector, as
specified in the inspection procedures of Point 2.6.
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 14

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.3 Safety and Ergonomics
It is the Contractor's duty to observe the regulations on safety and health
preservation applicable to his premises. Special consideration is to be given to
the following:
- painting products mixing and handling shall be performed in areas where air
can circulate freely and that are distant from zones of danger;
- the abrasives for blast cleaning shall be chosen among those not harmful to
operators' health.
The paints storerooms shall be appropriately ventilated and complying with
applicable law provisions on safety and fire prevention.
All paints, solvents, fluidifiers, catalysts, etc. shall bear on their container the data
required by the Decreto Ministero della Sanit (Health Ministry Decree) of 16
February 1993, or be accompanied by the relevant safety data sheets mentioned in
that Decree.
In Countries outside Italy, these regulations may be complemented, integrated or
substituted by applicable local Laws and regulations .
2.4 One-off functional requirements
2.4.1 Painting defects and relevant repairs
A) All pipe areas where the paint thickness is insufficient shall be subjected to a
new painting cycle, unless the time between the first and the second paint
application is in excess of the overcoating time suggested by the paint supplier.
If this time is exceeded the pipe shall be blast cleaned again and the paint
properly re-applied.
B) All pipe areas showing lack of adhesion and/or insufficient paint hardening
shall have their paint removed, by abrasion with proper equipment in case of
poor adhesion, or using solvents in case of insufficient hardening.
Once cleaned and thoroughly dried these areas shall be subjected to a new
painting cycle performed by hand or spray gun, depending on their size.
If the defective areas are not of a limited extension, a cleaning cycle shall also
be applied.
C) Painted areas showing whitish spots are to be cleaned using a rag dipped in
solvent; if 30 minutes after this treatment the spots are again apparent the area
concerned shall be again blast cleaned and re-painted.
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 15

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.5 Requirements for Quality Management and Quality Assurance
The additional requirements for Quality Management and/or Quality Assurance
are contained in the applicable Quality and Execution Requirements
Specification attached to the Invitation to Bid.
2.6 Additional Requirements for Review
2.6.1 Reception of bare pipes
Upon receiving the pipes to be coated, the Contractor shall verify at once that the
pipes are not damaged and that there are no apparent defects.
If damages such as dents, cuts or scratches are found on the bevels, these shall be
at once recorded on the shipping documents, making reference to the serial
number of the pipes concerned.
Damaged or anyhow non conforming pipes shall be appropriately segregated.
The contractor shall provide to having a report written that shall be submitted to
the Companys Representative who is fully entitled for disposing of the damaged
pipes.
2.6.2 Reception of painting materials
Whenever a batch of paint is received, the Contractor shall provide at once to the
following checks:
A) Check drums and/or containers integrity, segregating those presenting loss of
materials, lack of sealing or any other anomaly.
B) Verify the expiry date of paints and scrap those drums and/or containers
resulting beyond this date or near to it so that their use will not be possible.
C) Check correspondence of the paint shipping documents with the identification
shown on the drums and/or containers.
2.6.3 Pipe identification
Before starting any work, the Contractor shall be in possession of the Packing List
of the pipes to be coated. If the Packing List is not yet available, the Contractor
shall request and obtain it before starting work.
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 16

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
The pipes serial numbers shall be matched with the ones listed, identifying all
inconsistencies. When these cannot be solved (e.g. packing list without any such
serial no. and showing no pipe of such length) a written report shall be submitted
to the Companys Representative.
The pipes serial numbers shall be taken and recorded, also providing to mark them
with indelible paint on the pipe inside surface, before starting work on the pipes.
This serial number shall follow the pipe in all production stages and appear in the
pipe final marking. It shall be recorded on all production documents and on the
quality control certificates.
If no original serial number can be found or traced down for a group of pipes, the
Contractor shall assign a special sequence of serial numbers to these pipes.
2.6.4 Control of environmental conditions
At the beginning, middle and end of every work shift the Contractor is bound to
check temperature and relative humidity of the workshop, and to record the
measured values on the relevant production certificate.
Environment parameters shall be checked using appropriate instruments.
The following is considered as minimum required instrumentation:
1) Recording Hygrometer
2) Minimum/Maximum Temperature Thermometer
3) Contact Thermometer.
2.6.5 Control of surface cleanliness
After blast cleaning and before it is painted the pipe shall be checked as follows:
2.6.5.1 Visual inspection
All the blast cleaned pipes shall be subjected to an accurate visual inspection.
The Contractor shall assign properly qualified personnel to this inspection.
Besides checking that the cleanliness degree obtained on the surfaces corresponds
to the required one, the Contractor shall verify at this time that blast cleaning has
not revealed surface defects such as slivers, scale, cuts, dents and pitting.
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 17

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
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All surface defects of limited importance (slivers, light pitting), shall be removed
by grinding. When the area so ground out exceeds 50 sq.cm, the contractor shall
bring it to the required surface roughness using appropriate abrasives.
If defects such as scale, deep pitting and dents are found, the pipes shall be
segregated by the Contractor who shall also provide for adequate marking of the
defective area.
The defective pipes shall be inspected by the Companys Representative who is
fully entitled to dispose of them.
2.6.5.2 Check of surface roughness
The surface roughness shall be checked at the start, middle and end of every work
shift, applying one of the methods specified in the ISO 8503 Standard.
Measured roughness values shall be recorded on the relevant production
certificate.
2.6.5.3 Dust control
The Companys Representative will choose one pipe at the start, middle and end
of every work shift, for checking the absence of dust according to the provisions
of ISO 8502-3 Standard.
2.6.6 Control of paint application
2.6.6.1 Check of paint viscosity
While the paint is being prepared and before its use, a test according to UNI EN
535 Standard shall be made verifying its viscosity, the acceptability level being a
5% maximum difference from the Supplier declared values on the product
technical data sheets.
2.6.6.2 Check of wet paint thickness
While the paint coats are being applied, the Contractor shall systematically check
the wet paint thickness in order to ensure that paint coats are properly applied in
sequence until the required thickness is reached.
The check can be performed using a "comb type" (Rosemann) or a "wheel type"
(Gardner and Erichsen) measuring instrument.
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 18

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
2.6.6.3 Check of the dry film thickness
Once the application of the paint coats is completed, and the paint film is fully
hardened, a dry film thickness check shall be performed by the Contractor on three
pipes for every work shift, chosen preferably at the start, middle and end of the
shift:
The thickness check shall be carried out according to the provisions of Par. 3.1
The average values obtained shall not be less than the design thickness value for
the painting cycle applied.
2.6.6.4 Check of porosity:
Tests aiming to verify film continuity shall be performed on all painted surfaces
once the paint has fully hardened.
The entire painted surface shall be tested, using high voltage instruments,
equipped with sound and light defect signals.
The instrument shall operate on a voltage range of 0 to 35 kV .
Conducting rubber probes are recommended; the customary brushes are anyway
acceptable.
The output voltage of the probe is a function of paint thickness and of the
dielectric rigidity of the paint material; it is anyway given by the following
expression:
V = 7900 x t
where t = paint thickness in mm.
The control apparatus must be able to supply a pulsed output voltage; pulse
frequency shall be at least 20 pulses/second, each pulse lasting not more than 0.03
seconds.
All safety rules for inspection personnel must be observed.
The apparatus shall be equipped with a battery charge indicator.
The points of the coating where a visible discharge takes place between the
electrode and the pipe metal are considered defects.
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
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The discharge shall be accompanied by the instrument defect indication (sound
signal, etc.) .
All defective areas shall be appropriately repaired.
2.6.6.5 Check of adhesion:
For every work shift a metal specimen shall be prepared for performing adhesion
tests.
The specimens shall be in accordance to the provisions of UNI EN 605 Standard.
The test shall be performed in accordance to the UNI EN 24624 Standard.
2.6.6.6 Destructive test of resistance to stripping
This test shall be performed on at least three pipes for every work shift, but at least
24 hours after coating application
In performing the test a Vee cut is made with a knife on the hardened coating
down to the metal surface; the knife blade shall be pressed on the Vee cut edge
from different directions while kept at a 60 degree angle to the surface.
The test is considered satisfactory if the coating does not come off in large scales
or strips, and the layers of coating or painting are not detached one from the other.
2.6.6.7 Visual check
All coated surfaces shall be inspected visually. Any area showing paint runs,
drippings, foreign bodies or dirt shall be repaired as provided for in Point 2.4.
2.7 Documentation
All painting operations shall be kept under control through complete records.
The Contractor shall keep an exact job log on which all data relevant to pipe
coating are to be recorded.
The following data are always necessary:
A) Type of preparation
B) Paint used
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 20

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
C) Number of coats applied
D) Environmental conditions
E) Checks, inspections, etc. performed and the relevant results
F) Repairs made, if any.
The Contractor shall also submit, with the Job Log, the following documentation:
A) Certificates of the materials used
B) Conformity declarations for the materials used
C) Daily test and inspection certificates
20001.PIP.PAI.FUN.
Rev. 0 February 1995
Sheet 21

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato.
This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.
3. SUPPLEMENTARY ELEMENTS
3.1 Appendix A: Check of Dry Film Thickness for paints and varnishes applied
on the external surface of pipes
Instrumentation:
- Magnetic induction apparatus, precision between +/- 2 and 10%.
- Magnetic attraction apparatus , reading precision +/- 10%.
Calibration:
Thickness measuring instruments are calibrated before their use, referring to the
slides of known thickness supplied with them.
Performing the tests:
For every work shift 20 measurements shall be made on the painted surface.
The maximum and minimum values measured are discarded and the mean of the
remaining 18 is calculated.