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FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATION

ELECTRIC POWER TRANSFORMERS

20166.EQP.ELE.FUN

Rev. 0 September 1994

ISSUE

TM

STIN

STIN

SEPT. 94

REV.

DESCRIPTION

PREP'D CHK'D APPR'D

DATE

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato. This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 2

FOREWORD Rev. 0 Total Number of pages 22 September 1994 Issued to comply with the EEC directives Cancelling and replacing the following specification: a) 03012.EQP.ELE.SPC : GENERAL SPECIFICATION TRANSFORMERS

-ELECTRIC

POWER

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato. This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 3

INDEX

1. 1.1. 1.2. 1.2.1. 2. 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.4.1. 2.4.2 2.4.3. 2.4.4. 2.5. 2.5.1. 2.6. 2.7. 2.7.1. 2.7.2 2.8. 2.9. 2.9.1. 2.9.2. 2.9.3. 2.10. 2.10.1. 2.10.2. 2.10.3 2.10.4. 2.10.5.

GENERAL Scope Normative references European normative references FUNCTIONAL NORMATIVE REQUIREMENTS Definitions Symbols and abbreviations Operating Environment Functional Requirements General characteristics Operating conditions Construction characteristics Packing for transport Boundaries, limits and exclusions Usefulness Ergonomics Safety General prescriptions Protection against indirect contacts Requirement for Quality Management and Assurance Additional Requirements for Review Type Test Acceptance Test (individual) Special Test Documentation Bid documentation Documentation subjected to Approval Documentation used by the Company for the system design Test documents Final technical documentation

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20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 4

1.

GENERAL

1.1.

Scope This specification sets out the minimum requirements and the inspection plans for the supply of static electric machines, later referred to as "Transformers", which are: Dry sealed or oil power transformers Auto transformers Reactors Any other additional information not covered by this specification will be specified in the current rules and publications and in the project technical documentation, particularly: Data Sheets Inspection Data Sheets (I.D.S.) Required Documentation Data Sheet (R.D.D.S.) The technical requirements of this functional specification are based upon considerations of performances and functionality, therefore the instructions contained in this document are not meant to be discriminatory. Any alternative suggestions will be considered, provided that the compliance with what required in this document is satisfied both from functional and performance points of view.

1.2.

Normative References The Normative References and Publications that entirely define the transformers are herewith listed. When applicable, references will be made to the European Normative References EN and the Harmonisation Documents CENELEC or, in their absence, to the CEI/CEI UNEL Normative References and IEC Publications. In any case the plants shall comply with the rules and regulations issued by the Local Authorities and Organisations under which jurisdiction they are installed.

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato. This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 5

1.2.1. 1.2.1.1.

European Normative References Power transformers - General rules


EUROPEAN CENELEC INTERNATIONAL NATIONAL IEC CEI/CEI UNEL TITLE ( NOTE 1 )

HD 398.1 ( ) HD 398.2 ( ) HD 398.3 ( ) --HD 398.4 ( ) HD 398.5 ( ) --EN 60551 ( ) --------EN 60529 ( ) HD 566 S1 ( ) ---

76 -1 ( ) 76 -2 ( ) 76 -3 ( ) 76 -3 - 1 ( ) 76 -1 ( ) 76 -5 ( ) 616 ( ) 551 ( ) 606 ( ) 722 ( ) --404 529 ( ) 85 ( ) 50 (421) --14 - 7 14 - 9 1166 G S 699 1167 G --70 - 1 (Note 3)

Power transformers Part 1 : General Power transformers Part 2 : Temperature rise 14 - 4 Power transformers Part 3 : Insulation levels and dielectric tests Power transformers Part 3 : Insulation levels and dielectric tests External clearances in air Plugs and connections Ability to withstand short-circuits Terminal and tapping markings for power transformers Determinations of transformer and reactor sound levels Application guide for power transformers Guide to the lightning and switching impulse testing of power transformers and reactors Guida per l'esecuzione delle prove sui trasformatori di potenza Magnetic materials Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code) Thermal escalation and classification of electrical insulation International Electrotechnical Vocabulary. Chapter 421: Power transformers and reactors

15 - 26 ---

1.2.1.2.

Oil transformers - Specific rules


EUROPEAN CENELEC INTERNATIONAL NATIONAL IEC CEI/CEI UNEL TITLE ( NOTE 1 )

---

----

14 - 13

---

---

CEI/UNEL 21015 CEI/UNEL 21016

Trasformatori trifase per distribuzione a raffreddamento naturale in olio, di potenza 502500 kVA, 50 Hz, con tensione massima Um per il componente non superiore a 36 kV. Parte 1: Prescrizioni generali e prescrizioni per trasformatori con tensione massima Um per il componente non superiore a 24 kV Trasformatori trifasi AT/MT per la distribuzione primaria di potenza nominale 25, 40,63 MVA e per tensioni massime di AT, Um: da 145 kV a 175 kV Radiatori per trasformatori in olio

---

---

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato. This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 6

1.2.1.3.

Dry-type transformers - General rules


EUROPEAN CENELEC INTERNATIONAL NATIONAL IEC CEI/CEI UNEL TITLE ( NOTE 1 )

HD 464 S1( ) HD 464 S1 A2 HD 464 S1 A3 ---

726 ( ) 905

14 - 8 ---

Dry-type power Transformers Loading guide for dry-type power transformers Three-phases dry-type distribution transformers, power 50-2500 kVA, 50 Hz with a maximum Um voltage for the component not exceeding 36 kV Part 1 : General prescriptions and prescription for transformers with a maximum Um voltage for the component not exceeding 24 kV

HD 538.1 S1 ( )

---

14 - 12

1.2.1.4.

On-load tap-changers and reactors - General rules


EUROPEAN CENELEC INTERNATIONAL NATIONAL IEC CEI/CEI UNEL TITLE ( NOTE 1 )

EN 60289 ( ) HD 367 S2 ( ) ---

289 ( ) 214 ( ) 542 ( )

14 - 5 14 - 10 14 - 11

Reactors On-load tap-changers Application guide for on-load tap-changers

Notes for reading the table in paragraph 1.2.1.1 1.2.1.4.: 1) Titles of IEC publications, when common to CEI rules and CENELEC, are translated from the original relevant texts. The Normative References and Publications with ( ) have complete correspondence with the CEI or UNI National ones. In the other cases the subject is the same but the requirements are not entirely the same. These rules cannot be applied to some small and special transformers mentioned in the same. In the case that no Rules exist for the above mentioned transformers they can be applied completely or partially.

2)

3)

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato. This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 7

2.

FUNCTIONAL NORMATIVE REQUIREMENTS

2.1.

Definitions Reference to the Normative References from paragraph 1.2 will be made for definitions and terminology.

2.2.

Symbols and abbreviations Reference will be made to the Normative References in paragraph 1.2. for symbols and abbreviations.

2.3.

Operating Environment The transformers shall be designed and constructed for the environmental conditions of the installation site defined in the Data Sheet. If not otherwise specified, when H 2S is present in the atmosphere, the following concentrations shall be used : 0.10 ppm of H2S continuously ; 5 ppm of H2S and 2 ppm of SO2 occasionally for brief periods. The Supplier shall employ suitable protective devices and prove their effectiveness through appropriate components test certificates.

2.4. 2.4.1.

Functional Requirements General conditions Unless otherwise stated, the transformers shall be suitable for continuous service.

2.4.2. 2.4.2.1.

Operating Conditions General a) If not otherwise stated in the Data Sheet the transformers and the relative equipment shall be suitable for operating in the NORMAL SERVICE CONDITIONS indicated in the: Harmonisation Document CENELEC 398.1 for transformers immersed in oil; Harmonisation Documents CENELEC HD 464 S1 and 358.1 S1 for dry-type transformers; European Rule EN 60289 for the reactors. The supply voltage shall be sinusoidal and symmetrical and shall vary by 10% Un and in the range of 4% of the nominal frequency. The transformer shall also be able to supply nominal currents with an applied voltage equal to 105% of the nominal voltage. In the case of transformers immersed in oil reference shall be made to the "Loading Guide" of the IEC 354 Publication or CEI S 564 Supplement . In the case of the dry-type transformers reference will be made to the "Loading Guide" of the IEC 605 Publication.

b)

c) d)

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20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 8

e)

Even if not indicated in the Data Sheet, transformers making part of the same supply and having the same characteristics (nominal voltage, linking group, AC voltage) shall be able to operate in parallel to each other, even if they have different powers, until they reach a maximum ratio of 3/1. The admitted tolerance for the nominal characteristics shall comply with the limits provided in the Harmonisation Documents CENELEC HD 398.1, HD 464 S1 and European Rules EN 60289.

f)

2.4.2.2.

Rated Power a) The rated power shall be the one supplying the primary winding at the environmental and working conditions indicated on the Data Sheet. The preferred relevant values shall be chosen within the ones indicated on the Normative References . The rated power shall be guaranteed for every plug position in the voltage converter. A maximum rise in temperature of 10K over the foreseen limits of the Normative References shall be introduced to contemporary frequency and voltage variations as specified in 2.4.2.1.b).

b)

2.4.2.3.

Temperature rise Unless otherwise stated on the Data Sheet, the temperature rises of the windings, of the magnetic circuits and of the metallic parts of the transformers designated to function under NORMAL SERVICE CONDITIONS as described at point 2.4.1., should not exceed the specified limits in the tables of the following regulations: Harmonisation Document CENELEC HD 398.1 for transformers immersed in oil; Harmonisation Documents CENELEC HD 46461 and 538.1 S1 for the dry-type transformers; European Codes EN 60289 for the reactors. Lacking indication, the following maximum rise in temperature shall be accepted: OIL TRANSFORMERS AIR DRY-TYPE TRANSFORMERS ISOLATED RESIN TRANSFORMERS

Temperature rise Temperature rise Maximum, even if 60 K In oil 100 K In the global windings insulated with material with an upper In the impregnated 65 K In the windings 100 K 100 K temperature class. Or windings lower values in In the nucleus of 105% accordance with the 75 K Un on the main plug class of the used insulating materials If the transformers are meant for operations different of those indicated in 2.4.1, reductions of the limits of rise in temperature shown in the relative Normative References shall be applied.

Temperature rise

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20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 9

2.4.2.4.

Ability to withstand short circuits Transformers shall be suitable to withstand without being permanently damaged the thermal and dynamic effects of external short-circuits in the conditions specified by the Reference Rules. The short-circuit voltage values in the network shall be that indicated in the Data Sheets.

2.4.2.5.

Short-circuit voltage Failing any indication on the Data Sheets, the characteristic values indicated in the Normative References shall be considered.

2.4.2.6.

Insulation levels Unless otherwise stated on the Data Sheet, the transformers shall have an insulation level suitable to withstand the voltage values of the tests indicated in the Normative References: Harmonisation Document CENELEC HD 398.1 for transformers immersed in oil; Harmonisation Documents CENELEC HD 46461 and 538.1 S1 for the dry-type transformers; European Codes EN 60289 for the reactors.

2.4.2.7.

Environmental, climatic and fire behaviour classes for the dry-type transformers The environmental, climatic and fire behaviour classes for the dry-type transformers shall be defined on the Data Sheets according to the Harmonisation Document HD 464 S1. Failing any indication, the dry-type transformers shall be defined according to the following classes: Class E1 : Class C1 : Class F1 : Environmental (with reference to humidity, condense and pollution ); Climatic (with reference to the minimum temperature to which the transformer can be subject to ); With reference to fire behaviour.

The Manufacturer shall state and indicate on the nameplate the environmental, climatic and fire behaviour according to what is specified on the reference Rules. 2.4.3. 2.4.3.1. Construction Characteristics General The transformers shall be sized and shall have a rated power standardised according to the Normative References CEI/UNEL as much as possible. 2.4.3.2. Nucleus It will consist of silicon steel magnetic plates according to the IEC 404 Publications.

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato. This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 10

2.4.3.3.

Windings a) Unless otherwise stated on the Data Sheets, the windings shall be made of electrolytic copper according to the CEI/UNEL Rules. The windings shall be fixed in such a way as to withstand the thermal and dynamic stress caused by a short-circuit at the terminals of the secondary winding of the duration of 2 seconds without permanent deformation caused by a short-circuit at the terminals of the secondary winding. The star, triangle and zigzag connections of the phase windings shall be marked according to the Normative References.

b)

c)

2.4.3.4.

Tank a) The oil-type transformer tank shall be in a single piece and grade of protection for both the outdoor and indoor installation. It shall be sized in such a way as to allow as much as possible the transportation of the transformer ready for operation. b) In non-sealed transformers, the tank complete with core, windings, conservator and radiators shall be suitable to operate with autoclaves under vacuum at the absolute pressure of 0.4 kPa for the treatment of the oil even in absence of liquid; the allowed vacuum drop shall not exceed 5.3 kPa in 6 hours. The above transformers shall be able to pass a test with pressure of 55 kPa for 24 hours without developing any oil leaks (verified with talcum powder). In the sealed transformers without breathers, the tank shall have an expansion volume above the oil level, filled with a dry, inert gas. The tank complete with core, windings and radiators shall be designed to pass a 100 kPa pressure test without developing any oil leaks (verified with talcum powder). The cover shall be welded to the tank. Seals with gaskets, when necessary, shall be provided only under the minimum level of oil (in cold conditions) and the bolts and nuts of the flanges shall be welded. The filling nozzle shall be sealed using an anti-loosening cap. The transformer shall be constructed in such a way that the internal pressure shall not exceed 34.3 kPa, during normal operating services, with an oil temperature range between -5 and +90.

c)

2.4.3.5.

Cooling system a) Identification symbols The transformers shall be identified according to the cooling method used, as indicated in the Data Sheets, using the symbols prescribed in the Normative References.

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20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 11

b)

Radiators The radiators shall conform with the CEI/UNEL 21016 Rules as much as possible. Unless otherwise stated on the Data Sheets, the transformers immersed in oil shall be cooled as follows: Up to 630 kVA, with a corrugated tank or fixed radiators; Between 630 kVA and 2000 kVA, with pipes welded directly to the tank, appropriately distanced in such a way as to allow the cleaning and the repainting or, as an alternative, with portable radiators provided with block valves; Above 2000 kVA, with portable radiators provided with block valves and plugs for the draining of the oil.

2.4.3.6.

Bushings and external connections a) When applicable, the bushings will comply with the CEI/UNEL 21010 Rules. They shall be complete with terminal strips, bolts and accessories suitable for the coupling of the pipes specified in the Data Sheets. The windings exposed to over-voltages of atmospheric origin shall be fitted with co-ordination spark gaps which can be adjusted by at least +15%. Those for a voltage over 52 kV shall be of the capacitor type. All the windings shall be marked with symbols corresponding to the wiring diagram referred to on the nameplate; such symbols shall comply with the Normative References . The plug connections shall include, besides the terminals of the cable, all the necessary materials for carrying out the terminations of the cable and the earthing. Failing any indication, the cables shall be of the armoured multicore type. b) The protection and disconnecting chambers shall be provided with an opening for inspection and maintenance. Inside them a stainless steel AISI 316L bolt shall be installed with a diameter not lower than 10 mm for the earthing of the cables shields and armours. The penetration walls for single core cables shall be of a non-magnetic material. When indicated in the Data Sheet, an anticondensation heater of armour type, controlled by a thermostat and protected against accidental contacts shall be provided in the air tanks for voltages over 3 kV . The chamber for the protection of terminals shall be built in 2 sections so that the transformer may be removed without disconnecting the cable termination . The cable terminations in oil shall include a Buchholz relay with contacts for every phase complete with block valves and blind closing flanges.

c)

d)

2.4.3.7.

Voltage control a) Off-circuit tap-changer If not otherwise stated on the Data Sheets, the control field of the voltage tapchanger shall be of 2 x 2.5 % Un and shall be sized to at least 125% of the maximum service current (ONAF for forced cooling).

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20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 12

The off-circuit tap-changer shall be complete with a releasing device to avoid incorrect positioning. For transformers up to 3150 kVA the selector shall be on the cover, its position being easily accessible. For larger transformers it shall be on one side at eye level. The tap-changer shall be provided with a position indicator; it shall positively latch itself only in the operating positions. Provision shall be made for limit stops and a locking device to lock the selector in the chosen position. b) On-load tap-changer The control field shall be indicated on the Data Sheet. It shall comply with the prescriptions provided for by the Harmonisation Document CENELEC HD 367 S2 and by the "Application Guide" of the CEI 14-11 or IEC 542 Rules. The switch of the on-load tap-changer shall be placed inside its own oil casing and the oil shall be separate from that of the transformer. Therefore, it shall be provided with a separated oil conservator with its own proper gas relay. The switch contacts shall be easily accessible for maintenance and replacement, without having to open the transformer or remove the conservator. The tap-changer shall be provided with a manual control device consisting of a removable handle and an electric motor-driven control device for local operations and remotely interlocked. When the parallel running is foreseen, the control shall operate either as a principal or as a spare equipment. All control auxiliaries and the necessary accessories shall be installed in a fixed box and fixed to the transformer at eye level with IP 54 degree of minimum protection. The accessories will also include: a position indicator visible from outside through a window; a device for remote indication of the position selected and the incorrect position (n.2 repetition contact sets of the tap-changer position wired to a terminal strip); an operation counter; an anti-condensation automatically controlled heater, A.C. supplied; a lamp for lighting the auxiliaries box; an internal nameplate with an indelible diagram of the control circuits.

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato. This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 13

2.4.3.8.

Accessories and auxiliaries a) General Unless otherwise stated on the Data Sheets, the accessories and auxiliary devices shall be those indicated in the TABLE 1, and shall be installed, if applicable, as indicated in CEI-UNEL 21012 Rule. The electrical contacts shall be NC for the alarms and NO for the protective block circuit. They shall be connected with terminal strips as indicated in the relevant diagrams enclosed to the Data Sheet Unless otherwise stated on the Data Sheets, the ventilation motors and pumps shall be three-phases and of standard dimensions in accordance with the Harmonisation Document CENELEC HD 53.1 S2 and shall have a degree of protection not less than IP 54. Failing any indication, the motors circuits shall be protected with symmetrical automatic circuit breakers which shall have an interruption power not less than 10 kA and thermal relays properly co-ordinated and compensated for temperature variation. The control circuits shall be derived from power circuits through an isolating transformer of suitable power and with a secondary voltage as specified in the Data Sheet.

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato. This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 14

TABLE 1 STANDARD ACCESSORIES FOR THE TRANSFORMERS


DRY-TYPE TRANSFORMERS REF. TI CEI-UNEL (****) Pr. 1772

ITEM

ACCESSORY DESCRIPTION Dielectric liquid conservator Buchholz gas relays Tank oil draining device Press filter couplings Vacuum pump couplings Oil sampling device Thermowell Dial thermometer for oil Temperature detector Bursting disk or pressure valve Radiator isolating devices Skids Swivel wheels Jacking points Hooks for horizontal traction Lugs for lifting removable parts Lugs for lifting whole transformer or in transport position Lugs for coolers lifting Earthing terminals Electrical circuit marshalling box Control panels for auxiliary devices Oil-air-water flow indicators Nameplates Openings and hutches Temperature control box Metal enclosure Set of special tools

OIL TRANSFORMERS (Power kVA) _ 630 631+3150 > 3150 X X X X X --X X ----X --X ------X X --X X ----X ------X X X X X X --X X X --X X --X --X X X X X X ----X ------X X X X X X X X X X X X X --X X X X X X X X X X X X ----X

1. (*) 2. (*) 4 5 6. (*) 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

------------------X ----X (***) X (***) --X --X --X X X --X --X X X

3. (**) Pressure vacuum gauge

21011 21011

21012

06131

21014

(*) (**) (***) (****)

Excluded sealed transformers without conservator Only for sealed transformers According to what indicated on the Data Sheet Reference valid only for oil immersed transformers of 50 2500 kVA, Um not over 24 kV according to the CEI-UNEL 21010 Rule

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato. This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 15

b)

Special requirements for the accessories The accessories listed in TABLE I shall be of the type and installed as follows: ITEM 1: Oil or other liquid conservator filling device having a diameter of not less than 50 mm; liquid level indicator with markings at -20C, +20C and +85C and provided with an electrical alarm contact; silica gel breather installed at eye level; draining device. Gas relays For the oil of the transformers it shall be Buchholz's type provided with two electrically independent alarm and trip contacts. it shall be fitted between two isolating valves and with a bypass valve. A section of the pipe shall be supplied so that it may be used for its replacement (only for units > 3150 kVA). For the oil container of the on-load tap-changer the gas relay shall be of the pressure wave with contacts type, bypass valves and equivalent section of pipe. ITEM 3 : Pressure vacuum gauge One dial type pressure vacuum gauge indicating low and high pressures, including a NC contact for low pressure and a NO contact for high pressure. ITEM 4 : Oil draining device Consisting of a valve of corrosion resistant material with a 1 1/4" connection threaded gas male fitting closed by an end cap and positioned on the conservator side. The valve can also be used as : Lower connection for the filter press ( ITEM 5 ); Oil sampling device (ITEM 7 ) only if it allows small samplings and it is suitably installed. ITEM 5 : Filter press connections Consisting of two valves as for ITEM 4, the first being positioned on the tank base on the conservator side and the other on the diametrically opposite side. For transformers rated more than 3150 kVA, the top connection shall be positioned close to the bottom one. Characteristics of valve shall be as ITEM 4 and can also be used as follows : The bottom valve as an "Oil draining device" (ITEM 4); The top one as a "Vacuum pump connection" (ITEM 6) ITEM 6 : Vacuum pump connections As in ITEM 5 only if suitable. Oil sampling device

ITEM 2:

ITEM 7 :

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20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 16

As that in ITEM 4 but of a suitable diameter. The device in ITEM 4 is not necessarily suitable for sampling. ITEM 8 : Thermowell Consisting of a 3/4 " gas pipe, 120 mm long, with a blind end, extending approx. 30 mm, externally threaded and including an end cap of corrosion resistant material. The threading shall be protected with silicon grease. In the case of transformers with power > 3150 kVA, two thermowells shall be installed. ITEM 9 : Dial thermometer Installed in a suitable pocket as in ITEM 8, and including an alarm contact and a block contact. ITEM 10 : Temperature detector Shall be of platinum of 100 at 0C and positioned in the hottest points as follows: Dry type transformers Oil transformers between 3,150 kVA and 40 MVA Oil transformer over 40 MVA : : n.3 in the LV windings n.3 in the nucleus n.1 in the oil n.6 on the top yoke n.6 in the columns n.4 in the oil

ITEM 11 : Bursting disk or pressure valve For transformers with a conservator it shall include a cover closed by a spring in the correct position. For sealed transformers, it shall include two electrically independent contacts, one normally open and one normally closed. ITEM 12 : Radiator isolating devices Consisting of a butterfly valve for every tank connection. ITEM 13 : Skids Unless otherwise stated on the Data Sheet, the dimensional characteristics of skids shall be as indicated in the CEI-UNEL 21011 Rules. ITEM 14 : Swivel wheels Unless otherwise stated on the Data Sheet, the dimensional characteristics of the wheels and the quantities shall be as indicated in the CEI-UNEL 21010 and 21011 Rules.

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato. This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 17

ITEM 18 : Lugs for lifting the whole transformer In the case of transformers of up to 2500 kVA lifting eyebolts shall be provided of quantities and dimensions as specified in the CEI-UNEL 21012. In the case of large transformers which cannot be lifted in one piece provisions shall be made for the possibility of lifting them ready for transport. ITEM 20 : Earthing terminals Earthing terminals shall be provided as indicated in the CEI-UNEL 21010 Rules. Failing any indication, two stainless steel AISI 316L plates shall be provided with bolts having a diameter not less than 12 mm, positioned in the bottom on the incoming side of the cables. For large transformers (> 40 MVA) plates with two holes and bolts of 16 mm shall be provided. ITEM 21 and ITEM 22: Electrical circuit marshalling box or control panels for auxiliary devices When provided, they shall be largely sized and shall have a degree of protection IP 55. They shall be located in an easily accessible position. The panels shall be equipped with an anti-condensation resistance controlled by a thermostat and protected by an automatic and thermomagnetic circuit breaker or fuse-switch disconnector. Unless otherwise indicated, inlets of all cables shall be from the bottom through stainless steel AISI 316L cable glands. Inlets of cables from the top shall only be permitted for cable systems in conduits. ITEM 24 : Nameplates The identification nameplates of the machines with the relevant electric and constructive data shall be produced and positioned as indicated on the CEI-UNEL 21010 Rules and 21012 Normative References . Failing any indication they will be made of stainless steel AISI 316L. ITEM 26 : Temperature control box When required, it shall be of digital type to be fitted on the front of the panel by the Company, with alarm, release and visible control of temperature of each single phase contacts. If not otherwise stated the feeding voltage shall be of 220 V, 50 Hz. The box shall be complete with linking cables to the temperature detector box, fitted on the transformer. The length of such cables shall be specified on the Data Sheet.

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato. This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 18

ITEM 27 : Metal Enclosure The metal enclosure suitable to contain the transformer and for protection against direct contacts and against atmospheric agents shall be made from structural steel and plates, painted as indicated on the Data Sheets. The protection degree of such an enclosure shall be suitable for the installation site; however, for indoor installation they shall not be lower than IP 21 and for outdoor installation it shall not be lower than IP W and 23. The enclosure internals shall be accessible by means of small doors or portable panels fitted with socket head screws for accident prevention. The necessary ventilation, if not otherwise requested in the Data Sheet, shall be ensured through a series of slits placed on the top and bottom sides. 2.4.3.9. Assembly accessories and special tools For every type of transformer making part of a single supply, two series of keys and special tools for fitting and maintenance shall be supplied (see also TABLE 1 ITEM 28). 2.4.3.10. Spare parts for the operation of the transformers The material listed below and the additional required material shall be supplied. The Supplier shall be able to suggest further required material, as per his experience. ITEM 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 COMPONENT DESCRIPTION HV insulators (note 1 ) LV insulators Mercury thermometer, scale 0 to 150 Pump for checking the acid and gas relays (Buchholz) for the gases analysis Air drier for conservator Gaskets Oil circuit valves Finishing paint QUANTITIES 1 for each type 0.10 N with a minimum of 2 1 for each type and transformer power 1 for each installed type 1 for each installed type 1 for each installed type 1 for each installed type 2 kg for each colour

NOTE : N = (1)

number of equal and interchangeable pieces installed on the transformers, aim of the supply. Only when the transformer is sent with HV insulators attached on it.

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato. This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 19

2.4.3.11.

Protective treatments a) Painting Painting and the relevant protective treatments will be done in accordance with the prescriptions contained in the Data Sheet. b) Tropicalisation When required in the Data Sheet, equipment and materials will be subjected to tropicalisation treatments in accordance with the relevant Reference Specification.

2.4.4. Packing for transport Transport arrangements will be defined by the Supplier according to the Company's criteria. The large transformers can be transported without feed through insulators, ventilators, radiators, conservators and any big accessory. During the transport and until the complete filling up with oil, one atmosphere of nitrogen kept under pressure by using suitable equipment including a manometer shall be maintained in the tank. The components and accessories of the transformers shall be fixed and fastened so as to withstand vibrations and friction due to transport (road, train, sea) and the necessary loading, unloading and installation operations carried out with lifting equipment. Accelerations will be particularly considered: axial, critical in train transport transversal, critical in road transport vertical, critical in sea transport

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato. This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 20

2.5. 2.5.1.

Boundary conditions, limits and exclusions Usefulness This functional specification is also applicable to some small transformers and special transformers according to what is prescribed in the Normative References .

2.6.

Ergonomics Unless otherwise stated in the Data Sheet, the overall noise level shall be within the following values: Transformers with a naturally cooling system : Transformers with forced ventilation : as in TABLE DIN 42540; 80 dBA at 1 m.

The sound pressure level shall be measured according to what is prescribed in the Harmonisation Document CENELEC HD 399 S2.

2.7. 2.7.1.

Safety General prescriptions The Supplier will guarantee that the panels will be designed adopting good practice to respect the safety prescriptions contained in the Normative References.

2.7.2.

Protection against direct contacts The transformers shall be provided with an earthing plate and for the dry-type transformers with protective casing indicated on TABLE 1 ITEM 20 and 27

2.8.

Requirements for Quality Management and Assurance Any additional requirements of Quality Management and/or Quality Assurance are contained in the relevant management specification enclosed in the request for bid.

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato. This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 21

2.9.

Additional Requirements for Review When required, they will be indicated in the Inspection Data Sheet (I.D.S.) and are subdivided in: Type test; Acceptance test (individual); Special test. For any inspection and test not included in the normative references and in this Specification and requested in the Inspection Data Sheet (I.D.S), the execution procedures shall be defined on a case by case basis.

2.9.1.

Type test The type test aims at guaranteeing the compliance of a specific type of transformer with the Normative References and the original design. The type test shall be carried out on a prototype of the transformer and the Supplier shall be fully responsible for its execution. The Company shall be exclusively responsible for the acceptance of transformers that are similar to those supplied as prototypes and shall reserve the right to request the execution of some of the type tests. The type tests of the auxiliaries and accessories are not required if they comply with the Normative References and are installed according to the Constructor's instructions. The Supplier of the transformers will check that the type tests of the auxiliaries and accessories have been carried out and that the relevant documentation is produced.

2.9.2.

Acceptance test (individual) The acceptance test aims at guaranteeing, by verification of documents and execution of a limited but important number of inspections and tests, the compliance of transformers with the original design and prototype as well as with the Company's requirements, and to detect any faults in materials and fabrication. The acceptance test (individual) shall be carried out on all transformers of the supply, assisted by the Supplier. For the acceptance tests of the auxiliaries and accessories, the considerations listed above for the type tests shall apply, without prejudice to the fact that they shall withstand the inspection and tests described in the Inspection Data Sheet (I.D.S).

2.9.3.

Special Test It includes tests and inspections not provided for in the type and acceptance tests, that the Company may require from time to time. The list of tests and inspections and any criteria of execution will be indicated in the Inspection Data Sheet (I.D.S.).

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato. This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.

20166.EQP.ELE.FUN Rev. 0 September 94 Sheet 22

2.10.

Documentation The Supplier will deliver to the Company all the documents indicated in the Requested Document Data Sheet (R.D.D.S.), in accordance with the agreed terms and schedule. The technical documentation will be written in the official language indicated in the Data Sheet and using the symbols indicated in the CENELEC, CEI Rules and in IEC Publications.

2.10.1.

Bid Documentation The Supplier will include in his bid all the information and documentation required in the Data Sheet (R.D.D.S.).

2.10.2.

Documents Subjected to Approval The approval of the documentation by the Company, if necessary, will refer to the formal verification of the parameters indicated in the design's documents only.

2.10.3.

Documentation used by the Company for the system design The Supplier will deliver to the Company all the documentation necessary to the execution of the system design and to the installation of the supplied system.

2.10.4.

Test Documents The Supplier will deliver to the Company, within the schedule and in the way indicated in the Data Sheet, all the certificates relating to the type, acceptance and special tests.

2.10.5.

Final Technical Documentation The final technical documentation, with the only exception of the Supplier and Subsuppliers catalogues and publications will include the following references: name of the Supplier; name of the Company; identification tag of the transformer, as indicated by the Company; title of the document; details of the Company's orders.

and will consist of: a) b) c) Design and Installation instructions; Operations instructions; Maintenance instructions.

The description and drawings can be contained in catalogues and documents of the Supplier, as long as they satisfy the following conditions: they contain all data and information required in their final form they are relevant to the type supplied and the materials included in the supply are clearly identified amongst those in the document. The documentation subject to approval will be integral part of the final documentation approved by the Company.

Il presente documento RISERVATO ed di propriet dell'AGIP. Esso non sar mostrato a Terzi n sar utilizzato per scopi diversi da quelli per i quali stato inviato. This document is CONFIDENTIAL and the sole property of AGIP. It shall neither be shown to third parties nor used for purposes other than those for which it has been sent.