Sei sulla pagina 1di 121

TEACHERS BOOK TEACHERS BOOK

Total FIRST New Edition

Annie Broadhead Ginni Light Robert Hampton


Annie Broadhead Ginni Light Robert Hampton

CONFIGURAZIONE DELLOPERA

Total FIRST New Edition


PER LO STUDENTE
LIBRO MISTO
LIBRO DI TESTO + EBOOK + INCLASSE + CONTENUTI DIGITALI INTEGRATIVI

Students Book + Language Maximiser + 1 CD audio ROM + 1 CD audio +


eBook (solo scaricabile) + InClasse + Contenuti Digitali Integrativi 978-88-530-1507-5

EBOOK LIBRO DIGITALE SFOGLIABILE


LIBRO DI TESTO IN VERSIONE DIGITALE, SCARICABILE E INTERATTIVA LIBRO DI TESTO IN FORMATO PDF
eBook Students Book + Language Maximiser + InClasse + PDF sfogliabile FOR THE REVISED 2015 EXAM

Total FIRST - New Edition Teachers Book


Contenuti Digitali Integrativi 978-88-530-4391-7 Students Book + Language Maximiser 978-88-530-4392-4

PER LINSEGNANTE
Teachers Book + 2 CD audio per la classe 978-88-530-1508-2

INCLASSE CONTENUTI DIGITALI INTEGRATIVI


La nuova piattaforma De Agostini Scuola per Contenuti specifici correlati al corso su eBook
studenti e insegnanti. Una classe virtuale per e InClasse e contenuti trasversali grazie al
lapprendimento personalizzato. progetto Language Plus: migliaia di attivit
per consolidare e approfondire la lingua.
Allinterno del volume maggiori informazioni.

Total FIRST: Teachers Book +


2 CD audio (elementi indivisibili)

ZONA
CONTENUTI CONTENUTI
COPIA FUORI COMMERCIO LIBRO MISTO LIBROE-BOOK
MISTO E-BOOK MATEMATICA IN CLASSE
INTEGRATIVI INTEGRATIVI INCLASSE

deascuola.it

BC_Total-First_COP_GUIDA_sviluppo_C.indd 1 14/01/15 10.24


Total FIRST
Teachers Book

BC_Total-First_COP_GUIDA_sviluppo_C.indd 3 14/01/15 10.27


BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 2 13/01/15 15:23
Contents

Students Book Language Maximiser


Unit Topic Teaching Notes & Key Answer Key
1 Education & The Mind 6 72
2 People & Success 10 72
3 Society & Equality 14 73
4 Entertainment & Sociability 18 73
5 The Environment & New Technologies 22 74
6 Fashion & Status 26 74
7 Sport & Competition 30 74
8 Crime & Punishment 34 75
9 Food & Food Issues 38 75
10 Nature & Endangered Species 42 76
11 Work & Job Satisfaction 46 76
12 Youth Culture & Changing Values 50 76
13 Festivals & Globalisation 54 77
14 Family & Friends 58 77
15 Travel & Ecotravel 62 78
16 Health & Happiness 66 78

Banks 70
Additional Exercises 79
Practice Tests 80

Exam Teaching Tips 81

Recording Scripts 85

Students Book 86
Language Maximiser 100
Practice Tests 107

Sample Answer Sheets 115

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 3 13/01/15 15:23


BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 4 13/01/15 15:23
STUDENTS BOOK
and
LANGUAGE MAXIMISER
KEYS

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 5 13/01/15 15:23


UNIT
1 Education &
The Mind

Vocabulary areas Collocations: adjective + noun; Education


Grammar Present Simple and Present Continuous; Articles: a/an/the/zero
Reading and Use of English Mind Mapping Part 5: Multiple choice
Writing Education W1: Essay Exam Tip!
Listening Dialogues L1: Multiple choice Exam Strategies
Speaking Talking about yourself S1: Interview Exam Strategies
Reading and Use of English
Part 1: Trust the teacher
Part 2: Studying with background music
Part 3: Education can change lives

Warmer (page 8) 3 Students can work in small groups. After they have
discussed the questions, get different groups to
1 Depending on how much time you have and the level of summarise their discussion for the whole class.
your class, you could add the following extra
information and vocabulary. Picture A is of a medieval
Open answers
knight in a suit of armour. Picture B shows different
strata in rock formation. For pictures C and D you could
use the words microscope, culture dish, artists palette
and brushes. Vocabulary (page 9)
Ask students to work in pairs.
4 Read the introduction to collocations in exercise 4.

A history
1 TOUGH: decision, times, steak, problem
B geography/geology
2 STRONG: wind, woman, influence, argument
C science/chemistry/biology
3 HEAVY: rain, breakfast, metal, week, traffic
D art/painting
5
2 Some students find it much easier than others to find Open answers
the solutions to jumbled-letter tasks. If youd like to give
students a clue, give them the first letter of each word. 6
Students could work in pairs or groups of three. 1A 2D 3C 4B 5B

7
1 law Suggested answers:
2 design (studies) draw a mind map
3 psychology make a poster and put it somewhere where you see it
4 management (studies) every day
5 business (studies)
6 computer science

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 6 13/01/15 15:23


Education & The Mind

University courses: law, design studies, medicine,


Reading and Use of English management studies, business studies, computer
(page 11)
science, environmental sciences, media studies,
8 Give students enough time to discuss their answers to engineering
the questions. Classroom materials: pens, pencils, markers, blackboard/
whiteboard/interactive whiteboard, rulers, note pads,
exercise books, text books
Open answers
Aspects of studying English: grammar, vocabulary,
9 Suggest that students read the questions and options pronunciation, speaking, listening, reading, writing
first, before reading the text. Encourage students to ask
you if there are any words that they dont understand.
Pre-teach the following if necessary: Grammar (page 12)
Para 1
12
is the passport to
You are sitting around on the couch one day watching
literacy and numeracy
TV and the thought crosses your mind, This is so boring,
there must be better things to do with my time. Lets say
Para 2
you want to improve your chances of getting a good job
brainstorming
in the future in something you really like. What you need
to pioneer something
to do is to teach yourself a skill that is valuable and that
to scan (a text)
people are willing to pay for. For example, you like
non-linear
watching films and you want to know how films are
made. So you go out and buy yourself a camera and start
Para 3
shooting a film; then you organise your friends and write
a blank piece of paper
a script and make a short film. Its as simple as that.
Or is it?
Para 4
arrows 13
1 We use the Present Simple for facts, habits,
Para 5 permanent states, giving instructions and future
scepticism meaning.
dyslexics/dyslexia 2 We use do/does for the interrogative and dont/
sequencing doesnt for the negative.
troubleshooters 3 We use the Present Continuous:
to describe something that is happening at or
around the time of speaking
1 C 2 D 3 D 4 C 5 A 6 B to talk about changing and temporary situations
to talk about the future for fixed arrangements.
10
4 Suggested answer: want, need, know, seem, belong
Open answers
14
1 play
Vocabulary (page 11) 2 enjoy, am not/m not enjoying
3 are you doing, Do you want
11 If possible, make sure in advance that students have 4 come, is living/lives
coloured pens/pencils. If you have any posters showing 5 orbits
examples of mind maps, bring them to the lesson. You 6 likes, prefers
could get students to make the mind map on education 7 are studying, believe, is
into a poster for the classroom. 8 Are you going

15
Suggested answers:
1 a 2 a 3 a 4 an 5 a 6 7 A 8 a
Places: kindergarten/nursery school, secondary school, 9 the 10 a 11 a 12 a 13 the 14 the
college, university, polytechnic
School subjects: English, IT, maths, chemistry, physics,
biology, history, geography, art, music, sport, food
technology, technical drawing

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 7 13/01/15 15:23


UNIT 1
16 recording again. This could be a good approach for
Suggested answers: listening, especially at the beginning of your course.
1 Use a/an when the listener doesnt know which thing Comparing answers allows students to build up
we mean, for singular countable nouns and for jobs. confidence and gives an opportunity for more discussion.
2 Use the when its clear which thing we mean, when Use the recording script below with the answers
theres only one of something, e.g. the longest river in underlined, so that you can give reasons for answers or
the world and for nationality words. you can ask students to give reasons for answers.
3 Use the zero article when we mean something in
general, e.g. money is the root of all evil, for most 1 C 2 B 3 B 4 B 5 A 6 A 7 C 8 B
geographical names/cities, streets, stations, etc.

Go through the Frequent Mistakes and ask students to


explain why the wrong forms are wrong. They can refer Recording script with answers underlined
back to page 15 to do this.
1 You hear a student talking about his favourite
subject at school.
Weve started doing environmental science at school
Speaking (page 13) and its really great. I didnt find it easy at first but
now I love it. Do you realise that if we investigated
17 Explain that in some units, students will see Exam
the deep ocean more, we might be able to find ways
Strategies and that this is advice on how to deal with a
of producing enough high-protein food to feed the
particular part of the Cambridge English: FIRST exam.
whole world? Thats awesome in itself but the reason
Ask students to look at page 187 and together discuss
I think Ive really taken to the subject is that it can
what they have to do in the Speaking test. On page 13,
bring in elements of biology, other sciences and even
go through the Exam Strategies 1-5. Then ask students
sociology. I find all these areas really fascinating.
to work in pairs and to interview each other using
questions 1-8. As they are working, monitor and note 2 You hear a woman talking about the human brain.
down any problem areas in speaking that you will have
You often hear this idea that people who are good at
to help your students with during the course.
logical thinking use the left part of their brain and
that people who are creative and imaginative use the
Open answers right side of their brain. But where is the evidence for
this? In fact, if you look at a lot of famous musicians,
18 Ask students to do this on their own first and then to they are often very good at maths and music.
show their ticks to their partner. Does their partner How do you explain that? I think its wrong to make
agree with the ticks they have put? these sweeping generalisations and to pigeon-hole
Make sure you make this fun but at the same time, someone, especially when they are still young.
make sure students know what they have to do to
improve their speaking. 3 You overhear two young people talking about their
careers.

Open answers Woman: I must admit that I chose this because you
can earn really good money.
19 Its good practice to try out a task and then to have the Man: Does that mean that you dont really enjoy it?
opportunity to repeat it so that it can be improved. Give Woman: The studies were hard but once I started
lots of praise after this activity because confidence working and building up experience, I began to love it.
plays an important role in speaking. Man: I think, because were both working with
pharmaceutical companies helping them get patents
for new medicines, were doing something worthwhile.
Open answers
Woman: I must admit I wouldnt like to work in a
court making judgements about peoples lives every
day. I much prefer dealing with patent offices.
Listening (page 13) 4 You hear two business students talking about
cultural differences.
2.A

20 Work through the Exam Strategies and


questions as they appear on pages 13 and 14. First ask Boy: Id like to study more about cultural awareness
students to read question 1 and check that they because when I go into business I dont want to make
understand it. Play the recording once. Ask students to some stupid mistake like hugging someone when I
compare their answers with a partner. Then play the should be shaking their hand!

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 8 13/01/15 15:23


Education & The Mind

Girl: What makes a big difference is when a business 21


person can say even just a few simple greetings in his Open answers
colleagues language.
Boy: hes taken the trouble to learn them, thats
what counts. He might then be forgiven for cultural Writing (page 14)
mistakes like not starting a meeting exactly on time.
22 Ask students if they write/used to write essays for
5 You hear a tennis coach talking about a young school/college and what features they think/have been
player called Jack. taught essays should have.
When I first saw him, I could hardly believe he was
serious about wanting to come to the sports Suggested answers:
academy. He was tall and skinny, bandy-legged and I A 3 B 4 C 8 D 5 E 10 F 5 G 6 H 2 I 7
thought hed never last 20 minutes, never mind a J 9 K 1
whole game on court. I couldnt have been more
wrong. His parents had made the huge investment to 23 Go through the writing task with the class. Depending
bring him to one of the most prestigious academies on how much time you have, students could begin
and after a few months I could see that while others planning their answers in class or the task could be set
had sore arms and backs, Jack was developing as homework.
steadily into a player with a future.

6 You overhear a girl talking on the phone about her


! Exam Tip!
new school. Go through the Exam Tip! with students and make sure
I dont really know what I expected before I started that they understand what neutral or formal style
this school but it wasnt this. I was worried about not means, e.g. they should use neutral/formal vocabulary
making new friends but they have this great system (children not kids); use suitable grammatical forms, e.g.
where you have a buddy; someone in your class who passive form
shows you where things are, explains how things
work and introduces you to everyone. They also have
a fantastic science block with all the latest equipment; Grammar (page 15)
it looks complicated but in fact itll make lessons
more interesting. 1
1 2 a 3 the 4 the 5 the 6 an 7 The
7 You hear two friends talking about the school film 8 an 9 a 10 the 11 The 12 a 13 a 14
club.
Boy: Hi, Martha, did you enjoy the film club
yesterday? Reading and Use of English
Girl: Hi, Paul, yes. There are loads of new members, (pages 16-17)
arent there?
Boy: Yes, and that means theres a lot more Part 1
discussion of the film after weve seen it, which is
great. 1 B 2 D 3 C 4 A 5 D 6 B 7 C 8 A
Girl: And thats why I started going. I need a range of
opinions on films to include in my coursework. Part 2
Boy: Oh, yeah, of course. My projects on politics, so
in fact, I just sit back and enjoy the film! 1 or 2 it 3 by 4 than 5 not 6 whether/if
7 them 8 such
8 You will hear a woman talking about competition at
school. Part 3
I dont know why some people say children shouldnt
be encouraged to be competitive at school. Can you 1 poverty
imagine if a school didnt have a sports day? My 2 paid
daughter would really miss that and I know lots of 3 increasingly
other children would, too. I think it would be unfair to 4 themselves
pretend that competition doesnt exist in the world; 5 prevention
its better to prepare children for it at school. Anyway, 6 undoubtedly/doubtless
a lot of the things they do when theyre in teams 7 growing
teach them to cooperate with other people. Honestly! 8 confidence

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 9 13/01/15 15:23


UNIT
2 People & Success

Vocabulary areas xDescribing people; Phrasal verbs


Grammar xPast Simple and Past Continuous
Reading and Use
use of english
English xGeorge Dinning on being sent to outer Mongolia
6: xGapped text
Part x: Exam Tip!
Writing x inspirational person W2: Article
An
Listening x history of money L2: Sentence completion
The Exam Strategies
Speaking x
Comparing photographs S2: Long turn Exam Tip!
Reading and Use use of english
English
2: The
Part x: x meaning of success
3: Going
Part x: x for Gold
4: xKey word transformation
Part x:

Warmer (page 18)


Height: tallish, short (), average height, tiny ()
1 Put students into small groups or pairs for the Warmer. Build: frail (), stocky, plump, well-built, slim, thin, of
If you have extra time, ask students to write one medium build, skinny (), fat ()
sentence similar to the ones in exercise 3, which says Age: teenager, toddler, elderly, middle-aged, in his/her
what success means to them. 20s, adolescent

3
A success in education Face: round, square, scarred, wrinkled, freckled, pale,
B artistic success and/or fame narrow, oval, sad
C political success; power Eyes: bright, cold, narrow, sad, oval, almond-shaped
D success in a business career/making money
4
2 Open answers
Open answers
5
3 Hair: cool, curly, trendy, wavy, straight, dyed, permed,
1D 2C 3B 4A 5 No picture represents this idea. lank, bald, greasy, spiky, messy
Clothes: cool, trendy, baggy, shabby, tight, floaty, casual,
scruffy, smart, messy
Vocabulary (page 19)
6 You could do a lead-in activity before this task.
2 Make sure students understand the meanings of the Ask students if they choose clothes to express their
adjectives. It might be useful to have some magazines personality; how important fashion is to them, how
with lots of photos of people in them or photos taken much they know about fashion styles such as Punk,
from the internet for this unit. New Romantics. How would they describe this years
Also be aware of any students who may have issues fashion style?
concerning body image in the class.

1 spiky 2 scruffy 3 smart 4 permed/dyed 5 floaty

10

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 10 13/01/15 15:23


People & Success

Reading and Use of English Grammar (pages 22-23)


(pages 20-21) 13
7 Encourage students to talk about big successes, e.g. Another young man, who is severely physically disabled,
Mahatma Gandhi, and more personal things, e.g. my decided to be a sports coach. He decided to coach
grandmother brought up 8 children. others like him to play boccia a Paralympic sport that
originally came from Ancient Greece. He was determined
to show the world what he could achieve and, last year,
Open answers he coached more than a hundred disabled kids and

! Exam Tip!
encouraged them to take part in sporting events.
When he first started out, adult resident coaches didnt
Although there is no right or wrong way of approaching expect him to have an easy time but all the children
this task, many students find skimming the base text respected him, followed his instructions, and didnt play
first and then skimming the options A-H helps them be around. He also gave advice on what games were
aware of the text as a whole. They can then go through suitable for the disabled youngsters and along the way
each option carefully and highlight clues in each option became a computer expert. Last year, he went to college
and in the text which help them find the correct option. to qualify in computer science and he intends to take part
For example, That is a very long time in D refers to travel in the Paralympics in the not too distant future.
for two or three days in the text. When checking
14
answers always ask students how they found the
1 was be
answer. They should do this in the exam too.
2 can could
3 gave give
8 Pre-teach these phrases if necessary: 4 were be
5 became become
to go to great lengths
6 went go
the sticking point
an eventful trip 15
speeding 1 didnt 2 did
a bend in the road
to flag someone down Go through the Frequent Mistakes and ask students to
a fine explain why the wrong sentences are wrong.
next on the agenda

16
1 D 2 E 3 F 4 A 5 B 6 G 1 went, wanted
2 graduated, was
9 Use this as a round-up of the reading task or as 3 didnt enjoy/did not enjoy, was
additional speaking practice. 4 did you say, met
5 got, saw, was
6 did you sail
Open answers
7 didnt give/did not give
8 ate

Vocabulary (page 21) 17


The man was driving through the town. It was raining
10 hard and a strong wind was blowing. Nobody was
1 F 2 B 3 E 4 C 5 D 6 A walking along the streets when suddenly, passing by a
parade of shops, he saw the suspected murderer lighting
11
a cigarette in a shop doorway...
1 T 2 T 3 F 4 T 5 T 6 T
18
12
We use the Past Continuous to set the scene and
Open answers
describe the background before the action begins.
All these actions are happening at the same time.

11

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 11 13/01/15 15:23


UNIT 2
19 Explain that the timeline shows how we use the Past Listening (page 24)
Simple and Past Continuous. The line between X and X
shows that the action of having a shower continued. Y

3.A
See page 86 for the students recording script.
shows a specific point in time during the shower when
the mobile rang. Visual learners often find timelines
24
memorable and easy to understand.
Open answers

1 was climbing, had 25 Work through the Exam Strategies and the task. In the
2 wasnt driving/was not driving, happened first strategy, you could add that students should try to
3 went, was/were still clapping think about what type of word would fit the gap, a noun,
4 were running, started an adjective, etc. Perhaps they could try to predict some
5 were you doing, called of the answers too.
6 was thinking, came up with
As a round-up after the exercise, ask students what new
information they discovered from listening to the
Writing (page 23) recording.
1 sheep 2 crops 3 shells 4 tools 5 holes
Refer to the Writing Bank on page 181 of the Students
6 gods 7 leather 8 tax 9 1455 10 white
Book, where there is guidance on how to write an article
and an example of the task.

20 Students should discuss 1 and 2 in small groups. Recording script with answers underlined
Today Im going to give you a brief history of money.
Open answers
As you know, money has always been a symbol of
21 Get students working in pairs. When you have checked success and status, so lets look back and see how it
the answers, point out to students that they now have a all started. The first people didnt buy goods from
good checklist for writing an article. They must make sure other people with what we nowadays consider to be
that their articles include the statements they have ticked. money. They used barter. The barter system is where
you exchange valuable personal possessions for
other goods that you want. From 9,000-6,000 B.C.,
Sentences 1, 3, 4, 5, 7 and 8 are elements of a good article. livestock, such as sheep, were often used as a unit of
22 Emphasise the importance of planning when writing. exchange. This kind of exchange started at the dawn
You could also ask students to write six interesting of civilisation and is still used today. Later, as
words or phrases they can use, such as: agriculture developed, people used crops for barter.
charismatic For example, one farmer could ask another farmer to
inspiring trade a kilo of oranges for a kilo of bananas.
has made a huge difference to my life Moving on to something which is like money as we
led me to believe in myself know it today, in about 1200 B.C. in China, shells
a role model became the first medium of exchange, or money.
to set an example These have served as money throughout history even
to the middle of the 20th century.
In 1,000 B.C., China began to produce mock versions
Suggested answers: out of metal. They can be thought of as the original
1 the editor of an international website development of coins. In addition, tools made of
2 140-190 metal were also used in China as money. From these
3 a description of the person; the reasons why the models, we developed todays round coins that we
person has inspired you use daily. The Chinese coins were usually made out
4 3 or 4 of base metals which had holes in them so that you
5 moreover, in addition, thats why, therefore, finally, could put the coins together in units of ten, for
in conclusion example, to make a chain.
6 Present Simple and Continuous, Present Perfect, In about 500 B.C., pieces of silver were made into
Past Simple and Continuous, future forms the earliest coins. Eventually, they took on the
appearance of todays coins and were imprinted with
23 various gods and emperors to mark their value.
Open answers These coins were then used in Turkey but the

12

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 12 13/01/15 15:23


People & Success

methods were used over and over again, and further


improved upon by the Greek, Persian, Macedonian,
GRAMMAR (page 25)
and Roman Empires. Unlike Chinese coins, which 1
relied on base metals, these new coins were made of Open answers
precious metals such as bronze.
Then in 118 B.C., banknotes in the form of leather 2
money were used in China. One-foot square pieces of 1 did you go
white deerskin edged in bright colours were 2 was waiting
exchanged for goods. We believe this is the beginning 3 started talking
of a kind of paper money. 4 invented
During the ninth century A.D., the conquering Danes 5 did he explain
in Ireland had an expression, To pay through the 6 understood
nose. It comes from the practice of cutting the noses 7 wasnt really concentrating
of local people who didnt pay their tax to the Danes. 8 was getting ready
From the ninth century to the fifteenth century A.D., 9 had to work
in China, the first actual paper currency was used. 10 spent
Throughout this period the amount of currency 11 thought
skyrocketed and led to severe inflation. Unfortunately, 12 won
in 1455, the use of the currency vanished from
China. European civilisation still would not have
paper currency for many years. Reading and Use of English
In 1535, though probably well before this earliest
(pages 26-27)
recorded date, strings of beads, called wampum,
were used by Native Americans as money. Wampum Part 2
means white, the colour of the beads. These beads
were used by people living in the area which we now
1 who/that
know as New York Bay. The beads were offered at
2 as
important ceremonies such as weddings.
3 we
4 on
5 it
Speaking (page 24) 6 but/whereas/while/whilst
7 with
! Exam Tip! 8 have/need

Students might need you to remind them what they Part 3


have to do in the Speaking test, so look at page 7. Make
sure that they know that the examiner who tells them 1 achievement(s)
what to do is called the interlocutor and the other one is 2 dedication
the assessor. 3 chosen
When one student takes on the role of interlocutor, it 4 talented
helps them remember what they have to do in Speaking 5 Without
Part 2. 6 unlikely
7 Hopefully
8 holding
26 Monitor students as they do exercise 26 and make
notes. When they have finished give them a feedback Part 4
sandwich, i.e. positive feedback what needs
improving positive feedback. 1 has ever/won
2 more quickly/than
3 was such/a thrilling film
Open answers 4 is due/to his
5 despite/feeling
6 to let me/borrow

13

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 13 13/01/15 15:23


UNIT
3 Society & Equality

Vocabulary areas Affixes: Suffixes and Prefixes


Grammar Present Perfect Simple and Continuous; Question tags
Reading and Use of English Blogs
Part 7: Multiple matching Exam Tip!
Writing An email to a pen friend W2: Email Exam Tip!
Listening Aspects of society L3: Multiple matching
Speaking A sense of community S3: Collaborative task Exam Strategies
Reading and Use of English
Part 1: Politician lives as a migrant for a day
Part 2: Getting closer to equal pay for women in the US
Part 3: Exploring the different experiences teenagers have

Warmer (page 28) Vocabulary (page 29)


1 Depending on the size of your class, it may be a good 3 Suffixes can be classified as lexical suffixes, e.g.
idea to do the warmer as a whole-class activity to get freedom, or as grammatical suffixes, e.g. celebrating,
the students working together at the beginning of the elses. The main focus here is on lexical suffixes, which
lesson. You could ask students to shout out the are underlined in the key below. If you would also like to
answers. The first phrase may be the most unfamiliar to focus on grammatical suffixes, they are marked with an
your students so elicit what the nuclear family could asterisk but if its inappropriate for your class to go into
mean, i.e. only parents and children and not the such detail, then just focus on the lexical ones. Go
extended family. Make the connection to the word through the explanation of prefixes and explain that
nucleus, as in science, and nuclear as in nuclear power they are usually used to make a word negative.
and as in nuclear family.

This is a really hard subject to talk about because its so


1C 2A 3B 4D complicated. I live in London, a huge multicultural city,
and what I see that I really like is people celebrating
2 You could do an optional introduction to this task by
everyone elses customs. I mean, Chinese New Year is a
asking students to work in pairs and to come up with
huge event in most big cities* around the world and
their own definition of society. Ask some pairs to give
everyone joins* in. And I think this is whats important.
their definitions and discuss them as a class.
Even if, as we say, we now live in a global village,
Read the definition in the Students Book and then ask
people should still celebrate New Year, Divali, and
students to discuss questions 1 and 2 in pairs.
countless other events* wherever they are.
Prepare some general questions about the history of
They shouldnt lose this.
your society to help students if necessary, e.g. what are
some of the major milestones in your history? Is 4 N.B. American English (AmE) uses z and British English
healthcare accessible to everyone? (BrE) uses s in words like civilisation/civilization. In the
Allow students a couple of minutes to discuss these two Cambridge English: First exam, it doesnt matter
questions and then summarise the main points made. whether candidates use AmE or BrE as long as theyre
consistent.
Open answers

14

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 14 13/01/15 15:23


Society & Equality

Reading and Use of English


1 celebration 2 civilisation/civilization 3 globalisation/
globalization (pages 30-31)
4 knowledge 5 complication 6 appearance
7 variation/variety 8 reference
! Exam Tip!
Make sure that students know that they only have 1hr15
5 Ask students to work in pairs to complete the table. mins for the Reading and Use of English paper so its
Check that they understand the meanings of any essential that they learn to scan texts quickly to find the
additional words you choose to give them and that they answers in Part 7.
can pronounce them.

8 Before students start reading, ask them if they have ever


noun adjective verb adverb thought about working for a charity and why/why not? If
they could work for any charity in the world, what would
1 (in)equality equal equalise/ equally
equaliser/ unequal equalize unequally it be, where and why?
equalizer You may also want to pre-teach some of the following
equaliser/ vocabulary.
equalizer
Text A: Text C:
2 life lively live lifelessly remote donkey
lifer living battered preoccupied
lifeless to vaccinate
lifelike Text D:
mattress
unlifelike
tough drums
3 freedom free free freely
Text B: flooding
freebie
haunted to bang (ones head)
4 success successful succeed successfully cement cheerful
succession unsuccessful unsuccessfully
successor successive Ask students to answer questions 1-10 on their own first.
5 government governmental govern XX They can then check their answers with a partner before
governor non-government(-al) you go through the answers as a whole class.
governess
6 care careful care carefully 1 B 2 A 3 D 4 C 5 A 6 C 7 C 8 D 9 A 10 B
carer careless carelessly
carefulness caring 9
carelessness
1 car-jacking 2 essentials
7 health healthy XX healthily 3 haunted 4 rubble 5 humbling
healthcare unhealthy unhealthily 6 ward 7 take a backseat role
8 influence influential influence influentially 8 welfare 9 plank 10 have deserted
influencer un-/non-influential
influencee
Listening (page 31)
4.A

6 If youre short of time, you could set exercises 6 and 7 See page 87 for the students recording script.
for homework.
10 Check that students understand the meaning of thriving
in option B.
carefullylifelesssociable As a pre-listening task, ask students to read options A to
healthinfluentialgovernment H and to discuss in small groups which is the most
successfreedomequal important aspect of society to them and why.
Play the recording once and ask students to compare
7 For further practice, ask students to choose three new
their answers in pairs. Then play it a second time and
words from the table in exercise 5 and to write their own
check the answers as a whole class.
sentences using them.
If you have time, as a post-listening activity, get
students to note the following useful expressions.
1 carelessly 2 health 3 inequality 4 life You could ask them to put them into their own
5 freedom 6 influential sentences.

15

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 15 13/01/15 15:23


UNIT 3
Speaker 1: past. But I go by what I see happening now to judge
embrace everything thats new whether a place has a sense of community or not.
look beyond our immediate surroundings Youve only got to look round any city, town or village
well lose our identity and to take a look at whats going on there to see if
that society has a sense of community. Have they
Speaker 2:
organised events such as music festivals and so on or
hallmark of a civilised society
can no one be bothered?
deprived/privileged background
ethnicity Speaker 4
Speaker 3: This is a really hard subject to talk about because its
sense of community so complicated. I live in London, a huge multicultural
to be bothered city, and what I see that I really like is people
celebrating everyone elses customs. I mean, Chinese
Speaker 4: New Year is a huge event in most big cities around
global village the world and everyone joins in. And I think this is
Speaker 5: whats important. Even if, as we say, we now live in a
a rich life global village, people should still celebrate New Year,
Im stating the obvious Divali and countless other events wherever they are.
to shout from the rooftops They shouldnt lose this.

Speaker 5
Ive had a long and rich life. And I dont mean rich in
1 H 2 G 3 B 4 C 5 F
the sense of wealth. I mean that Ive been lucky
11 enough all my life to live in places where democratic
Open answers rights are observed. It may sound as though Im
stating the obvious, but you havent got to go back far
in history to see what I mean. All women only got the
Recording script with answers underlined vote in England in 1929. And how did they get it?
They held rallies, they marched on parliament. You
Speaker 1 ask me what society is? This is what it is the right to
I think whats exciting these days is the feeling that shout for what you believe in from the rooftops.
the whole concept of society is changing; and thats
good. I dont mean we should throw out our traditions
and only embrace everything thats new, but what I
do mean is that we have the opportunity now to see
Grammar (pages 31-32-33)
the world as a whole, to take care of the earth and to At this level, the grammar work should be deductive not
look beyond our immediate surroundings. I know inductive so only refer the students to the grammar on
some people dont like this idea because they think page 35 if you really need to. Otherwise ask them to
well lose our identity but I see it as the society of the study it for homework and to do the exercise.
21st century.

Speaker 2 12
Theres no doubt whatsoever in my mind that the 1 ANo.
hallmark of a civilised society is one where firstly, B We dont know.
education is freely available. Whether a person C The speaker has no news from him.
comes from a deprived background or a privileged 2 Text A:weve hired, weve been travelling,
one, that person has the right to free education, weve been sleeping, weve got
which will allow him or her to make choices in life. Text B: Ive seen, Ive had to, has affected
People should be able to study and work to the best Text C:Ive been, Ive been trying, they have suffered
of their ability and no doors should be closed to Text D: has taken over, have deserted, Ive seen
them because of their background, religion, or 3 1B 2C 3A 4B
ethnicity. I feel really strongly about this. 4 Suggested answers: yet, already, just, ever, never, for,
Speaker 3 since, this is the first time, its the first time
I used to think that society meant knowing where 5 You could, for example, write the question and these
you came from and respecting that. You know, two sentences on the board and ask the students to
wanting to hear stories from old folk about how life discuss the difference in meaning in pairs. What have
was when they were young and reading about the you been doing this morning?

16

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 16 13/01/15 15:23


Society & Equality

AIve been writing an article = the article may or


may not be finished we are interested in the
Writing (page 34)
action. Go through the Writing bank on page 181 of the
B Ive written an article = the article is finished we Students Book.
are interested in the result.
20
13
Open answers
1 have been working 2 Have you seen
3 Have you been reading 4 have been studying 21
5 has been travelling 6 have you been doing? 1 informal because youre writing to a friend.
7 has never visited 8 have been reading, have already read 2 4: these are very clearly indicated in the email. You
can add to practise a foreign language.
14
Line 4: havent they? Line 6: do we? Line 8: is there? 22
The aim here is to make students aware of what is
15 required of them in the Writing test and to think about
1 didnt they 2 isnt she 3 will she 4 werent you their strengths and weaknesses. You could ask them to
5 was he 6 arent there 7 could you 8 dont they brainstorm what they are going to do to improve their
weaknesses and put ideas on the board.
16
We normally use a positive question tag with a negative
sentence and a negative question tag with a positive
! Exam Tip!
sentence. Read the tip out to the students and make sure that they
We normally use the same tense in the question tag as in understand that for exam purposes they must follow this
the main clause. advice. It allows the markers to give credit for good
language.
17 Make sure students practise the correct intonation for
these extended question tags. You could ask a student
23 You could set this task for homework or as a timed
to be A and you could model the intonation when you
writing task in the classroom.
take the part of A. Point out that you are disagreeing
with speaker A.

Grammar (page 35)


1 Did you? I didnt. 2 Do you? I dont.
3 Didnt you? I did. 4 Have you? I havent. You could ask the students to go through the grammar
5 Havent you? I have. and to do the exercise for homework.

18 1
Open answers 1 have been looking at; have noticed 2 have been
calling; has gone 3 have you seen; have been looking
Go through the Frequent Mistakes and ask students to forward 4 have you been working; has been
explain why the sentences are wrong. 5 has forgotten; have been waiting; has taken

Speaking (page 33) Reading and Use of English


(pages 36-37)
19 Work through the Exam Strategies and task carefully,
encouraging students to ask any questions they may Part 1
have about Speaking Part 3.
1 B 2 C 3 A 4 C 5 D 6 A 7 D 8 D

Open answers Part 2

1 for 2 as 3 far 4 has 5 their 6 as


7 out 8 to/for
Part 3

1 attention 2 pressure(s) 3 religious 4 unequal


5 mobility 6 Exploring 7 relationship 8 uncovering

17

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 17 13/01/15 15:23


UNIT
4 Entertainment
& Sociability

Vocabulary areas Confusing words


Grammar Used to and would; Comparatives and superlatives
Reading and Use of English Secret Cinema Part 5: Multiple choice
Writing Film review W2: Review
Listening An interview with a rock star L4: Multiple choice Exam Strategies
Speaking Entertainment & Sociability S4: Discussion Exam Tip!
Reading and Use of English
Part 2: Technology is becoming more human
Part 3: Video didnt kill the radio star
Part 4: Key word transformation

Warmer (page 38) to be permanently connected. But it wasnt always like


that we didnt use to have the Internet for a start. We
1 would go out with our friends and have a good time
rather than sitting in front of a screen. We used to meet
1 A rock concert C opera/theatre
up in parks and cafs and maybe we would play sport on
B discos/clubbing D cinema
a regular basis instead of being hooked up to our
2 Open answers
electronic devices. And the pressure to join the latest
3 Open answers
network is increasing. So its no wonder that people are
becoming very fed up with always being in touch with the
wider world. Maria, aged 15, expresses the feelings of a
Grammar (page 39) lot of people when she says, A good conversation with a
close friend makes me feel much better than a few
2 Only refer the students to the grammar on page 45 if
emoticon-filled lines in a tweet that anyone can read...
necessary. Otherwise ask them to review the grammar
how special is that?
and do the exercises for homework.
Before you ask the students to read the text on social 3 Students can work in pairs to do this exercise.
networking, you could ask them in pairs to discuss: Point out that the pronunciation of use to and used to
what social networks they belong to, if any can sound the same in connected speech,
how much time they spend on them e.g. I used to, I didnt use to
why they like/dislike them
if they think that digital social networks make people
Negative: subject + the auxiliary didnt + infinitive
spend less time with their friends/talk to them less on
e.g. we didnt use to...
the phone and why they think this is.
Interrogative: the auxiliary did + subject + infinitive
Then ask them to do the exercise individually. e.g. did you use to...?

4 Students can work in pairs for exercises 4-6.


As social networking grows, some young people are
beginning to suffer from online sociability fatigue. And its
hardly surprising as it has become almost impossible not 1 many times 2 not exactly 3 no

18

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 18 13/01/15 15:23


Entertainment & Sociability

5 Go through the answers as a whole class checking that


The writer also uses would + base infinitive to talk about the correct part of the text has been underlined.
repeated actions in the past.
This construction cant be used in the negative and
10
Open answers
interrogative form.
We have to use used to in these forms.
N.B. We cant use would + base infinitive with stative
verbs, e.g. not I would live in New York. Vocabulary (page 42)
6 If youre short of time, exercises 6 and 7 can be set for 11
homework. Suggested answers:
1 there/their/theyre, whos/whose, your/youre
2 excited/exciting, bored/boring, amused/amusing
A She used to/would study hard. 3 hair/hare, stationary/stationery, principal/principle
She used to/would go jogging. 4 affect/effect, raise/rise, beside/besides
She used to/would eat loads of fruit. 5 camera, brave, eventually (answers will depend on
B She didnt use to go out all the time. the mother tongue of your students)
She didnt use to play handball.
She didnt use to eat hamburgers. 12 This can be set for homework or done as pairwork in
As a follow-up, ask students what they used to do that class.
they dont do anymore.
1 raise 2 audience 3 for 4 beside 5 their
7
6 during 7 shade 8 whether 9 sensitive 10 so
1 ...but did you use to go dancing?
2 ...but did you use to travel a lot? 13 This can be done individually and the answers
3 ...but did you use to read them a lot? compared first in pairs and then with the whole class.
4 ...but did you use to go a lot?
Go through the Frequent Mistakes with the students and
Last week my family spent the weekend at a music
ask them to analyse whats wrong with the incorrect
festival. All of us are interested in camping so
sentences.
we put up a tent large enough for us all. After dinner, my
father, who is keen on country music,
took my brother to see a band. While they were walking
Reading and Use of English there, they had to be careful of the
(pages 40-41) uneven ground. My mother got bored with waiting for
them so she went to sleep. I stayed behind
8 At this stage students dont know the answer to this as well as I am not very enthusiastic about country and
question. Get them to speculate using the phrase, It western groups. I was worried about my
could be. Come back to this question after they have father and brother because they didnt get back till late.
read the text and done exercise 9. Because of all the mosquitoes, my father
was afraid of us getting bitten to bits so he made us
Open answers sleep with all the tent flaps closed even
though it was boiling hot.
9
1 D 2 A 3 C 4 D 5 B 6 B 14 It might be a good idea if students use a dictionary.
When students have finished and you have checked the
You may want to pre-teach the following vocabulary. sentences, ask a few students to read out their
Paragraph 3: sentences.
torch
possessed
staggering Open answers
glowing
to wrap oneself around
Paragraph 5: Listening (pages 42-43)
to sip a drink
5.A

See page 88 for the students recording script.


Ask students to answer questions 1-6 on their own first
and to underline where in the texts they found the 15
answers. They can then check their answers with a Open answers
partner.
19

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 19 13/01/15 15:23


UNIT 4
16 Work through the Exam Strategies and the exercise. This James: I think youve got to enjoy working with
might be a good time to remind students about what words and feelings. Some would argue that music
they have to do in the Listening test. Look at page 7 of has more capacity to unleash feelings and I can
the Students Book. understand that but dont necessarily agree. For me,
Check that students understand all the words in the I love hearing songs in other languages; the sounds
questions before you play the recording. are strange and exciting at the same time.
At the end of the Listening test, candidates have five Interviewer: Some people have suggested that you
minutes to copy their answers onto the answer sheet in have become too distant from your fans. How do you
pencil. Its important they put the correct answer in the feel about that?
correct place, especially if they leave one answer blank. James: Quite honestly the idea that Im now on
Follow-up: Put students into pairs and ask them to read some lofty pedestal which distances me from my
the interview from the recording script if possible. audience is so far from reality I cant believe it! OK,
Ive been given this fickle title of celebrity but just
1 B (its implied that he was one of the objects of gossip ask my friends and family and theyll tell you Im still
at school and we can infer that, as a celebrity, this is still human! In fact, my mum just laughs at it and tells me
the case) 2 B 3 A 4 C 5 A 6 C 7 B to turn the other cheek.
Interviewer: Is that why youve bought a house on a
remote Spanish island to escape from the limelight?
Recording script with answers underlined James: The place Ive got is remote and beautifully
Interviewer: Well, James, I bet you can hardly believe quiet. But I dont mean that Im fed up with my fans
that just a few years ago you were still a college or anything like that. Its just that I need tranquillity
student. Have you had to grow up fast? to recharge my batteries and then Ill be ready to
start putting some words down to melodies again.
James: The way I see it, we may get older, but
nothing changes much from elementary school. I Interviewer: And finally, James, what are your plans
seem to be in exactly the same state as when I was 8 for the future?
years old. In the school playground it was all who James: Interesting that you should ask because
said what about who. There were always huge quite a few options have just landed on my desk.
debates about who had the coolest clothes too, so One is to write with some other well-known
its kinda amusing to see that people copy what I composers. Another is to pick up a violin that I
wear now as though Im some sort of style guru! bought about 2 years ago and learn to play it. But
Interviewer: Well, youve achieved such a lot in a what Im actually going to do is travel to Africa to
short time. learn about their music. I need to broaden my
musical education in that way.
James: True. In the nearly three years since the band
released Back Stage weve sold 11 million CDs
worldwide with the album going to number 1 in 18
countries and getting into the top 10 in 35. It sounds Writing (page 43)
big-headed but our list of accomplishments goes on;
17
weve been nominated for five Grammies, and the
Open answers
thing that I still cant believe is we got a single to
number 1 in the USA. Thats really something for a 18 Go through the Writing Bank on page 179 of the
British band! Oh, and we won two MTV awards. Students Book, where there is guidance on how to write
Interviewer: And can I ask what inspired this latest a review and a sample answer to the task set there.
album?
James: Yes, can I just say it hasnt all been easy Open answers
though. Id only just started going out with my
girlfriend when all this happened. Suddenly I was left
with hardly any time to see her as I had to dash off to
Japan, or New York or Berlin. But I channelled all the
Speaking (page 44)
feelings and all the things that have happened to me 19
as I was going through my meteoric rise to stardom 1 because 2 in order to/to 3 rather, than 4 prefer, to
and thats the basis of the album.
Interviewer: Ive heard you say that you love
language is that what makes you such a good
songwriter?

20

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 20 13/01/15 15:23


Entertainment & Sociability

! Exam Tip! Grammar (page 45)


Its important that students know that in the Speaking Ask the students to go through the grammar and do the
test they are expected to show that they can both exercises for homework.
initiate and respond to questions and their partners
contributions. They should neither dominate discussions
1
nor always wait for their partner to speak first.
1 would/used to
2 use to
20 Monitor students and make notes of interesting reasons 3 use to
they gave for their opinions. Tell them in advance that 4 would/used to
you are going to do this. Then discuss some of these 5 use to
ideas with the whole class.
2
1 similar 2 different 3 different
Open answers
3 If you have the time, you could extend this exercise by
21 As a whole class discuss any issues that arose as a asking students to write three sentences making similar
result of answering questions 1-4. comparisons about e.g.,TV programmes, sports,
favourite musicians, etc.
Open answers
1 I dont play the violin as well as she does.
2 Watching TV at home is not as interesting as going
Grammar (page 44) out to the cinema.
3 Seeing friends is more entertaining than playing
Only refer the students to the grammar and exercises on
computer games.
page 45 if necessary. Otherwise ask them to go through
4 Richard is not as easy to get on with as Paul.
the grammar and do the exercises for homework.

22
The Mona Lisa is arguably the most famous and best
Reading and Use of English
known painting in the world, draws the largest crowds, (pages 46-47)
and has been a bigger hit than any Beatles song and for
Part 2
much longer too in fact, for over 500 years! There are
many reasons why it is a part of popular culture. First, it is
probably used more widely in advertising than any other 1 just/only 2 this 3 Every/Each 4 to 5 like
image. Second, it attracts more visitors on its world tours, 6 It 7 will 8 all
infrequent as they are, than any other artist has ever
Part 3
done alive or dead. Third, no other painting has ever
been as imitated and used in modern art by such artists
as Andy Warhol among others. You can see the Mona 1 increasing
Lisa on consumer goods as diverse as mugs, socks, 2 choosing
chocolate bars, and coffee packets. 3 popularity
4 illogical
23 5 population
1 worse, the worst 2 further, the furthest 6 inheritance/heritage
3 less, the least 4 more, the most 5 more, the most 7 musicians
8 impression
24 N.B. The superlative form of adverbs is not used very
frequently, so dont spend a lot of time on this. Part 4

1 more tenderly, the most tenderly 1 would be/was//a good idea


2 better, the best 2 its not worth going//it isnt worth//going
3 worse, the worst 3 is looking forward//to studying
4 faster, the fastest 4 if she wanted//to know
5 harder, the hardest 5 not//call off
6 said//to have been invented

21

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 21 13/01/15 15:23


UNIT
5 The Environment
& New Technologies

Vocabulary areas Environmental phenomena; Linkers of cause and effect


Grammar Future forms 1 and Future forms 2
Reading and Use of English The ship that is drilling down into the Earths crust
Part 6: Gapped text
Writing Protecting the local environment W2: Report Exam Strategies
Listening Dialogues L1: Multiple choice
Speaking Talking about where you live S1: Interview Exam Tip!
Reading and Use of English
Part 1: Vertical farming
Part 2: Commuting by bike in London
Part 3: Arent temperature changes natural?

Warmer (page 48) 4 This exercise takes the form of a drill. The idea is that
part of the sentence is already known so students only
1 Write these words/phrases on the board so students can have to concentrate on adding to that. This builds
use them to describe the photos: confidence and also allows students to think more
arid parched land agricultural grassland about the ideas and pronunciation in longer sentences.

Monitor students as they discuss questions 1 and 2 and Open answers


when they have finished, write useful words/phrases
they used on the board.
Grammar (page 49)
Open answers
5 You could have a discussion on the saying practise
2 what you preach. Do your students think its unfair for
1, 2 and 4 could be used to describe the photos. politicians to ask people to reduce their energy
consumption if they dont do it themselves?

Speaking (page 49) 1 leaves 2 will attend 3 will use 4 is taking


3 5 will dine 6 are providing 7 will be able to
8 wont use 9 is going to convince 10 wont
Open answers
6 Ask students to look for examples of will and to be going
! Exam Tip! to in the correct answers in the text, not in the wrong
forms.
Go through the Exam Tip. Elicit from the students some
sentences which are good examples of expanding basic
information. 1 Examples of the Future Simple will are: will attend,
will use, will dine, will be able to, wont use, wont
change. Examples of to be going to are: is going to
convince (there are other examples but they arent in

22

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 22 13/01/15 15:23


The Environment & New Technologies

the correct form in the text). Will is used to make Space exploration
predictions about future events; going to is used to Advantages: leads to more communication
talk about future events based on present evidence possibilities, e.g. GPS leads to medical advances/
and arrangements. advances in technology
2 Will can be used to offer, agree, refuse, promise to do Disadvantages: cost could become reason for power
something. struggle/wars
3 The Present Continuous is used here to talk about an 2 Divide the class into two groups, each supporting one
event that is definitely going to happen in the future. of the research projects. Ask them to list the reasons
4 The Present Simple is used to talk about a timetable/ why they should get the government money. Then mix
programme. up the students and they can debate/role-play the
task.

Reading and Use of English


Open answers
(pages 50-51)

7
Open answers Vocabulary (page 52)
8 Set a time limit to encourage students to scan the text 12
for the information. 1 F 2 G 3 D 4 C 5 H 6 A 7 B 8 E

13
Its the name of a research ship that drills down into the Open answers
sea bed where tectonic plates meet in order to explain
why catastrophes occur. 14
1 drought 2 volcano 3 flood 4 tornado/hurricane
9 Remind students to skim the base text first. Exercise 10 5 earthquake 6 tsunami 7 hot springs/geysers
focuses on some vocabulary from the text so avoid 8 avalanche
pre-teaching any.
15
Open answers
1 G 2 C 3 B 4 F 5 A 6 D E is not needed

10
1 bread Grammar (page 53)
2 the thing you use to lock/unlock something
3 carry out means do, carry on means continue 16
4 to solve Line 1: will be
5 an apple or a pear Line 2: is going to put
6 /k;tastrfi/ Line 4: will face
7 No. Therefore means that is why/how and moreover Line 6: will have gone up, will be emitting
means whats more/in addition. Line 8: will have
8 on Line 9: will be supporting
9 uncountable (you can say pieces of information but Line 10: will have become
NOT informations) Line 12: will be recognized
10 be first to do something/make a discovery Line 14: will be exporting
Line 17: will have met
11
17
1 Suggested answers: The Future Continuous describes an action that is in
Deep sea research progress during a period of time in the future. It can
Advantages: find out more about cause of depend on where the speaker wants to put the emphasis
earthquakes/tsunamis; predict when an earthquake in the sentence, e.g. on the duration of the action.
will happen; explore deep in the oceans, e.g. for info The Future Perfect Simple describes an action that is
on CO2 absorption finished by a certain time in the future.
Disadvantages: cost; damage to sea bed/oceans

23

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 23 13/01/15 15:23


UNIT 5
Vocabulary (page 53) Recording script with answers underlined
18 Check that students understand cause and effect. You 1 You hear a man telling a friend about a decision he
could follow this up with a discussion of the statement: has made.
All advances in technology can be used for evil. I dont just want to be one of those guys who just
moans about things but never does anything so Im
Line 1: Because of going to up my efforts as far as being green is
Line 5: as a result concerned. Ive found out about ways of saving
Line 8: Consequently electricity at work and Im going to circulate it to
Line 9: therefore everyone. They already know Im keen on green
Line 10: Due to this fact issues because I gave up using my car to commute
Line 11: as a result to work and started using my bike some time ago.
I guess the ideal is to work from home then youre
19 not clogging up the roads and it saves time too.
1 as 2 because 3 since 4 due to 5 otherwise
2 You hear a brother and sister talking about eco-
20 friendly presents.
Open answers
Girl: Lets get a joint present for Monica. Its hard to
get her something though because shes so anti-
consumerism.
Writing (page 54) Boy: We just have to choose something that she will
Work through the Writing Bank on page 182 of the appreciate, something fair-trade, green, organic,
Students Book, where there is also an example of a recycled, you know. You can get great T-shirts that
report. Then go on to exercise 21. shed like.
Girl: Yeah, but shes got loads. Youre right though,
21 After students have written their first draft, you could she hardly ever goes shopping so theres not much
ask them to show it to another student to get feedback point in getting her one of those nice cloth bags.
before they work towards their final draft. I know, something to chill out to, candles made with
essential oils.
Boy: Yeah, she can use them at her party.
Open answers
Go through the Exam Strategies encouraging students 3 You hear a radio announcement about a
to discuss the ideas put forward. competition.
The Green Challenge is on again. The team with the
best idea will win 500,000 euros to execute the
Listening (page 54) winning planned invention. It goes without saying
that the invention must contribute to an eco-friendly
6.A

See page 88 for the students recording script. lifestyle and directly reduce greenhouse gas
emissions but this year were also stipulating that
22 Ask students to read the questions and options and to the product must be user-friendly. Its got to be
ask you if there are any words they do not understand. practical and convenient. Last year the quality of the
You may want to pre-teach the following words or to get competitors was extremely high and were expecting
students to deduce their meaning from the context after this years to be even higher. Remember that wed
they have done questions 1-8: to moan, to circulate, to rather see inventions that meet the green
commute, to clog up, a joint present, anti-consumerism, requirements than those that are purely innovative
fair-trade, loads of, to chill out to, it goes without saying, in terms of design. Good luck!
eco-friendly lifestyle, greenhouse gas emissions, to
stipulate, user-friendly, convenient, to come at 4 You hear two people debating wind farms.
something from a different angle, wind farm, noise Man: well, there doesnt actually seem to be
pollution, to donate, a relief, to get a project off the evidence that they are a reliable source of energy.
ground, I hadnt bargained for, to weed, a pat on the But my main concern, as a botanist, is the damage
back, whale, keep your hair on, a dab of anti-wrinkle they will do to colonies of birds and bats
cream Woman: Well, Im coming at it from a different angle,
and that is, people who live near wind farms will find
1 C 2 B 3 C 4 C 5 A 6 B 7 A 8 B that they wont able to sell their homes for the sort

24

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 24 13/01/15 15:23


The Environment & New Technologies

of prices they would have got before. People dont You could stay in around the hours of sunrise and
always think about this, they worry that it may be sunset but that would significantly reduce the
noisy but quite honestly most of us live with high benefits of being on holiday. What undoubtedly
levels of noise pollution these days works best is using a spray. Most good ones now can
give you at least ten hours protection. Wearing long
5 You hear a teacher talking about a school sleeves and long trousers helps to some extent but I
environmental project. always find mosquitoes have an annoying habit of
A couple of years ago, I introduced the idea of getting down your collar, under your shirt, etc.
making a school garden and it was received very
positively with parents donating plants and even
trees. This was a relief because Id asked the Council Grammar (page 55)
for some extra money to get the project off the
ground but they were, lets say, less than enthusiastic. 1
What I hadnt bargained for was the impact on the 1 will help
children and their ability to concentrate better in 2 will be exploring/will have explored
class after being out planting and weeding in the 3 will change
garden for forty minutes. Ive been given a pat on the 4 will you be doing
back for our school results going up but I think its 5 will gain/is going to gain
more to do with the children enjoying being at school 6 will have stopped
more. 7 is taking place/will take place/takes place
8 will be sitting
6 You hear two teenagers discussing a pop stars 9 begins/is going to begin/will begin
involvement in a green campaign. 10 is going to cut down on/will cut down on/is cutting
Girl: Did you read about Basha lending his voice to down on
the Save the Whale campaign?
2
Boy: Yeah, smart move. Got his name in lots of
Open answers
papers. Bet he doesnt even know what a whale looks
like!
Girl: Youre so cynical. At least a lot more people all
over the world know about the issue now in more
Reading and Use of English
detail. (pages 56-57)
Boy: The Save the Whale campaign has been going Part 1
on for years. I think Basha should stick to what he
does best, write good songs and do great live
1 C 2 D 3 A 4 B 5 C 6 A 7 D 8 B
performances when hes on tour.
Girl: OK. Keep your hair on! Part 2

7 You hear a woman talking about advances in


1 not 2 on 3 otherwise 4 what 5 such
science.
6 more 7 would 8 had
I saw this TV programme about advances in medical
science the other evening. It started out on a very Part 3
positive note looking at how a better understanding
of the human genetic code may lead to the elimination 1 varied 2 emissions 3 naturally 4 stability
of certain illnesses. Then it went on to examine the 5 unexpectedly 6 eruptions 7 predictable
possibility of people living on to be 110 quite easily. 8 industrial
What got me though was they didnt seem to discuss
what sort of quality of life these 110-year-olds could
hope to enjoy. Im all for giving nature a little helping
hand; Im not opposed to the odd dab of anti-wrinkle
cream myself, but I just thought mm

8 You hear a tour guide giving advice to tourists.


Now this area, although not traditionally a mosquito-
infested zone, is becoming one. Due to global
warming, mosquitoes are increasingly found here, so
protect yourself. There are several ways of doing this.

25

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 25 13/01/15 15:23


UNIT
6 Fashion & Status

Vocabulary areas Apostrophes and possessives; Compound nouns; Clothes


Grammar Zero, first and second conditionals
Reading and Use of English Profiles of four famous fashion designers
Part 7: Multiple matching Exam Strategies
Writing An exciting evening W2: Story
Listening Bamboo as a fabric L2: Sentence completion
Speaking Comparing photographs S2: Long turn Exam Strategies
Reading and Use of English
Part 2: No one should die for fashion
Part 3: Allergic to woollen clothes? Try alpaca
Part 4: Key word transformation

Warmer (page 58)


1 yours > yours (it is a possessive pronoun)
1 2 childrens > childrens (children is an irregular plural)
Suggested answers: 3 Janes and Arthur > Jane and Arthurs (when we have
1 A Hes got short dark hair and looks smart. He is two people, we put the apostrophe only after the
wearing a suit, shirt and tie and only the top second one).
button of his jacket is done up. 4 Pauls > Pauls (there is only one Paul)
B She looks cool and is wearing glasses, a cap, a 5 its > its (we need the possessive adjective here not
scarf, a T-shirt and jeans. the contraction of it is)
C Shes got shoulder-length dark hair and is wearing 6 1980s > 1980s (when we are making a plural form,
a red satin evening dress. Shes probably in front we dont need an apostrophe because nothing is
of an audience or photographers. missing. However, you often see decades written like
D He is a geeky-looking guy wearing glasses, a plain this, e.g. the 1960s but its technically wrong!)
sweater with two buttons at the neck, and a white
polo-necked T-shirt underneath shirt (hes got 3
straight hair). 1 A B Whos
2 A He works in an office. 2 A whose B
B Hes a DJ. 3 A B Theres
C Its Michelle Obama, First Lady of the USA. Shes a 4 A There are B
lawyer.
4 Pre-teach the following words:
D He looks like a student.
catwalk
3/4 Open answers
booming business
niche business
suburbs
Vocabulary (page 59) Follow-up: Ask students what they think of clothes for
pets. Are they a waste of money or cute?
2 Use this as a diagnostic task to check how much your
students know about the use of the apostrophe. When
going through the answers, make sure the students 1 says 2 dogs 3 Chinas 4 shes 5 1990s
understand the rules for using the apostrophe. 6 clients 7 suburbs 8 lots 9 sorts 10 dogs
26

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 26 13/01/15 15:23


Fashion & Status

Bamboo is the fastest-growing plant in the world,


Listening (page 59) mainly because it has extraordinary natural ability to
absorb water. This helps the plant grow fast.In fabric
7.A

See page 89 for the students recording script.


form it retains this unique, remarkable property. It
draws moisture from the body which then evaporates,
5
keeping you naturally dry. Its three to four times
Open answers
more absorbent than cotton.
6 Pre-teach the following words/phrases: Bamboo is remarkably breathable. In the heat,
garment bamboo is naturally cool to the touch and this
to my mind property is maintained in its fabric form.The cross-
to liken something to section of the bamboo fibre is filled with various
itchy micro-holes which give it much better ventilation.Its
to compare favourably also very warm in cold weather, because of the same
a rash micro-structure; as a base layer, warm air gets
a drawback trapped next to the skin.
moisture In the wild, bamboo thrives naturally without using
to evaporate any pesticides or fertilisers. It is seldom eaten by
absorbent pests or infected by bacteria.Why?Scientists found
breathable (fabric) that bamboo owns a unique bio-agent which means
a cross-section that bacteria cant survive in bamboo. This natural
to thrive feature is retained in fabric form.
scaffolding In addition, tests by the Japanese Textile Inspection
skyscrapers Association found that, even after putting bamboo
hill slopes clothes through the wash fifty times, bamboo fabric
still possessed this function.
Play the recording once and ask students to check their Bamboo clothing is strong and durable so it will
answers with a partner. Play the recording a second stand up to years and years of wear. Repeated tests
time and ask the students to double-check the spelling show this. The same bamboo is used for scaffolding
of the words they have written. in the construction industry to build skyscrapers in
Hong Kong. That just shows how much trust you can
1 silk 2 round 3 smell 4 dry 5 holes put in the strength of bamboo!
6 bacteria 7 50/fifty 8 construction 9 soil Now I know many people worry when a new wonder
10 greenhouse gases fabric or fuel, Im thinking of bio-fuels, they worry
growing plantations and plantations of it will have a
negative impact on the local area. Again, not so with
Recording script with answers underlined bamboo. Bamboo actually makes the condition of
the soil better where it is grown. Bamboo also can
Today Im going to talk to you about a comparatively grow on hill slopes where nothing else is viable.
new type of fabric which is being used in the fashion If organic clothing made from bamboo becomes
industry. Its a fabric made of bamboo. The first popular, it means more bamboo plantations, which
quality that anyone touching a garment made of means more photosynthesis and fewer greenhouse
bamboo will notice is its softness. To my mind its like gases. The greatest challenge facing mankind would
silk but other people have likened it to cashmerebut just get a little easier.
actually I find cashmere too itchy to wear next to the
skin.
The reason for this softness becomes obvious when
you look at the fibre through a microscope. Whereas
Reading and Use of English
cotton has long flat fibres, bamboo fibre has a round (page 60)
surface and this is what gives it its smoothness and
feeling of luxury.
7
Open answers
Bamboo compares with petrol-based synthetic fibres
extremely favourably too. For some people, wearing 8 Explain that reading for gist means reading to get a
a petrol-based material causes skin irritation and in general understanding of a text.
some cases a rash. Another distinct drawback to
petrol-based fabrics is not so much to the wearer as
to those around him or her the fabric starts to have 1 Penelope Cruz 2 Vivienne Westwood
a nasty smell really, not long after youve put it on. 3 Coco Chanel 4 Gianni Versace

27

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 27 13/01/15 15:23


UNIT 6
9 15
1 C 2 B 3 C 4 C 5 A 6 C 7 A 8 D A: I think I left my phone at your place last night. Have
9 B 10 D you seen it?
B: No I havent but if I do, Ill let you know. We use the
Elicit from the students what they think are good first conditional to talk about possible future states or
strategies for doing a multiple matching task in the exam. events. There is a real possibility that B will find As
phone.
Go through the Exam Strategies with the students.
16
When I go shopping, Ill buy some new shoes = Im going
Vocabulary (page 60) shopping, so Ill buy some shoes. Im sure Im going
shopping.
10 If I go shopping, Ill buy some new shoes = I may/might
1 C 2 E 3 A 4 B 5 F 6 D go shopping. Im not sure its possible.
11 17
Paragraph A Vivienne Westwood: Would you give this person a job?
rock music Dress codes are more relaxed now than in the past but
punk movement where do the boundaries lie? If you saw someone looking
punk rock like this working in a bank, Im sure youd be very
school teacher surprised. If he was going to a rock concert or out with
Paragraph B Coco Chanel: his friends, he would be suitably dressed. But for work?
signature perfume And what about the hairstyle? If he shaved all his hair off,
love affairs it would probably look better. As for the piercings, it
World War (x2) would be better if they were more discreet.
society women If + Past Simple/Past Continuous form + would/could/
caf singer should/might + base infinitive.
Paragraph C Gianni Versace:
Versace boutiques
18
Open answers
Paragraph D Penelope Cruz:
award ceremonies 19
daywear unless = if not and we use it in the same way as we use if.
celebrity-fashion
20
handbags
Open answers
evening dresses
bathroom 21
fashion magazines 1 would lend
2 were
12
3 will get
Open answers
4 would you do
13 5 wont be able
1 fashion magazines 6 reflect
2 love affair/s
3 award ceremonies
4 school teacher Vocabulary (page 63)
5 designer perfumes
22
additional adjectives in brackets
Grammar (page 62) 1 A (striking; wearing a flowing sari with an
embroidered border)
14 2 C (sensible; wearing practical clothes made from
We use if/when + Present Simple//Present Simple. stretchy material)
We use the zero conditional to talk about common states 3 B (informal; wearing a plain top, ordinary trousers
or events. and trainers)
4 D (elegant; wearing a wide-brimmed hat, a spotted
jacket, narrow-leg trousers and high heels)

28

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 28 13/01/15 15:23


Fashion & Status

23 Grammar (page 65)


Suggested answers:
Materials: denim, wool, cotton, silk, brocade, satin, Go through the notes on the zero, first and second
suede, leather, linen, polyester, lycra conditional with the class. If necessary to support
Patterns: striped, checked, spotted, flowery, plain, understanding, ask your class for more examples of
patterned each form.

24
Open answers 1 A 3 B 6 C 1 D 8 E 9 F 10
G 4 H 7 I 2 J 5
2 Open answers (make sure the students use the
Writing (page 63) correct conditional forms accurately)

Refer students to the Writing Bank on page 180 of the


Students Book, where there is guidance on writing a Reading and Use of English
story and a sample answer to the task set there.
(pages 66-67)

25 Introduce the Writing task, a short story, by asking Go through the Exam Strategies box for the open cloze
students which short stories they have read in both their task and encourage students to ask any questions they
mother tongue and in English. You could also ask them have.
what makes a good short story.
Part 2
Open answers
1 than
26 2 that/which
Open answers 3 as
4 was
5 at
Speaking (pages 63-64) 6 whose
7 by
27 Go through the Exam Strategies and answer any 8 like
questions that students have about the long turn. Look
at the linking words on page 189 of the Students Book. Part 3
All of these linkers will be very useful in Part 2 of the
Speaking test, in particular, linkers of contrast and 1 descendant
similarity. Monitor students as they work, and make 2 primarily
notes on their use of linkers and vocabulary. 3 valuable/invaluable
Give feedback on the task and how students organised 4 desirable
their long turn. Give students any vocabulary which 5 microscopic
would increase their range and comment on any 6 unlikely
pronunciation points and grammatical accuracy and 7 capacity/capability
range. 8 warmth

Part 4
Open answers

1 warned me//not to buy/warned me//off/against buying


2 couldnt/could not find//any jeans
3 didnt mean/dit not mean//to spill
4 if the law//doesnt
5 there were//too many people; too many people//were
6 were you,//Id /would find

29

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 29 13/01/15 15:23


UNIT
7 Sport
& Competition

Vocabulary areas Sport; Phrasal verbs


Grammar Modal verbs to express ability and permission
Reading and Use of English Sport fun or stress? Part 5: Multiple choice
Writing A new sport W2: Email Exam Strategies
Listening Sport L3: Multiple matching
Speaking Sports facilities S3: Collaborative task
Reading and Use of English
Part 1: Is competitive eating the worlds strangest sport?
Part 2: The Eton Wall Game
Part 3: The history of the Olympic Games

Warmer (page 68)


1 go
1 You might like to teach vocabulary related to sport, e.g. 2 playing
Picture A: Picture C: 3 have been doing
racket speed skating 4 is going/is going to go/will go
net balance 5 to play
volley aerodynamic 6 went
forehand endurance 3 Monitor the students for grammatical accuracy and
backhand appropriate vocabulary use. Encourage pairs to
serve exchange their answers in groups of four.
match point
Picture B: Picture D: Open answers
tackle high jump
defend flexibility 4 If youre short of time, you could ask the students to do
score strength exercises 4 and 5 for homework or alternatively do them
foul energy as pairwork in class.
power
Monitor the students and ask a few pairs to express 1E 2C 3A 4F 5G 6H 7B 8D
their opinions to the class.
5
A winner, win
Open answers B loser, loss
C , draw
D supporter, support
Vocabulary (page 69) E trainer, training
F participant, participation
2 Explain that there are no grammatical rules for the use G competitor, competition
of do, play and go. Students need to memorise which H cheat, cheat
verb goes with which sport.

30

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 30 13/01/15 15:23


Sport & Competition

Speaker 3
Listening (page 69)
I cant say that my job is stressful but there is a
8.A

See page 90 for the students recording script. drawback to it, and that is its sedentary. I began to
notice my waistline expanding so I decided to join
6 the local golf club. I know that its not the most
Open answers physical of sports but it works for me. I get out onto
the green most weekends and end up walking quite
7 You might like to pre-teach the following vocabulary a few miles. People keep asking me if I go there to
from the recording script. make more business contacts but I can honestly say
to rocket that wasnt my intention but I have made some good
self-esteem new friends almost as an extra bonus!
drawback
sedentary Speaker 4
telly I moved to a new town because of a fantastic job
get-up and go opportunity. I knew I was going to have to work long
hours and that the job would be challenging. But I
Remind students to read through the list carefully and
was determined that wouldnt stop me from enjoying
that there are three extra options that they dont need to
my free time. I joined a dance class because someone
use.
had told me that a really good crowd went there and
After the students have done the listening, you could
did lots of things together after the classes. That
give them a photocopy of the recording script (page 90)
sounded just the thing I was looking for and I havent
and ask them to underline in the text where they find the
looked back since or had a night in in front of the
answers or you could discuss the reasons for the
telly!
answers with them.
Speaker 5
1 G 2 F 3 B 4 E 5 C I was finding I was sleeping more and more and just
couldnt be bothered to do much at all apart from
study, eat, and sleep. Then I went to stay with my
Recording script with answers underlined uncle and aunt for a holiday. Hes a keen runner and
he just wouldnt take no for an answer when he asked
Speaker 1
me to go out running with him one morning. I
When I joined the company where I work now, I moaned and groaned but after a couple of days I
realised that lots of my colleagues belonged to a found I had loads of get-up and go and I was even
local gym and that the company paid for them to do asking him to make the runs longer!
that. And at first I just thought, thats nice, we can all
have fun together and it might be a good way for me 8 Put the students into small groups and ask them to
to get to know new people. How wrong can you get? discuss the questions. If you have the time, you could
After just a couple of weeks the pressure started ask each group to give a mini-presentation of their
building up. I was expected to take on more and opinions to the class.
more and I realised that if I didnt start playing
squash or something like that my blood pressure
Open answers
would rocket!

Speaker 2
It was when I was a teenager. Looking back on it now, Reading and Use of English
I can see that it was just a phase I was going through. (pages 70-71)
Those teenage years are hard and I was beginning to
lose my self-esteem. Luckily for me we had a brilliant 9 Ask the students to do the task and you could then open
sports teacher; she was always full of energy, so up the topic as shown in the headline of the article for
made you feel good. She could also see and class discussion.
understand what was happening to us. She suggested
I played tennis for the school because I was quite Open answers
good at it. I began to do well and even won a
championship and before I knew it, I had a very 10 Remind the students of the Exam Strategies on page 32
positive outlook on life. for Reading Part 5 before they start to read. You could
brainstorm the strategies with the students and then
write them up on the board.

31

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 31 13/01/15 15:23


UNIT 7
1 Read the title of the text to give you an idea of the
context.
Grammar (pages 72-73)
2 Skim read the text for gist so that you know what its 16 This exercise could be done individually.
about.
3 Read the first line of the question.
4 Locate the topic/idea in the text and read that part of When David was six he could already ride a horse he
the text. had taken to horse-riding like a duck to water. By the time
5 Choose the option which fits best. he was 10, he could ride better and faster than many
6 Underline the text where you find the answer. adults and was fearless. His ambition was to become a
7 Check that the other options are wrong. jockey and compete in the Grand National. Eight years
later he was able to achieve his dream and can now
8 Repeat for each question.
outride virtually any jockey in the world.

17
1 D 2 D 3 C 4 A 5 C 6 B
1 No, e.g. He can.
11 Encourage students to use vocabulary from the reading 2 We use the subject + modal verb + not
text where possible. e.g. He may not.
3 We use the modal verb + subject
e.g. Can I ?
Open answers
18
1 C 2 A 3 B
Vocabulary (page 72) Go through the Frequent mistakes discussing why the
12 Ask the students to read the information about phrasal wrong versions are wrong.
verbs and check their understanding.
19 This exercise could be set for homework if youre short
13 This could be done as pairwork. of time or done as pairwork in class.

Line 8 : ...your supporters are cheering you on... 1 can/may/will be able to


Lines 9 - 10: ...you hate to let them down... 2 Can/Could
Lines 10 - 11: ...the referee has just sent you off... 3 could
Line 28: ...or gearing up for... 4 were able to
Line 31 : ...doesnt want to screw up. 5 Can/Could/May
Lines 46 - 47: ...nerves get to them... 6 will be able to/can
Line 51: ...before heading for the field. 7 may not/cant
Line 52: ...melt away in the excitement... 8 may not/cant
Line 71: ...you may keep up your sport...
20
Line 73: ...it could be time to give up the sport...
1 can, could, may (might is very formal/old-fashioned)
14 If youre short of time, this could be done for homework 2 cant/may not
or do it as pairwork in class.
21 Elicit why the language isnt appropriate. E.g. Sentence
one is too indirect, there is a lack of urgency and the
1 head for expressions are long-winded and formal. Sentence two
2 keep up is impolite and overly direct. It is stating rather than
3 get to you requesting.
4 give up Then ask the students to rewrite the sentences in pairs.
5 gear up for If you have the time, you could ask some of the pairs to
6 let down read out their sentences.
7 send off
8 screw up Suggested answers:
9 melt away 1 I need the fire brigade. Theres a fire in the gym. Can
you send a fire engine round? Its urgent. HELP!
15 If youre short of time, this could be done for homework.
2 Could I (possibly) hand in my homework tomorrow,
please? Ive got a really important rugby match
Open answers tonight.

32

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 32 13/01/15 15:23


Sport & Competition

Speaking (page 74) Grammar (page 75)


22 Ask the students to read the task in 22. Then go through 1
exercise 23 with the class before they do the task as 1 may 2 may 3 could 4 can
outlined in 24.
2
1 B 2 B 3 A 4 C 5 D 6 A
23
Open answers 3
Suggested answers:
24 Monitor the groups and note down any good
1 Could I borrow your mobile, please?
expressions used or accurate grammatical structures
2 May I open the window, please?
showing a wide range as well as any areas for
3 Can I have a look at your newspaper, please?
improvement. When the groups have finished the task,
4 Can I make a copy of an article in your magazine,
give feedback on what went well, e.g. good use of
please?
reasoning, exemplification, or linkers and also on
improvement areas. You could also write up, e.g. useful
vocabulary, expressing opinions, language of
comparison, etc. Reading and Use of English
(pages 76-77)
Open answers Part 1

1 A 2 B 3 D 4 A 5 B 6 C 7 D 8 A
Writing (page 74)
Part 2
Look at the Writing Bank on page 181 of the Students
Book. Elicit what is expected from an email in terms of
1 more
organisation and cohesion, range, accuracy,
2 in/at
appropriacy of register and format and the target
3 into
reader.
4 other
5 until
25 Ask students to read the task, i.e. the email in exercise 6 against
26. Go through the Exam Strategies with the students 7 which
and then ask them to highlight the points they have to 8 are/get
address in the email. Confirm that they have to address
four points. Part 3

26 You could ask the students to exchange their emails 1 origin/s


with a partner and ask them to comment on each 2 Approximately
others emails including the use of modal and phrasal 3 revival
verbs and the second conditional. Discuss with the 4 belief
students as a class what they would like to improve in 5 victorious
their second draft and then ask them to write it for 6 energetic
homework. 7 Unhappily
8 enthusiasm
Open answers

33

BC13008_0100_U01_002-033.indd 33 13/01/15 15:23


UNIT
8 Crime
& Punishment

Vocabulary areas Crime 1 and Crime 2; Prefixes


Grammar Be/Get used to + verb + -ing; Past Perfect Simple and Continuous
Past Perfect and Past Simple
Reading and Use of English Should teenagers be sent to jail?
Part 6: Gapped text Exam Strategies
Writing The punishment should fit the crime W2: Article Exam Tip!
Listening An interview with a criminologist L4: Multiple choice
Speaking Pronunciation S4: Discussion
Reading and Use of English
Part 1: Pickpocket picks the wrong person
Part 2: A hair for a hair the punishment to fit the crime
Part 3: Key word transformation

Warmer (page 78) 4 Pairwork. If your students need help with some of these
words, you could give them the first letter or play
1 The students could use dictionaries for this task but not hangman to find the answer.
for part 2 of the warmer as that is an information
exchange.
1 prosecute 6 witness
2 jury 7 commit
Suggested answers: 3 (lawyer for the) defence 8 lawyer
1 Crimes: cybercrime, robbery, burglary, theft, 4 police 9 fine
embezzlement, fraud, murder, kidnapping 5 prison 10 trial
Punishments: fine, community service, driving ban,
imprisonment/custodial sentence
5 This exercise could be done in pairs.
2 Open answers
Suggested answers:
1 A mugger steals property from a person usually by
Vocabulary (pages 78-79) using or threatening violence. A pickpocket usually
steals money from a person but he/she does not
2 Pairwork. You could set the students a time limit to usually use violence.
complete the crossword, e.g. ten minutes, and make it 2 A burglar breaks into someones house to steal
into a competition. The first pair to complete it, wins. property. A thief steals property anytime anywhere.
3 A criminal court is used to try cases where a crime
has been committed. A civil court tries non-criminal
1 pickpocket 2 murderer 3 hijacker 4 mugger
cases such as debt recovery.
5 thief 6 kidnapper 7 arsonist 8 burglar 4 A judge makes the final decision on sentencing in a
3 This exercise could be done in pairs. court but listens to the opinion of the jury who are
selected from the ordinary public.
5 A lawyer for the prosecution represents the State in
1 pickpocket 2 murder 3 hijack 4 mug 5 steal bringing a case against a person. A lawyer for the
6 kidnap 7 set fire to something 8 burgle defence represents the person accused.

34

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 34 13/01/15 15:27


Crime & Punishment

Although there have been plateaux where the crime


Grammar (page 79) rate has levelled off in some countries for a few years
6 Ask the students to do this exercise individually. If and occasional reductions, it is impossible to find any
necessary, refer them to page 85. European country where the crime rate is now lower
than it was ten or twenty years ago. On the plus side,
official government figures suggest that crime levels
Before I moved to New York, I was used to crossing the went down slightly during the mid-1990s, after very
road anywhere I wanted and I wasnt used to crossing at large increases in previous years.
designated crossings. At first in New York, I used to get Interviewer: I see. And how do we know how much
regularly told off by cops and I was told that I would get a crime there is?
fine. However, after several months of living here, Ive got Helen: The most widespread method for measuring
used to not jaywalking and Im pleased to say I havent crime levels is to use the records of crimes recorded
been fined once. Im sure Ill get used to behaving like a by the police. Of course, there are some variations in
true New Yorker. recording methods between countries, but what
really makes the data not entirely reliable is that it
7
depends on someone reporting a crime. It has been
We use to be used to when we have experienced
argued that, to some extent, the increase in crime
something so often that it no longer seems strange.
over the last twenty-five years is substantially
We use to get used to when we become used to doing
weighted by increases in reporting, rather than an
something.
absolute increase in criminal events.
Interviewer: And have you noticed any change in
attitudes towards crime in, say, the last ten years?
Listening (page 80) Helen: Absolutely. Victims and witnesses nowadays
have easier access to the police, for example, because
9.A

See page 91 for the students recording script.


of mobile phones. Also, insurance companies now
require victims to report losses they are claiming for.
8 Monitor the students as they do this task and make These are just facts. But what is significant is that
notes of good language use and areas which need
there are lower thresholds of tolerance about
improving. Then give feedback, e.g. on expressing
behaviour such as violence and drink-driving and the
opinions, balancing arguments, building on/disagreeing
public wont just stand by and watch this happen any
with others contributions. You could then ask the pairs
more.
to come together in groups of four to exchange ideas.
Interviewer: So, going back to an earlier point, why
do you think crime is increasing?
Open answers Helen: Briefly, in my opinion, the real root cause of
the increase is the fact that people go to live in
9 You might like to pre-teach the following words which different towns for jobs, etc. Now, leading to a decline
come up in the recording script: in traditional stable communities. Its also likely, but
to weight irrational I believe to a lesser extent, that the increase in drug
threshold reluctant misuse and related offending has a part to play as
root cause scam well as the profusion of portable consumer goods,
profusion to tot up including cars and their contents.
disparity Interviewer: And in England, what type of crime is
Remind the students of the Exam Strategies which help common?
them tackle the multiple-choice section of the Listening Helen: There are significant variations between
Test (See page 13 of the Students Book). countries according to the types of crime you risk
becoming a victim of. Ive just been looking at figures
for England and the Netherlands and the former,
1 C 2 B 3 A 4 B 5 C 6 A 7 A closely followed by Italy, is the car crime capital of
Europe, whereas, unsurprisingly perhaps, the
Netherlands is top for bicycle theft. Whereas in
Recording script with answers underlined Poland, another country I looked at, pickpocketing is
Interviewer: With me in the studio today is Helen the most popular pastime.
Bywater, whos been looking at trends in crime rates. Interviewer: No wonder were all afraid of something
Helen, I think that most people instinctively feel that happening to us.
the crime rate is going up. Is that correct? Helen: And therere some interesting studies on fear
Helen: Well, over the last 25 years there has been a of crime. The British are twice as worried about crime
general increase in crime in all European countries. as the Swiss, but they arent twice as likely to become

35

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 35 13/01/15 15:27


UNIT 8
victims. A Swiss study suggests that this disparity
may be partly to do with the medias coverage of
Vocabulary (page 81)
crimes. But all European countries are now looking at 14
tackling this important business of fear of crime, as
irrational levels of fear can seriously affect the level of 1 F 2 L 3 C 4 H 5 M 6 G 7 K 8 B
enjoyment that a person has in his life. For example, 9 A 10 E 11 D 12 J
more and more people are reluctant to go into city
15 This exercise could be done in pairs.
centres at night. And this is the reason that I think we
have to do something about fear of crime.
Interviewer: But cybercrime is something that can 1 arrested 4 punishment
happen to any of us now, isnt it? 2 acquitted, court 5 sentenced, jail/gaol/
Helen: Its true to say that cybercrime is one of the 3 juvenile, offence prison
fastest-growing criminal activities on the planet. It
covers a huge range of illegal activities including
financial scams, for example if you totted up all the Reading and Use of English
money stolen from credit cards, itd run into the (page 82)
millions. Then theres computer hacking, virus
attacks, stalking by email, and so on. And of course 16 You could open up questions 1-3 into either a class
by the very fact that its on the web, it means its an discussion or get students to work in small groups.
international problem. And this is the real challenge
how exactly do you police this?
Open answers
10 After you have given the groups a few minutes to 17 You may wish to pre-teach the following vocabulary:
discuss the questions, you could open this up as a class
discussion. Paragraph 1: rock
oncoming
Paragraph 2: re-enact
Open answers
feats
swear profusely
Paragraph 3: to hit home
Speaking (page 81) state residential treatment centre
windscreen
11 Ask the students to answer questions 1-5 individually.
Paragraph 5: split
When they have finished, they could discuss their
Paragraph 6: to jeopardize
answers with a partner. Then go on to questions 6-8
Paragraph 8: to discard
which can either be done individually or in pairs.
rubbish
to drift into (crime)
1-5 Open answers Paragraph 9: the driving force
6 A investigate B offence C acquit
D unacceptable E vulnerable F coincidence Go through the Exam Strategies with the students and
7-8 Open answers then ask them to do the task.

12 Point out that in the exam the examiners are listening


1 C 2 B 3 D 4 A 5 G 6 F You dont need to use E
out for the pronunciation of individual sounds, word
stress, sentence stress and intonation. 18 Divide the students into groups of three and assign each
a role: Robert, Paul or Francis. In the preparation stage,
Open answers you could ask all the Roberts to get into one group to
prepare their roles. Do the same for the Francises and
13 Monitor the groups as they discuss these questions and the Pauls. Circulate and monitor and help the three
correct their pronunciation. If you find common groups, as necessary. After approx. 10 minutes of
pronunciation problems, e.g. not sounding word preparation time, ask the students to get back into their
endings properly or inserting unnecessary vowel original groups to do the role play. Monitor the groups
sounds, you could write them on the board with as they perform the role play. You could, for example,
examples of mispronounced words and ask the class to note down two positive comments for each group and
pronounce them correctly. two areas for improvement.

Open answers Open answers

36

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 36 13/01/15 15:27


Crime & Punishment

just left, is used to explain that the two actions didnt


Vocabulary (pages 82-83) happen at the same time but that one action
19 happened before the other in the past.
Undecided means not having made a decision yet. 2 A Was the policeman there when you got home?
B Yes, but he left soon afterwards.
20 Exercises 20 & 21 could be done for homework if youre The time reference soon afterwards is used so it
short of time or as pairwork in class. isnt necessary to use the Past Perfect.

26
1 unacceptable: un = not Suggested answers:
2 bilingual: bi = two A The lawyer was tired because she had been working
3 amoral: a = without hard = she was tired because she had been working
4 anteroom: ante = before hard over a period of time. She may or may not be
5 superintendent: super = over/more than usual working at that moment.
6 disadvantage: dis = negation B The lawyer was tired because she was working hard =
7 enraged: en = make more intense she was tired because she was working hard during
8 ex-wife: ex = former that period of time.
9 inappropriate: in = not
10 overconfident: over = too

21 Grammar (page 85)


1 dishonesty 5 irregular
1 1 read 2 getting 3 drink 4 driving
2 impossible 6 postgraduate
3 outstanding 7 illegal
4 extraordinary 8 anticlimax 2 1 had been waiting 2 had already taken
3 had been invented 4 had been raining 5 had spent

3 1 had dispersed 2 managed 3 went


Writing (page 84)
22 Ask the students to do this task individually and then 4 1 was running 2 had been waiting
discuss with the class how they can improve their writing. 3 were sitting; had been drinking

23 Go through the Exam Tip with the class. If youre short 5 1 was, had been looking 2 was, found out, had
of time, you could ask the students to do the writing task happened 3 said, had been burgled 4 had already
for homework. worked, realised, had made 5 asked, had had
6 knocked, had been looking

Open answers

Reading and Use of English


Grammar (page 84) (pages 86-87)

24 If necessary, refer the students to page 85. Part 1


Pairwork
1 A 2 D 3 D 4 C 5 B 6 C 7 A 8 D
Suggested answers:
1 To demonstrate that the two actions did not happen Part 2
at the same time.
2 A No. B The robbers escaped. 1 her 3 When 5 given 7 had
3 The Past Simple 2 what 4 with 6 so 8 should
4 Open answers
5 The Past Perfect Continuous is used to emphasise Part 4
duration to talk about how long something had
been happening. 1 had landed/had been//on time
2 away//even though
25 3 had//better get/have
1 A Was the policeman there when you got home? 4 succeeded in//finishing
B No, he had just left. 5 was//the first time
The Past Simple, was, is used to talk about the past in 6 not seen Robert//since
general; a past state. The Past Perfect Simple, had
37

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 37 13/01/15 15:27


UNIT
9 Food
& Food Issues

Vocabulary areas Food; Collocations: verb + dependent preposition


Grammar Modal verbs of certainty/probability
Reading and Use of English Ban on ugly fruit and vegetables is scrapped
Part 7: Multiple matching
Writing Modern food production methods W1: Essay
Listening Dialogues L1: Multiple choice Exam Tip!
Speaking Talking about food and eating S1: Interview Exam Strategies
Reading and Use of English
Part 1: Does your food sound good?
Part 2: Keeping teenagers healthy
Part 3: Eat more algae

Warmer (page 88) Vocabulary (page 89)


1 You could ask students what type of food they like/think 4 This is a good opportunity to revise the vocabulary of
is healthy as a lead-in. fruit and vegetables. Make sure students pay attention
Tell the students to look at the pictures because they to spelling. If you think its appropriate for your students,
may find clues to the meaning of some of the ask them to repeat the words after you so that they
vocabulary in them. The aim here is to try to get learn to pronounce the words correctly.
students to work out the meaning of vocabulary and not
to ask the teacher or use a dictionary when its not
necessary. Suggested answers:
Students should do exercise 1 on their own. fruit vegetables meat fish
apples carrots beef salmon
pears peas lamb trout
Open answers oranges beans pork cod
grapes cauliflower bacon shrimps
2 Encourage students to find out the meanings of the
lemons (sweet) potatoes venison prawns
words from each other first before they ask you or use a
plums cabbage veal lobster
dictionary.
grapefruits tomatoes chicken sole
pineapples celery turkey plaice
Open answers bananas cucumber
kiwis peppers
3 Accept different answers as long as students can justify strawberries
them. For example, photograph C may represent raspberries
chickens that are raised like this to make into chicken blackberries
nuggets and others may see them as providing fresh
eggs. 5
1B 2F 3D 4A 5E 6C

6
Open answers

38

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 38 13/01/15 15:27


Food & Food Issues

Speaking (page 89) Vocabulary (pages 91-92)


7 12
Open answers 1 They agreed on the fact that GM food could help to
feed the growing population.
8 Pre-teach the word brunch. 2 If we compare GM plants with non-modified plants,
As a follow-up, ask students how to make scrambled the GM plants are far more drought resistant.
eggs or an egg-based dish. 3 More and more people are insisting on eating only
organic food.
1 her cooking ability
13
3 the meal she likes cooking
1 C 2 B 3 D 4 B 5 A
4 an example of what she cooks
7 peoples reactions to the meal 14
1 about 2 in 3 for 4 from 5 to, about 6 to
7 with 8 to 9 to 10 to
Recording script with answers underlined
15 The aim of this exercise is to make sure that students
2.B

See page 91 for the students recording script. are keeping vocabulary notes in a useful and
meaningful way.
Well, Im not a fantastic cook but I do like making
brunch at weekends, and I like doing something
special for that. For example, last weekend I cooked Open answers
scrambled eggs with some small pieces of salmon
mixed into it. Everyone said it was delicious.
Grammar (pages 92-93)
9
Open answers Refer the students to page 95 to remind them of the
Go through the Exam Strategies box with the students rules if necessary.
and encourage them to ask any questions they have
about Speaking Part 1. 16
1 She cant write the cookbook by herself.
2 They must have been right as theyre the food
Reading and Use of English experts.
3 Our guests should be here by now.
(pages 90-91) 4 They might have won the cookery competition.
5 She may not make the peach tart by herself.
10 This could be set up as a debate/mini-presentation.
6 This pizza could have been the winning recipe.

Open answers 17
The present/future form is modal verb + base infinitive.
11 Pre-teach the following words/phrases: The past form is modal verb + have + past participle.
Text A: over-regulation 18
curved 1 A 2 B 3 A 4 C 5 B
knobbly
red tape 19
to label Open answers.
Text B: misshapen Go through the Frequent Mistakes box asking students to
in the long run explain why the incorrect sentences are incorrect.
to stem from
Text C: to comply with
wonky
Text D: garlic head
Writing (page 93)
garlic cloves Elicit from the students: who reads an essay, what
downright format it should be in and the type of language usually
used.
1 D 2 B 3 C 4 D 5 A 6 B 7 B 8 A 9 C 10 A

39

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 39 13/01/15 15:27


UNIT 9
20 extra hints. I just couldnt resist trying them out.
Open answers And the rest, as they say, is history.

21 Its a good idea for students to get into the habit of 3 You hear two students talking about their course in
making similar plans for all writing tasks. food technology.

Male: There was a lot of information to absorb in


Open answers that lecture on all the food additives, wasnt there?
Female: Youre not joking. I dont know how the
lecturer managed to pack so much into one hour! Ill
Listening (page 94) have to read up on it later though, because it was
all new to me. Still, by the time weve finished this
3.B

See page 91 for the students recording script. course, well be able to walk into any branch of
catering; were covering so many subject areas.
22 Male: Yeah, I hadnt realised wed have so many
Open answers options open to us with a degree in food technology.

! Exam Tip! 4 You hear two friends talking about Japanese food.
Go through this and ask the students to highlight the Woman: Ive really got into Japanese cuisine
key words in the questions and options before they recently. And Ive made quite a few different dishes
listen. already.
Man: Arent the recipes long and complicated?
23 Pre-teach the following words/phrases: Woman: Well, I guess like most cuisines, there must
be some that are but Im going for simpler ones
to have a sweet tooth; posh that I can prepare when I get home from work. The
presentation is important and thats what appeals.
1 A 2 B 3 A 4 B 5 B 6 A 7 C 8 C All your senses should be involved in the enjoyment
of eating so your eyes are important too.
Man: And people say that things like rice and fresh
fish are good for you
Recording script with answers underlined
5 You hear two friends talking about genetically
1 You hear a woman talking about a restaurant.
modified food.
We went to a new restaurant called Foodies last
Girl: Ive just been reading about genetically
night. We were greeted by a very charming waiter.
modified foods such as rice and the fact that they
Then a different person took our order and there
have more vitamins. But actually if you eat a
were lots of nibbles and things for us to munch on
balanced diet, you dont need supplements...
while we waited. I was really enjoying myself. Then
Boy: Anyway, theres no evidence of nasty side
my main course came; the meat was really chewy
effects to consuming GM foods. But I do know
and quite honestly I dont think it was one of the
theres a strong anti-GM movement in the UK,
better cuts of meat to start with. The pudding
mainly coming from organic farmers who are
wasnt exactly stunning either. You wouldnt mind so
worried, quite rightly so, about how it will affect
much but it was really pricey. Wed been warned
agricultural land. Other people think its just
about that and it was supposed to be my birthday
another way for big companies to make mega
treat so we were pushing the boat out.
bucks!

2 You hear a man talking about cooking.


6 You hear a man talking about fast food.
I was brought up in a house of good cooks. You
As a student, I used to eat burgers and stuff like
should have tasted my grandmothers apple pie! I
that because it was cheap food or so I thought.
thought everyone was a good cook so I couldnt
Actually its just as cheap to make a healthy bowl of
believe it when I met my girlfriend and she told me
pasta and thats twice as satisfying. When I was
that boiling an egg was the height of her culinary
away for a couple of weeks last summer with some
skills! But I guess what got me into it was an old
mates from university, I slipped back into the habit
battered-looking hardback I found in a junk shop. It
a bit. But I kept thinking this only tastes of salt and
has really unusual recipes and its even got
sugar and wondered why I was eating it. I must
someones handwritten notes in the margins with
admit, if Im really pushed for time, like when I finish

40

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 40 13/01/15 15:27


Food & Food Issues

work at nearly 7 and want to get to see a film at


7.30, I do just grab something then. But its not
Grammar (page 95)
that often. 1
1 C 2 F 3 A 4 D 5 B 6 E
7 You hear a woman talking about her local
supermarket. 2
1 This dessert may/might be too sweet for you.
I know a lot of people complain about supermarkets
2 The local farmer wont use that new pesticide.
and they worry about whats happening to smaller
3 These must be free-range eggs.
shops but I must say our local supermarket has
4 Mike will have put the ice cream in the freezer.
always been great. Often when you go in theres a
5 You cant find a good restaurant near here.
wonderful smell of baking; its really mouth-
6 Susan must have eaten lunch at the cafeteria.
watering. But what theyve just started doing is
7 I mustnt have/might not have baked the cake for long
advertising food that comes from this region. I think
enough.
people are more aware of food miles these days and
8 He must be fed up with all these cookery programmes
they are less keen on beans that have been flown in
on TV.
from the other side of the world so thats really
good.

8 You hear a brother and sister talking about the food Reading and Use of English
they eat at home. (pages 96-97)
Girl: Mums cooked an Indian dish for dinner Part 1
tonight. Its got prawns in it.
Boy: Great. I love seafood. I wonder what spices
1 A 2 D 3 D 4 B 5 C 6 A 7 B 8 C
shes used. Anyway she always gets it just right.
Girl: Yeah, not too hot, not too mild. Its the same Part 2
with everything she cooks though its just so
yummy. Im going to make some bread at the 1 since 5 for
weekend with wholemeal flour and walnuts. 2 to 6 which
Boy: Wow! Sounds great! You could set yourself up 3 Even 7 There
as a high-class chef when youve finished college. 4 be 8 not
Girl: You have to be amazingly good to get
anywhere in the catering business and its Part 3
seriously hard work.
1 shortage/s 5 including
24 2 grown 6 commercial
Open answers 3 increasingly 7 unquestionably
25 Ask the student who is listening to time the one minute. 4 sustainable 8 scientists
Its useful for students to get used to speaking for one
minute as they have to do this in Speaking Part 2.

Open answers

41

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 41 13/01/15 15:27


UNIT
10 Nature &
Endangered Species

Vocabulary areas Animals; Linkers of sequencing and addition; Collective nouns


Grammar Gerund and Infinitive
Reading and Use of English The hunters that become the hunted
Part 5: Multiple choice Exam Tip!
Writing Nature programmes W2: Review Exam Strategies
Listening Wildlife conservation L2: Sentence completion
Speaking Comparing photographs S2: Long turn
Reading and Use of English
Part 2: The kakapo parrot
Part 3: Shooting wildlife with a camera
Part 4: Key word transformation

Warmer (page 98) If you want to add to similar vocabulary:


duck waddle quack
1 Make sure that you are prepared to answer questions frog hop croak
about the names of different animals.
mouse scurry squeak
bee fly, swarm buzz, drone, hum
1 A panda D rhinoceros owl swoop, fly hoot
B blue whale E tiger snake slither hiss
C polar bear F chimpanzee (ape) pig root, wallow runt, snort, squeal
2 Open answers

Listening (page 99)


Vocabulary (page 99)
4.B

See page 92 for the students recording script.


2 Additional words which could be used are given in
brackets below. 3
1 Suggested answers:
Animal Movement Sound loss of habitat, loss of food, climate change, pollution
0 cat climb, jump, pounce miaow, hiss (purr) 2 Open answers
1 dog jump, run (scamper) bark (growl, yelp, yap) 4
2 horse gallop (trot, canter, walk) neigh 1 umbrella 6 fingernails
3 lion run, pounce roar 2 ships 7 32
4 rabbit hop thump 3 climate change 8 forehead
6 swan glide hiss (call) 4 education 9 magic/magical
5 TRAFFIC 10 visible

42

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 42 13/01/15 15:27


Nature & Endangered Species

Recording script with answers underlined whale, which can reach lengths of over 33 metres
and weigh up to as much as 32 elephants. Thats
Today Im going to tell you a little bit about our 120 tons.
organisation which safeguards hundreds of species Of the toothed whales Narwhal whales are my
around the world. We focus special attention on favourite. They are known more for their almost
giant pandas, tigers, polar bears, endangered whales unicorn-like tusk or tooth that springs from their
and dolphins, rhinos, elephants, marine turtles, and forehead in the male of the species. The tooth
great apes. These species not only need special actually grows from the left side of the upper jaw and
measures and extra protection in order to survive, is twisted into a left-handed helix. The tooth can be
they also serve as umbrella species. Helping them up to three metres long.
helps numerous other species that inhabit the same The tusk of the Narwhal was sold by Vikings and
environment. other northern traders as the horns of the legendary
Among marine wildlife, seven out of the 13 great unicorn which were considered to have magic
whale species are still endangered or vulnerable, properties. Reportedly, during the sixteenth century,
even after decades of protection. Whales, dolphins Queen Elizabeth bought a Narwhal tusk for the cost
and porpoises are succumbing to new and ever- of ten thousand pounds the cost of a castle. The
increasing dangers. For North Atlantic whales, tusk was used as her sceptre.
collision with ships has taken over as the greatest Until recently, humankind seemed to view the ocean
risk rather than entanglement in fishing gear, while as a source of infinite resources. The truth is that the
the critically endangered Western North Pacific gray populations of many species are decreasing at an
whale is at serious risk because of intensive oil and unsustainable rate. The threats to marine species
gas development in its feeding grounds. are difficult to perceive because marine animals are
While other organisations are focusing their research not as visible as animals on land. Animals that have
on hazards such as toxic contamination or habitat taken millions of years to evolve, that are invaluable
degradation, were currently looking at the effects of to all ecosystems, have vanished and continue to
climate change and what this means for marine vanish from places where they once flourished.
wildlife, in particular, mammals.
We are also combating risks to whales by lobbying to 5
bring whale hunting under the strict control of the Open answers
International Whaling Commission. However, we see
the best results from education, and I mean to
people of all ages and occupations, I dont just mean Reading and Use of English
children. We also hope to see improved national and (pages 100-101)
international action and agreements in the near
future. 6
We work in several areas of species protection Open answers
around the world that live within our priority eco-
regions. Large predators like snow leopards and ! Exam Tip!
grizzly bears, migratory species like songbirds, and a
Its helpful for students to know that the questions follow
host of other species facing threats also benefit from
the order of the text. However, point out that sometimes
our conservation efforts. Different groups work on
the last question could be a global question; a question
different projects. One group known as TRAFFIC
about the text as a whole.
works to ensure that trade in wildlife products
doesnt harm a species, while also fighting against
illegal and unsustainable trade. 7 Pre-teach these words, which do not come into
I work with the two main categories of whales: the exercise 8.
baleen whales, and toothed whales. The baleen Paragraph 1: hunter
whales are named for their feeding apparatus, hunted
baleen, which descend from the roof of the mouth. to breed
Baleen is made of hard but flexible material, similar to clone
to that of human fingernails, rooted in the animals Paragraph 2: stalk, prey
upper jaw. The baleen act like a sieve, allowing a Paragraph 3: shrunk (shrink, shrank, shrunk)
whale to strain food out of the water food which Paragraph 4: to draw up
includes small fish and plankton. to found
There are 13 species of baleen whales. They range in Paragraph 5: boxed in
size from the compact minke whale, whose average
length is around 8 metres, to the gargantuan blue

43

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 43 13/01/15 15:27


UNIT 10
13
1 D 2 D 3 C 4 B 5 A 6 B 1 First
2 Second/Further, Furthermore/In addition/Moreover/
8 What is more
1 on the brink of global extinction 3 Third/ Further, Furthermore/In addition/Moreover/
2 turned down What is more
3 decline / shrunk 4 Finally/Lastly/in conclusion
4 suffer from
5 goal
6 survival
Grammar (pages 102-103)
14
Vocabulary (page 102) Elephants have been so heavily poached that they are
extremely afraid of coming up close to humans. Each
9 When students have brainstormed possible linkers, ask time this herd of elephants saw us they ran away. We
them to look at linkers of addition on page 189 of the desperately wanted some of the elephants to accept us
Students Book. and we needed to know that our conservation
programme was working. Then, one afternoon, we heard
Suggested answers: loud rustling noises and we watched in wonder as an
furthermore elephant stood right on the edge of camp. We had built
also our camp here because the Marula trees offer shade in
too the hot season, but this elephants family had probably
in addition been coming to eat the fruits for many generations. Now
besides our camp stood in his way.
what is more The elephant took one step toward the fruits. Then he
and stopped and was obviously not prepared to risk coming
not to mention the fact that any further. We hoped hed keep on coming. For 20
minutes he stood there and then finally he dared to walk
10 quickly into the camp to within ten yards of the office
1 Furthermore/further cottage, where he began feeding on the fruits.
2 In addition That was just the beginning. The elephant started coming
3 Moreover every day. Seventy per cent of the elephants in this area
4 What is more had been shot by poachers before we came. The ones
5 not only ... but also that remain are cunning, alert and worried about being
close to man. But this elephant had learned to trust us. He
11 When students have brainstormed possible linkers, ask represents hope for all elephants so we named him
them to look at the linkers of sequencing on page 189
Survivor.
of the Students Book.
15
Suggested answers: Open answers
lastly 16
then Open answers
next
after that 17
afterwards 1 the infinitive
in conclusion 2 the infinitive without to
to summarise 3 Open answers

12 You could set this for homework. 18


1 AI remembered to feed the parrot this morning = I
remembered and then I fed it.
Open answers
B I remember feeding the parrot its favourite food = I
fed it and then later I remembered the action.
2 AHe forgot to post the card = he didnt remember
and he didnt post the card.
BHell never forget posting the card = he posted the
card and will always remember it.

44

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 44 13/01/15 15:27


Nature & Endangered Species

3 AShe stopped the car to help the injured animal = 23 Students read the task and discuss the Exam Strategies.
she interrupted an activity to help the animal and
then continued the previous activity (in this case,
Open answers
driving).
BShe stopped going to wildlife parks = a past Go through the Exam Strategies with the students and
activity. encourage them to ask questions about writing reviews
4 AIf you seriously care about conservation, it means for the exam.
taking the time to do something about it = it
involves taking the time.
BShe meant to take some photos of the elephants Grammar (page 105)
but she ran out of time = it was her intention to
take some photos.
5 AThe speaker from the WWF went on talking about 1 pollluting 7 watching
the destruction of the forests until the end of his 2 go 8 seeing
speech = he continued to talk about the same 3 to work 9 doing
topic (the destruction of the forests). 4 worrying 10 asking
B The speaker from WWF then went on to talk about 5 read 11 losing
the destruction of the forests until the end of his 6 not to feed 12 wear
speech = he stopped talking about one topic and
then started another topic (the destruction of the
forests). Reading and Use of English
6 AShe tried to take photographs of the giraffe = she
attempted to take photographs. (pages 106-107)
BShe tried photographing the giraffe = she Part 2
experimented with taking photographs.
Go through the Frequent Mistakes box with the students. 1 but 5 were
2 no 6 had
3 for 7 Despite
Speaking (page 104) 4 not 8 so

19 Part 3
Open answers
1 universally
20 2 endless
Open answers
3 endangered/dangerous
21 4 rewarding
Open answers 5 activity
6 competitive
7 professionals
8 preference
Vocabulary (page 104)
Part 4
22
1 C 2 B 3 F 4 A 5 D 6 E
1 anyone turned up//for/to//anyone turned out//for
2 not advisable//to keep
3 could be//difficult for/hard for
Writing (page 104) 4 paid//the highest/the ones with the highest
Look at the Writing Bank on page 179 of the Students 5 hadnt/had not/been//paying attention
Book and elicit what type of language a review should 6 accused Mr Botes of//selling
contain.

45

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 45 13/01/15 15:27


UNIT
11 Work & Job
Satisfaction

Vocabulary areas So and such; Too and enough; Work


Grammar Relative pronouns and relative clauses
Reading and Use of English Getting the most from your job
Part 6: Gapped text
Writing Interview preparation W2: Report
Listening Job interviews L3: Multiple matching Exam Strategies
Speaking Facilities for employees S3: Collaborative task Exam Tip!
Reading and Use of English
Part 1: Are internships worth it?
Part 3: Helpful advice on how to make those difficult life choices
Part 4: Key word transformation

Warmer (page 108) Listening (page 109)


1 As an additional lead-in to the topic, you could ask
5.B

See page 93 for the students recording script.


students what sort of job they would like to do in the
future, what sort of jobs are regarded as good jobs in 3 After the pairs have done the activity, you could put
their society and why. them into small groups to exchange information.

1 A teacher B trader/dealer in the stock exchange Open answers


C pilot
2 Open answers 4 Go through the Exam Strategies with the students. As a
3 Suggested answers: post-listening task, if possible, ask the students to read
A calm, patient, open-minded, friendly, passionate the recording script and find five words or expressions
about education B someone with a lot of stamina, that are new and that theyd like to remember. Some
good at maths, quick-witted, a risk-taker, ability to possibilities are:
work under pressure C calm, precise, level-headed, frown
eye for detail, not a risk-taker, good with people, gaze
inspires confidence a two-way process
blas
2 You could put the students into teams to see which Ive done my homework on
team can find all the answers first. Make sure they use coins
the clues to help them. regain self-composure
*Note that increasingly we use a non-gender specific begs the question
word for jobs. We no longer say air stewardess, fireman unbiased
or chairman. But you do sometimes still hear people say
waitress. 1G 2B 3H 4A 5 D You dont need to use C, E, F.

1 builder 2 carpenter 3 chambermaid


4 chef 5 dentist 6 flight attendant*
7 nurse* 8 fire officer* 9 engineer

46

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 46 13/01/15 15:27


Work & Job Satisfaction

Recording script with answers underlined question why. If youre using an employment agency,
they might know. It could also be that as they
Speaker 1 develop, they require people with different skills. Of
Before I went for the interview everyone I talked to course the ideal situation is if you know someone
seemed to have really good advice and I was getting who already works there. But remember an employee
stressed with all the new information. What Id doesnt always have an unbiased view of things.
recommend though, because it actually helped me,
is make a short list of what you think the requirements 5
are in the position. For example, the ad might have Open answers
said something like, good communication essential.
6
So if you keep this in your head at interview, you can
Open answers
bring in examples to demonstrate that you have the
ability to do this. Itll make them realise that youre
the right person for the job.
Vocabulary (pages 109-110)
Speaker 2
A friend gave me a great tip. Before you leave the 7
house, do a quick search on Google to get latest A We use such + uncountable noun.
share prices, and any mention of the company in B We use such + a/an + singular countable noun.
Google news. Having fresh up-to-date information on C We use so + adjective without a noun.
the company gives you extra points. But my tip is, D We use such (+ adjective) + uncountable noun.
think about your whole appearance. Id put on a nice 8
suit, plain shirt, and tie. But I hadnt thought beyond 1 He waited such a long time for the bus that he was
that. I just put all my papers in a plastic bag. When I late for work.
arrived, I saw the interviewers smile change to a 2 She had such determination to become a ballerina
frown as his gaze went from my suit to what I was that she hardly went out.
holding in my hand! 3 I liked the interviewer she was such a friendly
Speaker 3 person.
This is key to the process. And theres nothing wrong 9
with physically getting out your piece of paper when A We use enough + noun.
you are at the interview. It shows you have prepared B We use adjective/adverb + enough.
and made an effort. Be careful not to ask about C We use too + adjective.
things in a wooden way though and this can happen D We use too + many + countable noun. N.B. the same
if youre reading from your notes. Make sure you find rule applies to few, i.e. too + few + countable noun.
out exactly what the job involves, who youll be E We use too + much + uncountable noun. N.B. the
working with, etc. All this shows that youre keen and same rule applies to little, i.e. too + little +
interested. And remember an interview is a two-way uncountable noun.
process; they need you as much as you need them.
10
Speaker 4 1 The train is too expensive for commuters to use it to
Ive had quite a few interviews for, lets see, about 4 go to work.
jobs. So I was getting a bit blas by the time I had my 2 She is too young to get a job.
last interview. I thought, well, Ive done my homework 3 He works too slowly to be able to achieve what he
on the company, I know what theyll ask me and what needs to.
Ill ask them. What I hadnt accounted for though was 4 The office is too far for her to walk to work.
I had to park my car on a meter and can you believe
it, I didnt have any change. It took quite a while to 11
find a caf where I could get the right coins. I ended 1 B 2 A 3 C
up flying through the door about five minutes late in
a right state. All I can say is dont do that. Its really
hard to regain your self-composure.

Speaker 5
This isnt always easy but if you know before the
interview, itll help you to refine your preparation
around their needs. One of the most common causes
is that someone is leaving. And that then begs the

47

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 47 13/01/15 15:27


UNIT 11
Reading and Use of English Who is a subject pronoun when it is the subject of the
(pages 110-111) verb that follows.
E.g. the teenager who got a job.
12 Monitor the pairs for fluency and clear pronunciation.
Who is an object pronoun when it is the object of the verb
that follows.
Open answers E.g. the girl who I met at work.
You can omit who when it is an object pronoun, e.g. the
13 Elicit the Exam Strategies on how best to answer this girl I met.
part of the Reading paper (Students Book page 82).
1 object 2 subject 3 object 4 subject

1 E 2 B 3 D 4 F 5 A 6 C 17
You do not need to use G. 1 whose 2 that/which/X 3 which 4 who 5 whose

14 Before you do this task, you could give different pairs of 18 Give an example, e.g. Ill never forget the time (when) I
students one paragraph each and ask them to find new fell asleep at work.
or interesting vocabulary. They should find out what the
word/expression means (they can use dictionaries or ask 1 when, why, where, what
you) and then they have to present their one favourite 2 Why you can omit why because it functions as the
piece of new vocabulary to the rest of the class. object of the clause.
Once the students have underlined the appropriate E.g. The reason why Im phoning you is to ask you to
sentences, discuss how the sentences summarise the come in for interview.
main points of the paragraphs and how they prepare the Where you cant omit where because it is a relative
reader for what is to come or what they have just read adverb and not a relative pronoun.
and add coherence and cohesion to the article and E.g. The desk where he sits is next to the window.
make it easy to follow. where = at which
What
Paragraph 1 For many of us, the idea of having a job Did you hear what I said? what = the thing that.
that is truly satisfying the kind where work doesnt feel N.B. Dont confuse what and that.
like work anymore is the stuff of fantasies. When
Can you suggest when we can meet?
Paragraph 2 Whether you work on a fruit farm, in a In this example you cant omit when. when = a time
factory, in the smallest office in a skyscraper, or in a at which
sports centre, the secret is to understand what makes you
happy at work. 19 You may like to set some of exercises 19-23 as
homework if youre short of time.
Paragraph 3 People say that there are three basic
approaches to work and you need to ask yourself whether
it is a job, a career, or a passion. Suggested answers:
1 An architect is someone who designs buildings.
Paragraph 4 Once you have identified the triggers that
2 A vegetarian is someone who doesnt eat meat.
work for you, you can improve your situation by making a
3 A concert pianist is someone who plays the piano
few minor adjustments.
professionally.
Paragraph 5 Another change you can bring about is to 4 A physiotherapist is someone who treats people who
maintain a balanced lifestyle. have muscle stiffness, pain or injury by rubbing and
moving the sore parts.
Paragraph 6 Finally, we all need to feel recognised and
5 A psychiatric nurse is someone who looks after
rewarded for what we do.
people with mental illnesses.
15 20
Open answers
1 You made an offer which/ I cant accept.
2 She recently went back to the town where she was
born.
Grammar (pages 112-113) 3 I didnt get the job that/ I applied for.
4 We ordered a book on careers which was rather
16 Refer the students to Page 115 if necessary to remind
pricey.
them of the rules regarding relative pronouns and
5 The woman who is sitting at the desk over there is
relative clauses.
Mr Smiths secretary.

48

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 48 13/01/15 15:27


Work & Job Satisfaction

21
N.B. Some of these sentences could be defining or Open answers
non-defining relative clauses. For the purpose of this
exercise, ask the students to write non-defining relative 25
clauses. Remind students to incorporate the vocabulary and
1 She gave me the address of the company, which I grammar you have just discussed in Exercise 24.
wrote down on a piece of paper. Suggested answers:
2 Paola is going to work in Canada, where her sister 1 I agree in principle but
has been living for 5 years. 2 Youre right, however
3 A friend of mine, whose father is the CEO of the 3 If there were, it would be (a better place to work).
company, helped me get a job. 4 Itd be good to because
4 That man over there, whose name I dont remember,
is a famous artist.
5 The chef, who is usually on time, was late this Writing (page 114)
morning. Refer the students to the Writing Bank on page 182 and
Go through the Frequent Mistakes with the class and elicit who usually reads a report, its format/organisation
ask the students to analyse the mistakes. and the type of language generally used. There is also a
sample of a report on page 182 of the Students Book.
22
N.B. Grammatically, none should be followed by a 26
singular verb but increasingly, in spoken English the Open answers
plural form is used.
1 I sent out two letters, neither of which arrived. 27
2 Six people applied for the job, none of whom were/ Open answers
was sufficiently qualified. 28
3 Gina made a lot of suggestions, many of which were Open answers
very useful.
4 There were a lot of people at the conference, a few of
whom I knew. Grammar (page 115)
5 He ordered two books, both of which came within a
week. 1
1 that/which/0 2 where 3 who 4 whose 5 which
23 6 where 7 where 8 which/0 9 when 10 which
William Shakespeare, who was born in April 1564, was 11 which 12 where 13 that/which 14 whose
the son of a farmer. He married Anne Hathaway in 1582, 15 who 16 who 17 which 18 what 19 when
with whom he had three children. In 1592 he went to
London, where he joined an acting company. In 1595 he
became a shareholder of the acting company, where he Reading and Use of English
wrote his famous sonnets and plays. In 1597 he bought a
house in Stratford, where he retired in 1610. (pages 116-117)

Part 1

Speaking (page 114) 1 D 2 C 3 B 4 C 5 D 6 B 7 C 8 A


! Exam Tip! Part 3
Go through the Exam Tip with the students.
1 satisfaction 2 occupation 3 instructors
24 Monitor the students as they do the tasks and then give 4 Interestingly 5 connection 6 miserable
them feedback when they have completed them. 7 evidence 8 unusually/usually
Discuss as a whole class vocabulary that could be used Part 4
in this task that will make the examiner give them a
good mark for vocab, e.g. drinks-vending machine, and
discuss which different structures can be used, e.g. 1 you hadnt/had not helped 2 was set up//by James
conditional form, if a company provided a really 3 I wish//I had spoken/Id spoken 4 Maria// in charge of
comfortable chill-out zone for staff, they would return to 5 is being opened//by 6 have//enough strength
work completely refreshed after a break. Point out the
importance of using adjectives and adverbs to make
language more natural and interesting.
49

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 49 13/01/15 15:27


UNIT
12 Youth Culture
& Changing Values

Vocabulary areas As long as, providing and provided that; Commonly-used slang; Phrasal verbs
Grammar Third conditional; Wish and if only and wish and would; If and in case;
Future in the past: was/were going to
Reading and Use of English Teenagers in their own words on the impact of TV
Part 7: Multiple matching
Writing The views of young people W2: Story
Listening An interview with a sociologist L4: Multiple choice Exam Tip!
Speaking Youth culture S4: Discussion Exam Strategies
Reading and Use of English
Part 1: The Technology Culture
Part 2: How teenagers see themselves
Part 4: Key word transformation

Warmer (page 118) 2 This exercise could be done in pairs.

1
1 If he had wanted to fit in with the cool crowd, he
1 Suggested answer: Definition C gives the most
would have bought the same clothes as theirs.
information and is therefore most useful.
If + past perfect, would have + past participle
2 Suggested answers:
2 the past
A: Japanese Punks: style and fashion important,
3 We use it to speak about imaginary states or events
enjoy making a statement, interested in their own
in the past.
genre of music, like participating in street theatre,
e.g. making music, dancing 3
B: young eco-warriors with political/ecological ideals: 1 hadnt told 2 wouldnt have exchanged
possibly activists, likely to protest against new 3 would have sent 4 had thought
motorways/airports, etc. being built, could camp out
to prevent road-building, etc. 4
C: skateboarders: casual clothes, interested in sport, 1 She would have gone to the disco if she had had
enjoy spending time together, maybe quite enough money.
competitive 2 If I hadnt gone to a party last night, I wouldnt have
3 Open answers met lots of my friends.
Suggested reasons for belonging to a subculture: 3 They wouldnt have got into the band if they hadnt
to experience a feeling of belonging played well at the audition.
to rebel against authority 4 If they hadnt worked hard to raise money for
to express individuality or ideas overtly teenagers in Africa, they wouldnt have built a school.

5
1 regret
Grammar (pages 119-120) 2 You might like to write these rules and/or sample
Refer students to page 125 if necessary to remind them sentences on the board.
of the rules. We use wish + Past Perfect + would/might have +
bare infinitive, to talk about the past, e.g. sentence A.

50

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 50 13/01/15 15:27


Youth Culture & Changing Values

We use wish + Past Simple + would/could + bare


infinitive, to say we wish something was different in Suggested answers:
the present, e.g. I wish I was on holiday then I could 1 very good 2 stupid person 3 crazy 4 mistake
go swimming every day. 5 coward 6 studying all night/partying all night
If you prefer, you could leave the next explanation 7 undesirable/boring place 8 big fuss/protested
until Exercise 7. 9 greatly impressed 10 did badly
We use wish + would + bare infinitive, to talk about
the present or future. We often use it when we are
irritated, e.g. I wish he wouldnt wear Punk clothes. Listening (pages 120-121)

6.B
6 Open answers See page 94 for the students recording script.

7
Suggested answers:
14
1 behave according to your societys usual standards of
1 He is complaining; he feels fed up.
behaviour and expectations
2 He wants his brother to get up later.
2 criticism in the newspapers and on TV
8 3 a boring childhood
1 I wish Paul would buy a new pair of jeans. 4 can have a permanent effect
2 I wish they/my parents wouldnt criticise me for 5 become stronger than
spending too long on the computer. 6 torn jeans
3 I wish she/my mother wouldnt keep saying that my 7 putting rings, studs, etc. into parts of the body by
hair is too short. making a hole in that part of the body, e.g. pierced
4 I wish hed/my father would allow me to have a tattoo. ears/eyebrows
5 I wish somebody would give me a summer job. 8 accepted standards or ways of behaving that most
people agree with
9 9 understand and accept
A Well get some more food if Anna comes = perhaps Anna 10 huge amount of
will come. If she comes, well get some more food.
B Well get some more food in case Anna comes =
perhaps Anna will come. Well get some more food
! Exam Tip!
now whether she comes or not. Then well already Go through the Exam Tip with the students.
have the food if she comes.

10 15
1 She phoned her parents in case they were worried. 1 A 2 B 3 B 4 A 5 C 6 C 7 A
2 Ill take an umbrella in case it rains at the
demonstration.
3 He took a map in case he got lost.
Recording script with answers underlined
4 Ill wait for them in case they come later. Interviewer: Welcome, James Cameron, to our
programme today. As an expert on youth culture
perhaps you could start off by telling us how you
Vocabulary (page 120) define the word youth?

11 James: Im glad youve started with that because its


You can borrow my bike provided that you look after it = not as simple as you might expect. Some people use
you can borrow it but only if/on condition that you look the word to refer to those who are between, say, 13
after it. Teenagers are allowed into the university library and 18 because in many societies youre legally an
as long as they dont make too much noise = they are adult at 18. But in other countries it refers to people
allowed in but only if/on condition that they dont make a bit older, 16 to 21. Thats why I go for the more
too much noise. fluid interpretation of people who are no longer kids
but they are not yet mature. Its more psychological
12 Open answers than purely age-related.
13 You could introduce this section by asking the students Interviewer: OK, good. Now, I did a bit of background
to brainstorm in pairs what English slang expressions reading before our programme today and it seems to
they already know and write them up on the board. Then me that youth culture is something that is always
ask them to find synonyms in standard English for them. changing. Why is that?
You could prompt them with, e.g. awesome; cool; James: Another good question. And its too obvious
rammed (crowded); wicked etc. to say its because young people only have a brief

51

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 51 13/01/15 15:27


UNIT 12
time when they are old enough to start thinking for dont have to take on board all the norms of your
themselves before they have to conform because community. Its the constant bombardment from
they start a job. I think its to do with having an open advertising that youth cannot resist. Magazines, TV,
mind. Youre prepared to look at things and think, etc. have a lot to answer for in terms of creating
OK, thats interesting. Those who say that its a expectations among young people. It becomes very
period of discovering yourself are taking it too far. In difficult if your family cant meet those expectations.
fact, thats a process that goes on throughout your
whole life anyway. 16 Monitor students for clear pronunciation and good
vocabulary use. Encourage them to use some of the
Interviewer: Some people say there is only one
vocabulary from exercise 15.
youth culture and thats American culture. Whats
your view? Open answers
James: American youth culture gets a lot of bad
press. But if it werent for American movies, music
and TV shows, an awful lot of young people would be
Vocabulary (page 121)
having a very dull youth. And if Hollywood, for 17 You could ask the students to write sentences using the
example, has made a lot of money out of it, so be it. phrasal verbs for homework. Its much easier to
Other countries or parts of the world are and will remember phrasal verbs when they are in context.
make their mark when they can economically and at
some stage those ideas will overtake the, at the
moment, all-powerful USA. 1 C 2 A 3 E 4 B
Interviewer: So I guess were saying Western societies 18 You could ask the students to find synonyms
have strong youth subcultures. Is this because there for these phrasal verbs for homework. Using the
are more young people in these countries? opposite preposition on with a verb does not
James: Quite the opposite. Western society is an necessarilly mean that the phrasal verb has the
ageing society. 60 percent of young people live in opposite meaning.
Asia, 23 percent in Africa and the Caribbean. The
UN predicts that by 2025 the number of young
1 (will) get on 2 turning on 3 puts on
people living in the South will rise to 85.5 percent.
4 brought on 5 take on
Interviewer: As far as I understand it we refer to
subcultures when were talking about a particular
style of clothes or music, right? Now, what is it that Reading and Use of English
drives a young person to become a part of a
subculture? (pages 122-123)

James: Well, its not so much a statement of look, 19 Open answers


Im not the same as my parents but more how I
think, what I consider important is not the same. I 20
also think that each subculture sort of respects other 1 B 2 C 3 D 4 A 5 A 6 C 7 A 8 D 9 B 10 C
subcultures, so for example if youre an eco-warrior,
you might think yeah, he has the right to like a
21 Check that the students have transferred their answers
correctly. They must fill in one lozenge only per
certain sort of music or dress in a certain way.
question. When students leave an answer blank, its
Interviewer: This covers a huge range of topics then. very easy to put the rest of the answers in the wrong
Is there any one area that interests you most? place. They have to keep the shading inside the
James: Yes. When I was growing up I was aware that lozenge.
different young people chose to listen to rap, reggae,
rock and so on. And it was obvious from the ripped 22 Suggested answers:
jeans or body piercing that some people were
different but what I wasnt aware of at all was that we
B Paul Green
all spoke differently and that is what I focus a lot of Im tired of society blaming its problems on television.
my studies on now. How can teen pregnancy, child murderers, and drug
abuse caused by television? The problem occurs when
Interviewer: And what is it that most influences television sets start raising children, instead of parents.
young people? Parents need to take responsibility for their children and
James: Well, until youre about 12, its undoubtedly censor what they watch. When I was younger, It was my
your family because thats all you really know. And parents who taught me right from wrong and not
before you get a job and start your own family, you television programmes.

52

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 52 13/01/15 15:27


Youth Culture & Changing Values

If youre really looking to point fingers, we should look not


only at our parents but at the leaders of developed
Writing (page 124)
countries. Corrupt politicians are being exposed, warfare 27 Writing a story is an option ONLY in the Cambridge English:
is glorified, and our presidents are being accused of all First for Schools exam. However, it is always good practice
kinds of things. There are more important things to use and appeals to students who enjoy creative writing.
time, money, and effort on than censoring television. So,
take some responsibility and pass the remote control. Open answers

C Marcus Shawcross 28 Open answers


In my opinion, TV takes centre stage in too many homes. It
also encourages senseless spending with hundreds of
home-shopping channels. If a viewer gets hungry, they Speaking (page 124)
can use their TV to order a pizza or a whole grocery list.
29 Go through the Exam Strategies with the students and
And if you find you have any free time, the TV will
monitor them as they discuss the questions. Ask the
bombard you with 350 channels of mindless
students to give feedback to each other.
programming.
What can be done to stop the spread of this horrid Open answers
creature? And does the public want it stopped? Maybe
thats the whole problem. The average person has turned
into a couch potato who is lured into the TV trap with the Grammar (page 125)
deceptive label of interactivity, but the only interaction is
1
between the TV and the viewers wallet. Dont be fooled!
1 would have bought 2 would have been done
We should turn off our TV for a day and read a book or
3 had been 4 had complained 5 hadnt dyed
take a walk and stop letting technology dominate us!
6 had worked 7 would have taken 8 had left
D Thomas Bidwell
I am not an idiot and am perfectly able to distinguish 2
between fantasy and reality. However, there are some 1 If she had put/d put her keys on the table, she wouldnt
people out there who think my mind is equal to that of a have forgotten them.
three-year-old. At 16, I am supposedly at that 2 She wouldnt have been late if she had caught/d
impressionable age when I believe everything I see and caught an earlier bus.
hear but, this just isnt true 3 His boss wouldnt have been angry if Peter had arrived
There are still some adults who cant comprehend this on time.
fact which is why television and movies are considered a 4 If he hadnt eaten five hotdogs, he wouldnt have been ill.
threat. They feel they are losing control over kids so they 5 I wouldnt have had body piercings if I had known/d
call programs bad or controversial. Well, when a show is known that companies didnt like it.
dubbed controversial, more people tend to watch it. 6 I would have picked you up if you had telephoned/d
These people are often teenagers who are watching for telephoned me.
information on a topical subject, not a lession in how to
act. The shows and movies wont affect the childrens
3
future, but the people trying to censor them might. 1 A 2 B 3 A 4 A 5 B

23 Open answers
Reading and Use of English
(pages 126-127)
Grammar (page 124) Part 1
24 This exercise could be done in pairs. 1 D 2 A 3 A 4 C 5 A 6 D 7 C 8 B

Part 2
1 the past 2 No. He used was going to to express the
1 in/to 2 which 3 were 4 when 5 their 6 much
idea that in the past he thought something would happen
7 on 8 why
in the future. 3 No
Part 4
25
1 Yes 2 No its a past habit 3 No its Past 1 (at) this time//last 2 looking forward to//going
Continuous 4 Yes 5 No its a past habit 3 see the/any point in//buying
4 was not//as/so expensive 5 wish//I could
26 Open answers 6 sold out//of//sold out// of all the

53

BC13008_0200_U02_034-053.indd 53 13/01/15 15:27


UNIT
13 Festivals &
Globalisation

Vocabulary areas Noun + noun expressions


Grammar The passive
Reading and Use of English The Sundance Film Festival Exam Strategies
Part 5: Multiple choice
Writing Festivals and traditions W2: Article Exam Tip!
Listening Dialogues L1: Multiple choice
Speaking Festivals S4: Discussion
Reading and Use of English
Part 1: The changing attraction of music festivals
Part 2: Mobile phone throwing festival
Part 3: The advantages of globalisation

Warmer (page 128) Question 5: savoury filling, to fast


Question 6: to flock to a place, sprawl
1 Question 7: thick (meaning stupid), to get something
1F 2D 3B 4E 5A 6C (meaning to understand)
Photo A Chinese New Year Question 8: a shift, fad
Photo B Christmas Day
Photo C Valentines Day
Photo D Independence Day (US) or the Fourth of July 1C 2C 3B 4A 5A 6C 7C 8B

2
Open answers Recording script with answers underlined
1 You hear an elderly man remembering New Years
Eve when he was a child.
Listening (page 129) When I was a lad, I used to look forward to New
7.B

See page 94 for the students recording script. Years Eve just as much as I did to Christmas.
Christmas was about presents and eating till you felt
youd explode! What made New Years Eve special
3
was that most people in our village still carried out
1F 2T 3T 4T 5T
an old ritual. A villager would knock on your door
4 Pre-teach the following words/phrases or check just after midnight and hand you a piece of coal. It
understanding of them after listening. You may prefer to was a symbol of prosperity for the coming year. I
give your students the opportunity to do tasks as they dont really know why but I always found it exciting.
will in the exam, i.e. without help with vocabulary. At midnight my mother would play Auld Lang Syne
on the piano and wed all sing as loudly as we could!
Question 1: lad, Auld Lang Syne (a Scottish song
traditionally sung at midnight on New Years Eve) 2 You hear two teenagers discussing traditional
Question 2: May Pole events.
Question 3: to be living in cloud cuckoo land Girl: The only time Ive ever danced round a maypole
Question 4: unspoilt, chain store was when I was at school. We learnt how to do it.

54

BC13008_0300_U03_054-069.indd 54 13/01/15 15:29


Festivals & Globalisation

I think some places in the countryside might still do 6 You hear two friends discussing the idea that the
it, you know, in villages, but most people these days world is a global village.
just dont care about it. Boy: Ive just talked to my brother in Brazil; hes
Boy: Well I must admit, I dont see the point of it. working there for one year working on a water
Whats it about anyway? We live in a different world treatment project. Thats the great thing nowadays,
now. Apart from Christmas and New Year and isnt it? There are more opportunities to work
birthdays of course, my family doesnt really take abroad.
part in any traditional things. Girl: Yes, as they say the worlds a global village. Its
Girl: Mine neither. a small world! Just look at our town its fantastic
you can meet people from all corners of the world.
3 You hear a woman talking about globalisation. I think this phenomenon will become more apparent
All you hear about these days is globalisation. And too.
in most cases its people saying that its a good
Boy: Yes, as long as everyone doesnt flock to just
thing; you can travel more easily, you can get to
one or two places. It could have a serious impact on
know the cultures of other countries more easily. It
a regions resources and mean that cities expand
seems to me, though, that the only thing anyone is
and sprawl over valuable farmland.
really interested in is making a fast buck.
Businesses are looking for new markets to sell the 7 You hear a man talking to a girl about Guy Fawkes
same old stuff. I read an interesting article about Night.
globalisation and how in the future national borders Girl: Is it only in Britain that people commemorate
will disappear. I think whoever wrote it is living in Guy Fawkes?
cloud cuckoo land! Boy: Yeah, mostly. 1605, November the fifth,
London, Guy Fawkes was arrested for trying to blow
4 You hear a couple discussing a holiday theyve just up the Houses of Parliament.
been on. Girl: In class today we talked about it but Im not
Man: That was a great holiday, wasnt it? I cant sure I got it so we celebrate that Guy Fawkes
believe Ive got to go back to work tomorrow. failed to do something?
Woman: I know what you mean. The town was lovely, Boy: Yeah, he failed to blow up the king. Look,
wasnt it? So unspoilt... by all the huge international tomorrow Ill show you a display in the school
chain stores I mean. library which explains it simply.
Man: Yeah, the baker actually baked the bread Girl: Im not thick, I just didnt get it!
himself and that greengrocer who had produce Boy: Yeah, right!
from local farms. Remember that delicious peach
dessert you had in that bistro in the market square?
8 You hear a woman giving a talk on globalisation.
and interestingly although the USA has enjoyed a
Woman: Ill never forget it. We should go there again. strong and wealthy economy for many years were
Its so much better than our last holiday where we now seeing a shift to the East. China is seen by
sat through some really touristy things like that folk many as a significant player on the world stage.
festival. The locals said theyd never even heard of However, I cant emphasise strongly enough that
those songs that they were just for the tourists. the spread of consumer products, the spread of fads
5 You hear a teacher talking about a lesson shes just such as Facebook, etc. would not occur without
had. Internet access. It also means that an exchange of
views on a global level takes place. Of course, there
Ive just had year 9 and I just happened to mention
is the problem of policing the worldwide web and
that Id made some delicious pancakes both savoury
lawyers are working day and night on copyright
and sweet versions for my family on Tuesday and
issues and so on
they were all quite interested in the idea that you can
be creative and put what you like as a filling in them. 5
But what I couldnt get over was that not one of them Open answers
had the faintest idea about why we have that
tradition that Christians used to use up the eggs,
flour, milk and so on in the house before they fasted Reading and Use of English
for 40 days before Easter. In fact, they were really
(pages 130-131)
interested so theyre going to look up Pancake Day
on the Internet and report back next lesson. 6
Open answers

55

BC13008_0300_U03_054-069.indd 55 13/01/15 15:29


UNIT 13
7 Go through the Exam Strategies and then ask the Line 24: have... been boosted
students to do the task on their own. Depending on the Line 26: has... been increased
level of your class, you could ask students to do this Line 27/28: have been reduced
task without pre-teaching any vocabulary so that they
get used to doing the task under exam conditions. 12 Suggested answers:
Alternatively, to promote learner independence ask 1 been given a large donation.
students to reread the text at home and to find eight 2 were given free tickets to the festival.
new words/phrases and to find out their meaning. In the 3 being recorded by a leading music company.
next class, you could ask some students to share the 4 all the food had been eaten.
new words they found. 5 The organiser will be asked to put on the festival next
year.
6 By 2020 music festivals will have become a common
1 C 2 D 3 B 4 A 5 C 6 A event in many countries.
7 If the organisers had more sponsors, more events
would be held.
Vocabulary (page 132) 8 If the organiser had had more money, better bands
would have been booked.
8 Ask students to put the collocations into sentences to 9 The festival is to be banned on this site.
show that they understand their meanings. 10 The organiser is believed to have been congratulated
on his success by some of the top music artists.

Suggested answers: 13
1 The USA is a world power. 1 It is obvious to the reader or listener who the agent is,
2 The internet and mobile phones have become the i.e. security guards.
most popular forms of communication technology. 2 Its not important to know who the agent is.
3 Some countries, e.g. the USA, impose trade barriers 3 The agent has already been mentioned, e.g. the EU
to protect local products. parliament.
4 Consumer goods are anything from TVs to furniture. 4 People in general are the agents.
5 Timberland is a famous shoe manufacturer.
14
6 Punk is one style of pop culture.
1 was applauded
9 2 has been heard
1 communication satellite 3 will be sent
2 trade agreement 4 would have been done
3 consumer confidence 5 will have been held
4 clothes manufacturer 6 be made
5 youth culture
15
10 The two sentences mean the same, i.e. people say the
1 sports events original organiser of Glastonbury is in his eighties now.
2 air pollution
16
3 food fads
1 ...to be waiting for the tickets to go online.
4 contact details
2 ...that the festival has made/made half a million
5 migration rates
euros.
3 ...that they would headline the festival.
4 ...that the festival organisers have stolen/stole the funds.
Grammar (pages 132-133)
Go through the Frequent Mistakes box with the class.
11
Line 3: was... held
Line 5: was... inspired
Line 8: were booked
Vocabulary (page 134)
Line 11: was known 17
Line 12: was paid 1 F 2 D 3 C 4 B 5 E
Line 17/18: was constructed
Line 19: was described
Line 20/21: to have been staged

56

BC13008_0300_U03_054-069.indd 56 13/01/15 15:29


Festivals & Globalisation

18 Explain that this task practises the language that 5 has never been played
candidates might need to use in Speaking Part 4. Its 6 had been eaten
the chance to use the language of giving opinions, 7 will be/are going to be/are to be discussed
agreeing/disagreeing, making suggestions and 8 will have died out
negotiating. 9 would/could be saved
10 had been organised

2
Open answers
1 Have enough chairs been put out for everyone?
19 If possible get some/all groups to give quite formal 2 An article for the website is written every week.
presentations of their ideas. 3 The guitar was being played in the courtyard.
Remind students that they should show evidence of a 4 Will you be given an English test?
range of structures, appropriate vocabulary; extended, 5 The window should be opened.
relevant contributions, clear pronunciation and good 6 He wasnt told which room to go to.
communication. If you have the time, you could include 7 Our coffee hasnt been brought yet.
a quick question and answer session at the end of each 8 Julia was offered the job last week.
presentation. Students could also vote for their favourite 9 Alex will be lent all the equipment he needs.
festival. 10 A new theatre is going to be built by the Council.

3
1 It is said to be the best film festival in the world.
Open answers 2 It has been reported that people felt dizzy during the
light show.
3 It is believed that the organisers have made a lot of
Writing (page 134) money.
4 It is thought that local crafts are an important part of
Elicit from the students what is normally expected of an the culture.
article. See Writing Bank on page 181 of the Students 5 It is questioned whether the show will make a profit
Book for suggested answers. or not.
20
Open answers Reading and Use of English
! Exam Tip! (pages 136-137)

Go through this with the students. Point out that Part 1


handwriting has to be legible for the examiner to be
able to mark the answer fairly.
1 B 2 A 3 C 4 D 5 C 6 A 7 B 8 D
21 Part 2
Open answers

1 the 2 has 3 are 4 on 5 your 6 while
Speaking (page 134) 7 with 8 so

22 Part 3
Open answers

1 thoughts/thinking
Grammar (page 135) 2 employment
3 Another
1 4 endless
1 is celebrated 5 prosperity
2 is being made 6 international
3 was written 7 disagreement
4 were being put up 8 sociologists

57

BC13008_0300_U03_054-069.indd 57 13/01/15 15:29


UNIT
14 Family & Friends

Vocabulary areas Family and friends; Idioms


Grammar Indirect speech; Indirect questions; Orders and requests in indirect speech
Reading and Use of English Family relationships
Part 6: Gapped text
Writing Listening to advice W1: Essay
Listening Genealogy L2: Sentence completion Exam Tip!
Speaking Comparing photographs S2: Long turn Exam Strategies
Reading and Use of English
Part 2: Identical twins but different personalities
Part 3: Talking at or with a friend?
Part 4: Key word transformation

Warmer (page 138) 3


G H W G N R N M N X V J
1 Ask if there is a similar expression to that in question 1
R M L O Z T G I G R K Z
in the students mother tongue.
E M S L N J S N B X K T
Before they answer question 3, ask students to choose
one of the pictures on the left above or below the A F F U D U K I N W T L
Warmer and to describe it. T F A R O K X E S L K Z
G X L C G P B C F T R W
R G B G N C N E C N E R
Open answers A T W K T E X N Z T B R
N F R T P K P T L G R F
D P N L T C Y H D K O H
Vocabulary (page 139) F J M K K H R N E B T M
A D A U G H T E R W H P
2 Go through the words in the box first to make sure that T G R A N D M O T H E R
students understand them. H Z W D U N C L E N R D
For question 2, explain that students need to take notes E G R C V D N Y X P T G
because they will have to report what their partner said. R Z L W P N V T D P B X
Encourage students to use some of the vocabulary from
the box.
Monitor students as they do the task in question 3; this 4
will tell you how well they can already use reported 1 brother-in-law
speech. This will help you to decide how much of the 2 sister-in-law
grammar section on indirect speech you need to cover. 3 father-in-law
4 mother-in-law
5 stepmother
Open answers 6 stepfather
7 stepbrother
8 stepsister
9 half-sister
10 half-brother

58

BC13008_0300_U03_054-069.indd 58 13/01/15 15:29


Family & Friends

5 You could compare idioms which have the same 10


meaning as A-H in the students mother tongue to see Suggested answers:
how similar or different they are. She explained that she and her friends were more likely
to eat together and spend time together than they did
with their family. She explained that they had already
1 B 2 F 3 D 4 C 5 E 6 G 7 H 8 A been away on holiday together too and (that) sometime
soon they would most likely even spend special holidays
6 together such as Easter. She added that friends were the
Open answers new family and asked why and when it had happened.

11
Grammar (pages 140-141) Open answers
Refer students to page 145 if necessary. 12
7 A Say is most often used without a personal object.
We use a reporting verb, e.g. said, backshift the tense B Tell is usually used with a personal object, e.g. me. If
e.g. Present Simple Past Simple, and we may or may you know who Paolo is talking to, use tell. If you dont
not use that. say who Paolo told and there is no clause that
1 Past Continuous follows, use talk.
2 Past Perfect Simple C Talk is often used to refer to conversational
3 Past Perfect Continuous exchanges.
4 Past Perfect Simple 13
5 Past Perfect Continuous 1 told
6 will would 2 said
7 am/are/is going to was/were going to 3 told
8 can could 4 talked
9 must had to
10 We dont usually change may because if we do, it 14
changes the degree of probability. We use a reporting verb, e.g. tell/ask + infinitive and
make any necessary changes to personal pronouns or
8 time references.
A She added that she was also seeing Maria that day.
B He said that he had gone/been to see his best friend 15
the previous night/night before. Open answers
C She said that she had been walking to Davids house
when she (had) bumped into Marco. Go through the Frequent Mistakes box.
D He added that he had seen her nearly every day since
he (had) met her.
E She insisted that she had not been arguing with her Reading and Use of English
sister. (pages 142-143)
F He promised that he would be there for my birthday
party. 16
G She said that she was going to arrange her sisters Open answers
graduation party the following/next day.
H He added that he could help me/us choose Janes 17 After doing the exercise, check for any new vocabulary
present. e.g.
I She said that I had to visit our aunt the following/next Paragraph 1:
week. No-Mans-Land
J He said he may/might go into the family business. Paragraph 2:
in their heart of hearts
9
1 For yes/no indirect questions, we use if/whether and 1 C 2 D 3 F 4 G 5 E 6 B A is not needed.
the verb in the affirmative/negative position in the
sentence. 18 If necessary, give students phrases such as:
2 For how/wh questions, we use how/wh to introduce
If I were Id
the clause and the verb in the affirmative/negative
I think they should...
position in the sentence.
Perhaps the best thing would be to...

59

BC13008_0300_U03_054-069.indd 59 13/01/15 15:29


UNIT 14
genealogy. The people who start looking into their
Open answers family history soon find themselves on what I would
say can be likened to a journey that takes them to
places they never before imagined including visits
Writing (page 143) to their familys homeland and learning who they
really were.
19 Im going to tell you, step-by-step, how to get started,
Open answers how to record the information you already know,
where to find the information you dont know, who
20 Elicit what is required in an essay and if necessary, ask you can talk with to get help when the digging gets
students to look at the Writing Bank on page 178 of the tough. I must say at the outset that you must have
Students Book. access to a computer and if you havent got one at
home most libraries have ones which the public can
use, often free of charge.
Open answers Genealogy is a subject or hobby that you will find
grows and grows as you find out more. So the first
step is to begin with yourself. Think of your genealogy
Listening (pages 143-144) as a collection of individuals, your immediate family,
then your extended family and then you start going
8.B

See page 96 for the students recording script. back to your forefathers.
Each of the people you find out about has had a
21 series of easily identified life events. These events
Open answers include the obvious such as birth, christening,

!
education, marriage, military service, employment,
Exam Tip! death, and burial. And it is the first of these that
gives you the best leads because you have records
Go through this with the students. Emphasise the
which tell you about the family into which a person
reasons behind the tip it will help students to
was born.
remember it.
When you begin your project, write down all the
important pieces of information you collect. This
22 Give students time to work in pairs to try to predict what includes who the person involved is, what the event
the answers could be. was and so on. You need evidence that the event
After doing the exercise, ask students to make notes on actually took place. What many people doing
the following useful expressions from the text: genealogy for the first time dont remember to do is
from the outset to make a note of the source of the information. You
burial will need this later as you usually have to come back
fussy to earlier information later in your research.
nickname Now, when you gather information on a person, write
the persons full name, including all middle names
and in addition to the actual name any title that
1 journey might be relevant for example Doctor. This may help
2 computer you especially if it is a common name, for example,
3 yourself John Smith. I know these details may sound
4 birth unnecessarily fussy but they really help in the long
5 source run.
6 title The other tip I have here is that spelling does matter.
7 spelling The name should be exactly as it appears in the
8 quotation marks records you find. In doing research, it is possible that
9 graduation you may find a family name written in two, three, or
10 trail even more different ways. Make a note of any of
these variations; this information may prove valuable
at a later time. Always write a females name using
her family name, never her married name, as this is
Recording script with answers underlined
how you will locate information about her prior to,
Good morning. Im Anthea Wilson and Im just going and after, her marriage. If you only know her married
to give you a few tips about genealogy. Few hobbies, name, then write this in parentheses.
or perhaps I should say passions, offer the reward of Finally, make note of any nicknames that your

60

BC13008_0300_U03_054-069.indd 60 13/01/15 15:29


Family & Friends

research may uncover and write these in quotation 26


marks. If your Uncle Billy was really named William, Open answers
you should write this information as William,
quotation marks Billy, close quotation marks, Anders
Jones. Sometimes this can also serve as a clue to
other potential sources of information.
Grammar (page 145)
Then look for significant events in the persons life. 1
Identify the event as clearly as possible. Dont just 1 preferred 2 was revising 3 had met
give the mere fact. For example, when listing 4 was having /had been having 5 hadnt been
graduation as an event in a persons life, specify talking/hadnt talked 6 would send
which level of graduation is being documented. Of
course this isnt possible with all events such as 2
marriages. Use standard abbreviations for events 1 Alice said she didnt know what I saw/see in Josh.
such as b for birth or bap for baptism. If you develop 2 She said they wouldnt be able to come to the party.
your own abbreviations for events, make sure 3 He said his family had lived in a village before they
someone reading your work one hundred years from moved/had moved into the city.
now will understand what you are writing about. 4 She asked if/whether I was/we were going to
In addition to the event itself, record as much as you Dominics party.
know about the location of the event. For example, a 5 He asked (me) where I had put his phone.
birth may have occurred in a hospital. When 6 They asked how I knew his name.
recording the location of this birth, name the 7 She wanted to know if/whether I/we knew when the
hospital, the town or city, the county, the state, and next train to London left.
even the country if necessary. In following this 8 He asked who I was with last night.
procedure, you will create what I call a trail that you
can follow to locate related sources of information.
You always have to think of the next part of the jigsaw Reading and Use of English
you want to find. So you can see that once started (pages 146-147)
this is research that will occupy you for years.
Part 2
23

1 Mr = Mister used for any adult man
1 Despite 2 own 3 until/till 4 so 5 which
2 Ms, pronounced mizz used for any adult woman 6 of 7 the 8 not
3 Miss used in the past for a young/unmarried girl
4 Dr = Doctor a person with a degree in medicine or a Part 3
PhD
5 Prof = Professor the highest rank of university 1 merely 2 satisfying/satisfactory 3 information
teacher 4 uninterested/disinterested 5 Anytime
6 participation 7 themselves 8 growth
24
Open answers Part 4

1 not//to tell anyone
Speaking (page 144) 2 had spent//more time on
3 was backed//up by
25 Go through the Exam Strategies with the students. 4 to get//used to
5 spite of//his (young) age/youth/being so young/being
much younger
Open answers 6 was called//off

61

BC13008_0300_U03_054-069.indd 61 13/01/15 15:29


UNIT
15 Travel & Ecotravel

Vocabulary areas Travel; Countable and uncountable nouns; Idioms connected with travel
Grammar A lot of/much/many; little/few; Modal verbs: obligation/deduction
Reading and Use of English Space Travellers Exam Tip!
Part 7: Multiple matching
Writing Travel writing W2: Review Exam Strategies
Listening Ecotourism L3: Multiple matching Exam Tip!
Speaking Ideas to attract more tourists S3: Collaborative task Exam Strategies
Reading and Use of English
Part 1: Green Hotel Trend: Wooden Key Cards
Part 3: Bangladesh visit before the tourists come
Part 4: Key word transformation

Warmer (page 148) Hotel On holiday in general


receptionist foreign currency
1 porter safari
Open answers conference facilities trekking
en-suite mountaineering
wellness centre suitcase
Vocabulary (page 149) 4
2 Open answers
Across Down
3 excursion 1 package holiday
4 boarding pass 2 cruise Reading and Use of English
6 reservation 5 vacation (pages 150-151)
9 passport 7 destination
10 luggage 8 budget 5
12 travel agent 11 ferry Open answers

6
3 After students have read the article, check that they
Suggested answers: understand the words below. Then ask them to write five
Air travel Train sentences of their own using any new vocabulary.
purser station Text A: Text C:
pilot departure board underwent defining
check-in barrier clocked up saw action
take off guard Text B: deadline
turbulence driver parachutist Text D:
gate platform revered was assigned
air crew tactical
ground crew

1D 2B 3D 4A 5C 6B 7D 8C 9A 10 B

62

BC13008_0300_U03_054-069.indd 62 13/01/15 15:29


Travel & Ecotravel

! Exam Tip!
14 After doing the listening task, check that students
understand the following vocabulary:
Make sure that students have read and understood the Speaker 1:
tip. kept that in mind
Speaker 2:
green
7 Open answers
perched
steep
Vocabulary (page 151) Speaker 3:
hoards
8 swarm
1 U 2 C 3 U 4 C 5 U 6 U 7 C 8 U (usually) Speaker 4:
9 C 10 C value-for-money
Speaker 5:
9 carbon footprint
1 sadness 2 research 3 baggage 4 air 5 wealth

10 1 D 2 A 3 G 4 E 5 C
Open answers

Go through the Frequent Mistakes box with the class.


Recording script with answers underlined
Grammar (page 152) Speaker 1
A friend of mine had been talking about ecotourism
11 Refer the students to page 155 if necessary. and the effect that mass tourism can have on a
particular environment, so when I started looking for
a holiday I kept that in mind. The company that I
a lot of is used with countable and uncountable nouns in ended up choosing talked a lot about how they
the affirmative bought locally produced food and locally produced
much is used with uncountable nouns in the crafts in their hotels. I liked this idea because it made
interrogative/negative forms me think that at least part of what Id paid would be
many is used with plural countable nouns in the going back into the local economy. The company also
interrogative/negative forms offered holidays in some quite unusual locations so
that was an added bonus!
little is used with uncountable nouns and expresses a
negative idea, e.g. little hope = not much hope Speaker 2
few is used with countable nouns and expresses a
I guess I am what youd call green so I didnt need
negative idea, e.g. few companies = not many
any persuading to look for an eco-holiday. I often go
companies
on holiday with the same group of friends; about 6 of
us. Were all students so we havent got a lot of
Note the difference between few and a few and little and money to spend on holidays but what we all look for
a little; see Students Book page 155. is a holiday thatll take us off the beaten track. We
found a great company that organises holidays to
12
places where you take a train, then bus, and then
Open answers
trek for a few kilometres to get there. Perfect! We
ended up in a small mountain village perched on the
side of a cliff. We certainly got fit staying there
Listening (page 152) because if you went anywhere there was a steep walk
either there or back.
9.B

See page 96 for the students recording script.


Speaker 3
13 Last year I went on a beach holiday and a) it was
Statements 1, 2 and 4 are usually true. boring and b) I felt a bit uncomfortable. You know, it

! Exam Tip!
was one of these popular resorts where there are
hoards of holiday-makers who just seem to take over
Go through this with the students before they do the the whole place. The result is theres very little left of
listening task and make sure that they understand it. the real culture of the place. So this years priority

63

BC13008_0300_U03_054-069.indd 63 13/01/15 15:29


UNIT 15
was not to be part of a swarm of tourists but to look You must not use offensive language in public.
for a company that organises holidays that appeal to You ought to respect the culture at all times.
people who want to avoid the crowds. The interesting
thing is that you can often just go 20 kilometers 19
down the road and you find yourself in the real Open answers
Thailand, India, Spain, or wherever it is.
20
Speaker 4 A I have to get up early tomorrow as my flight to
When I was surfing the Internet I came across this Johannesburg leaves at 6am = the speaker is
site which said they offered real value-for-money stating facts because if he or she doesnt get up
holidays because you stayed with local families. And early, the flight will go without him/her. This
I thought thatd be really cool. When I travel, Im refers to external obligation the time of the flight
really into the food, the music, and the language of determines when the speaker gets up.
the place Im visiting. And sometimes its hard to B The government must do more to protect national
access that you get shows and stuff thats really treasures = the speaker is saying what he or she
just put on for the tourists. I didnt recognise the personally feels/thinks the government must do. This
name of the company so I didnt know what sort of refers to internal obligation the speaker feels part of
reputation they had so I phoned them up. After a democratic government.
chatting to them for about twenty minutes I knew
21
that we had similar ideas about what a holiday
A You mustnt visit a church in a swimsuit = you are not
should be like. So I booked it and it was great.
allowed to wear a swimsuit in a church.
Speaker 5 B You dont have to wear formal clothes when you go to
I think its quite hard to choose a holiday these days. the opera in Verona = it isnt necessary to wear
Everything makes me feel so guilty. If I fly somewhere formal clothes.
Im increasing my carbon footprint, if I drive Im also
22
responsible for an increase in C02 emissions. So I
We had to get up early to catch the ferry.
ended up going on this cycling holiday with my
husband. It was awful. Wed planned a route through 23
all these little villages and we had to cycle for about Open answers
6 or 7 hours every day just to get to the next one.
The roads were often full of other tourist traffic who 24
did not appreciate us being on the same road. By the A 6 B 5 C 3 D 1 E 2 F 4
end of day three, I would have paid anything to
anybody just to get me off that bike into a luxury
25
Open answers
hotel with a swimming pool and five-star service.

15
Open answers Writing (page 154)
26
Vocabulary (page 153) Suggested answers:
1 Make sure you answer the points in the question.
16 2 Organise the content logically into 3/4 paragraphs.
1 E 2 B 3 C 4 H 5 F 6 A 7 G 8 I 3 Write an interesting opening paragraph.
4 Write a closing paragraph with impact.
17 5 Use linkers so that your reader can follow your train of
Open answers thought.
6 Use a variety of verb tenses and make sure that there
arent any mistakes.
Grammar (pages 153-154) 7 Write in an appropriate register.
8 Ensure you hold the attention of your reader.
18
Women must cover up and not wear low tops or short Suggested answers for own tips: Write an interesting
skirts. description of the trip. Give your personal opinion of the
Men should keep their tops on. trip.
You shouldnt smoke, eat, or drink during daylight hours
in public during Ramadan.

64

BC13008_0300_U03_054-069.indd 64 13/01/15 15:29


Travel & Ecotravel

27 The students also wrote reviews in Units 4 and 10. Ask Reading and Use of English
students to look at these pieces of writing and your
marks and comments so that they can take these into (pages 156-157)
consideration when writing this review.
Part 1


1 C 2 A 3 D 4 A 5 D 6 B 7 D 8 B
Open answers
Part 3

Speaking (page 154) 1 ignored 2 adventurous 3 relatively
4 unforgettable 5 necessarily 6 hospitable
Go through the Exam Strategies with the students.
7 destination 8 attention

28 Part 4
Open answers
29 You could ask the students to present their suggestions 1 twice//as much 2 to//his advice
in groups of six/eight or to the whole class. Monitor their 3 far as//Im/I am concerned 4 have//a tendency
pronunciation, delivery and language use. 5 made me//lose my 6 didnt/did not//run out of


Open answers

Grammar (page 155)


1
1 shouldnt/ought not to/mustnt 2 mustnt
3 dont have to 4 should/ought to/must
5 must/should 6 have to/must

2
1 will/must 2 must 3 may/might/could 4 may/might
5 must have

65

BC13008_0300_U03_054-069.indd 65 13/01/15 15:29


UNIT
16 Health &
Happiness

Vocabulary areas Health; Prepositional phrases; Ways of laughing


Grammar Causative
Reading and Use of English The Power of laughter
Part 5: Multiple choice Exam Strategies
Writing Health and happiness W2: Report Exam Strategies
Listening An interview with a fitness professional L4: Multiple choice Exam Strategies
Speaking A healthy life S4: Discussion Exam Strategies
Reading and Use of English
Part 1: The worlds happiest country
Part 2: Life lessons from the Worlds Happiest Man
Part 3: Key word transformation

Warmer (page 158)


1C 2C 3B 4C 5B 6A 7A
1 Open answers
Recording script with answers underlined
Interviewer: Thank you for coming in to talk to us
Listening (page 159) today, Donna, about getting fit. First, do you think
that most people should be doing more exercise?
10.B

See page 97 for the students recording script.


Donna: Absolutely. I own a chain of gyms and we
have a lot of people coming to us for advice. And
2 what I see is people who have hectic schedules in
Suggested answers: their lives. They have jobs where theyre being asked
1 wrist, elbow, knee, ankle, knuckles to do more and more in the same amount of time.
2 Show biceps (upper arm), thigh or calf (lower leg) Then they dash home to look after children or
muscles grandparents. They spend hours driving their kids to
3 breathing after-school activities. Its no wonder they feel under
4 backbone, spinal column, vertebral column pressure they are! And exercise relieves that.
5 demonstrate stretching arms, standing up and
Interviewer: So what do you say to convince people
bending
that they have to do something about their health?
6 treat an illness and cause it to go away
Donna: Well, when I start talking to people they
3 nearly always seem to know that inactivity can mean
Open answers that they start piling on the kilos. And theres a lot of
information around about looking after your heart. I
4 Optional exercise. Photocopy the recording script and think the governments done a great job in raising
after doing the exercise, ask the students to underline awareness about that. But what people dont seem
any words or expressions they are not sure about in the to realise is that insomnia can be cured by taking
recording script. Ask them to discuss what they might appropriate exercise. This may seem a trivial problem
mean with a partner and then to check with you that but if you cant get quality rest at night, the negative
their definitions are right this can be done as a class effects are cumulative.
activity.
66

BC13008_0300_U03_054-069.indd 66 13/01/15 15:30


Health & Happiness

Interviewer: And is it getting harder to get children risk of injury, so following the rules makes you safer.
to do exercise? To my mind, its the less sensational injuries that are
Donna: Before I started working in the health caused by doing a sport badly that happen most
business, I would have said that children who have frequently. By that I mean not holding your body or
parents who are keen on tennis or golf would be the your equipment in the right way. Often its the
most important factor in determining whether a child repetition of this faulty action that results in
takes up sport or not, but thats not the case. excessive load on tissues and subsequent injury.
Because many children have access to the Internet Interviewer: Thank you, Donna for all
and they watch TV, they know a lot about the top
sportspeople and a child only has to see a sports- 5
person as someone to admire and emulate and the 1 Read the instructions and the questions carefully.
child wants to do sport. He or she will join the school 2 Mark your answers lightly on the question paper.
sports team and make friends with similar interests. Dont worry if youre not sure about an answer. You
will hear the recording again.
Interviewer: Thats good because they learn how to
3 Check your first answers and answer all the
do it properly.
questions. If you have not answered one, guess. You
Donna: Yes. People are generally good about doing are not penalised for wrong answers.
some exercises before they start to get the joints and 4 You have to write a word or phrase you hear on the
muscles working. And in all honesty, with running for recording as your answer for Part 2.
example, you cant just go out and run a marathon, 5 You can write your answers on the question paper
so you increase your distance gradually. What I find while you listen. At the end of the recording, you have
people overlook though is doing some bends and 5 minutes to transfer them onto the Answer sheet.
stretches before they go and have their shower. This You must use a pencil.
is important to stop you feeling stiff the next day.
Interviewer: So would you say that running is a good
sport for all-round fitness? Vocabulary (page 160)
Donna: Although its good for your lungs and
obviously your legs, I think other sports should be 6 Depending on your class, you may be able to discuss
considered, like swimming or playing football, cancer, diabetes, SARS, EBOLA or AIDS.
although the former is only good for you if you do it
properly with your head in the water and your spine
in a line otherwise you can get lower back problems. Suggested answers:
A lot of people suggest walking but to me its a bit toothache can be caused by tooth decay
like running only not as effective. So Id go for a measles and chicken pox are caused by viruses
team sport like the one we mentioned. Its a good a cough can be caused by an inflamed throat
all-body workout and you have fun. an upset stomach can be caused by eating bad food
Interviewer: And how do we know how much exercise 7 Some of these phrasal verbs are listed on page 188 of
to do? the Students Book. Make sure that by the end of your
Donna: Good question. The government recommends course, students know all the verbs on page 188.
one hour of physical activity a day. And this activity Point out that nurse in answer A is a verb.
should be of at least moderate intensity. But I think
if you can manage something more strenuous, and
you can do that on two days a week, thats even 1 F 2 D 3 A 4 B 5 C
better. Activities that are weight-bearing are good.
Interestingly, a recent report by medical experts says 8 Point out to the students that these expressions are
an hours activity a day isnt enough. If you want to usually preceded by the verbs given in the sentences. In
avoid heart disease and obesity, you need to do 90 sentence 3 to black out is a verb.
minutes exercise a day.
Interviewer: And although I dont want to end on a
pessimistic note, whats the most common cause of 1 was in really bad shape = in poor physical condition
injury? 2 looks like a bag of bones = extremely thin
Donna: The ones we hear about in the news are 3 blacked out = lost consciousness
always traumatic injuries. These are usually the 4 I am feeling off colour = look/feel ill
result of impact and collisions, and generally theres 5 they are back on their feet again = physically healthy
not much you can do to prevent them. But in most again
games one of the aims of the rules is to reduce the 6 He looks run down = in poor physical condition

67

BC13008_0300_U03_054-069.indd 67 13/01/15 15:30


UNIT 16
Grammar (pages 160-161) Reading and Use of English
9 Refer the students to the Grammar Bank on page 165 of (pages 162-163)
the Students Book If necessary. 15
N.B. Very often have and get are interchangeable but get is Open answers
slightly less formal than have.
16 Ask the students to underline any words or expressions
in the reading text that they are not sure about. Ask
1 The action is done by someone else. them to discuss what the words might mean with a
2 + object + past participle partner and then to check with you that their definitions
are right the latter could be done as a class activity.
10
1 have/get it cleaned.

2 have/get your car serviced?
1 A 2 C 3 B 4 C 5 C 6 D
3 did you have/get it cut?
4 have/get her photograph taken. 17
Open answers
11
Suggested answers: Exam Strategies
1 Shes going to have/get her eyes checked/tested.
1 There are 7 parts.
2 Im going to have/get my wisdom teeth looked at/
Part 1 is a multiple-choice cloze. It has 8 questions
checked.
and each question has 4 options.
3 Shes going to have/get her blood tested.
Part 2 is an open cloze. There are 8 gaps. You have to
OR Shes going to have/get a blood test taken.
insert one word only for each gap.
4 She is going to have/get her ankle X-rayed.
Part 3 is word formation. There are 8 gaps - each one
5 Hes going to have his back looked at by a
corresponding to a word. The stem of the missing
chiropractor.
word is given beside the text and must be changed to
Go through the Frequent Mistakes box with the class. form the missing word.
Part 4 is key word transformation. There are 6
separate items, each with a lead-in sentence and a
Vocabulary (page 161) gapped second sentence to be completed in two to
five words, one of which is a given key word.
12 Point out to the students that you can also say by the Part 5 is a multiple-choice task. It has 6 questions
end but that this will not be practised in exercise 13. and each question has 4 options.
Part 6 is a gapped text. You have to match sentences
to gaps in the text.
1 on 6 in Part 7 is multiple matching. You have to match
2 to 7 at prompts to elements in the text(s).
3 in 8 in 2 Parts 1-3: each correct answer receives 1 mark.
4 at 9 at/in Part 4: each correct answer receives 2 marks.
5 by 10 at/in Parts 5-6: each correct answer receives 2 marks.
Part 7: each correct answer receives 1 mark.
13 3 It is important to read the title of the texts because it
1 to some extent 6 in hospital helps you predict the content; it gets you ready for
2 on purpose 7 in common the text.
3 by accident 8 In the end 4 If you dont know the meaning of a word in a text, you
4 At the end 9 at the hospital should try to deduce its meaning from the context.
5 at all 10 in any case

14
1 out 5 at
Speaking (page 164)
2 under 6 by 18 Go through phrases A-D with the students checking that
3 for 7 out they understand them all.
4 below 8 on

Open answers

68

BC13008_0300_U03_054-069.indd 68 13/01/15 15:30


Health & Happiness

19 organisation cohesion and coherence


Suggested answers: appropriacy of register and style
1 Candidates take the test in pairs unless there is an the target reader being informed
uneven number of candidates. In that case the last 5 & 6 Open answers
test may be a group of three.
2 There are 4 parts.
3 Part 1 is a conversation between the interlocutor and
Grammar (page 165)
each candidate. 1
Part 2 is the individual long turn where each 1 had the hotel rebuilt
candidate has to talk about a pair of pictures. The 2 am having it repaired
candidate who is listening is also asked a question 3 had his mobile phone stolen
and should give a brief response. 4 have just had the door painted
Part 3 is a two-way conversation between the 5 should have/get your hair cut
candidates. The candidates are given spoken 6 am having my laptop updated
instructions with written stimuli, which are used in
discussion and decision-making tasks. 2
Part 4 is a more in-depth discussion of the topic of 1 playing
Part 3 with your partner, responding to questions 2 was walking, met
asked by the interlocutor. 3 Have you ever been
4 one minute 4 has been running/ran
5 Grammar and vocabulary, discourse management, 5 used to live, moved
pronunciation, and interactive communication. The 6 is catching/is going to catch/will catch
assessor gives individual marks for each of these 7 wear, makes/itll make/will make
categories and the interlocutor gives a global mark. 8 were/was, d buy/would buy
9 leave, well miss/were going to miss/we are going to
miss
10 passed/has passed, had/has been studying
Writing (page 164) 11 I might/may/(could), m/am
20 12 Id applied/had applied, Id have got/would have got
Open answers an interview.
13 was written
21 Ask the students to look at the Writing Bank on page 14 Id seen/had seen
182 of the Students Book before they write the report. 15 Its been/has been/was/is, have to/must /need to/
You could also review the language of suggestions and should/ought to
recommendations. For example: 16 m having it cut/m going to have it cut/
If I were you, I would... m getting it cut
Have you considered/thought about...
I suggest/recommend you do/you should do/doing...
It would be better if we... etc. Reading and Use of English
(pages 166-167)

Open answers Part 1

22
1 2 1 A 2 C 3 D 4 B 5 A 6 D 7 B 8 D
2 Yes, Part 1. Part 2
3 If you write too many words, it probably means you
are including material which is not relevant and you 1 that 2 off/out 3 as 4 out 5 have 6 downs
could lose marks because of this. The examiner 7 in 8 to
draws a line at the approximate place where the
correct length is reached and directs close Part 4
assessment to what comes before this. However,
credit is given for relevant work which comes later. If 1 to avoid//hitting
your answer is too short, the examiner adjusts the 2 to prevent people//(from) walking
maximum mark and the mark given proportionately. 3 with so//much skill
4 You should answer the question and show evidence of: 4 ought//to have taken
accuracy and range of grammar 5 from Robert//nobody (else) has
range and appropriacy of vocabulary 6 old enough//to look after

69

BC13008_0300_U03_054-069.indd 69 13/01/15 15:30


Banks
this huge bill Well, where did it say that? No,
Reading and Use of English thats not good enough, Im afraid. Im not paying
(pages 168-177) anything until someone can explain to me, in person,
why I should. Ill come by some time this afternoon. I
Part 1
hope the manager is available, but Ill talk to
1 D 2 C 3 B 4 D 5 A 6 C 7 C 8 B
someone else if necessary.
Part 2
Part 2
1 In 2 will 3 as 4 Moreover/Further/Furthermore
9 critics 10 (great) economic decline 11 (museums)
5 if 6 their 7 not 8 which
construction 12 award-winning
Part 3

12.B

1 education 2 enthusiastic 3 essential
4 underline 5 impossible 6 successful Presenter: and with the time coming up to a quarter to
7 themselves 8 completion nine, its time to hear from Sean Ryan again, as he takes
a look at another of the worlds great architectural
Part 4 masterpieces.
1 apologised for//having been/being Sean Ryan: Few buildings exist which have an equally
2 would rather//eat high approval rating among critics, architects and the
3 been put off/till/until general public. The Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao is
4 lorry was being driven undoubtedly one. When the decision was taken in 1981
5 not having//been able to to ask the Guggenheim Foundation in New York to open a
6 looks up//to museum in Bilbao, this once thriving industrial city was in
great economic decline. As the Basque government also
Part 5
offered to fund the museums construction and subsidise
31 C 32 B 33 D
its running costs, it was a very risky but forward-thinking
Part 6 undertaking. Set on the river and designed by the
37 D 38 C 39 E 40 A sentence B is not needed award-winning architect, Frank Gehry, construction
began in 1993 and immediately caught the publics
Part 7 attention. At first, people were unsure what to make of it.
43 C 44 A 45 C 46 B 47 A 48 B
Part 3
1 F 2 B 3 D A, C and E are not needed
Listening (pages 183-186)
13.B


Part 1 1 
Man: Now that was a bad day! Id been with the kids
1 C 2 B all morning and theyd been driving me crazy, as
usual! So Id taken them to the park to burn off some
11.B

of that energy. Id taken off my jacket and was sitting


1 Woman: So, how did it go? on a bench, enjoying the sun Anyway suddenly
Man: Well, I couldnt say really. I knew they were only there was this yelling and shouting, so I raced over
interviewing a few people for the post, so I thought I it turned out to be nothing. of course, but by the time
stood a pretty good chance before it even started. I got back it had gone! I dont know how I could have
The interview went well, as far as I could tell there been so stupid. I mean, thats not like me at all! It had
werent too many awkward questions, either, which everything in it my phone, cards, keys, everything.
certainly makes a change. My partner wasnt very impressed! It took me days to
Woman: Well, that doesnt sound too bad, does it? sort out.
Man: I suppose not. But then, you know, the more I 2 
Woman: I used to have a bracelet that I wore
found out about what the post actually involves, the everywhere. Friends were always teasing me about it,
less appealing it sounded. So, I guess I might have to saying that it had been permanently attached to me
keep looking after all. at birth, like some sort of name tag or something.
2 Woman: Look, Im very sorry, but I just dont see what Anyway, one afternoon I looked down and it wasnt
you mean. When I got this new phone for my there. I looked everywhere but it had simply vanished.
daughter, which I thought was really good value at I guess it must have got caught on something or just
the time, you told me the contract included all fallen off somewhere without my noticing. It was just
charges. So I dont understand why Ive suddenly got very unlucky, but I was devastated still am in fact
Its silly really I doubt it was worth very much. Its

70

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 70 13/01/15 15:32


Banks

just that my aunt had given it to me, so it had a lot of reputation for pushing participants to their limits; you
sentimental value. must both be exhausted.
3 
Man: I knew I shouldnt have trusted him. He promised
David: Yeah, it was pretty intense, to tell the truth. I still
to look after it, but I had my doubts from the beginning
cant quite believe its over, actually. You know, I really
well, hes a good mate and everything, but being
didnt know much about any of it when we started. Its
careful with things is not one of his strong points, you
just amazing how much we covered in such a short
know what I mean? Anyway, sure enough, when I
space of time, isnt it?
asked for it back, he just looked at me blankly and
asked what I was going on about Well, I can laugh Megan: Oh absolutely! From acting to directing to editing,
about it now, but at the time it wasnt funny. Still, it we did it all. And I dont mean from the comfort of a
made me realise youve got to take responsibility for classroom, either, this was hands on stuff from Day one!
looking after the things you value. You cant expect It would have all seemed a little scary if the teachers
other people to do it for you. hadnt been so experienced and supportive.

Part 4 David: I couldnt agree more, all the staff there were
24 B 25 A 26 C absolutely first class. I did feel though, that we could
have done a little more backroom technical work, like
14.B

lighting or sound, you know? That side of things really


interests me and, although what we did was probably
Interviewer: And now Im very pleased to introduce David
useful, it was a little bit basic, in my opinion.
Thomas and Megan Parker, two young actors in the
making, who have just completed a one-week intensive Megan: Oh I dont know: first you have to master the
course at the acclaimed Drama School here in town. basics if you truly want to become a master yourself.
David, Megan, welcome. The Drama School has a Wasnt that one of the key messages of the course?

71

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 71 13/01/15 15:32


Language Maximiser Answer key
Unit 1 (page 4) Unit 2 (page 8)

Education & The Mind People & Success


1 1 during the holidays 2 next 3 every night Page 8
4 whenever 5 when 6 every day 7 in the mornings
8 often 1
B A L D
1 2

2 1 dont wear 2 think 3 complain A G


3

4 am using / is staying 5 are studying 6 smells 4


T R
A
5
I N E R S
7 has 8 leaves / does it get R K E
D A M P B A G G Y
6 7 8

3 1 D 2 G 3 I 4 J 5 H 6 B 7 F 8 E 9 C 10 A
L S S
9

S C R U F F Y C A P
10 11

4 1 a 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 a 7 a 8 - 9 an
10 - 11 - 12 a 13 - 14 the 15 a 16 - 17 the H M I
A P I N K R K
12 13

18 - 19 a 20 a
B A G T I N Y
14 15

5 1 C 2 A 3 E 4 G 5 I 6 B 7 H 8 J 9 F B P
10 D 16
Y O U
17
T H P
I D Y E D
18

6 1 out 2 off 3 for 4 after 5 up 6 out 7 after L


19
I G H T D
8 on 9 off 10 up
H
T

Reading and Use of English 2 1 was singing 2 enjoyed 3 was having 4 started
5 were producing 6 thought 7 opened
Part 4
8 wasnt breathing 9 turned 10 was feeling
1 the most interesting 2 such an untidy bedroom
11 was fixing 12 slipped 13 admired 14 found
3 cant/cannot wait to start 4 since Emily (last) saw
15 were seeing
5 whose tablet 6 cant/cannot stand getting

3 1 set about 2 dropped off 3 came up 4 done up


5 cut down 6 turned out 7 put on 8 to put off
Listening
Part 3
1 B 2 D 3 A 4 G 5 E
Reading and Use of English
Part 1
1 B 2 C 3 A 4 D 5 B 6 C 7 D 8 B

Reading and Use of English


Part 5
1 A 2 C 3 B 4 A 5 A 6 D

72

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 72 13/01/15 15:32


Language Maximiser Answer key

Unit 3 (page 12) 5 1 wasnt it? 2 didnt you? 3 doesnt he? 4 did
he? 5 can you? 6 wouldnt you? 7 hasnt it?
Society & Equality 8 arent I?

1 1 yet 2 How long 3 last week 4 How long 6 1 So do I. 2 So will I. 3 Nor can I. 4 So have I.
5 for two weeks 6 last year 7 since 8 for two weeks 5 Nor will I. 6 Nor am I. 7 Nor did I. 8 So have I.

2 1 didnt see 2 havent heard 3 has just gone/s just


gone 4 knew 5 didnt like 6 fancied 7 thought Reading and Use of English
8 wanted 9 has been living/s been living 10 have
been going out/ve been going out 11 have decided/ Part 3
ve decided 12 have been playing/ve been playing/ 1 known 2 essentially 3 followers 4 response
have played/ve played 5 necessity 6 length 7 similarity 8 exchange

3 1 impolite 2 anti-social 3 outlook 4 overslept


5 misinterpreted 6 unwise 7 disappeared Listening
8 intolerant 9 irrelevant
Part 1
1 A 2 C 3 B 4 B 5 C 6 A 7 B 8 B
4
ship ness ity dom hood al ance tion
friendship happiness scarcity freedom brotherhood arrival irrelevance aspiration
membership sadness ability boredom childhood denial brilliance fascination
citizenship baldness necessity wisdom motherhood survival annoyance creation
kindness curiosity kingdom removal acceptance narration

Unit 4 (page 16)

Entertainment
& Sociability
1 1 used to be 2 didnt use to go 3 used to have 5 1 stunning 2 creative 3 wooden 4 tedious
4 use to sell 5 used to play 6 usually walks 7 used 5 creative 6 gripping 7 disappointed 8 imaginary
to have 8 used to believe

2 1 more 2 most 3 as 4 much 5 worse 6 far


7 younger 8 from
Reading and Use of English
Part 2
3 1 the town red 2 out of the loop 3 scared stiff 4 hair 1 in 2 who 3 takes 4 to 5 are 6 about/around
stand on end 5 barking up the wrong tree 6 hair 7 as 8 when/if
down 7 in a cold sweat 8 no wonder

4 1 film 2 audience 3 Channel 4 funny 5 fun Reading and Use of English


6 conductor 7 rehearsal 8 hero 9 performance
10 costumes Part 7
1 D 2 B 3 B 4 C 5 D 6 A 7 C 8 B 9 A 10 D

73

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 73 13/01/15 15:32


Language Maximiser Answer key

Unit 5 (page 20) 3 1 G 2 A 3 F 4 H 5 C 6 D 7 B 8 E

The Environment 4 1 its 2 parents 3 girls 4 elses 5 Marys


6 childrens
& New Technologies
5 1 outfit 2 trouser-suit 3 linen/silk 4 linen/silk
1 1 is going to fall 2 will be able 3 are going to drive 5 shirt 6 plain 7 scarf 8 necklace 9 buttons
4 will carry 5 will get 6 are meeting 7 Are you going
10 size 11 zip
to paint 8 am seeing

2 1 will have eaten 2 will be flying 3 will be wearing


4 will have finished 5 will have planted 6 will still be Reading and Use of English
standing 7 will still be doing 8 will have spent
Part 1
1 A 2 B 3 C 4 D 5 A 6 C 7 D 8 B
3 1 J 2 F 3 G 4 E 5 A 6 D 7 C 8 B 9 H 10 I

4 1 icy 2 windy 3 showery 4 snowy 5 cloudy


6 breezy 7 foggy 8 stormy 9 chilly 10 humid
Reading and Use of English
Part 6
5 1 put a severe strain on 1 G 2 B 3 E 4 F 5 A 6 D
2 hadnt bargained for
3 Keep your hair on
4 will have broken new ground
5 up your efforts
6 meet that target
Unit 7 (page 28)

Sport & Competition


7 get it off the ground

1 1 tennis, court 2 horse-riding, hard hat


Reading and Use of English 3 skiing, slopes 4 hockey, pitch, sticks 5 golf,
Part 4 course 6 swimming, goggles 7 squash, badminton
1 used to go 2 thinks its/it is unlikely 3 since it (in any order)
started 4 did not/didnt leave on 5 is the weather like
6 in case it 2 1 spectators 2 runner-up 3 break 4 competitors
5 umpire 6 away 7 beat 8 love

Listening 3 1 nerves get the better of me 2 cant be bothered to


3 feel uptight 4 have loads of stamina 5 bad news
Part 4 6 moaning and groaning 7 havent looked back
1 A 2 C 3 A 4 C 5 B 6 B 7 C 8 wouldnt take no for an answer
9 driving himself into the ground

4 1 be able to 2 was able to 3 couldnt 4 could


5 couldnt/wasnt able to 6 be able to 7 could
Unit 6 (page 24)
8 Could

Fashion & Status 5 1 B 2 C 3 A 4 B 5 A 6 C 7 A


Page 24

1 1 would 2 will never be 3 Ill fetch 4 lets 5 will


wear Reading and Use of English
Part 4
2 1 got undressed 2 changes into 3 wear suits 1 from Brenda, all 2 spite of the fact 3 level of
4 fit 5 dressed up wearing 6 grow out of fitness/fitness level 4 has made a 5 see the point
7 take off put (it) on 8 dressed 9 dress of/much/any point in 6 totally worn out

74

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 74 13/01/15 15:32


Language Maximiser Answer key

Listening Reading and Use of English


Part 2 Part 3
1 (swimming) coach/trainer 2 teamwork 3 eleven/11 1 worrying 2 Similarly 3 reduction 4 criminals
4 approach 5 handstand 6 flight 7 toes 8 angle 5 reliable 6 significance 7 unsafe 8 improvement
9splash10hair(-)ties

Listening
Part 3
Unit 8 (page 32)
1 H 2 G 3 A 4 B 5 F; C, D and E are not needed

Crime & Punishment


1a CRIME
1 shoplifting 2 vandalism 3 hijacking 4 forgery Unit 9 (page 36)
5 smuggling 6 burglary 7 robbery 8 kidnapping
9 fraud 10 assault 11 murder Food & Food Issues
CRIMINAL
1 1 kettle 2 blender 3 whisk 4 grinder 5 peeler
1 shoplifter 2 vandal 3 hijacker 4 forger
6 frying-pan 7 microwave 8 lid
5 smuggler 6 burglar 7 robber 8 kidnapper
9 fraudster 10 assailant 11 murderer
2 preparing: chopsqueezegratecutpeelslice
VERB melt
1 shoplift 2 vandalise 3 hijack 4 forge mixing: stirbeatwhiskadd
5 smuggle 6 burgle 7 rob 8 kidnap cooking: boilbakesteamfryheat
9 defraud 10 assault 11 murder

1b 1 murder 2 kidnapping 3 mugging 4 burglary 3 1 with 2 on 3 to for 4 in 5 for 6 in 7 on


5 robbery 6 hijacking 7 vandalism 8 shoplifting
4 1 go 2 pinch 3 cool 4 pod 5 piece 6 spill
2 1 reach 2 committed 3 dismissed 4 reported
5 imposed 6 received 7 arrest 8 Breaking 5 1 B 2 A 3 C 4 D 5 D 6 B

3 1 had slept 2 had been running 3 had broken


4 had stolen had towed 5 had been using had Reading and Use of English
scratched 6 had got 7 had only piloted 8 had been
fighting Part 4
1 the first time (that)
4 1 get used to driving on the left 2 Im used to the birds 2 had run out of
singing 3 got used to wearing high heels 4 get used 3 was fascinated by
to wearing contact lenses 5 getting used to driving a 4 to get used to
car with gears 6 get used to all the insects 5 lay the table

5a 1 inappropriate 2 unacceptable 3 disadvantage


4 unlikely 5 re-offend 6 ex-policeman Reading and Use of English
7 encouraged 8 unconvinced 9 over-confident
10 disappeared 11 unclear 12 superintendent Part 5
1 B 2 C 3 B 4 D 5 A 6 A
5b 1 a 2 a 3 c 4 a 5 b 6 c 7 a 8 a 9 a
10 b 11 a 12 c

6 A 3 B 4 C 1 D 2 E 12 F 6 G 8 H 7 I 9
J 10 K 5 L 11

75

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 75 13/01/15 15:32


Language Maximiser Answer key

Unit 10 (page 40) Reading and Use of English


Nature & Endangered Part 2
1 what 2 yourself 3 off 4 way 5 give 6 in
Species 7 do 8 so

1 1 Despite 2 due to 3 Although 4 as long as


5 In addition to 6 Whilst 7 therefore 8 Whats
more 9 Unless
Reading and Use of English
Part 7
2 1 poses 2 drawn up 3 putting 4 gave in to 1 A 2 B 3 A 4 D 5 C 6 D 7 B 8 C 9 C
5 raise 6 focused 7 adopt 10 B

3 1 dog 2 pigeons 3 pigs 4 horse 5 sheep


6 bull 7 duck 8 wolf

4 1 working 2 smoking 3 to pick up 4 closing Unit 12 (page 48)


5 taking 6 to meet 7 to take
Youth Culture
5 1 with 2 on 3 about 4 with 5 of 6 about 7 of
& Changing Values
1 1 had known 2 wouldnt have gone 3 had read
Reading and Use of English 4 would have put 5 hadnt drunk 6 wouldnt have met

Part 1 2 1 hadnt eaten 2 could speak 3 hadnt told


1 B 2 A 3 B 4 C 5 D 6 A 7 C 8 B 4 had 5 had worked 6 wouldnt

3 1 as long as 2 in case 3 What if 4 If only


Listening 5 in case 6 unless

Part 1
1 C 2 A 3 A 4 C 5 B 6 C 7 C 8 B
4 1 C 2 D 3 B 4 E 5 G 6 F 7 K 8 J 9 I
10 H 11 M 12 N 13 L 14 Q 15 O 16 P
17 R 18 V 19 U 20 T 21 S

5 1 took up 2 turned into 3 put off 4 setting aside


5 make out 6 taking on 7 looked after 8 put up with
Unit 11 (page 44)

Work & Job Satisfaction 6 1 C 2 E 3 F 4 G 5 D 6 B 7 A

1 1 overtime 2 a strike 3 retired 4 a job 5 the sack


6 flexi-time Reading and Use of English
2 1 C 2 B 3 A 4 C 5 D Part 3
1 behaviour 2 social 3 unacceptable 4 arguments
3 1 D 2 B 3 F 4 A 5 H 6 C 7 E 8 G 5 developments 6 thought 7 division 8 invention

4 1 G 2 C 3 L 4 K 5 D 6 A 7 J 8 E 9 H
10 B 11 F 12 I Listening
1 Russia 2 sailors 3 chest 4 bravery 5 flash
5 1 A 2 C 3 A 4 B 5 D 6 hand 7 criminals 8 TV/television program(me)s
9 thirty-two/32 10 west

76

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 76 13/01/15 15:32


Language Maximiser Answer key

Unit 13 (page 52) Unit 14 (page 56)

Festival & Globalisation Family & Friends


1 1 was performed 2 has been practised 3 was built 1 1 neighbour 2 colleague 3 acquaintance
4 will be held 5 is grown 6 was founded 7 was 4 sibling 5 in-law 6 pal 7 mate 8 nephew
discovered 8 is being drunk/is drunk 9 was invented
10 have been served 2 Positive: get on with look up to take to
see eye to eye with be on the same wavelength
2 1 road 2 need 3 event 4 fashion 5 nuisance Negative: be at odds with split up go off
6 figures 7 quantity 8 exhibition fall out fair-weather friend break up

3 1 attendance rates 2 fuel bills 3 food fads 3 1 fair-weather friend 2 being on the same wavelength
4 security risks 5 noise problem 6 sports events 3 break up 4 took to 5 split up 6 see eye to eye
7 crash helmets 8 blues festival 7 get on with 8 look up to 9 be at odds with
10 went off 11 fell out
4 1 outcome 2 offbeat 3 uproar 4 uprising
5 outlet 6 outcry 7 outbreak 8 offspring 9 outline 4 1 tell said 2 havent spoken 3 said 4 asked
5 talked 6 speak saying
5 1 outlet 2 outbreak 3 offbeat 4 outline
5 uproar 6 outcry 7 uprising 8 offspring 5 1 David invited Lucas and his girlfriend to their
9 outcome house-warming party the following Saturday.
2 Roberta threatened to ground her son for a week if he
6 1 firework 2 bonfires 3 burning 4 effigy didnt tidy up his room at once.
5 conspiracy 6 blow up 7 gunpowder 8 attend 3 Mary reminded her friend to water the plants while
9 majority 10 involvement 11 assassinate she was away.
4 Lucy offered to test Janet on her irregular French
7 1 Christmas Day 2 Easter 3 Australia Day verbs.
4 Boxing Day 5 New Years Eve 6 Halloween 5 The policeman warned the motorist that there was a
7 Thanksgiving big hold-up ahead and that all traffic must turn off
there.
6 Amy advised Peter to try to make up with Susan.

Reading and Use of English


Part 4
Reading and Use of English
1 is being interviewed by 2 was awarded first Part 1
3 would not/wouldnt recognise Glenda 4 are not/arent 1 B 2 C 3 D 4 A 5 D 6 B 7 C 8 A
allowed to open 5 was delayed by 6 has been put off

Reading and Use of English


Listening
Part 7
Part 4 1 D 2 C 3 B 4 A 5 D 6 C 7 B 8 A 9 A
1 C 2 A 3 A 4 C 5 B 6 C 7 B 10 C

77

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 77 13/01/15 15:32


Language Maximiser Answer key

Unit 15 (page 60) Unit 16 (page 64)

Travel & Ecotravel Health & Happiness


1 1 drive 2 long 3 flight 4 trip 5 crossing 1 Protection for injuries: plaster dressing bandage
6 way 7 Travel 8 route Symptoms and problems: cough headache
runny nose sore throat fever rash swelling
2 1 B 2 B 3 A 4 B 5 C 6 D 7 D 8 A 9 D Medicines: lozengepainkillerpilltabletsyrup
ointmentantibioticaspirin
3 1 mustnt Illnesses: chicken-poxpneumoniaflumeasles
2 dont have to mumps
3 must
4 must 2 1 admitted 2 Accident & Emergency 3 temperature
5 shouldnt 4 pain 5 examined 6 surgery 7 ward 8 surgery
6 mustnt 9 nurse 10 dressing 11 stitches 12 surgeon
7 shouldnt 13 check-up

4 1 a few > few 3 1 I have had it extracted. 2 Im having my bedroom


2 much > plenty of redecorated. 3 Im having/going to have my ears
3 many > lots/a lot of pierced. 4 He should have his eyes tested. 5 I had it
4 much > many x-rayed. 6 I asked him if I could have them
5 few > little photocopied. 7 I want to have the house cleaned from
6 lots of > many top to bottom. 8 Why dont you have it dyed?
5 1 boarding card G
2 suitcase F 4 1 set off ones asthma 2 cut down on fats and sugars
3 liquids H 3 go down with flu 4 come out in a rash 5 pick up a
4 security B virus 6 do in ones back 7 come round from an
5 notice-board C anaesthetic
6 excess baggage costs D
7 shuttle A 5 1 wouldnt have gone 2 will be holding 3 used to be
8 departure lounge E 4 was having 5 will have 6 had only had
7 had taken 8 wasnt built 9 will have melted 10 is

Reading and Use of English


Part 2 Reading and Use of English
1 get 2 more 3 as 4 Because 5 where
Part 3
6 have 7 up 8 if
1 ensure 2 essential 3 residence 4 illness
5 challenging 6 (e)specially 7 medical 8 majority

Reading and Use of English


Part 6 Listening Part 2
1 C 2 B 3 G 4 E 5 D 6 A
1 non-contact (sport) 2 skipping rope 3 pointless
4 confidence 5 music 6 stomach pains 7 legs
8 seventy-five/75 pounds 9 a tracksuit 10 discipline

78

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 78 13/01/15 15:32


Additional exercises
Additional exercises (pages 68-73) 4 1 Greg picked it up for her.
2 He stayed at home to look after her.
Verb Tenses 3 So she turned it off again.
4 He decided to try them on.
1 1 beat 2 got/disappeared 3 saw/decided 5 She should throw them out.
4 flooded/had 5 apologised/forgave 6 broke/fell 6 Now she has got to pay him back.
7 gave/forbade 8 insisted/knew/told
5 1 turned down Ollies 2 to give up going 3 came
across a wasps nest 4 crossed out the information
2 1 begun 2 brought 3 blew 4 bought 5 ridden 5 give away 6 feel up to going 7 takes after her
6 caught 7 shook 8 had 9 chosen 10 drawn mother 8 pick her up

3 1 lent/forgotten 2 swum 3 threw 4 taught 6 1 up 2 out 3 off 4 away 5 in 6 down


5 swept 6 hung 7 hidden 8 stung

4 1 is still doing/has still not finished doing


2 was Simons first 3 years since Sam went
4 did it take to drive 5 had never seen
Linking Words
6 was given a prize by
1 1 in spite 2 in order 3 in contrast 4 in case
5 in other 6 in the same 7 In view 8 in fact
5 1 taught 2 brought 3 spelled/spelt 4 written
5 forbidden 6 thought 7 cut 8 led 9 built 10 fed
2 1 As well as 2 namely 3 After 4 so as 5 Although
6 Since 7 Whats more 8 On the contrary
6 1 do you get 2 doesnt speak 3 is looking forward
4 gets a lift 5 Do you know 6 is trying 7 has been
making8 never enjoys9 was carrying10 is looking 3 1 addition 2 for 3 well 4 contrast 5 As
6 Although/While/Whilst 7 more, long 8 soon
9 longer 10 whereas/while/whilst
7 1 Glen said (that) Tom was going to lend him a bike.
2 Rachel said (that) she thought the team would win
that day.
3 Ian asked Pete if he knew what time the film started.
4 Darius said (that) hed send Vera an attachment if Idioms
she gave him her email address.
5 Jerome said he wished hed been more polite to 1 1 mouth 2 eye 3 shoulder 4 finger 5 foot
Susie. 6 nose 7 ears 8 neck 9 hand 10 tooth
6 Kate said (that) shed only just got home before the
storm began/had begun. 2 1 rat 2 dog 3 larks 4 pig 5 bull 6 ox 7 whale
8 cat 9 mouse 10 mule
8 1 had woken up in/on time 2 I had been invited to
3 unless you like 4 I had bought 5 in case it turns
cold 6 to have my computer repaired 3 1 rock 2 silk 3 snow 4 a fox 5 a kite 6 ice
7 a flash 8 dust 9 a cucumber 10 a brush

4 1 out of 2 next to 3 up the 4 out for 5 down in


6 out of 7 up for 8 down to
Phrasal Verbs

1 1 out 2 up 3 out 4 down 5 up 6 up 7 down


8 with

2 1 let 2 get 3 worked 4 handed 5 caught


6 broken 7 gave 8 told

3 1 down 2 off 3 without 4 across 5 over 6 in


7 out 8 over

79

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 79 13/01/15 15:32


Practice Tests
Practice Test 1 (page 74) Practice Test 2 (page 94)

Reading and Use of English Reading and Use of English


Part 1 Part 1
1 C 2 A 3 C 4 A 5 D 6 A 7 B 8 B 1 B 2 D 3 D 4 A 5 C 6 D 7 C 8 B

Part 2 Part 2
9 take 10 just/already 11 back 12 nothing 9 on 10 with 11 which/that 12 as/because
13 whose 14 only 15 was 16 mine 13 each/every 14 were 15 first 16 Over

Part 3 Part 3
17 CONTINUALLY/CONTINUOUSLY 18 REVEALED 17 ELECTRICAL 18 BASIC 19 PERCEPTION
19 UNSURPRISINGLY 20 LIKELY 21 EXPLANATION 20 DISAGREE 21 DISTINCTIONS 22 UNEXPECTED
22 MEMORY 23 EFFECTIVE 24 UNWANTED 23 VARIATIONS 24 FACTOR

Part 4 Part 4
25 get away (1) with cheating (1) 25 is no/isnt any (1) point (in) studying (1)
26 in comparison (1) with/to (1) 26 takes after (1) her mum (1)
27 accused me (1) of breaking (1) 27 there (enough) (1) room for (1)
28 dont/do not fancy (1) going (1) 28 tent did (1) you borrow (1)
29 did the scientists (1) carry out (1) 29 had their house (1) designed by (1)
30 you wish (1) you had/youd (1) 30 Despite/In spite of (1) the rain (1)

Part 5 Part 5
31 B 32 D 33 C 34 D 35 B 36 A 31 C 32 B 33 B 34 D 35 A 36 C

Part 6 Part 6
37 C 38 G 39 A 40 E 41 D 42 F 37 B 38 G 39 D 40 C 41 F 42 A
B is not needed E is not needed

Part 7 Part 7
43 B 44 A 45 C 46 C 47 D 48 B 49 A 43 A 44 C 45 D 46 B47 C 48 A 49 B
50 B 51 A 52 D 50 D 51 A 52 D

Listening Listening
Part 1 Part 1
1 B 2 C 3 C 4 A 5 B 6 C 7 B 8 A 1 B 2 B 3 A 4 C 5 C 6 B 7 A 8 C

Part 2 Part 2
9 fourteen/14 10 foreign language 11 agencies 9 favourite foods 10 soft and fluffy 11 flour and water
12 wide choice 13 wont miss 14 the USA 12 30,000/thirty thousand 13 money 14 sunflower
15 learn and explore 16 volunteers 15 (far) easier 16 time 17 200/two hundred
17 high level 18 (enthusiastic) beginners 18 one loaf

Part 3 Part 3
1 E 2 H 3 C 4 D 5 F A, B and G are not needed 19 F 20 H 21 B 22 C 23 G A, D and E are not
needed
Part 4
24 C 25 A 26 B 27 C 28 B 29 A 30 B Part 4
24 B 25 B 26 C 27 A 28 B 29 C 30 A

80

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 80 13/01/15 15:32


Exam Teaching Tips
Remember that you can find more information on the R emind them that in Parts 2 and 4 more than one
Cambridge ESOL Teacher Resource site. Just go to answer may be possible but they should only give one
http://www.cambridgeenglish.org/teaching-english/resources- answer.
for-teachers/ In Part 3, remind them to look carefully at the text to
Explain to the students that there are free resources on determine the grammatical form of the missing words.
cambridgeenglish.org to help them prepare for the exam. R emind them that the prompt word in Part 4 should
remain unchanged and their answer must be no more
than five words. N.B. a contraction such as Im counts
Countdown to the READING as two words. The exception is cant which counts as
AND USE OF ENGLISH paper one word.
(Parts 1-4) E xplain that each correct answer in Parts 1-3 receives
1 mark and each correct answer in Part 4 receives
One year to go 2 marks.
Give students opportunities to do timed Reading and
E ncourage students to read extensively to broaden
their vocabulary range. Use of English papers in exam conditions.
E nsure they use monolingual and bilingual dictionaries
and have a good grammar reference book.
M
 ake sure they have an efficient system to record new Countdown to the READING
vocabulary. and Use of English paper
A s students learn new words, ensure that they note (Parts 5-7)
down e.g. adjectival, noun or verb forms from the same
stem word. One year to go
C orrect their grammar systematically.
M ake sure that their spelling is correct. H ave a selection of graded readers (www.blackcat-
cideb.com) in the classroom and encourage students
E ncourage them to paraphrase and to guess the
meanings of new words. to read them. This will help them to broaden their
vocabulary range and reinforce grammatical
E nsure that their handwriting is legible.
structures.
Six months to go M ake a chart where students give book ratings, e.g.
F amiliarise your students with the first four parts of the five stars for the best books.
Reading and Use of English paper. C ollect magazine articles on students favourite topics,
G ive them plenty of practice in the first four parts of the copy them and share them.
paper. If your students have email, encourage them to send
C heck that their method of recording new grammatical each other jokes in English.
structures is effective. D evelop an awareness of text structure titles,
C reate your own cloze tests, e.g. from a text they have paragraphing, topic sentences and linkers.
already read. E ncourage an inquisitive attitude to vocabulary and
D o word-building exercises regularly to help students make sure students have an effective way of recording
with Part 3. new words and phrases.
T ell your students to pay attention to the titles of the
Six months to go
texts in Parts 1-3 as the title sets the context.
T ell students to read through each text both extensively E nsure that students develop the skills of skimming and
and intensively before they answer the questions. scanning give timed reading tasks.
E nsure that they understand the difference between
One month to go intensive and extensive reading give tasks for
G ive students timed practice in class. intensive study of a text AND texts that are for reading
E ncourage them to guess if they dont know the for pleasure.
answers its better than leaving a blank answer. F amiliarise students with multiple-choice, gapped text
If students decide that one of their answers is wrong and multiple-matching tasks.
they should rub it out and not put an alternative in M ake sure that they are aware of the purpose for
brackets. reading, e.g. reading for gist, detail, attitude, etc.
E nsure that they copy their answers correctly onto the C heck that they are recording vocabulary in a
answer sheet and that they write their answers in meaningful way: noting the different forms of words,
capitals for Parts 2, 3 and 4. putting them into sentences, building up a bank of
R emind them to check their answers. idiomatic phrases, etc.

81

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 81 13/01/15 15:32


Exam Teaching Tips

B uild students awareness of sequencing of tenses and R emind students of the importance of checking their
reference words in texts. work.
 evelop their ability to deduce the meaning of new
D A llow students occasionally to write a second draft of
words from the context. their work incorporating your/peer feedback.

One month to go One month to go


G et students to use the answer sheet for recording S et timed writing tasks in class.
answers in pencil. C heck students are using a variety of grammatical
 ake sure that they know the format of the Reading
M structures.
tasks and what is being tested in each part and in each M
 onitor that students are using a wide vocabulary
question. range.
 emind students that in Parts 5 and 6 each correct
R R emind them that they must write their answers on the
answer is worth 2 marks and in Part 7, each correct lined pages following each question.
answer receives 1 mark.  einforce the fact that they will write most effectively if
R
 emind students to read titles and questions carefully
R they answer a question in Part 2 that most closely
and to highlight key words. matches their own interests and experience.
 heck that students understand the strategies for doing
C  emind them that they should not simply lift chunks of
R
each task on the paper. language from the question prompt in Part 1 but
 ive students opportunities to do timed Reading and
G should paraphrase.
Use of English papers in exam conditions.  emind them of the importance of clear handwriting.
R

Countdown to the WRITING Countdown to the LISTENING


paper paper
One year to go One year to go
E ncourage students to exchange emails with an e-pal, U se English all the time in class.
e.g. you could liaise with another school in a different M  ake sure that you constantly model a range of
country. vocabulary and structures in class. From time to time
M onitor tense usage, spelling and punctuation in all record your lesson and then analyse it to make sure
written tasks carefully. that you are demonstrating verb forms that Cambridge
S et writing tasks on a regular basis both as class work English: First candidates typically find tricky,
and homework tasks. e.g. suggest + -ing/suggest + object pronoun + base
W ork on a project, e.g. local bands, which results in a infinitive, conditional forms, forms that follow wish, etc.
piece of writing and put the students work up on the M ake sure that students are exposed to a range of text
classroom walls. types and accents.
U se the Internet as a resource to find good models of G ive a little practice often. This is the key to successful
e.g. articles or reviews on topics that interest your development of listening skills.
students and encourage them to contribute to e.g. U se a range of sources for listening, e.g. DVDs, songs,
blogs. class discussions, TV news/culture programmes, the
Internet.
Six months to go B uild awareness of pronunciation features such as
E nsure that students know that Part 1 of the paper is weak forms, word and sentence stress, and intonation
mandatory and that they only need to choose one because this helps students decode listening texts.
question from Part 2.
Six months to go
F amiliarise students with the variety of writing tasks
and word length. M
 ake sure that students know the format and timing of
E xplore a range of functions such as giving opinions, the Listening paper.
making suggestions, agreeing/disagreeing, etc. P rovide ample opportunities for students to practise
F ocus on register in writing, e.g. formal/neutral vs multiple-choice, sentence completion and multiple-
informal letters. matching tasks.
M ake sure students address and engage the reader. E ncourage students to predict what they are going to
E ncourage students to make a writing plan before they hear from the title or context sentence and to predict
start the task. answers by reading the questions carefully.

82

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 82 13/01/15 15:32


Exam Teaching Tips

R aise awareness of the different purposes for listening, B e aware of when it is appropriate to correct speaking:
e.g. is the question asking students to listen for gist, overcorrection can lead to students being afraid to
detail, function, purpose, attitude, opinion, etc.? speak and undercorrection can lead to students
U se the recording scripts if possible, to show where making unnecessary slips.
answers are located in texts and how distractors work.  ake sure that students take any opportunities that
M
E xploit the recording scripts for intensive study from there are for using English outside the classroom.
time to time, looking at structures, vocabulary,
functions for expressing opinions, agreeing/ Six months to go
disagreeing, etc.
M ake sure students recognise paraphrasing, e.g. they M
 ake sure that you help students with pronunciation.
may hear a phrase on the recording and have to There will probably be certain sounds, features of
equate it with a paraphrase on the question paper. intonation, etc. which are the result of L1 interference
so make sure that you tailor pronunciation practice to
One month to go those areas.
W hen teaching new language, make sure that students
M
 ake sure that students get used to answering the can pronounce words correctly and that they can use
questions on the question paper and then transferring the contracted forms of structures such as, I wouldve
their answers onto the answer sheet correctly in the chosen that if Id
time given. They should pay particular attention to Part G ive students lots of opportunities to use a range of
2, where they must write their answers clearly in capital linkers appropriately this will help them in both the
letters. Speaking and Writing tests.
R emind students that each correct answer gets one P lay games such as Just a minute, so that students
mark. get used to speaking for one minute in Part 2.
E ncourage students to use the time before the E ncourage students to ask questions, give opinions
recording starts effectively, e.g. highlighting key words and comment on topics and tasks throughout their
in questions. course: this includes asking for their partners opinions.
M ake sure that they learn to stop thinking about one D evise a system for marking/rewarding active
question when the recording has gone onto the next participation in classroom tasks.
question.
E ncourage students to expand their answers/
W arn them about word spotting: hearing a word on contributions.
the recording and seeing the same word in the
question and jumping to the conclusion that it must be
One month to go
the answer. It could well be a distractor.
M ake sure that they get into the habit of checking that M
 ake sure students know what they have to do in each
their completed sentence in Part 2 makes sense. part of the test and what sort of language they will be
expected to produce, e.g. negotiation/collaboration in
Part 3.
Countdown to the SPEAKING T rain students to paraphrase if they do not know or
cannot remember a word.
paper R emind students that they can ask the interlocutor to
repeat a question if necessary.
One year to go
If possible, show students a model of a good speaking
B e a good role model of a speaker of English in class. test; you could do this with a colleague or you could
B uild up students confidence in speaking by making get a Speaking Preparation pack from Cambridge
sure they have sufficient language input before they do ESOL.
speaking tasks. R aise students awareness of how much they should
M ake sure you have a profile of most of your students: contribute in Part 3, i.e. how much they should initiate
what are their strengths and weaknesses in speaking? and how much they should respond. A balance of both
And then make sure students are supported is ideal.
appropriately. R emind students that they are not judged on their ideas
E ncourage discussions on the reasons for speaking or opinions but on their grammar and vocabulary,
English: travel, education, jobs, access to a wider discourse management, pronunciation and interactive
range of Internet sites, etc. communication.
E ven if you have a big class, make sure that students There is an explanation of these terms and further
have plenty of opportunities to speak, e.g. by doing practice materials in the Cambridge English: First
pair work or small group work. Handbook for teachers and on the Cambridge website.

83

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 83 13/01/15 15:32


BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 84 13/01/15 15:32
STUDENTS BOOK
and
LANGUAGE MAXIMISER
RECORDING SCRIPTS

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 85 13/01/15 15:32


Students Book Recording Scripts
Unit 1 (page 13, ex 20) 5 You hear a tennis coach talking about a young player
2.A

called Jack.
1 You hear a student talking about his favourite subject at When I first saw him, I could hardly believe he was
school. serious about wanting to come to the sports academy. He
Weve started doing environmental science at school and was tall and skinny, bandy-legged and I thought hed
its really great. I didnt find it easy at first but now I love never last 20 minutes, never mind a whole game on
it. Do you realise that if we investigated the deep ocean court. I couldnt have been more wrong. His parents had
more, we might be able to find ways of producing enough made the huge investment to bring him to one of the
high-protein food to feed the whole world? Thats most prestigious academies and after a few months I
awesome in itself but the reason I think Ive really taken could see that while others had sore arms and backs,
to the subject is that it can bring in elements of biology, Jack was developing steadily into a player with a future.
other sciences and even sociology. I find all these areas
really fascinating.
6 You overhear a girl talking on the phone about her new
school.
2 You hear a woman talking about the human brain. I dont really know what I expected before I started this
You often hear this idea that people who are good at school but it wasnt this. I was worried about not making
logical thinking use the left part of their brain and that new friends but they have this great system where you
people who are creative and imaginative use the right have a buddy; someone in your class who shows you
side of their brain. But where is the evidence for this? In where things are, explains how things work and
fact, if you look at a lot of famous musicians, they are introduces you to everyone. They also have a fantastic
often very good at maths and music. How do you explain science block with all the latest equipment; it looks
that? I think its wrong to make these sweeping complicated but in fact itll make lessons more
generalisations and to pigeon-hole someone, especially interesting.
when they are still young.
7 You hear two friends talking about the school film club.
3 You overhear two young people talking about their Boy: Hi, Martha, did you enjoy the film club yesterday?
careers.
Girl: Hi, Paul, yes. There are loads of new members,
Woman: I must admit that I chose this because you can arent there?
earn really good money. Boy: Yes, and that means theres a lot more discussion of
Man: Does that mean that you dont really enjoy it? the film after weve seen it, which is great.
Woman: The studies were hard but once I started working Girl: And thats why I started going. I need a range of
and building up experience, I began to love it. opinions on films to include in my coursework.
Man: I think, because were both working with Boy: Oh, yeah, of course. My projects on politics, so in
pharmaceutical companies helping them get patents for fact, I just sit back and enjoy the film!
new medicines, were doing something worthwhile.
Woman: I must admit I wouldnt like to work in a court
8 You will hear a woman talking about competition at
school.
making judgements about peoples lives every day. I
much prefer dealing with patent offices. I dont know why some people say children shouldnt be
encouraged to be competitive at school. Can you
4 You hear two business students talking about cultural imagine if a school didnt have a sports day? My
differences. daughter would really miss that and I know lots of other
Boy: Id like to study more about cultural awareness children would, too. I think it would be unfair to pretend
because when I go into business I dont want to make that competition doesnt exist in the world; its better to
some stupid mistake like hugging someone when I prepare children for it at school. Anyway, a lot of the
should be shaking their hand! things they do when theyre in teams teach them to
Girl: What makes a big difference is when a business cooperate with other people. Honestly!
person can say even just a few simple greetings in his
colleagues language.
Unit 2 (page 24, ex 25)
3.A

Boy: hes taken the trouble to learn them, thats what


counts. He might then be forgiven for cultural mistakes Today Im going to give you a brief history of money. As
like not starting a meeting exactly on time. you know, money has always been a symbol of success
and status, so lets look back and see how it all started.
The first people didnt buy goods from other people with

86

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 86 13/01/15 15:32


Students Book Recording Scripts

what we nowadays consider to be money. They used Bay. The beads were offered at important ceremonies
barter. The barter system is where you exchange valuable such as weddings.
personal possessions for other goods that you want.
From 9,000-6,000 B.C., livestock, such as sheep, were
often used as a unit of exchange. This kind of exchange Unit 3 (page 31, ex 10)

4.A
started at the dawn of civilisation and is still used today.
Later, as agriculture developed, people used crops for Speaker 1
barter. For example, one farmer could ask another farmer I think whats exciting these days is the feeling that the
to trade a kilo of oranges for a kilo of bananas. whole concept of society is changing; and thats good. I
dont mean we should throw out our traditions and only
Moving on to something which is like money as we know embrace everything thats new, but what I do mean is
it today, in about 1200 B.C. in China, shells became the that we have the opportunity now to see the world as a
first medium of exchange, or money. These have served whole, to take care of the earth and to look beyond our
as money throughout history even to the middle of the immediate surroundings. I know some people dont like
20th century. this idea because they think well lose our identity but I
In 1,000 B.C., China began to produce mock versions out see it as the society of the 21st century.
of metal. They can be thought of as the original
development of coins. In addition, tools made of metal Speaker 2
were also used in China as money. From these models, Theres no doubt whatsoever in my mind that the
we developed todays round coins that we use daily. The hallmark of a civilised society is one where firstly,
Chinese coins were usually made out of base metals education is freely available. Whether a person comes
which had holes in them so that you could put the coins from a deprived background or a privileged one, that
together in units of ten, for example, to make a chain. person has the right to free education, which will allow
him or her to make choices in life. People should be able
In about 500 B.C., pieces of silver were made into the to study and work to the best of their ability and no doors
earliest coins. Eventually, they took on the appearance of should be closed to them because of their background,
todays coins and were imprinted with various gods and religion, or ethnicity. I feel really strongly about this.
emperors to mark their value. These coins were then
used in Turkey but the methods were used over and over Speaker 3
again, and further improved upon by the Greek, Persian, I used to think that society meant knowing where you
Macedonian, and Roman Empires. Unlike Chinese coins, came from and respecting that. You know, wanting to
which relied on base metals, these new coins were made hear stories from old folk about how life was when they
of precious metals such as bronze. were young and reading about the past. But I go by what I
see happening now to judge whether a place has a sense
Then in 118 B.C., banknotes in the form of leather money of community or not. Youve only got to look round any
were used in China. One-foot square pieces of white city, town or village and to take a look at whats going on
deerskin edged in bright colours were exchanged for there to see if that society has a sense of community.
goods. We believe this is the beginning of a kind of paper Have they organised events such as music festivals and
money. so on or can no one be bothered?
During the ninth century A.D., the conquering Danes in
Ireland had an expression, To pay through the nose. It Speaker 4
comes from the practice of cutting the noses of local This is a really hard subject to talk about because its so
people who didnt pay their tax to the Danes. complicated. I live in London, a huge multicultural city,
and what I see that I really like is people celebrating
From the ninth century to the fifteenth century A.D., in everyone elses customs. I mean, Chinese New Year is a
China, the first actual paper currency was used. huge event in most big cities around the world and
Throughout this period the amount of currency everyone joins in. And I think this is whats important.
skyrocketed and led to severe inflation. Unfortunately, in Even if, as we say, we now live in a global village, people
1455, the use of the currency vanished from China. should still celebrate New Year, Divali and countless other
European civilisation still would not have paper currency events wherever they are. They shouldnt lose this.
for many years.
In 1535, though probably well before this earliest Speaker 5
recorded date, strings of beads, called wampum, were Ive had a long and rich life. And I dont mean rich in the
used by Native Americans as money. Wampum means sense of wealth. I mean that Ive been lucky enough all
white, the colour of the beads. These beads were used by my life to live in places where democratic rights are
people living in the area which we now know as New York observed. It may sound as though Im stating the

87

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 87 13/01/15 15:32


Students Book Recording Scripts

obvious, but you havent got to go back far in history to James: Quite honestly the idea that Im now on some
see what I mean. All women only got the vote in England lofty pedestal which distances me from my audience is
in 1929. And how did they get it? They held rallies, they so far from reality I cant believe it! OK, Ive been given
marched on parliament. You ask me what society is? This this fickle title of celebrity but just ask my friends and
is what it is the right to shout for what you believe in family and theyll tell you Im still human! In fact, my mum
from the rooftops. just laughs at it and tells me to turn the other cheek.
Interviewer: Is that why youve bought a house on a
remote Spanish island to escape from the limelight?
Unit 4 (page 43, ex 16)
5.A

James: The place Ive got is remote and beautifully quiet.


But I dont mean that Im fed up with my fans or anything
Interviewer: Well, James, I bet you can hardly believe
like that. Its just that I need tranquillity to recharge my
that just a few years ago you were still a college student.
batteries and then Ill be ready to start putting some
Have you had to grow up fast?
words down to melodies again.
James: The way I see it, we may get older, but nothing
Interviewer: I see.
changes much from elementary school. I seem to be in
exactly the same state as when I was 8 years old. In the James: Ive been there quite a few times now and
school playground it was all who said what about who. something funny seems to happen each time. My family
There were always huge debates about who had the still laughs about the time I was there on my own and I
coolest clothes too, so its kinda amusing to see that locked myself out and had to sleep in the garden. And
people copy what I wear now as though Im some sort of the first time I went there the boiler broke down in the
style guru! middle of winter. I was freezing. I had to wear all my old
sweaters. And when the guy came to repair the boiler he
Interviewer: Well, youve achieved such a lot in a short
thought I was some sort of recluse or hermit. I just burst
time.
into fits of laughter.
James: True. In the nearly three years since the band
Interviewer: And finally, James, what are your plans for
released Back Stage weve sold 11 million CDs worldwide
the future?
with the album going to number 1 in 18 countries and
getting into the top 10 in 35. It sounds big-headed but James: Interesting that you should ask because quite a
our list of accomplishments goes on; weve been few options have just landed on my desk. One is to write
nominated for five Grammies, and the thing that I still with some other well-known composers. Another is to
cant believe is we got a single to number 1 in the USA. pick up a violin that I bought about 2 years ago and learn
Thats really something for a British band! Oh, and we to play it. But what Im actually going to do is travel to
won two MTV awards. Africa to learn about their music. I need to broaden my
musical education in that way.
Interviewer: And can I ask what inspired this latest
album?
James: Yes, can I just say it hasnt all been easy though. Unit 5 (page 54, ex 22)
6.A

Id only just started going out with my girlfriend when all


this happened. Suddenly I was left with hardly any time to 1 You hear a man telling a friend about a decision he has
see her as I had to dash off to Japan, or New York or made.
Berlin. But I channelled all the feelings and all the things
that have happened to me as I was going through in my I dont just want to be one of those guys who just moans
meteoric rise to stardom and thats the basis of the about things but never does anything so Im going to up
album. my efforts as far as being green is concerned. Ive found
out about ways of saving electricity at work and Im going
Interviewer: Ive heard you say that you love language
to circulate it to everyone. They already know Im keen on
is that what makes you such a good songwriter?
green issues because I gave up using my car to commute
James: I think youve got to enjoy working with words and to work and started using my bike some time ago. I guess
feelings. Some would argue that music has more the ideal is to work from home then youre not clogging
capacity to unleash feelings and I can understand that up the roads and it saves time too.
but dont necessarily agree. For me, I love hearing songs
in other languages; the sounds are strange and exciting 2 You hear a brother and sister talking about eco-friendly
at the same time. presents.
Interviewer: Some people have suggested that you have Girl: Lets get a joint present for Monica. Its hard to get
become too distant from your fans. How do you feel her something though because shes so anti-
about that? consumerism.

88

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 88 13/01/15 15:32


Students Book Recording Scripts

Boy: We just have to choose something that she will 6 You hear two teenagers discussing a pop stars
appreciate, something fair-trade, green, organic, involvement in a green campaign.
recycled, you know. You can get great T-shirts that shed
Girl: Did you read about Basha lending his voice to the
like.
Save the Whale campaign?
Girl: Yeah, but shes got loads. Youre right though, she
Boy: Yeah, smart move. Got his name in lots of papers.
hardly ever goes shopping so theres not much point in
Bet he doesnt even know what a whale looks like!
getting her one of those nice cloth bags. I know,
something to chill out to, candles made with essential Girl: Youre so cynical. At least a lot more people all over
oils. the world know about the issue now in more detail.
Boy: Yeah, she can use them at her party. Boy: The Save the Whale campaign has been going on
for years. I think Basha should stick to what he does best,
3 You hear a radio announcement about a competition. write good songs and do great live performances when
The Green Challenge is on again. The team with the best hes on tour.
idea will win 500,000 euros to execute the winning Girl: OK. Keep your hair on!
planned invention. It goes without saying that the
invention must contribute to an eco-friendly lifestyle and
7 You hear a woman talking about advances in science.
directly reduce greenhouse gas emissions but this year I saw this TV programme about advances in medical
were also stipulating that the product must be user- science the other evening. It started out on a very positive
friendly. Its got to be practical and convenient. Last year note looking at how a better understanding of the human
the quality of the competitors was extremely high and genetic code may lead to the elimination of certain
were expecting this years to be even higher. Remember illnesses. Then it went on to examine the possibility of
that wed rather see inventions that meet the green people living on to be 110 quite easily. What got me
requirements than those that are purely innovative in though was they didnt seem to discuss what sort of
terms of design. Good luck! quality of life these 110-year-olds could hope to enjoy. Im
all for giving nature a little helping hand; Im not opposed
4 You hear two people debating wind farms. to the odd dab of anti-wrinkle cream myself, but I just
Man: well, there doesnt actually seem to be evidence thought mm
that they are a reliable source of energy. But my main
concern, as a botanist, is the damage they will do to
8 You hear a tour guide giving advice to tourists.
colonies of birds and bats Now this area, although not traditionally a mosquito-
Woman: Well, Im coming at it from a different angle, and infested zone, is becoming one. Due to global warming,
that is, people who live near wind farms will find that they mosquitoes are increasingly found here, so protect
wont able to sell their homes for the sort of prices they yourself. There are several ways of doing this. You could
would have got before. People dont always think about stay in around the hours of sunrise and sunset but that
this, they worry that it may be noisy but quite honestly would significantly reduce the benefits of being on
most of us live with high levels of noise pollution these holiday. What undoubtedly works best is using a spray.
days Most good ones now can give you at least ten hours
protection. Wearing long sleeves and long trousers helps
5 You hear a teacher talking about a school environmental to some extent but I always find mosquitoes have an
project. annoying habit of getting down your collar, under your
A couple of years ago, I introduced the idea of making a shirt, etc.
school garden and it was received very positively with
parents donating plants and even trees. This was a relief
Unit 6 (page 59, ex 6)
7.A

because Id asked the Council for some extra money to


get the project off the ground but they were, lets say,
Today Im going to talk to you about a comparatively new
less than enthusiastic. What I hadnt bargained for was
type of fabric which is being used in the fashion industry.
the impact on the children and their ability to concentrate
Its a fabric made of bamboo. The first quality that anyone
better in class after being out planting and weeding in
touching a garment made of bamboo will notice is its
the garden for forty minutes. Ive been given a pat on the
softness. To my mind its like silk but other people have
back for our school results going up but I think its more
likened it to cashmerebut actually I find cashmere too
to do with the children enjoying being at school more.
itchy to wear next to the skin.

89

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 89 13/01/15 15:32


Students Book Recording Scripts

The reason for this softness becomes obvious when you Iforganic clothing made from bamboobecomes
look at the fibre through a microscope. Whereas cotton popular, it means more bamboo plantations, which
has long flat fibres, bamboo fibre has a round surface means more photosynthesis and fewer greenhouse
and this is what gives it its smoothness and feeling of gases. The greatest challenge facing mankind would
luxury. just get a little easier.

Bamboo compares with petrol-based synthetic fibres


extremely favourably too. For some people, wearing a Unit 7 (page 69, ex 7)

8.A
petrol-based material causes skin irritation and in some
cases a rash. Another distinct drawback to petrol-based Speaker 1
fabrics is not so much to the wearer as to those around When I joined the company where I work now, I realised
him or her the fabric starts to have a nasty smell really, that lots of my colleagues belonged to a local gym and
not long after youve put it on. that the company paid for them to do that. And at first I
just thought, thats nice, we can all have fun together and
Bamboo is the fastest-growing plant in the world, mainly it might be a good way for me to get to know new people.
because it has extraordinary natural ability to absorb How wrong can you get? After just a couple of weeks the
water. This helps the plant grow fast.In fabric form it pressure started building up. I was expected to take on
retains this unique, remarkable property. It draws more and more and I realised that if I didnt start playing
moisture from the body which then evaporates, keeping squash or something like that my blood pressure would
you naturally dry. Its three to four times more rocket!
absorbent than cotton.
Speaker 2
Bamboo is remarkably breathable.In the heat, bamboo It was when I was a teenager. Looking back on it now, I can
is naturally cool to the touch and this property is see that it was just a phase I was going through. Those
maintained in its fabric form.The cross-section of the teenage years are hard and I was beginning to lose my
bamboo fibre is filled with various micro-holes which self-esteem. Luckily for me we had a brilliant sports
give it much better ventilation.Its also very warm in cold teacher; she was always full of energy, so made you feel
weather, because of the same micro-structure; as a base good. She could also see and understand what was
layer, warm air gets trapped next to the skin. happening to us. She suggested I played tennis for the
school because I was quite good at it. I began to do well
In the wild, bamboo thrives naturally without using any and even won a championship and before I knew it, I had a
pesticides or fertilisers. It is seldom eaten by pests or very positive outlook on life.
infected by bacteria.Why?Scientists found that bamboo
owns a unique bio-agent which means that bacteria Speaker 3
cant survive in bamboo. This natural feature is retained I cant say that my job is stressful but there is a drawback
in fabric form. to it, and that is its sedentary. I began to notice my
waistline expanding so I decided to join the local golf
In addition, tests by the Japanese Textile Inspection club. I know that its not the most physical of sports but it
Association found that, even after putting bamboo works for me. I get out onto the green most weekends
clothes through the wash fifty times, bamboo fabric still and end up walking quite a few miles. People keep asking
possessed this function. me if I go there to make more business contacts but I can
honestly say that wasnt my intention but I have made
Bamboo clothing is strong and durable so it will stand up some good new friends almost as an extra bonus!
to years and years of wear. Repeated tests show this. The
same bamboo is used for scaffolding in the construction Speaker 4
industry to build skyscrapers in Hong Kong. That just I moved to a new town because of a fantastic job
shows how much trust you can put in the strength of opportunity. I knew I was going to have to work long
bamboo! hours and that the job would be challenging. But I was
determined that wouldnt stop me from enjoying my free
Now I know many people worry when a new wonder time. I joined a dance class because someone had told
fabric or fuel, Im thinking of bio-fuels, they worry me that a really good crowd went there and did lots of
growing plantations and plantations of it will have a things together after the classes. That sounded just the
negative impact on the local area. Again, not so with thing I was looking for and I havent looked back since
bamboo. Bamboo actually makes the condition of the or had a night in in front of the telly!
soil better where it is grown. Bamboo also can grow on
hill slopes where nothing else is viable. Speaker 5
I was finding I was sleeping more and more and just
90

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 90 13/01/15 15:32


Students Book Recording Scripts

couldnt be bothered to do much at all apart from study, misuse and related offending has a part to play as well
eat, and sleep. Then I went to stay with my uncle and as the profusion of portable consumer goods, including
aunt for a holiday. Hes a keen runner and he just cars and their contents.
wouldnt take no for an answer when he asked me to go Interviewer: And in England, what type of crime is
out running with him one morning. I moaned and common?
groaned but after a couple of days I found I had loads of
Helen: There are significant variations between countries
get-up and go and I was even asking him to make the
according to the types of crime you risk becoming a
runs longer!
victim of. Ive just been looking at figures for England and
the Netherlands and the former, closely followed by Italy,
is the car crime capital of Europe, whereas,
Unit 8 (page 80, ex 9)
9.A

unsurprisingly perhaps, the Netherlands is top for bicycle


theft. Whereas in Poland, another country I looked at,
Interviewer: With me in the studio today is Helen
pickpocketing is the most popular pastime.
Bywater, whos been looking at trends in crime rates.
Helen, I think that most people instinctively feel that the Interviewer: No wonder were all afraid of something
crime rate is going up. Is that correct? happening to us.
Helen: Well, over the last 25 years there has been a Helen: And therere some interesting studies on fear of
general increase in crime in all European countries. crime. The British are twice as worried about crime as
Although there have been plateaux where the crime rate the Swiss, but they arent twice as likely to become
has levelled off in some countries for a few years and victims. A Swiss study suggests that this disparity may be
occasional reductions, it is impossible to find any partly to do with the medias coverage of crimes. But all
European country where the crime rate is now lower than European countries are now looking at tackling this
it was ten or twenty years ago. On the plus side, official important business of fear of crime, as irrational levels of
government figures suggest that crime levels went down fear can seriously affect the level of enjoyment that a
slightly during the mid-1990s, after very large increases person has in his life. For example, more and more
in previous years. people are reluctant to go into city centres at night. And
this is the reason that I think we have to do something
Interviewer: I see. And how do we know how much crime
about fear of crime.
there is?
Interviewer: But cybercrime is something that can
Helen: The most widespread method for measuring crime
happen to any of us now, isnt it?
levels is to use the records of crimes recorded by the
police. Of course, there are some variations in recording Helen: Its true to say that cybercrime is one of the
methods between countries, but what really makes the fastest-growing criminal activities on the planet. It covers
data not entirely reliable is that it depends on someone a huge range of illegal activities including financial
reporting a crime. It has been argued that, to some scams, for example if you totted up all the money stolen
extent, the increase in crime over the last twenty-five from credit cards, itd run into the millions. Then theres
years is substantially weighted by increases in reporting, computer hacking, virus attacks, stalking by email, and
rather than an absolute increase in criminal events. so on. And of course by the very fact that its on the web,
it means its an international problem. And this is the real
Interviewer: And have you noticed any change in
challenge how exactly do you police this?
attitudes towards crime in, say, the last ten years?
Helen: Absolutely. Victims and witnesses nowadays have
easier access to the police, for example, because of Unit 9 (page 89, ex 8)
2.B

mobile phones. Also, insurance companies now require


victims to report losses they are claiming for. These are Well, Im not a fantastic cook but I do like making brunch
just facts. But what is significant is that there are lower at weekends, and I like doing something special for that.
thresholds of tolerance about behaviour such as violence For example, last weekend I cooked scrambled eggs with
and drink-driving and the public wont just stand by and some small pieces of salmon mixed into it. Everyone said
watch this happen any more. it was delicious.
Interviewer: So, going back to an earlier point, why do
you think crime is increasing?
Unit 9 (page 94, ex 23)
3.B

Helen: Briefly, in my opinion, the real root cause of the


increase is the fact that people go to live in different
towns for jobs, etc. Now, leading to a decline in 1 You hear a woman talking about a restaurant.
traditional stable communities. Its also likely, but I We went to a new restaurant called Foodies last night.
believe to a lesser extent, that the increase in drug We were greeted by a very charming waiter. Then a

91

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 91 13/01/15 15:32


Students Book Recording Scripts

different person took our order and there were lots of Boy: Anyway, theres no evidence of nasty side effects to
nibbles and things for us to munch on while we waited. I consuming GM foods. But I do know theres a strong
was really enjoying myself. Then my main course came; anti-GM movement in the UK, mainly coming from
the meat was really chewy and quite honestly I dont organic farmers who are worried, quite rightly so, about
think it was one of the better cuts of meat to start with. how it will affect agricultural land. Other people think its
The pudding wasnt exactly stunning either. You wouldnt just another way for big companies to make mega bucks!
mind so much but it was really pricey. Wed been warned
about that and it was supposed to be my birthday treat so 6 You hear a man talking about fast food.
we were pushing the boat out. As a student, I used to eat burgers and stuff like that
because it was cheap food or so I thought. Actually its
2 You hear a man talking about cooking.
just as cheap to make a healthy bowl of pasta and thats
I was brought up in a house of good cooks. You should twice as satisfying. When I was away for a couple of
have tasted my grandmothers apple pie! I thought weeks last summer with some mates from university, I
everyone was a good cook so I couldnt believe it when I slipped back into the habit a bit. But I kept thinking this
met my girlfriend and she told me that boiling an egg was only tastes of salt and sugar and wondered why I was
the height of her culinary skills! But I guess what got me eating it. I must admit, if Im really pushed for time, like
into it was an old battered-looking hardback I found in a when I finish work at nearly 7 and want to get to see a
junk shop. It has really unusual recipes and its even got film at 7.30, I do just grab something then. But its not
someones handwritten notes in the margins with extra that often.
hints. I just couldnt resist trying them out. And the rest,
as they say, is history. 7 You hear a woman talking about her local supermarket.
I know a lot of people complain about supermarkets and
3 You hear two students talking about their course in food
they worry about whats happening to smaller shops but I
technology.
must say our local supermarket has always been great.
Male: There was a lot of information to absorb in that Often when you go in theres a wonderful smell of baking;
lecture on all the food additives, wasnt there? its really mouth-watering. But what theyve just started
Female: Youre not joking. I dont know how the lecturer doing is advertising food that comes from this region.
managed to pack so much into one hour! Ill have to read I think people are more aware of food miles these days
up on it later though, because it was all new to me. Still, and they are less keen on beans that have been flown in
by the time weve finished this course, well be able to from the other side of the world so thats really good.
walk into any branch of catering; were covering so many
8 You hear a brother and sister talking about the food they
subject areas.
eat at home.
Male: Yeah, I hadnt realised wed have so many options
open to us with a degree in food technology. Girl: Mums cooked an Indian dish for dinner tonight. Its
got prawns in it.
4 You hear two friends talking about Japanese food. Boy: Great. I love seafood. I wonder what spices shes
Woman: Ive really got into Japanese cuisine recently. used. Anyway she always gets it just right.
And Ive made quite a few different dishes already. Girl: Yeah, not too hot, not too mild. Its the same with
Man: Arent the recipes long and complicated? everything she cooks though its just so yummy. Im
going to make some bread at the weekend with
Woman: Well, I guess like most cuisines, there must be
wholemeal flour and walnuts.
some that are but Im going for simpler ones that I can
prepare when I get home from work. The presentation is Boy: Wow! Sounds great! You could set yourself up as a
important and thats what appeals. All your senses should high-class chef when youve finished college.
be involved in the enjoyment of eating so your eyes are Girl: You have to be amazingly good to get anywhere in
important too. the catering business and its seriously hard work.
Man: And people say that things like rice and fresh fish
are good for you
Unit 10 (page 99, ex 4)
4.B

5 You hear two friends talking about genetically modified


food. Today Im going to tell you a little bit about our
organisation which safeguards hundreds of species
Girl: Ive just been reading about genetically modified
around the world. We focus special attention on giant
foods such as rice and the fact that they have more
pandas, tigers, polar bears, endangered whales and
vitamins. But actually if you eat a balanced diet, you
dolphins, rhinos, elephants, marine turtles, and great
dont need supplements...

92

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 92 13/01/15 15:32


Students Book Recording Scripts

apes. These species not only need special measures and which were considered to have magic properties.
extra protection in order to survive, they also serve as Reportedly, during the sixteenth century, Queen Elizabeth
umbrella species. Helping them helps numerous other bought a Narwhal tusk for the cost of ten thousand
species that inhabit the same environment. pounds the cost of a castle. The tusk was used as her
Among marine wildlife, seven out of the 13 great whale sceptre.
species are still endangered or vulnerable, even after Until recently, humankind seemed to view the ocean as
decades of protection. Whales, dolphins and porpoises a source of infinite resources. The truth is that the
are succumbing to new and ever-increasing dangers. For populations of many species are decreasing at an
North Atlantic whales, collision with ships has taken over unsustainable rate. The threats to marine species are
as the greatest risk rather than entanglement in fishing difficult to perceive because marine animals are not as
gear, while the critically endangered Western North visible as animals on land. Animals that have taken
Pacific gray whale is at serious risk because of intensive millions of years to evolve, that are invaluable to all
oil and gas development in its feeding grounds. ecosystems, have vanished and continue to vanish from
While other organisations are focusing their research on places where they once flourished.
hazards such as toxic contamination or habitat
degradation, were currently looking at the effects of
climate change and what this means for marine wildlife, Unit 11 (page 109, ex 4)

5.B
in particular, mammals.
We are also combating risks to whales by lobbying to Speaker 1
bring whale hunting under the strict control of the Before I went for the interview everyone I talked to
International Whaling Commission. However, we see the seemed to have really good advice and I was getting
best results from education, and I mean to people of all stressed with all the new information. What Id
ages and occupations, I dont just mean children. We recommend though, because it actually helped me, is
also hope to see improved national and international make a short list of what you think the requirements are
action and agreements in the near future. in the position. For example, the ad might have said
We work in several areas of species protection around something like, good communication essential. So if you
the world that live within our priority eco-regions. Large keep this in your head at interview, you can bring in
predators like snow leopards and grizzly bears, migratory examples to demonstrate that you have the ability to do
species like songbirds, and a host of other species facing this. Itll make them realise that youre the right person for
threats also benefit from our conservation efforts. the job.
Different groups work on different projects. One group
known as TRAFFIC works to ensure that trade in wildlife Speaker 2
products doesnt harm a species, while also fighting A friend gave me a great tip. Before you leave the house,
against illegal and unsustainable trade. do a quick search on Google to get latest share prices,
I work with the two main categories of whales: the and any mention of the company in Google news. Having
baleen whales, and toothed whales. fresh up-to-date information on the company gives you
The baleen whales are named for their feeding extra points. But my tip is, think about your whole
apparatus, baleen, which descend from the roof of the appearance. Id put on a nice suit, plain shirt, and tie. But
mouth. Baleen is made of hard but flexible material, I hadnt thought beyond that. I just put all my papers in a
similar to that of human fingernails, rooted in the plastic bag. When I arrived, I saw the interviewers smile
animals upper jaw. The baleen act like a sieve, allowing change to a frown as his gaze went from my suit to what I
a whale to strain food out of the water food which was holding in my hand!
includes small fish and plankton.
There are 13 species of baleen whales. They range in Speaker 3
size from the compact minke whale, whose average This is key to the process. And theres nothing wrong with
length is around 8 metres, to the gargantuan blue whale, physically getting out your piece of paper when you are
which can reach lengths of over 33 metres and weigh up at the interview. It shows you have prepared and made
to as much as 32 elephants. Thats 120 tons. an effort. Be careful not to ask about things in a wooden
Of the toothed whales Narwhal whales are my favourite. way though and this can happen if youre reading from
They are known more for their almost unicorn-like tusk or your notes. Make sure you find out exactly what the job
tooth that springs from their forehead in the male of the involves, who youll be working with, etc. All this shows
species. The tooth actually grows from the left side of the that youre keen and interested. And remember an
upper jaw and is twisted into a left-handed helix. The interview is a two-way process; they need you as much
tooth can be up to three metres long. as you need them.
The tusk of the Narwhal was sold by Vikings and other
northern traders as the horns of the legendary unicorn

93

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 93 13/01/15 15:32


Students Book Recording Scripts

Speaker 4 James: American youth culture gets a lot of bad press.


Ive had quite a few interviews for, lets see, about 4 jobs. But if it werent for American movies, music and TV
So I was getting a bit blas by the time I had my last shows, an awful lot of young people would be having a
interview. I thought, well, Ive done my homework on the very dull youth. And if Hollywood, for example, has made
company, I know what theyll ask me and what Ill ask a lot of money out of it, so be it. Other countries or parts
them. What I hadnt accounted for though was I had to of the world are and will make their mark when they can
park my car on a meter and can you believe it, I didnt economically and at some stage those ideas will overtake
have any change. It took quite a while to find a caf the, at the moment, all-powerful USA.
where I could get the right coins. I ended up flying Interviewer: So I guess were saying Western societies
through the door about five minutes late in a right state. have strong youth subcultures. Is this because there are
All I can say is dont do that. Its really hard to regain your more young people in these countries?
self-composure.
James: Quite the opposite. Western society is an ageing
Speaker 5 society. 60 percent of young people live in Asia, 23
This isnt always easy but if you know before the percent in Africa and the Caribbean. The UN predicts that
interview, itll help you to refine your preparation around by 2025 the number of young people living in the South
their needs. One of the most common causes is that will rise to 85.5 percent.
someone is leaving. And that then begs the question Interviewer: As far as I understand it we refer to
why. If youre using an employment agency, they might subcultures when were talking about a particular style of
know. It could also be that as they develop, they require clothes or music, right? Now, what is it that drives a
people with different skills. Of course the ideal situation is young person to become a part of a subculture?
if you know someone who already works there. But James: Well, its not so much a statement of look, Im
remember an employee doesnt always have an unbiased not the same as my parents but more how I think, what I
view of things. consider important is not the same. I also think that each
subculture sort of respects other subcultures, so for
example if youre an eco-warrior, you might think yeah,
Unit 12 (page 121, ex 15)
6.B

he has the right to like a certain sort of music or dress in


a certain way.
Interviewer: Welcome, James Cameron, to our
Interviewer: This covers a huge range of topics then. Is
programme today. As an expert on youth culture perhaps
there any one area that interests you most?
you could start off by telling us how you define the word
youth? James: Yes. When I was growing up I was aware that
different young people chose to listen to rap, reggae, rock
James: Im glad youve started with that because its not
and so on. And it was obvious from the ripped jeans or
as simple as you might expect. Some people use the
body piercing that some people were different but what I
word to refer to those who are between, say, 13 and 18
because in many societies youre legally an adult at 18. wasnt aware of at all was that we all spoke differently and
But in other countries it refers to people a bit older, 16 to that is what I focus a lot of my studies on now.
21. Thats why I go for the more fluid interpretation of Interviewer: And what is it that most influences young
people who are no longer kids but they are not yet people?
mature. Its more psychological than purely age-related. James: Well, until youre about 12, its undoubtedly your
Interviewer: OK, good. Now, I did a bit of background family because thats all you really know. And before you
reading before our programme today and it seems to me get a job and start your own family, you dont have to take
that youth culture is something that is always changing. on board all the norms of your community. Its the constant
Why is that? bombardment from advertising that youth cannot resist.
James: Another good question. And its too obvious to Magazines, TV, etc. have a lot to answer for in terms of
say its because young people only have a brief time creating expectations among young people. It becomes
when they are old enough to start thinking for themselves very difficult if your family cant meet those expectations.
before they have to conform because they start a job. I
think its to do with having an open mind. Youre prepared
Unit 13 (page 129, ex 4)
7.B

to look at things and think, OK, thats interesting. Those


who say that its a period of discovering yourself are
taking it too far. In fact, thats a process that goes on 1 You hear an elderly man remembering New Years Eve
throughout your whole life anyway. when he was a child.
Interviewer: Some people say there is only one youth When I was a lad, I used to look forward to New Years
culture and thats American culture. Whats your view? Eve just as much as I did to Christmas. Christmas was

94

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 94 13/01/15 15:32


Students Book Recording Scripts

about presents and eating till you felt youd explode! 5 You hear a teacher talking about a lesson shes just
What made New Years Eve special was that most people had.
in our village still carried out an old ritual. A villager would
Ive just had year 9 and I just happened to mention that
knock on your door just after midnight and hand you a
Id made some delicious pancakes both savoury and
piece of coal. It was a symbol of prosperity for the
sweet versions for my family on Tuesday and they were all
coming year. I dont really know why but I always found it
quite interested in the idea that you can be creative and
exciting. At midnight my mother would play Auld Lang
put what you like as a filling in them. But what I couldnt
Syne on the piano and wed all sing as loudly as we
get over was that not one of them had the faintest idea
could!
about why we have that tradition that Christians used to
2 You hear two teenagers discussing traditional events. use up the eggs, flour, milk and so on in the house before
they fasted for 40 days before Easter. In fact, they were
Girl: The only time Ive ever danced round a maypole was really interested so theyre going to look up Pancake Day
when I was at school. We learnt how to do it. I think some on the Internet and report back next lesson.
places in the countryside might still do it, you know, in
villages, but most people these days just dont care about 6 You hear two friends discussing the idea that the world
it. is a global village.
Boy: Well I must admit, I dont see the point of it. Whats Boy: Ive just talked to my brother in Brazil; hes working
it about anyway? We live in a different world now. Apart there for one year working on a water treatment project.
from Christmas and New Year and birthdays of course, Thats the great thing nowadays, isnt it? There are more
my family doesnt really take part in any traditional things. opportunities to work abroad.
Girl: Mine neither. Girl: Yes, as they say the worlds a global village. Its a
3 You hear a woman talking about globalisation. small world! Just look at our town its fantastic you can
meet people from all corners of the world. I think this
All you hear about these days is globalisation. And in phenomenon will become more apparent too.
most cases its people saying that its a good thing; you Boy: Yes, as long as everyone doesnt flock to just one or
can travel more easily, you can get to know the cultures two places. It could have a serious impact on a regions
of other countries more easily. It seems to me, though, resources and mean that cities expand and sprawl over
that the only thing anyone is really interested in is making valuable farmland.
a fast buck. Businesses are looking for new markets to
sell the same old stuff. I read an interesting article about 7 You hear a man talking to a girl about Guy Fawkes
globalisation and how in the future national borders will Night.
disappear. I think whoever wrote it is living in cloud
Girl: Is it only in Britain that people commemorate Guy
cuckoo land!
Fawkes?
4 You hear a couple discussing a holiday theyve just Boy: Yeah, mostly. 1605, November the fifth, London,
been on. Guy Fawkes was arrested for trying to blow up the Houses
of Parliament.
Man: That was a great holiday, wasnt it? I cant believe
Ive got to go back to work tomorrow. Girl: In class today we talked about it but Im not sure I
got it so we celebrate that Guy Fawkes failed to do
Woman: I know what you mean. The town was lovely, something?
wasnt it? So unspoilt... by all the huge international
chain stores I mean. Boy: Yeah, he failed to blow up the king. Look, tomorrow
Ill show you a display in the school library which explains
Man: Yeah, the baker actually baked the bread himself it simply.
and that greengrocer who had produce from local farms.
Remember that delicious peach dessert you had in that Girl: Im not thick, I just didnt get it!
bistro in the market square? Boy: Yeah, right!
Woman: Ill never forget it. We should go there again. Its 8 You hear a woman giving a talk on globalisation.
so much better than our last holiday where we sat
through some really touristy things like that folk festival. and interestingly although the USA has enjoyed a
The locals said theyd never even heard of those songs strong and wealthy economy for many years were now
that they were just for the tourists. seeing a shift to the East. China is seen by many as a
significant player on the world stage. However, I cant
emphasise strongly enough that the spread of consumer
products, the spread of fads such as Facebook, etc.
would not occur without Internet access. It also means

95

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 95 13/01/15 15:32


Students Book Recording Scripts

that an exchange of views on a global level takes place. find. In doing research, it is possible that you may find a
Of course, there is the problem of policing the worldwide family name written in two, three, or even more different
web and lawyers are working day and night on copyright ways. Make a note of any of these variations; this
issues and so on information may prove valuable at a later time. Always
write a females name using her family name, never her
married name, as this is how you will locate information
Unit 14 (page 144, ex 22) about her prior to, and after, her marriage. If you only
8.B

know her married name, then write this in parentheses.


Good morning. Im Anthea Wilson and Im just going to Finally, make note of any nicknames that your research
give you a few tips about genealogy. Few hobbies, or may uncover and write these in quotation marks. If your
perhaps I should say passions, offer the reward of Uncle Billy was really named William, you should write
genealogy. The people who start looking into their family this information as William, quotation marks Billy, close
history soon find themselves on what I would say can be quotation marks, Anders Jones. Sometimes this can also
likened to a journey that takes them to places they never serve as a clue to other potential sources of information.
before imagined including visits to their familys Then look for significant events in the persons life.
homeland and learning who they really were. Identify the event as clearly as possible. Dont just give
Im going to tell you, step-by-step, how to get started, the mere fact. For example, when listing graduation as
how to record the information you already know, where an event in a persons life, specify which level of
to find the information you dont know, who you can talk graduation is being documented. Of course this isnt
with to get help when the digging gets tough. I must possible with all events such as marriages. Use standard
say at the outset that you must have access to a abbreviations for events such as b for birth or bap for
computer and if you havent got one at home most baptism. If you develop your own abbreviations for
libraries have ones which the public can use, often free events, make sure someone reading your work one
of charge. hundred years from now will understand what you are
Genealogy is a subject or hobby that you will find grows writing about.
and grows as you find out more. So the first step is to In addition to the event itself, record as much as you
begin with yourself. Think of your genealogy as a know about the location of the event. For example, a
collection of individuals, your immediate family, then birth may have occurred in a hospital. When recording
your extended family and then you start going back to the location of this birth, name the hospital, the town or
your forefathers. city, the county, the state, and even the country if
Each of the people you find out about has had a series of necessary. In following this procedure, you will create
easily identified life events. These events include the what I call a trail that you can follow to locate related
obvious such as birth, christening, education, marriage, sources of information. You always have to think of the
military service, employment, death, and burial. And it is next part of the jigsaw you want to find. So you can see
the first of these that gives you the best leads because you that once started this is research that will occupy you for
have records which tell you about the family into which a years.
person was born.
When you begin your project, write down all the
important pieces of information you collect. This Unit 15 (page 152, ex 14)
9.B

includes who the person involved is, what the event was
and so on. You need evidence that the event actually Speaker 1
took place. What many people doing genealogy for the A friend of mine had been talking about ecotourism and
first time dont remember to do is to make a note of the the effect that mass tourism can have on a particular
source of the information. You will need this later as you environment, so when I started looking for a holiday I
usually have to come back to earlier information later in kept that in mind. The company that I ended up choosing
your research. talked a lot about how they bought locally produced food
Now, when you gather information on a person, write the and locally produced crafts in their hotels. I liked this
persons full name, including all middle names and in idea because it made me think that at least part of what
addition to the actual name any title that might be Id paid would be going back into the local economy. The
relevant for example Doctor. This may help you especially company also offered holidays in some quite unusual
if it is a common name, for example, John Smith. I know locations so that was an added bonus!
these details may sound unnecessarily fussy but they
really help in the long run. Speaker 2
The other tip I have here is that spelling does matter. The I guess I am what youd call green so I didnt need any
name should be exactly as it appears in the records you persuading to look for an eco-holiday. I often go on

96

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 96 13/01/15 15:32


Students Book Recording Scripts

holiday with the same group of friends; about 6 of us. Unit 16 (page 159, ex 4)

10.B
Were all students so we havent got a lot of money to
spend on holidays but what we all look for is a holiday Interviewer: Thank you for coming in to talk to us today,
thatll take us off the beaten track. We found a great Donna, about getting fit. First, do you think that most
company that organises holidays to places where you people should be doing more exercise?
take a train, then bus, and then trek for a few kilometres
Donna: Absolutely. I own a chain of gyms and we have a
to get there. Perfect! We ended up in a small mountain
lot of people coming to us for advice. And what I see is
village perched on the side of a cliff. We certainly got fit
people who have hectic schedules in their lives. They
staying there because if you went anywhere there was a
have jobs where theyre being asked to do more and
steep walk either there or back.
more in the same amount of time. Then they dash home
to look after children or grandparents. They spend hours
Speaker 3
driving their kids to after-school activities. Its no wonder
Last year I went on a beach holiday and a) it was boring
they feel under pressure they are! And exercise relieves
and b) I felt a bit uncomfortable. You know, it was one of
that.
these popular resorts where there are hoards of holiday-
makers who just seem to take over the whole place. The Interviewer: So what do you say to convince people that
result is theres very little left of the real culture of the they have to do something about their health?
place. So this years priority was not to be part of a Donna: Well, when I start talking to people they nearly
swarm of tourists but to look for a company that always seem to know that inactivity can mean that they
organises holidays that appeal to people who want to start piling on the kilos. And theres a lot of information
avoid the crowds. The interesting thing is that you can around about looking after your heart. I think the
often just go 20 kilometres down the road and you find governments done a great job in raising awareness
yourself in the real Thailand, India, Spain, or wherever it about that. But what people dont seem to realise is that
is. insomnia can be cured by taking appropriate exercise.
This may seem a trivial problem but if you cant get
Speaker 4 quality rest at night, the negative effects are cumulative.
When I was surfing the Internet I came across this site Interviewer: And is it getting harder to get children to do
which said they offered real value-for-money holidays exercise?
because you stayed with local families. And I thought
Donna: Before I started working in the health business, I
thatd be really cool. When I travel, Im really into the
would have said that children who have parents who are
food, the music, and the language of the place Im
keen on tennis or golf would be the most important factor
visiting. And sometimes its hard to access that you get
in determining whether a child takes up sport or not, but
shows and stuff thats really just put on for the tourists. I
thats not the case. Because many children have access
didnt recognise the name of the company so I didnt
to the Internet and they watch TV, they know a lot about
know what sort of reputation they had so I phoned them
the top sportspeople and a child only has to see a sports-
up. After chatting to them for about twenty minutes I
person as someone to admire and emulate and the child
knew that we had similar ideas about what a holiday
wants to do sport. He or she will join the school sports
should be like. So I booked it and it was great.
team and make friends with similar interests.

Speaker 5 Interviewer: Thats good because they learn how to do it


I think its quite hard to choose a holiday these days. properly.
Everything makes me feel so guilty. If I fly somewhere Im Donna: Yes. People are generally good about doing some
increasing my carbon footprint, if I drive Im also exercises before they start to get the joints and muscles
responsible for an increase in C02 emissions. So I ended working. And in all honesty, with running for example, you
up going on this cycling holiday with my husband. It was cant just go out and run a marathon, so you increase
awful. Wed planned a route through all these little your distance gradually. What I find people overlook
villages and we had to cycle for about 6 or 7 hours every though is doing some bends and stretches before they go
day just to get to the next one. The roads were often full and have their shower. This is important to stop you
of other tourist traffic who did not appreciate us being on feeling stiff the next day.
the same road. By the end of day three, I would have Interviewer: So would you say that running is a good
paid anything to anybody just to get me off that bike into sport for all-round fitness?
a luxury hotel with a swimming pool and five-star Donna: Although its good for your lungs and obviously
service. your legs, I think other sports should be considered, like
swimming or playing football, although the former is only
good for you if you do it properly with your head in the

97

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 97 13/01/15 15:32


Students Book Recording Scripts

water and your spine in a line otherwise you can get 2 You overhear a woman talking on the phone.
lower back problems. A lot of people suggest walking but Look, Im very sorry, but I just dont see what you mean.
to me its a bit like running only not as effective. So Id When I got this new phone for my daughter, which I
go for a team sport like the one we mentioned. Its a thought was really good value at the time, you told me
good all-body workout and you have fun. the contract included all charges. So I dont understand
Interviewer: And how do we know how much exercise why Ive suddenly got this huge bill Well, where did it
to do? say that? No, thats not good enough, Im afraid. Im
Donna: Good question. The government recommends not paying anything until someone can explain to me, in
one hour of physical activity a day. And this activity person, why I should. Ill come by some time this
should be of at least moderate intensity. But I think if you afternoon. I hope the manager is available, but Ill talk to
can manage something more strenuous, and you can do someone else if necessary.
that on two days a week, thats even better. Activities
that are weight-bearing are good. Interestingly, a recent

12.B
report by medical experts says an hours activity a day Part 2
isnt enough. If you want to avoid heart disease and
obesity, you need to do 90 minutes exercise a day. Presenter: and with the time coming up to a quarter to
nine, its time to hear from Sean Ryan again, as he takes
Interviewer: And although I dont want to end on a
a look at another of the worlds great architectural
pessimistic note, whats the most common cause of
masterpieces.
injury?
Sean Ryan: Few buildings exist which have an equally
Donna: The ones we hear about in the news are always
high approval rating among critics, architects and the
traumatic injuries. These are usually the result of impact
general public. The Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao is
and collisions, and generally theres not much you can
undoubtedly one.
do to prevent them. But in most games one of the aims of
When the decision was taken in 1981 to ask the
the rules is to reduce the risk of injury, so following the
Guggenheim Foundation in New York to open a museum
rules makes you safer. To my mind, its the less
in Bilbao, this once thriving industrial city was in great
sensational injuries that are caused by doing a sport
economic decline. As the Basque government also
badly that happen most frequently. By that I mean not
offered to fund the museums construction and subsidise
holding your body or your equipment in the right way.
its running costs, it was a very risky but forward-thinking
Often its the repetition of this faulty action that results
undertaking.
in excessive load on tissues and subsequent injury.
Set on the river and designed by the award-winning
Interviewer: Thank you, Donna for all architect, Frank Gehry, construction began in 1993 and
immediately caught the publics attention. At first, people
were unsure what to make of it.
Listening Bank (pages 183-186)
11.B

Part 1
13.B

1 You overhear a man and a woman talking about a job Part 3


interview. Speaker One
Woman: So, how did it go? Now that was a bad day! Id been with the kids all
Man: Well, I couldnt say really. I knew they were only morning and theyd been driving me crazy, as usual! So
interviewing a few people for the post, so I thought I Id taken them to the park to burn off some of that energy.
stood a pretty good chance before it even started. The Id taken off my jacket and was sitting on a bench,
interview went well, as far as I could tell. There werent enjoying the sun Anyway suddenly there was this
too many awkward questions, either, which certainly yelling and shouting, so I raced over it turned out to be
makes a change. nothing, of course, but by the time I got back it had gone!
I dont know how I could have been so stupid. I mean,
Woman: Well, that doesnt sound too bad, does it?
thats not like me at all! It had everything in it my
Man: I suppose not. But then, you know, the more I found phone, cards, keys, everything. My partner wasnt very
out about what the post actually involves, the less impressed! It took me days to sort out.
appealing it sounded. So, I guess I might have to keep
looking after all. Speaker Two
I used to have a bracelet that I wore everywhere. Friends
were always teasing me about it, saying that it had been
permanently attached to me at birth, like some sort of

98

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 98 13/01/15 15:32


Students Book Recording Scripts

name tag or something. Anyway, one afternoon I looked making, who have just completed a one-week intensive
down and it wasnt there. I looked everywhere but it had course at the acclaimed Drama School here in town.
simply vanished. I guess it must have got caught on David, Megan, welcome. The Drama School has a
something or just fallen off somewhere without my reputation for pushing participants to their limits; you
noticing. It was just very unlucky, but I was devastated must both be exhausted.
still am in fact Its silly really I doubt it was worth very
David: Yeah, it was pretty intense, to tell the truth. I still
much. Its just that my aunt had given it to me, so it had a
cant quite believe its over, actually. You know, I really
lot of sentimental value.
didnt know much about any of it when we started. Its
Speaker Three just amazing how much we covered in such a short
I knew I shouldnt have trusted him. He promised to look space of time, isnt it?
after it, but I had my doubts from the beginning well, Megan: Oh absolutely! From acting to directing to editing,
hes a good mate and everything, but being careful with we did it all. And I dont mean from the comfort of a
things is not one of his strong points, you know what I classroom, either, this was hands on stuff from Day one!
mean? Anyway, sure enough, when I asked for it back, he It would have all seemed a little scary if the teachers
just looked at me blankly and asked what I was going on hadnt been so experienced and supportive.
about Well, I can laugh about it now, but at the time it
David: I couldnt agree more, all the staff there were
wasnt funny. Still, it made me realise youve got to take
absolutely first class. I did feel though, that we could
responsibility for looking after the things you value. You
cant expect other people to do it for you. have done a little more backroom technical work, like
lighting or sound, you know? That side of things really
interests me and, although what we did was probably
useful, it was a little bit basic, in my opinion.
14.B

Part 4 Megan: Oh I dont know: first you have to master the


Interviewer: And now Im very pleased to introduce David basics if you truly want to become a master yourself.
Thomas and Megan Parker, two young actors in the Wasnt that one of the key messages of the course?

99

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 99 13/01/15 15:32


Language Maximiser Recording Scripts
Unit 1 (page 7) so I got a pleasant surprise to find it was all very modern
2.A

with internet access and everything even a free gym on


One site. Id been trying to decide between this course and
It was really interesting going to visit the campus. For me, another one in a big city university where you have to
the main attraction of this college is the fact that I can find your own place to live. They offer similar courses and
get there by bus each day from my village, but it was still the same mix of online and face-to-face lectures. So
interesting to go and see everything. The whole site was going on the visit really helped me to make my decision.
much bigger than I expected and the layout is
complicated I kept getting lost trying to find my way Unit 3 (page 15)

3.A
round! The buildings are all modern, though, which is
good. I want to study sciences, so up-to-date labs and One
equipment are much more important to me than the all You hear two friends talking about a new sports centre
historic libraries and stuff that some places have. thats just opened in their area.
M: Have you been to the new sports centre yet?
Two
F: Yeah, its great that the local councils willing to invest
Although they dont offer an enormous number of
so much money in a place like that for young people to
different subjects at the college I visited, I was really
use. And the gyms just incredible, they havent bought
impressed with the way the programmes organised. You
cheap equipment or anything its all the latest stuff. The
do a lot of the work online and the teachers give you
only thing that bothered me was that I thought the
feedback by email, so you dont have to go in for many
membership fees were a bit high shouldnt it be free for
lectures, and you dont have to go and live on the
local people?
campus or anything like that. In fact, the college itself is
just part of a downtown skyscraper. For anyone who M: Oh come on theyve got to get some of the money
associates doing a degree with medieval courtyards and back somehow. Just think how much private gyms cost to
dusty old books, it would be no good at all! use especially if you want the latest equipment.
Anyway, it isnt only for kids, you know. Its for everybody.
Three
Two
I didnt really know anything about the college before I
You hear part of an interview with a successful
applied, so I hadnt realised that the buildings themselves
businesswoman.
had won a big international prize for the way theyre
designed. Studying in such awesome surroundings must M: So whats it like being the only woman on the board?
be amazing, so for that reason alone, its definitely top of F: Basically, when I go to meetings of the management in
my list. The range of courses on offer is pretty standard, the company, I make an effort to dress well and present
so Id have no problem finding one where I could myself in a businesslike way which is more than can be
combine law and languages which is my aim, and the said of some of my male colleagues! And I have to say
quality of the teachings reckoned to be good. The that, on the whole, they treat me very well. The only way
accommodation blocks looked pretty basic inside, but that I feel Im not treated quite equally, and this amuses
fine. me really, is that I always have the feeling that if I wasnt
there, theyd be a lot less polite in how they spoke. I wish
Four theyd forget I was a woman, but I guess they just cant!
I knew what I was looking for in a college. I wanted one
which had a lovely old library where I could sit and lose Three
myself in my reading, surrounded by books that had been You hear a student who lives in Manchester talking about
used by generations of scholars before me. I guess thats life in the city.
why Ive applied to do philosophy. People doing other Im really glad I decided to come to Manchester to do my
subjects might be looking for the latest equipment or degree, rather than my local university in the West
online course delivery, and theres nothing wrong with Country. Its such a vibrant city, with so much going on.
that. The range of topics on the course is fairly limited, Im never short of things to do in my free time. Ive made
but I can put up with that, and there are one or two things lots of great friends here, though I guess that wouldve
Ive never heard of thats enough of a challenge for me. happened wherever Id gone, because Im a sociable sort
of person. But I dont think Id have got the chance to get
Five involved in so many interesting projects at a smaller
The fact that the campus is in the middle of the university. Like, Im volunteering on a project to analyse
countryside means that you have to live in student the effects of social media in kids in Africa this summer
accommodation. I was expecting it to be very basic, how cool is that!

100

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 100 13/01/15 15:32


ts Language Maximiser Recording Scripts

Four day it is. Anyway, we were talking about buying him a


You hear a teacher talking to her class. joint present so we could get something a bit bigger
OK class listen up. I want to tell you about the project do you remember? Its just that if were doing that, wed
on the health service youre doing. Remember? Youve better start thinking about what were going to get. OK?
got to design a survey to find out about patient Let me know what you think. Byeeeee.
satisfaction with services they receive at the hospital.
Youre going to present the information in graphs, but Ill Eight
explain about that later. For the moment, its best to just You hear two friends talking about a film they have just
think about your questions. You know, what are the most seen.
important questions you want people to answer then M: Great film I really enjoyed that.
you can ask those same questions to as many people as
F: I liked all the dance music made me really want to be
possible. Now, dont forget what happened with the last
there.
survey we did when you all wrote far too many
questions. Please, dont repeat that mistake. M: Really? I thought there was a bit too much of it,
actually as if theyd started with the music and written
Five the story around it.
You hear the weather forecast on the radio. F: Well that is what they did, actually. I mean, the story
So, for those of you thinking of going to the pop festival wasnt meant to be realistic or anything.
on Sunday, heres the weekend weather forecast. Sunday M: Sure it was just a way of looking at the way people
should be a more settled day than Saturday, when there behave in certain situations and the characters were
will be a mixture of sunshine and showers, and any rain believable.
should have cleared away before the festival begins on F: No doubt about that. The plot was silly, but that didnt
Sunday morning. Temperatures will not be as high on seem to matter really you really felt what they were
Sunday, though, as the wind is moving round to the east going through.
bringing cold air in from the North Sea. But there should
be more breaks in the cloud compared to Saturday, so
Unit 5 (page 23)
4.A

there should be a bit of sunshine to enjoy at the festival.

Six Int: My guest today is Zoe Parsons, whos going to tell us


You hear two students talking about social issues. about the environmental organisation called Future
Watch which she belongs to. First of all Zoe, what
M: The trouble with public spending is that everythings
important if the government spends money on sparked your interest in the environment?
universities, then somebodys going to say it shouldve Zoe: Well, like a lot of kids, I grew up hearing all about
been spent on building houses or buying equipment for environmental issues on TV and we studied stuff like
hospitals. climate change and pollution at school, but it always
F: Well, all these things are important, but the thing to seemed to be happening somewhere else. We lived in
remember is that if the government doesnt spend money town and I wasnt that interested in the countryside. Then
on these things, then private companies will especially I took part in a bird survey you know counting how
housing. many species visited the school grounds each day. Kids
had been doing it in the same week for like ten years,
M: I guess youre right. And I think university education
and it was shocking to see how numbers had fallen.
actually gets a lot less than those other things at the
moment. Int: But Future Watch isnt only about birds, is it?
F: Exactly it shouldnt be a lower priority. I mean health Zoe: Oh no in fact thats how its different from lots of
cares important too but that already eats up a lot of other groups. It isnt about just one thing. Like me, most
our taxes. people start off being interested in one aspect of
M: Right. ecology whether its renewable energy, recycling or
whatever but instead of joining a group where
Seven everybodys passionate about that one issue, they join
You hear a boy leaving a voicemail message. Future Watch. I mean basically, its about sharing
ideas what we all have is a common belief in certain
Hi there. Hope youve had a good time at the swimming
environmental principles, but were actually all interested
pool. Im down at the ten-pin bowling and I just thought
in completely different things.
of something. Isnt it Dads birthday next week? I cant
remember the exact date, sorry! I know you write stuff like Int: So what happens you have meetings?
this in your diary, so youll be able to check exactly what Zoe: Yes, there are meetings, but thats not what its all

101

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 101 13/01/15 15:32


Language Maximiser Recording Scripts

about really. I remember the first one I went to, everyone Unit 7 (page 31)

5.A
seemed very clever and much older than me and there
were some pretty heated discussions. I felt a bit out of my Hi. My names Emma Notley, and Im here to talk about
depth, actually. I mustve looked rather frightened, my sport, which is called synchronised diving. You may
because a couple of other young people befriended me have seen synchronised diving on the television, because
and explained that it wasnt always like that. That was its now an Olympic sport. Basically, its just like
lucky really, because I wouldnt have gone again competitive diving, except that there are two divers who
otherwise. have to do the same dive in exactly the same way, at the
Int: And Future Watch organises campaigns? same time. In other words what they do has to be
Zoe: Thats right. Thats what its really about. In small synchronised.
groups, you devote yourself to a particular issue and then Ive always been a keen swimmer, but I was never really
you report back to the main group on your progress. I good enough to win many races my style was good but
went with the idea of joining a wildlife group, but when I I didnt really have enough stamina. So it was my
saw the different campaigns on offer, I thought Id rather swimming coach who suggested I go in for diving
look at a wider issue. Id read that birds were affected by instead. It was very good advice I really enjoyed it and
traffic pollution, so joining a group of people who actively started doing well.
encouraged cycling seemed a good way of addressing My cousin Rosies also a good diver, so when I was asked
the cause of that problem. to try synchronised diving, I talked her into being my
partner. Were really close and it worked well. Were still
Int: And is your aim to get people thinking about the
partners now, and weve won lots of competitions
issue?
together. I think what I like best about synchro, as we
Zoe: Exactly. I mean, a lot of works done in schools call it, is that it combines the need for perfect technique
and colleges, and students are pretty environmentally with teamwork. Its really great that feeling of working
aware but once they leave full-time education, people towards something together.
tend to forget about it because they have other priorities People always ask about the scoring in diving, because it
in life. So, I go to places like car parks and give out leaflets seems really complicated. In individual diving events,
telling people that bikes are healthier, cleaner and so on. there are usually up to seven judges and the marks
This really works because you target car users and people given by five of them count towards your score. Basically,
want to know who you are and why youre doing it. the highest and lowest dont count. In synchro, theres
Int: And when you go out campaigning how do people two divers to mark, so you have the same system - but
react? there can be eleven judges in total.
Zoe: Well, I dont say never use a car or anything So what are the judges looking for? Well, basically they
extreme more: Was your car journey today really judge how good each dive is technically and then also
necessary? Most people are polite, even if they dont look for how well the two divers synchronise what they
agree but you do get people who want to argue do. The judges divide the dive into three stages, and
especially men with sports cars or motorbikes. But I dont theyre looking for different things at each stage. Firstly,
mind that in fact you really feel youre getting they are giving you marks for whats known as your
somewhere if you get people to think about things and approach, in other words what you do on the diving
have a discussion. Actually, the more argumentative board before you dive off.
people are the more I like it it certainly doesnt upset For different dives this involves different moves maybe
me. standing on the edge or jumping. The trickiest one to get
right, especially in synchro, is when the dive starts with a
Int: So what should people do if they want to find out
handstand and both of you have to do that perfectly at
more about Future Watch?
the same time.
Zoe: Well, you dont have to join a campaign until youre The judges then look at what you do while youre actually
sure. Theres a website where the different campaigns are in the air. This is what they call the flight. Theyre looking
listed with contact details of people running them locally. for how far you are away from the board, the overall
Theres also a magazine to download that reports on our height that you reach things like that. And, of course, in
progress on different issues. But Id say the best way to synchro that means getting those distances more or less
get involved is to join in one of our blogs. Get chatting to in line with your partner. That takes lots of practice. And
members, see what people are doing and how youd feel the judges are looking at the tiniest details of your
about joining them. technique as well. Like your toes have to be pointing in
Int: Zoe, thank you. And if youd like to the same direction all the time.
The third mark that the judges give relates to the way the
divers enter the water. Basically, theyre looking at the

102

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 102 13/01/15 15:32


Language Maximiser Recording Scripts

angle you know, whether youve managed to keep in a do. Im really nervous about leaving the car anywhere
straight line or not and naturally they expect the two now I mean theres no reason why I should be targeted
divers to enter the water at the same time, in the same a second time, but I cant help thinking about it.
way.
I mean, you generally know immediately you leave the Four
board whether youre well synchronised with your partner, Its an upsetting experience having your bag snatched.
but things can still go wrong at every stage. Like, in a very When people say things like: Dont put all your valuables
good dive, the divers enter the water cleanly and quietly in one place or Use a shoulder bag not the type you
and so the judges are also noticing how much splash is have to put down in shops, you think: Yeah yeah, OK
created and they can give marks for that too. because you think itll never happen to you. I learnt the
In competitions, you also have to follow various other hard way. My friends were great one boy even chased
rules, like what to wear and stuff. One of my friends was the thief down the street, but he got away. The police said
disqualified because competitors with long hair have to I was the fifth victim that afternoon in the same shopping
use hair ties and for some weird reason she didnt. I centre so there was obviously a gang at work. I dont
mean her hair wasnt that long and she just forgot. know if it was my own fault or not, but Im certainly more
So theres a lot of things you have to get right in this careful now.
sport. I think thats why I love it so much. Ill stop there
because I can see that some of you have questions... Five
When I answered the phone and a voice said that
somebody had been using my credit card illegally on the
Unit 8 (page 35)
6.A

internet, I panicked. I assumed it was the bank calling


me. As they usually do, this voice asked me to confirm my
One card number and answer some security questions. I was
We had a burglary last year. I suppose I shouldnt have so worried about how much money I mightve lost, I told
been surprised because other houses in the area have them my password and everything. What a fool! I
been targeted in recent years. The strange thing is, we shouldve asked them for proof of who they were because
were asleep in bed at the time. I woke up and heard a it was a criminal calling me! Anyway, I quickly realised my
noise downstairs. I thought it was one of the kids getting mistake and got the bank to block my card. The police
a drink or something, but went to check just in case. By told me later that I was lucky because some people had
the time I got downstairs, whoever it was had gone, lost money.
taking my laptop with him. Afterwards the police said he
was probably only inside for a couple of minutes
Unit 10 (page 43)
7.A

amazing, isnt it? Anyway, weve got a burglar alarm fitted


now so I dont think itll happen again.
One
You hear a man talking about his work with animals.
Two
It was bad luck the way I lost my phone. We were on the In my job, I get to deal with lots of different animals. I
beach and decided to go in for a swim. We put all our guess the difference between my work and, say, that of
phones in one bag with loads of clothes and stuff on top somebody working in a zoo is that I have a much wider
of them and left it where we could all see it. I mean, none responsibility. Im not just here to make sure the wild
of us saw anybody go anywhere near the bag, but when animals are OK, but also to look after the natural
we came out of the water everyones phone was there environment in which they live. I dont generally interfere
except mine. We searched everywhere, but itd gone. I with the animals as long as theyre alive and well, I let
went to the police, but they werent much help. They said nature take its course. Im on the lookout for things like
it happens every day and if you leave stuff on the beach diseases and other problems that might affect the whole
like that, what do you expect? population, but if an individual animal is sick or injured,
thats not my concern.
Three
Two
Like lots of other people, Ive been parking at the station
You hear a couple discussing solar energy.
and getting the train to London every day for years. You
can imagine how I felt when I got off the train one evening M: Im not sure about getting solar panels put on the
and found the car window smashed. I mean, Id followed roof theyd spoil the look of the house in my opinion.
all the advice, there was nothing valuable inside, so I F: Well, I dont think thats the main argument against
couldnt see why theyd chosen to break into my car, and them, actually. I know they say that it doesnt have to be
nothing was missing. The police were great, they were sunny the whole time for them to work, but the days are
there within five minutes, but there was nothing they could pretty short here in the winter, arent they?

103

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 103 13/01/15 15:32


Language Maximiser Recording Scripts

M: Well, I think they probably are worth having even up Six


here in the frozen north but its a big investment. They You hear part of an interview with a game warden.
reckon its about ten years before you really start saving F: So who comes on these safari trips are they all
money on bills. outdoor types up for a challenge?
F: Well we might not be here for that long. Id like to move M: Not at all often quite the opposite, actually. We get a
down south. lot of retired people coming for the trip of a lifetime. We
M: Exactly. have to make sure theyre fully prepared for a bit of
discomfort, because unless you go quite a long way off
Three the beaten track, youre not going to see many animals.
You hear part of a news item on the radio. Indeed, you go for miles without seeing any at all, which
Its been a tough month for farmers with some very comes as a surprise to people. Still, its the wildlife
unseasonal weather causing them some real problems. A theyve come to see and as long as we go at their pace,
certain amount of rainfall is expected in this part of the most of them go home satisfied.
country in the summer months, but this year its been
exceptionally dry with just one big storm that didnt Seven
actually produce that much rain. On top of that, some You hear a man talking about a nature reserve he visited.
fierce winds have combined with the dry conditions to Id gone walking in the nature reserve because Id been
increase soil erosion in the area, which is not good news working too hard and needed some fresh air and
at all for farmers. Temperatures, at least, have been exercise. Its so peaceful there. Suddenly I turned a
about normal in what has otherwise been quite an corner and came across a big family having a barbecue.
untypical month for weather. They were making a complete mess plastic bottles
everywhere, kids playing football. I told them they
Four shouldnt be behaving like that in the nature reserve
You hear a teacher talking to his class about some that Id report them to the management. They looked a bit
written work. shocked, but took no notice of me. Anyway, back at the
OK, so lets just talk for a moment about the written entrance, the manager explained that it was a special
assignment youve got to do this weekend. Remember family barbecue day and that poor families from the city
that I gave you a list of possible topics last week and centre had been specifically invited. I felt such a fool.
asked you to think about which one youd like to choose.
If anyone wants help with that, Ill be coming round in a Eight
moment, so do ask. Also, I told you that you could do it You hear a tour guide talking to some tourists.
either as a report or as an essay and you still have the Now, I know youve all heard about the problems weve
choice. But thinking about it, perhaps the report format been having with biting insects this year its been
would be better with sections under headings rather widely reported in the press and there was a leaflet in
than paragraphs. So Id say do that if you havent already your welcome pack. Now, Im sure youll all agree that
started. prevention is better than cure. So, if you do sit outside in
the evening, then please be sure to use some of the
Five insect repellent that was recommended on the leaflet.
You hear two friends talking about a wildlife film they And please do also make sure that you keep the windows
have seen. closed in your rooms after dark. You have air
M: So what did you think of it? The baby kangaroos were conditioning, and you can control the temperature with
cute, werent they? that. Does anyone have any questions?
F: Yes, and the work of the rescue centre seemed very
true to life, you know, not glamorised at all. It was really
interesting seeing how dependent the little animals were
on the volunteers.
M: Sure. Although it was a bit of a well-worn storyline
the brave volunteers trying to keep the centre open with
no money and all sorts of obstacles to overcome.
M: Not very original, Ill grant you that. You knew thered
be a happy ending. Some of the animals didnt survive
though, so it wasnt happy all the way.
F: Yes, but you didnt see any suffering.
M: Thankfully!

104

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 104 13/01/15 15:32


Language Maximiser Recording Scripts

Unit 12 (page 51) Another interesting statistic involves the geographical


8.A

distribution of tattoos in the USA. You wouldnt think that


Hi. My names Fiona and Im going to tell you about a fewer people would have them in the east than in the
project Ive done on the subject of tattoos by which I west, but that is actually the case. Strange, isnt it? Now I
mean the ink designs that people wear on, or rather wonder what wed find if we did the same sort of research
under, their skin. in our own country perhaps a north-south difference
Tattoos have a long history and evidence of them has would be more likely.
been found by archaeologists in pre-historic remains in Anyway, before I go on to show you my slideshow of
places as far apart as Polynesia, Russia and Egypt. In tattoo designs, does anyone have any questions?
modern times, tattoos have become very popular in
Europe and North America, but this is not where they Unit 13 (page 55)

9.A
came from first of all, at least according to the websites
Ive been to. F: My guest today is Barnaby Ingham, who successfully
The word tattoo comes from a South Pacific language organised a festival of local produce in his home area in
and both the word and the tattoos themselves were rural England. Barnaby, welcome, first of all, where did
brought back to Europe when explorers first visited that this idea for promoting local produce come from?
area in the eighteenth century. Interestingly, it was the
M: Well, I studied geography at university, so I
ordinary sailors, rather than the explorers themselves,
understood how the production and distribution of food
who came back from islands such as Tahiti, Samoa and
and consumer goods is organised and how thats
Tonga with tattoos.
changed in recent years. I mean, weve seen small family
Tattoos became popular in 19th-century Europe, with
shops closing down and the big retail chains taking
men mostly having them on their forearms, upper arms
over everyones aware of that. But it was only when I
or chest. These tattoos often bore the name of a loved
read a piece in a weekly magazine that I realised just
one or perhaps an artistic design or motto, and were
how far that process had gone and how difficult its
considered very manly. Which is interesting because in
becoming for small local producers to sell the stuff they
traditional cultures, tattoos were often given to people
produce.
who had performed acts of bravery, rather than being
simply for decoration. F: Right so its what people sometimes call food miles.
These days, you can get all sorts of designs, and indeed M: Its partly that. You know, the fruit which consumers
have tattoos on various parts of the body. Tattoo artists, buy at the supermarket has travelled halfway across the
as they are called, often buy designs which are world, etc. But its not their fault for wanting fresh fruit at
copyrighted and which go by the name flash. Often good prices, and this is the system that provides that
artists have a vast number of these designs for their quite efficiently actually and Ive no argument with that.
customers to choose from. Artists also use tattoos as a But its not just about food. Its all products which are part
form of cosmetic surgery for people with certain kinds of of the global economy. What Im saying is people should
skin problems. have the chance to buy local produce if they want to if
Generally speaking, tattoo artists use a special machine thats their choice and this is getting harder to do.
for applying a tattoo, although in Japan there is still a F: And you and your family did a sort of experiment, didnt
strong tradition of applying them by hand rather than by you?
machine. Whatever the method, ink is injected under the M: Thats right. We tried to go for a month consuming
skin, where it produces a more or less permanent image. only locally-produced stuff as far as we could tell. My
Tattoos have not always been socially acceptable in all mum and dad, who live nearby, thought I was mad and
cultures, and in many peoples minds used to be linked to refused to join us, but they didnt try to talk me out of it. I
people such as criminals. This is not really fair, as today thought the kids would soon start complaining about not
tattoos are worn by all sorts of people including some having all their favourite branded stuff but I was wrong
leading celebrities. Indeed, in the USA, the current there. It was my wife who complained, because it made
popularity of tattoos can be traced back to rock singers shopping really difficult, and she does most of that. But
like Janis Joplin in the second half of the twentieth we stuck with it.
century, as well as to more recent television programmes
F: And is that where the idea for the festival came from?
that have been very widely broadcast.
Actually, it is estimated that, in the USA, around 15% of M: Not really. That came about by accident really. It was a
all adults has at least one tattoo, whilst if we look at the man I met at a local market. A friend of mine introduced
18-25 age group, this figure rises to 32% with men only us in the coffee shop and she mentioned my experiment
slightly more likely to have one than women. Thats quite and how keen I was on local produce. This chap, I forget
an incredibly large number, isnt it? his name, had just come back from a holiday in Italy,

105

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 105 13/01/15 15:32


Language Maximiser Recording Scripts

where hed been to a cherry festival in a village where Lots of people think that boxing is a cruel and violent
they grow them. He was saying what fun it had been and sport, although I didnt necessarily agree. I must admit
why didnt we do things like that here. Thats how I got that I thought it was a pointless one before I started doing
the idea. boxercise but now I can see that the training is actually
F: So was it difficult getting the festival organised? a great way to get in shape.
I started going to boxercise sessions, not because I was
M: Well, there was lots to think about. I had no problems
overweight or particularly unfit, more because I was
raising the money because my father-in-law saw the
lacking in confidence when it came to my physical
potential of it and gave us a loan. Finding the right place
abilities. I really wanted to try extreme sports, especially
to hold it was the tricky thing. Most good venues get
mountaineering, but wasnt sure that Id ever be able to
booked up for the best summer weekends, so we had to
do it.
find our own site and then convince people to come
I didnt really know what to expect at first. I knew that
along. Actually in the end that was the easy part.
both men and women did boxercise, so I wasnt surprised
Everyone round about was keen to promote the event,
to see girls in my class during the first session. But I
because all the local farms and businesses had
wasnt expecting to train to music that did come as a
something local they wanted to sell.
shock.
F: So were you surprised at how successful the event The session started with a warm-up, as they always do
was? and theres a cool-down at the end too and we were
M: I guess it depends on how you measure success. Im given some advice before we started doing the actual
not sure how many people came in the end it was a exercises. Like how boxers always sit down when they
lovely day and we lost count. More important, actually, have a drink between rounds, and they drink slowly
was the fact that we got lots of coverage on TV and in the because drinking fast can give you stomach pains. The
press and thats something I hadnt anticipated. I think other thing he warned us against was what he called
the local traders and producers did well enough, and I over-training. Some people apparently like the classes
was able to repay my father-in-law. The real test will be so much that it becomes addictive and takes over their
whether this has any long-term effect on the ability of the lives, which of course is not a good thing.
small local businesses to survive in the modern world. In terms of injuries, youd think the hands would be the
F: And how did you feel about the reaction of local most affected part of the body, but actually you are
supermarkets? always well protected by gloves and other straps and
things under them. No, actually, its your legs that are
M: Well, it came as a shock. As a result of the festival,
most at risk, apparently, because you can easily damage
two of the big chains have started selling and labeling
a muscle as you move around at speed.
local products. Its definitely a step in the right direction.
So how much does it cost? Boxercise is not expensive,
Some people say that its a cynical marketing move to try
each class costing around five pounds. But you generally
and cash in on the success of the festival, but Im not
need to buy a course, which can cost up to one hundred
sure thats fair. Ill be sorry if it is just a short-term thing, if
pounds per month, depending on the club. At the one I
theyre not serious about it. Only time will tell.
go to, I pay for a monthly package, which costs seventy-
F: Barnaby, there we must leave it. Thank you. five pounds, and allows me to go to as many sessions as
I like.
Unit 16 (page 67) When it comes to the equipment and accessories,
10.A

obviously you need gloves, which you can get from


Hi, everybody. My name, as you know, is Daniel and Im around thirty pounds, and a good pair of trainers, but silk
going to tell you about boxercise, which is a fitness shorts are not required! I do most of my training in a
routine based on boxing that I started doing last year. tracksuit. Whatever you wear, it mustnt be too tight
So, first of all, what is boxercise? Well, basically its like because that restricts your movements. A T-shirt and
boxing, and makes use of the kind of training that boxers leggings would be fine.
do, but you dont hit anyone and, fortunately, nobody hits The trainer is always telling us that boxercise is more
you. Its whats called a non-contact sport. In boxercise, about developing discipline than developing muscles
when you do have a partner, you never actually touch and that is why its useful training for other areas of life
your opponent so its not like real boxing. But the skills like studying or jobs. Some people say that it also helps
you develop are very similar. Actually, a lot of the things like decision-making in real life, but Im not so sure
training you do on your own using a skipping rope or a about that.
punchbag the sort of thing youll have seen boxers Anyway, if youd like to know
doing in films and on TV when theyre training.

106

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 106 13/01/15 15:32


Practice Tests Recording Scripts
Test 1 Examiner: Three
You hear part of a radio programme.
Speaker: I always like to have lots of salad vegetables,
2.B

Part 1 however, I think the same old lettuce and tomatoes can
Examiner: This is the Cambridge First Certificate in get a bit boring. So this is what Im doing this year. In the
English Listening test. Practice Test 1. Im going to give greenhouse, Ive planted various types of tomatoes:
you the instructions for this test. Ill introduce each part of some tiny cherry ones, Italian plum, vine and my
the test and give you time to look at the questions. At the favourites, the traditional salad tomato. Here, Ive got six
start of each piece you will hear this sound: different varieties of lettuce so that I can make a nice
Youll hear each piece twice. Remember, while youre mixed leaf salad. Then over there, youll see the spring
listening, write your answers on the question paper. Youll onions, radishes and herbs. Then in this area, Ive
have 5 minutes at the end of the test to copy your planted some of those small potatoes that are so good
answers onto the separate answer sheet. Therell now be eaten cold. So, what could be healthier than a fresh
a pause. Please ask any questions now, because you salad made with vegetables freshly picked from your own
must not speak during the test. back garden?
Examiner: Now look at Part 1. You will hear people
Examiner: Four
talking in eight different situations. For questions 18,
You hear a conversation.
choose the best answer, A, B or C.
Woman: Look at this! My new white jackets been ruined!
Theres a coffee stain right on the front of it!
Examiner: One Man: Im sure you can get that off. Its only coffee, after
You hear a woman talking. all.
Woman: Could you show me your finger? Hm. Its swollen Woman: Ill have to take it to the cleaners and get it
but I think thats probably the insect bite. You might be removed professionally. I dont want to make it worse!
slightly allergic to the bites of these particular insects. Man: Thats probably a good idea. How did it happen,
This sort of thing is fairly common at this time of year, anyway?
and it doesnt look as though its anything serious. Id
Woman: Thats the worst part. I lent it to my sister for a
suggest applying this cream twice a day and if it doesnt
wedding. That was my first mistake! Shes so careless. I
show any signs of improvement after two days, perhaps
should have known something like this would happen.
youd better make an appointment to see a doctor. This
cream should stop it itching and reduce the swelling, at Man: Then she should pay for getting the stain removed.
least. If thats all, thatll be one pound ninety, please. Woman: Too right! Ill make sure she pays for that and Im
never going to lend her anything again!
Examiner: Two
You hear a phone conversation. Examiner: Five
Woman: Could you help me, please? Id like to enrol for You hear a telephone conversation.
the summer school course run by the Economics Woman: Good morning. Daniel Smart?
department and I have to pay a deposit by Friday thats Man: Yes, speaking.
tomorrow. Woman: This is Stanton Car Repairs here. We just wanted
Man: Right. Have you filled in the form? to let you know that unfortunately your car wont be ready
Woman: Ive enrolled online, actually. But the problem is for collection until tomorrow afternoon.
that my credit card has expired, so I need to know the Man: Oh, no. Whys that?
best way to pay before the deadline. I could arrange a Woman: Weve had to order a new part because we
bank transfer or pay by cash... werent able to repair the damaged one.
Man: We can accept cash payments but youd have to go Man: Does this mean its going to cost more, too?
to the accounts office in the main university building for Woman: Im afraid it will put the price up by about thirty
that. Thats your best bet. A bank transfer takes three pounds.
working days to come through.
Man: I see. That means I wont have the car tomorrow
Woman: Thanks. morning.
Woman: Im afraid not. Were doing our best. As soon as
the new part arrives, well fit it, but these things take time,
Im afraid.
Man: OK. Well, thanks for letting me know.

107

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 107 13/01/15 15:32


Practice Tests Recording Scripts

3.B
Examiner: Six Part 2
You hear a conversation about some shoes.
Examiner: Now turn to Part 2. You will hear a short talk
Girl: Hey, those trainers are so cool! about opportunities for teens to study abroad. For
Boy: Do you like them? Theyre the latest design with low- questions 9-18, complete the sentences with a word or
impact soles so they are really comfortable. Im ever so short phrase. You now have 45 seconds to look at Part 2.
pleased with them. They look pretty good, too. I mean I
could wear them with jeans, not just when Im doing Presenter: How would you like to spend a few weeks or
sport. even a year living in a different country?
Girl: How could you afford them? I looked at a similar pair Today were going to find out about the opportunities
a while back and when I saw the price, I changed my available to the 14 to 18 age group. Susie Gillon has
mind. been doing some research for us. So, Susie, what have
Boy: Youre right, they do cost a fortune. I tried some on you found?
in a sports shop and when I saw the price, I left them Susie: First of all, I want to say that theres a lot more out
there. I had a look round on the Internet and found these there than just summer language courses! I think the first
for half price, A real bargain, I reckon! thing you need to do if youre thinking about studying
abroad is to decide whether you want to learn or improve
Examiner: Seven a foreign language. If you do, the most popular option is
Listen to the extract. doing a summer course where you focus on language
Speaker: Whats in an ice core from the Antarctic? Do we learning, staying either with a host family or in college
all see colours in the same way? Whats so special about accommodation. Alternatively, you can do an exchange
prime numbers? Come and find out the answers to these trip to a country of your choice. There are agencies that
questions and many, many more at the Science Festival will match you up with someone of your age, who has the
from 10 to 17 March. Exhibitions and displays are open same interests as you. Youll then live with this family and
from 9.30 am to 6 pm every day of the week plus theres attend a local school with your exchange friend.
a full programme of demonstrations, talks and workshops Exchanges like this often work well and can be repeated
throughout the week. Theres something for everyone for a number of years.
from 3-year-olds to university science students and Presenter: OK. Now, what if youre not interested in
even adults! Come and find out how science affects our improving your language skills, but just want to
everyday lives and what the next big breakthrough is experience life in another country?
going to be. For more information, check out our website Susie: As I said, theres a surprisingly wide choice of
at www.sciencefestival.org. Come and be amazed! options for the under 18s. Heres one that I would have
loved to have done when I was at school: spend the
Examiner: Eight summer on an exchange trip to Australia or New Zealand.
Listen to the conversation at an airport. You live with a family who has a teenager your age and
Passenger: I just put it down on that table in the caf you go to school together. Remember that in the
there for a minute while I paid for my coffee and when I southern hemisphere, July and August are winter months,
looked round it had gone! so schools are open. The great thing about this is that
Security officer: Can you describe it? you wont miss out on any of your schooling, and youll
get to know another way of life.
Passenger: Its not very big, blue with a shoulder strap.
Its not new, in fact it looks rather well-used. Presenter: That sounds fantastic, I wish I was back at
school! So thats only for Australia and New Zealand,
Security officer: What was in it? then?
Passenger: All my travel documents, of course, money, Susie: No, there are also programmes in Canada and the
credit cards and so on. Everything I need for my holiday USA, but remember that their long summer holidays are
and the things I need for the flight face cream, water, at the same time as ours, so if you want to attend school
book, that sort of thing. over there, it would mean missing school here. However,
Security officer: Have you checked in the caf and asked this is allowed and as long as you dont go in an exam
if its been handed in? year, it can be arranged.
Passenger: Well, I looked around for it but I havent Presenter: What else have you got?
asked anyone about it. You see, my flight is just about to Susie: How about working as a volunteer in Africa?
board...
Presenter: Sounds interesting, but can teenagers do that?
Examiner: That is the end of Part 1. Susie: Certainly, there are a number of organisations that
take 14 to 18 year olds during the long summer holidays,

108

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 108 13/01/15 15:32


Practice Tests Recording Scripts

not only to Africa, but also Latin America, India and Asia. a big lunch or dinner with all the family at home never
Volunteers help in primary schools, orphanages and on in restaurant! I love these occasions, especially if its my
community projects. They also learn about the countrys birthday as then I get to choose the menu thats part of
culture and traditions. There are usually adventure trips to the tradition, the person whos celebrating can choose
discover the country as well. As the motto of one the food. We all help either with the cooking or laying the
organisation calls it help, learn and explore. Its a great table and clearing up afterwards because its all part of
way to really get to know a country and its people while the fun. Now were older, we go out to celebrate with
at the same time having the support of an organisation to friends as well, but theres something very special about
look after you. the family meal.
Presenter: Quite. I didnt know that such young people
could work abroad as volunteers. Examiner: Speaker 2
Susie: Yes, but the youngsters are well-looked after and Speaker 2: My friends and I love parties and thats how
their safety is the number one priority of all these we celebrate our birthdays, passing exams, end of term
organisations. Right, on to the next one. If you are keen you name it, well have a party! We enjoy having different
on sport, music, art or the performing arts, there are a types of parties, so in the summer we have barbecues,
number of summer schools organised in European picnics and other outdoor celebrations. Fancy dress is
countries. always very popular. We choose a theme and all the
guests have to come dressed accordingly. We also make
Some of these courses are at a high level and are aimed
sure the music and food are linked to the theme I think
at young people who have already developed skills in
themed, fancy dress parties are the best. At the last party
their area of interest.
we had, we decided to make it very formal with
Presenter: So that would be for talented young everybody wearing long dresses and suits and ties. Its
musicians, say, rather than people who fancy learning our last year at university, so were planning a big leaving
the guitar. party now.
Susie: Yes, also most of the sports camps are pretty
specialised: tennis, football, swimming and gymnastics Examiner: Speaker 3
are popular sports. Thats not to say that there arent also Speaker 3: I dont like to admit it, but I dont like
camps for enthusiastic beginners, but you need to look celebrations much. Im not sure why, but I think its to do
around carefully. with the fact that celebrations often never quite live up to
Presenter: Thank you, Susie. Where can listeners find out expectations. It probably goes back to my childhood
more about this? when I used to get incredibly excited about my birthday
Susie: On our website, Ive put links to the websites of all and Christmas. I used to look forward to them for weeks
the activities Ive mentioned, plus a few more that might and then feel really down when the celebrations were
be of interest as well as a list of tips and other useful over. As you get older, friends and family dont make such
information. a fuss of birthdays and Christmas loses some of its
magic. Dont get me wrong, I join in with all the
Examiner: Now youll hear Part 2 again. Thats the end of celebrations, but I cant say that theyre my favourite
Part 2. days. Often, the best times are just ordinary days.

Examiner: Speaker 4
Speaker 4: Last summer I went to the best celebration
4.B

Part 3 Ive ever been to it was my cousins wedding. Now I


Examiner: Now turn to Part 3. You will hear five different know that doesnt sound particularly exciting, but this
people talking about celebrations. For questions 19-23, was something else! My cousin and her family live on a
choose from the list A-H what each speaker says. Use the farm, so they had enough space to invite as many guests
letters only once. There are three extra letters which you as they wanted. All the younger ones camped in a field.
do not need to use. You now have 30 seconds to look at My cousin and her husband both work in the music
Part 3. business and theyd invited some bands and musicians to
come and play. So, in the end it turned out to be like a
Examiner: Speaker 1 music festival. What a great way to celebrate a wedding!
Speaker 1: In my family, theres only one way of It was really informal and relaxed and everybody enjoyed
celebrating and thats with a family meal. It doesnt it immensely.
matter if its a birthday, anniversary, wedding or passing
a driving test, at some point in the proceedings therell be

109

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 109 13/01/15 15:32


Practice Tests Recording Scripts

Examiner: Speaker 5 Girl: Scientists are trying to find a way to break them up,
Speaker 5: The most recent celebration Ive been to was but its not easy because of their size.
with some colleagues from work. My team had just come Boy: I suppose the best way is to prevent plastic getting
to the end of a very intense period of work building up to into the sea in the first place.
winning a contract. We were all exhausted, but delighted Girl: Yes, thats what it says here. Eighty per cent of the
with the result, of course. Wed been working really long plastic in our seas comes from the land, so weve got to
hours, so we decided to go away to the coast for a stop it getting into the water.
couple of days. I wasnt at all sure how wed all get on
Boy: Why does so much plastic end up in the sea?
outside the work environment and had dreaded non-stop
talk about business, but in the end it was good fun. No Girl: It says here that some gets blown into the sea from
one mentioned work and we spent a lot of time outside in the land and the rest is thrown into the sea.
the fresh air. It turned out to be a good way to celebrate. Boy: But thats terrible! It must be very harmful for fish
and other sea life. I know that plastic bags in the sea can
Examiner: Now youll hear Part 3 again. Thats the end of kill fish and sea birds through suffocation.
Part 3. Girl: Thats right. They find a lot of fish with pieces of
plastic in their stomachs because they think its food and
eat it. Apparently, the plastic breaks down very gradually
into small pieces about one centimetre in size. It does an
5.B

Part 4
immense amount of damage to the environment because
Examiner: Now turn to Part 4. You will hear two people lots of chemicals are released into the sea through this
discussing an environmental problem caused by plastic. process. It also says here that plastic is difficult to recycle
For questions 24-30, choose the best answer, A, B or C. because one object can be made from different types of
You now have 1 minute to look at Part 4. plastic and each type of plastic has to be recycled
separately. It gives the example of a sports drink bottle
Girl: Thats incredible. Listen to this! Do you know that in with one of those special drinking tops. The bottle is
the Pacific Ocean there are millions of tonnes of plastic easily recycled, but the top has to be taken apart before it
floating around? The Ocean currents have brought all the can be dealt with.
pieces of plastic together to the same area, which they Boy: I think we use too much plastic anyway. It would be
call a garbage patch. Have you heard about this? a good thing if we all reduced the amount of plastic we
Boy: No, I dont think I have. What else does it say? use.
Girl: Scientists have been monitoring the situation for the Girl: Thats so true. When I finish a bottle of shampoo or
past forty years and apparently the size of the garbage shower gel, I always think how much better it would be to
patch has increased one hundred times and now covers re-fill that bottle rather than buy a new bottle. I mean, you
an area twice the size of France! They also reckon could take your empty bottle to the shop and re-fill it.
another two garbage patches are forming in the North Whats the problem with that?
and South Atlantic. Boy: Youre right. Ive seen some shops that have a
Boy: So you mean, all those plastic containers and system like that for liquid cleaning products. More shops
bottles that end up in the sea travel along the ocean ought to do it. Another thing are the so-called disposable
currents and end up in one place? plastic items that you use once and throw away.
Girl: Yes, thats right. Look at this map. See, the garbage Girl: Definitely. I try never to use them. Theyre such a
patch is right in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, between waste and now Ive read this article about plastic in the
Asia and the USA, not far from Hawaii. sea, Im going to make sure I never buy disposable items
Boy: I see. Actually, I remember hearing about something again!
similar. A cargo of plastic toy ducks fell into the sea but Boy: Talking about the problem of plastic in the sea,
stayed together and floated round the world. In fact, I when you go to the coast, theres always litter on the
think scientists monitored their movements to help them beach and you often find rubbish floating around in the
understand ocean currents better. water, dont you?...
Girl: Yes, I remember something about that. But the thing
that worries me most here is the pollution that plastic Examiner: Now youll hear Part 4 again.
causes. Examiner: Thats the end of Part 4. Therell now be a
Boy: Quite. Something like this is a real hazard for the pause of 5 minutes for you to copy your answers onto the
sea and wildlife. Cant they do anything about these separate answer sheet. Be sure to follow the numbering
garbage patches? of all the questions.

110

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 110 13/01/15 15:32


Practice Tests Recording Scripts

Test 2 Examiner: Three


You hear a boy talking about a school trip.
Boy: I would quite like to go, I suppose it would be fun,
6.B

Part 1 but I have already been there twice. Admittedly, the first
Examiner: This is the Cambridge First Certificate in time, I spent most of the time sitting in the hotel because
English Listening test. Practice Test 2. Im going to give I twisted my ankle and it was really swollen and painful to
you the instructions for this test. Ill introduce each part of walk but its a lovely place. The thing is, my dads lost
the test and give you time to look at the questions. At the his job and moneys a bit tight at the moment. I dont
start of each piece you will hear this sound: really want to ask my parents to pay for things that arent
Youll hear each piece twice. Remember, while youre really essential. I could save up myself, but Id rather use
listening, write your answers on the question paper. Youll my money for the summer holidays, so thats why Im
have 5 minutes at the end of the test to copy your going to give it a miss this year. Theres always next year!
answers onto the separate answer sheet. Therell now be
a pause. Please ask any questions now, because you Examiner: Four
must not speak during the test. You hear about a competition on the radio.
Speaker: Now heres something for all you Uncut
Examiner: Now look at Part 1. Youll hear people talking Diamond fans out there. Weve got twenty tickets to give
in eight different situations. For questions 18, choose away absolutely free for the concert in the AZ Arena on
the best answer, A, B or C. May 10th. During the week of 21st to 26th April, well be
giving away four tickets every day from Monday to Friday.
Examiner: One Well phone you and if you can answer our three quiz
You hear part of a lesson. questions, a ticket will be yours! So, send us a text or an
Speaker: Its important to know something about the email, marked Uncut Concert with your name and phone
social background of the time because it allows you to number, by and not after next Wednesday, thats April
put Mackays work into context. His surroundings were an 16th. Well pick out names from the list and give you a
important influence. He grew up on a remote island in the chance to win one of our free tickets.
Outer Hebrides. His life there would have been very
difficult and the weather would have affected the way he Examiner: Five
lived, this is why its a constant theme in his work. You hear a mother talking to her son.
However, remember that his home was surrounded by Mum: Well, its a pass, I suppose just. Im sure you
magnificent scenery and he spent much of his time out could have got a better mark, though, if youd done a bit
in the open air. He lived in a very isolated community more revision and paid more attention in class.
there were only about thirty people living on the island at Boy: Yes, but its difficult stuff and I do listen during
this time. Some of his finest poetry was written during his lessons most of the time.
teenage years on the island.
Mum: Im sure it isnt easy, but I still think you could do
better. You need to make more of an effort. Youre a
Examiner: Two
bright boy and if you put your mind to it, you could do
You overhear two people discussing a party.
really well, couldnt you?
Girl: Weve got to do something really special this year.
Boy: I suppose so.
Something a bit different from all the other years.
Mum: Well, come on then! If you spend a bit more time
Boy: Definitely I mean its a once in a lifetime occasion!
on your homework, youll do really well in the exams and
Girl: Do you think we should accept Liams offer of youll feel proud of yourself!
holding it at his house? Hes got plenty of room and we
could even go outside if its nice. Examiner: Six
Boy: Well, its that or hiring the church hall, unless we You hear two people talking about a recent incident.
want to have it at school... Girl: It was on Saturday evening when we came out of
Girl: No, I dont think so. I mean theres the official the club. Id arranged for my dad to pick me up in the
end-of-year ceremony with all the staff. This is meant to central car park like he always does, but Millys mum was
be fun no adults, just our class and friends. nowhere to be seen. Milly tried to phone her but her
Boy: Youre right. I think we need to have a meeting with phone was off.
everyone and work something out together. Boy: So what did you do?
Girl: We told my dad, but Milly was really worried about
her mum because she hadnt been feeling well earlier in

111

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 111 13/01/15 15:32


Practice Tests Recording Scripts

the day. We couldnt leave her in the centre of town on What is common to all types of bread is the basic recipe
her own at midnight, so we waited there with her. After of flour and water which is then baked. To this basic
about ten minutes, Millys mum turned up. Shed fallen recipe, yeast or baking powder is often added to make
asleep on the sofa, thats why she was late! the dough rise which produces a lighter loaf. Salt, seeds,
Boy: So Milly neednt have worried. milk, butter, oil, eggs, sugar, spice, sultanas are some of
the other ingredients that can be added to produce
Examiner: Seven special types of bread.
You overhear a boy talking. Its a food we take for granted and its something most
homes are never without. Evidence has been found of
Boy: Sorry Im late but the rehearsal went on for longer
bread-making as far back as 30,000 years ago. This
than planned. They wouldnt let us go until wed got the
would have been a simple flatbread made by pounding
last piece right. We had to do it from the beginning and, as
grain, mixing the resulting flour with water and baking
you know, Im singing the solo, so I couldnt leave before
over a fire. Later, ancient civilisations added a simple
wed all finished. Then, I had to drop off my tennis racket at form of yeast, derived from wine or beer, to make their
the sports shop as the strings have to be adjusted again. I bread rise.
need it for a match on Sunday so I had to take it in today Bread has long had an important cultural significance
or else it wouldnt be ready in time. Are you ready? We and we often use the word to mean more than mere
dont want to be late for chess club as well! food: a bread-winner earns money to keep a family,
bread-basket is used to describe the productive
Examiner: Eight agricultural area of a country, bread is used as a slang
You overhear two girls in a shop. for money among some groups of people. We mustnt
Girl 1: I think the colour suits you and itd be ideal to wear forget that bread also has great significance in many
on your holiday. religions round the world. Id now like to introduce Mary
Girl 2: Mm. Its a nice length and I like the design. Its just Curran, who describes herself as an expert baker. She
the sort of thing I was looking for. runs courses teaching people how to make bread and
has recently written a book on the subject. So, hello,
Girl 1: The price isnt bad, either, especially with 10%
Mary. First of all can you describe to our listeners what
discount. Are you going to buy it?
youve brought along to the studio today?
Girl 2: Im not sure. The fronts fine, but I dont like the
Mary: Hello, yes. Ive brought in some of the different
way the back crosses over. Its a bit uncomfortable.
types of bread we make at my cookery school: heres a
Girl 1: Yeah, I see what you mean. It looks a bit baggy at traditional white loaf and some brown rolls with sunflower
the back, now you mention it. You could always try on a seeds. This is some Italian focaccia and heres some pitta
smaller size. bread from the Middle East. Over here, you can see some
Girl 2: I think the waist would be too tight then. I think Ill French croissants.
have another look round and see if theres anything else. Presenter: I must tell listeners that it all looks absolutely
delicious. Theres nothing quite like the smell of freshly-
Examiner: That is the end of Part 1. baked bread, is there?
Mary: No, I dont know anyone who can resist it!
Presenter: Mary, tell us, is it difficult to make bread?
7.B

Part 2 Mary: Not at all. I know most people think it is, but its far
Examiner: Now turn to Part 2. You will hear an extract easier than making a cake. You just need to remember
from a radio programme about bread. For questions 9-18, two things: bread likes to be kept warm. If you want your
complete the sentences with a word or short phrase. You loaf to rise and be light and crisp, you must leave it in a
now have 45 seconds to look at Part 2. warm place, and secondly, you have to allow it plenty of
time. But that doesnt mean itll take up a lot of your time.
Presenter: Who doesnt enjoy a slice of freshly-baked You can mix the dough and then leave it in a warm place
bread? Its high on my list of favourite foods. Bread is one and go off and do something else.
of our most basic foods nearly every culture round the Presenter: How long can you leave it?
world makes a type of bread. Bread can vary widely from Mary: That depends on the temperature of the room and
country to country, the shape and ingredients change but type of mixture, but from between one and four hours, or
it is probably the one food that is common to all mankind. even overnight. Then, when its well-risen, you shape it
Asian bread tends to be soft and fluffy, German into rolls or loaves, put it in baking tins and leave it again
pumpernickel is heavy and dark, Indian naan bread is flat until it is nice and risen. So once again, while its rising,
and round the variety is infinite! you can go out and do something else. It needs to be

112

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 112 13/01/15 15:32


Practice Tests Recording Scripts

baked in a hot oven at least 200C, the length of time because I didnt get in and now I feel really embarrassed
depends on the size of the loaf, and thats all there is to it! about the whole thing! I was featured in the school
Presenter: Right. Ive noticed that bread machines have magazine, so everyone at school knew all about it and
become popular. What do you think of them? the local newspaper even had an article and a photo
about me and my ambitions! I dont regret applying at all
Mary: Wonderful! You can put your flour and ingredients
because it was a useful experience and Ive now got a
in the machine before you go to bed and youll have fresh
place on a degree course here, but it was a big mistake
bread for breakfast. The only thing is that most machines
to tell anyone about what I was doing.
only make one loaf at a time...
Examiner: Speaker 4
Examiner: Now youll hear Part 2 again. Thats the end of
Part 2. Speaker 4: My biggest regret at the moment is having
this tattoo on my shoulder done. Im going to get it
removed next week, but I could have avoided the pain
and expense by not having it done in the first place! I
8.B

Part 3 shouldnt have listened to my friends! Id always said Id


never have anything permanent like that, in case I
Examiner: Now turn to Part 3. You will hear five different
changed my mind. I was out in town with them one
people talking about some of the things they regret. For
afternoon and they talked me into having a tiny butterfly
questions 19-23, choose from the list A-H what each
tattooed on my shoulder. I had it done there and then. My
speaker says. Use the letters only once. There are three
mum wasnt too pleased when she saw it and my sister
extra letters which you do not need to use. You now have
doesnt like it much either. Luckily its small and should
30 seconds to look at Part 3. be easy to remove!

Examiner: Speaker 1 Examiner: Speaker 5


Speaker 1: Im just finishing a degree in Social Sciences, Speaker 5: Id always wanted a sports car and Id
which is great. The only thing is, Im thirty-five and I really promised myself that as soon as I was earning a decent
wish Id gone to university as soon as Id left school. Its salary, Id buy one. Six months ago I bought this second-
really hard studying at this age because Im working hand car and instead of hours of enjoyable driving, Ive
part-time as well. I spend all my free time weekends had nothing but trouble with it and its cost me a
and evenings doing university work. Not only that, I fortune in repairs! Things started off badly, when I
miss out on the social side of university. Ive made friends reversed into the pump the first time I filled up with petrol.
with a group of other mature students, but I really envy Then the engine started making a funny noise, and then
the twenty-year-olds and their lifestyle. I started work as it was the brakes... I wont go on. Im going to sell it as
soon as I left school, but I soon realised that if I wanted soon as I can and buy a sensible, reliable car thats
to progress in my career, I needed a professional economical to run. Ive learnt my lesson!
qualification, so thats why Im studying now.
Examiner: Now youll hear Part 3 again.
Examiner: Speaker 2 Thats the end of Part 3.
Speaker 2: There arent many things I regret and Im
pretty content with my life, but I refused a job offer a few
years ago and I still wonder if I did the right thing. A group
9.B

of people from my firm were setting up their own Part 4


business and asked me to join them. At the time, I Examiner: Now turn to Part 4. You will hear a radio
thought it was a high risk and I didnt really have the interview with a girl who has just paddled round the coast
capital to invest in the new venture, so I decided against of Ireland in a kayak. For questions 24-30, choose the
it. Two years on, their business is doing very well and is best answer, A, B or C. You now have 1 minute to look at
expanding all the time. Im still at the old firm and Part 4.
although Ive been promoted, I think that if Id accepted
the position with the new business, Id have a more Presenter: Tonights guest is Tess Ashton who, at the age
interesting and challenging job now. of 17, has just finished paddling her way round the coast
of Ireland as part of a trio of kayaks. Not only did they
Examiner: Speaker 3 manage to complete the trip in close to record time but
Speaker 3: What do I regret? I know its not that they have also raised nearly ten thousand pounds for
important, but I wish I hadnt told everyone that I was charity. Tell us how it all started, Tess.
going to apply to go to a top university in the USA Tess: We got our original idea from a talk given by a man

113

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 113 13/01/15 15:32


Practice Tests Recording Scripts

who had sailed round the coast of Britain in a canoe, problems with our hands, even though we wore gloves
single-handed. My brother Tom, our friend Laura and I when we were paddling plus the fact that youre sitting
had been members of a kayak club for years and wed down all the time in a kayak meant we felt very stiff. Its
already done a number of long trips by kayak, so we also mentally very challenging. Wed be spending an
thought wed like to have a go at something similar. What average of 8 hours a day in the kayak and boredom can
prompted us to make a start was an appeal launched by be a problem. It was difficult to talk to each other while
our local hospital to raise money for the childrens we were on the water, but we all had music to listen to
cardiac unit. We were keen to help because Laura had and we saw some fabulous scenery and wildlife sea
been successfully treated for a heart problem when she birds and seals. We also planned to make frequent short
was a child. We realised that the coast of Britain was too stops and I think that helped a lot. Before we set off each
long to do in our school summer holidays, so we chose to morning, we used to plan the days schedule and we
paddle round the coast of Ireland instead. stuck to it rigidly. In the breaks, wed get out of the
Presenter: How long did it take you? kayaks, run around and stretch, grab some high energy
food, like chocolate, before setting off again. It was a
Tess: Its a one thousand-mile trip and we completed it in
challenge, but we kept each others spirits up and
28 days. We were very lucky with the weather because
enjoyed it. I dont think Id like to do something like this on
we didnt lose any full days due to bad conditions. We
my own though that would be really tough.
had to cut short the days paddling a couple of times
because the sea was too rough, but we paddled every Presenter: The trip must have taken a lot of organisation.
single day! We tended to stay near the coast as its more Tess: Yes, it did. Our parents were a great help and
sheltered than the open sea. looked after most of the planning, so that we could
Presenter: You must have had a good support team. concentrate on our training. We had to transport a lot of
Tess: Yes, our parents took it in turns to follow us by car, equipment to Ireland kayaks, paddles, mountains of
set up the tent, buy and cook food, wash our clothes and protective clothing, tents and so on.
so on. We could never have done it without them! All we Presenter: What next? Have you got any plans for
had to do was to concentrate on the paddling. another trip?
Presenter: How long did your preparation and training Tess: Definitely, were all keen to take up another
take? challenge. Were thinking of paddling round Britain but
Tess: As I said, we belong to a kayak club, so were out with a group of people from the kayak club, but were only
on the water, usually the sea, three or four times a week. in the very early stages of planning...
We also started running and working out in the gym to
build up our fitness levels. We started training seriously Examiner: Now youll hear Part 4 again.
for the challenge six months before we set off.
Thats the end of Part 4. Therell now be a pause of 5
Presenter: What was the most difficult part? minutes for you to copy your answers onto the separate
Tess: Obviously it was physically very demanding. We answer sheet. Be sure to follow the numbering of all the
were exhausted at the end of every day. We all had questions.

114

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 114 13/01/15 15:32


SAMPLE
ANSWER SHEETS

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 115 13/01/15 15:32


Sample Answer Sheets

116 Reproduced with permission of Cambridge English Language Assessment UCLES 2015

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 116 13/01/15 15:32


Sample Answer Sheets

Reproduced with permission of Cambridge English Language Assessment UCLES 2015 117

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 117 13/01/15 15:32


Sample Answer Sheets

SAMPLE

118 Reproduced with permission of Cambridge English Language Assessment UCLES 2015

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 118 13/01/15 15:32


Sample Answer Sheets

SAMPLE

Reproduced with permission of Cambridge English Language Assessment UCLES 2015 119

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 119 13/01/15 15:32


Internet: www.blackcat-cideb.com
E-mail: info@blackcat-cideb.com

Development editor: Chiara Versino


Editors: Emma Berridge, Monika Marszewska
Book design and page layout: VisualGrafika Torino
Cover design: Simona Corniola, Carlo Cibrario-Sent
Design coordinator: Simona Corniola

Art director: Nadia Maestri

2015 Black Cat, Genoa, London


First Edition: January 2015

Every effort has been made to trace the copyright holders and we apologise in advance for any unintentional omissions. We would be pleased to
insert the appropriate acknowledgement in any subsequent edition of this publication.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the previous written permission of the publisher.
Photocopies for the readers personal use can be made within a limit of 15% of each volume on payment to SIAE of the amount stipulated in
article 68, paragraphs 4 and 5 of law 633 of 22nd April 1941. Reproductions destined for professional, economical or commercial use or in any
case for non-personal use can be made only after obtaining specific authorisation from CLEARedi (Centro Licenze e Autorizzazioni per le
Riproduzioni Editoriali) Corso di Porta Romana, 108 20122 Milano email: autorizzazioni@clearedi.org; www.clearedi.org
In accordance with DL 74/92, the use of any commercial brand images and/or logos in this text is purely illustrative and should in no way be
interpreted as endorsement on the part of Black Cat of such products and/or brands.

Printed in Italy by: L.E.G.O. Lavis (TN)

Reprint I II III IV V VI
Year 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020

BC13008_0400_U04_070-120.indd 120 13/01/15 15:32