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Antichistica 12

Studi orientali 5

The City of Ebla


A Complete Bibliography
of Its Archaeological
and Textual Remains
Erica Scarpa

Edizioni
CaFoscari
The City of Ebla

Antichistica
Studi orientali

Collana diretta da
Lucio Milano

12 | 5
Antichistica
Studi orientali
Direttore scientifico
Lucio Milano (Universit Ca Foscari Venezia, Italia)

Comitato scientifico
Claudia Antonetti (Universit Ca Foscari Venezia, Italia)
Filippo Maria Carinci (Universit Ca Foscari Venezia, Italia)
Ettore Cingano (Universit Ca Foscari Venezia, Italia)
Joy Connolly (New York University, USA)
Andrea Giardina (Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italia)
Marc van de Mieroop (Columbia University in the City of New York, USA)
Elena Rova (Universit Ca Foscari Venezia, Italia)
Fausto Zevi (Sapienza Universit di Roma, Italia)

Direzione e redazione
Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici
Universit Ca Foscari Venezia
Palazzo Malcanton Marcor
Dorsoduro 3484/D,
30123 Venezia

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The City of Ebla
A Complete Bibliography
of Its Archaeological
and Textual Remains
Erica Scarpa

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The City of Ebla. A Complete Bibliography of Its Archaeological and Textual Remains
Erica Scarpa

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ISBN 978-88-6969-159-1 (print)

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DOI 10.14277/978-88-6969-158-4
The City of Ebla
A Complete Bibliography of Its Archaeological and Textual Remains
Erica Scarpa

Abstract
This book lists more than 2,600 bibliographical entries referring to books, articles, and
digital resources concerned with the ancient city of Ebla (modern Tell Mardikh, Syria,
XXIV century BCE). The volume provides a comprehensive collection of philological,
archaeological, and historical studies on Ebla from 1965 to present day: the Introduction
describes structure, usage, and indexing principles of the bibliography, along with a
detailed description of previous bibliographical repertoires on Ebla. A subject index is
also provided to help the reader find entries related to specific subjects. The bibliography
is arranged in alphabetical order by author and chronologically by year: the individual
entries are marked by a progressive number for quick reference.

Keywords
Ebla. Bibliography. Tell Mardikh. Syria.
The City of Ebla
A Complete Bibliography of Its Archaeological and Textual Remains
Erica Scarpa

Acknowledgements

This book is the result of two years of work. I started collecting


bibliographical references on Ebla during the writing of my Masters thesis
at Ca Foscari University: after my graduation, I continued to collect them,
reaching a significant amount (about 600 entries). I am grateful to Prof.
Lucio Milano for encouraging me to improve my work and for supporting
the publication of this book in the series Antichistica Studi Orientali. I
wish to express my deepest gratitude also to Paola Cor for her guidance
and constant advice (and for teachingme to ask the right questions). I am
deeply indebted to Marco Bonechi who patiently advised and assisted
me in preparing this book. His constant support, as well as his many
helpful suggestions and comments, were critical both to my personal
growth and the completion of this book. Very special thanks are due to
Stefania Ermidoro for her friendship, patience, and assistance, especially
in the final stages of preparation. I wish to thank Massimo Maiocchi who
kindly revised the manuscript, and Francesco Di Filippo for providing
me assistance with the future digital counterpart of this bibliography.
Last (but not least), I would like to thank Barbara and Pietro, for always
pushing me to do (and be) better. Any errors or omissionsare solely my
responsibility.
The City of Ebla
A Complete Bibliography of Its Archaeological and Textual Remains
Erica Scarpa

Summary

Introduction9

Bibliography55

Authors Index 287


The City of Ebla
A Complete Bibliography of Its Archaeological and Textual Remains
Erica Scarpa

Introduction
Summary 1 Introduction. 2 Structure. 2.1 Usage. 2.2 Indexing Principles. 2.3 Abbreviations
and cross-references. 3 Previous Eblaite Bibliographies. 3.1 Specific entries. 4 Survey of the
bibliography. 4.1 General comments. 4.2 Subject Index.

1 Introduction

Bibliographical entries included in this volume refer to books, articles and


digital resources containing information about Ebla/Tell Mardikh. The first
archaeological campaign to Tell Mardikh took place in 1964, and publications
started in 1965. Since then, several bibliographical repertoires have been
published. These repertoires are of two types: either published as articles in
journals and as chapters in printed books, or available online as PDF files.
Four reference lists belonging to the first type have been published by
Massimo Baldacci, Francesco Pomponio and Francesca Baffi Guardata in
between 1966 and 1997: the first one appeared in the volume Ebla 1975-
1985, while the others appeared in the journal Studi Epigrafici e Lingui-
stici.1 In addition, a selected bibliography has been published by Beld,
Hallo and Michalowski in 1984, in the volume The Tablets of Ebla. Con-
cordance and Bibliography,2 which contains only articles or monographs
where edition(s) of tablets are present, along with selected entries. Finally,
the Keilschriftbibliographie, published annually in the journal Orientalia
is also to be included in the reference list group.3
As for the second type, namely PDF resources, two reference lists are
currently available online: a bibliography on Semitic linguistics, compiled
by Gregorio del Olmo Lete, with a specific section for Eblaite, updated to
December 2012; and a list focused on linguistics published as part of the
Etymological Dictionary of Akkadian project (updated to July 2014).4

1 Baldacci, Pomponio 1987; Baffi Guardata, Baldacci, Pomponio 1989; Baffi Guardata,
Baldacci, Pomponio 1993; Baffi Guardata, Baldacci, Pomponio 1997. See also further 3.
2 Beld, Michalowski, Hallo 1984.
3 The Keilschriftbibliographie is also available online at http://vergil.uni-tuebingen.
de/keibi/ (2017-05-02).
4 See Kogan, Krebernik, Streck 2013-.
11
Scarpa The City of Ebla

The present book aims to collect not only references primarily con-
cerned with philological analysis of Ebla texts, but also archaeological and
historical studies. Publications have been included whenever they meet at
least one of the following requirements:
they offer an in-depth study of Ebla evidence;
the focus on Ebla is secondary, but they still have high impact on
Ebla studies;
they mention Ebla in marginal notes only, but the information is still
relevant, especially in comparative perspective.5
All references included in this book will be also available as an online
bibliographic database, as part of the Ebla Digital Archives (EbDA) project.
The bibliographical database will be steadily updated, along with refer-
ences possibly omitted in this book.

2 Structure
2.1 Usage

Although the present book is available also in print, this volume is designed
primarily for digital use. The reader can search within the book for specific
references: any basic PDF viewer allows the user to easily search thorough
the file by the desired keyword(s). To make the search feature more effec-
tive, the following conventions are used:
every reference contains the full surname and name of the author,
separated by a comma;
a four digit progressive number precedes every reference; the four
digit number is used in the Authors index in place of page numbers
and is preceded by a hashtag (#) to avoid matching results with
years;
reviews, reprints, and translations are listed both as normal refer-
ences and as cross-references after the entry they refer to.
The reader can thus search the entire bibliography by:
Surname, Name, for entries by a specific author, and by Surname,
Name (2016), for entries by a specific author in a given year;
a four digit number, to find a specific entry;
a cross reference, to quickly find a related document (see further).
The book does not contain hyperlinks (i.e. cross references are not click-
able) because more than 800 cross references are present, and the final
file would have been heavy and difficult to manage.

5 This is the case for example for Rebecca Hasselbachs Sargonic Akkadian (2005), whose
structure has been followed by Amalia Catagnoti in La grammatica della lingua di Ebla
(Catagnoti 2012a, p. 3).

12 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

2.2 Indexing Principles

Entries are ordered alphabetically by author and chronologically by year.


Entries referring to one and the same author are listed under a header.
For co-authorships, the header spells out all the authors; et alii is used in
the header when the number of the authors is six or more. Since using et
alii leads in some cases to ambiguity,6 in these cases as many names as
necessary are spelled out to avoid twins headers.
As for the alphabetical order, de is ignored in Spanish surnames. In
Italian surnames, the apostrophe stands as space, while surnames with de
or di are listed under the letter D. In Dutch and German names van (de)
or von are ignored in the alphabetical order. Entries for each author(s)
are listed in chronological order: entries belonging to the same author and
to the same year are distinguished by a progressive alphabetic character
placed after the year of publication. Notice that if the entries for a given
year are more than 26, i.e. more than the letters of the Latin alphabet, a
plus sign (+) is added between the number and the progressive alphabetic
character (a-z).7 References belonging to the same author(s) and year are
listed in the following order:
1. monographs (if more than one, alphabetical order by monograph title);
2. editorships (if more than one, alphabetical order by volume title);
3. articles in journals (if more than one, alphabetical order by journal
title; if more than one in the same journal, by page number);
4. articles in miscellanea (if more than one, alphabetical order by vol-
ume title; if more than one in the same volume, by page number);
5. other.
In addition, all entries are numbered consecutively from 0001 to 2668.
A hashtag (#) precedes the four digits number to avoid matching results
with numbers corresponding to years. These numbers are used in the au-
thors alphabetical index at the end of the volume in place of page numbers.

2.3 Abbreviations and cross-references

Abbreviations adopted here are according to the Register Assyriologie,


published in the journal Archiv fr Orientforschung. Journals are always
abbreviated if included in the Register Assyriologie, otherwise they are

6 See for example: Davico, Floriani Squarciapino, Liverani, Matthiae, Minganti, Pericoli
Ridolfini 1965 and Davico, Floriani Squarciapino, Fronzaroli, Liverani, Matthiae, Scandone
Matthiae 1967.
7 Letters are not reduplicated as in common usage: reduplication would lead to overlap-
ping results (see for example 1986a and 1986aa), while the plus sign (+) clearly distinguishes
the entries (1986a and 1986+a).

Introduction 13
Scarpa The City of Ebla

written out in full. Collective volumes are abbreviated only if occurring


more than three times. Abbreviations of collective volumes which are not
included in the Register Assyriologie have been abbreviated according to
common use. Review articles are listed among the articles in journals
and under the name of the reviewer. The titles of review articles have been
standardized as follows:

Name, Surname (year). Review of Book Title by Name Surname. Jour-


nal, 1, pp. 1-5.

Bibliographical references mentioned in the introduction are abbreviated


to Surname (year) to avoid matching results with the main references
list. Wherever needed, entries contain a cross-reference to the following
related documents (all included in this volume):
reviews: cross-reference to a review is listed after the book entry;
translations: cross-reference to a translation is listed after both the
original entry and its translation;
reprints: cross-reference to a reprint is listed after both the original
entry and the reprint;
co-authorships: cross-reference to a co-authorship is listed for each
of the authors under the related author section, at the end of the
related year.
Any cross-reference, with the exception of co-authorships, is included
in square brackets. All cross-references are specified by an arrow () fol-
lowed by the authors name and year, such as [ Archi, Alfonso (1985h)].

3 Previous Eblaite Bibliographies


The term Eblaite bibliographies is used here to refer to the four reference
lists published by Massimo Baldacci, Francesco Pomponio, and Francesca
Baffi Guardata. The authors started the project after the Keilschriftbi-
bliographie abandoned the thematic categorization with no. 44 (1983).
The first Eblaite bibliography was published in 1987 in the volume Ebla
1975-1985,8 and subsequent updates have been published in the journal
Studi Epigrafici e Linguistici.9 Their content can be described as follows:
Bibliografia eblaita [= Baldacci, Pomponio (1987)]: published in Ebla
1975-1985. Contains entries from 1966 to 1985, and articles in press
in 1986.

8 Cagni 1987.
9 See Baldacci, Pomponio 1987, p. 430 and n. 1.
14 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Bibliografia eblaita II [= Baffi Guardata, Baldacci, Pomponio (1989)]:


contains references to works published between 1986 and 1988, ref-
erences to those published before 1986 which were not present in the
first Bibliografia eblaita, and some references to forthcoming works
(the publication of which was expected by 1989).10
Eblaite Bibliography III [= Baffi Guardata, Baldacci, Pomponio
(1993)]: covers the years 1989-92, ending with December, 1992.11
Eblaite Bibliography IV [= Baffi Guardata, Baldacci, Pomponio (1997)]:
updated until March, 1997.12
The Eblaite bibliographies mention works which were in press at the
time the collections were composed: the reader can find the updated bib-
liographical references in the present volume. It must be noted that some
of these works are still unpublished: a list of the references to papers
which are still unpublished is given below.

3.1 Specific entries

Baldacci, Massimo. Il vocabolario del vino ad Ebla. Rivista Biblica


Italiana (= Bibliografia eblaita no. E-IV-30);
Buccellati, Giorgio; Jaffe, Matthew Lee; Paul, Judith R. Repertory of
Ebla Onomastics (= Bibliografia eblaita no. N-10);13
Matthiae, Paolo. The Architectural and Artistic Culture of the Royal
Palace of Ebla and its Relations with Pre-Sargonic Mari. MARI 5 (=
Bibliografia eblaita no. O-36);14
Matthiae, Paolo. Temple, Cult Terrace and Great Goddess. Prelimi-
nary Thought about a New MB II Sacred Area at Ebla. AJA (= Eblaite
Bibliography III no. G-40);
Matthiae, Paolo. The Old Syrian Ebla King: A Bone Carving from the
MB II Northern Palace. AfO (= Eblaite Bibliography III no. O-96);
Matthiae, Paolo. Excavations at Tell Mardikh 1990. AJA (= Eblaite
Bibliography III no. O-97);
Mazzoni, Stefania (1992). Aspetti della cultura materiale ed artistica
del palazzo del III millennio. VO, 8. (= Eblaite Bibliography III no.
Q-46);

10 See Baffi Guardata, Baldacci, Pomponio 1989, p. 145.


11 See Baffi Guardata, Baldacci, Pomponio 1993, p. 93.
12 See Baffi Guardata, Baldacci, Pomponio 1997, p. 109.
13 Samples of the data entry for this Repertory have been published in Buccellati 1982.
See also Heider 1985a, p. 98, n. 177.
14 Although the paper is said to be in press in MARI 5, it has not been published.
Introduction 15
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Platt, James H.; Pagan, Joseph M. The Ebla Electronic Corpus. Cyber-
netica Mesopotamica (= Eblaite Bibliography III no. A-125);15
Pinnock, Frances (1986). Il lapislazzuli nel Palazzo Reale G di Ebla.
SEb 9, pp. 103-138.

3.1.1 SEb 5 and 6

Studi Eblaiti (SEb) 5 and 6 were supposed to contain the papers presented
at the International Conference La civilt di Ebla: Archeologia e filologia
(Rome, spring 1980). Only SEb 5 has been published (in 1982), and con-
tains the first part of the papers read at the aforementioned conference.
The second part, i.e. SEb 6,16 remains unpublished. Bibliografia eblaita II
contains references to the papers belonging to this second part.17 Some
of these papers are available (in Russian translation) in
(Drevnyaya Ebla. Raskopki v Sirii).18 Drevnyaya Ebla
also contains (with the exception of two previously unpublished articles)19
the Russian translations of several papers published in SEb 1, 2 and 5.
The papers which were to appear in SEb 6, but have been published only
in Drevnyaya Ebla, are:
Scandone Matthiae, Gabriella (1983). Le relazioni tra la Siria e
lEgitto dallAntico al Medio Regno. In: La civilt di Ebla: archeo-
logia e filologia, Roma 1980. Roma, pp. 1-18. SEb 6 (= Bibliografia
eblaita II no. P-44; published in Drevnyaya Ebla, see Scandone Mat-
thiae, 1985e);
Buccellati, Giorgio (1983). Studies in Ebla Onomastics. In: La civilt
di Ebla: archeologia e filologia, Roma 1980. Roma, pp. 45-62. SEb 6
(= Bibliografia eblaita II no. N-22);20

15 For a description of the project in the framework of Cybernetica Mesopotamica, see


Buccellati 1992b.
16 See the preface to the fifth volume of Studi Eblaiti.
17 These references have not been included in the present volume, since they refer to
unpublished materials. However, they are listed in this Introduction, as they are cited in
the Bibliografia eblaita II, to avoid possible misunderstandings.
18 Diakonoff, Matthiae 1985. But Astour 2002, p. 59, n. 14, notes that Matthiaes paper in
Drevnyaya Ebla is not an exact translation of the Italian version which appeared in SEb 5.
This may also be the case for Buccellati 1985 (see further).
19 Matthiae 1985z, Diakonoff 1985.
20 Although Buccellati 1985 in Drevnyaya Ebla is the Russian translation of Buccellati 1982
(Studies in Ebla Graphemics, 1, published in SEb 5), the Bibliografia eblaita II presents
the reference to a paper entitled Studies in Ebla Onomastics, never mentioned elsewhere.

16 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Orthmann, Winfried (1983). Die Keramik der Frhen und Mittleren


Bronzezeit im Euphrattal und ihre Beziehungen zur Keramik aus
Hama und Ebla. In: La civilt di Ebla: archeologia e filologia, Roma
1980. Roma, pp. 63-86. SEb 6 (= Bibliografia eblaita II no. Q-24;
published in Drevnyaya Ebla, see Orthmann 1985);
Klengel, Horst (1983). The Archives of Ebla and Syrian History: Prob-
lems and Perspectives. In: La civilt di Ebla: archeologia e filologia,
Roma 1980. Roma, pp. 87-100. SEb 6 (= Bibliografia eblaita II no.
G-29; published in Drevnyaya Ebla, see Klengel 1985);
Garelli, Paul (1983). Remarques sur les noms gographiques des
archives dEbla. In: La civilt di Ebla: archeologia e filologia, Roma
1980. Roma, pp. 133-150. SEb 6 (= Bibliografia eblaita II no. L-29;
published in Drevnyaya Ebla, see Garelli 1985);
van Loon, Maurits H. (1983). The End of the Early Bronze Age in
Syria: Problems of Chronology and Interpretation. In: La civilt di
Ebla: archeologia e filologia, Roma 1980. Roma, pp. 121-132. SEb 6
(= Bibliografia eblaita II no. Q-25; published in Drevnyaya Ebla, see
van Loon 1985).
Bibliografia eblaita II also contains references to the following papers
which did not appear in Drevnyaya Ebla:
Mazzoni, Stefania (1983). La produzione ceramica del Palazzo G di
Ebla e la sua posizione storica nellorizzonte siro-mesopotamico del
III millennio a.C.. In: La civilt di Ebla: archeologia e filologia, Roma
1980. Roma, pp. 145-199. SEb 6 (= Bibliografia eblaita II no. Q-17;
published with the same title in SEb 5, see Mazzoni 1982);
Mazzoni, Stefania (1983). Caratteri della produzione ceramica di
Mardikh IIIB alla fine del Bronzo Medio III. In: La civilt di Ebla: ar-
cheologia e filologia, Roma 1980. Roma. SEb 6 (= Bibliografia eblaita
II no. Q-18);
Bounni, Adnan (1983). Reflexions sur lintrt archologique des
dcouvertes dEbla/Tell Mardikh. La civilt di Ebla: archeologia e
filologia, Roma 1980. Roma, pp. 207-212. SEb 6 (= Bibliografia eblaita
II no. O-66).

3.1.2 SEb 8

The papers read at the Conference Mari, Ebla, Ugarit: Rapports, pro-
blmes, perspectives (held in Rome, 26th-28th April, 1984) were sched-
uled for publication in SEb 8. The volume remains unpublished. Abstracts
of the papers read at the conference are published in Anonymous 1984.
Here are the related bibliographical references mentioned in Bibliografia
eblaita II (by author):

Introduction 17
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Amiet, Pierre (1987). La glyptique syrienne au troisime millnaire.


In: Mari, Ebla, Ugarit: rapporti, problemi e prospettive, pp. 53-59.
SEb 8 (= Bibliografia eblaita II no. P-37);
Baffi Guardata, Francesca (1987). Larchitettura domestica di Ebla
paleosiriana. In: Mari, Ebla, Ugarit: rapporti, problemi e prospettive,
pp. 127-147. SEb 8 (= Bibliografia eblaita II no. O-65); this paper is
also mentioned in Eblaite Bibliography III as Baffi Guardata, Fran-
cesca. Le case private di Ebla paleosiriana. SEb 8, pp. 142-157 (=
Eblaite Bibliography III no. Q-27);
Biga, Maria Giovanna (1987). Lo scambio delle pietre preziose nei
testi del III millennio a.C.. In: Mari, Ebla, Ugarit: rapporti, problemi
e prospettive. SEb 8. (= Bibliografia eblaita II no. I-VI-5); this paper
is also mentioned in Eblaite Bibliography III as Biga, Maria Giovanna.
Le pietre preziose nei testi di Ebla. SEb 8 (= Eblaite Bibliography
III no. E-IV-45);
Caubet, Annie (1987). Les vases de faence en Syrie a lAge du
Bronze. In: Mari, Ebla, Ugarit: rapporti, problemi e prospettive. SEb
8 (= Bibliografia eblaita II no. Q-14);
de Contenson, Henri (1987). Fondements et dveloppement de la
culture de la Syrie ctire du Bronze Ancien: influences extrieures
et rapports avec la Syrie interne. In: Mari, Ebla, Ugarit: rapporti,
problemi e prospettive, pp. 95-104. SEb 8 (= Bibliografia eblaita II
no. Q-15);
Fronzaroli, Pelio (1987). Dalla lingua di Ebla alla lingua di Ugarit:
problemi e prospettive. In: Mari, Ebla, Ugarit: rapporti, problemi e
prospettive. SEb 8 (= Bibliografia eblaita II no. E-V-38);
Huot, Jean-Louis (1987). La production dorfvrerie dans le Proche-
Orient entre le milieu du troisime millenaire et la fin de la premire
dynastie de Babylone. In: Mari, Ebla, Ugarit: rapporti, problemi e
prospettive, pp. 11-33. SEb 8 (= Bibliografia eblaita II no. Q-16);
Matthiae, Paolo (1987). Larchitettura di Ebla protosiriana e paleo-
siriana: il problema delle tradizioni architettoniche della Siria. In:
Mari, Ebla, Ugarit: rapporti, problemi e prospettive. SEb 8 (= Biblio-
grafia eblaita II no. O-76);
Mazzoni, Stefania (1987). La diffusione della ceramica del Khabur:
un riesame critico. In: Mari, Ebla, Ugarit: rapporti, problemi e pro-
spettive, pp. 74-94. SEb 8 (= Bibliografia eblaita II no. Q-21);
Milano, Lucio (1987). La coltura della vite in Siria nel III e II mil-
lennio a.C.. In: Mari, Ebla, Ugarit: rapporti, problemi e prospettive.
SEb 8 (= Bibliografia eblaita II no. I-V-3);
Pinnock, Frances (1987). A proposito del commercio del lapislazuli
tra Mari ed Ebla nel III millennio a.C.. In: Mari, Ebla, Ugarit: rappor-
ti, problemi e prospettive. SEb 8 (= Bibliografia eblaita II no. I-VI-7);

18 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Scandone Matthiae, Gabriella (1987). Origini e funzione della tematica


egiziana nella glittica cilindrica paleosiriana. In: Mari, Ebla, Ugarit:
rapporti, problemi e prospettive, pp. 61-73. SEb 8 (= Bibliografia eblaita
II no. P-45); this paper is also mentioned in Eblaite Bibliography III as
Scandone Matthiae, Gabriella. Origini e funzioni della tematica egizi-
ana nella glittica cilindrica. SEb (= Eblaite Bibliography III no. Q-54);
Xella, Paolo (1987). Il pantheon siriano da Ebla a Ugarit: lineamenti
di sviluppo storico. In: Mari, Ebla, Ugarit: rapporti, problemi e pro-
spettive. SEb 8 (= Bibliografia eblaita II no. F-41).

4 Survey of the bibliography

4.1 General comments

The present bibliography contains 2668 references: a brief overview on


this material is offered here. Publications about Ebla started in 1965,
following the first archaeological campaign at the site of Tell Mardikh
in 1964. A major increase in publications took place after the discovery
of a first group of cuneiform tablets in 1974. This is the reason why only
45 out of 2668 references date to the years between 1965 and 1974. The
histogram in fig. 1 shows the number of references per year: since this
bibliography contains individual entries from four exhibitions catalogues,
these have been excluded from the histogram. The total number of such
entries is 410. In particular:
30 have been published in 1985 in the catalogue of the exhibition Da
Ebla a Damasco;21
20 in the catalogue Syrie. Mmoire et Civilisation, published in 1993;22
344 are part of the volume Ebla. Alle origini della civilt urbana,23 an
exhibition held in Rome in 1995;
16 in the catalogue Art of the First Cities, published in 2003.24
The most productive year has been 1984, with a total of 121 publica-
tions: years from 1980 to 1990 have been the most prolific in publications
number, with a total of 809 articles/books.
As for reviews, fig. 2 shows the numbers of reviews per year: peaks are
in 1981, 1982 and 1988, while the total amount of reviews per year de-

21 Anonymous 1985.
22 Cluzan, Delpont, Moulirac 1993.
23 Matthiae, Pinnock, Scandone Matthiae 1995.
24 Aruz 2003.
Introduction 19
20
10
15

0
5

110
160
210
260
310

10
60
100
120

20
40
60
80

0
Scarpa

1967 1965
Archi
1978 1966
Baffi Guardata 1979 1967
1968
Biga 1980 1969
1981 1970
Bonechi 1971
1982 1972
Catagnoti 1983 1973
1984 1974
Dahood 1975
1985 1976
D'Agostino 1986 1977
1978
Dolce 1987 1979
1988 1980
Edzard 1981
1989
1982
Fronzaroli

Figure 2. Number of reviews per year


1990 1983
1991 1984
Gordon 1985
1992
Figure 1. Number of publications per year

1986
Lambert 1993 1987
Marchetti 1994 1988
1989
1995 1990
Matthiae
1996 1991
Mazzoni 1992
1997 1993
Milano 1998 1994
1999 1995
Nigro 1996
2000 1997
Pasquali 2001 1998
1999
Pettinato 2002 2000
2003 2001
Peyronel 2004 2002
2003
Pinnock 2005 2004
2006 2005
Pomponio 2006
2007 2007
Steinkeller 2008 2008
2010 2009
Scandone Matthiae 2010
2012 2011
Tonietti 2012
2015
Waetzoldt 2013
2016 2014
2015

Figure 3. Number of publications by author; the graph lists only author with more than 20 entries

Introduction
The City of Ebla
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Articles in miscellanea
34,80% Articles in journals 36%

Digital 0,20%
Encyclopedia articles
0,90%
Reviews 6,40%
Books 6,20% Exhibition catalogues
and entries 15,40%

Figure 4. Percentage distribution of the different types of research products

crease from 2000 onward. Wilfred G. Lambert is the author who produced
the highest number of reviews for a single author (16), while the volumes
Ebla. An Empire Rediscovered by Paolo Matthiae25 and The Archives of
Ebla. An Empire Inscribed in Clay by Giovanni Pettinato26 are the books
with the highest number of reviews (11 and 8, respectively).
A total number of 456 authors are mentioned in the bibliography. As it
can be noticed in fig. 3, the most represented authors are Paolo Matthiae
and Alfonso Archi, to whom the highest number of entries belong: 308
to Matthiae (20 in co-authorship), and 244 to Archi (8 in co-authorship).
Entries collected in this volume can be divided into seven categories,
which represent different kinds of research products: the pie chart in
fig. 4 shows the percentual distribution of these categories. Of all en-
tries listed, articles (both in journals and collective volumes) are the
most common kind of research product, since they represent the 70.8%
of the total.
A chronological chart of the publications is offered in table 1: here are
listed the main research products of the Missione Archeologica Italiana
in Siria, along with volumes which are of great relevance in the field of
Ebla studies.

25 Matthiae 1981a.
26 Pettinato 1981c.
Introduction 21
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Table 1. Chronolgical chart of publications

Year MEE/TIE QdS ARET/ARES MSAE/MAIS Other


1965 MAIS 1964
1966 MAIS 1965
1967 MAIS 1966
1979 MEE 1 SEb 1
1980 MEE 2 SEb 2
SEb 3
1981 MEE 3 ARET II SEb 4
Lingua di Ebla
1982 MEE 4 ARET III SEb 5
1984 StLE (QdS 13) ARET IV, ARET V SEb 7
Bilinguismo
Beld, Hallo, Michalowski
Tablets of Ebla
1985 ARET I Da Ebla a Damasco
1986 ARET VIII SEb 9
1987 Ebla 1975-1985
Eblaitica 1
1988 MisEb 1 (QdS ARET VII
15) ARES I,
ARES III
1989 MisEb 2 (QdS HSAO 2
16)
1990 MEE 10; MisEb 3 (QdS 17) ARET IX Eblaitica 2
SSNS 7
1992 LLLE (QdS 18) MSAE I Eblaitica 3
Conti, Index of Baldacci, Partially Published
Eblaic Texts Eblaite Texts
1993 ARET XI, ARES II MSAE II RGTC 12/1
1995 TIE A/1 Ebla Origini
1996 MEE 5 Amurru 1
MEE 7
TIE A/2
1997 MEE 15 MisEb 4 (QdS 19)
1998 TIE B ARES III
2001 MEE 12 MSAE V
2002 MSAE III Eblaitica 4
2003 ARET XIII
2004 MSAE IV
2005 TIE D QdS 23 MSAE VI
2006 ARET XII MSAE VII

22 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Year MEE/TIE QdS ARET/ARES MSAE/MAIS Other


2008 ARET XV,1
ARES IV
2009 MSAE VIII
2010 ARET XVI
2011 ARED 1
2012 QdS 29 MSAE IX
2013 QdS 30 ARET XV,2 Ebla
Landscape
2015 Studia Eblaitica 1
2016 Studia Eblaitica 2

4.2 Subject Index

The present volume is not an annotated bibliography, but a simple refer-


ence list. Nevertheless, a simple subject index is offered here, to help the
reader find entries related to specific subjects. The subjects are based on
the entries titles: words belonging to the titles included in this bibliogra-
phy have been isolated and counted, and grouped in different categories.
This operation is simple and effective, but is of course problematic for
entries which have not pertinent titles. These references have been listed
as Uncategorized. Also, this category includes articles on subjects which
are underrepresented, as they have been only sporadically object of study.
Being based only on titles, the subjects directly reflect the main trends in
research, and can be used to quickly gather main references related to a
specific matter. The subject index is published here in two versions: as a
reference list and as a network graph.

4.2.1 The subject index as reference list

In the table given below, a brief description is offered for each individual
subject, alongside with the list of all the references belonging to each cat-
egory.27 Seven subjects are not based on the aforementioned operation of
word counting:
subject 7 Archaeological materials and studies groups together ref-
erences to specific volumes of the series MSAE (Materiali archeolo-
gici di Ebla);

27 As it has already been stressed, references in the introduction have been cite only as
Surname (year) to avoid matching results with the main bibliography.

Introduction 23
Scarpa The City of Ebla

subject 25 Encyclopedia articles lists all the references which have


been published in miscellaneous volumes;
subject 26 Exhibition catalogues lists all the references to exhibition
catalogues; on the contrary, chapters, sections, and single entries be-
longing to these catalogues have been attributed to different subjects
according to their title;
subject 30 General works groups together references on general topics;
subject 55 Reviews lists all the reviews;
subject 63 Texts editions groups together references to volumes of the
series ARET (Archivi Reali di EblaTesti) and MEE (Materiali Epigrafici
di Ebla), as well as the EbDA database, and thus represent a collection
of the publications regarding philological editions of the Ebla tablets;
subject 71 Uncategorized groups together all the references not
included in any of the other 70 subject categories.

4.2.2 The subject index as a network graph

A network graph (fig. 5) offers a visual representation of the subject index:


the nodes (i.e. the dots) represent both the single bibliographic entries and
the subject categories, while the ties (i.e. the lines) connect each reference
node to its subject node(s). The labels dimensions are not random, but are
based on eigenvector centrality: this means that if the subject node has a
high number of ties (to reference nodes), it also has a bigger label. Differ-
ent colours are used only to highlight the nodes. The categories listed in
the following table which are preceded by a (*) have been excluded from
the graph: these subject categories would remain isolated within the graph
and have no relevance to the graph dynamic.
The usefulness of this graph is twofold: first, the graph allows a quick
evaluation of the main subjects and it draws attention to the most (and
less) investigated topics. Second, the most interesting reference nodes
are those tied to more than one subject node: note, as an example, how
many reference nodes are shared between the Pottery and Vessels and
the Glyptic subject nodes.28 This graph has been created with gephi.29

28 The graph published here is a preview: a high resolution image file, alongside with the
original.gephi file, is downloadable from GitHub. GitHub, https://github.com/ (2017-05-05) is
an online repository service, which provides hosting for storing and sharing open-source soft-
ware projects. The repository for the graph shown in fig. 5 can be found at https://github.com/
erica-scarpa/the-city-of-ebla (2017-05-05). As it is the case for the bibliography, which will
be continued on the EbDA database, also the graph will be updated and improved in the future.
29 https://gephi.org/ (2017-05-05). See also: Bastian M.; Heymann S.; Jacomy M. (2009).
Gephi: an Open Source Software for Exploring and Manipulating Networks. In: Adar,
W.; Hurst, M.; Finin, T.; Glance, N.; Nicolov, N.; Tseng, B. (eds.), Proceedings of the Third
International Conference on Weblogs and Social Media, pp. 361-362.

24 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Figure 5. The subject index as a network graph

Introduction 25
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Category Brief Description List of references


1. Accounting and References related to accountability, administration, and administrative
Administration documents (also their language, classification, chronology)

Alberti (1984); Arcari (1984); Arcari (1988); Archi (1979c); Archi (1986f); Archi
(1993b); Archi (1995a); Archi (2014a); Baldacci (1991); Benati (2016); Biga
(1981); Biga (1985a); Biga (1985c); Biga (1998d); Biga (2009a); Biga (2010g);
Biga - Pomponio (1990); Bonechi (1990c); Bonechi (2001d); Bonechi (2016e);
Cagni (1984b); Catagnoti (1989a); Catagnoti (1997a); Catagnoti (2011);
Catagnoti (2013a); Chambon (2012); Davidovi (1988); de Maigret (1984);
Foster (1983); Fronzaroli (2003d); Grgoire (1981); Mander (1982); Mander
(1987); Mander (1988b); Mander (1989); Matthiae (1976c); Matthiae (1978d);
Matthiae (1982k); Milano (1978); Milano (1984b); Milano (1990c); Milano
(1995d); Milano (1995i); Milano (1995j); Pettinato (1976d); Pettinato (1999b);
Pomponio (1982b); Pomponio (1984a); Pomponio (1984b); Pomponio
(1984c); Pomponio (1985c); Pomponio (1987); Pomponio (1988b); Pomponio
(1996a); Pomponio (1996b); Pomponio (1998a); Pomponio (2003); Ramazzotti
(2014); Tonietti (2009a); Urciuoli (1993); Vigan (1995b); Vigan (1996a).
2. Agriculture References related to agriculture

Archi (1990a); Archi (1991b); Archi (1998f); Butz (1985); Fiorentino - Caracuta
- Casiello et al. (2012); Marchesi (2013); Milano (2002); Renger (1987); Rossi
Pisa - Ventura - Vignudelli (2013); Wachter-Sarkady (1995).
3. Akkad References about the relations between Ebla and Akkad (for linguistic
relations between Eblaite and Akkadian see sub. no. 22 Eblaite and
Akkadian)

Archi (2014b); Archi (2015f); Bachhuber (2012); Crdoba Zoila, J.Ma (1981);
Dolce (2006); Foster (1983); Matthiae (1975a); Matthiae (1976a); Matthiae
(1979a).
4. Amorites References related to Amorite people, language, culture, and Amorite period

Archi (1985b); Baffi Guardata (1984); Buccellati (1992a); Buccellati (1995);


ech (2015); Dolce (2002b); Durand (1989); Gordon (1997b); Matthiae (1975a);
Matthiae (1979a); Matthiae (1980c); Matthiae (1980e); Matthiae (1982a);
Matthiae (1984b); Matthiae (1997c); Nichols - Weber (2006); Oliva (2004);
Owen (1995); Pettinato (1995b); Pinnock (1987b); Porter (2007); Silver, Mi.
(2008); Silver, Mi. (2010); Silver, Mi. (2011); Silver, Mi. (2014a); Silver, Mi.
(2014b); Silver, Mi. (2017).
5. Anatolia References related to Anatolia

Archi (1986g); Archi (1993g); Bilgi (1992); Bachhuber (2012); Davidovi


(1989); Durand (1988); Mazzoni (1975a); Mazzoni (2000); Mellaart (1982);
Mellaart (1985); Peyronel (2016b); Pinnock (2000b).

26 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Category Brief Description List of references


6. Animals References related to animals (mythical or real) attested in texts, material
culture and in archaeological contexts

Archi (1984e); Archi (1995f); Archi (1995g); Archi (1995h); Baldacci (1994); Biga
(1995g); Biga (2006b); Biga (2008b); Biga (2009e); Bonechi (2000a); Bonechi
(2014b); Butz (1981); Civil (1981); Civil (1987a); Collins (2003b); Collins (2003c);
Collins (2003d); Collins (2003e); De Grossi Mazzorin - Minniti (2000); Dolce
(1995r); Dolce (1995v); Dolce (1995w); Dolce (1995x); Dolce (1995z); Dolce
(2000b); Dolce (2014a); Dombrowski (1999); Fiorentino, R. (1995a); Fiorentino,
R. (1995b); Fronzaroli (2003c); Fronzaroli (2006b); Marchetti (1995a); Marchetti
(1995d); Marchetti (1995g); Marchetti (1995n); Marchetti (1995o); Marchetti
(1995p); Matthiae (1980h); Matthiae (1985g); Matthiae (1985h); Matthiae
(1985q); Matthiae (1989f); Matthiae (1993h); Matthiae (1994e); Matthiae
(1995q); Matthiae (1995+e); Matthiae (1995+f); Matthiae (1995+q); Matthiae
(1995++e); Matthiae (1995++r); Mazzoni (1995+a); Mazzoni (1995+c); Mazzoni
(1995+f); Mazzoni (1995+g); Minniti (2013); Minniti - Peyronel (2005); Minniti
- Peyronel (2008); Nichols - Weber (2006); Oates, J. (2001); Oates - Molleson -
Sotysiak (2008); Owen (1981); Pasquali (2002a); Pettinato (1978b); Peyronel
(2008b); Pinnock (1997b); Pomponio (1989a); Porter (2012); Silver, Mi. (2014b);
Sjberg (1996); Sjberg (2000); Tsukimoto (1997).
7. *Archeological Studies on the archaeological finds of Tell Mardikh published by the Missione
Materials Studies Archeologica Italiana in Siria

Ascalone - Peyronel (2006a); Marchetti (2001); Mazzoni (1992); Nigro (2009);


Peyronel (2004); Pinnock (1993b); Pinnock (2005); Pinnock (2012a); Scandone
Matthiae (2002).

Introduction 27
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Category Brief Description List of references


8. Archaeological Entries related to Archaeological reports of the Missione Archeologica Italiana
Reports, Short in Siria, short notes or updates on Ebla, and summaries on the state-of-art
Notes, and
Summaries Andersen (1977); Archi (1993c); Ascalone - DAndrea (2013); Berwind (1979);
Biggs (1981a); Bounni (1979); Bounni (1984); Castellino - Cecchini - Davico
et al. (1966); Celada (1976); Celada (1980); Dahood (1981e); Davico (1965);
Davico - Cecchini (1966); Davico - Floriani Squarciapino - Liverani et al. (1965);
Davico - Floriani Squarciapino - Fronzaroli et al. (1967); Davico - Floriani
Squarciapino - Matthiae (1965); Davico - Matthiae (1967); Festuccia - Rossi
(2008a); Festuccia - Rossi (2008b); Floriani Squarciapino (1966); Floriani
Squarciapino (1967); Frank (1980); Freedman, D.N. (1978a); Freedman, D.N.
(1978b); Freedman, D.N. (1980); Freedman, D.N. (1981); Fronzaroli (1967);
Fronzaroli - Matthiae (1966); Geldzahler (1981); Geraty (1977); Geraty (1982);
Hruka (1978); Hruka (1986); Kempinski (1979); Kienast - Waetzoldt (1990);
Klengel (1976); Koak (1977); Kura (1983); Kutscher (1979a); Kutscher (1979b);
Kutscher (19780); LaFay - Stanfiels - Glanzman (1978); Lebrun (1977); Liverani
(1965); Liverani (1966); Liverani (1967); Maloney (1978); Maloney (1980);
Manica (1976); Margueron (1984); Mari - Capriani - Finotelli et al. (2000);
Matthiae (1965a); Matthiae (1967a); Matthiae (1967b); Matthiae (1968);
Matthiae (1970); Matthiae (1971); Matthiae (1974a); Matthiae (1975-1976);
Matthiae (1977d); Matthiae (1978a); Matthiae (1978b); Matthiae (1978e);
Matthiae (1979b); Matthiae (1979e); Matthiae (1981c); Matthiae (1981e);
Matthiae (1982c); Matthiae (1982d); Matthiae (1982f); Matthiae (1984c);
Matthiae (1985z); Matthiae (1986a); Mattiae (1988b); Mattiae (1988d); Matthiae
(1989-1990); Matthiae (1990b); Matthiae (1991a); Matthiae (1992b); Matthiae
(1993c); Matthiae (1994a); Matthiae (1994b); Matthiae (1995c); Matthiae
(1995d); Matthiae (1995e); Matthiae (1996c); Matthiae (1997b); Matthiae
(1998); Matthiae (2000a); Matthiae (2002a); Matthiae (2002b); Matthiae (2004);
Matthiae (2010b); Matthiae (2013d); Matthiae (2016c); Muhly (1983); Negoita
(1985); Pettinato (1975); Pettinato (1975-1976); Pettinato (1978c); Pettinato
(1979d); Pettinato (1983c); Pettinato (1987); Rossi (2003); Schaeffer (1975);
Schmidt (1994); Shanks (1976a); Shanks (1976b); Shanks (1976c); Shanks
(1979a); Shanks (1979b); Shanks (1980); Shanks (1993); Shanks (1994);
Tngberg (1987); de Urioste Snchez (1993); Vacca (2016); Veenhof (1977);
Weiss (1985b); Weiss (1991); Weiss (1994); Weiss (1997); Weiss - Kohlmeyer
(1985); Wifall (1977); Zurro (1981b).
9. Architecture References related to architecture (buildings, building activities, and
architectonic features)

Baffi Guardata (1987); Baffi Guardata (1998); Bonechi (1999); Bonechi,


Marco (2016f); Di Ludovico - Ramazzotti (2012); Matthiae (1982e); Matthiae
(1982g); Matthiae (1983b); Matthiae (1985+a); Matthiae (1990a); Matthiae
(1990c); Matthiae (1991b); Matthiae (1995h); Matthiae (1995i); Matthiae
(1995l); Matthiae (1997e); Matthiae (2002c); Matthiae (2006b); Matthiae
(2010c); Matthiae (2013a); Matthiae (2013b); Matthiae (2013e); Matthiae
(2014c); Matthiae (2015a); Peyronel (2000); Pinnock (2012c); Polcaro (2014b);
Santarelli - Spreafico (2013); Yon - Mallet - Callot (1985).

28 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Category Brief Description List of references


10. Archives References related to the Ebla Archives, their discovery, structure, and
significance (for editions of the Ebla tablets see sub. no. 63 Texts Editions)

Archi (1984b); Archi (1984c); Archi (1985d); Archi (1986e); Archi (1986f); Archi
(1988i); Archi (1989b); Archi (1993h); Archi (1995a); Archi (1996d); Archi
(1996g); Archi (2003e); Archi (2015a); Archi (2015b); Bahnassi (1989); Biga
(2007-2008b); Edzard (1982); Edzard (1985c); Fronzaroli (1991c); Maiocchi
(2016); Matthiae (1976b); Matthiae (1976d); Matthiae (1977b); Matthiae
(1977c); Matthiae (1984d); Matthiae (1986c); Matthiae (1986d); Matthiae
(1988e); Matthiae (2008a); Pettinato (1976a); Pettinato (1977c); Pettinato
(1981c); Pettinato (1982d); Pettinato (1989).
11. Art and Entries related to art, artistic production, and iconography
Iconography
Dolce (1991a); Dolce (1995a); Gates (1986); Matthiae (1975b); Matthiae
(1979c); Matthiae (1980f); Matthiae (1989f); Matthiae (1992c); Matthiae (1995j);
Matthiae (2010d); Matthiae (2013f); Matthiae (2015b); Mazzoni (1984c); Micale
(2014); Peyronel (2013); Pinnock (2000b); Pinnock (2004); Pinnock (2008b);
Polcaro (2015); Ramazzotti (2015); Sabatini (1974); Williams Reeder - Heim
(1985).
12. Bible References related to the Old Testament and biblical studies

Althann (1978); Althann (1981); Althann (1983); Archi (1979a); Archi (1980b);
Archi (1981a); Archi (1981b); Baldacci (1978a); Baldacci (1978b); Baldacci
(1979); Baldacci (1985a); Baldacci (1985c); Baldacci (1987); Baldacci (1994);
Bayram (1998); Cornelius - Jonker (2008); Dahood (1978a); Dahood (1978b);
Dahood (1978c); Dahood (1978d); Dahood (1978e); Dahood (1979a); Dahood
(1979c); Dahood (1979d); Dahood (1980a); Dahood (1980b); Dahood (1980c);
Dahood (1980d); Dahood (1981b); Dahood (1981i); Dahood (1982a); Dahood
(1982b); Dahood (1982c); Dahood (1983a); Dahood (1983c); Dahood (1987);
Dahood - Pettinato (1982); Fisher (1980); Frayne (2013); Freedman, D.N. (1982);
Frezza (1985); Gordon (1981); Gordon (1982); Gordon (1988b); Gordon (1989);
Gordon (2002); Grg (1980b); Hallo - Younger (2003); Khayyata (1990); Luke (1978);
McCarthy (1979); Merrill (1983); Michel (1987); Millard (1977); Millard (1992);
Mller (1980a); Mller (1981a); Muntingh (1987); Pasquali (2009d); Pettinato
(1980c); Pettinato (1980d); Pettinato (1980e); Pomponio (1983b); Schmitz (1981);
Shanks (1979a); Shanks (1993); Shanks (1994); Ska (1978a); Ska (1978b); Tonietti
(2011c); Veenhof (1978); Wallace (1987); Zatelli (1998); Zurro (1984).
13. Bilingualism Entries related to bilingualism and bilingual texts

Arcari (1984); Archi (1980c); Archi (1985i); Archi (1995y); Bonechi (1988c);
Bonechi (2016a); Butz (1984); Cagni (1984a); Cagni (1984b); Civil (1984c);
Conti (1988); Conti (1989); Conti (1990); Dahood (1981d); de Martino (1998);
de Martino (1999); de Martino (2000); Fales (1984c); Fales (1988); Fronzaroli
(1995h); Fronzaroli (2003b); Neu (1996a); Neu (1996b); Otten (1988); Pettinato
(1981e); Pettinato (1982a); Pettinato (1984c); Picchioni (1984); von Soden
(1984a); Vattioni (1984).

Introduction 29
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Category Brief Description List of references


14. Calendars References related to calendars, month names and festivals

Biga (2002a); Biga (2002b); Biga (2002c); Biga (2003e); Biga (2011a); Bonechi
(1996b); Charpin (1982); Charpin (1993); Cohen (1993); Cohen (2015); Dahood
(1983b); Garner (1981); Pettinato (1974-1977); Pettinato (1977b); Shea (1980);
Shea (1981a); Shea (1981b).
15. Chronology References related to chronology

Archi (1996d); Archi (2015e); Astour (1992b); Biga (1996); Biga (2003a); Biga -
Pomponio (1990); Biga - Pomponio (1993); Bretschneider (2015); Calcagnile
- Quarta - DElia (2013); Lebeau (2012); Lebeau (2016); van Loon (1985);
Luciani (2015); Marchesi (2015a); Marchetti (2000); Matthiae (1995g); Matthiae
(2008c); Nigro (2002a); Nigro (2003); Nigro (2009); Pasquali (2012c); Peyronel
(2007b); Picchioni (1981b); Pinnock (2007b); Pomponio (1987); Pomponio
(1994); Pomponio (1996a); Porter (2007); Rositani (2001); Sallaberger (2000);
Sallaberger - Schrakamp (2015); Tonietti (1988); Tonietti (1989a); Tonietti
(1989b); Tonietti (2009a); Vacca (2014).
16. Cult References related to religion, cultic activities and personnel, rituals (also in
texts), sacred areas, and associated iconographic representations

Archi (1979d); Archi (1988l); Archi (1995c); Archi (1996b); Archi (1998h);
Archi (2000e); Archi (2001b); Archi (2002d); Archi (2005e); Archi (2007);
Archi (2012); Archi (2013a); Archi (2015g); Ascalone - Peyronel (2001); Baffi
Guardata (1991); Baldacci (1982); Biga (1992b); Biga (1998d); Biga (2003c);
Biga (2006c); Biga (2007-2008a); Biga (2009b); Biga (2010f); Biga (2013c); Biga
(2015b); Biga (2016a); Bisi (1988); Bonechi (1989); Bonechi (1992c); Bonechi
(2001a); Cagni (1988); Catagnoti (1991); Catagnoti (2015); Cohen (1993);
Coser (2000); DAndrea (2016b); Dahood (1980e); Dahood (1981f); Dahood
(1984b); Dattilo (1996); di Filippo Balestrazzi (2000); DAgostino (1992); Dolce
(2000b); Dolce (2008a); Dolce (2010a); Dolce (2012); Durand (2008); Fiorentino
- Caracuta (2010); Fronzaroli (1988b); Fronzaroli (1989b); Fronzaroli (1989c);
Fronzaroli (1991a); Fronzaroli (1992c); Fronzaroli (1995f); Fronzaroli (1997e);
Fronzaroli (2004a); Fronzaroli - Catagnoti (2006); Grottanelli (1985); Heider
(1985a); Lisella (2010); Mander (1995c); Mander (2005); Mander (2008);
Mander (2009); Mander - Durand (1995); Marchetti - Nigro (1997); Marchetti -
Nigro (1999); Matthiae (1979f); Matthiae (1985j); Matthiae (1993a); Matthiae
(1993l); Matthiae (1995+b); Matthiae (1995+z); Matthiae (2000b); Matthiae
(2003b); Matthiae (2006e); Matthiae (2012); Matthiae (2014a); Matthiae
(2015a); Matthiae (2016b); Micale (2016); Milano (1989-1990); Milano (1995i);
Milano - Tonietti (2012); Mogliazza - Polcaro (2010); Mller (1980c); Nigro
(1998a); Oates - Molleson - Sotysiak (2008); Pasquali (2008d); Pasquali (2013);
Pasquali (2015a); Pasquali - Mangiarotti (2005); Pettinato (1979b); Pettinato
(1979f); Pettinato (1980g); Pettinato (1980h); Pettinato (1992); Pettinato
(1996b); Pinnock (1993b); Pinnock (1997a); Pinnock (2000a); Pinnock (2006b);
Pinnock (2008a); Pinnock (2009a); Pinnock (2016b); Pinnock (2016c); Pinnock
(2016d); Pisi (1992); Polcaro (2012); Polcaro (2015); Ristvet (2015); Romano
(2015b); Steinkeller (1999); Tonietti (1997b); Tonietti (2005b); Tonietti (2016);
Urciuoli (1995); Vigan (1995a); Vigan (2000); Xella (1980); Xella (1983); Xella
(1985); Xella (2007); Zatelli (1998).

30 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Category Brief Description List of references


17. Cuneiform Entries related to cuneiform writing
Writing and Script
Archi (1995b); Bonechi (2008a); DAgostino (1996f); Fronzaroli (1995m);
Hallo (1992b); Krebernik (1985); Milano (1995c); Milano (1997); Picchioni
(1980); Sallaberger (2001); von Soden (1988); Sollberger (1982); Sollberger
(1985b); Waetzoldt (1986c).
18. Death References related to funerary archaeology and funerary related cultic
activities (also in texts)

Archi (1995n); Archi (2005e); Archi (2012); Archi - Matthiae (1979); Baffi
Guardata (1988); Baffi Guardata (1995a); Baffi Guardata (2000); Biga (2007-
2008a); Biga (2012); Dahood (1987); Fronzaroli (1988b); Fronzaroli (1989c);
Matthiae (1979f); Matthiae (1980a); Matthiae (1980b); Matthiae (1980c);
Matthiae (1980e); Matthiae (1981b); Matthiae (1981d); Matthiae (1982b);
Matthiae (1982h); Matthiae (1984b); Matthiae (1989c); Matthiae (1995++g);
Matthiae (1995++h); Matthiae (1995++i); Matthiae (1995++s); Matthiae
(1997d); Mogliazza - Polcaro (2010); Nigro (2009); Pasquali (2004a); Pasquali
(2009c); Pasquali (2009e); Pasquali (2010b); Pasquali (2011a); Pasquali (2013);
Pasquali (2014a); Pettinato (1988); Pinnock (1979); Pinnock (1984b); Polcaro
(2012); Polcaro (2015); Porter (2002a); Porter (2002b) Ramazzotti (2013);
Scandone Matthiae (1979b); Schwartz et al. (2006); Silver, Mi. (2014b).
19. Deities Entries related to deities and pantheon (also divine elements in personal names)

Archi (1979b); Archi (1979e); Archi (1979-1980); Archi (1988l); Archi (1992c);
Archi (1993e); Archi (1993g); Archi (1993l); Archi (1994a); Archi (1995m);
Archi (1995+f); Archi (1997b); Archi (1998e); Archi (2002e); Archi (2005a);
Archi (2010a); Archi (2010b); Archi (2010e); Archi (2013c); Archi (2015g); Archi
(2015h); Ayali-Darshan (2015); Bachvarova (2005b); Catagnoti (2009); Dahood
(1981c); Dahood (1982e); de Meyer (1980); Edzard (2003); Feliu (2003);
Fronzaroli (1979c); Fronzaroli (1997b); Fronzaroli (2012); Gordon (1998); Haas
(1981); Lambert (1984a); Lambert (1985); Lambert (1989c); Mander (2008);
Matthiae (1993d); Matthiae (1994e); Matthiae (1995+o); Matthiae (1995+t);
Matthiae (2001); Matthiae (2003b); Matthiae (2011); Matthiae (2013f); Matthiae
(2015d); Mazzoni (1986a); Mller (1980b); Myers (2007); North (1986); Oliva
(1993); Pardee (1988); Pasquali (1996c); Pasquali (1998); Pasquali (2002a);
Pasquali (2004b); Pasquali (2007); Pasquali (2008a); Pasquali (2008d);
Pasquali (2014a); Pettinato -Waetzoldt (1985); Pinnock (2000a); Pinnock
(2016a); Polcaro (2014a); Pomponio (1983e); Pomponio (1993); Pomponio
(1997-1998); Pomponio - Xella (1997); Rubio (2011); Scandone Matthiae
(1995k); Scandone Matthiae (1995m); von Soden (1987); Steinkeller (1998b);
Steinkeller (2016); Stieglitz (1990); Stieglitz (2002a); Tonietti (2011b); Tonietti
(2016); Toueir (1995); Vigan (1996f); Waetzoldt (2000); Wilhelm (1992);
Wilhelm (2013); Xella (1984a); Xella (1986b); Xella (1988); Xella (1995b); Xella
(1998); Xella (1999); Xella (2003); Younger (2009).
20. Divination References related to divination

Archi (2010d); Biga (1999); Catagnoti - Bonechi (1998); Fronzaroli (1997c);


Tonietti (2016).

Introduction 31
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Category Brief Description List of references


21. Drinks and References related to drinks and drinking vessels
Drinking
Baffi Guardata (1994); Biga (1994); Biga (1995f); Catagnoti (2008a); Dolce
(1994); Fronzaroli (1994a); Mazzoni (1994); Peyronel - Vacca - Wachter-
Sarkady (2014); Xella (2003).
22. Eblaite and Entries relevant to the topic of the linguistic relations between Eblaite and
Akkadian Akkadian

Caplice (1981); Dombrowski (1988); Edzard (2006); Huehnergard - Woods


(2004); Huehnergard - Woods (2008); Lambert (1981d); Rubio (2003); Rubio
(2006); von Soden (1984b); Streck (2011); Streck (2012).
23. Economy Terms related to economic dynamics and structure

Archi (2002b); Archi (2006c); Biga (2014f); Dolce (1988b); Dolce (1989-1990);
Dolce (2014a); Garelli (1981); Mander (1995b); Matthiae (1988c); Matthiae
(2006c); Mazzoni (1988b); Milano (1984b); Milano (1989-1990); Pettinato
(1979h); Pettinato (1996b); Peyronel (2010); Pomponio (1987); Sallaberger
(2013); Silver, Mo. (1985); Silver, Mo. (1995); de Urioste Snchez (1996a).
24. Egypt References related to Egypt

Archi (2016a); Biga (2010b); Biga - Roccati (2012a); Biga - Roccati (2012b);
Largacha (2004); Lebeau (2012); Matthiae (1989e); Matthiae (1993i); Matthiae
(1993o); Matthiae (2009e); Milano (2002); Roccati (2004); Roccati (2015);
Ryholt (1998); Scandone Matthiae (1976); Scandone Matthiae (1979a);
Scandone Matthiae (1979b); Scandone Matthiae (1979-1980); Scandone
Matthiae (1981a); Scandone Matthiae (1981b); Scandone Matthiae (1982a);
Scandone Matthiae (1982b); Scandone Matthiae (1984a); Scandone Matthiae
(1984b); Scandone Matthiae (1985a); Scandone Matthiae (1985d); Scandone
Matthiae (1985e); Scandone Matthiae (1988a); Scandone Matthiae (1988b);
Scandone Matthiae (1990); Scandone Matthiae (1991a); Scandone Matthiae
(1991b); Scandone Matthiae (1992); Scandone Matthiae (1995a); Scandone
Matthiae (1995j); Scandone Matthiae (1995p); Scandone Matthiae (1996);
Scandone Matthiae (1997a); Scandone Matthiae (1997b); Scandone Matthiae
(2002); Scandone Matthiae (2003); Scandone Matthiae (2004); Scandone
Matthiae (2006); Silver, Mi. (2014b).
25. *Encyclopedia Entries published in encyclopedic volumes
Articles
Archi (1997c); Archi (2004); Archi (2006a); Archi (2006b); Archi (2009);
Armstrong (2012); Biggs (1992); Bonechi (2001f); Bonechi (2013); Catagnoti
(2003); Diakonoff (1994); Freedman, D.N. (1979); Gordon (1993); Gordon
(2001); Huehnergard - Woods (2004); Huehnergard - Woods (2008); Matthiae
(1966c); Matthiae (1976-1980); Matthiae (1994f); Matthiae (1997g); Matthiae
(1997h); Mazzoni (1997); Pettinato (1976-1980); Rendsburg (1997); Rendsburg
(2007); Streck (2011).

32 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Category Brief Description List of references


26. *Exhibition References for the exhibition catalogues
Catalogues
Anonymous (1985); Aruz (2003); Matthiae - Pinnock - Scandone Matthiae
(1995); Rutelli - Matthiae (2016); Weiss (1985a).
27. Family Entries related to family, and (terms for) kinship

Archi (2015i); Ascalone - Peyronel - Spreafico (2014); Biga (1987); Biga (1997);
Biga (2016b); Bonechi (1993b); Brugnatelli (1987-1988); Catagnoti (1988a);
Dolce (2014b); Tonietti (2010a); Tonietti (2011a).
28. Figurines Entries related to (clay) figurines

Baffi Guardata (1979b); Baffi Guardata (1995b); Baffi Guardata (1995c); Baffi
Guardata (1995t); De Vito - Medeghini - Mignardi et al. (2015); Fronzaroli -
Scandone Matthiae (1966); Lisella (2010); Marchetti (1995e); Marchetti
(1995k); Marchetti (1995l); Marchetti (1995m); Marchetti (2000); Matthiae
(1965c); Mazzoni (1995+h); Mazzoni (1995+j); Mazzoni (1995+m); Micale
(2014); Oates, J. (2001); Peyronel (2008b); Peyronel (2013); Peyronel (2014a);
Ramazzotti (2012a); Scandone Matthiae (1967); Scandone Matthiae (1995e);
Scandone Matthiae (1995f); Scandone Matthiae (1995g); Scandone Matthiae
(1995h); Scandone Matthiae (1995i).
29. Food References related to food, food consumption, and preparation

Archi (1999b); Bonechi (1997c); Dolce (1989-1990); Dolce (1990); Dolce


(1991b); Fiorentino - Caracuta - Casiello et al. (2012); Graff (2012); Marchetti
- Nigro (1995); Merluzzi (1995e); Milano - Tonietti (2012); Milano (1980b);
Milano (1987a); Milano (1987b); Milano (1989a); Milano (1989b); Milano
(1990b); Milano (1990d); Milano (1995f); Milano (1995g); Milano (1995h);
Milano (1995j); Milano (1996a); Milano (2014); Peyronel - Spreafico (2008);
Peyronel - Vacca - Wachter-Sarkady (2014); Polcaro (2012); Segarra (1990);
Tonietti (2016); Vivante (1995c); Vivante (1995d).
[Banquet: Matthiae, Paolo (1995++s); Pinnock (1994)]

Introduction 33
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Category Brief Description List of references


30. *General Works General books and articles on Ebla (also collective volumes)

Anonymous (1978e); Anonymous (1983); Anoz (1978); Archi (1987j); Archi


(1991a); Archi (2006d); Artzi (1987); Astour (1971); Barstad (1978); Bermant
- Weitzman (1979a); Bermant - Weitzman (1979b); Bermant - Weitzman
(1979c); Biga (2006d); Biggs (1980); Cagni (1987); Dalnory (1977); Diakonoff
- Matthiae (1985); Dolce (1982); Edzard (1994a); Eydoux (1984); Fronzaroli
(1988a); Fronzaroli (1989a); Fronzaroli (1990a); Fronzaroli (1997a); Gordon -
Rendsburg (1990); Gordon - Rendsburg (1992); Gordon - Rendsburg (2002);
Gordon - Rendsburg - Winter (1987); Healey (1979); Lebrun (1984); Liverani
(1985a); Marrassini (1980); Marrassini (2003); Matthiae (1977a); Matthiae
(1977e); Matthiae (1981a); Matthiae (1984a); Matthiae (1986a); Matthiae
(1988a); Matthiae (1989a); Matthiae (1992a); Matthiae (1993f); Matthiae
(1993k); Matthiae (1995a); Matthiae (1995b); Matthiae (1996a); Matthiae
(1997a); Matthiae (2010a); Matthiae (2016a); Matthiae - Marchetti (2013a);
Milano (1995b); Pettinato (1979c); Pettinato (1986); Pettinato (1994); Pettinato
(1999a); Picotti (1995); Pinnock (2013a); Pinnock (2013e); Waetzoldt (2004a);
Waetzoldt - Hauptmann (1989); Wilson (1977).

34 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Category Brief Description List of references


31. Geography Entries related to historical and religious geography, toponomastics, and
specific toponyms

Archi (1980a); Archi (1981c); Archi (1985l); Archi (1986g); Archi (1993q); Archi
(2006e); Archi - Piacentini - Pomponio (1993); Astour (1988a); Astour (1988b);
Astour (1997); Baldacci (1982); Biga (2013a); Biga (2015a); Biga (2015b); Bitelli -
Mandanici - Vittuari (2013); Bonechi (1990a); Bonechi (1990c); Bonechi (1990e);
Bonechi (1993a); Bonechi (1996a); Bonechi (1998c); Bonechi (1999); Bonechi
(2016j); Butz (1987); Dahood (1981h); Dolce (2010a); Dolce (2012); Frayne (1992);
Fronzaroli (1977a); Fronzaroli (1984-1986); Galiatsatos - Mantellini (2013); Garelli
(1985); Gordon (1992d); Grg (1980a); Klengel (1995b); Krecher (1988); Mantellini
- Micale - Peyronel (2013); Matthiae (1976c); Matthiae (2006e); Matthiae -
Marchetti (2013b); Matthiae - Marchetti (2013c); Milano (1996b); Minganti
(1965); Owen (1993b); Pettinato (1976d); Pettinato (1978a); Peyronel (2008a);
Ramazzotti (2008); Shea (1983); Steiner (1988); Tngberg (1994); Zadok (1989).

Specific Toponyms

Adu: Milano (1999).


Abarsal: Archi (1989d); Archi (1993j); Edzard (1992); Geller (1983); Milano
(1994); Sollberger (1985a).
Alala: Archi (2006f).
Alep: Archi (1999a); Archi (2016b); Bonechi (1990f); Lambert (1990); Steinkeller
(1993a).
Armi: Archi (1995+d); Archi (2011a); Otto (2006); Otto - Biga (2010).
Byblos: Pettinato (1983a); Pinnock (2007a).
Dilmun: Pettinato (1983b); Stieglitz (1987).
Emar: Archi (1990d); DAgostino - Seminara (1997); Dalley - Teissier (1992);
Dietrich (1993); Seminara (1996).
Ga-ne-i/uki: Archi (1989c).
Gunu(m)ki: Xella (1995a).
Gasur: Bonechi (1991b); Pettinato (1981f).
Hamath: Archi (2010c).
Harran: Archi (1988j); Biga (2010h).
Hassuwan: Archi (2010c); Bonechi - Catagnoti (1990).
Ibal: Biga (2014e); Mouamar (2016).
Iritum: Archi (2016d).
Karkemi: Biga (2014d); Pettinato (1976b).
Ki: Archi (1981d); Archi (1981g); Archi (1987h); Archi (1987i); Gelb (1981);
Pomponio (1990a); Pomponio (1995a); Pomponio (2013b); Steinkeller (2013).
Laga: Gelb (1986).
Nabada: Sallaberger (1998a); Sallaberger (1999a); Sallaberger - Pru (2015).
Nagar: Archi (1998c); Catagnoti - Bonechi (1992); Oates - Oates (2006);
Sallaberger (1999b).
Niya: Archi (2010c).
Tuba: Matthiae (1979d).
Tunip: Archi (2010c).
Tuttul: Archi (1990c).
Urum: Archi (2008d); Shibayama (1977).

Introduction 35
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Category Brief Description List of references


32. Glyptic References related to seals, sealing practices, and seals iconography

Archi (1980e); Archi (1996a); Archi (2015d); Baffi Guardata (1979a);


Bretschneider (2015); Capriati (1995d); Castellino (1966); Graff (2012);
Marchetti (2003); Matthiae (1969); Matthiae (1985x); Matthiae (1994e); Matthiae
(1995+g); Matthiae (1995+h); Matthiae (1995+i); Matthiae (1995+j); Matthiae
(1995+k); Matthiae (1995+l); Matthiae (1995+m); Matthiae (1995+n); Matthiae
(1995+r); Matthiae (1995+s); Matthiae (1995+v); Matthiae (1995++a); Matthiae
(2010d); Matthiae (2015b); Mazzoni (1975a); Mazzoni (1979); Mazzoni (1980a);
Mazzoni (1980b); Mazzoni (1984a); Mazzoni (1984b); Mazzoni (1986b); Mazzoni
(1990); Mazzoni (1992); Mazzoni (1993); Mazzoni (1995c); Mazzoni (1995m);
Mazzoni (1995n); Mazzoni (1995o); Mazzoni (1995p); Mazzoni (1995q); Mazzoni
(1995r); Mazzoni (1995s); Mazzoni (1995t); Mazzoni (1995u); Mazzoni (1995v);
Micale - Nadali (2010); Pinnock (1996); Pinnock (2013c); Pizzimenti (2015);
Scandone Matthiae (1996); Steinkeller (1986); Steinkeller (1992b).
33. Grammar and Entries related to Eblaite language, grammar, phonetic, morphology,
Language orthography and linguistic

Archi (1987d); Archi (2002c); Archi (2005b); Baldacci (1985e); Bonechi (1988a);
Bonechi (2011); Brugnatelli (1984); Brugnatelli (1988); Cagni (1981); Catagnoti
(1995); Catagnoti (2012a); Cathcart (1984); Civil (1990); Conti (1984); Conti
(1993); Conti (1998); DAgostino (1990a); DAgostino (1991); DAgostino (1992);
Dahood (1979b); Dahood (1981g); Dahood (1981h); Dahood (1982d); Dattilo
(1996); Diakonoff (1984); Diakonoff (1985); Diakonoff (1990); Diakonoff
(1998); Dombrowski (1991); Dombrowski (1994); Dombrowski (2003); Edzard
(1984b); Edzard (1985b); Fronzaroli (1977b); Fronzaroli (1979b); Fronzaroli
(1980d); Fronzaroli (1981); Fronzaroli (1982a); Fronzaroli (1982b); Fronzaroli
(1984a); Fronzaroli (1984b); Fronzaroli (1985a); Fronzaroli (1985b); Fronzaroli
(1985c); Fronzaroli (1985d); Fronzaroli (1987a); Fronzaroli (1988e); Fronzaroli
(1990b); Fronzaroli (1990c); Fronzaroli (1991d); Fronzaroli (1992a); Fronzaroli
(1994b); Fronzaroli (1995b); Fronzaroli (1995c); Fronzaroli (1996a); Fronzaroli
(2005a); Fronzaroli (2005d); Fronzaroli (2006a); Fronzaroli (2010); Fronzaroli
(2011); Garbini (1978b); Garbini (1981); Gelb (1987); Gordon (1988c); Gordon
(1990b); Gordon (1991b); Gordon (1992c); Gordon (1993); Gordon (1997a);
Gordon (1998); Hasselbach (2005); amadeh (1990); Hecker (1984); Hecker
(1987); Huehnergard (2002); Huehnergard (2006); Kienast (1981); Kienast
(1984b); Kienast (1987); Kogan - Krebernik - Streck (2013); Krebernik (1984b);
Krebernik (1988b); Krebernik (1996b); Krebernik (2006); Krecher (1981);
Krecher (1983); Krecher (1984b); Krispijn (1998); Krispijn (2012); Lambert
(1984b); Lambert (1989b); Limet (1984); Limet (1988); Lipiski (1981); Lipiski
(1997); Michalowski (1987); Mugnaioni (2000); Mller (1981b); Mller (1984a);
Mller (1984b); Mller (1987); Mller (1988a); Mller (1988b); Mller (1995);
Mller (2003); del Olmo Lete - Sanmartn (1996); del Olmo Lete - Sanmartn
(1999); del Olmo Lete - Sanmartn (2015a); del Olmo Lete - Sanmartn (2015b);
Pagan (1998); Parpola (1988); Pasquali (2008c); Pedersn (1989); Pennacchietti
(1981); Pennacchietti (1984); Petrek (1979); Petrek (1984); Pettinato
(1984b); Pettinato (1995a); Pettinato (1996c); Pettinato (2003b); Pettinato
- DAgostino (1995a); Pettinato - DAgostino (1996); Pettinato - DAgostino
(1998); Pettinato - Seminara (2005); Peust (2014); Pomponio (1996a);

36 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Category Brief Description List of references


Rendsburg (1990); Rendsburg (2002); Rubio (2007); Sanmartn (1991);
Sanmartn (2008); Sanmartn (2014); Sanmartn (2016); Sjberg (1984); Sjberg
(1992); Sjberg (1994); Sjberg (1998); von Soden (1981); Sommerfeld (2006);
Sommerfeld (2010); Sommerfeld (2012); Steinkeller (1984b); Streck (2012);
Tonietti (1992); Tonietti (1997b); Tonietti (2003a); Tonietti (2005a); Tonietti
(2005c); Tonietti (2011-2012); Tonietti (2013a); Tonietti (2015); Tonietti (2014);
Tropper (2003); Vigan (1996d); Vigan (1996e); Wolters (2007); Xella (1995b).
34. Hebrew References related to Hebrew language and Hebrew Bible

Artzi (1992); Artzi (2000); Baldacci (1985a); Baldacci (1994); Cornelius - Jonker
(2008); Dahood (1979e); Dahood (1981a); Dahood (1982c); Dahood (1984a);
Gordon (1983); Gordon (1987c); Loretz (1984); Margalit (1978); Mller (1984a);
Rendsburg (1987); Rendsburg (1992); Shanks (1993); Shibayama (1982); Zurro
(1987); Zurro (1991).
35. History Entries related to history

Archi (1998e); Archi (2006e); Archi (2013b); Archi (2015a); Astour (1988a);
Astour (1992a); Astour (2002); Biga (2009c); Biga (2010e); David (1976);
Diakonoff (1985); Diakonoff (1990); Khayyata (1990); Kienast (1988b); Kienast
(2001); Klengel (1984); Klengel (1985); Klengel (1990a); Klengel (1992); Klengel
(1995a); Klengel (1995c); Klengel (1997); Lebeau (2012); Liverani (2011);
Liverani (2014); Mandeleine (1976); Marchesi (2015b); Marchetti (2000);
Matthiae (1976a); Matthiae (1978c); Matthiae (1984e); Matthiae (1985a);
Matthiae (1988f); Matthiae (1989b); Matthiae (2006f); Matthiae (2007b);
Merrill (1983); Musti (1985); Oliva (2008); Pasquali (2016); Pettinato (1991);
Pettinato (2000a); Pomponio (1999-2000); Sallaberger (2007); Sallaberger
(2012); Sallaberger - Schrakamp (2015); Sarna (1977); Ska (1978b); Vigan -
Pardee (1984); Visicato (1989).
36. Hittite Entries related to Hittites, mainly in glyptic and bilingual texts

Archi (1980e); Archi (1993g); Archi (2007); Archi (2008c); Archi (2015d);
Bachvarova (2005b); Biga (2002b); de Martino (1998); de Martino (1999); de
Martino (2000); Del Monte (2003); Haas (1981); Haas (1994); Haas (2006);
Hoffner (1997); Neu (1996a); Neu (1996b); Otten (1988); Wilhelm (1997);
Wilhelm (2001).
37. Hurrian Entries related to Hurrians, mainly in pantheon and bilingual texts

Archi (1979e); Archi (1992c); Archi (1998e); Archi (2001a); Archi (2002e); Archi
(2013c); Astour (1987); Bachvarova (2005b); de Martino (1998); de Martino
(2000); Durand (1996); Durand - Charpin (2001); Neu (1996a); Neu (1996b);
Otten (1988); Silver, Mi. (2014b); Wilhelm (1997); Wilhelm (2001).

Introduction 37
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Category Brief Description List of references


38. Inlays Entries related to inlays and carvings, mainly as artistic production

Collins (2003e); Dolce (1975); Dolce (1977); Dolce (1980); Dolce(1995t);


Dolce(1995u); Dolce (2014c); Dolce (2015); Matthiae (1993b); Matthiae
(1993n); Matthiae (1995m); Matthiae (1995n); Matthiae (1995o); Matthiae
(1995p); Matthiae (1995q); Matthiae (1995r); Matthiae (1995w); Matthiae
(1995x); Matthiae (1995y); Matthiae (1995+u); Scandone Matthiae (1990);
Scandone Matthiae (1991b); Scandone Matthiae (1995j); Scandone Matthiae
(1995k); Scandone Matthiae (1995l); Scandone Matthiae (1995m); Scandone
Matthiae (1995n); Scandone Matthiae (1995o); Scandone Matthiae (1995w).
39. Ivory and Bone Entries related to ivory and bone (mainly as artifacts)

Biga (1998a); Peyronel (2016a); Polcaro (2015); Scandone Matthiae


(1990); Scandone Matthiae (1991a); Scandone Matthiae (2002); Scandone
Matthiae (2006).
40. Jewels Entries related to precious objects (pins, earrings, necklaces, pearls, etc.). For
raw materials see sub. no. 47 - Metals and 59 - Stone

Archi (2002a); Baffi Guardata (1995f); Baffi Guardata (1995g); Baffi Guardata
(1995h); Baffi Guardata (1995i); Baffi Guardata (1995j); Baffi Guardata (1995k);
Baffi Guardata (1995l); Baffi Guardata (1995m); Baffi Guardata (1995n); Baffi
Guardata (1995o); Baffi Guardata (1995p); Baffi Guardata (1995q); Dolce
(2008c); Marchetti (1995b); Marchetti (1995c); Marchetti (1995g); Marchetti
(1995h); Marchetti (1995i); Matthiae (1985k); Matthiae (1985l); Matthiae
(1985m); Matthiae (1985n); Matthiae (1985o); Matthiae (1985r); Matthiae
(1985t); Matthiae (1995++k); Matthiae (1995++l); Matthiae (1995++m);
Matthiae (1995++n); Matthiae (1995++o); Mazzoni (1995d); Mazzoni (1995+i);
Nigro (1995a); Pasquali (2004a); Pasquali (2008e); Peyronel (2015b); Pinnock
(1992b); Pinnock (1993a); Pinnock (1995g); Pinnock (1995h); Pinnock (1995i);
Pinnock (1995j); Pinnock (1995t); Pinnock (1995x); Rossoni (1995a); Rossoni
(1995b); Rossoni (1995f); Scandone Matthiae (1995s); Scandone Matthiae
(1995t); Scandone Matthiae (1995v).
41. Kings and Entries referred to kings and kingship
Kingship
Archi (1986d); Archi (2001c); Biga - Pomponio (1987); Bonechi (1997a);
Bonechi (1997d); Bonechi (2001e); Bonechi (2016h); ech (2012); Dolce
(2002c); Matthiae (1989d); Muntingh (1984); Pinnock (2016b); Podany (2010);
Steinkeller (1999); Stieglitz (2002b); Wilhelm (2012).
42. Lapis lazuli Entries related to lapis lazuli, its circulation and trade

Evans (2003b); Matthiae (1985i); Pinnock (1986a); Pinnock (1988b); Pinnock


(1995b); Pinnock (2006d).
43. Law Entries related to legal matters (mainly in texts)

Altman (2010); Archi (1986b); Biga (1985d); Catagnoti (1997b); Pettinato


(1983d); Vigan (1991); Zaccagnini (1981).

38 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Category Brief Description List of references


44. Lexical Texts Entries referred to lexical texts (professions lists, name lists, syllabars) and
and Lexicography studies on lexicography

Arcari (1982); Arcari (1983); Archi (1981f); Archi (1984f); Archi (1987f); Archi
(1992d); Archi (1993m); Archi (1995t); Biga (1985e); Biggs (1981b); Bonechi
(1998a); Bonechi (2001b); Bonechi (2006); Bonechi (2007a); Bonechi
(2007b); Bonechi (2008b); Bonechi (2016c); Buccellati (2003); Civil (1982);
Civil (1987b); Civil (1987c); DAgostino (1996g); Dahood (1979e); Fales -
Krispijn (1980); Fronzaroli (1980a); Fronzaroli (1984d); Fronzaroli (1984e);
Fronzaroli (1992b); Fronzaroli (1995a); Fronzaroli (2003b); Fronzaroli (2006b);
Krebernik (1982); Krebernik (1983); Krispijn (1981-1982); Mander (1980);
Mayer (2005); Michalowski (2003); Milano (1995a); Pagan (1998); Paoletti
(2015); Paoletti (2016); Pasquali (2005a); Pasquali (2005e); Pettinato (1976c);
Pettinato (1979g); Pettinato (1981e); Pettinato (1994-1995); Pettinato (1996b);
Pomponio (1983c); Pomponio (1985a); Pomponio - Xella (1984); Rendsburg
(2002); Sanmartn (1991); Sjberg (1999); Sjberg (2003a); Sjberg (2003b);
Sjberg (2004); Tonietti (2003b); Vattioni (1981); Zurro (1983a).
45. Mari and Ebla Entries referring to the relationship between Mari and Ebla

Al-Namani (1982); Archi (1981e); Archi (1984a); Archi (1985e); Archi (1985f);
Archi (1985g); Archi (1985k); Archi (1993i); Archi (1995+a); Archi (1995+b);
Archi (1999c); Archi (2015e); Archi (2016c); Archi - Biga (2003); Biga (2014a);
Bonechi (2014a); Bonechi - Durand (1992); Catagnoti (2012b); Charpin (2005);
Dolce (2014d); Edzard (1981c); Edzard (1985c); Fleming (2004); Gelb (1992);
Geller (1987); Klengel (1989); Lebeau (2012); Lebeau (2016); Michalowski
(1985); Michalowski (1992b); Moorey (1981); Pettinato (1977a); Pettinato
(1980f); Pinnock (2014); Pomponio (1982a); Pomponio (2002); Pomponio -
Biga (1989); Sallaberger (1998b); Sallaberger (2008); Vigan (1993); Vigan
(1994); Vigan (1996b).
46. Marriage Entries related to marriage at Ebla

Biga (1998c); Biga (2014c); Bonechi (2016g); Milano (1987c); Pettinato (1988);
Pomponio (1993-1994); Steinkeller (1999); Tonietti (2005b).
47. Metals Entries related to metals, metalworking, metals circulation, metal objects
(also in texts). See also sub. no. 40 - Jewels

Amadasi Guzzo (1988); Archi (1985h); Archi (1993d); Archi (1993p); Archi
(1995d); Archi (1995q); Archi (1995s); Archi (1996e); Archi - Matthiae (1979); Baffi
Guardata (1995d); Biga (1995h); Biga (1995i); DAgostino (1995a); DAgostino
(2009); Dolce (2008c); Felici - Vendittelli (2013); Festuccia (2000); Festuccia
(2005); Festuccia (2008); Festuccia (2014); Fronzaroli (1996b); Fronzaroli
(2003d); van Lerberghe (1988); Maiocchi (2010); Matthiae (1993q); Matthiae
(1995++p); Matthiae (1995++q); Mazzoni (2011); Milano (1980a); Milano (1991);
Milano (1995e); Milano (1995k); Nigro (2003); Palmieri - Hauptmann (2000);
Pasquali (2003b); Peyronel (2010); Peyronel (2015c); Peyronel (2016b); Pinnock
(2000c); Pomponio (1997-1998); Pomponio (1998a); Rossoni (1995i); Rossoni
(1995j); de Urioste Snchez (1996b); de Urioste Snchez (1998); Waetzoldt
(1981); Waetzoldt (1985); Waetzoldt - Bachmann (1984); Zaccagnini (1988).

Introduction 39
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Category Brief Description List of references


48. Music Entries related to music and musical instruments

Biga (2006a); Civil (1987a); Franklin (2015); Krispijn (2010); Mazzoni (1995+k);
Tonietti (1997d); Tonietti (1997e); Tonietti (2010c).
49. Offerings Terms related to offering, as a cult activity

Archi (1995n); Cagni (1988); Dolce (1989-1990); Fronzaroli (2003g); Matthiae


(1995++j); Matthiae (1995++r); Milano (1989-1990); Milano - Tonietti (2012);
Polcaro (2012); Pomponio (1997-1998); Sallaberger (2014); Segarra (1990).
50. Plants and Entries related to plants and fruits, in philological and archaeological
Fruits perspective

Archi (1991b); Biga (2010i); Bonechi (2016d); Caracuta - Fiorentino (2013);


Catagnoti (2007); Catagnoti (2008b); Catagnoti (2010a); Catagnoti (2013b);
Catagnoti (2014); Catagnoti (2016); Coccolini (2012); Fiorentino - Caracuta
(2010); Fiorentino - Caracuta - Calcagnile et al. (2008); Marchesi (2013); Milano
(2002); Wachter-Sarkady (2013); Zurro (1983a).
51. Politics Terms related to polities, political relations, geopolitics

Archi (1985g); Archi (1996h); Archi (2003d); Archi (2014b); Archi (2015f);
Astour (1988b); Biga (2014b); Bonechi (2016j); Cooper (2010); Dolce (2000a);
Fronzaroli (2005c); Grgoire - Renger (1988); Klengel (1992); Matthiae (2003b);
Mikaya (1978); Milano - Rova (2000); Ristvet (2011); Ristvet (2015); Schwartz
(1994); Steinkeller (1993b); Visicato (1989); Weinfeld (1988).

40 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Category Brief Description List of references


52. Pottery and Terms related to pottery (also metal and stone vessels)
Vessels
Anonymous (1995); Archi - Matthiae (1979); Baffi Guardata (1994); Baldacci
(1983); Ballirano - De Vito - Medeghini et al. (2014); Capriati (1995a); Capriati
(1995b); Capriati (1995c); Colantoni (2010); DAndrea (2015); DAndrea
(2016c); DAndrea - Vacca (2013); Di Paolo (1995a); Di Paolo (1995b); Di Paolo
(1995c); Di Paolo (1995d); Di Paolo (1995e); Di Paolo (1995f); Dolce (1995+a);
Gabarrini (1995a); Gabarrini (1995b); Gabarrini (1995c); Gabarrini (1995d);
Gabarrini (1995e); Gabarrini (1995f); Graff (2012); Lazzarini - Colombo (1995);
Liverani - Matthiae (1965); Marchetti (1995f); Marchetti (2013); Matthiae
(1985p); Matthiae (1985w); Matthiae (1985x); Matthiae (1993r); Matthiae
(1995+r); Matthiae (1995+s); Matthiae - Liverani (1965); Mazzoni (1982);
Mazzoni (1984d); Mazzoni (1985a); Mazzoni (1985b); Mazzoni (1985c); Mazzoni
(1988b); Mazzoni (1992); Mazzoni (1994); Mazzoni (1995f); Mazzoni (1995g);
Mazzoni (1995h); Mazzoni (1995i); Mazzoni (1995j); Mazzoni (1995k); Mazzoni
(1995l); Mazzoni (1995m); Mazzoni (1995n); Mazzoni (1995o); Mazzoni (1995p);
Mazzoni (1995q); Mazzoni (1995r); Mazzoni (1995s); Mazzoni (1995t); Mazzoni
(1995y); Mazzoni (1995z); Mazzoni (1995x); Mazzoni (1995+d); Mazzoni
(1995+f); Mazzoni (1995+g); Mazzoni (1995+p); Mazzoni (1995+q); Mazzoni
(1995+s); Mazzoni (2013); Merluzzi (1995a); Merluzzi (1995b); Merluzzi (1995c);
Merluzzi (1995d); Merluzzi (1995i); Milano (1991); Milano - Rova (2000); Nigro
(1995g); Nigro (1995h); Nigro (1995i); Nigro (1995j); Nigro (1995k); Nigro
(1995l); Nigro (1995m); Nigro (1995n); Nigro (1995o); Nigro (1995p); Nigro
(1995q); Nigro (1995r); Nigro (1995s); Nigro (1995t); Nigro (1998b); Nigro
(2002a); Nigro (2002b); Nigro (2003); Nigro (2009); Orthmann (1985); Peyronel
- Vacca (2014); Pinnock (1981); Pinnock (1989); Pinnock (1995e); Pinnock
(1995k); Pinnock (1995l); Pinnock (1995p); Pinnock (1995r); Pinnock (1995s);
Pinnock (1995w); Pinnock (2005); Pinnock (2007b); Pinnock (2012a); Rossi
(1995a); Rossi (1995b); Rossi (1995e); Rossi (1995f); Rossoni (1995g); Rossoni
(1995l); Sala (2012); Santarelli (2013); Scandone Matthiae (1985a); Scandone
Matthiae (1985c); Scandone Matthiae (1995c); Scandone Matthiae (1995d);
Scandone Matthiae (1995r); Scandone Matthiae (1995x); Scandone Matthiae
(1995y); Vacca (2015); Vivante (1995a); Vivante (1995e).

Introduction 41
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Category Brief Description List of references


53. Prosopography Entries related to prosopographical studies

Archi (1984g); Archi (1986c); Archi (1988b); Archi (1992b); Archi (1996c); Archi
(2000f); Archi - Biga - Milano (1988); Archi - Catagnoti - Fronzaroli (2008); Biga
(1996); Biga (2000); Biggs (1988); Bonechi (1991a); Bonechi (1996c); Bonechi
(2016b); Bonechi (2016i); Bonechi (2016k); Buccellati (1992b); Buccellati
(1995); Catagnoti (1988a); Catagnoti (1997a); Catagnoti (1998); Catagnoti
(2005); Catagnoti (2010b); DAgostino (1996g); Dahood (1982a); Edzard
(1988); Fales (1987); Fronzaroli (1979c); Fronzaroli (1987b); Fronzaroli (1988d);
Gordon (1988a); Gordon (1998); Heider (1985b); Hecker (1981); van Huyssteen
(1984); van Huyssteen (1988b); Krebernik (1988a); Krebernik (1988b); Lipiski
(1987); Mander (1984); Mander (1988a); Mangiarotti (1997); Micale - Nadali
(2010); Milano (1985a); Milano (1985b); Mller (1981b); Mller (1987); Mller
(1988a); Pagan (1998); Pardee (1988); Pasquali (2008b); Platt - Pagan (1990);
Pomponio (1991); Rouault (1988); Shibayama (1980); Shibayama (1982);
Simonetti (1995-1996); von Soden (1987); Steinkeller (1993c); Steinkeller
(2015); Tonietti (1997a); Tonietti (1997e); Tonietti (2010d); Tonietti (2011b);
Waetzoldt (1988b); Westenholz (1988); Xella (1995b).
54. Publication Entries referred to the process of publication of the texts from Ebla (also
concordances list and bibliographies)

Anonymous (1978a); Anonymous (1978b); Anonymous (1978c); Anonymous


(1978d); Anonymous (1978f); Anonymous (1978g); Anonymous (1978h); Archi
(1997-1998a); Archi (1998d); Baldacci (1985b); Baldacci (1992); Baffi Guardata
- Baldacci - Pomponio (1989); Baffi Guardata - Baldacci - Pomponio (1993);
Baffi Guardata - Baldacci - Pomponio (1997); Baldacci - Pomponio (1987);
Beld - Hallo - Michalowski (1984); Biggs (1982); Conti (1992); Cunchillos
(1981); del Olmo Lete (2014); Watson (2009).

42 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Category Brief Description List of references


55. *Reviews References to reviews

Alberti (1990b); Alkhalid (2016); Amiet (1967); Archi (1987a); Archi (1997-
1998b); Archi (1997-1998c); Archi (1999-2000a); Archi (1999-2000b); Archi
(2008b); Archi (2015c); Astour (1997); Aubet Semmler (1983); Baldacci
(1985d); Biga (1995a); Biga (1998b); Biggs (1987); Biggs (1994); Biggs (1998);
Biggs (2000a); Biggs (2000b); Biggs (2005); Biggs (2007a); Bodine (1982a);
Bodine (1982b); Bonechi (1990b); Bonechi (1997e); Bonnet (1988); Cagni
(1992); Catagnoti (1997c); Chapman (1983a); Chapman (1983b); Charpin
(2008); Chavalas (2000); Civil (1984a); Conti (2001); Crawford (1995); DAndrea
(2016a); Davidovi (1987b); Dercksen (1990); della Casa (1988); Dietrich
(1996); Dietrich (1997); Edzard (1994b); Edzard (1994c); Edzard (1999a);
Edzard (1999b); Eidem (1997-1998); Englund (1995); Fensham (1988); Ferens
(1981); Foster (1989); Foster (1991); Foster (1992); Foster (1995); Foster (2006);
Fulco (1978); Gates (1988); Gelio (1989); Geller (1985); Geller (1994); Geller
(1995); Hasselbach-Andee (2016); Hawkins (1983); Hay (1981); Healey (1981);
Healey (1992); Heimpel (1988); Heimpel (1989); Heltzer (1992); Hirsch (1997);
Hruka (1981); Hruka (1984); Hruka (1988); Hruka (1991); Hunt (1982);
van Huyssteen (1988a); van Huyssteen (1991); Jursa (1997-1998); Kienast
(1988a); Klein (1982); Kura (1981); Lambert (1978); Lambert (1979); Lambert
(1981a); Lambert (1981b); Lambert (1982); Lambert (1983); Lambert (1986a);
Lambert (1986b); Lambert (1988); Lambert (1989a); Lambert (1992a);
Lambert (1993); Lambert (1994a); Lambert (1994b); Lambert (1995); Lambert
(1999); Langlamet (1997); Loretz (1996a); Loretz (1996b); Loretz (2005);
Lys (1982); MacDonald (1979); Maier (1982); Marks (1981); Mrquez Rowe
(1998); Michalowski (1986); Michalowski (1988a); Millard (1981); Millard
(1989); Moriarty (1982a); Moriarty (1982b); Muhly (1981a); Muhly (1981b);
Mynov (2003); Nelson (1983); North (1984); Oelsner (1990); Oelsner (1993);
del Olmo Lete (1983); Owen (1993a); Pardee (1995); Parrot (1967a); Parrot
(1967b); Pfoh (2010); Platt (1991); Pomponio (1980c); Pomponio (1985b);
Pomponio (1988a); Pomponio (1990c); Pomponio (1995b); Pomponio (1997);
Pons (1981); Postgate (1984); Prato (1988); Rinaldi (1982); Rlling (1984);
Sallaberger (1986); Sallaberger (2003b); Sallaberger (2003c); Saporetti
(1980); Sasson (1981); Sasson (1982); Sasson (1985); Schmitt (1985); Segert
(1998); Selz (1996); Shea (1984a); Sigrist (2004); Sinclair (1982); Ska (1981);
Ska (1984a); Ska (1984b); Smith (1999); von Soden (1979); von Soden (1985);
Soggin (1980a); Soggin (1980b); Soggin (1980c); Soggin (1981); Sommerfeld
(1991); Sommerfeld (2012); Sperling (2003); Stol (1999); Stol (2008); Such
Gutirrez (2002); Talon (1991); Ullendorf (1978); Waetzoldt (1988a); Waetzoldt
(1986a); Watson (1988); Weszeli (2005).

Introduction 43
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Category Brief Description List of references


56. Sculpture Entries related to sculpture (also inscribed statues)

Archi - Matthiae (1995); Baffi Guardata (1995e); Dolce (1984); Dolce (1995o);
Dolce (1995q); Dolce (2004); Gelb (1984); Hatz (2003); Lambert (1981c);
Marchesi (2006); Marchesi - Marchetti (2011); Matthiae (1965b); Matthiae
(1965-1966); Matthiae (1966b); Matthiae (1967d); Matthiae (1974b); Matthiae
(1980d); Matthiae (1980h); Matthiae (1985h); Matthiae (1987b); Matthiae
(1990d); Matthiae (1992d); Matthiae (1993j); Matthiae (1993m); Matthiae
(1993p); Matthiae (1995u); Matthiae (1995z); Matthiae (1995+a); Matthiae
(1995+b); Matthiae (1995+c); Matthiae (1995+d); Matthiae (1995+e); Matthiae
(1995+f); Matthiae (1995+o); Matthiae (1995+p); Matthiae (1995+w); Matthiae
(1995+x); Matthiae (1995+y); Matthiae (1995+z); Matthiae (1995++b); Matthiae
(1995++c); Matthiae (1995++j); Matthiae (1996d); Matthiae (2000c); Matthiae
(2006d); Matthiae (2013c); Mazzoni (1980c); Pasquali (2005b); Pettinato (1970);
Pettinato Matthiae (1972); Pinnock (1980); Pinnock (2013b); Sabatini (1974).
57. Specific Texts Entries on specific texts (published or unpublished)

Alberti (1981); Alberti (1992); Arcari (1987a); Archi (1989a); Archi (1993a);
Archi (1993i); Archi (1993k); Archi (1993l); Archi (1993m); Archi (1993n);
Archi (1993o); Archi (1993p); Archi (1993q); Archi (1995d); Archi (1995e);
Archi (1995f); Archi (1995g); Archi (1995h); Archi (1995i); Archi (1995j); Archi
(1995k); Archi (1995l); Archi (1995m); Archi (1995n); Archi (1995o); Archi
(1995p); Archi (1995q); Archi (1995r); Archi (1995s); Archi (1995t); Archi (1995u);
Archi (1995v); Archi (1995w); Archi (1995x); Archi (1995y); Archi (1995z); Archi
(1995+a); Archi (1995+b); Archi (1995+c); Archi (1995+d); Archi (1995+e); Archi
(2005g); Biga (1985a); Biga (1985b); Biga (1985c); Biga (1985d); Biga (1985e);
Biga (2010a); Biga - Capomacchia (2012); Bonechi (1990d); Bonechi (1992a);
Bonechi (1992b); Bonechi (1996d); Bonechi (2003a); Bonechi (2007a); Bonechi
(2015); Brugnatelli (1982); Bulgarelli (1999); Castellino (1984); Catagnoti
(1988b); Edzard (1981b); Edzard (1981c); Fronzaroli (1979a); Fronzaroli
(1980b); Fronzaroli (1980c); Fronzaroli (1984c); Fronzaroli (1985e); Fronzaroli
(1988c); Fronzaroli (1995d); Fronzaroli (1995e); Fronzaroli (1995f); Fronzaroli
(1995g); Fronzaroli (1995h); Fronzaroli (1995i); Fronzaroli (1995j); Fronzaroli
(1995k); Fronzaroli (1995l); Fronzaroli (1998b); Fronzaroli (2003b); Fronzaroli
(2003c); Fronzaroli (2003d); Fronzaroli (2003e); Fronzaroli (2003f); Fronzaroli
(2003g); Fronzaroli (2003h); Fronzaroli (2003i); Fronzaroli (2003j); Fronzaroli
(2004b); Fronzaroli (2005b); Fronzaroli (2014); Kienast (1980); Kienast (1984a);
Krebernik (1988c); Krebernik (1992); Krebernik (1997); Kupper (1980); Kupper
(2005); Lambert (1987); Lambert (1992b); Mander (1979); Milano (1995d);
Milano (1995e); Milano (1995f); Milano (1995g); Milano (1995h); Milano (1995i);
Milano (1995j); Milano (1995k); Pettinato - DAgostino (1995b); Picchioni
(1981a); Pomponio (1983d); Saporetti (1981); Shea (1984b): Sollberger (1980);
Sollberger (1985c); Sollberger (1990); Vigan (1988); Vigan (1996g).

44 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Category Brief Description List of references


58. Specific Words Entries related to specific (Eblaite) words, signs or semitic roots
or Signs
Alberti (1984); Alberti (1990a); Archi (1988d); Archi (1988e); Archi (1988f);
Archi (1988g); Archi (1988h); Archi (1994b); Archi (1997a); Archi (1998b); Archi
(1998i); Archi (2000a); Archi (2000b); Archi (2000c); Archi (2000d); (Archi 2002g);
Archi (2003b); Archi (2003c); Archi (2005c); Archi (2005d); Archi (2005e); Archi
(2005f); Bauer (1982); Bonechi (1988b); Bonechi (1997b); Bonechi (2001c);
Bonechi (2012); Butz - Wenning (1988); Catagnoti (1989b); Catagnoti (1997b);
Catagnoti (2004); Civil (1983); Civil (1984b); Civil (1988); Civil (2013); Conti
- Bonechi (1992a); Conti - Bonechi (1992b); DAgostino (1988); DAgostino
(1993); DAgostino (1995b); DAgostino (1996c); DAgostino (1996d); DAgostino
- Seminara (1997); Dattilo (1997); Davidovi (1987a); Dercksen (1989); Fales
(1984b); Fensham (1977); Fronzaroli (1991b); Fronzaroli (1992b); Fronzaroli
(1998c); Fronzaroli (2002); Fronzaroli (2007); Fronzaroli (2008); Garbini (1976);
Glassner (2002); Groneberg (1988); van Huyssteen (1988b); Keetman (2007);
Krebernik (1984d); Krebernik (1984e); Krecher (1987a); Krecher (1987b);
Krispijn (1998); Lipiski (1988); Loretz (1985); Mazzini (2003); Milano (1984a);
Pasquali (1995a); Pasquali (1995b); Pasquali (1996a); Pasquali (1996b);
Pasquali (2002b); Pasquali (2002c); Pasquali (2002d); Pasquali (2003a);
Pasquali (2003b); Pasquali (2004a); Pasquali (2005b); Pasquali (2005c);
Pasquali (2010a); Pasquali (2010b); Pasquali (2011b); Pasquali (2012a);
Pasquali (2012b); Pasquali (2012d); Pasquali (2015a); Pettinato (1979e);
Pettinato (2003a); Pitard (1997); Pomponio (1980a); Pomponio (1982c);
Pomponio (1983a); Pomponio (1983-1984); Pomponio (1986); Pomponio
(1998b); Renger (1988); Rubio (2013); Sallaberger (2003d); Saporetti (1984);
Simonetti (1993); Steinkeller (1981a); Steinkeller (1981b); Steinkeller (1981-
1982); Steinkeller (1984c); Steinkeller (1984e); Steinkeller (1984d); Steinkeller
(1989b); Steinkeller (1990); Steinkeller (2004); Tonietti (2011-2012); Vigan
(1990); Waetzoldt (1990a); Waetzoldt (1995); Waetzoldt (1997); Zurro (1980);
Zurro (1981a).
59. Stone Entries related to stone objects (also precious stones) and words for stone
types. See also sub. no. 40 - Jewels

Bonechi (2003b); Marchetti (1995i); Matthiae (1966b); Matthiae (1967d);


Matthiae (2013c); Merluzzi (2000); Milano (2004); Pasquali (2002c); Pasquali
(2002d); Pinnock (1981); Pinnock (1995c); Pinnock (1995e); Pinnock (1995k);
Pinnock (1995l); Scandone Matthiae (1981b); Steinkeller (1987b).

Introduction 45
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Category Brief Description List of references


60. Sumer Terms related to Sumer, Sumerians, Sumerian language, and texts written
in Sumerian

Archi (1995l); Archi (1995u); Archi (1995v); Archi (1995w); Archi (1995x);
Bachhuber (2012); Bonechi (2014b); Civil (1984c); Civil (2007); Civil - Rubio
(1999); Cole (1977); Conti (2003); DAgostino (1990a); DAgostino (1991);
DAgostino (1992); Dombrowski (1999); Edzard (1980); Fronzaroli (1995e);
Fronzaroli (2003b); Geller (1987); Kienast (1984b); Krecher (1981); Krecher
(1983); Krecher (1984a); Krecher (1992); Krispijn (2001); Krispijn (2012);
Lecompte (2015); Mander (1988a); Owen (1992b); Pedersn (1989); Pettinato
(1981d); Pettinato (1981e); Pettinato (1984a); Pettinato (2002b); Piacentini,
D. (2006); Picchioni (1984); Picchioni (1987); Postgate (1986); Rubio (2016);
Steinkeller (1984a); Steinkeller (1993c); Vigan (1995b); Vigan (1996c);
Vigan (1996d).
61. Temple Entries related to architectonic features of temples, sacred areas as
archaeological contexts, and temples in the Ebla tablets

Archi (2010a); Archi (2016b); Ascalone - Peyronel (2001); Ascalone - Peyronel


(2011); Biga (2006e); Dahood (1984b); Marchesi (2006); Matthiae (1975c);
Matthiae (1986b); Matthiae (1989f); Matthiae (1990a); Matthiae (1994d);
Matthiae (1996e); Matthiae (2006a); Matthiae (2007a); Matthiae (2008c);
Matthiae (2009a); Matthiae (2009c); Matthiae (2009e); Matthiae (2014c);
Peyronel (2014a); Pinnock (1993b); Pinnock (2009a); Pinnock (2013d);
Polcaro (2014b); Ramazzotti (2009); Romano (2015b); Sala (2012); Tonietti
(1997c); Xella (1984a).
62. Textiles Entries related to textiles, weaving tools, iconographic represantations of
textiles, and terminology for textiles in texts

Andersson - Felluca - Nosch et al. (2010); Archi (1985c); Archi (1993n); Archi
(1999d); Biga (1992a); Biga (1995c); Biga (1995d); Biga (1995e); Biga (1995j);
Biga (2009a); Biga (2010g); Biga (2011d); Biga (2014f); Biga - Roccati (2012b);
Collins (2003a); Dolce (1995e); Dolce (1995f); Dolce (1995g); Dolce (1995h);
Dolce (1995i); Dolce (1995j); Dolce (1995k); Dolce (1995p); Fronzaroli (2003c);
Fronzaroli (2007); Matthiae (1995r); Mazzoni (1995+b); Mazzoni (1995+e);
Mazzoni (1995+n); Mazzoni (1995+o); Mazzoni (1995+r); Pasquali (1996c);
Pasquali (1997a); Pasquali (1997b); Pasquali (2005d); Pasquali (2009a);
Pasquali (2009b); Pasquali (2010c); Pasquali (2015b); Peyronel (2004);
Peyronel (2007a); Peyronel (2014c); Pinnock (1992a); Pomponio (2008b);
Rositani (2001); Sallaberger (2009); Zaccagnini (1984).
63. *Texts Editions Main editions of the Ebla Tablets (ARET and MEE)

Archi (1985a); Archi (1988a); Archi - Biga (1982); Archi - Milano (2011); Biga -
Milano (1984); Catagnoti - Fronzaroli (2010); Civil (2008); DAgostino (1996a-b);
Edzard (1981a); Edzard (1984a); Fronzaroli (1993); Fronzaroli (2003a); Lahlouh
- Catagnoti (2006); Mander (1990); Milano (1990a); Milano - Maiocchi (2011);
Pettinato (1979a); Pettinato (1980a-b); Pettinato (1981a-b); Pettinato (1982);
Pettinato (1996); Picchioni (1997); Pomponio (2008a); Pomponio (2013a);
Sollberger (1986); Waetzoldt (2001).

46 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Category Brief Description List of references


64. Trade Entries related to trade, circulation of goods, and merchands

Arcari (1987b); Archi (2003d); Ascalone (2003); Ascalone - Peyronel (2003);


Biga (2015a); DAgostino (1990b); DAmore (1984); Ferrero (2013); Klengel
(1988a); Klengel (1990b); Milano (2003); Pasquali (2015b); Pettinato (1979h);
Pettinato (2002a); Peyronel (2006); Pinnock (1984a); Pinnock (1985a); Pinnock
(1985b); Pinnock (1990b); Pinnock (1995a); Pinnock (2006a); Pinnock (1990a);
Sallaberger (2014); Stieglitz (1985); Waetzoldt (1984).
65. Ugarit Entries related to Ugarit, Ugaritic language and culture

Althann (1978); Archi (1979-1980); Archi (1987b); Bonechi (1998b); Dahood


(1978a); Dahood (1978b); Dahood (1978c); Dahood (1978d); Dahood (1978e);
Dahood (1979a); Dahood (1979c); Dahood (1979e); Dahood (1981f); Dahood
(1981i); Dahood - Pettinato (1977); de Meyer (1980); Dornemann (1999); Fales
(1984a); Gordon (1985b); Gordon (1989); Klengel (1990b); Loretz (1998);
Matthiae (2012); del Olmo Lete - Sanmartn (2003); Pasquali (2006); Pasquali
(2015b); Pettinato (1980i); Peyronel (2016b); Watson (1986); Xella (1983); Xella
(1984b); Xella (1986a); Xella (1995b); Yon - Mallet - Callot (1985); Zurro (1987).
66. Urbanism, Entries related to urbanism, urban culture and urbanization
Settlements
Patterns Archi (1998a); Bahnassi (1984); Cauvin (1985); Cooper (2006a); Cooper
(2006b); Cooper (2009); Dolce (1988a); Dolce (2011); Lecompte (2015);
Matthiae (1983a); Matthiae (1993e); Matthiae (1995k); Matthiae (2003a);
Mazzoni (1991); Peyronel (2015a); Pinnock (2001); Pinnock (2006c); Pinnock
(2009b).
67. War(fare) Entries related to warfare and iconographic representations of war

Archi (1998g); Archi (2008a); Archi (2010f); Archi (2014a); Archi - Biga (2003);
Baffi Guardata (2008); Biga (2003d); Biga (2008a); Biga (2009d); Biga (2010c);
Biga (2013b); Biga (2015a); Bonechi (2016i); Catagnoti (2012b); Collins
(2003e); Civil (2003); Conti (1997); de Maigret (1976); Dolce (1995s); Dolce
(2004); Dolce (2005); Durand (2012); Ferro - Mogliazza - Peyronel (2010);
Matthiae (1993g); Matthiae (1995m); Matthiae (1995n); Matthiae (1995o);
Matthiae (1995p); Matthiae (1995+w); Minunno (2008); Pasquali (2004c);
Pomponio (2011); Steinkeller (1987a); Tonietti (2010b); Tonietti (2013b);
Waetzoldt (1990b).
68. Water Entries related to water, wells and hydrography

Biga (2003b); Bonechi (2000b); Cantelli - Martina - Picotti (2013); de Maigret


(1981); Fiorentino - Caracuta (2010); Fronzaroli (1998a); Fronzaroli (1999);
Matthiae (2015c); Pinnock (2016c); Ramazzotti (2003); Stieglitz (1985).

Introduction 47
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Category Brief Description List of references


69. Weights and Entries related to weights and metrology (also prices)
Measures
Archi (1987e); Ascalone - Peyronel (2000a); Ascalone - Peyronel (2000b);
Ascalone - Peyronel (2001); Ascalone - Peyronel (2006a); Ascalone - Peyronel
(2006b); Ascalone - Peyronel (2006c); Ascalone - Peyronel (2011); Biga (2006e);
Brugnatelli (1990); Chambon (2004); Chambon (2011a); Chambon (2011b); de
Maigret (1980); Mazzoni (1980d); Mazzoni (1995e); Mazzoni (1995+c); Mazzoni
(1995+e); Mazzoni (1995+n); Milano (1990e); Milano (2004); Peyronel (2007a);
Peyronel (2011); Peyronel (2014c); Pinnock (1995v); Pomponio (1980b);
Zaccagnini (1984).

Prices: Archi (1986a); Archi (1987c); Archi (1988c); Biga (2003f); DAgostino
(1995a); Maiocchi (2005); Michalowski (1990).
70. Women Entries related to women in general, and notable women mentioned in the
Ebla tablets

Archi (1993f); Archi (1996f); Archi (1998h); Archi (2002a); Archi (2002f); Baffi
Guardata (1995b); Baffi Guardata (1995t); Biga (1987); Biga (1988); Biga (1991);
Biga (1998c); Biga (2000); Biga (2016b); Bonechi (2016f); Bonechi (2016g);
Davidovi (1987c); Dietrich (1993); Fronzaroli (1980c); Mander (1988b);
Mander (1989); Marchetti (1995e); Marchetti (1995k); Marchetti (1995m);
Matthiae (1995t); Matthiae (1995+p); Matthiae (2009e); Matthiae (2014b);
Mazzoni (1985c); Mazzoni (1995+m); Milano (1995g); Pasquali (2014a);
Pasquali - Mangiarotti (1999); Petty (2003); Pinnock (2008a); Pinnock (2016e);
Pomponio - Biga (1989); Romano (2015a); Scandone Matthiae (1995e);
Scandone Matthiae (1995f); Scandone Matthiae (1995g); Scandone Matthiae
(1995h); Scandone Matthiae (1995i); Tonietti (1989a); Tonietti (1990); Tonietti
(2009a); Tonietti (2010a); Tonietti (2010b); Tonietti (2011a); Waetzoldt (1987).

48 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Category Brief Description List of references


71. *Uncategorized Entries not belonging to previous categories, either because too generic or
because underrepresented

Abu Assaf (1985); Alberti (1983-1984); Amiet (1984); Anonymous (1977);


Anonymous (1984); Anonymous (1988); Archi (1980d); Archi (1982a); Archi
(1982b); Archi (1982c); Archi (1983); Archi (1984d); Archi (1985j); Archi (1988k)
Archi (1988m); Archi (1990b); Archi (1990e); Archi (1992a); Archi (1995+g);
Archi (2003a); Archi (2010g); Archi (2011b); Arnoldus-Huyzendveld (2013);
Artzi (1984); Artzi (1999); Ascalone (2007); Bachvarova (2005a); Baffi Guardata
(1995s); Baffi Guardata - Peyronel (2013); Benati (2016); Biga (1985f); Biga
(1988-1989); Biga (1995b); Biga (2010d); Biga (2011b); Biga (2011c); Biggs
(2007b); Buccellati (1982); Buccellati (1985); Buccellati (1990); Castellino
(1981); Cavigneaux (2014); Charpin (1987); Charpin (1990); Chiera (1986);
Conti (1996); Cooper (2012); DAgostino (1982); DAgostino (1996e); DAgostino
(2003); DAndrea - Vacca (2015); Di Ludovico (2014); Di Ludovico - Ramazzotti
(2009); Di Ludovico - Ramazzotti (2011); Dolce (1995a); Dolce (1995b); Dolce
(1995d); Dolce (1995l); Dolce (1995m); Dolce (1995n); Dolce (1995y); Dolce
(1998); Dolce (1999); Dolce (2002a); Dolce (2008b); Dolce (2009); Dolce
(2010b); du Mesnil du Buisson (1967); Edzard (1985a); Festuccia - Mori
(2010); Fiorentino - Caracuta (2013); Fiorentino (1995c); Fiorentino (1995d);
Fiorentino (1995e); Fiorentino (1995f); Freedman, D.N. (1978c); Freedman
(1977); Friberg (1986); Fronzaroli (1997d); Gallet - DAndrea - Genevey et al.
(2014); Garbini (1978a); Gordon (1977); Gordon (1979a); Gordon (1979b);
Gordon (1979c); Gordon (1979d); Gordon (1985a); Gordon (1986); Gordon
(1987a); Gordon (1987b); Gordon (1990a); Gordon (1990c); Gordon (1991a);
Gordon (1992a); Gordon (1992b); Gordon (2000); Gregori (1986); Hallo
(1992a); amadeh (2002-2003); Heltzer (1975); Horioka (2009); Israel (1987);
Jursa (1993a); Jursa (1993b); Jursa (1993c); Kennedy (2016); Klengel (1988b);
Krebernik (1984a); Krebernik (1984c); Krebernik (1996a); Krecher (1987c);
Kupper (2006); Lafont (2010); Mander (1994); Mander (1995a); Mantellini
(2013); Marchetti (1995j); Marchetti (1995q); Margueron (1982); Margueron
(1985); Margueron (1988); Matthiae (1966a); Matthiae (1967c); Matthiae
(1982i); Matthiae (1982j); Matthiae (1985b); Matthiae (1985c); Matthiae
(1985d); Matthiae (1985e); Matthiae (1985f); Matthiae (1985s); Matthiae
(1985u); Matthiae (1985v); Matthiae (1985y); Matthiae (1995f); Matthiae
(1995s); Matthiae (1995v); Matthiae (1995++d); Matthiae (1995++f); Matthiae
(1996b); Matthiae (1997f); Matthiae (2009b); Matthiae (2009d); Matthiae
(2010e); Mazzoni (1975b); Mazzoni (1984e); Mazzoni (1987); Mazzoni (1988a);
Mazzoni (1991); Mazzoni (1995a); Mazzoni (1995b); Mazzoni (1995w); Mazzoni
(1995+l); Mazzoni (2003); Mazzoni - Felli (2007); Merluzzi (1995f); Merluzzi
(1995g); Merluzzi (1995h); Michalowski (1988b); Michalowski (1992a);
Michalowski (1993); Michalowski (1995); Milan (1981); Mogliazza (2009);
Nigro (1995b); Nigro (1995c); Nigro (1995d); Nigro (1995e); Nigro (1995f);
Nissen (1981); Owen (1992a); Owen - Veenker (1987); Pericoli Ridolfini (1965);
Pettinato (1977-1978); Pettinato (1982b); Pettinato (1982c); Pettinato (1984d);
Peyronel (2012); Peyronel (2014b); Peyronel - Vacca (2013); Pinnock (1987a);
Pinncok (1988a); Pinnock (1995d); Pinnock (1995f); Pinnock (1995m); Pinnock
(1995n); Pinnock (1995o); Pinnock (1995q); Pinnock (1995u); Pinnock (2010);
Pinnock (2012b); Pinnock (2015a); Pinnock (2015b); Platt (1988); Pomponio
(1989b); Pomponio (1996c); Postgate (1988); Ramazzotti (2010); Ramazzotti

Introduction 49
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Category Brief Description List of references


(2012b); Rossi (1995c); Rossi (1995d); Rossoni (1995c); Rossoni (1995d);
Rossoni (1995e); Rossoni (1995g); Rossoni (1995h); Rossoni (1995k); Rossoni
(1995m); Rossoni (1995n); Rossoni (1995o); Rossoni (1995p); Sallaberger
(2003a); Scandone Matthiae (1985b); Scandone Matthiae (1995b); Scandone
Matthiae (1995q); Scandone Matthiae (1995u); Scandone Matthiae (1995z);
Sjberg (2002); Sollberger (1989); Steinkeller (1989a); Steinkeller (1992a);
Steinkeller (1998a); Vattioni (1987); Vivante (1995b); Waetzoldt (1986b);
Waetzoldt (2004b); Weitzman (1982); Wu (2007); Zurro (1983b).

50 Introduction
The City of Ebla Scarpa

List of Abbreviations

AAAS Annales Archeologiques de Syrie (or A. A. Arabes Syriennes).


Damascus.
AfO Archiv fr Orientforschung. Wien.
AION Annali dellIstituto Orientale di Napoli. Roma; Napoli.
AJA American Journal of Archaeology. Boston; Concord; Princeton.
Akkadian Language Deutscher, G.; Kouwenberg, N.J.C. (eds.) (2006), The Akkadian
Language in Its Semitic Context. Studies in the Akkadian of the Third
and Second Millennium. Leiden. Publications de lInstitut historique-
archologique nerlandais de Stamboul 106.
Amurru 1 Durand, J.-M. (d.) (1996). Mari, bla et les Hourrites. Dix ans de
travaux, Premire Partie. Actes du colloque international (Paris, mai
1993). Paris.
AOAT Alter Orient und Altes Testament. Neukirchen-Vluyn.
AoF Altorientalische Forschungen. Berlin.
ARCANE III Sallaberger, W.; Schrakamp, I. (eds.) (2015). History & Philology.
Turnhout. Associated Regional Chronologies for the Ancient Near
East III.
ARED Archivi Reali di Ebla, Edizione Digitale. Malibu.
ARES Archivi Reali di Ebla, Studi. Roma.
ARET Archivi Reali di Ebla, Testi. Roma.
ARET I Archi, Alfonso (1985). Testi amministrativi: assegnazioni di tessuti
(Archivio L.2769). Roma.
ArOr Archv Orientln. Praha.
Art of the First Cities Aruz, J. (ed.) (2003). Art of the First Cities. The Third Millennium B.C.
from the Mediterranean to the Indus. New Haven; London.
ASJ Acta Sumerologica. Hiroshima.
Atti dei Convegni Lincei 304 Matthiae, P. (a cura di) (2016). Larcheologia del sacro e larcheologia
del culto. Sabratha, Ebla, Ardea, Lanuvio (Roma, 8-11 ottobre 2013).
Ebla e la Siria dallet del Bronzo allet del Ferro. Bari. Atti dei
Convegni Lincei 304.
AuOr Aula Orientalis. Barcelona.
BAR S. BAR International Series. Oxford.
BeO Bibbia e Oriente. Bornato.
BiAr The Biblical Archaeologist. Boston.
Bib Biblica. Roma.
Bilinguismo Cagni, L. (a cura di) (1984). Il bilinguismo a Ebla. Atti del convegno
internazionale (Napoli, 19-22 aprile 1982). Napoli.
BiMes 25 Chavalas, M.W.; Hayes, J.L. (eds.) (1992). New Horizons in the Study
of Ancient Syria. Malibu. Bibliotheca Mesopotamica 25.

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Scarpa The City of Ebla

BiOr Bibliotheca Orientalis. Leiden.


CDOG Internationales Colloquium der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft.
Saarbrcken.
CMAO Contributi e Materiali di Archeologia Orientale. Roma.
Da Ebla a Damasco Anonymous (1985). Da Ebla a Damasco: 10.000 di archeologia in Siria.
Milano.
Drinking Milano, L. (ed.) (1994). Drinking in Ancient Societies. History and
Culture of Drinks in the Ancient Near East. Papers of the Symposium
Held in Rome, May 17-19, 1990. Padova. History of the Ancient Near
East, Studies 6.
Ebla 1975-1985 Cagni, L. (a cura di) (1987). Ebla 1975-1985. Dieci anni di studi
linguistici e filologici: Atti del convegno internazionale (Napoli, 9-11
ottobre 1985). Napoli. Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli,
Dipartimento di Studi Asiatici Series Minor XXVII.
Ebla Accounting Vigan, L. (ed.) (1996). On Ebla. An Accounting of Third Millennium
Syria. Sabadell; Barcelona.
Ebla Landscape Matthiae, P.; Marchetti, N. (eds.) (2013). Ebla and Its Landscape. Early
State Formation in the Ancient Near East. Walnut Creek.
Ebla Origini Matthiae, P.; Pinnock, F.; Scandone Matthiae, G. (a cura di) (1995).
Ebla. Alle origini della civilt urbana. Milano.
Eblaitica 1 Gordon, C.H.; Rendsburg, G.A.; Winter, N.H. (eds.) (1987). Eblaitica:
Essays on the Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language (vol. 1). Winona
Lake.
Eblaitica 2 Gordon, C.H.; Rendsburg, G.A. (eds.) (1990). Eblaitica: Essays on the
Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language (vol. 2). Winona Lake.
Eblaitica 3 Gordon, C.H.; Rendsburg, G.A. (eds.) (1992). Eblaitica: Essays on the
Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language (vol. 3). Winona Lake.
Eblaitica 4 Gordon, C.H.; Rendsburg, G.A. (eds.) (2002). Eblaitica: Essays on the
Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language (vol. 4). Winona Lake.
Fs Finet Lebeau, M.; Talon, Ph. (ds.) (1989). Reflets des deux fleuves: volume
de mlanges offerts Andr Finet. Leuven. Akkadica Supplementum
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Fs Fronzaroli Marrassini, P. (ed.) (2003). Semitic and Assyriological Studies
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Fs Kienast Selz, G.J. (Hg.) (2003). Festschrift fr Burkhart Kienast zu seinem
70. Geburtstage dargebracht von Freunden, Schlern und Kollegen.
Mnster. Alter Orient und Altes Testament 274.
Fs Lipiski Van Lerberghe, K.; Schoors, A. (eds.) (1995), Immigration and
Emigration within the Ancient Near East. Festschrift E. Lipiski.
Leuven. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 65.
Fs Milano Cor, P.; Devecchi, E.; De Zorzi, N.; Maiocchi M. (eds.) (2016), Libiamo
ne lieti calici. Ancient Near Eastern Studies Presented to Lucio Milano
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Mnster. Alter Orient und Altes Testament 436.

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Fs Pettinato Waetzoldt, H. (Hg.) (2004). Von Sumer nach Ebla und zurck.
Festschrift Giovanni Pettinato zum 27. September 1999 gewidmet von
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Gs Imparati de Martino, S.; Pecchioli Daddi, F. (a cura di) (2002). Anatolia Antica.
Studi in memoria di Fiorella Imparati. Firenze. Eothen 11.
Gs Marrassini Bausi, A.; Gori, A.; Lusini, G. (eds.) (2014). Linguistic, Oriental and
Ethiopian Studies in Memory of Paolo Marrassini. Wiesbaden.
HANEM History of the Ancient Near East, Monographs. Padova.
HANES History of the Ancient Near East, Studies. Padova.
HSAO 2 Hauptmann, H.; Waetzoldt, H. (Hrsg.) (1988). Wirtschaft und
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ICAANE 1/1 Matthiae, P.; Enea, A.; Peyronel, L.; Pinnock, F. (eds.) (2000).
Proceedings of the First International Congress on the Archaeology
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ICAANE 1/2 Matthiae, P.; Enea, A.; Peyronel, L.; Pinnock, F. (eds.) (2000).
Proceedings of the First International Congress on the Archaeology
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ICAANE 4/1 Khne, H.; Czichon, R.M.; Janoscha Kreppner, F. (eds.) (2008).
Proceedings of the 4th International Congress of the Archaeology of
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Natural Resources and Human Interalations through Time. Art History:
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ICAANE 5 Crdoba Zoilo, J.Ma; Molist, M.; Prez, MaC.; Rubio, I.; Martnez, S
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ICAANE 6/1 Matthiae, P.; Pinnock, F.; Nigro, L.; Marchetti, N. (eds.) (2010).
Proceedings of the 6th International Congress of the Archaeology of
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JAOS Journal of the America Oriental Society. New Haven.
JCS Journal of Cuneiform Studies. Cambridge.
JEOL Jaarbericht van het Vooraziatisch-Egyptisch Gezelschap Ex Oriente
Lux. Leiden.
JNES Journal of Near Eastern Studies. Chicago.
JSS Journal of Semitic Studies. Manchester.

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Lingua di Ebla Cagni, L. (a cura di) (1981). La Lingua di Ebla - Atti del convegno
internazionale (Napoli, 21-23 aprile 1980). Napoli.
LLLE Fronzaroli, P. (ed.) (1992). Literature and Literary Language at Ebla.
Firenze. Quaderni di Semitistica 18.
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MAIS 1965 Castellino, G.R.; Cecchini, S.M.; Davico, A.; Floriani Squarciapino,
M.; Fronzaroli, P.; Liverani, M.; Matthiae, P.; Scandone Matthiae, G.
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MAIS 1966 Davico, A.; Floriani Squarciapino, M.; Fronzaroli, P.; Liverani, M.;
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MARI Mari. Annles de Recherches Interdisciplinaires. Paris.
MEE Materiali Epigrafici di Ebla. Napoli.
MisEb 1 Fronzaroli, Pelio (a cura di) (1988a). Miscellanea eblaitica, 1. Firenze.
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Quaderni di Semitistica 17.
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MVS Mnchener Vorderasiatische Studien. Mnchen.
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NEA Near Eastern Archaeology. Boston.
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OBO Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis. Fribourg; Schweiz.
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OLZ Orientalische Literaturzeitung. Berlin.
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OrAn Oriens Antiquus. Roma.
Oriento Oriento. Bulletin of the Society for Near Eastern Studies in Japan.
Tokyo.

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The City of Ebla Scarpa

PIHANS Publications de lInstitut historique-archologique nerlandais de


Stamboul. Leiden.
QdL Quaderni del Dipartimento di Linguistica. Firenze.
QdS Quaderni di Semitistica. Firenze.
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RAI 57 Archi, A. (ed.) (2015). Tradition and Innovation in the Ancient Near
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RlA Reallexikon der Assyriologie und vorderasiatischen Archologie.
Berlin.
RSO Rivista degli Studi Orientali. Roma.
SANER Studies in Ancient Near Eastern Records. Berlin; Boston.
SciAnt Scienze dellAntichit. Roma.
SEb Studi Eblaiti. Roma.
SEL Studi Epigrafici e Linguistici sul Vicino Oriente antico. Verona.
SMEA Studi Micenei ed Egeo Anatolici. Roma.
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Syria Supp. 2 Butterlin, P.; Margueron, J.; Muller, B.; Al-Maqdissi, M. (ds.) (2014).
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ZA Zeitschrift fr Assyriologie. Berlin; Mnchen.
ZDMG Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenlndischen Gesellschaft. Wiesbaden.
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Diakonoff, I. M.; Matthiae, P. (eds.) (1985). .


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56 Introduction
The City of Ebla
A Complete Bibliography of Its Archaeological and Textual Remains
Erica Scarpa

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Al-Namani, Sami
#0001. Al-Namani, Sami (1982). Relations between the Kingdoms
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#0259. Archi, Alfonso (2013c). The West Hurrian Pantheon and Its
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Archi, Alfonso (1985h); Archi, Alfonso (1986e); Archi,
Alfonso (1987h); Archi, Alfonso (1987i); Archi, Alfonso
(1988c); Archi, Alfonso (1988l); Archi, Alfonso (1988n);
Archi, Alfonso (1988o); Archi, Alfonso (1989d); Archi,
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Alfonso (1999b); Archi, Alfonso (1999c); Archi, Alfonso
(1999d); Archi, Alfonso (2002a); Archi, Alfonso (2002b);
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(2005g); Archi, Alfonso (2006e); Archi, Alfonso (2006f);
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lEmpereur. NABU 1992/19, pp.16-17.
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of Ebla (24th Century BCE) in the First Year of Vizier Ibbi-Zikir
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Texts of the Royal Archives of Ebla (Syria, 24th century BC)
with Particular Emphasis on Coloured Textiles. In: Michel,
C.; Nosch, M.-L. (eds.), Textile Terminologies in the Ancient
Near East and Mediterranean from the Third to the First
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#0439. Biga, Maria Giovanna (2010h). More on Relations between
Ebla and Harran at the Time of the Eblaite Royal Archives
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Ebla: Commerce and Wars. Some Remarks. ARCANE III,
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#0456. Biga, Maria Giovanna (2015b). La citt di Arugu e la
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304, pp.161-177.
#0458. Biga, Maria Giovanna (2016b). La regina-madre Dusigu e la
regina Tabur-damu. Suocera e nuora alla corte di Ebla (Siria,
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#1088. Geraty, Lawrence T. (1977). Archaeological Update from
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#1089. Geraty, Lawrence T. (1982). Update on Ebla. The Ministry,
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#1090. Glassner, Jean-Jacques (2002). i11-q ou LAM7:KI Ebla.
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#1094. Gordon, Cyrus H. (1979c). Ebla and the Minoan Problem.
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#1095. Gordon, Cyrus H. (1979d). Ebla and Its Affinities. In:
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#1107. Gordon, Cyrus H. (1988c). West Semitic Factors in Eblaite.
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Ebla. BiMes 25, pp.63-68.
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to um-ma/en-ma/neum. In: Cohen, M.; Snell, D.; Weisberg,
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Grg, Manfred
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Grgoire, Jean-Pierre
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Groneberg, Brigitte
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Grottanelli, Cristiano
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Haas, Volkert
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Hasselbach(-Andee), Rebecca
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Ebla. UF, 18, pp.437-444.
#2647. Xella, Paolo (1988). Tradition und Innovation. Bemerkungen
zum Pantheon von Ebla. HSAO 2, pp.349-358.
#2648. Xella, Paolo (1995a). Gunu(m)ki dans le textes dEbla. NABU
1995/89, pp.80-81.
#2649. Xella, Paolo (1995b). Le dieu et sa desse: lutilisation des
suffixes pronominaux avec des thonymes dEbla Ugarit et
Kuntillet Ajrud. UF, 27, pp.599-610.
Pomponio, Francesco; Xella, Paolo (1997).
#2650. Xella, Paolo (1998). The Eblaite God NIdabal. In: Dietrich,
M.; Kottsieper, I. (Hrsg.), Und Mose schrieb dieses Lied auf.
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#2651. Xella, Paolo (1999). Materiali per Adamma. Ricerche su una
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#2652. Xella, Paolo (2003). Sulla pi antica storia del dio del vino.
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Yon, Marguerite
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Yon, Marguerite; Mallet, Jol; Callot, Olivier


#2654. Yon, Marguerite; Mallet, Jol; Callot, Olivier (1985). Ugarit
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Younger, K. Lawson Jr.


Hallo, William W.; Younger, K. Lawson Jr. (2003).
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First Millennium Sources. Journal of Ancient Near Eastern
Religions, 9, pp.1-24.
Zaccagnini, Carlo
#2656. Zaccagnini, Carlo (1981). Su alcuni aspetti giuridico-
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#2657. Zaccagnini, Carlo (1984). The Terminology of Weight
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Ebla. HSAO 2, pp.359-360.
Zadok, Ran
#2659. Zadok, Ran (1989). Notes on the Historical Geography of
Mesopotamia and Northern Syria. Abr-Nahrain, 27, pp.154-169.

Zatelli, Ida
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Zurro, Eduardo
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#2662. Zurro, Eduardo (1981a). Disemia de brh y paralelismo
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#2663. Zurro, Eduardo (1981b). Ebla: realidad, escollos, horizontes.
Salmanticensis, 28, pp.475-500.
#2664. Zurro, Eduardo (1983a). Notas de lexicografa eblaita:
Nombres de rboles y plantas. AuOr, 1, pp.263-269.
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sus alumnos al profesor D. Luis Alonso Schkel al cumplir
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Bibliography 287
The City of Ebla
A Complete Bibliography of Its Archaeological and Textual Remains
Erica Scarpa

Authors Index
Numbers in italics refer to co-authorships.

Al-Namani, Sami: [0001] Ballirano, Paolo: [0367; 0780]


Alberti, Amedeo: [0002-0007] Barstad, Hans M.: [0368]
Alkhalid, Mohammed: [0008] Bauer, Josef: [0369]
Althann, Robert: [0009-0011] Bayram, Sebahattin: [0370]
Altman, Amnon: [0012] Beld, Scott G.: [0371]
Amadasi Guzzo, Maria Giulia: Benati, Giacomo: [0372]
[0013] Bermant, Chaim: [0373-0375]
Amiet, Pierre: [0014-0015] Bersani, Danilo: [0367]
Andersen, Francis Ian: [0016] Berwind, Richard F.: [0376]
Andersson, Eva: [0017] Biga, Maria Giovanna: [0377-
Anonymous: [0018-0031] 0458]; [0275-0277; 0459-0465;
Anoz, Jos T.: [0032] 1921; 2245]
Arcari, Elena: [0033-0038] Biggs, Robert D.: [0466-0479]
Archi, Alfonso: [0039-0274]; Bilgi, Emin: [0480]
[0275-0282] Bisi, Anna M.: [0481]
Armstrong, James A.: [0283] Bitelli, Gabriele: [0482]
Arnoldus-Huyzendveld, Antonia: Bodine, Walter R.: [0483-0484]
[0284] Bonechi, Marco: [0485-0546];
Artzi, Pinas: [0285-0289] [0547-0548; 0617-0618; 0679-
Aruz, Joan: [0290] 0680]
Ascalone, Enrico: [0291-0292]; Bonnet, Corinne: [0549]
[0293-0302] Bounni, Adnan: [0550-0551]
Astour, Michael C.: [0303-0310] Bretschneider, Joachim: [0552]
Aubet Semmler, Mara E.: [0311] Brugnatelli, Vermondo: [0553-
Ayali-Darshan, Noga: [0312] 0557]
Buccellati, Giorgio: [0558-0564]
Bachhuber, Christoph: [0313] Bulgarelli, Odoardo: [0565]
Bachmann, Hans-Gert: [2615] Butz, Kilian: [0566-0569]; [0570]
Bachvarova, Mary R.: [0314-0315]
Baffi (Guardata), Francesca: Cagni, Luigi: [0571-0576]
[0316-0345]; [0346-0349] Calcagnile, Lucio: [0577; 0926]
Bahnassi, Afif: [0350-0351] Callot, Olivier: [2655]
Baldacci, Massimo: [0352-0365]; Cantelli, Luigi: [0578]
[0346-0348; 0366] Caplice, Richard I.: [0579]
289
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Capomacchia, Anna Maria Gloria: DAmore, Paola: [0710]


[0459] DAndrea, Marta: [0711-0714];
Capriani, Ugo: [1380] [0293; 0715-0716; 1065]
Capriati, Margherita: [0580-0583] DElia, Marisa: [0577; 0926]
Caracuta, Valentina: [0584; 0924- Dahood, Mitchell: [0717-0751];
0927] [0752-0753]
Casiello, Grazia: [0926] Dalley, Stephanie: [0754]
Castellino, Giorgio R.: [0585-0587]; Dalnory, R.: [0755]
[0588] Dattilo, Marina: [0756-0757]
Catagnoti, Amalia: [0589-0616]; Davico, Alberto: [0758]; [0588;
[0278; 0547; 0617-0619; 1054; 0759-0763]
1256] David, Madelaine: [0764]
Cathcart, Kevin J.: [0620] Davidovi, Vesna: [0765-0769]
Cauvin, Jacques: [0621] De Grossi Mazzorin, Jacopo: [0770]
Cavigneaux, Antoine: [0622] de Maigret, Alessandro:
Cecchini, Serena M.: [0588; 0759] [0771-0774]
ech, Pavel: [0623-0624] de Martino, Stefano: [0775-0777]
Celada, Benito: [0625-0626] Dercksen, Jan Gerrit: [0778-0779]
Chambon, Grgory: [0627-0630] De Vito, Caterina: [0367; 0780]
Chapman, Robert W.: [0631-0632] Del Monte, Giuseppe: [0781]
Charpin, Dominique: [0633-0638]; della Casa, R.: [0782]
[0878] Delpont, Eric: [0657]
Chavalas, Mark: [0639] de Meyer, Frederic: [0783]
Chiera, Giovanna: [0640] di Filippo Balestrazzi, Elena:
Civil, Miguel: [0641-0655]; [0656] [0784]
Cluzan, Sophie: [0657] Diakonoff, Igor M.: [0785-0789];
Coccolini, Gemma: [0658] [0790]
Cohen, Mark E.: [0659-0660] Dietrich, Manfried: [0791-0793]
Colantoni, Alessandro: [0661] Di Ludovico, Alessandro: [0794];
Cole, Stephen D.: [0662] [0795-0797]
Collins, Paul: [0663-0667] Di Paolo, Silvana: [0798-0803]
Colombo, Chiara: [1285] Dolce, Rita: [0804-0865]
Conti, Giovanni: [0668-0678]; Dombrowski, Bruno W.W.:
[0679-0680] [0866-0870]
Cooper, Lisa: [0681-0685] Dornemann, Rudolph H.: [0871]
Crdoba Zoilo, Joaqun Ma: [0686] du Mesnil du Buisson, Robert:
Cornelius, Izak: [0687] [0872]
Coser, Myriam: [0688] Dunham, Sally S.: [2411]
Crawford, Harriet: [0689] Durand, Jean-Marie: [0873-0877];
Cunchillos, Jess Luis: [0690] [0548; 0878; 1341]
Curvers, Hans H.: [2411]
Edzard, Dietz Otto: [0879-0898]
DAgostino, Franco: [0691-0708]; Eidem, Jesper: [0899]
[0709; 2066-2069] Englund, Robert: [0900]
290 Authors Index
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Evans, Jean M.: [0901-0902] Gates, Marie-Henriette:


Eydoux, Henri-Paul: [0903] [1073-1074]
Gelb, Ignace J.: [1075-1080]
Fales, Frederick Mario; [0904- Geldzahler, B.J.: [1081]
0908]: [0909] Gelio, Roberto: [1082]
Felici, Anna Candida: [0910] Geller, Markham J.: [1083-1087]
Feliu, Llus: [0911] Genevey, Agns: [1065]
Felli, Candida: [1758] Geraty, Lawrence T.: [1088-1089]
Felluca, Elena: [0017] Glanzman, Louis S.: [1254]
Fensham, Frank C.: [0912-0913] Glassner, Jean-Jacques: [1090]
Ferens, Alderman: [0914] Gordon, Cyrus H.: [1091-1125];
Ferrero, Giulia: [0915] [1126-1129]
Ferrini, Vincenzo: [0367] Grg, Manfred: [1130-1131]
Ferro, Daniela: [0916] Graff, Sarah R.: [1132]
Festuccia, Silvia: [0917-0920]; Grgoire, Jean-Pierre: [1133];
[0921-0923] [1134]
Finotelli, Fabrizio: [1380] Gregori, Barbara: [1135]
Fiorentino, Girolamo: [0584; Groneberg, Brigitte: [1136]
0924-0927] Grottanelli, Cristiano: [1137]
Fiorentino, Roberto: [0928-0933] Haas, Volkert: [1138-1140]
Fisher, Eugene J.: [0934]
Fleming, Daniel E.: [0935] Hallo, William W.: [1141-1142];
Floriani Squarciapino, Maria: [0371; 1143]
[0936-0937]; [0588; 0760-0762] Hasselbach(-Andee), Rebecca:
Foster, Benjamin R.: [0938-0943] [1144-1145]
Frank, Harry Thomas: [0944] amadeh, amd: [1146-1147]
Franklin, John C.: [0945] Hatz, Melanie J.: [1148]
Frayne, Douglas: [0946-0947] Hauptmann, Harald: [1930; 2616]
Freedman, David Noel: Hawkins, J. David: [1149]
[0948-0954] Hay, D.M.: [1150]
Freedman, Nadezhda: [0955] Healey, John F.: [1151-1153]
Frezza, Fortunato: [0956] Hecker, Karl: [1154-1156]
Friberg, Jran: [0957] Heider, George C.: [1157-1158]
Fronzaroli, Pelio: [0958-1053]; Heim, Suzanne: [2637]
[0278; 0588; 0619; 0761; 1054- Heimpel, Wolfgang: [1159-1160]
1056] Heltzer, Michael: [1161-1162]
Fulco, William: [1057] Hirsch, Hans: [1163]
Hoffner, Harry A. Jr.: [1164]
Gabarrini, Daniela: [1058-1063] Horioka, Harumi: [1165]
Galiatsatos, Nikolaos: [1064] Hruka, Blahoslav: [1166-1171]
Gallet, Yves: [1065] Huehnergard, John: [1172-1173];
Garbini, Giovanni: [1066-1069] [1174-1175]
Garelli, Paul: [1070-1071] Hunt, H.B.: [1176]
Garner, G.C.: [1072]
Authors Index 291
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Huyssteen, Pieter J.J. van: [1177- Liverani, Mario: [1299-1304];


1180] [0588; 0760-0761; 1672]
Longobardi, Francesco: [0926]
Israel, Felice: [1181] Lnnqvist, Minna: see Silver,
Minna
Jonker, Louis: [0687] Loon, Maurits H. van: [1306]
Jursa, Michael: [1182-1185] Loretz, Oswald: [1307-1312]
Lottici, Pierpaolo: [0367]
Keetman, Jan: [1186] Luciani, Marta: [1313]
Kempinski, Aharon: [1187] Luke, K.: [1314]
Kennedy, Melissa A.: [1188] Lys, Daniel: [1315]
Khayyata, M. Walid: [1189]
Kienast, Burkhart: [1190-1197]; MacDonald, P.J.: [1316]
[1198] Maier, Paul L.: [1317]
Klein, Ralph W.: [1199] Maiocchi, Massimo: [1318-1320];
Klengel, Horst: [1200-1212] [1829]
Kogan, Leonid: [1213] Mallet, Jol: [2655]
Kohlmeyer, Kay: [2627] Maloney, Paul C.: [1321-1322]
Koak, Silvin: [1214] Mandanici, Emanuele: [0482]
Krebernik, Manfred: [1215-1230]; Mandeleine, David: [1323]
[1213] Mander, Pietro: [1324-1340]; [1341]
Krecher, Joachim: [1231-1239] Mangiarotti, Piergiorgio: [1342];
Krispijn, Theo J.H.: [1240-1245]; [1987-1988]
[0909] Manica, G.: [1343]
Kupper, Jean-Robert: [1246-1248] Mantellini, Simone: [1344];
Kura, Stanisawa: [1249-1250] [1064; 1345]
Kutscher, Raphael: [1251-1253] Marabini, Susanna: [1380]
Marchesi, Gianni: [1346-1349];
LaFay, Howard: [1254] [1350]
Lafont, Bertrand: [1255] Marchetti, Nicol: [1351-1371];
Lahlouh, Mohammed: [1256] [1350; 1372-1374; 1673-1675]
Lambert, Wilfred G.: [1257-1282] Margalit, Othniel: [1375]
Langlamet, Franois: [1283] Margueron, Jean-Claude:
Largacha, Antonio Prez: [1284] [1376-1379]
Lazzarini, Lorenzo: [1285] Mari, Cesare: [1380]
Lebeau, Marc: [1286-1287] Marks, John, H.:[1381]
Lebrun, Ren: [1288-1289] Mrquez Rowe, Ignacio: [1382]
Lecompte, Camille: [1290] Marrassini, Paolo: [1383-1384]
Le Goff, Maxime: [1065] Martina, Mario L.V.: [0578]
Lerberghe, Karel van: [1291] Matthiae, Paolo: [1385-1671];
Limet, Henri: [1292-1293] [0279-0280; 0367; 0588; 0760-
Lipiski, Edward: [1294-1297] 0763; 0790; 0926; 1055; 1065;
Lisella, Anna Rita: [1298] 1672-1676; 2070; 2315]
Mayer, Werner R.: [1677]
292 Authors Index
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Mavelli, Fabio: [0926] Nichols, John J.: [1872]


Mazzini, Sveva F.: [1678] Nigro, Lorenzo: [1873-1898];
Mazzoni, Stefania: [1679-1757]; [1372-1374]
[1758] Nissen, Hans J.: [1899-1900]
McCarthy, Dennis J.: [1759] North, Robert: [1901-1902]
Medeghini, Laura: [0367; 0780] Nosch, Marie-Louise: [0017]
Mellaart, James: [1760-1761]
Merluzzi, Emanuela: [1762-1771] Oates, David: [1903]
Merrill, Eugene H.: [1772] Oates, Joan: [1904]; [1903; 1905]
Micale, Maria Gabriella: [1773- Oelsner, Joachim: [1906-1907]
1774]; [1345; 1775] Oliva, Juan: [1908-1910]
Michalowski, Piotr: [1776-1786]; Olmo Lete, Gregorio del:
[0371] [1911-1912]; [1913-1917]
Michel, Walter L.: [1787] Orthmann, Winfried: [1918]
Mignardi, Silvano: [0367; 0780] Otten, Heinrich: [1919]
Mikaya, Adam: [1788] Otto, Adelheid: [1920]; [1921]
Milan, Hole: [1789] Owen, David I.: [1922-1927]; [1928]
Milano, Lucio: [1790-1828]; [0277;
0281; 0460; 1829-1831] Pagan, Joseph M.: [1929]; [2192]
Millard, Alan R.: [1832-1835] Palmieri, Alba: [1930]
Minganti, Paolo: [1836]; [0760] Paoletti, Paola: [1931-1932]
Minniti, Claudia: [1837]; [0770; Pardee, Dennis: [1933-1934];
1838-1839] [2589]
Minunno, Giuseppe: [1840] Parpola, Simo: [1935]
Mogliazza, Silvia: [1841]; [0916; Parrot, Andr: [1936-1937]
1842] Pasquali, Jacopo: [1938-1986];
Molleson, Theya: [1905] [1987-1988]
Moorey, Peter Roger Stuart: [1843] Pedersn, Olof: [1989]
Mori, Lucia: [0921] Pennacchietti, Fabrizio A.:
Moriarty, Frederick L.: [1844-1845] [1990-1991]
Mouamar, Georges: [1846] Pericoli Ridolfini, Francesco S.:
Moulirac, Jeanne: [0657] [1992]; [0760]
Mugnaioni, Remo: [1847] Petrek, Karel: [1993-1994]
Muhly, James D.: [1848-1850] Pettinato, Giovanni: [1995-2065];
Mller, Hans-Peter: [1851-1862] [0752-0753; 2066-2072]
Muntingh, Lukas M.: [1863-1864] Petty, Alice A.: [2073]
Musti, Domenico: [1865] Peust, Carsten: [2074]
Myers, Jennie: [1866] Peyronel, Luca: [2075-2093]; [0017;
Mynov, Jana: [1867] 0294-0302; 0780; 0916; 1345;
1838-1839; 2094-2097]
Nadali, Davide: [1775] Pfoh, Emanuel: [2098]
Negoita, A.: [1868] Piacentini, Danila: [2099]
Nelson, Richard D.: [1869] Piacentini, Paola: [0282]
Neu, Erich: [1870-1871] Picchioni, Sergio A.: [2100-2105]
Authors Index 293
Scarpa The City of Ebla

Picotti, Cesare L.: [2106] Sabatini, Liliane: [2317]


Picotti, Vincenzo: [0578] Sacco, Antonio: [0926]
Pinnock, Frances: [2107-2186]; Sala, Maura: [2318]
[1065; 1676] Sallaberger, Walther: [2319-2335];
Pisi, Paola: [2187] [2336-2337]
Pitard, Wayne T.: [2188] Sanmartn, Joaqun: [2338-2341];
Pizzimenti, Sara: [2189] [1913-1917]
Platt, James H.: [2190-2191]; [2192] Santarelli, Maria Laura: [2342];
Podany, Amanda H.: [2193] [2343]
Polcaro, Andrea: [2194-2197]; Saporetti, Claudio: [2344-2346]
[1842] Sarna, Nahum M.: [2347]
Pomponio, Francesco: [2198-2244]; Sasson, Jack M.: [2348-2350]
[0282; 0346-0348; 0366; Scandone Matthiae, Gabriella:
0461-0463; 2245-2247] [2351-2405]; [0588; 0761; 1056;
Pons, Jacques: [2248] 1676]
Porter, Anne: [2249-2252] Schaeffer, Claude: [2406]
Postgate, J. Nicholas: [2253-2255] Schmidt, Brian B.: [2407]
Prato, Gian Luigi: [2256] Schmitt, Hans-Christoph: [2408]
Pru, Alexander: [2336] Schmitz, Philip: [2409]
Schrakamp, Ingo: [2337]
Quarta, Gianluca: [0577; 0926] Schwartz, Glenn M.: [2410]; [2411]
Segarra, Diana: [2412]
Ramazzotti, Marco: [2257-2265]; Segert, Stanislav: [2413]
[0795-0797] Selz, Gebhard J.: [2414]
Rendsburg, Gary A.: [2266-2271]; Seminara, Stefano: [2415]; [0709;
[1126-1129] 2071]
Renger, Johannes: [2272-2273]; Shanks, Hershel: [2416-2423]
[1134] Shea, William H.: [2424-2429]
Rinaldi, Giovanni: [2274] Shibayama, Sakae: [2430-2432]
Ristvet, Lauren: [2275-2276] Sigrist, Marcel: [2433]
Roccati, Alessandro: [2277-2278]; Silver, Minna: [2434-2439]
[0464-0465] Silver, Morris: [2440-2441]
Rlling, Wolfgang: [2279] Simonetti, Cristina: [2442-2443]
Romano, Licia: [2280-2281] Sinclair, Lawrence A.: [2444]
Rositani, Annunziata: [2282] Sjberg, ke W.: [2445-2455]
Rossi, Marco: [2283-2290]; Ska, Jean-Louis: [2456-2460]
[0922-0923] Smith, Mark S.: [2461]
Rossi Pisa, Paola: [2291] Soden, Wolfram von: [2462-2468]
Rossoni, Gabriele: [2292-2307] Soggin, J. Alberto: [2469-2472]
Rouault, Olivier: [2308] Sollberger, Edmond: [2473-2480]
Rova, Elena: [1830] Sotysiak, Arkadiusz: [1905]
Rubio, Gozalo: [2309-2314]; [0656] Sommerfeld, Walter: [2481-2484]
Rutelli, Francesco: [2315] Sperling, S. David: [2485]
Ryholt, Kim S.B.: [2316]
294 Authors Index
The City of Ebla Scarpa

Spreafico, Gilberta: [0302; 2094; Vittuari, Luca: [0482]


2343] Vivante, Anna: [2591-2595]
Stanfiels, James L.: [1254]
Steiner, Gerd: [2486] Wachter-Sarkady, Claudia:
Steinkeller, Piotr: [2487-2512] [2596-2597]; [2097]
Stieglitz, Robert R.: [2513-2517] Waetzoldt, Hartmut: [2598-2614];
Stol, Marten: [2518-2519] [1198; 2072; 2615-2616]
Streck, Michael P.: [2520-2521]; Wallace, Constance: [2617]
[1213] Watson, Wilfred G.E.: [2618-2620]
Stuart, Barbara: [2411] Weber, Jill A.: [1872; 2411]
Such Gutirrez, Marcos: [2522] Weinfeld, Moshe: [2621]
Weiss, Harvey: [2622-2626]; [2627]
Talon, Philippe: [2523] Weitzman, Michael: [2628];
Tngberg, Karl Arvid: [2524-2525] [0373-0375]
Teissier, Beatrice: [0754] Wenning, W.: [0570]
Tonietti, Maria Vittoria: Westenholtz, Aage: [2629]
[2526-2555]; [1831] Weszeli, Michaela: [2630]
Toueir, Kassem: [2556] Wifall, Walter Jr.: [2361]
Tropper, Josef: [2557] Wilhelm, Gernot: [2632-2636]
Tsukimoto, Akio: [2558] Williams Reeder, Ellen: [2637]
Wilson, Clifford A.: [2638]
Ullendorf, Edward: [2559] Winter, Nathan H.: [1129]
Urciuoli, Guido M.: [2560-2561] Wolters, Albert: [2639]
Urioste Snchez, Ignacio de: Woods, Christopher: [1174-1175]
[2562-2565] Wu, Yuhong: [2640]

Vacca, Agnese: [2566-2568]; Xella, Paolo: [2641-2654];


[0715-0716; 2095-2097] [2246-2247]
Vattioni, Francesco: [2569-2571]
Veenhof, Klaus R.: [2572-2573] Yon, Marguerite: [2655]
Veenker, Ron: [1928] Younger, K. Lawson Jr.: [2656];
Vendittelli, Margherita: [0910] [1143]
Ventura, Francesca: [2291]
Vigan, Lorenzo: [2574-2588]; Zaccagnini, Carlo: [2657-2659]
[2589] Zadok, Ran: [2660]
Vignudelli, Marco: [2291] Zatelli, Ida: [2661]
Visicato, Giuseppe: [2590] Zurro, Eduardo: [2662-2669]

Authors Index 295


The ancient city of Ebla (modern Tell Mardikh)
is rightfully considered one of the most important urban
centers in upper Syro-Mesopotamia
during the III and the first half of theII millenniumBCE:
best known for the discovery of the Royal Archives, its
archaeological and epigraphic evidence
provides information oncultural, historical, economic,
and political aspects of early Syrian history.
This book aimsto provide an updated,comprehensive
bibliography of books, articles, and digital resources
concerning Ebla: it includes references to philological,
archaeological, and historical studies published to date.

Universit
CaFoscari
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