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Adverbs of manner

Adverbs of manner are the largest group of adverbs. Some of them can be used as either adjectives or
adverbs. Adverbs of manner are formed by adding -ly to the corresponding adjectives.
Gli avverbi di modo sono il gruppo più grande di avverbi. Alcuni possono svolgere funzione sia du avverbi
che di aggettivi. Gli avverbi di modo, generalmente si formano aggiungendo –ly all’aggettivo
corrispondente.

1. In most cases, -ly is simply added to the positive form of the adjective.
Generalmente, all’aggettivo si aggiunge –ly.

Adjective Adverb of manner


bad badly
clear clearly
rapid rapidly
complete completely
surprising surprisingly

2. Adjectives ending in ic
When the adjective ends in ic, the syllable al is usually added before the -ly ending.
Quando l’aggettivo finisce in -ic, bisogna aggiungere la sillaba al prima di -ly.

Adjective Adverb of manner


drastic drastically
frantic frantically
specific specifically

3. Adjectives ending in le
When the adjective ends in -le preceded by a consonant, the final -e is usually changed to -y.
Quando l’aggettivo finisce in -le prededuta da una consonante basta cambiare la -e in -y.

Adjective Adverb of manner


simple simply
preferable preferably
gentle gently

4. When the adjective ends in -le preceded by a vowel, we simply add -ly to the adjective.
Quando l’aggettivo finisce in -le prededuta da una vocale, semplicemente aggiungiamo –ly all’aggettivo.

Adjective Adverb of manner


agile agilely
sole solely
whole Wholly exception

5. When the adjective ends in -ll, only -y is added.


Quando l’aggettivo finisce in –ll, si aggiunge –y.

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Adjective Adverb of manner
dull dully
full fully
shrill shrilly

6. When the adjective ends in -ue, we omit the final -e and add -ly.
Quando l’aggettivo finisce in –ue, togliamo la –e finale e aggiungiamo –ly.

Adjective Adverb of manner


due duly
true truly

7. When the adjective ends in -y preceded by a consonant, the -y is usually changed to -i before –ly.
Quando l’aggettivo finisce in –y preceduta da una consonante, la –y cambia a –i prima di aggiungere –ly.

Adjective Adverb of manner


happy happily
easy easily
shy Shyly exception
sly Slyly execption

8. When the adjective ends in -y preceded by a vowel, we simply add –ly to the adjective.
Quando l’aggettivo finisce in –y preceduta da una vocale, semplicemente aggiungiamo –ly all’aggettivo.

Adjective Adverb of manner


coy coy ly
grey greyly
gay gaily exception

9. Other types of adverb may also end in -ly.


Anche altri tipi di avverbi possono terminare in –ly.

Consequently Connecting adverb


subsequently Connecting adverb
frequently Frequency adverb
generally Frequency adverb
usually Frequency adverb
rarely Frequency adverb

10. Adverbs of manner which do not use the ending –ly.


Avverbi di modo che non usano la desinenza –ly.

Adjective Adverb of manner


Fast Fast
hard hard
little little
loud loud or loudly

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much much
straight straight
good well

Well can also be used as an adjective with the meaning of “healthy”.


Well, oltre ad essere avverbio, può anche essere aggettivo con il significato di “healthy”.

I hope you are well. (adjective)


He did well on the examination. (adverb)

11. Adverbs of place, time and frequency which have the same forms as the corresponding adjectives.
Avverbi di luogo, tempo e frequenza che hanno la stessa forma dell’aggettivo corrispondente.

Adjective Adverb of place


far far
high high
low low
near near
wide wide

Adjective Adverb of time


early early
first first
late late
long long

Adjective Adverb of frequency


daily daily
monthly monthly
weekly weekly
yearly yearly

12. Several adjectives ending in -ly have no corresponding adverbs:

friendly
Likely
Ugly
Lively
silly
lonely

13. The following pairs of adverbs are closely related, but have different meanings.
I seguenti avverbi sono simili, ma hanno significati diversi.

Adverb Meaning Adverb Meaning


hard With effort hardly scarcely
high Opposite of low highly very
late opposite of early lately recently
near opposite of far nearly almost
wide opposite of narrow widely commonly

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What’s the function of an adjective? What’s the function of an adverb?
Qual è la funzione dell’aggettivo? Qual è la funzione dell’avverbio?

Adjectives modify nouns, pronouns, and expressions which serve the same grammatical functions as nouns;
adverbs modify verbs, adjectives and adverbs.
Gli aggettivi modificano il nome, il pronome e le parole che svolgono la funzione del nome; gli avverbi
modificano il verbo, l’aggettivo e lo stesso avverbio.

He is a quiet boy. (adjective modifies noun)


The boy entered quietly. (adverb modifies verb)
A large wooden door. (adjective modifies noun)
A largely wooden door. (adverb modifies adjective)

*Interactive Exercises
http://www.fortunecity.com/bally/durrus/153/gramex25.html#1
http://perso.wanadoo.es/autoEnglish/gr.adverbs.i.htm
http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-18895.php
http://www.learnenglish.de/Games/Adverbs/Adverbs.htm
http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/advman1.htm
http://www.saberingles.com.ar/curso/lesson29/07.html

*Please note the videos:


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GSEYPyxoQkM
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mBWpbDLu74c
http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=1fwPjskHPHA&feature=PlayList&p=AA4DF2BF5293E758&playnext=1&playnext_from=PL&i
ndex=28
http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=GB0_Coz_oko&feature=PlayList&p=AA4DF2BF5293E758&index=29&playnext=2&playnext
_from=PL

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