Sei sulla pagina 1di 13

READY FOR

INVALSI
Preparazione alla Prova Nazionale di INGLESE
per la Scuola Secondaria di Primo grado

PROVE DISPONIBILI ANCHE IN VERSIONE DIGITALE COMPUTER BASED


Il libro continua online!
Per esercitarti con la versione computer-based
accedi al sito www.raffaellodigitale.it, cerca il
testo Ready for INVALSI e digita il codice sotto
riportato.

CODICE ___________

© 2018

Raffaello Libri SpA


Via dell’Industria, 21
60037 - Monte San Vito (AN)
www.grupporaffaello.it
info@grupporaffaello.it

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,
or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or
otherwise without the prior written permission of the Publishers.

Every effort has been made to acknowledge correctly and contact the source and/or copyright
holder of material used in this book.
The publishers apologize for any unintentional errors or omissions and will be pleased to make
corrections in future editions of this book.

Editorial staff: Francesca Ceppi, Clarissa Coppari


Graphic dept.: Mauda Cantarini
Cover: Simona Albonetti

Printed in Italy by Gruppo Editoriale Raffaello

Reprint:

6 5 4 3 2 1 0 2024 2023 2022 2021 2020 2019 2018


READY FOR
INVALSI
Preparazione alla Prova Nazionale di INGLESE
per la Scuola Secondaria di Primo grado

PROVE DISPONIBILI ANCHE IN VERSIONE DIGITALE COMPUTER BASED


Presentazione

READY FOR INVALSI


La prova scritta INVALSI di lingua inglese ha lo scopo di misurare su tutto il territorio nazionale
il livello di competenza di lingua inglese conseguito dagli studenti al termine del primo ciclo
d’istruzione.
L’Istituto Nazionale per la valutazione del Sistema educativo d’Istruzione e formazione
(INVALSI) intende valutare sia la competenza di lettura, intesa come capacità di comprendere
e interpretare un testo scritto, sia le conoscenze linguistiche a livello lessicale e grammaticale,
l’acquisizione delle quali è prevista nelle Indicazioni curriculari della Scuola Secondaria di
Primo Grado.
Questo fascicolo ha lo scopo di aiutare gli studenti nella preparazione della prova INVALSI,
facendo prendere loro dimestichezza con la tipologia della prova ed affrontarla quindi con
sicurezza.
Il fascicolo è suddiviso in tre sezioni.
La prima parte - Reading Comprehension - presenta una serie graduata di 19 brani, autentici e
non, di varia tipologia:
- 9 letture con attività di True/False/Doesn’t say;
- 10 letture con quesiti a scelta multipla.
Ciascuna lettura pone dieci quesiti, strutturati in modo da valutare le competenze della capacità
di lettura: la comprensione globale, l’individuazione di informazioni specifiche, l’intenzione
comunicativa, lo scopo del testo, il genere a cui appartiene, l’individuazione del significato di
lessico ed espressioni dal contesto.
La seconda parte - Listening - presenta una serie di ascolti calibrati sul modello Listening
Cambridge Key (KET), 5 tipi di prove differenti, con ascolti online su www. raffaellodigitale.it.
La terza sezione - Focus on Language and Grammar - propone 14 schede di riflessione
linguistica con quesiti a scelta multipla inerenti la conoscenza e l’uso della lingua inglese nei
vari aspetti grammaticali, funzionali e lessicali.
I quesiti a scelta multipla prevedono 4 opzioni delle quali una sola è quella giusta e che dovrà
essere contrassegnata con una crocetta sulla lettera corrispondente:
1 Completa la frase.
I ... play volleyball.
A am
B can
C do
D can to
Nella pagina seguente vengono indicati alcuni suggerimenti utili per acquisire le strategie
operative necessarie ad affrontare le tipologie della prova.

2
Presentazione

STRATEGIE PER AFFRONTARE UN TEST A SCELTA MULTIPLA

Il test di lettura a scelta multipla consente di verificare conoscenze, comprensione e capacità di


analisi. Per ogni domanda vengono fornite quattro risposte, tutte plausibili, ma solo una esatta.
Reading Comprehension
• Leggi tutto il testo rapidamente prima di rispondere alle domande per farti un’idea generale
del contenuto.
• Non preoccuparti delle parole che non conosci: puoi intuirne il significato dal resto della frase,
ovvero dal contesto. Formula un’ipotesi sul significato e verifica se è coerente con il contenuto
del messaggio.
• Leggi ogni singola domanda assicurandoti di aver ben capito cosa chiede. È necessario
riconoscere/conoscere perfettamente il significato delle Wh-question words: what, where,
when, who, why, which, how, how often, how much, how many, how long, etc.
• Leggi ogni singola opzione attentamente prima di scegliere la risposta: alcune domande possono
avere quattro opzioni verosimili, è importante perciò leggerle tutte e quattro per scegliere la
migliore risposta corretta.
• Rileggi il testo e cerca il paragrafo che contiene l’informazione utile alla scelta della risposta.
• Cerca nel testo spunti e suggerimenti che ti possono aiutare nella scelta: parole chiave, forme
verbali, avverbi, negazioni.
• Se trovi difficile qualche quesito, usa la strategia dell’esclusione: considera ogni opzione una
domanda vero/falso, elimina quelle che ritieni assolutamente sbagliate, in questo modo le
probabilità di sbagliare risposta si riducono e puoi pensare alla risposta migliore.
• Dopo aver scelto la risposta, verifica nuovamente le opzioni rimaste con le informazioni nel
testo per sincerarti che possano essere definitivamente scartate.
Focus on Language and Grammar
• Leggi attentamente la consegna e il contenuto della domanda.
• Ricorda che ciascun quesito si concentra su un solo aspetto grammaticale fra i tanti che hai
studiato, per esempio:
- uso dei tempi verbali
- uso degli ausiliari
- uso delle Wh-question words
- parti del discorso (nome, verbo, aggettivo, articolo, avverbio, pronome, preposizioni,
congiunzioni)
- pronomi soggetto, pronomi complemento, pronomi possessivi, pronomi relativi
- comparativi degli aggettivi (regolari-irregolari)
- posizione degli avverbi
- concordanze (tempo del verbo/espressioni di tempo)
- forma passiva
- discorso diretto/indiretto.
• Verifica nelle opzioni proposte quali errori di grammatica sono presenti in modo da escludere
le proposte errate.
• Una volta fatta la scelta, riverificala chiedendoti: perché è giusta?

3
Indice

Reading Comprehension
Test 1 Don’t panic! page 5
Test 2 Hairdryer safety instructions page 6
Test 3 Antarctica fact file page 7
Test 4 Stockholm: A European green capital page 8
Test 5 A holiday diary page 9
Test 6 Great Barrier Reef in danger page 10
Test 7 The festival capital of the world page 11
Test 8 An Aesop’s fable retold page 12
Test 9 My hero page 13
Test 10 Foreigners and the Italian language page 14
Test 11 The Story of Dr Dolittle: Chapter 1 - Puddleby page 16
Test 12 Bikes are back! page 18
Test 13 Vitamin D-Quick Facts page 20
Test 14 Curriculum Vitae: Marc Rouge page 22
Test 15 The Shard of Glass: A vertical city page 24
Test 16 Keep in touch page 26
Test 17 Long distance running and marathons page 28
Test 18 Money matters page 30
Test 19 Roald Dahl: On becoming a writer page 32

Listening page 34

Focus on Language and Grammar page 42


Glossary page 56

4
Date:.........................................................
1 Reading Comprehension

Don’t panic!
1 For most students, taking exams can cause anxiety and getting ready for them can be very
stressful. You may be afraid you are not good enough or haven’t worked hard enough to pass
them; you may feel the pressure of expectations from your family or your teachers. Don’t
panic! Proper studying techniques, planning ahead and smart time management skills are the
5 key to minimizing that stress and helping you do your best.
Getting organised is the most important thing. You can’t begin studying just a few weeks
before the exam, you have to spread your studying over longer periods and make a timetable
which includes every subject, allowing extra time for the difficult ones. Don’t make a
schedule that requires you to study six hours every day. Work out a plan to study about
10 two hours per day and remember to take short breaks as soon as you notice you’re losing
concentration.
It’s also important to select a comfortable place for studying, with the proper atmosphere
where you can concentrate without being disturbed. Your plan should be flexible enough
to include time for fun, relaxation and a healthy diet as well. Avoid fatty food, tea or fizzy
15 drinks; food rich in vitamins and proteins, such as vegetables and fresh fruit, are a must
because these nutrients help your brain stay sharp.
And don’t forget that mind and body perform at their best if you get adequate rest, so sleep
at least eight hours a night. On the day of the exam relax and do your best because your best
is all that you can do! We are all different, achieve at different levels, and have different
20 qualities and skills. Exam success depends on you. Be positive and don’t panic!

expectations aspettative spread distribuire requires richiede


ahead in anticipo allowing concedendo sharp attento, sveglio

Indica se le affermazioni sono vere (True), false (False) o non menzionate (Doesn’t say).

1 Exams are always stressful. True False Doesn’t say


2 Family expectations can add to exam stress. True False Doesn’t say
3 Your study plan should be prepared well in advance. True False Doesn’t say
4 You have to study six hours a day. True False Doesn’t say
5 You mustn’t revise on Sundays. True False Doesn’t say
6 It’s a good idea to study continuously for 3 hours. True False Doesn’t say
7 Physical activity is a good way to control exam stress. True False Doesn’t say
8 You shouldn’t eat crisps. True False Doesn’t say
9 A good night’s sleep is always very important. True False Doesn’t say
10 If you follow this advice, you’ll probably do well. True False Doesn’t say

Invalsi | Reading Comprehension 5


Reading Comprehension 2 Date:.........................................................

Hairdryer safety instructions


1 READ BEFORE USING
• Always unplug a hairdryer when it is not being used.
Even when it is switched off, the electricity has not air
air outlet
been cut off. inlet

5 • Do not use a hairdryer near or over water contained in


baths, washbasins, sinks, etc.
• Do not place a hairdryer where it can fall into water.
on/off high/low
• Never use a hairdryer while having a bath or a shower.
• Don’t reach for a hairdryer if it falls into water or other
10 liquid; unplug it immediately, and then remove it.
• Don’t use a hairdryer outdoors. plug
• Never operate a hairdryer if it has a damaged cord cord
or plug, if it is not working properly or if it has been
dropped or damaged. Return it to a service centre for
15 examination and repair.

• If a hairdryer falls into water, do not use it again. Take it to an e-waste recycling centre.
• Check the condition of the cord regularly. Do not wind the cord around the hairdryer.
• Don’t block the air inlet or outlet. Periodically check that the openings are free of fluff, hair
or other matter. A hairdryer with blocked air openings may catch fire.

cut off tagliare unplug staccare la spina wind avvolgere

Indica se le affermazioni sono vere (True), false (False) o non menzionate (Doesn’t say).

1 It is dangerous to leave a hairdryer plugged in. True False Doesn’t say


2 The best place to keep a hairdryer is in a cupboard. True False Doesn’t say
3 You can use a hairdryer while bathing. True False Doesn’t say
4 Pull out the plug if a hairdryer falls into water. True False Doesn’t say
5 Hairdryers can be used anywhere. True False Doesn’t say
6 Children should not use hairdryers. True False Doesn’t say
7 Service centres can fix broken cords. True False Doesn’t say
8 If a hairdryer falls into water, it can be repaired. True False Doesn’t say
9 Keep the cord away from heated surfaces. True False Doesn’t say
10 A fire can start if the air inlet is blocked. True False Doesn’t say

6 Invalsi | Reading Comprehension


Date:.........................................................
3 Reading Comprehension

Antarctica fact file


1 Name: The name Antarctica comes from the Greek word Antarktikos, meaning south of
Arktos, the constellation known as Ursa Major, or the Great Bear, in the Northern Hemisphere.
Since the ancient Greeks believed that the Earth was a sphere, it was logical that a landmass
in the South balanced the world of the North.
5 Location: Antarctica is the southern-most continent on Earth surrounded by the Southern
Ocean. The continent covers nearly 9% of the Earth’s surface, and it is 25% bigger than
Europe and double the size of Australia, making it the fifth largest continent after Asia,
Africa, North and South America.
Land: 98% of the surface (14 million square kilometres) is covered with a vast ice sheet
10 over 1.6 kilometres thick which represents the biggest resource of fresh water in the world.
The remaining 2% is arid rock with mountains that range up to nearly 5,000 metres.
Natural resources: The main resources are coal, iron ore, oil and natural gas but none of
them are extracted as the Antarctic Treaty (1959) preserves these resources and the ecosystem
for strictly scientific purposes.
15 Climate: It is the windiest, driest and coldest continent with severe low temperatures (up to
-89°C) and very low precipitation. Seasons are the opposite of the seasons in the Northern
Hemisphere. The sun sets in March and rises in October.
Population: Because of the extreme weather conditions, there are no permanent inhabitants.
The only people who live there are the staff from different countries who work at the scientific
20 research stations.

Fauna: Antarctica has a few tiny land animals but a great number of marine animals, such
as Emperor penguins, whales and seals.

balanced bilanciava thick spessa sets tramonta


ice sheet lastra di ghiaccio range up elevano rises sorge

Indica se le affermazioni sono vere (True), false (False) o non menzionate (Doesn’t say).

1 The name ‘Antarctica’ derives from the word ‘ant’. True False Doesn’t say
2 Antarctica is at the North Pole. True False Doesn’t say
3 Antarctica is half fertile land and half ice. True False Doesn’t say
4 Antarctica is smaller than Australia. True False Doesn’t say
5 It is the largest fresh water reserve on Earth. True False Doesn’t say
6 Antarctica is not a flat country. True False Doesn’t say
7 Gold is present in Antarctica. True False Doesn’t say
8 There are 24 hours of light each day for six months. True False Doesn’t say
9 The population is higher in January than in August. True False Doesn’t say
10 The Emperor penguins are the tallest penguins. True False Doesn’t say

Invalsi | Reading Comprehension 7


Reading Comprehension 4 Date:.........................................................

Stockholm: A European green capital


1 At a time when many of the world’s great cities are facing chronic environmental problems,
we need inspirational examples showing what cities can do to deal with them. Most of the
environmental challenges facing our society happen in urban areas: and it is these areas
that have the potential and the resources to bring together the commitment and generate
5 the innovation needed to solve them.
We have to think beyond traditional problems. Caring for the urban environment doesn’t
just mean cutting CO2 emissions. It also means thinking about the air we breathe, the
water we drink and the noise that affects us. It means integrated long-term plans for the
cities of tomorrow and the people who will live and work there. The European Green
10 Capital Award promotes ideas such as sustainable mobility, modern waste management,
sustainable land use, eco-innovation and other green technologies which drive towards
sustainable development and more resource-efficient life. Stockholm met the challenge,
winning the inaugural award in 2010.
Years of successful environmental work have turned Stockholm into one of the world’s
15 cleanest cities. More than 90% of the population lives within 300 metres of a green area,
and the pure lake water, which makes up over 10% of Stockholm’s surface area, is well-
suited for the supply of drinking water. Just south of the city centre, the Hammarby Sjöstad
residential area, which is still developing and is to be completed in 2015, is a perfect
example of a sustainable city run on renewable sources: 100% of its household waste is
20 converted into heating and electricity.

challenges sfide sustainable rinnovabile supply fornitura


commitment impegno drive towards conducono a heating riscaldamento

Indica se le affermazioni sono vere (True), false (False) o non menzionate (Doesn’t say).

1 The 21st century is facing environmental challenges. True False Doesn’t say
2 Urban areas are growing. True False Doesn’t say
3 CO2 emissions cause environmental problems. True False Doesn’t say
4 The European Green Capital Award is a global initiative. True False Doesn’t say
5 The first European Green Capital Award was given in 2010. True False Doesn’t say
6 90% of Stockholm’s surface area is water. True False Doesn’t say
7 Water in Stockholm is polluted. True False Doesn’t say
8 Waste is damaging the environment in Stockholm. True False Doesn’t say
9 Hammarby will be energy self-sufficient by 2015. True False Doesn’t say
10 Sustainable cities are based on renewable resources. True False Doesn’t say

8 Invalsi | Reading Comprehension


Date:.........................................................
5 Reading Comprehension

A holiday diary
1 Tuesday 13th August.
What a day! We left home at 7.30 this morning to drive the 20 kms to the airport. After 10
kms, Dad realised that he had left the tickets on the kitchen table. Total panic! We returned
home, Dad ran into the house, grabbed the tickets and then drove like the wind back to
5 the airport. Luckily our flight was delayed by half an hour so we had a little time to relax
before checking in.
The flight was uneventful although Ted was very excited because it was his first time on
a plane. The flight attendant served us snacks and some orange juice and before I knew it,
we were landing in Barcelona.
10 It was hot and sunny when we finally got out of the airport. We found a taxi to take us to
our hotel. I said ‘Gracias’, my first word in Spanish, to the driver when he put our bags in
the boot. He replied,‘De nada’, which Dad told me means, ‘You’re welcome’.
The hotel is fab, there’s an enormous TV and a docking station for my mp3 player in our
room. After unpacking, we all went down to the pool. Ted and I played in the water while
15 Mum and Dad relaxed and sunbathed. We met two German boys, Klaus and Werner, who
are about our ages and speak English. They’re really nice! Klaus taught me a few German
words but it’s very difficult! I think he has a crush on me!
In the evening Mum and Dad took us to ‘La Locanda’, a restaurant in the hotel. It was
an amazing place. They serve food from all over the world, from fish and chips to curry,
20 hamburgers and lasagne. Mum insisted that we eat Spanish food because we are in Spain
so I had a delicious rice and fish dish called paella. Yummy! Ted didn’t like his spicy
sausage called chorizo but he’s never been very adventurous with food. Well, that’s all for
now!
¡Hasta mañana! That’s Spanish for ‘See you tomorrow!’.

grabbed afferrò landing atterrando a crush on me una cotta per me


uneventful senza intoppi sunbathed prendevano il sole

Indica se le affermazioni sono vere (True), false (False) o non menzionate (Doesn’t say).

1 They took the bus to the airport. True False Doesn’t say
2 Dad forgot the airline tickets. True False Doesn’t say
3 The flight was on time. True False Doesn’t say
4 It was the family’s first holiday abroad. True False Doesn’t say
5 The plane didn’t take off from Barcelona. True False Doesn’t say
6 The taxi driver can speak English. True False Doesn’t say
7 They can listen to music in their room. True False Doesn’t say
8 Klaus and Werner are older than Ted. True False Doesn’t say
9 Ted likes trying different food. True False Doesn’t say
10 The writer of the diary is a boy. True False Doesn’t say

Invalsi | Reading Comprehension 9


Reading Comprehension 6 Date:.........................................................

Great Barrier Reef in danger


1 A new study, by the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS), shows that The Great
Barrier Reef, the world’s largest living organism covering an area of about 345,000 square
kilometres off the coast of north-east Australia, has lost more than half its coral in the
past three decades. Coral loss has been running at about 0.53% annually since 1985, with
5 most of the damage occurring in the southern regions while the relatively pristine northern
region is quite stable.
Scientists from the Institute report that intense tropical cyclones and periodic population
explosions of crown-of-thorns starfish are mostly to blame for the devastating loss of coral
at this World Heritage Site. Coral bleaching, resulting from ocean warming, has a minor
10 role in coral loss. Jamie Oliver, an AIMS scientist, says reducing the population of crown-
of-thorns starfish that feed on the coral is the best way to prevent further destruction to the
reef.
‘We believe that if we take action on one of the things we can directly control, the crown-
of-thorns starfish, it may leave the reef in a position where it can better withstand some of
15 these climatic impacts, such as cyclones and coral bleaching,’ said Oliver.

The study also shows that monitoring global climate change and water temperatures
around the reef is essential for its future. Without intervention, the amount of coral could
halve again by 2022.

pristine incontaminato bleaching sbiancamento


crown-of-thorns starfish stella marina corona di spine withstand resistere
to blame for essere responsabile di halve dimezzare

Indica se le affermazioni sono vere (True), false (False) o non menzionate (Doesn’t say).

1 The Reef has been in danger for about thirty years. True False Doesn’t say
2 Cyclones have a risky impact on the reef. True False Doesn’t say
3 All species of marine life damage the coral reef. True False Doesn’t say
4 Ocean warming is the main cause of coral loss. True False Doesn’t say
5 Crown-of-thorns starfish cause the reef’s whitening. True False Doesn’t say
6 Crown-of-thorns starfish eat coral. True False Doesn’t say
7 Crown-of-thorns starfish are poisonous. True False Doesn’t say
8 Cooler water temperatures may resolve coral loss. True False Doesn’t say
9 Damage to the coral reef can be prevented. True False Doesn’t say
10 There will be no more coral left in 2022. True False Doesn’t say

10 Invalsi | Reading Comprehension


6- lo
Questo volume, sprovvisto del talloncino a fronte (o opportunamente punzonato

8- tor LS or

92 el
-2 ffa

6
f
o ­altrimenti contrassegnato), è da considerarsi copia di SAGGIO-CAMPIONE

88 ial I
Ed VA y

72 a
BN o IN ad

-4 e R
­GRATUITO, fuori commercio (vendita e altri atti di disposizione vietati: art. 17,
e

c. 2 L. 633/1941). Esente da I.V.A. (D.P.R. 26-10-1972, n° 633, art. 2 lett. d).


R

Esente da bolla di accompagnamento (D.P.R. 6-10-1978, n° 627, art.4. n° 6).


97 i
IS upp
r
G

READY FOR Preparazione alla Prova

INVALSI
Nazionale di INGLESE
per la Scuola Secondaria
di Primo grado

Ready for INVALSI è un valido aiuto per gli studenti nella preparazione alla
Prova Nazionale di Inglese.

Il testo è suddiviso in quattro sezioni:


◆ Suggerimenti e strategie per affrontare un test a scelta multipla.

◆R
 eading Comprehension
9 letture graduate con attività di True/False/Doesn't say.
10 letture graduate con quesiti a scelta multipla.

◆ Listening
Ascolti calibrati su prove della certificazione Cambridge Key (KET), disponibili
su www.raffaellodigitale.it

◆ Focus on Language and Grammar


14 prove di riflessione linguistica, con quesiti a scelta multipla, inerenti la conoscenza
e l'uso della lingua inglese nei vari aspetti grammaticali, funzionali e lessicali.

Tutte le prove sono disponibili anche in versione digitale computer based


su www.raffaellodigitale.it

Per il docente è disponibile il fascicolo delle soluzioni e il CD audio.

Prezzo di vendita
al pubblico

€ 5,00 www.celticpublishing.com