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TECNOLOGIE SANITARIE SPA - 2006 - 452292 - eco

NORMA Cappe di aspirazione UNI EN 14175-4


EUROPEA Parte 4: Metodi di prova in loco

GENNAIO 2005

Fume cupboards
Part 4: On-site test methods

La norma descrive alcuni metodi di prova in loco per le seguenti


cappe di aspirazione di impiego generale:
- cappe progettate secondo la parte 2 della presente norma e
sottoposte a prova di tipo secondo la parte 3 della presente
norma;
- cappe progettate secondo la parte 2 della presente norma e
non sottoposte a prova di tipo.

TESTO INGLESE

La presente norma è la versione ufficiale in lingua inglese della


norma europea EN 14175-4 (edizione settembre 2004).

ICS 71.040.10

UNI © UNI
Ente Nazionale Italiano Riproduzione vietata. Tutti i diritti sono riservati. Nessuna parte del presente documento
di Unificazione può essere riprodotta o diffusa con un mezzo qualsiasi, fotocopie, microfilm o altro, senza
Via Battistotti Sassi, 11B il consenso scritto dell’UNI.
20133 Milano, Italia www.uni.com

UNI EN 14175-4:2005 Pagina I


TECNOLOGIE SANITARIE SPA - 2006 - 452292 - eco

PREMESSA NAZIONALE
La presente norma costituisce il recepimento, in lingua inglese, del-
la norma europea EN 14175-4 (edizione settembre 2004), che as-
sume così lo status di norma nazionale italiana.

La presente norma è stata elaborata sotto la competenza dell’ente


federato all’UNI
UNICHIM - Associazione per l’Unificazione nel settore
dell’Industria Chimica

La presente norma è stata ratificata dal Presidente dell’UNI, con


delibera del 26 novembre 2004.

Le norme UNI sono elaborate cercando di tenere conto dei punti di vista di tutte le parti
interessate e di conciliare ogni aspetto conflittuale, per rappresentare il reale stato
dell’arte della materia ed il necessario grado di consenso.
Chiunque ritenesse, a seguito dell’applicazione di questa norma, di poter fornire sug-
gerimenti per un suo miglioramento o per un suo adeguamento ad uno stato dell’arte
in evoluzione è pregato di inviare i propri contributi all’UNI, Ente Nazionale Italiano di
Unificazione, che li terrà in considerazione per l’eventuale revisione della norma stessa.

Le norme UNI sono revisionate, quando necessario, con la pubblicazione di nuove edizioni o
di aggiornamenti.
È importante pertanto che gli utilizzatori delle stesse si accertino di essere in possesso
dell’ultima edizione e degli eventuali aggiornamenti.
Si invitano inoltre gli utilizzatori a verificare l’esistenza di norme UNI corrispondenti alle
norme EN o ISO ove citate nei riferimenti normativi.

UNI EN 14175-4:2005 © UNI Pagina II


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EUROPEAN STANDARD EN 14175-4


NORME EUROPÉENNE
EUROPÄISCHE NORM September 2004

ICS 71.040.10

English version

Fume cupboards - Part 4: On-site test methods

Sorbonnes - Partie 4: Méthodes d'essai sur site Abzüge - Teil 4: Vor-Ort Prüfverfahren

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 22 July 2004.

CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.

This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official
versions.

CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36 B-1050 Brussels

© 2004 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved Ref. No. EN 14175-4:2004: E
worldwide for CEN national Members.
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EN 14175-4:2004 (E)

Contents

Page
Foreword......................................................................................................................................................................4
1 Scope ..............................................................................................................................................................5
2 Normative references ....................................................................................................................................5
3 Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................................5
4 General on-site test conditions ....................................................................................................................5
5 Commissioning testing of type tested fume cupboards ...........................................................................6
5.1 Scope and purpose........................................................................................................................................6
5.2 Inspections .....................................................................................................................................................6
5.3 Manufacturer's declarations or type test certification ...............................................................................6
5.4 Face velocity test ...........................................................................................................................................7
5.4.1 Objectives.......................................................................................................................................................7
5.4.2 Test equipment and probe positions...........................................................................................................7
5.4.3 Test procedure and test results ...................................................................................................................7
5.4.4 Test report ......................................................................................................................................................7
5.5 Extract volume flow rate test........................................................................................................................7
5.5.1 Objectives.......................................................................................................................................................7
5.5.2 Average face velocity method ......................................................................................................................7
5.5.3 Calibrated pressure difference method.......................................................................................................8
5.6 Pressure drop test .........................................................................................................................................8
5.6.1 Objectives.......................................................................................................................................................8
5.6.2 Test equipment and test procedure.............................................................................................................8
5.6.3 Expression of results ....................................................................................................................................8
5.7 Air flow visualization .....................................................................................................................................8
5.7.1 Objectives.......................................................................................................................................................8
5.7.2 Test procedure ...............................................................................................................................................9
5.7.3 Expression of results ....................................................................................................................................9
5.8 Room air velocity test ...................................................................................................................................9
5.8.1 Objectives.......................................................................................................................................................9
5.8.2 Test equipment ..............................................................................................................................................9
5.8.3 Probe positions..............................................................................................................................................9
5.8.4 Test procedure and test results ...................................................................................................................9
5.9 Alarm system test ..........................................................................................................................................9
5.9.1 Alarm by overriding the vertical sash stop .................................................................................................9
5.9.2 Air flow indicator............................................................................................................................................9
5.10 Containment test..........................................................................................................................................10
5.10.1 Objectives.....................................................................................................................................................10
5.10.2 Test equipment, test procedure and data analysis ..................................................................................10
5.10.3 Test report ....................................................................................................................................................10
5.11 Sound pressure measurement ...................................................................................................................10
5.11.1 Objectives.....................................................................................................................................................10
5.11.2 Test procedure .............................................................................................................................................10
5.11.3 Test report ....................................................................................................................................................10
6 Routine testing of type tested fume cupboards .......................................................................................10
6.1 Scope and purpose......................................................................................................................................10
6.2 Face velocity test .........................................................................................................................................11
6.2.1 Objectives.....................................................................................................................................................11
6.2.2 Test equipment and test procedure...........................................................................................................11
6.2.3 Test report ....................................................................................................................................................11
6.3 Extract volume flow rate test......................................................................................................................11
6.3.1 Objectives.....................................................................................................................................................11
6.3.2 Sequential average face velocity test ........................................................................................................11
2
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EN 14175-4:2004 (E)

6.4 Pressure drop test ....................................................................................................................................... 12


6.5 Air flow visualization ................................................................................................................................... 12
6.6 Alarm system test........................................................................................................................................ 12
6.7 Inspections ................................................................................................................................................... 12
7 Qualification testing of non type tested fume cupboards....................................................................... 12
7.1 Scope and purpose ..................................................................................................................................... 12
7.2 Inspections ................................................................................................................................................... 12
7.3 Manufacturer's declarations....................................................................................................................... 12
7.4 Face velocity test......................................................................................................................................... 12
7.5 Extract volume flow rate test...................................................................................................................... 12
7.6 Pressure drop test ....................................................................................................................................... 12
7.7 Air flow visualization ................................................................................................................................... 12
7.8 Room air velocity test ................................................................................................................................. 13
7.9 Alarm system test........................................................................................................................................ 13
7.10 Containment test ......................................................................................................................................... 13
7.11 Robustness of containment ....................................................................................................................... 13
7.12 Air exchange efficiency............................................................................................................................... 13
7.13 Sound pressure measurement ................................................................................................................... 13
7.14 Illuminance test............................................................................................................................................ 13
8 Routine testing of qualified fume cupboards ........................................................................................... 13
9 On-site test reports...................................................................................................................................... 13
9.1 Test report for commissioning testing of type tested fume cupboards (see Clause 5)....................... 13
9.2 Test report for routine testing of type tested fume cupboards (see Clause 6) ..................................... 14
9.3 Test report for qualification testing of non type tested fume cupboards (see Clause 7) .................... 14
9.4 Test report for routine testing of qualified fume cupboards (see Clause 8) ......................................... 14

3
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EN 14175-4:2004 (E)

Foreword
This document (EN 14175-4:2004) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 332 “Laboratory
equipment”, the secretariat of which is held by DIN.

This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or
by endorsement, at the latest by March 2005, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by
March 2005.

The tests established in this standard should be carried out by trained personnel.

This European Standard EN 14175 consists of the following parts, under the general title Fume cupboards

⎯ Part 1: Vocabulary

⎯ Part 2: Safety and performance requirements

⎯ Part 3: Type test methods

⎯ Part 4: On-site test methods

⎯ Part 5: Recommendations for installation and maintenance (in preparation)

⎯ Part 6: Variable air volume fume cupboards (in preparation)

According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following
countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,
Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

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EN 14175-4:2004 (E)

1 Scope
This document specifies a selection of on-site test methods for the following general purpose fume cupboards:

⎯ Fume cupboards designed in accordance with Part 2 of this European Standard and type tested in accordance
with Part 3 of this European Standard.

⎯ Fume cupboards designed in accordance with Part 2 of this European Standard and not type tested.

The test methods are designed to be used at the place of installation of the fume cupboard, usually a laboratory.
They are used for commissioning after installation, for maintenance and for qualification purposes. For certain
customer requirements additional or modified test methods may be necessary.

It is in the responsibility of the purchaser or user of a fume cupboard to decide which tests are to be performed. The
commissioning testing can be selected and carried out from the type test methods. For routine testing, the number
of test methods selected can be further reduced.

2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references,
only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any
amendments) applies.

EN 14175-1:2003, Fume cupboards – Part 1: Vocabulary.

EN 14175-2:2003, Fume cupboards – Part 2: Safety and performance requirements.

EN 14175-3:2003, Fume cupboards – Part 3: Type test methods.

EN 61672-1, Electroacoustics – Sound level meters – Part 1: Specifications (IEC 61672-1:2002).

EN ISO 11202, Acoustics – Noise emitted by machinery and equipment – Measurement of emission sound
pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions – Survey method in situ (ISO 11202:1995).

ISO 5221, Air distribution and air diffusion -- Rules to methods of measuring air flow rate in an air handling duct.

3 Terms and definitions


For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 14175-1:2003 and EN 14175-3:2003
apply.

NOTE Attention is drawn to EN 14175-3 where some definitions given in EN 14175-1 have been modified.

4 General on-site test conditions


Windows and doors of the room shall remain closed during measurements. There shall be no unnecessary
obstructions or equipment in neighbourhood of the fume cupboard under test.

The general and the specific test conditions during all on-site tests, including make-up air sources and all extract air
openings, shall be carefully considered and documented in the on-site test report according to Clause 9.

5
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EN 14175-4:2004 (E)

5 Commissioning testing of type tested fume cupboards

5.1 Scope and purpose

The following test methods are considered to be appropriate for the commissioning test after installation of a fume
cupboard which has been type tested in accordance with EN 14175-3 before installation. It is the aim of
commissioning testing to show the correct installation of the fume cupboard and to check adverse effects of the
room air flow and of the extract system on the performance of the installed empty fume cupboard under its intended
design conditions.

The final purpose and extent of the commissioning test should be agreed upon between purchaser and supplier.

5.2 Inspections

5.2.1 Inspections are usually optical inspections, if appropriate, aided by simple measurement equipment, such
as tape-measure. The following items should be proven by inspection.

5.2.2 Observance of the manufacturer's installation instructions (see EN 14175-2:2003, 10b).

5.2.3 Protection against splashes (see EN 14175-3:2003, 6.3)

5.2.4 Sash suspension and sash stop (see EN 14175-3:2003, 6.1 and 6.4)

5.2.5 Sash displacement force (see EN 14175-3:2003, 6.2)

5.2.6 Conformity of the fume cupboard to the type tested unit

5.2.7 Services (see EN 14175-2:2003, Clause 9)

5.2.8 Materials (see EN 14175-2:2003, Clause 6)

5.2.9 Correct mechanical assembling and integrity after installation

5.2.10 Pressure relief if supplied (see EN 14175-2:2003, 7.2.4)

5.2.11 Accessibility of construction parts (see EN 14175-2:2003, 7.2.5)

5.3 Manufacturer's declarations or type test certification

5.3.1 The following items shall be covered by manufacturer's declarations.

5.3.1.1 Lighting (see EN 14175-2:2003, 9.4)

5.3.1.2 Services

5.3.1.3 Materials

5.3.2 The following items shall be proven by the type test certificate of the fume cupboard.

5.3.2.1 Containment (see EN 14175-3:2003, 5.3)

5.3.2.2 Robustness of containment (see EN 14175-3:2003, 5.4)

5.3.2.3 Air exchange efficiency (see EN 14175-3:2003, 5.5)

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EN 14175-4:2004 (E)

5.4 Face velocity test

5.4.1 Objectives

The aim of the face velocity test as part of the commissioning testing is to verify the face velocity pattern compared
to the type test result in order to check either correct installation of the fume cupboard or adverse effects of the
room air conditions. Another aim should be to obtain a reference value for comparison in subsequent routine tests.

5.4.2 Test equipment and probe positions

According to EN 14175-3:2003, 5.2.1 and 5.2.2.

5.4.3 Test procedure and test results

The fume cupboard shall work with the intended working conditions. No other equipment than the test equipment
shall be present inside the fume cupboard. The measurements and the calculation of the test results shall be
performed at the type test opening(s) and at the actual air volume flow rate in accordance with EN 14175-3:2003,
5.2.3 and 5.2.4.

If the air volume flow rate is other than that established in the type test, it shall be noted.

NOTE Such a deviation can affect the face velocity pattern.

5.4.4 Test report

The calculated test results and the deviation of these test results from those specified in the type test certificate
shall be reported (see 9.1).

5.5 Extract volume flow rate test

5.5.1 Objectives

The aim of the extract volume flow rate test as part of the commissioning testing is to verify the extract air volume
flow compared to the intended volume flow and the correct installation of the fume cupboard. Additional purpose of
the test is to obtain reference values for easy and fast routine testing (see Clause 6).

The extract volume flow discharged from a fume cupboard can generally be measured according to ISO 5221.
When the requirements for the use of this method are not fulfilled, one of the following methods can be applied.

5.5.2 Average face velocity method

5.5.2.1 Principle, test equipment and probe positions

This method determines the extract volume flow by measuring the face volume flow in the sash opening by making
sure that all the extract air is flowing through the sash opening. Test equipment and probe positions in accordance
with EN 14175-3:2003, 5.2.1 and 5.2.2.

5.5.2.2 Preparation

Any significant leakage, slit or opening of the fume cupboard, except of the test sash opening, shall be sealed by
adhesive tape or appropriate air tight material. The sealing material shall be removed after the face velocity
measurement.

The test shall be carried out with the fume cupboard's sash(es) set at one of the type test sash opening(s) (see EN
14175-3:2003, 4.4.2).

5.5.2.3 Test procedure and test results

According to EN 14175-3:2003, 5.2.3 and 5.2.4.

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EN 14175-4:2004 (E)

5.5.2.4 Expression of results

Multiply the average face velocity at the sash opening with the area of the sash opening and report the resulting
3
volume flow rate in m /h together with the average face velocity, the sash area and the chosen sash opening.

If the face velocity test according to 5.4 has been performed, a correlation factor for the face velocity of the sealed
and non-sealed fume cupboard can be calculated and documented in the commissioning test report as reference
value for subsequent routine testing (see 6.3).

5.5.3 Calibrated pressure difference method

5.5.3.1 Principle and test equipment

This method depends on the availability of manufacturer specified reference points. The method determines the
extract volume flow by measuring the pressure difference between two reference points specified by the fume
cupboard's manufacturer. Test equipment in accordance with EN 14175-3:2003, 5.6.2.

5.5.3.2 Positioning of pressure tap(s) and test procedure

The test shall be carried out with the fume cupboard's sash(es) set at one of the type test sash opening(s) (see EN
14175-3:2003, 4.4.2). The pressure tap(s) shall be fitted to the reference point(s) specified and marked by the fume
cupboard's manufacturer. Test procedure according to EN 14175-3:2003, 5.6.5.

5.5.3.3 Expression of results

Take the extract volume flow corresponding to the measured pressure difference from the table or diagram
supplied in the manufacturer's documentation. Report the measured pressure difference and the evaluated extract
3
volume flow in m /h together with the manufacturer's documentation identification and the reference measuring
point(s).

5.6 Pressure drop test

5.6.1 Objectives

The aims of the pressure drop test as part of the commissioning testing are to obtain reference values for
subsequent routine testing (see 6.4) and to verify the pressure drop at the current installation of the fume cupboard,
compared to the intended pressure drop.

5.6.2 Test equipment and test procedure

According to EN 14175-3:2003, 5.6.2 to 5.6.5. If the fume cupboard's installation allows, the pressure taps shall be
positioned as specified in EN 14175-3:2003, 5.6.4.

5.6.3 Expression of results

According to EN 14175-3:2003, 5.6.6. The pressure drop measured shall be documented in the commissioning test
report (see 9.1) together with the corresponding extract volume flow rate. Differences from the type test and
possible causes shall be reported.

5.7 Air flow visualization

5.7.1 Objectives

The aim of the air flow visualisation as part of the commissioning testing is to obtain qualitative information
regarding room air flow and the interaction of the fume cupboard's air flow with the room air flow. Based on the test
result, it should be decided whether subsequent tests, such as room air velocity test (see 5.8), are necessary.

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EN 14175-4:2004 (E)

5.7.2 Test procedure

Air flows around the installed fume cupboard and in the sash opening area should be visualized to check if there
are any disturbances, e. g. by the room make-up air, that could affect the performance of the fume cupboard.
Visualization shall be performed with generation of visible tracers, such as smoke, about 400 mm in front of the
fume cupboard with release upwards to the ceiling. The density of the tracer shall be close to the room air density.
The tracer shall be distributed with low impulse and not faster than 0,2 m/s.

5.7.3 Expression of results

Air movements around the working aperture shall be visualized and any kind of disturbance shall be documented in
the commissioning test report (see 9.1).

5.8 Room air velocity test

5.8.1 Objectives

The aim of the room air inspection as part of the commissioning testing is to quantify the air flow in the
surroundings of the fume cupboard. Room air flows exceeding 0,2 m/s can cause reduced containment (see 5.10)
of the fume cupboard. This test should be carried out alongside other tests.

5.8.2 Test equipment

According EN 14175-3:2003, 5.2.1, with the exception that the anemometer shall be able to measure
omnidirectional air speed.

5.8.3 Probe positions

The measurements shall be performed in a vertical plane about 400 mm in front of the fume cupboard's plane of
sash (see EN 14175-3:2003, 3.1). The anemometer probe shall be positioned at points formed by the intersection
of lines on this measurement plane as follows:

a) Two horizontal lines approx. 900 mm and 1400 mm above floor level.

b) Five vertical lines, two of them aligned with the side walls of the fume cupboard, a third one in the middle
between this two lines (aligned with the centre of the fume cupboard) and another two ones approx. 250 mm to
the left and to the right of the side wall aligned lines.

5.8.4 Test procedure and test results

The sash of the fume cupboard shall be set to one of the test sash openings (see EN 14175-3:2003, 4.4.2.)

The mean speed in meter per second at each measurement point shall be calculated and the result rounded to the
second decimal place.

5.9 Alarm system test

5.9.1 Alarm by overriding the vertical sash stop

The vertical sash shall be opened beyond the maximum operational sash opening marked on the fume cupboard. It
is to verify that audible and visual alarms operate, if installed, the visual alarm remaining as long as the sash is
beyond this operational limit. The audible alarm may be silenced once alarmed. When the sash is reset below the
maximum operational sash opening the alarm should be reset automatically.

5.9.2 Air flow indicator

Given the variety of air flow indication methods the manufacturer of the air flow indicator shall specify the method to
test the air flow indicator in accordance with the requirements given in EN 14175-2:2003, 8.2.

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The test shall be performed as specified and described by the manufacturer of the air flow indicator and it is to
verify that the audible and visual alarm operate. The audible alarm may be silenced once alarmed. Once the air
flow is in the correct operating parameters of the fume cupboard the alarm may be reset.

5.10 Containment test

5.10.1 Objectives

The aim of a containment test as part of the commissioning testing is to verify the correct function of the fume
cupboard at the place of installation by quantification of the containment under the prevailing working conditions.

5.10.2 Test equipment, test procedure and data analysis

According EN 14175-3:2003, 5.3. The containment test can either be performed in the inner measurement plane,
or in the outer measurement plane or in both planes (see EN 14175-3:2003, 5.3.3 and 5.3.4).

The test equipment shall be according to EN 14175-3, 5.3.1 with the following exception: detection level of the gas
-8 -8
analyser may be ” 2,5 × 10 instead of ” 10 .

5.10.3 Test report

The calculated test results and the deviation of these test results from those specified in the type test certificate
shall be reported (see 9.1).

5.11 Sound pressure measurement

5.11.1 Objectives

The aim of the sound pressure measurement is to provide the user with the sound pressure levels when the fume
cupboard is in use.

5.11.2 Test procedure

The measurement of the sound pressure level should be performed as A weighted sound pressure level in dB(A)
using a sound level meter conforming to EN 61672-1 in the following position in front of the fume cupboard which
should be equipped for the intended use:

⎯ 150 cm height from the ground floor,

⎯ 30 cm in front of the sash plane,

⎯ in the center of the plane parallel to the sash plane.

The sound level meter shall be calibrated in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. The measurement
method shall be in accordance with EN ISO 11202.

5.11.3 Test report

The result of measurement and the position of the sash shall be reported in the on-site test report as A weighted
sound pressure level.

6 Routine testing of type tested fume cupboards

6.1 Scope and purpose

The following test methods are considered to be appropriate for the routine test of a fume cupboard which has
been type tested in accordance with EN 14175-3 before installation. It is assumed that the fume cupboard has
been commissioning tested after installation according to Clause 5 and that a commissioning test report according
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to 9.1 is available. An aim of the routine test can be to check whether the performance of the empty fume cupboard
is maintained. The test can also be used to check the performance of the fume cupboard under working conditions.

The final extent of the routine test should be specified by the party responsible for routine testing, taking into
account the recommendations given by the fume cupboard's manufacturer (see EN 14175-2:2003, 10d). The non-
availability of a commissioning test report can enlarge the extent of the routine testing.

6.2 Face velocity test

6.2.1 Objectives

The aim of the face velocity test in the routine testing is to determine any variation from the type test and/or
commissioning test results.

6.2.2 Test equipment and test procedure

An anemometer with a measuring range suitable for the fume cupboard under test and capable of measuring air
velocities with an accuracy of 10 % shall be used. The fume cupboard shall be operating under actual working
conditions.

The probe positions shall be as in EN 14175-3:2003, 5.2.2. For vertical sashes the measurements shall be
performed in all points in the horizontal middle row in the inner measurement plane (if the number of rows are even,
the one above the centre). For horizontal sashes the measurements shall be performed at all points in the vertical
middle row in the inner measurement plane (if the number of rows is even, choose one and report the position).
Measurements shall be made at each probe position for at least 30 s.

6.2.3 Test report

Calculate the average velocity in m/s and round the result to the second decimal place.

6.3 Extract volume flow rate test

6.3.1 Objectives

The aim of the extract volume flow rate test as part of the routine test is to verify whether the extract volume flow
rate is maintained, using one of the methods described in 5.5 or the method in 6.3.2. The sealing of the fume
cupboard's leakages (see 5.5.2.2) is not necessary, provided a correlation factor for the sealed and non-sealed
face velocity has been established for the methods and conditions used.

6.3.2 Sequential average face velocity test

6.3.2.1 Principle, test equipment and probe positions

This method determines the extract volume flow rate by measuring the face velocity in the sash opening of a fume
cupboard using an anemometer. The anemometer shall be of an integrating type and shall be capable of
measuring unidirectional air velocities down to 0,3 m/s or better. The accuracy of an individual reading shall be
better than 0,02 m/s + 5 % of the reading. The anemometer should also be able to calculate the results in terms of
air volume flow rates.

6.3.2.2 Test procedure and test results

The test should be carried out with the fume cupboard’s sash set to a sash opening of 100 mm.

The test is to be carried out within the resulting area of opening. The anemometer shall be continuously oriented so
that the velocity component perpendicular to the plane of opening is measured. Move the anemometer using a
constant speed to scan the length of the opening. The time for scanning and integrating should be 60 s.

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6.3.2.3 Test report

Note the measurement value in meter per second. Multiply the average face velocity at the opening plane with the
area of the opening plane and report the resulting volume flow rate in cubic meter per hour together with the
average face velocity and the opening plane’s area.

6.4 Pressure drop test

According to 5.6.

6.5 Air flow visualization

According to 5.7.

6.6 Alarm system test

According to 5.9.

6.7 Inspections

Appropriate inspections according to 5.2 should be performed. In addition, work surface damages and corrosion
should be inspected.

7 Qualification testing of non type tested fume cupboards

7.1 Scope and purpose

The following test methods are considered to be appropriate for the test after installation of a fume cupboard which
has not been type tested. The test is intended for qualification, that the safety and performance requirements of the
fume cupboard, specified in Part 2 of this European Standard, are fulfilled in its particular installation environment.
The final extent of the qualification test should be specified by the party responsible for the qualification of the fume
cupboard.

7.2 Inspections

According to 5.2 where appropriate.

7.3 Manufacturer's declarations

According to 5.3 where appropriate.

7.4 Face velocity test

According to EN 14175-3:2003, 5.2 where appropriate.

7.5 Extract volume flow rate test

According to 5.5 where appropriate.

7.6 Pressure drop test

According to 5.6 where appropriate.

7.7 Air flow visualization

According to 5.7. In addition, air movements through any other opening of the fume cupboard than the sash
opening should be visualized and documented in the qualification test report (see 9.3).
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7.8 Room air velocity test

According to 5.8 where appropriate.

7.9 Alarm system test

According to 5.9 where appropriate.

7.10 Containment test

According to 5.10 where appropriate.

7.11 Robustness of containment

A robustness test according to EN 14175-3:2003, 5.4, should be included in the qualification test when the
circumstances at the installation place of the fume cupboard allow for it. The procedure shall be adjusted according
to the installation place and the on-site conditions in the laboratory and any deviation from the type test procedure
shall be documented in the qualification test report (see 9.3).

7.12 Air exchange efficiency

According to EN 14175-3:2003, 5.5 where appropriate.

7.13 Sound pressure measurement

According to 5.11.

7.14 Illuminance test

According to EN 14175-3:2003, Clause 9, where appropriate.

8 Routine testing of qualified fume cupboards


According to Clause 6. It is required that the fume cupboard has been qualified after installation according to
Clause 7.

9 On-site test reports

9.1 Test report for commissioning testing of type tested fume cupboards (see Clause 5)

The commissioning test report shall include the following items as a minimum:

a) the name and/or trade mark of the fume cupboard's manufacturer and/or supplier;

b) the type designation including the year of production;

c) the date of commissioning testing and the reference to the type test report;

d) the general room air conditions during air flow tests, including temperature, barometric pressure, air humidity
and pressure difference between room and the adjacent space as well as make-up air and room extract air;

e) the status of fume cupboards and other extract devices in the room and the specific position of the tested fume
cupboard;

f) the results of the inspections (see 5.2);

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g) the results of the tests performed during the commissioning testing in accordance with the test result
requirements specified for each test (see 5.4 to 5.11);

h) a reference to this document EN 14175-4 and the test method(s) from this document which has/have been
performed.

Those test results intended to serve as reference values for subsequent routine testing should be documented in
an additional table under the header "Reference values for routine testing".

9.2 Test report for routine testing of type tested fume cupboards (see Clause 6)

The routine test report shall include the following items as a minimum:

a) individual identification number of the fume cupboard and date of test;

b) the reference to the type test report, the commissioning test report and the last routine test report, if available;

c) the general room air conditions during air flow tests, including temperature, barometric pressure, air humidity
and pressure difference between room and the adjacent space as well as make-up air and room extract air;

d) the status of fume cupboards and other extract devices in the room and the specific position of the tested fume
cupboard;

e) the results of the inspections (see 6.7);

f) the results of the tests performed during the routine testing in accordance with the test result requirements
specified for each test (see 6.2 to 6.6);

g) a reference to this document EN 14175-4 and the test method(s) from this document which has/have been
performed.

9.3 Test report for qualification testing of non type tested fume cupboards (see Clause 7)

According to 9.1 as far as applicable.

9.4 Test report for routine testing of qualified fume cupboards (see Clause 8)

The routine test report shall include the following items as a minimum:

a) individual identification number of the fume cupboard and date of test;

b) the date of qualification testing, the reference to the qualification test report and the last routine test report, if
available;

c) the general room air conditions during air flow tests, including temperature, barometric pressure, air humidity
and pressure difference between room and the adjacent space as well as make-up air and room extract air;

d) the status of fume cupboards and other extract devices in the room and the specific position of the tested fume
cupboard;

e) the results of the inspections (see 6.7);

f) the results of the tests performed during the routine testing in accordance with the test result requirements
specified for each test (see Clause 6);

g) a reference to this document EN 14175-4 and the test method(s) from this document which has/have been
performed.

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UNI
Ente Nazionale Italiano La pubblicazione della presente norma avviene con la partecipazione volontaria dei Soci,
di Unificazione dell’Industria e dei Ministeri.
Via Battistotti Sassi, 11B Riproduzione vietata - Legge 22 aprile 1941 Nº 633 e successivi aggiornamenti.
20133 Milano, Italia