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0425_046_079:0425_046_077 20-11-2009 10:44 Pagina 54

SCHEDA 21 Avverbi di frequenza e di tempo


Adverbs: frequency and time
1 Avverbi di frequenza / Frequency adverbs
Gli avverbi di frequenza indicano la frequenza in modo generico. Essi sono, dal più frequente al
meno frequente:

+ –
21 always usually often sometimes rarely never

In italiano la posizione degli avverbi di frequenza è libera. In inglese, invece, l’avverbio di frequenza
va posto davanti al verbo principale nelle frasi affermative, negative e interrogative.
Shan always gets up early for school.
I often prepare dinner for the family.
They don’t often go jogging.
Do you always play golf on Sunday morning?
L’avverbio va posto dopo il verbo be.
She is never late for school.
Joe is rarely at home these days.
Once, twice, three times, four times … indicano una frequenza in modo preciso.
I play tennis twice a week.
I go to the cinema about ten times a year.

Osserva l’uso di a dopo le espressioni di frequenza.


once a week, three times a day …

2 Avverbi di tempo / Adverbs of time


last (week, year …) yesterday now tomorrow next (week, year …)

Past Present Future

Gli avverbi yesterday, tomorrow, now, last, next collocano un’azione nel tempo. L’avverbio di tempo
si trova di solito in fondo alla frase.
What are you doing now?
I’m going to the mountains tomorrow.
I saw Carol’s son last week.
It’s Susan’s birthday next Saturday!

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Exercises

1 Inserisci l’avverbio di frequenza tra 4 Completa le frasi con un avverbio di


parentesi al posto giusto. frequenza appropriato alle tue abitudini.
Ex. We get up early on Sundays. (never) 1. I .................................................. go to parties with friends.
We never get up early on Sundays.
.................................................................................................................. 2. I ......................................................... get angry with friends.
1. They are over in the UK. (sometimes) 3. I .................................................. chat with friends on the Net. 21
.................................................................................................................... 4. I’m ......................................................... late for school.
2. She travels abroad by car. (often)
5. I ......................................................... do my homework
.................................................................................................................... before watching TV.
3. “How do you play volleyball?” “Three times a
6. I .................................................. play sports with my friends.
week.” (often)
7. I’m .................................................. tired in the mornings.
....................................................................................................................
4. They’re at home when I call them! (never)
.................................................................................................................... 5 In ogni frase c’è un errore nella
5. She asks permission to use my things. (never) posizione dell’avverbio. Trovalo e riscrivi
.................................................................................................................... la frase in modo corretto.
6. I go to bed late on Saturdays. (always)
Ex. I yesterday went to the cinema with some
.................................................................................................................... friends.
I..................................................................................................................
went to the cinema with some friends
yesterday.
..................................................................................................................
2 Riordina gli avverbi in base alla
frequenza, dal più frequente al meno 1. I sometimes am late for school.
frequente. ....................................................................................................................
2. Hardly ever I go to watch matches at the
often never always sometimes stadium.
hardly ever usually ....................................................................................................................
3. I go to bed late rarely.
most frequent least frequent ....................................................................................................................

always 4. I three times a week eat Big Macs.


...........................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
5. I’m in usually a good mood.
....................................................................................................................
3 Riordina le parole per formare frasi.
Ex. at / me / friends / always / call / My / the /
weekend. 6 Traduci in inglese le seguenti frasi.
My friends always call me at the weekend.
..................................................................................................................
1. Vado raramente al cinema.
1. school. / never / I’m / time / on / for
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
2. Arrivano alle 7.30 domani.
2. swimming / go / three / a / times / week. / I
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
3. Di solito mangiamo la pizza sabato sera.
3. hardly ever / out / We / go / at weekends.
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
4. Sono spesso a Londra per lavoro.
4. at / always / They / laughing / are / me.
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
5. Loro sono sempre davanti alla scuola quando
5. often / How / your friends? / do / meet / you
arrivo.
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
6. Ho incontrato un vecchio amico la scorsa
settimana.
....................................................................................................................

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