Sei sulla pagina 1di 3

26-Jan-18

ChE 142 Chemical Engineering Plant Design


Cheat Sheet

Typical P&ID Symbols


• Codes and standards
o ISO10628 - Diagrams for the chemical and petrochemical industry
o ISO14617 - Graphical symbols for diagrams
o ANSI/ISA 5.1 - Instrumentation Symbols and Identification
• Refer to: https://www.edrawsoft.com/pid/images/pid-legend.pdf

Typical Line Numbering


A-BBB-CCC-DDD-EEE-F
• A – Nominal pipe size (NPS)
• BBB – Fluid code
• CCC – Unit number
• DDD – P&ID number
• EEE – Line number
• F – Insulation type

Typical Fluid Codes


P Process stream LPS Low pressure steam
BFW Boiler feed water LPC Low pressure condensate
CWR Cooling water return MPS Medium pressure steam
CWS Cooling water supply MPC Medium pressure condensate
DMW Demineralized water N Nitrogen
FG Fuel gas PA Plant air
HPS High pressure steam WW Wastewater

Typical Pressure Drop and Velocity Ranges


Pressure Drop Range Velocity Range
Fluid
bar / 100m m/s
Boiling liquids at pump suction 0.011 – 0.056 0.3 – 1.2
Subcooled liquids at pump suction 0.04 – 0.23 0.3 – 2.4
Boiling liquids at pump discharge 0.22 – 0.9 1.5 – 4.5
Subcooled liquids at pump discharge 0.22 – 0.9 1.5 – 4.5
Atmospheric or higher pressure gases 0.02 – 0.45 -
Vacuum gases 0.004 – 0.11 -


MICAH AY17-18 S2 1


26-Jan-18

Typical Sizes of Vents and Drains


Vessel Volume (ft3) Vent Drain Steamout
Less than 50 2” 2” 2”
50 to 600 2” 2” 2”
600 to 2,000 3” 3” 2”
2,000 to 10,000 4” 4” 2”
Greater than 10,000 6” 6” 3”

Typical Sizes of Manways


Column Diameter (ft) Tray Spacing Manway Spacing Manway Size
2 ½ to 16 24” Every 10 trays 18”
16 to 24 30” Every 8 trays 20”
24 to 32 36” Every 6 trays 20”
32 and up 42” Every 4 trays 24”

Typical Nozzle Designations


A Inlets M Manway
B Outlets P Pressure connection
D Drains S Steam-out connection
J Pump-out connection T Temperature connection
L Level connection V Vent

Equipment Data to reflect on P&IDs


Vessels
Equipment Tag Number
Equipment Name
Size: [Inside Diameter (in mm)] x [Tangent-to-Tangent] Length (in mm)]
Design: [Pressure (in kPag)] at [Temperature (in ºC)]
Material of Construction: [____]
Insulation: [type or “None”]

Pumps
Equipment Tag Number
Equipment Name
Capacity: [in m3/hr]
Head: [in m]
Material of Construction: [____]
Insulation: [type or “None”]

Compressors, Fans, Blowers
Equipment Tag Number


MICAH AY17-18 S2 2


26-Jan-18

Equipment Name
Number of Stages
Capacity: [in Sm3/hr]
Differential Pressure: [in kPa]
Material of Construction: [____]
Insulation: [type or “None”]

Heat Exchangers, Air Fin Coolers
Equipment Tag Number
Equipment Name
Duty: [in kW]
Extended Area: [in m2]
Design: [Pressure (in kPag)] at [Temperature (in ºC)]
Material of Construction: [____]

Drawings Title Block (P&IDs, Layouts, etc.)


MICAH AY17-18 S2 3