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March, 2010

Note: This CheatSheet was constructed to help me learn Italian. As a tourist, I dont have a need for a comprehensive language course, so,
this CheatSheet contains only what I deemed necessary for me to learn. I hope you find it useful.

Bert Sirkin
bert@photobert.com
Also Theres a Windows program available that I wrote to help you drill the words, phrases and verbs download the ZIP file here:
http://www.photobert.com/italian/id.zip
Just unzip both files in ONE folder and run it. (Youll need the .NET 2.0 framework, but that should be installed already on most Windows
computers)

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e |1

Constructing and Answering Questions


Posso
ho una domanda
Posso avere
Possiamo avere
Scusi, posso usare il
bagno?
Ci d
Quanto
quanto l'
Non posso
Non voglio
non lo voglio
Voglio
Prendo
Vorrei
No, non Posso
Non
Dare
Avere
Possiamo
Non Possiamo
Vogliamo
Prendiamo
Vorremmo
Che or Che Cos'
che cosa ha
Cos'
Cos' quello
Cos' questo
Dov' il bagno
quale
qual'
Si, pu
D
Mi d
Lei vuole

poss-o
poss-o av-ay-ray

chee da

non voll-yo
voll-yo
pren-doh
vor-ray
non
av-ay-ray
poss-ee-arm-o

vor-raym-mo
Kay
Ka-cos-aa
cos-ay
cosa kway-lo
cosa kwes-to
Qual-a
Qual-eh

I can / Can I
I have a question
Can I have
Can we have
Excuse me, can I use the
bathroom?
Give us
How much
How much is it
I cannot
I dont want
I dont want it
I want
I will take
I would like
No, I cant
not
To Give
to have
We can / Can we
We cannot
We want
We will take
We would like
What
What do you have
What is it
What is that
What is this
Where is the bathroom
Which
Which is
Yes, you can
You Give
You give me
You would like

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e |2

Time
a che ora
Che ora
nella mattina
nel pomeriggio
nella sera
di notte
mezzogiorno
mezzanotte
luna
Luna
l'una e dieci
Sono le due
(sono tre, quarto, etc)
Le nove
Lotto
mezzogiorno meno dieci
sono Undici e cinquanta

kay-or- eh

Noon minus 10
11am plus 50

At what time
What time is it?
In the morning
In the afternoon
In the evening
At night
It is Noon
It is midnight
It is one oclock
1pm
It is 1:10pm
It is 2 oclock
(3 oclock, 4 oclock, etc)
9pm
8pm
Its 11:50 am
Its 11:50 am

Fractions of an hour are expressed by e + minutes elapsed.


From the half hour to the next hour, time can also be expressed by giving the
next hour meno (minus) the number of minutes before the coming hour.
Un quarto (A quarter) and mezzo a half often replace quindici and trenta.
Un quarto d'ora and mezz'ora mean a quarter of an hour and half an hour.
To indicate A.M., add di mattina to the hour;
to indicate P.M., add del pomeriggio (12 P.M. to 5 P.M.),
di sera (5 P.M. to midnight), or
di notte (midnight to early morning) to the hour.

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e |3

Small Words
A
to
Al/Alla
(masc. / fem.)
At the/to the (fem.)
del / della
(masc. / fem.)
Some
Dal / dalla
(masc. / fem.)
From the/by the/of the
Sul / Sulla
(masc. / fem.)
On the
Nel / Nella
(masc. / fem.)
In the / Into the
Da
da
From / by
Di
dee
of
Per
per
For
e (no accent)
ay
and
Ma
ma
But
questo
This
dove
doh-vay
Where
Dov'
doh-veh
Where is
C'
Che
There is
Ci sono
chee sono
There are
Qui vicino
kwee vee-cheen-o
Nearby
Quando
When
kwan-doh
Questo / questi
Masc
This / these
Questa / queste
Fem
Quello / quelli
Kway-lo
That / those
Quella / quelle

eh
Is/it is
Perch
per-kay
Why / Because
Quanto / Quanti
Masc
How much / how many
Quanta / Quante
Fem
d'accordo
Allright or OK
Chi
Who
Certamente
Certainly
Qualcosa
Something
Mio
My / mine
In
een
In
Molto
(adverb)
Many (as in molto bene)
Molto
(adject. masc sing )
(as in molto caro)
Molti
masc plural
(as in molti soldi)
Molta
fem. sing.
(as in molta bella)
Molte
fem plural
(as in molte tazze)
Troppo/i
Too much
abbastanza
Its enough
Io sono
I am
Vostra / Nostra
Yours / ours
Persona / Persone
Person / People, persons
Pi
Pyoo
More / plus
pi lento
Pyoo lento
slower
Lentamente / lento
LEHN-tah-MEHN-tay
Slowly / slow
velocemente
fast
Simpatico
Nice
freddo
cold
scaldare
warm
Caldo
hot
aspetti
Wait (you wait)
Bello/bella/belli/belle
(masc. / fem.)
Beautiful
Piccolo / a / i / e
(masc. / fem.)
small
Grande
large
The
Use with
Il
Sing. Masc words that start with a consonant
Lo
Sing. Masc words that starts with S or Z + a consonant
La
Sing. Fem words that start with a consenant
I
Plural Masc or Fem for most words starting w/a vowel
Gli
Plural Masc words starting with a vowel or S or Z + a
consonant
Le
Plural for all feminine words

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e |4

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e |5

Verbs
Standard
Verbs
Verb:
Io
tu
lei, lui, Lei
noi
loro

First (-ARE)
Parl-are
parl-o
parl-i
parl-a
parl-iamo
parl-ano

Present Conjugation
Second (-ERE) Third (-IRE)
Ved-ere
Part-ire
ved-o
part-o
ved-i
part-i
ved-e
part-e
ved-iamo
part-iamo
ved-ono
part-ono

Abitare (first)
Andare (irregular)
io vado / andr
lui, lei, Lei va / andr
noi andiamo / andremo
loro, Loro vanno / andranno
Aprire (third)
Ascoltare (first)
Avere (irregular)
io ho / avr
lui, lei, Lei ha / avr
noi abbiamo / avremo
loro, Loro hanno / avranno
Bere
io bevo / berr
Lui, lei, Lei beve / berr
noi beviamo / berremo
loro, Loro bevono / berranno
Cambiare (first)
Capire (third -ISC)
Cenare (first)
Chiamare (first)
Comprare (first)
Dare (irregular)
io do, d
lui, lei, Lei d
noi diamo
loro, Loro danno
Dire (irregular)
io dico / dir
lui, lei, Lei dice / dir
noi diciamo / diremo
loro, Loro dicono / diranno
Dormire (third -IRE)
Dovere (irregular)
io devo, debbo
lui, lei, Lei deve
noi dobbiamo
loro, Loro devono, debbono
Entrare (first)
Essere (irregular)
io sono / sar
lui, lei, Lei / sar
noi siamo / saremo
loro, Loro sono / saranno
Fare (irregular)
io faccio / far
lui, lei, Lei fa / far
noi facciamo / faremo

Third (-ISC)
Cap-ire
cap-isco
cap-isci
cap-isce
cap-iamo
cap-iscono

to Live in, to Inhabit, to Dwell in


To Go / will go

to Open
to Listen (to)
to Have / will have

To Drink / will Drink

to Change
To Understand
To Dine
To Call
to Buy, to Purchase
to Give

to Say / will say

To Sleep
to Owe

to Enter
To Be / will be

to Do/Make; / will make

First
Parl-are
parl-er
parl-erai
parl-er
parl-eremo
parl-eranno

Future Conjugation
Second
Third (-IRE & -ISC)
Ved-ere
Part-ire
ved-r
part-ir
ved-rai
part -irai
ved-r
part -ir
ved-remo
part -iremo
ved-ranno
part -iranno

loro, Loro fanno / faranno


Mandare (first)
Mangiare (first)
Mettere (second)
Ordinare (first)
Pagare (irregular)
io pago
lui, lei, Lei paga
noi paghiamo
loro, Loro pagano
Parlare (first)
Partire (third -IRE)
Pensare (first)
Potere (irregular)
io posso / potr
lui, lei, Lei pu / potr
noi possiamo / potremo
loro, Loro possono / potranno
Pranzare (first)
Peferire (third ISC)
Prendere
Ricevere (second)
Ripetere (second)
Sapere
io so / sapr
lui, lei, Lei si / sapr
noi sappiamo / sapremo
loro, Loro sanno / sapranno
Sedersi
io mi siedo / mi sieder
lui, lei, Lei si siede / si sieder
noi ci sediamo / ci siederemo
loro, Loro si siedono/ si siederanno
Tenatare (first)
Tornare (first)
Venire
io vengo / verr
lui, lei, Lei viene / verr
noi veniamo / verremo
loro, Loro vengono/ verranno
Volere (present) (irregular)
io voglio / vorr
lui, lei, Lei vuole / vorr
noi vogliamo / vorremo
loro, Loro vogliono/ vorranno
Volere (conditional) (irregular)
io vorrei
lui, lei, Lei vorrebbe
noi vorremmo

To Send
To Eat
To Put
To Order
To Pay

To Speak
To Leave
to Think
to be Able to, Can / will be able

to have Lunch, Dine


To Prefer
To Take
To Receive
To Repeat
to Know / will know

To Sit Down / will sit down

To Try
To Return
To Come / will come

to Want / will want

Would like
I Would Like
He/she/you/it would like
We would like

Weather Phrases
C' il sole. / luminoso
C' vento.
nuvoloso.
Fa bel tempo.
Fa caldo.
Fa freddo.

It is sunny.
It is windy.
It is cloudy.
It is nice.
It is hot.
It is cold.

Il tempo burrascoso.
Nevica.
Piove.
Che tempo fa oggi?
Piover oggi?
Sar oggi luminoso?

It is stormy.
It is snowing.
It is raining.
What is the weather today?
Is it going to rain today?
Is it going to be sunny today

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e |6

Misc Nouns
La farmacia
La posta
Il treno
L'albergo
Il duomo
Il francobollo
la cartolina
Il biglietto
banca
Il duomo
Il bagno
Cappotto
Sedie
Telefonie/telefonini
Un Letto
Il Cappello
Il Poliziotto
La palla
Il Pantonoli
Un museo
Un bar
Una biblioteca
Benzina
Chayna
Soldi
Stasera
Mattina
Stamattina
Pomeriggio
Questo pomeriggio
macchina
strada
Sedia
indirizzo

la farm-a-chee-a
la posta
eel train-o
lal-berg-o
eel dwor-more
eel frank-o-bowl-o
la cart-o-leen-a
eel beel-yay-to
bank-a
eel dwor-mo
eel ban-yo

sta-say-ra
mat-teen-na
stam-at-teen-na
pom-ay-reeg-eeo
kwesto- pom-ayreeg-eeo
Ma-keena

the chemist/pharmicist
the post office
the train
the hotel
the church
the stamp
the postcard
the ticket
bank
the church
the bathroom
Coat
chair
Telephone/telephones
A bed
The hat
The Policeman
The ball
The Museum
A bar
A library
Gasoline
supper, dinner
money
tonight
Morning
This morning
Afternoon
This Afternoon
car
Road
chair
address

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e |7

Days
Lunedi
Martedi
Mercoledi
Giovedi
Venerdi
Sabato
Domenica
questa sera / stasera
domani
oggi
Ieri
Mattina
Stamattina
Pomeriggio
A domani

loon-ay-dee
mart-ay-dee
merco-lay-dee
gee-o-vay-dee
vayn-ayr-dee
sab-a-to
du-maynee-ka
du-man-ee
Yer-ee
Mat-teen-na
Pom-ay-reeg-eeo
A du-man-ee

Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday
this evening
tomorrow
Today
Yesterday
Morning
This morning
Afternoon
See you tomorrow

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e |8

Months
Gennaio
Febbraio
Marzo
Aprile
Maggio
Giugno

jen-eye-o
fe-bry-o
mart-so
ap-pree-lay
magg-ee-o
joon-ee-o

January
February
March
April
May
June

Luglio
Agosto
Settembre
Ottobre
Novembre
Dicembre

loo-lee-o
a-gost-to
set-taym-bray
ott-oh-bray
no-vaym-bray
dee-chaym-bray

July
August
September
October
November
December

Numbers
Zero
Uno
Due
Tre
Quattro
Cinque
Sei
Sette
Otto
Nove
Dieci
Undici
Dodici
Tredici
Quattordici
uindici

Za-ro
oono
do-ay
tray
kwat-tro
cheen-kway
say
set-tay
ot-to
no-vay
dee-ay-chee
oon-dee-chee
doh-dee-chee
tray-dee-chee
kwat-tor-dee-chee
kween-dee-chee

Italy Emergency Phone Info:

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Sedici
Diciasette
Diciotto
Diciannove
Venti
ventuno
ventidue
ventitr
ventiquattro
venticinque
ventisei
ventisette
ventotto
ventinove
trenta
trentuno

State Police: 112/113 (English)

say-dee-chee
dee-chas-set-ay
dee-chot-to
dee-chan-no-vay
vayn-tee

Ambulance: 118

16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

trentadue
trentatr
quaranta
cinquanta
sessanta
settanta
ottanta
novanta
cento
duecento
trecento
quatrocento
mille
duemille
tremille
millenovecentonovantaquattro

Fire: 115

32
33
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
200
300
400
1,000
2,000
3,000
1994

Coast Guard: 1530

Signs
Attenzione!
Pericolo!
Alt!
Aperto / Chiuso

Caution!
Danger!
Stop
Open / Closed

Tirare / Spingere
Ingresso / Uscita
Freddo / Caldo
Reservato

Push / Pull
Entrance / Exit
Cold / Hot
Reserved

Occupato
Acqua non potabile
Vietato fumar!
Divieto de sosta!

Occupied
Non-potable water
No smoking
No Parking

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e |9

Expressions
Per piacere parli lentamente.
Tutto bene
tu-to bay-nay
E lei
ay lay
anche
Posso collegarmi con
internet?
Posso andare a piedi
poss-o an-dar-ray a
pee-ay-dee
entre
En-tree
Complimenti
comp-lee-men-tee
non parlare
velocemente
Mi scusi
me scoos-ee
Mi dispiace
me dis-pee-arch-ay
Buona note
bwona not-tay
Arrivederci
ar-ree-vay-dayr-chee
E' molto che aspetti?
Buona sera
Buon giorno
Pronto
ecco
Come sta / Come va
Per andare al museo

Com
La do
Sono felice
Non lo so
Non la capisco
la capisco
Allora,
C un telefono
pubblico vicino?
delizioso
per lei
sono io
No sono daccordo
pi tardi
Sinistra
Signore
carta della citt
Anche io
mio marito
mia moglie
No
adesso
L'ufficio turistico
Va bene
Per favore
Piacere
Ripete per favore
Ripeta, per favore.
Destra
A presto
A domani
parlare pi lento
Sempre dritto
-or- di dritto
mi dice
Grazie
Molto bene grazie
Gratzie mille
Giri a sinistra
aspetti
Cosa desidera

bwona sayra
bwon jorno

komay sta

La-doe

eh day-leez-ee-o-so

Pew tard-ee
seen-ees-tra
see-nuor-ray

no

va bay-nay
per fav-o-ray
pee-a-chay-ray

des-tra
a presto
a do-man-ee

Mee-dika
grats-yay
mollto bay-nay gratsyay
jee-ree a seen-ees-tra
cosa day-zee-day-ra

Please speak slowly


Alls well
and you?
As well, too
Can I get on the
internet?
Can I walk there (Can I
go by foot)
Come in
Compliments
Do not speak fast

Che cosa prende

kay cosa prend-ay

Signora
Si
parla troppo
velocemente
Prego

see-nuor-ra
See

pray-go

(What desires you)


What will you have
(What thing you take)
woman
Yes
You speak too quickly
Your welcome is
commonly used in Italy
as a reply to thank you

Excuse me (bump)
Excuse me (very sorry)
Good Night
Goodbye
Have you been waiting
long?
Hello (late aft - eve)
Hello (morn-late aft)
Hello (on telephone)
or Ready
Here is
How are you
how do I get to the
museum (For to go to
the museum)
How is
I am giving you
I am happy
I dont know
I dont understand you
I understand you
In that case / Then,
Is there a public phone
here?
Its delicious
Its for you
Its me
Its not OK with me
later
Left
man
Map of the city
Me too
My husband
My wife
No
Now
Official Tourist Office
OK / That's OK
Please
Pleased to meet you
Repeat please
Repeat, please.
Right
See you soon
See you tomorrow
Speak slower
straight ahead
Tell me
Thank you
Thank you very much
Thank you very much
turn left
wait
What do you want

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e | 10

Shopping Expressions
Quanto costa?
Mi deve
Le devo
Quanto le devo
un Euro
due Euro
Sono tropi soldi
molto
Sono molte soldi
troppo
sono troppi soldi
qui
Quando apre
Quando Chiude
A che ora apre

Oon a-urow

Quanto costa un
biglietto
La posso aiutare?
Sto solo dando
un'occhiata.
Lo/li prendo.
E' tutto.
Vorrei questo.
Vorrei pagare con la
carta di credito.
Mi pu aiutare?
Il prezzo?
economico

kwan-to cost-a oon


bill-ee-et-to

kew-day

How much will it cost


You owe me
I owe you
How much do I owe
you?
One Euro
Two Euros
Its too much money
It is a lot
Thats a lot of money
Its too much
Its too much money
It is here
When do you open?
When do you close?
What time do you
open?
How much does a ticket
cost
Can I help you?
I'm just looking.
I'll take it/them.
That is all.
I would like this.
I'd like to pay by credit
card.
Can you help me?
The price?
inexpensive

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e | 11

Metric Conversions
1 km
100 km
1 mile
100 miles
10 C
20 C
30 C
37 C
40 C
0C
20 F
30 F
40 F
50 F
60 F
70 F
80 F
90 F
100 F
500 milliliters
1/2 Liter
1 Liter
4 liters
8 ounces
1 Quart
4 quarts (1 gal)

0.62 miles
62 miles
1.6 km
161 km
50 F
68 F
86 F
98.6 F
104 F
32 F
-7 C
-1 C
4C
10 C
16 C
21 C
27 C
32 C
38 C
16.9 ounces
16.9 ounces
1 Quart + 1.8 ounces
1 gallon + 7 ounces
240 milliliters
.94 liters
3.78 Liters

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e | 12

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e | 13

Restaurant Expressions
Una birra
Un cappuccino
una tazza (oon-ah tah-tz-ah)
un forchetta (oon fork-ett-ah)
un bicchiere (oon bick-y-air-eh)
Una limonata
Un latte
un tavagliolo (oon tah-val-yee-oh-loh)
un panino (oon pan-een-oh)
un cucchiaino (oon kook-y-aye-een-oh)
Un' acqua

mandorla (man-door-lah)
Un espresso
Un'aranciata
acciughe or alice (ah-chee-oo-geh OR ahlee-chay)
antipasto (ann-tee-pah-stow)
mela (may-lah)
carciofi (kar-chof-fee)
asparagi (ass-pair-ah-gee)
manzo (man-zoh)
Biscotti
pepe nero (pep-eh ner-oh)
Pane
il pane (eel pah-neh)
colzaione (koh-lah-tsee-oh-neh)
brodo (broh-doh)
burro (boo-roh)
lacqua minerale gassata (lah-kwah meenair-ah-leh gah-zah-tah)
gas
caroti (kar-ot-ee)
cavolfiori (kavoh-fee-or-ee)
il formaggio (eel for-mah-joh)
formaggi (form-ah-gee)
ciliege (chill-edge-ay)
ceci (chay-chee)
pollo (pohl-loh)
il caffe (eel kah-feh)
grancho (grahn-key-oh)
Panna
Carta di credito
Patatine
crema inglese (kray-mah een-glay-say)
il dolce (eel dole-che)
la cena
anitra (ah-nee-truh)
melanzana (mehl-ann-zhan-ah)
grasso (grah-so)
finocchio (fee-nyok-ee-oh)
fichi (fee-key)
Un caff americano
primo (pree-mo)
pesche (peh-shay)
la forchetta (lah for-ket-tah)
macedonia (di frutta) mah-chey-do-nee-ah)
frutta (froot-ah)
aglio (ah-lee-oh)
prociutto cotto (pro-shee-yoo-toh koughtoh
prociutto crudo (pro-shee-yoo-toh kroodoh)
pepe rosso (pep-eh ro-so)
Ghiaccio
il gelato (eel jeh-lah-toh)
Marmellata
il coltello (eel kol-tell-oh)

A beer
A cappuccino
a cup
a fork
a glass
A lemonade
A milk
a napkin
a roll
a teaspoon
A water (Un' is used instead
of Una when word starts with
a vowel.)
almonds
An espresso
An orangeade
anchovies
Appetizer
apple
artichokes
asparagus
beef
Biscuits
black pepper
Bread
bread
breakfast
broth
butter
carbonated water
carbonation
carrots
cauliflower
cheese
cheese course
cherries
chick peas
chicken
coffee (same if plural)
crab
Cream
credit card
Crisps / chips
custard
dessert
Dinner
duck
eggplant
fat
fennel
figs
filter coffee
first course
fish
fork
fresh fruit salad
fruit
garlic
ham, cooked

agnello (an-nyel-loh)
Limone
lenticchi (lent-ik-ee)
lattuga (lah-toog-ah)
aragosta (ar-ah-gohst-ah)
pranzo (prawn-tsoh)
il latte (eel lah-the)
antipasto misto (ann-tee-pah-sto mee-sto)
fungi (foon-ghee)
lacqua minerala naturale (lah-kwah meenair-ah-leh na-too-rah-leh)
polipo (poh-lee-poh)
olio di olive (oh-lee-oh dee oh-lee-veh)
arancia (ah-ran-see-ah)
ostriche (ost-ree-kay)
piselli (piss-el-lee)
Pepe
peperoni (pep-er-ohn-ee) (not the
American pizza topping)
fagiano (fah-jee-ah-noh)
(il) piatto
patate (pah-tah-tay)
quaglia (kwawl-ee-ah)
coniglio (kon-eel-ee-oh)
riso (ree-soh)
Insalata
Sale
secondo (sek-un-doh)
frutti di mare (froo-tee dee mahr-ay)
lumache (loo-mah-keh)
Della birra
Del vino
zuppa (zoo-pah)
Aspro
piccante
il cucchiahio (eel koo-kee-eye-oh)
calamari (kal-ah-mar-ee)
la bistecca (lah bee-steh-kah)
fragole (frag-oh-leh)
Zucchero
Chayna
Dolce
Tavolo
Acqua del rubinetto
Te
Il bagno
Il panino
Il conto
Il menu
la pizza
Il pomodoro
tartufi (tar-toof-ee)
Tono
tacchino (tak-ee-noh)
cervo (cher-voh)
cameriere (cah-mair-ee-air-eh)
Con
Senza
Yogurt

lamb
lemon
lentils
lettuce
lobster
lunch
milk
mixed appetizers
mushrooms
non-carbonated water
octopus
olive oil
orange
oysters
peas
Pepper
peppers
pheasant
Plate
potatoes
quail
rabbit
rice
salad
Salt
second or main course
shellfish
snails
Some beer
Some wine
soup
Sour
Spicy
spoon
squid
steak
strawberries
Sugar
supper, dinner
Sweet
Table
Tap water
Tea (same if plural)
the bathroom
the breadroll
the check or the bill
the menu
the Pizza
the tomato
truffles
tuna
turkey
venison
waiter
With
Without
Yogurt

ham, cured uncooked


hot red peppers
Ice
ice cream
Jam / Marmalade
knife

Bert@PhotoBert.com
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Restaurant Types
Bar
(aka Snack Bar)
Trattoria
Tavola Calda
('hot table')
Ristorante

Rosticceria
Gelataria
Pizzaria
Panioteca
Pasticceria
Osteria
Pizza Rustica
(shop)
Enotecca

Caffe' describes espresso. If you are looking for brewed coffee, request un caffe' Americano. It is typical to pay first at the cassa (cashier) and
then present the receipt to the barman/barmaid while repeating your order. A small tip (<= 1 Euro) to the barman is customary.
Usually offer a simple menu consisting of local favorites. Trattoria's are a typically more economical than a full ristorante, yet more expensive
than a tavola calda. Usually you can expect table service that is more of a 'down home' experience.
Generally lack table service, and if there is any table service it will be very basic - perhaps fetching drinks. Fastest eateries because the simple
menu is pre-prepared and served cafeteria-style. A good choice for a fast, economical lunch.
Full-blown dining - generally served al a carte and full service. There are a wide range of ristorante experiences available from casual to ultraposh and one should be aware and dress accordingly.
Be aware that at most risorante's there will be a servizio and a gratuito on the bill. Servizio is a place-setting charge for each diner, usually 3
Euro or less, while the gratuito is a gratuity or tip. It is wise to inspect the bill to find what amounts have already been added in these
categories and then add an appropriate additional tip if service met or exceeded your expectations.
Small road-side rotisseries - usually, there is very limited or no seating and relying on a take-away or stand-up model. Typically, chicken and
turkey are skewered and rotisserie broiled over a wood-burnt fire.
Gelato shop
Has an extensive pizza menu and some simple pasta offerings. The service is take-away to full sit-down table service.
Sandwich shop and/or bakery. The panioteca is a good choice for a quick, economical lunch. However, be advised that Italians generally serve
their sandwiches simple. Meaning, that they are generally not served with vegetables (i.e. lettuce, onion, tomato, pickles, etc.)
A bakery or pastry shop.
Simple menu consisting of local favorites. Osteria's are a typically more economical than a full ristorante, yet more expensive than a tavola
calda. Usually you can expect table service that is more of a 'down home' experience.
Pizza is sold by weight - Just point to the best-looking pizza and tell them how much you want (200 grams is a filling meal). They weigh, you pay.
They heat it, you eat it.
Wine bar For a budget gourmet meal, buy the best glass of wine you can afford, and nibble the snacks that come with it and are designed to
complement the wine. Equivalent in price to a full meal at a mid-range restaurant.

Restaurant Words/Phrases
Una tazza di t, per favore.
Un tavolo per due, per favore.
Pane e coperto
Cin cin! Alla salute!
Menu del ggiorno
Non ho ordinato questo.
Ho prenotato un tavolo.
Vorrei qualcosa da bere.
Vorrei ordinare ora.
Vorrei vedere il menu, per favore.
Vorrei una birra.
Vorrei una bichiere di vino rosso.
Vorrei dell'aqua.
Vorrei fare una prenotazione per
due persona sta sera.
Mi dispiace, ma non mi piace questo
Sono vegetariana.
Subito
Il servizio incluso?
Non mi piace
buono
Mi piace
delizioso
Posso ordinare addesso?
Potrei vedere il men?
Pu portarci il conto, per favore?
Niente per me
(non) Servizio incluso
La lista dei vini, per favore.
Vorrei degli come antipasto.
Che cosa mi consiglia lei?
(kay ko-sah mee kon-seel-ee-ah lay)
Cosa ci consiglia?

A cup of tea, please.


A table for two, please
Bread and cover charge
Cheers! To your health!
Fixed-price meal of the day (good
deal)
I didnt order this.
I have a table reserved
I would like something to drink.
I would like to order now
I would like to see the menu, please
I'd like a beer.
I'd like a glass of red wine.
I'd like some water.
I'd like to make a reservation for two
this evening.
I'm sorry, but I don't like this
I'm vegetarian
Immediately
Is the tip included?
It doesnt please me
It is good
It pleases me
Its delicious
May I order now?
May I see the menu?
May we have the bill please?
Nothing for me
Service (not) included
The wine list, please.
To start, I would like the ...
What do you recommend?
What would you recommend?

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e | 15

Coffee
Caff
Caff Doppio
Caff Stretto or Ristretto
Caff Freddo
Caff HAG
Caff dOrzo
caff lungo
caff corretto
caff macchiato
Caff Macchiato Freddo
Caff Americano
il latte a parte
Cappuccino
Marocchino / Espressino
Latte Macchiato
Granita di Caff
Caff Completo
Caff Shaker
Bicerin
Caffe con Panna

Expresso
Double Expresso
Stronger expresso
Lukewarm or cold expresso
brand of decaf coffee - can also be a way to
indicate a decaffeinated coffee when ordering
Expresso made from barley
Large Expresso (less strong)
Expresso with a liquor
Expresso with a little milk
Expresso with milk on the side
Expresso with hot water added
milk on the side
Espresso w/ steamed frothy milk
Espresso w/a sprinkling of cacao
Milk stained with expresso
Icy coffee treat
Coffee w/whipped cream & cocao
Coffee shaken with ice and sugar
Hot chocolate, coffee & frothy milk
Espresso with fresh-whipped cream

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e | 16

Colors
Masc Sing / Fem Sing / Masc Plural / Fem
Plural
rosso / rossa / rossi / rosse
giallo / gialla / gialli / gialle
bianco / bianca / bianchi / bianche
nero / nera / neri / nere
Dorato / Dorata / Dorati / Dorate
rosa
(same for all forms)
arancione (same for all forms)
verde
(same for all forms)
Blu
(same for all forms)
Viola
(same for all forms)
beige
(same for all forms)
Marrone (same for all forms)
Porpora (same for all forms)

Color
Red
Yellow
White
Black
Gold
Pink
Orange
Green
Blue
Violet
Beige
Brown
Purple

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e | 17

Pronunciation
Consonants
b
like b in boy, but softer
c
before e or i - like ch in chin otherwise - like c in cat
ch
like c in cat
d
like d in dog, but softer
f
like f in fish
ge
like g in gymnastics
g
like g in go
gh
like g in go
gl
like lli million
gn
like ni in onion
gu
like gu in anguish
h
always silent
l
like l in lime
m
like m in me
n
like n in nice
p
like p in pit, but softer
qu
like qu in quick
r
rolled/trilled like r in Spanish or Scottish
s
When between vowels, like s in nose
otherwise like s in sit
schi
like sk in skip
sche
sci
like sh in shut
sce

sc
t
v
z
zz

like sk in skip
like t in tape, but softer
like v in vase
either like ts in spits or ds in pads
like ts in spits

Vowels
a
long like a in father
e
() short like e in set, or
() long like a in say (always at the end of a word)
i
like ee in meet or the i in marine
o
short like o in often, or
long like o in hope
u
Like u in rude
Vowel Groups:
a, e,
Strong Vowels
o
I,
Weak Vowels
u
strong + strong: pronounce as two separate syllables
strong + weak: pronounce the weak one more quickly and with less stress
than the strong one, unless the weak vowel in stressed, in which case
pronounce it as a separate syllable.
weak + weak: generally the second is stressed more strongly

Bert@PhotoBert.com
P a g e | 18