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f n : (a, b) R (a, b) f f (a, b)

x 0 (a, b)

ε > 0 ν N : n > ν −→ |f n (x) f (x)| < ε x (a, b).

n 0 > ν x (a, b)

|f(x) f(x 0 )| ≤ |f(x) f n 0 (x)| + |f n 0 (x) f n 0 (x 0 )| + |f n 0 (x 0 ) f(x 0 )| <

ε + |f n 0 (x) f n 0 (x 0 )| + ε.

f n 0 ε δ > 0

x (a, b) : |x x 0 | < δ −→ |f n 0 (x) f n 0 (x 0 )| < ε

x (a, b) : |x x 0 | < δ

|f(x) f(x 0 )| < 3ε

f n : [a, b] R

[a, b] f

lim

n

b

a

f n (x)dx = b f (x)dx

a

f

[a, b]

b

a

b

a

f n (x)dx b f (x)dx =

a

b

a

[f n (x) f (x)]dx

|f n (x) f (x)|dx

(b a) · max

axb |f n (x) f(x)|,

n

M n = max axb |f n (x) f (x)| lim n M n = 0

f n

n=1 f n (x) (a, b)

M n

|f n (x)| ≤ M n , n.

(a, b)

(a, b)

n=1 |f n (x)|

(a, b) n=1 f n (x) (a, b)

s(x) R n n

n=1 M n

R n =

k=n+1

M k ,

m > n

s m (x) s n (x) =

|s(x) s n (x)| ≤ R n .

m

k=1

f k (x)

n

k=1

f n (x) =

m

k=n+1

f k (x),

|s m (x) s n (x)| ≤

m

k=n+1

|f k (x)| ≤

m

M

k

k=n+1

m → ∞

|s(x) s n (x)| ≤ R n .

R n n

lim R n = 0,

n

ε > 0 ν N n > ν R n < ε

|s(x) s n (x)| < ε,

x (a, b).

n=0 a n (x x 0 ) n

+

c

= x 0 x

|x x 0 | < |c x 0 |

d x

|x x 0 | > |d x 0 |

n=0 a n (c x 0 ) n

+

M > 0 : |a n (c x 0 ) n | ≤ M, n N.

x |x x 0 | < |c x 0 |

|a n (x x 0 ) n | = |a n (c x 0 ) n |

x 0 x 0

x

c

n M

x 0 x 0

x

c

n

.

q =

xx 0 cx 0

< 1 Mq n

x |xx 0 | > |dx 0 |

d

E n=0 a n (x

x 0 ) n E

x 0 x < c < y

x, y c / E z = max{|xx 0 |, |yx 0 |}

c ] z, z[ ] z, z[ E

+

n=0 a n (x x 0 ) n

+

H := {h 0 :

+

n=0

|a n |h n < +∞}

r := sup H.

H r r = +

r

+

n=0

n!(x 1) n ,

+

n=0

(x 1) n n!

,

+

n=0

(x 3) n

n=0 a n (x x 0 ) n

r

+

r = 0 x 0

0 < r < + ]x 0 r, x 0 + r[

[x 0 k, x 0 + k] k :

] − ∞, x 0 r[,

0 < k < r

]x 0 + r, +[

r = + R [x 0 k, x 0 + k]

k > 0

c

=

x 0

0 < |x x 0 | < |c x 0 |

|x x 0 | H

H

x

x ]x 0 r, x 0 + r[

¯

h H : h > |x x 0 |

¯

r − |x x 0 |

|a n (x

¯

x 0 ) n | < |a n | h n

x

[x 0 k, x 0 + k], 0 < k < r

x [x 0 k, x 0 + k] |x x 0 | < r

r k

¯

h H : h > k

¯

¯

|a n (x x 0 ) n | < |a n | h n ,

x [x 0 k, x 0 + k]

[x 0 k, x 0 + k]

c : |c x 0 | > r H

¯

x H h

 ¯ H : h > |x − x 0 |

¯

|a n (x x 0 ) n | < |a n | h n

[x 0 k, x 0 +k] k > 0

sup H = + k

 ¯ ¯ ¯ h ∈ H : h > k x ∈ [x 0 − k, x 0 + k] |x − x 0 | < h

¯

|a n (x x 0 ) n | < |a n | h n ,

x [x 0 k, x 0 + k].

A := {x x 0 :

B := {|x x 0 | :

+

n=1

a n (x x 0 ) n < +, }

+

n=1

a n (x x 0 ) n < +, }

supE = supA = supB

]x 0 r, x 0 + r[

]x 0 r, x 0 + r[

f C (I ) I x 0 I

f x 0

n=0

f (n) (x 0 )

n! (x x 0 ) n .

x 0 = 0

n=0

f (n) (0)

n!

x n .

f C (I ) x 0 I f

x 0 x ]x 0 δ, x 0 + δ]

f(x) =

n=0

f n (x 0 )

n!

(x x 0 ) n .

f C (I ) I x 0 I

f ]x 0 δ, x 0 + δ[

x 0

lim R n (x) = 0

n

x ]x 0 δ, x 0 + δ[,

R n (x) n f

x 0

R n (x) = (x n! x 0 ) n f n (c), c ] min{x 0 , x}, max{x 0 , x}[

S n (x) = f(x 0 ) + f (x 1! 0 ) (x

x 0 ) + f 2! (x 0 ) (x x 0 ) 2 +

R n (x) = f(x) S n (x),

+ f (n (n1) (x 1)! 0 ) (x x 0 ) n1 ,

lim R n (x) = 0

n

f (x)

n=0

f (n) (x 0 )

n!

(x x 0 ) n = 0.

f x 0 ]x 0 δ, x 0 + δ[

f

C (I ) I

x 0 I

L, M > 0 :

f (n) (x) ML n ,

x ]x 0 δ, x 0 + δ[, n N.

R n (x) n f

x 0

x ]x 0 δ, x 0 + δ[ x

=

x 0

R n (x) = f n n! (c) (x x 0 ) n , c ] min{x 0 , x}, max{x 0 , x}[.

h := |x x 0 |

lim n

(hL) n

n!

|R n (x)| = h n |f (n) (c)| ≤ M (hl) n

n!

n!

.

= 0 lim n |R n (x)| = 0 lim n R n (x) = 0

L = 1

M > 0 : |f (n) (x)| ≤ M,

x ]x 0 δ, x 0 + δ[,

n N,

f ]x 0

δ, x 0 + δ[

sin x, (cos x), e x , log(1+

x), (arctan x) (1 + x) α