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TABLE 2-30 Densities of Inorganic and Organic Liquids

Cmpd.
no.

Formula

CAS no.

Mol. wt.

C1

C2

C3

C4

Tmin, K

Density at Tmin

Tmax, K

Density at Tmax

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Methane
Ethane
Propane
n-Butane
n-Pentane
n-Hexane
n-Heptane
n-Octane
n-Nonane
n-Decane

CH4
C2H6
C3H8
C4H10
C5H12
C6H14
C7H16
C8H18
C9H20
C10H22

74828
74840
74986
106978
109660
110543
142825
111659
111842
124185

16.043
30.070
44.097
58.123
72.150
86.177
100.204
114.231
128.258
142.285

2.9214
1.9122
1.3757
1.0677
0.84947
0.70824
0.61259
0.53731
0.48387
0.42831

0.28976
0.27937
0.27453
0.27188
0.26726
0.26411
0.26211
0.26115
0.26147
0.25745

190.56
305.32
369.83
425.12
469.7
507.6
540.2
568.7
594.6
617.7

0.28881
0.29187
0.29359
0.28688
0.27789
0.27537
0.28141
0.28034
0.28281
0.28912

90.69
90.35
85.47
134.86
143.42
177.83
182.57
216.38
219.66
243.51

28.18
21.64
16.583
12.62
10.474
8.747
7.6998
6.6558
6.007
5.3811

190.56
305.32
369.83
425.12
469.7
507.6
540.2
568.7
594.6
617.7

10.082
6.845
5.011
3.927
3.178
2.682
2.337
2.058
1.851
1.664

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

n-Undecane
n-Dodecane
n-Tridecane
n-Tetradecane
n-Pentadecane
n-Hexadecane
n-Heptadecane
n-Octadecane
n-Nonadecane
n-Eicosane

C11H24
C12H26
C13H28
C14H30
C15H32
C16H34
C17H36
C18H38
C19H40
C20H42

1120214
112403
629505
629594
629629
544763
629787
593453
629925
112958

156.312
170.338
184.365
198.392
212.419
226.446
240.473
254.500
268.527
282.553

0.39
0.35541
0.3216
0.30545
0.28445
0.26807
0.2545
0.23864
0.22451
0.21624

0.25678
0.25511
0.2504
0.2535
0.25269
0.25287
0.254
0.25272
0.25133
0.25287

639
658
675
693
708
723
736
747
758
768

0.2913
0.29368
0.3071
0.30538
0.30786
0.31143
0.31072
0.31104
0.3133
0.31613

247.57
263.57
267.76
279.01
283.07
291.31
295.13
301.31
305.04
309.58

4.9362
4.5132
4.2035
3.8924
3.6471
3.4187
3.2241
3.0466
2.8933
2.7496

21
22
23
24
25
26
27

2-Methylpropane
2-Methylbutane
2,3-Dimethylbutane
2-Methylpentane
2,3-Dimethylpentane
2,3,3-Trimethylpentane
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane

C4H10
C5H12
C6H14
C6H14
C7H16
C8H18
C8H18

75285
78784
79298
107835
565593
560214
540841

58.123
72.150
86.177
86.177
100.204
114.231
114.231

1.0463
0.9079
0.76929
0.73335
0.7229
0.6028
0.5886

0.27294
0.2761
0.27524
0.2687
0.28614
0.27446
0.27373

408.14
460.43
499.98
497.5
537.35
573.5
543.96

0.27301
0.28673
0.27691
0.28361
0.2713
0.2741
0.2846

113.54
113.25
145.19
119.55
160.00
172.22
165.78

28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35

Ethylene
Propylene
1-Butene
cis-2-Butene
trans-2-Butene
1-Pentene
1-Hexene
1-Heptene

C2H4
C3H6
C4H8
C4H8
C4H8
C5H10
C6H12
C7H14

74851
115071
106989
590181
624646
109671
592416
592767

28.054
42.081
56.108
56.108
56.108
70.134
84.161
98.188

2.0961
1.4094
1.0972
1.1609
1.1426
0.9038
0.7389
0.63734

0.27657
0.26465
0.2649
0.27104
0.27095
0.26648
0.26147
0.26319

282.34
365.57
419.95
435.58
428.63
464.78
504.03
537.29

0.29147
0.295
0.29043
0.2816
0.2854
0.2905
0.2902
0.27375

36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44

1-Octene
1-Nonene
1-Decene
2-Methylpropene
2-Methyl-1-butene
2-Methyl-2-butene
1,2-Butadiene
1,3-Butadiene
2-Methyl-1,3-butadiene1

C8H16
C9H18
C10H20
C4H8
C5H10
C5H10
C4H6
C4H6
C5H8

111660
124118
872059
115117
563462
513359
590192
106990
78795

112.215
126.242
140.269
56.108
70.134
70.134
54.092
54.092
68.119

0.5871
0.4945
0.44244
1.1454
0.91619
0.93322
1.187
1.2384
0.95673

0.27005
0.26108
0.25838
0.2725
0.26752
0.27251
0.26114
0.2725
0.26488

566.65
593.25
616.4
417.9
465
471
452
425.17
484

45
46
47
48
49
50

Acetylene
Methylacetylene
Dimethylacetylene
3-Methyl-1-butyne
1-Pentyne
2-Pentyne

C2H2
C3H4
C4H6
C5H8
C5H8
C5H8

74862
74997
503173
598232
627190
627214

26.038
40.065
54.092
68.119
68.119
68.119

2.4091
1.6086
1.1717
0.94575
0.8491
0.92099

0.27223
0.26448
0.25895
0.26008
0.2352
0.25419

51
52
53

1-Hexyne
2-Hexyne
3-Hexyne1

C6H10
C6H10
C6H10

693027
764352
928494

82.145
82.145
82.145

0.84427
0.76277
0.78045

0.27185
0.25248
0.26065

Name

639
658
675
693
708
723
736
747
758
768

1.519
1.393
1.284
1.205
1.126
1.060
1.002
0.944
0.893
0.855

12.575
10.776
9.0343
9.2041
7.8746
7.0934
6.9163

408.14
460.43
499.98
497.5
537.35
573.5
543.96

3.833
3.288
2.795
2.729
2.526
2.196
2.150

104.00
87.89
87.80
134.26
167.62
107.93
133.39
154.27

23.326
18.143
14.326
13.895
13.1
11.543
9.6388
8.1759

282.34
365.57
419.95
435.58
428.63
464.78
504.03
537.29

7.579
5.326
4.142
4.283
4.217
3.392
2.826
2.422

0.27187
0.27319
0.28411
0.28186
0.28164
0.26031
0.3065
0.28813
0.28571

171.45
191.78
206.89
132.81
135.58
139.39
136.95
164.25
127.27

7.1247
6.333
5.7131
13.506
11.332
11.218
15.123
14.061
12.205

566.65
593.25
616.4
417.9
465
471
452
425.17
484

2.174
1.894
1.712
4.203
3.425
3.425
4.546
4.545
3.612

308.32
402.39
473.2
463.2
481.2
519

0.28477
0.279
0.27289
0.30807
0.353
0.31077

192.40
170.45
240.91
183.45
167.45
163.83

23.692
19.027
13.767
11.519
12.532
12.24

308.32
402.39
473.2
463.2
481.2
519

8.850
6.082
4.525
3.636
3.610
3.623

516.2
549
544

0.2771
0.31611
0.28571

141.25
183.65
170.05

10.23
10.133
10.021

516.2
549
544

3.106
3.021
2.994

2-94
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54
55
56

1-Heptyne
1-Octyne
Vinylacetylene2

C7H12
C8H14
C4H4

628717
629050
689974

96.172
110.199
52.076

0.67366
0.59229
1.2703

0.26003
0.26118
0.26041

559
585
454

0.29804
0.29357
0.297

192.22
193.55
173.15

8.4987
7.478
15.664

559
585
454

2.591
2.268
4.878

57
58
59
60
61
62

C5H10
C6H12
C7H14
C6H12
C7H14
C8H16

287923
96377
1640897
110827
108872
590669

70.134
84.161
98.188
84.161
98.188
112.215

1.124
0.84798
0.7193
0.8908
0.735
0.55873

0.28859
0.27042
0.26936
0.27396
0.27041
0.25143

511.76
532.79
569.52
553.58
572.19
591.15

0.2506
0.28276
0.2777
0.2851
0.2927
0.27758

179.28
130.73
134.71
279.69
146.58
239.66

11.883
10.492
9.018
9.3797
9.018
7.3417

511.76
532.79
569.52
553.58
572.19
591.15

3.895
3.136
2.670
3.252
2.718
2.222

63
64
65
66

Cyclopentane
Methylcyclopentane
Ethylcyclopentane
Cyclohexane
Methylcyclohexane
1,1-Dimethylcyclohexane
Ethylcyclohexane
Cyclopentene
1-Methylcyclopentene
Cyclohexene

C8H16
C5H8
C6H10
C6H10

1678917
142290
693890
110838

112.215
68.119
82.145
82.145

0.61587
1.1035
0.88824
0.92997

0.26477
0.27035
0.26914
0.27056

609.15
507
542
560.4

0.28054
0.28699
0.27874
0.28943

161.84
138.13
146.62
169.67

7.8679
13.47
10.98
11.16

609.15
507
542
560.4

2.326
4.082
3.300
3.437

67
68
69
70
71
72
73

Benzene
Toluene
o-Xylene
m-Xylene
p-Xylene
Ethylbenzene
Propylbenzene

C6H6
C7H8
C8H10
C8H10
C8H10
C8H10
C9H12

71432
108883
95476
108383
106423
100414
103651

78.114
92.141
106.167
106.167
106.167
106.167
120.194

1.0162
0.8488
0.69883
0.69555
0.6816
0.6952
0.57695

0.2655
0.26655
0.26113
0.26204
0.25963
0.26037
0.25395

562.16
591.8
630.33
617.05
616.23
617.2
638.32

0.28212
0.2878
0.27429
0.27602
0.2768
0.2844
0.283

278.68
178.18
247.98
225.30
286.41
178.15
183.15

11.421
10.495
8.6285
8.6505
8.1616
9.0568
7.8942

562.16
591.8
630.33
617.05
616.23
617.2
638.32

3.828
3.184
2.676
2.654
2.625
2.670
2.272

74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81

1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene
Isopropylbenzene
1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene
p-Isopropyltoluene
Naphthalene6
Biphenyl
Styrene
m-Terphenyl

C9H12
C9H12
C9H12
C10H14
C10H8
C12H10
C8H8
C18H14

95636
98828
108678
99876
91203
92524
100425
92068

120.194
120.194
120.194
134.221
128.174
154.211
104.152
230.309

0.60394
0.604
0.59879
0.51036
0.61674
0.5039
0.7397
0.30826

0.25955
0.25912
0.25916
0.25383
0.25473
0.25273
0.2603
0.23669

649.13
631.1
637.36
653.15
748.35
789.26
636
924.85

0.27716
0.2914
0.27968
0.28816
0.27355
0.281
0.3009
0.29678

229.33
177.14
228.42
205.25
333.15
342.20
242.54
360.00

7.6895
7.9496
7.6154
6.8779
7.7543
6.4395
9.1088
4.5223

649.13
631.1
637.36
653.15
748.35
789.26
636
924.85

2.327
2.331
2.311
2.011
2.421
1.994
2.842
1.302

82
83
84
85
86
87
88

Methanol
Ethanol
1-Propanol
1-Butanol
2-Butanol
2-Propanol
2-Methyl-2-propanol

CH4O
C2H6O
C3H8O
C4H10O
C4H10O
C3H8O
C4H10O

67561
64175
71238
71363
78922
67630
75650

32.042
46.069
60.096
74.123
74.123
60.096
74.123

2.288
1.648
1.235
0.965
0.966
1.24
0.9212

0.2685
0.27627
0.27136
0.2666
0.26064
0.27342
0.2544

512.64
513.92
536.78
563.05
536.05
508.3
506.21

0.2453
0.2331
0.24
0.24419
0.2746
0.2353
0.276

175.47
159.05
146.95
184.51
158.45
185.28
298.97

27.912
19.413
15.231
12.016
12.57
14.547
10.555

512.64
513.92
536.78
563.05
536.05
508.3
506.21

8.521
5.965
4.551
3.620
3.706
4.535
3.621

89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96

1-Pentanol
2-Methyl-1-butanol
3-Methyl-1-butanol
1-Hexanol
1-Heptanol
Cyclohexanol
Ethylene glycol
1,2-Propylene glycol

C5H12O
C5H12O
C5H12O
C6H14O
C7H16O
C6H12O
C2H6O2
C3H8O2

71410
137326
123513
111273
111706
108930
107211
57556

88.150
88.150
88.150
102.177
116.203
100.161
62.068
76.095

0.8164
0.82046
0.837
0.70617
0.60481
0.8243
1.3151
1.0923

0.2673
0.26829
0.27375
0.26901
0.2632
0.26546
0.25125
0.26106

586.15
565
577.2
611.35
631.9
650
719.7
626

0.2506
0.2322
0.22951
0.2479
0.273
0.2848
0.2187
0.20459

195.56
203.00
155.95
228.55
239.15
296.60
260.15
213.15

10.057
10.017
10.204
8.4506
7.421
9.4693
18.31
14.363

586.15
565
577.2
611.35
631.9
650
719.7
626

3.054
3.058
3.058
2.625
2.298
3.105
5.234
4.184

97
98
99
100

Phenol
o-Cresol
m-Cresol
p-Cresol

C6H6O
C7H8O
C7H8O
C7H8O

108952
95487
108394
106445

94.113
108.140
108.140
108.140

1.3798
1.0861
0.9061
1.1503

0.31598
0.30624
0.28268
0.31861

694.25
697.55
705.85
704.65

0.32768
0.30587
0.2707
0.30104

314.06
304.19
285.39
307.93

11.244
9.5751
9.6115
9.4494

694.25
697.55
705.85
704.65

4.367
3.547
3.205
3.610

101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108

Dimethyl ether
Methyl ethyl ether
Methyl-n-propyl ether
Methyl isopropyl ether
Methyl-n-butyl ether
Methyl isobutyl ether1
Methyl tert-butyl ether
Diethyl ether

C2H6O
C3H8O
C4H10O
C4H10O
C5H12O
C5H12O
C5H12O
C4H10O

115106
540670
557175
598538
628284
625445
1634044
60297

46.069
60.096
74.123
74.123
88.150
88.150
88.150
74.123

1.5693
1.2635
1.0124
1.0318
0.8281
0.8252
0.82157
0.9554

0.2679
0.27878
0.27942
0.28478
0.27245
0.27282
0.27032
0.26847

400.1
437.8
476.3
464.5
510
497
497.1
466.7

0.2882
0.2744
0.2555
0.2444
0.2827
0.2857
0.2829
0.2814

131.65
160.00
133.97
127.93
157.48
150.00
164.55
156.85

18.95
13.995
11.696
11.568
9.8068
9.7673
9.7682
11.487

400.1
437.8
476.3
464.5
510
497
497.1
466.7

5.858
4.532
3.623
3.623
3.040
3.025
3.039
3.559

Copyright 1999 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Use of
this product is subject to the terms of its license agreement. Click here to view.

2-95

TABLE 2-30 Densities of Inorganic and Organic Liquids


Cmpd.
no.

(Continued )

CAS no.

Mol. wt.

C1

C2

C3

C4

Tmin, K

Density at Tmin

Tmax, K

Density at Tmax

109
110
111
112

Ethyl propyl ether


Ethyl isopropyl ether
Methyl phenyl ether
Diphenyl ether

C5H12O
C5H12O
C7H8O
C12H10O

628320
625547
100663
101848

88.150
88.150
108.140
170.211

0.7908
0.82049
0.77488
0.52133

0.266
0.26994
0.26114
0.26218

500.23
489
645.6
766.8

0.292
0.30381
0.28234
0.31033

145.65
140.00
235.65
300.03

9.8474
9.9117
9.6675
6.2648

500.23
489
645.6
766.8

2.973
3.040
2.967
1.988

113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122

Formaldehyde3
Acetaldehyde
1-Propanal
1-Butanal
1-Pentanal
1-Hexanal
1-Heptanal
1-Octanal
1-Nonanal
1-Decanal

CH2O
C2H4O
C3H6O
C4H8O
C5H10O
C6H12O
C7H14O
C8H16O
C9H18O
C10H20O

50000
75070
123386
123728
110623
66251
111717
124130
124196
112312

30.026
44.053
58.080
72.107
86.134
100.161
114.188
128.214
142.241
156.268

1.9415
1.6994
1.296
1.0361
0.83871
0.71899
0.62649
0.56833
0.49587
0.46802

0.22309
0.26167
0.26439
0.26731
0.26252
0.26531
0.26376
0.26939
0.26135
0.27146

408
466
504.4
537.2
566.1
591
617
638.1
658
674.2

0.28571
0.2913
0.29471
0.28397
0.29444
0.27628
0.29221
0.26975
0.30736
0.26869

181.15
150.15
170.00
176.75
182.00
217.15
229.80
246.00
255.15
267.15

30.945
21.499
15.929
12.589
10.534
8.7243
7.6002
6.6637
6.0165
5.3834

408
466
504.4
537.2
566.1
591
617
638.1
658
674.2

8.703
6.494
4.902
3.876
3.195
2.710
2.375
2.110
1.897
1.724

123
124
125
126

C3H6O
C4H8O
C5H10O
C5H10O

67641
78933
107879
563804

58.080
72.107
86.134
86.134

1.2332
0.93767
0.90411
0.8374

0.25886
0.25035
0.27207
0.26204

508.2
535.5
561.08
553

0.2913
0.29964
0.30669
0.2857

178.45
186.48
196.29
181.15

15.683
12.663
10.398
10.565

508.2
535.5
561.08
553

4.764
3.745
3.323
3.196

127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134

Acetone
Methyl ethyl ketone
2-Pentanone
Methyl isopropyl
ketone1
2-Hexanone
Methyl isobutyl ketone
3-Methyl-2-pentanone1
3-Pentanone
Ethyl isopropyl ketone
Diisopropyl ketone
Cyclohexanone
Methyl phenyl ketone

C6H12O
C6H12O
C6H12O
C5H10O
C6H12O
C7H14O
C6H10O
C8H8O

591786
108101
565617
96220
565695
565800
108941
98862

100.161
100.161
100.161
86.134
100.161
114.188
98.145
120.151

0.70659
0.71791
0.6969
0.71811
0.66469
0.56213
0.8663
0.64417

0.26073
0.26491
0.2587
0.24129
0.24527
0.23385
0.26941
0.24863

587.05
571.4
573
560.95
567
576
653
709.5

0.2963
0.28544
0.2857
0.27996
0.34305
0.2618
0.2977
0.28661

217.35
189.15
167.15
234.18
200.00
204.81
242.00
292.81

8.7505
8.8579
9.1722
10.102
9.0933
8.7779
10.081
8.5581

587.05
571.4
573
560.95
567
576
653
709.5

2.710
2.710
2.694
2.976
2.710
2.404
3.216
2.591

135
136
137
138
139
140
141

Formic acid
Acetic acid
Propionic acid
n-Butyric acid
Isobutyric acid
Benzoic acid1
Acetic anhydride

CH2O2
C2H4O2
C3H6O2
C4H8O2
C4H8O2
C7H6O2
C4H6O3

64186
64197
79094
107926
79312
65850
108247

46.026
60.053
74.079
88.106
88.106
122.123
102.090

1.938
1.4486
1.1041
0.89213
0.88575
0.71587
0.86852

0.24225
0.25892
0.25659
0.25938
0.25736
0.24812
0.25187

588
591.95
600.81
615.7
605
751
606

0.24435
0.2529
0.26874
0.24909
0.26265
0.2857
0.31172

281.45
289.81
252.45
267.95
227.15
395.45
200.15

26.806
17.492
13.933
11.087
11.42
8.8935
11.643

588
591.95
600.81
615.7
605
751
606

8.000
5.595
4.303
3.440
3.442
2.885
3.448

142
143
144
145
146
147
148

Methyl formate
Methyl acetate
Methyl propionate
Methyl n-butyrate
Ethyl formate
Ethyl acetate
Ethyl propionate

C2H4O2
C3H6O2
C4H8O2
C5H10O2
C3H6O2
C4H8O2
C5H10O2

107313
79209
554121
623427
109944
141786
105373

60.053
74.079
88.106
102.133
74.079
88.106
102.133

1.525
1.13
0.9147
0.76983
1.1343
0.8996
0.7405

0.2634
0.2593
0.2594
0.26173
0.26168
0.25856
0.25563

487.2
506.55
530.6
554.5
508.4
523.3
546

0.2806
0.2764
0.2774
0.26879
0.2791
0.278
0.2795

174.15
175.15
185.65
187.35
193.55
189.60
199.25

18.811
14.475
11.678
9.7638
14.006
11.478
9.6317

487.2
506.55
530.6
554.5
508.4
523.3
546

5.790
4.358
3.526
2.941
4.335
3.479
2.897

149
150
151
152
153
154
155

Ethyl n-butyrate
n-Propyl formate
n-Propyl acetate
n-Butyl acetate
Methyl benzoate
Ethyl benzoate
Vinyl acetate

C6H12O2
C4H8O2
C5H10O2
C6H12O2
C8H8O2
C9H10O2
C4H6O2

105544
110747
109604
123864
93583
93890
108054

116.160
88.106
102.133
116.160
136.150
150.177
86.090

0.63566
0.915
0.73041
0.669
0.53944
0.4883
0.9591

0.25613
0.26134
0.25456
0.26028
0.23519
0.23878
0.2593

571
538
549.73
579.15
693
698
519.13

0.27829
0.28
0.27666
0.309
0.2676
0.28487
0.27448

175.15
180.25
178.15
199.65
260.75
238.45
180.35

8.4912
11.59
9.7941
8.3747
8.2133
7.2924
12.287

571
538
549.73
579.15
693
698
519.13

2.482
3.501
2.869
2.570
2.294
2.045
3.699

156
157
158
159
160

Methylamine
Dimethylamine
Trimethylamine
Ethylamine
Diethylamine

CH5N
C2H7N
C3H9N
C2H7N
C4H11N

74895
124403
75503
75047
109897

31.057
45.084
59.111
45.084
73.138

1.39
1.5436
1.0116
1.1477
0.85379

0.21405
0.27784
0.25683
0.23182
0.25675

430.05
437.2
433.25
456.15
496.6

0.2275
0.2572
0.2696
0.26053
0.27027

179.69
180.96
156.08
192.15
223.35

25.378
16.964
13.144
17.588
10.575

430.05
437.2
433.25
456.15
496.6

6.494
5.556
3.939
4.951
3.325

Name

Formula

2-96
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161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168

Triethylamine
n-Propylamine
di-n-Propylamine
Isopropylamine
Diisopropylamine
Aniline
N-Methylaniline
N,N-Dimethylaniline

C6H15N
C3H9N
C6H15N
C3H9N
C6H15N
C6H7N
C7H9N
C8H11N

121448
107108
142847
75310
108189
62533
100618
121697

101.192
59.111
101.192
59.111
101.192
93.128
107.155
121.182

0.7035
0.9195
0.659
1.2801
0.6181
1.0405
0.6527
0.4923

0.27386
0.23878
0.26428
0.2828
0.25786
0.2807
0.24324
0.22868

535.15
496.95
550
471.85
523.1
699
701.55
687.15

0.2872
0.2461
0.2766
0.2972
0.271
0.29236
0.25374
0.2335

158.45
188.36
210.15
177.95
176.85
267.13
216.15
275.60

8.2843
13.764
7.9929
13.561
8.0541
11.176
9.7244
7.9705

535.15
496.95
550
471.85
523.1
699
701.55
687.15

2.569
3.851
2.494
4.527
2.397
3.707
2.683
2.153

169
170
171
172

Ethylene oxide
Furan
Thiophene
Pyridine

C2H4O
C4H4O
C4H4S
C5H5N

75218
110009
110021
110861

44.053
68.075
84.142
79.101

1.836
1.1339
1.2875
0.9815

0.26024
0.24741
0.28195
0.24957

469.15
490.15
579.35
619.95

0.2696
0.2612
0.3077
0.29295

160.65
187.55
234.94
231.51

23.477
15.702
13.431
13.193

469.15
490.15
579.35
619.95

7.055
4.583
4.566
3.933

173
174

CH3NO
C3H7NO

75127
68122

45.041
73.095

1.2486
0.89615

0.20352
0.23478

771
649.6

0.25178
0.28091

275.60
212.72

25.488
13.954

771
649.6

6.135
3.817

175
176
177
178
179
180

Formamide5
N,N-Dimethylformamide
Acetamide
N-Methylacetamide
Acetonitrile
Propionitrile
n-Butyronitrile
Benzonitrile

C2H5NO
C3H7NO
C2H3N
C3H5N
C4H7N
C7H5N

60355
79163
75058
107120
109740
100470

59.068
73.095
41.053
55.079
69.106
103.123

1.016
0.88268
1.3064
1.0224
0.87533
0.73136

0.21845
0.23568
0.22597
0.23452
0.24331
0.24793

761
718
545.5
564.4
582.25
699.35

0.26116
0.27379
0.28678
0.2804
0.28586
0.2841

353.33
301.15
229.32
180.26
161.25
260.40

16.936
13.012
20.628
16.027
13.047
10.009

761
718
545.5
564.4
582.25
699.35

4.651
3.745
5.781
4.360
3.598
2.950

181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189

Methyl mercaptan
Ethyl mercaptan
n-Propyl mercaptan
n-Butyl mercaptan
Isobutyl mercaptan
sec-Butyl mercaptan
Dimethyl sulfide
Methyl ethyl sulfide
Diethyl sulfide

CH4S
C2H6S
C3H8S
C4H10S
C4H10S
C4H10S
C2H6S
C3H8S
C4H10S

74931
75081
107039
109795
513440
513531
75183
624895
352932

48.109
62.136
76.163
90.189
90.189
90.189
62.136
76.163
90.189

1.9323
1.3047
1.0714
0.89458
0.88801
0.89137
1.4029
1.067
0.82413

0.28018
0.2694
0.27214
0.27463
0.27262
0.27365
0.27991
0.27101
0.26333

469.95
499.15
536.6
570.1
559
554
503.04
533
557.15

0.28523
0.27866
0.29481
0.28512
0.29522
0.2953
0.2741
0.29363
0.27445

150.18
125.26
159.95
157.46
128.31
133.02
174.88
167.23
169.20

21.564
16.242
12.716
10.585
10.851
10.761
15.556
12.672
10.476

469.95
499.15
536.6
570.1
559
554
503.04
533
557.15

6.897
4.843
3.937
3.257
3.257
3.257
5.012
3.937
3.130

190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197

Fluoromethane
Chloromethane
Trichloromethane
Tetrachloromethane
Bromomethane
Fluoroethane
Chloroethane
Bromoethane

CH3F
CH3Cl
CHCl3
CCl4
CH3Br
C2H5F
C2H5Cl
C2H5Br

593533
74873
67663
56235
74839
353366
75003
74964

34.033
50.488
119.377
153.822
94.939
48.060
64.514
108.966

2.1854
1.817
1.0841
0.99835
1.6762
1.6525
2.176
1.1908

0.24725
0.25877
0.2581
0.274
0.26141
0.27099
0.3377
0.25595

317.42
416.25
536.4
556.35
467
375.31
460.35
503.8

0.27558
0.2833
0.2741
0.287
0.28402
0.2442
0.3361
0.29152

131.35
175.43
209.63
250.33
179.47
129.95
134.80
154.55

29.526
22.347
13.702
10.843
20.64
19.785
16.934
15.833

317.42
416.25
536.4
556.35
467
375.31
460.35
503.8

8.839
7.022
4.200
3.644
6.412
6.098
6.444
4.653

198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205

1-Chloropropane
2-Chloropropane
1,1-Dichloropropane1
1,2-Dichloropropane
Vinyl chloride
Fluorobenzene
Chlorobenzene
Bromobenzene

C3H7Cl
C3H7Cl
C3H6Cl2
C3H6Cl2
C2H3Cl
C6H5F
C6H5Cl
C6H5Br

540545
75296
78999
78875
75014
462066
108907
108861

78.541
78.541
112.986
112.986
62.499
96.104
112.558
157.010

1.087
1.1202
0.91064
0.89833
1.5115
1.0146
0.8711
0.8226

0.26832
0.27669
0.26561
0.26142
0.2707
0.27277
0.26805
0.26632

503.15
489
560
572
432
560.09
632.35
670.15

0.28055
0.27646
0.28571
0.2868
0.2716
0.28291
0.2799
0.2821

150.35
155.97
200.00
172.71
119.36
230.94
227.95
242.43

13.328
12.855
11.03
11.526
18.481
11.374
10.385
9.9087

503.15
489
560
572
432
560.09
632.35
670.15

4.051
4.049
3.429
3.436
5.584
3.720
3.250
3.089

206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217

Air
Hydrogen
Helium-44
Neon
Argon
Fluorine
Chlorine
Bromine
Oxygen
Nitrogen
Ammonia
Hydrazine

H2
He
Ne
Ar
F2
Cl2
Br2
O2
N2
NH3
N2H4

132259100
1333740
7440597
7440019
7440371
7782414
7782505
7726956
7782447
7727379
7664417
302012

28.951
2.016
4.003
20.180
39.948
37.997
70.905
159.808
31.999
28.014
17.031
32.045

2.8963
5.414
7.2475
7.3718
3.8469
4.2895
2.23
2.1872
3.9143
3.2091
3.5383
1.0516

0.26733
0.34893
0.41865
0.3067
0.2881
0.28587
0.27645
0.29527
0.28772
0.2861
0.25443
0.16613

132.45
33.19
5.2
44.4
150.86
144.12
417.15
584.15
154.58
126.2
405.65
653.15

0.27341
0.2706
0.24096
0.2786
0.29783
0.28776
0.2926
0.3295
0.2924
0.2966
0.2888
0.1898

59.15
13.95
2.20
24.56
83.78
53.48
172.12
265.85
54.35
63.15
195.41
274.69

33.279
38.487
37.115
61.796
35.491
44.888
24.242
20.109
40.77
31.063
43.141
31.934

132.45
33.19
5.2
44.4
150.86
144.12
417.15
584.15
154.58
126.2
405.65
653.15

10.834
15.516
17.312
24.036
13.353
15.005
8.067
7.408
13.605
11.217
13.907
6.330

2-97
Copyright 1999 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Use of
this product is subject to the terms of its license agreement. Click here to view.

TABLE 2-30 Densities of Inorganic and Organic Liquids


Cmpd.
no.
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231

Name
Nitrous oxide
Nitric oxide
Cyanogen
Carbon monoxide
Carbon dioxide
Carbon disulfide
Hydrogen fluoride
Hydrogen chloride
Hydrogen bromide1
Hydrogen cyanide
Hydrogen sulfide
Sulfur dioxide
Sulfur trioxide
Water7

Formula
N2O
NO
C2N2
CO
CO2
CS2
HF
HCl
HBr
HCN
H2S
SO2
SO3
H2O

(Concluded )

CAS no.

Mol. wt.

C1

C2

C3

C4

Tmin, K

10024972
10102439
460195
630080
124389
75150
7664393
7647010
10035106
74908
7783064
7446095
7446119
7732185

44.013
30.006
52.036
28.010
44.010
76.143
20.006
36.461
80.912
27.026
34.082
64.065
80.064
18.015

2.781
5.246
1.0761
2.897
2.768
1.7968
2.5635
3.342
2.832
1.3413
2.7672
2.106
1.4969
5.459

0.27244
0.3044
0.20984
0.27532
0.26212
0.28749
0.1766
0.2729
0.2832
0.18589
0.27369
0.25842
0.19013
0.30542

309.57
180.15
400.15
132.92
304.21
552
461.15
324.65
363.15
456.65
373.53
430.75
490.85
647.13

0.2882
0.242
0.20635
0.2813
0.2908
0.3226
0.3733
0.3217
0.28571
0.28206
0.29015
0.2895
0.4359
0.081

182.30
109.50
245.25
68.15
216.58
161.11
189.79
158.97
185.15
259.83
187.68
197.67
289.95
273.16

Density at Tmin
27.928
44.487
18.513
30.18
26.828
19.064
60.203
34.854
27.985
27.202
29.13
25.298
24.241
55.583

Tmax, K

Density at Tmax

309.57
180.15
400.15
132.92
304.21
552
461.15
324.65
363.15
456.65
373.53
430.75
490.85
333.15

10.208
17.234
5.128
10.522
10.560
6.250
14.516
12.246
10.000
7.216
10.111
8.150
7.873
54.703

All substances are listed in alphabetical order in Table 2-6a. Compiled from Daubert, T. E., R. P. Danner, H. M. Sibul, and C. C. Stebbins, DIPPR Data Compilation of Pure Compound Properties, Project 801 Sponsor Release, July, 1993, Design Institute for Physical Property Data, AIChE, New York, NY; and from Thermodynamics Research Center, Selected Values of Properties of Hydrocarbons and Related Compounds, Thermodynamics Research Center Hydrocarbon Project, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas (extant 1994).
Temperatures are in kelvins. Liquid densities are in kmol/m3. Density formulas: kmol/m3 (mol. wt./1E+03) = g /cm3; kmol/m3 (mol. wt./1.601846E+01) = lb/ft3.
C
The liquid density equation is C1/C2[1 + (1 T/C3) 4] unless otherwise noted.
1
The modified Rackett equation, density = (Pc /RTc)/ZRA1 + [1 (T/Tc)]2/7, was used. See Spencer, C. F., and R. P. Danner, Improved Equation for Prediction of Saturated Liquid Density, J. Chem. Eng. Data 17, 236
(1972).
2
Decomposes violently on heating. Forms explosive peroxides with air or oxygen. Polymerizes under pressure and heat.
3
For the hypothetical pure liquid.
4
Exhibits superfluid properties below 2.2 K.
5
Coefficients are hypothetical above the decomposition temperature.
6
Lower limit is for the undercooled liquid.
7
For the temperature range 333.15 to 403.15 K, use the coefficients: C1 = 4.9669E+00, C2 = 2.7788E01, C3 = 6.4713E+02, C4 = 1.8740E01. For the temperature range 403.15 to 647.13 K, use C1 = 4.3910E+00,
C2 = 2.4870E01, C3 = 6.4713E+02, C4 = 2.5340E01.

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