Sei sulla pagina 1di 49

2

.. b m{6
,
j/

~ {
...............................

6,
qJg Zzg Z wqZ

**
....................................
10 ZPy**
$w',
e
gzZ]to
18 -vZ1Z ...............................
]c*
Zzg Zz"7,
zgy29 wg Z **
................. { ^
,Y
^
,Y **
_y,
39 iZiq ...............................
( b !*
)b)zx Z!*

43 iZiq ...............................

Y 2011f

19

:u h

( ~i Z0
+Z: #bcjx Z0E
!)
G
'+
{k
H}g }g ~ z% ? !-g$
+} Z :c*

\vZ

X s

7b m{6,yZj /t \W~W ` W

vZY
yZX {E
+ jx Z/s~XVz

X n7g Z byZxZgzvZY
yZgzZ

? H?X Zg tMj/x a
F M ^ ^ ^$ ] u ^ oF j : @*

\vZ
6,
}g)
/q
-Zv W?gzZ ji $ j Fm! # ] nfm
G
'
yw]c*
WKZ n}g + \vZ bkZX 1XkZ"kZ
( 103:yZ/wW )

X 0*
$Z@? @*
e
@*

zz kZ ?Mx / HVYw+Z e
$WkZ ~

wgW]c*
WtHxZgXM/7,
]c*
W%yW

S7,{z e
$W ~X nh @gzZ h h Z**
n
X c*
XZ\vZQ6,
}g )3{zft~T

6,]X Lgt
z kZ HwJyZZ Z
# h Z**

]t
M F,
6,xsZ Za h @**
X 76,}g )3

{z Zm
yZz6,~ xsZgzZ N Za ~ xsZ k X ~

' ?1X Z \vZgzZ 6,}g)


/ 3 vy

Y 2011f

19

:u h

X wi **
0ZevZgx Z0E
!m{e
$Wt } 7,

?H :g7 kZ wi **
0h Z**
e
$Wt :
?hZt Z] ^$ ] u ^ j

t^] u ^ o FZ ?x9q
- 4,
} hZ**

yZg

?D

: @*

\vZ :$
eW~uz
o ^ r$ ] kvi m^ fm ] n + ] # ] o
^fm ^vj e^] n n$ ] ^ e

n|
# g kZ {zZ
#
HZgvZV ZzyZZ G
GE
34]6,yZ kZ : ~ VyZ }YvZ :g
G
wi **

X
d
$
q
-Z ( ~$
+)ZgzZ ~
X }YVyZvZ e o ^ :c*

\vZ
( 18:Z )

X \vZNw

X @*
g Z yW
{z J 7,
6,
zZ6,
zZV,Z H

. a : = Wq
-Z
~? *
c J 7, b k "}

z kZ Zg : ~ ? 7y{z H : {z X

1Z :

kZgzZ HyZ ]t a Z
# Z
z kZ s %ZX 7s %Z

X H7C
J 7,
g0
+Z g0
+ZkZ :X **
7

?`NH7C
kZZ
#
H^N:~
? }Yy]!*
Zzg0
+Z
^fm ^vj e^] n n$ ] ^ e o ^

Y 2011f

19

:u h

GE
34]6,yZ : }YZ ( vZ ) {z ~ VyZ :
G
gzZ ~wi **

( 18:Z )

X
d
$
q
-Z~$
+Z

X zg \ wgWz
M IZX zzg \ /!

Zg X z Z y a z V a xZ

X
A yaxZ {o
DD $ r] ^m f j ne ne ^ EE

X r !*
-Z~V!*
q

A yxg
agzZ y}
( 3370:x?Zg Z F,
1391:9 1196:~g g9 )

~ kZ 7 k {~ ( yZg
) kZ

?
HZgvZXy{zQ7i@z

Wz/zg \ /!X ! {z } 7,
'

X z
M IZzwg
Q $ ] j] $ fe # ] : @*

\vZ :x Z
$ m% ] n m$ ] n + i] o i $ # ] ]i$^
i^m ]j$i ]fi ] O o5 e o n F] F! %F%e e%

n 5 ] F! e e% m ]F
G
'
? @*
vZg Dg e :gz$ ?gzZ~Zg$
+vZ [~g +gzZ
G
G
'
'
~g +7n}g + H:V ?Z
# X yZ
G
'
gzZz?
/Z%ZX Zz F,
Z y W
g ZD
&Zg +[gn
G
'
X6,
Vzhg Zy
K
g ZD
0*
[g Zg +x Z6,
?N W{zgzZg
( 125X 123:yZ/wW )

V Zzg$
+gzZ ~g$
+
/{z D b`
?6,j /X( !} Z )

Y 2011f

19

:u h

G
'
X s { k
H}g + ~ z% : yZ vZ 0
?y/+F,
aZa\W:Y7a dLZ

~ Q : d LZX q~g$
+ :c*
[Z a
Xq~g$
+ {z
+F,
aZ

( 3992: ]e ] h^e ( p^] h^j ~g g9)

V1KZz Zrx **
j/~g$
+= Z ~yW
f g$
+{z
X z Zr

+hZ
X 7~g$
+h@Z7~g$

X ~g$
+h/**
gzZ~g$
+h1Z **

G
'
+q
-Zsq
- 4,
}g +
!X ~g$
+hZ~g$

bZ ~g$
+h Z**
bT : {oZ
~g$
+h 1Z **
X ~g$
+h/**
bZgzZ

+
X ~s vZVx jV~g$

Z 0 ZlgzZi = a vZ wg Dy h Z**

{g!*
) c {zgv ?Z
# :c*

\WgzZ 56,q
-Z ( j)
gZ6,.
$zZ"]gSh1q
-Z V;z Y V6,( x **
(q
-Z6,A
gzZ : ZzgX
8 {z kZv ? q
-Z k0*
kZgzZ A
gzZ V6,c {zg y
WX g Y nB~!} h}g
X g Z6,
$zZ ]gSh1q
.
-ZZzV;z

# p7 k0*
Z
}:kZX w kZ
G
'
6,
kZX,g @*
Zp} }g + :
/Z~ Z

a vZ wg {z gzZ c*
wg0
+ZKa SnKZ kZ

Y 2011f

19

:u h

G&
s ( h) 3E
! Z0q : t y*kZ q ~ #
}
.

a vZ wg V,Z ~ kZ X sV WP l W

V,Z ?Zz Ht ! q} Z :c*

a]WX ~Vzi Zg

( ~l ) w~X k:x ~}g !*


}!vZwg c*
: Hn
: **
g Z yZ 1g(Z | xg ~B
t

lgzZ ~g Zg
~l yZ+`
'}uzB\WX
l1,e
$zV yZgzZ Vzm,
yZzzZ Zz

yZ 6,yZ e ~ n kZ 7muZBV Zz

c*
t ~X ,~l Vzm,
}{z W,
Z TVz

X HlpxsZ:gzZ H7
/
zz Z D
C
+
gZ

X s q :c*

a vZ wg
c*
: h / **

7:c*

a\WX Vz Z h Zu okZ~ ]i YZ ! avZwg

\vZ 7x"gzZ } ( BV )~ Zg$


+t

[
p{zgzZ }Y( J
-])wZjZg$
++
@W
X V[s "~ze ? l j ^ ]]

( 3983: ]e h^e ( p^] h^j ~g g9)

X c*
OkYaX O` WZwY

( 3051:~g Z, Zz9{z 2653:zZ ! Z)

t 7N ! ( h) /} Z :c*

0 q a u 0*
p
l j ^ ] ] :c*

vZ0V-g$
+gzZ ? ~g$
+
X c*
s "~z% !-g$
+

X M{z,% h1ZgzZM{z,% ~g$


+

:u h
G
j ^ ]] :VH~ c*
7ur !*
: H $N

Y 2011f

19

X M{z,% h/**
M{z,: c*
, r !*
h1Z **

M,% hy
` W ( h) y} Z : x **
a 0hy**

G
'
a \WX s { k
H}g }g + vZ z%

g b g ZD
q
-Z h y H y Z Z {P n ut z

gzZg<
ZVg yZ a \WX wZ e~ a vZ wg
DD n] e ^ ^% $ ^ EE:g tB
X 7yvZ} y` W

( XX q] ] gm u ZZ V ^ 3701:~F,
)

?Hf Y ZyW

j / a Y Z{ z ? H I {%Y Z yW

zZ wW ~
M IZa \WX L~ 0
+
i a X
]z \WX 0
+
i a \WL ~
X /aY Z{z ~yW
f Y ZXX
X ~' Zy

0
+
i \W{z L ~
MI
Z : zZ wW\W

X L

T ~ u0*
yW
f T ~ u0*
yW
f Y ZX

yW
f @gzZ qgT ~ yW
f zT ~ yW
f ]

Y 2011f

19

:u h

yZ%z [x Cc*
$Z@ vZ [x
e

gzZ $ Z
Z X ~ u 0*
X x Z/a\W
{z]~yW

xsZ
a : ( Zzg)v` WX xsZx Z/

!X J 7,
6,
z Z
!*
( y9)! &s

: @*
y~]gV f / yW
:VH~
o^q]] # ] m o m
^$ ] km] o xj] # ] q ]]
o ^e]$ i ^ $] M j] e ve xf

~ + D 4ZV 1 gzZ gzZ vZ _ VZ


#

kZg lZgzZBzz[g LZ ( y)w1 0*


X ww
( 3X 1:Z )

X Zz
s {z"

!X&{z: H gzZ4Z ` g ` ~xsZ : HyW

Dzz kZ x Z/ ! ?V yW
c*
V ~ C

X ZgyZvZgzZ[8a j/

MhZ
awgkZgzZvZX M hZ**
{og
$uI
Z

X [8
X yjV\W~g hZ**
V fn m "
# % f$ ] ^ ^ ! # ] e] m
( # ] g% vm ( mm o # ] xjm q ] m]$ ] $ n_. EE
qm % ] [o_m m%*] jn ^$ ] l^f DD # ] f% vm

Y 2011f

19

:u h

DD [ ' m*] EE V^
( q e m ^* ]*f ( ^ nn f ( nn jm Vn
[ ^% ]m oj$u i ^]. V^ m]$ ] ^_^*
( ] o ] $ $ ( j u^e i oj$u o ] EE V ^
n q e # ] m$ * = # ] ( n grm ^e f*]

DD $ ] u i ]*

:c*

y Z6 a * ~ h ~g Z0

kZgzZvZ q 6,B; T Vz Z}~B; ,Z~

]ZgX n
pgwg kZgzZvZTgzZ
rgwg
C
Z
# ? M Z} ;gw~f/

y Z :
HHn ? VZ: c*

c*
g a vZ wgpgZzyZ

~ V\W yZ uug I CZ a vZ wg X
H g ~ V\W

1 n Z kZgzZX c*

a\WQX g: !*

# Vz:J
Z
-
z kZ VyZ~H : h ZX c*

Z}Z

:
e
$Z@ Z a * ?N Y: y }g t J
-

**
CZgzZ b ] xsZZ zF,
Z~uuyZ Z
# X Y VG
'
)g f}g +
/Z ! nvZX ~gzx yy6,yZ ( **
xsZ )
G
'
X 4VzZ cun}g +t}yq
-ZvZ

( 3009: ] h^e ( ^`r] h^j ~g g9)

X M{z,% hZ**

**
wg kZgzZvZgzZ D a wggzZvZ h Z**

n^] h # v] ^] i X DhZ

Y 2011f

10

19

:u h

^e$ M n F] knf] ]] Fe] m ] : \~g !*

gZ
M (d)ZgzZ(d)Z',

ZZ
# gzZ n ] n $ ] k] $] M ^$ f$i

wJ ! [g}g } Z ( :ggzZ )g YD VZ ,
CvZ
( 127:>Z )

X Zz+ Y[pgzZ ZzG


g[p G

**
c*
VZ Vz
CvZ
M e Z **
gzZ Z',
Z **
Z
#

~ )Z
# J
-VD Y Dy dZ',
ZgzZ D VZd Z
ZkZgzZ ( Z',
Z)tdZ ]g q(
dZ',

yZ dZgzZ ygzZ } 96,kZ d Z',


ZX c*
g n
n $ ] k ] $] M ^ $ f$ i ^ e$ :gVzgzZ Z
+ Y[pgzZ ZzG
g[pG
wJ ! [g}g } Z n ]
X Zz

vZ
M J
-V g Y D ]g qVzQ ( : ~zZg )
} Z n ] n $ ] k ] $] M ^ $ f$i ^ e$ :ggzZ
/
X Zz+ YgzZ ZzG
g[p G
wJ ! [g}g

( 3364:^nf] &m^u h^j ~g g9)

Z (,{ Zp ) 7 **
OwqZ s M$tZz kZ

g *%{ bZX ~gzgzZg Z **


w=wqZ ( N*
g c*

qJkZQgzZ g 2
+q
-Z V,Z ~*yW
f {Zz
o ] h F l] ] k ^ ] : \~g !*

g Z 6

Y 2011f

11

19

:u h

n ] n $ ] k] $] Q o f$j ]$ v o _e o ^ l

Z ~ ~ }! [g}} Z : ~yZ/Z
#
G
[p G
wJ s~ $NX g 2
+ Zi W6,x **
}
( 35:yZ/wW )

X Zz+ Y[pgzZ ZzG


g

c*
N*
g{ Zp)7
8wqZ ZxgIe
$WkZ

Xg ZqJwqZ ( Z (,

A YwJ q
-ZyZ f Z
^] ] EE:c*

avZwg c*
W~g
$uq
-Z
V
3
/V ZzyZ f Zy#
DD ^n] m ^^
( 852:x?Zg Z 387:9)

X VD

ug Iy!*
i avZwg~ e
$Zzgh{k
,
1Z **
C

CY ~]nkZ ( { c*
i ) Z BJ
-gz i ZzWyf:
X C]n nkZ ( q) F,
zC
gzZ

( 724:z 0Z{z515:zZ ! Z)

A Zb
kZ YwJ q
-Z **

i e] V^vf # ] m:c*

a e
$Zzgh) Z1Z **

r] ^e]$ o] ] kfju] lf

yZ [Z NgzZ}
z)
/Zx W0Z ( } Z ) :c*

: 4vZ

X Vz7Ib!$
+gzZ
A ZN~( )g

( nf] vv u 1597:z 0Z)

Y 2011f

19

12

:u h

=g f qJ wqZ,Z
:mZgzZ *
*
g }o DN!M

(# ] F V ^ ^] o u # ] EE:c*

avZwg
~x Zwv W( 3)6,
kZvZ" DD # ] q e jfm
XLe~qgvZBkZvZ Z[Z
( 1496:x?Zg Z 33:9 425:~g g9)

~ "7,}g
/Z Cx]!*
t g6,g
$ukZ

X :
L v v W3gzZ
) !*
Y ~
A t mZ

wqZtmZ~{)z mZt e{ izg> 2ii wqZv bkZ

: mZ ~ wqZ yZ
/ZgzZ Z ~
A gzZ V=g f qJ

wqZt O
A ( {)z ~g c*
g u ) ^z5~ kZ Z

:c*

a}g \ }g 6N Y0=g f Y ~3
(] ^] o ^ VoF^ i ^ fi # ] ^ EE

e ^ EE m] DD ji n o n
DD

( ) X Vu0*
uY ~: y
\vZ
ukZgzZkZ~( ) @*
ZIq
-B}gzZ @*

T H kZgzZ V ~', kZ~ ~ e


$Zzg ~uzgzZ V
( 7475:x?Zg Z 2985:9)

X nZ {zn

D
a vZ wg ~ e
$Zzg h {k
,
1Z **
C

L( C
) {z s Ty#

~V :

Y 2011f

13

19

:u h

yZ {z ZzyT VzKZ Z \vZ Y c*


Z X W
Hn Z Z hVzyZ : kZ \vZX TVz
X
HLJ
-V Hwy~{ Zg ~~: ( ~[Z ) {z?H
G : Hwyn Zzg H^ :
\vZ
}nkZgzZ Y c*
( V
) 0kZQ
H ( g N)

gzZ 5D T Y c*
{z Wq
-ZgzZ Y c*
wZ e~ v W.

VzyZ {z ZzyT VzLZZ \vZ J 7,yW


gzZ c*
2

?HHn Z Z hVzyZ kZ \vZX T


\vZ X J 7,yW
{ ~gzZ c*
2gzZ 5D ~ : ( ~ [Z ) {z

yW
gzZ YN @*
5n kZDp H^ :

0kZQX
H ( ~g z)N: Y ~g N @*
J 7,n kZ

Yc*
wZ e~v W.
}nkZgzZ Yc*
( V
)

z bC
gzZ z ( ~ * ) vZ&Y c*
W (Zq
-ZgzZ
vZX TVzyZ {z ZzyT VzKZZ \vZX Zi Z
[Z ) {z ?HHn Z Z h VzyZ : kZ \

IYG ay
~T H ay

~5 Zg,ZC
}~: ( ~

H ay
w n kZ s H^ :
\vZ ( )X @*

( V
) 0kZQX
H ( MN) : Mt : Y ]!*
t @*
X Yc*
wZ e~v W.
}nkZgzZ Yc*

( 4923:x?Zg Z 1905:9)

]Z~ 5 ZgvZgzZ **
J 7,7,yW
**
2GD ]

O qJzz : mZp wqZ} (,} (,t **

Y 2011f

19

14

:u h

gz { ZpmZ~kZgzZ N*
g
/ZX 0:
L Y~v W
X CY0=g f Y~
A N YwJ
/ZV: VY

$ vn jm ^ EE :
g Z a*

DD r] kfq q fe ^n f (nj n m

@*
Z Z ( bkZ ) gz Z9Q @*
z {gzZ @*
z y

A n kZ Lgz ( 6,g )B}n gzZ w LZ

( 553:x?Zg Z 234:9)

X CYZ
# Zz

:*
*._L
<wqZ DO

^] i_fi $ ] ] n] # ] ] n] : @*

\vZ
( 33:)

X z: wqZ LZgzZz
) Z wggzZz
) ZvZ

V~gkZgzZ ._Z {z
/Z} (,
c*
VLgwqZ

X 7:gzVwJ~Zg !*
{z

: Cg
$u a*s
# zkZ

Q 4Z ~K a vZ wg e
$Zzg h {k
,
1Z **
C

xs\W xs a kZQ S7,i kZ Z4Z Wq


-Z
( {g!*
z )i Y:Zz DD i q] EE:c*

gzZ c*
[Z

X S7,
7i G| 7,

\W Hxs a c*
WQ "7,
bi ( gzZ )
H{g !*
z {z

%&i tkZ )X S7,


7i G| 7,
i QY:Zz:c*

kZ~ 5} h\WT ! n]Z f kZ :kZQ ( S7,

i Z
# :c*

aX 2( i )=\WZ Y7( ) YZ

{z yW ~ yW
q
- 4,
}Q ( ZvZ )r Z9n

Y 2011f

19

15

:u h

VVZ (u) qgQX} qg yEZ J


-V qgQ| 7,
Q X Y t~ {> J
-V {>Q Y Z9',
Z',J
G
t $NgzZ Yt~
q
J
-V( ) VZ (u {> )
( 757:~gg9)

X~i ~g7KZx

i %& jLZ kZ x]!*


t g
$ukZ

jd kZJ
-V : ( wJ ) i kZ%VgzZ S7,

qJi W jLZp a gzZ H qg s

X ~
y

gzZ qg _7,i q
-Z h fv
.**
bZ

.**
( ) ;g7}>

/ZgzZ S7,7i :hfv


G
kZ H Za a vZ6,T+ kZ $N ( ) *
@Y% ( ~
q Z )
( 791:~g g9)

X @*
%6,
+ { z

.**

i gzZ wJi Z"


$U*
W,
ZkZhfv

X ._iavZwg z

: DP

g" *yW
\vZ T ~
Cq
-Z ~g 6,

[x~ kZgzZ 16, yJZ /dx(gzZ c*


~]c*
W
+Z w tgzZ Zi Z ] Zx`
ZgzZ]ny Z6,

Y Za ] wqZ}',gzZ Vg wqZ (zz T x **

7
CwZZgzZ Vzn nwJwqZ \z ug nvZ n kZ

: ug Iy
a\W 6 c*
V c*

e oF m oF ^q oF] m # ] EE

Y 2011f

16

19

:u h

G
G
'
'
~g +:gzZV}g +\vZ" DDw ^ V m] ] y
G
'
X 8 wqZgzZV}g +{z 8 Vg
( 6543X 6542:x?Zg Z 2564:9)

Za \vZ~yZ,
gV LZ enkZ

X
rgw~
CgzZ ~g q
-Zt~qJwqZY,

q
-Zp !*
V,Zf Vzdx W~*yW

qJ~ kZ wJ !*
TX ~g }uzgzZ wJ !*

X sg

f j ^^e ^e$ T ] v^e ! oe] ^f n i] : \~g !*

gZ
# ] f$jm ^ $] ^ M $ j ^ M F] f$jm ^ u]

VzyZZ
# 7,
Vzx Wt yZ\WgzZ n j$ ]

kZ ( ) : wJ}uz gzZ wJq


-Z ~ yZ !*

\vZ : ( ) kZ ( Q ) VzON gz~ : ( }uz )


( 27:>Z
+Z )

X @*
wJV Zzg (Z s( !*
)

^zg~qJwqZ { k
H, Z
^zg~qJwqZ~ Zg *
! f Vk
H, ZP~y
W
wqZ<
L ( 4) ~g c*
g ( 3) u ( 2) ( 1) ::
L

X **
yZ c*
b Z j
+Z ( 6) **
3x Zw ( 5)

kZgzZ
Hk0*
( Zz C ~ga c*
q { ) s Z ( 7)

X 7wJi izg:ekZ HwZ~}g !*


q
X D7wJ( Zz) D
) )n
( 8)

Y 2011f

17

19

:u h

X C7wJi J
-y:ezz[Z ( 9)


**
{z C7wJi ]g Zz
**
C
LZ ( 10)
X YWi !*
mZ~ w LZgzZ b &Z }oLZ {z \vZ

,Z gzZ
= ._ <
L wqZ gzZ Za gzZ
( }W )X ^zg~qJwqZ(}=vV

Y 2011f

18

19

:u h

: ( [Z ) c*
ZxZi% DM
E
E
+
E
x ~8
-g ~iz',
gzZ VzmvZ -] B W6,g~iz',~Z
# L L
E
GG3s
y
KZ Z
KQ F~
W}t]t ~]
( 212m18`Z
qzg8m!Zi Z tq
-Z )

X H ]t6,
g{eTZ

t N*
q
-Z [Z c*
Zi%C
]gkZ

( v!*
f)X Fzl~wYz[ZkZ]x a

Y : y
KZ (Z Z Z
]t~ ]x a

X YHg ~iz',
kZc*
]t ZT

{o ng Ztw',

~g y{ gZ ]|dZ L
L V-w',
t]!*
0Z] Z

ZO {o (Z n g Z 17n c*
Zi%

g Z z kZg WZ _**
g6,g L L: ~w',y{ g

]0KZ ~
V g6,g]Z fsWzx @*
$**
T
z_g Zz~
V
GG3I
" W l~ yZ wcZ z wz wz w)
gg uW

4hZ )
( gig Z',
n 97mi
Y
Z zaZ G
0E
G

x KZ a t t0LZ c*
Zi% bT `

z N*
~w',y{ gZ bZ Fz l~ kZB ]
B ]x KZ a 0 g Z t

Y 2011f

19

19

:u h

wcZgzZ www) x yZ]x tgzZ l~ g Z


X q a B
Zi%}sz@*0*
zu" gzZ wt 6,kZ Y
t r
# y{ gZ H0LZ N*
t c*

{z n Zi% ]!*
n H n g Z

c*
Zi% bT ?
gW
b' ng Z

g ZbZ ' l~kZgzZ@] a


X' l~yZgzZ@]0 a c*
'

: ~z{
Z$cxsZ_V-w',:
G
E
gzZWz$ % ZgzZygzZ \ vZ g tzg /
Z & L L
E
E
+
E
$X;
4E
0BEZ[Z
z!WzmvZ -] B Ww !*
w) E
0G
GE
( 15mG
L 4])

sW

/ & 1Z q
- 4,
~z {
Z$c ~w', N
5
E

C Z aZgzZg;Z YZ evZ g @z gzZ Z ytzg

dZ ~w',
e0sW w !*
w)a x Z/Y m
CZ

- 4,
]|
s]x a]Z f Z g Z q

X 0*
gZ
sWz: {iwcZgzZwzwx 7w)
q] n ^ # ^
: ~g y{?uZ [V-w',DN

X ~y
W~
V gX t {oq
-Z ~Z
+~
CxsZ L L
E
tgzZXg {os kZX Y W7 nyZ
X Y`g {xsZ {],
Z {zX Y W *\WgzZ

Y 2011f

19

20

( 69mY 2003~',
g Z]
.@*
ggZ ZC)

:u h

:C
'!*
z]g kZ

X q
-Z~Z
+~
CxsZ ' ~y
W a :1
E

(Zs kZgzZ Y W7
/
~iz',c*
C
na :2
E
c*
iz',
c*
]t%x ,~(,
~(,
c*
g {o

X Y`g {xsZ {],


Z {z ~iz',

' g Ztw',

:N
5{o ]|dZ L
L V-w',
[Z
: ~w',
y{ gZ
LZp
/Z D\vZgu0*
gC: ]t
/ZwtL L
\vZ gg6,ggm%" t :Z ^
,Yz 96,x|
( gi,
- Z84m<y)

X ]t%

g Zq
- 4,
~w',
y{ gZ Zx]g kZ
% ]t% q
-ZgzZ ]t% q
-Z X ]t%x
E

c*
X ZI {z6,x ]t% gzZ @*
B {z^
,6,]t
E
X g Zq
- 4,
]|dZV-w',

q] n ^ # ^

Zz `g { xsZ {],
ZgzZ ' a
E
~g Z ]t{z6,x zzg kZ c*
7{o
? 6 >~w',pg Z
Z ]!*
kZX `g { xsZ {],
ZgzZ

]|dZ L L LZk\Z1 [ g
/ Zjr
# ~g y{

Y 2011f

19

21

:u h

!Xq}o Zz `g {xsZ {],


ZgzZtZ

6 6V-w',
:h
+
xzZp%zcRzrV-w',DO

%!
q
-Z bTXg izg U u ~ Y Z ~zg '!
]|L L

X G_b% \WX @*
<
r
#

( 872X 871mZF,
~h
+
Zg
Z)

x **
cgzZ
]|}g D c*

**
]|L L : h
+
xzZp DP

v
Z wgL L~"gkZ~ gzZ {h
+
/
',+h
+%x
X 7,
x **
LetYyZ:gzg e]|

( 671mZF,
~h
+
Zg
Z)

sZ[z~w',
gD{E
++',
Z {tLZ

VZ m
e) {uk zg h
+
xzZp]|cdL L: ~g
GE
4hX3Z',
( 321m:
Z E
+)

( p

( ZF,
) ~h
+
Zg
Z L L~w',~g sZ2

GE
4hX3Z',
( 324m
Z E
+ )X 3gt]h
+
xzZp

F,
) ~h
+
Zg
Z L L+zZZ;Zzg
$Z V-w',
X 3gt]h
+
xzZp ( Z

G
GE
4hX3Z',
5 Z )
( 324m
Z E
+
q!Zf65X 64mZg E

!
ZzL L: ~z+Zc V-w',

Y 2011f

19

22

:u h

[ u z Rm<!*
- 4,
q
r
# ~ ( z ~g7 gzZ xk!*
- 4,
q
( 210mZ G
*)

: @i q
Zoyz7
o~w',
m
vZ G
*9g ~zr
# {
+Zc]|{ r Zl
L L
( 43m?y c {o ZGzg )

c
]|L L V-w', Zz + uzR
Z L
GE
4hX3Z',
( 351m )
Z E
+ nsg h
+'
~z+Z

6 {}ztV-w',
{tz]V-w',Z {gZ7,*:t DQ
: #
}
.76 6 {}z XZyZ

( v*
!f)vZwg( X 1

:Y 1zZ+Zx zZpZ[8 Y SZyV-w',1


V @*
h
+% \W~ngzZ c*
W~#
}
.mvZ G
*9g(q
-Z L L
h
+%X k7,b 0* Y7 mvZ G
*9g (( ]|)

1(X ] v ]] F] X Vk7,
bkZ~ c*
[Z
kZX c*
| 7,
bZ Ug h
+% ] o f ]] F] | 7,
bkZ
E
E
+
E
-Z ~ Vze Z~
q
V ] B W( c*

mvZ G
*9g (
X ;gyJZ NZ}~zwgvZX

( gi,
- Z 399m>,^W,v0*
Z|ZZ
+Z )

Z|Z Z
+Z ` Z [8]| L L: ~w',y{ g Z

yZG {uk~]|gh
+%gp

Y 2011f

19

23

( 564m21`tg z)

:u h

g
g Zs g~

[8]|gL LLZ Z|ZZ


+Z L ~w',y{ gZ(gzZ q
-Z

tbz@gL L:
g Zq
-Z Y 1zZ+Zx zZp Z
( 80m24`tg z)

a}g D]
Z
gZ

pi WU*
{
Z
) )cY -Z x ZV-w',2
~q
-ZX qnz k0*
mvZ G
*9g(L L:
X c*

r
# ~6,\WX g Zi { q
-ZgzZ z

uQ\WgzZ J 7,
wjr
# ~6,
kZXvZwg(XvZ Z!Z | 7,

\WX ;gl{{zX c*

bZ kZ\WX W~g !*
g ZiQX c*

4$
M 1g ZiX5r
G
# ~?X 7VY s1 c*

gzi
D
f x J
-Z \WX c*
W6,x \ Z}
.\W
( 106mg Z',
Zwio)

: Zz}g7kZ p{
Z
))

gzZ mZpX M
h7x ZX
ggzZ ig g,qt nZ L L

X ~gzgzZi**
ZcVzqyZg

( 106mg Z',
Zwio)

Z
) )c!*
gBG @*
z & U*
{
@Zc ~w',

( 585m ) U*
Z Z L L[ Zz
( VZg7 Z) U*
{

cp~( 468m ) W@Wz6,


r U*
Z Z L L[gzZ

X
HHt U*
{
Z
))

: 0[kZ KZ pi W{
Z
))

Z
/x uv
',Zg W{ Z r
# Zx {]|L L

Y 2011f

19

24

:u h

D
 : Ziggz Z 5 Mg Z ^(x ezg Zx {

( 3mg Z',
Zwi o) X
N @*

)
Zpt $Z !*
gzZN @*
wM

Zx {vg )
,
~w',
g^( g Z',
Zwi oL L[tc*

_{
Z
) )cIZV-w',Zx {tgzZ {G@*
z&

GE
4hX3Z',
( 135m
Z E
+
) X ~ + '
,
Z ~w',
gzZ~g7Z

( v*
!f)vZwg X 2

: ~z{
Z$cxsZ_V-w',1
G 4E
-8 dtGG
vZ Z!Z F,
g {x?Zz> }Z <XE
0G$ zL L
G381E
$ z v
wg ( ) vZ Z!Z L
L t
|1E
0G4E
Z wg
( 127m/Z )

X @*
W~F,
v
Z

zb v
Zwg vZ Z!Z L Lq
- 4,
~z{
Z$c~w',c*

X Y01t| ZzB2u|{z

( v!*
f)

gzZ c*
Wk0*
+ZzZpq
-Z L L : h
+
xzZp 2

ZvZ vZ wg vZ Z!Z c*

XN h
+% CZ= Hn
( 83mth
+
LJ& Z )

X wg vZ 7q

:~g sZ0t h
+
Z
+Z L L[h
+
xzZp
GE
4hX3Z',
( 324m
Z E
+)

X [+46,
b)~ NZgzZ L h!L L

: ZzWnh
+%+ZzZp 3

v ] ] ] kZ ? k7,
b c*

\ W L L

bZkZX ] o j2 ] ] ] !V-c*

\WX ]
G7EgzZ 1 Z r
s gzZ ~ z
# zZpX

Y 2011f

25

19

:u h

( gi,
- Z 27m9ZZ
+Z )

X Hs

z-Zs
# z +ZzZpkZ

2X
H*
c J 7,
1 yY niY NZ h
+%svZ wg gzZ
+% aL L:~}g !*
h
h
e| 7,Z h
+%gzZ J 7,vZwg
Cn kZ c*
(Z Ug n kZX 6,NgzZ c*
Wc

~#
}
.c LZ e **
(Z t h
+%|ggzZX
Hh
+%
( 27m9ZZ
+Z )

X g tZggzZt

[h
+
xzZp ~gZ]|dZy)F,
V-w',

: ~s
# zt v
ZwgL LK7t h
+
Z
+Z L L
+Z L LB ,KZt nZ Z H6,G
Z
*9Zmh
+
xzZpQL L

~ ] m + Z h
+
!*
!*
zZp% g +Z zZp] 9Z

( 138m-',
W',
) X

" =Z >6,>z Y f sZ L L^szc V-w',


GE
0G
g+ZzZp+ZzZp 9ZZ
+Z L L G
0.Z
( 42mzC]|dZ] )X 3gt]

+Z zZp ZuZ Z @g Z >$


+i
L V-w',4

gzZ NZ w Zz q n 3g Zj

~ Vg !*
g zmvZ - pa i Wt
~XX ] o j2 ] ] ] ZZ?
/Z L L :
Hz!*
+

zZpX 1g Z
Z Ug kZ CgzZ a {z X Vh
+%
( 279X 278m.
# )

X 1ZgzZ c*
B;CZZa

h
+% Zz "7,t v
Z wg L ZuZ Z

Y 2011f

19

26

:u h

{gi6,
q!*
zC
tBcZL L: DG@*
( gw6,
-h
+
279m.
# )

X }: nZ Z',
Z',

6,c LZgzZ| 7,
eh
+% J 7,x **
LZc
/Z c*

q] n ^ # ^X}: nZ Z

U%]|x Z]Z L L: ~w',y{ gZ x Z V-w',


E
.; Z Z
$ gd<E
E
0G
**
z **
C Z hZ G
G

#[u [ Z {u\vZ k ZVZz ~h


+i +uZ Z
6,xJ~~
V Zg{ Cg !*

"p.

( 657m14` )tg z 2 ( 485X 484m28`tgz) X Zz

szZ
+g
Z"+F,
{.
#L L:~w',~g sZ

vZ -=Z[g[8g
Z +Zq Zg.
#i q
Z +F,
x
( 16my0*
V)

X gzw=zm\

#( [ ZuZ Z) (]gg kZ

vZ wgt i q
Z +F,
x kZgzZ [+F,
{szZ
+.

( vZNZ ) X {gzwJ{ g !*
zmvZ-

( v*
!f)vZwg ,
mZ X 3

:yZ q
-Z W~~g!*
gV-w',
vZ GE
0yvZ Z!Z vZwg m,
ZvZ Z!Z L L
( 81mg Z Z 50mlZj Z 31m"Z[zZ )

~gi W~/{ Z2"Z[zZ L[ /

~w',szczg6,[kZX ZZg2
lZjZ L[ /

Xzp[z+
$Y~g](@*
Y A

Y 2011f

27

19

:u h

~gZVx{ Z %g Z Z L[ /

tw',
1X {o~
Cz Z Z yZZ z xsZ ]t {o

q
-Z ]c*
zZ
+ng z # kZ ~ RzxZ

X b7]Y!Zj]oTX CY0*
Z

m,
ZvZ Z!Z L LgzZ v
Z wg vZ Z!Z L L v
Z wg (vZ Z!Z L L
^I
c*
wqn~sz@*
!*
]: {zt v
Zwg
]: {ztVyZYX wJ.
**
gzZ w: z%

i W NZgzZt1yY]yZ V Zz"7,gzZ J 7,
V Zz yZ 2Xg **
J 7,7,{ ZS n3 CZc*
X 3g7]: { ztyZuggzZG @*
zw+Zg
: ~w',
~ (+Zx

kZ}y Z% Zz%1 ]: { ~ ]Zg x yZ L L


4$
M ;g W X Y7T

Q e Z%KZVwg vZ G
( 365m1` {^
,Y~Wz',
Z]Zg )

X g
kZY 

gzZ Zz ]: { zt v
Z wg m,
Zz ( L LZ

ztyZ,y Z%KZ%gzZN % e ZzK9yZ


X 7Zz
/
@*
C
Z
+6,
yZzz]: {
: (gzZq
-Z~w',
~ (+Zx

kZ vgzZ1t Wq
-Z Z
# e D
bg~f ]!*
t 2L L

gzZ [s
t{z : kZgzZ ,G @*

( 50m2` {^
,Y~Wz',
Z]Zg )

X {o
Y

v
Z wg m,
Z z ( L
L Z x wZ ~w',kZ

Y 2011f

28

19

:u h

yZgzZ Zz uzG @*
gyZgzZ Zz ]: { zt
yZqztgzZq
-~x`
kZ

ZzK:]t
X Y{o

: ug~w',
y{ gZ

:}:
z1Z Y]!*

/Z~L L
{z q~kZ
zm W vZ -1,Zw
( 301m14`tg z)

X 8: Z Zg

q
-Z lg Z
/~kZ L L: ~w',~ (+Zx

g u W X q~ y
g u q
-ZgzZ]!*

kZ Q:~1y!*

i kZ c*
~ e {z}q~y

( 386m2` {^
,Y~Wz',
Z]Zg )

X Y

gzZ q~ y
a Z Zz *Zz wZ { g.yZ

Jzg { c*
i} ]c*
!*
kZ 7b]}uz

0*
Zw: Y c*
g Z

: ~ l
/Z >% !*
X

y!*
ikZ c*
:~ l e {z>%zq a 1

gzZX Y
z >% gzZ Y0*
7z A
$: ~1
X 7'YgkZ>%qzkZ1yY

{tV Zz ]z@*
!*
z ]{V yZ ~y
W[Z
: GZV i!Z V-w',:N
5~w',
**
X >%kZsz@*
~
V * v {zL L
X u E
e
L 8Zzp 6ObZ!*
E

( XY 1zZy 45mZ]
.@uZw awg )

Y 2011f

29

19

:u h

y]c*
Zzg F~"7,
zg6,
am{y-

x Z kZ6,gm{ y kZ v zz ]c*
Zzg yZ X CY

K nFw$e - ~]
.) D

7{^
,Y ]c*
Zzg yZ ~gT{WX D Y 7,6,gZzg
:g

] ]% ZZ:c*

avZwg ~z%hY ZgZ1Z **


DM
m ]u ] i ( m r] m
]6,
izg- XX ^ m oju i k

gzZ Dq
~T y (ZtYz J 7,zg

X *
@YH76,
zg kZJ
-rg kZ 7,
zg6,

(l] e ZZ:c*

( a)\W?]zgzZ :Hn~
XX m u # ] f ^nf] ^q i ] o u # ]

( V) ZV1{z c*
xZw6,
}ivZ]zgzZ
X MtigZ @*
{0
+
i vZO3
( 1637:zMzf[!*
^
,Z Y Y [Z1Zz 0Z )

.x1X {e
l^$ ^q ^ ] ZZ: ~G
$ZzgkZ
^ ]] oe jm] (o e ^f V n _
XX^f] ^ e ^f m e m ( ]
$E
Y ZgZ1Z **
0{ : q G
Z~ Vzpr~zZg~kZ

Y 2011f

30

19

:u h

^ Z 0 h
+igz Z ] !*
t ( _g Z 0 ) Y X C %e
$Zzg

X ~g gx Z 6 C%e
$Zzg0{

( 521&6 G<EZi Z )

$E
X c*
g Z
6,
q G
ZZ iZiqx H

( 1637:z 0Z)

:c*

avZwg ~z%kzZ0kzZ **
DN

] n ] n i n (r] m ^m ZZ
XX i n ] ]%
G
'
gy ZgzZ x W~ Z X ~ x c*
Z aZ}g + y -

zg]6,
~kZ Z " ( #
)y ZgzZ YY
G
'
+
X *
@YH76,
zg Zg Yz J 7,
Zg A
$ Y u {Z \WZ
# ! wgvZ} Z : Wq
-Z
\Wzg
o u # ] ZZ:c*

( a)\W?YH76,

V1{z c*
x Zw6,
}ivZ XX ^nf] ^q i ]
X 3V
( 8&4Z 1374:
K 1047:zZ1Z 1636:zMzf[!*
^
,Z Y Y [Z1Zz 0Z )

e
$Zzgt SZg @*
g Z
9DI
$ZzgkZ
Z e

E
B
V,Z ,
'Y0 h
+m,0Z EZ Z0@ZX
I^IZ1Z
{Z
kZ C
X H y kzZ 0 kzZ **
V,Z gzZ 3E
g
$ qZ XggzZr~zZgkZY7 ~e
$Zzg

Ap c*
g Z
9Z DIZ 6, ZgzZ HwJ x Z[Z
E
B
E

{z Dy h
+m,0ZT Z Z0@t ~ kZ<

Y 2011f

31

19

:u h

E
B
e
$Zzg kZ Z
# EZ @X t !*
0Z 7,
'Y0Z

0ZgzZ 3t~x **
Z Zh
+m,0Z *Z LZ Hy
X c*
',
Y0Z O

V m e kL L:D
~i ZZ ?q! Z0Zx ZO
( 'vm ]] ]u ( e^q e mm e u] f
u] r] nu ^ e m ] p ]
mm e u] f p ^ ^e ni e mm e u] f
jvm &m^u j &m^u ^ e ^]
^] ]u % e^q e mm e u] f 'vm
p r] nu ^ ^n &m^u] e^q e] p
e &] oe e^q e mm e u] f
] n r] m ^m] V^ r] m "
# f]
nu n ] ]u ( &mu ] n ] n
&mv] n ni e mm e u ] f ^ ] r ]

t ZI
Z~ ZzLZ~ XX $ e^q e mm e u]f

{z q
- 4,
}gzZ Hy ( ,
'Y 0Z ) kZ T }Y 7 ~
E
8E
0Z q
-Z {z Dy @gzZ)Z1Z T

1Z kZgzZ kZh
+m,0Z)Z1ZYX0h
+m,
0h
+m,
0Z Y7
/
tgzZyg
C
$ qZ
Gb c*
0*
) Z

}Y,Z ~x
IZ~:gzZ}yg
$ qZ +Z 6,
'Y
E
8E
]!*
@gX Vyg
$ qZ bkZ',
Y0ZTV
I^IZ1Z V,Z ,
V,Z
'Y0h
+m,0Z V,Z

Y 2011f

32

19

:u h

$Zzg 0 y- a V,Z ( h) kzZ 0 kzZ **


e

( #
)~ Z y - aZ ~ V :c*

a \Wy

}Y 7~X
Gg
$ut Y Yg~ ZgzZ "
E
8E
0h
+m,0Zg c*
X Hy gzZ Z @Z
( 197&1g
$ZC)

X r,
'Y0h
+m,
0Z g
$Z

e u] f &m^u n] p V k ZZ:D
~ Z

v^ ] e^q e mm e u] f ni e mm
^ &m^u] i o $ ni e] m &m^u] i n
XX # ] %mu n e^q e] ^ e
0h
+m,0Zg
$ qZ 0h
+m,0Z VAV H~

Z ~g
$ qZyZgzZ
HzZ~kZgzZ Hy,
'Y
H{g
Z Z0z/sg
$ qZ yZ X 7r0ZgzZ t
( 473&11 Zg @*
) DZvZzX 7
Gg
$uyZ ',
Y0Z]!*
ggzZ

V] pZZ: ~g gx Z~3 F,
0h
+m,
0Z
XX e^q e mm e u] f V]^ r] nu ^ e
E
8E
Z:V,Z Hy @gzZ) Z1ZIZ( 0Z ) kZ
-Y E{EZ[ Y c*
( 67m~g CEE
Z )

X,
'Y0h
+m,
0

ZZ:]!*
~3F,
,
'Y0h
+m,
0Zyx0Zq

kZ XX ^ r] nv] ^ e n] p
EB

?+ Z[ )X ZzVzgzZ Hy E
( 20&2z E
Z@gzZ)Z1Z :VA

E
B
EZ @~ e
$Zzg kZ ;g Zzt ]Zg !*
{g yZ :
X,
'Y0Z0Z *Z LZ {zgzZ Zz

Y 2011f

19

33

:u h

( 67mY c*
Z 467X 466mZ
# g0g
$ZCb5n,h
+'
)

] ]% ZZ:c*

avZwg ~z%hZ **
DO
XX ] n # ] o o r] n r] m

zg%q
-Z6, :z J 7,zg ]]Zg -gzZy-6,

X
wi **
gk6,
kZ \vZ 7,

GA-E
GA-E
4
4
( 5994b 654&3 XGZZ 277: XG] zZbc)

4h
ygzZ~zZg G3EZ t GZ1Z~kZ e
$Zzgt

X A 7=]qQ0gzZ Z X=+ Z0Z2g

] ]% ZZ:c*

avZwg ~z%hZ **
DP
E
5ZzxCZ) XX r] m
( 119&4~0Z 379: -o Z0 G
G

Dy gzZ { y~ kZ X Jg
$ut

AAX+E
: D
~g gx Z0b Z`
0 Zzgg Za0G2
KZgzZg Do %Z {z XX %mu m ^ m j] ^ ZZ
( 336&3.Z g mZ )

XM
hg7]c*
Zzg

] ]% ZZ:c*

avZwg ~z%hZ **
DQ
m ^^ ]n k r] n r] m
} (Z z J 7,
zg]6,
]Zg-gzZy- XX ^n]
X Vz
) c*
Vz Zy#
nkZ~

G-E
4
( 2897: AXGyZZ)

G
.nIZ c*
Vz ~ G
i0
ggzZ Zh
+m,
~kZX e
$Zzgt
X ~zZg

o ZZ:c*

avZwg ~z%hZ **
DR

Y 2011f

34

19

:u h

y- XX^^ n^$ h # ] n^$ r] m

X }j{ k
Hw RkZ \vZ 7,
zg%( 80) R6,

:c*

\W?7,
zg6,
\W !wgvZ} Z :~
i ] f] nf f v o o ] ZZ
( 637X 636&15 Zg @*
) XX u]

Xr)y0zZ0<
z~kZX qe
$Zzgt

:c*

avZwg ~z%hZ **
DS

^n] o % ] ^n] m e ZZ
nf q^u ^ # ] o r] n r] m o
^ e # ] m $ ^n] s]u n$$ ] s]u
e o fm ^m]] n i ^ f m
XX^ne nv jf$^ ij o f

6,~ * {z ~ ?d
$
{ c*
i}6,Zx #
izg"

kZvZ J 7,
zg6,
]Zg-gzZy-TX k7,
zg { c*
i
-ZBkZvZQX *M ]y
q
WDq,X }~g7Dq

D YG 4Z 6,
?}4Z, Z~G~Z {z}gH

kZ J 7,zg6, T C ~}g !*
kZ=
{z X

Ck0*
LZZOX ~}g!*
kZgzZ~}g!*
x **

( 301&54w g @*
2899:yZZ 276:]zZbc)

X Vp~

x Z0Tg b0y
M )~kZX qe
$Zzgt
I
( 194&7] G3Z[ ) XX ^u ZZ:D
yx0Z
je] ^u p i ZZ:D
~F,
g b0yx Z

Y 2011f

19

35

:u h

!*
+Z)ekZgb0y XX ^ n n]e &m^ u
X 7Z X Cyg
$ qZ

XX ^ n ^] &mu fi ^u &m^u ZZ:D


h
+'

E
4ZzrtZzg)
X 7Z yZ/xVZzg EG
E
( 937X 936&3Y E{Z[ )

:c*

avZwg ~z%h{k
,
1Z **
C
DT

n^$ r] m o ]] o ] ZZ

-Tg6,
o Z>
7,
zg6,
XX ^^ n^$ h
XN Yj{ k
Hw RkZ J 7,
zg% R6,
izg

E
E
3{Z GhhZ 22:
( 3804: GG
0w qZbc(nZ )

E8 i Ziq
{)zh
+i 0 Z~kZ L L: D
vZ E
( 21mxszzgbc)

X tZ~zZg

DU
] % ZZ:c*

avZwg ~z%h) Z1Z **


q m i j q m ]
XX e ^ % ^

y-zg #
Z ~" X z J 7,zg ]6,y.C

7,
zg { c*
i6,
{ c*
izg T~? *
@YH76,

GA-E
4
( 5995b 654&3 XGZZ )

X { c*
iq
- 4,
}%kZ

!*
g }
l]q->ZG0~ kZ Je
$Zzgt
X y c*
yx0Z',
ZZg ` s0Z',
Z *Z kZ2A 7

E
E
3{Z ) XX ^nu m v i t^rv] ^ ZZ:D
( 432&6 GG
]Z
E
( 24&1Y E{Z hZB ) X JzC
y c*
yx0Z',
Z

Y 2011f

36

19

:u h

] ] % ZZ:c*

avZwg ~z%h{k
,
1Z **
C
DML
XX i i ] n] ]] n] o

z J 7,zg ]6,~ ( - x- ) y zggzZ ( -


) ]Zgzg
G
A.
'
.zZ EZ ) X *
( 241b84&1ZE
@YH76,
zg Zg +
I-4X3
e ] f n ] o ]f_] ] ZZ:D
+ Gq

kZgzZ He
$Zzg~zZZdZgzZ XX n ^ ] ne
.
3E
( 317&2Z
+ZzZ )X a0 Z~
.
3E
Jt Z ~zZg bzz Ja 0 Z~ SZg
X

DMM
:c*

a ~z%h~g Z&1Z **
r] m u om n r] m ] ]% ZZ

Yz 5zg]6,
y- XX i k
X *
@YH76,
zg kZ &zg6,
izg-

( 421&2q 2895:yZZ)

X EEBZZg0Z Zg1Z~kZ e
$Zzgt
I-4X3
XX ] r] ZZ:D
+ Gq
( 72&8Z
+ZzZ ) X c*
g Z
ZV Zg/gzZ

G
'
:D t}g +~ hk0Z **
DMN
r] n ] n] ]] n] o nf ] ]% ZZ

~(-x-)yzggzZ (-
)]Zgzg6,
LZ ? XX r ] m
( 2898:yZZ)

X z J 7,
zg]

X Jt XX n ^ ] ZZ:D
x Z

Y 2011f

19

37

:u h

E
B
X bzh
+gzZg
$Z
G EZ0z/~zZg~kZ

m o ZZ:c*

avZwg ~z%hZ**
DMO
] ne ] ^n] m ^q ^ r]

kZy#
{zJ 7,
zg%6,
y-T XX
~ t~g g{z
/Z gy/Zx(Zq
-ZBkZ W~ wq

X
Yc*

C
Xe
$ZzggzZy E0~kZX e
$Zzgt
DMP
] o q # ZZ:D
yhZ**
07)
( Z0Z',
ZF,
11327b 47&8Y 1zZ G
G

mme r] m r] n _fm ] ]
f] o ] fjm n] ] g

]Zg -s{z G Za g
\vZ XX "
#
ggzZ ]Zz ~0
+e ~ V; yZX D F,
Z6,}iygzZ
( 680:kzZ)

X zg
HJ 7,
6,
as{ zCn

" e
$Zzgt Hy % e
$Zzg s kZ

X u.
**
zz

r] m "
# f] o ZZ:D
yhZ**
DMQ
V^] m ] q o ^n] m ^q ^

#
{zJ 7,
zg6,
a%y-T XX[ ] m ^
) vX gq
-Z ~g6,}n kZ W~ wq kZ izg
( 2900:yZZ)

?@*
Hyt}(

C0~ kZ e
ZgzZ y E
$Zzg s t

XA 7]q1ZgzZ1Z2 Hy

Y 2011f

38

19

:u h

:c*

avZwg ~z%h~g Fg f1Z **


DMR
XX ^ oi g oi r] m o ZZ
s { k
HwzkZ J 7,
zg%z6,
y-T
X D Y

XX xm m] q ZZ: ~zI0e
$ZzgkZ

( 196m#^ZwZ )X 79
tgzZ He
$ZzgZ

~}g!*
"7,zg6,a y- Zx

~yZ

{zCYy]c*
Zzg
$ s c*
X 7"
$U*
MZc*
95EkE
q %e
$Zzgq
-Z
( 2011m&28)
i h]^e # ]

x ZY Z
y!Z 0 )tz e
$Zzg h ~g ZvZ 0,
'Y **

*q
-Z J
- ( h N )uQ {z 5s3,
g LZ ~ ( h
g
/k0*
VzGVzL*t:c*
[Z 3,
g } Zz~g Y

)V,Z Y
X z~g YZ c*
[Z ( htz**
^q ^q] h^ oF qm jm ZZ :c*

h,
'Y
XX ^ k%f^ ] n u ^v] ke^ oju (

6,
V
/V ( VzG )x Z( Y Z)yZ : ~:

)6,xd{ ( **
) g ( Y Z) {z c*
D Y
X
H~g YypxyZ
H( Zz

E+
( 183&30Z ~iZ0Ziz{z 1963b 41X 40&3] G
5{C Z )

Y 2011f

39

19

:u h

Ve ^ (n] oF ] F] n^] h # v]

9 6 y%**
_y ,6,
Za `^ 9!*
t

~ 0
+
i n:_zz g y ,
/ZgzZ "
$U*
g
$u
:#
}
.7
8_A Z
#
Pz ZkZX e

:c*

vZg Zdx Z DM

^$ # ] f ^$u V ^ %n] ^ $u V^ u ^ $u ZZ
XX ^n&f &e ^ e D "
# E f] V

_ ( a) " e
$Zzg ( h 0) Z

A.
( n
883b 298&1zZ EZ )

X H_sKZ

:~V1sf `ge
$ZzgtgzZMZg
$ukZ
( 883b 46&3) ~z Cg U*
s Z

:1

e nq e %n`] ^f] e # ] f e v]
E
( 1833b 351&2) YZY G
5{>g Z :2

e %n] ^$ V ^] v e ^ $ V ] ] i^ u e & mu
e nq
+
( 528&7)x x

0 C Z :3
e ^] v e ^$ V t]] ^v e na]e &mu
: sf `g}YzV-zZgkZ[Z

Y 2011f

40

19

:u h

g! h 0Z **

:1

vZgZ0( vZ0))v :2

X ~zZgg
$Zzg
$Z 9\WgzZ }\Wg/

X ~{)z( 1010 9453) ~g g9]c*


Zzg{y\W
V # ] u ] ru e] ^v] ^

G
X-Zd
<G
0kZ^Z&q!'
( G
gz894:d
$ E
$)

(248715179594) ~g Z 9 2
( 5286:x?ZgZ F,
2028)9z

I
E
4
vZgZ0 W - )Z0vZ :3

X g
$ZgzZ ~zZg |q
- 4,
g/\W

X b%b`
6,
\W

:]c*
Zzgsf `g \W~~gg9
24871454 1453101095 94
( 94m ) ~g Z 9b 2
I
-4X3
E
$
vZg Z0 G :4

gzZ }\Wg/Xg
$uIZrgzZ ~zZg~g g9\W

o %Z6,\W2
) .
**
z b% b`
{)z ~0Z x Z6,\W

X !*
x ZZ
I
43X
-G
: yV-zZgsf `gg
$utvZg0 :5
E
vZgo G
5BZYZ bZ&0Z :wzZ

\W YZ Y MgzZ y e
$Zzg~: Z! Z 9: Z1Z \W

X g
$Z\Wc*
g Z
9g
$u

Y 2011f

41

19

:u h

vZg]Zg0vZ0 :xz

( 2411 292b ) ye
$Zzg~`

0Z 9`

0Zx Z\W

vZgZ0z/ :x

XqrgzZ ~zZgt

X ugzZMZt Z"
$U*
kZ

: sf `g m{Y f~}g !*
g
$ukZ

X c*
g Z
9 `gZ~{g ZYZY M :1
G
$u(t) : XX ^] &mv^ ZZ:c*
g

i Zv0Zq :2

X ~ p
I-4X3
+
( 6203b 94&4)Z
+ZzZ nx Gq
( 595&9~g ]Z )

:c*

~}g !*
g
$ukZ]Z ~+

-B|ZGhhZ )
( 2726b 225&6 G@G

X tgzZ XX u ^ ] L L

:_y ,zz
/Z "
$U*
s Xt g
$ukZ

ZgzZ ^
,Y **
_( w:e })A Z
# ~n

X bgZ
^
,Y**

:c*

avZwg DN

X Lggzz LZ^C
DD jne i EE

E
G
G
34$

( {z910:zg Z0Z W )

gzZ {a~ e
$ZzgTgzZ 9e
$Zzg Zz _izg,g c*
( 185X 184&2x Z :[ ~ )

X e
$Zzg {zf yRZ

2{LgzZ 1{Lp YH_y , gzZ4

X ^
,Y**
_y,z ( ne i )

Y 2011f

19

42

:u h

ggzZ e **
ZrgC
Lggzz ^C
Z
#

g kZa_A Z
# eV
KZ Zz Y {g {)z
X BZzr
: 0
+Zx x

0Z

6,5Z Z n
kZ Z
# kZ n: %fg Y y ,
/Z
+
( 226&6 C Z )

X ( _a) (Z g
) , Z {z

gzZ~+h
+kZ {)zZ0Z 7#wkZ

DZvZzX q )Z ( ._D}g )6,


9wkZ

Q n: 6,<
L _y ,zz g
/Z :HZ Gv
X [ZzSZggzZ e
8_A ~0
+
iZ
#

( Y 2011m&28)

z%?"
n n ] EE:c*

a e
$Zzgk {

( ) {z7Zg 6,
THx (Z T DD ^
E+
( [ 1718:9Zz
{ZY4Z&{z439b 294&1] G
5{C Z )Xz%

Y7N*

:c*

h& Z1Z **

XX ^m g^r h] h] ^m =^] ^m ^m ZZ
X {eyZZ G^Y^!} Z

E+
( {z678b 399m1`] G
5{C Z 9{z 16b 5&1Z)

Y 2011f

19

43

:u h

Ve ^ ( n] oF ] F] n^] h # v]

: #
}
.7b !*
b)zx Z!*
~y*YzkZ

{<
L !*

7,i
y( Z ) ` W:c*

a vZ wg

( vZY
yZ )X, !*
W:ZzQ

kZ 1 %f( i ) TgzZ 10*


<
L ~g H (Z T
( 5545b nv] h^e ~g g9)

X 7!*

? k0*
yQ6,kZp Z
# Zz !*
q

- 4,
Y f

[z !*
( 5119 :x?Zg Z F,

1977) g
$u9 7

X 7Z
# Zz!*
q

- 4,
Vz i/**
z1Z **
2 "
$U*

( {z 198&7g U*
s ZzZ GE
c )

kZ gzZ 7Z
# Zz <
L !*
:c*

vZg x Z
( 487&2 x Z )

X}uF,
Z {z 7I=g

I **
uF,
Z ~ ( gzZ ) <
L **
!*
:c*

vZg w
xZ
( 221m1`xZ[ )

X @*
7

gzZ {<
L **
!*
6,

Z Z"
$U*

X {h
+I**
*
*: !*
%g

!*
Bg Ztgzb)zZ

+g
$u+
G

Y 2011f

44

19

:u h

yW
{ F,
Zg
$ q Z]o !*
q c*

g Z <
L
( 162:x Z 34:Z 107:]Z >g })

X~

x|kZ !*

(~V!*
-;XE
~})x Z G
*G
c*

yi Z

**
%f [z !*
6,jg Y ~ ( .

$zZgzZ

X @*
B!*

X 7^
,Y**
!*
V c*

_ Z Zn Zz !*

z ugzZ **
<
L z [ z y{Z 9 Zz !*
DM

wJ.
kZ [Zy
{oTgzZ ~gz **
u 0*
]$
+
m{ zyZZ LZ
zC
n
pgq )ZgzZg
$uyW
X 7
X Ogw

!*
~?gzZd0

+e Zzf ?Z
# :c*

avZ wg DN
( 1977:9)

X e**
YuZ F,
o**
gzZw!*
LZZ }{ Zg Z

!*
Zzf J Zz !*

Z"

$U*
g
$ukZ

X eZ F,
7o**
gzZeU7w!*
LZJ
-

(ZQ ~gz Z F,
o*
*Y ! Zy
+Z c*
Y^ Io**

/Z

X "
$U*
q )Z 6 ^
,Y**

{ s=
/Z : Y7 a q
-Z c*
W~ g
$uq
-Z DO
?V !*
kZ~H A n!*

( Zz|z )g Y

Y 2011f

45

19

:u h

{ TgzZlZ F,
^ w!*
gzZ o**
?p7:c*

\W
G
'
( {z2789:zZ ! Z) X !*
~g7~g +tV;vZ &

+
w!*
J
/Z {z
rg:
!*
Z x g

$u kZ

[Z N !*
~g7Z Z F,

: o**
gzZ Z : w!*
- Zzf
J
vZy4X M

!*

6,{0g I<
L a vZ wggzZ **
Zg \vZ !*

X A [Z NZ (,
kZvZY
yZgzZ **
+
M

_ Zg Y!*

gzZVzLZ?_ Z HkZgzZ e !*
g Yn

: #
}
.7
,kZ~]gVz
: Z0
+
zzz ;
/ZgzZ ^
,Y g Y}0
+
z E
0k!Ns!*
DM

X ^
,Y!*
( wq

-Z )_
. ( )Qn

( 1963:9 )

z!*
lgzZ~g7~~rgzZLgts Z%;

Xn:g YZ0
+
z

: 7^
,Y!*
Vzg Yg e "

$U*
g
$u DN
Z 66,
gZz :3 g F6,
gZz :2

g Y**
6,
gZz

( 9{z2802:zZ ! Z )XJ e V- Ag Ygz${ c*


igzZ

:1
:4

!*
g Y a vZ wg e

$Zzg h Z**
DO

Y 2011f

19

46

:u h
X c*

kZ c*
J W Tg Y (Z :c*

vZg G
E4h. Z 0Gx Z
( 9:wz 1504:~F,
)

XZN*
I{ c*
i

:c*
avZwg c*
W~e
$Zzg ~uzhZ**

( 9:wz 1503:~F,
) X By gzZW( ~g Y !*
)

A+ Z )X 7^
<X+Z bq .E
( 404&8[ E
,Y!*
g Y0

+Z q )Z6,
kZ

g
/~ 2{L ) g
$ukZ :c*

( | 388 )vZg !x Z

X s ~( g Y Zz) !*
?t~( _

( 199&2Z )

(Z= : ( ! ) h [i 0 Y Z',**
( @*) iz9 0D

X~$ZTI**
g Y
%Nq":c*
X z:x ZwQ6,
VzuzgzZz hgZ ~E

V,Z

( 9{z2803:zZ ! Z)

x Z ^I8I Zz6,
zZkZ c*

/
g 6,g Y
/Z :

X ^
,Y!*
kZze

$Zzg {gvZg G
E4h. Z0G

( 8{Lb)t 2)

B3 !*

$u Zz h Z**
g
6 ,~ VB3 !*

( 1317:9 )

X "
$U*

ZgzZ 7^
,Y b B3 !*
~]`

Q[ c*
Zz %f

X x Zw 7^
,Yb
!*
~]`

Q b

Y 2011f

19

47

:u h

-Z{&kZgzZ ^
q
,Y
8{f c*
**
3p
Zg !*

nV2z Vzg Zgq


-ZgzZ nVd
$q
-Z n LZz
( 36 28e
$W Z >g 2)

X 4t ^
,Y**
m

ZgzZ{!*

~
zZ.
$zZgzZ p @*
zq
-Z sgzZ ~
Vk~
zZ.
$zZe
$Zzgq
-ZgzZ"
$U*
g
$u9{]
(d
$:wz 1501:~F,
1318:9 n? )

X ]o


$
Z~ Vk c*
]BV {Z 9s

:gzZ e 7!*
LBVwz{ Ze

)$
+IZgzZ
] % ] ^ fwqZx V,Z yizVZe,Z
vZY
yZXN Y Zh Q~Z

b)t
:#
}
.7~]g]ZLb)tF~}g!*
!*
~y

X "
$U*
<
L I ( ZvZzvZp)rzl
zD %fg Y DM

( 5564:~gg9 1966:9 )
( 1967:9 )

X "
$U*
7,
vZps

( 9:wz 1505:~nZ)X !*
q

-Zsy}g7

X M
hV*!*
Z

Z}uzygzZ

DN

Y 2011f

19

48

:u h

kZ We
$Zzg ~}g !*
kZgzZ7"
$U*
**
!*
s DO

G
4h 0G
w!dZ1ZgzZe
$Zzg EG
-
E450zq
vZwg
/Z Z ^
,Y**
sp zz

{)z w3gzZ
Zg kZ } !*
s c*

a
X}

X ^
,Y**
N*
Zh
+y

g Y !*
DP

G
3
( 9{z6&5 G3 Z9 )

!*
C
y c*
~ yLZ }C
!*
{ gzZ ^
,Y **
!*
~ { DQ

( 5551 5552:~g g9 )

X ^
,Y**
!*
~{)z

X ^
,Y**
Zz %f}uzgzZ <
L **
%fpg Y !*
DR

G
G
B-#E
3G

!Zzg x Z )
( 145: GZ0Z G
G

Zuz % g Y Y g Y !*
rc*

y%
/Z DS
( 9{z289&9ZZ )

X}: !*
c*

} !*
g Y

:c*

@
zZ q
-Z~Vzg Y!*
hi0vZ**

DT

th
+y

/ZgzZ !*

kZ h

+y

t
/Z
G-E
4
( 9{z289&9 AXGZZ )

X z !*

zZ ~uzw$
+Z

Zz ~ kZkZgzZ Y 1h
+y

g Y !*

/Z Z"
$U*

X ^
,Y!*
g Y, Z Y

kZ } !*
QgzZ} Z w!*

c*
o**
Zzpg { Zg Z !*

/Z DU
G+
( 430&3 3. Z bZ )

X g { k
Htp Y!*

x **
WkZ
z D %f Y !*
s}uz

/Z DML

Xsk Q !*
t eItf
e