Sei sulla pagina 1di 2

Research

Task On Elizabeth 1
2a.
Corruption within the Catholic Church, distance decay of the Papal States influence, shift
in trading routes which caused focus of attention of major powers to be shifted away
from the Holy Roman Empire so internal stability was achieved at a greater rate in
Northern Germany. The church was the repressive force looting society of its wealth
before capitalism took over that role. They killed and tortured and looted in an effort to
enrich the church hierarchy. They ignored truth and science and tortured and killed
people who didn't embrace all of their religious nonsense.
2b.
Martin Luther was a Christian theologian and Augustinian monk whose teachings
inspired the Protestant Reformation and deeply influenced the doctrines of Protestant
and other Christian traditions. Martin Luther was born to Hans and Margaretha Luder on
10 November 1483 in Eisleben. Luthers call to the Church to return to the teachings of
the Bible resulted in the formation of new traditions within Christianity and the CounterReformation in the Roman Catholic Church. His translation of the Bible also helped to
develop a standard version of the German language and added several principles to the
art of translation.
4a.
One of the most important concerns during Elizabeth's early reign was religion. Queen
Elizabeth wished to create a new moderate religious settlement that is different from
Henry VIII's break from Rome. She wanted to build a stable, peaceful nation with a
strong government, free from the influence of foreign powers such as the church and
the state so she established the Church of England in 1559. The Act of Uniformity was
also happened in that year, which she gave assent shortly after ascending the throne,
required the use of the Protestant Book in church services. It restored the 1552 version
of the English Prayer Book but kept many of the familiar old practices and allowed for
two interpretations of religions, one Catholic and one Protestant.
4b.
Protestant believe that there is only one, simple, spiritual Being Who is God. He is the
God of all perfections. Though God is one in essence, He is distinguished in three
Persons: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. These three Persons of
the Divine Trinity are distinct, yet in all respects. All of their salvation is according to the
will of and accomplished in the power of this Triune God. To God alone is due all worship
and honour. They believe that God is known by means of the creation and preservation
of the universe, by which all men know that God is and that He ought to be served.
However, God makes Himself clearly and fully known as the God of all grace in Christ
Jesus by His holy Word, the Bible, in which is revealed all that is necessary to them to
know concerning His glory and our salvation. The Bible is inspired by the Holy Spirit and
therefore is without error and is our only rule for faith and life.
4c.
Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. They believe that The Bible is the
inspired, error-free, and revealed word of God. They believe that Baptism is a

sacrament that regenerates and justifies, and is usually done in infancy. Catholics
believe forgiveness of sin is achieved through church ritual, with the assistance of a
priest in confession. Catholics embrace the belief that God, the one Supreme Being, is
made up of three persons: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.
Catholics also believe that since Adam and Eve disobeyed God in the Garden of Eden, all
humans are born with original sin, which only Baptism removes. A happier belief is in
grace, a totally free, unmerited gift from God. Grace is a sharing in the divine; the
inspiration to do Gods will. Catholics recognise the unity of body and soul for each
human being.
4d.
Elizabeth ascended the throne at age twenty-five, immediately identifying herself as a
Protestant sympathiser. She made slight religious adjustments under her Protestant
brother, Edward VI, and then under her Catholic sister, Mary I, but Elizabeth was always
more receptive to the Protestants. Although the Catholics initially hoped that Elizabeth
would be sympathetic to their cause, they now knew decisively that she would not
support them. Many Catholic bishops also refused to crown Elizabeth queen, further
fostering her support for the Protestants who stood firmly behind her. Elizabeth was
also keenly aware that she could not cede too much ground to the Protestants. Based
on the foreign alliances in Europe at the time, she knew a fervent rejection of
Catholicism would encourage Spain to make an alliance with France against England. In
1558, Mary died and Elizabeth became queen. Faced with a country that has religious
differences, Elizabeth once again made the Church of England the official religion,
although retaining some Roman Catholic traditions in the church, which was designed to
prevent the country from further turmoil. Elizabeth wanted a Church that would appeal
to both Catholics and Protestants, and did not want to move the Church in a more
Protestant direction.
4e,
Elizabeth was similarly guarded on issues of religion, always preferring compromise to
definitive actions. Thus although she wished the English clergy to be celibate, because
she knew this went against the Protestant view she did not challenge the English
clergy's practice of marrying. Regarding communion and the great Protestant-Catholic
spiritual debates of the Reformation, over which so many people were killing each other,
Elizabeth refrained from comment, saying, "Some think one thing, some another, and
only God can say whose judgment is best."