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Teagene di Reggio

Vita Erodotea
Pseudo-Plutarco
Suda
Teagene di Reggio (Testimonia, ed. H. Diels and W. Kranz, Die Fragmente der
Vorsoratier, !ol. ", #t$ edn. %erlin& Weidmann, "'(" (re)r.
Du*lin+,uric$& "'##-& ("-(..-
TATIAN. 31 p. 31, 16 Schw. per gr tA| `Omrou posew| gnou| te aUto ka crOnou
kaq' n kmasen prohrenhsan presbtato mn Oeagnh| te `Rhgno| kat
Kambshn gegon| ka Sths.mbroto| Oso| FGrHist. 107 F 21 II 521] ka 'Ant.maco|
Koofno| `HrOdotO| te `AkarnasseY [II 53. 116f.] ka Donso| 'Onqo| kt.
Vita Erodotea (Vita Herodotea, ed. T.W. /llen, Homeri o)era, !ol. (. 012ord&
3larendon Press, "'". (re)r. "'#'-& "'.-."4.-
a. `HrOdoto| `AkarnasseY| per `Omrou genso| ka k.h| ka botA| tde
|stOrhke, zhtsa| pexeqen e,| 1 t trekstaton. pe gr pa A,ot| Kmh
kt. zeto sunAqon n taUt pantodap oqnea `Ehnk, ka d ka k Magnhs.h|
o t tne| ka Menwpo| 'Iqagneo| to Krqwno|, oU poforto| braca to b.
ou ocwn. oto| d Menwpo| oghmen n t KmV tn qugatra 'Omrhto|, ka
aUt g.neta k ko.th| qAu tknon, onoma t.qeta Krhqh.+da. ka aUt| m n
Me nwpo| ka gun aUto teethsan tn b.on: tn d quga tra ptrpe
ndr crAto msta, Kenakt t 'Arge.|. b. CrOnou d proZOnto| sunbh tn
pada mgesan ndr aqra.w| n gastr scen. t m n on prta n qanen. pe
d sqeto Kenax, cqeto t sumfor, ka kaesmeno| tn Krhqh.+da cwr|
pntwn n a,t.V megV e cen, pegOmeno| tn a,scnhn tn pr| toY| pota|:
proboueeta on per aUtA| tde: otucon o| Kumao kt.zonte| tOte to `Erme.ou
kOpou tn mucOn: ktzo mnos d tn pOn Smrnan oqeto t Onoma Ohse|,
mnhmeon qwn katastAsa tA| wuto gunak| mnumon: n gr aUt tonoma
Smrnh. d OhseY| n tn tn Kmhn ktsntwn n to| prto| Oessan, p
EUmou to 'Admtou, krta e ocwn to b.ou. nqata pekt.qe ta Kenax
tn Krhqh.+da pr| 'Ismhn.hn tn Boton tn po.kwn eogcOta, | tgcanen
aUt n taro| t msta. g. CrOnou d proZOnto| xeqosa Krhqh+| met' wn
gunakn pr| ortn tna p tn potamn tn kaomenon Mhta, dh p.toko|
osa, t.kte tn "Omhron, oU tun dedorkOta: ka t.qeta Onoma t pad.|
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Mehsgnea, p to potamo tn pwnum.an abosa. tw| m n on Krhqh+|
n par t 'Ismhn.V: proZOnto| d to crOnou xAqe, ka p rgas.h| cern
rmhmnh otrefe t pa d.on ka wutn, ote par' wn orga ambnousa: ka
pa.deuse tn pada f' n dnato. d. Hn d t| n SmrnV toton tn crOnon
Fmo| tonoma, pada| grmmata ka tn hn mouskn dd skwn psan. oto|
msqota tn Krhqh.+da, n monOtropo|, rourgAsa aUt or tna par tn pa.
dwn e,| msqn mbanen. d par' aUt e,rgzeto, po kosm.| ka swfrosnV
po crwmnh, ka t Fhm.| krta rsketo. to| d proshngkato aUt Ogou| pe.qwn
wut suno ken, a te po gwn oC| mn eto prosxesqa, ka ot per to
padO|, u|n poomeno|: ka Ot trafe| ka padeuqe| p' aUto xo| Ogou osta:
ra gr tn 1 pada Onta sunetn ka krta eUfua: ost' npesen aUtn poen
tata.e. `O pa| d n te fsn ocwn gaqn, pme.h| te ka padeso|
prosgenomnh| aUt.ka pon tn pntwn perece. crOnou d pgenomnou
ndromeno| oUd n to Fhm.ou podestero| n n t ddaska.v. ka oUtw| m n
Fmo| teethse tn b.on, katapn pnta t pad., oU po d Usteron ka
Krhqh+| teethsen. d Mehsgnh| p t ddaska.v kaqestke: kaq' wutn
d genOmeno| mon p tn nqrpwn wrto. ka aUto qwumasta
kaqestkesan o te gcro ka tn xnwn o| sapkneOmeno. mpOron gr n
Smrnh, ka sto| xgeto poY| aUtOqen k tA| pkemnh| cra| dayw| krta
sagOmeno| | aUtn. o| on xno, kOte pasonto tn orgwn, pescOazon par t
Mehsgne gkaq.zonte|. 2. Hn d n aUto| tOte ka Mnth| nakhro| p tn per
Leukda tOpwn katapepeuk| p ston, ocwn nan, pepadeumno| te nr | n
ke.n| t crOn| ka pou.+stwr: O| mn opese tn Mehsgnh meq' wuto pen
katasanta tn ddaska.an, msqOn te ambnonta ka t donta pnta, ka Ot
cra| ka pOa| qesasqa xon eh aUt w| no| st.. ka. mn ooma msta
totos proacqAna: sw| gr ka t pose dh tOte penOe pqsesqa. katasa|
1 d tn ddaska.an naut.eto met to Mntew. ka Opou kstote f.koto
pnta t pcra dewrto, ka |sto rwn punqneto. e,k| d mn n ka
mnhmOsuna pntwn grfesqa. z. 'AnakomzOmeno d k Turshn.h| ka tA| 'Ibhr.h|
pknonta e,| 'Iqkhn. ka t Mehsgne sunbh nossant toY| NfqamoY| krta
den| ocen, ka aUtn qerape.h| eneka pen mwn e,| tn Leukda, katapen
Mnth| par ndr f.| wuto | t msta Mntor t 'Ak.mou 'Iqakhs.|, po
dehqe| pme.hn ocen: panapsa| d nayesqa aUtOn. d Mntwr nos
eusen aUtn ktenw|: ka gr to b.ou rkeOntw| e ce, ka kouen e |
dkaosnhn te ka oxen.hn makr msta tn n 'IqkV ndrn. nqata sunbh t
Mehsgne per 'Odussw| xstorAsa ka puqsqa. o| m n d 'Iqakso gous
tOte mn par' wuto| tuf wqAna: | d g fhm tOte m n gA gensqa, Usteron d
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n Koofn tuwqAna. sunomoogos d mo ka Koofno toto|.h. `O d Mnth|
napwn k tA| Leukdo| prosscen e,| tn 'Iqkhn ka nabe tn Mehsgnea:
crOnon te p sucnn sumperpe aUt. pkomn| d | Koofna sunbh pn
nossanta toY| NfqamoY| m dnasqa da fugen tn nOson, tuwqAna
nqata. k d tA| 1 Koofno| tu| n pkneta e,| tn Smrnan ka oUtw|
pece.re t pose. q. CrOnou d proZOnto| n t SmrnV poro| n to b.ou
denoqh pksqa | Kmhn. poreuOmeno| d d to "Ermou ped.ou, pkneta |
Non teco|, pok.hn Kuma.wn. k.sqh d toto t cwr.on Usteron Kmh| otesn
Nkt. nqata geta aUtn pstnta p skuteOn t e,pen prta t opea tde:
a,desqe xen.wn kecrhmnon d dOmoo, o% pOn a,penn Kmhn rpda
korhn na.ete, Sardnh| pOda ne.aton ykOmoo: mbrOson p.nonte| Udwr qe.
ou potamoo "Ermou dnento|, n qnato| tketo Ze|. d Sardnh Oro| stn
perke.menon to te "Ermou pota mo ka to Nou te.cou|. t d skute Onoma
n Tuc.o|: kosant d tn pwn odoxen aUt dxasqa tn nqrw pon. hse gr
a,tonta tuOn, ka keusen e,s na t' aUtn e,| t rgastron ka metxen ofh
tn pareOntwn, d sAqe. katmeno| d n t skute.| pareOntwn ka wn tn te
po.hsn aUto| pede.knuto, 'Amre te tn xeas.an tn | Oba|, ka toY|
Umnou| toY| | qeoY| pepohmnou| aUt: ka per tn egomnwn p tn pareOntwn
| t mson gnma| pofanOmeno| qwmato| xo| fa.neto e na to| koous. 1
. Tw| m n on katecen Mehsgnh| per t Non teco|, p tA| posO| ge to b.
ou tn mhcann ocwn. de.knuon d o| Neotece| mcr| p' mo tn cron n
kat.zwn tn pwn tn p.dexn poeto, ka krta sbonto tn tOpon. n
ka agero| pefke n keno ofasan f' o Mehsgnh| qen aUto|
pefukna. a. CrOnou d proZOnto|, pOrw| ke.meno| ka mO| tn trofn ocwn
penoqh e,| tn Kmhn pksqa, e t bton prxe. mwn d poreesqa tde t
opea ge: a ya pOde| me froen | a,do.wn pOn ndrn: tn gr ka qum|
prOfrwn ka mAt| r.sth. p d to Nou te.ceo| poreuOmeno| p.keto e,| tn
Kmhn d Lar.ssh| tn pore.an pohsmeno|: n gr oUtw| aUt eUportaton: ka.,
| Kumao gous, t Frug.h| basAZ M.dV t Gord.ew dehqntwn penqern aUto
poe ka t p.gramma tOde, t ot ka nn p tA| sth| to mnmato| to
Gord.ew pggrapta: cakA parqno| e,m., M.dew d' p smat kema: 1 ost'
n Udwr te V ka dndrea makr teqV O| t' nn mpV, ampr te senh, ka
potamo. ge wsn nakzV d qassa, aUto tde mnousa poukatou p
tmbou ggew paros M.dh| Ot tde tqapta.b. Kat.zwn d n ta| sca| tn
gerOntwn n t KmV Mehsgnh| t opea t pepohmna aUt pede.k nuto, ka
n to| Ogo| oterpe toY| koonta|: ka aUto qwumasta kaqestkesan. gnoY| d
Ot podkonta aUto tn po.hsn o| Kumao ka e,| sunqean kwn toY|
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koonta|, Ogou| pr| aUtoY| toosde prosnegke, gwn | e, qoen aUtn
dhmos.V trfen pkeestthn aUtn tn pOn pose. to| d koous bouomno|
te n tata, ka aUto parneon qOnta p tn boun dehqAna tn boueutwn:
ka aUto ofasan sumprxen. d pe.qeto aUto|, ka bouA| suegomnh| qn
p 1 t boueon deto to p t tm tatV kaqestto| pagagen aUtn p tn
boun. d pedxatO te ka pe kar| n pgage: katast| d Mehsgnh|
oexe per tA| trofA| tn Ogon n ka n ta| sca| oegen. | d e pen xeqn
kqhto. g. O| d boueonto Ot cren eh pokr.nasqa aUt. proqumoumnou
d to pgonto| aUtn ka wn Oso tn boueutwn n ta| sca| pkoo
gnonto, tn boueutwn na geta nantwqAna t crmV aUto, a te po
gonta ka | e, toY| mrou| dOxe tr fen aUto| Omon poOn te ka creon
xousn. nte qen d ka tonoma "Omhro| pekrthse t Mehsgne p tA|
sumforA|: o| gr Kumao toY| tuoY| mrou| gousn: ste prOteron Nnomazomnou
aUto Mehsgneo| toto gensqa tonoma "Omhro|. d. Ka o| xno dnegkan Ote
mnmhn aUto poonto. teeta d' on Ogo| t rcont m trfen tn
"Omhron, odoxe d pw| ka t V bou. peqn d pstth| ka parezOmeno|
aUt dhgsato toY| nantwqnta| Ogou| t crmV aUto ka t dOxanta t bou. `O
d, | kousen, sumfOrhn te ka ge t opea tde: oV m' asV dke patr ZeY|
krma gensqa, npon a,do.h| p gonas mhtr| twn. Vn pot' prgwsan
bou D| a,gOcoo ao Fr.kwno|, mrgwn pbtore| ppwn, 1 pOtero maeroo
pur| kr.nonte| "Arha, A,o.da Smrnhn ge.tona pontot.nakton Vn te d' gan
e sn Udwr |eroo Mhto|: onqen pornmena kora DO|, ga tkna, qethn
ksa dan cqOna ka pOn ndrn, o| d' panhnsqhn |ern Opa, fAmn, odn.
frad.V tn mn te paqn t| frsseta aq|, O| sn Nne.dessn tn mn demsato
pOtmon. kAra d' g tn mo qe| pase genomn| per tsoma kranta frwn
tethOt qum. oUd t mo f.a gua mnen |era| n gua| Kmh| rma.nous,
mga| d me qum| pe.ge dAmon | odapn ,na N.gon per Onta. e. Met
toto passeta k tA| Kmh| | Fwka.hn, Kuma.o| parhsmeno| mhdna
pohtn dOkmon n t crv gensqa Ost| Kuma.ou| pagaZe. pkOmeno| d |
Fwka.hn t aUt trOp| bOteusen, opea ndeknmeno| n ta| sca| kat.zwn.
n d t Fwka.V toton tn crOnon Oestor.dh| t| n grmmata ddskwn toY|
pada|, nr oU krguo|: katanosa| d to `Omrou tn po.hsn Ogou| toosde
aUt prosnegke, f| tomo| e na qerapeen ka trfen aUtn naabn, e, qo
ge pepohmna eh aUt tn pwn nagryasqa ka a pon pr| wutn nafren
a,e.. 1 2. T d `Omr| kosant odoxe pohta e na tata: nde| gr n tn
nagka.wn ka qerape.h|. datr.bwn d par t Oestor.dV poe 'Ida tn
ssw, A| rc "Ion e.dw ka Dardan.hn +pwon, A| pr po pqon
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Danao., qerponte| "Arho|: ka tn kaoumnhn Fwka.+da, Vn fasn o| Fwkae|
"Omhron par' aUtos poAsa. pe d tn te Fwka.+da ka ta pnta par to
`Omrou Oestor.dh| gryato, denoqh k tA| Fwka.h| passesqa, tn po.
hsn qwn to `Omrou xdsasqa, ka oUk ot mo.w| n pmee.v e ce tn
"Omhron. d ge aUt t opea tde: Oestor.dh| qnhtosn nw.+stwn pown
per, oUd n frastOteron peta nOou nqrposn. m n d Oestor.dh| k tA|
Fwka.h| phgh | tn C.on ka ddaska.hn kateskeusato: ka t opea
pdeknmeno| | wuto Onta opanOn te pon e ce ka feeto: d
"Omhro| pn tn aUtn trOpon dVtto n t Fwka.V, p tA| poso| tn botn
ocwn. z. CrOn| d oU po metpeta ndre| Co omporo p.konto | tn Fwka.
hn: kosante| d tn pwn to `Omrou prOteron khkOesan pok| n t C.|
to Oesto r.dew, xggeon `Omr| Ot n t C.| t| pdeknmeno| t opea tata
grammtwn ddskao| krta pon opanon 1 oce. d "Omhro| katenOhsen Ot
Oestor.dh| n eh, ka pant qum spodazen e,| tn C.on pksqa. katab| d
p tn mna, | m n tn C.on oU kataambne oUd n poon pon, | d tn
'Eruqra.hn tne| p xou pare skeuzonto pen. ka| d e ce t `Omr| d'
'Eruqra.h| tn pon posasqa. ka proseqn crZze par tn nautwn dxasqa
aUtn smpoun, po te ka prosagwg gwn oC| sfa| omee pe.sen. to| d
odoxe dxasqa aUtOn, ka keuon sba.nen e,| t poon. d "Omhro| po
pansa| aUtoY| sbh: ka pe zeto ge t opea tde: osedwn megaosqen |
nnos.gae, eUrucOrou medwn d xanqo `Ekno|, d| d' oron kan ka
pmona nOston ,dsqa nata|, o% nh| pompo d' rco oas. d| d' | prean
ykrmnoo M.manto| a,do.wn m' qOnta brotn s.wn te kurAsa, Ft te tsa.
mhn | mn nOon peropesa| dsato ZAna xnon xen.hn te trapzhn. h. 'Epe
d p.konto eUposante| | tn 'Eruqra.hn, tOte m n "Omhro| tn an p t
po.| posato: t d stera.V crZze tn nautwn tna gsasqa aUt | tn
pOn: o| d sunpemyan na aUtn. poreuOmeno| d 1 "Omhro| pe otuce tA|
'Eruqra.h| trace.h| ka NrenA| osh|, fqggeta tde t opea: pOtna gA, pndwre
dOtera me.frono| Obou, | ra d to| m n fwtn eocqo| tcqh|, tos d
dsbwo| ka trhce' oC| coqh|. pkOmeno| d | tn pOn tn 'Eruqra.wn
phrthse per to | tn C.on po: ka. tno| proseqOnto| aUt tn wrakOtwn n
t Fwka.V ka spasamnou, crZzen aUto sunexeuren aUt poon Opw| n e,|
tn C.on daba.h. q. 'Ek m n d to mno| oUd n n pOstoon, ge d aUtn
onqa tn wn t poa rm.zeta. ka. pw| n tugcne mous. ts dapen |
tn C.on, n deto proseqn gwn aUtn naaben tn "Omhron. o| d oUdna
Ogon pohsmeno ngonto: d "Omhro| fqggeta tde t opea: nata pontopOro
stuger na.gko tV, ptwksn a,qu.Vs b.on dszhon oconte|, a,desqe xen.
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oo D| sba| ymdonto|: den gr mt' Op| xen.ou DO|, O| k' .thta. nacqes
d aUto| sunbh nant.ou nmou genomnou pandromAsa ka | t cwr.on
nadramen Oqen nhg gonto ka tn "Omhron naaben kaqmenon p tA| kuma
twgA|. maqn d aUtoY| pepandromhkOta| oexe tde: 1 `m|, xno, oaben
nemo| nt.o| genOmeno|: ' ot ka nn me dxasqe, ka po| mn osta. o| d'
e| n metame.V genOmeno Ot oU prOteron dxanto, e,pOnte| Ot oU
katampnousn n qo sumpen keuon sba.nen: ka oUtw| naabOnte|
aUtn ncqhsan ka scousn p' ktA|.k. O| m n d e| pr| orgon trphsan.
d "Omhro| tn m n nkta p to a,gao katmene, tn d mran po reuOmeno|
ka panmeno| p.keto e,| t cwr.on toto .tu| kaeta. kntaqa aUt
napauomn| tn nkta pp.pte karp| tA| p.tuo|, n d metextero strObon,
o| d knon kaousn. d "Omhro| fqggeta t opea tde: h t.| sou pekh me.
nona karpn hsn "Idh| n korufs pouptcou nemossh|, onqa s.dhro| "Arho|
pcqon.os brotosn osseta et' n mn Kebrno ndre| ocws. t d Kebrna
toton crOnon kt.zen o| Kumao pareskeu zonto pr| t "IdV, ka g.neta aUtOq
s.dhro|. ka. 'Enteqen d' nast| "Omhro| poreeto kat fwnn tna a,gn
nemomnwn. | d kteon aUtn o| kne| nkragen. d Gako| | kouse tA|
fwnA|, n gr toto Onoma t nmont t| a ga|, pdramen Ntraw|, t| te kna|
nekaeto ka pesObhsen p to `Omrou. p poYn d crOnon n qwmat n
Okw| tu| n mOno| p.koto | tootou| crou|, ka Ot qwn. proseqn 1 t mn
|storen Ost| te n ka t.n trOp| p.koto | tOpou| oktou| ka stba cwr.a,
ka t.no| kecrhmno| eh. d "Omhro| aUt psan tn wuto pqhn kata
egOmeno| e,| o kton prohggeto. n gr, | ooken, oUd' gnmwn Gako|.
naabn d' aUtn ngagen p tn staqmOn, pr t' nakasa| depnon
paraskeuze, ka paraqe| depnen keuen Gako|. kb. Tn d kunn m
sqOntwn ka aktontwn de pnonta| kaqper e,qesan ge pr| tn Gakon
"Omhro| t opea tde: Gake ppwn, pn to opo| t n fres qsw: prton m n
kus depnon p' aUe.Vs qrVs dona: | gr menon: gr ka prton koe
ndr| percomnou ka | rkea qhr| ,Onto|. tata kosa| Gako| Vsqh t
paranse, ka n qw mat e cen aUtOn, depnsante| d d Ogwn e|stnto.
phgeomnou d `Omrou tn te pnhn tn wuto ka t| pOe| | sap.koto,
okphkto| n Gako| kown. ka tOte m n pe rh ko.tou n nepaeto.kg. T
d' stera.V denoqh Gako| pr| tn despOthn poreuqAna, shmanwn t per
`Omrou. ptrya| d t sundo| nmen t| a ga| tn "Omhron katae.pe ondon,
e,pn pr| aUtn Ot d tacwn poresoma. katab| d | BossOn, ost d phs.on
to cwr.ou totou, ka sug genOmeno| t despOtV, phgeto p r `Omrou psan
tn qean, per. te aUto tA| f.xo| n qwmat poemeno|: rte te O t cr
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poen per aUto. d N.ga m n pro| .eto tn Ogwn, kateg.nwske d to
Gakou | frono| Onto| ka toY| naprou| decomnou ka trfonto|. k euse d
Omw| tn xenon gen pr| autOn. kd. 'Eqn d pr| tn "Omhron dhgsato tata
Gako| ka keuse poreesqa toton: oUtw gr e pr xen: d "Omhro| qee
poreesqa. naabn on aUtn Gako| gage pr| tn despOthn. d Ogwn d
,n t `Omr| Co|, er.ske Onta dexn ka pon omperon. opeq te aUtn
mnen ka tn pad.wn pmean poe sqa: san gr t C.| pade| n k.V.
totou| on aUt parat.qhs padeen. d oprhsse tata: ka toY| Krkw pa| ka
Batracomuomac.an ka aromac.hn ka `Eptapak tkn ka 'Epkc.da| ka ta
pnta Osa pa.gn stn `Omrou ntaqa po.hse par t C.| n Boss, ste
ka n t pOe perbOhto| dh gneto n t pose. ka m n Oestor.dh|, |
tcsta pqeto aUtn pareOnta, ceto kpwn k tA| C.ou. ke. CrOnou d
proOnto| dehqe| to C.ou poresa aUtn e,| tn C.on p.keto e,| tn pOn: ka
ddaskaeon kata skeuasmeno| d.daske pada| t opea. ka krta dex| 1
dOkeen e na to| C.o|, ka poo qwumasta aUto kaqe stkesan. suexmeno|
d b.on |kann gunaka oghmen x A| aUt qugatre| do gnonto: ka m n
aUtn gamo| teethse, tn d sunksen ndr C.|. k2. 'Epcersa| d t pose
pdwke crn n e ce, prton m n Mntor t 'Iqakhs.| n t 'Odusse.v, Ot mn
kmnonta toY| NfqamoY| n 'IqkV noseuen ktenw|, tonoma aUto
narmOsa| | tn po.hsn 'Odussw| te taron f| e na, posa| 'Odussa | |
Tro.hn opee Mntor ptrya tn o kon | Ont 'Iqakhs.wn r.st| ka
dkaott|. poac d ka V tA| posew| tmn aUtOn, tn 'Aqhnn pOte | Ogon
tn kaq.stato t Mntor o,ku.hn poe. pdwke d ka Fhm.| t auto dadask|
trofea ka ddaskaea n t 'Odusse.V, msta n tosde to| opesux d' n cersn
k.qarn perka' oqhke Fhm.|, | d pon ka.nuto pnta| e.dwn. ka pn
aUtr form.zwn nebeto kan e.den. 1 mmnhta d ka to naukrou meq'
o kperpeuse ka e de pO| te po| ka cra|, Onoma n Mnth|, n to|
opes tosde Mnth| 'Agcoo da.+frono| ecoma e na u|O|, tr Taf.os
hrtmosn nssw. pdwke d crn ka Tuc.| t skute, | dxato aUtn n t
N| te.ce proseqOnta pr| t skuteon, n to| opes katazexa| n t 'Id tosde
Aa| d' ggqen qe frwn sko| +te prgon, ckeon ptabOeon, O o| Tuc.o|
kme tecwn, skutotOmwn Oc' rsto| "V on o,k.a na.wn. kz. 'Ap d tA|
posew| tath| eUdokme "Omhro| per. te tn 'Iwn.hn ka | tn `Eda dh
per aUto Ogo| nafreto: katokwn d n t C.| ka eUdokmwn per tn po.
hsn, pkneomnwn pon pr| aUtOn, suneboeuon o| ntugcnonte| aUt | tn
`Eda pksqa: d prosedxato tn Ogon ka krta peqme podhmAsa. kh.
Katanosa| d Ot | m n "Argo| poa ka meg a e en eUog.a pepohmna, |
7
d t| 'Aqna| o, mpoe | tn po.hsn, | m n 'Ida tn meghn 'Erecqa
mega nwn n nen kataOg| t opea tde dAmon 'ErecqAo| megatoro|, On pot'
'Aqnh qrye D| qugthr, tke d ze.dwro| roura. ka tn strathgn aUtn
Menesqa a,nsa| | pntwn eh 1 rsto| txa pezn stratn ka |ppOta|, n tosde
to| opesn e pe: tn aq' gemOneu' u|| eteo Menesqe|. t d' o p t| moo|
pcqOno| gnet' nr kosmAsa ppou| te ka nra| spdta|. Aanta d tn
Teamno| ka Saamn.ou| n nen kataOg| otaxe pr| 'Aqhna.ou|, gwn tde: Aa|
d' k Saamno| gen duoka.deka nAa|, stAse d' gwn n' 'Aqhna.wn stanto
fagge|. | d tn 'Odusse.hn tde po.hsen, | 'Aqhn | Ogou| qosa t
'Odusse | tn 'Aqhna.wn pOn p.keto, tmsa tathn tn wn po msta
keto d' | Maraqna ka eUrucOrou| | 'Aqna|, dne d' 'ErecqAo| puknn dOmon.kq.
'Emposa| d | tn po.hsn tata ka paraskeua smeno|, | `Eda bouOmeno|
posasqa tn pon, pro| .sce t Sm|. otucon d o| kese tn tOte karn
gonte| ortn 'Apatora. ka. t| tn Sam.wn ,dn tn "Omhron pgmnon,
prOteron aUtn Npwp| n C.|, qn | toY| frtora| dhgsato, | n pa.n|
meg| poemeno| aUtOn. o| d frtore| keuon gen aUtOn: d ntucn t
`Omr| oexen, xne 'Apatora gosh| tA| pOo| kaous. se o| frtore| o|
mtero suneort sonta. d "Omhro| ofh tata posen ka e met to
kasanto|. 1 . oreuOmeno| d gcr.mpteta gunax KourotrOf| quosa| n t
trOd|. d |rea e pe pr| aUtOn, dusce rnasa t Oye, ner p tn |ern. d
"Omhro| | qumOn te obae t hqn, ka reto tn gonta t.| te eh
fqegxmeno|, ka t.n qen |er qeta. d aUt dh gsato Ot gun eh KourotrOf|
qousa. d' kosa| ge tde t opea: kq mo eUcomn| KourotrOfe, d| d
gunaka tnde nwn m n nnasqa Othta ka eUnn, d' pterpsqw
pookrotfos grousn, n rh m n pmbunta, qum| d menon. a. 'Epe d qen
e,| tn frtrhn ka to okou onqa d da.nunto p tn oUdn osth, o| m n
gous kaomnou pur| n t ok|, o| d fas tOte kkasa sf|, ped "Omhro| t
opea e pen ndr| m n stfano| pade|, prgo d pOho|, ppo d' n ped.| kOsmo|,
nAe| d qassh|, crmata d' axe o kon: tr geraro basAe| Vmeno e,n gor
kOsmo| t' osn rsqa. a,qomnou d pur| gerartero| o ko| ,dsqa. 1 e,seqn
d ka katakqe| da.nuto met tn fratOrwn: ka aUtn t.mwn ka n qwmat
e con: ka tOte m n tn ko.thn aUto posato "Omhro|. b. T d e,saron
poporeuOmenon ,dOnte| kerame| tne| kmnon gka.onte| kermou epto,
prosekasanto aUtOn, pepusmno Ot sof| eh: ka keuOn sn esa, fmeno
dsen aUt to kermou ka O t n o ocw sn. d "Omhro| e.de aUto| t
opea tde kaeta Kmno|: e, m n dsete msqn e.sw keramAe|: der' g'
'Aqhna.h ka pe.rece cera kam.nou, e d meanqeen kOtuo ka pnta
8
meura, frucqAna. te ka| ka tmA| non rsqa, po m n e,n gor pwemena,
po d' gua|, po d kerdAna, mn d d | s noAsa. n d' p' nade.hn
trefqnte| yede' rhsqe sugkaw d' peta kam.n| dhhtAra|, 1 Sntrb' m|
SmragOn te ka "Asbeton d g' "Abakton, 'mOdamOn q' | tde tcnV kak po
por.zo. peqe pura.qousan ka dmata, sYn d kmno| psa kukhqe.h keramwn
mga kwkusntwn. | gnqo| |ppe.h brke, brko d kmno| pnt' ontosq' aUtA|
keramZa ept poosa. dero ka e.ou qgater poufrmake K.rkh: gra frmaka
be, kkou d' aUto| te ka orga. dero d ka Ce.rwn gtw poa| Kentarou|, o
q' `Hrake.ou| cera| fgon, o t' pOonto: tptoen tde orga kak|, tpto d
kmnon, aUto d' o,mzonte| rato orga ponhr. ghqsw d' rOwn aUtn kakoda.
mona tcnhn. | d c' perkyV, per totou pn t prOswpon ecqe.h, | pnte|
p.stant' asma zen. aracemzwn d n t Sm|, ta| noumhn.a| prospo
reuOmeno| pr| t| o,k.a| t| eUdamonestta|, mban 1 t e.dwn t opea tde
kaeta E,resnh, dgoun d aUtn ka sumparAsan a,e tn pa.dwn tne| tn
gcwr.wn: dma prosetrapOmesq' ndr| mga dunamnoo, | mga m n dnata,
mga d brme, Obo| a,e.. aUta nak.nesqe qra: poto| gr oses poO|, sYn
pot| d ka eUfrosnh teqaua, e,rnh t' gaq. Osa d' ggea, mest m n eh,
kurba.h d' a,e kat kardOpou rpo mza, to pad| d gun kat dfrda bseta
Ummn, m.ono d' xous krata.pode| | tOde dma, aUt d' |stn fa.no p'
ktr| bebaua. nema. to nema naso| ste cedn sthk' n proqro|: ka 1
e, mn t dse| e, d m, oUc stxomen, oU gr sunoksonte| nqd' qomen.
deto d tde t opea n t Sm| p poYn crOnon p tn pa.dwn Ote ge.
roen n t ort to 'ApOwno|. d. 'Arcomnou d to oaro| pece.rhse pen
"Omhro| e,| t| 'Aqna| k tA| Smou. ka nacqe| met tnwn gcwr.wn phncqh
e,| tn "Ion: ka rm.sqhsan oU kat pOn, ' p' ktA|. sunbh d t `Omr| kat
po t rxasqa maak| ocen: kb| d to po.ou komto p tA| kumatwgA|
duntw| ocwn. pe.ou| d mra| rmontwn aUtn d' po.+hn, kataba.nonte|
a,e. tne| tn k tA| pOo| pescOazon par t `Omr| ka n qw mat e con
aUtn koonte| aUto. e. Tn d nautwn ka tn k tA| pOo| tnn m nwn par t
`Omr| katpwsan pade| Ae| tn tOpon, ka kbnte| k to kat.ou
proseqOnte| aUto| tde e pon: gete xno pakosate mwn, n ra dnhsqe
dagn na ss' n mn epwmen. ka. t| tn pareOntwn keue gen: o| d e pan
me| ssa eomen kate.pomen: d m eomen fromen. o| d fas mtr| e,pen
aUtoY| ss' omen pOmesqa: d' oUc omen ferOmesqa. oU dunamnwn d tn
pareOntwn gnna t hqnta, dhg santo o| pade| Ot eonte| oUd n dnanto
en, kaq meno d n g fqer.zonto, ka Osou| m n oabon tn 1 fqern
katpon: Osou| d m dnanto | okou| pe fronto. d "Omhro| kosa| tata
9
oexe t opea tde: to.wn gr patrwn x amato| kgegasqe, ote baqukrwn
ot' speta mAa nemOntwn. 2. 'Ek d tA| sqene.a| tath| sunbh tn "Omhron
teeutAsa n "I|, oU par t m gnna t par tn pa.dwn hqn, | oonta. tne|,
t maak.V. teeu tsa| d n t "I| aUto p' ktA| tfh pO te tn sumpOwn
ka tn potewn Oso n daog gegnhnto aUt. ka t egeon tOde pgrayan
'IAta Usteron crOn| po, | dh V te po.hs| xepeptkee ka qaumzeto p
pntwn: oUd `Omrou st.n: nqde tn |ern kefan kat gaa kayen ndrn
rwn kosmtora qeon "Omhron. z. "Ot d n A,oeY| "Omhro| ka ote "Iwn ote
Dwre|, to| te e,rhmno| dedwta. mo ka d ka tosde tekma.resqa parce.
ndra pohtn thkoton e,kO| st tn nom.mwn tn par to| nqrpo| poonta |
tn po.hsn to t ksta xeurOnta poen t wuto, ptra Onta. dh to.
nun t nqnde aUto tn pwn koonte| krnete. |eropo.+hn gr tn krat.
sthn xeu rn po.hsen tn wuto patr.d proskousan. ge gr de: 1
aUrusan m n prta ka osfaxan ka oderan, mhro| t' xtamon kat te kn.ssV
kuyan, d.ptuca posante|, p' aUtn d' moqthsan. n toto| p r Nsfo|
oUd n erhta A | t |er cronta: montaton gr tn `Enwn t A,okn oqno| oU
ka.e Nsfn. dho d ka n tosde to| opesn Ot A,oeY| n dka.w| to| nOmo|
to| totwn crAto: kae d' p sc.zV| grwn, p d' aqopa o non ebe: no d
par' aUtn ocon pempboa cers.n. A,oe| gr mOno t spgcna p pnte Nben
Nptsn, o| d o "Ehne| p trn. ka gr Nnomzousn o| A,oe| t pnte pmpe. h.
T m n on p r tA| genso| ka teeutA| ka b.ou dedwta. mo. per d k.h| tA|
`Omrou k tnd' n t| pskeptOmeno| krb| ka Nrq| og.zoto. p gr tA| e,|
"Ion strat.h|, n 'Agammnwn ka Menao| ge ran, otesn Usteron katn ka
trkonta Lsbo| k.sqh kat pOe|, prOteron osa po|. met d Lsbon
o,ksqesan otesn Usteron ekos Kmh A,ot| ka Frkwn| kaeomnh k.sqh.
met d Kmhn Nktwka.deka otesn Usteron Smrna p Kuma.wn kat|k.sqh: ka
n tot| g.neta "Omhro|. f' o d' "Omhro| gneto ote stn xakOsa e,kosdo
mcr tA| rxew dabsew|, n strateusmeno| p toY| "Ehna| ka zexa| tn `E|
ponton dbh k tA| 'As.a| | tn EUrphn. p d 1 totou hZd.w| st
rqmAsa tn crOnon t qont zhten k tn rcOntwn tn 'Aqnhs. tn d TrwZkn
Usteron ggonen "Omhro| otesn katn xkonta Nkt.
Pseudo-Plutarco (5Plutarc$i6 De Homero ", ed. 7.F. Kindstrand, 8Plutarc$i9
De
Homero. :ei)zig& Teu*ner, "'';& "-#.-
ERI OMHRO
10
A1 erssn m n sw| dOxe ts poupragmonen per `Omrou, po.wn te n
gonwn ka pOqen, pe mhd aUt| x.wsen e,pen t per auto ' oUtw|
gkrat| oscen, | mhd tn rcn to NnOmato| pmnhsqAna. pe d | pr|
e,sagwgn tn rcomnwn padeesqa crsmo| pouper.a, perasmeqa e,pen
Osa |stOrhta to| pa per aUto. "Eforo| m n on Kumao| n suntgmat t
pgrafomn| 'Ep cwr.|, Kumaon aUtn podeknna permeno|, fhsn Ot 'ApeA|
ka Ma.wn ka Do| defo Kumao t gno|. n Do| m n d cra metkhsen e,|
"Askrhn, kmhn tA| Bowt.a|, kke gma| ukmdhn gnnhsen `Hs.odon. 'ApeA|
d teeutsa| n t patr.d KmV kat pe qugatra Krqh.da tonoma,
prosthsmeno| aUt tn defn Ma.ona. | dakoresa| tn proerhmnhn ka tn
p tn potn p t gegonOt de.sa| katgnwsn, odwken aUtn pr| gmon
Fhm.| Smurna.|, ddask| grammtwn. fotsa d aUt p toY| puno|, o% san
par t Mht, pekhse tn "Omhron p t potam, ka d toto Mehsgnh|
kqh. metwnomsqh d "Omhro|, ped t| 1 Oye| phrqh: oUtw d koun o
te Kumao ka o| "Iwne| toY| t| Oye| pephrwmnou| par t desqa tn mhreuOntwn,
O st tn goumnwn. ka tata m n "Eforo|. 'Arstoth| d n t tr.t| per ohtkA|
n "I| fhs t ns|, kaq' n karn NheY| KOdrou tA| 'IwnkA| pok.a| geto, kOrhn
tn tn pcwr.wn genomnhn pO tno| da.mono| tn sugcoreutn ta| Mosa|
gkmona, a,desqesan t sumbn d tn Ogkon tA| ga strO|, qen e| t cwr.on
kaomenon Agnan. e,| katadramOnta| Vst| ndrapod.sa tn proerhmnhn ka
gagOnta| e,| Smrnan, osan p Ludo| tOte, t base tn Ludn Ont f.| tonoma
Ma.on car.sasqa: tn d gapsanta tn kOrhn d t ko| gA ma. n datr.
bousan par t Mht ka susceqesan p tA| dno| otucen pokuAsa tn "Omhron
p t potam. n naabn Ma.wn | don otrefe, tA| Krqh.do| met tn
khsn eUqw| teeu thssh|. crOnou d oU poo deqOnto| ka aUt| teethse. tn
d Ludn kataponoumnwn p tn A,own ka krnntwn kata pen tn Smrnan,
khruxntwn d tn gemOnwn tn bouOmenon ko ouqen xna tA| pOew|, ot
npo| n "Omhro| ofh ka aUt| boesqa mhren: Oqen nt Mehsgnou| "Omhro|
proshgoreqh. GenOmeno| d n k.v ka dOxan p pohtk kekthmno| dh
phrta tn qeOn, t.nwn te n gonwn ka pOqen. d neen oUtw|: ostn "Io|
nAso| mhtr| patr.|, V se qanOnta dxeta: nwn ndrn angma faxa. freta
d ka tero| crhsm| tooto|: Obe ka dsdamonofu| gr p' mfotros, patr.da
d.zha: mhtr| d to, oU patr| ost, 1 mhtrOpo| n ns| p Krth| eUre.h|, M.
nwo| ga.h|, ote scedn ot' potho: n t so mor' st teeutAsa bOtoo, et'
n p gssh| pa.dwn m gn| pakosa| dusxneton skoos Ogo| e,rhmnon
Umnon: do| gr zwA| mo.ra| ce|: n m n maurn e.wn dssn, n d' qanto|
,sOmoron, znt. te ka fqmn|: fq.meno| d' ot pon grw|. met' oU poYn d
11
crOnon pwn e,| Oba| p t KrOna gn d oto| geta par' aUto| mouskOs
qen e,| "Ion. onqa p ptra| kaqezOmeno| qesato e| prosponta|, n
pqeto e t ocoen. o| d p t qhrsa m n mhdn, fqer.sasqa d d tn
por.an tA| qra| oUtw| pekr.nanto: Oss' omen, pOmesq': Oss' oUc omen,
ferOmesqa, a,nssOmeno | ra o| m n oabon tn fqern pokte.nante| kat pon,
o| d oUk oabon n t sqAt froen. Oper oU dunhqe| sumbaen "Omhro| d tn
qum.an teethse. qyante| d aUtn o| 'IAta megaoprep| toOnde pgrayan
aUto t tf|: nqde tn |ern kefan kat gaa kapte ndrn rwn kosmtora,
qeon "Omhron. e,s mnto o% ka Koofnon aUtn podeknna pernta, meg.
st| tekmhr.| crmeno pr| pOdexn t p to ndrnto| pgegram mn| ege.
|: oce d oUtw|: 1 u| Mhto|, "Omhre, sY gr ko| `Ed psV ka Koofn ptrV
qAka| | .don, ka tsd' ntq| yuc gennsao kora| dss| mqwn graymeno|
se.da|: mne d' m n nOston 'OdussAo| popagkton, d tn 'Iakn Dardandn
pOemon. xon d mhd t p 'Antptrou to pgrammatopoo graf n p.
gramma parapen, ocon oUk smnw|: oce d oUtw|: o| mn seu Koofna
tqhnteran, "Omhre, o| d kan Smrnan, o| d' npous C.on, o| d' "Ion, o| d'
bOasan karon Saamna, o| d nu tn Lapqn matra Oessa.an: o d' o
maqron n.acon: e, d me Fo.bou xa pnutn mfad mantosnan, ptra to
teqe mga| oUranO|, k d gunak| oU qnat|, matr| d' opeo KaOpa|.
Gensqa d aUtn to| crOno| o| mn fas kat tn Trwkn pOemon, o ka aUtOpthn
gensqa, o| d met katn oth to pomou, o d met pentkonta ka katOn.
ograye d pomata do, 'Ida ka 'Odssean, | d tne|, oUk hq| gonte|,
gumna s.a| ka pade.a| neka Batracomuomac.an prosqe| ka Marg.thn. To d
Trwko pomou kaq' "OmhrOn tn| fasn rcn e na tn tn qen kr.sn, "Hra| ka
'Aqhn| ka 'Afrod.th|, per kou| p' 'Aexndrou genomnhn: gen gr tn
pohtn: 1 | ne.kesse qe|, Ote o| mssauon konto, tn d' nhs' V o| pOre
macosnhn egenn. ' oU prpon poambnen qeoY| p nqrpwn kekr.sqa,
ote p `Omrou d' wn par.stata toto: Oqen eUOgw| qthnta o| proke.
meno st.co. "Amenon on gen Ot 'Axandro| rmou pa|, pqumsa|
`Ehnko b.ou maqen gwgn, opeusen e,| Sprthn. ka pxenw qe| `EnV,
Meneou kat tn o kon oUk Onto|, npesen aUtn koouqen. qn d e,| tn
Kranhn kaoumnhn nAson m.gh prton t gunak., kkeqen pesa| d Sdno|
ka Fon.kh| Aken e,| "Ion. pgnOnte| d o| per 'Agammnona ka Menaon t pe
pragmnon stratn qrosan n AU.d, pOe tA| Bowt.a|. onqa ka quOntwn aUtn
drkwn p t phs.on neqn dndron strouqo neossoY| Nkt dfqeren, oC|
mthr nth sugkate.ekto. mnue d t shmeon Ot nna oth poemsante| t
dekt| a|ros tn "Ion. n.ka d pesante| pbhsan tA| Tro.a|, met prthn sum
12
bon, kaq' n nVrqh rwtes.ao|, MenaOn te ka 'Odussa prsbe| pstean tn
`Enhn patonte|. tn d Trwn nte pOntwn pn sumbo| poonto pomou. ka
pkratsante| toY| m n Tra| nt| tecn katkesan, aUto d e,| do mersqnte|
toY| m n easan paredreen t pOe, o| d strathgonto| 'Acw| t| parakemna|
pOe| pOrqoun, summac.a| faromeno toY| Tra|. x n m.an Onte|, Crsan,
gra| odosan 'Agammnon Crush .da, Crsou |erw| 'ApOwno| qugatra. d
qn p tn na staqmon, na utrshta tn pada, ka brsqe| p
'Agammnono| hxato t 'ApOwn kosa toY| "Ehna|. pakosa| d tA| eUcA|
qe| omn opemyen aUto|. ka tOte 'Acw| paransanto| po dona tn
Crush.da 'Agammnwn Nrgsqe| pe.hsen farsesqa t 'Acw| gra|, Brsh.da.
222 tn d mhtra, Otn, a,tsa sqa par to D| Attan `Enwn. o genomnou
troko| protra pe| p Nstoro| |kteusen 'Aca dona kn p' N.gon tn pan
op.an aUt, na toY| Tra| tn nen pshta. xeqn d troko| ka genna.w|
rstesa| met' oU poY nVrqh. caepna| d 'AceY| pasato m n tA| pr|
'Agammnona ocqra|, abn d fastOteukton panop.an ou| te pooY| nee ka
teeutaon tn "Ektora. `H m n on tx| tn pragmtwn stn aUth. d poht| p
to ntou otou| rxato, pe t pr tA| 'Acw| mndo| n tontera ka prxe|
oUk oconta ampr| oUd' paou|. summaconto| gr "Ehsn 'Acw| oUd pote
Tre| pr puwn Dardanwn ocneskon: ke.nou gr de.dsan Obrmon ogco|.
postnto| d totou qarssante| proAqon. ka tA| mch| p.sh| genomnh|
pouprOswpo. te ka sunece| a| tn rwn rstea katsthsan.
Suda (Sudae !ita, ed. T.W. /llen, Homeri o)era, !ol. (. 012ord&
3larendon Press, "'". (re)r. "'#'-& .(#-.#<.-
"Omhro| poht| n u|| Mhto| to n SmrnV potamo ka Krqh.do|
nmfh| | fhs Kastr.ko| Nkae|, | d' o fasn 'ApOwno| ka KaOph| tA|
Mosh|, | d Crax fhsn |stork| F.H.G. iii. 641 fr. 20 Ma.ono| Mht.ou ka
EUmtdo| mhtrO|, kat d' ou| n u|| Themcou to u|o 'Odussw| ka ouksth|
tA| Nstoro|. ost d' to gnou| tx| kat tn |storkn Craka aUth. A,qosh|
Orssh| L.no|, to d .ero|, to d' Oagro|, to d' 'Orfe|, to d Dr|, to d'
EUkh|, to d' 'Idmon.dh|, to d Fo trph|, to d' Efhmo|, to d' 'Epfrdh|, to d
Me nwpo|, to d' 'ApeA|, to d Ma.wn, | qen ma ta| 'AmazOsn n SmrnV
ka gma| Emhtn tn EUpou| to Mnhsgnou| po.hsen "Omhron. mo.w| d
ka kat tn patr.da mf.boo| d t psthqAna Ow| e na qnhtn t megqe tA|
fsew|. o| m n gr ofasan gensqa Smurnaon, o| d Con, o| d Koofnon, o| d'
'Ithn, o| d Kumaon, o| d' k Tro.a| p cwr.ou Kegcren, o| d LudOn, o| d'
13
'Aqhnaon, o| d' 'Iqakson, o| d Kpron, o| d Saam.non, o| d Knsson, o| d
Mukhnaon, o| d' A,gpton, o| d OettaOn, o| d' 'Itathn, o| d LeukanOn, o| d
Grnon, o| d `Rwmaon, o| d `ROdon. ka prosh goreeto m n kur.w| Mehsgnh|:
ka gr tcqh par t Mht potam kat toY| Smurnaon aUtn geneaogonta|.
kqh d' "Omhro| d t pomou nstamnou Smurna.o| 1 pr| Koofwn.ou|
Omhron doqAna, t boueuomnwn Smurna.wn damon.v tn nerge.v
fqgxasqa ka sumbou esa kkhszous per to pomou. ggone d pr to
teqAna tn prthn Numpda pr nautn nz. orfro| d' n t osOf| |stor.v fr. ii.
p. 5 Nac! pr rb fhsn. tqh d' aUth met tn Tro.a| wsn nauto| Usteron uz.
tn | d met rx mOnou| nautoY| tA| 'I.ou sew| tetcqa |storosn "Omhron: d
hqe| orfro| met soe. gma| d' n C.| 'ArhsfOnhn tn Gntoro| to Kuma.ou
qugatra oscen u|e| do ka qugatra m.an, n oghme Stasno| Kpro|. o| d'
u|e| 'Er.fwn ka OeOao|. pomata d' aUto namf.ekta 'I| ka 'Odssea. ograye
d tn 'Ida oUc ma, oUd kat t sunec | sper sgketa, ' aUt| m n ksthn
ay|d.an grya| ka pdexmeno| t pernosten t| pOe| trofA| neken ppen.
Usteron d sunetqh ka sunetcqh p pon ka msta p esstrtou to tn
'Aqhna.wn turnnou. nafreta d' e,| aUtn ka a tn pomata: 'Amazon.a, 'I|
mkr, NOsto, 1 'Epkc.de|, 'Hqpakto| to "Iambo, Muobatracomac.a,
'Aracnomac.a, Geranomac.a, Keram.|, 'Amarou xas|, pa.gna, Ske.a|
ws|, 'Epqama, kko|, Umno, Kpra. ghra| d teeutsa| n t ns| t "I| tqa
pta, tu| k pa.dwn gegon|, t d' hq | Ot oUc ttqh pqum.a| par tn
Nfqamn rceta ka par toto |storqh tuO|. pggrapta d' n t tf| aUto tOde
t egeon, p tn 'Ihtn poqh crOn| po | fhs Ka.maco|: nqde tn
|ern kefan kat gaa kapte ndrn rwn kosmtora qeon "Omhron. fhs d
Doskour.dh| F.H.G. ii. 1"3 n to| par' `Omr| nOmo| Ot poht| rn tn
swfrosnhn o,keo tthn retn osan ka prthn to| no|, ot d rmOttou san ka
kan corhgn osan, bouOmeno| pn mfsa aUtn p' rcA| ka fexA|, na tn
scon ka tn zAon n to| kao| orgo| na.skws, ka sn eUergetko ka 1
kono pr| ou|, eUteA kateskease ps tn b.on ka aUtrkh, ogzOmeno| t|
pqum.a| ka t| don| ,scurotta| g.nesqa ka prta|, ot te ka mftou| osa|
per dwdn ka pOsn: toY| d damemenhkOta| n ta| eUtee.a| eUtktou| ka
per tn on b.on gno mnou| gkrate|. f' ka pAn poddwke tn d.atan
ps ka tn aUtn mo.w| bases. te ka ,dta| gwn par d xestn
tnusse trpezan: ston d' a,do.h tam.h parqhke frousa, datr| d kren p.
naka| parqhken e.ra|, ka totwn Nptn ka | ptopoY boe.wn. par d tata
ote n orta| ote n gmo| ot' n V sunOd| parat.qhsn oUdn: ka.to
pok| tn 'Agammnona posa| depn.zonta toY| r.stou|, MenaOn te toY|
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`ErmOnh| gmou| poonta ka to u|o ka tA| qugatrO|: ka to Themcou pr|
aUtn paragenomnou nta bo| parqhken e.ra| Opt' n cersn n t o| gra
prqesan aUt. oU gr qra ka knduon ka mhta| me.phkt te to| 1 basesn
xa.reta parat.qhsn "Omhro|, f' n e xen omeon t sma ka tn yucn.
ka Aanta met tn monomac.an ntos graren 'Agammnwn, ka t Nstor
ghra Ont kra| Nptn bo| d.dws ka 'Ak.n| d trufern rhmn| b.on,
spoudzwn m| postAsa tn tktwn pqumn. ka Nstora d poe par t
qassV t osedn kecarsmnhn tna qus.an pte onta ka pooY| oconta, tde
parakeeuOmenon: ' g' m n ped.ond' p bon tw ka t xA|: ka 'Ak.nou|
d toY| truferwttou| stn Fa.aka| ka tn 'Odussa xen.zwn pdeknmeno| aUt
tn to kpou kataskeun ka tA| o,k.a| ka tn ato b.on, toata| parat.qeta
trapza|. ka toY| mnhstAra| brst| Onta| ka pr| don| nemnou|, ote ,cqa|
sq.onta| poe ote Ornqa| ote me.phkta, peren pant sqne t| magerk|
maggane.a|. Ot "Omhro| phr| n t| Oye| perenOste ka f.keto e,| Gakon
pomna. d pr| tn don despOthn aUtn gagen. d ,dn aUtn dexn ka
pon omperon pe.qe aUtn 1 aUtOq mnen ka tn pa.dwn pmean
poesqa. d oprasse tata ka toY| Krkwpa| ka tn Muobatraco mac.an ka
aromac.an ka `Eptapkton ka 'Epkc.da| ka a Osa pa.gn stn `Omrou
po.hse par t C.| n Boss. e ta f.keto e,| Smon, ka ere gunaka
KourotrOf| qousan, ka ge t oph tde: kq. mo eUcomn| KourotrOfe, d| d
gunaka tnde nwn pannasqa Othta ka eUnn, d' pterpsqw pookrotfos
grousn, n oUra m n pmbunta qum| d menon. pe d Aken e,| tn frtran
onqa da.nunto, pr nkausan. d' "Omhro| e pen: ndr| m n pade| stfano|,
prgo d pOho|, ppo d' n ped.| kOsmo|, nAe| d qassh|, crmata d' axe
o kon: tr geraro basAe| Vmeno e,n gor kOsmo| t' osn rsqa, a,qomnou
d pur| gerartero| o ko| ,dsqa. aUt| "Omhro| mwn pen ka tn nautn
dexamnwn aUtn mb| e,| tn nan ofh t oph tata: kq ose.daon
megaosqen|, nnos.gae eUrucOrou medwn d xanqo `Ekno|, d' oron kan
ka pmona nOston rsqa nata| o% nh| pompo d' rco oasn. 1 d| d' |
prean ykrmnoo M.manto| a,do.wn m' qOnta brotn s.wn te kurAsa ft
te tsa.mhn | mn nOon peropesa| dsato ZAna xnon xen.hn te trpezan.
aUt| ptucn ts mous pen e,| C.on deto aUtn naaben aUtOn. o| d oUk
dxanto aUtOn, ka ge t oph tata: nata pontopOro stuger na.gko asV
ptwksn a,qu.Vsn ,n dszhon oconte|, a,desqe xen.oo D| sba|
ymdonto|: den gr metOpsqen Op| xen.ou D| O| k' .thta. t aUt
napauomn| tn nkta p p.tun pp.pte karpO|, n metextero strObon, o|
d knon kaos. ka ge tde: h t.| sou pekh me.nona karpn nso "Idh|
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n korufs pouptcou nemossh|: onqa s.dhro| rsto| pcqon.os brotosn
osseta et' n mn Kebrno ndre| ocwsn. aUt| depnn met Gakou ka tn
kunn sttwn ka aktontwn ka depnhsntwn ge tde: Gake brotn pOpta
opo| t. so n fres qsw: prton m n kus depnon p' aUe.Vs qrVs 1 dona:
t| gr menon: gr ka prOsqen koe ndr| percomnou ka | rkea qhr|
,Onto|. tata kosa| Gako| qamase. tn aUtn ,dOnte| kerame| kmnon
gka.onte| kermou epto, proseka santo aUtOn, pepusmno Ot sof| eh: ka
keuon sf.s esa, fmeno dsen aUt to kermou. d' "Omhro| de aUto| t
oph tata, kaeta kmno|: e, m n dsete msqn odA| keramAe| der' g'
'Aqhna.h ka prsceqe cera kam.nou: e d maranqeen kOtuo ka pnta
meura frucqAna. te ka| ka tm Onear sqa. po m n e,n gor pwemena,
po d' gua|, po d kerdAna: mn d d | sn esa. n d' p' nade.hn
strefqnte| yede' rhsqe sugkaw d opeta kam.nwn dhhtAra| suntr.ya,
SmragOn te ka "Asbeston d Sabkthn 'mOdamOn q' | tde tcnV kak po
por.zo. ea pura.qousan ka dmata: sYn d kmno| psa kukhqe.h keramwn
mga kwkusntwn. | gnqo| |ppe.h brke brko d kmno|, pnt' ontosq' aUtA|
kerama ept poosa. 1 dero ka 'He.ou qgater poufrmake K.rkh gra
frmaka be, kkou d' aUto| te ka orga. dero d ka Ce.rwn gtw pooY|
Kentarou| o q' `HrakAo| cera| fgon o t' pOonto. tptoen tde orga kak|, p.
pto d kmno|. aUto d' o,mzonte| rato orga ponhr: ghqsw d' rOwn aUtn
kakoda.mona tcnhn. | d c' perkyV per totou pn t prOswpon ecq Opw|
pnte| p.stwnta asma zen. aUt| paracemzwn n t Sm| ka
prosporeuOmeno| pr| t| o,k.a| tn pfanesttwn mban t e.dwn t opea
tata kaeta E,resnh. dgoun d' aUtn ka sumparAsan e tn pa.dwn tn | tn
gcwr.wn: dma prosetrapOmesq' ndr| mga dunamnoo, | mga m n te
mga d brme Obo| a,e.: aUtr nak.nesqe qra, poto| gr opes poO|, sYn
pot| d ka eUfrosnh teqaua, e,rnh t' gaq: Osa d' ggea mest m n eh,
kurka.h d' a,e kat dOrpou rpeo mza. nn m n krqa.hn eUpda shsamOessan,
to pad| d gun kat d.fraka bseta mnen. m.ono d' xous krata.pode| |
tOde dma, 1 aUt d' Ufan' |stn p ktra bebhkua neuma. to nema naso|
oste cedn stkV proqro| y pOda|: fr' a ya prsa t 'ApOwno| gutdo|
ka e, mn t dse|, e, d m oUc stxomen, oU gr sunoksonte| nqd' qomen.
deto tata p poYn crOnon par tn pa.dwn n t Sm|. prceto d' e,| "Ion, ka
kat tn dn rxato maak| ocen. ka xeqn k to po.ou nepaeto p tA|
kumatwgA| p pe.ou| mra|. katpwsan d pade| e|, ka kba.nonte| k to
kat.ou proseqOnte| pr| aUtn e pon gete xno pakosate mwn n ra
dnhsqe nagnna ss' n mn epwmen. ka. t| tn pareOntwn keue gen. o|
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d' e pon: me| ss' n wmen kate.pomen: d m eomen fromen. o| d fas
mtr| e,pen aUto|: ss' omen pOmesqa: d' oUc omen ferOmesqa. 1 oU
dunamnwn d tn parOntwn gnna t ecqnta, dhgsanto o| pade| Ot eonte|
oUd n dnanto en, kaqmeno d n t g fqer.zonto. ka Osou| m n oabon
tn fqern, neon: Osou| d m dnanto, e,| o kon pefronto. d' "Omhro|
kosa| tata oege t oph tata: to.wn gr patrwn x amato| kgegasqe ote
baqukrwn ot' speta mAa nemOntwn. k d tA| sqene.a| tath| sunbh tn
"Omhron teeutAsa n t "I|, oU par t m gnna t par tn pa.dwn ecq n kqaper
oonta. tne|, t maak.v. ka tfh n t "I| p' ktA| ka pgrayan o| 'IAta
p. gramma: nqde tn |ern kefan kat gaa kapte ndrn rwn kosmtora
qeon "Omhron. d po.hs| kpptwke ka qaumzeto p pon.
17