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REGINALDO CARFARELE 100 MELODIC STUDIES IN TRANSPOSITION for Trumpet and other related Brass Instruments ER, 2502 RICORDI PREFACE ‘Whoever has completed the study of theory or solfege knows that transposition, in musical terms, means the changing of a composition from one tonality to another. We therefore maintain that it is superfluous to explain in detail the technique of transposition to the student if he has already studied the seven clefs, intervals, tonalities, ete, which have a great re- lationship with this material. However, for the untrained, the following remarks may be helpful : ishing to be proficient in transposing with the trumpet, we must keep in mind the key of the instrument itself, which will determine whether we raise or lower the notes of a composition. If, for example, with the Trumpet in B b we wish to perform a part written for Trumpet in C, we will have to read the original part one whole tone higher than written. original: Trumpet in C transposed: Trumpet in Bb = SS If the same notes are written for Trumpet in Eb, they sound a minor 3“ higher than written, but to be played with a Trumpet in Bb they must be transposed a perfect 4" higher (one whole tone higher than sounds). Trumpet in Eb actual pitch Trumpet in Bb = The following tables treat in more concise format those transpositions that are useful for Trumpets in B b, E b, and F, those most commonly used. Transposition for the Trumpet in Bb Trumpet in Bb Transposed | Read in these | Raising or Aecidentals Actual pitch is a major from clejs for lowering of to be added 2 lower than written. Trumpet in: | transposed key| the interval To be read in these clefs (transposed ) Aband A | Soprano Respectively a Respectively Tenor major 2°! and 2 flats and = minor 2"'lower | 5 sharps a B Tenor A half-tone higher | 7 sharps Treble c A major 2" higher | 2 sharps Aho — Dand E Alto A major 3" higher | 4 sharps Bass — 4 EbandE | Bare Respectively a Respectively Mo-zzo-Soprano — | perfect 4" and 1 flat and 6 sharps = | dugmented 4" highey F Merzo-Soyrano | A perfect 5° higher | 1 sharp — G Baritone A major 6 higher} 3 sharps Sopris B= | — example: actual pitch Trumpet in B b, using Treble Clef J Trumpet in D actual pitch, using Alto Clef in Bb, using Bass Clef octave higher) ces higher) === —— (Note that by the use of various clefs, the position of the notes on the staff need not be changed.) Transposition for the Trumpet in F Transposed | Read in these | Raising or Accidentals Trumpet in F from clefs for lowering of to be added Actual pitch is a perfect Trumpet in: | transposed key | the interval 4° higher than written, To be read in these lefs (transposed) : AbandA — | Soprano Respectively a Respectively Bass major 6" and 3 flats and B= _| minor 6" lower | 4 sharps Bb Tenor A perfect 5" lower | 1 flat Mezzo-Soprano 2 = c Treble A perfect 4° lower | 1 sharp Baritone —— — D Alto A minor 3" lower | 3 sharps Soprano Ce EbandE | Bass Respectively a Respectively Tenor major 2" and 2 flats and - minor 2” lower 5 sharps ss c Baritone A major 2™ higher | 2 sharps Alto —— example : actual pitch Trumpet in F, using Treble Clef Trumpet in BB actual pitch using Tenor Clef (cetave higher) ‘Trumpet in F, using Mezzo-Sop. Clef ! Transposition for the Trumpet in E 4 Transposed | Read in these | Raising or Accidentals Trumpet in Eb from clefs for lowering of to be added ‘Actual pitch is a minor Trumpet in: | transposed key | the interval 3" higher than written.| To be read in these clefs (transposed) : Aband A Soprano Respectively Respectively. Mezzo-Soprano 1 flat — = Bb 1 sharp Baritone Cc Treble A minor 3" lower | 4 flats D Alto A minor 2™ lower | 5 sharps Tenor ss. E Bass Ahalf-tone higher | 7 sharps Treble = -—_ F Merzo-Soprano | A major 2" higher | 2 sharps cu ee G Baritone 3" higher | 4 sharps Bas. B— =_= example : actual pitch ‘Trumpet in D actual pitch, using Alto Clef (octave higher) ‘Trumpet in E 5, using Treble Clef Trumpet in E b, using Tenor Clef NOTE FROM THE EDITOR In the Baroque and Classic period, before the development of valves, natural trumpets and horns were used. In a work then, often several natural trumpets of different keys, o instruments with additional crooks, were used to encompass the tonalities in the work. Early editions contain parts for such instruments which are no longer generally in use. It is therefore especially important to learn the transpositions in reading these early editions. Since these were most frequently published in Ger- many, Italy and Franee, it will be helpful to be able to refer to the names of the keys for trumpets in those languages. English Talian (Span.) French German Trumpet ‘Tromba ‘Trompette ‘Trompete c DO ur c D RE RE D Eb MIb MIB Bs E MI MI E F FA FA F G SOL ‘SOL. G Ab LAb LA’ As A LA LA A Bb Sib Sib B Bk) st) ST (4) H Most professional trumpet players transpose Trumpet in A parts by adding 7 flats, making the following adjustments; if a note is already flatted, it becomes a double-flat ; if a note has a sharp, it becomes a natural. ‘The Trumpet in D is used for Bach's B minor Mass, Christmas Oratorio, etc., Ravel’s Bolero (Sometimes, if a player has only a Trumpet in Eb, he transposes using the soprano clef adding 5 sharps or, without changing clef, adds 7 flats to the notation). The Trumpet in F or the high (Sopranino) Trumpet in B 6 is customarily used to play the Bran- denburg Concerto No. 2 by Bach. Some players have used the Trumpet in F or Trumpet in G to play Bach’s Magnificat. ‘The Alto or Contralto Trumpet in Eb has been employed by Wagner, Rimsky Korsakoff, Rich- ard Strauss and others Wagner and R. Strauss have scored for the Bass Trumpet in Bb. Written = Sounds = The following studies will be very helpful when used in conjuction with symphonic orchestral literature. Pat Ciricillo Reginaldo Caffarelli : 100 MELODIC STUDIES in Transposition for Trumpet and other related Brass Instruments I. TRANSPOSITION TO VARIOUS KEYS WITH ONLY DIATONIC INTERVALS ‘Trampet in C a C major Scale Transposed for the Trunpet in Bd Andantino = Pp Allegretto TAT Uric cinerea Toes drole réservéa.- AIL righta reserved, eee PRINTED IN TTALY ER 2522 RISTAMPA 1971 Marziale Moderato v Allegretto B <2 2 Gail 5 = DS _ Lentamente a Andante, Moderato ——$+ —————" Sy Andantino ? of SS pj EE ES Trumpet in Ab Ab major Scale ice yee [| = ‘Transposed for the "Trumpet in BB ee — vo a — ral, P en, 2522 Moderato Allegretto 15 Sf Trumpet in Eb Eb major Scale ‘Transposed for the “Trumpet in Bb Andante affettuoso 16 2 pW poco rit. Allegretto 17 P Maestoso 138 Ae uF Andantino S “—*orese, P Allegretto 20 P ER, 2522 Alla mareia ao 21 f 3 nf Trumpet in F F major Scale I ansposed for the Trumpet in Bb 40 Moderatamente mosso 23 —— ean f a Allegretto brillante 25 ~ Moderatamente 26 = Pp staccato a Trumpet in Db Db major Seale ‘Transposed for the Trumpet in Bb Allegretto 28 WF ; ? 43 Allegretto moderato 29 Bee nf ben ritmato Trumpet in Gb Gb inajor Scale Transposed for the “Trumpet in Bb Moderato 30 Grese. Moderato con eleganza 32 BE —1- = = 7 3S Nf = A 7 Trumpet in BD Moderate a GE Ret SaaS eee 16 II. TRANSPOSITION IN VARIOUS KEYS WITH DIATONIC AND CHROMATIC INTERVALS Trumpet in C ‘Allegro Trumpet in C Moderato 37 ay 17 Trumpet in C A minor Scale Transposed for the ‘Trumpet in Bb Molto moderato rit, 38 PP a tempo __ mf espress, a tempo rall. a PP 18 Trumpet in Ab Lentamente Trumpet in Ab F minor Scale Transposed for the Trumpet in BS Andantino 40 Paoice 49 rail, = a _ nf — atempo =— > a ——— = SS Trumpet in Eb Allegro AL 4 7 20 Trumpet in Eb C minor Scale ‘Transposed for the ‘Trumpet in Bb Andantino affettuoso 42 Pespress. Trumpet in F Allegretto ee 2522 aL Trumpet in F Moderato: 44 ben marcato ER 222 22 Trumpet in F Andantino D minor Scale Transposed for the ‘Trumpet in Bb Allegro energico > 3 46 28 ot ria z ve = 3 satu egdeay Trumpet in Db Allegretto mosso ” ¢hogan ns pe p con clegansa AS ae poco rit. = =a == Teak a i vin Allegro (Kev of BA) C-Db-Dy- Andante 34 C-Db- D4 Allegretto D-Eb-Eh-EF-G Allegretto Db-Dk-Eb-ER-F Andante mesto 62 ce oe FA rs 3 a = 38 B-C-bb- be Andantino rit, a tempo = o =P Ab-Ch-Ck-Db Allegretto oo die MW Fh Sa Coppi ee oe oa all, 2 Cb-Bb-Ab Andantino — 70 Sia 5 pe Eb-ER-F-G6-G4 Allegro 71 P staccato it os eas 4 . = Se es 6S ae SSS 7 Pp ieed vous dye we epee? Ss Saads ey = P v = 40° Eb-E-F-Gh-Gh Largo, in 4 movimenti Te -C-Db-D4 Ab- Ah -Bb-Bh-C-Db a“ Andantino tf rit. a tempo = ee rit, 7 @ tempo, — ———— PP Db-Dh-Eb-E4-F-G Allegro 75 were pleggero Ab-Ah-Bb-Bh-C Moderato 76 b- = % —= ite Ss plot 4 tit 43 Trumpet in Ab - Ak - Bb Allegro : $3 pe 71 Ge == orese. ER 2822 aa Trumpet in Bb- Ab- AR-Bh -C G minor Scale Ab-AL-C Allegro moderato 78 t : ? a5 Trumpet in A - (Ab - BB) A major Scale ‘Transposed for the ‘Trumpet in Bb Allegro 79 —= ‘Trumpet in A F§ minor Scale ‘Transposed for the ‘Trumpet in BB Andantino 00 Fr 46 Trumpet in D D major Scale ‘Transposed for the Frome pr re é mire 3 Adagio (in 4 movimenti) : a. 81 Siresoes P= Ses P Zz at 2 Sa vs Cree. Saas Trumpet in D B minor Scale Saas 5 o ates ‘Transposed for the = “Trumpet in Bb tite ae sr o Trumpet in E - (Eb - F - Gb) E major Scale ransposed for the Trumpet in Bh Moderatamente 83 mf staccato oe 6 7S ee Eis. SS 23 nf Trumpet in F C¥ minor Scale ‘Transposed for the ~ Trumpet in Bh eats ss oe —_ F-EA-D-Db Andantino mesto 84 v —— of es ee ee PP perdendost 48 Trumpet in G - (Gb - F - E - Eb) G major Seale ‘Transposed for the Trumpet in Bb Moderato Trumpet in G E minor Scale ‘Transposed for the Trumpet in Bb Con moto 86 pane ~~ pays 49 Ab) Trumpet B - (Bb - B major Scale Iransposed for the ‘Trumpet in Bb Maestoso Trumpet in B G minor Scale ‘Transposed for the ‘Trumpet in Bb Lentamente ? . a V. ARPEGGIOS TRANSPOSITIONS THROUGH ALL THE KEYS 80 Guise tea igies tery erie Die 52 VI. STUDIES ON QUICK CHANGES IN TRANSPOSING* Andante con espressione 90 BH poco pits * These Studies can also be practised a half-cone above and a half-tone below. 53 a Allegretto brillante 91 mf stace. E meno a tempo rall. oe 7 “ D 7 Tempo =F 54 ‘Maestoso ne $E) SE: =f z 58 ‘Moderato Se wa —— ie . eR. 2522 (G) 59 Allegro deciso ee ee 5 Trae ] feeayge aaag 3 : Ss] 7 Hig we 97 = se qeae2s ‘tt + { A i i 7 i i t 60 F Moderatamente 4 $e = — a ——— eo | Moderate 99 fo 62 BA) antogro moderato Ao ye