Sei sulla pagina 1di 4

# CALCOLO DI UNA COLONNA IN ACCIAIO CON IL METODO DELL’EUROCODICE 3

## VERIFICA DI UNA COLONNA IN ACCIAIO - EC.3

1.1. Schema statico della colonna – HEA 140 (S235) – carichi SLU

Piano Z - X Piano Z - Y

4.00 [kN/m]
5.00 [m]

5.00 [m]
HEA 140

## Forza normale di progetto: N x.Sd = 120 [kN]

Momento flettente di progetto: M y.Sd = 12.50 [kNm]
Forza di taglio di progetto: Vz.Sd = 10.00 [kN]

## 1.3. Classificazione della sezione trasversale

140
c=70
8,5

5,5
d=92

116
133
8,5

235 235
ε= = =1
fy 235

c 70
Classificazione delle ali: = = 8.2 < 10 ⋅ ε Classe 1
t f 8.5

d 92
Classificazione dell’anima = = 16.7 < 72 ⋅ ε Classe 1
t w 5.5

## © Dott. Ing. Simone Caffè Pagina 1

CALCOLO DI UNA COLONNA IN ACCIAIO CON IL METODO DELL’EUROCODICE 3

## • Resistenza assiale plastica:

fy 235
Nc.Rd = A ⋅ = 31.4 ⋅ 10 2 ⋅ = 670.8 [kN]
γ M0 1.10 ⋅ 10 3

## • Resistenza a flessione plastica:

fy 235
M c.Rd = Wpl.y ⋅ = 173.5 ⋅ 10 3 ⋅ = 37.07 [kNm]
γ M0 1.10 ⋅ 10 6

## • Resistenza a taglio plastica:

fy 235
Vpl.Rd = A v ⋅ = 10.12 ⋅ 10 2 ⋅ = 124.8 [kN]
3 ⋅ γ M0 3 ⋅ 1.10 ⋅ 10 3

Vz.Sd 10
= = 0.08 < 0.50 il taglio non influenza la resistenza a flessione
Vpl.Rd 124.8

## N x.Sd M y.Sd 120 12.5

+ = + = 0.52 < 1 [-]
Nc,Rd M c.Rd 670.8 37.07

## L 0 y = β y ⋅ L = 1⋅ 5000 = 5000 [mm]

L 0 z = β z ⋅ L = 1⋅ 5000 = 5000 [mm]

L 0y 5000
λy = = = 87.26
iy 57.3
L 5000
λ z = 0z = = 142
iz 35.2

π2 ⋅ E ⋅ Iy π2 ⋅ E ⋅ A π 2 ⋅ 210000 ⋅ 31.4 ⋅ 10 2
Ncr.y = = = = 854.70 [kN]
L20 y λ2y 87.26 2 ⋅ 10 3
π2 ⋅ E ⋅ Iz π2 ⋅ E ⋅ A π 2 ⋅ 210000 ⋅ 31.4 ⋅ 10 2
Ncr. z = = = = 322.75 [kN]
L20 z λ2z 142 2 ⋅ 10 3

A ⋅ fy 31.4 ⋅ 10 2 ⋅ 235
λy = = = 0.93
Ncr.y 854700

A ⋅ fy 31.4 ⋅ 10 2 ⋅ 235
λz = = = 1.51
Ncr. z 322750

[ ( ) ] [
φ y = 0.5 ⋅ 1+ α ⋅ λ y − 0.2 + λ2y = 0.5 ⋅ 1+ 0.34 ⋅ (0.93 − 0.2 ) + 0.93 2 = 1.056 ]
φz = 0.5 ⋅ [1+ α ⋅ (λ z − 0.2 ) + λ ] = 0.5 ⋅ [1+ 0.49 ⋅ (1.51− 0.2 ) + 1.51 ] = 1.96
2
z
2

## © Dott. Ing. Simone Caffè Pagina 2

CALCOLO DI UNA COLONNA IN ACCIAIO CON IL METODO DELL’EUROCODICE 3

1 1
χy = = = 0.6419
φy + [ φ 2y − λ2y
0.5
] [
1.056 + 1.056 2 − 0.93 2 ] 0.5

1 1
χz = = = 0.3113
φz + [
φ 2z − λ2z ]
0.5
[
1.96 + 1.96 2 − 1.512 ]
0.5

## Resistenza assiale all’instabilità piana:

fy 235
Nb.Rd.y = χ y ⋅ A ⋅ = 0.6419 ⋅ 31.4 ⋅ 10 2 ⋅ = 430.6 [kN]
γ M1 1.10 ⋅ 10 3
fy 235
Nb.Rd. z = χ z ⋅ A ⋅ = 0.3113 ⋅ 31.4 ⋅ 10 2 ⋅ = 208.8 [kN]
γ M1 1.10 ⋅ 10 3

## Condizioni di vincolo torsionale: k = kw = 1

Lunghezza tra due successivi ritegni torsionali: L = 5000 [mm]
Coefficiente C1 funzione del carico distribuito: C1 = 1.132

0.5
π2 ⋅ E ⋅ Iz I w L2 ⋅ G ⋅ It
M cr = C1 ⋅ ⋅ + 2
L2 Iz π ⋅ E ⋅ Iz
0.5
π 2 ⋅ 210000 ⋅ 389.3 ⋅ 10 4 15.06 ⋅ 10 9 5000 2 ⋅ 80700 ⋅ 8.13 ⋅ 10 4
M cr = 1.132 ⋅ ⋅ + = 56800000 [kNmm]
5000 2 389.3 ⋅ 10 4 π 2 ⋅ 210000 ⋅ 389.3 ⋅ 10 4

## Wpl. y ⋅ fy 173.5 ⋅ 10 3 ⋅ 235

λLT = = = 0.85 > 0.4 fenomeno di instabilità laterale
M cr 56800000

[ ( ) ]
φLT = 0.5 ⋅ 1+ α LT ⋅ λLT − 0.2 + λ2LT = 0.5 ⋅ 1+ 0.21⋅ (0.85 − 0.2 ) + 0.85 2 = 0.93 [ ]
1 1
χ LT = = = 0.7659
φLT + [ 2
φLT − λ2LT
0.5
] [
0.93 + 0.93 2 − 0.85 2 ]
0.5

fy 235
Mb.Rd.y = χ LT ⋅ Wpl.y ⋅ = 0.7659 ⋅ 173.5 ⋅ 10 3 ⋅ = 28.40 [kNm]
γ M0 1.10 ⋅ 10 6

NSd k y ⋅ M y.Sd
+
Nb.Rd.y M c.Rd

## Coefficiente di momento equivalente: β My = 1.30

Wpl.y − Wel.y
( )
µ y = λ y ⋅ 2 ⋅ β My − 4 +
Wel.y
≤ 0.90

173.5 − 155.4
µ y = 0.93 ⋅ (2 ⋅ 1.3 − 4 ) + = −1.186
155.4
µ y ⋅ NSd − 1.186 ⋅ 120
k y = 1− = 1− = 1.30 < 1.50
χ y ⋅ A ⋅ fy 0.6419 ⋅ 31.4 ⋅ 23.5

## NSd k y ⋅ M y.Sd 120 1.30 ⋅ 12.5

+ = + = 0.72 < 1
Nb.Rd. y M c.Rd 430.6 37.07

## © Dott. Ing. Simone Caffè Pagina 3

CALCOLO DI UNA COLONNA IN ACCIAIO CON IL METODO DELL’EUROCODICE 3

## 1.8. Resistenza a presso flessione e svergolamento

NSd k LT ⋅ M y.Sd
+
Nb.Rd. z Mb.Rd.y

## Coefficiente di momento equivalente: β M.LT = 1.30

µ LT = 0.15 ⋅ λ z ⋅ β M.LT − 0.15 ≤ 0.90
µ LT = 0.15 ⋅ 1.51⋅ 1.30 − 0.15 = 0.144 < 0.90

## µ LT ⋅ NSd 0.144 ⋅ 120

k LT = 1− = 1− = 0.925 < 1.00
χ z ⋅ A ⋅ fy 0.3113 ⋅ 31.4 ⋅ 23.5

## NSd k LT ⋅ M y.Sd 120 0.925 ⋅ 12.5

+ = + = 0.98 < 1
Nb.Rd. z Mb.Rd. y 208.8 28.4