Sei sulla pagina 1di 7

IN T E G R A S I R E M E D IA S I M IS K O N S E P S I D A L A M P E M B E L A J A R A N P A D A

M A T E R I D IN A M IK A R O T A S I D I K E L A S X I IP A S M A N E G E R I 9 P O N T IA N A K

A d h ity a R a h a r d h ia n

A b str a k
P e n e litia n in i b e rtu ju a n u n tu k m e n g in te g ra s ik a n k e g ia ta n re m e d ia s i d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n
d a n m e n g e ta h u i b e s a r p e n g a ru h n y a p a d a p e n u ru n a n p e rs e n ta s e ju m la h m is k o n s e p s i p a d a
d in a m ik a ro ta s i. B e n tu k p e n e litia n b e ru p a P r e -E x p e r im e n ta l D e s ig n d e n g a n ra n c a n g a n O n e
G r o u p P r e te s t-P o s te s t D e s ig n . S is w a y a n g b e rp a rtis ip a s i d a la m p e n e litia n in i a d a la h s e lu ru h
s is w a k e la s X I IP A 1 (2 8 o ra n g ) d a n IP A 2 (2 8 o ra n g ). T e s y a n g d ig u n a k a n d is u s u n d e n g a n
m e to d e C R I (C e r ta in ty o f R e s p o n s e In d e x ) te rm o d ifik a s i b e rb e n tu k p ilih a n g a n d a b e rju m la h
1 2 s o a l d e n g a n tig a s o a l u n tu k m a s in g -m a s in g k o n s e p . P ro p o rs i p e n u ru n a n ra ta -ra ta
p e r s e n ta s e m is k o n s e p s i s e b e s a r 8 2 ,7 4 % . H a s il u ji W ilc o x o n m e n u n ju k k a n b a h w a r e m e d ia s i
y a n g te rin te g ra s i d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n d a p a t m e n u ru n k a n ju m la h m is k o n s e p s i s e c a ra
s i g n i f i k a n ( z h itu n g = - 6 , 5 1 ; d f = 5 5 ;   5 % ). H a s il u ji M c N e m a r m e n u n ju k a n e fe k tiv ita s
re m e d ia s i y a n g te rin te g ra s i d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n u n tu k m a s in g -m a s in g k o n s e p y a n g te rg o lo n g
tin g g i, y a k n i: h u b u n g a n le n g a n m o m e n te r h a d a p to r s i ( 0 ,6 9 ) ; h u b u n g a n m o m e n in e r s ia
te r h a d a p p e r c e p a ta n s u d u t ( 0 ,6 7 ) ; g e r a k m e n g g e lin d in g ( 0 ,9 4 ) ; d a n k e k e k a la n m o m e n tu m
s u d u t ( 0 ,8 2 ) . H a s il p e n e litia n in i d ih a r a p k a n d a p a t d ik e m b a n g k a n s e c a r a le b ih lu a s p a d a
p e n g e m b a n g a n re m e d ia s i y a n g d ila k u k a n b e rs a m a a n k e tik a p e m b e la ja ra n .

K a ta k u n c i : in te g ra s i re m e d ia s i d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n , d in a m ik a ro ta s i, s is w a S M A ,
m is k o n s e p s i s is w a , re m e d ia s i.

P e n g a n ta r
M is k o n s e p s i d a p a t d ip e rb a ik i d e n g a n m e n g a d a k a n re m e d ia s i. E m i S u lis tri (2 0 1 0 )
m e m e ta a n a lis is 1 3 s k rip s i m a h a s is w a P e n d id ik a n F is ik a F K IP U n ta n te rb ita n ta h u n 2 0 0 9 .
D ite m u k a n tig a je n is re m e d ia s i m is k o n s e p s i y a n g d ila k u k a n y a k n i je n is re m e d ia s i u m p a n
b a lik (3 s k rip s i), b a c a a n a lte rn a tif y a n g d is u s u n d e n g a n s tru k tu r r e fu ta tio n te x t (3 s k rip s i) d a n
p e m b e ria n p e m b e la ja ra n u la n g (7 s k rip s i).
P e m b e la ja ra n u la n g d ila k u k a n s e te la h p e m b e la ja ra n u ta m a d ila k u k a n . B e ra rti, p e rlu
ta m b a h a n w a k tu . P e n g g u n a a n ta m b a h a n w a k tu d i lu a r ja d w a l p e m b e la ja ra n m e n ja d i
k e le m a h a n re m e d ia s i d e n g a n p e m b e la ja ra n u la n g in i. K a re n a itu , p ilih a n m e re m e d ia s i
m is k o n s e p s i d e n g a n p e m b e la ja ra n u la n g ja ra n g d ila k u k a n o le h p a ra g u ru .
G u ru le b ih m e m ilih m e m b e rik a n te s u la n g s a tu a ta u d u a k a li la g i d ib a n d in g k a n d e n g a n
m e la k u k a n k e g ia ta n re m e d ia s i u n tu k m e m b a n tu p a ra m u rid n y a m e n c a p a i n ila i k e tu n ta s a n
b e la ja r y a n g te la h d ite ta p k a n . Iro n is n y a , a g a r h a s il te s s e m a k in m e n in g k a t, s e ju m la h g u ru
d e n g a n s e n g a ja m e m p e rm u d a h p e rta n y a a n d a la m te s u la n g in i (S u tris n o , 2 0 1 1 ).
H in g g a s a a t in i, m a s ih s a n g a t s e d ik it s e k o la h y a n g m e n y e d ia k a n w a k tu ta m b a h a n k h u s u s
u n tu k re m e d ia s i. S e b a g a i c o n to h d i S M A N e g e ri 9 P o n tia n a k tid a k te rs e d ia a lo k a s i w a k tu
k h u s u s u n tu k m e re m e d ia s i s is w a s e h in g g a g u ru y a n g b e rs a n g k u ta n h a ru s p a n d a i m e n c a ri
w a k tu d i lu a r ja m p e m b e la ja ra n u n tu k m e n g a d a k a n re m e d ia s i.
U n tu k m e n g a ta s i m a s a la h in i p e rlu d ic a ri re m e d ia s i m is k o n s e p s i y a n g d a p a t d ila k u k a n
b e rsa m a a n d e n g a n p e m b e la ja ra n . P e n e litia n in i d ia ra h k a n p a d a in te g ra s i re m e d ia s i
m is k o n s e p s i k e d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n fis ik a . H a l in i m e n ja d i b a ru k a re n a s e ja u h p e n e lu s u ra n
lite ra tu r le w a t in te rn e t d e n g a n k a ta k u n c i in te g ra s i re m e d ia s i m is k o n s e p s i d a la m b a h a sa
In d o n e s ia m a u p u n b a h a s a In g g ris tid a k d ite m u k a n tu lis a n y a n g b e rh u b u n g a n .
P e n g in te g ra s ia n re m e d ia s i m is k o n s e p s i k e d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n m e ru p a k a n p e n d e k a ta n
k e g ia ta n re m e d ia l y a n g b e rs ifa t p e n g e m b a n g a n . M e n u ru t W a rk itri (d a la m S u tris n o , K re s n a d i
d a n K a r to n o , 2 0 0 7 : 6 .3 0 ) m e la lu i k e g ia ta n re m e d ia l y a n g b e rs ifa t p e n g e m b a n g a n , g u ru
m e n g h a ra p k a n s is w a y a n g m e n g a la m i k e s u lita n b e la ja r (m e n c a p a i k rite ria k e b e rh a s ila n )
s e c a ra b e rta h a p d a n s e g e ra d a p a t m e n g a ta s i k e s u lita n y a n g d ih a d a p in y a .
P e n e litia n in i b e rtu ju a n u n tu k m e n e n tu k a n p e n g a ru h p e n g in te g ra s ia n k e g ia ta n re m e d ia s i
d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n p a d a p e n u ru n a n p e rs e n ta s e ju m la h m is k o n s e p s i p a d a m a te ri d in a m ik a
ro ta s i. D ih ip o te s is k a n b a h w a in te g ra s i re m e d ia s i m is k o n s e p s i d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n
m e m p e n g a ru h i p e n u ru n a n p e rs e n ta s e ju m la h m is k o n s e p s i s is w a k e la s X I S M A N e g e ri 9
P o n tia n a k d a la m m e m p e la ja ri d in a m ik a ro ta s i.
L a n g k a h -la n g k a h im p le m e n ta s i re m e d ia s i y a n g te rin te g ra s i d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n s e b a g a i
b e rik u t.
1 . P e n y a jia n m a s a la h
G u ru m e n a m p ilk a n se b u a h so a l d ia g n o s tik se b a g a i a p e rs e p s i. S o a l te rs e b u t
m e ru p a k a n s a la h s a tu d a ri s o a l p re te s y a n g te la h d ib e rik a n s e b e lu m n y a .
2 . I d e n tifik a s i k o n s e p
G u ru m e n y a m p a ik a n ja w a b a n -ja w a b a n so a l y a n g m is k o n s e p s i ta n p a h a ru s
m e n y e b u tk a n b a h w a itu m is k o n s e p s i.
3 . K la s ifik a s i d a n V e r ifik a s i k o n s e p
G u ru m e la k u k a n T a n y a ja w a b k e p a d a b e b e ra p a s is w a s e h in g g a d ik e ta h u i k o n s e p s i
m e n g e n a i s o a l y a n g d ita n y a k a n s e b e lu m n y a . P e rta n y a a n d ila k u k a n p a d a s is w a y a n g
m e n ja w a b s o a l d e n g a n m e n e b a k .
4 . P e m b e tu la n k o n s e p
G u ru m e m b e tu lk a n k o n s e p s i s is w a d e n g a n d e m o s tra s i a ta u T a n y a ja w a b .
5 . M e n g e te s k o n s e p s i k e m b a li
G u ru m e n a m p ilk a n s e b u a h s o a l d ia g n o s tik la in u n tu k m e n g e ta h u i p e ru b a h a n k o n s e p s i
s is w a . S o a l te rs e b u t m e ru p a k a n s a la h s a tu d a ri s o a l p re te s y a n g te la h d ib e rik a n
s e b e lu m n y a .
P e rb e d a a n p e n e litia n y a n g d ila k s a n a k a n d e n g a n p e n e litia n k o n v e n s io n a l d a p a t d ilih a t
p a d a G a m b a r 1

G a m b a r 1 P e rb e d a a n p e n e litia n y a n g d ila k u k a n d e n g a n p e n e litia n k o n v e n s io n a l

M e to d e
B e n tu k p e n e litia n
B e n tu k p e n e litia n b e ru p a P r e -E x p e r im e n ta l D e s ig n d e n g a n ra n c a n g a n O n e G ro u p
P r e te s t-P o s te s t D e s ig n . R a n c a n g a n in i m e n c a k u p s a tu k e lo m p o k y a n g d io b s e rv a s i p a d a ta h a p
p re te s y a n g k e m u d ia n d ila n ju tk a n d e n g a n p e rla k u a n d a n p o s te s (C re s w e ll, 2 0 1 0 : 2 4 1 ).

S u b je k P e n e litia n
P o p u la s i d a la m p e n e litia n in i a d a la h s is w a k e la s X I IP A S M A N e g e ri 9 P o n tia n a k y a n g
te rd iri d a ri X I IP A 1 (2 8 o ra n g ) d a n X I IP A 2 (2 8 o ra n g ). P e n e litia n in i d ila k u k a n te rh a d a p
s e lu ru h p o p u la s i a g a r tid a k te rja d i p e rb e d a a n k o n d is i b e ru p a h a lo e ffe c t a n ta ra k e d u a k e la s
in i. H a lo e ffe c t is a p s y c h o lo g ic a l te n d e n c y m a n y p e o p le h a v e in ju d g in g o th e r s b a s e d o n o n e
tr a it th a t th e y a p p r o v e o f a n d c o n c lu d in g th a t th e p e r s o n m u s t h a v e o th e r a ttr a c tiv e tr a its .
T h is o n e tr a it le a d s to th e fo r m a tio n o f a n o v e r a ll p o s itiv e o p in io n o f th e p e r s o n o n th e b a s is
o f th a t o n e p e r c e iv e d p o s itiv e tr a it (G rc ic , 2 0 0 8 : 1 )
P e n g u m p u la n D a ta
K o n s e p s i a w a l s is w a te n ta n g d in a m ik a ro ta s i s e b e lu m p e m b e la ja ra n d ik e ta h u i d e n g a n
m e m b e rik a n p re te s . K o n s e p s i a k h ir s is w a s e te la h p e m b e la ja ra n d ik e ta h u i d a ri p o s te s . P re te s
d a n p o s te s y a n g d ig u n a k a n b e ru p a p ilih a n g a n d a ta n p a a la s a n s e b a n y a k 1 2 s o a l d e n g a n tig a
p ilih a n y a n g d ib u a t s e n d iri o le h p e n e liti d a n a d a p u la d a ri p e n e litia n J u n ia rd i (2 0 0 9 ) s e b a n y a k
4 s o a l.
J a w a b a n y a n g b e rs ifa t te b a k a n d ite ta p k a n d e n g a n m e to d e C R I ( C e r ta in ty o f R e s p o n s e
In d e x ) y a n g te rm o d ifik a s i (R in i M u lia n i, 2 0 1 1 ). C R I y a n g te rm o d ifik a s i in i b e ru p a te s p ilih a n
g a n d a y a n g d a la m s a tu k o n s e p d ib u a t tig a b e n tu k s o a l y a n g te rle ta k d i n o m o r y a n g b e rb e d a .
P a d a p e n e litia n in i d ig u n a k a n 1 2 s o a l y a n g m e w a k ili 4 k o n s e p p a d a d in a m ik a ro ta s i, y a itu :
1 . H u b u n g a n le n g a n m o m e n te rh a d a p m o m e n g a y a (to rs i) p a d a s o a l n o m o r 1 , 5 d a n 9 .
2 . H u b u n g a n m o m e n in e rs ia te rh a d a p p e rc e p a ta n s u d u t p a d a s o a l n o m o r 2 , 6 d a n 1 0
3 . G e ra k M e n g g e lin d in g p a d a s o a l n o m o r 3 , 7 d a n 1 1
4 . H u k u m k e k e k a la n m o m e n tu m p a d a so a l n o m o r 4 , 8 d a n 1 2
S a tu k o n s e p y a n g d ita n y a k a n d a la m tig a s o a l y a n g b e rb e d a in ila h y a n g a k a n d ig u n a k a n
u n tu k m e n g e ta h u i tin g k a t k e p a s tia n ja w a b a n s is w a (R in i M u lia n i, 2 0 1 1 : 4 6 ). J u m la h ja w a b a n
b e n a r a ta u s a la h d a ri s is w a k e m u d ia n d iu b a h k e d a la m s k a la 0 -1 k e m u d ia n d ik e lo m p o k k a n k e
d a la m k a te g o ri m e n e b a k a ta u tid a k m e n e b a k . K o m b in a s i ja w a b a n u n tu k m e n e n tu k a n s ifa t
ja w a b a n d a p a t d ilih a t p a d a T a b e l 1 .
T a b e l 1 K e m u n g k in a n k o m b in a s i ja w a b a n u n tu k m e n e n tu k a n s ifa t ja w a b a n d e n g a n m e to d e
C e r ta in ty o f R e s p o n s e In d e x (C R I) y a n g te rm o d ifik a s i
K o m b in a s i J a w a b a n J u m la h J a w a b a n
S ta tu s S is w a S ifa t J a w a b a n S is w a N ila i
S is w a B e n a r S a la h
S S S 0 3 T id a k M e n e b a k 1
M is k o n s e p s i
S S B 1 2 M e n e b a k 0
S B B 2 1 T id a k M e n e b a k 0
B B B 3 0 M is k o n s e p s i T id a k m e n e b a k 0
K e te ra n g a n :
B = Ja w a b a n y a n g b e n a r
S = J a w a b a n y a n g s a la h

A n a lis is D a ta
A n a lis is d ila k u k a n p a d a s is w a y a n g tid a k m e n e b a k d a la m m e n ja w a b s o a l b a ik p re te s
m a u p u n p o s te s . P e n u ru n a n p e rs e n ta s e ju m la h m is k o n s e p s i s is w a d ih itu n g d e n g a n m e n g u ra n g i
ju m la h m is k o n s e p s i s is w a tid a k m e n e b a k p a d a p re te s d e n g a n ju m la h m is k o n s e p s i s is w a tid a k
m e n e b a k p a d a p o s te s d e n g a n ru m u s b e rik u t in i.
n 0 n 1

% p e n u ru n a n ju m la h m is k o n s e p s i = x1 0 0 %
n 0
K e te ra n g a n :
n 0 = J u m la h m is k o n s e p s i tia p -tia p s is w a d a la m m e n y e le s a ik a n p re te s
n 1 = J u m la h m is k o n s e p s i tia p -tia p s is w a d a la m m e n y e le s a ik a n p o s te s

S ig n ifik a n s i p e ru b a h a n k o n s e p tu a l a n ta ra s e b e lu m d a n s e te la h re m e d ia s i d e n g a n
m e n g g u n a k a n re m e d ia s i y a n g te rin te g ra s i d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n u n tu k m a s in g -m a s in g k o n s e p
d ig u n a k a n la h u ji M c N e m a r (S ie g e l, 1 9 8 6 : 7 9 ). E fe k tiv ita s re m e d ia s i y a n g te rin te g ra s i d a la m
p e m b e la ja ra n p a d a tia p k o n s e p d ih itu n g d e n g a n m e n g g u n a k a n C r a m e r ’s V (Y a ta n i, 2 0 1 0 ).
T in g k a t e fe k tiv ita s d ite ta p k a n m e n g g u n a k a n b a ro m e te r e fe k tiv ita s J o h n H a ttie (2 0 0 9 ). U n tu k
m e n g e ta h u i s ig n ifik a n s i p e n u ru n a n p e rs e n ta s e m is k o n s e p s i s is w a s e b e lu m d a n s e s u d a h d ib e ri
p e rla k u a n d ig u n a k a n u ji s ta tis tik W ilc o x o n (S ie g e l, 1 9 8 6 : 9 9 ).

H a s il d a n P e m b a h a s a n
H a s il
H a s il p e rh itu n g a n m e n u n ju k k a n b a h w a p ro p o rsi p e n u ru n a n ra ta -ra ta p e rs e n ta s e
m is k o n s e p s i s e b e s a r 8 2 ,7 4 % . E fe k tiv ita s k e g ia ta n re m e d ia s i tia p s is w a d a la m p e n e litia n in i
s e b e s a r 0 ,8 2 ( tin g g i) . N a m u n d e m ik ia n m a s ih d ite m u k a n 6 o r a n g s is w a y a n g tid a k m e n g a la m i
p e n u ru n a n ju m la h m is k o n s e p s i. D a ri u ji W ic o x o n d ite m u k a n b a h w a re m e d ia s i y a n g
te rin te g ra s i d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n d a p a t m e n u ru n k a n p e rs e n ta s e m is k o n s e p s i s is w a k e la s X I
IP A S M A N e g e ri 9 P o n tia n a k (z h itu n g = - 6 ,5 1 ; d f = 5 5 

5 % ).

P e m b a h a sa n
P e n e litia n in i d ila k u k a n d e n g a n tu ju a n m e n g in te g ra s ik a n k e g ia ta n re m e d ia s i d a la m
p e m b e la ja ra n . H a s il p e n e litia n m e n u n ju k a n b a h w a k e g ia ta n re m e d ia s i y a n g te rin te g ra s i
d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n d a p a t m e n u ru n k a n ju m la h m is k o n s e p s i s is w a s e c a ra s ig n ifik a n p a d a
m a te ri d in a m ik a ro ta s i. T in g k a t e fe k tiv ita s re m e d ia s i u n tu k m a s in g -m a s in g k o n s e p te rg o lo n g
tin g g i.
B a n y a k p e n e litia n y a n g b e ru sa h a m e n g a ta s i m is k o n s e p s i d e n g a n m e la k u k a n
p e m b e la ja ra n u la n g . S e ja u h p e n e lu s u ra n lite ra tu r y a n g d ila k u k a n b e lu m a d a p e n e litia n y a n g
m e n g in te g ra s ik a n re m e d ia s i d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n . In ila h y a n g m e m b e d a k a n p e n e litia n in i
d e n g a n p e n e litia n s e b e lu m n y a .
L a n g k a h -la n g k a h y a n g te la h d is u s u n d a la m re m e d ia s i y a n g te rin te g ra s i d a la m
p e m b e la ja ra n d a p a t d iim p le m e n ta s ik a n se c a ra p ra k tis o le h g u ru s a a t b e la ja r d i k e la s .
S e h in g g a a la s a n b e ru p a k u ra n g w a k tu d a p a t d ia ta s i.
P e n e litia n in i ju g a m e n y u m b a n g k a n im p lik a s i te o ritis m e n g e n a i p ilih a n m e re m e d ia s i
m is k o n s e p s i s is w a s a a t p e m b e la ja ra n b e rla n g s u n g s e b a g a i k e g ia ta n re m e d ia s i y a n g m e m ilik i
p e n d e k a ta n p e n g e m b a n g a n . H a s il p e n e litia n in i m e m b u k a k e s e m p a ta n u n tu k p e n g e m b a n g a n
m o d e l re m e d ia s i la n ju ta n y a n g te rin te g ra s i d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n .

S im p u la n d a n S a r a n
P e n e litia n in i b e rtu ju a n u n tu k m e n g in te g ra s ik a n k e g ia ta n re m e d ia s i d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n
d a n m e n g e ta h u i b e s a r p e n g a ru h n y a te rh a d a p p e n u ru n a n p e rs e n ta s e m is k o n s e p s i s is w a .
P e n e litia n in i d ila k u k a n d i k e la s X I IP A S M A N e g e ri 9 P o n tia n a k p a d a m a te ri d in a m ik a
ro ta s i.
D ite m u k a n b a h w a re m e d ia s i y a n g te rin te g ra s i d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n d a p a t m e n u ru n k a n
p e rs e n ta s e m is k o n s e p s i (z h itu n g = - 6 ,5 1 ; d f = 5 5 

5 % ). P ro p o rs i p e n u ru n a n ra ta -ra ta
p e rs e n ta s e m is k o n s e p s i s e b e s a r 8 2 ,7 4 % . E f e k tiv ita s re m e d ia s i y a n g te rin te g ra s i d a la m
p e m b e la ja ra n te rg o lo n g tin g g i.
M e n g in g a t b a h w a p e n e litia n in i m e n e m u k a n b a g a im a n a la n g k a h -la n g k a h re m e d ia s i y a n g
te rin te g ra s i d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n d a p a t m e n u ru n k a n m is k o n s e p s i s is w a , m a k a p a ra g u ru
s e b a ik n y a m e n g e m b a n g k a n la n g k a h -la n g k a h te rs e b u t d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n . D ih a ra p k a n
k e g ia ta n re m e d ia s i d a p a t d ila k u k a n .
S e la in itu , m e n g in g a t s e la m a p ro se s p e m b e la ja ra n b e rla n g s u n g . R e m e d ia s i y a n g
te rin te g ra s i d a la m p e m b e la ja ra n b e lu m b a n y a k d ite liti d a n d ik e m b a n g k a n , a d a b a ik n y a
d ila k u k a n p e n e litia n p a d a m a te ri d a n w a k tu /s is w a y a n g b e rb e d a u n tu k m e n in g k a tk a n
v a lid ita s e k s te rn a l h a s il p e n e litia n in i.

P e n g h a r g a a n
T e rim a k a s ih k e p a d a D r. L e o S u tris n o y a n g te la h b e rs e d ia m e n g o re k s i d a n m e m b e ri
m a s u k a n p a d a a rtik e l in i.
D a fta r R e fe r e n si
C re s w e ll, J o h n W . 2 0 1 0 . R e s e a r c h D e s ig n s . (P e n te rje m a h : A h m a d F a w a it). Y o g y a k a ry a :
P u s ta k a P e la ja r.
E m i S u lis tri. 2 0 1 0 . E fe k tiv ita s K e g ia ta n R e m e d ia s i u n tu k M e n g a ta s i M is k o n s e p s i S is w a :
S e b u a h R a n g k u m a n M e ta -A n a lis is S k r ip s i M a h a s is w a P r o g r a m S tu d i P e n d id ik a n
F is ik a F K IP U N T A N 2 0 0 9 . P o n tia n a k : F K IP U N T A N (s k rip s i).
G rc ic , J o s e p h . 2 0 0 8 . T h e H a lo E ffe c t F a lla c y . (O n lin e ).
( h ttp ://n b .v s e .c z /k f il/e lo g o s /m in d /g r c ic 0 8 .p d f , d ik u n ju n g i 1 9 N o v e m b e r 2 0 1 1 ) .
H a ttie , J o h n . 2 0 0 9 . M e ta A n a ly s t in E d u c a tio n . (O n lin e ).
( h ttp ://w w w .le a r n in g a n d te a c h in g .in f o /te a c h in g /w h a t_ w o r k s .h tm , d ik u n ju n g i 2 8
N o v e m b e r 2 0 1 1 ).
J u n ia rd i. 2 0 0 9 . D e s k r ip s i M is k o n s e p s i S is w a K e la s X I IP A S M A N e g e r i 3 P o n tia n a k te n ta n g
D in a m ik a R o ta s i. P o n tia n a k : F K IP U N T A N (S k rip s i).
R in i M u lia n i. 2 0 1 1 . M e to d e C e r ta in ty o f R e s p o n s e In d e x (C R I) y a n g T e r m o d ifik a s i u n tu k
M e n e n tu k a n T in g k a t K e p a s tia n d a r i J a w a b a n S is w a K e la s X d a la m M e m a h a m i M a te r i
R a n g k a ia n L is tr ik S e d e r h a n a d i S M A K r is te n Im m a n u e l P o n tia n a k . P o n tia n a k : F K IP
U N T A N (s k rip s i).
S ie g e l, S id n e y . 1 9 8 6 . S ta tis tik N o n p a r a m e tr ik u n tu k Ilm u -ilm u S o s ia l. C e ta k a n k e -2 .
(P e n te rje m a h : Z a n z a w i S u y u ti d a n L a n d u n g S im a tu p a n g ). J a k a rta : G ra m e d ia .
S u tris n o , L e o . 2 0 1 1 , 1 3 N o v e m b e r, h a l: 2 . R a n c a n g a n P e r c o b a a n . P o n tia n a k P o s t.
S u tr is n o , L e o ., K r e s n a d i, H e r y & K a r to n o . 2 0 0 7 . P e n g e m b a n g a n P e m b e la ja r a n I P A S D .
J a k a rta : D irje n D ik ti D e p d ik n a s .
Y a ta n i, K o ji. 2 0 1 0 . C h i- s q u a r e , F is h e r 's e x a c t, a n d M c N e m a r 's te s t . ( O n lin e ) .
( h ttp ://y a ta n i.jp /H C Is ta ts /C h iS q u a r e .c o m . d ik u n ju n g i 1 0 J a n u a r i 2 0 1 2 ) .