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MUD LOGGING

MUD LOGGING SERVICE

ES UN REGISTRO CONTINUO DURANTE LA PERFORACION DE POZO

PERMITE:
MEDICION DE GAS
ANALISIS DE RECORTES ( CUTTING O CANALETA ) – REGISTRO LITOLOGICO
CONDICIONES DE SEGURIDAD / FLUJOS E INCREMENTOS DE GAS
MIDE PARAMETROS DE PERFORACION (ROP, WOB, TORQUE, ETC.)

EQUIPO:

EQUIPO DE EXTRACCION DE GAS


DETECTOR DE GAS TOTAL
CALIBRADOR DE GAS
MONITOR DE PROFUNDIDAD Y RATE DE PENETRACION
EQUIPO OPTICO:
MICROSCOPIO ESTEREOSCOPICO
LUZ NATURAL
LUZ ULTRAVIOLETA
MUD LOGGING

REGISTRO LITOLOGICO

INCLUYE: INFORMACION GENERAL DE POZO, COORDENADAS,


ELEVACION GL, KB, ETC, FECHAS, PERSONAL RESPONSABLE,
ETC.

PARAMETROS DE PERFORACION: -----------

PROFUNDIDAD M / FT, ESCALA

DESCRIPCION LITOLOGICA ( DE LOS RECORTES DE


PERFORACION =MUESTRA DE CANALETA = CUTTINGS )
EN FORMA GRAFICA Y TEXTO

EVALUACION / MANIFESTACION DE HIDROCARBUROS:

FLUORESCENCIA Y CORTE : COLOR E INTENSIDAD


CROMATOGRAFIA DE GAS
MANCHAS DE PETROLEO
OLOR
COMPONENTES DE UNA ROCA CLASTICA

FOUR MAJOR COMPONENTS OF


SANDSTONE

Framework
Sand (and Silt) Size Detrital Grains
Matrix
Silt and Clay Size Detrital Material
Cement
Material Precipitated Post-Depositionally,
During Burial. Cements Fill Pores and
Replace Framework Grains
Pores
Voids Among the Above Components
MUD LOGGING

DESCRIPCION LITOLOGICA DE MUESTRAS DE


CANALETA

COMPOSICION : EJM. ARENISCA, LUTITA, CALIZA, ETC.

COLOR
DUREZA
GRANULOMETRIA
SELECCION O CLASIFICACION
REDONDEZ
MATRIZ
CEMENTO
MINERALOGIA
MINERALES ACCESORIOS

POROSIDAD APARENTE ( CUALITATIVO )

PRESENCIA DE HIDROCARBUROS:

FLUORESCENCIA Y CORTE
ANALISIS DE GASES: GAS TOTAL Y CROMATOGRAFIA
MUD LOGGING
CUTTING SAMPLE PROF. 2995 m
MUD LOGGING
EXAMPLE
MUD LOGGING ESTIMACION VISUAL DE PORCENTAJES
SIDE WALL CORE / MUESTRA LATERAL / PARED DE
POZO

2 METODOS:

METODO DE PERCUSION / CAPSULA


SIDE WALL CORE ROTARIO

APLICACION / USO

DETERMINA LITOLOGIA
FLUORESCENCIA
ANALISIS DE LABORATORIO
SIDE WALL CORE

PERCUSSION SIDEWALL
CORING SYSTEM
CONVENTIONAL TOOL
ROTARY
SIDE WALL CORE SIDEWALL
CORING TOOL
CONVENTIONAL CORE
Continuous mechanical coring is a costly
The knowledge of petrophysical and procedure due to:
hydrodynamic properties of reservoir rocks
are of fundamental importance to the • The drill string must be pulled out of the
petroleum engineer. These data are obtained hole to replace the normal bit by core bit
from two major sources: core analysis and and core barrel.
well logging. • The coring operation itself is slow.
• The recovery of rocks drilled is not
In this module we present some details about complete.
the analysis of cores and review the nature • A single core is usually not more than 9 m
and quality of the information that can be long, so extra trips out of hole are required.
deduced from cores.

Cores are obtained during the drilling of a


well by replacing the drill bit with a diamond
core bit and a core barrel. The core barrel is
basically a hollow pipe receiving the
continuous rock cylinder, and the rock is
inside the core barrel when brought to
surface (see picture).
CONVENTIONAL CORE

NUCLEO CONVENCIONAL ( CORE / CORONA )

USO:

CALIBRACION CON REGISTROS ELECTRICOS

ANALISIS DE LABORATORIO: POROSIDAD, PERMEABILIDAD, SATURACION DE


AGUA,
PRESION CAPILAR, ETC.

ESTUDIO SEDIMENTOLOGICO Y AMBIENTE DEPOSICIONAL

ESTUDIO PETROGRAFICO / SECCIONES DELGADAS

ESTUDIOS DE ARCILLAS, MINERALOGIA, TIPO / DIFRACTOMETRIA DE RAYOS X,


MICROSCOPIO ELECTRONICO

MECANICA DE ROCAS

GEOQUIMICA

ESTUDIOS BIOESTRATIGRAFICOS

(REPRESENTACION GRAFICA/ FOTOS)


CONVENTIONAL
CORE