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# LINEAR LAW

1. l (cm) 0 20 30 40 50 60
T (s) 0 26.8 32.9 38.0 42.9 46.5

The table shows the experiment between two variables, l and T. l is the length
of the pendulum, in cm, whereas T is the time, in seconds , for 10 oscillations
of swings.

dan T.
l ialah panjang bagi satu bandul ringkas, dalam cm, dan T ialah masa, dalam
saat, untuk 10 ayunan lengkap.

## Daripada graf anda, ungkapkan T2 dalam sebutan l. [2 markah]

(c) It was found that there was a wrong measurement for values of l due to
the ruler used to measure the length of the string. Each value of l is
shorter by 1 cm. On the same graph paper, plot and draw the graph for
T against the new value of l . From your new graph,
(i) express T in terms of l,
(ii) find the value of l when T = 6.5 [4
marks]

## Didapati ukuran l telah silap diambil kerana pembaris yang digunakan

mempunyai ralat. Setiap nilai l telah berkurangan sebanyak 1 cm.
Pada kertas graf yang sama, plotkan dan lukiskan satu graf T melawan
nilai-nilai baru bagi l . Daripada graf yang baru,
(i) ungkapkan T dalam sebutan l,
(ii) cari nilai l apabila T = 6.5 [4
markah]

## Clone 1993 (Rujukan: Siri Analysis Matematik Tambahan, Pelangi)

2 Several weights of mass, m kg, are hung at the end of a spring and made to oscilate
vertically, The rate of oscillations, f oscillations per second, for each weight is
determined. The following table shows the results obtained.
Beberapa beban dengan jisim m kg digantung pada hujung suatu spring dan
diayunkan secara mencancang. Kadar ayunan, f ayunan sesaat, untuk setiap beban

## Mass of weight, m kg 0.01 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08

Jisim beban, m kg
Rate of oscillation, f oscillation per sec. 20 14 10 8 7

It is known that the rate of oscillation, f oscillations per second, and the mass of the
1
weights, m kg are related by the equation f 2  , where m is a constant.
km
Diketahui bahawa kadar ayunan, f ayunan sesaat, dan jisim beban, m kg,
1
dihubungkan oleh persamaan f 2  , dengan keadaan k ialah satu pemalar,
km

1
(a) Draw the graph of f2 against .
m
[5 marks]
1
Lukis graf f2 melawan .
m
[5 markah]

## (b) From your graph, find

(i) the rate of oscillations for weight of mass 0.05 kg (to the nearest
whole number)

[1 markah]
(ii) the mass of weight which made 15 oscillations per second. Give your

[1 mark]
(iii) The value of k
[1 mark]
(i) kadar ayunan yang dihasilkan oleh beban berjisim 0.05 kg. (Beri
jawapan betul kepada numbor bulat terdekat)
[1 markah]

(ii) jisim beban yang menghasilkan 15 ayunan sesaat. Beri jawapan betul
[1 markah]

(iii) Nilai k. [1
markah]

(c) When the spring is replaced by another spring, the relationship between f and
m becomes
1
f2 , Draw the graph formed on the same axes. [2
2m
marks]

## Apabila spring itu digantikan dengan spring lain, di dapati bahawa

1
hubungan antara f dan m menjadi f 2  , . Lukis graf yang terbentuk pada
2m
paksi yang sama.
[2
markah]
Clone 1994 (Rujukan: Siri Analysis Matematik Tambahan, Pelangi)

## 3 An experiment is carried out to study the displacement of an object, s cm, from a

certain point at time, t s. The results of the study are recorded in the following table.

Satu eksperimen telah dijalankan untuk mengkaji seseran satu objek, s cm dari
satu titik pada masa t saat. Hasil daripada eksperimen itu direkodkan seperti

## Time, t(s) 20 40 60 80 100 120

Masa, t saat
Displacement, s (cm) 43 94 154 232 300 384
Sesaran, s (cm)

One set of the results in the table is incorrectly recorded. The error could be due to
the error in the time taken or due to the measurement taken.

sama ada penjaga masa atau pencatat sesaran.
s
(a) Draw the graph of against t [4
t
marks]
s
Lukiskan graf melawan t. [4
t
markah]

(b) (i) Mark  on your graph to represent the correct point for the data that is
incorrectly recorded.
[2 marks]

## Tandakan  pada graf anda bagi mewakili titik-titik sebenar yang

mungkin bagi data yang telah tersalah rekod.
[2 marksh]

(ii) Based on the graph, find the value of a and of u if s and t are related by
1
the equation s  ut  at 2 , where a and u are constants, [4
2
marks]

## Berdasarkan graf anda, cari nilai a dan nilai u jika s dan t

1
dihubungkan oleh s  ut  at 2 dengan keadaan a dan u adalah
2
pemalar. [4 markah]
Clone 2001 (Rujukkan: Success Additional Matematics SPM , Oxford Fajar)

1 (a)

## l 0 4.47 5.48 6.32 7.07 7.75

T 0 26.8 32.9 38.0 42.9 46.5
1 mark
Plot T against l (Correct axes and uniform scale ) 1 mark

T2 = 36 l 1 mark

(c) (i) m = 6,
c = –6 1 mark

T=6 l –6 1 mark

## (ii) When T = 6.5, l = 2.05 1 mark

l = 4.2025 1 mark
2 (a)

## 1 100 50 25 16.67 12.5

m
f2 400 196 100 64 49
2 marks

1
Plot f2 against (Correct axes and uniform scale ) 1 mark
m

## Line of best fit 1 mark

1
(b) (i) When m = 0.05, = 20
m

## From the graph f2 = 80

f = 8.944
f = 9 (To the nearest whole number) 1 mark

## (ii) when f = 15, f2 = 225

1
From the graph = 56.5
m

m = 0.017699 kg
= 18 g (to the nearest g) 1 mark

1
f2 =
km

1
=4
k

1
k= 1 mark
4

1
(c) f2 =
2m
1
2

## Graph correctly drawn 1 mark

3 (a)
t 20 40 60 80 100 120
s 2.15 2.35 2.57 2.90 3.00 3.20
t
1 mark

s
Plot against t (Correct axes and uniform scale 1 mark
t

## Line of best fit 1 mark

s 1
(b) (i)  at  u 1 mark
t 2

1
m= a = 0.010625 1 mark
2
a = 0.02125 1 mark

c = u = 1.95 1 mark