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LINEAR LAW

1. l (cm) 0 20 30 40 50 60
T (s) 0 26.8 32.9 38.0 42.9 46.5

The table shows the experiment between two variables, l and T. l is the length
of the pendulum, in cm, whereas T is the time, in seconds , for 10 oscillations
of swings.

Jadual di atas menunjukkan nilai-nilai eksperimen bagi dua pembolehubah l


dan T.
l ialah panjang bagi satu bandul ringkas, dalam cm, dan T ialah masa, dalam
saat, untuk 10 ayunan lengkap.

(a) Plot and draw the graph for T against l. [4 marks]

Plot dan lukis satu graf T melawan l [4 markah]

(b) From your graph, express T2 in terms of l. [2 marks]

Daripada graf anda, ungkapkan T2 dalam sebutan l. [2 markah]

(c) It was found that there was a wrong measurement for values of l due to
the ruler used to measure the length of the string. Each value of l is
shorter by 1 cm. On the same graph paper, plot and draw the graph for
T against the new value of l . From your new graph,
(i) express T in terms of l,
(ii) find the value of l when T = 6.5 [4
marks]

Didapati ukuran l telah silap diambil kerana pembaris yang digunakan


mempunyai ralat. Setiap nilai l telah berkurangan sebanyak 1 cm.
Pada kertas graf yang sama, plotkan dan lukiskan satu graf T melawan
nilai-nilai baru bagi l . Daripada graf yang baru,
(i) ungkapkan T dalam sebutan l,
(ii) cari nilai l apabila T = 6.5 [4
markah]

Clone 1993 (Rujukan: Siri Analysis Matematik Tambahan, Pelangi)


2 Several weights of mass, m kg, are hung at the end of a spring and made to oscilate
vertically, The rate of oscillations, f oscillations per second, for each weight is
determined. The following table shows the results obtained.
Beberapa beban dengan jisim m kg digantung pada hujung suatu spring dan
diayunkan secara mencancang. Kadar ayunan, f ayunan sesaat, untuk setiap beban
ditentukan. Jadual di bawah menunjukkan keputusan yang diperolehi.

Mass of weight, m kg 0.01 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08


Jisim beban, m kg
Rate of oscillation, f oscillation per sec. 20 14 10 8 7
Kadar ayunan, f ayunan sesaat

It is known that the rate of oscillation, f oscillations per second, and the mass of the
1
weights, m kg are related by the equation f 2  , where m is a constant.
km
Diketahui bahawa kadar ayunan, f ayunan sesaat, dan jisim beban, m kg,
1
dihubungkan oleh persamaan f 2  , dengan keadaan k ialah satu pemalar,
km

1
(a) Draw the graph of f2 against .
m
[5 marks]
1
Lukis graf f2 melawan .
m
[5 markah]

(b) From your graph, find


(i) the rate of oscillations for weight of mass 0.05 kg (to the nearest
whole number)

[1 markah]
(ii) the mass of weight which made 15 oscillations per second. Give your
answer to the nearest gram.

[1 mark]
(iii) The value of k
[1 mark]
Daripada graf anda , cari
(i) kadar ayunan yang dihasilkan oleh beban berjisim 0.05 kg. (Beri
jawapan betul kepada numbor bulat terdekat)
[1 markah]

(ii) jisim beban yang menghasilkan 15 ayunan sesaat. Beri jawapan betul
kepada gram terhampir.
[1 markah]

(iii) Nilai k. [1
markah]

(c) When the spring is replaced by another spring, the relationship between f and
m becomes
1
f2 , Draw the graph formed on the same axes. [2
2m
marks]

Apabila spring itu digantikan dengan spring lain, di dapati bahawa


1
hubungan antara f dan m menjadi f 2  , . Lukis graf yang terbentuk pada
2m
paksi yang sama.
[2
markah]
Clone 1994 (Rujukan: Siri Analysis Matematik Tambahan, Pelangi)

3 An experiment is carried out to study the displacement of an object, s cm, from a


certain point at time, t s. The results of the study are recorded in the following table.

Satu eksperimen telah dijalankan untuk mengkaji seseran satu objek, s cm dari
satu titik pada masa t saat. Hasil daripada eksperimen itu direkodkan seperti
dalam jadual di bawah.

Time, t(s) 20 40 60 80 100 120


Masa, t saat
Displacement, s (cm) 43 94 154 232 300 384
Sesaran, s (cm)

One set of the results in the table is incorrectly recorded. The error could be due to
the error in the time taken or due to the measurement taken.

Sepasang daripada set data tersebut telah disalah rekod akibat daripada kesilapan
sama ada penjaga masa atau pencatat sesaran.
s
(a) Draw the graph of against t [4
t
marks]
s
Lukiskan graf melawan t. [4
t
markah]

(b) (i) Mark  on your graph to represent the correct point for the data that is
incorrectly recorded.
[2 marks]

Tandakan  pada graf anda bagi mewakili titik-titik sebenar yang


mungkin bagi data yang telah tersalah rekod.
[2 marksh]

(ii) Based on the graph, find the value of a and of u if s and t are related by
1
the equation s  ut  at 2 , where a and u are constants, [4
2
marks]

Berdasarkan graf anda, cari nilai a dan nilai u jika s dan t


1
dihubungkan oleh s  ut  at 2 dengan keadaan a dan u adalah
2
pemalar. [4 markah]
Clone 2001 (Rujukkan: Success Additional Matematics SPM , Oxford Fajar)

ANSWERS

1 (a)

l 0 4.47 5.48 6.32 7.07 7.75


T 0 26.8 32.9 38.0 42.9 46.5
1 mark
Plot T against l (Correct axes and uniform scale ) 1 mark

6 points plotted correctly 1 mark

Line of best fit 1 mark

(b) m=6 1 mark

T2 = 36 l 1 mark

(c) (i) m = 6,
c = –6 1 mark

T=6 l –6 1 mark

(ii) When T = 6.5, l = 2.05 1 mark


l = 4.2025 1 mark
2 (a)

1 100 50 25 16.67 12.5


m
f2 400 196 100 64 49
2 marks

1
Plot f2 against (Correct axes and uniform scale ) 1 mark
m

6 points plotted correctly 1 mark

Line of best fit 1 mark

1
(b) (i) When m = 0.05, = 20
m

From the graph f2 = 80


f = 8.944
f = 9 (To the nearest whole number) 1 mark

(ii) when f = 15, f2 = 225

1
From the graph = 56.5
m

m = 0.017699 kg
= 18 g (to the nearest g) 1 mark

(iii) From the graph, gradient = 4

1
f2 =
km

1
=4
k

1
k= 1 mark
4

1
(c) f2 =
2m
1
Gradient = 1 mark
2

Graph correctly drawn 1 mark


3 (a)
t 20 40 60 80 100 120
s 2.15 2.35 2.57 2.90 3.00 3.20
t
1 mark

s
Plot against t (Correct axes and uniform scale 1 mark
t

6 points plotted correctly 1 mark

Line of best fit 1 mark

s 1
(b) (i)  at  u 1 mark
t 2

1
m= a = 0.010625 1 mark
2
a = 0.02125 1 mark

c = u = 1.95 1 mark