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R U L E 9

E F F E C T O F F A IL U R E
T O P L E A D

S E C T IO N 1 . D e fe n s e s
a n d
D e fe n s e s
o b
je c E o n s n o t
a n d
ea d ed j
-

p l .
o b e c t io n s
n o t
p ıe a d e d
e f in a m o t io n to d is m is s
e it h o r in th e a n sw e r a r e
e d w a iv e d H o w e v ėr h i it
de e m
.
, w e r a p p e a r s fr o m
le a d i n g s o r th e e v id e n c e
th e p o n r e c o r d th a t th e

co u rt
h a s n o j u r i s d i c t i i) n o v e r th e s u b
je c t m a tte r ,

a t th e r e is a n o th e r a c t io n
th p e n d in g b e tw e e n th e

sa m e p
a r t ie s fo r t h e s a m e ・

c a u s e , o r th a t th e a c -

tio n is b a r r e d b
y a
: p ju d g m e n t
r io r o r b
y s ta tu te o f

lim it a t i o ń s , th e o u į \ s h á iıd is m i śs
.
:
.
:

th e c la im .
(2 a )

T h is am en d m e ń t lib e r a l i z e s ・
th e ru le on w a iv e r o f

P u r p o s e o f th e Rulę :' .
' " '

P ,
I . , Ħ È )ł . ・
/ Ħ .

In ev e ry a ct o n i , th e . p a r t ie s a n d t h e ir cou n sel a re

ll
:
ila b le d e fe n s e s a n d o b je c t i o n s
eoined to p re se n t a a v a

fin a ily be
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l a id to
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re s t in a n a p pr o p r ia t e c o n te s t b e fo r e t h e c ó u r ţ W ith o u t .

d ţ o a litig a t io n b e c a u s e
th e
th e r u le , th e r e w i ll be n o e n ,

te w ddi « " -

d is s a t i s fie d .
Iitig a n t m a y s im l r a is e
p y
ï o r a

tio n a l is s u d e fe a t o r d e la y th e
in der ţ o p rev
e n t ,
-

e s o r ,

ju d g -

im fin a l a n d e x e cu to ry
lr e a d y

p le m e n t a t i o n f
'

o a n a
e r is e to
l it i g a t io n
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nı T he
en t .
e n d le ssn ė ss of
t r ib u t e ţ o
d s u r e ly c o n

ad d ed c ca n
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a n
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t h a t de f
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m o t io n
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a
ra i
d w a iv e
d .

de e m e

io n o v e r th
e s u Tq e c t m j a tt e r
r i s d ic t
.

k ofj u
(1 ) L a c a c t io n b e tw e e n th e Ban e
th e r
o f a n o
(2 ) p e n d
e n cy
e ca u s e
.

fo r th e s a m
r t ie s
pa
en t
ju d g m
.

or
(3 ) B a r b y p ri

f lim it a t io n s .

S ta tu te o
(4 )
fr o m th e p le a d in g s o r th e
ds a p p e a r
If th ese g ro u n
d , th e co u rt sh a ll d is m is s th e c l a im .

e v id e n c e o n re co r
f t r ia l c o u r t t o d is m is s a c a s e
N o t a b ly ,
th e a u th o r i w o a

is lim it e d to th e s e fo u r in s t a n c e s . A co u rt
m o tu p m p -

m ay n ot d is m is s a ca se d o n a n y o t h e r g r o u n ds ,
b a se

v o lv e s n o n c o m p lia n c e w it h a c o n d itio n
'

if it in

-

ev en
3

p r e c e de n ť o r th e r u le s o n fo r u m s h o p p in g , u n le s s * is
r a is e d b y th e p a r t y in h is p le a d in g s .

'

T he fo m er ru le lim ite d th e e x c e p t io n s t o fa ilu r e to

s ta te a ca u śe o f a c t io n a n d la c k o f ju r is d i c t io n o v e r the
su trje c t m a tte r .

T he w a iv e r u n de r t h is b le
s e c t io n is n ot i rr e v o c a
a n d re lie f m ay be b ta in
o e d fr o m th e c o n s e q u e n ces
of
s u c h w a iv e r
by a n a m dm e
f th a n s w e r w ith le a v
e n en t o e
o f c o u r t in a cco r da n c e w it h S e c t io n
,
s 3 a n d 5 of R u le 10 .

A m o t io n to d is m is s fo r fa of
a c t io n i lu r e to s t a te a ca u se
m ay be m a de a f te r t h
a t a n y sta f th e
e a n sw e r ha s b e e n filed, o f

g e o
p ro ce e d in g s w hen th e m o t io n
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F u le Bec 1 .

e d u p u p la i n t if F s f a il u r e to s ta te a ca u Be o f a c t io n
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þa s to s ta te a c a u se o f a c t io n
.

e fa
ilu r e how ev e r
y b
,
, m a e
o f R u le
n de r S e ct o
i n 5 1 0
ed u
.

c u r

L a c k o fju r is d ic t io n o v e r th e s u b
je c t m a tte r .

The ju r is d i c t io n o f a co u rt ov er th e su b je c t m a tte r

th e a c t io n is a m a 忱 e r of la w a n d m a y n oţ b e co n
of
-

fe r r ed b y c o n s e n t o r a g r e e m e n t o f t h e p a r t ie s T h e l a c k .

o f a c o u r t M a y b e r a is e d a t a n y s t a g e o f
r i s d ic t io n
o f ju
.

c e e d in g s , e v e n o n a
p p e a l T h is D o c t r in e h o w -

th e p r o
.
. ,

ev e r ,
h a s b e e n q u a l if ie d b y s o m e p r o n o u n c e m e n t s ,

t h e r u lin g in T ıja m
ch s t e m m e d P
r i n c i p a ll y f r o m v .

w hi
h e ld th
Ö
In th a t th e co u r Ł a t th e d e -

h a ıT \ ca se
S ib o n g ,

r i s d ic t i o n o v e r th e b je c t m a tte r m a y
fe n se o f la c k o f ju su

be c o n s id e r e d ba rre d þy e s to p p el b y ta ch e s ,
s o th at a

n n o t in v o k e th e ju r is d ic t i o n o f a c o u r t to se cu r e
p a r ty c a ft e r o b
lie f a g a in s t M s o p p o n en t a n d, a
-

a fï ir m a t iv e re .

b t a i n s u c h r e lie f r e
p u d ia t e o r
fa g to o ,
ta in in or ili n
g
d ic t i o n fo r Th e f ir s t t im e on
th a t sa m
q ju r is
.

q u e s t io n d ru l -

u e s t io n e
app e a lor a lm o st fifte e n y E a r s a fte r t h e q
.

g "

Ches A g a in s t t h
e p e li
-

t b e t a k e n
how
.

ev e r , c a n n o
,
r t a fte r
i o n in c o u
ţ io n ers w ho im m e d ia t e ly file
d a p e t it
ov er ,
n c e ll ed M ore
e ir t it le h a d
bee c a
.

n
learning th a t th
d ic t io n t o a t
r ib u
-

e sto l do e s t a p p ly ţ o c o
n fe r u r i s
j
th e c o u r ť
p p e n o s
,

i n I t i s
se o f a ct
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n a l th a t ė over a ca u
has o u r is d i
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j
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ic h it h a s n
du ty i ov er w h
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d e fe n s e e a sge
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w e ,
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s to p p e l
u e d a s a n e of
b e ec o n s t ir
fe n s e
su ch d e
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c o u r t it
s e l f c l e a r ly
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(2 ) w n e r e th e
o r th ė n a tu re
h e su e c t m a tte r u of
v e r t
tio n o
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th e a c t io n , th e

on e a t a n y t
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d
o v io la t e o r d is r e g a r d t at h
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r u le le t a lo n e c o n fe r t h a t u r is ic t i o n , th is j d
,

m a tte r b e in g le g i s l a t iv e in c h a r a c te r . B a r r in
g
h ig h ly m e r it o r i o u s a n d e x c e p t io n a l c ir c u m -

s ta n c e s ,
s u c h a s h e r e in b e fo r e e x e in p lifie d , n e i
-

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th e r e s to p p e l n o r w a iv e r s h a ll a p p ly .

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U n d e r t h e fo r m
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er ru w a s a ls o h e l d th a t, e v ė ń if
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.
o
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P la in t o r e v id e n ce sho w s
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th e a c tio n
t h a t th e a c t io n h a d p r e s c r ib e d ,
s h a ll b e d is m '
"
is s e d
ı 0 Ð C U .

th o u h t
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,
g in d e fa u lt , c o u ld n oţ in
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w a iv e r
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p p ly w h en
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n lı « C T O F łłA IL U ItE
9 T O P LEAD
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Sec 2 .

sh o w s th a t th e ・

c a u se
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dence o f a c t io n is a lr e a d
p r e s c r ip t io n T h is y
ed
Yt
.
w a s r e it e r a t e
d in p h ııt ,
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ıo l 】a l B a l ık v . P a c if i c C o m m ıs s ıo ı
p
ıe A
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F er
;
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r u lin g s to th e c o n tr a r
The y in T o r red a v , B on -

13
a n d D ı
r e c to r o f L a n d s v . D a n o ,
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a
pp e a r ţ o b e n o
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s ,

er a p p l
ic a b le .

lo n g

sE C T IO N .
Z . C o m p u ls o r y c o u n te r c la im , o r

-
c la łm ,
n o t s e t u p b a r re ď -
A c o m p u ls o r y
s s
c ru
t e r c la im o r a c r o s s
-
c la im , n o t s e t u p s h a ll b e
co u n
,

ba rr e d
4a .
( )

d i s c tis s io n a ls o u n d e r S e c t io n s 7 a n d 8 of R u le 6
See
.

e m e n ts s h o u ld b e
C n s a t io n fo r im p r o v
o m p e
a n e je c t
-

ıs o r c o u n t e r c l a im in
d a s c o m p u y
p le a d e

m e n t s u it .

d e fe n d a n t w a s fo u n d
f th e
In a n a c t io n o e e cţ mj en ţ ,

d ju d g m e n t w a s ren
-

ţo be in b a d fa it h , a n
a p o ss
e sso r
o s s e s s io n o f th e
l a i n t ift fo r t h
e p
de r e d in fa v o r o f t h e p to
ht an a c t io n
la n d S u b s e q u e n t ly , th e d e fe n
da n t brou g
.
de on th e
e n ts m a
fo r im p rov e m
re c o v e r co m pen s a t io n t io n
h c om p en sa
th e c la i m fo r s u c
la n d It w a s h e ld th a t
.
c la im in t h e
u n t e r
d a s a co
s h o u ld h a v e b e e n e se n te
p r
ad
b een o th e r w is e h
h e r c la im d Iţ n a ig hţ b av
w a s ba rre .

th e b e e n g o
o d fa it b .

a p o s s e s s o r in

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o r d e fe n
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y it h
a n d in t e
rv e n o rs
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th ey w e re e n t itle
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a r in
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C la im fo r a t
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to r n e '

y s fe e s . .

be con si
de re d a s in
th e n
a tu r e
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p u c o u n te r -

sw er
to th e com
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put a c la i m a g a in s t ・

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W h e n a m e n d e d į er ls p ro p e r . ,
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. .

A n a m e n d e d a n sw e r is p ro p e r if t h e c o u n t e r c l a im

ro s s
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c la im a lr e a d y e x is t e d a t th e t im e th e o r i g in a l
of c
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sw e r
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le c t , it w
1 9

sab le n ėg a s n ot se t u
p
ex cu
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2o
Thu s ,
in L e d e sm a v M o r a le s, th e C o u r t r u le d t h a t

a r ty m a y se t u p a c o u n t e r c l a im in a n a m en d ed
th e p

a n sw
e r fi le d b e f o r e u d g m e n t, j prov id e d t h a t h is fa ilu r e

e th e c o u n t e r c l a im in th e o r ig i n a l a ńs w er w a s
to in c l u d
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r s ig ht in a d v e r te n c e o r ex cu sa b le n e g le c t
du e t o o v e
.

b e lib e r a l i n th e a d m is s i o n e s
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ld
C o u rts s h o u
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c o u n t e r c l a im s h ic h m ay b e b a iT e d u n le s s
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In b o t h ca se s , en t
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sw e r m u s t b e f i le d \ it h .

m a y b e a l eg e d l in
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a c q u ir e d c o t ın t e r c
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e n the
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ı
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la im
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C o m p
u ls o r y c o u n t e r c la im
c u r e s
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tio n a l d e fe c t , if a n y ,
in c o m p
la in t .

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the
g h

ju r is d ic t i o n c a n be s u s t a in e d if
ju r is d ic t io n a l a m o u n t,

th e co m p u ls o r y c o u n t e r c a im l -
ba se d u p o n t h e d a m a g es

a lle g e d ly su ffe r e d b y th e d e fe n da n t in c o n s e q u e n c e of

th e filin g .
of t he co m p la in t
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tio n
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a l a m o u n t .

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E FFE CT O P F A IL U It
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ee . Su ch r e c e p t io n o f e v id e
n ce m
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g a te d
th e
c le r k o f c o u r t .
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lt .
-
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b e e n t it le d t o n o t i
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s b u t n o t to ta k e
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in d e f a u lt m a y a t a n
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th ere o
f a n d b e fo r e j u d
g m e n t f i le a m o t io n u n d e r
to s e t a s id e th e o r d e r o f d e fa u l
t u p o n
o a th p ro p e r
th a t h is f a ilu r e to a n sw e r w a s
w in g d u e to
sh o
d c c id e n t , m is t a k e o r e x c u s a b le n e g li g e n c e
fr a u
a
,

th a t h e h a s a m e r it o r io u s d e fe n s e In su c h
an d
.

ca se ,
th e o r d e r o f d e f a u lt m a y b e s e t a s id e o n su c h

te f m s a n d c o n d it io n s a s th e
ju d g e m a y im p o se in

th e in t e r
e s t o f ju s t ic e .
(3 a , R 18)

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r e s e n te d (4 a , R 18 )
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a w a r d u n liq u id a
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o f d e fa u lt a t t in y t im e a f te r n o t ic e
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a co m m o n ca of
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E FFECT O F F A IL U ItE
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o f th e c l a im a n ţ j o r ders th e su b m is s io n o f ev i -

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o f th e d e fe n d in g p a r ty e it h e r
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a c t io n fo r a n n u lm e n t o r d e c la r a t io n of
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n u llit y o f m a r r ia g e .

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sw er, th e c o u r t s h a ll o r der th e p r o s e c u t in g a tto r n e y to


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ex cu s a b le n e g li e n c e
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to r i o u s d e f e n s e (S e c 3 R .
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w h en .
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bu t b e fo re th e s a m e h a s b e co m e f ın a l

ex e c u to ry ,
h e m a y f il e a m o t io n fo r n e w al

u n de r Se c t io n 1 (a ) o f R u le 3 7

If th e d e fe n dan t d is c o v
d th e d e f a u l t a f t e r e re

t h e ju d g m e n t h a s b e c o m e fi n a l a n d e x e c u t o r y ,

h e m a y file a p e t it i o n fo r r e l i e f u n d e r S e c t i o n 2
[ n ow S e c t io n 1 ] o f R u le 3 8 ; a n d
th e ju d g m en t ren -

a p p e aL fr o m
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or ţ o ,

h p re s
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(S e c 2 , R .
u le 4 1 ) .

fo r c er E o ï a r i to
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