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C25 cm
C

h H

B/4 P B/3 T= B - F - P
P F T
F H/10
E E H/10

B
0.4H B 0.7H

## C= 0.30 m 0.30 0.25

H= 6.00 m
B= 3.60 m 2.40 B 4.20
P= 1.00 m 0.90 P 1.20
F= 0.60 m F 0.60
T= 2.00 m T= 2.00
E= 0.60 m E 0.60
h= 5.40 m

0.30

5.40
3 6.00

0.60
0.60
1
O
3.60

## suelo fundacion suelo relleno material del muro

= 1850.00 kg/m3 = 1900.00 kg/m3 f `c = 210 kg/cm2
Df = 1.20 m = 34 0 fy = 4200.00 kg/m3

## = 32 0 C = 0.00 kg/cm2 c = 2500.00 kg/m3

C = 0.250 kg/cm2
qult = 4.50 kg/cm2

## condicion del sitio

- Zona Sismica 5
- Sobrecarga Vehicular
- Drenar aguas de lluvia

## BRAZO X BRAZO Y PESO PESO x BRAZO X PESO x BRAZO Y

FIGURA (m) (m) ( kg/m) ( kg-m/m ) ( kg-m/m )
1 1.80 0.30 5,400.00 9,720.00 1,620.00
2 1.20 2.40 2,025.00 2,430.00 4,860.00
3 1.45 3.30 4,050.00 5,872.50 13,365.00
= 11,475.00 18,022.50 19,845.00

## Xcg = 18,022.50 = 1.57 m Ycg = 19,845.00 = 1.73 m

11,475.00 11,475.00

Sobrecarga Vehicular ( q ):

Ws = qx(C+T)

## Ws = 1140.00 x ( 2.00 + 0.30 ) = 2,622.00 kg/m

Aplicada a X = 2.45 m

## Peso del Relleno ( Wr ):

Volumen ( Vr): Vr= h x T x1m Vr= 5.40 x 2.00 x 1.00 = 10.80 m3/m
Wr = x V r= 1900.00 x 10.80 = 20,520.00 kg/m

Aplicada a X = 2.60 m

## Coeficiente de empuje activo ( Ka ): = 34 0 0.59

Ka= 1 - sen = 1 - sen 34 0 = 0.283
1 + sen 1 + sen 34 0

## Empuje activo de la tierra ( Ea ):

Ea = (1/2 x x H2 ) x Ka

## = 1900.00 kg/m3 Ea = 9668.85 kg/m

H= 6.00 m
Ka= 0.283

Aplicada a Y = 2.00 m

## Es = q x H x Ka Es = 1140.00 x 6.00 x 0.283 = ### kg/m

Aplicada a Y = 3.00 m

Empuje Total ( Ea + s ):

Ea + s = Ea + Es Ea + s = 11602.62 kg/m

Ws = 2,622.00

2.45

Wr = 20,520.00
2.60
Es = 1933.77

Ea = 9668.85
P.P= 11,475.00
1.20 1.57 3.00
2.00
1.73

## Empuje Activo Vertical ( Eav ): Eav = 0.00

Empuje Pasivo ( Ep ): Ep = 0.00

## Eh= 11,602.62 kg/m

Fuerza de roce ( Fr ):
Angulo de fricion suelo-muro = 32 0
= 2/3 = 21.33 0 0.37
C= 0.50 C C= 0.13 kg/cm2 1,250.00 kg/m2
= Tang ( ) = 0.39

Fr = x ( Rv + Eav ) + C x B + Ep

Eh 11,602.62

Mv 25,139.01

FScap portante 2

FScap portante 2

Rv 34,617.00

2

6

B 3.60 3.60

B 3.60 3.60

0

Rv= 34,617.00

1.52

Ao = 0.30 g

0.1661
= 9.51 o

## Coeficiente de presion Dinamica Activa (Kas): = 2/3

= 9.51 o = 22.67 o = 90 o
= 34 0 = 0 0

## Si <- se toma esta formula 0 < 24.49

Kas= Sen2 ( + - )
Cos - Sen - Sen ( - - )
2
1+ Sen ( + ) x Sen ( - - ) 2
Sen ( - - ) x Sen ( + )

0.83
0.99 1 0.85 0.84 0.41
0.85 1

Sen2 ( + - )= 0.8282168
Cos = 0.9862446
Sen2 = 1
Sen ( - - ) = 0.8463709
Sen ( + )= 0.8354878 .
Sen ( - - ) = 0.4144674
Sen ( - - ) = 0.8463709
Sen ( + ) = 1

Kas= 0.362

## Si >- se toma esta formula

Kas= Sen2 ( + - )
Cos - Sen2 - Sen ( - - )

Rv= P.P + Wr

## Rv= 31,995.00 kg/m

Wr = 20,520.00
2.60
Fspp 1,721.25 DEa = 2420.74

Ea = 9668.85
P.P= 11,475.00
1.20 1.57 4.00
2.00
1.73

Fuerza de roce ( Fr ):
Angulo de fricion suelo-muro
= 2/3 = 32.00 0 2/3= 21.33 0 0.37
C= 0.50 C C= 0.125 kg/cm 2
1,250.00 kg/m 2

## FSd= Fr FSd= 1.23 1.40 NO

Ea+DE

Falla el factor de seguridad por el sismo para la solucin quedan las siguientes alternativas:
a) Aumentar la dimension de la base y recalcular
b) Colocar dentellon de pie

## Hd= H / 10 Hd= 0.60 m Estara ubicado bajo la pantalla del muro

Bd= H / 10 Bd= 0.60 m

0.30
5.40
6.00

0.60
0.60

0.60

0.60

3.60

## Kp= 1 + sen = 1 + sen 32 0 = 3.255

1 - sen 1 - sen 32 0

## Ep= [(ps + pi ) / 2] x Hd Ep= 5,418.89 kg/m

Fuerza de roce ( Fr ):
Angulo de fricion suelo-muro = 32 0
= 2/3 = 21.33 0 0.37
C= 0.50 C C= 0.13 kg/cm 2
1,250.00 kg/m2
= Tang ( ) = 0.39 Rv= 31,995.00 kg/m

Fr = x Rv + C x B + Ep

Eh 13,810.84
0.30

5.40
6.00

0.60
0.60

7,225.19 O

10,837.78 0.60

3.60

Mv

FScap portante 2

FScap portante 2

2

6

B 3.60 3.60

B 3.60 3.60

## max adm 17319.86 22500.00 (O.K)

Diseo de la base:

## Caso 1: Empuje de Tierra + Sobrecarga Vehicular Caso 2: Empuje de Tierra + Sismo

Ws = 2,622.00
V1-1 V2-2 V1-1 V2-2
W r= 20,520.00 W r= 20,520.00

1 2 0.60 1 2 0.60

1 2 1 2

17,319.86

3.60 3.60

Peso Propio:

Brazo:

2

## V1-1= Rs1 - Wpp V1-1= 11,342.83 kg

Diagrama de Presiones:
1.00 1
Rectangulo 11,601.68

14,083.99 1
2,482.31 Triangulo

2

## Rrectangulo= bxh Rrectangulo= 11,601.68 kg btriangulo= 0.50 m

Momento en la Seccion 1-1:

Peso Propio:

Brazo:

2

## Peso del Relleno:

W r= 20,520.00 kg

Brazo:

Ws = 2,622.00 kg

Brazo:

## V2-2= Rs2 - Wpp - Wr - Ws V2-2= -10,882.02 kg

Diagrama de Presiones:
2 2.00
Rectangulo 5,147.68
10,112.29
4,964.61 Triangulo

2

Peso Propio:

Brazo:

2

## V1-1= Rs1 - Wpp V1-1= 13,477.54 kg

Diagrama de Presiones:
1.00 1
Rectangulo 12,635.21

17,319.86 1
4,684.64 Triangulo

2

## Rrectangulo= bxh Rrectangulo= 12,635.21 kg btriangulo= 0.50 m

Momento en la Seccion 1-1:

Peso Propio:

Brazo:

2

## Peso del Relleno:

W r= 20,520.00 kg

Brazo:

## V2-2= Rs2 - Wpp - Wr V2-2= -13,240.43 kg

Diagrama de Presiones:
2 2.00
Rectangulo 455.14

9,824.43
9,369.29 Triangulo

2

## Rrectangulo= bxh Rrectangulo= 910.28 kg btriangulo= 1.00 m

Momento en la Seccion 2-2:

## Empuje Estatico Activo:

Ea = 9668.85 kg/m

Empuje Total:

Ea total

## El maximo Corte en la Zapata en la Seccion ( 1-1) resulto del Caso de Carga 2:

Corte Maximo:

Vmax= 13,477.54 kg

## Corte Ultimo Maximo:

V U= Vmax x F.C.U

V U= 19,138.84 kg

d= 52.50 cm

## Corte Maximo Resistente del Concreto ( Vc):

Vc= 0.53 x f `c x b x d
b= 100 cm ( para un metro de Ancho)

## Vc= 40,322.26 kg Vc > VU = 0.75 (Factor de minoracion por Corte)

40,322.26 > 25,518.46 ( O.K ) El espesor de la base resiste la fuerza cortante

## Diseo por Flexionde la Zapata:

Codigo ACI 318S-05: En losas estructurales en donde el acero de refuerzo por flexion sea en un sentido solamente,
se debe proporcionar refuerzo normal por flexion para resistir los esfuerzos por contraccion y temperatura.

## La separasion del Acero por contraccion y temperatura de cumplir que: S Separacion

5t > S O S < 50 cm

## Para el calculo Aceros ( AS ):

= 0.85 x f `c x b
fy

AS = x d - ( x d)2 - 2 x MU x
xfy

f `c = 210.00 kg/cm2
fy = 4,200.00 kg/cm2
e = 0.60 m = 60.00 cm
b = 1.00 m = 100.00 cm
r = 7.50 cm
d = 52.50 cm
= 0.90
= 4.25

## chequeo por Flexion de ( d ) d MU

0.185 x x f `c x b

AS = 5.16 cm2

## chequeo por Flexion de ( d ) d MU

0.185 x x f `c x b

AS = 12.03 cm2

Chequeo de AS:

En Puntera:

AS = 5.16 cm2
b= 100.00 cm
t= 60.00 cm

11/2" C / 0.10

En Talon:

AS = 12.03 cm2
b= 100.00 cm
t= 60.00 cm

## Tomar: AS = 12.03 cm2 con 1/2" N= 9 S= 10 cm

11/2" C / 0.10

DISEO DE PANTALLA

Y

H Es

Ea H/2

H/3

Y
DEa

Ea 2/3H

H/3

X
5.40 X = Y
0.30 5.40

X = 0.06 Y

0.30 0.30
0.60

## c = 2500.00 kg/m3 Csh= 0.15

Triangulo:
Fppt= X x Y x c x Csh Fpp= 10.42 Y2
2

Rectangulo:
Fppr= 0.30 x Y x c x Csh Fppr= 112.50 Y

## V U= 1.60 x ( 268.58 Y2 + 322.30 Y )

V U= 429.73 Y2 + 515.67 Y

## V U= 1.42 x ( 346.24 Y2 + 112.50 Y )

V U= 491.68 Y2 + 159.76 Y

## MU= 195.72 Y3 + 79.88 Y2

Solicitaciones Ultimas de Corte y Momento

## CASO 1 CASO 2 Solicitasiones Max

Y (m) VU (kg) MU (kg-m) VU (kg) MU (kg-m) VU (kg) MU (kg-m)
1.00 945.40 401.08 651.43 275.60 945.40 401.08
2.00 2,750.25 2,177.28 2,286.22 1,885.29 2,750.25 2,177.28
3.00 5,414.56 6,188.06 4,904.37 6,003.40 5,414.56 6,188.06
4.00 8,938.31 13,292.88 8,505.87 13,804.26 8,938.31 13,804.26
5.00 13,321.53 24,351.18 13,090.72 26,462.20 13,321.53 26,462.20
5.40 15,315.46 30,073.99 15,200.00 33,148.41 15,315.46 33,148.41
7.00 24,666.31 61,766.05 25,210.50 71,046.67
8.00 31,627.88 89,841.52 32,745.42 105,321.85
9.00 39,448.91 125,308.30 41,263.70 149,151.45
10.00 48,129.39 169,025.83 50,765.33 203,709.79

## Espesor de la Pantalla o Fuste (Fy):

Fy = 0.056 Y + 0.30

## Altura Util varia con la Altura (d(y)):

d(y)= Fy - r r= 5.00 cm

d(y)= Fy - 5.00

## = 0.75 f `c = 210 kg/cm2 b= 100 cm

Vc= 0.53 x f `c x b x d

## AS minimo = 0.0018 x b x F(y) AS minimo = 0.18 F(Y)

Y (m) VU (kg) MU (kg-m) F(y)(cm) d(y)(cm) xVc (kg) AS minimo (cm2 ) AS requerido (cm2 ) dcal dcal d(y)
1.00 945.40 401.08 36 31 17,600.98 6.40 0.35 3 O.K
2.00 2,750.25 2,177.28 41 36 20,801.16 7.40 1.60 8 O.K
3.00 5,414.56 6,188.06 47 42 24,001.34 8.40 3.97 13 O.K
4.00 8,938.31 13,804.26 52 47 27,201.52 9.40 7.89 20 O.K
5.00 13,321.53 26,462.20 58 53 30,401.70 10.40 13.68 28 O.K
5.40 15,315.46 33,148.41 60 55 31,681.77 10.80 16.53 31 O.K
7.00 0.00 0.00 69 64 36,802.06 12.40 0.00 0
8.00 0.00 0.00 74 69 40,002.24 13.40 0.00 0
9.00 0.00 0.00 80 75 43,202.42 14.40 0.00 0
10.00 0.00 0.00 86 81 46,402.60 15.40 0.00 0

## Para el calculo Aceros ( AS ):

= 0.85 x f `c x b
fy

AS = x d - ( x d)2 - 2 x MU x
xfy

f `c = 210.00 kg/cm2
fy = 4,200.00 kg/cm2
d = Variable
b = 1.00 m = 100.00 cm
= 0.90
= 4.25

## chequeo por Flexion de ( d ) d MU

0.185 x x f `c x b
interpolacion
X1 3.05 1.22 Y1
X2 5.40 Y2
X3 6.10 0.76 Y3

Y2= 0.87
(+-)= 114.49 1.998154
(--)= 57.82 1.009134
( + ) = 56.67 0.98902
(--)= 24.49 0.427357
(+)= 90.00 1.570796
= 34 0.593412
= 90 1.570796
= 9.51 0.166054
f `c = 210.00 kg/cm2
fy = 4,200.00 kg/cm2
d = Variable
b = 1.00 m = 100.00 cm
= 0.90
= 4.25

C25 cm
C

B/4 P B/3 T= B - F - P
P F T
F H/10
E E H/10

B
0.4H B 0.7H

=
C= 0.30 m 0.30 0.25

H= 10.00 m
B= 5.00 m 4B7
P= 1.50 m 1.25 P 1.67
F= 1.00 m F 1
T= 2.50 m T= 5 - 1 - 1.50
E= 1.00 m E 1
0.45

2.25
3 4.00
2

1.50
1.75
1
O
3.00

## suelo fundacion suelo relleno material del muro

= 1760.00 kg/m 3 = 1760.00 kg/m 3 f `c = 180 kg/cm2
Df = 1.50 m = 38 0 fy = 4200.00 kg/m3

## = 38 0 C = 0.193 kg/cm2 c = 2500.00 kg/m3

C = 0.255 kg/cm2
qult = 6.40 kg/cm2

## condicion del sitio

Zona Sismica 5
Sobrecarga Vehicular
Drenar aguas de lluvia

## BRAZO X BRAZO Y PESO PESO x BRAZO X PESO x BRAZO Y

FIGURA (m) (m) ( kg/m) ( kg-m/m ) ( kg-m/m )
1 1.50 0.88 13,125.00 19,687.50 11,484.38
2 0.48 2.88 2,531.25 1,202.34 7,277.34
3 1.05 2.50 2,953.13 3,100.78 7,382.81
= 18,609.38 23,990.63 26,144.53

## Xcg = 23,990.63 = 1.289 m Ycg = 26,144.53 = 1.40 m

18,609.38 18,609.38
Sobrecarga Vehicular ( q ):

Ws = qx(C+T)

## Ws = 1056.00 x ( 0.75 + 0.00 ) = 792.00 kg/m

Aplicada a X = 1.60 m

## Peso del Relleno ( Wr ):

Volumen ( Vr): Vr= h x T x 1 m Vr = 2.25 x 0.75 x 1.00 = 1.69 m3/m
Vr = 2.25 x 1.05 x 1.00 = 1.18 m3/m
2
Wr = x V r= 1760.00 x 2.87 = 5,049.00 kg/m

Aplicada a X = 2.13 m
Aplicada a X = 1.40 m

## Ka = 1 - sen = 1 - sen 38 0 = 0.238

1 + sen 1 + sen 38 0

## Empuje activo de la tierra ( Ea ):

Ea = (1/2 x x H2 ) x Ka

## = 1760.00 kg/m3 Ea = 3349.39 kg/m

H= 4.00 m
Ka = 0.238

Aplicada a Y = 1.33 m

## Es = q x H x Ka Es = 1056.00 x 4.00 x 0.238 = 1005 kg/m

Aplicada a Y = 2.00 m

Empuje Total ( Ea + s ):

Ea + s = E a + E s Ea + s = 4354.21 kg/m

## Resultante de las Fuerzas Verticales ( Rv ):

Rv = P.P + Wr + Wa Rv = 24,450.38 kg/m
Ws = 792.00

1.60

2079
1.40 Wr

Es = 1004.82
2970
2.13
Wr
Ea = 3349.39
P.P= 18,609.38
1.29 2.00
1.50
1.33
1.40

## Eh= 3,883.20 kg/m

Fuerza de roce ( Fr ):
Angulo de fricion suelo-muro = 38 0
= 2/3 = 25.33 0 0.44
C= 0.50 C C= 0.13 kg/cm2 1,275.00 kg/m2
= Tang ( ) = 0.47

Fr = x ( Rv + Eav ) + C x B + Ep

Eh 3,883.20

## Mv= 6,475.49 kg-m/m

Momento al Estabilizante (Me):

Me = W s x Xs + W r x Xr + P.P x Xp.p
Me = 34,479.68 kg-m/m

Mv 6,475.49

FScap portante 2

FScap portante 2

Rv 24,450.38

2

6

## max adm 14231.70 32000.00 (O.K)

C25 cm
C

h H

B/4 P B/3 T= B - F - P
P F T
F H/10
E E H/10

B
0.4H B 0.7H

## C= 0.30 m 0.30 0.25

H= 6.00 m
B= 3.60 m 2.40 B 4.20
P= 1.00 m 0.90 P 1.20
F= 0.60 m F 0.60
T= 2.00 m T= 2.00
E= 0.60 m E 0.60
h= 5.40 m

0.30

5.40
3 6.00

0.60
0.60
1
O
3.60

## suelo fundacion suelo relleno material del muro

= 1850.00 kg/m3 = 1900.00 kg/m3 f `c = 210 kg/cm2
Df = 1.20 m = 34 0 fy = 4200.00 kg/m3

## = 32 0 C = 0.00 kg/cm2 c = 2500.00 kg/m3

C = 0.25 kg/cm2
qult = 4.50 kg/cm2

## condicion del sitio

- Zona Sismica 5
- Sobrecarga Vehicular
- Drenar aguas de lluvia

## BRAZO X BRAZO Y PESO PESO x BRAZO X PESO x BRAZO Y

FIGURA (m) (m) ( kg/m) ( kg-m/m ) ( kg-m/m )
1 1.80 0.30 5,400.00 9,720.00 1,620.00
2 1.20 2.40 2,025.00 2,430.00 4,860.00
3 1.45 3.30 4,050.00 5,872.50 13,365.00
= 11,475.00 18,022.50 19,845.00

## Xcg = 18,022.50 = 1.57 m Ycg = 19,845.00 = 1.73 m

11,475.00 11,475.00

Sobrecarga Vehicular ( q ):

Ws = qx(C+T)

## Ws = 1140.00 x ( 2.00 + 0.30 ) = 2,622.00 kg/m

Aplicada a X = 2.45 m

## Peso del Relleno ( Wr ):

Volumen ( Vr): Vr= h x T x1m Vr= 5.40 x 2.00 x 1.00 = 10.80 m3/m
Wr = x V r= 1900.00 x 10.80 = 20,520.00 kg/m

Aplicada a X = 2.60 m

## Coeficiente de empuje activo ( Ka ): = 34 0 0.59

Ka= 1 - sen = 1 - sen 34 0 = 0.283
1 + sen 1 - sen 34 0

## Empuje activo de la tierra ( Ea ):

Ea = (1/2 x x H2 ) x Ka

## = 1900.00 kg/m3 Ea = 9668.85 kg/m

H = 6.00 m
Ka= 0.283

Aplicada a Y = 2.00 m

## Es = q x H x Ka Es = 1140.00 x 6.00 x 0.283 = 1933.77 kg/m

Aplicada a Y = 3.00 m

Empuje Total ( Ea + s ):

Ea + s = Ea + Es Ea + s = 11602.62 kg/m

Ws = 2,622.00

2.45

Wr = 20,520.00
2.60
Es = 1933.77

Ea = 9668.85
P.P= 11,475.00
1.20 1.57 3.00
2.00
1.73

## Empuje Activo Vertical ( Eav ): Eav = 0.00

Empuje Pasivo ( Ep ): Ep = 0.00

## Eh= 11,602.62 kg/m

Fuerza de roce ( Fr ):
Angulo de fricion suelo-muro = 32 0
= 2/3 = 21.33 0 0.37
C= 0.50 C C= 0.13 kg/cm2 1,250.00 kg/m2
= Tang ( ) = 0.39

Fr = x ( Rv + Eav ) + C x B + Ep

Eh 11,602.62

Mv 25,139.01

FScap portante 3

FScap portante 3

Rv 34,617.00

2

6

B 3.60 3.60

B 3.60 3.60

0

Rv= 34,617.00

1.52

Ao = 0.30 g

0.1661
= 9.51 o

## Coeficiente de presion Dinamica Activa (Kas): = 2/3

= 9.51 o = 22.67 o = 90 o
= 34 0 = 0 0

## Si <- se toma esta formula 0 < 24.49

Kas= Sen2 ( + - )
Cos - Sen - Sen ( - - )
2
1+ Sen ( + ) x Sen ( - - ) 2
Sen ( - - ) x Sen ( + )

0.83
0.99 1 0.85 0.84 0.41
0.85 1

Sen2 ( + - )= 0.8282168
Cos = 0.9862446
Sen2 = 1
Sen ( - - ) = 0.8463709
Sen ( + )= 0.8354878 .
Sen ( - - ) = 0.4144674
Sen ( - - ) = 0.8463709
Sen ( + ) = 1

Kas= 0.362

## Si >- se toma esta formula

Kas= Sen2 ( + - )
Cos - Sen2 - Sen ( - - )

Rv= P.P + Wr

## Rv= 31,995.00 kg/m

Wr = 20,520.00
2.60
Fspp 1,721.25 DEa = 2420.74

Ea = 9668.85
P.P= 11,475.00
1.20 1.57 4.00
2.00
0

Fuerza de roce ( Fr ):
Angulo de fricion suelo-muro = 0 0
= 2/3 = 32.00 0 2/3= 21.33 0 0.37
C= 0.50 C C= 0.13 kg/cm 2
1,250.00 kg/m 2

## FSd= Fr FSd= 1.23 1.40 NO

Ea+DE

Falla el factor de seguridad por el sismo para la solucin quedan las siguientes alternativas:
a) Colocar dentellon de pie
b) Aumentar la dimension de la base y recalcular
interpolacion
X1 3.05 1.22 Y1
X2 5.40 Y2
X3 6.10 0.76 Y3

Y2= 0.87
(+-)= 114.49 1.998154
(--)= 57.82 1.009134
( + ) = 56.67 0.98902
(--)= 24.49 0.427357
(+)= 90.00 1.570796
= 34 0.593412
= 90 1.570796
= 9.51 0.166054