America's Civil War1 min letti
A Prescient Conversation
Shortly before the Battle of the Wilderness, Wadsworth had a conversation with Brig. Gen. Alexander Webb that proved eerily prescient for both men. “Wadsworth and myself had been discussing why I did not have certain men carried off the field who had
America's Civil War4 min letti
‘We Are Fighting Here’
April 19, 1861, dawned like any other day in Baltimore. Even at such an early hour, the streets of the nation’s third largest port city bustled. Draymen cracked their whips at weary horses; wagon wheels rattled over cobblestone streets; buyers and wh
America's Civil War3 min letti
BREVET BRIGADIER GENERAL Henry B. Clitz
“General H.B. Clitz, U.S.A., is still missing,” the Army and Navy Journal reported on November 10, 1888. “Nothing having been heard from General Clitz since the letter received from him at Niagara Falls, some of his friends fear that he may have dest
America's Civil War1 min letti
It’s Relative
1. Which son-in-law of Philip St. George Cooke held a command in the opposing army? A. Richard S. Ewell B. A.P. Hill C. Leonidas Polk D. J.E.B. Stuart 2. Which Union general had a brother who was a Confederate general? A. John Sedgwick B. Thomas L. C
America's Civil War6 min letti
Within the Lines
This is the latest in the series of map books put out by Savas Beatie illustrating the operational and tactical conduct of major Civil War campaigns. It chronicles cavalry operations during the 1863 Gettysburg Campaign, which are widely considered on
America's Civil War1 min letti
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America's Civil War12 min lettiUnited States
Culture Clash
Although they were fighting to restore sectional harmony and preserve national unity, Union armies were hardly models of harmony and unity themselves. Personal, sectional, and institutional rivalries and conflicts often played a big role in the condu
America's Civil War15 min letti
The Ultimate Price
By mid-morning May 6, 1864, Brig. Gen. James Samuel Wadsworth had endured a rough 24 hours in Virginia’s Wilderness. It was about to get tragically worse. The previous day, when Union and Confederate forces opened on each other in the tangled, second
America's Civil War2 min lettiDesign
The President’s Own Words
Ten years after his incarceration, Jefferson Davis received a letter and newspaper clipping from his old friend, William Mercer Green, Episcopal bishop of Mississippi. In in his reply to his venerable friend, Davis did not mince words concerning the
America's Civil War8 min letti
Uncloaking The Jeff Davis Myth
After a long trip from New Orleans in mid-July 1865, former Confederate Lt. Gen. Richard Taylor walked into a jail cell at Fort Monroe, Va., where its occupant, Jefferson Davis, welcomed him with a silent handshake. Taylor had earlier been in Washing
America's Civil War5 min letti
Family Affair
IN THE LATE 1800S, three brothers from a rural Wisconsin family made military history. One received the coveted Thanks of Congress, and another the Medal of Honor, while a third brother went on to become a celebrated cavalry commander and Indian figh
America's Civil War3 min letti
Review Rebuttal
In the January 2021 issue, there is a review by Steve Davis of my book, Too Useful to Sacrifice: Reconsidering George B. McClellan’s Generalship in the Maryland Campaign From South Mountain to Antietam. Unfortunately, it is filled with false assertio
America's Civil War1 min letti
Louisiana Splendor
On May 15, 1862, John J. Slocum assembled a company in Washington Parish, La., as part of the 1st Louisiana Partisan Rangers. Private D.W. Read was among the volunteers that day. Anticipating that his unit would be named the 3rd Louisiana Cavalry, Re
America's Civil War3 min letti
A Quick Military Education
James Wadsworth was well aware of his military shortcomings. He initially demurred at a general’s star if it were to come at the expense of a more qualified man. “[A]gainst a graduate of West Point or an officer of the Regular Army of fair reputation
America's Civil War4 min lettiUnited States
‘Splendid Strategy’
After the inconclusive victory at Stones River in January 1863, Union Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans’ Army of the Cumberland occupied and fortified Murfreesboro, Tenn., and waited. And waited. Meanwhile, Confederate General Braxton Bragg’s Army of Tenne
America's Civil War1 min letti
Preservation Success
In Williamsburg, Va.—a locale more famous for its connection to Colonial America and the Revolutionary War—a 29-acre swath that saw critical combat during the Civil War’s Battle of Williamsburg has been preserved by the American Battlefield Trust. Ac
America's Civil War1 min letti
Photographs and Memories
By 1860, Gettysburg, Pa., boasted about 2,400 citizens. Ten roads led into the town, which created a few small but thriving industries such as carriage manufacturing, shoemaking, and tanning, as well as several educational institutions. Although the
America's Civil War4 min letti
Born of War
Trailside is produced in partnership with Civil War Trails Inc., which connects visitors to lesser-known sites and allows them to follow in the footsteps of the great campaigns. Civil War Trails has to date 1,552 sites across five states and produces
America's Civil War3 min letti
Supernumerary
“Doc’s Rock,” dedicated to 32nd Massachusetts surgeon Zabdiel Boylston Adams, is one of the more unusual memorials at Gettysburg National Military Park. The boulder, located along Sickles’ Avenue near the Wheatfield, honors Adams’ bold initiative to
America's Civil War5 min letti
Lost Cause and Effect
APPROXIMATELY 200 MONUMENTS and tablets at Gettysburg National Military Park commemorate Confederate military units of the Army of Northern Virginia or the states from which soldiers of that army came. During my years working at the park, I often hea
America's Civil War7 min letti
Up A Creek
After the resounding Union victory at Chattanooga, Tenn., in November 1863, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, commander of the Military Division of the Mississippi, ordered Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman to rush a relief force 100 miles north to Knoxville, w
America's Civil War1 min letti
America’s Civil War
Michael A. Reinstein Chairman & Publisher David Steinhafel Publisher Alex Neill Editor in Chief Chris K. Howland Editor Jerry Morelock Senior Editor Sarah Richardson Senior Editor Nancy Tappan Senior Editor Dana B. Shoaf Consulting Editor Stephen Kam
America's Civil War3 min letti
V.I.P. Visit
ON APRIL 7, 1963, seven months before his assassination, President John F. Kennedy made a nine-minute helicopter ride from the presidential compound at Camp David for a surprise visit to the Antietam National Battlefield. The previous Sunday, the pre
America's Civil War1 min letti
Femme Fatale
Although Martinsburg, W.Va., was largely filled with Union supporters during the Civil War (see P. 38), one of its most memorable residents was Confederate spy Belle Boyd. On July 3, 1861, Union soldiers entered Martinsburg after a skirmish at the ne
America's Civil War1 min letti
HISTORY, COMPETITION & CAMARADERIE
The N-SSA is America’s oldest and largest Civil Warshooting sports organization. Competitors shootoriginal or approved reproduction muskets, carbines andrevolvers at breakable targets in a timed match. Someunits even compete with cannons and mortars.
America's Civil War1 min letti
New Banner Blooms
Mississippi residents voted overwhelmingly on November 3 to replace their long-controversial state flag, which prominently featured a Confederate battle flag. After flying for 126 years, the banner was retired in June in the midst of nationwide unres
America's Civil War9 min letti
Closing the Great Divide
The critical and financial success of his 2010 book Empire of the Summer Moon allowed Sam (S.C.) Gwynne a golden opportunity to expand his literary horizons and to take a few risks with any subsequent endeavors. A transplanted Yankee now living in Au
America's Civil War1 min letti
Don’t Fiddle Around
The Civil War was fought on a much smaller scale west of the Mississippi than in other theaters, although that in no way meant the conflict wasn’t just as determined and deadly. Bushwhacking and partisan skirmishes produced more deaths than the battl
America's Civil War9 min letti
Sherman In The Balance
Civil war–era biographies that can double as doorstops seem to be in vogue again. Frederick Douglass, Ulysses S. Grant, and now William T. Sherman, the Union’s second most famous general and, arguably, its first modern one. More than 90 years ago, an
America's Civil War1 min letti
Battleground West Virginia
QUIZ 1. This battle in western Virginia led to a patent for improved prosthetics. A. Philippi B. Harpers Ferry C. Romney D. Shepherdstown 2. Which Confederate general’s hair turned white while he was on campaign in western Virginia? A. William W. Lor
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