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1910442006

15 15
1. (a) From the know masses of O and N, compute the difference in
binding energy. (b) Assuming this differece to arise from the differece in
Coulomb energy, compute the nuklear radius 15O dan 15N.

Diketahui : c2 = 931,494 MeV


= 1,00727647 u
= 1,0086647 u
Ditanya : (a) ...?
(b) R...?
Jawaban :
15
a) O dan 15N
15
- O
Massa inti = 15,003066
Nomor atom = 8
Neutron =7
{ }

*( ) ( ) +

* +

15
- N
Massa inti = 15,0001088984
Nomor atom = 7
Neutron =8
{ }

*( ) ( ) +

* +
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b) Energi Coulomb :

dimana

( )

( )

( )

2. Given the following mass doublet values (in units of 10-6 u), compute the
corresponding values for the atomic mass of 37Cl :
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
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Here Include in your calculation the


effect of uncertainties in the H, D, O, and C masses.
Jawaban :
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )

( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
( )

( ) ( )
( ) ( )

( ) ( ) ( ) . /

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

. /

. /

3. Compute the total bindng energy and the binding energy per nucleon for
(a) 7Li;
20
(b) Ne;
56
(c) Fe;
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235
(d) U;
Diketahui : C2 = 931,494 MeV
= 1,00727647 u
= 1,0086647 u
Ditanya : B dan B/A...?
Jawaban :
7
a) Li
Massa inti = 7,016004
Nomor atom = 3
Neutron =4
{ }

*( ) ( ) +

* +

b) 20
Ne
Massa inti = 19.9924356
Nomor atom = 10
Neutron = 10
{ }

*( ) ( ) +

* +
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c) 56
Fe
Massa inti = 55,9349393
Nomor atom = 26
Neutron = 30
{ }

*( ) ( ) +

* +

d) 235
U
Massa inti = 235,0439242
Nomor atom = 92
Neutron = 143
{ }

*( ) ( ) +

* +

4. For each of the following nuclei, use the semiempirical mass formula to
compute the total binding energy and the coulomb energy :
21
a) Ne,
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57
b) Fe,
209
c) Bi;
256
d) Fm
Diketahui :

Ditanya : B dan ...?


Jawaban :
Rumus untuk energi total
( )
( )

{ }

Rumus untuk energi coulomb

dimana

21
a) Ne
Nomor atom = 10
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
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57
b) Fe
Nomor atom = 26
( )
( ) . / ( )

209
c) Bi
Nomor atom = 83
( )
( ) . / ( )
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256
d) Fm
Nomor atom = 100
( )
( ) . / ( )

5. Compute the mass defects of


32
a) S,
20
b) F,
238
c) U
Ditanya : ...?
Jawaban :
( )
32
a) S
Massa inti : 35,96708062
Nomor atom : 16
Neutron : 16
( ) ( )

20
b) F
Massa inti : 19,9999813
Nomor atom :9
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Neutron : 11
( ) ( )

238
c) U
Massa inti : 238,0507847
Nomor atom : 92
Neutron : 146
( ) ( )

6. Evaluate
a) The neutron separation energies of 7Li, 91Zr, and 236U.
b) The proton separation energies of 20Ne, 55Mn, and 197Au.
Diketahui : c2 = 931,494 MeV
= 1,00727647 u
= 1,0086647 u
Ditanya : (a)
(b)
Jawaban:
7
a) Li, 91Zr, and 236U
7
- Li
Massa inti = 7,016004
Nomor atom = 3
Neutron =4
( ) ( )
, ( ) ( ) -
, ( ) ( ) -

, -
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91
- Zr
Massa inti = 90,9056439
Nomor atom = 40
Neutron = 51
( ) ( )
, ( ) ( ) -
, ( ) ( ) -
, -

236
- U
Massa inti = 236,045561
Nomor atom = 92
Neutron = 144
( ) ( )
, ( ) ( ) -
, ( ) ( ) -

, -

20
b) Ne, 55Mn, and 197Au
20
- Ne
Massa inti = 19,001880
Nomor atom = 10
Neutron = 10
( ) ( )
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, ( ) ( ) ( )-
, ( ) ( ) ( )-
, -

55
- Mn
Massa inti = 54,9380471
Nomor atom = 25
Neutron = 30
( ) ( )
, ( ) ( ) ( )-
, ( ) ( ) ( )-
, -

197
- Au
Massa inti = 196,966543
Nomor atom = 79
Neutron = 118
( ) ( )
, ( ) ( ) ( )-
, ( ) ( ) ( )-
, -

7. Examine carefully the and values given in Table 3.1 and draw
conclusions about the strength of the binding of the last proton or neutron
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in the mirror pairs (17O, 17F) and (41Ca, 41Sc). Try to account for general or
systematic behavior. Compare the nucleon separation energies in nuclei
with identical numbers of protons or neutrons (for example, in 16O and
17 16 17
F or in O and O). Extend these systematics by evaluating and
tabulating the and for 4He, 5He, 5Li and for 56
Ni, and 57
Cu. (Note:
Nuclei with Z or N equal to 2,8, 20 or 28 have unusual stability. We
explore the reasons for this behavior in chapter 5.)
Diketahui : c2 = 931,494 MeV
= 1,00727647 u
= 1,0086647 u
( ) = u
Ditanya : (a)
(b)
Jawaban: