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A
*.
SUPPLEMENT,
OR, w 
Also EASY RULEs FoR FINDING ALL THE ARCs or DIRECTIONS IN NATIVITIES (oN
THE CELESTIAL PLAN is PHEREs); AND A WAR IETY OF INTERESTING
MATTERs on THEs E suBJECTs, HIT H E R To UNKNowN. To THE
Mos'T CE LEBRATED ARTISTS AND PROFESSORS :
"
**
By THOMAS OXLEY,    
.
PUBLIC AND PRIVATE LECTURER on Ast RoNoMY AND Ast Rology, PR of EssoR of
THE CELESTIAL scIENCES AND THE MATHE MAT1cs, IN LoN pon.
SCIENTIFIC PRESS :
9Iontion;
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR THE AUTHOR,
BY DAVIS & DICKSON,
Astrolo ical, Mathematical, Philosophical, and General Booksellers and
Publishers, No. 17, Saint Martin'sleGrand, Newgate Street; and may be .
had of all other respectable Booksellers in Town and Country.
* 
1833.

TO THE READER.
 RECOMMENDATIONS.
SIR,—I have had the pleasure of seeing and examining Mr. OXLEY’s grand Work
on the Celestial Planispheres, or a New and Easy Mode of performing all the Calcula
tions applicable to the Astral Sciences, and of which I most highly approve, as being
superior to every thing I have ever seen, and as such I most strongly recommend this
work to all who are lovers of those Sciences, as Witness my hand,
* * *  JOHN WATSON.
To the Printer, & c. January 2d, 1830.
The Work will facilitate Astronomical Pursuits; therefore will be a most valuable ac
quisition to the Student in that Science, and to those who may wish to study Astrology
as a rational amusement: they will find every thing necessary to make them adepts in so
pleasing a Science. 
P.S.–Please to put my name as a Subscriber on the list; and I heartily wish it may be
followed by numbers, as it must have been a most laborious undertaking; as Witness my
hand. THOMAS WILLIAMS.
* Monday, January 4th, 1830. * * *
Mr. OXLEY having submitted to my examination, when in Manuscript, his New and
Extraordinary Treatise and Astronomical Charts, I have no hesitation in pronouncing the
whole performance a Mathematical Work of great merit, and equally adapted to the use
of the Ladies as of the Gentlemen, and as such I most strongly recommend this Work to
all who are admirers of the Astronomical Sciences; as Witness my hand,
Jan. 15th, 1830. JAMES FLANAGAN,
Virgilst. Liverpool. Professor of Nautical Astronomy, &c.
To Mr. OXLEY, 
CHAPTER I.
CHAPTER II.
Preparatory Problems.
As some persons who purchase the Celestial Planispheres
have never handled a pair of compasses, and are therefore unac
quainted with their uses, to such it may be advantageous to shew
How to divide a straight Line into two equal Parts, and erect a
Perpendicular, by the Compasses. 
PROBLEM 3d.
CHAPTER III,
PRocess 7th.
To set off the Limits of the Six Houses above and also the Six
Houses below the Horizon.
If the Reader will please to turn back to page 153 of this work,
I4
Poles.  Spaces.
Semi D & Sesqui ! 330 14"  6  0 33'
quadrate
Quintile  10 2  16 24
PROCESS 8th.
PROCESs 9th. 
PROCESs 10th. 
To draw the Poles of the 2d and 12th, 6th and 8th Houses.
Take the pattern marked for 2d and 12th for London; apply
the equator of this pattern to the point 2 on the equator of your
projection, and let the south edge of this curve be brought to the
point 2 upon the parallel of Capricorn; try if the point of your
drawingpen will pass exactly through these two points: if it
will, the curve is properly fixed; then draw the line 2, 2, and
this line will be the pole of the 2d house. Apply the same
17
curve, in the same manner, to the points marked 12, 12, and
draw the pole of, the 12th house. Apply the same pattern, in
the same way, to the points 6, 6 and 8, 8, and in #. manner
draw the poles of the 6th and 8th houses.
PROCESS 11th.
To draw the Poles of the 11th and 3d, of the 5th and 9th Houses.
Take the pattern for 11th and 3d. Apply this curve (in the
manner taught in Process 10th) to the points marked 11, 11, and
thereby draw the pole of the 11th house. Apply the same
curve, in a similar mode, to the points 3, 3 and 9, 9, and 5, 5,
and thereby draw the poles of the 3d and 9th, and of the 5th
houses; and in this manner will all the twelve houses of the
heavens have been projected upon the planisphere. (See Fig.
11, Plate 12.) ,
PRocess 12th.
18
12th PRocEss.
1st. From the 10th and 4th upon the equator set off 45 de
grees both ways; that is, exactly half the distance between the
10th and 1st, and between the 10th and 7th, and also between the
1st and 4th, and the same distance between the 4th and 7th upon
the equator. 
2d. Upon the parallel of Cancer set off exactly half the dis
tance between the 10th and 1st, and between the 10th and 7th.
3d. Upon the parallel of Capricorn mark exactly half the dis
tance between the 4th and 1st, and between the 4th and 7th.
4th. We see, by the little table given in page 14, that the
pole of the semiquartile and sesquiquadrate is 33° 14'. Take
from among the curves the planisphere pattern for 33°, which is
quite exact enough for the purpose; apply the equator of this
pattern (for 33° of latitude) to the equator of #' projection,
and apply the other part of the pattern to each mark upon the
tropics; and with your steel drawingpen describe the four
curves marked semiquartile and sesquiquadrate, in the manner
already taught for describing the poles of the other circles. (See
Fig. 12, Plate 12.)
Now for the Circle of Quintiles.
1st. Upon the equator mark off 12 degrees from the 10th, both
to the right and left: do the same from the 4th towards the 1st,
and also from the 4th towards the 7th.
2d. By the little Table in page 14, for the latitude of Lon
don, the space of the circle of the quintile is 16°24', or 16°#:
mark this distance upon the parallels of Cancer and of Capricorn,
as explained in the 1st part of this Process. 
will thereby see what degree of the zodiac is upon each house of
the figure, the same as by a Table of Houses.
Instruction for setting a figure is also given in pages 86 and
87, and again in page 167 to 170 of the Treatise on the Celes
tial Planispheres: the student would do well to read attentively,
and most particularly, the N.B. in the latter part of page 170.
Notes and Observations.
that any regular curve which will pass through three given
points will either be the exact curve required, or one that
approximates very near to the required curve. It may be well,
in reference to the Quintile, here to remark, that if the proportion
of the Quintile be marked upon any planet's parallel from the
pole of the 12th towards the 1st house, or be set off from the
pole of the 8th towards the 7th upon the same parallel, it will
shew where the planet is in quintile to the 10th. But if the
proportion of the quintile be marked upon any planet's parallel
from the pole of the 11th towards the 10th, or ' the pole of
the 3d towards the 4th house upon the same parallel, it will
shew where the planet comes in quintile to the ascendant.
The proportion of the quintile taken in your compasses,
and the compasses being twice turned over from the pole of the
2d towards the 4th house, or being thus set off from the pole of
the 6th towards the 4th house upon the planet's parallel, will shew
where the planet comes in Biquintile to the 10th. But being
set off in this manner from the pole of the 9th towards the 7th,
or from the pole of the 5th towards the 7th house upon any
planet's parallel, will shew where the planet comes in Biquintile
to the ascendant.
The new beginner in Genethliacal Astronomy must remember,
that all the planets form their Mundane Aspects to the angles of
the ascendant and midheaven by converse motion upon their
own parallels of declination; that is, by a motion contrary to
the order or succession of the houses; thus they move from the
1st into the 12th; from the 12th into the 11th; and from the
11th into the 10th house, &c. &c. by their mundane motion:
this being well understood, will render all mundane directions
perfectly easy. 
CHAPTER IV. ,
CHAPTER V.
distance between the Moon's centre to the line marked 41° 40',
which passes through the Sun's centre, and with this distance
in your compasses, set one foot upon the line of the eastern
horizon, where it is cut by the Moon's parallel of declination,
and with the other foot of your compasses make a mark to the
westward upon the Moon's said parallel, and that will be the
true mundane place of the part of Fortune, as is clearly shewn
in the Celestial Planispheres, Plate No. 6, where the aforesaid
two lines drawn through the centres of the Sun and Moon are
each marked 41° 40', both on the upper and lower side of the
planisphere, so that they cannot be mistaken by any person
for the poles of these planets.
The part of Fortune's place being marked upon the plani
sphere in the manner now described, its distance from the 10th
or 4th may thereby be instantly found in any nativity; and
hence the circle of position and the pole of the part of Fortune
may be found by the rules for finding the circles of position and
poles of the planets, given in the former part of this work.
CHAPTER VI.
Take the ecliptic slider, and place the equator of the slider to
agree exactly with the equator of the planisphere of the nativity,
and bring the degree and fraction of the degree upon the
slider (which belongs to the cusp of the 10th house) to coin
cide with the line 10 upon the planisphere of the nativity: it
is then properly fixed. In Napoleon's nativity, 219 go 15' are
upon the cusp of the 10th house; and having brought 21% go
upon the 10th, in the manner just stated, begin by marking
upon the ecliptic of the planisphere of the nativity the Moon's
longitude 170 kf 11'; next for 290 kf 33’; and thirdly for
129 : 12'; and so on until the Moon's longitude is carefully
marked for all the eleven days contained in the foregoing
table. This being done, remove the ecliptic slider, and next
take the quadrant of latitude, which must be applied in the
following manner:
How to use the Quadrant of Latitude.
1st. For setting off the lines of latitude in the signs kf, :,
and X. Fix that end of the index line marked o to o kf, and
that end of the line of the equinoctial points marked b to o Y
upon the planisphere of the nativity; the quadrant is then
ready for use.
29
*
i.
31
 CHAPTER VII.
CASE FIRST.
mark the place where the aspect is completed. Set one foot
of your compasses on this mark, and extend the other foot to
the centre of the Q; this extent will be nearly 29%, the arc
of direction required of Q to semiquartile of 3 in mundo by
converse motion.—Again,
Q Semiquartile & M, d, C.
By the Second Rule.—Upon the parallel of the significator
Q set one foot of your compasses on the line of the 10th, and
extend the other foot to the line or pole marked S D and SSD ;
next, with this extent in your compasses, set one foot upon the
place where the pole of 3 intersects the parallel of the Q,
and with the other foot make a mark conversely towards the
10th; and from this mark to the centre of the Q will be 2903,
the arc of direction of G) semi U & M, d, C, the same as was
found by the first method. By logarithms the arc is 290 38'.
CASE SEcond.
When the significator and promittor are one above and the
other below the horizon when the direction is finished.
Rule.—Observe to what pole of house or angle the promit
tor is nearest ; then set one foot of your compasses on the
pole of the promittor (#, b, 2, 3, 9 or $ ), where it in
tersects the contra parallel of the significator (G) or D ), and
extend the other foot to the pole of the nearest house or angle
upon the said significator's eontra parallel; and this extent
will be the proportional distance of the significator (in the
opposite hemisphere wherein the direction is finished). Next
set off and mark this distance upon the parallel of the signi
ficator from the proper house or angle where the aspect is
formed; then set one foot of your compasses on this mark,
and extend the other foot to the centre of the significator;
and this last extent will be the arc of direction required.
ExAMPLE.—In the nativity of Napoleon, let it be required
to direct Q, A, 24 in mundo by converse motion.
Here we see that this aspect is formed when the Q is in
proportion to his semidiurnal arc, as far from the 10th towards
the west as it is above the pole of the 2d house towards the
1st in proportion to 2's semi nocturnal arc; and therefore as
T! is here nearest to the pole of the 2d, set one foot of your
compasses on the pole of 14, where it intersects the contra
parallel of the G), and extend the other foot to the pole of the
2d house; and this extent will be the proportional distance of
the Q from the 10th upon his own parallel. Mark off this
E.
36
distance from the 10th conversely upon the Sun's own parallel
towards the west ; set one foot of your compasses upon this.
mark, and extend the other foot to the centre of the Sun; and
this last extent will be 329#, the arc of direction required of
Q, A, it by converse motion*.
Remarks.
CHAPTER VIII.
Here the Moon will remain below, and Jupiter will have
ascended above the horizon when this direction is completed;
for Jupiter will then be the same proportional distance above
the ascendant, according to his semidiurnal arc, that the Moon
is distant from the 5th according to her seminocturnal arc.
Jupiter is the planet which moves forward to complete this
direction.
Process.Therefore set one foot of your compasses on the
pole of the Moon, where it is intersected by the contra parallel
of Jupiter (c 1); and upon the same contra parallel extend
the other foot of your compasses to the (pole of the) 5th house:
and with this distance in your compasses, set one foot thereof
upon the parallel of Jupiter, at the point where it is cut by
the line of the 1st or eastern horizon, then with the other foot
make a mark towards the 10th, upon the parallel of Jupiter;
and now extend the compasses from this mark to the centre of
Jupiter; and this last extent, measured on the scale of de
grees, will be found to be 54° 110th, the arc of direction o
} A 24, M, D, D.  
CHAPTER IX.
and q, equal to 265 degrees; let it also be from the two corners,
viz. from n to q, equal to 265 degrees: the degrees to be
taken are the equatorial degrees engraved upon the straight
edge of the ecliptic slider. [Near T is a large round hole, to
hang up the Quadrant by when it is not in use..] At an
equal distance from either side, g, h, and at about 38 degrees
from the top T, make a fine dot with the point of your com
passes or pointrel; and let this be the centre from which you
describe the arch n, m, q.
Having a pair of fine pointed compasses, sufficiently large
(the steel beam spring adjusting compasses, mentioned in the
2d Chapter of this Key, are the best), take exactly 210 degrees
in your compasses, and therewith describe an arc the full ex
tent of the brass from i to k; from the centre C to A draw a
perfectly straight line parallel to gi; next upon the point
where the line CA intersects the arc ik, fix one point of your
compasses, and with the extent 210 degrees make a mark at
B, to intersect the arc ik ; then from the point A to B draw
the chord line AB; this being done, draw the line CB very
fine and faint; and we have then approximately defined the
three lines CA, CB, and AB; and at about oneeighth of an
inch inside of these three lines draw another line parallel to
CA, to CB, and to AB; then with a fine cold chisel, or other
proper tool, carefully cut all along the three inside lines last
drawn, until the entire triangular piece drops, or comes out
without straining the three sides of the quadrant. The quad
rant must then be very carefully flattened upon what the
braziers call a flat polished stake, by lightly malleting it with
a very smooth mallet; and when this has been done, set one
point of your compasses on the centre C, and try if the points
A and B are any way altered; because the cutting out of the
inside of the brass is liable to somewhat extend them; and if
any, even the least, alteration has taken place, with the 210
degrees still in your compass, draw the arc ik over again; and
proceed to draw again the line CA with the utmost straight
ness and accuracy. Do the same with regard to the straight
lines AB and CB, so that all the three sides shall each of
them be exactly 210 degrees in length. This being done, the
instrument is ready for being divided. Divide the chord line
AB into 90 equal parts (which we call mundane degrees), and
divide the lines CA and CB each into 210 degrees, to cor
respond exactly with the degrees engraved upon the straight
edge of the ecliptic slider. After all these divisions have
been engraved upon the quadrant, proceed to file away, very
carefully, the superfluous metal, until you come quite close
and true to the lines CA, CB, and AB; only leave about 2
degrees from the centre C, forming a small arc, as there is a
43
ways to touch the 10th, and the other leg to touch the line of
the 1st or 7th when the quadrant is used parallelwise.
2d. If the planet whose circle of position is required be po
sited below the horizon, viz. in the 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th, 5th or 6th
house, the chord line of the quadrant must be below the pa
rallel of k", with one leg upon the line of the 4th and the other
leg upon the line of the 1st or 7th house, according as the
planet is in the 1st, 2d, or 3d ; or as it is in the 4th, 5th, or 6th
house, when the quadrant is used parallelwise.
3d. There is another method of using this quadrant, which
is called using the quadrant perpendicularly : a single example
will be sufficient to render this method quite clear and easy.
How to use the Quadrant perpendicularly in finding the Circle
of Position of any Planet.
Rule and Evample combined.—Let it be required to find the
circle of position of 3 upon the parallel of go.
Place the chordline of the quadrant uppermost (above the
parallel of ga); then bring one leg close to the line of the
10th; its whole length, and the other leg, will then pass be
yond the 1st house. Now bring 971's degrees on the leg that
touches the 10th house upon the parallel of 3, because 97,',
degrees is the semidiurnal arc of 3. Let the quadrant re
main firm in this position; and then slide the indexstring
until it stands exactly over the centre of 3 ; let the index
string remain thus, and slide the leg of the quadrant (which
is close to the line of the 10th) until 1129 and 34ths upon the
same be brought upon the parallel of go ; because 1 129 and
34ths is the semidiurnal arc of the parallel of g3. Now, ob
serve where the indexstring crosses the parallel of gö ; and
that point will be the circle of position of 3 upon the parallel
of g5, as was required, exactly the same as by the first me
thod. And in the same manner may the circle of position be
found upon the equator, or upon the parallel of kf, according
to the respective semiarcs of the same parallels.
the parallel of h, and in this way slide the quadrant along the
same parallel until the indexstring stands exactly over where the
pole of the Q cuts the parallel of b ; then make a mark where
the most distant leg of the quadrant intersects the parallel of b,
and from this mark to the centre of k will be 43% degrees, the
arc of direction required.
ExAMPLE II.
CHAPTER X.

made, is even preferable for use to the astrological quadrant.
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49
line only, that the declimations of all the planets and the distances
between the equator and tropics must be measured. I regard
not the malice and envy of such an ignorant person, since the
Oxleyan Planispheres are approved of as correct, and patronized
by various learned and distinguished members of the Universities
of both Oxford and Cambridge; besides several hundreds of other
enlightened persons and admirers of the Celestial Sciences in
different parts of this United Kingdom.
The late celebrated astrologer, Raphael, has strongly recom
mended the Oxleyan Planispheres in his Familiar Astrologer.
Raphael was, indeed, so well convinced of their superior accuracy,
that he had engaged the Author of this work, for a large sum of
money, to furnish him with a complete set of brass curves and a
brass planisphere of the zodiac, &c.; but his death happening on
the 26th of February, 1832, prevented this order being exe
cuted.
Having now explained the true mathematical principles upon
which theČ'. ispheres are constructed, we shall proceed
to give some rules for the use of the astrological sectors de
scribed in the beginning of this chapter.
How Parts
to divide any given Right Line into any number of equal
(not exceeding in number those upon the Chord Line
of the Quadrant).
This being a very useful application of the astrological quad
rant, we will proceed to exemplify it, as it will be found a very
ready and useful instrument for these purposes.
Rule.—Set the chord line of the quadrant parallel to the line
intended to be divided, with one leg of the instrument upon each
end of the line, and keep it firm in this position; then set the
index string to each successive division on the chord line that you
would have upon the line to be divided, and mark each place on
the line as shewn by the index string, until the given line be di
vided into the number of parts required.
Example.
Let it be required to divide a certain right line, which is not
longer than a limb of the quadrant, into 18 equal parts.
Having fixed the instrument parallel upon the given line, hold it
firmly in that position with one hand, and with the other slide the
index string so as exactly to rest upon the 5th degree on the
chord line. Observe where the index string crosses the given
right line, and there make a mark. Next slide the index string,
and let it rest exactly over the 10th degree on the chord line:
observe, as before, where the index string crosses the given line,
and there make another mark; and this will be the second di
vision upon your line. Set the indexstring in this manner to
every fifth degree on the chord line, until all the 18 divisions are
marked upon the given line.
I have found this a very ready mode of dividing a page into
any required number of columns for setting down numbers in
tables, &c., By engraving two or three other lines of equal parts
upon that limb of the quadrant which has the chord line upon it,
say one line of 100 equal parts, and another of 144 equal parts,
this quadrant might be made to answer as a universal divider of
straight lines into such numbers of equal parts as are most usually
required.   
parts, set the index to every 15th degree throughout upon the
chord line of the quadrant.
New Rules for Rectifying Nativities.
As some ingenious students may wish to avail themselves of
the new rules £ rectifying nativities; now, in addition to what
is stated in pages 194 and 195 of this Treatise, let the following
notes be considered as a part of the aforesaid rules; viz.
1st. That the right ascension of the M. Celi of the estimate
time may be increased or decreased two, four, six, eight, ten, or
twelve degrees, equal to four, eight, sixteen,£ thirty
two, forty, or fortyeight minutes in time, in assuming a second
position; but always avoid fractions of degrees in what you add
to or subtract from the right ascension of the M. Celi of the
estimate time for this purpose.
2dly. If the D be concerned in this process of rectification,
make a suitable allowance for the increase or decrease of the
Moon's right ascension for the time added to or subtracted from
the estimate time in assuming a second position.
3dly. To avoid trouble of calculation, you may allow one
minute of a degree (which will be near the truth) in the Moon's
right ascension for every two minutes of time, and so in propor
tion: and to this approximate right ascension take the Moon's
distance from a given angle according to it.
4thly. It is generally best to have one arc greater and the
other less than the required arc of direction; the errors will
then be unlike, or of an opposite tendency, and seldom fail, if
applied according to these rules, of cancelling the errors at one
operation, and thereby finding the correct time of birth.
And instead of one or two degrees, let ten or twelve be added
to or subtracted from the right ascension of the M. Celi of the
estimate time, if the error in the arc of direction exceed 0° 10';
and this will generally make the errors unlike, as justmentioned,
and thereby rectify the nativity by one operation. When the
true time has been found, the D’s right ascension and declination
must be calculated to the rectified time, and the aspect directed
again to this rectified time. 
CHAPTER XI.
is the declination of the Sun's centre when the north limb N quits
the parallel declination of 3. Then say,
As sine 230 28' .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96001181
To sine of declination 89 12" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. 1542076
So is radius sine of 90° 0' ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.0000000
but 0° 16' subtracted from the primary distance will be the dis
tance of its east limb from the 10th house. If posited in the
10th, 11th, or 12th, subtract 00 16 from the primary distance:
the remainder is the distance of the west limb from the 10th; but
if added, the sum will be the distance of the east limb from the 10th.
Secondly, if the luminary be in the 6th, 5th, or 4th, add 0° 16"
to the primary distance, the sum is the distance of the west limb;
but, subtracted from the primary distance, gives the distance of
the east limb from the 4th house. If in the 3d, 2d, or 1st house,
0° 16' taken from the primary distance, leaves the distance of the
west limb; but 09 16 added to the primary distance, gives the .
distance of the east limb from the 4th house. Use these dis
tances of the east and west limbs of the luminaries, and work
the stating of the proportions with semidiurnal or seminocturnal
arcs, or i: horary times, as already taught; and then by
comparing the results thus obtained with the directions calcu
£ to the centres, or usual method, will shew how long the
directions may be expected to exhibit their effects before or after
the times calculated for by the old method.
In the Nativity of Napoleon, Q's arc of direction to 8, ),
MC is by accurate calculation, 250 1'; but the arc of direction of
Q's east limb to & of D's east limb is 250 33', and of the Q's
west limb to & D's west limb 249 30', which gives 103 for the
limits within which the effects of G) to & D might be expected
to shew themselves. The Q's & to one limb of D comes up
about 6 months and 6 days sooner; but the Q's & to D's other
limb, 6 months and 12 days later than shewn by the old mode of
calculation.
The semidiurnal arc Q is 1020 47, and seminocturnal arc of D
is 1060 19", and the distances of the centres are, of G) 320 5' from
the 10th, of ) 70 18 from the 4th, from which the distances of the
east and west limbs of each luminary may be found by the addi
tion and subtraction of 0° 16', as explained above.
The apparent diameters of H, b, 2, 3, 2, and # being so
very small, neither of them being quite 00 1", it is not necessary
to regard the difference between their centres and their east and
west limbs: it will be quite sufficient to do this in reference to
the Q or D's east and west limbs when directed to the 6 or
aspects of the other planets.
CHAPTER XII.
The Author once more repeats the advice given in the 3d note
at the end of the 3d Chapter of this Key, for each student to
construct anew the planispheres for latitude 51° and for 53°%
62 
by means of the scales upon the Ecliptic Slider and the Curve
Patterns belonging to this Work, and *: will be gratified by the
satisfaction and improvement he will thereby receive. 
Nativity of Napoleon.
In Plate No. 6, or that of Napoleon's Nativity, two new lines
have been added, for finding by the Planispheres the true Mundane
place of the part of Fortune. Also another important line, viz.
a line shewing the projection of the Moon's orbit of latitude in
the most correct and easy manner; and upon the same Plate I
have added a scale of equatorial degrees, whereby the correctness
of the arcs of directions can be instantly proved. , 1 have added
this line for the satisfaction of the candid Student, who has
nothing more to do than to measure the distances carefully upon
this Plate with a pair of fine pointed compasses, and he will find
that the Arcs of Directions agree exactly with astronomical cal
culations. I have thus most triumphantly refuted the false and
malicious assertions of a wretched pretender to science, who had
no other means of bringing himself into fame than by writing a
stupid, false, and malicious libel" to injure the sale of my work,
in which he had the audacity and worthlessness to assert, that the
arcs of directions were from two to three degrees wrong. But
the scientific world will instantly see, by the means I have now
furnished, that my Planispheres seldom differ more than four or
five minutes of a degree, and that more frequently they agree
exactly with the calculations by spherical trigonometry.
Quadrant of Latitude.—Upon this Plate a new line of numbers
has been added; with an engraved explanation of the manner of
placing it, when used upon the Planisphere of any Nativity.
The great encomiums bestowed on these Celestial Planispheres
by eminent professors and learned gentlemen, both in London
and various parts of this United Kingdom; and the evident supe
riority of this Work over every other attempt of the kind, has
secured the approbation of the candid and judicious, from the
most '' ed members of our Universities, even to the ope
ratives in humble life. The Author, as stated in the Preface,
even before the first publication of this Work, naturally expected
the attacks of the ignorant and envious; and accordingly one en
vious and evilminded person (and only one), alluded to in the
10th Chapter of this KEY, has in a little tract, published anoni
mously, made a base and malicious attack upon the Author of the
Celestial Planispheres, and upon the worthy gentlemen who have
recommended this Work: the libellerH, in his total disregard to
* The stupid libel is entitled “A Key to Mr. Oxley’s Planispheres, by
Mr. D***n.” This Mr. D***n is totally ignorant of the construction of
my Planispheres. Malicious and ignorant persons always write anoni
mously.
+ Mr. Oxley never said that Napoleon was an amiable man: and in
regard to Napoleon poisoning his own soldiers, &c., it has been many
years well known, that these falsehoods against the French Emperor were
propagated by an English General, who has himself since acknowledged
the falsehood of his former statements.
65
truth, has had the audacity to assert, that Mr. Oxley has arro
gated to himself the honour of being the only inventor of plani
spheres for nativities, although Mr. Oxley has occupied nearly
four pages of this Work in mentioning Mr. Ranger as the inventor
of a planisphere forty years ago. The Author of this Work only
claims the merits of his own inventions and publications; he lays
no claim to Mr. Ranger's performance; and without wishing in
the least to disparage Mr. Ranger's plan, he would be sorry to
bring forward so imperfect an invention.   
ADDRESS.