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Chapter 1:

Introduction to MSS

Document Issue: 01.11.08

© 2008 Kapsch CarrierCom


Josef Matheis

Am Europlatz 5
A-1120 Wien
All rights reserved

Page 1
MSS platform family
7480
(16 slots)
7460
7440 (8 slots) MSS 7400 (7k):
(5 slots) ƒ 800 Mbits/s redundant busses
7420 ƒ Interchangeable cards
(3 slots) ƒ Interfaces: E1 to STM-1

MSS 9480 (9k):


ƒ 16 slot version only
ƒ 12 Gbits/s redundant busses
ƒ Interchangeable cards with
MSS 7K
ƒ Interfaces: E1 to STM-1
New
PCR9.1 ƒ New 2pGE (PCR9.1)

MSS 15000 (15k):


ƒ 16 slots
ƒ 40 Gbits/s redundant fabrics
ƒ Interfaces: E3 to STM-16

MSS 20000 (20k):


ƒ 16 slot (four 10Gb slots for future use)
ƒ 70 Gbits/s redundant fabrics
ƒ Interchangeable cards with MSS 15K
ƒ Interfaces: E3 to STM-16

Page 2
Major services
Layer 1 switched Layer 2 switched Layer 3 routed

Byte 5 14 4 20
Byte bytes bytes bytes bytes
Byte
Byte
Byte Ether-
Byte net
Byte ATM MPLS IP
Byte Frame
Byte cell Frame Packet
Byte 4
Byte bytes
Byte

TDM Ps c e
e udo Wir rvi LS
e over IP eS
e MP
in ATM P er
lL seudo ov
AA
irtu
a Wire o
ver IP Ns
L1
tV VP
CE IP
S e rn e
Eth

ATM Ethernet MPLS IP


PNNI PNNI Virtual Bridge Spanning Router LDP Virtual Router
Routing Signaling Vb Tree Prot. Rtr, Vrf Signaling Vr
Cell Frame Frame
Switching Switching Switching

MSS MSS

Cell Frame Frame


Switching Switching Switching

PNNI PNNI Virtual Bridge Spanning Router LDP Virtual Router


Routing Signaling Vb Tree Prot. Rtr, Vrf Signaling Vr
ATM Ethernet MPLS IP

Byte 5 14 4 20
Byte bytes bytes bytes bytes
Byte
Byte
Byte Ether-
Byte net
Byte ATM MPLS IP
Byte Frame
Byte cell Frame Packet
Byte 4
Byte bytes
Byte

MSS is a very flexible layer 2 and layer 3 multiservice WAN switch !!


It is simple to operate !!
Page 3
How to switch TDM and voice bytes
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte

TDM Ps
e udo Wir
e over IP
AA
L1
CE
S

ATM Ethernet MPLS IP


PNNI PNNI Virtual Bridge Spanning Router LDP Virtual Router
Routing Signaling Vb Tree Prot. Rtr, Vrf Signaling Vr
Cell Frame Frame
Switching Switching Switching

MSS MSS

Cell Frame Frame


Switching Switching Switching

PNNI PNNI Virtual Bridge Spanning Router LDP Virtual Router


Routing Signaling Vb Tree Prot. Rtr, Vrf Signaling Vr
ATM Ethernet MPLS IP

Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte
Byte

Page 4
How to switch ATM cells
5
bytes

ATM
cell

ATM P
seudo
Wire o
ver IP

ATM Ethernet MPLS IP


PNNI PNNI Virtual Bridge Spanning Router LDP Virtual Router
Routing Signaling Vb Tree Prot. Rtr, Vrf Signaling Vr
Cell Frame Frame
Switching Switching Switching

MSS MSS

Cell Frame Frame


Switching Switching Switching

PNNI PNNI Virtual Bridge Spanning Router LDP Virtual Router


Routing Signaling Vb Tree Prot. Rtr, Vrf Signaling Vr
ATM Ethernet MPLS IP

5
bytes

ATM
cell

Page 5
How to switch Ethernet frames
14
bytes

Ether-
net
Frame
4
bytes

c e
e rvi
in eS
a lL
irtu
e tV
e rn
Eth

ATM Ethernet MPLS IP


PNNI PNNI Virtual Bridge Spanning Router LDP Virtual Router
Routing Signaling Vb Tree Prot. Rtr, Vrf Signaling Vr
Cell Frame Frame
Switching Switching Switching

MSS MSS

Cell Frame Frame


Switching Switching Switching

PNNI PNNI Virtual Bridge Spanning Router LDP Virtual Router


Routing Signaling Vb Tree Prot. Rtr, Vrf Signaling Vr
ATM Ethernet MPLS IP

14
bytes

Ether-
net
Frame
4
bytes

Page 6
How to switch MPLS frames
4
bytes

MPLS
Frame

ATM Ethernet MPLS IP


PNNI PNNI Virtual Bridge Spanning Router LDP Virtual Router
Routing Signaling Vb Tree Prot. Rtr, Vrf Signaling Vr
Cell Frame Frame
Switching Switching Switching

MSS MSS

Cell Frame Frame


Switching Switching Switching

PNNI PNNI Virtual Bridge Spanning Router LDP Virtual Router


Routing Signaling Vb Tree Prot. Rtr, Vrf Signaling Vr
ATM Ethernet MPLS IP

4
bytes

MPLS
Frame

Page 7
How to route IP packets
20
bytes

IP
Packet

LS
MP
er
ov
Ns
VP
IP

ATM Ethernet MPLS IP


PNNI PNNI Virtual Bridge Spanning Router LDP Virtual Router
Routing Signaling Vb Tree Prot. Rtr, Vrf Signaling Vr
Cell Frame Frame
Switching Switching Switching

MSS MSS

Cell Frame Frame


Switching Switching Switching

PNNI PNNI Virtual Bridge Spanning Router LDP Virtual Router


Routing Signaling Vb Tree Prot. Rtr, Vrf Signaling Vr
ATM Ethernet MPLS IP

20
bytes

IP
Packet

Page 8
Evolution

Q3’07 Q4’07 Q1’08 Q2’08 Q3’08 Q4’08 Q1’09 Q2’09 Q3’09 Q4’09

J A S J A S J A S D

PCR8.2 PCR9.1 PCR10.1


RAN Aggregation Wireless IP/MPLS Infrastructure PWE / Ethernet Enhancements

Platform Platform Platform


- 4p OC3/STM1Ch ATM/IMA/CES/IP - MSS9480 (12G) + 2pGE on 7K/9K - Robustness
- DS0 support for 4pOC3/STM1Ch & 2pSTM1Ch
- Solid State Disk (SSD) for CP2 / CP3

TDM TDM
- TDM Pseudowire over IP Tunnel GE - CESoPSN Pseudowire on GE Interfaces
- SAToP Pseudowires on GE Interfaces
- PW Redundancy

Ethernet Ethernet
Ethernet - 1588 Timing
- LAG FE &GE - Wireless Backhaul Clock Synchronization
- MEF UNI-N Compliance - Ethernet OAM - Connectivity Fault Management
- Ethernet Statistics Spooling
- EVLS-FrATM local node support

IP/MPLS IP/MPLS IP/MPLS


-RFC2547 Policy Load Balancing Enh - Route Reflector - PW Redundancy
- Enterprise VoIP - IP Flow Filtering on PQC
- VRRP IP Ping Enhancement - IP Flow Classification on PQC
- MLFR on 4pDS3Ch with IP Optimized - IP Multicast on FE
DLCI support
ATM
ATM - ATM Pseudowire Cell Concat
- Max VCC Increase for MS3 1pOC48
- ATM Pseudowire over IP Tunnels
- Elastic B/W support for ATM SPVC &
SPVP on IMA

General Available (GA) Committed Planned

Page 9
MSS used in mobile networks
BSC Base Station Controller
PCM-30 BTS Base Transceiver Station
7k Benefits of the ATM backbone: GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
modem traffic •less number of lines GPP GSM Passport
IWU •bandwidth saving
GPRS General Packet Radio Service
•QoS (quality of service)
GSM PCM-30 •automatic topology detection HLR
MGW
Home Location Register
Media Gateway
(GPP) MSC modem traffic •rerouting of established calls
PCU Packet Control Unit
•optimization
•load balancing PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network
Ethernet •manual transit list PVG Packet Voice Gateway
IP •tracing RNC Radio Network Controller
•route finder SGSN. Serving GPRS Support Node
•performance monitoring TRAU Transcoder and Rate Adaptation Unit
(delay, loss, availability) UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
•trunk utilization alarm
•load rebalancing
STM-1 STM-1
PCM-30 ATM ATM PCM-30
7k voice 7k 7k voice
7k
BSC voice voice MSC
CES CES

Voice
STM-1
PCM-30 15k ATM STM-1 15k PCM-30
MGW ATM MGW
MSC voice voice-ATM voice 15k 15k voice voice-ATM voice MSC PSTN
conversion conversion
(AAL2) (AAL2)

PCM-30
MSC/ voice Gateway PSTN
VLR MSC
voice

PCM-30 Ether-
net
IP SIG HLR
GPRS PCM-30 PCM-30 (HP)
Frame Relay Frame Relay
7k 7k 7k
7k+15k
PCM-30 IP IP
BTS voice/IP PCU STM-1
BSC SGSN ATM
GGSN Internet
IP
(Shasta)
15k 15k

PCM-30
Gateway
MSC/ voice MSC PSTN
VLR
UMTS
PCM-30
voice

ATM
Node B voice and IP
STM-1
ATM 7k MGW HLR
voice & IP Ether-
15k STM-1 net
ATM IP
SIG
15k voice (HP)
STM-1
RNC ATM & IP 15k
15k STM-1
voice & IP ATM
SGSN GGSN Internet
IP (Shasta)

STM-1 ATM or Ethernet STM-1 ATM or Ethernet


Intranet 15k 15k
(IP over ATM) Router IP (7k) (7k) IP Router

Page 10
Management access
application protocol

10.1.1.3

Local
text VT-100
(9k6, 8N1)

10.1.1.1

ATM
MDM Server
10.1.1.11
local
operator
port
text
EPIC Telnet
GUI NMIS
LAN Media
(Ethernet, ATM,...) telnetFMIP FTP local
Ac
servers

Preside MDM TCP Vr


many

network viewer, FMIP sess/1 sess/1


alarm display,
command console,
provisioning etc.
FTP
IP
10.1.1.2
OpenView,
etc. SNMP
UDP

Time Server NTP Ac Access Control


EPIC Enhanced Passport Interface Controller
FMIP Fast Management Information Protocol
Ping etc. ICMP MDM Multiservice Data Manager (formerly NMS)
NMIS Network Management Interface System
Vr Virtual Router

Page 11
How to send commands
router

FP application
AtmIf/40
Local

VT-100 CP component model


CAS
local, telnet and root
FMIP commands
& responses

MDM Server
10.1.1.11

¦ GND: Site Level Tool

Telnet

Fmip

Ftp

Ac NMIS

Billing Statistics
Application Application

MDP Server FTP


10.1.1.12 commands & responses

Ftp disk

File Prober

CAS component administration system


BDF bulk data format
MDP multiservice data provider

MDM and MDP may run on the same hardware platform.

MDM and MDP are part of Nortel umbrella management system called "Preside".

Page 12
How to receive
realtime and non-realtime OAM data
router

FP application
FrUni/60

CP component model
local CAS

VT-100

MDM Server
10.1.1.11
col/ala
¦ GND: Site Level Tool
col/account
Telnet col/log
col/debug 10.1.1.1
col/scn
Fmip
col/trap
col/stats
Ftp col/rtStats
ATM
col/appl
Ac NMIS Sp
Sp
Sp
Sp
Sp

billing Appl. Statistics Appl Sp

Sp
MDP Server
10.1.1.12

Ftp disk

File Prober

CAS component administration system


BDF bulk data format
MDP multiservice data provider

Page 13