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Chapter 10 Summary

Actuators
Lorentzs Force Law: F = IB
dc motor electrical equations:
back emf: V emf = k e w
dI
input voltage: V in = L -------in- + RI in + ke w
dt

permanent magnet motor dynamic equations:


dw
torque: T = k t I in = ( J a + JL ) ------- + Tf + TL
dt
R
input voltage: V in = RI in + k e w = --- T + k e w
k t
k k e k t
T = ---t V in -------
- w
R R
w
T ( w ) = T s 1 -----------
w max
k
stall torque: T s = ---t V in
R
TsR
no-load speed: w max = --------
kekt

w
power: P ( w ) = Tw = wT s 1 -----------
w max
1
speed for maximum power: w* = --- w max
2
V in
stall current: I s = ------
-
R

pulse width modulation (PWM):


1
period: T = ---
f
t
duty cycle = --- 100%
T
unipolar step phase sequence
Step f1 f2 f3 f4
CW 1 ON OFF ON OFF

1.5 ON OFF OFF OFF
2 ON OFF OFF ON
2.5 OFF OFF OFF ON
CCW 3 OFF ON OFF ON

3.5 OFF ON OFF OFF
4 OFF ON ON OFF
4.5 OFF OFF ON OFF

motor selection considerations:


Will the motor start and will it accelerate fast enough?
a = ( T motor T load ) J
What is the maximum speed the motor can produce?
What is the operating duty cycle?
How much power does the load require?
What is the load inertia?
Is the load to be driven at constant speed?
Is accurate position or speed control required?
Is a transmission or gearbox required?
w load 2
J eff = Jload -------------
-
w motor
Is the motor torque-speed curve well matched to the load?
For a given motor torque-speed curve and load line, what will the operating speed
be?
Is it necessary to reverse the motor?
Are there any size and weight restrictions?