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:DIRECTOR, FBI
DATE:
6/-;1.2/59. '"'
SUBJECT:,
-I
:Remylet 6/1/59. ;-_; 16 --J
. 6 .. ''-:--Oil-6/.8/-591 __, . SpeclaJ. Pr6duc.t
I ,Sales, :Eastman Kqdak 'Co.,. Rochester,; N:.Y . , advi'sed that
).. ' . - . -. ' ' ; . - .. . . . . . .
,
BureaU Teques ted ,to make cha,uge
Buffalo. copy c . . '
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be
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'RobUlot _to 1low


turtnio bP.s ot
:for ll'iltl.ana i'.ro::t.'
tM Easti:!!Ul. C.O!lllnny,,_ r-'>Ac;:jtot1 n. 7;.,
_ -. hful; JlO out::ttnnalns ;hi
t\tis
.Cotz ot .lcttor
for nla
11
HIC:nCDCY.l}
th(!. . Oi'.tj;QO' hail b.co.l\ thp
.apJ?ro.Prini;C.. lir;:b tQ. tn11 Dutettu, this ca_p.Mcn.
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- -- ------
Dea.r Mr. Luther:
.. _ . Youv.letter of Deceml;ler a, 1959, has been brought
to my \lttention. c ..
Fqr the FBi never any .
;Press relE;!ases nor 4o we have any rij,aterial available for publi
.disseinination cqncerniilg tl,le mi.ci:odot process.
It iE! true that in connection: with public tours of FBI
.tile. eM Pt:C!4uct of ihls process is display, ..
.ever, Sipce .the' contih.ues tO be of a Significance;:
'
J
Ute FBI caimQt disclose .any facts regarding th& preparation or "'n ].
specific use of microdots which, we have encountered in officilil:co
investigations. . : ,
Htt.r
. I trust you will the. specific. reasons.for 2i
my position in this !llatter.
Sinc.erely yours,

-o
:X::
.c:n
u::>
' .

RBA1>3M. ,ti
ENLARGERS
FllB CABINI!l'S
'! T
' 2803' EAST. 56TH STREET, INDIANAPOLIS 20, INDIANA
CLIFFORD 30544
December 8
1

Tourist Elcbibit
security.
in
I do not expect
DUPLICATING
UNIT SYSTEMS
Is it to obtain a set of press-releases, .reports, and o.ther
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SUBJECT:
Research
in
irifor.mation
JUniper ,any time next as to the results his
was advised appropriate. inquiry would be made request and.he
A letter
, '
------
.b6
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Jones to DeLoach memorandum
from H. M. McCoy, Colonel in the U .. S. Air Force, dated 5/8/53, requested!
1 m1 r iupmen a e ureay.. c oy s a e
that had been cleared by the Department of the Air. Force up to and including
secret classification information. On 6 2 53 was shown the microdot machine
and some microdots which were no longer considered secret'!'' With regard to contacts
with the PSEA, Mr. Tolson commented, "We should have nothing further to do with
. ' . .
the Bureau and asked almost the identical same thing as requested byl ion
3/31/60. By dated 11/20/59,.,Tate was informed that since the microdottechnique
as een use or many years and:-is still in use by foreign espionage agents, the
formulas encountered in official inveMigations by the FBI could not be disclosed.
RECOMMENDATION:
. ru y c .n ac an 1 orm
him that the Bureau's policy had not changed with regarq:to r.eleasing information
reg?ding the German microdot information since the Director c
on 1l 20 59 ..
froin the F_BI on a "one - way _street" basis.
- -
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It is to
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A 1 sn 1 ncluded in Enclosure No 1 1 " "' ...
1 aoove referred to. The 1 I
.Lert: is identical \'11th the I photographed in this en-
b'?D
velope; the [ I on the ,..i O'hi:. will j:,,. A a ,;:! , '':'"-
..... ., ..... ., .l.t:&&er ana :LS being x-urnished the Bureau as an enclosure to
this letter. It is noted that the photographic image 1& not on a
1:1 ratio the - 1,. :Ls 1 ... "'
I
Enclosure No. 2 consists nf' sbr '- .....
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I

-vo onotoP:raoh the1
a comolete nicture ot' thial
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_j Accora:Lng.Ly, :Ln order to b 7D
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nn the evening ot' 12/22/'lQ ann t:ho 1 "
W1th. Speo:l.al .AJienta JOSEPH DIFFLEY and I J
J -At this t:im .. r b<O
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to them.
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It 'is to be ;_. 't:.t.at- thisj 1
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At the timel I
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,.,,.,.. t;F<,e;r;e"m"'ao"a"r;;;r;;;a"s"s"e;-;r"aa t the time and, in view o all circum-
'
1
stsnn<'>l't it was decided not to press him as to wh:v he ' th1 s
At a later, more appropriate time he will be questioned
about this.
l!OncJ.osure No .J:i "ons 1 R ts of' s i_x_ I
as it was
It is to be noted cna c _1;11e_1 I
On the inside o
the 1
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Airtel to Bureau
NY 105-34286
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It should be noted that at the infoi'I!Iant s reauest and
upon being told I
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Associate .

712!) . .Envoy Court.
7
1
Texas
. Augitst 3, 1960

.A_
... --

Engineering & Research
J. EDGAR HOOVER
RESEARCH.
ASKED ME TO
INfORMATION
LO AGENT

:1 THAT, If AfTER PRELIMINARY
'II ELL
7128 Envoy Court
S E R VI

JULY
ES
Dallas
25, 1960
THE REDUCTION
OffiCE
ECONOMICALLY SOUND, WE .WOULD WRITE A .PROPOSAL SUGGEST.ING SOME INVESTMENT
AT THIS STAGE, OUR INVESTIGATION IS STRICTLY EXPLORATORY, AND
APPRECIATE ANY INfORMA}.ION YOU MIGHT BE WILLING TO GIVE tl5. AUG 1_..,,
Texas
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Callahan -- - !,
DeLoach-- . [,, .
IJalone-
= rl....__ _ _____JI,

Routl_
Tamm-===
Tiouer ..
W.C. Sullivan
Tele. RooDJ.
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FROM
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COMMUNICATIONS TECHNIQUES
UTILIZED BY SOVIET.AND SATELLITE
INTELLIGENCE SERVICES.
l
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Inqrom===
Gaodv
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.
.
Refcrral/Consul_t
Referr2l/Consult
I
and for that reason.are easier to conceai in a communication than.
black or dark microdot.s. . such ar I
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[has come to the Bureau's
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. , 1 - wells .. Room 7651
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.Re: COMMUNICATIONS;TECHNIQUES
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UTILIZED BY SOVIET AND SATELLITE'.
".T. , r Tn"'"'
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att"ention previously. This techn:i.aue I I
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I was referred to by Rudolf I . Abel, collV?ioc.tect Russian
' Espionage
Age';t
(Bufile

"soft film.
"
Such film lias
.
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iiails,
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cuff
.
screws, bolts, et cetera; men's jewelry such as
and
tie clasps made with cavities for such


remade

.., ... v ... .... ,
......
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..... v ...........
of such film can be rolled together for placement in a very small
cavity
or wadded into a small place. The film can be recovered even
. .. . -
Di:I.S ..... ur ........... .;t:Ou uy .-
---w ...... """'""'"' ...... _..
s_moothing on glass.
Referral/Consult
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1 '.l'ne Hureau nas _ Ut:OeD ....
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concernl.ng 1:n1ssecurity measure.
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..
Memorandum to Mr.
Re: COMMUNICATIONS TECHNIQUES _
UTILIZED BY SOVIET AND SATELLITE
INTELLIGENCE SERVICES
I
Q.
neferral_/,'"':nn:.;;u_l
Some writings prepared in'this manner with certain
chemical compounds can be detected without changing the appearances
of the documents. Secret writings prepared with other chemicals
cannot be detected permanently altering the documents.
The statement "Several hours -are to L.l ---:,.......,:--___.
I lis of interest to the Laboratory.
-.,T .. t I 1
"- -
Another possibiHty woUld bel

RECOMMENDATION: That the information in this memorandum be
furnished the Liaison Section for approP.riate
disposition.
. '1
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FBI Laboratory
gat, Bonn (65-289)
v
Re Bonn letter dated 7-24-59.
Foregoing for your information.
9
JUl. J 1961
--
Ref ; ; ; : r r _ ctl / Co11s ul t


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6NITE0 STA'rEs
em or an
TO
DATE:
7/19/62
. Troller
T.ele. Room--
,
L-------...1
SUBJECT: IICRODOJS' RESEARCH
Attached are the results of a research project on the
production of microdots. This project I'las undertaken to develop 1
re a y me o s o pro m1cro ots an to .
determine the resolution limitations of the commercially available .
films,. various camera lenses and s ecial order films. In addition .;)
1t 1s essent1al to test some o the information \'lhich has come to "'
our attention through investigations and other sources
0
of information. Q

'
'

"'
RECOMMENDATION:
That this material be filed for future reference. r.'j-""
1"'
f.J
65-37793 '!
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1 - Bufile (80-687)
Enclosure
1:-3 7 7?3-1. 7 0
11/
.-
16
JUL 24
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The minimum size of microdots depends primarily on
the resolutions of the film on the dot is made. It is
also dependent on the resolutions of the lens system. using
Laboratorv microscopes andlor OPtical benches and sPecial
resolution film, it is possible to make microdots extremely
small. This is the system used by the Germans during IVorld
War II. It is not a nractical svstem from an onerational
standpoint because it requires that an agent have a microscope
in order to read the microdot. In addition, the need
to have eauinment and film emulsion canable of nroducinP" dn-t<: in
a small size. ..
Tn1'n1'm::t1:inn ::tV::til::thlF> nn thP """ n-1' mic-1'ntln1:<: hv 1-hP
Russian and satellite coun'tries indicates that they are using
or mikrats in a size that is more practical from a
nnP,.,.1-in,.; <:t,.ntlnnint Tn "tltlitinn mir1'nrln1-" 1-hi" ,.;.,..,
can be made with commercially available film using conventional
Dots

can_ be as smafl as .8 mm by
l mm n.,. lv ro;/nrl n1- "" in.-h ,.n,,.,.., hm.r<>\1<>-r I I
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memorandum was based onl
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I tl. !'ueJ. nau several rolls Oi: 35 mm lt649
film he oraerea 1:nro!Jgn
a New York camera
store.
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Samples of all of the results obtained are attached.
.
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il"l3-62. 0 '.>
The :following two. described f:teins are 'furni's)let! fo the Bti.
in connection with techniques and apparatus
used by Ea?te:rn intelligence in. this Fe.ferral/Consult
.... ,

.1 f-o'o-. r_r_a_J_/ . .Jt'su 1 t
.,1 '-' I apparatus of pro.ducing mikrats directly' f:rom originals,
\/ would appreciate a brief summary description of such apparatus
} \ and as tol:hethr a,ny or of the def!crip')ii'Ve -.information might be
<l;P.e astL
# ..-- '1
------ '

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. has preYious rapid
rad:io _ eql1ipme_nt, the enclosed" to' deflprflie a different
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TO MR. A. H. BELMONT
>ROM MR. I. W. CONR
DATE:

SUBJECT: LABORATORY RESEARCH
b7C
Microdots are miniature photographs of illtelligence material, such as
pages of coded messages, photographs, and the like. These microdots are so tiny
(about .the size of the head of a pin) that they may be easily concealed under a
postage stamp, under the flap of an envelqpe, inserted.intoa slit in the corner of
a postal card, etc. This eruie of concealment and the resulting difficulty of -
detectiOn arel of course, the primary reasons for :their use in espionage work.
For m_any the best available approach to detecting such microdots has been
the use-of X':i''ays followed by an actual careful Phvsica:l examination of the susPected
carrier. -document under a microscoPe. I I
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This problem has, of course, been with us for many years and other
investigative problems hasbeen receivingcontinuing vigorous scientific b7s . -
attention .bY the Laboratory in ali effort to provide a better my
B MAY 2?
Memorandum to Mr.Belmont
RE: LABORATORY .RESEARCH
ACTION:
e
- ,_
We are immediately initiating a research project looking 1oward
reliminar e '" '
advised of Oll,r progres.s and.specific.ally because highly confidential nature
. of this matter 1 appropriate approval will be. obtaine.d before any ac,tual microdot
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2722 "'P.u.K S,!..lt.EET
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Mr. J. Edgar Hooyer
Director
May 31, 1963
Federal Bureau of Investigation
. D e ~ r Mr. Hoover:
Thank you for this information.
NA?.I:gb
TELEPHONE$ EVEII.GUEN S-of8.f7
EVEROEJ!N 8-2925
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FEDERAL BUREAU OF iNVESTIGATION
WASHINGTON, D. C.. .
To, FBI,. Richmond J?ate' August 27;,
Re:One Dollar . . _
Reserve .Note, 1963 ,.
Number B01476893]i'
'14l:sce.L.La_neous
Richmond
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DOCUI\ient
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on tne tape .us1ng some sor.t o:r pz:inting. anci . , ,
.
regular :ink . J;tas. no known , 1
ta. I..aboratory ,. althol1gh it. pould. be .. u:t:l,Uzed a. signal ,of i'
.some. sort. ' l
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The llollar. bill . Ql i!3 returned herewi tli .
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and dot are retained. ,..


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Rosen- --
''A Labo ...... ry .. report is not =pe'i!lg made,
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M61LEQ a . . . .
AUG2'(1969
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PAGE
1
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CORDED
8'-14-69
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UNITED STATES DEBARTMENT OF JUSTICE
Re: ONE DOLI.d\R FEDERAL
RESERVE NOTE, 1963 SERIES,
NUMBER B0-14-76893F
MISCELLANEOUS
00: Richmond
mon
Examin!ltion requested: Document
Result of Examination:
II
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Date received:
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E;Sexwe Np_te,. i96:3 .Numberi B0J.4-7689.3F
RE URN EVIDENCE
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FBI LABORATORY
SERIES,
(00: Richmond)
ror the Bureau is the original or the
to 0'7
examination or dot on the enclosed dollar
ascertain if it has any. signiricance \Thich WOUld
The FBI
so that it can be returned to the donor.
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Buy U.S. Savings Bonds Regularly on the Payroll Savings Plan
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RECORDED
Fl:,'!n:::RAL Bl Ul'' !NV t:.<:>f!GA T1UN
8-111-69
UNIT!;:D STATES DEPARTME:NT OF JUSTICE;

Laboratory Work Sheet
Re:
File 'if
NO LAB

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Lab. 'if - ;> ( I / li / I
RESERVE NOTE. 1963 SERIES,
. D-690814005 H
NUMBER B01476893F
roo:>
00: Richmond
'Kxamination requesteaoy:
Richmond (62-new) L. 8-ll-69
bE
Examination requested:

Date received:
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Result of Examination: Examination by:

Specimens submitted for exumination
Ql One Dollar Federal Reserve Mpte, 1963 Series, Number B0l476893F
RETURN EVIDENCE
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#AND DESC. OF ENC: Ol'ir;:::.nul of one bo;:l;l.,
Tll,ANS. 1.et "i:b Bureau dated 8/ll/69.
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DECLAS3IFICATIOU AUTHOHITY DEHHIED FLO:f-r:
:FBI AUTOI:'f..A.TIC DECLASSIFIC"3:mJ GUIDE
LATE 02-2:3-2Cl2
PROM a
Also enclosed t. the F.BI Laboratory are t1ve
1'l'OIIl a &ketoh,
turniabed by
FBI LabQratorr 111 requested to advise 1f
(lbels. 10) (RM)
Laborato1",V) .
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TO
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Mr.
DATE:, 10120/16
B. P.
'PURPOSE:
microdots . "
Microdots "are produced on
Auoc. Oir. __ _
Dep. AD lnv,__ }
Asst. Dlr.: tJ""
Ad111. Serv,__ 1
& Pen, ,.,..._.
Gen,lnv. __
ldenl.

LoborolofY ---
legal Ccun. ___ _
Rec.Mgnt._
Spec. lnv. __
Training __
DlrectOt" Sec'y __
the "image size.. After: the image is reduced ,to the
size of a: microaot ,; th,e' "microdot is bleached to. hide the
' DETAILS:
'FILMS
emulsion.
the microdot .
For information.
:APPROVED!
Assoc. Dlr. __ _
Dep. AD lnv. ____ _
Asst. Olr.:
l\dm. Serv.__ -
Spec. lnv ... - ..
Jralnlng ---
,, .such as Kodak h;Lgh resolution f.i'lm
'resolution film and Agfa hi'gh .resoluti:on
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Bonds Plan
FBI/OOJ
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Memorandum to Mr Cochran
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Re:: M ICRODOT
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INFORMATION
'ANEOUS MISCELI;
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Memorandum to. Mr. Cochran
Re :' ,MICRODOT INFORMATION
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Mr.
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(S)
DECLASSIFICATION
DERHIED FP.O:U:
File
FBI ADTOM.iUIC GUIDE
l0-26-2011
HEREIN !"' r.lNCLAz":IFIE!J EXCEI'T
\IHERE SHOUN OTHEPUI SE
APPROVED:
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Exec.
Exec. AOLES
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DATE:
1/2
Mm. Sorv.
Crim.
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