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Gruppo (numerazione Comune)

Tavola Periodica degli Elementi

s
s

1
1A

0.09
2.1

2
2A
[He] 2s

Be

Li

0.53 1277

1330

11

1.0

1.5

[Ne] 3s

3 Na Mg
0.97 650

892

0.9

19

Periodo

5030

1.2

3B

N ossidazione

11.5

Densit [g/cm3] per Gas [g/l] (0C,1013mbar)

1.9

Elettronegativit

3(4)

4(5)

3
3A

5(6)
d

4A

5A

6A

7A

8
8

9
8

2
[Ar] 4s

2
[Ar] 3d 4s

2
2
[Ar] 3d 4s

3
2
[Ar] 3d 4s

5
[Ar] 3d 4s

5
2
[Ar] 3d 4s

6
2
[Ar] 3d 4s

[Ar] 3d 4s

4,3

5,4,3,2,0

6,3,2,0

7,6,4,3,2,0,-1

6,3,2,0,-2

3,2,0,-1

Ca Sc

760

0.8

1440

85.47 38

Ti

55.85 27

58.70 29

3.0 1668

4.54 1900

6.1 1875

7.19 1245

2730

1.3 3260

1.5

3450

1.5 2200

1.6

2097

3000

1.5

8.9 1083

8.96 420

2900

1.9 2730

1.9 2595

1.9

-183

3.0

30.97 16
2

7
[Kr] 4d 5s

8
[Kr] 4d 5s

10
[Kr] 4d

8,6,4,3,2,0,-2

5,4,3,1,2,0

4,2,0

[Ne] 3s 3p

[Ne] 3s 3p

[Ne] 3s 3p

4,-4

5,3,-3

6,4,2,-2

7,5,3,1,-1

Cl

Si

2.70 1410

2450

2680

1.5

280

1.8

69.72 32

72.59 33

445

2.1

74.91 34

7.13 30

906

5.91 937

2237

1.6

11.5 2500

10.2 2140

8.57 2610
5560

5030

1.8

2830

1.6

5.32 Subl.

5.72 217

1.8

2.0

685

10
2
2
[Kr] 4d 5s 5p

10
2
3
[Kr] 4d 5s 5p

10
2
4
[Kr] 4d 5s 5p

10
2
5
[Kr] 4d 5s 5p

4,2

5,3,-3

6,4,-2

7,5,1,-1

3900

1.9

12.4 1552

12.4 1966
3730

2.2

3140

2.2

2210

2.2

765

1.9

Sn Sb Te

In

8.65 156

10.5 321

12.0 961

7.30 631

7.31 232

2080

1.7

14
7
2
[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

14
9
[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

14
10
[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

14
10
2
[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

6,5,4,3,2,0

7,6,4,2,-1

8,6,4,3,2,0,-2

6,4,3,2,1,0,-1

4,2,0

3,1

2,1

Ir

Pt

0.7 1640

0.9

3327

1.2

5400

Re Os

16.5 3410

5425

1.3

21.0 3050

19.3 3180

5930

1.5

5900

1.7

5500

1.9

22.7 1769

22.6 2454
4500

2.2

2
[Rn] 7s

14
2
[Rn] 5f 6d 7s

Ra Lr

Fr
(27)
677

14
2
2
[Rn] 5f 6d 7s

700

0.7 1140

5.0

0.9

Rf
- - -

14
3
2
[Rn] 5f 6d 7s

2270

1.7

14
4
2
[Rn] 5f 6d 7s

14
5
2
[Rn] 5f 6d 7s

--

4f 2

990

1.9

Tl

Pb

(272) 112

1725

1.8

--

--

--

--

--

--

10

1.9 962

116

(289)

Uuq-

11

12

(289)

Uuh-

13

14

7
2
[Xe] 4f 6s

7
2
[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

9
2
[Xe] 4f 6s

10
2
[Xe] 4f 6s

11
2
[Xe] 4f 6s

12
2
[Xe] 4f 6s

13
2
[Xe] 4f 6s

14
2
[Xe] 4f 6s

3,2

3,2

4,3

3,2

3,2

1.1

7.00 (1027)

3027

1.2

2460

7.54 828

7.22 1072

1790

1.2

(244) 95
6

5.26 1312

1439

7.89 1356

3000

1.1

(243) 96
7

2800

(247) 97

8.27 1407
1.2

2
2
[Rn] 6d 7s

[Rn] 5f 6d 7s

[Rn] 5f 6d 7s

[Rn] 5f 6d 7s

[Rn] 5f 7s

[Rn] 5f 7s

[Rn] 5f 6d 7s

[Rn] 5f 7s

5,4

6,5,4,3

6,5,4,3

6,5,4,3

6,5,4,3

4,3

4,3

Ac Th Pa
10.1 1750

1.1

3850

1.3

5f

15.4 1132

11.7 (1230

1.4

3818

19.5 640

3900

1.3

13.7 (1340)

19.81 994

3235

* 1.3

1.3

3100

13.51 -

*-

8.54 1461

(251) 99
10

7s

1.2

(254) 100
11

(293)

10

7s

9.33 824

9.05 1545
1.2

1727

(257) 101
12

[Rn] 5f

7s

1.2

(258) 102
13

[Rn] 5f

6.98

1196

1.1

(259)
14

[Rn] 5f

7s

2
7s

3,2

Es Fm Md No
- -

2900

Cf
- -

8.80 1497

[Rn] 5f

4,3

- -

2600

[Rn] 5f

Np Pu Am Cm Bk

19.07 637

* 1.4

2600

(247) 98

[Rn] 6d 7s

1050

Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb

6.77 1024

(227) 90 232.04 91 231.04 92 238.03 93 (237.05) 94


2

118

- -

- -

11

- -

- -

12

- -

- -

13

- -

4f 5d 6s 6p

9.73

n e- orb f

6
2
[Xe] 4f 6s

3127

2.2 -62

(145) 62 150.36 63 151.96 64 157.25 65 158.93 66 162.50 67 164.93 68 167.26 69 168.93 70 173.04

1.1

(-71)

5
2
[Xe] 4f 6s

6.67 935

(222)

Uuo-

3468

-108

4
2
[Xe] 4f 6s

La Ce Pr

4d 5s 5p

5.89

Rn
-

2.0 337

4,3

1.1

2.5

At

3
2
[Xe] 4f 6s

6.17 795

Xe

(210) 86

9.3 (302)

9.8 254

1560

1.9

114

(277)

14
10
[Rn] 5f 6d 7s

10
2
6
[Kr] 4d 5s 5p

7,5,3,1,-1

Po

Bi

11.4 271

11.85 327

1457

1.9

6,4,2

4,3

3470

(269) 111

14
9
[Rn] 5f 6d 7s

357

2.4

5,3

2
2
[Xe] 4f 6s

920

Attinidi

(268) 110

14
7
2
[Rn] 5f 6d 7s

2970

2.2

4,2

13.6 303

19.3 -38

183

2.1

Lantanidi

3d 4s 4p

4.94 -112

(209) 85

2
[Xe] 5d 6s

89

14
6
2
[Rn] 5f 6d 7s

57 138.91 58 140.12 59 140.91 60 144.24 61

3.7

-152

6.24 114

6.69 450

1380

1.8

3,1

Db - Sg - Bh - Hs - Mt - Uun- Uuu- Uub-

---

10
2
6
[Ar] 3d 4s 4p

[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p4 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p5 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p6

Au Hg

21.4 1063

3830

2.2

87 (223.0) 88 226.03 103 (262.1) 104 (261.1) 105 (262.1) 106 (263.1) 107 (264.1) 108 (265.1) 109
[Rn] 7s

2.8

10
2
[Kr] 4d 5s 5p

14
6
2
[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

690

83.80

Kr

14
5
2
[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

Ta

58

2.4

3s 3p

1.78

3.12 -157

4.79 -7

10
2
[Kr] 4d 5s

14
4
2
[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

13.31 2996

79.90 36

78.96 35

2,1

14
3
2
[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

9.84 2222

6
[Ne] 3s 3p

Ar

10
[Kr] 4d 5s

14
2
2
[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

1652

3.0 -183

-35

2.5

39.95

3.2 -189

2.07 -101

1.82 119

2.33 44

65.38 31

14
2
[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

3.76

[Ne] 3s 3p

Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd

Nb Mo Tc

Ba Lu Hf

Al

2
[Xe] 6s

1.90 714

35.45 18

[Ne] 3s 3p

660

[Xe] 6s

29

2s 2p

0.9

4.0 -246

-188

3.5

32.06 17
2

55 132.91 56 137.33 71 174.97 72 178.49 73 180.95 74 183.85 75 186.21 76 190.20 77 192.22 78 195.08 79 196.97 80 200.59 81 204.38 82 207.20 83 208.98 84

6 Cs

Ne
1.7 -249

95.94 43 (98.91) 44 101.07 45 102.91 46 106.42 47 107.87 48 112.41 49 114.82 50 118.69 51 121.75 52 127.60 53 126.90 54 131.29
7

1.6

2.5 -196

28.09 15

Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br

Ni

8.9 1453

6
[Kr] 4d 5s

4927

4830

2.0

26.98 14

20.18

6
[He] 2s 2p

1.43 -220

7,5,3,1,-1

5
[Kr] 4d 5s

1.4

1.25 -219

2.2 -210

10
2
5
[Ar] 3d 4s 4p

6,5,4,3,2,0

3580

6,4,-2

5,3

1.2

-1

10
2
4
[Ar] 3d 4s 4p

4
[Kr] 4d 5s

1.0 2927

[He] 2s 2p

-2,-1

5,3,-3

1380

[He] 2s 2p

5,4,3,2,-3

10
2
3
[Ar] 3d 4s 4p

91.22 41

0.8

2
2
[Kr] 4d 5s

6.49 2468

-269

[He] 2s 2p

2.35 (3550)

1s

018

19.00 10

10
2
2
[Ar] 3d 4s 4p

88.91 40

Zr

4.47 1852

10
2
[Ar] 3d 4s 4p

2
[Kr] 4d 5s

7B

16.00 9

2.6 1509

10
2
[Ar] 3d 4s

7.86 1495
1.8

2,1

87.62 39

Sr

2B

63.55 30

6B

14.01 8

4,2,-4

13

12

10
[Ar] 3d 4s

2
[Kr] 5s

1.53 768

91.22 42

7.43 1536

3,2,0

688

4.00

8
2
[Ar] 3d 4s

[Kr] 5s

5 Rb

He

17

[He] 2s 2p

2550

10

5B

12.01 7

16

(2030)

11
1B

58.93 28

Cr Mn Fe Co

1.55 1539
1.0

54.94 26

10

39

18

[He] 2s 2p

52.00 25

7(8)

[Ar] 4s

0.86 838

50.94 24

6(7)

44.96 22

47.88 23

4B

10.81 6

n e- orb d
8(9)10 10

15

14

40.08 21

64

37

1.74

1107

39.10 20

punto di Ebollizione [C]

13

Radioattivo

24.31

[Ne] 3s

98

2140

1.85

2970

22.99 12

punto di Fusione [C]

Orbitali
riempiti
nei
periodi

2
1s

massa Atomica (relativa)

Tc

Simbolo chimico

181

5
2

6
[Kr] 4d 5s

9.01

[He] 2s

43 (98.91)

N Atomico
Configurazione elettronica

6.94 4

Gruppo (numerazione IUPAC)

H
-253

Inizio riempimento p,d,f

1,-1

-259

Orbitale s spaiato

1.01
1s

n e- orb p

14

n e- orb f

5f 6d 7s