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you from heaven, for by Apollo, Calchas, to

Thus did he pray, and Apollo heard his prayer.

whom you pray, and whose

Sing, O goddess, the anger of Achilles son of

He came down furious

oracles you reveal to us, not a Danaan at our ships

Peleus, that brought

from the summits of Olympus, with his bow and

shall lay his

countless ills upon the Achaeans. Many a brave

his quiver upon his

hand upon you, while I yet live to look upon the

soul did it send hurrying

shoulder, and the arrows rattled on his back with

face of the earth-

down to Hades, and many a hero did it yield a

the rage that trembled

no, not though you name Agamemnon himself,

prey to dogs and vultures,

within him. He sat himself down away from the

who is by far the foremost

for so were the counsels of Jove fulfilled from the

ships with a face as

of the Achaeans."

day on which the

dark as night, and his silver bow rang death as he

son of Atreus, king of men, and great Achilles,

shot his arrow

Thereon the seer spoke boldly. "The god," he said,

first fell out with

in the midst of them. First he smote their mules

"is angry neither

one another.

and their hounds,

about vow nor hecatomb, but for his priest's sake,

but presently he aimed his shafts at the people

whom Agamemnon

And which of the gods was it that set them on to

themselves, and all

has dishonoured, in that he would not free his

quarrel? It was the

day long the pyres of the dead were burning.

daughter nor take a

son of Jove and Leto; for he was angry with the

ransom for her; therefore has he sent these evils

king and sent a pestilence

For nine whole days he shot his arrows among

upon us, and will

upon the host to plague the people, because the

the people, but upon

yet send others. He will not deliver the Danaans

son of Atreus had

the tenth day Achilles called them in assembly-

from this pestilence

dishonoured Chryses his priest. Now Chryses had

moved thereto by Juno,

till Agamemnon has restored the girl without fee

come to the ships

who saw the Achaeans in their death-throes and

or ransom to her

of the Achaeans to free his daughter, and had

had compassion upon

father, and has sent a holy hecatomb to Chryse.

brought with him a great

them. Then, when they were got together, he rose

Thus we may perhaps

ransom: moreover he bore in his hand the sceptre

and spoke among them.

appease him."

with a suppliant's wreath and he besought the

"Son of Atreus," said he, "I deem that we should

With these words he sat down, and Agamemnon

Achaeans, but most of

now turn roving home

rose in anger. His heart

all the two sons of Atreus, who were their chiefs.

if we would escape destruction, for we are being

was black with rage, and his eyes flashed fire as

cut down by war and

he scowled on Calchas

"Sons of Atreus," he cried, "and all other

pestilence at once. Let us ask some priest or

and said, "Seer of evil, you never yet prophesied

Achaeans, may the gods

prophet, or some reader

smooth things concerning

who dwell in Olympus grant you to sack the city

of dreams (for dreams, too, are of Jove) who can

me, but have ever loved to foretell that which was

of Priam, and to reach

tell us why Phoebus

evil. You have

your homes in safety; but free my daughter, and

Apollo is so angry, and say whether it is for some

brought me neither comfort nor performance; and

accept a ransom for

vow that we have

now you come seeing

her, in reverence to Apollo, son of Jove."

broken, or hecatomb that we have not offered,

among Danaans, and saying that Apollo has

and whether he will

plagued us because I would

On this the rest of the Achaeans with one voice

accept the savour of lambs and goats without

not take a ransom for this girl, the daughter of

were for respecting

blemish, so as to take

Chryses. I have set

the priest and taking the ransom that he offered;

away the plague from us."

my heart on keeping her in my own house, for I

of Apollo wreathed

but not so Agamemnon,

love her better even

who spoke fiercely to him and sent him roughly

With these words he sat down, and Calchas son of

than my own wife Clytemnestra, whose peer she

away. "Old man," said

Thestor, wisest of

is alike in form and

he, "let me not find you tarrying about our ships,

augurs, who knew things past present and to

feature, in understanding and accomplishments.

nor yet coming

come, rose to speak. He

Still I will give her

hereafter. Your sceptre of the god and your

it was who had guided the Achaeans with their

up if I must, for I would have the people live, not

wreath shall profit you

fleet to Ilius, through

die; but you must

nothing. I will not free her. She shall grow old in

the prophesyings with which Phoebus Apollo had

find me a prize instead, or I alone among the

my house at Argos

inspired him. With

Argives shall be without

far from her own home, busying herself with her

all sincerity and goodwill he addressed them

one. This is not well; for you behold, all of you,

loom and visiting


that my prize is

my couch; so go, and do not provoke me or it

to go elsewhither."

shall be the worse for

"Achilles, loved of heaven, you bid me tell you


about the anger of

And Achilles answered, "Most noble son of

King Apollo, I will therefore do so; but consider

Atreus, covetous beyond

The old man feared him and obeyed. Not a word

first and swear

all mankind, how shall the Achaeans find you

he spoke, but went by

that you will stand by me heartily in word and

another prize? We have

the shore of the sounding sea and prayed apart to

deed, for I know that

no common store from which to take one. Those

King Apollo whom

I shall offend one who rules the Argives with

we took from the cities

lovely Leto had borne. "Hear me," he cried, "O

might, to whom all the

have been awarded; we cannot disallow the

god of the silver bow,

Achaeans are in subjection. A plain man cannot

awards that have been made

that protectest Chryse and holy Cilla and rulest

stand against the anger

already. Give this girl, therefore, to the god, and if

Tenedos with thy

of a king, who if he swallow his displeasure now,

ever Jove grants

might, hear me oh thou of Sminthe. If I have ever

will yet nurse revenge

us to sack the city of Troy we will requite you

decked your temple

till he has wreaked it. Consider, therefore,

three and fourfold."

with garlands, or burned your thigh-bones in fat

whether or no you will

of bulls or goats,

protect me."

grant my prayer, and let your arrows avenge

Then Agamemnon said, "Achilles, valiant though

you be, you shall not

these my tears upon the

And Achilles answered, "Fear not, but speak as it

thus outwit me. You shall not overreach and you


is borne in upon

shall not persuade

me. Are you to keep your own prize, while I sit

for you nor for your anger; and thus will I do:

as you do death itself. You had rather go round

tamely under my loss

since Phoebus Apollo

and rob his prizes

and give up the girl at your bidding? Let the

is taking Chryseis from me, I shall send her with

from any man who contradicts you. You devour

Achaeans find me a prize

my ship and my followers,

your people, for you

in fair exchange to my liking, or I will come and

but I shall come to your tent and take your own

are king over a feeble folk; otherwise, son of

take your own, or

prize Briseis, that

Atreus, henceforward

that of Ajax or of Ulysses; and he to whomsoever

you may learn how much stronger I am than you

you would insult no man. Therefore I say, and

I may come shall

are, and that another

swear it with a great

rue my coming. But of this we will take thought

may fear to set himself up as equal or comparable

oath- nay, by this my sceptre which shalt sprout

hereafter; for the

with me."

neither leaf nor

present, let us draw a ship into the sea, and find a

shoot, nor bud anew from the day on which it left

crew for her

The son of Peleus was furious, and his heart

its parent stem

expressly; let us put a hecatomb on board, and let

within his shaggy breast

upon the mountains- for the axe stripped it of leaf

us send Chryseis

was divided whether to draw his sword, push the

and bark, and

also; further, let some chief man among us be in

others aside, and

now the sons of the Achaeans bear it as judges

command, either Ajax,

kill the son of Atreus, or to restrain himself and

and guardians of the

or Idomeneus, or yourself, son of Peleus, mighty

check his anger.

decrees of heaven- so surely and solemnly do I

warrior that you

While he was thus in two minds, and was

swear that hereafter

are, that we may offer sacrifice and appease the

drawing his mighty sword from

they shall look fondly for Achilles and shall not

the anger of the

its scabbard, Minerva came down from heaven

find him. In the


(for Juno had sent her

day of your distress, when your men fall dying by

in the love she bore to them both), and seized the

the murderous hand

Achilles scowled at him and answered, "You are

son of Peleus by

of Hector, you shall not know how to help them,

steeped in insolence

his yellow hair, visible to him alone, for of the

and shall rend your

and lust of gain. With what heart can any of the

others no man could

heart with rage for the hour when you offered

Achaeans do your

see her. Achilles turned in amaze, and by the fire

insult to the bravest

bidding, either on foray or in open fighting? I

that flashed from

of the Achaeans."

came not warring here

her eyes at once knew that she was Minerva.

for any ill the Trojans had done me. I have no

"Why are you here," said

With this the son of Peleus dashed his gold-

quarrel with them.

he, "daughter of aegis-bearing Jove? To see the

bestudded sceptre on the

They have not raided my cattle nor my horses,

pride of Agamemnon,

ground and took his seat, while the son of Atreus

nor cut down my harvests

son of Atreus? Let me tell you- and it shall surely

was beginning fiercely

on the rich plains of Phthia; for between me and

be- he shall pay

from his place upon the other side. Then uprose

them there is a great

for this insolence with his life."

smooth-tongued Nestor,

space, both mountain and sounding sea. We have

the facile speaker of the Pylians, and the words

followed you, Sir Insolence!

And Minerva said, "I come from heaven, if you

fell from his lips

for your pleasure, not ours- to gain satisfaction

will hear me, to bid

sweeter than honey. Two generations of men born

from the Trojans

you stay your anger. Juno has sent me, who cares

and bred in Pylos

for your shameless self and for Menelaus. You

for both of you alike.

had passed away under his rule, and he was now

forget this, and threaten

Cease, then, this brawling, and do not draw your

reigning over the third.

to rob me of the prize for which I have toiled, and

sword; rail at him

With all sincerity and goodwill, therefore, he

which the sons

if you will, and your railing will not be vain, for I

addressed them thus:-

of the Achaeans have given me. Never when the

tell you- and

Achaeans sack any rich

it shall surely be- that you shall hereafter receive

"Of a truth," he said, "a great sorrow has befallen

city of the Trojans do I receive so good a prize as

gifts three times

the Achaean land.

you do, though

as splendid by reason of this present insult. Hold,

Surely Priam with his sons would rejoice, and the

it is my hands that do the better part of the

therefore, and

Trojans be glad

fighting. When the sharing


at heart if they could hear this quarrel between

comes, your share is far the largest, and I,

you two, who are

forsooth, must go back

"Goddess," answered Achilles, "however angry a

so excellent in fight and counsel. I am older than

to my ships, take what I can get and be thankful,

man may be, he must

either of you;

when my labour of

do as you two command him. This will be best,

therefore be guided by me. Moreover I have been

fighting is done. Now, therefore, I shall go back to

for the gods ever hear

the familiar friend

Phthia; it will

the prayers of him who has obeyed them."

of men even greater than you are, and they did

be much better for me to return home with my

not disregard my counsels.

ships, for I will not

He stayed his hand on the silver hilt of his sword,

Never again can I behold such men as Pirithous

stay here dishonoured to gather gold and

and thrust it

and Dryas shepherd

substance for you."

back into the scabbard as Minerva bade him. Then

of his people, or as Caeneus, Exadius, godlike

she went back to

Polyphemus, and Theseus

And Agamemnon answered, "Fly if you will, I

Olympus among the other gods, and to the house

son of Aegeus, peer of the immortals. These were

shall make you no prayers

of aegis-bearing Jove.

the mightiest men

to stay you. I have others here who will do me

ever born upon this earth: mightiest were they,

honour, and above all

But the son of Peleus again began railing at the

and when they fought

Jove, the lord of counsel. There is no king here so

son of Atreus, for

the fiercest tribes of mountain savages they

hateful to me

he was still in a rage. "Wine-bibber," he cried,

utterly overthrew them.

as you are, for you are ever quarrelsome and ill

"with the face of

I came from distant Pylos, and went about among

affected. What though

a dog and the heart of a hind, you never dare to

them, for they would

you be brave? Was it not heaven that made you

go out with the host

have me come, and I fought as it was in me to do.

so? Go home, then, with

in fight, nor yet with our chosen men in

Not a man now living

your ships and comrades to lord it over the

ambuscade. You shun this

could withstand them, but they heard my words,

Myrmidons. I care neither

and were persuaded

by them. So be it also with yourselves, for this is


the more excellent

Eurybates. "Go," said he, "to





strong city of Eetion,

way. Therefore, Agamemnon, though you be

the tent of Achilles, son of Peleus; take Briseis by

sacked it, and brought hither the spoil. The sons

strong, take not this girl

the hand and

of the Achaeans

away, for the sons of the Achaeans have already

bring her hither; if he will not give her I shall

shared it duly among themselves, and chose

given her to Achilles;

come with others

lovely Chryseis as the

and you, Achilles, strive not further with the king,

and take her- which will press him harder."

meed of Agamemnon; but Chryses, priest of

for no man who

you know well already? We went to Thebe the

Apollo, came to the ships

by the grace of Jove wields a sceptre has like

He charged them straightly further and dismissed

of the Achaeans to free his daughter, and brought

honour with Agamemnon.

them, whereon they

with him a great

You are strong, and have a goddess for your

went their way sorrowfully by the seaside, till

ransom: moreover he bore in his hand the sceptre

mother; but Agamemnon

they came to the tents

of Apollo, wreathed

is stronger than you, for he has more people

and ships of the Myrmidons. They found Achilles

with a suppliant's wreath, and he besought the

under him. Son of Atreus,

sitting by his tent

Achaeans, but most

check your anger, I implore you; end this quarrel

and his ships, and ill-pleased he was when he

of all the two sons of Atreus who were their

with Achilles, who

beheld them. They stood


in the day of battle is a tower of strength to the

fearfully and reverently before him, and never a


word did they speak,

"On this the rest of the Achaeans with one voice

but he knew them and said, "Welcome, heralds,

were for respecting

And Agamemnon answered, "Sir, all that you

messengers of gods and

the priest and taking the ransom that he offered;

have said is true, but

men; draw near; my quarrel is not with you but

but not so Agamemnon,

this fellow must needs become our lord and

with Agamemnon who

who spoke fiercely to him and sent him roughly

master: he must be lord

has sent you for the girl Briseis. Therefore,

away. So he went back

of all, king of all, and captain of all, and this shall

Patroclus, bring her

in anger, and Apollo, who loved him dearly,

hardly be.

and give her to them, but let them be witnesses by

heard his prayer. Then

Granted that the gods have made him a great

the blessed gods,

the god sent a deadly dart upon the Argives, and

warrior, have they also

by mortal men, and by the fierceness of

the people died thick

given him the right to speak with railing?"

Agamemnon's anger, that if

on one another, for the arrows went everywhither

ever again there be need of me to save the people

among the wide host

Achilles interrupted him. "I should be a mean

from ruin, they

of the Achaeans. At last a seer in the fulness of his

coward," he cried, "were

shall seek and they shall not find. Agamemnon is

knowledge declared

I to give in to you in all things. Order other people

mad with rage and

to us the oracles of Apollo, and I was myself first

about, not me,

knows not how to look before and after that the

to say that we

for I shall obey no longer. Furthermore I say- and

Achaeans may fight

should appease him. Whereon the son of Atreus

lay my saying to

by their ships in safety."

rose in anger, and threatened

your heart- I shall fight neither you nor any man

that which he has since done. The Achaeans are

about this girl,

Patroclus did as his dear comrade had bidden

now taking the girl

for those that take were those also that gave. But

him. He brought Briseis

in a ship to Chryse, and sending gifts of sacrifice

of all else that

from the tent and gave her over to the heralds,

to the god; but

is at my ship you shall carry away nothing by

who took her with

the heralds have just taken from my tent the

force. Try, that others

them to the ships of the Achaeans- and the

daughter of Briseus,

may see; if you do, my spear shall be reddened

woman was loth to go. Then

whom the Achaeans had awarded to myself.

with your blood."

Achilles went all alone by the side of the hoar sea,

weeping and looking

"Help your brave son, therefore, if you are able.

When they had quarrelled thus angrily, they rose,

out upon the boundless waste of waters. He

Go to Olympus, and

and broke up the

raised his hands in prayer

if you have ever done him service in word or

assembly at the ships of the Achaeans. The son of

to his immortal mother, "Mother," he cried, "you

deed, implore the aid

Peleus went back

bore me doomed to

of Jove. Ofttimes in my father's house have I

to his tents and ships with the son of Menoetius

live but for a little season; surely Jove, who

heard you glory in that

and his company,

thunders from Olympus,

you alone of the immortals saved the son of

while Agamemnon drew a vessel into the water

might have made that little glorious. It is not so.

Saturn from ruin, when

and chose a crew of twenty

Agamemnon, son

the others, with Juno, Neptune, and Pallas

oarsmen. He escorted Chryseis on board and sent

of Atreus, has done me dishonour, and has

Minerva would have put

moreover a hecatomb

robbed me of my prize by

him in bonds. It was you, goddess, who delivered

for the god. And Ulysses went as captain.


him by calling to

These, then, went on board and sailed their ways

As he spoke he wept aloud, and his mother heard

gods call Briareus, but men

over the sea. But

him where she was

Aegaeon, for he is stronger even than his father;

the son of Atreus bade the people purify

sitting in the depths of the sea hard by the old

when therefore he

themselves; so they purified

man her father. Forthwith

took his seat all-glorious beside the son of Saturn,

themselves and cast their filth into the sea. Then

she rose as it were a grey mist out of the waves,

the other gods

they offered hecatombs

sat down before

were afraid, and did not bind him. Go, then, to

of bulls and goats without blemish on the sea-

him as he stood weeping, caressed him with her

him, remind him of

shore, and the smoke

hand, and said, "My

all this, clasp his knees, and bid him give succour

with the savour of their sacrifice rose curling up

son, why are you weeping? What is it that grieves

to the Trojans.

towards heaven.

you? Keep it not

Let the Achaeans be hemmed in at the sterns of

from me, but tell me, that we may know it

their ships, and perish


on the sea-shore, that they may reap what joy

Olympus the hundred-handed monster whom

Thus did they busy themselves throughout the

host. But Agamemnon did

they may of their king,

not forget the threat that he had made Achilles,

Achilles drew a deep sigh and said, "You know it;

and that Agamemnon may rue his blindness in

and called his trusty

why tell you what

offering insult to the

foremost of the Achaeans."

Thus did he pray, and Apollo heard his prayer.

down before him, and with her left hand seized

When they had done

his knees, while with

Thetis wept and answered, "My son, woe is me

praying and sprinkling the barley-meal, they

her right she caught him under the chin, and

that I should have borne

drew back the heads of

besought him, saying-

or suckled you. Would indeed that you had lived

the victims and killed and flayed them. They cut

your span free from

out the thigh-bones,

"Father Jove, if I ever did you service in word or

all sorrow at your ships, for it is all too brief; alas,

wrapped them round in two layers of fat, set

deed among the

that you

some pieces of raw meat

immortals, hear my prayer, and do honour to my

should be at once short of life and long of sorrow

on the top of them, and then Chryses laid them on

son, whose life is

above your peers:

the wood fire and

to be cut short so early. King Agamemnon has

woe, therefore, was the hour in which I bore you;

poured wine over them, while the young men

dishonoured him by taking

nevertheless I will

stood near him with five-pronged

his prize and keeping her. Honour him then

go to the snowy heights of Olympus, and tell this

spits in their hands. When the thigh-bones were

yourself, Olympian lord

tale to Jove, if

burned and they had

of counsel, and grant victory to the Trojans, till

he will hear our prayer: meanwhile stay where

tasted the inward meats, they cut the rest up

the Achaeans give

you are with your ships,

small, put the pieces

my son his due and load him with riches in

nurse your anger against the Achaeans, and hold

upon the spits, roasted them till they were done,


aloof from fight.

and drew them off:

For Jove went yesterday to Oceanus, to a feast

then, when they had finished their work and the

Jove sat for a while silent, and without a word,

among the Ethiopians,

feast was ready, they

but Thetis still

and the other gods went with him. He will return

ate it, and every man had his full share, so that all

kept firm hold of his knees, and besought him a

to Olympus twelve

were satisfied.

second time. "Incline

days hence; I will then go to his mansion paved

As soon as they had had enough to eat and drink,

your head," said she, "and promise me surely, or

with bronze and will

pages filled the

else deny me- for

beseech him; nor do I doubt that I shall be able to

mixing-bowl with wine and water and handed it

you have nothing to fear- that I may learn how

persuade him."

round, after giving

greatly you disdain

every man his drink-offering.


that had been

Thus all day long the young men worshipped the

At this Jove was much troubled and answered, "I

taken from him. Meanwhile Ulysses reached

god with song, hymning

shall have trouble

Chryse with the hecatomb.

him and chaunting the joyous paean, and the god

if you set me quarrelling with Juno, for she will

When they had come inside the harbour they

took pleasure in their

provoke me with

furled the sails and laid

voices; but when the sun went down, and it came

her taunting speeches; even now she is always

them in the ship's hold; they slackened the

on dark, they laid

railing at me before

forestays, lowered the

themselves down to sleep by the stern cables of

the other gods and accusing me of giving aid to

mast into its place, and rowed the ship to the

the ship, and when

the Trojans. Go back

place where they would

the child of morning, rosy-fingered Dawn,

now, lest she should find out. I will consider the

have her lie; there they cast out their mooring-

appeared they again set

matter, and will

stones and made fast

sail for the host of the Achaeans. Apollo sent them

bring it about as wish. See, I incline my head that

the hawsers. They then got out upon the sea-shore

a fair wind, so

you believe me.

and landed the hecatomb

they raised their mast and hoisted their white

This is the most solemn that I can give to any god.

for Apollo; Chryseis also left the ship, and Ulysses

sails aloft. As the

I never recall

led her to the

sail bellied with the wind the ship flew through

my word, or deceive, or fail to do what I say,

altar to deliver her into the hands of her father.

the deep blue water,

when I have nodded

"Chryses," said

and the foam hissed against her bows as she sped

my head."

he, "King Agamemnon has sent me to bring you

onward. When they

back your child, and

reached the wide-stretching host of the Achaeans,

As he spoke the son of Saturn bowed his dark

to offer sacrifice to Apollo on behalf of the

they drew the vessel

brows, and the ambrosial

Danaans, that we may

ashore, high and dry upon the sands, set her

locks swayed on his immortal head, till vast

propitiate the god, who has now brought sorrow

strong props beneath

Olympus reeled.

upon the Argives."

her, and went their ways to their own tents and

On this she left him, still furious at the loss of her

So saying he gave the girl over to her father, who

When the pair had thus laid their plans, they

parted- Jove to his

received her gladly,

But Achilles abode at his ships and nursed his

house, while the goddess quitted the splendour of

and they ranged the holy hecatomb all orderly

anger. He went not

Olympus, and plunged

round the altar of the

to the honourable assembly, and sallied not forth

into the depths of the sea. The gods rose from

god. They washed their hands and took up the

to fight, but gnawed

their seats, before

barley-meal to sprinkle

at his own heart, pining for battle and the war-

the coming of their sire. Not one of them dared to

over the victims, while Chryses lifted up his


remain sitting,

hands and prayed aloud

but all stood up as he came among them. There,

on their behalf. "Hear me," he cried, "O god of the

Now after twelve days the immortal gods came

then, he took his seat.

silver bow, that

back in a body to Olympus,

But Juno, when she saw him, knew that he and

protectest Chryse and holy Cilla, and rulest

and Jove led the way. Thetis was not unmindful

the old merman's daughter,

Tenedos with thy might.

of the charge her son

silver-footed Thetis, had been hatching mischief,

Even as thou didst hear me aforetime when I

had laid upon her, so she rose from under the sea

so she at once began

prayed, and didst press

and went through

to upbraid him. "Trickster," she cried, "which of

hardly upon the Achaeans, so hear me yet again,

great heaven with early morning to Olympus,

the gods have you

and stay this fearful

where she found the mighty

been taking into your counsels now? You are

pestilence from the Danaans."

son of Saturn sitting all alone upon its topmost

always settling matters

ridges. She sat herself

in secret behind my back, and have never yet told

me, if you could

help it, one word of your intentions."

there is no standing against Jove. Once before

head in the likeness of Nestor, son of Neleus,

when I was trying to

whom Agamemnon honoured

"Juno," replied the sire of gods and men, "you

help you, he caught me by the foot and flung me

above all his councillors, and said:-

must not expect to

from the heavenly

be informed of all my counsels. You are my wife,

threshold. All day long from morn till eve, was I

"You are sleeping, son of Atreus; one who has the

but you would find

falling, till at

welfare of his host

it hard to understand them. When it is proper for

sunset I came to ground in the island of Lemnos,

and so much other care upon his shoulders

you to hear, there

and there I lay,

should dock his sleep. Hear

is no one, god or man, who will be told sooner,

with very little life left in me, till the Sintians came

me at once, for I come as a messenger from Jove,

but when I mean to

and tended

who, though he be

keep a matter to myself, you must not pry nor ask


not near, yet takes thought for you and pities you.


He bids you get

Juno smiled at this, and as she smiled she took the

the Achaeans instantly under arms, for you shall

"Dread son of Saturn," answered Juno, "what are

cup from her son's

take Troy. There

you talking about?

hands. Then Vulcan drew sweet nectar from the

are no longer divided counsels among the gods;

I? Pry and ask questions? Never. I let you have

mixing-bowl, and served

Juno has brought them

your own way in everything.

it round among the gods, going from left to right;

over to her own mind, and woe betides the

Still, I have a strong misgiving that the old

and the blessed

Trojans at the hands of

merman's daughter Thetis

gods laughed out a loud applause as they saw

Jove. Remember this, and when you wake see that

has been talking you over, for she was with you

him ing bustling about

it does not escape

and had hold of your

the heavenly mansion.


that you have

Thus through the livelong day to the going down

The dream then left him, and he thought of things

been promising her to give glory to Achilles, and

of the sun they feasted,

that were, surely

to kill much people

and every one had his full share, so that all were

not to be accomplished. He thought that on that

at the ships of the Achaeans."

satisfied. Apollo

same day he was to

struck his lyre, and the Muses lifted up their

take the city of Priam, but he little knew what was

"Wife," said Jove, "I can do nothing but you

sweet voices, calling

in the mind of

suspect me and find it

and answering one another. But when the sun's

Jove, who had many another hard-fought fight in

out. You will take nothing by it, for I shall only

glorious light had faded,

store alike for Danaans

dislike you the

they went home to bed, each in his own abode,

and Trojans. Then presently he woke, with the

more, and it will go harder with you. Granted that

which lame Vulcan with

divine message still

it is as you say;

his consummate skill had fashioned for them. So

ringing in his ears; so he sat upright, and put on

I mean to have it so; sit down and hold your

Jove, the Olympian

his soft shirt

tongue as I bid you for

Lord of Thunder, hied him to the bed in which he

so fair and new, and over this his heavy cloak. He

if I once begin to lay my hands about you, though

always slept; and

bound his sandals

all heaven were

when he had got on to it he went to sleep, with

on to his comely feet, and slung his silver-studded

on your side it would profit you nothing."

Juno of the golden

sword about his

throne by his side.

shoulders; then he took the imperishable staff of

knees this self-same morning. I believe, therefore,

On this Juno was frightened, so she curbed her

his father, and

stubborn will and sat


down in silence. But the heavenly beings were


disquieted throughout
the house of Jove, till the cunning workman

sallied forth to the ships of the Achaeans.

The goddess Dawn now wended her way to vast


Vulcan began to try and

Olympus that she might

herald day to Jove and to the other immortals,

pacify his mother Juno. "It will be intolerable,"

Now the other gods and the armed warriors on

and Agamemnon sent

said he, "if you

the plain slept soundly,

the criers round to call the people in assembly; so

two fall to wrangling and setting heaven in an

but Jove was wakeful, for he was thinking how to

they called them

uproar about a pack

do honour to Achilles,

and the people gathered thereon. But first he

of mortals. If such ill counsels are to prevail, we

and destroyed much people at the ships of the

summoned a meeting of

shall have no

Achaeans. In the end

the elders at the ship of Nestor king of Pylos, and

pleasure at our banquet. Let me then advise my

he deemed it would be best to send a lying dream

when they were

mother- and she must

to King Agamemnon;

assembled he laid a cunning counsel before them.

herself know that it will be better- to make friends

so he called one to him and said to it, "Lying

with my dear

Dream, go to the ships

"My friends," said he, "I have had a dream from

father Jove, lest he again scold her and disturb our

of the Achaeans, into the tent of Agamemnon, and

heaven in the dead

feast. If the

say to him word to

of night, and its face and figure resembled none

Olympian Thunderer wants to hurl us all from

word as I now bid you. Tell him to get the

but Nestor's. It

our seats, he can do

Achaeans instantly under

hovered over my head and said, 'You are

so, for he is far the strongest, so give him fair

arms, for he shall take Troy. There are no longer

sleeping, son of Atreus; one

words, and he will

divided counsels

who has the welfare of his host and so much other

then soon be in a good humour with us."

among the gods; Juno has brought them to her

care upon his shoulders

own mind, and woe betides

should dock his sleep. Hear me at once, for I am a

the Trojans."

messenger from

As he spoke, he took a double cup of nectar, and

placed it in his

Jove, who, though he be not near, yet takes

mother's hand. "Cheer up, my dear mother," said

The dream went when it had heard its message,

thought for you and pities

he, "and make the

and soon reached the

you. He bids you get the Achaeans instantly

best of it. I love you dearly, and should be very

ships of the Achaeans. It sought Agamemnon son

under arms, for you shall

sorry to see you

of Atreus and found

take Troy. There are no longer divided counsels

get a thrashing; however grieved I might be, I

him in his tent, wrapped in a profound slumber.

among the gods; Juno

could not help for

It hovered over his

has brought them over to her own mind, and woe

that I should sack the city of Priam before

keeping Helen, for whose sake so many of the

betides the Trojans

returning, but he has

Achaeans have died at

at the hands of Jove. Remember this.' The dream

played me false, and is now bidding me go

Troy, far from their homes? Go about at once

then vanished and

ingloriously back to Argos

among the host, and speak

I awoke. Let us now, therefore, arm the sons of

with the loss of much people. Such is the will of

fairly to them, man by man, that they draw not

the Achaeans. But

Jove, who has laid

their ships into the

it will be well that I should first sound them, and

many a proud city in the dust, as he will yet lay


to this end I

others, for his

will tell them to fly with their ships; but do you

power is above all. It will be a sorry tale hereafter

Minerva was not slack to do her bidding. Down

others go about

that an Achaean

she darted from the

among the host and prevent their doing so."

host, at once so great and valiant, battled in vain

topmost summits of Olympus, and in a moment

against men fewer

she was at the ships of

He then sat down, and Nestor the prince of Pylos

in number than themselves; but as yet the end is

the Achaeans. There she found Ulysses, peer of

with all sincerity

not in sight. Think

Jove in counsel, standing

and goodwill addressed them thus: "My friends,"

that the Achaeans and Trojans have sworn to a

alone. He had not as yet laid a hand upon his

said he, "princes

solemn covenant, and

ship, for he was grieved

and councillors of the Argives, if any other man of

that they have each been numbered- the Trojans

and sorry; so she went close up to him and said,

the Achaeans had

by the roll of their

"Ulysses, noble son

told us of this dream we should have declared it

householders, and we by companies of ten; think

of Laertes, are you going to fling yourselves into

false, and would

further that each

your ships and

have had nothing to do with it. But he who has

of our companies desired to have a Trojan

be off home to your own land in this way? Will

seen it is the foremost

householder to pour out

you leave Priam and

man among us; we must therefore set about

their wine; we are so greatly more in number that

the Trojans the glory of still keeping Helen, for

getting the people under

full many a company

whose sake so many


would have to go without its cup-bearer. But they

of the Achaeans have died at Troy, far from their

have in the town

homes? Go about

With this he led the way from the assembly, and

allies from other places, and it is these that hinder

at once among the host, and speak fairly to them,

the other sceptred

me from being

man by man, that

kings rose with him in obedience to the word of

able to sack the rich city of Ilius. Nine of Jove

they draw not their ships into the sea."

Agamemnon; but the

years are gone;

people pressed forward to hear. They swarmed

the timbers of our ships have rotted; their tackling

Ulysses knew the voice as that of the goddess: he

like bees that sally

is sound no longer.

flung his cloak

from some hollow cave and flit in countless

Our wives and little ones at home look anxiously

from him and set off to run. His servant

throng among the spring

for our coming, but

Eurybates, a man of Ithaca,

flowers, bunched in knots and clusters; even so

the work that we came hither to do has not been

who waited on him, took charge of the cloak,

did the mighty multitude

done. Now, therefore,

whereon Ulysses went

pour from ships and tents to the assembly, and

let us all do as I say: let us sail back to our own

straight up to Agamemnon and received from

range themselves upon

land, for we shall

him his ancestral, imperishable

the wide-watered shore, while among them ran

not take Troy."

staff. With this he went about among the ships of

Wildfire Rumour, messenger

the Achaeans.

of Jove, urging them ever to the fore. Thus they

With these words he moved the hearts of the

gathered in a pell-mell

multitude, so many of

Whenever he met a king or chieftain, he stood by

of mad confusion, and the earth groaned under

them as knew not the cunning counsel of

him and spoke him

the tramp of men as

Agamemnon. They surged to

fairly. "Sir," said he, "this flight is cowardly and

the people sought their places. Nine heralds went

and fro like the waves of the Icarian Sea, when the

unworthy. Stand

crying about among

east and south

to your post, and bid your people also keep their

them to stay their tumult and bid them listen to

winds break from heaven's clouds to lash them; or

places. You do not

the kings, till at

as when the west

yet know the full mind of Agamemnon; he was

last they were got into their several places and

wind sweeps over a field of corn and the ears bow

sounding us, and ere long

ceased their clamour.

beneath the blast,

will visit the Achaeans with his displeasure. We

Then King Agamemnon rose, holding his sceptre.

even so were they swayed as they flew with loud

were not all of us

This was the work of

cries towards the

at the council to hear what he then said; see to it

Vulcan, who gave it to Jove the son of Saturn.

ships, and the dust from under their feet rose

lest he be angry

Jove gave it to Mercury,

heavenward. They cheered

and do us a mischief; for the pride of kings is

slayer of Argus, guide and guardian. King

each other on to draw the ships into the sea; they

great, and the hand

Mercury gave it to Pelops,

cleared the channels

of Jove is with them."

the mighty charioteer, and Pelops to Atreus,

in front of them; they began taking away the stays

shepherd of his people.

from underneath

But when he came across any common man who

Atreus, when he died, left it to Thyestes, rich in

them, and the welkin rang with their glad cries, so

was making a noise, he

flocks, and Thyestes

eager were they

struck him with his staff and rebuked him,

in his turn left it to be borne by Agamemnon, that

to return.

saying, "Sirrah, hold your

he might be lord

peace, and listen to better men than yourself. You

of all Argos and of the isles. Leaning, then, on his

Then surely the Argives would have returned

are a coward and

sceptre, he addressed

after a fashion that was

no soldier; you are nobody either in fight or

the Argives.

not fated. But Juno said to Minerva, "Alas,

council; we cannot all

daughter of aegis-bearing

be kings; it is not well that there should be many

"My friends," he said, "heroes, servants of Mars,

Jove, unweariable, shall the Argives fly home to

masters; one man

the hand of heaven

their own land over

must be supreme- one king to whom the son of

has been laid heavily upon me. Cruel Jove gave

the broad sea, and leave Priam and the Trojans

scheming Saturn has given

me his solemn promise

the glory of still

the sceptre of sovereignty over you all."

Thus masterfully did he go about among the host,

to be, nor whether the Achaeans are to return

Trojans. We were ranged round about a fountain

and the people hurried

with good success or

offering hecatombs

back to the council from their tents and ships with

evil. How dare you gibe at Agamemnon because

to the gods upon their holy altars, and there was a

a sound as the

the Danaans have awarded

fine plane-tree

thunder of surf when it comes crashing down

him so many prizes? I tell you, therefore- and it

from beneath which there welled a stream of pure

upon the shore, and all

shall surely be-

water. Then we saw

the sea is in an uproar.

that if I again catch you talking such nonsense, I

a prodigy; for Jove sent a fearful serpent out of the

will either forfeit

ground, with

The rest now took their seats and kept to their

my own head and be no more called father of

blood-red stains upon its back, and it darted from

own several places,

Telemachus, or I will

under the altar

but Thersites still went on wagging his unbridled

take you, strip you stark naked, and whip you out

on to the plane-tree. Now there was a brood of

tongue- a man of

of the assembly

young sparrows, quite

many words, and those unseemly; a monger of

till you go blubbering back to the ships."

small, upon the topmost bough, peeping out from

sedition, a railer against

under the leaves,

all who were in authority, who cared not what he

On this he beat him with his staff about the back

eight in all, and their mother that hatched them

said, so that he

and shoulders till

made nine. The serpent

might set the Achaeans in a laugh. He was the

he dropped and fell a-weeping. The golden

ate the poor cheeping things, while the old bird

ugliest man of all those

sceptre raised a bloody

flew about lamenting

that came before Troy- bandy-legged, lame of one

weal on his back, so he sat down frightened and

her little ones; but the serpent threw his coils

foot, with his two

in pain, looking foolish

about her and caught

shoulders rounded and hunched over his chest.

as he wiped the tears from his eyes. The people

her by the wing as she was screaming. Then,

His head ran up to a

were sorry for him,

when he had eaten both

point, but there was little hair on the top of it.

yet they laughed heartily, and one would turn to

the sparrow and her young, the god who had sent

Achilles and Ulysses

his neighbour saying,

him made him become

hated him worst of all, for it was with them that

"Ulysses has done many a good thing ere now in

a sign; for the son of scheming Saturn turned him

he was most wont

fight and council,

into stone, and

to wrangle; now, however, with a shrill squeaky

but he never did the Argives a better turn than

we stood there wondering at that which had come

voice he began heaping

when he stopped this

to pass. Seeing, then,

his abuse on Agamemnon. The Achaeans were

fellow's mouth from prating further. He will give

that such a fearful portent had broken in upon

angry and disgusted, yet

the kings no more

our hecatombs, Calchas

none the less he kept on brawling and bawling at

of his insolence."

forthwith declared to us the oracles of heaven.

the son of Atreus.

'Why, Achaeans,' said

Thus said the people. Then Ulysses rose, sceptre

he, 'are you thus speechless? Jove has sent us this

"Agamemnon," he cried, "what ails you now, and

in hand, and Minerva

sign, long in

what more do you want?

in the likeness of a herald bade the people be still,

coming, and long ere it be fulfilled, though its

Your tents are filled with bronze and with fair

that those who

fame shall last for

women, for whenever

were far off might hear him and consider his

ever. As the serpent ate the eight fledglings and

we take a town we give you the pick of them.

council. He therefore

the sparrow that

Would you have yet more

with all sincerity and goodwill addressed them

hatched them, which makes nine, so shall we fight

gold, which some Trojan is to give you as a


nine years at Troy,

ransom for his son, when

but in the tenth shall take the town.' This was

I or another Achaean has taken him prisoner? or

"King Agamemnon, the Achaeans are for making

what he said, and

is it some young girl

you a by-word among all

now it is all coming true. Stay here, therefore, all

to hide and lie with? It is not well that you, the

mankind. They forget the promise they made you

of you, till

ruler of the Achaeans,

when they set out from

we take the city of Priam."

should bring them into such misery. Weakling

Argos, that you should not return till you had

cowards, women rather

sacked the town of

On this the Argives raised a shout, till the ships

than men, let us sail home, and leave this fellow

Troy, and, like children or widowed women, they

rang again with

here at Troy to

murmur and would set

the uproar. Nestor, knight of Gerene, then

stew in his own meeds of honour, and discover

off homeward. True it is that they have had toil

addressed them. "Shame

whether we were of any

enough to be disheartened.

on you," he cried, "to stay talking here like

service to him or no. Achilles is a much better

A man chafes at having to stay away from his

children, when you should

man than he is, and

wife even for a single

fight like men. Where are our covenants now, and

see how he has treated him- robbing him of his

month, when he is on shipboard, at the mercy of

where the oaths that

prize and keeping it

wind and sea, but

we have taken? Shall our counsels be flung into

himself. Achilles takes it meekly and shows no

it is now nine long years that we have been kept

the fire, with our

fight; if he did, son

here; I cannot, therefore,

drink-offerings and the right hands of fellowship

of Atreus, you would never again insult him."

blame the Achaeans if they turn restive; still we

wherein we have

shall be shamed

put our trust? We waste our time in words, and

Thus railed Thersites, but Ulysses at once went up

if we go home empty after so long a stay-

for all our talking

to him and rebuked

therefore, my friends, be

here shall be no further forward. Stand, therefore,

him sternly. "Check your glib tongue, Thersites,"

patient yet a little longer that we may learn

son of Atreus,

said be, "and babble

whether the prophesyings

by your own steadfast purpose; lead the Argives

not a word further. Chide not with princes when

of Calchas were false or true.

on to battle, and

you have none to back

leave this handful of men to rot, who scheme, and

you. There is no viler creature come before Troy

"All who have not since perished must remember

scheme in vain,

with the sons of

as though it were yesterday

to get back to Argos ere they have learned

Atreus. Drop this chatter about kings, and neither

or the day before, how the ships of the Achaeans

whether Jove be true or

revile them nor

were detained in

a liar. For the mighty son of Saturn surely

keep harping about going home. We do not yet

Aulis when we were on our way hither to make

promised that we should

know how things are going

war on Priam and the

succeed, when we Argives set sail to bring death

headland, dashing against it and buffeting it

and destruction upon

without ceasing, as

Thus did he speak, and Agamemnon heeded his

the Trojans. He showed us favourable signs by

the storms from every quarter drive them, even so

words. He at once sent

flashing his lightning

did the Achaeans

the criers round to call the people in assembly. So

on our right hands; therefore let none make haste

rise and hurry in all directions to their ships.

they called them,

to go till he has

There they lighted

and the people gathered thereon. The chiefs about

first lain with the wife of some Trojan, and

their fires at their tents and got dinner, offering

the son of Atreus

avenged the toil and

sacrifice every

chose their men and marshalled them, while

sorrow that he has suffered for the sake of Helen.

man to one or other of the gods, and praying each

Minerva went among them

Nevertheless, if

one of them that

holding her priceless aegis that knows neither age

any man is in such haste to be at home again, let

he might live to come out of the fight.

nor death. From

him lay his hand

Agamemnon, king of men, sacrificed

it there waved a hundred tassels of pure gold, all

to his ship that he may meet his doom in the sight

a fat five-year-old bull to the mighty son of

deftly woven, and

of all. But, O

Saturn, and invited

each one of them worth a hundred oxen. With this

king, consider and give ear to my counsel, for the

the princes and elders of his host. First he asked

she darted furiously

word that I say

Nestor and King

everywhere among the hosts of the Achaeans,

may not be neglected lightly. Divide your men,

Idomeneus, then the two Ajaxes and the son of

urging them forward, and

Agamemnon, into their

Tydeus, and sixthly

putting courage into the heart of each, so that he

several tribes and clans, that clans and tribes may

Ulysses, peer of gods in counsel; but Menelaus

might fight and

stand by and help

came of his own accord,

do battle without ceasing. Thus war became

one another. If you do this, and if the Achaeans

for he knew how busy his brother then was. They

sweeter in their eyes even

obey you, you will

stood round the bull

than returning home in their ships. As when some

find out who, both chiefs and peoples, are brave,


and who are cowards;

Agamemnon prayed, saying,

is raging upon a mountain top and its light is seen

for they will vie against the other. Thus you shall

"Jove, most glorious, supreme, that dwellest in

afar, even so

also learn whether

heaven, and ridest

as they marched the gleam of their armour

it is through the counsel of heaven or the

upon the storm-cloud, grant that the sun may not

flashed up into the firmament

cowardice of man that you

go down, nor the

of heaven.

shall fail to take the town."

night fall, till the palace of Priam is laid low, and







great forest fire

its gates are

They were like great flocks of geese, or cranes, or

And Agamemnon answered, "Nestor, you have

consumed with fire. Grant that my sword may

swans on the plain

again outdone the sons of

pierce the shirt of Hector

about the waters of Cayster, that wing their way

the Achaeans in counsel. Would, by Father Jove,

about his heart, and that full many of his

hither and thither,

Minerva, and Apollo,

comrades may bite the dust

glorying in the pride of flight, and crying as they

that I had among them ten more such councillors,

as they fall dying round him."

settle till the

for the city of King

fen is alive with their screaming. Even thus did

Priam would then soon fall beneath our hands,

Thus he prayed, but the son of Saturn would not

their tribes pour

and we should sack it.

fulfil his prayer.

from ships and tents on to the plain of the

But the son of Saturn afflicts me with bootless

He accepted the sacrifice, yet none the less

Scamander, and the ground

wranglings and strife.

increased their toil

rang as brass under the feet of men and horses.

Achilles and I are quarrelling about this girl, in

continually. When they had done praying and

They stood as thick

which matter I

sprinkling the barley-meal

upon the flower-bespangled field as leaves that

was the first to offend; if we can be of one mind

upon the victim, they drew back its head, killed it,

bloom in summer.

again, the Trojans

and then flayed

will not stave off destruction for a day. Now,

it. They cut out the thigh-bones, wrapped them

As countless swarms of flies buzz around a

therefore, get your

round in two layers

herdsman's homestead in

morning meal, that our hosts join in fight. Whet

of fat, and set pieces of raw meat on the top of

the time of spring when the pails are drenched

well your spears;

them. These they

with milk, even so

see well to the ordering of your shields; give good

burned upon the split logs of firewood, but they

did the Achaeans swarm on to the plain to charge

feeds to your

spitted the inward

the Trojans and destroy

horses, and look your chariots carefully over, that

meats, and held them in the flames to cook. When


we may do battle

the thigh-bones were

the livelong day; for we shall have no rest, not for

burned, and they had tasted the inward meats,

The chiefs disposed their men this way and that

a moment, till

they cut the rest up

before the fight began,

night falls to part us. The bands that bear your

small, put the pieces upon spits, roasted them till

drafting them out as easily as goatherds draft

shields shall be

they were done,

their flocks when they

wet with the sweat upon your shoulders, your

and drew them off; then, when they had finished

have got mixed while feeding; and among them

hands shall weary upon

their work and the

went King Agamemnon,

your spears, your horses shall steam in front of

feast was ready, they ate it, and every man had

with a head and face like Jove the lord of thunder,

your chariots, and

his full share, so

a waist like Mars,

if I see any man shirking the fight, or trying to

that all were satisfied. As soon as they had had

and a chest like that of Neptune. As some great

keep out of it at

enough to eat and

bull that lords it

the ships, there shall be no help for him, but he

drink, Nestor, knight of Gerene, began to speak.

over the herds upon the plain, even so did Jove

shall be a prey

"King Agamemnon,"

make the son of Atreus

to dogs and vultures."

said he, "let us not stay talking here, nor be slack

stand peerless among the multitude of heroes.

in the work that

Thus he spoke,

heaven has put into our hands. Let the heralds

And now, O Muses, dwellers in the mansions of

applause. As when the waves

and the Achaeans roared

summon the people to

Olympus, tell me- for

run high before the blast of the south wind and

gather at their several ships; we will then go

you are goddesses and are in all places so that

break on some lofty

about among the host,

you see all things,

that we may begin fighting at once."

while we know nothing but by report- who were

in Cynus, Opous, Calliarus, Bessa, Scarphe, fair

the chiefs and princes

Augeae, Tarphe, and

And those that dwelt in Lacedaemon, lying low

of the Danaans? As for the common soldiers, they

Thronium about the river Boagrius. With him

among the hills, Pharis,

were so that I could

there came forty ships

Sparta, with Messe the haunt of doves; Bryseae,

not name every single one of them though I had

of the Locrians who dwell beyond Euboea.

Augeae, Amyclae, and

ten tongues, and though

Helos upon the sea; Laas, moreover, and Oetylus;

my voice failed not and my heart were of bronze

The fierce Abantes held Euboea with its cities,

these were led by

within me, unless

Chalcis, Eretria,

Menelaus of the loud battle-cry, brother to

you, O Olympian Muses, daughters of aegis-

Histiaea rich in vines, Cerinthus upon the sea, and

Agamemnon, and of them

bearing Jove, were to recount

the rock-perched

there were sixty ships, drawn up apart from the

them to me. Nevertheless, I will tell the captains

town of Dium; with them were also the men of

others. Among them

of the ships and

Carystus and Styra; Elephenor

went Menelaus himself, strong in zeal, urging his

all the fleet together.

of the race of Mars was in command of these; he

men to fight; for

was son of Chalcodon,

he longed to avenge the toil and sorrow that he

Peneleos, Leitus, Arcesilaus, Prothoenor, and

and chief over all the Abantes. With him they

had suffered for the

Clonius were captains

came, fleet of foot

sake of Helen.

of the Boeotians. These were they that dwelt in

and wearing their hair long behind, brave

Hyria and rocky Aulis,

warriors, who would ever

The men of Pylos and Arene, and Thryum where

strive to tear open the corslets of their foes with

is the ford of the river

highlands of Eteonus, with

their long ashen


Thespeia, Graia, and the fair city of Mycalessus.

spears. Of these there came fifty ships.

Amphigenea; Pteleum, Helos,








They also held Harma,





and Dorium, where the Muses met Thamyris, and

Eilesium, and Erythrae; and they had Eleon, Hyle,

And they that held the strong city of Athens, the

stilled his minstrelsy

and Peteon; Ocalea

people of great

for ever. He was returning from Oechalia, where

and the strong fortress of Medeon; Copae,

Erechtheus, who was born of the soil itself, but

Eurytus lived and

Eutresis, and Thisbe the

Jove's daughter,

reigned, and boasted that he would surpass even

haunt of doves; Coronea, and the pastures of

Minerva, fostered him, and established him at

the Muses, daughters

Haliartus; Plataea and

Athens in her own rich

of aegis-bearing Jove, if they should sing against

Glisas; the fortress of Thebes the less; holy

sanctuary. There, year by year, the Athenian

him; whereon they

Onchestus with its famous

youths worship him with

were angry, and maimed him. They robbed him

grove of Neptune; Arne rich in vineyards; Midea,


sacred Nisa, and

commanded by Menestheus,

song, and thenceforth he could strike the lyre no

Anthedon upon the sea. From these there came

son of Peteos. No man living could equal him in

more. These were

fifty ships, and in each

the marshalling of

commanded by Nestor, knight of Gerene, and

there were a hundred and twenty young men of

chariots and foot soldiers. Nestor could alone

with him there came ninety

the Boeotians.

rival him, for he was








of his divine power of

older. With him there came fifty ships.

Ascalaphus and Ialmenus, sons of Mars, led the

And those that held Arcadia, under the high

people that dwelt in

Ajax brought twelve ships from Salamis, and

mountain of Cyllene, near

Aspledon and Orchomenus the realm of Minyas.

stationed them alongside

the tomb of Aepytus, where the people fight hand

Astyoche a noble maiden

those of the Athenians.

to hand; the men

bore them in the house of Actor son of Azeus; for

of Pheneus also, and Orchomenus rich in flocks;

she had gone with

The men of Argos, again, and those who held the

of Rhipae, Stratie,

Mars secretly into an upper chamber, and he had

walls of Tiryns, with

and bleak Enispe; of Tegea and fair Mantinea; of

lain with her. With

Hermione, and Asine upon the gulf; Troezene,

Stymphelus and Parrhasia;

these there came thirty ships.

Eionae, and the vineyard

of these King Agapenor son of Ancaeus was













commander, and they had

moreover, who came from Aegina

sixty ships. Many Arcadians, good soldiers, came

Epistrophus, sons of mighty

and Mases; these were led by Diomed of the loud

in each one of them,

Iphitus the son of Naubolus. These were they that

battle-cry, and Sthenelus

but Agamemnon found them the ships in which

held Cyparissus,

son of famed Capaneus. With them in command

to cross the sea, for

rocky Pytho, holy Crisa, Daulis, and Panopeus;

was Euryalus, son of king

they were not a people that occupied their

they also that dwelt

Mecisteus, son of Talaus; but Diomed was chief

business upon the waters.

in Anemorea and Hyampolis, and about the

over them all. With

waters of the river Cephissus,

these there came eighty ships.

and Lilaea by the springs of the Cephissus; with

The men, moreover, of Buprasium and of Elis, so

much of it as is enclosed

their chieftains

Those who held the strong city of Mycenae, rich

between Hyrmine, Myrsinus upon the sea-shore,

came forty ships, and they marshalled the forces

Corinth and Cleonae;

the rock Olene and Alesium.

of the Phoceans,

Orneae, Araethyrea, and Licyon, where Adrastus

These had four leaders, and each of them had ten

which were stationed next to the Boeotians, on

reigned of old; Hyperesia,

ships, with many

their left.

high Gonoessa, and Pellene; Aegium and all the


coast-land round about

Amphimachus and Thalpius- the

Ajax, the fleet son of Oileus, commanded the

Helice; these sent a hundred ships under the

one, son of Cteatus, and the other, of Eurytus-

Locrians. He was not

command of King Agamemnon,

both of the race of

so great, nor nearly so great, as Ajax the son of

son of Atreus. His force was far both finest and

Actor. The two others were Diores, son of

Telamon. He was

most numerous, and

Amarynces, and Polyxenus,

a little man, and his breastplate was made of

in their midst was the king himself, all glorious in

son of King Agasthenes, son of Augeas.

linen, but in use of

his armour of

the spear he excelled all the Hellenes and the

gleaming bronze- foremost among the heroes, for

And those of Dulichium with the sacred Echinean

Achaeans. These dwelt

he was the greatest

islands, who dwelt

king, and had most men under him.






beyond the sea off Elis; these were led by Meges,

And Nireus brought three ships from Syme-

And those that held Methone and Thaumacia,

peer of Mars, and

Nireus, who was the handsomest

with Meliboea and rugged

the son of valiant Phyleus, dear to Jove, who

man that came up under Ilius of all the Danaans

Olizon, these were led by the skilful archer

quarrelled with his

after the son of Peleus-

Philoctetes, and they

father, and went to settle in Dulichium. With him

but he was a man of no substance, and had but a

had seven ships, each with fifty oarsmen all of

there came forty

small following.

them good archers;


but Philoctetes was lying in great pain in the

And those that held Nisyrus, Crapathus, and

Island of Lemnos, where

Ulysses led the brave Cephallenians, who held

Casus, with Cos, the city

the sons of the Achaeans left him, for he had been

Ithaca, Neritum with

of Eurypylus, and the Calydnian islands, these

bitten by a poisonous

its forests, Crocylea, rugged Aegilips, Samos and

were commanded by Pheidippus

water snake. There he lay sick and sorry, and full

Zacynthus, with

and Antiphus, two sons of King Thessalus the son

soon did the Argives

the mainland also that was over against the

of Hercules. And

come to miss him. But his people, though they felt

islands. These were led

with them there came thirty ships.

his loss were not

by Ulysses, peer of Jove in counsel, and with him

leaderless, for Medon, the bastard son of Oileus

there came twelve

Those again who held Pelasgic Argos, Alos,

by Rhene, set them


Alope, and Trachis; and

in array.

those of Phthia and Hellas the land of fair women,

Thoas, son of Andraemon, commanded the

who were called

Those, again, of Tricca and the stony region of

Aetolians, who dwelt in Pleuron,

Myrmidons, Hellenes, and Achaeans; these had

Ithome, and they that

Olenus, Pylene, Chalcis by the sea, and rocky

fifty ships, over which

held Oechalia, the city of Oechalian Eurytus, these

Calydon, for the great

Achilles was in command. But they now took no

were commanded

king Oeneus had now no sons living, and was

part in the war, inasmuch

by the two sons of Aesculapius, skilled in the art

himself dead, as was also

as there was no one to marshal them; for Achilles

of healing, Podalirius

golden-haired Meleager, who had been set over

stayed by his ships,

and Machaon. And with them there came thirty

the Aetolians to be

furious about the loss of the girl Briseis, whom he


their king. And with Thoas there came forty ships.

had taken from

Lyrnessus at his own great peril, when he had

The men, moreover, of Ormenius, and by the

The famous spearsman Idomeneus led the

sacked Lyrnessus and

fountain of Hypereia, with

Cretans, who held Cnossus,


and the well-walled city of Gortys; Lyctus also,

Epistrophus, sons of king Evenor,

Titanus, these were

Miletus and Lycastus

son of Selepus. For her sake Achilles was still

led by Eurypylus, the son of Euaemon, and with

that lies upon the chalk; the populous towns of

grieving, but ere

them there came forty

Phaestus and Rhytium,

long he was again to join them.


cities of Crete.

And those that held Phylace and the flowery

Those that held Argissa and Gyrtone, Orthe,

All these were led by Idomeneus, and by

meadows of Pyrasus, sanctuary

Elone, and the white city

Meriones, peer of murderous

of Ceres; Iton, the mother of sheep; Antrum upon

of Oloosson, of these brave Polypoetes was

Mars. And with these there came eighty ships.

the sea, and Pteleum

leader. He was son of Pirithous,

that lies upon the grass lands. Of these brave

who was son of Jove himself, for Hippodameia

Tlepolemus, son of Hercules, a man both brave

Protesilaus had been

bore him to Pirithous

and large of stature,

captain while he was yet alive, but he was now

on the day when he took his revenge on the

brought nine ships of lordly warriors from

lying under the earth.

shaggy mountain savages

Rhodes. These dwelt in

He had left a wife behind him in Phylace to tear

and drove them from Mt. Pelion to the Aithices.

Rhodes which is divided among the three cities of

her cheeks in sorrow,

But Polypoetes was

Lindus, Ielysus,

and his house was only half finished, for he was

not sole in command, for with him was Leonteus,

and Cameirus, that lies upon the chalk. These

slain by a Dardanian

of the race of Mars,

were commanded by Tlepolemus,

warrior while leaping foremost of the Achaeans

who was son of Coronus, the son of Caeneus. And

son of Hercules by Astyochea, whom he had

upon the soil of Troy.

with these there came

carried off from Ephyra,

Still, though his people mourned their chieftain,

forty ships.

on the river Selleis, after sacking many cities of

they were not without

valiant warriors.

a leader, for Podarces, of the race of Mars,

Guneus brought two and twenty ships from

When Tlepolemus grew up, he killed his father's

marshalled them; he was

Cyphus, and he was followed

uncle Licymnius, who

son of Iphiclus, rich in sheep, who was the son of

by the Enienes and the valiant Peraebi, who dwelt

had been a famous warrior in his time, but was

Phylacus, and he

about wintry Dodona,

then grown old. On

was own brother to Protesilaus, only younger,

and held the lands round the lovely river

this he built himself a fleet, gathered a great

Protesilaus being at

Titaresius, which sends

following, and fled

once the elder and the more valiant. So the people

its waters into the Peneus. They do not mingle

beyond the sea, for he was menaced by the other

were not without

with the silver eddies

sons and grandsons

a leader, though they mourned him whom they

of the Peneus, but flow on the top of them like oil;

of Hercules. After a voyage. during which he

had lost. With him there

for the Titaresius

suffered great hardship,

came forty ships.

is a branch of dread Orcus and of the river Styx.

three communities,

And those that held Pherae by the Boebean lake,

Of the Magnetes, Prothous son of Tenthredon was

according to their tribes, and were dearly loved

with Boebe, Glaphyrae,

commander. They were

by Jove, the lord,

and the populous city of Iolcus, these with their

they that dwelt about the river Peneus and Mt.

of gods and men; wherefore the son of Saturn

eleven ships were

Pelion. Prothous, fleet

showered down great riches

led by Eumelus, son of Admetus, whom Alcestis

of foot, was their leader, and with him there came

upon them.

bore to him, loveliest

forty ships.






those that held Asterius, and the white crests of

with the other peoples that dwelt in the hundred

he came to Rhodes, where the people divided into

of the daughters of Pelias.

Such were the chiefs and princes of the Danaans.

Thus she spoke, but Hector knew that it was the

Euphemus, son of Troezenus, the son of Ceos,

Who, then, O Muse,

goddess, and at once

was captain of the Ciconian

was the foremost, whether man or horse, among

broke up the assembly. The men flew to arms; all


those that followed

the gates were opened,

after the sons of Atreus?

and the people thronged through them, horse and

Pyraechmes led the Paeonian archers from distant

foot, with the tramp

Amydon, by the broad

as of a great multitude.

waters of the river Axius, the fairest that flow

Of the horses, those of the son of Pheres were by

far the finest.

upon the earth.

They were driven by Eumelus, and were as fleet

Now there is a high mound before the city, rising

as birds. They were

by itself upon the

The Paphlagonians were commanded by stout-

of the same age and colour, and perfectly matched

plain. Men call it Batieia, but the gods know that

hearted Pylaemanes from

in height. Apollo,

it is the tomb

Enetae, where the mules run wild in herds. These

of the silver bow, had bred them in Perea- both of

of lithe Myrine. Here the Trojans and their allies

were they that held

them mares, and

divided their forces.

Cytorus and the country round Sesamus, with the

terrible as Mars in battle. Of the men, Ajax, son of

cities by the river

Telamon, was

Priam's son, great Hector of the gleaming helmet,

much the foremost so long as Achilles' anger

commanded the Trojans,

Parthenius, Cromna, Aegialus, and lofty Erithini.

lasted, for Achilles

and with him were arrayed by far the greater

Odius and Epistrophus were captains over the

excelled him greatly and he had also better

number and most valiant

Halizoni from distant

horses; but Achilles was

of those who were longing for the fray.

Alybe, where there are mines of silver.

quarrel with Agamemnon,

The Dardanians were led by brave Aeneas, whom

Chromis, and Ennomus the augur, led the

and his people passed their time upon the sea

Venus bore to Anchises,

Mysians, but his skill in

shore, throwing discs

when she, goddess though she was, had lain with

augury availed not to save him from destruction,

or aiming with spears at a mark, and in archery.

him upon the mountain

for he fell by the

Their horses stood

slopes of Ida. He was not alone, for with him were

hand of the fleet descendant of Aeacus in the

each by his own chariot, champing lotus and wild

the two sons of

river, where he slew

celery. The chariots

Antenor, Archilochus and Acamas, both skilled in

others also of the Trojans.

were housed under cover, but their owners, for

all the arts of war.

now holding aloof at his ships by reason of his

lack of leadership,

Phorcys, again, and noble Ascanius led the

wandered hither and thither about the host and

They that dwelt in Telea under the lowest spurs of

Phrygians from the far

went not forth to fight.

Mt. Ida, men of

country of Ascania, and both were eager for the

substance, who drink the limpid waters of the


Thus marched the host like a consuming fire, and

Aesepus, and are of

the earth groaned

Trojan blood- these were led by Pandarus son of


beneath them when the lord of thunder is angry

Lycaon, whom Apollo

Meonians, sons of Talaemenes,

and lashes the land

had taught to use the bow.

born to him of the Gygaean lake. These led the

about Typhoeus among the Arimi, where they say





Meonians, who dwelt

Typhoeus lies. Even

They that held Adresteia and the land of Apaesus,

so did the earth groan beneath them as they sped

with Pityeia, and

over the plain.

the high mountain of Tereia- these were led by

Nastes led the Carians, men of a strange speech.

Adrestus and Amphius,

These held Miletus

And now Iris, fleet as the wind, was sent by Jove

whose breastplate was of linen. These were the

and the wooded mountain of Phthires, with the

to tell the bad

sons of Merops of Percote,

water of the river Maeander

news among the Trojans. They were gathered in

who excelled in all kinds of divination. He told

and the lofty crests of Mt. Mycale. These were

assembly, old and young,

them not to take

commanded by Nastes

at Priam's gates, and Iris came close up to Priam,

part in the war, but they gave him no heed, for

and Amphimachus, the brave sons of Nomion. He

speaking with the

fate lured them to

came into the fight

voice of Priam's son Polites, who, being fleet of


with gold about him, like a girl; fool that he was,

foot, was stationed

under Mt. Tmolus.

his gold was of

as watchman for the Trojans on the tomb of old

They that dwelt about Percote and Practius, with

no avail to save him, for he fell in the river by the

Aesyetes, to look out

Sestos, Abydos, and

hand of the

for any sally of the Achaeans. In his likeness Iris

Arisbe- these were led by Asius, son of Hyrtacus,

fleet descendant of Aeacus, and Achilles bore

spoke, saying,

a brave commander-

away his gold.

"Old man, you talk idly, as in time of peace, while

Asius, the son of Hyrtacus, whom his powerful

war is at hand.

dark bay steeds, of

Sarpedon and Glaucus led the Lycians from their

I have been in many a battle, but never yet saw

the breed that comes from the river Selleis, had

distant land, by the

such a host as is

brought from Arisbe.

eddying waters of the Xanthus.

attack the city as thick

Hippothous led the tribes of Pelasgian spearsmen,


as leaves or as the sands of the sea. Hector, I

who dwelt in fertile


charge you above all

Larissa- Hippothous, and Pylaeus of the race of

others, do as I say. There are many allies

Mars, two sons of

dispersed about the city

the Pelasgian Lethus, son of Teutamus.

now advancing. They are crossing the plain to

of Priam from distant places and speaking divers

When the companies were thus arrayed, each

tongues. Therefore,

Acamas and the warrior Peirous commanded the

under its own captain,

let each chief give orders to his own people,

Thracians and those that

the Trojans advanced as a flight of wild fowl or

setting them severally

came from beyond the mighty stream of the

cranes that scream

in array and leading them forth to battle."


overhead when rain and winter drive them over

the flowing waters of

Oceanus to bring death and destruction on the

manner of man he is whose wife you have stolen?

have suffered for my quarrel with Alexandrus

Pygmies, and they wrangle

Where indeed would

and the wrong he did

in the air as they fly; but the Achaeans marched

be your lyre and your love-tricks, your comely

me. Let him who shall die, die, and let the others

silently, in high

locks and your fair

fight no more.

heart, and minded to stand by one another.

favour, when you were lying in the dust before

Bring, then, two lambs, a white ram and a black

him? The Trojans are

ewe, for Earth and

As when the south wind spreads a curtain of mist

a weak-kneed people, or ere this you would have

Sun, and we will bring a third for Jove. Moreover,

upon the mountain

had a shirt of stones

you shall bid Priam

tops, bad for shepherds but better than night for

for the wrongs you have done them."

come, that he may swear to the covenant himself;

thieves, and a man

for his sons are

can see no further than he can throw a stone, even

And Alexandrus answered, "Hector, your rebuke

high-handed and ill to trust, and the oaths of Jove

so rose the dust

is just. You are hard

must not be transgressed

from under their feet as they made all speed over

as the axe which a shipwright wields at his work,

or taken in vain. Young men's minds are light as

the plain.

and cleaves the

air, but when an

timber to his liking. As the axe in his hand, so

old man comes he looks before and after, deeming

When they were close up with one another,

keen is the edge

that which shall

Alexandrus came forward

of your scorn. Still, taunt me not with the gifts

be fairest upon both sides."

as champion on the Trojan side. On his shoulders

that golden Venus

he bore the skin

has given me; they are precious; let not a man

The Trojans and Achaeans were glad when they

of a panther, his bow, and his sword, and he

disdain them, for the

heard this, for they

brandished two spears

gods give them where they are minded, and none

thought that they should now have rest. They

shod with bronze as a challenge to the bravest of

can have them for the

backed their chariots

the Achaeans to

asking. If you would have me do battle with

toward the ranks, got out of them, and put off

meet him in single fight. Menelaus saw him thus

Menelaus, bid the Trojans

their armour, laying

stride out before

and Achaeans take their seats, while he and I fight

it down upon the ground; and the hosts were near

the ranks, and was glad as a hungry lion that

in their midst

to one another with

lights on the carcase

for Helen and all her wealth. Let him who shall be

a little space between them. Hector sent two

of some goat or horned stag, and devours it there

victorious and

messengers to the city

and then, though

prove to be the better man take the woman and all

to bring the lambs and to bid Priam come, while

dogs and youths set upon him. Even thus was

she has, to bear

Agamemnon told Talthybius

Menelaus glad when his

them to his home, but let the rest swear to a

to fetch the other lamb from the ships, and he did

eyes caught sight of Alexandrus, for he deemed

solemn covenant of peace

as Agamemnon had

that now he should

whereby you Trojans shall stay here in Troy,


be revenged. He sprang, therefore, from his

while the others go home

chariot, clad in his suit

to Argos and the land of the Achaeans."

of armour.

Meanwhile Iris went to Helen in the form of her

sister-in-law, wife

When Hector heard this he was glad, and went

of the son of Antenor, for Helicaon, son of

Alexandrus quailed as he saw Menelaus come

about among the Trojan

Antenor, had married Laodice,

forward, and shrank in

ranks holding his spear by the middle to keep

the fairest of Priam's daughters. She found her in

fear of his life under cover of his men. As one who

them back, and they

her own room, working

starts back affrighted,

all sat down at his bidding: but the Achaeans still

at a great web of purple linen, on which she was

trembling and pale, when he comes suddenly

aimed at him with

embroidering the

upon a serpent in some

stones and arrows, till Agamemnon shouted to

battles between Trojans and Achaeans, that Mars

mountain glade, even so did Alexandrus plunge

them saying, "Hold, Argives,

had made them fight

into the throng of Trojan

shoot not, sons of the Achaeans; Hector desires to

for her sake. Iris then came close up to her and

warriors, terror-stricken at the sight of the son


said, "Come hither,


child, and see the strange doings of the Trojans

They ceased taking aim and were still, whereon

and Achaeans till

Then Hector upbraided him. "Paris," said he,

Hector spoke. "Hear

now they have been warring upon the plain, mad

"evil-hearted Paris,

from my mouth," said he, "Trojans and Achaeans,

with lust of battle,

fair to see, but woman-mad, and false of tongue,

the saying of Alexandrus,

but now they have left off fighting, and are

would that you had

through whom this quarrel has come about. He

leaning upon their shields,

never been born, or that you had died unwed.

bids the Trojans and

sitting still with their spears planted beside them.

Better so, than live

Achaeans lay their armour upon the ground,

Alexandrus and

to be disgraced and looked askance at. Will not

while he and Menelaus fight

Menelaus are going to fight about yourself, and

the Achaeans mock

in the midst of you for Helen and all her wealth.

you are to the the

at us and say that we have sent one to champion

Let him who shall

wife of him who is the victor."

us who is fair to

be victorious and prove to be the better man take

see but who has neither wit nor courage? Did you

the woman and all

Thus spoke the goddess, and Helen's heart

not, such as you

she has, to bear them to his own home, but let the

yearned after her former

are, get your following together and sail beyond

rest swear to a

husband, her city, and her parents. She threw a

the seas? Did you

solemn covenant of peace."

white mantle over

not from your a far country carry off a lovely

her head, and hurried from her room, weeping as

woman wedded among

Thus he spoke, and they all held their peace, till

she went, not alone,

a people of warriors- to bring sorrow upon your

Menelaus of the

but attended by two of her handmaids, Aethrae,

father, your city,

loud battle-cry addressed them. "And now," he

daughter of Pittheus,

and your whole country, but joy to your enemies,

said, "hear me too,

and Clymene. And straightway they were at the

and hang-dog shamefacedness

for it is I who am the most aggrieved. I deem that

Scaean gates.

to yourself? And now can you not dare face

the parting of

Menelaus and learn what

Achaeans and Trojans is at hand, as well it may

The two sages, Ucalegon and Antenor, elders of

be, seeing how much

the people, were seated

by the Scaean gates, with Priam, Panthous,

Thymoetes, Lampus, Clytius,

And Helen answered, "He is Ulysses, a man of

Meanwhile the heralds were bringing the holy

and Hiketaon of the race of Mars. These were too

great craft, son of Laertes.

oath-offerings through

old to fight, but

He was born in rugged Ithaca, and excels in all

the city- two lambs and a goatskin of wine, the

they were fluent orators, and sat on the tower like

manner of stratagems

gift of earth; and

cicales that chirrup

and subtle cunning."

Idaeus brought the mixing bowl and the cups of

delicately from the boughs of some high tree in a

gold. He went up to

wood. When they

On this Antenor said, "Madam, you have spoken

Priam and said, "Son of Laomedon, the princes of

saw Helen coming towards the tower, they said

truly. Ulysses once

the Trojans and Achaeans

softly to one another,

came here as envoy about yourself, and Menelaus

bid you come down on to the plain and swear to a

"Small wonder that Trojans and Achaeans should

with him. I received

solemn covenant.

endure so much and

them in my own house, and therefore know both

Alexandrus and Menelaus are to fight for Helen

so long, for the sake of a woman so marvellously

of them by sight and

in single combat, that

and divinely lovely.

conversation. When they stood up in presence of

she and all her wealth may go with him who is

Still, fair though she be, let them take her and go,

the assembled Trojans,

the victor. We are to

or she will breed

Menelaus was the broader shouldered, but when

swear to a solemn covenant of peace whereby we

sorrow for us and for our children after us."

both were seated Ulysses

others shall dwell

had the more royal presence. After a time they

here in Troy, while the Achaeans return to Argos

But Priam bade her draw nigh. "My child," said

delivered their message,

and the land of the

he, "take your seat

and the speech of Menelaus ran trippingly on the


in front of me that you may see your former

tongue; he did not

husband, your kinsmen

say much, for he was a man of few words, but he

The old man trembled as he heard, but bade his

and your friends. I lay no blame upon you, it is

spoke very clearly

followers yoke the

the gods, not you

and to the point, though he was the younger man

horses, and they made all haste to do so. He

who are to blame. It is they that have brought

of the two; Ulysses,

mounted the chariot,

about this terrible

on the other hand, when he rose to speak, was at

gathered the reins in his hand, and Antenor took

war with the Achaeans. Tell me, then, who is

first silent and

his seat beside him;

yonder huge hero so great

kept his eyes fixed upon the ground. There was

they then drove through the Scaean gates on to

and goodly? I have seen men taller by a head, but

no play nor graceful

the plain. When they

none so comely and

movement of his sceptre; he kept it straight and

reached the ranks of the Trojans and Achaeans

so royal. Surely he must be a king."

stiff like a man

they left the chariot,

unpractised in oratory- one might have taken him

and with measured pace advanced into the space

"Sir," answered Helen, "father of my husband,

for a mere churl

between the hosts.

dear and reverend in

or simpleton; but when he raised his voice, and

my eyes, would that I had chosen death rather

the words came driving

Agamemnon and Ulysses both rose to meet them.

than to have come here

from his deep chest like winter snow before the

The attendants brought

with your son, far from my bridal chamber, my

wind, then there was

on the oath-offerings and mixed the wine in the

friends, my darling

none to touch him, and no man thought further of

mixing-bowls; they

daughter, and all the companions of my girlhood.

what he looked like."

poured water over the hands of the chieftains,

But it was not to

and the son of Atreus

be, and my lot is one of tears and sorrow. As for

Priam then caught sight of Ajax and asked, "Who

drew the dagger that hung by his sword, and cut

your question, the

is that great and

wool from the lambs'

hero of whom you ask is Agamemnon, son of

goodly warrior whose head and broad shoulders

heads; this the men-servants gave about among

Atreus, a good king and

tower above the rest

the Trojan and Achaean

a brave soldier, brother-in-law as surely as that he

of the Argives?"

princes, and the son of Atreus lifted up his hands

lives, to my
abhorred and miserable self."

in prayer. "Father
"That," answered Helen, "is huge Ajax, bulwark of

Jove," he cried, "that rulest in Ida, most glorious in

the Achaeans, and

power, and

The old man marvelled at him and said, "Happy

on the other side of him, among the Cretans,

thou oh Sun, that seest and givest ear to all things,

son of Atreus, child

stands Idomeneus looking

Earth and Rivers,

of good fortune. I see that the Achaeans are

like a god, and with the captains of the Cretans

and ye who in the realms below chastise the soul

subject to you in great

round him. Often

of him that has broken

multitudes. When I was in Phrygia I saw much

did Menelaus receive him as a guest in our house

his oath, witness these rites and guard them, that

horsemen, the people

when he came visiting

they be not vain.

of Otreus and of Mygdon, who were camping

us from Crete. I see, moreover, many other

If Alexandrus kills Menelaus, let him keep Helen

upon the banks of the river

Achaeans whose names I

and all her wealth,

Sangarius; I was their ally, and with them when

could tell you, but there are two whom I can

while we sail home with our ships; but if

the Amazons, peers

nowhere find, Castor,

Menelaus kills Alexandrus,

of men, came up against them, but even they were

breaker of horses, and Pollux the mighty boxer;

let the Trojans give back Helen and all that she

not so many as the

they are children

has; let them moreover


of my mother, and own brothers to myself. Either

pay such fine to the Achaeans as shall be agreed

they have not left

upon, in testimony

The old man next looked upon Ulysses; "Tell me,"

Lacedaemon, or else, though they have brought

among those that shall be born hereafter. Aid if

he said, "who is

their ships, they will

Priam and his sons

that other, shorter by a head than Agamemnon,

not show themselves in battle for the shame and

refuse such fine when Alexandrus has fallen, then

but broader across the

disgrace that I have

will I stay here

chest and shoulders? His armour is laid upon the

brought upon them."

and fight on till I have got satisfaction."

in front of the ranks as it were some great woolly

She knew not that both these heroes were already

As he spoke he drew his knife across the throats

ram ordering his

lying under the earth

of the victims, and


in their own land of Lacedaemon.

ground, and he stalks

laid them down gasping and dying upon the

of aspect into the open space, and both Trojans

but rather that he was going to a dance, or had

ground, for the knife had

and Achaeans were

done dancing and was

reft them of their strength. Then they poured

struck with awe as they beheld them. They stood

sitting down."

wine from the mixing-bowl

near one another on

into the cups, and prayed to the everlasting gods,

the measured ground, brandishing their spears,

With these words she moved the heart of Helen to

saying, Trojans

and each furious against

anger. When she marked

and Achaeans among one another, "Jove, most

the other. Alexandrus aimed first, and struck the

the beautiful neck of the goddess, her lovely

great and glorious, and

round shield of

bosom, and sparkling

ye other everlasting gods, grant that the brains of

the son of Atreus, but the spear did not pierce it,

eyes, she marvelled at her and said, "Goddess,

them who shall

for the shield

why do you thus beguile

first sin against their oaths- of them and their

turned its point. Menelaus next took aim, praying

me? Are you going to send me afield still further

children- may be

to Father Jove as

to some man whom

shed upon the ground even as this wine, and let

he did so. "King Jove," he said, "grant me revenge

you have taken up in Phrygia or fair Meonia?

their wives become

on Alexandrus who

Menelaus has just vanquished

the slaves of strangers."

has wronged me; subdue him under my hand that

Alexandrus, and is to take my hateful self back

in ages yet to come

with him. You are

Thus they prayed, but not as yet would Jove grant

a man may shrink from doing ill deeds in the

come here to betray me. Go sit with Alexandrus

them their prayer.

house of his host."

yourself; henceforth

Then Priam, descendant of Dardanus, spoke,

be goddess no longer; never let your feet carry

saying, "Hear me, Trojans

He poised his spear as he spoke, and hurled it at

you back to Olympus;

and Achaeans, I will now go back to the wind-

the shield of Alexandrus.

worry about him and look after him till he make

beaten city of Ilius:

Through shield and cuirass it went, and tore the

you his wife, or,

I dare not with my own eyes witness this fight

shirt by his flank,

for the matter of that, his slave- but me? I shall not

between my son and

but Alexandrus swerved aside, and thus saved his

go; I can garnish

Menelaus, for Jove and the other immortals alone

life. Then the son

his bed no longer; I should be a by-word among

know which shall

of Atreus drew his sword, and drove at the

all the women of Troy.


projecting part of his

Besides, I have trouble on my mind."

helmet, but the sword fell shivered in three or

On this he laid the two lambs on his chariot and

four pieces from his

Venus was very angry, and said, "Bold hussy, do

took his seat. He

hand, and he cried, looking towards Heaven,

not provoke me; if

gathered the reins in his hand, and Antenor sat

"Father Jove, of all gods

you do, I shall leave you to your fate and hate you

beside him; the two

thou art the most despiteful; I made sure of my

as much as I have

then went back to Ilius. Hector and Ulysses

revenge, but the sword

loved you. I will stir up fierce hatred between

measured the ground, and

has broken in my hand, my spear has been hurled

Trojans and Achaeans,

cast lots from a helmet of bronze to see which

in vain, and I have

and you shall come to a bad end."

should take aim first.

not killed him."

Meanwhile the two hosts lifted up their hands

At this Helen was frightened. She wrapped her

and prayed saying, "Father

With this he flew at Alexandrus, caught him by

mantle about her and

Jove, that rulest from Ida, most glorious in power,

the horsehair plume

went in silence, following the goddess and

grant that he

of his helmet, and began dragging him towards

unnoticed by the Trojan

who first brought about this war between us may

the Achaeans. The strap


die, and enter the

of the helmet that went under his chin was

house of Hades, while we others remain at peace

choking him, and Menelaus

When they came to the house of Alexandrus the

and abide by our oaths."

would have dragged him off to his own great

maid-servants set about

glory had not Jove's daughter

their work, but Helen went into her own room,

Great Hector now turned his head aside while he

Venus been quick to mark and to break the strap

and the laughter-loving

shook the helmet,

of oxhide, so that

goddess took a seat and set it for her facing

and the lot of Paris flew out first. The others took

the empty helmet came away in his hand. This he

Alexandrus. On this

their several

flung to his comrades

Helen, daughter of aegis-bearing Jove, sat down,

stations, each by his horses and the place where

among the Achaeans, and was again springing

and with eyes askance

his arms were lying,

upon Alexandrus to run

began to upbraid her husband.

while Alexandrus, husband of lovely Helen, put

him through with a spear, but Venus snatched

on his goodly armour.

him up in a moment (as

"So you are come from the fight," said she; "would

First he greaved his legs with greaves of good

a god can do), hid him under a cloud of darkness,

that you had fallen

make and fitted with

and conveyed him

rather by the hand of that brave man who was my

ancle-clasps of silver; after this he donned the

to his own bedchamber.

husband. You used

cuirass of his brother

to brag that you were a better man with hands

Lycaon, and fitted it to his own body; he hung his

Then she went to call Helen, and found her on a

and spear than Menelaus.


high tower with the

go, but I then, an challenge him again- but I

sword of bronze about his shoulders, and then his

Trojan women crowding round her. She took the

should advise you not

mighty shield. On

form of an old woman

to do so, for if you are foolish enough to meet him

his comely head he set his helmet, well-wrought,

who used to dress wool for her when she was still

in single combat,

with a crest of horse-hair

in Lacedaemon, and

you will soon all by his spear."

that nodded menacingly above it, and he grasped

of whom she was very fond. Thus disguised she

a redoubtable spear

plucked her by perfumed

And Paris answered, "Wife, do not vex me with

that suited his hands. In like fashion Menelaus

robe and said, "Come hither; Alexandrus says you

your reproaches. This

also put on his armour.

are to go to the

time, with the help of Minerva, Menelaus has

house; he is on his bed in his own room, radiant

vanquished me; another

When they had thus armed, each amid his own

with beauty and dressed

time I may myself be victor, for I too have gods

people, they strode fierce

in gorgeous apparel. No one would think he had

that will stand by

just come from fighting,

me. Come, let us lie down together and make

could not contain herself. "Dread son of Saturn,"

from the topmost summits of Olympus. She shot

friends. Never yet was

said she, "what,

through the sky as some

I so passionately enamoured of you as at this

pray, is the meaning of all this? Is my trouble,

brilliant meteor which the son of scheming Saturn

moment- not even when

then, to go for nothing,

has sent as a sign

I first carried you off from Lacedaemon and sailed

and the sweat that I have sweated, to say nothing

to mariners or to some great army, and a fiery

away with you-

of my horses, while

train of light follows

not even when I had converse with you upon the

getting the people together against Priam and his

in its wake. The Trojans and Achaeans were

couch of love in the

children? Do as

struck with awe as they

island of Cranae was I so enthralled by desire of

you will, but we other gods shall not all of us

beheld, and one would turn to his neighbour,

you as now." On

approve your counsel."

saying, "Either we shall

this he led her towards the bed, and his wife went
with him.

again have war and din of combat, or Jove the

Jove was angry and answered, "My dear, what

lord of battle will

harm have Priam and his

now make peace between us."

Thus they laid themselves on the bed together;

sons done you that you are so hotly bent on

but the son of Atreus

sacking the city of Ilius?

Thus did they converse. Then Minerva took the

strode among the throng, looking everywhere for

Will nothing do for you but you must within their

form of Laodocus, son

Alexandrus, and no

walls and eat Priam

of Antenor, and went through the ranks of the

man, neither of the Trojans nor of the allies, could

raw, with his sons and all the other Trojans to

Trojans to find Pandarus,

find him. If

boot? Have it your

the redoubtable son of Lycaon. She found him

they had seen him they were in no mind to hide

own way then; for I would not have this matter

standing among the stalwart

him, for they all of

become a bone of contention

heroes who had followed him from the banks of

them hated him as they did death itself. Then

between us. I say further, and lay my saying to

the Aesopus, so she

Agamemnon, king of men,

your heart, if ever

went close up to him and said, "Brave son of

spoke, saying, "Hear me, Trojans, Dardanians,

I want to sack a city belonging to friends of yours,

Lycaon, will you do as

and allies. The victory

you must not

I tell you? If you dare send an arrow at Menelaus

has been with Menelaus; therefore give back

try to stop me; you will have to let me do it, for I

you will win honour

Helen with all her wealth,

am giving in

and thanks from all the Trojans, and especially

and pay such fine as shall be agreed upon, in

to you sorely against my will. Of all inhabited

from prince Alexandrus-

testimony among them

cities under the sun

he would be the first to requite you very

that shall be born hereafter."

and stars of heaven, there was none that I so

handsomely if he could see

much respected as Ilius

Menelaus mount his funeral pyre, slain by an

Thus spoke the son of Atreus, and the Achaeans

with Priam and his whole people. Equitable feasts

arrow from your hand.

shouted in applause.

were never wanting

Take your home aim then, and pray to Lycian

about my altar, nor the savour of burning fat,

Apollo, the famous archer;


which is honour due

vow that when you get home to your strong city


to ourselves."

of Zelea you will offer


"My own three favourite cities," answered Juno,

a hecatomb of firstling lambs in his honour."

"are Argos, Sparta,

His fool's heart was persuaded, and he took his

Now the gods were sitting with Jove in council

and Mycenae. Sack them whenever you may be

bow from its case.

upon the golden floor

displeased with them. I

This bow was made from the horns of a wild ibex

while Hebe went round pouring out nectar for

shall not defend them and I shall not care. Even if

which he had killed

them to drink, and as

I did, and tried

as it was bounding from a rock; he had stalked it,

they pledged one another in their cups of gold

to stay you, I should take nothing by it, for you

and it had fallen

they looked down upon

are much stronger

as the arrow struck it to the heart. Its horns were

the town of Troy. The son of Saturn then began to

than I am, but I will not have my own work

sixteen palms

tease Juno, talking

wasted. I too am a god

long, and a worker in horn had made them into a

at her so as to provoke her. "Menelaus," said he,

and of the same race with yourself. I am Saturn's

bow, smoothing them

"has two good friends

eldest daughter,

well down, and giving them tips of gold. When

among the goddesses, Juno of Argos, and

and am honourable not on this ground only, but

Pandarus had strung

Minerva of Alalcomene, but

also because I am your

his bow he laid it carefully on the ground, and his

they only sit still and look on, while Venus keeps

wife, and you are king over the gods. Let it be a

brave followers

ever by Alexandrus'

case, then, of give-and-take

held their shields before him lest the Achaeans

side to defend him in any danger; indeed she has

between us, and the rest of the gods will follow

should set upon him

just rescued him

our lead. Tell Minerva

before he had shot Menelaus. Then he opened the

when he made sure that it was all over with him-

to go and take part in the fight at once, and let her

lid of his quiver

for the victory really

contrive that

and took out a winged arrow that had yet been

did lie with Menelaus. We must consider what we

the Trojans shall be the first to break their oaths

shot, fraught with the

shall do about all

and set upon the

pangs of death. He laid the arrow on the string

this; shall we set them fighting anew or make


and prayed to Lycian

peace between them?

Apollo, the famous archer, vowing that when he

If you will agree to this last Menelaus can take

The sire of gods and men heeded her words, and

got home to his strong

back Helen and the

said to Minerva, "Go

city of Zelea he would offer a hecatomb of

city of Priam may remain still inhabited."

at once into the Trojan and Achaean hosts, and

firstling lambs in his

contrive that the Trojans

honour. He laid the notch of the arrow on the

Minerva and Juno muttered their discontent as

shall be the first to break their oaths and set upon

oxhide bowstring, and

they sat side by side

the Achaeans."

drew both notch and string to his breast till the

hatching mischief for the Trojans. Minerva

arrow-head was near

scowled at her father,

This was what Minerva was already eager to do,

the bow; then when the bow was arched into a

for she was in a furious passion with him, and

so down she darted

half-circle he let fly,

said nothing, but Juno

and the bow twanged, and the string sang as the

with his awful aegis in punishment of their

bronze-smiths had made; then, when he had seen

arrow flew gladly

present treachery. This

the wound, he wiped

on over the heads of the throng.

shall surely be; but how, Menelaus, shall I mourn

away the blood and applied some soothing drugs

you, if it be your

which Chiron had given

But the blessed gods did not forget thee, O

lot now to die? I should return to Argos as a by-

to Aesculapius out of the good will he bore him.

Menelaus, and Jove's daughter,

word, for the Achaeans

driver of the spoil, was the first to stand before

will at once go home. We shall leave Priam and

While they were thus busy about Menelaus, the

thee and ward off

the Trojans the glory

Trojans came forward

the piercing arrow. She turned it from his skin as

of still keeping Helen, and the earth will rot your

against them, for they had put on their armour,

a mother whisks

bones as you lie

and now renewed the

a fly from off her child when it is sleeping

here at Troy with your purpose not fulfilled. Then


sweetly; she guided it

shall some braggart

to the part where the golden buckles of the belt

Trojan leap upon your tomb and say, 'Ever thus

You would not have then found Agamemnon

that passed over

may Agamemnon wreak

asleep nor cowardly and unwilling

his double cuirass were fastened, so the arrow

his vengeance; he brought his army in vain; he is

to fight, but eager rather for the fray. He left his

struck the belt that

gone home to his

chariot rich

went tightly round him. It went right through this

own land with empty ships, and has left

with bronze and his panting steeds in charge of

and through the

Menelaus behind him.' Thus

Eurymedon, son of

cuirass of cunning workmanship; it also pierced

will one of them say, and may the earth then

Ptolemaeus the son of Peiraeus, and bade him

the belt beneath it,

swallow me."

hold them in readiness

which he wore next his skin to keep out darts or

against the time his limbs should weary of going

arrows; it was this

But Menelaus reassured him and said, "Take

about and giving

that served him in the best stead, nevertheless the

heart, and do not alarm

orders to so many, for he went among the ranks

arrow went through

the people; the arrow has not struck me in a

on foot. When he saw

it and grazed the top of the skin, so that blood

mortal part, for my outer

men hasting to the front he stood by them and

began flowing from

belt of burnished metal first stayed it, and under

cheered them on. "Argives,"

the wound.

this my cuirass

said he, "slacken not one whit in your onset;

and the belt of mail which the bronze-smiths

father Jove will be

made me."

no helper of liars; the Trojans have been the first

As when some woman of Meonia or Caria strains

purple dye on to a piece

to break their

of ivory that is to be the cheek-piece of a horse,

And Agamemnon





and is to be laid

Menelaus, that it may be even

oaths and to attack us; therefore they shall be

devoured of vultures;

up in a treasure house- many a knight is fain to

so, but the surgeon shall examine your wound

we shall take their city and carry off their wives

bear it, but the

and lay herbs upon it

and children in

king keeps it as an ornament of which both horse

to relieve your pain."

our ships."

proud- even so, O Menelaus, were your shapely

He then said to Talthybius, "Talthybius, tell

But he angrily rebuked those whom he saw

thighs and your legs

Machaon, son to the

shirking and disinclined

down to your fair ancles stained with blood.

great physician, Aesculapius, to come and see

to fight. "Argives," he cried, "cowardly miserable

Menelaus immediately.

creatures, have

When King Agamemnon saw the blood flowing

Some Trojan or Lycian archer has wounded him

you no shame to stand here like frightened fawns

from the wound he was afraid,

with an arrow to our

who, when they can

and so was brave Menelaus himself till he saw

dismay, and to his own great glory."

no longer scud over the plain, huddle together,

and driver may be

that the barbs of the

but show no fight?

arrow and the thread that bound the arrow-head

Talthybius did as he was told, and went about the

You are as dazed and spiritless as deer. Would

to the shaft were still

host trying to find

you wait till the Trojans

outside the wound. Then he took heart, but

Machaon. Presently he found standing amid the

reach the sterns of our ships as they lie on the

Agamemnon heaved a deep

brave warriors who had

shore, to see, whether

sigh as he held Menelaus's hand in his own, and

followed him from Tricca; thereon he went up to

the son of Saturn will hold his hand over you to

his comrades made

him and said, "Son

protect you?"

moan in concert. "Dear brother, "he cried, "I have

of Aesculapius, King Agamemnon says you are to

been the death

come and see Menelaus

Thus did he go about giving his orders among the

of you in pledging this covenant and letting you

immediately. Some Trojan or Lycian archer has

ranks. Passing through

come forward as our

wounded him with an

the crowd, he came presently on the Cretans,

champion. The Trojans have trampled on their

arrow to our dismay and to his own great glory."

arming round Idomeneus,

oaths and have wounded

who was at their head, fierce as a wild boar, while

you; nevertheless the oath, the blood of lambs, the

Thus did he speak, and Machaon was moved to

Meriones was bringing


go. They passed through


and the right hands of fellowship in which have

the spreading host of the Achaeans and went on

Agamemnon was glad when he

put our trust shall

till they came to the

saw him, and spoke him fairly. "Idomeneus," said

not be vain. If he that rules Olympus fulfil it not

place where Menelaus had been wounded and

he, "I treat you

here and now,

was lying with the chieftains

with greater distinction than I do any others of the

he. will yet fulfil it hereafter, and they shall pay

gathered in a circle round him. Machaon passed

Achaeans, whether

dearly with their

into the middle of

in war or in other things, or at table. When the

lives and with their wives and children. The day

the ring and at once drew the arrow from the belt,

princes are mixing

will surely come

bending its barbs

my choicest wines in the mixing-bowls, they have

when mighty Ilius shall be laid low, with Priam

back through the force with which he pulled it

each of them a fixed

and Priam's people,

out. He undid the burnished

allowance, but your cup is kept always full like

when the son of Saturn from his high throne shall

belt, and beneath this the cuirass and the belt of

my own, that you

overshadow them

mail which the

may drink whenever you are minded. Go,




therefore, into battle, and





show yourself the man you have been always

were as supple and your strength as sure as your

if any ill has now been spoken may the gods bring

proud to be."

judgment is; but

it to nothing."

age, the common enemy of mankind, has laid his

Idomeneus answered, "I will be a trusty comrade,

hand upon you; would

He then left them and went on to others.

as I promised you

that it had fallen upon some other, and that you

Presently he saw the son

from the first I would be. Urge on the other

were still young."

of Tydeus, noble Diomed, standing by his chariot

Achaeans, that we may

and horses, with

join battle at once, for the Trojans have trampled

And Nestor, knight of Gerene, answered, "Son of

Sthenelus the son of Capaneus beside him;

upon their covenants.

Atreus, I too would

whereon he began to upbraid

Death and destruction shall be theirs, seeing they

gladly be the man I was when I slew mighty

him. "Son of Tydeus," he said, "why stand you

have been the first

Ereuthalion; but the gods

cowering here upon the

to break their oaths and to attack us."

will not give us everything at one and the same

brink of battle? Tydeus did not shrink thus, but

time. I was then young,

was ever ahead of

The son of Atreus went on, glad at heart, till he

and now I am old; still I can go with my knights

his men when leading them on against the foe- so,

came upon the two

and give them that

at least, say they

Ajaxes arming themselves amid a host of foot-

counsel which old men have a right to give. The

that saw him in battle, for I never set eyes upon

soldiers. As when a goat-herd

wielding of the spear

him myself. They

from some high post watches a storm drive over

I leave to those who are younger and stronger

say that there was no man like him. He came once

the deep before the

than myself."

to Mycenae, not as

west wind- black as pitch is the offing and a

an enemy but as a guest, in company with

mighty whirlwind draws


towards him, so that he is afraid and drives his

presently found Menestheus,

forces, for they were levying war against the

flock into a cave-

son of Peteos, tarrying in his place, and with him

strong city of Thebes,

even thus did the ranks of stalwart youths move

were the Athenians

and prayed our people for a body of picked men

in a dark mass to

loud of tongue in battle. Near him also tarried

to help them. The men

battle under the Ajaxes, horrid with shield and

cunning Ulysses, with

of Mycenae were willing to let them have one, but

spear. Glad was King

his sturdy Cephallenians round him; they had not

Jove dissuaded them

Agamemnon when he saw them. "No need," he

yet heard the battle-cry,

by showing them unfavourable omens. Tydeus,

cried, "to give orders to

for the ranks of Trojans and Achaeans had only

therefore, and Polynices

such leaders of the Argives as you are, for of your

just begun to move,

went their way. When they had got as far the

own selves you

so they were standing still, waiting for some other

deep-meadowed and rush-grown

spur your men on to fight with might and main.

columns of the

banks of the Aesopus, the Achaeans sent Tydeus

Would, by father Jove,

Achaeans to attack the Trojans and begin the

as their envoy, and

Minerva, and Apollo that all were so minded as

fighting. When he saw

he found the Cadmeans gathered in great

you are, for the city

this Agamemnon rebuked them and said, "Son of

numbers to a banquet in the

of Priam would then soon fall beneath our hands,

Peteos, and you other,

house of Eteocles. Stranger though he was, he

and we should sack

steeped in cunning, heart of guile, why stand you

knew no fear on finding


here cowering and

himself single-handed among so many, but

waiting on others? You two should be of all men

challenged them to contests

With this he left them and went onward to

foremost when there

of all kinds, and in each one of them was at once

Nestor, the facile speaker

is hard fighting to be done, for you are ever

victorious, so mightily

of the Pylians, who was marshalling his men and

foremost to accept my

did Minerva help him. The Cadmeans were

urging them on, in

invitation when we councillors of the Achaeans

incensed at his success, and

are holding feast.

set a force of fifty youths with two captains- the

Haemon, and Bias shepherd

You are glad enough then to take your fill of roast

godlike hero Maeon,

of his people. He placed his knights with their

meats and to drink

son of Haemon, and Polyphontes, son of

chariots and horses

wine as long as you please, whereas now you

Autophonus- at their head,

in the front rank, while the foot-soldiers, brave

would not care though

to lie in wait for him on his return journey; but

men and many, whom

you saw ten columns of Achaeans engage the

Tydeus slew every

he could trust, were in the rear. The cowards he

enemy in front of you."

man of them, save only Maeon, whom he let go in











drove into the middle,

Polynices to recruit his

obedience to heaven's

that they might fight whether they would or no.

Ulysses glared at him and answered, "Son of

omens. Such was Tydeus of Aetolia. His son can

He gave his orders

Atreus, what are you talking

talk more glibly, but

to the knights first, bidding them hold their

about? How can you say that we are slack? When

he cannot fight as his father did."

horses well in hand,

the Achaeans are in

so as to avoid confusion. "Let no man," he said,

full fight with the Trojans, you shall see, if you

Diomed made no answer, for he was shamed by

"relying on his strength

care to do so,

the rebuke of Agamemnon;

or horsemanship, get before the others and

that the father of Telemachus will join battle with

but the son of Capaneus took up his words and

engage singly with the

the foremost of

said, "Son of Atreus,

Trojans, nor yet let him lag behind or you will

them. You are talking idly."

tell no lies, for you can speak truth if you will. We

weaken your attack;

boast ourselves

but let each when he meets an enemy's chariot

When Agamemnon saw that Ulysses was angry,

as even better men than our fathers; we took

throw his spear from

he smiled pleasantly at

seven-gated Thebes, though

his own; this be much the best; this is how the

him and withdrew his words. "Ulysses," said he,

the wall was stronger and our men were fewer in

men of old took towns

"noble son of Laertes,

number, for we trusted

and strongholds; in this wise were they minded."

excellent in all good counsel, I have neither fault

in the omens of the gods and in the help of Jove,

to find nor orders

whereas they perished

Thus did the old man charge them, for he had

to give you, for I know your heart is right, and

through their own sheer folly; hold not, then, our

been in many a fight,

that you and I are

fathers in like

and King Agamemnon was glad. "I wish," he said

of a mind. Enough; I will make you amends for

honour with us."

to him, that your limbs

what I have said, and

Diomed looked sternly at him and said, "Hold

and uproar of the hosts as they joined in battle.

your peace, my friend,

who had come to him from Abydos, where he

had charge of his father's

as I bid you. It is not amiss that Agamemnon

First Antilochus slew an armed warrior of the

mares. Ulysses, infuriated by the death of his

should urge the Achaeans

Trojans, Echepolus,

comrade, hit him with

forward, for the glory will be his if we take the

son of Thalysius, fighting in the foremost ranks.

his spear on one temple, and the bronze point

city, and his the

He struck at the

came through on the

shame if we are vanquished. Therefore let us

projecting part of his helmet and drove the spear

other side of his forehead. Thereon darkness

acquit ourselves with

into his brow; the

veiled his eyes, and


point of bronze pierced the bone, and darkness

his armour rang rattling round him as he fell

veiled his eyes; headlong

heavily to the ground.

As he spoke he sprang from his chariot, and his

as a tower he fell amid the press of the fight, and

Hector, and they that were in front, then gave

armour rang so fiercely

as he dropped

round while the Argives

about his body that even a brave man might well

King Elephenor, son of Chalcodon and captain of

raised a shout and drew off the dead, pressing

have been scared to

the proud Abantes

further forward as

hear it.

began dragging him out of reach of the darts that

they did so. But Apollo looked down from

were falling around

Pergamus and called aloud

As when some mighty wave that thunders on the

him, in haste to strip him of his armour. But his

to the Trojans, for he was displeased. "Trojans," he

beach when the west

purpose was not

cried, "rush

wind has lashed it into fury- it has reared its head

for long; Agenor saw him haling the body away,

on the foe, and do not let yourselves be thus

afar and now

and smote him in the

beaten by the Argives.

comes crashing down on the shore; it bows its

side with his bronze-shod spear- for as he stooped

Their skins are not stone nor iron that when hit

arching crest high over

his side was left

them you do them

the jagged rocks and spews its salt foam in all

unprotected by his shield- and thus he perished.

no harm. Moreover, Achilles, the son of lovely

directions- even so

Then the fight between

Thetis, is not fighting,

did the serried phalanxes of the Danaans march

Trojans and Achaeans grew furious over his

but is nursing his anger at the ships."

steadfastly to battle.

body, and they flew upon

The chiefs gave orders each to his own people,

each other like wolves, man and man crushing

Thus spoke the mighty god, crying to them from

but the men said never

one upon the other.

the city, while Jove's

a word; no man would think it, for huge as the

redoubtable daughter, the Trito-born, went about

host was, it seemed

Forthwith Ajax, son of Telamon, slew the fair

among the host of

as though there was not a tongue among them, so

youth Simoeisius, son

the Achaeans, and urged them forward whenever

silent were they in

of Anthemion, whom his mother bore by the

she beheld them slackening.

their obedience; and as they marched the armour

banks of the Simois, as

about their bodies

she was coming down from Mt. Ida, where she

Then fate fell upon Diores, son of Amarynceus,

glistened in the sun. But the clamour of the Trojan

had been with her parents

for he was struck by

ranks was as that

to see their flocks. Therefore he was named

a jagged stone near the ancle of his right leg. He

of many thousand ewes that stand waiting to be

Simoeisius, but he did

that hurled it

milked in the yards

not live to pay his parents for his rearing, for he

was Peirous, son of Imbrasus, captain of the

of some rich flockmaster, and bleat incessantly in

was cut off untimely

Thracians, who had come

answer to the bleating

by the spear of mighty Ajax, who struck him in

from Aenus; the bones and both the tendons were

of their lambs; for they had not one speech nor

the breast by the right

crushed by the pitiless

language, but their

nipple as he was coming on among the foremost

stone. He fell to the ground on his back, and in his

tongues were diverse, and they came from many

fighters; the spear

death throes

different places. These

went right through his shoulder, and he fell as a

stretched out his hands towards his comrades.

were inspired of Mars, but the others by Minerva-

poplar that has

But Peirous, who had

and with them came

grown straight and tall in a meadow by some

wounded him, sprang on him and thrust a spear

Panic, Rout, and Strife whose fury never tires,

mere, and its top is thick

into his belly, so that

sister and friend

with branches. Then the wheelwright lays his axe

his bowels came gushing out upon the ground,

of murderous Mars, who, from being at first but

to its roots that

and darkness veiled his

low in stature, grows

he may fashion a felloe for the wheel of some

eyes. As he was leaving the body, Thoas of

till she uprears her head to heaven, though her

goodly chariot, and

Aetolia struck him in the

feet are still on

it lies seasoning by the waterside. In such wise

chest near the nipple, and the point fixed itself in

earth. She it was that went about among them and

did Ajax fell to

his lungs. Thoas

flung down discord

earth Simoeisius, son of Anthemion. Thereon

came close up to him, pulled the spear out of his

to the waxing of sorrow with even hand between

Antiphus of the gleaming

chest, and then


corslet, son of Priam, hurled a spear at Ajax from

drawing his sword, smote him in the middle of

amid the crowd

the belly so that he

When they were got together in one place shield

and missed him, but he hit Leucus, the brave

died; but he did not strip him of his armour, for

clashed with shield

comrade of Ulysses, in

his Thracian comrades,

and spear with spear in the rage of battle. The

the groin, as he was dragging the body of

men who wear their hair in a tuft at the top of

bossed shields beat

Simoeisius over to the other

their heads, stood

one upon another, and there was a tramp as of a

side; so he fell upon the body and loosed his hold

round the body and kept him off with their long

great multitude- death-cry

upon it. Ulysses

spears for all his

and shout of triumph of slain and slayers, and the

was furious when he saw Leucus slain, and strode

great stature and valour; so he was driven back.

earth ran red with

in full armour through

Thus the two corpses

blood. As torrents swollen with rain course madly

the front ranks till he was quite close; then he

lay stretched on earth near to one another, the one

down their deep

glared round about

captain of the

channels till the angry floods meet in some gorge,

him and took aim, and the Trojans fell back as he

Thracians and the other of the Epeans; and many

and the shepherd

did so. His dart

another fell round

the hillside hears their roaring from afar- even

was not sped in vain, for it struck Democoon, the


such was the toil

bastard son of Priam,

And now no man would have made light of the

So saying, she drew Mars out of the battle, and set


fighting if he could have

him down upon

Hypsenor, the son of noble Dolopion,

gone about among it scatheless and unwounded,

the steep banks of the Scamander. Upon this the


with Minerva leading

Danaans drove the

Scamander, and was honoured

him by the hand, and protecting him from the

Trojans back, and each one of their chieftains

among the people as though he were a god.

storm of spears and arrows.

killed his man. First

Eurypylus gave him chase

For many Trojans and Achaeans on that day lay

King Agamemnon flung mighty Odius, captain of

as he was flying before him, smote him with his

stretched side by side

the Halizoni, from his

sword upon the arm,

face downwards upon the earth.

chariot. The spear of Agamemnon caught him on

and lopped his strong hand from off it. The

the broad of his back,

bloody hand fell to the


just as he was turning in flight; it struck him

ground, and the shades of death, with fate that no


between the shoulders

man can withstand,

and went right through his chest, and his armour

came over his eyes.











rang rattling round

him as he fell heavily to the ground.

Then Pallas Minerva put valour into the heart of

Thus furiously did the battle rage between them.

As for the son of

Diomed, son of Tydeus,

Then Idomeneus killed Phaesus, son of Borus the

Tydeus, you could not say whether he was more

that he might excel all the other Argives, and

Meonian, who had come

among the Achaeans or

cover himself with

from Varne. Mighty Idomeneus speared him on

the Trojans. He rushed across the plain like a

glory. She made a stream of fire flare from his

the right shoulder as

winter torrent that

shield and helmet

he was mounting his chariot, and the darkness of

has burst its barrier in full flood; no dykes, no

like the star that shines most brilliantly in summer

death enshrouded

walls of fruitful

after its bath

him as he fell heavily from the car.

vineyards can embank it when it is swollen with

in the waters of Oceanus- even such a fire did she

rain from heaven,

kindle upon his

The squires of Idomeneus spoiled him of his

but in a moment it comes tearing onward, and

head and shoulders as she bade him speed into

armour, while Menelaus,

lays many a field waste

the thickest hurly-burly

son of Atreus, killed Scamandrius the son of

that many a strong man hand has reclaimed- even

of the fight.

Strophius, a mighty huntsman

so were the dense

and keen lover of the chase. Diana herself had

phalanxes of the Trojans driven in rout by the son

Now there was a certain rich and honourable man

taught him how to kill

of Tydeus, and

among the Trojans,

every kind of wild creature that is bred in

many though they were, they dared not abide his

priest of Vulcan, and his name was Dares. He had

mountain forests, but


two sons, Phegeus

neither she nor his famed skill in archery could

and Idaeus, both of them skilled in all the arts of

now save him, for

Now when the son of Lycaon saw him scouring

war. These two

the spear of Menelaus struck him in the back as he

the plain and driving

came forward from the main body of Trojans, and

was flying; it

the Trojans pell-mell before him, he aimed an

set upon Diomed, he

struck him between the shoulders and went right

arrow and hit the front

being on foot, while they fought from their

through his chest,

part of his cuirass near the shoulder: the arrow

chariot. When they were

so that he fell headlong and his armour rang

went right through

close up to one another, Phegeus took aim first,

rattling round him.

the metal and pierced the flesh, so that the cuirass

but his spear went

was covered with

over Diomed's left shoulder without hitting him.

Meriones then killed Phereclus the son of Tecton,

blood. On this the son of Lycaon shouted in

Diomed then threw,

who was the son

triumph, "Knights Trojans,

and his spear sped not in vain, for it hit Phegeus

of Hermon, a man whose hand was skilled in all

come on; the bravest of the Achaeans is wounded,

on the breast near

manner of cunning workmanship,

and he will not hold

the nipple, and he fell from his chariot. Idaeus did

for Pallas Minerva had dearly loved him. He it

out much longer if King Apollo was indeed with

not dare to bestride

was that made the ships

me when I sped from

his brother's body, but sprang from the chariot

for Alexandrus, which were the beginning of all

Lycia hither."

and took to flight,

mischief, and brought

or he would have shared his brother's fate;

evil alike both on the Trojans and on Alexandrus

Thus did he vaunt; but his arrow had not killed

whereon Vulcan saved him

himself; for he heeded

Diomed, who withdrew

by wrapping him in a cloud of darkness, that his

not the decrees of heaven. Meriones overtook him

and made for the chariot and horses of Sthenelus,

old father might

as he was flying,

the son of Capaneus.

not be utterly overwhelmed with grief; but the

and struck him on the right buttock. The point of

"Dear son of Capaneus," said he, "come down

son of Tydeus drove

the spear went through

from your chariot, and

off with the horses, and bade his followers take

the bone into the bladder, and death came upon

draw the arrow out of my shoulder."

them to the ships.

him as he cried aloud

The Trojans were scared when they saw the two

and fell forward on his knees.

sons of Dares, one of

Sthenelus sprang from his chariot, and drew the

arrow from the wound,

them in fright and the other lying dead by his

Meges, moreover, slew Pedaeus, son of Antenor,

whereon the blood came spouting out through the

chariot. Minerva, therefore,

who, though he was

hole that had been

took Mars by the hand and said, "Mars, Mars,

a bastard, had been brought up by Theano as one

made in his shirt. Then Diomed prayed, saying,

bane of men, bloodstained

of her own children,

"Hear me, daughter

stormer of cities, may we not now leave the

for the love she bore her husband. The son of

of aegis-bearing Jove, unweariable, if ever you

Trojans and Achaeans to

Phyleus got close up

loved my father well

fight it out, and see to which of the two Jove will

to him and drove a spear into the nape of his

and stood by him in the thick of a fight, do the

vouchsafe the

neck: it went under

like now by me; grant

victory? Let us go away, and thus avoid his

his tongue all among his teeth, so he bit the cold

me to come within a spear's throw of that man


bronze, and fell

and kill him. He has

dead in the dust.

been too quick for me and has wounded me; and

now he is boasting that

I shall not see the light of the sun much longer."

Thus he prayed, and Pallas Minerva heard him;

and stripped the armour from their bodies. Then

made them still more furious. I did ill to take my

he gave their horses

bow down from its

to his comrades to take them back to the ships.

peg on the day I led my band of Trojans to Ilius in

she made his limbs supple

Hector's service,

and quickened his hands and his feet. Then she

When Aeneas saw him thus making havoc among

and if ever I get home again to set eyes on my

went up close to him

the ranks, he went through

native place, my wife,

and said, "Fear not, Diomed, to do battle with the

the fight amid the rain of spears to see if he could

and the greatness of my house, may some one cut

Trojans, for I

find Pandarus.

my head off then and

have set in your heart the spirit of your knightly

When he had found the brave son of Lycaon he

there if I do not break the bow and set it on a hot

father Tydeus.

said, "Pandarus, where

fire- such pranks

Moreover, I have withdrawn the veil from your

is now your bow, your winged arrows, and your

as it plays me."

eyes, that you know

renown as an archer,

gods and men apart. If, then, any other god comes

in respect of which no man here can rival you nor

Aeneas answered, "Say no more. Things will not

here and offers

is there any in

mend till we two go

you battle, do not fight him; but should Jove's

Lycia that can beat you? Lift then your hands to

against this man with chariot and horses and

daughter Venus come,

Jove and send an

bring him to a trial

strike her with your spear and wound her."

arrow at this fellow who is going so masterfully

of arms. Mount my chariot, and note how cleverly

about, and has done

the horses of Tros

When she had said this Minerva went away, and

such deadly work among the Trojans. He has

can speed hither and thither over the plain in

the son of Tydeus again

killed many a brave man-

pursuit or flight.

took his place among the foremost fighters, three

unless indeed he is some god who is angry with

If Jove again vouchsafes glory to the son of

times more fierce

the Trojans about their

Tydeus they will carry

even than he had been before. He was like a lion

sacrifices, and and has set his hand against them

us safely back to the city. Take hold, then, of the

that some mountain

in his displeasure."

whip and reins

shepherd has wounded, but not killed, as he is

while I stand upon the car to fight, or else do you

springing over the

And the son of Lycaon answered, "Aeneas, I take

wait this man's

wall of a sheep-yard to attack the sheep. The

him for none other

onset while I look after the horses."

shepherd has roused

than the son of Tydeus. I know him by his shield,

the brute to fury but cannot defend his flock, so

the visor of his

"Aeneas." replied the son of Lycaon, "take the

he takes shelter

helmet, and by his horses. It is possible that he

reins and drive; if

under cover of the buildings, while the sheep,

may be a god, but

we have to fly before the son of Tydeus the horses

panic-stricken on being

if he is the man I say he is, he is not making all

will go better

deserted, are smothered in heaps one on top of

this havoc without

for their own driver. If they miss the sound of

the other, and the

heaven's help, but has some god by his side who

your voice when they

angry lion leaps out over the sheep-yard wall.

is shrouded in a cloud

expect it they may be frightened, and refuse to

Even thus did Diomed

of darkness, and who turned my arrow aside

take us out of the

go furiously about among the Trojans.

when it had hit him. I

fight. The son of Tydeus will then kill both of us

have taken aim at him already and hit him on the

and take the horses.

He killed Astynous, and shepherd of his people,

right shoulder; my

Therefore drive them yourself and I will be ready

the one with a thrust

arrow went through the breastpiece of his cuirass;

for him with my

of his spear, which struck him above the nipple,

and I made sure


the other with a

I should send him hurrying to the world below,

sword- cut on the collar-bone, that severed his

but it seems that I

They then mounted the chariot and drove full-

shoulder from his

have not killed him. There must be a god who is

speed towards the son

neck and back. He let both of them lie, and went

angry with me. Moreover

of Tydeus. Sthenelus, son of Capaneus, saw them

in pursuit of Abas

I have neither horse nor chariot. In my father's

coming and said to

and Polyidus, sons of the old reader of dreams

stables there are

Diomed, "Diomed, son of Tydeus, man after my

Eurydamas: they never

eleven excellent chariots, fresh from the builder,

own heart, I see two

came back for him to read them any more dreams,

quite new, with

heroes speeding towards you, both of them men

for mighty Diomed

cloths spread over them; and by each of them

of might the one a skilful

made an end of them. He then gave chase to

there stand a pair of

archer, Pandarus son of Lycaon, the other,

Xanthus and Thoon, the

horses, champing barley and rye; my old father

Aeneas, whose sire is Anchises,

two sons of Phaenops, both of them very dear to

Lycaon urged me again

while his mother is Venus. Mount the chariot and

him, for he was now

and again when I was at home and on the point of

let us retreat. Do

worn out with age, and begat no more sons to

starting, to take

not, I pray you, press so furiously forward, or you

inherit his possessions.

chariots and horses with me that I might lead the

may get killed."

But Diomed took both their lives and left their

Trojans in battle,

father sorrowing bitterly,

but I would not listen to him; it would have been

Diomed looked angrily at him and answered:

for he nevermore saw them come home from

much better if I

"Talk not of flight, for

battle alive, and his kinsmen

had done so, but I was thinking about the horses,

I shall not listen to you: I am of a race that knows

divided his wealth among themselves.

which had been used

neither flight

to eat their fill, and I was afraid that in such a

nor fear, and my limbs are as yet unwearied. I am

great gathering

in no mind to mount,

Echemmon and Chromius, as they

of men they might be ill-fed, so I left them at

but will go against them even as I am; Pallas

were both in one chariot. He sprang upon them as

home and came on foot

Minerva bids me be afraid

a lion fastens on

to Ilius armed only with my bow and arrows.

of no man, and even though one of them escape,

the neck of some cow or heifer when the herd is

These it seems, are of

their steeds shall

feeding in a coppice.

no use, for I have already hit two chieftains, the

not take both back again. I say further, and lay my

For all their vain struggles he flung them both

sons of Atreus

saying to your

from their chariot

and of Tydeus, and though I drew blood surely

heart- if Minerva sees fit to vouchsafe me the

enough, I have only

glory of killing both,


he came upon two sons

of Priam,

stay your horses here and make the reins fast to

jagged edges tore away all the flesh. The hero fell

the rim of the chariot;

on his knees,

The goddess went dazed and discomfited away,

then be sure you spring Aeneas' horses and drive

and propped himself with his hand resting on the

and Iris, fleet as the

them from the Trojan

ground till the darkness

wind, drew her from the throng, in pain and with

to the Achaean ranks. They are of the stock that

of night fell upon his eyes. And now Aeneas, king

her fair skin all

great Jove gave to

of men, would have

besmirched. She found fierce Mars waiting on the

Tros in payment for his son Ganymede, and are

perished then and there, had not his mother,

left of the battle,

the finest that live

Jove's daughter Venus,

with his spear and his two fleet steeds resting on a

and move under the sun. King Anchises stole the

who had conceived him by Anchises when he was

cloud; whereon

blood by putting his

herding cattle, been

she fell on her knees before her brother and

mares to them without Laomedon's knowledge,

quick to mark, and thrown her two white arms

implored him to let her

and they bore him six

about the body of her

have his horses. "Dear brother," she cried, "save

foals. Four are still in his stables, but he gave the

dear son. She protected him by covering him with

me, and give me

other two to

a fold of her own

your horses to take me to Olympus where the

Aeneas. We shall win great glory if we can take

fair garment, lest some Danaan should drive a

gods dwell. I am badly


spear into his breast

wounded by a mortal, the son of Tydeus, who

and kill him.

would now fight even with

Thus did they converse, but the other two had

father Jove."

now driven close up

Thus, then, did she bear her dear son out of the

to them, and the son of Lycaon spoke first. "Great

fight. But the son

Thus she spoke, and Mars gave her his gold-

and mighty son,"

of Capaneus was not unmindful of the orders that

bedizened steeds. She mounted

said he, "of noble Tydeus, my arrow failed to lay

Diomed had given

the chariot sick and sorry at heart, while Iris sat

you low, so I will

him. He made his own horses fast, away from the

beside her and

now try with my spear."

hurly-burly, by binding

took the reins in her hand. She lashed her horses

the reins to the rim of the chariot. Then he sprang

on and they flew

He poised his spear as he spoke and hurled it

upon Aeneas's

forward nothing loth, till in a trice they were at

from him. It struck

horses and drove them from the Trojan to the

high Olympus, where

the shield of the son of Tydeus; the bronze point

Achaean ranks. When he

the gods have their dwelling. There she stayed

pierced it and passed

had so done he gave them over to his chosen

them, unloosed them

on till it reached the breastplate. Thereon the son

comrade Deipylus, whom

from the chariot, and gave them their ambrosial

of Lycaon shouted

he valued above all others as the one who was

forage; but Venus

out and said, "You are hit clean through the belly;

most like-minded with

flung herself on to the lap of her mother Dione,

you will not stand

himself, to take them on to the ships. He then

who threw her arms

out for long, and the glory of the fight is mine."

remounted his own chariot,

about her and caressed her, saying, "Which of the

seized the reins, and drove with all speed in

heavenly beings

But Diomed all undismayed made answer, "You

search of the son of

has been treating you in this way, as though you

have missed, not hit,


had been doing something

and before you two see the end of this matter one

wrong in the face of day?"

or other of you

Now the son of Tydeus was in pursuit of the

shall glut tough-shielded Mars with his blood."

Cyprian goddess, spear

And laughter-loving Venus answered, "Proud

in hand, for he knew her to be feeble and not one

Diomed, the son of Tydeus,

With this he hurled his spear, and Minerva

of those goddesses

wounded me because I was bearing my dear son

guided it on to Pandarus's

that can lord it among men in battle like Minerva

Aeneas, whom I love best

nose near the eye. It went crashing in among his

or Enyo the waster

of all mankind, out of the fight. The war is no

white teeth; the

of cities, and when at last after a long chase he

longer one between

bronze point cut through the root of his to tongue,

caught her up, he

Trojans and Achaeans, for the Danaans have now

coming out under

flew at her and thrust his spear into the flesh of

taken to fighting with

his chin, and his glistening armour rang rattling

her delicate hand.

the immortals."

round him as he

The point tore through the ambrosial robe which

fell heavily to the ground. The horses started

the Graces had woven

"Bear it, my child," replied Dione, "and make the

aside for fear, and

for her, and pierced the skin between her wrist

best of it. We dwellers

he was reft of life and strength.

and the palm of her

in Olympus have to put up with much at the

hand, so that the immortal blood, or ichor, that

hands of men, and we lay

Aeneas sprang from his chariot armed with shield

flows in the veins

much suffering on one another. Mars had to

and spear, fearing

of the blessed gods, came pouring from the

suffer when Otus and Ephialtes,

lest the Achaeans should carry off the body. He

wound; for the gods do

children of Aloeus, bound him in cruel bonds, so

bestrode it as a lion

not eat bread nor drink wine, hence they have no

that he lay thirteen

in the pride of strength, with shield and on spear

blood such as ours,

months imprisoned in a vessel of bronze. Mars

before him and

and are immortal. Venus screamed aloud, and let

would have then perished

a cry of battle on his lips resolute to kill the first

her son fall, but

had not fair Eeriboea, stepmother to the sons of

that should

Phoebus Apollo caught him in his arms, and hid

Aloeus, told Mercury,

dare face him. But the son of Tydeus caught up a

him in a cloud of darkness,

who stole him away when he was already well-

mighty stone, so

lest some Danaan should drive a spear into his

nigh worn out by the severity

huge and great that as men now are it would take

breast and kill him;

of his bondage. Juno, again, suffered when the

two to lift it; nevertheless

and Diomed shouted out as he left her, "Daughter

mighty son of Amphitryon

he bore it aloft with ease unaided, and with this

of Jove, leave war

wounded her on the right breast with a three-

he struck Aeneas

and battle alone, can you not be contented with

barbed arrow, and nothing

on the groin where the hip turns in the joint that

beguiling silly women?

could assuage her pain. So, also, did huge Hades,

is called the "cup-bone."

If you meddle with fighting you will get what will

when this same man,

The stone crushed this joint, and broke both the

make you shudder

the son of aegis-bearing Jove, hit him with an

sinews, while its

at the very name of war."

arrow even at the gates

of hell, and hurt him badly. Thereon Hades went

The son of Tydeus then gave way for a little

day, and beseech the captains of your allies to

to the house of Jove

space, to avoid the anger

hold on without flinching,

on great Olympus, angry and full of pain; and the

of the god, while Apollo took Aeneas out of the

and thus put away their reproaches from you."

arrow in his brawny

crowd and set him

shoulder caused him great anguish till Paeeon

in sacred Pergamus, where his temple stood.

So spoke Sarpedon, and Hector smarted under his

healed him by spreading

There, within the mighty

words. He sprang from

soothing herbs on the wound, for Hades was not

sanctuary, Latona and Diana healed him and

his chariot clad in his suit of armour, and went

of mortal mould. Daring,

made him glorious to behold,

about among the host

head-strong, evildoer who recked not of his sin in

while Apollo of the silver bow fashioned a wraith

brandishing his two spears, exhorting the men to

shooting the gods

in the likeness

fight and raising

that dwell in Olympus. And now Minerva has

of Aeneas, and armed as he was. Round this the

the terrible cry of battle. Then they rallied and

egged this son of Tydeus

Trojans and Achaeans

again faced the

on against yourself, fool that he is for not

hacked at the bucklers about one another's

Achaeans, but the Argives stood compact and

reflecting that no man

breasts, hewing each other's

firm, and were not driven

who fights with gods will live long or hear his

round shields and light hide-covered targets.

back. As the breezes sport with the chaff upon

children prattling

Then Phoebus Apollo

some goodly threshing-floor,

about his knees when he returns from battle. Let,

said to Mars, "Mars, Mars, bane of men, blood-

when men are winnowing- while yellow Ceres

then, the son of

stained stormer of cities,

blows with the wind to

Tydeus see that he does not have to fight with one

can you not go to this man, the son of Tydeus,

sift the chaff from the grain, and the chaff- heaps

who is stronger

who would now fight

grow whiter and

than you are. Then shall his brave wife Aegialeia,

even with father Jove, and draw him out of the

whiter- even so did the Achaeans whiten in the

daughter of Adrestus,

battle? He first went

dust which the horses'

rouse her whole house from sleep, wailing for the

up to the Cyprian and wounded her in the hand

hoofs raised to the firmament of heaven, as their

loss of her wedded

near her wrist, and

drivers turned them

lord, Diomed the bravest of the Achaeans."

afterwards sprang upon me too, as though he

back to battle, and they bore down with might

were a god."

upon the foe. Fierce

So saying, she wiped the ichor from the wrist of

Mars, to help the Trojans, covered them in a veil

her daughter with

He then took his seat on the top of Pergamus,

of darkness, and

both hands, whereon the pain left her, and her

while murderous Mars

went about everywhere among them, inasmuch

hand was healed. But

went about among the ranks of the Trojans,

as Phoebus Apollo had told

Minerva and Juno, who were looking on, began to

cheering them on, in the

him that when he saw Pallas, Minerva leave the

taunt Jove with their

likeness of fleet Acamas chief of the Thracians.

fray he was to put

mocking talk, and Minerva was first to speak.

"Sons of Priam,"

courage into the hearts of the Trojans- for it was

"Father Jove," said

said he, "how long will you let your people be

she who was helping

she, "do not be angry with me, but I think the

thus slaughtered by

the Danaans. Then Apollo sent Aeneas forth from

Cyprian must have been

the Achaeans? Would you wait till they are at the

his rich sanctuary,

persuading some one of the Achaean women to

walls of Troy? Aeneas

and filled his heart with valour, whereon he took

go with the Trojans of

the son of Anchises has fallen, he whom we held

his place among

whom she is so very fond, and while caressing

in as high honour

his comrades, who were overjoyed at seeing him

one or other of them

as Hector himself. Help me, then, to rescue our

alive, sound, and of

she must have torn her delicate hand with the

brave comrade from

a good courage; but they could not ask him how it

gold pin of the woman's

the stress of the fight."

had all happened,


for they were too busy with the turmoil raised by

With these words he put heart and soul into them

Mars and by Strife,

The sire of gods and men smiled, and called

all. Then Sarpedon

who raged insatiably in their midst.

golden Venus to his side.

rebuked Hector very sternly. "Hector," said he,

"My child," said he, "it has not been given you to

"where is your prowess

The two Ajaxes, Ulysses and Diomed, cheered the

be a warrior. Attend,

now? You used to say that though you had

Danaans on, fearless

henceforth, to your own delightful matrimonial

neither people nor allies

of the fury and onset of the Trojans. They stood as

duties, and leave all

you could hold the town alone with your brothers

still as clouds

this fighting to Mars and to Minerva."

and brothers-in-law.

which the son of Saturn has spread upon the

I see not one of them here; they cower as hounds

mountain tops when there

Thus did they converse. But Diomed sprang upon

before a lion; it

is no air and fierce Boreas sleeps with the other

Aeneas, though he knew

is we, your allies, who bear the brunt of the battle.

boisterous winds

him to be in the very arms of Apollo. Not one

I have come

whose shrill blasts scatter the clouds in all

whit did he fear the

from afar, even from Lycia and the banks of the

directions- even so

mighty god, so set was he on killing Aeneas and

river Xanthus, where

did the Danaans stand firm and unflinching

stripping him of his

I have left my wife, my infant son, and much

against the Trojans. The

armour. Thrice did he spring forward with might

wealth to tempt whoever

son of Atreus went about among them and

and main to slay him,

is needy; nevertheless, I head my Lycian soldiers

exhorted them. "My friends,"

and thrice did Apollo beat back his gleaming

and stand my ground

said he, "quit yourselves like brave men, and shun

shield. When he was coming

against any who would fight me though I have

dishonour in one

on for the fourth time, as though he were a god,

nothing here for the

another's eyes amid the stress of battle. They that

Apollo shouted to

Achaeans to plunder, while you look on, without

shun dishonour

him with an awful voice and said, "Take heed, son

even bidding your

more often live than get killed, but they that fly

of Tydeus, and draw

men stand firm in defence of their wives. See that

save neither life

off; think not to match yourself against gods, for

you fall not into

nor name."

men that walk the

the hands of your foes as men caught in the

earth cannot hold their own with the immortals."

meshes of a net, and they

As he spoke he hurled his spear and hit one of

sack your fair city forthwith. Keep this before

those who were in the

your mind night and

front rank, the comrade of Aeneas, Deicoon son of

who was turning his horses in flight. He hit him

their spears, so that he dared not stay; great, brave

Pergasus, whom the

with a stone upon

and valiant

Trojans held in no less honour than the sons of

the elbow, and the reins, enriched with white

though he was, they drove him from them and he

Priam, for he was

ivory, fell from his

was beaten back.

ever quick to place himself among the foremost.

hands into the dust. Antilochus rushed towards

The spear of King

him and struck him

Thus, then, did the battle rage between them.

Agamemnon struck his shield and went right

on the temples with his sword, whereon he fell

Presently the strong

through it, for the shield

head first from the

hand of fate impelled Tlepolemus, the son of

stayed it not. It drove through his belt into the

chariot to the ground. There he stood for a while

Hercules, a man both

lower part of his

with his head and

brave and of great stature, to fight Sarpedon; so

belly, and his armour rang rattling round him as

shoulders buried deep in the dust- for he had

the two, son and

he fell heavily to

fallen on sandy soil

grandson of great Jove, drew near to one another,

the ground.

till his horses kicked him and laid him flat on the

and Tlepolemus spoke

ground, as Antilochus

first. "Sarpedon," said he, "councillor of the

Then Aeneas killed two champions of the

lashed them and drove them off to the host of the

Lycians, why should

Danaans, Crethon and Orsilochus.


you come skulking here you who are a man of

Their father was a rich man who lived in the

peace? They lie who call

strong city of Phere

But Hector marked them from across the ranks,

you son of aegis-bearing Jove, for you are little

and was descended from the river Alpheus,

and with a loud cry

like those who were

whose broad stream flows

rushed towards them, followed by the strong

of old his children. Far other was Hercules, my

through the land of the Pylians. The river begat

battalions of the Trojans.

own brave and lion-hearted

Orsilochus, who ruled

Mars and dread Enyo led them on, she fraught

father, who came here for the horses of

over much people and was father to Diocles, who

with ruthless turmoil

Laomedon, and though he had

in his turn begat

of battle, while Mars wielded a monstrous spear,

six ships only, and few men to follow him, sacked

twin sons, Crethon and Orsilochus, well skilled in

and went about, now

the city of Ilius

all the arts of

in front of Hector and now behind him.

and made a wilderness of her highways. You are

war. These, when they grew up, went to Ilius with

a coward, and your

the Argive fleet

Diomed shook with passion as he saw them. As a

people are falling from you. For all your strength,

in the cause of Menelaus and Agamemnon sons of

man crossing a wide

and all your coming

Atreus, and there they

plain is dismayed to find himself on the brink of

from Lycia, you will be no help to the Trojans but

both of them fell. As two lions whom their dam

some great river

will pass the gates

has reared in the depths

rolling swiftly to the sea- he sees its boiling waters

of Hades vanquished by my hand."

of some mountain forest to plunder homesteads

and starts

and carry off sheep

back in fear- even so did the son of Tydeus give

And Sarpedon, captain of the Lycians, answered,

and cattle till they get killed by the hand of man,

ground. Then he said

"Tlepolemus, your

so were these

to his men, "My friends, how can we wonder that

father overthrew Ilius by reason of Laomedon's

two vanquished by Aeneas, and fell like high

Hector wields the

folly in refusing payment

pine-trees to the ground.

spear so well? Some god is ever by his side to

to one who had served him well. He would not

protect him, and now

give your father the

Brave Menelaus pitied them in their fall, and

Mars is with him in the likeness of mortal man.

horses which he had come so far to fetch. As for

made his way to the

Keep your faces therefore

yourself, you shall

front, clad in gleaming bronze and brandishing

towards the Trojans, but give ground backwards,

meet death by my spear. You shall yield glory to

his spear, for Mars

for we dare not fight

myself, and your

egged him on to do so with intent that he should

with gods."

soul to Hades of the noble steeds."

but Antilochus the son of Nestor saw him and

As he spoke the Trojans drew close up, and

Thus spoke Sarpedon, and Tlepolemus upraised

sprang forward, fearing

Hector killed two men,

his spear. They threw

that the king might come to harm and thus bring

both in one chariot, Menesthes and Anchialus,

at the same moment, and Sarpedon struck his foe

all their labour to

heroes well versed in

in the middle of his

nothing; when, therefore Aeneas and Menelaus

war. Ajax son of Telamon pitied them in their fall;

throat; the spear went right through, and the

were setting their hands

he came close

darkness of death fell

and spears against one another eager to do battle,

up and hurled his spear, hitting Amphius the son


Antilochus placed

of Selagus, a man

Sarpedon on the left thigh

himself by the side of Menelaus. Aeneas, bold

of great wealth who lived in Paesus and owned

with such force that it tore through the flesh and

though he was, drew

much corn-growing land,

grazed the bone,

back on seeing the two heroes side by side in front

but his lot had led him to come to the aid of Priam

but his father as yet warded off destruction from

of him, so they

and his sons.


drew the bodies of Crethon and Orsilochus to the

Ajax struck him in the belt; the spear pierced the

ranks of the Achaeans

lower part of his

His comrades bore Sarpedon out of the fight, in

and committed the two poor fellows into the

belly, and he fell heavily to the ground. Then Ajax

great pain by the

hands of their comrades.

ran towards him

weight of the spear that was dragging from his

They then turned back and fought in the front

to strip him of his armour, but the Trojans rained

wound. They were in


spears upon him,

such haste and stress as they bore him that no one

many of which fell upon his shield. He planted

thought of drawing

They killed Pylaemenes peer of Mars, leader of

his heel upon the body

the spear from his thigh so as to let him walk

the Paphlagonian warriors.

and drew out his spear, but the darts pressed so

uprightly. Meanwhile

Menelaus struck him on the collar-bone as he was

heavily upon him

the Achaeans carried off the body of Tlepolemus,

standing on his chariot,

that he could not strip the goodly armour from

whereon Ulysses was

while Antilochus hit his charioteer and squire

his shoulders. The

moved to pity, and panted for the fray as he

Mydon, the son of Atymnius,

Trojan chieftains, moreover, many and valiant,

beheld them. He doubted

be killed by Aeneas;

came about him with






whether to pursue the son of Jove, or to make

with all speed fitted on the eight-spoked wheels

slaughter of the Lycian

of bronze that were

rank and file; it was not decreed, however, that he

on either side of the iron axle-tree. The felloes of

Juno did as he had said. She lashed her horses,

should slay the

the wheels were

and they flew forward

son of Jove; Minerva, therefore, turned him

of gold, imperishable, and over these there was a

nothing loth midway betwixt earth and sky. As

against the main body

tire of bronze,

far as a man can see

of the Lycians. He killed Coeranus, Alastor,

wondrous to behold. The naves of the wheels

when he looks out upon the sea from some high

Chromius, Alcandrus,

were silver, turning round

beacon, so far can the

Halius, Noemon, and Prytanis, and would have

the axle upon either side. The car itself was made

loud-neighing horses of the gods spring at a

slain yet more, had not

with plaited bands

single bound. When they

great Hector marked him, and sped to the front of

of gold and silver, and it had a double top-rail

reached Troy and the place where its two flowing

the fight clad in

running all round

streams Simois and

his suit of mail, filling the Danaans with terror.

it. From the body of the car there went a pole of

Scamander meet, there Juno stayed them and took

Sarpedon was glad

silver, on to the

them from the chariot.

when he saw him coming, and besought him,

end of which she bound the golden yoke, with the

She hid them in a thick cloud, and Simois made

saying, "Son of Priam, let

bands of gold that

ambrosia spring up

me not he here to fall into the hands of the

were to go under the necks of the horses Then

for them to eat; the two goddesses then went on,

Danaans. Help me, and

Juno put her steeds

flying like turtledoves

since I may not return home to gladden the hearts

under the yoke, eager for battle and the war-cry.

in their eagerness to help the Argives. When they

of my wife and of

often than any one else does."

came to the part

my infant son, let me die within the walls of your

Meanwhile Minerva flung her richly embroidered

where the bravest and most in number were


vesture, made with

gathered about mighty Diomed,

her own hands, on to her father's threshold, and

fighting like lions or wild boars of great strength

Hector made him no answer, but rushed onward

donned the shirt

and endurance,

to fall at once upon

of Jove, arming herself for battle. She threw her

there Juno stood still and raised a shout like that

the Achaeans and. kill many among them. His

tasselled aegis

of brazen-voiced

comrades then bore Sarpedon

about. her shoulders, wreathed round with Rout

Stentor, whose cry was as loud as that of fifty men

away and laid him beneath Jove's spreading oak

as with a fringe, and

together. "Argives,"

tree. Pelagon, his

on it were Strife, and Strength, and Panic whose

she cried; "shame on cowardly creatures, brave in

friend and comrade drew the spear out of his

blood runs cold;

semblance only;

thigh, but Sarpedon fainted

moreover there was the head of the dread

as long as Achilles was fighting, fi his spear was

and a mist came over his eyes. Presently he came

monster Gorgon,, grim and

so deadly that

to himself again,

awful to behold, portent of aegis-bearing Jove. On

the Trojans dared not show themselves outside

for the breath of the north wind as it played upon

her head she set

the Dardanian gates,

him gave him new

her helmet of gold, with four plumes, and coming

but now they sally far from the city and fight even

life, and brought him out of the deep swoon into

to a peak both in

at your ships."

which he had fallen.

front and behind- decked with the emblems of a

hundred cities; then

With these words she put heart and soul into

Meanwhile the Argives were neither driven

she stepped into her flaming chariot and grasped

them all, while Minerva

towards their ships by Mars

the spear, so stout

sprang to the side of the son of Tydeus, whom she

and Hector, nor yet did they attack them; when

and sturdy and strong, with which she quells the

found near his chariot

they knew that Mars

ranks of heroes who

and horses, cooling the wound that Pandarus had

was with the Trojans they retreated, but kept their

have displeased her. Juno lashed the horses on,

given him. For the

faces still turned

and the gates of heaven

sweat caused by the hand that bore the weight of

towards the foe. Who, then, was first and who last

bellowed as they flew open of their own accord -

his shield irritated

to be slain by

gates over which the

the hurt: his arm was weary with pain, and he

Mars and Hector? They were valiant Teuthras,

flours preside, in whose hands are Heaven and

was lifting up the strap

and Orestes the renowned

Olympus, either to open

to wipe away the blood. The goddess laid her

the dense cloud that hides them, or to close it.

hand on the yoke of his

Oenomaus, Helenus the son

Through these the

horses and said, "The son of Tydeus is not such

of Oenops, and Oresbius of the gleaming girdle,

goddesses drove their obedient steeds, and found

another as his father.

who was possessed

the son of Saturn

Tydeus was a little man, but he could fight, and

of great wealth, and dwelt by the Cephisian lake

sitting all alone on the topmost ridges of

rushed madly into

with the other Boeotians

Olympus. There Juno stayed

the fray even when I told him not to do so. When

who lived near him, owners of a fertile country.

her horses, and spoke to Jove the son of Saturn,

he went all unattended

lord of all. "Father

as envoy to the city of Thebes among the

Now when the goddess Juno saw the Argives

Jove," said she, "are you not angry with Mars for

Cadmeans, I bade him feast

thus falling, she said to

these high doings?

in their houses and be at peace; but with that high

Minerva, "Alas, daughter of aegis-bearing Jove,

how great and goodly a host of the Achaeans he

spirit which was

unweariable, the promise

has destroyed to my

ever present with him, he challenged the youth of

we made Menelaus that he should not return till

great grief, and without either right or reason,

the Cadmeans, and

he had sacked the

while the Cyprian

at once beat them in all that he attempted, so

city of Ilius will be of none effect if we let Mars

and Apollo are enjoying it all at their ease and

mightily did I help

rage thus furiously.

setting this unrighteous

him. I stand by you too to protect you, and I bid

Let us go into the fray at once."

madman on to do further mischief. I hope, Father

you be instant in

Jove, that you will

fighting the Trojans; but either you are tired out,

Minerva did not gainsay her. Thereon the august

not be angry if I hit Mars hard, and chase him out

or you are afraid

goddess, daughter

of the battle."

and out of heart, and in that case I say that you






of great Saturn, began to harness her goldbedizened steeds. Hebe

are no true son

And Jove answered, "Set Minerva on to him, for
she punishes him more

of Tydeus the son of Oeneus."


so did Diomed son of Tydeus see Mars ascend


daughter of aegis-bearing Jove,






into the broad heavens.


and will hide nothing from you. I am not afraid

With all speed he reached high Olympus, home of

nor out of heart,

the gods, and in great

nor is there any slackness in me. I am only

pain sat down beside Jove the son of Saturn. He

following your own instructions;

showed Jove the immortal

The fight between Trojans and Achaeans was now

you told me not to fight any of the blessed gods;

blood that was flowing from his wound, and

left to rage as it

but if Jove's daughter

spoke piteously, saying,

would, and the tide of war surged hither and

Venus came into battle I was to wound her with

"Father Jove, are you not angered by such doings?

thither over the plain

my spear. Therefore

We gods are continually

as they aimed their bronze-shod spears at one

I am retreating, and bidding the other Argives

suffering in the most cruel manner at one

another between the

gather in this place,

another's hands while helping

streams of Simois and Xanthus.

for I know that Mars is now lording it in the

mortals; and we all owe you a grudge for having


begotten that mad




First, Ajax son of Telamon, tower of strength to





the Achaeans, broke

"Diomed, son of Tydeus," replied Minerva, "man

committing outrage of some

a phalanx of the Trojans, and came to the

after my own heart,

kind. We other gods must all do as you bid us,

assistance of his comrades

fear neither Mars nor any other of the immortals,

but her you neither

by killing Acamas son of Eussorus, the best man

for I will befriend

scold nor punish; you encourage her because the

among the Thracians,

you. Nay, drive straight at Mars, and smite him in

pestilent creature

being both brave and of great stature. The spear

close combat; fear

is your daughter. See how she has been inciting

struck the projecting

not this raging madman, villain incarnate, first on

proud Diomed to vent

peak of his helmet: its bronze point then went

one side and then

his rage on the immortal gods. First he went up to

through his forehead

on the other. But now he was holding talk with

the Cyprian and

into the brain, and darkness veiled his eyes.

Juno and myself, saying

wounded her in the hand near her wrist, and then

he would help the Argives and attack the Trojans;

he sprang upon me

Then Diomed killed Axylus son of Teuthranus, a

nevertheless he

too as though he were a god. Had I not run for it I

rich man who lived

is with the Trojans, and has forgotten the

must either have

in the strong city of Arisbe, and was beloved by


lain there for long enough in torments among the

all men; for he had

ghastly corpes, or

a house by the roadside, and entertained every

With this she caught hold of Sthenelus and lifted

have been eaten alive with spears till I had no

one who passed; howbeit

him off the chariot

more strength left

not one of his guests stood before him to save his

on to the ground. In a second he was on the

in me."

life, and Diomed

ground, whereupon the

killed both him and his squire Calesius, who was

goddess mounted the car and placed herself by

Jove looked angrily at him and said, "Do not come

then his charioteer-

the side of Diomed.

whining here, Sir

so the pair passed beneath the earth.

The oaken axle groaned aloud under the burden

Facing-bothways. I hate you worst of all the gods

of the awful goddess

in Olympus, for

Euryalus killed Dresus and Opheltius, and then

and the hero; Pallas Minerva took the whip and

you are ever fighting and making mischief. You

went in pursuit of

reins, and drove straight

have the intolerable

Aesepus and Pedasus, whom the naiad nymph

at Mars. He was in the act of stripping huge

and stubborn spirit of your mother Juno: it is all I

Abarbarea had borne to noble

Periphas, son of Ochesius

can do to manage

Bucolion. Bucolion was eldest son to Laomedon,

and bravest of the Aetolians. Bloody Mars was

her, and it is her doing that you are now in this

but he was a bastard.

stripping him of his

plight: still, I

While tending his sheep he had converse with the

armour, and Minerva donned the helmet of

cannot let you remain longer in such great pain;

nymph, and she conceived

Hades, that he might not

you are my own off-spring,

twin sons; these the son of Mecisteus now slew,

see her; when, therefore, he saw Diomed, he made

and it was by me that your mother conceived you;

and he stripped the

straight for him

if, however, you

armour from their shoulders. Polypoetes then

and let Periphas lie where he had fallen. As soon

had been the son of any other god, you are so

killed Astyalus, Ulysses

as they were at

destructive that by

Pidytes of Percote, and Teucer Aretaon. Ablerus

close quarters he let fly with his bronze spear over

this time you should have been lying lower than

fell by the spear

the reins and

the Titans."

of Nestor's son Antilochus, and Agamemnon,

yoke, thinking to take Diomed's life, but Minerva

king of men, killed Elatus

caught the spear

He then bade Paeeon heal him, whereon Paeeon

who dwelt in Pedasus by the banks of the river

in her hand and made it fly harmlessly over the

spread pain-killing herbs

Satnioeis. Leitus killed

chariot. Diomed then

upon his wound and cured him, for he was not of

Phylacus as he was flying, and Eurypylus slew

threw, and Pallas Minerva drove the spear into

mortal mould. As the


the pit of Mars's stomach

juice of the fig-tree curdles milk, and thickens it in

where his under-girdle went round him. There

a moment though

Then Menelaus of the loud war-cry took Adrestus

Diomed wounded him, tearing

it is liquid, even so instantly did Paeeon cure

alive, for his horses

his fair flesh and then drawing his spear out

fierce Mars. Then

ran into a tamarisk bush, as they were flying

again. Mars roared as

Hebe washed him, and clothed him in goodly

wildly over the plain,

loudly as nine or ten thousand men in the thick of

raiment, and he took his

and broke the pole from the car; they went on

a fight, and the

seat by his father Jove all glorious to behold.

towards the city along

Achaeans and Trojans were struck with panic, so

with the others in full flight, but Adrestus rolled

terrible was the cry

But Juno of Argos and Minerva of Alalcomene,

out, and fell

he raised.

now that they had put

in the dust flat on his face by the wheel of his

a stop to the murderous doings of Mars, went

chariot; Menelaus

As a dark cloud in the sky when it comes on to

back again to the house

came up to him spear in hand, but Adrestus

blow after heat, even

of Jove.

caught him by the knees

begging for his life. "Take me alive," he cried, "son

of the sacred building; there, upon the knees of

himself plunged terror-stricken into the sea, and

of Atreus, and

Minerva, let her

Thetis took him

you shall have a full ransom for me: my father is

lay the largest, fairest robe she has in her house-

to her bosom to comfort him, for he was scared by

rich and has much

the one she sets

the fury with which

treasure of gold, bronze, and wrought iron laid by

most store by; let her, moreover, promise to

the man reviled him. Thereon the gods who live

in his house. From

sacrifice twelve yearling

at ease were angry

this store he will give you a large ransom should

heifers that have never yet felt the goad, in the

with Lycurgus and the son of Saturn struck him

he hear of my being

temple of the goddess,

blind, nor did he live

alive and at the ships of the Achaeans."

if she will take pity on the town, with the wives

much longer after he had become hateful to the

and little ones

immortals. Therefore

Thus did he plead, and Menelaus was for yielding

of the Trojans, and keep the son of Tydeus from

I will not fight with the blessed gods; but if you

and giving him to

falling on the goodly

are of them that

a squire to take to the ships of the Achaeans, but

city of Ilius; for he fights with fury and fills men's

eat the fruit of the ground, draw near and meet

Agamemnon came

souls with

your doom."

running up to him and rebuked him. "My good

panic. I hold him mightiest of them all; we did not

Menelaus," said he, "this

fear even their

And the son of Hippolochus answered, son of

is no time for giving quarter. Has, then, your

great champion Achilles, son of a goddess though

Tydeus, why ask me of

house fared so well

he be, as we do this

my lineage? Men come and go as leaves year by

at the hands of the Trojans? Let us not spare a

man: his rage is beyond all bounds, and there is

year upon the trees.

single one of them-

none can vie with

Those of autumn the wind sheds upon the

not even the child unborn and in its mother's

him in prowess"

ground, but when spring returns

womb; let not a man

the forest buds forth with fresh vines. Even so is it

of them be left alive, but let all in Ilius perish,

Hector did as his brother bade him. He sprang

with the generations

unheeded and forgotten."

from his chariot, and

of mankind, the new spring up as the old are







passing away. If, then,

Thus did he speak, and his brother was

brandishing his spears, urging

you would learn my descent, it is one that is well

persuaded by him, for his words

the men on to fight, and raising the dread cry of

known to many.

were just. Menelaus, therefore, thrust Adrestus

battle. Thereon

There is a city in the heart of Argos, pasture land

from him, whereon

they rallied and again faced the Achaeans, who

of horses, called

King Agamemnon struck him in the flank, and he

gave ground and ceased

Ephyra, where Sisyphus lived, who was the

fell: then the son

their murderous onset, for they deemed that some

craftiest of all mankind.

of Atreus planted his foot upon his breast to draw

one of the immortals

He was the son of Aeolus, and had a son named

his spear from

had come down from starry heaven to help the

Glaucus, who was father

the body.

Trojans, so strangely

to Bellerophon, whom heaven endowed with the

had they rallied. And Hector shouted to the

most surpassing comeliness

Meanwhile Nestor shouted to the Argives, saying,

Trojans, "Trojans and

and beauty. But Proetus devised his ruin, and

"My friends, Danaan

allies, be men, my friends, and fight with might

being stronger than

warriors, servants of Mars, let no man lag that he

and main, while I

he, drove him from the land of the Argives, over

may spoil the dead,

go to Ilius and tell the old men of our council and

which Jove had made

and bring back much booty to the ships. Let us

our wives to pray

him ruler. For Antea, wife of Proetus, lusted after

kill as many as we

to the gods and vow hecatombs in their honour."

him, and would

can; the bodies will lie upon the plain, and you

have had him lie with her in secret; but

can despoil them

With this he went his way, and the black rim of

Bellerophon was an honourable

later at your leisure."

hide that went round

man and would not, so she told lies about him to

his shield beat against his neck and his ancles.

Proteus. 'Proetus,'

With these words he put heart and soul into them

said she, 'kill Bellerophon or die, for he would

all. And now the

Then Glaucus son of Hippolochus, and the son of

have had converse

Trojans would have been routed and driven back

Tydeus went into the

with me against my will.' The king was angered,

into Ilius, had not

open space between the hosts to fight in single

but shrank from killing

Priam's son Helenus, wisest of augurs, said to

combat. When they

Bellerophon, so he sent him to Lycia with lying

Hector and Aeneas,

were close up to one another Diomed of the loud

letters of introduction,

"Hector and Aeneas, you two are the mainstays of

war-cry was the first

written on a folded tablet, and containing much ill

the Trojans and Lycians,

to speak. "Who, my good sir," said he, "who are

against the bearer.

for you are foremost at all times, alike in fight and

you among men? I have

He bade Bellerophon show these letters to his

counsel; hold

never seen you in battle until now, but you are

father-in-law, to the

your ground here, and go about among the host

daring beyond all

end that he might thus perish; Bellerophon

to rally them in front

others if you abide my onset. Woe to those fathers

therefore went to Lycia,

of the gates, or they will fling themselves into the

whose sons face

and the gods convoyed him safely.

arms of their

my might. If, however, you are one of the

wives, to the great joy of our foes. Then, when

immortals and have come

"When he reached the river Xanthus, which is in

you have put heart

down from heaven, I will not fight you; for even

Lycia, the king received

into all our companies, we will stand firm here

valiant Lycurgus,

him with all goodwill, feasted him nine days, and

and fight the Danaans

son of Dryas, did not live long when he took to

killed nine heifers

however hard they press us, for there is nothing

fighting with the

in his honour, but when rosy-fingered morning

else to be done.

gods. He it was that drove the nursing women

appeared upon the tenth

Meanwhile do you, Hector, go to the city and tell

who were in charge of

day, he questioned him and desired to see the

our mother what

frenzied Bacchus through the land of Nysa, and

letter from his son-in-law

is happening. Tell her to bid the matrons gather at

they flung their thyrsi

Proetus. When he had received the wicked letter

the temple of

on the ground as murderous Lycurgus beat them

he first commanded

Minerva in the acropolis; let her then take her key

with his oxgoad. Bacchus

Bellerophon to kill that savage monster, the

and open the doors

Chimaera, who was not

a human being, but a goddess, for she had the

if I should ever go there; let us avoid one

the knees of Minerva, lay the largest and fairest

head of a lion and the

another's spears even

robe you have in

tail of a serpent, while her body was that of a

during a general engagement; there are many

your house- the one you set most store by;

goat, and she breathed

noble Trojans and allies

promise, moreover, to sacrifice

forth flames of fire; but Bellerophon slew her, for

whom I can kill, if I overtake them and heaven

twelve yearling heifers that have never yet felt the

he was guided

delivers them into

goad, in the

by signs from heaven. He next fought the far-

my hand; so again with yourself, there are many

temple of the goddess if she will take pity on the

famed Solymi, and this,

Achaeans whose lives

town, with the

he said, was the hardest of all his battles. Thirdly,

you may take if you can; we two, then, will

wives and little ones of the Trojans, and keep the

he killed the

exchange armour, that

son of Tydeus from

Amazons, women who were the peers of men,

all present may know of the old ties that subsist

off the goodly city of Ilius, for he fights with fury,

and as he was returning

between us."

and fills men's

thence the king devised yet another plan for his

souls with panic. Go, then, to the temple of

destruction; he picked

With these words they sprang from their chariots,

Minerva, while I seek

the bravest warriors in all Lycia, and placed them

grasped one another's

Paris and exhort him, if he will hear my words.

in ambuscade, but

hands, and plighted friendship. But the son of

Would that the earth

not a man ever came back, for Bellerophon killed

Saturn made Glaucus

might open her jaws and swallow him, for Jove

every one of them.

take leave of his wits, for he exchanged golden

bred him to be the bane

Then the king knew that he must be the valiant

armour for bronze,

of the Trojans, and of Priam and Priam's sons.

offspring of a god,

the worth of a hundred head of cattle for the

Could I but see him

so he kept him in Lycia, gave him his daughter in

worth of nine.

go down into the house of Hades, my heart would

marriage, and made

forget its heaviness."

him of equal honour in the kingdom with himself;

Now when Hector reached the Scaean gates and

and the Lycians gave

the oak tree, the wives

His mother went into the house and called her

him a piece of land, the best in all the country, fair

and daughters of the Trojans came running

waiting-women who gathered

with vineyards

towards him to ask after

the matrons throughout the city. She then went

and tilled fields, to have and to hold.

their sons, brothers, kinsmen, and husbands: he

down into her fragrant

told them to set about

store-room, where her embroidered robes were

"The king's daughter bore Bellerophon three

praying to the gods, and many were made

kept, the work of Sidonian

children, Isander, Hippolochus,

sorrowful as they heard him.

women, whom Alexandrus had brought over

and Laodameia. Jove, the lord of counsel, lay with

Laodameia, and

from Sidon when he sailed

Presently he reached the splendid palace of King

the seas upon that voyage during which he

Priam, adorned with

carried off Helen. Hecuba

Bellerophon came to be hated

colonnades of hewn stone. In it there were fifty

took out the largest robe, and the one that was

by all the gods, he wandered all desolate and

bedchambers- all

most beautifully enriched

dismayed upon the Alean

of hewn stone- built near one another, where the

with embroidery, as an offering to Minerva: it

plain, gnawing at his own heart, and shunning

sons of Priam slept,

glittered like a star,

the path of man. Mars,

each with his wedded wife. Opposite these, on the

and lay at the very bottom of the chest. With this

insatiate of battle, killed his son Isander while he

other side the courtyard,

she went on her

was fighting

there were twelve upper rooms also of hewn

way and many matrons with her.

the Solymi; his daughter was killed by Diana of

stone for Priam's daughters,

the golden reins,

built near one another, where his sons-in-law

When they reached the temple of Minerva, lovely

for she was angered with her; but Hippolochus

slept with their wives.

Theano, daughter of

was father to myself,

When Hector got there, his fond mother came up

Cisseus and wife of Antenor, opened the doors,

and when he sent me to Troy he urged me again

to him with Laodice

for the Trojans had

and again to fight ever

the fairest of her daughters. She took his hand

made her priestess of Minerva. The women lifted

among the foremost and outvie my peers, so as

within her own and

up their hands to

not to shame the blood

said, "My son, why have you left the battle to

the goddess with a loud cry, and Theano took the

of my fathers who were the noblest in Ephyra and

come hither? Are the

robe to lay it upon

in all Lycia. This,

Achaeans, woe betide them, pressing you hard

the knees of Minerva, praying the while to the

then, is the descent I claim."

about the city that you

daughter of great Jove.

have thought fit to come and uplift your hands to

"Holy Minerva," she cried, "protectress of our city,

Thus did he speak, and the heart of Diomed was

Jove from the citadel?

mighty goddess,

glad. He planted his

Wait till I can bring you wine that you may make

break the spear of Diomed and lay him low before

spear in the ground, and spoke to him with

offering to Jove

the Scaean gates.

friendly words. "Then,"

and to the other immortals, and may then drink

Do this, and we will sacrifice twelve heifers that

he said, you are an old friend of my father's

and be refreshed. Wine

have never yet

house. Great Oeneus

gives a man fresh strength when he is wearied, as

known the goad, in your temple, if you will have

once entertained Bellerophon for twenty days,

you now are with

pity upon the town,

and the two exchanged

fighting on behalf of your kinsmen."

with the wives and little ones If the Trojans." Thus








presents. Oeneus gave a belt rich with purple, and

she prayed, but

Bellerophon a double

And Hector answered, "Honoured mother, bring

cup, which I left at home when I set out for Troy. I

no wine, lest you unman

Pallas Minerva granted not her prayer.

do not remember

me and I forget my strength. I dare not make a

While they were thus praying to the daughter of

Tydeus, for he was taken from us while I was yet

drink-offering to Jove

great Jove, Hector

a child, when the

with unwashed hands; one who is bespattered

went to the fair house of Alexandrus, which he

army of the Achaeans was cut to pieces before

with blood and filth may

had built for him by

Thebes. Henceforth,

not pray to the son of Saturn. Get the matrons

the foremost builders in the land. They had built

however, I must be your host in middle Argos,

together, and go with

him his house, storehouse,

and you mine in Lycia,

offerings to the temple of Minerva driver of the

and courtyard near those of Priam and Hector on

spoil; there, upon

the acropolis. Here

Hector entered, with a spear eleven cubits long in

little son, for I know not whether I shall ever

father when he sacked Thebe the goodly city of

his hand; the bronze

again return to them,

the Cilicians. He slew

point gleamed in front of him, and was fastened

or whether the gods will cause me to fill by the

him, but did not for very shame despoil him;

to the shaft of the

hands of the Achaeans."

when he had burned him

spear by a ring of gold. He found Alexandrus

in his wondrous armour, he raised a barrow over

within the house, busied

Then Hector left her, and forthwith was at his

his ashes and the

about his armour, his shield and cuirass, and

own house. He did not

mountain nymphs, daughters of aegis-bearing

handling his curved

find Andromache, for she was on the wall with

Jove, planted a grove

bow; there, too, sat Argive Helen with her

her child and one of

of elms about his tomb. I had seven brothers in

women, setting them their

her maids, weeping bitterly. Seeing, then, that she

my father's house,

several tasks; and as Hector saw him he rebuked

was not within,

but on the same day they all went within the

him with words of

he stood on the threshold of the women's rooms

house of Hades. Achilles

scorn. "Sir," said he, "you do ill to nurse this

and said, "Women, tell

killed them as they were with their sheep and

rancour; the people

me, and tell me true, where did Andromache go

cattle. My mother- her

perish fighting round this our town; you would

when she left the house?

who had been queen of all the land under Mt.

yourself chide one

Was it to my sisters, or to my brothers' wives? or

Placus- he brought hither

whom you saw shirking his part in the combat.

is she at the temple

with the spoil, and freed her for a great sum, but

Up then, or ere long


the city will be in a blaze."

propitiating the awful goddess?"

And Alexandrus answered, "Hector, your rebuke

His good housekeeper answered, "Hector, since

me are father, mother, brother, and dear husband-

is just; listen therefore,

you bid me tell you

have mercy upon

and believe me when I tell you that I am not here

truly, she did not go to your sisters nor to your

me; stay here upon this wall; make not your child

so much through

brothers' wives,

fatherless, and

rancour or ill-will towards the Trojans, as from a

nor yet to the temple of Minerva, where the other

your wife a widow; as for the host, place them

desire to indulge

women are propitiating

near the fig-tree,

my grief. My wife was even now gently urging

the awful goddess, but she is on the high wall of

where the city can be best scaled, and the wall is

me to battle, and I hold

Ilius, for she had

weakest. Thrice

it better that I should go, for victory is ever fickle.

heard the Trojans were being hard pressed, and

have the bravest of them come thither and

Wait, then,

that the Achaeans were

assailed it, under the two

while I put on my armour, or go first and I will

in great force: she went to the wall in frenzied

Ajaxes, Idomeneus, the sons of Atreus, and the

follow. I shall be

haste, and the nurse

brave son of Tydeus,

sure to overtake you."

went with her carrying the child."

either of their own bidding, or because some

Hector made no answer, but Helen tried to soothe

Hector hurried from the house when she had

him. "Brother," said

done speaking, and went

And Hector answered, "Wife, I too have thought

she, "to my abhorred and sinful self, would that a

down the streets by the same way that he had

upon all this, but

whirlwind had caught

come. When he had gone

with what face should I look upon the Trojans,

me up on the day my mother brought me forth,

through the city and had reached the Scaean gates

men or women, if I

and had borne me to some

through which he

shirked battle like a coward? I cannot do so: I

mountain or to the waves of the roaring sea that

would go out on to the plain, his wife came

know nothing save

should have swept

running towards him, Andromache,

to fight bravely in the forefront of the Trojan host

me away ere this mischief had come about. But,

daughter of great Eetion who ruled in Thebe

and win renown

since the gods have

under the wooded slopes

alike for my father and myself. Well do I know

devised these evils, would, at any rate, that I had

of Mt. Placus, and was king of the Cilicians. His

that the day will surely

been wife to a

daughter had married

come when mighty Ilius shall be destroyed with

better man- to one who could smart under

Hector, and now came to meet him with a nurse

Priam and Priam's people,

dishonour and men's evil

who carried his little

but I grieve for none of these- not even for

speeches. This fellow was never yet to be

child in her bosom- a mere babe. Hector's darling

Hecuba, nor King Priam,

depended upon, nor never

son, and lovely

nor for my brothers many and brave who may fall

will be, and he will surely reap what he has sown.

as a star. Hector had named him Scamandrius,

in the dust before

Still, brother,

but the people called

their foes- for none of these do I grieve as for

come in and rest upon this seat, for it is you who

him Astyanax, for his father stood alone as chief

yourself when the

bear the brunt

guardian of Ilius.

day shall come on which some one of the

of that toil that has been caused by my hateful self

Hector smiled as he looked upon the boy, but he

Achaeans shall rob you for

and by the sin

did not speak, and

ever of your freedom, and bear you weeping

of Alexandrus- both of whom Jove has doomed to

Andromache stood by him weeping and taking

away. It may be that you

be a theme of song

his hand in her own. "Dear

will have to ply the loom in Argos at the bidding

among those that shall be born hereafter."

husband," said she, "your valour will bring you to

of a mistress, or

destruction; think

to fetch water from the springs Messeis or

And Hector answered, "Bid me not be seated,

on your infant son, and on my hapless self who

Hypereia, treated brutally

Helen, for all the goodwill

ere long shall be your

by some cruel task-master; then will one say who

you bear me. I cannot stay. I am in haste to help

widow- for the Achaeans will set upon you in a

sees you weeping,

the Trojans, who

body and kill you.

'She was wife to Hector, the bravest warrior

miss me greatly when I am not among them; but

It would be better for me, should I lose you, to lie

among the Trojans during

urge your husband, and

dead and buried,

the war before Ilius.' On this your tears will break

of his own self also let him make haste to overtake

for I shall have nothing left to comfort me when

forth anew for

me before I am

you are gone, save

him who would have put away the day of

out of the city. I must go home to see my

only sorrow. I have neither father nor mother

captivity from you. May I lie

household, my wife and my

now. Achilles slew my

dead under the barrow that is heaped over my







the archer- queen

Diana took her in the house of your father. NayHector- you who to

soothsayer had told them."

body ere I hear your

cry as they carry you into bondage."

upon his shoulders as he exults in his strength

the Trojans to be victorious. The pair met by the

and flies like the

oak tree, and King

He stretched his arms towards his child, but the

wind to the haunts and feeding ground of the

Apollo son of Jove was first to speak. "What

boy cried and nestled

mares- even so went forth

would you have said he,

in his nurse's bosom, scared at the sight of his

Paris from high Pergamus, gleaming like sunlight

"daughter of great Jove, that your proud spirit has

father's armour,

in his armour, and

sent you hither

and at the horse-hair plume that nodded fiercely

he laughed aloud as he sped swiftly on his way.

from Olympus? Have you no pity upon the

from his helmet.

Forthwith he came

Trojans, and would you incline

His father and mother laughed to see him, but

upon his brother Hector, who was then turning

the scales of victory in favour of the Danaans? Let

Hector took the helmet

away from the place

me persuade you-

from his head and laid it all gleaming upon the

where he had held converse with his wife, and he

for it will be better thus- stay the combat for to-

ground. Then he took

was himself the first

day, but let them

his darling child, kissed him, and dandled him in

to speak. "Sir," said he, "I fear that I have kept you

renew the fight hereafter till they compass the

his arms, praying

waiting when

doom of Ilius, since

over him the while to Jove and to all the gods.

you are in haste, and have not come as quickly as

you goddesses have made up your minds to

"Jove," he cried,

you bade me."

destroy the city."

chief among the Trojans;

"My good brother," answered Hector, you fight

And Minerva answered, "So be it, Far-Darter; it

let him be not less excellent in strength, and let

bravely, and no man

was in this mind that

him rule Ilius

with any justice can make light of your doings in

I came down from Olympus to the Trojans and

with his might. Then may one say of him as he

battle. But you

Achaeans. Tell me, then,

comes from battle, 'The

are careless and wilfully remiss. It grieves me to

how do you propose to end this present fighting?"

son is far better than the father.' May he bring

the heart to hear

back the blood-stained

the ill that the Trojans speak about you, for they

Apollo, son of Jove, replied, "Let us incite great

spoils of him whom he has laid low, and let his

have suffered much

Hector to challenge

mother's heart be

on your account. Let us be going, and we will

some one of the Danaans in single combat; on this


make things right hereafter,

the Achaeans will

should Jove vouchsafe us to set the cup of our

be shamed into finding a man who will fight

With this he laid the child again in the arms of his

deliverance before


wife, who took

ever-living gods of heaven in our own homes,

him to her own soft bosom, smiling through her

when we have chased the

Minerva assented, and Helenus son of Priam

tears. As her husband

Achaeans from Troy."

divined the counsel of

"grant that this my child may be even as myself,

watched her his heart yearned towards her and he

the gods; he therefore went up to Hector and said,

caressed her fondly,


"Hector son of

saying, "My own wife, do not take these things


Priam, peer of gods in counsel, I am your brother,

too bitterly to heart.

No one can hurry me down to Hades before my

let me then persuade


time, but if a man's hour

you. Bid the other Trojans and Achaeans all of

them take their seats,

is come, be he brave or be he coward, there is no

With these words Hector passed through the

and challenge the best man among the Achaeans

escape for him when

gates, and his brother

to meet you in single

he has once been born. Go, then, within the house,

Alexandrus with him, both eager for the fray. As

combat. I have heard the voice of the ever-living

and busy yourself

when heaven sends

gods, and the hour

with your daily duties, your loom, your distaff,

a breeze to sailors who have long looked for one

of your doom is not yet come."

and the ordering

in vain, and have

of your servants; for war is man's matter, and

laboured at their oars till they are faint with toil,

Hector was glad when he heard this saying, and

mine above all others

even so welcome

went in among the Trojans,

of them that have been born in Ilius."

was the sight of these two heroes to the Trojans.

grasping his spear by the middle to hold them

He took his plumed helmet from the ground, and

Thereon Alexandrus killed Menesthius the son of

down. Agamemnon also bade the Achaeans be

his wife went back

Areithous; he lived

seated. But Minerva and

again to her house, weeping bitterly and often

in Ame, and was son of Areithous the Mace-man,

Apollo, in the likeness of vultures, perched on

looking back towards

and of Phylomedusa.

father Jove's high

him. When she reached her home she found her

Hector threw a spear at Eioneus and struck him

oak tree, proud of their men; and the ranks sat

maidens within, and bade

dead with a wound in

close ranged together,

them all join in her lament; so they mourned

the neck under the bronze rim of his helmet.

bristling with shield and helmet and spear. As

Hector in his own house

Glaucus, moreover, son

when the rising west

though he was yet alive, for they deemed that

of Hippolochus, captain of the Lycians, in hard

wind furs the face of the sea and the waters grow

they should never see

hand-to-hand fight

dark beneath it,

him return safe from battle, and from the furious

smote Iphinous son of Dexius on the shoulder, as

so sat the companies of Trojans and Achaeans

hands of the Achaeans.

he was springing

upon the plain. And Hector

on to his chariot behind his fleet mares; so he fell

spoke thus:-

back, and they all sat

Paris did not remain long in his house. He

to earth from

donned his goodly armour

the car, and there was no life left in him.

overlaid with bronze, and hasted through the city

"Hear me, Trojans and Achaeans, that I may

speak even as I am minded;

as fast as his feet

When, therefore, Minerva saw these men making

Jove on his high throne has brought our oaths and

could take him. As a horse, stabled and fed,

havoc of the Argives,

covenants to nothing,

breaks loose and gallops

she darted down to Ilius from the summits of

and foreshadows ill for both of us, till you either

gloriously over the plain to the place where he is

Olympus, and Apollo,

take the towers

wont to bathe in

who was looking on from Pergamus, went out to

of Troy, or are yourselves vanquished at your

the fair-flowing river- he holds his head high, and

meet her; for he wanted

ships. The princes of

his mane streams

the Achaeans are here present in the midst of you;

With these words of reasonable counsel he

in arms. After these Eurypylus son of Euaemon,

let him, then,

persuaded his brother, whereon

Thoas the son of Andraemon,

that will fight me stand forward as your

his squires gladly stripped the armour from off

and Ulysses also rose. Then Nestor knight of

champion against Hector.

his shoulders. Then

Gerene again spoke, saying:

Thus I say, and may Jove be witness between us.

Nestor rose and spoke, "Of a truth," said he, "the

"Cast lots among you to see who shall be chosen.

If your champion slay

Achaean land is

If he come alive

me, let him strip me of my armour and take it to

fallen upon evil times. The old knight Peleus,

out of this fight he will have done good service

your ships, but let

counsellor and orator

alike to his own

him send my body home that the Trojans and

among the Myrmidons, loved when I was in his

soul and to the Achaeans."

their wives may give me

house to question me

my dues of fire when I am dead. In like manner, if

concerning the race and lineage of all the Argives.

Thus he spoke, and when each of them had

Apollo vouchsafe

How would it not

marked his lot, and had thrown

me glory and I slay your champion, I will strip

grieve him could he hear of them as now quailing

it into the helmet of Agamemnon son of Atreus,

him of his armour

before Hector? Many

the people lifted their

and take it to the city of Ilius, where I will hang it

a time would he lift his hands in prayer that his

hands in prayer, and thus would one of them say

in the temple

soul might leave

as he looked into

of Apollo, but I will give up his body, that the

his body and go down within the house of Hades.

the vault of heaven, "Father Jove, grant that the lot

Achaeans may bury

Would, by father Jove,

fall on Ajax,

him at their ships, and the build him a mound by

Minerva, and Apollo, that I were still young and

or on the son of Tydeus, or upon the king of rich

the wide waters of

strong as when the

Mycene himself."

the Hellespont. Then will one say hereafter as he

Pylians and Arcadians were gathered in fight by

sails his ship over

the rapid river Celadon

As they were speaking, Nestor knight of Gerene

the sea, 'This is the monument of one who died

under the walls of Pheia, and round about the

shook the helmet, and

long since a champion

waters of the river

from it there fell the very lot which they wanted-

who was slain by mighty Hector.' Thus will one

Iardanus. The godlike hero Ereuthalion stood

the lot of Ajax.

say, and my fame shall

forward as their champion,

The herald bore it about and showed it to all the

not be lost."

with the armour of King Areithous upon his

chieftains of the

shoulders- Areithous whom

Achaeans, going from left to right; but they none

Thus did he speak, but they all held their peace,

men and women had surnamed 'the Mace-man,'

of of them owned

ashamed to decline

because he fought neither

it. When, however, in due course he reached the

the challenge, yet fearing to accept it, till at last

with bow nor spear, but broke the battalions of

man who had written

Menelaus rose

the foe with his iron

upon it and had put it into the helmet, brave Ajax

and rebuked them, for he was angry. "Alas," he

mace. Lycurgus killed him, not in fair fight, but

held out his hand,

cried, "vain braggarts,

by entrapping him

and the herald gave him the lot. When Ajax saw

women forsooth not men, double-dyed indeed

in a narrow way where his mace served him in no

him mark he knew it

will be the stain upon

stead; for Lycurgus

and was glad; he threw it to the ground and said,

us if no man of the Danaans will now face Hector.

was too quick for him and speared him through

"My friends, the

May you be turned

the middle, so he fell

lot is mine, and I rejoice, for I shall vanquish

every man of you into earth and water as you sit

to earth on his back. Lycurgus then spoiled him of

Hector. I will put

spiritless and inglorious

the armour which

on my armour; meanwhile, pray to King Jove in

in your places. I will myself go out against this

Mars had given him, and bore it in battle

silence among yourselves

man, but the upshot

thenceforward; but when

that the Trojans may not hear you- or aloud if you

of the fight will be from on high in the hands of

he grew old and stayed at home, he gave it to his

will, for we fear

the immortal gods."

faithful squire

no man. None shall overcome me, neither by force

Ereuthalion, who in this same armour challenged

nor cunning, for

With these words he put on his armour; and then,

the foremost men among

I was born and bred in Salamis, and can hold my

O Menelaus, your

us. The others quaked and quailed, but my high

own in all things."

life would have come to an end at the hands of

spirit bade me fight

hands of Hector, for

him though none other would venture; I was the

With this they fell praying to King Jove the son of

he was far better the man, had not the princes of

youngest man of them

Saturn, and thus

the Achaeans sprung

all; but when I fought him Minerva vouchsafed

would one of them say as he looked into the vault

upon you and checked you. King Agamemnon

me victory. He was the

of heaven, "Father

caught him by the right hand

biggest and strongest man that ever I killed, and

Jove that rulest from Ida, most glorious in power,

and said, "Menelaus, you are mad; a truce to this

covered much ground

vouchsafe victory

folly. Be patient

as he lay sprawling upon the earth. Would that I

to Ajax, and let him win great glory: but if you

in spite of passion, do not think of fighting a man

were still young

wish well to Hector

so much stronger

and strong as I then was, for the son of Priam

also and would protect him, grant to each of them

than yourself as Hector son of Priam, who is

would then soon find

equal fame and prowess.

feared by many another

one who would face him. But you, foremost

as well as you. Even Achilles, who is far more

among the whole host though

Thus they prayed, and Ajax armed himself in his

doughty than you are,

you be, have none of you any stomach for fighting

suit of gleaming bronze.

shrank from meeting him in battle. Sit down your


When he was in full array he sprang forward as

own people, and the

monstrous Mars when

Achaeans will send some other champion to fight

Thus did the old man rebuke them, and forthwith

he takes part among men whom Jove has set

Hector; fearless and

nine men started to

fighting with one another-

fond of battle though he be, I ween his knees will


bend gladly under

Agamemnon, and after him brave

spring forward with

him if he comes out alive from the hurly-burly of

Diomed the son of Tydeus. Next were the two

a grim smile on his face as he brandished his long

this fight."

Ajaxes, men clothed in

spear and strode

valour as with a garment, and then Idomeneus,

onward. The Argives were elated as they beheld

and Meriones his brother

him, but the Trojans







even so did huge Ajax, bulwark of the Achaeans,

trembled in every limb, and the heart even of

even so Hector did not cease fighting; he gave

led him, therefore, to the city as one that had been

Hector beat quickly,

ground, and with his

saved beyond

but he could not now retreat and withdraw into

brawny hand seized a stone, rugged and huge,

their hopes. On the other side the Achaeans

the ranks behind him,

that was lying upon the

brought Ajax elated with

for he had been the challenger. Ajax came up

plain; with this he struck the shield of Ajax on the

victory to Agamemnon.

bearing his shield in

boss that was

front of him like a wall- a shield of bronze with

in its middle, so that the bronze rang again. But

When they reached the quarters of the son of

seven folds of oxhide-

Ajax in turn caught

Atreus, Agamemnon sacrificed

the work of Tychius, who lived in Hyle and was

up a far larger stone, swung it aloft, and hurled it

for them a five-year-old bull in honour of Jove the

by far the best worker

with prodigious

son of Saturn.

in leather. He had made it with the hides of seven

force. This millstone of a rock broke Hector's

They flayed the carcass, made it ready, and

full-fed bulls,

shield inwards and

divided it into joints;

and over these he had set an eighth layer of

threw him down on his back with the shield

these they cut carefully up into smaller pieces,

bronze. Holding this

crushing him under it,

putting them on the

shield before him, Ajax son of Telamon came

but Apollo raised him at once. Thereon they


close up to Hector, and

would have hacked at one

drawing them off. When

menaced him saying, "Hector, you shall now

another in close combat with their swords, had

they had done all this and had prepared the feast,

learn, man to man, what

not heralds, messengers

they ate it, and

kind of champions the Danaans have among them

of gods and men, come forward, one from the

every man had his full and equal share, so that all

even besides lion-hearted

Trojans and the other

were satisfied,

Achilles cleaver of the ranks of men. He now

from the Achaeans- Talthybius and Idaeus both of

and King Agamemnon gave Ajax some slices cut

abides at the ships in

them honourable men;

lengthways down the loin,

anger with Agamemnon shepherd of his people,

these parted them with their staves, and the good

as a mark of special honour. As soon as they had

but there are many of

herald Idaeus said,

had enough to cat

us who are well able to face you; therefore begin

"My sons, fight no longer, you are both of you

and drink, old Nestor whose counsel was ever

the fight."

valiant, and both are

truest began to speak;

dear to Jove; we know this; but night is now

with all sincerity and goodwill, therefore, he

And Hector answered, "Noble Ajax, son of

falling, and the behests

addressed them thus:-

Telamon, captain of the host,

of night may not be well gainsaid."

treat me not as though I were some puny boy or






"Son of Atreus, and other chieftains, inasmuch as

woman that cannot fight.

Ajax son of Telamon answered, "Idaeus, bid

many of the Achaeans

I have been long used to the blood and butcheries

Hector say so, for it was

are now dead, whose blood Mars has shed by the

of battle. I am

he that challenged our princes. Let him speak first

banks of the Scamander,

quick to turn my leathern shield either to right or

and I will accept

and their souls have gone down to the house of

left, for this

his saying."

Hades, it will be well

I deem the main thing in battle. I can charge

when morning comes that we should cease

among the chariots and

Then Hector said, "Ajax, heaven has vouchsafed

fighting; we will then wheel

horsemen, and in hand to hand fighting can

you stature and strength,

our dead together with oxen and mules and burn

delight the heart of Mars;

and judgement; and in wielding the spear you

them not far from the

howbeit I would not take such a man as you are

excel all others of the

ships, that when we sail hence we may take the

off his guard- but

Achaeans. Let us for this day cease fighting;

bones of our comrades

I will smite you openly if I can."

hereafter we will fight

home to their children. Hard by the funeral pyre

anew till heaven decide between us, and give

we will build a barrow

He poised his spear as he spoke, and hurled it

victory to one or to

that shall be raised from the plain for all in

from him. It struck

the other; night is now falling, and the behests of

common; near this let

the sevenfold shield in its outermost layer- the

night may not

us set about building a high wall, to shelter

eighth, which was

be well gainsaid. Gladden, then, the hearts of the

ourselves and our ships,

of bronze- and went through six of the layers but

Achaeans at your

and let it have well-made gates that there may be

in the seventh hide

ships, and more especially those of your own

a way through them

it stayed. Then Ajax threw in his turn, and struck

followers and clansmen,

for our chariots. Close outside we will dig a deep

the round shield

while I, in the great city of King Priam, bring

trench all round

of the son of Priam. The terrible spear went

comfort to the Trojans

it to keep off both horse and foot, that the Trojan

through his gleaming

and their women, who vie with one another in

chieftains may

shield, and pressed onward through his cuirass of

their prayers on my behalf.

not bear hard upon us."

cunning workmanship;

Let us, moreover, exchange presents that it may

it pierced the shirt against his side, but he

be said among the

Thus he spoke, and the princess shouted in

swerved and thus saved

Achaeans and Trojans, 'They fought with might

applause. Meanwhile the

his life. They then each of them drew out the

and main, but were reconciled

Trojans held a council, angry and full of discord,

spear from his shield,

and parted in friendship.'

on the acropolis

and fell on one another like savage lions or wild

by the gates of King Priam's palace; and wise

boars of great strength

On this he gave Ajax a silver-studded sword with

Antenor spoke. "Hear

and endurance: the son of Priam struck the

its sheath and leathern

me he said, "Trojans, Dardanians, and allies, that I

middle of Ajax's shield,

baldric, and in return Ajax gave him a girdle dyed

may speak even

but the bronze did not break, and the point of his

with purple. Thus

as I am minded. Let us give up Argive Helen and

dart was turned.

they parted, the one going to the host of the

her wealth to the

Ajax then sprang forward and pierced the shield

Achaeans, and the other

sons of Atreus, for we are now fighting in

of Hector; the spear

to that of the Trojans, who rejoiced when they

violation of our solemn

went through it and staggered him as he was

saw their hero come

covenants, and shall not prosper till we have done

springing forward to attack;

to them safe and unharmed from the strong hands

as I say."

it gashed his neck and the blood came pouring

of mighty Ajax. They

from the wound, but

He then sat down and Alexandrus husband of

a trench all round it, without offering hecatombs

lovely Helen rose to speak.

The sons of the Achaeans shouted applause at the

to the gods? The

"Antenor," said he, "your words are not to my

words that Diomed

The fame of this wall will reach as far as dawn

liking; you can find

had spoken, and thereon King Agamemnon said

itself, and men will

a better saying than this if you will; if, however,

to Idaeus, "Idaeus, you

no longer think anything of the one which

you have spoken

have heard the answer the Achaeans make you-

Phoebus Apollo and myself

in good earnest, then indeed has heaven robbed

and I with them. But as

built with so much labour for Laomedon."

you of your reason.

concerning the dead, I give you leave to burn

I will speak plainly, and hereby notify to the

them, for when men are

Jove was displeased and answered, "What, O

Trojans that I will

once dead there should be no grudging them the

shaker of the earth, are

not give up the woman; but the wealth that I

rites of fire. Let

you talking about? A god less powerful than

brought home with her

Jove the mighty husband of Juno be witness to

yourself might be alarmed

from Argos I will restore, and will add yet further

this covenant."

at what they are doing, but your fame reaches as

of my own."

far as dawn itself.

As he spoke he upheld his sceptre in the sight of

Surely when the Achaeans have gone home with

On this, when Paris had spoken and taken his

all the gods, and

their ships, you can

seat, Priam of the race

Idaeus went back to the strong city of Ilius. The

shatter their wall and Ring it into the sea; you can

of Dardanus, peer of gods in council, rose and

Trojans and Dardanians

cover the beach

with all sincerity

were gathered in council waiting his return; when

with sand again, and the great wall of the

and goodwill addressed them thus: "Hear me,

he came, he stood

Achaeans will then be utterly

Trojans, Dardanians, and

in their midst and delivered his message. As soon


allies, that I may speak even as I am minded. Get

as they heard it

your suppers now

they set about their twofold labour, some to

Thus did they converse, and by sunset the work

as hitherto throughout the city, but keep your

gather the corpses, and

of the Achaeans was

watches and be wakeful.

others to bring in wood. The Argives on their part

completed; they then slaughtered oxen at their

At daybreak let Idaeus go to the ships, and tell

also hastened from

tents and got their

Agamemnon and Menelaus

their ships, some to gather the corpses, and others

supper. Many ships had come with wine from

sons of Atreus the saying of Alexandrus through

to bring in wood.

Lemnos, sent by Euneus

whom this quarrel

the son of Jason, born to him by Hypsipyle. The

has come about; and let him also be instant with

The sun was beginning to beat upon the fields,

son of Jason freighted

them that they now

fresh risen into the

them with ten thousand measures of wine, which

cease fighting till we burn our dead; hereafter we

vault of heaven from the slow still currents of

he sent specially to

will fight anew,

deep Oceanus, when

the sons of Atreus, Agamemnon and Menelaus.

till heaven decide between us and give victory to

the two armies met. They could hardly recognise

From this supply the Achaeans

one or to the other."

their dead, but they

bought their wine, some with bronze, some with

washed the clotted gore from off them, shed tears

iron, some with hides,

Thus did he speak, and they did even as he had

over them, and lifted

some with whole heifers, and some again with

said. They took supper

them upon their waggons. Priam had forbidden

captives. They spread

in their companies and at daybreak Idaeus went

the Trojans to wail aloud,

a goodly banquet and feasted the whole night

his wa to the ships.

so they heaped their dead sadly and silently upon

through, as also did

He found the Danaans, servants of Mars, in

the pyre, and having

the Trojans and their allies in the city. But all the

council at the stern of

burned them went back to the city of Ilius. The

time Jove boded

Agamemnon's ship, and took his place in the

Achaeans in like manner

them ill and roared with his portentous thunder.

midst of them. "Son of

heaped their dead sadly and silently on the pyre,

Pale fear got hold

Atreus," he said, "and princes of the Achaean

and having burned

upon them, and they spilled the wine from their

host, Priam and the

them went back to their ships.

cups on to the ground,

other noble Trojans have sent me to tell you the

nor did any dare drink till he had made offerings

saying of Alexandrus

Now in the twilight when it was not yet dawn,

to the most mighty

through whom this quarrel has come about, if so

chosen bands of the

son of Saturn. Then they laid themselves down to

be that you may find

Achaeans were gathered round the pyre and built

rest and enjoyed

it acceptable. All the treasure he took with him in

one barrow that was

the boon of sleep.

his ships to Troy-

raised in common for all, and hard by this they

would that he had sooner perished- he will

built a high wall


restore, and will add yet

to shelter themselves and their ships; they gave it


further of his own, but he will not give up the

strong gates that

wedded wife of Menelaus,

there might be a way through them for their

though the Trojans would have him do so. Priam

chariots, and close outside

bade me inquire further

it they dug a trench deep and wide, and they

Now when Morning, clad in her robe of saffron,

if you will cease fighting till we burn our dead;

planted it within with

had begun to suffuse

hereafter we will


light over the earth, Jove called the gods in

fight anew, till heaven decide between us and


council on the topmost

give victory to one

Thus did the Achaeans toil, and the gods, seated

crest of serrated Olympus. Then he spoke and all

or to the other."

by the side of Jove

the other gods gave

the lord of lightning, marvelled at their great

ear. "Hear me," said he, "gods and goddesses, that

They all held their peace, but presently Diomed of

work; but Neptune,

I may speak even

the loud war-cry

lord of the earthquake, spoke, saying, "Father

as I am minded. Let none of you neither goddess

spoke, saying, "Let there be no taking, neither

Jove, what mortal in

nor god try to cross

treasure, nor yet

the whole world will again take the gods into his

me, but obey me every one of you that I may

Helen, for even a child may see that the doom of

counsel? See you

bring this matter to an

the Trojans is at

not how the Achaeans have built a wall about

end. If I see anyone acting apart and helping


their ships and driven

either Trojans or Danaans,

he shall be beaten inordinately ere he come back

eager perforce to do battle for their wives and

and the son of Tydeus flinging himself alone into

again to Olympus;

children. All the

the thick of the

or I will hurl him down into dark Tartarus far into

gates were flung wide open, and horse and foot

fight took his stand before the horses of the son of

the deepest pit

sallied forth with

Neleus. "Sir,"

under the earth, where the gates are iron and the

the tramp as of a great multitude.

said he, "these young warriors are pressing you

floor bronze, as

hard, your force is

far beneath Hades as heaven is high above the

When they were got together in one place, shield

spent, and age is heavy upon you, your squire is

earth, that you may

clashed with shield,

naught, and your

learn how much the mightiest I am among you.

and spear with spear, in the conflict of mail-clad

horses are slow to move. Mount my chariot and

Try me and find out for

men. Mighty was

see what the horses

yourselves. Hangs me a golden chain from

the din as the bossed shields pressed hard on one

of Tros can do- how cleverly they can scud hither

heaven, and lay hold of it

another- death-

and thither over

all of you, gods and goddesses together- tug as

cry and shout of triumph of slain and slayers, and

the plain either in flight or in pursuit. I took them

you will, you will

the earth ran red

from the hero

not drag Jove the supreme counsellor from

with blood.

Aeneas. Let our squires attend to your own

heaven to earth; but were

steeds, but let us drive

I to pull at it myself I should draw you up with

Now so long as the day waxed and it was still

mine straight at the Trojans, that Hector may

earth and sea into

morning their weapons

learn how furiously

the bargain, then would I bind the chain about

beat against one another, and the people fell, but

I too can wield my spear."

some pinnacle of Olympus

when the sun had

and leave you all dangling in the mid firmament.

reached mid-heaven, the sire of all balanced his

Nestor knight of Gerene hearkened to his words.

So far am I above

golden scales, and

Thereon the doughty

all others either of gods or men."

put two fates of death within them, one for the

squires, Sthenelus and kind-hearted Eurymedon,

Trojans and the other

saw to Nestor's horses,

They were frightened and all of them of held their

for the Achaeans. He took the balance by the

while the two both mounted Diomed's chariot.

peace, for he had

middle, and when he lifted

Nestor took the reins

spoken masterfully; but at last Minerva answered,

it up the day of the Achaeans sank; the death-

in his hands and lashed the horses on; they were

"Father, son of

fraught scale of the

soon close up with

Saturn, king of kings, we all know that your

Achaeans settled down upon the ground, while

Hector, and the son of Tydeus aimed a spear at

might is not to be gainsaid,

that of the Trojans rose

him as he was charging

but we are also sorry for the Danaan warriors,

heavenwards. Then he thundered aloud from Ida,

full speed towards them. He missed him, but

who are perishing and

and sent the glare

struck his charioteer

coming to a bad end. We will, however, since you

of his lightning upon the Achaeans; when they

and squire Eniopeus son of noble Thebaeus in the

so bid us, refrain

saw this, pale fear

breast by the nipple

from actual fighting, but we will make serviceable

fell upon them and they were sore afraid.

while the reins were in his hands, so that he died

suggestions to

there and then,

the Argives that they may not all of them perish

Idomeneus dared not stay nor yet Agamemnon,

and the horses swerved as he fell headlong from

in your displeasure."

nor did the two Ajaxes,

the chariot. Hector

servants of Mars, hold their ground. Nestor

was greatly grieved at the loss of his charioteer,

Jove smiled at her and answered, "Take heart, my

knight of Gerene alone

but let him lie

child, Trito-born;

stood firm, bulwark of the Achaeans, not of his

for all his sorrow, while he went in quest of

I am not really in earnest, and I wish to be kind to

own will, but one

another driver; nor


of his horses was disabled. Alexandrus husband

did his steeds have to go long without one, for he

of lovely Helen had

presently found

With this he yoked his fleet horses, with hoofs of

hit it with an arrow just on the top of its head

brave Archeptolemus the son of Iphitus, and

bronze and manes

where the mane begins

made him get up behind

of glittering gold. He girded himself also with

to grow away from the skull, a very deadly place.

the horses, giving the reins into his hand.

gold about the body,

The horse bounded

seized his gold whip and took his seat in his

in his anguish as the arrow pierced his brain, and

All had then been lost and no help for it, for they

chariot. Thereon he

his struggles threw

would have been

lashed his horses and they flew forward nothing

others into confusion. The old man instantly

penned up in Ilius like sheep, had not the sire of

loth midway twixt

began cutting the traces

gods and men been

earth and starry heaven. After a while he reached

with his sword, but Hector's fleet horses bore

quick to mark, and hurled a fiery flaming


down upon him through

thunderbolt which fell just

Ida, mother of wild beasts, and Gargarus, where

the rout with their bold charioteer, even Hector

in front of Diomed's horses with a flare of burning

are his grove and

himself, and the

brimstone. The

fragrant altar. There the father of gods and men

old man would have perished there and then had

horses were frightened and tried to back beneath

stayed his horses,

not Diomed been quick

the car, while the

took them from the chariot, and hid them in a

to mark, and with a loud cry called Ulysses to

reins dropped from Nestor's hands. Then he was

thick cloud; then he

help him.

afraid and said to

took his seat all glorious upon the topmost crests,

Diomed, "Son of Tydeus, turn your horses in

looking down upon

"Ulysses," he cried, "noble son of Laertes where

flight; see you not that

the city of Troy and the ships of the Achaeans.

are you flying to,

the hand of Jove is against you? To-day he

with your back turned like a coward? See that you

vouchsafes victory to Hector;

The Achaeans took their morning meal hastily at

are not struck with

to-morrow, if it so please him, he will again grant

the ships, and afterwards

a spear between the shoulders. Stay here and help

it to ourselves;

put on their armour. The Trojans on the other

me to defend Nestor

no man, however brave, may thwart the purpose

hand likewise armed

from this man's furious onset."

of Jove, for he is far

themselves throughout the city, fewer in numbers

but nevertheless

stronger than any."

Ulysses would not give ear, but sped onward to
the ships of the Achaeans,

Diomed answered, "All that you have said is true;

that we may take the shield of Nestor, the fame of

Jove, did you ever so ruin a great king and rob

there is a grief

which ascends to

him so utterly of

however which pierces me to the very heart, for

heaven, for it is of solid gold, arm-rods and all,

his greatness? yet, when to my sorrow I was

Hector will talk among

and that we may

coming hither, I never

the Trojans and say, 'The son of Tydeus fled

strip from the shoulders of Diomed. the cuirass

let my ship pass your altars without offering the

before me to the ships.'

which Vulcan made

fat and thigh-bones

This is the vaunt he will make, and may earth

him. Could we take these two things, the

of heifers upon every one of them, so eager was I

then swallow me."

Achaeans would set sail in

to sack the city

their ships this self-same night."

of Troy. Vouchsafe me then this prayer- suffer us

"Son of Tydeus," replied Nestor, "what mean you?

to escape at any

Though Hector say

Thus did he vaunt, but Queen Juno made high

rate with our lives, and let not the Achaeans be so

that you are a coward the Trojans and Dardanians

Olympus quake as she shook

utterly vanquished

will not believe

with rage upon her throne. Then said she to the

by the Trojans."

him, nor yet the wives of the mighty warriors

mighty god of Neptune,

whom you have laid low."

"What now, wide ruling lord of the earthquake?

Thus did he pray, and father Jove pitying his tears

Can you find no compassion

vouchsafed him

So saying he turned the horses back through the

in your heart for the dying Danaans, who bring

that his people should live, not die; forthwith he

thick of the battle,

you many a welcome

sent them an eagle,

and with a cry that rent the air the Trojans and

offering to Helice and to Aegae? Wish them well

most unfailingly portentous of all birds, with a

Hector rained their

then. If all of us

young fawn in its

darts after them. Hector shouted to him and said,

who are with the Danaans were to drive the

talons; the eagle dropped the fawn by the altar on

"Son of Tydeus,

Trojans back and keep Jove

which the Achaeans

the Danaans have done you honour hitherto as

from helping them, he would have to sit there

sacrificed to Jove the lord of omens; When,

regards your place at

sulking alone on Ida."

therefore, the people

table, the meals they give you, and the filling of

saw that the bird had come from Jove, they

your cup with wine.







Henceforth they will despise you, for you are

answered, "Juno, rash of tongue,

become no better than

what are you talking about? We other gods must

a woman. Be off, girl and coward that you are,

not set ourselves against

There was no man of all the many Danaans who

you shall not scale

Jove, for he is far stronger than we are."

could then boast that

our walls through any Hinching upon my part;

sprang more fiercely upon

the Trojans and fought more boldly.

he had driven his horses over the trench and gone

neither shall you carry

Thus did they converse; but the whole space

forth to fight sooner

off our wives in your ships, for I shall kill you

enclosed by the ditch,

than the son of Tydeus; long before any one else

with my own hand."

from the ships even to the wall, was filled with

could do so he slew

horses and warriors,

an armed warrior of the Trojans, Agelaus the son

The son of Tydeus was in two minds whether or

who were pent up there by Hector son of Priam,

of Phradmon. He had

no to turn his horses

now that the hand of

turned his horses in flight, but the spear struck

round again and fight him. Thrice did he doubt,

Jove was with him. He would even have set fire to

him in the back

and thrice did Jove

the ships and burned

midway between his shoulders and went right

thunder from the heights of. Ida in token to the

them, had not Queen Juno put it into the mind of

through his chest, and

Trojans that he would

Agamemnon, to bestir

his armour rang rattling round him as he fell

turn the battle in their favour. Hector then

himself and to encourage the Achaeans. To this

forward from his chariot.

shouted to them and said,

end he went round the

"Trojans, Lycians, and Dardanians, lovers of close

ships and tents carrying a great purple cloak, and

After him came Agamemnon and Menelaus, sons

fighting, be men,

took his stand

of Atreus, the two Ajaxes

my friends, and fight with might and with main; I

by the huge black hull of Ulysses' ship, which was

clothed in valour as with a garment, Idomeneus

see that Jove is

middlemost of all;

and his companion in

minded to vouchsafe victory and great glory to

it was from this place that his voice would carry

arms Meriones, peer of murderous Mars, and

myself, while he will

farthest, on the

Eurypylus the brave son

deal destruction upon the Danaans. Fools, for

one hand towards the tents of Ajax son of

of Euaemon. Ninth came Teucer with his bow,

having thought of building

Telamon, and on the other

and took his place under

this weak and worthless wall. It shall not stay my

towards those of Achilles- for these two heroes,

cover of the shield of Ajax son of Telamon. When

fury; my horses

well assured of their

Ajax lifted his shield

will spring lightly over their trench, and when I

own strength, had valorously drawn up their

Teucer would peer round, and when he had hit

am at their ships

ships at the two ends

any one in the throng,

forget not to bring me fire that I may burn them,

of the line. From this spot then, with a voice that

the man would fall dead; then Teucer would hie

while I slaughter

could be heard

back to Ajax as a child

the Argives who will be all dazed and bewildered

afar, he shouted to the Danaans, saying, "Argives,

to its mother, and again duck down under his

by the smoke."

shame on you cowardly


creatures, brave in semblance only; where are

Then he cried to his horses, "Xanthus and

now our vaunts that

Which of the Trojans did brave Teucer first kill?

Podargus, and you Aethon

we should prove victorious- the vaunts we made

Orsilochus, and

and goodly Lampus, pay me for your keep now

so vaingloriously in

then Ormenus and Ophelestes, Daetor, Chromius,

and for all the honey-sweet

Lemnos, when we ate the flesh of horned cattle

and godlike Lycophontes,

corn with which Andromache daughter of great

and filled our mixing-bowls

Amopaon son of Polyaemon, and Melanippus.

Eetion has fed you, and

to the brim? You vowed that you would each of

these in turn did he lay

for she has mixed wine and water for you to drink

you stand against a

low upon the earth, and King Agamemnon was

whenever you would,

hundred or two hundred men, and now you

glad when he saw him making

before doing so even for me who am her own

prove no match even for one-

havoc of the Trojans with his mighty bow. He

husband. Haste in pursuit,

for Hector, who will be ere long setting our ships

went up to him and said,

in a blaze. Father

"Teucer, man after my own heart, son of Telamon,

very deadly place, and broke the sinew of his arm

his grey-eyed darling. Get our horses ready, while

captain among the

so that his wrist

I go within the

host, shoot on, and be at once the saving of the

was less, and the bow dropped from his hand as

house of aegis-bearing Jove and put on my

Danaans and the glory

he fell forward on

armour; we shall then find

of your father Telamon, who brought you up and

his knees. Ajax saw that his brother had fallen,

out whether Priam's son Hector will be glad to

took care of you in

and running towards

meet us in the highways

his own house when you were a child, bastard

him bestrode him and sheltered him with his

of battle, or whether the Trojans will glut hounds

though you were. Cover

shield. Meanwhile his

and vultures with

him with glory though he is far off; I will promise

two trusty squires, Mecisteus son of Echius, and

the fat of their flesh as they he dead by the ships

and I will assuredly

Alastor, came up

of the Achaeans."

perform; if aegis-bearing Jove and Minerva grant

and bore him to the ships groaning in his great

me to sack the city


of Ilius, you shall have the next best meed of

Thus did she speak and white-armed Juno,

daughter of great Saturn,

honour after my own-

Jove now again put heart into the Trojans, and

obeyed her words; she set about harnessing her

a tripod, or two horses with their chariot, or a

they drove the Achaeans

gold-bedizened steeds,

woman who shall go

to their deep trench with Hector in all his glory at

while Minerva daughter of aegis-bearing Jove

up into your bed."

their head. As

flung her richly vesture,

a hound grips a wild boar or lion in flank or

made with her own hands, on to the threshold of

And Teucer answered, "Most noble son of Atreus,

buttock when he gives

her father, and donned

you need not urge

him chase, and watches warily for his wheeling,

the shirt of Jove, arming herself for battle. Then

me; from the moment we began to drive them

even so did Hector

she stepped into

back to Ilius, I have never

follow close upon the Achaeans, ever killing the

her flaming chariot, and grasped the spear so

ceased so far as in me lies to look out for men

hindmost as they

stout and sturdy and

whom I can shoot and

rushed panic-stricken onwards. When they had

strong with which she quells the ranks of heroes

kill; I have shot eight barbed shafts, and all of

fled through the set

who have displeased

them have been buried

stakes and trench and many Achaeans had been

her. Juno lashed her horses, and the gates of

in the flesh of warlike youths, but this mad dog I

laid low at the hands

heaven bellowed as they

cannot hit."

of the Trojans, they halted at their ships, calling

flew open of their own accord- gates over which

upon one another

the Hours preside,

As he spoke he aimed another arrow straight at

and praying every man instantly as they lifted up

in whose hands are heaven and Olympus, either

Hector, for he was

their hands to the

to open the dense cloud

bent on hitting him; nevertheless he missed him,

gods; but Hector wheeled his horses this way and

that hides them or to close it. Through these the

and the arrow hit

that, his eyes glaring

goddesses drove

Priam's brave son Gorgythion in the breast. His

like those of Gorgo or murderous Mars.

their obedient steeds.

lovely as a goddess, had been married from

Juno when she saw them had pity upon them,

But father Jove when he saw them from Ida was

Aesyme, and now he bowed

and at once said to Minerva,

very angry, and sent

his head as a garden poppy in full bloom when it

"Alas, child of aegis-bearing Jove, shall you and I

winged Iris with a message to them. "Go," said he,

is weighed down by

take no more thought

"fleet Iris, turn

showers in spring- even thus heavy bowed his

for the dying Danaans, though it be the last time

them back, and see that they do not come near

head beneath the weight

we ever do so? See

me, for if we come to

of his helmet.

how they perish and come to a bad end before the

fighting there will be mischief. This is what I say,

onset of but a single

and this is what

Again he aimed at Hector, for he was longing to

man. Hector the son of Priam rages with

I mean to do. I will lame their horses for them; I

hit him, and again

intolerable fury, and has

will hurl them

his arrow missed, for Apollo turned it aside; but

already done great mischief."

from their chariot, and will break it in pieces. It

mother, fair Castianeira,

he hit Hector's

will take them

brave charioteer Archeptolemus in the breast, by

Minerva answered, "Would, indeed, this fellow

all ten years to heal the wounds my lightning

the nipple, as he

might die in his own

shall inflict upon them;

was driving furiously into the fight. The horses

land, and fall by the hands of the Achaeans; but

my grey-eyed daughter will then learn what

swerved aside as

my father Jove is

quarrelling with her father

he fell headlong from the chariot, and there was

mad with spleen, ever foiling me, ever headstrong

means. I am less surprised and angry with Juno,

no life left in him.

and unjust. He forgets

for whatever I say

Hector was greatly grieved at the loss of his

how often I saved his son when he was worn out

she always contradicts me."

charioteer, but for

by the labours Eurystheus

all his sorrow he let him lie where he fell, and

had laid on him. He would weep till his cry came

With this Iris went her way, fleet as the wind,

bade his brother

up to heaven, and

from the heights of

Cebriones, who was hard by, take the reins.

then Jove would send me down to help him; if I

Ida to the lofty summits of Olympus. She met the

Cebriones did as he had

had had the sense to

goddesses at the

said. Hector thereon with a loud cry sprang from

foresee all this, when Eurystheus sent him to the

outer gates of its many valleys and gave them her

his chariot to the

house of Hades,

message. "What,"

ground, and seizing a great stone made straight

to fetch the hell-hound from Erebus, he would

said she, "are you about? Are you mad? The son

for Teucer with intent

never have come back

of Saturn forbids going.

kill him. Teucer had just taken an arrow from his

alive out of the deep waters of the river Styx. And

This is what he says, and this is he means to do,

quiver and had laid

now Jove hates

he will lame your

it upon the bow-string, but Hector struck him

me, while he lets Thetis have her way because she

horses for you, he will hurl you from your chariot,

with the jagged stone

kissed his knees

and will break

as he was taking aim and drawing the string to

and took hold of his beard, when she was begging

it in pieces. It will take you all ten years to heal

his shoulder; he hit

him to do honour

the wounds his

him just where the collar-bone divides the neck

to Achilles. I shall know what to do next time he

lightning will inflict upon you, that you may

from the chest, a

begins calling me

learn, grey-eyed goddess,

what quarrelling with your father means. He is

the Argives, that they may not all of them perish

men are to camp upon its heaven-built walls. Let

less hurt and angry

in your displeasure."

the women each of

with Juno, for whatever he says she always

them light a great fire in her house, and let watch

contradicts him but you,

And Jove answered, "To-morrow morning, Juno,

be safely kept

bold bold hussy, will you really dare to raise your

if you choose to do so,

lest the town be entered by surprise while the

huge spear in

you will see the son of Saturn destroying large

host is outside. See

defiance of Jove?"

numbers of the Argives,

to it, brave Trojans, as I have said, and let this

for fierce Hector shall not cease fighting till he has

suffice for the

With this she left them, and Juno said to Minerva,

roused the

moment; at daybreak I will instruct you further. I

"Of a truth, child

son of Peleus when they are fighting in dire straits

pray in hope to

of aegis-bearing Jove, I am not for fighting men's

at their ships'

Jove and to the gods that we may then drive those

battles further

sterns about the body of Patroclus. Like it or no,

fate-sped hounds

in defiance of Jove. Let them live or die as luck

this is how it

from our land, for 'tis the fates that have borne

will have it, and

is decreed; for aught I care, you may go to the

them and their ships

let Jove mete out his judgements upon the Trojans

lowest depths beneath

hither. This night, therefore, let us keep watch,

and Danaans according

earth and sea, where Iapetus and Saturn dwell in

but with early morning

to his own pleasure."

lone Tartarus with

let us put on our armour and rouse fierce war at

neither ray of light nor breath of wind to cheer

the ships of the

She turned her steeds; the Hours presently

them. You may go

Achaeans; I shall then know whether brave

unyoked them, made them

on and on till you get there, and I shall not care

Diomed the son of Tydeus

fast to their ambrosial mangers, and leaned the

one whit for your

will drive me back from the ships to the wall, or

chariot against the

displeasure; you are the greatest vixen living."

whether I shall

end wall of the courtyard. The two goddesses

myself slay him and carry off his bloodstained

then sat down upon their

Juno made him no answer. The sun's glorious orb

spoils. To-morrow let

golden thrones, amid the company of the other

now sank into Oceanus

him show his mettle, abide my spear if he dare. I

gods; but they were

and drew down night over the land. Sorry indeed

ween that at break

very angry.

were the Trojans when

of day, he shall be among the first to fall and

light failed them, but welcome and thrice prayed

many another of his

Presently father Jove drove his chariot to

for did darkness

comrades round him. Would that I were as sure

Olympus, and entered the

fall upon the Achaeans.

of being immortal and

assembly of gods. The mighty lord of the

never growing old, and of being worshipped like

earthquake unyoked his horses

Then Hector led the Trojans back from the ships,

Minerva and Apollo,

for him, set the car upon its stand, and threw a

and held a council

as I am that this day will bring evil to the

cloth over it. Jove

on the open space near the river, where there was


then sat down upon his golden throne and

a spot ear corpses.

Olympus reeled beneath him.

They left their chariots and sat down on the

Thus spoke Hector and the Trojans shouted

Minerva and Juno sat alone, apart from Jove, and

ground to hear the speech

applause. They took their

neither spoke nor

he made them. He grasped a spear eleven cubits

sweating steeds from under the yoke, and made

asked him questions, but Jove knew what they

long, the bronze point

them fast each by his

meant, and said, "Minerva

of which gleamed in front of it, while the ring

own chariot. They made haste to bring sheep and

and Juno, why are you so angry? Are you

round the spear-head

cattle from the city,

fatigued with killing so many

was of gold Spear in hand he spoke. "Hear me,"

they brought wine also and corn from their

of your dear friends the Trojans? Be this as it may,

said he, "Trojans,

houses and gathered much

such is the might

Dardanians, and allies. I deemed but now that I

wood. They then offered unblemished hecatombs

of my hands that all the gods in Olympus cannot

should destroy the

to the immortals, and

turn me; you were

ships and all the Achaeans with them ere I went

the wind carried the sweet savour of sacrifice to

both of you trembling all over ere ever you saw

back to Ilius, but

heaven- but the

the fight and its

darkness came on too soon. It was this alone that

blessed gods partook not thereof, for they bitterly

terrible doings. I tell you therefore-and it would

saved them and their

hated Ilius with

have surely been-

ships upon the seashore. Now, therefore, let us

Priam and Priam's people. Thus high in hope they

I should have struck you with lighting, and your

obey the behests of

sat through the livelong

chariots would never

night, and prepare our suppers. Take your horses

night by the highways of war, and many a

have brought you back again to Olympus."

out of their chariots

watchfire did they kindle.

and give them their feeds of corn; then make

As when the stars shine clear, and the moon is

Minerva and Juno groaned in spirit as they sat

speed to bring sheep

bright- there is not

side by side and brooded

and cattle from the city; bring wine also and corn

a breath of air, not a peak nor glade nor jutting

mischief for the Trojans. Minerva sat silent

for your horses

headland but it

without a word, for she

and gather much wood, that from dark till dawn

stands out in the ineffable radiance that breaks

was in a furious passion and bitterly incensed

we may burn watchfires

from the serene of

against her father;

whose flare may reach to heaven. For the

heaven; the stars can all of them be told and the

but Juno could not contain herself and said,

Achaeans may try to fly beyond

heart of the shepherd

"What, dread son of Saturn,

the sea by night, and they must not embark

is glad- even thus shone the watchfires of the

are you talking about? We know how great your

scatheless and unmolested;

Trojans before Ilius

power is, nevertheless

many a man among them must take a dart with

midway between the ships and the river Xanthus.

we have compassion upon the Danaan warriors

him to nurse at home,

A thousand camp-fires

who are perishing and

hit with spear or arrow as he is leaping on board

gleamed upon the plain, and in the glow of each

coming to a bad end. We will, however, since you

his ship, that others

there sat fifty men,

so bid us, refrain

may fear to bring war and weeping upon the

while the horses, champing oats and corn beside

from actual fighting, but we will make serviceable

Trojans. Moreover let the

their chariots, waited

suggestions to

heralds tell it about the city that the growing

till dawn should come.

youths and grey-bearded


Mycene stand ranged upon the seashore; but the

had done so they lit their fires and got every man


rest of us stay here

his supper.

till we have sacked Troy. Nay though these too


should turn homeward

The son of Atreus then bade many councillors of

with their ships, Sthenelus and myself will still

the Achaeans to his

Thus did the Trojans watch. But Panic, comrade

fight on till we

quarters prepared a great feast in their honour.

of blood-stained Rout,

reach the goal of Ilius, for for heaven was with us

They laid their hands

had taken fast hold of the Achaeans and their

when we came."

on the good things that were before them, and as

princes were all of

soon as they had

them in despair. As when the two winds that

The sons of the Achaeans shouted applause at the

enough to eat and drink, old Nestor, whose

blow from Thrace- the

words of Diomed,

counsel was ever truest,

north and the northwest- spring up of a sudden

and presently Nestor rose to speak. "Son of

was the first to lay his mind before them. He,

and rouse the fury

Tydeus," said he, "in

therefore, with all

of the main- in a moment the dark waves uprear

war your prowess is beyond question, and in

sincerity and goodwill addressed them thus.

their heads and scatter

council you excel all

their sea-wrack in all directions- even thus

who are of your own years; no one of the

"With yourself, most noble son of Atreus, king of

troubled were the hearts

Achaeans can make light of

men, Agamemnon,

of the Achaeans.

what you say nor gainsay it, but you have not yet

will I both begin my speech and end it, for you

come to the end

are king over much

The son of Atreus in dismay bade the heralds call

of the whole matter. You are still young- you

people. Jove, moreover, has vouchsafed you to

the people to a

might be the youngest

wield the sceptre and

council man by man, but not to cry the matter

of my own children- still you have spoken wisely

to uphold righteousness, that you may take

aloud; he made haste

and have counselled

thought for your people

also himself to call them, and they sat sorry at

the chief of the Achaeans not without discretion;

under you; therefore it behooves you above all

heart in their assembly.

nevertheless I am

others both to speak

Agamemnon shed tears as it were a running

older than you and I will tell you every" thing;

and to give ear, and to out the counsel of another

stream or cataract on the

therefore let no

who shall have

side of some sheer cliff; and thus, with many a

man, not even King Agamemnon, disregard my

been minded to speak wisely. All turns on you

heavy sigh he spoke

saying, for he that foments

and on your commands,

to the Achaeans. "My friends," said he, "princes

civil discord is a clanless, hearthless outlaw.

therefore I will say what I think will be best. No

and councillors of

man will be of

the Argives, the hand of heaven has been laid

"Now, however, let us obey the behests of night

a truer mind than that which has been mine from

heavily upon me. Cruel

and get our suppers,

the hour when you,

Jove gave me his solemn promise that I should

but let the sentinels every man of them camp by

sir, angered Achilles by taking the girl Briseis

sack the city of Troy

the trench that is

from his tent against

before returning, but he has played me false, and

without the wall. I am giving these instructions to

my judgment. I urged you not to do so, but you

is now bidding me

the young men;

yielded to your own

go ingloriously back to Argos with the loss of

when they have been attended to, do you, son of

pride, and dishonoured a hero whom heaven

much people. Such is

Atreus, give your

itself had honoured- for

the will of Jove, who has laid many a proud city

orders, for you are the most royal among us all.

you still hold the prize that had been awarded to

in the dust as he

Prepare a feast for

him. Now, however,

will yet lay others, for his power is above all.

your councillors; it is right and reasonable that

let us think how we may appease him, both with

Now, therefore, let

you should do so;

presents and fair speeches

us all do as I say and sail back to our own

there is abundance of wine in your tents, which

that may conciliate him."

country, for we shall

the ships of the Achaeans

not take Troy."

bring from Thrace daily. You have everything at

And King Agamemnon answered, "Sir, you have

your disposal wherewith

reproved my folly justly.

Thus he spoke, and the sons of the Achaeans for a

to entertain guests, and you have many subjects.

I was wrong. I own it. One whom heaven

long while sat sorrowful

When many are got

befriends is in himself a host,

there, but they all held their peace, till at last

together, you can be guided by him whose

and Jove has shown that he befriends this man by

Diomed of the loud

counsel is wisest- and sorely

destroying much people

battle-cry made answer saying, "Son of Atreus, I

do we need shrewd and prudent counsel, for the

of the Achaeans. I was blinded with passion and

will chide your folly,

foe has lit his watchfires

yielded to my worser

as is my right in council. Be not then aggrieved

hard by our ships. Who can be other than

mind; therefore I will make amends, and will give

that I should do

dismayed? This night will

him great gifts

so. In the first place you attacked me before all the

either be the ruin of our host, or save it."

by way of atonement. I will tell them in the

Danaans and

presence of you all.

said that I was a coward and no soldier. The

Thus did he speak, and they did even as he had

I will give him seven tripods that have never yet

Argives young and old

said. The sentinels

been on the fire,

know that you did so. But the son of scheming

went out in their armour under command of

and ten talents of gold. I will give him twenty iron

Saturn endowed you by

Nestor's son Thrasymedes,

cauldrons and

halves only. He gave you honour as the chief

a captain of the host, and of the bold warriors

twelve strong horses that have won races and

ruler over us, but valour,

Ascalaphus and Ialmenus:

carried off prizes. Rich,

which is the highest both right and might he did


not give you. Sir,

Deipyrus, and the son of Creion,

many prizes as my

think you that the sons of the Achaeans are

noble Lycomedes. There were seven captains of

horses have won me. I will give him seven

indeed as unwarlike and

the sentinels, and with

excellent workwomen, Lesbians,

cowardly as you say they are? If your own mind

each there went a hundred youths armed with

whom I chose for myself when he took Lesbos- all

is set upon going home-

long spears: they took

of surpassing beauty.

go- the way is open to you; the many ships that

their places midway between the trench and the

I will give him these, and with them her whom I

followed you from

wall, and when they

erewhile took from






indeed, both in land and gold is he that has as

him, the daughter of Briseus; and I swear a great

every man his drink-offering; then, when they

Ulysses against the opposite wall, and bade his

oath that I never

had made their offerings,

comrade Patroclus

went up into her couch, nor have been with her

and had drunk each as much as he was minded,

offer sacrifice to the gods; so he cast the offerings

after the manner of

the envoys set out from

into the fire,

men and women.

the tent of Agamemnon son of Atreus; and

and they laid their hands upon the good things

Nestor, looking first to

that were before them.

"All these things will I give him now down, and if

one and then to another, but most especially at

As soon as they had had enough to eat and drink,

hereafter the gods

Ulysses, was instant

Ajax made a sign

vouchsafe me to sack the city of Priam, let him

with them that they should prevail with the noble

to Phoenix, and when he saw this, Ulysses filled

come when we Achaeans

son of Peleus.

his cup with wine

are dividing the spoil, and load his ship with gold

and pledged Achilles.

and bronze to

They went their way by the shore of the sounding

his liking; furthermore let him take twenty Trojan

sea, and prayed earnestly

"Hail," said he, "Achilles, we have had no scant of

women, the loveliest

to earth-encircling Neptune that the high spirit of

good cheer, neither

after Helen herself. Then, when we reach Achaean

the son of Aeacus

in the tent of Agamemnon, nor yet here; there has

Argos, wealthiest

might incline favourably towards them. When

been plenty to eat

of all lands, he shall be my son-in-law and I will

they reached the ships

and drink, but our thought turns upon no such

show him like honour

and tents of the Myrmidons, they found Achilles

matter. Sir, we are

with my own dear son Orestes, who is being

playing on a lyre,

in the face of great disaster, and without your

nurtured in all abundance.

fair, of cunning workmanship, and its cross-bar

help know not whether

I have three daughters, Chrysothemis, Laodice,

was of silver. It

we shall save our fleet or lose it. The Trojans and

and lphianassa, let

was part of the spoils which he had taken when

their allies have

him take the one of his choice, freely and without

he sacked the city

camped hard by our ships and by the wall; they

gifts of wooing,

of Eetion, and he was now diverting himself with

have lit watchfires

to the house of Peleus; I will add such dower to

it and singing the

throughout their host and deem that nothing can

boot as no man ever

feats of heroes. He was alone with Patroclus, who

now prevent them from

yet gave his daughter, and will give him seven

sat opposite to

falling on our fleet. Jove, moreover, has sent his

well established cities,

him and said nothing, waiting till he should cease

lightnings on their

Cardamyle, Enope, and Hire, where there is grass;

singing. Ulysses

right; Hector, in all his glory, rages like a maniac;

holy Pherae and

and Ajax now came in- Ulysses leading the way -

confident that

the rich meadows of Anthea; Aepea also, and the

and stood before him.

Jove is with him he fears neither god nor man, but

vine-clad slopes of

Achilles sprang from his seat with the lyre still in

is gone raving

Pedasus, all near the sea, and on the borders of

his hand, and

mad, and prays for the approach of day. He vows

sandy Pylos. The

Patroclus, when he saw the strangers, rose also.

that he will hew the

men that dwell there are rich in cattle and sheep;

Achilles then greeted

high sterns of our ships in pieces, set fire to their

they will honour

them saying, "All hail and welcome- you must

hulls, and make

him with gifts as though he were a god, and be

come upon some great

havoc of the Achaeans while they are dazed and

obedient to his comfortable

matter, you, who for all my anger are still dearest

smothered in smoke;

ordinances. All this will I do if he will now forgo

to me of the Achaeans."

I much fear that heaven will make good his

his anger. Let

boasting, and it will prove

him then yieldit is only Hades who is utterly

With this he led them forward, and bade them sit

our lot to perish at Troy far from our home in

ruthless and unyielding-

on seats covered

Argos. Up, then, and

and hence he is of all gods the one most hateful to

with purple rugs; then he said to Patroclus who

late though it be, save the sons of the Achaeans

mankind. Moreover

was close by him,

who faint before

I am older and more royal than himself.

"Son of Menoetius, set a larger bowl upon the

the fury of the Trojans. You will repent bitterly

Therefore, let him now obey

table, mix less water

hereafter if you


with the wine, and give every man his cup, for

do not, for when the harm is done there will be no

these are very dear

curing it; consider

friends, who are now under my roof."

ere it be too late, and save the Danaans from

Then Nestor answered, "Most noble son of

Atreus, king of men, Agamemnon.


The gifts you offer are no small ones, let us then

Patroclus did as his comrade bade him; he set the

send chosen messengers,

chopping-block in

"My good friend, when your father Peleus sent

who may go to the tent of Achilles son of Peleus

front of the fire, and on it he laid the loin of a

you from Phthia to Agamemnon,

without delay. Let

sheep, the loin

did he not charge you saying, 'Son, Minerva and

those go whom I shall name. Let Phoenix, dear to

also of a goat, and the chine of a fat hog.

Juno will make you

Jove, lead the way;

Automedon held the meat

strong if they choose, but check your high temper,

let Ajax and Ulysses follow, and let the heralds

while Achilles chopped it; he then sliced the

for the better

Odius and Eurybates

pieces and put them

part is in goodwill. Eschew vain quarrelling, and

go with them. Now bring water for our hands,

on spits while the son of Menoetius made the fire

the Achaeans old

and bid all keep silence

burn high. When

and young will respect you more for doing so.'

while we pray to Jove the son of Saturn, if so be

the flame had died down, he spread the embers,

These were his words,

that he may have

laid the spits on top

but you have forgotten them. Even now, however,

mercy upon us."

of them, lifting them up and setting them upon

be appeased, and put

the spit-racks; and

away your anger from you. Agamemnon will

Thus did he speak, and his saying pleased them

he sprinkled them with salt. When the meat was

make you great amends if

well. Men-servants

roasted, he set it

you will forgive him; listen, and I will tell you

poured water over the hands of the guests, while

on platters, and handed bread round the table in

what he has said

pages filled the

fair baskets, while

in his tent that he will give you. He will give you

mixing-bowls with wine and water, and handed it

Achilles dealt them their portions. Then Achilles

seven tripods

round after giving

took his seat facing

that have never yet been on the fire, and ten

talents of gold; twenty

iron cauldrons, and twelve strong horses that

another in his heart; therefore I will say what I

water and then victual them duly; to-morrow

have won races and carried

mean. I will be

morning, if you care to

off prizes. Rich indeed both in land and gold is he

appeased neither by Agamemnon son of Atreus

look, you will see my ships on the Hellespont,

who has as many

nor by any other of the

and my men rowing out

prizes as these horses have won for Agamemnon.

Danaans, for I see that I have no thanks for all my

to sea with might and main. If great Neptune

Moreover he will give

fighting. He that

vouchsafes me a fair

you seven excellent workwomen, Lesbians, whom

fights fares no better than he that does not;

passage, in three days I shall be in Phthia. I have

he chose for himself,

coward and hero are

much there that

when you took Lesbos- all of surpassing beauty.

held in equal honour, and death deals like

I left behind me when I came here to my sorrow,

He will give you these,

measure to him who works

and I shall bring

and with them her whom he erewhile took from

and him who is idle. I have taken nothing by all

back still further store of gold, of red copper, of

you, the daughter of

my hardships- with

fair women, and

Briseus, and he will swear a great oath, he has

my life ever in my hand; as a bird when she has

of iron, my share of the spoils that we have taken;

never gone up into

found a morsel takes

but one prize,

her couch nor been with her after the manner of

it to her nestlings, and herself fares hardly, even

he who gave has insolently taken away. Tell him

men and women. All

so man a long

all as I now bid you,

these things will he give you now down, and if

night have I been wakeful, and many a bloody

and tell him in public that the Achaeans may hate

hereafter the gods

battle have I waged by

him and beware of

vouchsafe him to sack the city of Priam, you can

day against those who were fighting for their

him should he think that he can yet dupe others

come when we Achaeans

women. With my ships

for his effrontery

are dividing the spoil, and load your ship with

I have taken twelve cities, and eleven round about

never fails him.

gold and bronze to

Troy have I stormed

your liking. You can take twenty Trojan women,

with my men by land; I took great store of wealth

"As for me, hound that he is, he dares not look me

the loveliest after

from every one of

in the face. I

Helen herself. Then, when we reach Achaean

them, but I gave all up to Agamemnon son of

will take no counsel with him, and will undertake

Argos, wealthiest of all

Atreus. He stayed where

nothing in common

lands, you shall be his son-in-law, and he will

he was by his ships, yet of what came to him he

with him. He has wronged me and deceived me

show you like honour

gave little, and kept

enough, he shall not cozen

with his own dear son Orestes, who is being

much himself.

me further; let him go his own way, for Jove has

nurtured in all abundance.

robbed him of his

Agamemnon has three daughters, Chrysothemis,

"Nevertheless he did distribute some meeds of

reason. I loathe his presents, and for himself care

Laodice, and Iphianassa;

honour among the chieftains

not one straw.

you may take the one of your choice, freely and

and kings, and these have them still; from me

He may offer me ten or even twenty times what

without gifts of wooing,

alone of the Achaeans

he has now done, nay-

to the house of Peleus; he will add such dower to

did he take the woman in whom I delighted- let

not though it be all that he has in the world, both

boot as no man ever

him keep her and sleep

now or ever shall

yet gave his daughter, and will give you seven

with her. Why, pray, must the Argives needs fight

have; he may promise me the wealth of

well-established cities,

the Trojans? What

Orchomenus or of Egyptian Thebes,

Cardamyle, Enope, and Hire where there is grass;

made the son of Atreus gather the host and bring

which is the richest city in the whole world, for it

holy Pheras and the

them? Was it not

has a hundred

rich meadows of Anthea; Aepea also, and the

for the sake of Helen? Are the sons of Atreus the

gates through each of which two hundred men

vine-clad slopes of Pedasus,

only men in the

may drive at once with

all near the sea, and on the borders of sandy

world who love their wives? Any man of common

their chariots and horses; he may offer me gifts as

Pylos. The men that

right feeling will love

the sands of the

dwell there are rich in cattle and sheep; they will

and cherish her who is his own, as I this woman,

sea or the dust of the plain in multitude, but even

honour you with

with my whole heart,

so he shall not

gifts as though were a god, and be obedient to

though she was but a fruitling of my spear.

move me till I have been revenged in full for the

your comfortable ordinances.

Agamemnon has taken her

bitter wrong he

All this will he do if you will now forgo your

from me; he has played me false; I know him; let

has done me. I will not marry his daughter; she

anger. Moreover, though

him tempt me no further,

may be fair as Venus,

you hate both him and his gifts with all your

for he shall not move me. Let him look to you,

and skilful as Minerva, but I will have none of

heart, yet pity the

Ulysses, and to the

her: let another take

rest of the Achaeans who are being harassed in all

other princes to save his ships from burning. He

her, who may be a good match for her and who

their host; they

has done much without

rules a larger kingdom.

will honour you as a god, and you will earn great

me already. He has built a wall; he has dug a

If the gods spare me to return home, Peleus will

glory at their hands.

trench deep and wide

find me a wife; there

You might even kill Hector; he will come within

all round it, and he has planted it within with

are Achaean women in Hellas and Phthia,

your reach, for he

stakes; but even so

daughters of kings that have

is infatuated, and declares that not a Danaan

he stays not the murderous might of Hector. So

cities under them; of these I can take whom I will

whom the ships have

long as I fought the

and marry her.

brought can hold his own against him."

Achaeans Hector suffered not the battle range far

Many a time was I minded when at home in

from the city walls;

Phthia to woo and wed a woman

Achilles answered, "Ulysses, noble son of Laertes,

he would come to the Scaean gates and to the oak

who would make me a suitable wife, and to enjoy

I should give you

tree, but no further.

the riches of my old

formal notice plainly and in all fixity of purpose

Once he stayed to meet me and hardly did he

father Peleus. My life is more to me than all the

that there be no

escape my onset: now,

wealth of Ilius

more of this cajoling, from whatsoever quarter it

however, since I am in no mood to fight him, I

while it was yet at peace before the Achaeans

may come. Him do

will to-morrow offer

went there, or than

I hate even as the gates of hell who says one thing

sacrifice to Jove and to all the gods; I will draw

all the treasure that lies on the stone floor of

while he hides

my ships into the

Apollo's temple beneath

the cliffs of Pytho. Cattle and sheep are to be had

fulfilled his curse. I took counsel to kill him, but

them even to the ends of the world; but

for harrying,

some god stayed

nevertheless the prayers come

and a man buy both tripods and horses if he

my rashness and bade me think on men's evil

hobbling and healing after. If a man has pity upon

wants them, but when his

tongues and how I should

these daughters

life has once left him it can neither be bought nor

be branded as the murderer of my father:

of Jove when they draw near him, they will bless

harried back again.

nevertheless I could not

him and hear him

bear to stay in my father's house with him so

too when he is praying; but if he deny them and

"My mother Thetis tells me that there are two

bitter a against me.

will not listen to

ways in which I may

My cousins and clansmen came about me, and

them, they go to Jove the son of Saturn and pray

meet my end. If I stay here and fight, I shall not

pressed me sorely to remain;

that he may presently

return alive but

many a sheep and many an ox did they slaughter,

fall into sin- to his ruing bitterly hereafter.

my name will live for ever: whereas if I go home

and many a fat hog

Therefore, Achilles,

my name will die,

did they set down to roast before the fire; many a

give these daughters of Jove due reverence, and

but it will be long ere death shall take me. To the

jar, too, did they

bow before them as

rest of you, then,

broach of my father's wine. Nine whole nights did

all good men will bow. Were not the son of

I say, 'Go home, for you will not take Ilius.' Jove

they set a guard

Atreus offering you gifts

has held his hand

over me taking it in turns to watch, and they kept

and promising others later- if he were still furious

over her to protect her, and her people have taken

a fire always burning,

and implacable-

heart. Go, therefore,

both in the cloister of the outer court and in the

I am not he that would bid you throw off your

as in duty bound, and tell the princes of the

inner court at

anger and help the Achaeans,

Achaeans the message

the doors of the room wherein I lay; but when the

no matter how great their need; but he is giving

that I have sent them; tell them to find some other

darkness of the

much now, and more

plan for the saving

tenth night came, I broke through the closed

hereafter; he has sent his captains to urge his suit,

of their ships and people, for so long as my

doors of my room, and

and has chosen

displeasure lasts the

climbed the wall of the outer court after passing

those who of all the Argives are most acceptable

one that they have now hit upon may not be. As

quickly and unperceived

to you; make not

for Phoenix, let him

through the men on guard and the women

then their words and their coming to be of none

sleep here that he may sail with me in the

servants. I then fled through

effect. Your anger

morning if he so will.

Hellas till I came to fertile Phthia, mother of

has been righteous so far. We have heard in song

But I will not take him by force."

sheep, and to King

how heroes of old

Peleus, who made me welcome and treated me as

time quarrelled when they were roused to fury,

They all held their peace, dismayed at the

a father treats an only

but still they could

sternness with which he

son who will be heir to all his wealth. He made

be won by gifts, and fair words could soothe

had denied them, till presently the old knight

me rich and set me


Phoenix in his great

over much people, establishing me on the borders

fear for the ships of the Achaeans, burst into tears

of Phthia where I

"I have an old story in my mind- a very old one-

and said, "Noble

was chief ruler over the Dolopians.

but you are all friends

Achilles, if you are now minded to return, and in

and I will tell it. The Curetes and the Aetolians

the fierceness of

"It was I, Achilles, who had the making of you; I

were fighting and

your anger will do nothing to save the ships from

loved you with all

killing one another round Calydon- the Aetolians

burning, how, my

my heart: for you would eat neither at home nor

defending the city

son, can I remain here without you? Your father

when you had gone

and the Curetes trying to destroy it. For Diana of

Peleus bade me go

out elsewhere, till I had first set you upon my

the golden throne

with you when he sent you as a mere lad from

knees, cut up the

was angry and did them hurt because Oeneus had

Phthia to Agamemnon.

dainty morsel that you were to eat, and held the

not offered her his

You knew nothing neither of war nor of the arts

wine-cup to your

harvest first-fruits. The other gods had all been

whereby men make their

lips. Many a time have you slobbered your wine

feasted with hecatombs,

mark in council, and he sent me with you to train

in baby helplessness

but to the daughter of great Jove alone he had

you in all excellence

over my shirt; I had infinite trouble with you, but

made no sacrifice.

of speech and action. Therefore, my son, I will not

I knew that heaven

He had forgotten her, or somehow or other it had

stay here without

had vouchsafed me no offspring of my own, and I

escaped him, and

you- no, not though heaven itself vouchsafe to

made a son of you,

this was a grievous sin. Thereon the archer

strip my years from

Achilles, that in my hour of need you might

goddess in her displeasure

off me, and make me young as I was when I first

protect me. Now, therefore,

sent a prodigious creature against him- a savage

left Hellas the land

I say battle with your pride and beat it; cherish

wild boar with great

of fair women. I was then flying the anger of

not your anger for

white tusks that did much harm to his orchard

father Amyntor, son

ever; the might and majesty of heaven are more

lands, uprooting apple-trees

of Ormenus, who was furious with me in the

than ours, but even

in full bloom and throwing them to the ground.

matter of his concubine,

heaven may be appeased; and if a man has sinned

But Meleager son of

of whom he was enamoured to the wronging of

he prays the gods,

Oeneus got huntsmen and hounds from many

his wife my mother. My

and reconciles them to himself by his piteous cries

cities and killed it- for

mother, therefore, prayed me without ceasing to

and by frankincense,

it was so monstrous that not a few were needed,

lie with the woman

with drink-offerings and the savour of burnt

and many a man did

myself, that so she hate my father, and in the

sacrifice. For prayers

it stretch upon his funeral pyre. On this the

course of time I yielded.

are as daughters to great Jove; halt, wrinkled,

goddess set the Curetes

But my father soon came to know, and cursed me

with eyes askance,

and the Aetolians fighting furiously about the

bitterly, calling the

they follow in the footsteps of sin, who, being

head and skin of the

dread Erinyes to witness. He prayed that no son

fierce and fleet of


of mine might ever

foot, leaves them far behind him, and ever

sit upon knees- and the gods, Jove of the world

baneful to mankind outstrips

below and awful Proserpine,

"So long as Meleager was in the field things went

badly with the Curetes,

and for all their numbers they could not hold

Be not then, my son, thus minded; let not heaven

how the son of Atreus treated me with contumely

their ground under the

lure you into any

as though I were some

city walls; but in the course of time Meleager was

such course. When the ships are burning it will be

vile tramp, and that too in the presence of the

angered as even

a harder matter

Argives. Go, then,

a wise man will sometimes be. He was incensed

to save them. Take the gifts, and go, for the

and deliver your message; say that I will have no

with his mother Althaea,

Achaeans will then honour

concern with fighting

and therefore stayed at home with his wedded

you as a god; whereas if you fight without taking

till Hector, son of noble Priam, reaches the tents of

wife fair Cleopatra,

them, you may beat

the Myrmidons

who was daughter of Marpessa daughter of

the battle back, but you will not be held in like

in his murderous course, and flings fire upon

Euenus, and of Ides the man


their ships. For all

then living. He it was who took his bow and faced

his lust of battle, I take it he will be held in check

King Apollo himself

And Achilles answered, "Phoenix, old friend and

when he is

for fair Marpessa's sake; her father and mother

father, I have no

at my own tent and ship."

then named her Alcyone,

need of such honour. I have honour from Jove

because her mother had mourned with the

himself, which will abide

On this they took every man his double cup,

plaintive strains of the halcyon-bird

with me at my ships while I have breath in my

made their drink-offerings,

when Phoebus Apollo had carried her off.

body, and my limbs are

and went back to the ships, Ulysses leading the

Meleager, then, stayed at

strong. I say further- and lay my saying to your

way. But Patroclus

home with Cleopatra, nursing the anger which he

heart- vex me no

told his men and the maid-servants to make ready

felt by reason of

more with this weeping and lamentation, all in

a comfortable bed

his mother's curses. His mother, grieving for the

the cause of the son


death of her brother,

of Atreus. Love him so well, and you may lose the

sheepskins, a rug, and a sheet

prayed the gods, and beat the earth with her

love I bear you.

of fine linen. The old man then laid himself down

hands, calling upon Hades

You ought to help me rather in troubling those

and waited till

and on awful Proserpine; she went down upon

that trouble me; be

morning came. But Achilles slept in an inner

her knees and her bosom

king as much as I am, and share like honour with

room, and beside him

was wet with tears as she prayed that they would

myself; the others

the daughter of Phorbas lovely Diomede, whom

kill her son- and

shall take my answer; stay here yourself and sleep

he had carried off from

Erinys that walks in darkness and knows no ruth

comfortably in

Lesbos. Patroclus lay on the other side of the

heard her from Erebus.

your bed; at daybreak we will consider whether

room, and with him

to remain or go."

fair Iphis whom Achilles had given him when he

"Then was heard the din of battle about the gates







took Scyros the city

of Calydon, and

On this she nodded quietly to Patroclus as a sign

the dull thump of the battering against their

that he was to prepare

walls. Thereon the elders

a bed for Phoenix, and that the others should take

When the envoys reached the tents of the son of

of the Aetolians besought Meleager; they sent the

their leave. Ajax

Atreus, the Achaeans

chiefest of their

son of Telamon then said, "Ulysses, noble son of

rose, pledged them in cups of gold, and began to

priests, and begged him to come out and help

Laertes, let us be

question them. King

them, promising him a

gone, for I see that our journey is vain. We must

Agamemnon was the first to do so. Tell me,

great reward. They bade him choose fifty plough-

now take our answer,

Ulysses," said he, "will

gates, the most fertile

unwelcome though it be, to the Danaans who are

he save the ships from burning, or did be refuse,

in the plain of Calydon, the one-half vineyard and

waiting to receive

and is he still

the other open

it. Achilles is savage and remorseless; he is cruel,


plough-land. The old warrior Oeneus implored

and cares nothing

him, standing at the

for the love his comrades lavished upon him more

Ulysses answered, "Most noble son of Atreus,

threshold of his room and beating the doors in

than on all the others.

king of men, Agamemnon,

supplication. His sisters

He is implacable- and yet if a man's brother or son

Achilles will not be calmed, but is more fiercely

and his mother herself besought him sore, but he

has been slain

angry than ever,

the more refused

he will accept a fine by way of amends from him

and spurns both you and your gifts. He bids you

them; those of his comrades who were nearest

that killed him, and

take counsel with

and dearest to him also

the wrong-doer having paid in full remains in

the Achaeans to save the ships and host as you

prayed him, but they could not move him till the

peace among his own

best may; as for himself,

foe was battering

people; but as for you, Achilles, the gods have put

he said that at daybreak he should draw his ships

at the very doors of his chamber, and the Curetes

a wicked unforgiving

into the water.

had scaled the walls

spirit in your heart, and this, all about one single

He said further that he should advise every one to

and were setting fire to the city. Then at last his

girl, whereas

sail home likewise,

sorrowing wife

we now offer you the seven best we have, and

for that you will not reach the goal of Ilius. 'Jove,'

detailed the horrors that befall those whose city is

much else into the bargain.

he said, 'has

taken; she reminded

Be then of a more gracious mind, respect the

laid his hand over the city to protect it, and the

him how the men are slain, and the city is given

hospitality of your own

people have taken

over to the flames,

roof. We are with you as messengers from the

heart.' This is what he said, and the others who

while the women and children are carried into

host of the Danaans,

were with me can

captivity; when he heard

and would fain he held nearest and dearest to

tell you the same story- Ajax and the two heralds,

all this, his heart was touched, and he donned his

yourself of all the

men, both of them,

armour to go forth.


who may be trusted. The old man Phoenix stayed

Thus of his own inward motion he saved the city

of Enyeus.

where he was to sleep,

of the Aetolians;

"Ajax," replied Achilles, "noble son of Telamon,

for so Achilles would have it, that he might go

but they now gave him nothing of those rich

you have spoken much

home with him in the

rewards that they had

to my liking, but my blood boils when I think it

morning if he so would; but he will not take him

offered earlier, and though he saved the city he

all over, and remember

by force."

took nothing by it.

They all held their peace, sitting for a long time

Neither could Menelaus sleep, for he, too, boded

With these instructions he sent his brother on his

silent and dejected,

ill for the Argives

way, and went on

by reason of the sternness with which Achilles

who for his sake had sailed from far over the seas

to Nestor shepherd of his people. He found him

had refused them, till

to fight the Trojans.

sleeping in his tent

presently Diomed said, "Most noble son of

He covered his broad back with the skin of a

hard by his own ship; his goodly armour lay

Atreus, king of men, Agamemnon,

spotted panther, put

beside him- his shield,

you ought not to have sued the son of Peleus nor

a casque of bronze upon his head, and took his

his two spears and his helmet; beside him also lay

offered him gifts.

spear in his brawny

the gleaming girdle

He is proud enough as it is, and you have

hand. Then he went to rouse his brother, who was

with which the old man girded himself when he

encouraged him in his pride

by far the most powerful

armed to lead his people

am further. Let him stay or go as he will. He will

of the Achaeans, and was honoured by the people

into battle- for his age stayed him not. He raised

fight later when

as though he were

himself on his

he is in the humour, and heaven puts it in his

a god. He found him by the stern of his ship

elbow and looked up at Agamemnon. "Who is it,"

mind to do so. Now,

already putting his goodly

said he, "that goes

therefore, let us all do as I say; we have eaten and

array about his shoulders, and right glad was he

thus about the host and the ships alone and in the

drunk our fill,

that his brother

dead of night,

let us then take our rest, for in rest there is both

had come.

when men are sleeping? Are you looking for one

strength and

of your mules or for

stay. But when fair rosy-fingered morn appears,

Menelaus spoke first. "Why," said he, "my dear

some comrade? Do not stand there and say

forthwith bring out

brother, are you thus

nothing, but speak. What

your host and your horsemen in front of the

arming? Are you going to send any of our

is your business?"

ships, urging them on,

comrades to exploit the Trojans?

and yourself fighting among the foremost."

I greatly fear that no one will do you this service,

And Agamemnon answered, "Nestor, son of

and spy upon

Neleus, honour to the Achaean

Thus he spoke, and the other chieftains approved

the enemy alone in the dead of night. It will be a

name, it is I, Agamemnon son of Atreus, on

his words. They then

deed of great daring."

whom Jove has laid labour

made their drink-offerings and went every man to

and sorrow so long as there is breath in my body

his own tent, where

And King Agamemnon answered, "Menelaus, we

and my limbs carry

they laid down to rest and enjoyed the boon of

both of us need shrewd

me. I am thus abroad because sleep sits not upon


counsel to save the Argives and our ships, for

my eyelids, but my

Jove has changed his

heart is big with war and with the jeopardy of the


mind, and inclines towards Hector's sacrifices

Achaeans. I am


rather than ours. I

in great fear for the Danaans. I am at sea, and

never saw nor heard tell of any man as having

without sure counsel;

wrought such ruin in

my heart beats as though it would leap out of my

one day as Hector has now wrought against the

body, and my limbs

Now the other princes of the Achaeans slept

sons of the Achaeans-

fail me. If then you can do anything- for you too

soundly the whole night

and that too of his own unaided self, for he is son

cannot sleep- let

through, but Agamemnon son of Atreus was

neither to god

us go the round of the watch, and see whether

troubled, so that he could

nor goddess. The Argives will rue it long and

they are drowsy with

get no rest. As when fair Juno's lord flashes his

deeply. Run, therefore,

toil and sleeping to the neglect of their duty. The

lightning in token

with all speed by the line of the ships, and call

enemy is encamped

of great rain or hail or snow when the snow-flakes

Ajax and Idomeneus.

hard and we know not but he may attack us by

whiten the ground,

Meanwhile I will go to Nestor, and bid him rise


or again as a sign that he will open the wide jaws

and go about among

of hungry war,

the companies of our sentinels to give them their

Nestor replied, "Most noble son of Atreus, king of

even so did Agamemnon heave many a heavy

instructions; they

men, Agamemnon,

sigh, for his soul trembled

will listen to him sooner than to any man, for his

Jove will not do all for Hector that Hector thinks

within him. When he looked upon the plain of

own son, and Meriones

he will; he will

Troy he marvelled at

brother in arms to Idomeneus, are captains over

have troubles yet in plenty if Achilles will lay

the many watchfires burning in front of Ilius, and

them. It was to them

aside his anger.

at the sound of

more particularly that we gave this charge."

I will go with you, and we will rouse others,


pipes and flutes and of the hum of men, but when

either the son of Tydeus,

presently he turned

Menelaus replied, "How do I take your meaning?

or Ulysses, or fleet Ajax and the valiant son of

towards the ships and hosts of the Achaeans, he

Am I to stay with them

Phyleus. Some one

tore his hair by handfuls

and wait your coming, or shall I return here as

had also better go and call Ajax and King

before Jove on high, and groaned aloud for the

soon as I have given

Idomeneus, for their ships

very disquietness of


his soul. In the end he deemed it best to go at once

Agamemnon, "for there are so many

cannot however refrain

to Nestor son

paths about the camp that we might miss one

from blaming Menelaus, much as I love him and

of Neleus, and see if between them they could

another. Call every man

respect him- and I will

find any way of the

on your way, and bid him be stirring; name him

say so plainly, even at the risk of offending you-

Achaeans from destruction. He therefore rose, put

by his lineage and

for sleeping and

on his shirt, bound

by his father's name, give each all titular

leaving all this trouble to yourself. He ought to be

his sandals about his comely feet, flung the skin of

observance, and stand

going about imploring

a huge tawny

not too much upon your own dignity; we must

aid from all the princes of the Achaeans, for we

lion over his shoulders- a skin that reached his

take our full share of

are in extreme danger."

feet- and took his

toil, for at our birth Jove laid this heavy burden

spear in his hand.

upon us."





are not near at hand but the farthest of all. I

And Agamemnon answered, "Sir, you may

sometimes blame him justly,

for he is often remiss and unwilling to exert

heart is of iron; you rest not one moment from

they will retire within their walls. If he could

himself- not indeed

your labours. Are there

learn all this and

from sloth, nor yet heedlessness, but because he

no younger men among the Achaeans who could

come back safely here, his fame would be high as

looks to me and expects

go about to rouse the

heaven in the mouths

me to take the lead. On this occasion, however, he

princes? There is no tiring you."

of all men, and he would be rewarded richly; for

was awake before

the chiefs from all

I was, and came to me of his own accord. I have

And Nestor knight of Gerene made answer, "My

our ships would each of them give him a black

already sent him to

son, all that you have

ewe with her lamb- which

call the very men whom you have named. And

said is true. I have good sons, and also much

is a present of surpassing value- and he would be

now let us be going. We

people who might call

asked as a guest

shall find them with the watch outside the gates,

the chieftains, but the Achaeans are in the gravest

to all feasts and clan-gatherings."

for it was there

danger; life and

I said that we would meet them."

death are balanced as it were on the edge of a

They all held their peace, but Diomed of the loud

razor. Go then, for

war-cry spoke saying,

"In that case," answered Nestor, "the Argives will

you are younger than I, and of your courtesy

"Nestor, gladly will I visit the host of the Trojans

not blame him nor

rouse Ajax and the fleet

over against

disobey his orders when he urges them to fight or

son of Phyleus."

us, but if another will go with me I shall do so in

gives them instructions."

greater confidence
Diomed threw the skin of a great tawny lion

and comfort. When two men are together, one of

With this he put on his shirt, and bound his

about his shoulders- a

them may see some opportunity

sandals about his comely

skin that reached his feet- and grasped his spear.

which the other has not caught sight of; if a man

feet. He buckled on his purple coat, of two

When he had roused

is alone he is less

thicknesses, large, and

the heroes, he brought them back with him; they

full of resource, and his wit is weaker."







then went the round

redoubtable bronze-shod spear,

of those who were on guard, and found the

On this several offered to go with Diomed. The

and wended his way along the line of the

captains not sleeping at

two Ajaxes, servants

Achaean ships. First he called

their posts but wakeful and sitting with their arms

of Mars, Meriones, and the son of Nestor all

loudly to Ulysses peer of gods in counsel and

about them. As

wanted to go, so did

woke him, for he was

sheep dogs that watch their flocks when they are

Menelaus son of Atreus; Ulysses also wished to

soon roused by the sound of the battle-cry. He

yarded, and hear

go among the host of

came outside his tent

a wild beast coming through the mountain forest

the Trojans, for he was ever full of daring, and

and said, "Why do you go thus alone about the

towards them- forthwith

thereon Agamemnon

host, and along the

there is a hue and cry of dogs and men, and

king of men spoke thus: "Diomed," said he, "son

line of the ships in the stillness of the night? What

slumber is broken- even

of Tydeus, man after

is it that you

so was sleep chased from the eyes of the

my own heart, choose your comrade for yourself-

find so urgent?" And Nestor knight of Gerene

Achaeans as they kept the

take the best man

answered, "Ulysses, noble

watches of the wicked night, for they turned

of those that have offered, for many would now

son of Laertes, take it not amiss, for the Achaeans

constantly towards the

go with you. Do not

are in great straits.

plain whenever they heard any stir among the

through delicacy reject the better man, and take

Come with me and let us wake some other, who

Trojans. The old man

the worst out of

may advise well with

was glad bade them be of good cheer. "Watch on,

respect for his lineage, because he is of more royal

us whether we shall fight or fly."

my children," said


he, "and let not sleep get hold upon you, lest our
On this Ulysses went at once into his tent, put his

enemies triumph

He said this because he feared for Menelaus.

shield about his

over us."

Diomed answered, "If

shoulders and came out with them. First they

you bid me take the man of my own choice, how

went to Diomed son of

With this he passed the trench, and with him the

in that case can I fail

Tydeus, and found him outside his tent clad in his

other chiefs of the

to think of Ulysses, than whom there is no man

armour with his

Achaeans who had been called to the council.

more eager to face

comrades sleeping round him and using their

Meriones and the brave

all kinds of danger- and Pallas Minerva loves him

shields as pillows; as

son of Nestor went also, for the princes bade

well? If he were

for their spears, they stood upright on the spikes

them. When they were

to go with me we should pass safely through fire

of their butts

beyond the trench that was dug round the wall

itself, for he is

that were driven into the ground, and the

they held their meeting

quick to see and understand."

burnished bronze flashed

on the open ground where there was a space clear

afar like the lightning of father Jove. The hero was

of corpses, for it

"Son of Tydeus," replied Ulysses, "say neither

sleeping upon

was here that when night fell Hector had turned

good nor ill about

the skin of an ox, with a piece of fine carpet under

back from his onslaught

me, for you are among Argives who know me

his head; Nestor

on the Argives. They sat down, therefore, and

well. Let us be going, for

went up to him and stirred him with his heel to

held debate with one

the night wanes and dawn is at hand. The stars

rouse him, upbraiding


have gone forward,

him and urging him to bestir himself. "Wake up,"

two-thirds of the night are already spent, and the

he exclaimed, "son

Nestor spoke first. "My friends," said he, "is there

third is alone

of Tydeus. How can you sleep on in this way?

any man bold

left us."

Can you not see that

enough to venture the Trojans, and cut off some

the Trojans are encamped on the brow of the plain

straggler, or us news


hard by our ships,

of what the enemy mean to do whether they will

Thrasymedes provided the son

with but a little space between us and them?"

stay here by the ships

of Tydeus with a sword and a shield (for he had

away from the city, or whether, now that they

left his own at his

have worsted the Achaeans,

ship) and on his head he set a helmet of bull's

On these words Diomed leaped up instantly and

said, "Old man, your



hide without either





peak or crest; it is called a skull-cap and is a

before them. "Is there one," said he, "who for a

common headgear.

great reward will

Meriones found a bow and quiver for Ulysses,

do me the service of which I will tell you? He

With this they turned out of their way and lay

and on his head he set

shall be well paid

down among the corpses.

a leathern helmet that was lined with a strong

if he will. I will give him a chariot and a couple of

Dolon suspected nothing and soon passed them,

plaiting of leathern

horses, the

but when he had got

thongs, while on the outside it was thickly

fleetest that can be found at the ships of the

about as far as the distance by which a mule-

studded with boar's teeth,

Achaeans, if he will

plowed furrow exceeds

well and skilfully set into it; next the head there

dare this thing; and he will win infinite honour to

one that has been ploughed by oxen (for mules

was an inner lining

boot; he must

can plow fallow land

of felt. This helmet had been stolen by Autolycus

go to the ships and find out whether they are still

quicker than oxen) they ran after him, and when

out of Eleon when

guarded as heretofore,

he heard their footsteps

he broke into the house of Amyntor son of

or whether now that we have beaten them the

he stood still, for he made sure they were friends

Ormenus. He gave it to Amphidamas

Achaeans design to fly,

from the Trojan

of Cythera to take to Scandea, and Amphidamas

and through sheer exhaustion are neglecting to

camp come by Hector's orders to bid him return;

gave it as a guest-gift

keep their watches."

when, however, they

to Molus, who gave it to his son Meriones; and

back to the town."

were only a spear's cast, or less away form him,

now it was set upon

They all held their peace; but there was among

he saw that they

the head of Ulysses.

the Trojans a certain

were enemies as fast as his legs could take him.

man named Dolon, son of Eumedes, the famous

The others gave chase

When the pair had armed, they set out, and left

herald- a man rich in

at once, and as a couple of well-trained hounds

the other chieftains

gold and bronze. He was ill-favoured, but a good

press forward after

behind them. Pallas Minerva sent them a heron by

runner, and was an

a doe or hare that runs screaming in front of

the wayside upon

only son among five sisters. He it was that now

them, even so did the

their right hands; they could not see it for the

addressed the Trojans.

son of Tydeus and Ulysses pursue Dolon and cut

darkness, but they

"I, Hector," said he, "Will to the ships and will

him off from his own

heard its cry. Ulysses was glad when he heard it

exploit them. But

people. But when he had fled so far towards the

and prayed to Minerva:

first hold up your sceptre and swear that you will

ships that he would

"Hear me," he cried, "daughter of aegis-bearing

give me the chariot,

soon have fallen in with the outposts, Minerva

Jove, you who spy

bedight with bronze, and the horses that now

infused fresh strength

out all my ways and who are with me in all my

carry the noble son of

into the son of Tydeus for fear some other of the

hardships; befriend

Peleus. I will make you a good scout, and will not

Achaeans might have

me in this mine hour, and grant that we may

fail you. I will

the glory of being first to hit him, and he might

return to the ships covered

go through the host from one end to the other till I

himself be only

with glory after having achieved some mighty

come to the ship

second; he therefore sprang forward with his

exploit that shall bring

of Agamemnon, where I take it the princes of the

spear and said, "Stand,

sorrow to the Trojans."

Achaeans are now

or I shall throw my spear, and in that case I shall

consulting whether they shall fight or fly."

soon make an end

Then Diomed of the loud war-cry also prayed:

of you."

"Hear me too," said he,

When he had done speaking Hector held up his

"daughter of Jove, unweariable; be with me even

sceptre, and swore him

He threw as he spoke, but missed his aim on

as you were with my

his oath saying, "May Jove the thundering

purpose. The dart flew

noble father Tydeus when he went to Thebes as

husband of Juno bear witness

over the man's right shoulder, and then stuck in

envoy sent by the Achaeans.

that no other Trojan but yourself shall mount

the ground. He stood

He left the Achaeans by the banks of the river

those steeds, and that

stock still, trembling and in great fear; his teeth

Aesopus, and went to

you shall have your will with them for ever."

chattered, and

the city bearing a message of peace to the

he turned pale with fear. The two came breathless

Cadmeians; on his return

The oath he swore was bootless, but it made

up to him and seized

thence, with your help, goddess, he did great

Dolon more keen on going.

his hands, whereon he began to weep and said,

deeds of daring, for

He hung his bow over his shoulder, and as an

"Take me alive; I will

you were his ready helper. Even so guide me and

overall he wore the skin

ransom myself; we have great store of gold,

guard me now, and

of a grey wolf, while on his head he set a cap of

bronze, and wrought iron,

in return I will offer you in sacrifice a broad-

ferret skin. Then

and from this my father will satisfy you with a

browed heifer of a

he took a pointed javelin, and left the camp for the

very large ransom,

year old, unbroken, and never yet brought by

ships, but he

should he hear of my being alive at the ships of

man under the yoke. I

was not to return with any news for Hector.

the Achaeans."

will gild her horns and will offer her up to you in

When he had left the horses


and the troops behind him, he made all speed on

"Fear not," replied Ulysses, "let no thought of

his way, but Ulysses

death be in your mind;

Thus they prayed, and Pallas Minerva heard their

perceived his coming and said to Diomed,

but tell me, and tell me true, why are you thus

prayer. When they

"Diomed, here is some one

going about alone

had done praying to the daughter of great Jove,

from the camp; I am not sure whether he is a spy,

in the dead of night away from your camp and

they went their way

or whether it is

towards the ships, while

like two lions prowling by night amid the armour

some thief who would plunder the bodies of the

other men are sleeping? Is it to plunder the bodies

and blood-stained

dead; let him get a

of the slain,

bodies of them that had fallen.

little past us, we can then spring upon him and

or did Hector send you to spy out what was going

take him. If, however,

on at the ships?

Neither again did Hector let the Trojans sleep; for

he is too quick for us, go after him with your

Or did you come here of your own mere notion?"

he too called

spear and hem him in

the princes and councillors of the Trojans that he

towards the ships away from the Trojan camp, to

Dolon answered, his limbs trembling beneath

might set his counsel

prevent his getting

him: "Hector, with his

vain flattering promises, lured me from my better

I have ever seen, they are whiter than snow and

judgement. He said

fleeter than any wind

Thereon Minerva put courage into the heart of

he would give me the horses of the noble son of

that blows. His chariot is bedight with silver and

Diomed, and he smote

Peleus and his bronze-bedizened

gold, and he has

them right and left. They made a hideous

chariot; he bade me go through the darkness of

brought his marvellous golden armour, of the

groaning as they were being

the flying night, get

rarest workmanship- too

hacked about, and the earth was red with their

close to the enemy, and find out whether the

splendid for any mortal man to carry, and meet

blood. As a lion springs

ships are still guarded

only for the gods.

furiously upon a flock of sheep or goats when he

as heretofore, or whether, now that we have

Now, therefore, take me to the ships or bind me

finds without their

beaten them, the Achaeans

securely here, until

shepherd, so did the son of Tydeus set upon the

design to fly, and through sheer exhaustion are

you come back and have proved my words

Thracian soldiers

neglecting to keep

whether they be false or true."

till he had killed twelve. As he killed them

their watches."

Ulysses came and drew

Diomed looked sternly at him and answered,

them aside by their feet one by one, that the

Ulysses smiled at him and answered, "You had

"Think not, Dolon, for

horses might go forward

indeed set your heart

all the good information you have given us, that

freely without being frightened as they passed

upon a great reward, but the horses of the

you shall escape

over the dead bodies,

descendant of Aeacus are

now you are in our hands, for if we ransom you

for they were not yet used to them. When the son

hardly to be kept in hand or driven by any other

or let you go, you

of Tydeus came to

mortal man than Achilles

will come some second time to the ships of the

the king, he killed him too (which made thirteen),

himself, whose mother was an immortal. But tell

Achaeans either as

as he was breathing

me, and tell me true,

a spy or as an open enemy, but if I kill you and an

hard, for by the counsel of Minerva an evil dream,

where did you leave Hector when you started?

end of you, you

the seed of Oeneus,

Where lies his armour

will give no more trouble."

hovered that night over his head. Meanwhile

and his horses? How, too, are the watches and

Ulysses untied the horses,

sleeping-ground of the

On this Dolon would have caught him by the

made them fast one to another and drove them

Trojans ordered? What are their plans? Will they

beard to beseech him further,

off, striking them with

stay here by the

but Diomed struck him in the middle of his neck

his bow, for he had forgotten to take the whip

ships and away from the city, or now that they

with his sword and

from the chariot. Then

have worsted the Achaeans,

cut through both sinews so that his head fell

he whistled as a sign to Diomed.

will they retire within their walls?"

rolling in the dust

while he was yet speaking. They took the ferret-

But Diomed stayed where he was, thinking what

And Dolon answered, "I will tell you truly all.

skin cap from his

other daring deed he

Hector and the other

head, and also the wolf-skin, the bow, and his

might accomplish. He was doubting whether to

councillors are now holding conference by the

long spear. Ulysses

take the chariot in which

monument of great Ilus,

hung them up aloft in honour of Minerva the

the king's armour was lying, and draw it out by

away from the general tumult; as for the guards

goddess of plunder, and

the pole, or to lift

about which you ask

prayed saying, "Accept these, goddess, for we

the armour out and carry it off; or whether again,

me, there is no chosen watch to keep guard over

give them to you in

he should not kill

the host. The Trojans

preference to all the gods in Olympus: therefore

some more Thracians. While he was thus

have their watchfires, for they are bound to have

speed us still further

hesitating Minerva came up

them; they, therefore,

towards the horses and sleeping-ground of the

to him and said, "Get back, Diomed, to the ships

are awake and keep each other to their duty as


or you may be driven

sentinels; but the

thither, should some other god rouse the Trojans."

allies who have come from other places are asleep

With these words he took the spoils and set them

and leave it to

upon a tamarisk tree,

Diomed knew that it was the goddess, and at once

the Trojans to keep guard, for their wives and

and they marked the place by pulling up reeds

sprang upon the horses.

children are not here."

and gathering boughs

Ulysses beat them with his bow and they flew

of tamarisk that they might not miss it as they

onward to the ships of

Ulysses then said, "Now tell me; are they sleeping

came back through

the Achaeans.

among the Trojan

the' flying hours of darkness. The two then went

troops, or do they lie apart? Explain this that I

onwards amid the

But Apollo kept no blind look-out when he saw

may understand it."

fallen armour and the blood, and came presently

Minerva with the son

to the company of

of Tydeus. He was angry with her, and coming to

"I will tell you truly all," replied Dolon. "To the

Thracian soldiers, who were sleeping, tired out

the host of the Trojans

seaward lie the

with their day's toil;

he roused Hippocoon, a counsellor of the

Carians, the Paeonian bowmen, the Leleges, the

their goodly armour was lying on the ground

Thracians and a noble kinsman

Cauconians, and the

beside them all orderly

of Rhesus. He started up out of his sleep and saw

noble Pelasgi. The Lysians and proud Mysians,

in three rows, and each man had his yoke of

that the horses

with the Phrygians and

horses beside him. Rhesus

were no longer in their place, and that the men

Meonians, have their place on the side towards

was sleeping in the middle, and hard by him his

were gasping in their

Thymbra; but why ask

horses were made fast

death-agony; on this he groaned aloud, and called

about an this? If you want to find your way into

to the topmost rim of his chariot. Ulysses from

upon his friend

the host of the Trojans,

some way off saw him

by name. Then the whole Trojan camp was in an

there are the Thracians, who have lately come

and said, "This, Diomed, is the man, and these are

uproar as the people

here and lie apart from

the horses about

kept hurrying together, and they marvelled at the

the others at the far end of the camp; and they

which Dolon whom we killed told us. Do your

deeds of the heroes

have Rhesus son of

very utmost; dally not

who had now got away towards the ships.

Eioneus for their king. His horses are the finest

about your armour, but loose the horses at once-

and strongest that

or else kill the

When they reached the place where they had

men yourself, while I see to the horses."

killed Hector's scout,

Ulysses stayed his horses, and the son of Tydeus,

sea-water had taken all the sweat from off them,

bosses of white tin, with another of dark cyanus

leaping to the ground,

and had refreshed

in the middle: this

placed the blood-stained spoils in the hands of

them, they went into the baths and washed

last was made to show a Gorgon's head, fierce

Ulysses and remounted:

themselves. After they had

and grim, with Rout

then he lashed the horses onwards, and they flew

so done and had anointed themselves with oil,

and Panic on either side. The band for the arm to

forward nothing loth

they sat down to table,

go through was of

towards the ships as though of their own free will.

and drawing from a full mixing-bowl, made a

silver, on which there was a writhing snake of

Nestor was first

drink-offering of wine

cyanus with three heads

to hear the tramp of their feet. "My friends," said

to Minerva.

that sprang from a single neck, and went in and

he, "princes and

out among one another.

counsellors of the Argives, shall I guess right or


On his head Agamemnon set a helmet, with a

wrong?- but I must


peak before and behind,

say what I think: there is a sound in my ears as of

the tramp of horses.

and four plumes of horse-hair that nodded


I hope it may Diomed and Ulysses driving in

menacingly above it; then

he grasped two redoubtable bronze-shod spears,

horses from the Trojans,

And now as Dawn rose from her couch beside

and the gleam of his

but I much fear that the bravest of the Argives

Tithonus, harbinger of

armour shot from him as a flame into the

may have come to some

light alike to mortals and immortals, Jove sent

firmament, while Juno and

harm at their hands."

fierce Discord with

Minerva thundered in honour of the king of rich

the ensign of war in her hands to the ships of the


He had hardly done speaking when the two men

Achaeans. She took

came in and dismounted,

her stand by the huge black hull of Ulysses' ship

Every man now left his horses in charge of his

whereon the others shook hands right gladly with

which was middlemost

charioteer to hold

them and congratulated

of all, so that her voice might carry farthest on

them in readiness by the trench, while he went

them. Nestor knight of Gerene was first to

either side, on

into battle on foot

question them. "Tell me,"

the one hand towards the tents of Ajax son of

clad in full armour, and a mighty uproar rose on

said he, "renowned Ulysses, how did you two

Telamon, and on the

high into the dawning.

come by these horses?

other towards those of Achilles- for these two

The chiefs were armed and at the trench before

Did you steal in among the Trojan forces, or did

heroes, well-assured

the horses got there,

some god meet you

of their own strength, had valorously drawn up

but these came up presently. The son of Saturn

and give them to you? They are like sunbeams. I

their ships at the

sent a portent of evil

am well conversant

two ends of the line. There she took her stand,

sound about their host, and the dew fell red with

with the Trojans, for old warrior though I am I

and raised a cry both

blood, for he was

never hold back by

loud and shrill that filled the Achaeans with

about to send many a brave man hurrying down

the ships, but I never yet saw or heard of such

courage, giving them

to Hades.

horses as these are.

heart to fight resolutely and with all their might,

Surely some god must have met you and given

so that they had

The Trojans, on the other side upon the rising

them to you, for you are

rather stay there and do battle than go home in

slope of the plain,

both of dear to Jove, and to Jove's daughter

their ships.








Polydamas, Aeneas who was

The son of Atreus shouted aloud and bade the

honoured by the Trojans like an immortal, and the

And Ulysses answered, "Nestor son of Neleus,

Argives gird themselves

three sons of Antenor,

honour to the Achaean

for battle while he put on his armour. First he

Polybus, Agenor, and young Acamas beauteous

name, heaven, if it so will, can give us even better

girded his goodly

as a god. Hector's round

horses than these,

greaves about his legs, making them fast with

shield showed in the front rank, and as some

for the gods are far mightier than we are. These

ankle clasps of silver;

baneful star that shines

horses, however,

and about his chest he set the breastplate which

for a moment through a rent in the clouds and is

about which you ask me, are freshly come from

Cinyras had once

again hidden beneath

Thrace. Diomed killed

given him as a guest-gift. It had been noised

them; even so was Hector now seen in the front

their king with the twelve bravest of his

abroad as far as Cyprus

ranks and now again

companions. Hard by the

that the Achaeans were about to sail for Troy, and

in the hindermost, and his bronze armour

ships we took a thirteenth man- a scout whom

therefore he gave

gleamed like the lightning

Hector and the other

it to the king. It had ten courses of dark cyanus,

of aegis-bearing Jove.

Trojans had sent as a spy upon our ships."

twelve of gold,
and ten of tin. There were serpents of cyanus that

And now as a band of reapers mow swathes of

He laughed as he spoke and drove the horses

reared themselves

wheat or barley upon a

over the ditch, while

up towards the neck, three upon either side, like

rich man's land, and the sheaves fall thick before

the other Achaeans followed him gladly. When

the rainbows which

them, even so did

they reached the strongly

the son of Saturn has set in heaven as a sign to

the Trojans and Achaeans fall upon one another;

built quarters of the son of Tydeus, they tied the

mortal men. About

they were in no mood

horses with thongs

his shoulders he threw his sword, studded with

for yielding but fought like wolves, and neither

of leather to the manger, where the steeds of

bosses of gold; and

side got the better

Diomed stood eating

the scabbard was of silver with a chain of gold

of the other. Discord was glad as she beheld them,

their sweet corn, but Ulysses hung the blood-

wherewith to hang

for she was the

stained spoils of Dolon

it. He took moreover the richly-dight shield that

only god that went among them; the others were

at the stern of his ship, that they might prepare a

covered his body

not there, but stayed

sacred offering

when he was in battle- fair to see, with ten circles

quietly each in his own home among the dells and

to Minerva. As for themselves, they went into the

of bronze running

valleys of Olympus.

sea and washed the

all round see, wit it. On the body of the shield

All of them blamed the son of Saturn for wanting

sweat from their bodies, and from their necks and

there were twenty

to Live victory to

thighs. When the

the Trojans, but father Jove heeded them not: he

Then King Agamemnon took the two sons of

din of battle; but the son of Atreus sped onwards,

held aloof from all,

Antimachus, Pisander and

calling out lustily

and sat apart in his all-glorious majesty, looking

brave Hippolochus. It was Antimachus who had

to the Danaans. They flew on by the tomb of old

down upon the city

been foremost in preventing

Ilus, son of Dardanus,

of the Trojans, the ships of the Achaeans, the

Helen's being restored to Menelaus, for he was

in the middle of the plain, and past the place of

gleam of bronze, and

largely bribed by Alexandrus;

the wild fig-tree

alike upon the slayers and on the slain.

and now Agamemnon took his two sons, both in

making always for the city- the son of Atreus still

the same chariot, trying

shouting, and

Now so long as the day waxed and it was still

to bring their horses to a stand- for they had lost

with hands all bedrabbled in gore; but when they

morning, their darts

hold of the reins

had reached the Scaean

rained thick on one another and the people

and the horses were mad with fear. The son of

gates and the oak tree, there they halted and

perished, but as the hour

Atreus sprang upon them

waited for the others

drew nigh when a woodman working in some

like a lion, and the pair besought him from their

to come up. Meanwhile the Trojans kept on flying

mountain forest will get

chariot. "Take us

over the middle of

his midday meal- for he has felled till his hands

alive," they cried, "son of Atreus, and you shall

the plain like a herd cows maddened with fright

are weary; he is

receive a great

when a lion has attacked

tired out, and must now have food- then the

ransom for us. Our father Antimachus has great

them in the dead of night- he springs on one of

Danaans with a cry that

store of gold, bronze,

them, seizes her neck

rang through all their ranks, broke the battalions

and wrought iron, and from this he will satisfy

in the grip of his strong teeth and then laps up her

of the enemy. Agamemnon

you with a very large

blood and gorges

led them on, and slew first Bienor, a leader of his

ransom should he hear of our being alive at the

himself upon her entrails- even so did King

people, and afterwards

ships of the Achaeans."

Agamemnon son of Atreus

his comrade and charioteer Oileus, who sprang

pursue the foe, ever slaughtering the hindmost as

from his chariot and

With such piteous words and tears did they

they fled pell-mell

was coming full towards him; but Agamemnon

beseech the king, but they

before him. Many a man was flung headlong from

struck him on the forehead

heard no pitiful answer in return. "If," said

his chariot by the

with his spear; his bronze visor was of no avail

Agamemnon, "you are

hand of the son of Atreus, for he wielded his

against the weapon,

sons of Antimachus, who once at a council of

spear with fury.

which pierced both bronze and bone, so that his

Trojans proposed that

brains were battered

Menelaus and Ulysses, who had come to you as

But when he was just about to reach the high wall

in and he was killed in full fight.

envoys, should be killed

and the city, the

and not suffered to return, you shall now pay for

father of gods and men came down from heaven

Agamemnon stripped their shirts from off them

the foul iniquity

and took his seat, thunderbolt

and left them with their

of your father."

in hand, upon the crest of many-fountained Ida.

breasts all bare to lie where they had fallen. He

He then told Iris

then went on to

As he spoke he felled Pisander from his chariot to

of the golden wings to carry a message for him.

kill Isus and Antiphus two sons of Priam, the one

the earth, smiting

"Go," said he, "fleet

a bastard, the other

him on the chest with his spear, so that he lay face

Iris, and speak thus to Hector- say that so long as

born in wedlock; they were in the same chariot-

uppermost upon

he sees Agamemnon

the bastard driving,

the ground. Hippolochus fled, but him too did

heading his men and making havoc of the Trojan

while noble Antiphus fought beside him. Achilles

Agamemnon smite; he

ranks, he is to keep

had once taken both

cut off his hands and his head- which he sent

aloof and bid the others bear the brunt of the

of them prisoners in the glades of Ida, and had

rolling in among the

battle, but when Agamemnon

bound them with fresh

crowd as though it were a ball. There he let them

is wounded either by spear or arrow, and takes to

withes as they were shepherding, but he had

both lie, and wherever

his chariot, then

taken a ransom for them;

the ranks were thickest thither he flew, while the

will I vouchsafe him strength to slay till he reach

now, however, Agamemnon son of Atreus smote

other Achaeans

the ships and

Isus in the chest above

followed. Foot soldiers drove the foot soldiers of

night falls at the going down of the sun."

the nipple with his spear, while he struck

the foe in rout

Antiphus hard by the ear

before them, and slew them; horsemen did the

Iris hearkened and obeyed. Down she went to

and threw him from his chariot. Forthwith he

like by horsemen, and

strong Ilius from the

stripped their goodly

the thundering tramp of the horses raised a cloud

crests of Ida, and found Hector son of Priam

armour from off them and recognized them, for

of dust frim off

standing by his chariot

he had already seen

the plain. King Agamemnon followed after, ever

and horses. Then she said, "Hector son of Priam,

them at ships when Achilles brought them in

slaying them and cheering

peer of gods in counsel,

from Ida. As a lion fastens

on the Achaeans. As when some mighty forest is

father Jove has sent me to bear you this message-

on the fawns of a hind and crushes them in his

all ablaze- the eddying

so long as you see

great jaws, robbing

gusts whirl fire in all directions till the thickets

Agamemnon heading his men and making havoc

them of their tender life while he on his way back

shrivel and are

of the Trojan ranks, you

to his lair- the

consumed before the blast of the flame- even so

are to keep aloof and bid the others bear the brunt

hind can do nothing for them even though she be

fell the heads of

of the battle,

close by, for she

the flying Trojans before Agamemnon son of

but when Agamemnon is wounded either by

is in an agony of fear, and flies through the thick

Atreus, and many a noble

spear or arrow, and takes

forest, sweating,

pair of steeds drew an empty chariot along the

to his chariot, then will Jove vouchsafe you

and at her utmost speed before the mighty

highways of war, for

strength to slay till

monster- so, no man of the

lack of drivers who were lying on the plain, more

you reach the ships, and till night falls at the

Trojans could help Isus and Antiphus, for they

useful now to vultures

going down of the

were themselves flying

than to their wives.


Jove drew Hector away from the darts and dust,

When she had thus spoken Iris left him, and

with the carnage and

Hector sprang full armed

panic before the Argives.

from his chariot to the ground, brandishing his

arm below the elbow, the point of the spear going

of hope he plunged in among the foremost, and

spear as he went about

right through the

fell on the fight like

everywhere among the host, cheering his men on

arm. Agamemnon was convulsed with pain, but

some fierce tempest that swoops down upon the

to fight, and stirring

still not even for this

sea, and lashes its

the dread strife of battle. The Trojans then

did he leave off struggling and fighting, but

deep blue waters into fury.

wheeled round, and again

grasped his spear that

met the Achaeans, while the Argives on their part

flew as fleet as the wind, and sprang upon Coon

What, then is the full tale of those whom Hector

strengthened their

who was trying to

son of Priam killed

battalions. The battle was now in array and they

drag off the body of his brother- his father's son-

in the hour of triumph which Jove then

stood face to face

by the foot, and

vouchsafed him? First Asaeus,

with one another, Agamemnon ever pressing

was crying for help to all the bravest of his

Autonous, and Opites; Dolops son of Clytius,

forward in his eagerness

comrades; but Agamemnon

Opheltius and Agelaus;

to be ahead of all others.

struck him with a bronze-shod spear and killed

Aesymnus, Orus and Hipponous steadfast in

him as he was dragging

battle; these chieftains

Tell me now ye Muses that dwell in the mansions

the dead body through the press of men under

of the Achaeans did Hector slay, and then he fell

of Olympus, who, whether

cover of his shield:

upon the rank and

of the Trojans or of their allies, was first to face

he then cut off his head, standing over the body of

file. As when the west wind hustles the clouds of

Agamemnon? It

Iphidamas. Thus

the white south

was Iphidamas son of Antenor, a man both brave

did the sons of Antenor meet their fate at the

and beats them down with the fierceness of its

and of great stature,

hands of the son of

fury- the waves of

who was brought up in fertile Thrace the mother

Atreus, and go down into the house of Hades.

the sea roll high, and the spray is flung aloft in the

of sheep. Cisses,

rage of the

his mother's father, brought him up in his own

As long as the blood still welled warm from his

wandering wind- even so thick were the heads of

house when he was a

wound Agamemnon went

them that fell by

child- Cisses, father to fair Theano. When he

about attacking the ranks of the enemy with spear

the hand of Hector.

reached manhood, Cisses

and sword and with

would have kept him there, and was for giving

great handfuls of stone, but when the blood had

All had then been lost and no help for it, and the

him his daughter in

ceased to flow and

Achaeans would

marriage, but as soon as he had married he set out

the wound grew dry, the pain became great. As

have fled pell-mell to their ships, had not Ulysses

to fight the Achaeans

the sharp pangs which

cried out to Diomed,

with twelve ships that followed him: these he had

the Eilithuiae, goddesses of childbirth, daughters

"Son of Tydeus, what has happened to us that we

left at Percote

of Juno and dispensers

thus forget our prowess?

and had come on by land to Ilius. He it was that

of cruel pain, send upon a woman when she is in

Come, my good fellow, stand by my side and

naw met Agamemnon

labour- even so sharp

help me, we shall be shamed

son of Atreus. When they were close up with one

were the pangs of the son of Atreus. He sprang on

for ever if Hector takes the ships."

another, the son of

to his chariot,

Atreus missed his aim, and Iphidamas hit him on

and bade his charioteer drive to the ships, for he

And Diomed answered, "Come what may, I will

the girdle below the

was in great agony.

stand firm; but we shall

cuirass and then flung himself upon him, trusting

With a loud clear voice he shouted to the

have scant joy of it, for Jove is minded to give

to his strength

Danaans, "My friends, princes

victory to the Trojans

of arm; the girdle, however, was not pierced, nor

and counsellors of the Argives, defend the ships

rather than to us."

nearly so, for the

yourselves, for Jove

point of the spear struck against the silver and

has not suffered me to fight the whole day

With these words he struck Thymbraeus from his

was turned aside

through against the Trojans."

chariot to the ground,

as though it had been lead: King Agamemnon

smiting him in the left breast with his spear, while

caught it from his hand,

With this the charioteer turned his horses towards

Ulysses killed

and drew it towards him with the fury of a lion;

the ships, and

Molion who was his squire. These they let lie,

he then drew his

they flew forward nothing loth. Their chests were

now that they had stopped

sword, and killed Iphidamas by striking him on

white with foam

their fighting; the two heroes then went on

the neck. So there

and their bellies with dust, as they drew the

playing havoc with the

the poor fellow lay, sleeping a sleep as it were of

wounded king out of

foe, like two wild boars that turn in fury and rend

bronze, killed

the battle.

the hounds that

in the defence of his fellow-citizens, far from his

hunt them. Thus did they turn upon the Trojans

wedded wife, of

When Hector saw Agamemnon quit the field, he

and slay them, and

whom he had had no joy though he had given

shouted to the Trojans

the Achaeans were thankful to have breathing

much for her: he had given

and Lycians saying, "Trojans, Lycians, and

time in their flight

Dardanian warriors, be

from Hector.

hundred-head of



and had

promised later on to give a

men, my friends, and acquit yourselves in battle

thousand sheep and goats mixed, from the

bravely; their best

They then took two princes with their chariot, the

countless flocks of which

man has left them, and Jove has vouchsafed me a

two sons of Merops

he was possessed. Agamemnon son of Atreus

great triumph; charge

of Percote, who excelled all others in the arts of

then despoiled him, and

the foe with your chariots that. you may win still

divination. He

carried off his armour into the host of the

greater glory."

had forbidden his sons to go to the war, but they


would not obey him,

With these words he put heart and soul into them

for fate lured them to their fall. Diomed son of

When noble Coon, Antenor's eldest son, saw this,

all, and as a huntsman

Tydeus slew them

sore indeed were

hounds his dogs on against a lion or wild boar,

both and stripped them of their armour, while

his eyes at the sight of his fallen brother. Unseen

even so did Hector,

Ulysses killed Hippodamus

by Agamemnon he

peer of Mars, hound the proud Trojans on against

and Hypeirochus.

got beside him, spear in hand, and wounded him

the Achaeans. Full

in the middle of his

And now the son of Saturn as he looked down

of Diomed's right foot, going right through it and

sprang spear in hand upon Deiopites and

from Ida ordained that

fixing itself in

wounded him on the shoulder

neither side should have the advantage, and they

the ground. Thereon Paris with a hearty laugh

with a downward blow; then he killed Thoon and

kept on killing one

sprang forward from

Ennomus. After these

another. The son of Tydeus speared Agastrophus

his hiding-place, and taunted him saying, "You

he struck Chersidamas in the loins under his

son of Paeon in the

are wounded- my arrow

shield as he had just

hip-joint with his spear. His chariot was not at

has not been shot in vain; would that it had hit

sprung down from his chariot; so he fell in the

hand for him to fly

you in the belly

dust and clutched

with, so blindly confident had he been. His squire

and killed you, for thus the Trojans, who fear you

the earth in the hollow of his hand. These he let

was in charge of

as goats fear a

lie, and went on

it at some distance and he was fighting on foot

lion, would have had a truce from evil."

to wound Charops son of Hippasus own brother

among the foremost

to noble Socus. Socus,

until he lost his life. Hector soon marked the

Diomed all undaunted answered, "Archer, you

hero that he was, made all speed to help him, and

havoc Diomed and Ulysses

who without your bow are

when he was close

were making, and bore down upon them with a

nothing, slanderer and seducer, if you were to be

to Ulysses he said, "Far-famed Ulysses, insatiable

loud cry, followed by

tried in single

of craft and toil,

the Trojan ranks; brave Diomed was dismayed

combat fighting in full armour, your bow and

this day you shall either boast of having killed

when he saw them, and

your arrows would serve

both the sons of

said to Ulysses who was beside him, "Great

you in little stead. Vain is your boast in that you

Hippasus and stripped them of their armour, or

Hector is bearing down

have scratched

you shall fall before

upon us and we shall be undone; let us stand firm

the sole of my foot. I care no more than if a girl or

my spear."

and wait his onset."

some silly boy

had hit me. A worthless coward can inflict but a

With these words he struck the shield of Ulysses.

He poised his spear as he spoke and hurled it, nor

light wound; when

The spear went through

did he miss his

I wound a man though I but graze his skin it is

the shield and passed on through his richly

mark. He had aimed at Hector's head near the top

another matter, for

wrought cuirass, tearing

of his helmet, but

my weapon will lay him low. His wife will tear

the flesh from his side, but Pallas Minerva did not

bronze was turned by bronze, and Hector was

her cheeks for grief

suffer it to pierce

untouched, for the spear

and his children will be fatherless: there will he

the entrails of the hero. Ulysses knew that his

was stayed by the visored helm made with three

rot, reddening

hour was not yet come,

plates of metal, which

the earth with his blood, and vultures, not

but he gave ground and said to Socus, "Wretch,

Phoebus Apollo had given him. Hector sprang

women, will gather round

you shall now surely

back with a great bound


die. You have stayed me from fighting further

under cover of the ranks; he fell on his knees and

with the Trojans, but

propped himself

Thus he spoke, but Ulysses came up and stood

you shall now fall by my spear, yielding glory to

with his brawny hand leaning on the ground, for

over him. Under this

myself, and your

darkness had fallen

cover he sat down to draw the arrow from his

soul to Hades of the noble steeds."

on his eyes. The son of Tydeus having thrown his

foot, and sharp was the

spear dashed in among

pain he suffered as he did so. Then he sprang on

Socus had turned in flight, but as he did so, the

the foremost fighters, to the place where he had

to his chariot and

spear struck him

seen it strike the

bade the charioteer drive him to the ships, for he

in the back midway between the shoulders, and

ground; meanwhile Hector recovered himself and

was sick at heart.

went right through his

springing back into

chest. He fell heavily to the ground and Ulysses

his chariot mingled with the crowd, by which

Ulysses was now alone; not one of the Argives

vaunted over him

means he saved his life.

stood by him, for they

saying, "O Socus, son of Hippasus tamer of

But Diomed made at him with his spear and said,

were all panic-stricken. "Alas," said he to himself

horses, death has been

"Dog, you have again

in his dismay,

too quick for you and you have not escaped him:

got away though death was close on your heels.

"what will become of me? It is ill if I turn and fly

poor wretch, not even

Phoebus Apollo, to

before these

in death shall your father and mother close your

whom I ween you pray ere you go into battle, has

odds, but it will be worse if I am left alone and

eyes, but the ravening

again saved you,

taken prisoner,

vultures shall enshroud you with the flapping of

nevertheless I will meet you and make and end of

for the son of Saturn has struck the rest of the

their dark wings

you hereafter, if

Danaans with panic.

and devour you. Whereas even though I fall the

there is any god who will stand by me too and be

But why talk to myself in this way? Well do I

Achaeans will give

my helper. For the

know that though cowards

me my due rites of burial."

present I must pursue those I can lay hands on."

quit the field, a hero, whether he wound or be

As he spoke he began stripping the spoils from

wounded, must stand

So saying he drew Socus's heavy spear out of his

firm and hold his own."

flesh and from his

the son of Paeon, but

shield, and the blood welled forth when the spear

Alexandrus husband of lovely Helen aimed an

While he was thus in two minds, the ranks of the

was withdrawn so

arrow at him, leaning

Trojans advanced

that he was much dismayed. When the Trojans

against a pillar of the monument which men had

and hemmed him in, and bitterly did they come

saw that Ulysses was bleeding

raised to Ilus son

to me it. As hounds

they raised a great shout and came on in a body

of Dardanus, a ruler in days of old. Diomed had

and lusty youths set upon a wild boar that sallies

towards him; he therefore

taken the cuirass

from his lair whetting

gave ground, and called his comrades to come

from off the breast of Agastrophus, his heavy

his white tusks- they attack him from every side

and help him. Thrice

helmet also, and the

and can hear the

did he cry as loudly as man can cry, and thrice

shield from off his shoulders, when Paris drew his

gnashing of his jaws, but for all his fierceness they

did brave Menelaus

bow and let fly

still hold their

hear him; he turned, therefore, to Ajax who was

an arrow that sped not from his hand in vain, but

ground- even so furiously did the Trojans attack

close beside him and

pierced the flat

Ulysses. First he

said, "Ajax, noble son of Telamon, captain of your

and Idomeneus said to Nestor, "Nestor son of

him for all his fury, and when morning comes he

people, the cry

Neleus, honour to the

slinks foiled and

of Ulysses rings in my ears, as though the Trojans

Achaean name, mount your chariot at once; take

angry away- even so did Ajax, sorely against his

had cut him off

Machaon with you and

will, retreat angrily

and were worsting him while he is single-handed.

drive your horses to the ships as fast as you can.

before the Trojans, fearing for the ships of the

Let us make our way

A physician is

Achaeans. Or as some

through the throng; it will be well that we defend

worth more than several other men put together,

lazy ass that has had many a cudgel broken about

him; I fear he

for he can cut out

his back, when he

may come to harm for all his valour if he be left

arrows and spread healing herbs."

into a field begins eating the corn- boys beat him

without support,
and the Danaans would miss him sorely."

but he is too many

Nestor knight of Gerene did as Idomeneus had

for them, and though they lay about with their

counselled; he at once

sticks they cannot

He led the way and mighty Ajax went with him.

mounted his chariot, and Machaon son of the

hurt him; still when he has had his fill they at last

The Trojans had gathered

famed physician Aesculapius

drive him from

round Ulysses like ravenous mountain jackals

went with him. He lashed his horses and they

the field- even so did the Trojans and their allies

round the carcase of

flew onward nothing loth

pursue great Ajax,

some homed stag that has been hit with an arrow-

towards the ships, as though of their own free

ever smiting the middle of his shield with their

the stag has fled


darts. Now and again

at full speed so long as his blood was warm and

he would turn and show fight, keeping back the

his strength has lasted,

Then Cebriones seeing the Trojans in confusion

battalions of the Trojans,

but when the arrow has overcome him, the savage

said to Hector from

and then he would again retreat; but he prevented

jackals devour him

his place beside him, "Hector, here are we two

any of them from

in the shady glades of the forest. Then heaven

fighting on the extreme

making his way to the ships. Single-handed he

sends a fierce lion

wing of the battle, while the other Trojans are in

stood midway between

thither, whereon the jackals fly in terror and the

pell-mell rout,

the Trojans and Achaeans: the spears that sped

lion robs them

they and their horses. Ajax son of Telamon is

from their hands stuck

of their prey- even so did Trojans many and brave

driving them before

some of them in his mighty shield, while many,

gather round crafty

him; I know him by the breadth of his shield: let

though thirsting for

Ulysses, but the hero stood at bay and kept them

us turn our chariot

his blood, fell to the ground ere they could reach

off with his spear.

and horses thither, where horse and foot are

him to the wounding

Ajax then came up with his shield before him like

fighting most desperately,

of his fair flesh.

a wall, and stood

and where the cry of battle is loudest."

hard by, whereon the Trojans fled in all

Now when Eurypylus the brave son of Euaemon

directions. Menelaus took

With this he lashed his goodly steeds, and when

saw that Ajax was being

Ulysses by the hand, and led him out of the press

they felt the whip

overpowered by the rain of arrows, he went up to

while his squire

they drew the chariot full speed among the

him and hurled his

brought up his chariot, but Ajax rushed furiously

Achaeans and Trojans, over

spear. He struck Apisaon son of Phausius in the

on the Trojans and

the bodies and shields of those that had fallen: the

liver below the midriff,

killed Doryclus, a bastard son of Priam; then he

axle was bespattered

and laid him low. Eurypylus sprang upon him,

wounded Pandocus,

with blood, and the rail round the car was

and stripped the armour

Lysandrus, Pyrasus, and Pylartes; as some

covered with splashes both

from his shoulders; but when Alexandrus saw

swollen torrent comes rushing

from the horses' hoofs and from the tyres of the

him, he aimed an arrow

in full flood from the mountains on to the plain,

wheels. Hector tore

at him which struck him in the right thigh; the

big with the rain

his way through and flung himself into the thick

arrow broke, but the

of heaven- many a dry oak and many a pine does

of the fight, and

point that was left in the wound dragged on the

it engulf, and much

his presence threw the Danaans into confusion,

thigh; he drew back,

mud does it bring down and cast into the sea-

for his spear was not

therefore, under cover of his comrades to save his

even so did brave Ajax

long idle; nevertheless though he went among the

life, shouting

chase the foe furiously over the plain, slaying

ranks with sword

as he did so to the Danaans, "My friends, princes

both men and horses.

and spear, and throwing great stones, he avoided

and counsellors

Ajax son of Telamon,

of the Argives, rally to the defence of Ajax who is

Hector did not yet know what Ajax was doing, for

for Jove would have been angry with him if he

being overpowered,

he was fighting on

had fought a better

and I doubt whether he will come out of the fight

the extreme left of the battle by the banks of the

man than himself.

alive. Hither, then,

river Scamander,

to the rescue of great Ajax son of Telamon."

where the carnage was thickest and the war-cry

Then father Jove from his high throne struck fear

loudest round Nestor

into the heart of

Even so did he cry when he was wounded;

and brave Idomeneus. Among these Hector was

Ajax, so that he stood there dazed and threw his

thereon the others came near,

making great slaughter

shield behind him-

and gathered round him, holding their shields

with his spear and furious driving, and was

looking fearfully at the throng of his foes as

upwards from their shoulders

destroying the ranks that

though he were some

so as to give him cover. Ajax then made towards

were opposed to him; still the Achaeans would

wild beast, and turning hither and thither but

them, and turned round

have given no ground,

crouching slowly backwards.

to stand at bay as soon as he had reached his men.

had not Alexandrus husband of lovely Helen

As peasants with their hounds chase a lion from

stayed the prowess of Machaon

their stockyard, and

Thus then did they fight as it were a flaming fire.

shepherd of his people, by wounding him in the

watch by night to prevent his carrying off the pick

Meanwhile the

right shoulder with

of their herd-

mares of Neleus, all in a lather with sweat, were

a triple-barbed arrow. The Achaeans were in great

he makes his greedy spring, but in vain, for the

bearing Nestor out

fear that as the

darts from many a

of the fight, and with him Machaon shepherd of

fight had turned against them the Trojans might

strong hand fall thick around him, with burning

his people. Achilles

take him prisoner,

brands that scare

saw and took note, for he was standing on the

When the old man saw him he sprang from his

with wrong; in former years Hercules had come,

stern of his ship watching

seat, seized his hand,

and had laid his hand

the hard stress and struggle of the fight. He called

led him into the tent, and bade him take his place

heavy upon us, so that all our best men had

from the ship

among them; but

perished. Neleus had had

to his comrade Patroclus, who heard him in the

Patroclus stood where he was and said, "Noble

twelve sons, but I alone was left; the others had all

tent and came out looking

sir, I may not stay,

been killed.

like Mars himself- here indeed was the beginning

you cannot persuade me to come in; he that sent

The Epeans presuming upon all this had looked

of the ill that presently

me is not one to be

down upon us and had

befell him. "Why," said he, "Achilles do you call

trifled with, and he bade me ask who the

done us much evil. My father chose a herd of

me? what do you

wounded man was whom you

cattle and a great flock

what do you want with me?" And Achilles

were bearing away from the field. I can now see

of sheep- three hundred in all- and he took their

answered, "Noble son of Menoetius,

for myself that he

shepherds with him,

man after my own heart, I take it that I shall now

is Machaon shepherd of his people. I must go

for there was a great debt due to him in Elis, to

have the Achaeans

back and tell Achilles.

wit four horses,

praying at my knees, for they are in great straits;

You, sir, know what a terrible man he is, and how

winners of prizes. They and their chariots with

go, Patroclus,

ready to blame even

them had gone to the

and ask Nestor who is that he is bearing away

where no blame should lie."

games and were to run for a tripod, but King

wounded from the field;

Augeas took them, and

from his back I should say it was Machaon son of

And Nestor answered, "Why should Achilles care

sent back their driver grieving for the loss of his

Aesculapius, but

to know how many of

horses. Neleus

I could not see his face for the horses went by me

the Achaeans may be wounded? He recks not of

was angered by what he had both said and done,

at full speed."

the dismay that reigns

and took great value

in our host; our most valiant chieftains lie

in return, but he divided the rest, that no man

Patroclus did as his dear comrade had bidden

disabled, brave Diomed

might have less than

him, and set off running

son of Tydeus is wounded; so are Ulysses and

his full share.

by the ships and tents of the Achaeans.

Agamemnon; Eurypylus
has been hit with an arrow in the thigh, and I

"Thus did we order all things, and offer sacrifices

When Nestor and Machaon had reached the tents

have just been bringing

to the gods throughout

of the son of Neleus,

this man from the field- he too wounded- with an

the city; but three days afterwards the Epeans

they dismounted, and an esquire, Eurymedon,

arrow; nevertheless

came in a body, many

took the horses from the

Achilles, so valiant though he be, cares not and

in number, they and their chariots, in full array,

chariot. The pair then stood in the breeze by the

knows no ruth. Will

and with them the

seaside to dry the

he wait till the ships, do what we may, are in a

two Moliones in their armour, though they were

sweat from their shirts, and when they had so

blaze, and we perish

still lads and unused

done they came inside

one upon the other? As for me, I have no strength

to fighting. Now there is a certain town,

and took their seats. Fair Hecamede, whom

nor stay in me any

Thryoessa, perched upon

Nestor had had awarded to

longer; would that I Were still young and strong

a rock on the river Alpheus, the border city Pylus;

him from Tenedos when Achilles took it, mixed

as in the days when

this they would

them a mess; she was

there was a fight between us and the men of Elis

destroy, and pitched their camp about it, but

daughter of wise Arsinous, and the Achaeans had

about some cattle-raiding.

when they had crossed

given her to Nestor

I then killed Itymoneus the valiant son of

their whole plain, Minerva darted down by night

because he excelled all of them in counsel. First

Hypeirochus a dweller in

from Olympus and bade

she set for them

Elis, as I was driving in the spoil; he was hit by a

us set ourselves in array; and she found willing

a fair and well-made table that had feet of cyanus;

dart thrown my

soldiers in Pylos,

on it there was

hand while fighting in the front rank in defence of

for the men meant fighting. Neleus would not let

a vessel of bronze and an onion to give relish to

his cows, so he

me arm, and hid my

the drink, with

fell and the country people around him were in

horses, for he said that as yet I could know

honey and cakes of barley-meal. There was also a

great fear. We drove

nothing about war; nevertheless

cup of rare workmanship

off a vast quantity of booty from the plain, fifty

Minerva so ordered the fight that, all on foot as I

which the old man had brought with him from

herds of cattle

was, I fought

home, studded with bosses

and as many flocks of sheep; fifty droves also of

among our mounted forces and vied with the

of gold; it had four handles, on each of which

pigs, and as many

foremost of them. There

there were two golden


doves feeding, and it had two feet to stand on.

moreover we seized a hundred

Arene, and there

Any one else would

and fifty, all of them mares, and many had foals

they that were mounted (and I with them) waited

hardly have been able to lift it from the table

running with them.

till morning, when

when it was full,

All these did we drive by night to Pylus the city of

the companies of foot soldiers came up with us in

but Nestor could do so quite easily. In this the

Neleus, taking

force. Thence in

woman, as fair as

them within the city; and the heart of Neleus was

full panoply and equipment we came towards

a goddess, mixed them a mess with Pramnian

glad in that I had

noon to the sacred waters

wine; she grated goat's

taken so much, though it was the first time I had

of the Alpheus, and there we offered victims to

milk cheese into it with a bronze grater, threw in a

ever been in the

almighty Jove, with

handful of white

field. At daybreak the heralds went round crying

a bull to Alpheus, another to Neptune, and a

barley-meal, and having thus prepared the mess

that all in Elis

herd-heifer to Minerva.

she bade them drink

to whom there was a debt owing should come;

After this we took supper in our companies, and

it. When they had done so and had thus quenched

and the leading Pylians

laid us down to rest

their thirst, they

assembled to divide the spoils. There were many

each in his armour by the river.

fell talking with one another, and at this moment

to whom the Epeans

Patroclus appeared

owed chattels, for we men of Pylus were few and

"The Epeans were beleaguering the city and were

at the door.

had been oppressed

determined to take






is a river Minyeius that falls into the sea near

it, but ere this might be there was a desperate

into the house, placed us at table, and set before


fight in store for

us such hospitable

Patroclus, there is no hope





them. When the sun's rays began to fall upon the

entertainment as guests expect. When we had

left for the Achaeans but they will perish at their

earth we joined battle,

satisfied ourselves with

ships. All they

praying to Jove and to Minerva, and when the

meat and drink, I said my say and urged both of

that were princes among us are lying struck down

fight had begun, I was

you to join us. You

and wounded at the

the first to kill my man and take his horses- to wit

were ready enough to do so, and the two old men

hands of the Trojans, who are waxing stronger

the warrior Mulius.

charged you much and

and stronger. But save

He was son-in-law to Augeas, having married his

straitly. Old Peleus bade his son Achilles fight

me and take me to your ship; cut out the arrow

eldest daughter, golden-haired

ever among the foremost

from my thigh; wash

Agamede, who knew the virtues of every herb

and outvie his peers, while Menoetius the son of

the black blood from off it with warm water, and

which grows upon the face

Actor spoke thus

lay upon it those

of the earth. I speared him as he was coming

to you: 'My son,' said he, 'Achilles is of nobler

gracious herbs which, so they say, have been

towards me, and when

birth than you are,

shown you by Achilles,

he fell headlong in the dust, I sprang upon his

but you are older than he, though he is far the

who was himself shown them by Chiron, most

chariot and took my

better man of the

righteous of all the centaurs.

place in the front ranks. The Epeans fled in all

two. Counsel him wisely, guide him in the right

For of the physicians Podalirius and Machaon, I

directions when they

way, and he will follow

hear that the one

saw the captain of their horsemen (the best man

you to his own profit.' Thus did your father

is lying wounded in his tent and is himself in

they had) laid low,

charge you, but you have

need of healing, while

and I swept down on them like a whirlwind,

forgotten; nevertheless, even now, say all this to

the other is fighting the Trojans upon the plain."

taking fifty chariots-

Achilles if he

and in each of them two men bit the dust, slain by

will listen to you. Who knows but with heaven's

"Hero Eurypylus," replied the brave son of

my spear. I should

help you may talk

Menoetius, "how may these

have even killed the two Moliones sons of Actor,

him over, for it is good to take a friend's advice. If,

things be? What can I do? I am on my way to bear

unless their real

however, he

a message to noble

father, Neptune lord of the earthquake, had

is fearful about some oracle, or if his mother has

Achilles from Nestor of Gerene, bulwark of the

hidden them in a thick

told him something

Achaeans, but even

mist and borne them out of the fight. Thereon

from Jove, then let him send you, and let the rest

so I will not be unmindful your distress."

Jove vouchsafed the

of the Myrmidons

Pylians a great victory, for we chased them far

follow with you, if perchance you may bring light

With this he clasped him round the middle and

over the plain, killing

and saving to the

led him into the tent,

the men and bringing in their armour, till we had

Danaans. And let him send you into battle clad in

and a servant, when he saw him, spread bullock-

brought our horses

his own armour,

skins on the ground

to Buprasium rich in wheat and to the Olenian

that the Trojans may mistake you for him and

for him to lie on. He laid him at full length and

rock, with the hill

leave off fighting; the

cut out the sharp

that is called Alision, at which point Minerva

sons of the Achaeans may thus have time to get

arrow from his thigh; he washed the black blood

turned the people back.

their breath, for they

from the wound with

There I slew the last man and left him; then the

are hard pressed and there is little breathing time

warm water; he then crushed a bitter herb,

Achaeans drove their

in battle. You,

rubbing it between his

horses back from Buprasium to Pylos and gave

who are fresh, might easily drive a tired enemy

hands, and spread it upon the wound; this was a

thanks to Jove among

back to his walls

virtuous herb which

the gods, and among mortal men to Nestor.

and away from the tents and ships."

killed all pain; so the wound presently dried and

"Such was I among my peers, as surely as ever

With these words he moved the heart of

was, but Achilles is

Patroclus, who set off running

for keeping all his valour for himself; bitterly will

by the line of the ships to Achilles, descendant of


he rue it hereafter

Aeacus. When he


when the host is being cut to pieces. My good

had got as far as the ships of Ulysses, where was

friend, did not Menoetius

their place of assembly

charge you thus, on the day when he sent you

and court of justice, with their altars dedicated to

from Phthia to Agamemnon?

the gods, Eurypylus

So the son of Menoetius was attending to the hurt

Ulysses and I were in the house, inside, and heard

son of Euaemon met him, wounded in the thigh

of Eurypylus within

all that he said

with an arrow, and limping

the tent, but the Argives and Trojans still fought

to you; for we came to the fair house of Peleus

out of the fight. Sweat rained from his head and

desperately, nor

while beating up recruits

shoulders, and black

were the trench and the high wall above it, to

throughout all Achaea, and when we got there we

blood welled from his cruel wound, but his mind

keep the Trojans in

found Menoetius and

did not wander. The

check longer. They had built it to protect their

yourself, and Achilles with you. The old knight

son of Menoetius when he saw him had

ships, and had dug

Peleus was in the

compassion upon him and spoke

the trench all round it that it might safeguard

outer court, roasting the fat thigh-bones of a heifer

piteously saying, "O unhappy princes

to Jove the

counsellors of the Danaans,

the rich spoils which they had taken, but they had

lord of thunder; and he held a gold chalice in his

are you then doomed to feed the hounds of Troy

not offered hecatombs

hand from which

with your fat, far

to the gods. It had been built without the consent

he poured drink-offerings of wine over the

from your friends and your native land? say,

of the immortals,

burning sacrifice. You

noble Eurypylus, will

and therefore it did not last. So long as Hector

two were busy cutting up the heifer, and at that

the Achaeans be able to hold great Hector in

lived and Achilles

moment we stood at

check, or will they fall

nursed his anger, and so long as the city of Priam

the gates, whereon Achilles sprang to his feet, led

now before his spear?"

remained untaken,

the blood left off

us by the hand




both the ships and

the great wall of the Achaeans stood firm; but

when the bravest of

the Trojans were no more, and many also of the

after him, but those who were on foot kept trying

shields, and then charged straight at the Danaans,

Argives, though some

their very utmost.

for they felt sure

were yet left alive when, moreover, the city was

Then Polydamas went up to Hector and said,

that they would not hold out longer and that they

sacked in the tenth

"Hector, and you other

should themselves

year, and the Argives had gone back with their

captains of the Trojans and allies, it is madness for

now fall upon the ships.

ships to their own

us to try and

country- then Neptune and Apollo took counsel

drive our horses across the trench; it will be very

The rest of the Trojans and their allies now

to destroy the wall,

hard to cross,

followed the counsel

and they turned on to it the streams of all the

for it is full of sharp stakes, and beyond these

of Polydamas but Asius son of Hyrtacus would

rivers from Mount

there is the wall.

not leave his horses

Ida into the sea, Rhesus, Heptaporus, Caresus,

Our horses therefore cannot get down into it, and

and his esquire behind him; in his foolhardiness

Rhodius, Grenicus,

would be of no use

he took them on with

Aesopus, and goodly Scamander, with Simois,

if they did; moreover it is a narrow place and we

him towards the ships, nor did he fail to come by

where many a shield and

should come to harm.

his end in consequence.

helm had fallen, and many a hero of the race of

If, indeed, great Jove is minded to help the

Nevermore was he to return to wind-beaten Ilius,

demigods had bitten

Trojans, and in his anger

exulting in his chariot

the dust. Phoebus Apollo turned the mouths of all

will utterly destroy the Achaeans, I would myself

and his horses; ere he could do so, death of ill-

these rivers together

gladly see them

omened name had overshadowed

and made them flow for nine days against the

perish now and here far from Argos; but if they

him and he had fallen by the spear of Idomeneus

wall, while Jove rained

should rally and we

the noble son of Deucalion.

the whole time that he might wash it sooner into

are driven back from the ships pell-mell into the

He had driven towards the left wing of the ships,

the sea. Neptune

trench there will

by which way the

himself, trident in hand, surveyed the work and

be not so much as a man get back to the city to tell

Achaeans used to return with their chariots and

threw into the sea

the tale. Now,

horses from the plain.

all the foundations of beams and stones which the

therefore, let us all do as I say; let our squires hold

Hither he drove and found the gates with their

Achaeans had laid

our horses

doors opened wide,

with so much toil; he made all level by the mighty

by the trench, but let us follow Hector in a body

and the great bar down- for the gatemen kept

stream of the Hellespont,

on foot, clad in

them open so as to let

and then when he had swept the wall away he

full armour, and if the day of their doom is at

those of their comrades enter who might be flying

spread a great beach of

hand the Achaeans

towards the ships.

sand over the place where it had been. This done

will not be able to withstand us."

Hither of set purpose did he direct his horses, and

he turned the rivers

back into their old courses.

his men followed

Thus spoke Polydamas and his saying pleased

him with a loud cry, for they felt sure that the

Hector, who sprang in

Achaeans would not

This was what Neptune and Apollo were to do in

full armour to the ground, and all the other

hold out longer, and that they should now fall

after time; but as

Trojans, when they saw

upon the ships. Little

yet battle and turmoil were still raging round the

him do so, also left their chariots. Each man then

did they know that at the gates they should find

wall till its timbers

gave his horses

two of the bravest

rang under the blows that rained upon them. The

over to his charioteer in charge to hold them

chieftains, proud sons of the fighting Lapithae-

Argives, cowed by

ready for him at the

the one, Polypoetes,

the scourge of Jove, were hemmed in at their


ships in fear of Hector

companies, made themselves

peer of murderous

the mighty minister of Rout, who as heretofore

ready, and in five bodies followed their leaders.

Mars. These stood before the gates like two high

fought with the force

Those that went

oak trees upon the

and fury of a whirlwind. As a lion or wild boar

with Hector and Polydamas were the bravest and

mountains, that tower from their wide-spreading

turns fiercely on

most in number, and

roots, and year after

the dogs and men that attack him, while these

the most determined to break through the wall

year battle with wind and rain- even so did these

form solid wall and

and fight at the ships.

two men await the

shower their javelins as they face him- his courage

Cebriones was also joined with them as third in

onset of great Asius confidently and without

is all undaunted,

command, for Hector

flinching. The Trojans

but his high spirit will be the death of him; many

had left his chariot in charge of a less valiant

led by him and by Iamenus, Orestes, Adamas the

a time does he

soldier. The next

son of Asius, Thoon

charge at his pursuers to scatter them, and they

company was led by Paris, Alcathous, and

and Oenomaus, raised a loud cry of battle and

fall back as often

Agenor; the third by Helenus

made straight for the

as he does so- even so did Hector go about among

and Deiphobus, two sons of Priam, and with them

wall, holding their shields of dry ox-hide above

the host exhorting

was the hero Asius-

their heads; for

his men, and cheering them on to cross the trench.

Asius the son of Hyrtacus, whose great black

a while the two defenders remained inside and

horses of the breed that

cheered the Achaeans

But the horses dared not do so, and stood

comes from the river Selleis had brought him

on to stand firm in the defence of their ships;

neighing upon its brink,

from Arisbe. Aeneas the

when, however, they

for the width frightened them. They could neither

valiant son of Anchises led the fourth; he and the

saw that the Trojans were attacking the wall,

jump it nor cross

two sons of Antenor,

while the Danaans were

it, for it had overhanging banks all round upon

Archelochus and Acamas, men well versed in all

crying out for help and being routed, they rushed

either side, above

the arts of war. Sarpedon

outside and fought

which there were the sharp stakes that the sons of

was captain over the allies, and took with him

in front of the gates like two wild boars upon the

the Achaeans had

Glaucus and Asteropaeus

mountains that

planted so close and strong as a defence against

whom he deemed most valiant after himself- for

abide the attack of men and dogs, and charging

all who would assail

he was far the best

on either side break

it; a horse, therefore, could not get into it and

man of them all. These helped to array one

down the wood all round them tearing it up by

draw his chariot

another in their ox-hide

the roots, and one can






mighty son of Pirithous, and the other Leonteus,

hear the clattering of their tusks, till some one hits

While they were busy stripping the armour from

of Jove, nor to the promises he made me- and he

them and makes

these heroes, the youths

bowed his head in

an end of them- even so did the gleaming bronze

who were led on by Polydamas and Hector (and

confirmation; you bid me be ruled rather by the

rattle about their

these were the greater

flight of wild-fowl.

breasts, as the weapons fell upon them; for they

part and the most valiant of those that were trying

What care I whether they fly towards dawn or

fought with great

to break through

dark, and whether they

fury, trusting to their own prowess and to those

the wall and fire the ships) were still standing by

be on my right hand or on my left? Let us put our

who were on the wall

the trench, uncertain

trust rather in

above them. These threw great stones at their

what they should do; for they had seen a sign

the counsel of great Jove, king of mortals and

assailants in defence

from heaven when they

immortals. There is

of themselves their tents and their ships. The

had essayed to cross it- a soaring eagle that flew

one omen, and one only- that a man should fight

stones fell thick as

skirting the left

for his country. Why

the flakes of snow which some fierce blast drives

wing of their host, with a monstrous blood-red

are you so fearful? Though we be all of us slain at

from the dark clouds

snake in its talons

the ships of the

and showers down in sheets upon the earth- even

still alive and struggling to escape. The snake was

Argives you are not likely to be killed yourself,

so fell the weapons

still bent on

for you are not

from the hands alike of Trojans and Achaeans.

revenge, wriggling and twisting itself backwards

steadfast nor courageous. If you will. not fight, or

Helmet and shield rang

till it struck the

would talk others

out as the great stones rained upon them, and

bird that held it, on the neck and breast; whereon

over from doing so, you shall fall forthwith before

Asius the son of Hyrtacus

the bird being

my spear."

in his dismay cried aloud and smote his two

in pain, let it fall, dropping it into the middle of

thighs. "Father Jove,"

the host, and

With these words he led the way, and the others

he cried, "of a truth you too are altogether given

then flew down the wind with a sharp cry. The

followed after with

to lying. I made

Trojans were struck

a cry that rent the air. Then Jove the lord of

sure the Argive heroes could not withstand us,

with terror when they saw the snake, portent of

thunder sent the blast

whereas like slim-waisted

aegis-bearing Jove,

of a mighty wind from the mountains of Ida, that

wasps, or bees that have their nests in the rocks

writhing in the midst of them, and Polydamas

bore the dust down

by the wayside-

went up to Hector and

towards the ships; he thus lulled the Achaeans

they leave not the holes wherein they have built

said, "Hector, at our councils of war you are ever

into security, and

undefended, but fight

given to rebuke

gave victory to Hector and to the Trojans, who,

for their little ones against all who would take

me, even when I speak wisely, as though it were

trusting to their

them- even so these

not well, forsooth,

own might and to the signs he had shown them,

men, though they be but two, will not be driven

that one of the people should cross your will

essayed to break through

from the gates, but

either in the field

the great wall of the Achaeans. They tore down

stand firm either to slay or be slain."

or at the council board; you would have them

the breastworks from

support you always: nevertheless

the walls, and overthrew the battlements; they

He spoke, but moved not the mind of Jove, whose

I will say what I think will be best; let us not now

upheaved the buttresses,

counsel it then was

go on to fight

which the Achaeans had set in front of the wall in

to give glory to Hector. Meanwhile the rest of the

the Danaans at their ships, for I know what will

order to support

Trojans were fighting

happen if this soaring

it; when they had pulled these down they made

about the other gates; I, however, am no god to be

eagle which skirted the left wing of our with a

sure of breaking through

able to tell about

monstrous blood-red

the wall, but the Danaans still showed no sign of

all these things, for the battle raged everywhere

snake in its talons (the snake being still alive) was

giving ground; they

about the stone

really sent

still fenced the battlements with their shields of

wall as it were a fiery furnace. The Argives,

as an omen to the Trojans on their essaying to

ox-hide, and hurled

discomfited though they

cross the trench. The

their missiles down upon the foe as soon as any

were, were forced to defend their ships, and all

eagle let go her hold; she did not succeed in

came below the wall.

the gods who were

taking it home to her

defending the Achaeans were vexed in spirit; but

little ones, and so will it be- with ourselves; even

The two Ajaxes went about everywhere on the

the Lapithae kept

though by a mighty

walls cheering on the

on fighting with might and main.

effort we break through the gates and wall of the

Achaeans, giving fair words to some while they

Achaeans, and they

spoke sharply to any

Thereon Polypoetes, mighty son of Pirithous, hit

give way before us, still we shall not return in

one whom they saw to be remiss. "My friends,"

Damasus with a spear

good order by the

they cried, "Argives

upon his cheek-pierced helmet. The helmet did

way we came, but shall leave many a man behind

one and all- good bad and indifferent, for there

not protect him, for

us whom the Achaeans

was never fight yet,

the point of the spear went through it, and broke

will do to death in defence of their ships. Thus

in which all were of equal prowess- there is now

the bone, so that

would any seer who

work enough, as you

the brain inside was scattered about, and he died

was expert in these matters, and was trusted by

very well know, for all of you. See that you none

fighting. He then

the people, read the

of you turn in flight

slew Pylon and Ormenus. Leonteus, of the race of


towards the ships, daunted by the shouting of the

Mars, killed Hippomachus

foe, but press forward

the son of Antimachus by striking him with his








spear upon the girdle.

"Polydamas, I like not of

and keep one another in heart, if it may so be that

Olympian Jove

He then drew his sword and sprang first upon

your reading. You can find a better saying than

the lord of lightning will vouchsafe us to repel

Antiphates whom he killed

this if you will.

our foes, and drive

in combat, and who fell face upwards on the

If, however, you have spoken in good earnest,

them back towards the city."

earth. After him he killed

then indeed has heaven

Menon, Iamenus, and Orestes, and laid them low

robbed you of your reason. You would have me

Thus did the two go about shouting and cheering

one after the other.

pay no heed to the counsels

the Achaeans on. As

the flakes that fall thick upon a winter's day,

we could escape old age and death thenceforward

I will come back here at once as soon as I have

when Jove is minded

and for ever, I should

given them the help

to snow and to display these his arrows to

neither press forward myself nor bid you do so,

they need."

mankind- he lulls the wind

but death in ten thousand

to rest, and snows hour after hour till he has

shapes hangs ever over our heads, and no man

With this, Ajax son of Telamon set off, and Teucer

buried the tops of

can elude him; therefore

his brother by

the high mountains, the headlands that jut into

let us go forward and either win glory for

the same father went also, with Pandion to carry

the sea, the grassy

ourselves, or yield it

Teucer's bow. They

plains, and the tilled fields of men; the snow lies

to another."

went along inside the wall, and when they came

deep upon the

to the tower where

forelands, and havens of the grey sea, but the

Glaucus heeded his saying, and the pair forthwith

Menestheus was (and hard pressed indeed did

waves as they come

led on the host

they find him) the brave

rolling in stay it that it can come no further,

of Lycians. Menestheus son of Peteos was

captains and leaders of the Lycians were storming

though all else is

dismayed when he saw them,

the battlements

wrapped as with a mantle so heavy are the

for it was against his part of the wall that they

as it were a thick dark cloud, fighting in close

heavens with snow- even

came- bringing destruction

quarters, and raising

thus thickly did the stones fall on one side and on

with them; he looked along the wall for some

the battle-cry aloud.

the other, some

chieftain to support

thrown at the Trojans, and some by the Trojans at

his comrades and saw the two Ajaxes, men ever

First, Ajax son of Telamon killed brave Epicles, a

the Achaeans; and

eager for the fray,

comrade of Sarpedon,

the whole wall was in an uproar.

and Teucer, who had just come from his tent,

hitting him with a jagged stone that lay by the

standing near them; but

battlements at the

Still the Trojans and brave Hector would not yet

he could not make his voice heard by shouting to

very top of the wall. As men now are, even one

have broken down

them, so great an

who is in the bloom

the gates and the great bar, had not Jove turned

uproar was there from crashing shields and

of youth could hardly lift it with his two hands,

his son Sarpedon

helmets and the battering

but Ajax raised

against the Argives as a lion against a herd of

of gates with a din which reached the skies. For

it high aloft and flung it down, smashing Epicles'

horned cattle. Before

all the gates had

four-crested helmet

him he held his shield of hammered bronze, that

been closed, and the Trojans were hammering at

so that the bones of his head were crushed to

the smith had beaten

them to try and break

pieces, and he fell

so fair and round, and had lined with ox hides

their way through them. Menestheus, therefore,

from the high wall as though he were diving, with

which he had made fast

sent Thootes with a

no more life left

with rivets of gold all round the shield; this he

message to Ajax. "Run, good Thootes," said and

in him. Then Teucer wounded Glaucus the brave

held in front of

call Ajax, or better

son of Hippolochus as

him, and brandishing his two spears came on like

still bid both come, for it will be all over with us

he was coming on to attack the wall. He saw his

some lion of the

here directly;

shoulder bare and

wilderness, who has been long famished for want

the leaders of the Lycians are upon us, men who

aimed an arrow at it, which made Glaucus leave

of meat and will dare

have ever fought desperately

off fighting. Thereon

break even into a well-fenced homestead to try

heretofore. But if the have too much on their

he sprang covertly down for fear some of the

and get at the sheep.

hands to let them come,

Achaeans might see that

He may find the shepherds keeping watch over

at any rate let Ajax son of Telamon do so, and let

he was wounded and taunt him. Sarpedon was

their flocks with dogs

Teucer the famous

stung with grief when he

and spears, but he is in no mind to be driven from

bowman come with him."

saw Glaucus leave him, still he did not leave off

the fold till he

fighting, but aimed

has had a try for it; he will either spring on a

The messenger did as he was told, and set off

his spear at Alcmaon the son of Thestor and hit

sheep and carry it

running along the wall

him. He drew his spear

off, or be hit by a spear from strong hand- even so

of the Achaeans. When he reached the Ajaxes he

back again Alcmaon came down headlong after it

was Sarpedon fain

said to them, "Sirs,

with his bronzed armour

to attack the wall and break down its battlements.

princes of the Argives, the son of noble Peteos

rattling round him. Then Sarpedon seized the

Then he said to

bids you come to him

battlement in his strong

Glaucus son of Hippolochus, "Glaucus, why in

for a while and help him. You had better both

hands, and tugged at it till it an gave way

Lycia do we receive especial

come if you can, or

together, and a breach

honour as regards our place at table? Why are the

it will be all over with him directly; the leaders of

was made through which many might pass.

choicest portions

the Lycians

served us and our cups kept brimming, and why

are upon him, men who have ever fought

Ajax and Teucer then both of them attacked him.

do men look up to us

desperately heretofore; if

Teucer hit him with

as though we were gods? Moreover we hold a

you have too much on your hands to let both

an arrow on the band that bore the shield which

large estate by the banks

come, at any rate let

covered his body,

of the river Xanthus, fair with orchard lawns and

Ajax son of Telamon do so, and let Teucer the

but Jove saved his son from destruction that he

wheat-growing land;

famous bowman come with

might not fall by

it becomes us, therefore, to take our stand at the


the ships' sterns. Meanwhile Ajax sprang on him

head of all the

and pierced his shield,

Lycians and bear the brunt of the fight, that one

Great Ajax, son of Telamon, heeded the message,

but the spear did not go clean through, though it

may say to another,

and at once spoke

hustled him back

Our princes in Lycia eat the fat of the land and

to the son of Oileus. "Ajax," said he, "do you two,

that he could come on no further. He therefore

drink best of wine,

yourself and brave

retired a little space

but they are fine fellows; they fight well and are

Lycomedes, stay here and keep the Danaans in

from the battlement, yet without losing all his

ever at the front

heart to fight their

ground, for he still

in battle.' My good friend, if, when we were once

hardest. I will go over yonder, and bear my part

thought to cover himself with glory. Then he

out of this fight,

in the fray, but

turned round and shouted

to the brave Lycians saying, "Lycians, why do you

at the doors that closed the gates so strong and so

the tread of his immortal feet. Three strides he

thus fail me? For

firmly set. These

took, and with the

all my prowess I cannot break through the wall

doors were double and high, and were kept

fourth he reached his goal- Aegae, where is his

and open a way to the

closed by two cross-bars

glittering golden

ships single-handed. Come close on behind me,

to which there was but one key. When he had got

palace, imperishable, in the depths of the sea.

for the more there are

close up to them,

When he got there,

of us the better."

Hector strode towards them that his blow might

he yoked his fleet brazen-footed steeds with their

gain in force and struck

manes of gold all

The Lycians, shamed by his rebuke, pressed closer

them in the middle, leaning his whole weight

flying in the wind; he clothed himself in raiment

round him who was

against them. He broke

of gold, grasped

their counsellor their king. The Argives on their

both hinges, and the stone fell inside by reason of

his gold whip, and took his stand upon his

part got their men

its great weight.

chariot. As he went his

in fighting order within the wall, and there was a

The portals re-echoed with the sound, the bars

way over the waves the sea-monsters left their

deadly struggle

held no longer, and

lairs, for they knew

between them. The Lycians could not break

the doors flew open, one one way, and the other

their lord, and came gambolling round him from

through the wall and force

the other, through

every quarter of the

their way to the ships, nor could the Danaans

the force of the blow. Then brave Hector leaped

deep, while the sea in her gladness opened a path

drive the Lycians from

inside with a face

before his chariot.

the wall now that they had once reached it. As

as dark as that of flying night. The gleaming

So lightly did the horses fly that the bronze axle of

two men, measuring-rods

bronze flashed fiercely

the car was

in hand, quarrel about their boundaries in a field

about his body and he had tow spears in his hand.

not even wet beneath it; and thus his bounding

that they own in

None but a god could

steeds took him to

common, and stickle for their rights though they

have withstood him as he flung himself into the

the ships of the Achaeans.

be but in a mere

gateway, and his eyes

strip, even so did the battlements now serve as a

glared like fire. Then he turned round towards the

Now there is a certain huge cavern in the depths

bone of contention,

Trojans and called

of the sea midway

and they beat one another's round shields for

on them to scale the wall, and they did as he bade


their possession. Many

them- some of them

Neptune lord of the earthquake

a man's body was wounded with the pitiless

at once climbing over the wall, while others

stayed his horses, unyoked them, and set before

bronze, as he turned round

passed through the gates.

them their ambrosial

and bared his back to the foe, and many were

The Danaans then fled panic-stricken towards

forage. He hobbled their feet with hobbles of gold

struck clean through

their ships, and all

which none could

their shields; the wall and battlements were

was uproar and confusion.

either unloose or break, so that they might stay

everywhere deluged with






there in that place

the blood alike of Trojans and of Achaeans. But


until their lord should return. This done he went

even so the Trojans


his way to the host

could not rout the Achaeans, who still held on;

and as some honest

of the Achaeans.

hard-working woman weighs wool in her balance

Now the Trojans followed Hector son of Priam in

and sees that the scales

Now when Jove had thus brought Hector and the

close array like a

be true, for she would gain some pitiful earnings

Trojans to the ships,

storm-cloud or flame of fire, fighting with might

for her little ones,

he left them to their never-ending toil, and turned

and main and raising

even so was the fight balanced evenly between

his keen eyes

the cry battle; for they deemed that they should

them till the time came

away, looking elsewhither towards the horse-

take the ships of

when Jove gave the greater glory to Hector son of

breeders of Thrace, the

the Achaeans and kill all their chiefest heroes then

Priam, who was first

Mysians, fighters at close quarters, the noble

and there. Meanwhile

to spring towards the wall of the Achaeans. As he

Hippemolgi, who live

earth-encircling Neptune lord of the earthquake

did so, he cried

on milk, and the Abians, justest of mankind. He

cheered on the Argives,

aloud to the Trojans, "Up, Trojans, break the wall

no longer turned so

for he had come up out of the sea and had

of the Argives,

much as a glance towards Troy, for he did not

assumed the form and voice

and fling fire upon their ships."

think that any of the

of Calchas.

immortals would go and help either Trojans or

Thus did he hound them on, and in one body they


rushed straight at

First he spoke to the two Ajaxes, who were doing

their best already,

the wall as he had bidden them, and scaled the

But King Neptune had kept no blind look-out; he

and said, "Ajaxes, you two can be the saving of

battlements with sharp

had been looking admiringly

the Achaeans if you

spears in their hands. Hector laid hold of a stone

on the battle from his seat on the topmost crests of

will put out all your strength and not let

that lay just outside

wooded Samothrace,

yourselves be daunted.

the gates and was thick at one end but pointed at

whence he could see all Ida, with the city of Priam

I am not afraid that the Trojans, who have got

the other; two of

and the ships

over the wall in force,

the best men in a town, as men now are, could

of the Achaeans. He had come from under the sea

will be victorious in any other part, for the

hardly raise it from

and taken his place

Achaeans can hold all

the ground and put it on to a waggon, but Hector

here, for he pitied the Achaeans who were being

of them in check, but I much fear that some evil

lifted it quite easily

overcome by the Trojans;

will befall us here

by himself, for the son of scheming Saturn made it

and he was furiously angry with Jove.

where furious Hector, who boasts himself the son

light for him.

of great Jove himself,

As a shepherd picks up a ram's fleece with one

Presently he came down from his post on the

is leading them on like a pillar of flame. May

hand and finds it no

mountain top, and as he

some god, then, put

burden, so easily did Hector lift the great stone

strode swiftly onwards the high hills and the

it into your hearts to make a firm stand here, and

and drive it right

forest quaked beneath

to incite others

to do the like. In this case you will drive him from

like panic-stricken hinds, the prey of jackals and

Hector for a while seem as though he would

the ships even

wolves in a forest,

career through the tents

though he be inspired by Jove himself."

with no strength but in flight for they cannot

and ships of the Achaeans till he had reached the

defend themselves.

sea in his murderous

As he spoke the earth-encircling lord of the

Hitherto the Trojans dared not for one moment

course; but the closely serried battalions stayed

earthquake struck both

face the attack of the

him when he reached

of them with his sceptre and filled their hearts

Achaeans, but now they have sallied far from

them, for the sons of the Achaeans thrust at him

with daring. He made

their city and are fighting

with swords and spears

their legs light and active, as also their hands and

at our very ships through the cowardice of our

pointed at both ends, and drove him from them

their feet. Then,

leader and the disaffection

so that he staggered

as the soaring falcon poises on the wing high

of the people themselves, who in their discontent

and gave ground; thereon he shouted to the

above some sheer rock,

care not to fight

Trojans, "Trojans, Lycians,

and presently swoops down to chase some bird

in defence of the ships but are being slaughtered

and Dardanians, fighters in close combat, stand

over the plain, even

near them. True,

firm: the Achaeans

so did Neptune lord of the earthquake wing his

King Agamemnon son of Atreus is the cause of

have set themselves as a wall against me, but they

flight into the air

our disaster by having

will not check

and leave them. Of the two, swift Ajax son of

insulted the son of Peleus, still this is no reason

me for long; they will give ground before me if

Oileus was the first

why we should

the mightiest of the

to know who it was that had been speaking with

leave off fighting. Let us be quick to heal, for the

gods, the thundering spouse of Juno, has indeed

them, and said to Ajax

hearts of the

inspired my onset."

son of Telamon, "Ajax, this is one of the gods that

brave heal quickly. You do ill to be thus remiss,

dwell on Olympus,

you, who are the

With these words he put heart and soul into them

who in the likeness of the prophet is bidding us

finest soldiers in our whole army. I blame no man

all. Deiphobus son

fight hard by our

for keeping out

of Priam went about among them intent on deeds

ships. It was not Calchas the seer and diviner of

of battle if he is a weakling, but I am indignant

of daring with his

omens; I knew him

with such men as

round shield before him, under cover of which he

at once by his feet and knees as he turned away,

you are. My good friends, matters will soon

strode quickly forward.

for the gods are

become even worse through

Meriones took aim at him with a spear, nor did he

soon recognised. Moreover I feel the lust of battle

this slackness; think, each one of you, of his own

fail to hit the

burn more fiercely

honour and credit,

broad orb of ox-hide; but he was far from piercing

within me, while my hands and my feet under me

for the hazard of the fight is extreme. Great

it for the spear

are more eager for

Hector is now fighting

broke in two pieces long ere he could do so;

the fray."

at our ships; he has broken through the gates and

moreover Deiphobus had

the strong bolt

seen it coming and had held his shield well away

that held them."

from him. Meriones

And Ajax son of Telamon answered, "I too feel my

hands grasp my spear

drew back under cover of his comrades, angry

more firmly; my strength is greater, and my feet

Thus did the earth-encircler address the Achaeans

alike at having failed

more nimble; I long,

and urge them on.

to vanquish Deiphobus, and having broken his

moreover, to meet furious Hector son of Priam,

Thereon round the two Ajaxes there gathered

spear. He turned therefore

even in single combat."

strong bands of men, of

towards the ships and tents to fetch a spear which

whom not even Mars nor Minerva, marshaller of

he had left behind

Thus did they converse, exulting in the hunger

hosts could make light

in his tent.

after battle with which

if they went among them, for they were the

the god had filled them. Meanwhile the earth-

picked men of all those

The others continued fighting, and the cry of

encircler roused the

who were now awaiting the onset of Hector and

battle rose up into

Achaeans, who were resting in the rear by the

the Trojans. They made

the heavens. Teucer son of Telamon was the first

ships overcome at once

a living fence, spear to spear, shield to shield,

to kill his man,

by hard fighting and by grief at seeing that the

buckler to buckler,

to wit, the warrior Imbrius son of Mentor rich in

Trojans had got over

helmet to helmet, and man to man. The horse-hair

horses. Until the

the wall in force. Tears began falling from their

crests on their gleaming

Achaeans came he had lived in Pedaeum, and had

eyes as they beheld

helmets touched one another as they nodded

married Medesicaste

them, for they made sure that they should not

forward, so closely seffied

a bastard daughter of Priam; but on the arrival of

escape destruction;

were they; the spears they brandished in their

the Danaan fleet

but the lord of the earthquake passed lightly

strong hands were interlaced,

he had gone back to Ilius, and was a great man

about among them and

and their hearts were set on battle.

among the Trojans,

urged their battalions to the front.

dwelling near Priam himself, who gave him like

The Trojans advanced in a dense body, with

honour with his own

First he went up to Teucer and Leitus, the hero

Hector at their head pressing

sons. The son of Telamon now struck him under

Peneleos, and Thoas

right on as a rock that comes thundering down

the ear with a spear

and Deipyrus; Meriones also and Antilochus,

the side of some mountain

which he then drew back again, and Imbrius fell

valiant warriors; all

from whose brow the winter torrents have torn it;

headlong as an ash-tree

did he exhort. "Shame on you young Argives," he

the foundations

when it is felled on the crest of some high

cried, "it was on

of the dull thing have been loosened by floods of

mountain beacon, and its

your prowess I relied for the saving of our ships;

rain, and as it

delicate green foliage comes toppling down to the

if you fight not

bounds headlong on its way it sets the whole

ground. Thus did

with might and main, this very day will see us

forest in an uproar;

he fall with his bronze-dight armour ringing

overcome by the Trojans.

it swerves neither to right nor left till it reaches

harshly round him, and

Of a truth my eyes behold a great and terrible

level ground,

Teucer sprang forward with intent to strip him of

portent which I had

but then for all its fury it can go no further- even

his armour; but

never thought to see- the Trojans at our ships-

so easily did

as he was doing so, Hector took aim at him with a

they, who were heretofore

spear. Teucer saw

the spear coming and swerved aside, whereon it

to do their utmost."

hit Amphimachus, son

it comes out then who is cowardly and who

brave; the coward will change

of Cteatus son of Actor, in the chest as he was

To this Neptune lord of the earthquake made

colour at every touch and turn; he is full of fears,

coming into battle,

answer, "Idomeneus, may

and keeps shifting

and his armour rang rattling round him as he fell

he never return from Troy, but remain here for

his weight first on one knee and then on the other;

heavily to the ground.

dogs to batten upon,

his heart beats

Hector sprang forward to take Amphimachus's

who is this day wilfully slack in fighting. Get your

fast as he thinks of death, and one can hear the

helmet from off his temples,

armour and go,

chattering of his

and in a moment Ajax threw a spear at him, but

we must make all haste together if we may be of

teeth; whereas the brave man will not change

did not wound him,

any use, though we

colour nor be on finding

for he was encased all over in his terrible armour;

are only two. Even cowards gain courage from

himself in ambush, but is all the time longing to

nevertheless the

companionship, and we

go into action-

spear struck the boss of his shield with such force

two can hold our own with the bravest."

if the best men were being chosen for such a

as to drive him

service, no one could

back from the two corpses, which the Achaeans

Therewith the god went back into the thick of the

make light of your courage nor feats of arms. If

then drew off. Stichius

fight, and Idomeneus

you were struck by

and Menestheus, captains of the Athenians, bore

when he had reached his tent donned his armour,

a dart or smitten in close combat, it would not be

away Amphimachus to

grasped his two spears,

from behind, in

the host of the Achaeans, while the two brave and

and sallied forth. As the lightning which the son

your neck nor back, but the weapon would hit

impetuous Ajaxes

of Saturn brandishes

you in the chest or belly

did the like by Imbrius. As two lions snatch a goat

from bright Olympus when he would show a sign

as you were pressing forward to a place in the

from the hounds

to mortals, and its

front ranks. But let

that have it in their fangs, and bear it through

gleam flashes far and wide- even so did his

us no longer stay here talking like children, lest

thick brushwood high

armour gleam about him

we be ill spoken

above the ground in their jaws, thus did the

as he ran. Meriones his sturdy squire met him

of; go, fetch your spear from the tent at once."

Ajaxes bear aloft the

while he was still near

body of Imbrius, and strip it of its armour. Then

his tent (for he was going to fetch his spear) and

On this Meriones, peer of Mars, went to the tent

the son of Oileus

Idomeneus said

and got himself a

severed the head from the neck in revenge for the








death of Amphimachus,

"Meriones, fleet son of Molus, best of comrades,

Idomeneus, big with great

and sent it whirling over the crowd as though it

why have you left

deeds of valour. As when baneful Mars sallies

had been a ball,

the field? Are you wounded, and is the point of

forth to battle, and

till fell in the dust at Hector's feet.

the weapon hurting

his son Panic so strong and dauntless goes with

you? or have you been sent to fetch me? I want no

him, to strike terror

Neptune was exceedingly angry that his grandson

fetching; I had

even into the heart of a hero- the pair have gone

Amphimachus should

far rather fight than stay in my tent."

from Thrace to arm

have fallen; he therefore went to the tents and

themselves among the Ephyri or the brave

ships of the Achaeans

"Idomeneus," answered Meriones, "I come for a

Phlegyans, but they will

to urge the Danaans still further, and to devise

spear, if I can find

not listen to both the contending hosts, and will

evil for the Trojans.

one in my tent; I have broken the one I had, in

give victory to

Idomeneus met him, as he was taking leave of a

throwing it at the

one side or to the other- even so did Meriones and

comrade, who had just

shield of Deiphobus."

Idomeneus, captains

come to him from the fight, wounded in the knee.

of men, go out to battle clad in their bronze

His fellow-soldiers

And Idomeneus captain of the Cretans answered,

armour. Meriones was

bore him off the field, and Idomeneus having

"You will find one

first to speak. "Son of Deucalion," said he, "where

given orders to the physicians

spear, or twenty if you so please, standing up

would you have

went on to his tent, for he was still thirsting for

against the end wall

us begin fighting? On the right wing of the host,

battle. Neptune

of my tent. I have taken them from Trojans whom

in the centre, or

spoke in the likeness and with the voice of Thoas

I have killed, for

on the left wing, where I take it the Achaeans will

son of Andraemon

I am not one to keep my enemy at arm's length;

be weakest?"

who ruled the Aetolians of all Pleuron and high

therefore I have spears,

Calydon, and was honoured

bossed shields, helmets, and burnished corslets."

among his people as though he were a god.

Idomeneus answered, "There are others to defend

the centre- the two

"Idomeneus," said he, "lawgiver

Then Meriones said, "I too in my tent and at my

Ajaxes and Teucer, who is the finest archer of all

to the Cretans, what has now become of the

ship have spoils taken

the Achaeans, and

threats with which the

from the Trojans, but they are not at hand. I have

is good also in a hand-to-hand fight. These will

sons of the Achaeans used to threaten the

been at all times

give Hector son of


valorous, and wherever there has been hard

Priam enough to do; fight as he may, he will find

fighting have held my own

it hard to vanquish

among the foremost. There may be those among

their indomitable fury, and fire the ships, unless

answered, "Thoas, no one, so

the Achaeans who do not

the son of Saturn

far as I know, is in fault, for we can all fight. None

know how I fight, but you know it well enough

fling a firebrand upon them with his own hand.

are held back


Great Ajax son of Telamon







neither by fear nor slackness, but it seems to be

will yield to no man who is in mortal mould and

the of almighty

Idomeneus answered, "I know you for a brave

eats the grain of

Jove that the Achaeans should perish ingloriously

man: you need not tell

Ceres, if bronze and great stones can overthrow

here far from Argos:

me. If the best men at the ships were being chosen

him. He would not

you, Thoas, have been always staunch, and you

to go on an ambush-

yield even to Achilles in hand-to-hand fight, and

keep others in heart

and there is nothing like this for showing what a

in fleetness of

if you see any fail in duty; be not then remiss

man is made of;

foot there is none to beat him; let us turn therefore

now, but exhort all

towards the

left wing, that we may know forthwith whether

the fairest of Priam's daughters in marriage, but

under cover of this, and the spear flew over him,

we are to give glory

offered no gifts

but the shield rang

to some other, or he to us."

of wooing, for he promised a great thing, to wit,

out as the spear grazed it, and the weapon sped

that he would drive

not in vain from the

Meriones, peer of fleet Mars, then led the way till

the sons of the Achaeans willy nilly from Troy;

strong hand of Deiphobus, for it struck Hypsenor

they came to the

old King Priam had

son of Hippasus,

part of the host which Idomeneus had named.

given his consent and promised her to him,

shepherd of his people, in the liver under the

whereon he fought on the

midriff, and his limbs

Now when the Trojans saw Idomeneus coming on

strength of the promises thus made to him.

failed beneath him. Deiphobus vaunted over him

like a flame of fire,

Idomeneus aimed a spear,

and cried with a loud

him and his squire clad in their richly wrought

and hit him as he came striding on. His cuirass of

voice saying, "Of a truth Asius has not fallen

armour, they shouted

bronze did not

unavenied; he will

and made towards him all in a body, and a

protect him, and the spear stuck in his belly, so

be glad even while passing into the house of

furious hand-to-hand fight

that he fell heavily

Hades, strong warden

raged under the ships' sterns. Fierce as the shrill

to the ground. Then Idomeneus vaunted over him

of the gate, that I have sent some one to escort

winds that whistle

saying, "Othryoneus,


upon a day when dust lies deep on the roads, and

there is no one in the world whom I shall admire

the gusts raise it

more than I do you,

Thus did he vaunt, and the Argives were stung by

into a thick cloud- even such was the fury of the

if you indeed perform what you have promised

his saying. Noble

combat, and might

Priam son of Dardanus

Antilochus was more angry than any one, but

and main did they hack at each other with spear

in return for his daughter. We too will make you

grief did not make him

and sword throughout

an offer; we will

forget his friend and comrade. He ran up to him,

the host. The field bristled with the long and

give you the loveliest daughter of the son of

bestrode him, and

deadly spears which

Atreus, and will bring

covered him with his shield; then two of his

they bore. Dazzling was the sheen of their

her from Argos for you to marry, if you will sack

staunch comrades, Mecisteus

gleaming helmets, their

the goodly city

son of Echius, and Alastor stooped down, and

of Ilius in company with ourselves; so come along

bore him away groaning

shields as they joined

with me, that we

heavily to the ships. But Idomeneus ceased not his

battle with one another. Iron indeed must be his

may make a covenant at the ships about the

fury. He kept on

courage who could

marriage, and we will not

striving continually either to enshroud some

take pleasure in the sight of such a turmoil, and

be hard upon you about gifts of wooing."

Trojan in the darkness





look on it without
being dismayed.

of death, or himself to fall while warding off the

With this Idomeneus began dragging him by the

evil day from the

foot through the thick

Achaeans. Then fell Alcathous son of noble

Thus did the two mighty sons of Saturn devise

of the fight, but Asius came up to protect the

Aesyetes: he was son-in-law

evil for mortal heroes.

body, on foot, in front

to Anchises, having married his eldest daughter

Jove was minded to give victory to the Trojans

of his horses which his esquire drove so close

Hippodameia who was

and to Hector, so as

behind him that he

the darling of her father and mother, and excelled

to do honour to fleet Achilles, nevertheless he did

could feel their 'breath upon his shoulder. He was

all her generation

not mean to utterly

longing to strike

in beauty, accomplishments, and understanding,

overthrow the Achaean host before Ilius, and only

down Idomeneus, but ere he could do so

wherefore the bravest

wanted to glorify

Idomeneus smote him with his

man in all Troy had taken her to wife- him did

Thetis and her valiant son. Neptune on the other

spear in the throat under the chin, and the bronze

Neptune lay low by

hand went about among

point went clean

the hand of Idomeneus, blinding his bright eyes

the Argives to incite them, having come up from

through it. He fell as an oak, or poplar, or pine

and binding his strong

the grey sea in secret,

which shipwrights

limbs in fetters so that he could neither go back

for he was grieved at seeing them vanquished by

have felled for ship's timber upon the mountains

nor to one side,

the Trojans, and was

with whetted axes-

but stood stock still like pillar or lofty tree when

furiously angry with Jove. Both were of the same

even thus did he lie full length in front of his

Idomeneus struck

race and country,

chariot and horses,

him with a spear in the middle of his chest. The

but Jove was elder born and knew more, therefore


Neptune feared to

bloodstained just. His charioteer

had hitherto protected his body was now broken,

defend the Argives openly, but in the likeness of

was struck with panic and did not dare turn his

and rang harshly as

man, he kept on

horses round and escape:

the spear tore through it. He fell heavily to the

encouraging them throughout their host. Thus,

thereupon Antilochus hit him in the middle of his

ground, and the

then, did these two

body with a spear;

spear stuck in his heart, which still beat, and

devise a knot of war and battle, that none could

his cuirass of bronze did not protect him, and the

made the butt-end

unloose or break,

spear stuck in

of the spear quiver till dread Mars put an end to

and set both sides tugging at it, to the failing of

his belly. He fell gasping from his chariot and

his life. Idomeneus

men's knees beneath

Antilochus great Nestor's

vaunted over him and cried with a loud voice


son, drove his horses from the Trojans to the

saying, "Deiphobus, since


you are in a mood to vaunt, shall we cry quits







And now Idomeneus, though his hair was already

coat of mail that

now that we have killed

flecked with grey,

Deiphobus then came close up to Idomeneus to

three men to your one? Nay, sir, stand in fight

called loud on the Danaans and spread panic

avenge Asius, and took

with me yourself,

among the Trojans as he

aim at him with a spear, but Idomeneus was on

that you may learn what manner of Jove-begotten

leaped in among them. He slew Othryoneus from

the look-out and avoided

man am I that have

Cabesus, a sojourner,

it, for he was covered by the round shield he

come hither. Jove first begot Minos chief ruler in

who had but lately come to take part in the war.

always bore- a shield

Crete, and Minos

He sought Cassandra

of oxhide and bronze with two arm-rods on the

in his turn begot a son, noble Deucalion;

inside. He crouched

Deucalion begot me to be

a ruler over many men in Crete, and my ships

Then they fought furiously in close combat about

have now brought me hither,

the body of Alcathous,

to be the bane of yourself, your father, and the

wielding their long spears; and the bronze armour

The others still fought on, and the battle-cry rose


about their bodies

to heaven without

rang fearfully as they took aim at one another in

ceasing. Aeneas sprang on Aphareus son of

Thus did he speak, and Deiphobus was in two

the press of the

Caletor, and struck him

minds, whether to go back


and fetch some other Trojan to help him, or to

Idomeneus, peers of Mars, outxied

towards him; his head

take up the challenge

every one in their desire to hack at each other

fell on one side, his helmet and shield came down

single-handed. In the end, he deemed it best to go

with sword and spear.

along with him,

and fetch Aeneas,

Aeneas took aim first, but Idomeneus was on the

and death, life's foe, was shed around him.

whom he found standing in the rear, for he had

lookout and avoided

Antilochus spied his chance,

long been aggrieved

the spear, so that it sped from Aeneas' strong

flew forward towards Thoon, and wounded him

with Priam because in spite his brave deeds he

hand in vain, and fell

as he was turning round.

did not give him his

quivering in the ground. Idomeneus meanwhile

He laid open the vein that runs all the way up the

due share of honour. Deiphobus went up to him

smote Oenomaus in the

back to the neck;

and said, "Aeneas, prince

middle of his belly, and broke the plate of his

he cut this vein clean away throughout its whole

among the Trojans, if you know any ties of

corslet, whereon his

course, and Thoon

kinship, help me now to

bowels came gushing out and he clutched the

fell in the dust face upwards, stretching out his

defend the body of your sister's husband; come

earth in the palms of

hands imploringly

with me to the rescue

his hands as he fell sprawling in the dust.

towards his comrades. Antilochus sprang upon

of Alcathous, who being husband to your sister

Idomeneus drew his spear

him and stripped the

brought you up when

out of the body, but could not strip him of the rest

armour from his shoulders, glaring round him

you were a child in his house, and now

of his armour

fearfully as he did so.

Idomeneus has slain him."

for the rain of darts that were showered upon

The Trojans came about him on every side and

him: moreover his strength

struck his broad and

With these words he moved the heart of Aeneas,

was now beginning to fail him so that he could no

gleaming shield, but could not wound his body,

and he went in pursuit

longer charge, and

for Neptune stood guard

of Idomeneus, big with great deeds of valour; but

could neither spring forward to recover his own

over the son of Nestor, though the darts fell

Idomeneus was not

weapon nor swerve

thickly round him. He

to be thus daunted as though he were a mere

aside to avoid one that was aimed at him;

was never clear of the foe, but was always in the

child; he held his ground

therefore, though he still

thick of the fight;

as a wild boar at bay upon the mountains, who

defended himself in hand-to-hand fight, his heavy

his spear was never idle; he poised and aimed it

abides the coming of

feet could not bear

in every direction,

a great crowd of men in some lonely place- the

him swiftly out of the battle. Deiphobus aimed a

so eager was he to hit some one from a distance or

bristles stand upright

spear at him as he

to fight him hand

on his back, his eyes flash fire, and he whets his

was retreating slowly from the field, for his

to hand.

tusks in his eagerness

bitterness against him

to defend himself against hounds and men- even

was as fierce as ever, but again he missed him,

As he was thus aiming among the crowd, he was

so did famed Idomeneus

and hit Ascalaphus,

seen by Adamas son of

hold his ground and budge not at the coming of

the son of Mars; the spear went through his

Asius, who rushed towards him and struck him

Aeneas. He cried aloud

shoulder, and he clutched

with a spear in the middle

to his comrades looking towards Ascalaphus,

the earth in the palms of his hands as he fell

of his shield, but Neptune made its point without

Aphareus, Deipyrus, Meriones,

sprawling in the dust.

effect, for he grudged







and Antilochus, all of them brave soldiers-


with a spear in his throat which was turned

him the life of Antilochus. One half, therefore, of

"Hither my friends," he

Grim Mars of awful voice did not yet know that

the spear stuck

cried, "and leave me not single-handed- I go in

his son had fallen,

fast like a charred stake in Antilochus's shield,

great fear by fleet

for he was sitting on the summits of Olympus

while the other

Aeneas, who is coming against me, and is a

under the golden clouds,

lay on the ground. Adamas then sought shelter

redoubtable dispenser of

by command of Jove, where the other gods were

under cover of his men,

death battle. Moreover he is in the flower of youth

also sitting, forbidden

but Meriones followed after and hit him with a

when a man's strength

to take part in the battle. Meanwhile men fought

spear midway between

is greatest; if I was of the same age as he is and in

furiously about the

the private parts and the navel, where a wound is

my present mind,

body. Deiphobus tore the helmet from off his

particualrly painful

either he or I should soon bear away the prize of

head, but Meriones sprang

to wretched mortals. There did Meriones transfix


upon him, and struck him on the arm with a spear

him, and he writhed

so that the visored

convulsively about the spear as some bull whom

On this, all of them as one man stood near him,

helmet fell from his hand and came ringing down

mountain herdsmen have

shield on shoulder.

upon the ground. Thereon

bound with ropes of withes and are taking away

Aeneas on the other side called to his comrades,

Meriones sprang upon him like a vulture, drew

perforce. Even so did

looking towards Deiphobus,

the spear from his shoulder,

he move convulsively for a while, but not for very

Paris, and Agenor, who were leaders of the

and fell back under cover of his men. Then

long, till Meriones

Trojans along with himself,

Polites, own brother of

came up and drew the spear out of his body, and

and the people followed them as sheep follow the

Deiphobus passed his arms around his waist, and

his eyes were veiled

ram when they go

bore him away from

in darkness.

down to drink after they have been feeding, and

the battle till he got to his horses that were

the heart of the shepherd

standing in the rear

Helenus then struck Deipyrus with a great

is glad- even so was the heart of Aeneas

of the fight with the chariot and their driver.

Thracian sword, hitting

gladdened when he saw his

These took him towards

him on the temple in close combat and tearing the

people follow him.

the city groaning and in great pain, with the blood

helmet from his

flowing from his

head; the helmet fell to the ground, and one of

upon myself. Cowardly she-wolves that you are,

it would be the death of him, for his good old

those who were fighting

you feared not the

father Polyidus had

on the Achaean side took charge of it as it rolled


at his feet, but

hospitality, who will one

and die of a terrible

the eyes of Deipyrus were closed in the darkness

day destroy your city; you stole my wedded wife

disease, or go with the Achaeans and perish at the

of death.

and wickedly carried

hands of the Trojans;

off much treasure when you were her guest, and

he chose, therefore, to avoid incurring the heavy

On this Menelaus was grieved, and made

now you would fling

fine the Achaeans

menacingly towards Helenus,

fire upon our ships, and kill our heroes. A day

would have laid upon him, and at the same time

brandishing his spear; but Helenus drew his bow,

will come when, rage

to escape the pain

and the two attacked

as you may, you shall be stayed. O father Jove,

and suffering of disease. Paris now smote him on

one another at one and the same moment, the one

you, who they say

the jaw under his

with his spear, and

art above all both gods and men in wisdom, and

ear, whereon the life went out of him and he was

the other with his bow and arrow. The son of

from whom all things

enshrouded in the

Priam hit the breastplate

that befall us do proceed, how can you thus

darkness of death.

of Menelaus's corslet, but the arrow glanced from

favour the Trojans- men

off it. As black

so proud and overweening, that they are never

Thus then did they fight as it were a flaming fire.

beans or pulse come pattering down on to a

tired of fighting? All

But Hector had

threshing-floor from the

things pall after a while- sleep, love, sweet song,

not yet heard, and did not know that the Argives

broad winnowing-shovel, blown by shrill winds

and stately dance-

were making havoc

and shaken by the shovel-

still these are things of which a man would surely

of his men on the left wing of the battle, where the

even so did the arrow glance off and recoil from

have his fill rather

Achaeans ere

the shield of Menelaus,

than of battle, whereas it is of battle that the

long would have triumphed over them, so

who in his turn wounded the hand with which

Trojans are insatiate."

vigorously did Neptune cheer







Helenus carried his bow;

often told him that he must either stay at home

them on and help them. He therefore held on at

the spear went right through his hand and stuck

So saying Menelaus stripped the blood-stained

the point where he

in the bow itself,

armour from the body

had first forced his way through the gates and the

so that to his life he retreated under cover of his

of Pisander, and handed it over to his men; then

wall, after breaking

men, with his

he again ranged himself

through the serried ranks of Danaan warriors. It

hand dragging by his side- for the spear weighed

among those who were in the front of the fight.

was here that the

it down till Agenor

ships of Ajax and Protesilaus were drawn up by

drew it out and bound the hand carefully up in a

Harpalion son of King Pylaemenes then sprang

the sea-shore; here

woollen sling which

upon him; he had come

the wall was at its lowest, and the fight both of

his esquire had with him.

to fight at Troy along with his father, but he did

man and horse raged

not go home again.

most fiercely. The Boeotians and the Ionians with

Pisander then made straight at Menelaus- his evil

He struck the middle of Menelaus's shield with

their long tunics,

destiny luring him

his spear but could

the Locrians, the men of Phthia, and the famous

on to his doom, for he was to fall in fight with

not pierce it, and to save his life drew back under

force of the Epeans

you, O Menelaus.

cover of his men,

could hardly stay Hector as he rushed on towards

When the two were hard by one another the spear

looking round him on every side lest he should be

the ships, nor could

of the son of Atreus

wounded. But Meriones

they drive him from them, for he was as a wall of

turned aside and he missed his aim; Pisander then

aimed a bronze-tipped arrow at him as he was

fire. The chosen

struck the shield

leaving the field, and

men of the Athenians were in the van, led by

of brave Menelaus but could not pierce it, for the

hit him on the right buttock; the arrow pierced the

Menestheus son of Peteos,

shield stayed the

bone through and

with whom were also Pheidas, Stichius, and

spear and broke the shaft; nevertheless he was

through, and penetrated the bladder, so he sat

stalwart Bias: Meges son

glad and made sure

down where he was and

of Phyleus, Amphion, and Dracius commanded

of victory; forthwith, however, the son of Atreus

breathed his last in the arms of his comrades,

the Epeans, while Medon

drew his sword and

stretched like a worm

and staunch Podarces led the men of Phthia. Of

sprang upon him. Pisander then seized the bronze

upon the ground and watering the earth with the

these, Medon was bastard

battle-axe, with

blood that flowed

son to Oileus and brother of Ajax, but he lived in

its long and polished handle of olive wood that

from his wound. The brave Paphlagonians tended

Phylace away from

hung by his side under

him with all due care;

his own country, for he had killed the brother of

his shield, and the two made at one another.

they raised him into his chariot, and bore him

his stepmother Eriopis,

Pisander struck the peak

sadly off to the city

the wife of Oileus; the other, Podarces, was the

of Menelaus's crested helmet just under the crest

of Troy; his father went also with him weeping

son of Iphiclus son

itself, and Menelaus

bitterly, but there

of Phylacus. These two stood in the van of the

hit Pisander as he was coming towards him, on

was no ransom that could bring his dead son to

Phthians, and defended

the forehead, just at

life again.

the ships along with the Boeotians.


Paris was deeply grieved by the death of

Ajax son of Oileus never for a moment left the

eyes fell by his feet in the dust. He fell backwards

Harpalion, who was his host

side of Ajax son of

to the ground,

when he went among the Paphlagonians; he

Telamon, but as two swart oxen both strain their

and Menelaus set his heel upon him, stripped him

aimed an arrow, therefore,

utmost at the plough

of his armour, and

in order to avenge him. Now there was a certain

which they are drawing in a fallow field, and the

vaunted over him saying, "Even thus shall you

man named Euchenor,

sweat steams upwards

Trojans leave the ships

son of Polyidus the prophet, a brave man and

from about the roots of their horns- nothing but

of the Achaeans, proud and insatiate of battle

wealthy, whose home was

the yoke divides

though you be: nor

in Corinth. This Euchenor had set sail for Troy

them as they break up the ground till they reach

shall you lack any of the disgrace and shame

well knowing that

the end of the field-

the rise of his nose; the bones cracked and his two

which you have heaped

even so did the two Ajaxes stand shoulder to

I have given them their orders."

shoulder by one another.

in one after the other upon the shore with their

arching heads all

Many and brave comrades followed the son of

He then sped onward, towering like a snowy

crested with foam- even so did rank behind rank

Telamon, to relieve him

mountain, and with a loud

of Trojans arrayed

of his shield when he was overcome with sweat

cry flew through the ranks of the Trojans and

in gleaming armour follow their leaders onward.

and toil, but the Locrians

their allies. When they

The way was led by

did not follow so close after the son of Oileus, for

heard his voice they all hastened to gather round

Hector son of Priam, peer of murderous Mars,

they could not

Polydamas the excellent

with his round shield

hold their own in a hand-to-hand fight. They had

son of Panthous, but Hector kept on among the

before him- his shield of ox-hides covered with

no bronze helmets

foremost, looking everywhere

plates of bronze-

with plumes of horse-hair, neither had they

to find Deiphobus and prince Helenus, Adamas

and his gleaming helmet upon his temples. He

shields nor ashen spears,

son of Asius, and Asius

kept stepping forward

but they had come to Troy armed with bows, and

son of Hyrtacus; living, indeed, and scatheless he

under cover of his shield in every direction,

with slings of twisted

could no longer

making trial of the

wool from which they showered their missiles to

find them, for the two last were lying by the

ranks to see if they would give way be him, but he

break the ranks of

sterns of the Achaean

could not daunt

the Trojans. The others, therefore, with their

ships, slain by the Argives, while the others had

the courage of the Achaeans. Ajax was the first to

heavy armour bore the

been also stricken

stride out and

brunt of the fight with the Trojans and with

and wounded by them; but upon the left wing of

challenge him. "Sir," he cried, "draw near; why do

Hector, while the Locrians

the dread battle he

you think thus

shot from behind, under their cover; and thus the

found Alexandrus, husband of lovely Helen,

vainly to dismay the Argives? We Achaeans are

Trojans began to

cheering his men and urging

excellent soldiers,

lose heart, for the arrows threw them into

them on to fight. He went up to him and

but the scourge of Jove has fallen heavily upon us.


upbraided him. "Paris," said

Your heart, forsooth,

he, "evil-hearted Paris, fair to see but woman-mad

is set on destroying our ships, but we too have

The Trojans would now have been driven in sorry

and false of tongue,

bands that can keep

plight from the ships

where are Deiphobus and King Helenus? Where

you at bay, and your own fair town shall be

and tents back to windy Ilius, had not Polydamas

are Adamas son of Asius,

sooner taken and sacked

presently said to

and Asius son of Hyrtacus? Where too is

by ourselves. The time is near when you shall

Hector, "Hector, there is no persuading you to

Othryoneus? Ilius is undone

pray Jove and all the

take advice. Because

and will now surely fall!"

gods in your flight, that your steeds may be

heaven has so richly endowed you with the arts of

swifter than hawks as

war, you think that

Alexandrus answered, "Hector, why find fault

they raise the dust on the plain and bear you back

you must therefore excel others in counsel; but

when there is no one

to your city."

you cannot thus claim

to find fault with? I should hold aloof from battle

preeminence in all things. Heaven has made one

on any day rather

As he was thus speaking a bird flew by upon his

man an excellent soldier;

than this, for my mother bore me with nothing of

right hand, and the

of another it has made a dancer or a singer and

the coward about

host of the Achaeans shouted, for they took heart

player on the lyre;

me. From the moment when you set our men

at the omen. But

while yet in another Jove has implanted a wise

fighting about the ships

Hector answered, "Ajax, braggart and false of

understanding of which

we have been staying here and doing battle with

tongue, would that I

men reap fruit to the saving of many, and he

the Danaans. Our comrades

were as sure of being son for evermore to aegis-

himself knows more about

about whom you ask me are dead; Deiphobus

bearing Jove, with

it than any one; therefore I will say what I think

and King Helenus alone have

Queen Juno for my mother, and of being held in

will be best. The

left the field, wounded both of them in the hand,

like honour with Minerva

fight has hemmed you in as with a circle of fire,

but the son of Saturn

and Apollo, as I am that this day is big with the

and even now that

saved them alive. Now, therefore, lead on where

destruction of the

the Trojans are within the wall some of them

you would have us

Achaeans; and you shall fall among them if you

stand aloof in full armour,

go, and we will follow with right goodwill; you

dare abide my spear;

shall not find us

it shall rend your fair body and bid you glut our

outnumbered near the ships.

fail you in so far as our strength holds out, but no

hounds and birds

Draw back, therefore, and call your chieftains

man can do more

of prey with your fat and your flesh, as you fall by

round you, that we

than in him lies, no matter how willing he may

the ships of

may advise together whether to fall now upon the


the Achaeans."

that heaven may vouchsafe us victory, or to beat a

With these words he satisfied his brother, and the

With these words he led the way and the others

retreat while we

two went towards

followed after with

can yet safely do so. I greatly fear that the

the part of the battle where the fight was thickest,

a cry that rent the air, while the host shouted

Achaeans will pay us

about Cebriones,

behind them. The Argives

their debt of yesterday in full, for there is one

brave Polydamas, Phalces, Orthaeus, godlike

on their part raised a shout likewise, nor did they

abiding at their

Polyphetes, Palmys, Ascanius,

forget their prowess,

ships who is never weary of battle, and who will

and Morys son of Hippotion, who had come from

but stood firm against the onslaught of the Trojan

not hold aloof much

fertile Ascania on the

chieftains, and


preceding day to relieve other troops. Then Jove

the cry from both the hosts rose up to heaven and

urged them on to

to the brightness

Thus spoke Polydamas, and his words pleased

fight. They flew forth like the blasts of some fierce

of Jove's presence.

Hector well. He sprang

wind that strike

in full armour from his chariot and said,

earth in the van of a thunderstorm- they buffet the


"Polydamas, gather the chieftains

salt sea into


here; I will go yonder into the fight, but will

an uproar; many and mighty are the great waves

return at once when

that come crashing







ships in the hope


that what dread Hector said will come true, when

which we have suffered so much hardship? Hold

Nestor was sitting over his wine, but the cry of

he vaunted among

your peace, lest some

battle did not escape

the Trojans saying that he would not return to

other of the Achaeans hear you say what no man

him, and he said to the son of Aesculapius, "What,

Ilius till he had fired

who knows how to give

noble Machaon,

our ships and killed us; this is what he said, and

good counsel, no king over so great a host as that

is the meaning of all this? The shouts of men

now it is all coming

of the Argives

fighting by our ships

true. Alas! others of the Achaeans, like Achilles,

should ever have let fall from his lips. I despise

grow stronger and stronger; stay here, therefore,

are in anger with

your judgement

and sit over your

me that they refuse to fight by the sterns of our

utterly for what you have been saying. Would

wine, while fair Hecamede heats you a bath and


you, then, have us draw

washes the clotted

down our ships into the water while the battle is

blood from off you. I will go at once to the look-

Then Nestor knight of Gerene answered, "It is

raging, and thus

out station and

indeed as you say; it

play further into the hands of the conquering

see what it is all about."

is all coming true at this moment, and even Jove

Trojans? It would be

who thunders from

ruin; the Achaeans will not go on fighting when

As he spoke he took up the shield of his son

on high cannot prevent it. Fallen is the wall on

they see the ships

Thrasymedes that was

which we relied as

being drawn into the water, but will cease

lying in his tent, all gleaming with bronze, for

an impregnable bulwark both for us and our fleet.

attacking and keep turning

Thrasymedes had taken

The Trojans are

their eyes towards them; your counsel, therefore,

his father's shield; he grasped his redoubtable

fighting stubbornly and without ceasing at the

Sir captain, would

bronze-shod spear,

ships; look where you

be our destruction."

and as soon as he was outside saw the disastrous

may you cannot see from what quarter the rout of

rout of the Achaeans

the Achaeans is coming;

Agamemnon answered, "Ulysses, your rebuke has

who, now that their wall was overthrown, were

they are being killed in a confused mass and the

stung me to the heart.

flying pell-mell before

battle-cry ascends

I am not, however, ordering the Achaeans to

the Trojans. As when there is a heavy swell upon

to heaven; let us think, if counsel can be of any

draw their ships into

the sea, but the

use, what we had

the sea whether they will or no. Some one, it may

waves are dumb- they keep their eyes on the

better do; but I do not advise our going into battle

be, old or young,

watch for the quarter

ourselves, for

can offer us better counsel which I shall rejoice to

whence the fierce winds may spring upon them,

a man cannot fight when he is wounded."


they are and set neither this way nor that, till

And King Agamemnon answered, "Nestor, if the

Then said Diomed, "Such an one is at hand; he is

some particular wind

Trojans are indeed fighting

not far to seek,

sweeps down from heaven to determine them-

at the rear of our ships, and neither the wall nor

if you will listen to me and not resent my

even so did the old man

the trench has

speaking though I am younger

ponder whether to make for the crowd of

served us- over which the Danaans toiled so hard,

than any of you. I am by lineage son to a noble

Danaans, or go in search of

and which they deemed

sire, Tydeus, who

Agamemnon. In the end he deemed it best to go

would be an impregnable bulwark both for us

lies buried at Thebes. For Portheus had three

to the son of Atreus;

and our fleet- I see it

noble sons, two of whom,

but meanwhile the hosts were fighting and killing

must be the will of Jove that the Achaeans should

Agrius and Melas, abode in Pleuron and rocky

one another, and

perish ingloriously

Calydon. The third was

the hard bronze rattled on their bodies, as they

here, far from Argos. I knew when Jove was

the knight Oeneus, my father's father, and he was

thrust at one another

willing to defend us, and

the most valiant

with their swords and spears.

I know now that he is raising the Trojans to like

of them all. Oeeneus remained in his own

honour with the

country, but my father (as

The wounded kings, the son of Tydeus, Ulysses,

gods, while us, on the other hand, he bas bound

Jove and the other gods ordained it) migrated to

and Agamemnon son of

hand and foot. Now,

Argos. He married

Atreus, fell in Nestor as they were coming up

therefore, let us all do as I say; let us bring down

into the family of Adrastus, and his house was

from their ships- for

the ships that

one of great abundance,

theirs were drawn up some way from where the

are on the beach and draw them into the water; let

for he had large estates of rich corn-growing land,

fighting was going on,

us make them fast

with much orchard

being on the shore itself inasmuch as they had

to their mooring-stones a little way out, against

ground as well, and he had many sheep;

been beached first,

the fall of night-

moreover he excelled all the

while the wall had been built behind the

if even by night the Trojans will desist from

Argives in the use of the spear. You must

hindermost. The stretch of

fighting; we may then

yourselves have heard whether

the shore, wide though it was, did not afford

draw down the rest of the fleet. There is nothing

these things are true or no; therefore when I say

room for all the ships,

wrong in flying

well despise not

and the host was cramped for space, therefore

ruin even by night. It is better for a man that he

my words as though I were a coward or of

they had placed the

should fly and

ignoble birth. I say, then,

ships in rows one behind the other, and had filled

be saved than be caught and killed."

let us go to the fight as we needs must, wounded

but they stay where

the whole opening

though we be. When

of the bay between the two points that formed it.

Ulysses looked fiercely at him and said, "Son of

there, we may keep out of the battle and beyond

The kings, leaning

Atreus, what are

the range of the spears

on their spears, were coming out to survey the

you talking about? Wretch, you should have

lest we get fresh wounds in addition to what we

fight, being in great

commanded some other and

have already, but

anxiety, and when old Nestor met them they were

baser army, and not been ruler over us to whom

we can spur on others, who have been indulging

filled with dismay.

Jove has allotted a

their spleen and holding

Then King Agamemnon said to him, "Nestor son

life of hard fighting from youth to old age, till we

aloof from battle hitherto."

of Neleus, honour to

every one of

the Achaean name, why have you left the battle to

us perish. Is it thus that you would quit the city of

Thus did he speak; whereon they did even as he

come hither? I fear

Troy, to win

had said and set out,

King Agamemnon leading the way.

wondrous robe which Minerva had worked for

When she heard this Juno smiled, and still smiling

her with consummate art,

she laid the girdle

Meanwhile Neptune had kept no blind look-out,

and had embroidered with manifold devices; she

in her bosom.

and came up to them

fastened it about her

in the semblance of an old man. He took

bosom with golden clasps, and she girded herself

Venus now went back into the house of Jove,

Agamemnon's right hand in

with a girdle that

while Juno darted down

his own and said, "Son of Atreus, I take it Achilles

had a hundred tassels: then she fastened her

from the summits of Olympus. She passed over

is glad now that

earrings, three brilliant

Pieria and fair Emathia,

he sees the Achaeans routed and slain, for he is

pendants that glistened most beautifully, through

and went on and on till she came to the snowy

utterly without remorse-

the pierced lobes

ranges of the Thracian

may he come to a bad end and heaven confound

of her ears, and threw a lovely new veil over her

horsemen, over whose topmost crests she sped

him. As for yourself,

head. She bound

without ever setting

the blessed gods are not yet so bitterly angry with

her sandals on to her feet, and when she had

foot to ground. When she came to Athos she went

you but that the

arrayed herself perfectly

on over the, waves

princes and counsellors of the Trojans shall again

to her satisfaction, she left her room and called

of the sea till she reached Lemnos, the city of

raise the dust

Venus to come aside

noble Thoas. There

upon the plain, and you shall see them flying

and speak to her. "My dear child," said she, "will

she met Sleep, own brother to Death, and caught

from the ships and tents

you do what I am

him by the hand, saying,

towards their city."

going to ask of you, or will refuse me because you

"Sleep, you who lord it alike over mortals and

are angry at my

immortals, if you ever

With this he raised a mighty cry of battle, and

being on the Danaan side, while you are on the

did me a service in times past, do one for me now,

sped forward to the


and I shall be

plain. The voice that came from his deep chest

grateful to you ever after. Close Jove's keen eyes

was as that of nine

Jove's daughter Venus answered, "Juno, august

for me in slumber

or ten thousand men when they are shouting in

queen of goddesses,

while I hold him clasped in my embrace, and I

the thick of a fight,

daughter of mighty Saturn, say what you want,

will give you a beautiful

and it put fresh courage into the hearts of the

and I will do it for

golden seat, that can never fall to pieces; my

Achaeans to wage war

at once, if I can, and if it can be done at all."

clubfooted son Vulcan

and do battle without ceasing.

shall make it for you, and he shall give it a

Then Juno told her a lying tale and said, "I want

footstool for you to

Juno of the golden throne looked down as she

you to endow me

rest your fair feet upon when you are at table."

stood upon a peak of

with some of those fascinating charms, the spells

Olympus and her heart was gladdened at the

of which bring all

Then Sleep answered, "Juno, great queen of

sight of him who was at

things mortal and immortal to your feet. I am

goddesses, daughter of

once her brother and her brother-in-law, hurrying

going to the world's

mighty Saturn, I would lull any other of the gods

hither and thither

end to visit Oceanus (from whom all we gods

to sleep without

amid the fighting. Then she turned her eyes to

proceed) and mother Tethys:

compunction, not even excepting the waters of

Jove as he sat on the

they received me in their house, took care of me,

Oceanus from whom all

topmost crests of many-fountained Ida, and

and brought me up,

of them proceed, but I dare not go near Jove, nor

loathed him. She set herself

having taken me over from Rhaea when Jove

send him to sleep

to think how she might hoodwink him, and in the

imprisoned great Saturn

unless he bids me. I have had one lesson already

end she deemed that

in the depths that are under earth and sea. I must

through doing what

it would be best for her to go to Ida and array

go and see them

you asked me, on the day when Jove's mighty son

herself in rich attire,

that I may make peace between them; they have

Hercules set sail

in the hope that Jove might become enamoured of

been quarrelling, and

from Ilius after having sacked the city of the

her, and wish to embrace

are so angry that they have not slept with one

Trojans. At your bidding

her. While he was thus engaged a sweet and

another this long while;

I suffused my sweet self over the mind of aegis-

careless sleep might be

if I can bring them round and restore them to one

bearing Jove, and

made to steal over his eyes and senses.

another's embraces,

laid him to rest; meanwhile you hatched a plot

they will be grateful to me and love me for ever

against Hercules, and


set the blasts of the angry winds beating upon the

She went, therefore, to the room which her son

Vulcan had made her,

sea, till you took

and the doors of which he had cunningly fastened

Thereon laughter-loving Venus said, "I cannot

him to the goodly city of Cos away from all his

by means of a secret

and must not refuse

friends. Jove was

key so that no other god could open them. Here

you, for you sleep in the arms of Jove who is our

furious when he awoke, and began hurling the

she entered and closed


gods about all over the

the doors behind her. She cleansed all the dirt

house; he was looking more particularly for

from her fair body

As she spoke she loosed from her bosom the

myself, and would have

with ambrosia, then she anointed herself with

curiously embroidered girdle

flung me down through space into the sea where I

olive oil, ambrosial,

into which all her charms had been wrought-

should never have

very soft, and scented specially for herself- if it

love, desire, and that

been heard of any more, had not Night who cows

were so much as

sweet flattery which steals the judgement even of

both men and gods protected

shaken in the bronze-floored house of Jove, the

the most prudent.

me. I fled to her and Jove left off looking for me in

scent pervaded the

She gave the girdle to Juno and said, "Take this

spite of his

universe of heaven and earth. With this she

girdle wherein all

being so angry, for he did not dare do anything to

anointed her delicate

my charms reside and lay it in your bosom. If you

displease Night.

skin, and then she plaited the fair ambrosial locks

will wear it I promise

And now you are again asking me to do

that flowed in

you that your errand, be it what it may, will not

something on which I cannot

a stream of golden tresses from her immortal

be bootless."


head. She put on the

And Juno said, "Sleep, why do you take such

one another this long time. The horses that will

they were covered by a fair cloud of gold, from

notions as those into

take me over land

which there fell glittering

your head? Do you think Jove will be as anxious

and sea are stationed on the lowermost spurs of


to help the Trojans,

many-fountained Ida,

as he was about his own son? Come, I will marry

and I have come here from Olympus on purpose

Thus, then, did the sire of all things repose

you to one of the

to consult you. I was

peacefully on the crest

youngest of the Graces, and she shall be your

afraid you might be angry with me later on, if I

of Ida, overcome at once by sleep and love, and he

own- Pasithea, whom

went to the house

held his spouse

you have always wanted to marry."

of Oceanus without letting you know."

in his arms. Meanwhile Sleep made off to the

Sleep was pleased when he heard this, and

And Jove said, "Juno, you can choose some other

to tell earth-encircling Neptune, lord of the

answered, "Then swear it

time for paying your

earthquake. When he

to me by the dread waters of the river Styx; lay

visit to Oceanus- for the present let us devote

had found him he said, "Now, Neptune, you can

one hand on the bounteous

ourselves to love

help the Danaans with

earth, and the other on the sheen of the sea, so

and to the enjoyment of one another. Never yet

a will, and give them victory though it be only for

that all the gods

have I been so overpowered

a short time while

who dwell down below with Saturn may be our

by passion neither for goddess nor mortal woman

Jove is still sleeping. I have sent him into a sweet

witnesses, and see that

as I am at this moment

slumber, and

you really do give me one of the youngest of the

for yourself- not even when I was in love with the

Juno has beguiled him into going to bed with

Graces- Pasithea,

wife of Ixion who


whom I have always wanted to marry."

bore me Pirithous, peer of gods in counsel, nor yet

ships of the Achaeans,

with Danae the

Sleep now departed and went his ways to and fro

Juno did as he had said. She swore, and invoked

daintily-ancled daughter of Acrisius, who bore

among mankind, leaving

all the gods of the

me the famed hero Perseus.

Neptune more eager than ever to help the

nether world, who are called Titans, to witness.

Then there was the daughter of Phoenix, who

Danaans. He darted forward

When she had completed

bore me Minos and Rhadamanthus:

among the first ranks and shouted saying,

her oath, the two enshrouded themselves in a

there was Semele, and Alcmena in Thebes by

"Argives, shall we let Hector

thick mist and sped lightly

whom I begot my lion-hearted

son of Priam have the triumph of taking our ships

forward, leaving Lemnos and Imbrus behind

son Hercules, while Semele became mother to

and covering himself

them. Presently they reached

Bacchus the comforter

with glory? This is what he says that he shall now

many-fountained Ida, mother of wild beasts, and

of mankind. There was queen Ceres again, and

do, seeing that

Lectum where they

lovely Leto, and yourself-

Achilles is still in dudgeon at his ship; We shall

left the sea to go on by land, and the tops of the

but with none of these was I ever so much

get on very well

trees of the forest

enamoured as I now am with

without him if we keep each other in heart and

soughed under the going of their feet. Here Sleep


stand by one another.

halted, and ere

Now, therefore, let us all do as I say. Let us each

Jove caught sight of him he climbed a lofty pine-

Juno again answered him with a lying tale. "Most

take the best

tree- the tallest

dread son of Saturn,"

and largest shield we can lay hold of, put on our

that reared its head towards heaven on all Ida. He

she exclaimed, "what are you talking about?

helmets, and sally

hid himself behind

Would you have us enjoy

forth with our longest spears in our hands; will

the branches and sat there in the semblance of the

one another here on the top of Mount Ida, where

lead you on, and

sweet-singing bird

everything can be

Hector son of Priam, rage as he may, will not dare

that haunts the mountains and is called Chalcis by

seen? What if one of the ever-living gods should

to hold out against

the gods, but men

see us sleeping together,

us. If any good staunch soldier has only a small

call it Cymindis. Juno then went to Gargarus, the

and tell the others? It would be such a scandal

shield, let him hand

topmost peak of

that when I had risen

it over to a worse man, and take a larger one for

Ida, and Jove, driver of the clouds, set eyes upon

from your embraces I could never show myself


her. As soon as

inside your house again;

he did so he became inflamed with the same

but if you are so minded, there is a room which

Thus did he speak, and they did even as he had

passionate desire for her

your son Vulcan has

said. The son of Tydeus,

that he had felt when they had first enjoyed each

made me, and he has given it good strong doors;

Ulysses, and Agamemnon, wounded though they

other's embraces,

if you would so have

were, set the others in

and slept with one another without their dear

it, let us go thither and lie down."

array, and went about everywhere effecting the

parents knowing anything

exchanges of armour;

about it. He went up to her and said, "What do

And Jove answered, "Juno, you need not be afraid

the most valiant took the best armour, and gave

you want that you have

that either god or

the worse to the worse

come hither from Olympus- and that too with

man will see you, for I will enshroud both of us in

man. When they had donned their bronze armour

neither chariot nor horses

such a dense golden

they marched on with

to convey you?"

cloud, that the very sun for all his bright piercing

Neptune at their head. In his strong hand he

beams shall not

grasped his terrible

see through it."

sword, keen of edge and flashing like lightning;

Then Juno told him a lying tale and said, "I am

going to the world's

woe to him who comes

end, to visit Oceanus, from whom all we gods

With this the son of Saturn caught his wife in his

across it in the day of battle; all men quake for

proceed, and mother Tethys;

embrace; whereon

fear and keep away

they received me into their house, took care of

the earth sprouted them a cushion of young grass,

from it.

me, and brought me

with dew-bespangled

up. I must go and see them that I may make peace

lotus, crocus, and hyacinth, so soft and thick that

Hector on the other side set the Trojans in array.

between them: they

it raised them

Thereon Neptune

have been quarrelling, and are so angry that they

well above the ground. Here they laid themselves

and Hector waged fierce war on one another-

have not slept with

down and overhead

Hector on the Trojan and

Neptune on the Argive side. Mighty was the

they reached the ford of the air stream of Xanthus,

away. Acamas vaunted loudly over him saying,

uproar as the two forces

begotten of Immortal

"Argive archers, braggarts

met; the sea came rolling in towards the ships and

Jove, they took him from off his chariot and laid

that you are, toil and suffering shall not be for us

tents of the Achaeans,

him down on the

only, but some

but waves do not thunder on the shore more

ground; they poured water over him, and as they

of you too shall fall here as well as ourselves. See

loudly when driven before

did so he breathed

how Promachus

the blast of Boreas, nor do the flames of a forest

again and opened his eyes. Then kneeling on his

now sleeps, vanquished by my spear; payment for

fire roar more

knees he vomited blood,

my brother's blood

fiercely when it is well alight upon the mountains,

but soon fell back on to the ground, and his eyes

has not long delayed; a man, therefore, may well

nor does the wind

were again closed

be thankful if he

bellow with ruder music as it tears on through the

in darkness for he was still sturined by the blow.

leaves a kinsman in his house behind him to

tops of when it

avenge his fall."

is blowing its hardest, than the terrible shout

When the Argives saw Hector leaving the field,

which the Trojans

they took heart and

His taunts infuriated the Argives, and Peneleos

and Achaeans raised as they sprang upon one

set upon the Trojans yet more furiously. Ajax fleet

was more enraged than


son of Oileus

any of them. He sprang towards Acamas, but

began by springing on Satnius son of Enops and

Acamas did not stand his

Hector first aimed his spear at Ajax, who was

wounding him with his

ground, and he killed Ilioneus son of the rich

turned full towards

spear: a fair naiad nymph had borne him to Enops

flock-master Phorbas,

him, nor did he miss his aim. The spear struck

as he was herding

whom Mercury had favoured and endowed with

him where two bands

cattle by the banks of the river Satnioeis. The son

greater wealth than any

passed over his chest- the band of his shield and

of Oileus came

other of the Trojans. Ilioneus was his only son,

that of his silver-studded

up to him and struck him in the flank so that he

and Peneleos now

sword- and these protected his body. Hector was

fell, and a fierce

wounded him in the eye under his eyebrows,

angry that his spear

fight between Trojans and Danaans raged round

tearing the eye-ball from

should have been hurled in vain, and withdrew

his body. Polydamas

its socket: the spear went right through the eye

under cover of his men.

son of Panthous drew near to avenge him, and

into the nape of

As he was thus retreating, Ajax son of Telamon

wounded Prothoenor son

the neck, and he fell, stretching out both hands

struck him with a stone,

of Areilycus on the right shoulder; the terrible

before him. Peneleos

of which there were many lying about under the

spear went right

then drew his sword and smote him on the neck,

men's feet as they

through his shoulder, and he clutched the earth as

so that both head and

fought- brought there to give support to the ships'

he fell in the

helmet came tumbling down to the ground with

sides as they

dust. Polydamas vaunted loudly over him saying,

the spear still sticking

lay on the shore. Ajax caught up one of them and

"Again I take it that

in the eye; he then held up the head, as though it

struck Hector above

the spear has not sped in vain from the strong

had been a poppy-head,

the rim of his shield close to his neck; the blow

hand of the son of

and showed it to the Trojans, vaunting over them

made him spin round

Panthous; an Argive has caught it in his body,

as he did so. "Trojans,"

like a top and reel in all directions. As an oak falls

and it will serve him

he cried, "bid the father and mother of noble

headlong when

for a staff as he goes down into the house of

Ilioneus make moan for

uprooted by the lightning flash of father Jove, and


him in their house, for the wife also of Promachus

there is a terrible

son of Alegenor

smell of brimstone- no man can help being

The Argives were maddened by this boasting.

will never be gladdened by the coming of her

dismayed if he is standing

Ajax son of Telamon was

dear husband- when we

near it, for a thunderbolt is a very awful thing-

more angry than any, for the man had fallen close

Argives return with our ships from Troy."

even so did Hector

be, him; so he aimed

fall to earth and bite the dust. His spear fell from

at Polydamas as he was retreating, but Polydamas

As he spoke fear fell upon them, and every man

his hand, but

saved himself by

looked round about

his shield and helmet were made fast about his

swerving aside and the spear struck Archelochus

to see whither he might fly for safety.

body, and his bronze

son of Antenor, for

armour rang about him.

heaven counselled his destruction; it struck him

Tell me now, O Muses that dwell on Olympus,

where the head springs

who was the first of the

The sons of the Achaeans came running with a

from the neck at the top joint of the spine, and

Argives to bear away blood-stained spoils after

loud cry towards him,

severed both the

Neptune lord of the

hoping to drag him away, and they showered

tendons at the back of the head. His head, mouth,

earthquake had turned the fortune of war. Ajax

their darts on the Trojans,

and nostrils reached

son of Telamon was

but none of them could wound him before he was

the ground long before his legs and knees could

first to wound Hyrtius son of Gyrtius, captain of

surrounded and covered

do so, and Ajax shouted

the staunch Mysians.

by the princes Polydamas, Aeneas, Agenor,

to Polydamas saying, "Think, Polydamas, and tell

Antilochus killed Phalces and Mermerus, while

Sarpedon captain of the

me truly whether

Meriones slew Morys

Lycians, and noble Glaucus: of the others, too,

this man is not as well worth killing as

and Hippotion, Teucer also killed Prothoon and

there was not one

Prothoenor was: he seems

Periphetes. The son

who was unmindful of him, and they held their

rich, and of rich family, a brother, it may be, or

of Atreus then wounded Hyperenor shepherd of

round shields over him

son of the knight

his people, in the flank,

to cover him. His comrades then lifted him off the

Antenor, for he is very like him."

and the bronze point made his entrails gush out

ground and bore

as it tore in among

him away from the battle to the place where his

But he knew well who it was, and the Trojans

them; on this his life came hurrying out of him at

horses stood waiting

were greatly angered.

the place where

for him at the rear of the fight with their driver

Acamas then bestrode his brother's body and

he had been wounded, and his eyes were closed

and the chariot;

wounded Promachus the

in darkness. Ajax son

these then took him towards the city groaning

Boeotian with his spear, for he was trying to drag

of Oileus killed more than any other, for there

and in great pain. When

his brother's body

was no man so fleet

as he to pursue flying foes when Jove had spread

your own almighty head and by our bridal bed-

And you seem troubled- has your husband the

panic among them.

things over which I

son of Saturn been frightening









Neptune is not punishing


Hector and the Trojans and helping the Achaeans

And Juno answered, "Themis, do not ask me

through any doing

about it. You know what

of mine; it is all of his own mere motion because

a proud and cruel disposition my husband has.

he was sorry to

Lead the gods to table,

But when their flight had taken them past the

see the Achaeans hard pressed at their ships: if I

where you and all the immortals can hear the

trench and the set

were advising him,

wicked designs which

stakes, and many had fallen by the hands of the

I should tell him to do as you bid him."

he has avowed. Many a one, mortal and


Danaans, the Trojans

immortal, will be angered by

made a halt on reaching their chariots, routed and

The sire of gods and men smiled and answered,

them, however peaceably he may be feasting

pale with fear.

"If you, Juno, were


Jove now woke on the crests of Ida, where he was

always to support me when we sit in council of

lying with golden-throned

the gods, Neptune,

On this Juno sat down, and the gods were

Juno by his side, and starting to his feet he saw

like it or no, would soon come round to your and

troubled throughout the house

the Trojans and

my way of thinking.

of Jove. Laughter sat on her lips but her brow was

Achaeans, the one thrown into confusion, and the

If, then, you are speaking the truth and mean

furrowed with care,

others driving them

what you say, go among

and she spoke up in a rage. "Fools that we are,"

pell-mell before them with King Neptune in their

the rank and file of the gods, and tell Iris and

she cried, "to be

midst. He saw Hector

Apollo lord of the

thus madly angry with Jove; we keep on wanting

lying on the ground with his comrades gathered

bow, that I want them- Iris, that she may go to the

to go up to him and

round him, gasping

Achaean host and

stay him by force or by persuasion, but he sits

for breath, wandering in mind and vomiting

tell Neptune to leave off fighting and go home,

aloof and cares for

blood, for it was not the

and Apollo, that he

nobody, for he knows that he is much stronger

feeblest of the Achaeans who struck him.

may send Hector again into battle and give him

than any other of the

fresh strength; he

immortals. Make the best, therefore, of whatever

The sire of gods and men had pity on him, and

will thus forget his present sufferings, and drive

ills he may choose

looked fiercely on Juno.

the Achaeans back

to send each one of you; Mars, I take it, has had a

"I see, Juno," said he, "you mischief- making

in confusion till they fall among the ships of

taste of them

trickster, that your

Achilles son of Peleus.

already, for his son Ascalaphus has fallen in

cunning has stayed Hector from fighting and has

Achilles will then send his comrade Patroclus into

battle- the man whom

caused the rout of

battle, and Hector

of all others he loved most dearly and whose

his host. I am in half a mind to thrash you, in

will kill him in front of Ilius after he has slain

father he owns himself

which case you will

many warriors,

to be."

be the first to reap the fruits of your scurvy

and among them my own noble son Sarpedon.

knavery. Do you not

Achilles will kill Hector

When he heard this Mars smote his two sturdy

remember how once upon a time I had you

to avenge Patroclus, and from that time I will

thighs with the flat

hanged? I fastened two anvils

bring it about that

of his hands, and said in anger, "Do not blame me,

on to your feet, and bound your hands in a chain

the Achaeans shall persistently drive the Trojans

you gods that dwell

of gold which none

back till they fulfil

in heaven, if I go to the ships of the Achaeans and

might break, and you hung in mid-air among the

the counsels of Minerva and take Ilius. But I will

avenge the death

clouds. All the gods

not stay my anger,

of my son, even though it end in my being struck

in Olympus were in a fury, but they could not

nor permit any god to help the Danaans till I have

by Jove's lightning

reach you to set you

accomplished the

and lying in blood and dust among the corpses."

free; when I caught any one of them I gripped

desire of the son of Peleus, according to the

him and hurled him from

promise I made by bowing

As he spoke he gave orders to yoke his horses

the heavenly threshold till he came fainting down

my head on the day when Thetis touched my

Panic and Rout, while

to earth; yet even

knees and besought me to

he put on his armour. On this, Jove would have

this did not relieve my mind from the incessant

give him honour."

been roused to still

anxiety which I felt

more fierce and implacable enmity against the

about noble Hercules whom you and Boreas had

Juno heeded his words and went from the heights

other immortals, had

spitefully conveyed beyond

of Ida to great Olympus.

not Minerva, ararmed for the safety of the gods,

the seas to Cos, after suborning the tempests; but I

Swift as the thought of one whose fancy carries

sprung from her seat

rescued him,

him over vast continents,

and hurried outside. She tore the helmet from his

and notwithstanding all his mighty labours I

and he says to himself, "Now I will be here, or

head and the shield

brought him back again

there," and he would

from his shoulders, and she took the bronze spear

to Argos. I would remind you of this that you

have all manner of things- even so swiftly did

from his strong

may learn to leave off

Juno wing her way till

hand and set it on one side; then she said to Mars,

being so deceitful, and discover how much you

she came to high Olympus and went in among

"Madman, you are

are likely to gain by

the gods who were gathered

undone; you have ears that hear not, or you have

the embraces out of which you have come here to

in the house of Jove. When they saw her they all

lost all judgement

trick me."

of them came up to

and understanding; have you not heard what

her, and held out their cups to her by way of

Juno has said on coming

Juno trembled as he spoke, and said, "May heaven

greeting. She let the

straight from the presence of Olympian Jove? Do

above and earth below

others be, but took the cup offered her by lovely

you wish to go through

be my witnesses, with the waters of the river Styx-

Themis, who was

all kinds of suffering before you are brought back

and this is the

first to come running up to her. "Juno," said she,

sick and sorry

most solemn oath that a blessed god can take-

"why are you here?

to Olympus, after having caused infinite mischief

nay, I swear also by

to all us others?

Jove would instantly leave the Trojans and

Neptune was very angry and said, "Great

have had much trouble with him. Take, then,

Achaeans to themselves;

heavens! strong as Jove may

your tasselled aegis,

he would come to Olympus to punish us, and

be, he has said more than he can do if he has

and shake it furiously, so as to set the Achaean

would grip us up one after

threatened violence

heroes in a panic;

another, guilty or not guilty. Therefore lay aside

against me, who am of like honour with himself.

take, moreover, brave Hector, O Far-Darter, into

your anger for

We were three brothers

your own care, and

the death of your son; better men than he have

whom Rhea bore to Saturn- Jove, myself, and

rouse him to deeds of daring, till the Achaeans are

either been killed

Hades who rules the world

sent flying back

already or will fall hereafter, and one cannot

below. Heaven and earth were divided into three

to their ships and to the Hellespont. From that

protect every one's

parts, and each of

point I will think

whole family."

us was to have an equal share. When we cast lots,

it well over, how the Achaeans may have a respite

it fell to me to

from their troubles."

With these words she took Mars back to his seat.

have my dwelling in the sea for evermore; Hades

Meanwhile Juno called

took the darkness

Apollo obeyed his father's saying, and left the

Apollo outside, with Iris the messenger of the

of the realms under the earth, while air and sky

crests of Ida, flying

gods. "Jove," she said

and clouds were the

like a falcon, bane of doves and swiftest of all

to them, "desires you to go to him at once on Mt.

portion that fell to Jove; but earth and great

birds. He found Hector

Ida; when you have

Olympus are the common

no longer lying upon the ground, but sitting up,

seen him you are to do as he may then bid you."

property of all. Therefore I will not walk as Jove

for he had just come

would have me.

to himself again. He knew those who were about

Thereon Juno left them and resumed her seat

For all his strength, let him keep to his own third

him, and the sweat

inside, while Iris and

share and be contented

and hard breathing had left him from the moment

Apollo made all haste on their way. When they

without threatening to lay hands upon me as

when the will of aegis-bearing

reached many-fountained

though I were nobody.

Jove had revived him. Apollo stood beside him

Ida, mother of wild beasts, they found Jove seated

Let him keep his bragging talk for his own sons

and said, "Hector, son

on topmost Gargarus

and daughters, who

of Priam, why are you so faint, and why are you

with a fragrant cloud encircling his head as with a

must perforce obey him.

here away from the

diadem. They stood

others? Has any mishap befallen you?"

before his presence, and he was pleased with

Iris fleet as the wind then answered, "Am I really,

them for having been

Neptune, to take

Hector in a weak voice answered, "And which,

so quick in obeying the orders his wife had given

this daring and unyielding message to Jove, or

kind sir, of the gods


will you reconsider

are you, who now ask me thus? Do you not know

your answer? Sensible people are open to

that Ajax struck me

He spoke to Iris first. "Go," said he, "fleet Iris, tell

argument, and you know that

on the chest with a stone as I was killing his

King Neptune

the Erinyes always range themselves on the side

comrades at the ships

what I now bid you- and tell him true. Bid him

of the older person."

of the Achaeans, and compelled me to leave off

leave off fighting,

fighting? I made sure

and either join the company of the gods, or go

Neptune answered, "Goddess Iris, your words

that this very day I should breathe my last and go

down into the sea.

have been spoken in season.

down into the house

If he takes no heed and disobeys me, let him

It is well when a messenger shows so much

of Hades."

consider well whether

discretion. Nevertheless

he is strong enough to hold his own against me if

it cuts me to the very heart that any one should

Then King Apollo said to him, "Take heart; the

I attack him. I

rebuke so angrily

son of Saturn has sent

am older and much stronger than he is; yet he is

another who is his own peer, and of like empire

you a mighty helper from Ida to stand by you and

not afraid to set

with himself. Now,

defend you, even

himself up as on a level with myself, of whom all

however, I will give way in spite of my

me, Phoebus Apollo of the golden sword, who

the other gods stand

displeasure; furthermore let

have been guardian hitherto

in awe."

me tell you, and I mean what I say- if contrary to

not only of yourself but of your city. Now,

the desire of myself,

therefore, order your

Iris, fleet as the wind, obeyed him, and as the cold

Minerva driver of the spoil, Juno, Mercury, and

horsemen to drive their chariots to the ships in

hail or snowflakes

King Vulcan, Jove

great multitudes.

that fly from out the clouds before the blast of

spares steep Ilius, and will not let the Achaeans

I will go before your horses to smooth the way for

Boreas, even so did

have the great triumph

them, and will

she wing her way till she came close up to the

of sacking it, let him understand that he will incur

turn the Achaeans in flight."

great shaker of the

our implacable

earth. Then she said, "I have come, O dark-haired


king that holds

As he spoke he infused great strength into the

shepherd of his people.

the world in his embrace, to bring you a message

Neptune now left the field to go down under the

And as a horse, stabled and full-fed, breaks loose

from Jove. He bids

sea, and sorely did

and gallops gloriously

you leave off fighting, and either join the

the Achaeans miss him. Then Jove said to Apollo,

over the plain to the place where he is wont to

company of the gods or

"Go, dear Phoebus,

take his bath in the

go down into the sea; if, however, you take no

to Hector, for Neptune who holds the earth in his

river- he tosses his head, and his mane streams

heed and disobey him,

embrace has now

over his shoulders

he says he will come down here and fight you. He

gone down under the sea to avoid the severity of

as in all the pride of his strength he flies full speed

would have you keep

my displeasure. Had

to the pastures

out of his reach, for he is older and much stronger

he not done so those gods who are below with

where the mares are feeding- even so Hector,

than you are,

Saturn would have come

when he heard what the

and yet you are not afraid to set yourself up as on

to hear of the fight between us. It is better for both

god said, urged his horsemen on, and sped

a level with himself,

of us that

forward as fast as his limbs

of whom all the other gods stand in awe."

he should have curbed his anger and kept out of

could take him. As country peasants set their

my reach, for I should

hounds on to a homed

stag or wild goat- he has taken shelter under rock

Many a spear sped from strong hands and

broad as the throw of a spear when a man is

or thicket, and

fastened in the bodies of

trying his strength. The

they cannot find him, but, lo, a bearded lion

many a valiant warrior, while others fell to earth

Trojan battalions poured over the bridge, and

whom their shouts have

midway, before

Apollo with his redoubtable

roused stands in their path, and they are in no

they could taste of man's fair flesh and glut

aegis led the way. He kicked down the wall of the

further humour for

themselves with blood.

Achaeans as easily

the chase- even so the Achaeans were still

So long as Phoebus Apollo held his aegis quietly

as a child who playing on the sea-shore has built a

charging on in a body,

and without shaking

house of sand

using their swords and spears pointed at both

it, the weapons on either side took effect and the

and then kicks it down again and destroys it-

ends, but when they

people fell, but

even so did you, O Apollo,

saw Hector going about among his men they were

when he shook it straight in the face of the

shed toil and trouble upon the Argives, filling

afraid, and their hearts

Danaans and raised his

them with panic and

fell down into their feet.

mighty battle-cry their hearts fainted within them


and they forgot

Then spoke Thoas son of Andraemon, leader of

their former prowess. As when two wild beasts

Thus then were the Achaeans hemmed in at their

the Aetolians, a man

spring in the dead of

ships, calling out

who could throw a good throw, and who was

night on a herd of cattle or a large flock of sheep

to one another and raising their hands with loud

staunch also in close fight,

when the herdsman

cries every man to

while few could surpass him in debate when

is not there- even so were the Danaans struck

heaven. Nestor of Gerene, tower of strength to the

opinions were divided.

helpless, for Apollo

Achaeans, lifted

He then with all sincerity and goodwill addressed

filled them with panic and gave victory to Hector

up his hands to the starry firmament of heaven,

them thus: "What,

and the Trojans.

and prayed more fervently

in heaven's name, do I now see? Is it not Hector

than any of them. "Father Jove," said he, "if ever

come to life again?

The fight then became more scattered and they

any one in wheat-growing

Every one made sure he had been killed by Ajax

killed one another where

Argos burned you fat thigh-bones of sheep or

son of Telamon, but

they best could. Hector killed Stichius and

heifer and prayed that

it seems that one of the gods has again rescued

Arcesilaus, the one, leader

he might return safely home, whereon you bowed

him. He has killed

of the Boeotians, and the other, friend and

your head to him in

many of us Danaans already, and I take it will yet

comrade of Menestheus.

assent, bear it in mind now, and suffer not the

do so, for the

Aeneas killed Medon and Iasus. The first was

Trojans to triumph

hand of Jove must be with him or he would never

bastard son to Oileus,

thus over the Achaeans."

dare show himself

and brother to Ajax, but he lived in Phylace away

so masterful in the forefront of the battle. Now,

from his own country,

All counselling Jove thundered loudly in answer

therefore, let us

for he had killed a man, a kinsman of his

to die prayer of the

all do as I say; let us order the main body of our

stepmother Eriopis whom

aged son of Neleus. When the heard Jove thunder

forces to fall

Oileus had married. Iasus had become a leader of

they flung themselves

back upon the ships, but let those of us who

the Athenians, and

yet more fiercely on the Achaeans. As a wave

profess to be the flower

was son of Sphelus the son of Boucolos.

breaking over the bulwarks

of the army stand firm, and see whether we

Polydamas killed Mecisteus,

of a ship when the sea runs high before a gale- for

cannot hold Hector back

and Polites Echius, in the front of the battle, while

it is the force

at the point of our spears as soon as he comes

Agenor slew

of the wind that makes the waves so great- even

near us; I conceive

Clonius. Paris struck Deiochus from behind in the

so did the Trojans

that he will then think better of it before he tries to

lower part of the

spring over the wall with a shout, and drive their

charge into

shoulder, as he was flying among the foremost,

chariots onwards.

the press of the Danaans."

and the point of the

The two sides fought with their double-pointed

spear went clean through him.

spears in hand-to-hand

Thus did he speak, and they did even as he had

encounter-the Trojans from their chariots, and the

said. Those who were

While they were spoiling these heroes of their

Achaeans climbing

about Ajax and King Idomeneus, the followers

armour, the Achaeans

up into their ships and wielding the long pikes

moreover of Teucer, Meriones,

were flying pellmell to the trench and the set

that were lying on

and Meges peer of Mars called all their best men

stakes, and were forced

the decks ready for use in a sea-fight, jointed and

about them and sustained

back within their wall. Hector then cried out to

shod with bronze.

the fight against Hector and the Trojans, but the

the Trojans, "Forward

main body fell back

to the ships, and let the spoils be. If I see any man

Now Patroclus, so long as the Achaeans and

upon the ships of the Achaeans.

keeping back

Trojans were fighting about

on the other side the wall away from the ships I

the wall, but were not yet within it and at the

The Trojans pressed forward in a dense body,

will have him killed:

ships, remained sitting

with Hector striding

his kinsmen and kinswomen shall not give him

in the tent of good Eurypylus, entertaining him

on at their head. Before him went Phoebus Apollo

his dues of fire, but

with his conversation

shrouded in cloud

dogs shall tear him in pieces in front of our city."

and spreading herbs over his wound to ease his

about his shoulders. He bore aloft the terrible

pain. When, however,

aegis with its shaggy

As he spoke he laid his whip about his horses'

he saw the Trojans swarming through the breach

fringe, which Vulcan the smith had given Jove to

shoulders and called

in the wall, while

strike terror into

to the Trojans throughout their ranks; the Trojans

the Achaeans were clamouring and struck with

the hearts of men. With this in his hand he led on

shouted with a

panic, he cried aloud,

the Trojans.

cry that rent the air, and kept their horses neck

and smote his two thighs with the flat of his

and neck with his

hands. "Eurypylus,"

The Argives held together and stood their

own. Phoebus Apollo went before, and kicked

said he in his dismay, "I know you want me

ground. The cry of battle

down the banks of the

badly, but I cannot stay

rose high from either side, and the arrows flew

deep trench into its middle so as to make a great

with you any longer, for there is hard fighting

from the bowstrings.

broad bridge, as

going on; a servant

shall take care of you now, for I must make all

hit Cleitus the son of Pisenor, comrade of

at the ships, for I see the weapon of one of their

speed to Achilles,

Polydamas the noble son

chieftains made

and induce him to fight if I can; who knows but

of Panthous, with the reins in his hands as he was

useless by the hand of Jove. It is easy to see when

with heaven's help

attending to his

Jove is helping

I may persuade him. A man does well to listen to

horses; he was in the middle of the very thickest

people and means to help them still further, or

the advice of a friend."

part of the fight,

again when he is bringing

doing good service to Hector and the Trojans, but

them down and will do nothing for them; he is

When he had thus spoken he went his way. The

evil had now come

now on our side, and

Achaeans stood firm and

upon him, and not one of those who were fain to

is going against the Argives. Therefore swarm

resisted the attack of the Trojans, yet though these

do so could avert

round the ships and

were fewer in

it, for the arrow struck him on the back of the

fight. If any of you is struck by spear or sword

number, they could not drive them back from the

neck. He fell from

and loses his life,

ships, neither could

his chariot and his horses shook the empty car as

let him die; he dies with honour who dies fighting

the Trojans break the Achaean ranks and make

they swerved aside.

for his country;

their way in among the

King Polydamas saw what had happened, and

and he will leave his wife and children safe

tents and ships. As a carpenter's line gives a true

was the first to come up

behind him, with his

edge to a piece

to the horses; he gave them in charge to Astynous

house and allotment unplundered if only the

of ship's timber, in the hand of some skilled

son of Protiaon,

Achaeans can be driven

workman whom Minerva

and ordered him to look on, and to keep the

back to their own land, they and their ships."

has instructed in all kinds of useful arts- even so

horses near at hand. He

level was the

then went back and took his place in the front

With these words he put heart and soul into them

issue of the fight between the two sides, as they


all. Ajax on the

fought some round

one and some round another.

other side exhorted his comrades saying, "Shame

Teucer then aimed another arrow at Hector, and

on you Argives, we

there would have been

are now utterly undone, unless we can save

Hector made straight for Ajax, and the two fought

no more fighting at the ships if he had hit him and

ourselves by driving the

fiercely about the

killed him then

enemy from our ships. Do you think, if Hector

same ship. Hector could not force Ajax back and

and there: Jove, however, who kept watch over

takes them, that you

fire the ship, nor

Hector, had his eyes

will be able to get home by land? Can you not

yet could Ajax drive Hector from the spot to

on Teucer, and deprived him of his triumph, by

hear him cheering on

which heaven had brought

breaking his bowstring

his whole host to fire our fleet, and bidding them


for him just as he was drawing it and about to

remember that they

take his aim; on this

are not at a dance but in battle? Our only course is

Then Ajax struck Caletor son of Clytius in the

the arrow went astray and the bow fell from his

to fight them

chest with a spear

hands. Teucer shook

with might and main; we had better chance it, life

as he was bringing fire towards the ship. He fell

with anger and said to his brother, "Alas, see how

or death, once

heavily to the ground

heaven thwarts

for all, than fight long and without issue hemmed

and the torch dropped from his hand. When

us in all we do; it has broken my bowstring and

in at our ships

Hector saw his cousin fallen

snatched the bow from

by worse men than ourselves."

in front of the ship he shouted to the Trojans and

my hand, though I strung it this selfsame morning

Lycians saying,

that it might serve

With these words he put life and soul into them

"Trojans, Lycians, and Dardanians good in close

me for many an arrow."

all. Hector then killed

fight, bate not a








jot, but rescue the son of Clytius lest the Achaeans

Ajax son of Telamon answered, "My good fellow,

Phoceans, and Ajax killed

strip him of

let your bow and your

Laodamas captain of foot soldiers and son to

his armour now that he has fallen."

arrows be, for Jove has made them useless in

Antenor. Polydamas killed

order to spite the Danaans.

Otus of Cyllene a comrade of the son of Phyleus

He then aimed a spear at Ajax, and missed him,

Take your spear, lay your shield upon your

and chief of the proud

but he hit Lycophron

shoulder, and both fight

Epeans. When Meges saw this he sprang upon

a follower of Ajax, who came from Cythera, but

the Trojans yourself and urge others to do so.

him, but Polydamas crouched

was living with Ajax

They may be successful

down, and he missed him, for Apollo would not

inasmuch as he had killed a man among the

for the moment but if we fight as we ought they

suffer the son of Panthous

Cythereans. Hector's spear

will find it a hard

to fall in battle; but the spear hit Croesmus in the

struck him on the head below the ear, and he fell

matter to take the ships."

middle of his

headlong from the

chest, whereon he fell heavily to the ground, and

ship's prow on to the ground with no life left in

Teucer then took his bow and put it by in his tent.

Meges stripped him

him. Ajax shook

He hung a shield

of his armour. At that moment the valiant soldier

with rage and said to his brother, "Teucer, my

four hides thick about his shoulders, and on his

Dolops son of Lampus

good fellow, our trusty

comely head he set

sprang upon Lampus was son of Laomedon and

comrade the son of Mastor has fallen, he came to

his helmet well wrought with a crest of horse-hair

for his valour, while his

live with us from

that nodded menacingly

son Dolops was versed in all the ways of war. He

Cythera and whom we honoured as much as our

above it; he grasped his redoubtable bronze-shod

then struck the middle

own parents. Hector has

spear, and forthwith

of the son of Phyleus' shield with his spear,

just killed him; fetch your deadly arrows at once

he was by the side of Ajax.

setting on him at close

and the bow which

Phoebus Apollo gave you."

quarters, but his good corslet made with plates of

When Hector saw that Teucer's bow was of no

metal saved him;

more use to him, he shouted

Phyleus had brought it from Ephyra and the river

Teucer heard him and hastened towards him with

out to the Trojans and Lycians, "Trojans, Lycians,

Selleis, where his

his bow and quiver

and Dardanians

host, King Euphetes, had given it him to wear in

in his hands. Forthwith he showered his arrows

good in close fight, be men, my friends, and show

battle and protect

on the Trojans, and

your mettle here

him. It now served to save the life of his son. Then

round him. The Trojans fell back as he threw, and

of the enemy wherever he could see them

Meges struck

the dart did not

thickest, and in the goodliest

the topmost crest of Dolops's bronze helmet with

speed from his hand without effect, for it struck

armour; but do what he might he could not break

his spear and tore

Melanippus the proud

through them, for

away its plume of horse-hair, so that all newly

son of Hiketaon in the breast by the nipple as he

they stood as a tower foursquare, or as some high

dyed with scarlet

was coming forward,

cliff rising from

as it was it tumbled down into the dust. While he

and his armour rang rattling round him as he fell

the grey sea that braves the anger of the gale, and

was still fighting

heavily to the ground.

of the waves that

and confident of victory, Menelaus came up to

Antilochus sprang upon him as a dog springs on

thunder up against it. He fell upon them like

help Meges, and got

a fawn which a hunter

flames of fire from

by the side of Dolops unperceived; he then

has hit as it was breaking away from its covert,

every quarter. As when a wave, raised mountain

speared him in the shoulder,

and killed it. Even

high by wind and storm,

from behind, and the point, driven so furiously,

so, O Melanippus, did stalwart Antilochus spring

breaks over a ship and covers it deep in foam, the

went through into

upon you to strip

fierce winds roar

his chest, whereon he fell headlong. The two then

you of your armour; but noble Hector marked

against the mast, the hearts of the sailors fail them

made towards him

him, and came running

for fear, and

to strip him of his armour, but Hector called on all

up to him through the thick of the battle.

they are saved but by a very little from

his brothers

Antilochus, brave soldier

destruction- even so were

for help, and he especially upbraided brave

though he was, would not stay to face him, but

the hearts of the Achaeans fainting within them.

Melanippus son of Hiketaon,

fled like some savage

Or as a savage lion

who erewhile used to pasture his herds of cattle in

creature which knows it has done wrong, and

attacking a herd of cows while they are feeding by

Percote before

flies, when it has killed

thousands in the

the war broke out; but when the ships of the

a dog or a man who is herding his cattle, before a

low-lying meadows by some wide-watered shore-

Danaans came, he went

body of men can

the herdsman is at his

back to Ilius, where he was eminent among the

be gathered to attack it. Even so did the son of

wit's end how to protect his herd and keeps going

Trojans, and lived near

Nestor fly, and the

about now in the

Priam who treated him as one of his own sons.

Trojans and Hector with a cry that rent the air

van and now in the rear of his cattle, while the

Hector now rebuked him

showered their weapons

lion springs into

and said, "Why, Melanippus, are we thus remiss?

after him; nor did he turn round and stay his

the thick of them and fastens on a cow so that

do you take no note

flight till he had reached

they all tremble for

of the death of your kinsman, and do you not see

his comrades.

fear- even so were the Achaeans utterly panic-

how they are trying

stricken by Hector and

to take Dolops's armour? Follow me; there must

The Trojans, fierce as lions, were still rushing on

father Jove. Nevertheless Hector only killed

be no fighting the

towards the ships

Periphetes of Mycenae;

Argives from a distance now, but we must do so

in fulfilment of the behests of Jove who kept

he was son of Copreus who was wont to take the

in close combat till

spurring them on to

orders of King Eurystheus

either we kill them or they take the high wall of

new deeds of daring, while he deadened the

to mighty Hercules, but the son was a far better

Ilius and slay her

courage of the Argives

man than the father


and defeated them by encouraging the Trojans.

in every way; he was fleet of foot, a valiant

For he meant giving

warrior, and in understanding

He led on as he spoke, and the hero Melanippus

glory to Hector son of Priam, and letting him

ranked among the foremost men of Mycenae. He

followed after. Meanwhile

throw fire upon the

it was who then afforded

Ajax son of Telamon was cheering on the Argives.

ships, till he had fulfilled the unrighteous prayer

Hector a triumph, for as he was turning back he

"My friends," he

that Thetis had

stumbled against the

made him; Jove, therefore, bided his time till he

rim of his shield which reached his feet, and

yourselves in battle so as

should see the glare

served to keep the javelins

to win respect from one another. Men who respect

of a blazing ship. From that hour he was about so

off him. He tripped against this and fell face

each other's good

to order that the

upward, his helmet

opinion are less likely to be killed than those who

Trojans should be driven back from the ships and

ringing loudly about his head as he did so. Hector

do not, but in

to vouchsafe glory

saw him fall and

flight there is neither gain nor glory."

to the Achaeans. With this purpose he inspired

ran up to him; he then thrust a spear into his

Hector son of Priam,

chest, and killed him

Thus did he exhort men who were already bent

who was cager enough already, to assail the

close to his own comrades. These, for all their

upon driving back the

ships. His fury was as

sorrow, could not

Trojans. They laid his words to heart and hedged

that of Mars, or as when a fire is raging in the

help him for they were themselves terribly afraid

the ships as with

glades of some dense

of Hector.

a wall of bronze, while Jove urged on the Trojans.

forest upon the mountains; he foamed at the

Menelaus of the

mouth, his eyes glared

They had now reached the ships and the prows of

loud battle-cry urged Antilochus on. "Antilochus,"

under his terrible eye-brows, and his helmet

those that had been

said he, "you are

quivered on his temples

drawn up first were on every side of them, but the

young and there is none of the Achaeans more

by reason of the fury with which he fought. Jove

Trojans came pouring

fleet of foot or more

from heaven was with

after them. The Argives were driven back from

valiant than you are. See if you cannot spring

him, and though he was but one against many,

the first row of ships,

upon some Trojan and

vouchsafed him victory

but they made a stand by their tents without

kill him."

and glory; for he was doomed to an early death,

being broken up and scattered;

and already Pallas

shame and fear restrained them. They kept

He hurried away when he had thus spurred

Minerva was hurrying on the hour of his

shouting incessantly to

Antilochus, who at once darted

destruction at the hands of

one another, and Nestor of Gerene, tower of

out from the front ranks and aimed a spear, after

the son of Peleus. Now, however, he kept trying

strength to the Achaeans,

looking carefully

to break the ranks

was loudest in imploring every man by his








parents, and beseeching

him to stand firm.

Thus were the two sides minded. Then Hector

would be on the look-out for him, and drive at

seized the stern of the

him with his long spear.

"Be men, my friends," he cried, "and respect one

good ship that had brought Protesilaus to Troy,

Twelve men did he thus kill in hand-to-hand fight

another's good opinion.

but never bore him

before the ships.

Think, all of you, on your children, your wives,

back to his native land. Round this ship there

your property, and

raged a close hand-to-hand


your parents whether these be alive or dead. On

fight between Danaans and Trojans. They did not


their behalf though

fight at a distance

they are not here, I implore you to stand firm, and

with bows and javelins, but with one mind

not to turn in

hacked at one another in


close combat with their mighty swords and spears

Thus did they fight about the ship of Protesilaus.

pointed at both ends;

Then Patroclus

With these words he put heart and soul into them

they fought moreover with keen battle-axes and

drew near to Achilles with tears welling from his

all. Minerva lifted

with hatchets. Many

eyes, as from some

the thick veil of darkness from their eyes, and

a good stout blade hilted and scabbarded with

spring whose crystal stream falls over the ledges

much light fell upon

iron, fell from hand

of a high precipice.

them, alike on the side of the ships and on that

or shoulder as they fought, and the earth ran red

When Achilles saw him thus weeping he was

where the fight was

with blood. Hector,

sorry for him and said,

raging. They could see Hector and all his men,

when he had seized the ship, would not loose his

"Why, Patroclus, do you stand there weeping like

both those in the rear

hold but held on

some silly child

who were taking no part in the battle, and those

to its curved stern and shouted to the Trojans,

that comes running to her mother, and begs to be

who were fighting

"Bring fire, and raise

taken up and carried-

by the ships.

the battle-cry all of you with a single voice. Now

she catches hold of her mother's dress to stay her

has Jove vouchsafed

though she is in

Ajax could not bring himself to retreat along with

us a day that will pay us for all the rest; this day

a hurry, and looks tearfully up until her mother

the rest, but strode

we shall take

carries her- even

from deck to deck with a great sea-pike in his

the ships which came hither against heaven's will,

such tears, Patroclus, are you now shedding.

hands twelve cubits

and which have

Have you anything to

long and jointed with rings. As a man skilled in

caused us such infinite suffering through the

say to the Myrmidons or to myself? or have you

feats of horsemanship

cowardice of our councillors,

had news from Phthia

couples four horses together and comes tearing

who when I would have done battle at the ships

which you alone know? They tell me Menoetius

full speed along the

held me back and forbade

son of Actor is still

public way from the country into some large

the host to follow me; if Jove did then indeed

alive, as also Peleus son of Aeacus, among the

town- many both men and

warp our judgements,

Myrmidons- men whose

women marvel as they see him for he keeps all

himself now commands me and cheers me on."

loss we two should bitterly deplore; or are you

the time changing his


grieving about the

horse, springing from one to another without ever

As he spoke thus the Trojans sprang yet more

Argives and the way in which they are being

missing his feet

fiercely on the Achaeans,

killed at the ships, throu

while the horses are at a gallop- even so did Ajax

and Ajax no longer held his ground, for he was

their own high-handed doings? Do not hide

go striding from

overcome by the darts

anything from me but tell

one ship's deck to another, and his voice went up

that were flung at him, and made sure that he was

me that both of us may know about it."

into the heavens.

doomed. Therefore

He kept on shouting his orders to the Danaans

he left the raised deck at the stern, and stepped

Then, O knight Patroclus, with a deep sigh you

and exhorting them to

back on to the seven-foot

answered, "Achilles,

defend their ships and tents; neither did Hector

bench of the oarsmen. Here he stood on the look-


remain within the

out, and with his

Achaeans, do not be angry,

main body of the Trojan warriors, but as a dun

spear held back Trojan whom he saw bringing fire

but I weep for the disaster that has now befallen

eagle swoops down upon

to the ships. All

the Argives. All

a flock of wild-fowl feeding near a river-geese, it

the time he kept on shouting at the top of his

those who have been their champions so far are

may be, or cranes,

voice and exhorting

lying at the ships,

or long-necked swans- even so did Hector make

the Danaans. "My friends," he cried, "Danaan

wounded by sword or spear. Brave Diomed son

straight for a dark-prowed

heroes, servants of Mars,

of Tydeus has been hit

ship, rushing right towards it; for Jove with his

be men my friends, and fight with might and with


mighty hand impelled

main. Can we hope

Agamemnon have received sword-wounds;

him forward, and roused his people to follow

to find helpers hereafter, or a wall to shield us

Eurypylus again has been struck with an arrow in


more surely than

the thigh; skilled

the one we have? There is no strong city within

apothecaries are attending to these heroes, and

And now the battle again raged furiously at the

reach, whence we may

healing them of their

ships. You would have

draw fresh forces to turn the scales in our favour.

wounds; are you still, O Achilles, so inexorable?

thought the men were coming on fresh and

We are on the

May it never be

unwearied, so fiercely did

plain of the armed Trojans with the sea behind us,

my lot to nurse such a passion as you have done,

they fight; and this was the mind in which they

and far from our

to the baning of

were- the Achaeans

own country. Our salvation, therefore, is in the

your own good name. Who in future story will

did not believe they should escape destruction

might of our hands

speak well of you unless

but thought themselves

and in hard fighting."

you now save the Argives from ruin? You know

doomed, while there was not a Trojan but his












no pity; knight Peleus

heart beat high with

As he spoke he wielded his spear with still greater

was not your father nor Thetis your mother, but

the hope of firing the ships and putting the

fury, and when

the grey sea bore

Achaean heroes to the

any Trojan made towards the ships with fire at

you and the sheer cliffs begot you, so cruel and


Hector's bidding, he

remorseless are you.

If however you are kept back through knowledge

to return. Do, however, as I now bid you, that you

The fire was now flaring about the ship's stern,

of some oracle, or

may win me great

whereon Achilles

if your mother Thetis has told you something

honour from all the Danaans, and that they may

smote his two thighs and said to Patroclus, "Up,

from the mouth of Jove,

restore the girl to

noble knight, for

at least send me and the Myrmidons with me, if I

me again and give me rich gifts into the bargain.

I see the glare of hostile fire at our fleet; up, lest

may bring deliverance

When you have driven

they destroy

to the Danaans. Let me moreover wear your

the Trojans from the ships, come back again.

our ships, and there be no way by which we may

armour; the Trojans may

Though Juno's thundering

retreat. Gird on your

thus mistake me for you and quit the field, so that

husband should put triumph within your reach,

armour at once while I call our people together."

the hard-pressed

do not fight the Trojans

sons of the Achaeans may have breathing time-

further in my absence, or you will rob me of glory

As he spoke Patroclus put on his armour. First he

which while they are

that should be

greaved his legs

fighting may hardly be. We who are fresh might

mine. And do not for lust of battle go on killing

with greaves of good make, and fitted with ancle-

soon drive tired men

the Trojans nor

clasps of silver;

back from our ships and tents to their own city."

lead the Achaeans on to Ilius, lest one of the ever-

after this he donned the cuirass of the son of

living gods from

Aeacus, richly inlaid

He knew not what he was asking, nor that he was

Olympus attack you- for Phoebus Apollo loves

and studded. He hung his silver-studded sword

suing for his own

them well: return when

of bronze about his

destruction. Achilles was deeply moved and

you have freed the ships from peril, and let others

shoulders, and then his mighty shield. On his

answered, "What, noble

wage war upon

comely head he set his

the plain. Would, by father Jove, Minerva, and

helmet, well wrought, with a crest of horse-hair

prophesyings which I am heeding,

Apollo, that not a

that nodded menacingly

nor has my mother told me anything from the

single man of all the Trojans might be left alive,

above it. He grasped two redoubtable spears that

mouth of Jove, but I am

nor yet of the

suited his hands,

cut to the very heart that one of my own rank

Argives, but that we two might be alone left to

but he did not take the spear of noble Achilles, so

should dare to rob me

tear aside the mantle

stout and strong,

because he is more powerful than I am. This, after

that veils the brow of Troy."

for none other of the Achaeans could wield it,







all that I have

though Achilles could

gone through, is more than I can endure. The girl

Thus did they converse. But Ajax could no longer

do so easily. This was the ashen spear from

whom the sons of

hold his ground for

Mount Pelion, which Chiron

the Achaeans chose for me, whom I won as the

the shower of darts that rained upon him; the will

had cut upon a mountain top and had given to

fruit of my spear on

of Jove and the

Peleus, wherewith to

having sacked a city- her has King Agamemnon

javelins of the Trojans were too much for him; the


taken from me as though

helmet that gleamed

Automedon yoke his horses with

I were some common vagrant. Still, let bygones be

about his temples rang with the continuous clatter

all speed, for he was the man whom he held in

bygones: no man

of the missiles

honour next after Achilles,

may keep his anger for ever; I said I would not

that kept pouring on to it and on to the cheek-

and on whose support in battle he could rely most

relent till battle

pieces that protected

firmly. Automedon

and the cry of war had reached my own ships;

his face. Moreover his left shoulder was tired with

therefore yoked the fleet horses Xanthus and

nevertheless, now gird

having held his

Balius, steeds that could

my armour about your shoulders, and lead the

shield so long, yet for all this, let fly at him as they

fly like the wind: these were they whom the

Myrmidons to battle,

would, they

harpy Podarge bore to

for the dark cloud of Trojans has burst furiously

could not make him give ground. He could

the west wind, as she was grazing in a meadow

over our fleet;

hardly draw his breath, the

by the waters of the

the Argives are driven back on to the beach,

sweat rained from every pore of his body, he had

river Oceanus. In the side traces he set the noble

cooped within a narrow

not a moment's respite,

horse Pedasus,

space, and the whole people of Troy has taken

and on all sides he was beset by danger upon

whom Achilles had brought away with him when

heart to sally out against


he sacked the city of

them, because they see not the visor of my helmet







Eetion, and who, mortal steed though he was,

gleaming near them.

And now, tell me, O Muses that hold your

could take his place

Had they seen this, there would not have been a

mansions on Olympus, how

along with those that were immortal.

creek nor grip that

fire was thrown upon the ships of the Achaeans.

had not been filled with their dead as they fled

Hector came close

Meanwhile Achilles went about everywhere

back again. And so

up and let drive with his great sword at the ashen

among the tents, and bade

it would have been, if only King Agamemnon had

spear of Ajax.

his Myrmidons put on their armour. Even as

dealt fairly by me.

He cut it clean in two just behind where the point

fierce ravening wolves

As it is the Trojans have beset our host. Diomed

was fastened on

that are feasting upon a homed stag which they

son of Tydeus no

to the shaft of the spear. Ajax, therefore, had now

have killed upon the

longer wields his spear to defend the Danaans,

nothing but a

mountains, and their jaws are red with blood-

neither have I heard

headless spear, while the bronze point flew some

they go in a pack to

the voice of the son of Atreus coming from his

way off and came

lap water from the clear spring with their long

hated head, whereas

ringing down on to the ground. Ajax knew the

thin tongues; and

that of murderous Hector rings in my cars as he

hand of heaven in this,

they reek of blood and slaughter; they know not

gives orders to the

and was dismayed at seeing that Jove had now

what fear is, for

Trojans, who triumph over the Achaeans and fill

left him utterly defenceless

it is hunger drives them- even so did the leaders

the whole plain with

and was willing victory for the Trojans. Therefore

and counsellors

their cry of battle. But even so, Patroclus, fall

he drew back, and

of the Myrmidons gather round the good squire

upon them and save

the Trojans flung fire upon the ship which was at

of the fleet descendant

the fleet, lest the Trojans fire it and prevent us

once wrapped in

of Aeacus, and among them stood Achilles

from being able


himself cheering on both

men and horses.

With these words he put heart and soul into them

of it he did indeed vouchsafe him- but not the

Fifty ships had noble Achilles brought to Troy,

all, and they serried

whole. He granted that

and in each there

their companies yet more closely when they heard

Patroclus should thrust back war and battle from

was a crew of fifty oarsmen. Over these he set five

the of their king.

the ships, but refused

captains whom

As the stones which a builder sets in the wall of

to let him come safely out of the fight.

he could trust, while he was himself commander

some high house

over them all. Menesthius

which is to give shelter from the winds- even so

When he had made his drink-offering and had

of the gleaming corslet, son to the river

closely were the

thus prayed, Achilles

Spercheius that streams

helmets and bossed shields set against one

went inside his tent and put back the cup into his

from heaven, was captain of the first company.

another. Shield pressed


Fair Polydora daughter

on shield, helm on helm, and man on man; so

of Peleus bore him to ever-flowing Spercheius- a

close were they that the

Then he again came out, for he still loved to look

woman mated with

horse-hair plumes on the gleaming ridges of their

upon the fierce

a god- but he was called son of Borus son of

helmets touched

fight that raged between the Trojans and

Perieres, with whom his

each other as they bent their heads.


gave great wealth to

In front of them all two men put on their armour-

Meanwhile the armed band that was about

gain her. The second company was led by noble

Patroclus and Automedon-

Patroclus marched on till

Eudorus, son to an unwedded

two men, with but one mind to lead the

they sprang high in hope upon the Trojans. They

Myrmidons. Then Achilles went

came swarming out

graceful dancer, bore him;

inside his tent and opened the lid of the strong

like wasps whose nests are by the roadside, and

the mighty slayer of Argos was enamoured of her

chest which silver-footed

whom silly children

as he saw her among

Thetis had given him to take on board ship, and

love to tease, whereon any one who happens to be

the singing women at a dance held in honour of

which she had filled

passing may get stung-

Diana the rushing huntress

with shirts, cloaks to keep out the cold, and good

or again, if a wayfarer going along the road vexes

of the golden arrows; he therefore- Mercury, giver

thick rugs. In

them by accident,

of all good- went

this chest he had a cup of rare workmanship, from

every wasp will come flying out in a fury to

with her into an upper chamber, and lay with her

which no man but

defend his little ones-

in secret, whereon

himself might drink, nor would he make offering

even with such rage and courage did the

she bore him a noble son Eudorus, singularly fleet

from it to any other

Myrmidons swarm from their

of foot and in

god save only to father Jove. He took the cup

ships, and their cry of battle rose heavenwards.

fight valiant. When Ilithuia goddess of the pains

from the chest and cleansed

Patroclus called

of child-birth brought

it with sulphur; this done he rinsed it clean water,

out to his men at the top of his voice,

him to the light of day, and he saw the face of the

and after he

"Myrmidons, followers of Achilles

sun, mighty Echecles

had washed his hands he drew wine. Then he

son of Peleus, be men my friends, fight with

son of Actor took the mother to wife, and gave

stood in the middle of

might and with main,

great wealth to gain

the court and prayed, looking towards heaven,

that we may win glory for the son of Peleus, who

her, but her father Phylas brought the child up,

and making his drink-offering

is far the foremost

and took care of

of wine; nor was he unseen of Jove whose joy is in

man at the ships of the Argives- he, and his close

him, doting as fondly upon him as though he

thunder. "King

fighting followers.

were his own son. The

Jove," he cried, "lord of Dodona, god of the

The son of Atreus King Agamemnon will thus

third company was led by Pisander son of

Pelasgi, who dwellest

learn his folly in showing

Maemalus, the finest spearman

afar, you who hold wintry Dodona in your sway,

no respect to the bravest of the Achaeans."

among all the Myrmidons next to Achilles' own

where your prophets

comrade Patroclus. The

the Selli dwell around you with their feet

With these words he put heart and soul into them

old knight Phoenix was captain of the fourth

unwashed and their couches

all, and they fell

company, and Alcimedon,

made upon the ground- if you heard me when I

in a body upon the Trojans. The ships rang again

noble son of Laerceus of the fifth.

prayed to you aforetime,

with the cry which

and did me honour while you sent disaster on the

the Achaeans raised, and when the Trojans saw

When Achilles had chosen his men and had

Achaeans, vouchsafe

the brave son of Menoetius

stationed them all with their

me now the fulfilment of yet this further prayer. I

and his squire all gleaming in their armour, they

shall stay here

were daunted and

"Myrmidons, remember your

where my ships are lying, but I shall send my

their battalions were thrown into confusion, for

threats against the Trojans while you were at the

comrade into battle

they thought the

ships in the time

at the head of many Myrmidons. Grant, O all-

fleet son of Peleus must now have put aside his

of my anger, and you were all complaining of me.

seeing Jove, that victory

anger, and have been

'Cruel son of Peleus,'

may go with him; put your courage into his heart

reconciled to Agamemnon; every one, therefore,

you would say, 'your mother must have suckled

that Hector may learn

looked round about

you on gall, so ruthless

whether my squire is man enough to fight alone,

to see whither he might fly for safety.

are you. You keep us here at the ships against our

or whether his might

will; if you are

is only then so indomitable when I myself enter

Patroclus first aimed a spear into the middle of

so relentless it were better we went home over the

the turmoil of war.

the press where men

sea.' Often have

Afterwards when he has chased the fight and the

were packed most closely, by the stern of the ship

you gathered and thus chided with me. The hour

cry of battle from

of Protesilaus.

is now come for those

the ships, grant that he may return unharmed,

He hit Pyraechmes who had led his Paeonian

high feats of arms that you have so long been

with his armour and

horsemen from the Amydon

pining for, therefore

his comrades, fighters in close combat."

and the broad waters of the river Axius; the spear

mother was living as his wedded wife, and who













keep high hearts each one of you to do battle with

the Trojans."

struck him on the

Thus did he pray, and all-counselling Jove heard

right shoulder, and with a groan he fell

his prayer. Part

backwards in the dust; on

this his men were thrown into confusion, for by

sprang on Cleobulus and took him alive as he was

rout did the Trojans now fly, and there was no

killing their leader,

entangled in the

order in their going.

who was the finest soldier among them, Patroclus

crush; but he killed him then and there by a

Hector's fleet horses bore him and his armour out

struck panic into

sword-blow on the neck.

of the fight, and

them all. He thus drove them from the ship and

The sword reeked with his blood, while dark

he left the Trojan host penned in by the deep

quenched the fire that

death and the strong hand

trench against their

was then blazing- leaving the half-burnt ship to

of fate gripped him and closed his eyes.

will. Many a yoke of horses snapped the pole of

lie where it was.

their chariots in

The Trojans were now driven back with a shout

Peneleos and Lycon now met in close fight, for

the trench and left their master's car behind them.

that rent the skies,

they had missed each

Patroclus gave

while the Danaans poured after them from their

other with their spears. They had both thrown

chase, calling impetuously on the Danaans and

ships, shouting also

without effect, so now

full of fury against

without ceasing. As when Jove, gatherer of the

they drew their swords. Lycon struck the plumed

the Trojans, who, being now no longer in a body,

thunder-cloud, spreads

crest of Peneleos'

filled all the ways

a dense canopy on the top of some lofty

helmet but his sword broke at the hilt, while

with their cries of panic and rout; the air was

mountain, and all the peaks,

Peneleos smote Lycon

darkened with the

the jutting headlands, and forest glades show out

on the neck under the ear. The blade sank so deep

clouds of dust they raised, and the horses strained

in the great light

that the head was

every nerve in

that flashes from the bursting heavens, even so

held on by nothing but the skin, and there was no

their flight from the tents and ships towards the

when the Danaans had

more life left in


now driven back the fire from their ships, they

him. Meriones gave chase to Acamas on foot and

took breath for a

caught him up just

Patroclus kept on heading his horses wherever he

little while; but the fury of the fight was not yet

as he was about to mount his chariot; he drove a

saw most men flying

over, for the

spear through his

in confusion, cheering on his men the while.

Trojans were not driven back in utter rout, but

right shoulder so that he fell headlong from the

Chariots were being smashed

still gave battle,

car, and his eyes

in all directions, and many a man came tumbling

and were ousted from their ground only by sheer

were closed in darkness. Idomeneus speared

down from his own


Erymas in the mouth; the

car to fall beneath the wheels of that of Patroclus,

bronze point of the spear went clean through it

whose immortal

The fight then became more scattered, and the

beneath the brain,

steeds, given by the gods to Peleus, sprang over

chieftains killed one

crashing in among the white bones and smashing

the trench at a bound

another when and how they could. The valiant

them up. His teeth

as they sped onward. He was intent on trying to

son of Menoetius first

were all of them knocked out and the blood came

get near Hector, for

drove his spear into the thigh of Areilycus just as

gushing in a stream

he had set his heart on spearing him, but Hector's

he was turning

from both his eyes; it also came gurgling up from

horses were now

round; the point went clean through, and broke

his mouth and nostrils,

hurrying him away. As the whole dark earth

the bone so that he

and the darkness of death enfolded him round

bows before some tempest

fell forward. Meanwhile Menelaus struck Thoas


on an autumn day when Jove rains his hardest to

in the chest, where

punish men for giving

it was exposed near the rim of his shield, and he

Thus did these chieftains of the Danaans each of

crooked judgement in their courts, and arriving

fell dead. The son

them kill his man.

justice therefrom

of Phyleus saw Amphiclus about to attack him,

As ravening wolves seize on kids or lambs,

without heed to the decrees of heaven- all the

and ere he could do

fastening on them when

rivers run full and

so took aim at the upper part of his thigh, where

they are alone on the hillsides and have strayed

the torrents tear many a new channel as they roar

the muscles are

from the main flock

headlong from the

thicker than in any other part; the spear tore

through the carelessness of the shepherd- and

mountains to the dark sea, and it fares ill with the

through all the sinews

when the wolves see

works of men-

of the leg, and his eyes were closed in darkness.

this they pounce upon them at once because they

even such was the stress and strain of the Trojan

Of the sons of Nestor

cannot defend themselves-

horses in their

one, Antilochus, speared Atymnius, driving the

even so did the Danaans now fall on the Trojans,


point of the spear

who fled with ill-omened

through his throat, and down he fell. Maris then

cries in their panic and had no more fight left in

Patroclus now cut off the battalions that were

sprang on Antilochus


nearest to him and

in hand-to-hand fight to avenge his brother, and

drove them back to the ships. They were doing

bestrode the body

Meanwhile great Ajax kept on trying to drive a

their best to reach

spear in hand; but valiant Thrasymedes was too

spear into Hector,

the city, but he would not Yet them, and bore

quick for him, and

but Hector was so skilful that he held his broad

down on them between

in a moment had struck him in the shoulder ere

shoulders well under

the river and the ships and wall. Many a fallen

he could deal his blow;

cover of his ox-hide shield, ever on the look-out

comrade did he then

his aim was true, and the spear severed all the

for the whizzing

avenge. First he hit Pronous with a spear on the

muscles at the root

of the arrows and the heavy thud of the spears.

chest where it was

of his arm, and tore them right down to the bone,

He well knew that

exposed near the rim of his shield, and he fell

so he fell heavily

the fortunes of the day had changed, but still

heavily to the ground.

to the ground and his eyes were closed in

stood his ground and

Next he sprang on Thestor son of Enops, who was

darkness. Thus did these

tried to protect his comrades.

sitting all huddled

two noble comrades of Sarpedon go down to

up in his chariot, for he had lost his head and the

Erebus slain by the two

As when a cloud goes up into heaven from

reins had been

sons of Nestor; they were the warrior sons of

Olympus, rising out of a

torn out of his hands. Patroclus went up to him

Amisodorus, who had

clear sky when Jove is brewing a gale- even with

and drove a spear

reared the invincible Chimaera, to the bane of

such panic stricken

into his right jaw; he thus hooked him by the teeth

many. Ajax son of Oileus

and the spear

pulled him over the rim of his car, as one who sits

soon as the life is gone out of him, send Death and

my armour from being taken. My name will

at the end of

sweet Sleep to

haunt you henceforth and

some jutting rock and draws a strong fish out of

bear him off the field and take him to the broad

for ever if the Achaeans rob me of my armour

the sea with a hook

lands of Lycia, where

now that I have fallen

and a line- even so with his spear did he pull

his brothers and his kinsmen will bury him with

at their ships. Do your very utmost and call all my

Thestor all gaping

mound and pillar,

people together."

from his chariot; he then threw him down on his

in due honour to the dead."

face and he died while

Death closed his eyes as he spoke. Patroclus

falling. On this, as Erylaus was on to attack him,

The sire of gods and men assented, but he shed a

planted his heel on his

he struck him full

rain of blood upon

breast and drew the spear from his body,

on the head with a stone, and his brains were all

the earth in honour of his son whom Patroclus

whereon his senses came out

battered inside

was about to kill on

along with it, and he drew out both spear-point

his helmet, whereon he fell headlong to the

the rich plain of Troy far from his home.

and Sarpedon's soul

ground and the pangs of

at the same time. Hard by the Myrmidons held

death took hold upon him. Then he laid low, one

When they were now come close to one another

his snorting steeds,

after the other, Erymas,

Patroclus struck Thrasydemus,

who were wild with panic at finding themselves

Amphoterus, Epaltes, Tlepolemus, Echius son of

the brave squire of Sarpedon, in the lower part of

deserted by their lords.

Damastor, Pyris, lpheus,

the belly, and

Euippus and Polymelus son of Argeas.

killed him. Sarpedon then aimed a spear at

Glaucus was overcome with grief when he heard

Patroclus and missed him,

what Sarpedon said,

Now when Sarpedon saw his comrades, men who

but he struck the horse Pedasus in the right

for he could not help him. He had to support his

wore ungirdled tunics,

shoulder, and it screamed

arm with his other

being overcome by Patroclus son of Menoetius, he

aloud as it lay, groaning in the dust until the life

hand, being in great pain through the wound

rebuked the Lycians

went out of it.

which Teucer's arrow had

saying. "Shame on you, where are you flying to?

The other two horses began to plunge; the pole of

given him when Teucer was defending the wall as

Show your mettle;

the chariot cracked

he, Glaucus, was assailing

I will myself meet this man in fight and learn who

and they got entangled in the reins through the

it. Therefore he prayed to far-darting Apollo

it is that is so

fall of the horse

saying, "Hear me O king

masterful; he has done us much hurt, and has

that was yoked along with them; but Automedon

from your seat, may be in the rich land of Lycia,

stretched many a brave

knew what to do; without

or may be in Troy,

man upon the ground."

the loss of a moment he drew the keen blade that

for in all places you can hear the prayer of one

hung by his sturdy

who is in distress,

He sprang from his chariot as he spoke, and

thigh and cut the third horse adrift; whereon the

as I now am. I have a grievous wound; my hand

Patroclus, when he saw

other two righted

is aching with pain,

this, leaped on to the ground also. The two then

themselves, and pulling hard at the reins again

there is no staunching the blood, and my whole

rushed at one another

went together into

arm drags by reason

with loud cries like eagle-beaked crook-taloned


of my hurt, so that I cannot grasp my sword nor

vultures that scream

go among my foes and

and tear at one another in some high mountain

Sarpedon now took a second aim at Patroclus,

fight them, thou our prince, Jove's son Sarpedon,


and again missed him,

is slain. Jove defended

the point of the spear passed over his left

not his son, do you, therefore, O king, heal me of

The son of scheming Saturn looked down upon

shoulder without hitting

my wound, ease

them in pity and said

him. Patroclus then aimed in his turn, and the

my pain and grant me strength both to cheer on

to Juno who was his wife and sister, "Alas, that it

spear sped not from

the Lycians and to

should be the

his hand in vain, for he hit Sarpedon just where

fight along with them round the body of him who

lot of Sarpedon whom I love so dearly to perish

the midriff surrounds

has fallen."

by the hand of Patroclus.

the ever-beating heart. He fell like some oak or

I am in two minds whether to catch him up out of

silver poplar or

Thus did he pray, and Apollo heard his prayer.

the fight and set

tall pine to which woodmen have laid their axes

He eased his pain,

him down safe and sound in the fertile land of

upon the mountains

staunched the black blood from the wound, and

Lycia, or to let him

to make timber for ship-building- even so did he

gave him new strength.

now fall by the hand of the son of Menoetius."

lie stretched at

Glaucus perceived this, and was thankful that the

full length in front of his chariot and horses,

mighty god had answered

And Juno answered, "Most dread son of Saturn,

moaning and clutching

his prayer; forthwith, therefore, he went among

what is this that you

at the blood-stained dust. As when a lion springs

the Lycian captains,

are saying? Would you snatch a mortal man,

with a bound upon

and bade them come to fight about the body of

whose doom has long been

a herd of cattle and fastens on a great black bull

Sarpedon. From these

fated, out of the jaws of death? Do as you will, but

which dies bellowing

he strode on among the Trojans to Polydamas son

we shall not

in its clutches- even so did the leader of the

of Panthous and Agenor;

all of us be of your mind. I say further, and lay my

Lycian warriors struggle

he then went in search of Aeneas and Hector, and

saying to your

in death as he fell by the hand of Patroclus. He

when he had found

heart, that if you send Sarpedon safely to his own

called on his trusty

them he said, "Hector, you have utterly forgotten

home, some other

comrade and said, "Glaucus, my brother, hero

your allies, who

of the gods will be also wanting to escort his son

among heroes, put forth

languish here for your sake far from friends and

out of battle,

all your strength, fight with might and main, now

home while you do

for there are many sons of gods fighting round

if ever quit yourself

nothing to support them. Sarpedon leader of the

the city of Troy, and

like a valiant soldier. First go about among the

Lycian warriors has

you will make every one jealous. If, however, you

Lycian captains and

fallen- he who was at once the right and might of

are fond of him

bid them fight for Sarpedon; then yourself also do

Lycia; Mars has

and pity him, let him indeed fall by the hand of

battle to save

laid him low by the spear of Patroclus. Stand by

Patroclus, but as

him, my friends,

and suffer not the Myrmidons to strip him of his

Sthenelaus the son of Ithaemenes on the neck

of them must go under ground first; blows for

armour, nor to treat

with a stone, and broke

battle, and words for

his body with contumely in revenge for all the

the tendons that join it to the head and spine. On

council; fight, therefore, and say nothing."

Danaans whom we have

this Hector and

speared at the ships."

the front rank of his men gave ground. As far as a

He led the way as he spoke and the hero went

man can throw a

forward with him. As

As he spoke the Trojans were plunged in extreme

javelin when competing for some prize, or even in

the sound of woodcutters in some forest glade

and ungovernable grief;

battle- so far did

upon the mountains-

for Sarpedon, alien though he was, had been one

the Trojans now retreat before the Achaeans.

and the thud of their axes is heard afar- even such

of the main stays

Glaucus, captain of the

a din now rose

of their city, both as having much people with

Lycians, was the first to rally them, by killing

from earth-clash of bronze armour and of good

him, and himself the

Bathycles son of

ox-hide shields, as

foremost among them all. Led by Hector, who

Chalcon who lived in Hellas and was the richest

men smote each other with their swords and

was infuriated by the

man among the Myrmidons.

spears pointed at both

fall of Sarpedon, they made instantly for the

Glaucus turned round suddenly, just as Bathycles

ends. A man had need of good eyesight now to

Danaans with all their

who was pursuing

know Sarpedon, so covered

might, while the undaunted spirit of Patroclus

him was about to lay hold of him, and drove his

was he from head to foot with spears and blood

son of Menoetius cheered

spear right into the

and dust. Men swarmed

on the Achaeans. First he spoke to the two Ajaxes,

middle of his chest, whereon he fell heavily to the

about the body, as flies that buzz round the full

men who needed

ground, and the

milk-pails in spring

no bidding. "Ajaxes," said he, "may it now please

fall of so good a man filled the Achaeans with

when they are brimming with milk- even so did

you to show youselves

dismay, while the Trojans

they gather round Sarpedon;

the men you have always been, or even better-

were exultant, and came up in a body round the

nor did Jove turn his keen eyes away for one

Sarpedon is fallen-

corpse. Nevertheless

moment from the fight,

he who was first to overleap the wall of the

the Achaeans, mindful of their prowess, bore

but kept looking at it all the time, for he was

Achaeans; let us take

straight down upon them.

settling how best

the body and outrage it; let us strip the armour

to kill Patroclus, and considering whether Hector

from his shoulders,

Meriones then killed a helmed warrior of the

should be allowed

and kill his comrades if they try to rescue his

Trojans, Laogonus son

to end him now in the fight round the body of


of Onetor, who was priest of Jove of Mt. Ida, and

Sarpedon, and strip

was honoured by

him of his armour, or whether he should let him

He spoke to men who of themselves were full

the people as though he were a god. Meriones

give yet further trouble

eager; both sides, therefore,

struck him under the

to the Trojans. In the end, he deemed it best that

the Trojans and Lycians on the one hand, and the

jaw and ear, so that life went out of him and the

the brave squire

Myrmidons and Achaeans

darkness of death

of Achilles son of Peleus should drive Hector and

on the other, strengthened their battalions, and

laid hold upon him. Aeneas then aimed a spear at

the Trojans back

fought desperately

Meriones, hoping

towards the city and take the lives of many. First,

about the body of Sarpedon, shouting fiercely the

to hit him under the shield as he was advancing,

therefore, he

while. Mighty was

but Meriones saw

made Hector turn fainthearted, whereon he

the din of their armour as they came together, and

it coming and stooped forward to avoid it,

mounted his chariot and

Jove shed a thick

whereon the spear flew

fled, bidding the other Trojans fly also, for he saw

darkness over the fight, to increase the of the

past him and the point stuck in the ground, while

that the scales

battle over the body

the butt-end went

of Jove had turned against him. Neither would

of his son.

on quivering till Mars robbed it of its force. The

the brave Lycians stand

spear, therefore,

firm; they were dismayed when they saw their

At first the Trojans made some headway against

sped from Aeneas's hand in vain and fell

king lying struck to

the Achaeans, for one

quivering to the ground.

the heart amid a heap of corpses- for when the

of the best men among the Myrmidons was killed,

Aeneas was angry and said, "Meriones, you are a

son of Saturn made

Epeigeus, son of noble

good dancer, but if

the fight wax hot many had fallen above him. The

Agacles who had erewhile been king in the good

I had hit you my spear would soon have made an

Achaeans, therefore

city of Budeum; but

end of you."

stripped the gleaming armour from his shoulders

presently, having killed a valiant kinsman of his

and the brave son

own, he took refuge

And Meriones answered, "Aeneas, for all your

of Menoetius gave it to his men to take to the

with Peleus and Thetis, who sent him to Ilius the

bravery, you will not

ships. Then Jove lord

land of noble steeds

be able to make an end of every one who comes

of the storm-cloud said to Apollo, "Dear Phoebus,

to fight the Trojans under Achilles. Hector now

against you. You are

go, I pray you,

struck him on the

only a mortal like myself, and if I were to hit you

and take Sarpedon out of range of the weapons;

head with a stone just as he had caught hold of

in the middle

cleanse the black blood

the body, and his

of your shield with my spear, however strong and

from off him, and then bear him a long way off

brains inside his helmet were all battered in, so

self-confident you

where you may wash

that he fell face

may be, I should soon vanquish you, and you

him in the river, anoint him with ambrosia, and

foremost upon the body of Sarpedon, and there

would yield your life

clothe him in immortal

died. Patroclus was

to Hades of the noble steeds."

raiment; this done, commit him to the arms of the

enraged by the death of his comrade, and sped

two fleet messengers,

through the front ranks

On this the son of Menoetius rebuked him and

Death, and Sleep, who will carry him straightway

as swiftly as a hawk that swoops down on a flock

said, "Meriones, hero

to the rich land

of daws or starlings.

though you be, you should not speak thus;

of Lycia, where his brothers and kinsmen will

Even so swiftly, O noble knight Patroclus, did you

taunting speeches, my good

inter him, and will

make straight for

friend, will not make the Trojans draw away from

raise both mound and pillar to his memory, in

the Lycians and Trojans to avenge your comrade.

the dead body; some

due honour to the dead."

Forthwith he struck

Thus he spoke. Apollo obeyed his father's saying,

who lived in Phrygia by the waters of the river

had once got him by the head, while Patroclus

and came down from

Sangarius; in his

kept fast hold of his

the heights of Ida into the thick of the fight;

likeness Jove's son Apollo now spoke to Hector

feet, and a fierce fight raged between the other

forthwith he took

saying, "Hector, why

Danaans and Trojans.

Sarpedon out of range of the weapons, and then

have you left off fighting? It is ill done of you. If I

As the east and south wind buffet one another

bore him a long way

were as much

when they beat upon

off, where he washed him in the river, anointed

better a man than you, as I am worse, you should

some dense forest on the mountains- there is

him with ambrosia

soon rue your slackness.

beech and ash and spreading

and clothed him in immortal raiment; this done,

Drive straight towards Patroclus, if so be that

cornel; the to of the trees roar as they beat on one

he committed him to

Apollo may grant you

another, and

the arms of the two fleet messengers, Death, and

a triumph over him, and you may rull him."

one can hear the boughs cracking and breaking-

Sleep, who presently

set him down in the rich land of Lycia.

even so did the Trojans

With this the god went back into the hurly-burly,

and Achaeans spring upon one another and lay

and Hector bade

about each other, and

Meanwhile Patroclus, with many a shout to his

Cebriones drive again into the fight. Apollo

neither side would give way. Many a pointed

horses and to Automedon,

passed in among them,

spear fell to ground and

pursued the Trojans and Lycians in the pride and

and struck panic into the Argives, while he gave

many a winged arrow sped from its bow-string

foolishness of his

triumph to Hector

about the body of Cebriones;

heart. Had he but obeyed the bidding of the son

and the Trojans. Hector let the other Danaans

many a great stone, moreover, beat on many a

of Peleus, he would

alone and killed no

shield as they fought

have, escaped death and have been scatheless; but

man, but drove straight at Patroclus. Patroclus

around his body, but there he lay in the whirling

the counsels of

then sprang from his

clouds of dust,

Jove pass man's understanding; he will put even a

chariot to the ground, with a spear in his left

all huge and hugely, heedless of his driving now.

brave man to flight

hand, and in his right

and snatch victory from his grasp, or again he will

a jagged stone as large as his hand could hold. He

So long as the sun was still high in mid-heaven

set him on to

stood still and

the weapons of either

fight, as he now did when he put a high spirit into

threw it, nor did it go far without hitting some

side were alike deadly, and the people fell; but

the heart of Patroclus.

one; the cast was

when he went down

not in vain, for the stone struck Cebriones,

towards the time when men loose their oxen, the

Who then first, and who last, was slain by you, O

Hector's charioteer,

Achaeans proved to

Patroclus, when

a bastard son of Priam, as he held the reins in his

be beyond all forecast stronger, so that they drew

the gods had now called you to meet your doom?

hands. The stone

Cebriones out of

First Adrestus, Autonous,

hit him on the forehead and drove his brows into

range of the darts and tumult of the Trojans, and

Echeclus, Perimus the son of Megas, Epistor and

his head for the

stripped the armour

Melanippus; after

bone was smashed, and his eyes fell to the ground

from his shoulders. Then Patroclus sprang like

these he killed Elasus, Mulius, and Pylartes. These

at his feet. He

Mars with fierce intent

he slew, but the

dropped dead from his chariot as though he were

and a terrific shout upon the Trojans, and thrice

rest saved themselves by flight.

diving, and there

did he kill nine

was no more life left in him. Over him did you

men; but as he was coming on like a god for a

The sons of the Achaeans would now have taken

then vaunt, O knight

time, then, O Patroclus,

Troy by the hands of

Patroclus, saying, "Bless my heart, how active he

was the hour of your end approaching, for

Patroclus, for his spear flew in all directions, had

is, and how well

Phoebus fought you in fell

not Phoebus Apollo

he dives. If we had been at sea this fellow would

earnest. Patroclus did not see him as he moved

taken his stand upon the wall to defeat his

have dived from

about in the crush,

purpose and to aid the

the ship's side and brought up as many oysters as

for he was enshrouded in thick darkness, and the

Trojans. Thrice did Patroclus charge at an angle of

the whole crew could

god struck him from

the high wall,

stomach, even in rough water, for he has dived

behind on his back and his broad shoulders with

and thrice did Apollo beat him back, striking his

beautifully off his

the flat of his hand,

shield with his

chariot on to the ground. It seems, then, that there

so that his eyes turned dizzy. Phoebus Apollo

own immortal hands. When Patroclus was

are divers also

beat the helmet from

coming on like a god for yet

among the Trojans."

off his head, and it rolled rattling off under the

a fourth time, Apollo shouted to him with an

horses' feet, where

awful voice and said,

As he spoke he flung himself on Cebriones with

its horse-hair plumes were all begrimed with dust

"Draw back, noble Patroclus, it is not your lot to

the spring, as it were,

and blood. Never

sack the city of

of a lion that while attacking a stockyard is

indeed had that helmet fared so before, for it had

the Trojan chieftains, nor yet will it be that of

himself struck in the

served to protect

Achilles who is

chest, and his courage is his own bane- even so

the head and comely forehead of the godlike hero

a far better man than you are." On hearing this,

furiously, O Patroclus,

Achilles. Now, however,

Patroclus withdrew

did you then spring upon Cebriones. Hector

Zeus delivered it over to be worn by Hector.

to some distance and avoided the anger of Apollo.

sprang also from his chariot

Nevertheless the end

to the ground. The pair then fought over the body

of Hector also was near. The bronze-shod spear,

Meanwhile Hector was waiting with his horses

of Cebriones. As

so great and so strong,

inside the Scaean gates,

two lions fight fiercely on some high mountain

was broken in the hand of Patroclus, while his

in doubt whether to drive out again and go on

over the body of a

shield that covered

fighting, or to call

stag that they have killed, even so did these two

him from head to foot fell to the ground as did

the army inside the gates. As he was thus

mighty warriors,

also the band that

doubting Phoebus Apollo

Patroclus son of Menoetius and brave Hector,

held it, and Apollo undid the fastenings of his

drew near him in the likeness of a young and

hack and hew at one another


lusty warrior Asius,

over the corpse of Cebriones. Hector would not

who was Hector's uncle, being own brother to

let him go when he

Hecuba, and son of Dymas

On this his mind became clouded; his limbs failed

him, and he stood

as one dazed; whereon Euphorbus son of

easily, and they who have stripped the armour

wild-boar, which is fiercest and most dauntless of

Panthous a Dardanian, the best

from my shoulders; had

all creatures,

spearman of his time, as also the finest horseman

twenty such men as you attacked me, all of them

than are the proud sons of Panthous. Yet

and fleetest runner,

would have fallen

Hyperenor did not see out

came behind him and struck him in the back with

before my spear. Fate and the son of Leto have

the days of his youth when he made light of me

a spear, midway between

overpowered me, and

and withstood me, deeming

the shoulders. This man as soon as ever he had

among mortal men Euphorbus; you are yourself

me the meanest soldier among the Danaans. His

come up with his chariot

third only in the killing

own feet never bore

had dismounted twenty men, so proficient was he

of me. I say further, and lay my saying to your

him back to gladden his wife and parents. Even so

in all the arts of

heart, you too shall

shall I make an

war- he it was, O knight Patroclus, that first drove

live but for a little season; death and the day of

end of you too, if you withstand me; get you back

a weapon into

your doom are close

into the crowd and

you, but he did not quite overpower you.

upon you, and they will lay you low by the hand

do not face me, or it shall be worse for you. Even

Euphorbus then ran back into

of Achilles son of

a fool may be wise

the crowd, after drawing his ashen spear out of


after the event."

not stand firm and wait for Patroclus, unarmed

When he had thus spoken his eyes were closed in

Euphorbus would not listen, and said, "Now

though he now was,

death, his soul left

indeed, Menelaus, shall

to attack him; but Patroclus unnerved, alike by

his body and flitted down to the house of Hades,

you pay for the death of my brother over whom

the blow the god had

mourning its sad

you vaunted, and whose

given him and by the spear-wound, drew back

fate and bidding farewell to the youth and vigor

wife you widowed in her bridal chamber, while

under cover of his men

of its manhood. Dead

you brought grief unspeakable

in fear for his life. Hector on this, seeing him to be

though he was, Hector still spoke to him saying,

on his parents. I shall comfort these poor people if

wounded and

"Patroclus, why should

I bring your

giving ground, forced his way through the ranks,

you thus foretell my doom? Who knows but

head and armour and place them in the hands of

and when close up

Achilles, son of lovely Thetis,

Panthous and noble

with him struck him in the lower part of the belly

may be smitten by my spear and die before me?"

Phrontis. The time is come when this matter shall

the wound; he would

with a spear, driving

be fought out and

the bronze point right through it, so that he fell

As he spoke he drew the bronze spear from the

heavily to the

wound, planting his

ground to the great of the Achaeans. As when a

foot upon the body, which he thrust off and let lie

As he spoke he struck Menelaus full on the shield,

lion has fought some

on its back. He

but the spear did

fierce wild-boar and worsted him- the two fight

then went spear in hand after Automedon, squire

not go through, for the shield turned its point.

furiously upon the

of the fleet descendant

Menelaus then took

mountains over some little fountain at which they

of Aeacus, for he longed to lay him low, but the

aim, praying to father Jove as he did so;

would both drink,

immortal steeds which

Euphorbus was drawing back,

and the lion has beaten the boar till he can hardly

the gods had given as a rich gift to Peleus bore

and Menelaus struck him about the roots of his

breathe- even

him swiftly from

throat, leaning his

so did Hector son of Priam take the life of the

the field.

whole weight on the spear, so as to drive it home.

brave son of Menoetius

settled, for me or against me."

The point went

who had killed so many, striking him from close


clean through his neck, and his armour rang

at hand, and vaunting


rattling round him as

over him the while. "Patroclus," said he, "you

deemed that you should

he fell heavily to the ground. His hair which was


sack our city, rob our Trojan women of their

like that of the

Graces, and his locks so deftly bound in bands of

freedom, and carry them

Brave Menelaus son of Atreus now came to know

silver and gold,

off in your ships to your own country. Fool;

that Patroclus had

were all bedrabbled with blood. As one who has

Hector and his fleet

fallen, and made his way through the front ranks

grown a fine young

horses were ever straining their utmost to defend

clad in full armour

olive tree in a clear space where there is

them. I am foremost

to bestride him. As a cow stands lowing over her

abundance of water- the

of all the Trojan warriors to stave the day of

first calf, even

plant is full of promise, and though the winds

bondage from off them;

so did yellow-haired Menelaus bestride Patroclus.

beat upon it from every

as for you, vultures shall devour you here. Poor

He held his round

quarter it puts forth its white blossoms till the

wretch, Achilles

shield and his spear in front of him, resolute to

blasts of some fierce

with all his bravery availed you nothing; and yet I

kill any who should

hurricane sweep down upon it and level it with

ween when you

dare face him. But the son of Panthous had also

the ground- even so

left him he charged you straitly saying, 'Come not

noted the body, and

did Menelaus strip the fair youth Euphorbus of

back to the ships,

came up to Menelaus saying, "Menelaus, son of

his armour after he

Atreus, draw back, leave

had slain him. Or as some fierce lion upon the

bloodstained shirt of murderous

the body, and let the bloodstained spoils be. I was

mountains in the pride

Hector about his body. Thus I ween did he charge

first of the Trojans

of his strength fastens on the finest heifer in a

you, and your fool's

and their brave allies to drive my spear into

herd as it is feeding-

heart answered him 'yea' within you."

Patroclus, let me, therefore,

first he breaks her neck with his strong jaws, and

have my full glory among the Trojans, or I will

then gorges on

Then, as the life ebbed out of you, you answered,

take aim and kill

her blood and entrails; dogs and shepherds raise a

O knight Patroclus:


hue and cry against








"Hector, vaunt as you will, for Jove the son of

him, but they stand aloof and will not come close

Saturn and Apollo

To this Menelaus answered in great anger "By

to him, for they

have vouchsafed you victory; it is they who have

father Jove, boasting

are pale with fear- even so no one had the courage

vanquished me so

is an ill thing. The pard is not more bold, nor the

to face valiant

lion nor savage

Menelaus. The son of Atreus would have then

on fighting, for Phoebus Apollo had spread a

get his body to boot. For he whose squire has

carried off the armour

great panic among them.

been now killed is the

of the son of Panthous with ease, had not Phoebus

He ran up to him and said, "Ajax, my good friend,

foremost man at the ships of the Achaeans- he

Apollo been angry,

come with me at

and his close-fighting

and in the guise of Mentes chief of the Cicons

once to dead Patroclus, if so be that we may take

followers. Nevertheless you dared not make a

incited Hector to attack

the body to Achilles-

stand against Ajax, nor

him. "Hector," said he, "you are now going after

as for his armour, Hector already has it."

face him, eye to eye, with battle all round you, for

the horses of the

he is a braver

noble son of Aeacus, but you will not take them;

These words stirred the heart of Ajax, and he

they cannot be kept

made his way among the

in hand and driven by mortal man, save only by

front ranks, Menelaus going with him. Hector had

Hector scowled at him and answered, "Glaucus,

Achilles, who is son

stripped Patroclus

you should know better.

to an immortal mother. Meanwhile Menelaus son

of his armour, and was dragging him away to cut

I have held you so far as a man of more

of Atreus has bestridden

off his head and take

understanding than any in

the body of Patroclus and killed the noblest of the

the body to fling before the dogs of Troy. But Ajax

all Lycia, but now I despise you for saying that I

Trojans, Euphorbus

came up with his

am afraid of Ajax.

son of Panthous, so that he can fight no more."

shield like wall before him, on which Hector

I fear neither battle nor the din of chariots, but

withdrew under shelter

Jove's will is

The god then went back into the toil and turmoil,

of his men, and sprang on to his chariot, giving

stronger than ours; Jove at one time makes even a

but the soul of

the armour over to

strong man draw

Hector was darkened with a cloud of grief; he

the Trojans to take to the city, as a great trophy for

back and snatches victory from his grasp, while at

looked along the ranks

himself; Ajax,

another he will

and saw Euphorbus lying on the ground with the

therefore, covered the body of Patroclus with his

set him on to fight. Come hither then, my friend,

blood still flowing

broad shield and

stand by me and

from his wound, and Menelaus stripping him of

bestrode him; as a lion stands over his whelps if

see indeed whether I shall play the coward the

his armour. On this

hunters have come

whole day through as

he made his way to the front like a flame of fire,

upon him in a forest when he is with his little

you say, or whether I shall not stay some even of

clad in his gleaming

ones- in the pride

the boldest Danaans

armour, and crying with a loud voice. When the

and fierceness of his strength he draws his knit

from fighting round the body of Patroclus."

son of Atreus heard

brows down till they

him, he said to himself in his dismay, "Alas! what

cover his eyes- even so did Ajax bestride the body

As he spoke he called loudly on the Trojans

shall I do? I may

of Patroclus, and

saying, "Trojans, Lycians,

not let the Trojans take the armour of Patroclus

by his side stood Menelaus son of Atreus, nursing

and Dardanians, fighters in close combat, be men,

who has fallen fighting

great sorrow in

my friends, and

on my behalf, lest some Danaan who sees me

his heart.

fight might and main, while I put on the goodly

should cry shame upon me.

man than you are."

armour of Achilles,

Still if for my honour's sake I fight Hector and the

Then Glaucus son of Hippolochus looked fiercely

Trojans single-handed,

at Hector and rebuked

which I took when I killed Patroclus."

they will prove too many for me, for Hector is

him sternly. "Hector," said he, "you make a brave

With this Hector left the fight, and ran full speed

bringing them up in

show, but in fight

after his men

force. Why, however, should I thus hesitate?

you are sadly wanting. A runaway like yourself

who were taking the armour of Achilles to Troy,

When a man fights in

has no claim to so

but had not yet got

despite of heaven with one whom a god

great a reputation. Think how you may now save

far. Standing for a while apart from the woeful

befriends, he will soon rue

your town and citadel

fight, he changed

it. Let no Danaan think ill of me if I give place to

by the hands of your own people born in Ilius; for

his armour. His own he sent to the strong city of

Hector, for the

you will get no

Ilius and to the

hand of heaven is with him. Yet, if I could find

Lycians to fight for you, seeing what thanks they

Trojans, while he put on the immortal armour of

Ajax, the two of

have had for their

the son of Peleus,

us would fight Hector and heaven too, if we

incessant hardships. Are you likely, sir, to do

which the gods had given to Peleus, who in his

might only save the body

anything to help a

age gave it to his

of Patroclus for Achilles son of Peleus. This, of

man of less note, after leaving Sarpedon, who was

son; but the son did not grow old in his father's

many evils would

at once your guest


be the least."

and comrade in arms, to be the spoil and prey of

the Danaans? So long

When Jove, lord of the storm-cloud, saw Hector

While he was thus in two minds, the Trojans came

as he lived he did good service both to your city

standing aloof and

up to him with Hector

and yourself; yet

arming himself in the armour of the son of Peleus,

at their head; he therefore drew back and left the

you had no stomach to save his body from the

he wagged his head

body, turning about

dogs. If the Lycians

and muttered to himself saying, "A! poor wretch,

like some bearded lion who is being chased by

will listen to me, they will go home and leave

you arm in the armour

dogs and men from a

Troy to its fate. If

of a hero, before whom many another trembles,

stockyard with spears and hue and cry, whereon

the Trojans had any of that daring fearless spirit

and you reck nothing

he is daunted and slinks

which lays hold

of the doom that is already close upon you. You

sulkily off- even so did Menelaus son of Atreus

of men who are fighting for their country and

have killed his comrade

turn and leave the

harassing those who

so brave and strong, but it was not well that you

body of Patroclus. When among the body of his

would attack it, we should soon bear off Patroclus

should strip the

men, he looked around

into Ilius. Could

armour from his head and shoulders. I do indeed

for mighty Ajax son of Telamon, and presently

we get this dead man away and bring him into

endow you with great

saw him on the extreme

the city of Priam, the

might now, but as against this you shall not

left of the fight, cheering on his men and

Argives would readily give up the armour of

return from battle to

exhorting them to keep

Sarpedon, and we should

lay the armour of the son of Peleus before


and think it shame that Patroclus should become

brain came oozing out through the crest-socket.

The son of Saturn bowed his portentous brows,

meat and morsel for

His strength then

and Hector fitted the

Trojan hounds."

failed him and he let Patroclus' foot drop from his

armour to his body, while terrible Mars entered

hand, as he fell

into him, and filled

Fleet Ajax son of Oileus heard him and was first

full length dead upon the body; thus he died far

his whole body with might and valour. With a

to force his way

from the fertile

shout he strode in among

through the fight and run to help him. Next came

land of Larissa, and never repaid his parents the

the allies, and his armour flashed about him so

Idomeneus and Meriones

cost of bringing

that he seemed to

his esquire, peer of murderous Mars. As for the

him up, for his life was cut short early by the

all of them like the great son of Peleus himself. He

others that came into

spear of mighty Ajax.

went about among

the fight after these, who of his own self could

Hector then took aim at Ajax with a spear, but he

them and cheered them on- Mesthles, Glaucus,

name them?

saw it coming and

Medon, Thersilochus,

just managed to avoid it; the spear passed on and

Asteropaeus, Deisenor and Hippothous, Phorcys,

The Trojans with Hector at their head charged in

struck Schedius

Chromius and Ennomus

a body. As a great

son of noble Iphitus, captain of the Phoceans, who

the augur. All these did he exhort saying, "Hear

wave that comes thundering in at the mouth of

dwelt in famed

me, allies from other

some heaven-born river,

Panopeus and reigned over much people; it

cities who are here in your thousands, it was not

and the rocks that jut into the sea ring with the

struck him under the middle

in order to have

roar of the breakers

of the collar-bone the bronze point went right

a crowd about me that I called you hither each

that beat and buffet them- even with such a roar

through him, coming

from his several city,

did the Trojans come

out at the bottom of his shoulder-blade, and his

but that with heart and soul you might defend the

on; but the Achaeans in singleness of heart stood

armour rang rattling

wives and little

firm about the son

round him as he fell heavily to the ground. Ajax

ones of the Trojans from the fierce Achaeans. For

of Menoetius, and fenced him with their bronze

in his turn struck

this do I oppress

shields. Jove, moreover,

noble Phorcys son of Phaenops in the middle of

my people with your food and the presents that

hid the brightness of their helmets in a thick

the belly as he was

make you rich. Therefore

cloud, for he had borne

bestriding Hippothous, and broke the plate of his

turn, and charge at the foe, to stand or fall as is

no grudge against the son of Menoetius while he

cuirass; whereon

the game of war;

was still alive and

the spear tore out his entrails and he clutched the

whoever shall bring Patroclus, dead though he be,

squire to the descendant of Aeacus; therefore he

ground in his

into the hands of

was loth to let him

palm as he fell to earth. Hector and those who

the Trojans, and shall make Ajax give way before

fall a prey to the dogs of his foes the Trojans, and

were in the front rank

him, I will give

urged his comrades

then gave ground, while the Argives raised a loud

him one half of the spoils while I keep the other.

on to defend him.

cry of triumph,

He will thus share

like honour with myself."

and drew off the bodies of Phorcys and

At first the Trojans drove the Achaeans back, and

Hippothous which they stripped

they withdrew from

presently of their armour.

When he had thus spoken they charged full

the dead man daunted. The Trojans did not

weight upon the Danaans

succeed in killing any one,

The Trojans would now have been worsted by the

with their spears held out before them, and the

nevertheless they drew the body away. But the

brave Achaeans and

hopes of each ran

Achaeans did not lose

driven back to Ilius through their own cowardice,

high that he should force Ajax son of Telamon to

it long, for Ajax, foremost of all the Danaans after

while the Argives,

yield up the body-

the son of Peleus

so great was their courage and endurance, would

fools that they were, for he was about to take the

alike in stature and prowess, quickly rallied them

have achieved a triumph

lives of many.

and made towards

even against the will of Jove, if Apollo had not

Then Ajax said to Menelaus, "My good friend

the front like a wild boar upon the mountains

roused Aeneas, in

Menelaus, you and I shall

when he stands at bay

the likeness of Periphas son of Epytus, an

hardly come out of this fight alive. I am less

in the forest glades and routs the hounds and

attendant who had grown

concerned for the body

lusty youths that have

old in the service of Aeneas' aged father, and was

of Patroclus, who will shortly become meat for

attacked him- even so did Ajax son of Telamon

at all times devoted

the dogs and vultures

passing easily in among

to him. In his likeness, then, Apollo said, "Aeneas,

of Troy, than for the safety of my own head and

the phalanxes of the Trojans, disperse those who

can you not manage,

yours. Hector has

had bestridden Patroclus

even though heaven be against us, to save high

wrapped us round in a storm of battle from every

and were most bent on winning glory by

Ilius? I have known

quarter, and our

dragging him off to their city.

men, whose numbers, courage, and self-reliance

destruction seems now certain. Call then upon the

At this moment Hippothous brave son of the

have saved their people

princes of the Danaans

Pelasgian Lethus, in his

in spite of Jove, whereas in this case he would

if there is any who can hear us."

zeal for Hector and the Trojans, was dragging the

much rather give victory

body off by the

to us than to the Danaans, if you would only fight

Menelaus did as he said, and shouted to the

foot through the press of the fight, having bound

instead of being

Danaans for help at the

a strap round the

so terribly afraid."

top of his voice. "My friends," he cried, "princes

sinews near the ancle; but a mischief soon befell

and counsellors

him from which none

Aeneas knew Apollo when he looked straight at

of the Argives, all you who with Agamemnon and

of those could save him who would have gladly

him, and shouted to

Menelaus drink at the

done so, for the son

Hector saying, "Hector and all other Trojans and

public cost, and give orders each to his own

of Telamon sprang forward and smote him on his

allies, shame on

people as Jove vouchsafes

bronze-cheeked helmet.

us if we are beaten by the Achaeans and driven

him power and glory, the fight is so thick about

The plumed headpiece broke about the point of

back to Ilius through

me that I cannot

the weapon, struck at

our own cowardice. A god has just come up to me

distinguish you severally; come on, therefore,

once by the spear and by the strong hand of Ajax,

and told me that Jove

every man unbidden,

so that the bloody

the supreme disposer will be with us. Therefore

them from the ships into battle.

let us make for the

heaven. The horses of the descendant of Aeacus

stood out of the fight

Danaans, that it may go hard with them ere they

Thus through the livelong day did they wage

and wept when they heard that their driver had

bear away dead Patroclus

fierce war, and the sweat

been laid low by the

to the ships."

of their toil rained ever on their legs under them,

hand of murderous Hector. Automedon, valiant

and on their hands

son of Diores, lashed

As he spoke he sprang out far in front of the

and eyes, as they fought over the squire of the

them again and again; many a time did he speak

others, who then rallied

fleet son of Peleus.

kindly to them, and

and again faced the Achaeans. Aeneas speared

It was as when a man gives a great ox-hide all

many a time did he upbraid them, but they would

Leiocritus son of Arisbas,

drenched in fat to

neither go back to

a valiant follower of Lycomedes, and Lycomedes

his men, and bids them stretch it; whereon they

the ships by the waters of the broad Hellespont,

was moved with pity

stand round it in

nor yet into battle

as he saw him fall; he therefore went close up,

a ring and tug till the moisture leaves it, and the

among the Achaeans; they stood with their

and speared Apisaon

fat soaks in for

chariot stock still, as

son of Hippasus shepherd of his people in the

the many that pull at it, and it is well stretched-

a pillar set over the tomb of some dead man or

liver under the midriff,

even so did the

woman, and bowed their

so that he died; he had come from fertile Paeonia

two sides tug the dead body hither and thither

heads to the ground. Hot tears fell from their eyes

and was the best

within the compass

as they mourned

man of them all after Asteropaeus. Asteropaeus

of but a little space- the Trojans steadfastly set on

the loss of their charioteer, and their noble manes

flew forward to avenge

drag ing it

drooped all wet

him and attack the Danaans, but this might no

into Ilius, while the Achaeans were no less so on

from under the yokestraps on either side the

longer be, inasmuch

taking it to their


as those about Patroclus were well covered by

ships; and fierce was the fight between them. Not

their shields, and held

Mars himself the

The son of Saturn saw them and took pity upon

their spears in front of them, for Ajax had given

lord of hosts, nor yet Minerva, even in their fullest

their sorrow. He wagged

them strict orders

fury could make

his head, and muttered to himself, saying, "Poor

that no man was either to give ground, or to stand

light of such a battle.

things, why did we

out before the

give you to King Peleus who is a mortal, while

others, but all were to hold well together about

Such fearful turmoil of men and horses did Jove

you are yourselves

the body and fight

on that day ordain

ageless and immortal? Was it that you might

hand to hand. Thus did huge Ajax bid them, and

round the body of Patroclus. Meanwhile Achilles

share the sorrows that

the earth ran red with

did not know that

befall mankind? for of all creatures that live and

blood as the corpses fell thick on one another alike

he had fallen, for the fight was under the wall of

move upon the earth

on the side of

Troy a long way

there is none so pitiable as he is- still, Hector son

the Trojans and allies, and on that of the Danaans;

off the ships. He had no idea, therefore, that

of Priam shall

for these last,

Patroclus was dead,

drive neither you nor your chariot. I will not have

too, fought no bloodless fight though many fewer

and deemed that he would return alive as soon as

it. It is enough

of them perished,

he had gone close

that he should have the armour over which he

through the care they took to defend and stand by

up to the gates. He knew that he was not to sack

vaunts so vainly. Furthermore

one another.

the city neither

I will give you strength of heart and limb to bear

with nor without himself, for his mother had

Automedon safely

Thus did they fight as it were a flaming fire; it

often told him this when

to the ships from battle, for I shall let the Trojans

seemed as though

he had sat alone with her, and she had informed

triumph still

it had gone hard even with the sun and moon, for

him of the counsels

further, and go on killing till they reach the ships;

they were hidden

of great Jove. Now, however, she had not told

whereon night

over all that part where the bravest heroes were

him how great a disaster

shall fall and darkness overshadow the land."

fighting about the

had befallen him in the death of the one who was

dead son of Menoetius, whereas the other

far dearest to him

As he spoke he breathed heart and strength into

Danaans and Achaeans fought

of all his comrades.

the horses so that

at their ease in full daylight with brilliant

they shook the dust from out of their manes, and

sunshine all round them,

The others still kept on charging one another

bore their chariot

and there was not a cloud to be seen neither on

round the body with

swiftly into the fight that raged between Trojans

plain nor mountain.

their pointed spears and killing each other. Then

and Achaeans. Behind

These last moreover would rest for a while and

would one say, "My

them fought Automedon full of sorrow for his

leave off fighting,

friends, we can never again show our faces at the

comrade, as a vulture

for they were some distance apart and beyond the

ships- better, and

amid a flock of geese. In and out, and here and

range of one another's

greatly better, that earth should open and

there, full speed

weapons, whereas those who were in the thick of

swallow us here in this

he dashed amid the throng of the Trojans, but for

the fray suffered

place, than that we should let the Trojans have the

all the fury of

both from battle and darkness. All the best of

triumph of bearing

his pursuit he killed no man, for he could not

them were being worn

off Patroclus to their city."

wield his spear and

out by the great weight of their armour, but the

keep his horses in hand when alone in the chariot;

two valiant heroes,

The Trojans also on their part spoke to one

at last, however,

Thrasymedes and Antilochus, had not yet heard

another saying, "Friends,

a comrade, Alcimedon, son of Laerces son of

of the death of Patroclus,

though we fall to a man beside this body, let none

Haemon caught sight of

and believed him to be still alive and leading the

shrink from fighting."


van against the

With such words did they exhort each other. They

"Automedon," said he, "what god

Trojans; they were keeping themselves in reserve

fought and fought,

has put this folly into your heart and robbed you

against the death

and an iron clank rose through the void air to the

of your right mind,

or rout of their own comrades, for so Nestor had

brazen vault of

that you fight the Trojans in the front rank single-

ordered when he sent



handed? He who





was your comrade is slain, and Hector plumes

it not, so that it was driven through his belt into

is as a raging fire and deals his blows without

himself on being armed

the lower part

ceasing, for Jove

in the armour of the descendant of Aeacus."

of his belly. As when some sturdy youth, axe in

is now granting him a time of triumph."

hand, deals his blow

Automedon son of Diores answered, "Alcimedon,

behind the horns of an ox and severs the tendons

Minerva was pleased at his having named herself

there is no one else

at the back of its

before any of the

who can control and guide the immortal steeds so

neck so that it springs forward and then drops,

other gods. Therefore she put strength into his

well as you can,

even so did Aretus

knees and shoulders,

save only Patroclus- while he was alive- peer of

give one bound and then fall on his back the spear

and made him as bold as a fly, which, though

gods in counsel.

quivering in his

driven off will yet come

Take then the whip and reins, while I go down

body till it made an end of him. Hector then

again and bite if it can, so dearly does it love

from the car and fight.

aimed a spear at Automedon

man's blood- even

but he saw it coming and stooped forward to

so bold as this did she make him as he stood over

Alcimedon sprang on to the chariot, and caught

avoid it, so that it flew

Patroclus and threw

up the whip and reins,

past him and the point stuck in the ground, while

his spear. Now there was among the Trojans a

while Automedon leaped from off the car. When

the butt-end went

man named Podes, son

Hector saw him he said

on quivering till Mars robbed it of its force. They

of Eetion, who was both rich and valiant. Hector

to Aeneas who was near him, "Aeneas, counsellor

would then have

held him in the highest

of the mail-clad Trojans,

fought hand to hand with swords had not the two

honour for he was his comrade and boon

I see the steeds of the fleet son of Aeacus come

Ajaxes forced their

companion; the spear of Menelaus

into battle with

way through the crowd when they heard their

struck this man in the girdle just as he had turned

weak hands to drive them. I am sure, if you think

comrade calling, and parted

in flight, and

well, that we might

them for all their fury- for Hector, Aeneas, and

went right through him. Whereon he fell heavily

take them; they will not dare face us if we both

Chromius were afraid

forward, and Menelaus

attack them."

and drew back, leaving Aretus to lie there struck

son of Atreus drew off his body from the Trojans

to the heart. Automedon,

into the ranks of

The valiant son of Anchises was of the same

peer of fleet Mars, then stripped him of his

his own people.

mind, and the pair went

armour and vaunted over

right on, with their shoulders covered under

him saying, "I have done little to assuage my

Apollo then went up to Hector and spurred him

shields of tough dry

sorrow for the son of

on to fight, in the

ox-hide, overlaid with much bronze. Chromius

Menoetius, for the man I have killed is not so

likeness of Phaenops son of Asius who lived in

and Aretus went also

good as he was."

Abydos and was the

with them, and their hearts beat high with hope

most favoured of all Hector's guests. In his

that they might kill

As he spoke he took the blood-stained spoils and

likeness Apollo said,

the men and capture the horses- fools that they

laid them upon his

"Hector, who of the Achaeans will fear you

were, for they were

chariot; then he mounted the car with his hands

henceforward now that you

not to return scatheless from their meeting with

and feet all steeped

have quailed before Menelaus who has ever been

Automedon, who prayed

in gore as a lion that has been gorging upon a

rated poorly as a soldier?

to father Jove and was forthwith filled with


Yet he has now got a corpse away from the

courage and strength

Trojans single-handed, and

abounding. He turned to his trusty comrade

And now the fierce groanful fight again raged

has slain your own true comrade, a man brave

Alcimedon and said, "Alcimedon,

about Patroclus, for

among the foremost, Podes

keep your horses so close up that I may feel their

Minerva came down from heaven and roused its

son of Eetion.

breath upon my

fury by the command of

back; I doubt that we shall not stay Hector son of

far-seeing Jove, who had changed his mind and

A dark cloud of grief fell upon Hector as he

Priam till he has

sent her to encourage

heard, and he made his

killed us and mounted behind the horses; he will

the Danaans. As when Jove bends his bright bow

way to the front clad in full armour. Thereon the

then either spread

in heaven in token

son of Saturn seized

panic among the ranks of the Achaeans, or

to mankind either of war or of the chill storms

his bright tasselled aegis, and veiled Ida in cloud:

himself be killed among

that stay men from

he sent forth

the foremost."

their labour and plague the flocks- even so,

his lightnings and his thunders, and as he shook

wrapped in such radiant

his aegis he gave

On this he cried out to the two Ajaxes and

raiment, did Minerva go in among the host and

victory to the Trojans and routed the Achaeans.

Menelaus, "Ajaxes captains

speak man by man to

of the Argives, and Menelaus, give the dead body

each. First she took the form and voice of Phoenix

The panic was begun by Peneleos the Boeotian,

over to them that

and spoke to Menelaus

for while keeping his

are best able to defend it, and come to the rescue

son of Atreus, who was standing near her.

face turned ever towards the foe he had been hit

of us living; for

"Menelaus," said she, "it

with a spear on the

Hector and Aeneas who are the two best men

will be shame and dishonour to you, if dogs tear

upper part of the shoulder; a spear thrown by

among the Trojans, are

the noble comrade

Polydamas had grazed

pressing us hard in the full tide of war.

of Achilles under the walls of Troy. Therefore be

the top of the bone, for Polydamas had come up

Nevertheless the issue lies

staunch, and urge

to him and struck him

on the lap of heaven, I will therefore hurl my

your men to be so also."

from close at hand. Then Hector in close combat

spear and leave the

rest to Jove."

struck Leitus son

Menelaus answered, "Phoenix, my good old

of noble Alectryon in the hand by the wrist, and

friend, may Minerva vouchsafe

disabled him from

He poised and hurled as he spoke, whereon the

me strength and keep the darts from off me, for so

fighting further. He looked about him in dismay,

spear struck the round

shall I stand by

knowing that never

shield of Aretus, and went right through it for the

Patroclus and defend him; his death has gone to

again should he wield spear in battle with the

shield stayed

my heart, but Hector

Trojans. While Hector

was in pursuit of Leitus, Idomeneus struck him

all the fighting was revealed. Ajax then said to

his armour to a comrade, Laodocus, who was

on the breastplate

Menelaus, "Look,

wheeling his horses round,

over his chest near the nipple; but the spear broke

Menelaus, and if Antilochus son of Nestor be still

close beside him.

in the shaft,

living, send him

and the Trojans cheered aloud. Hector then aimed

at once to tell Achilles that by far the dearest to

Thus, then, did he run weeping from the field, to

at Idomeneus son

him of all his

carry the bad news

of Deucalion as he was standing on his chariot,

comrades has fallen."

to Achilles son of Peleus. Nor were you, O

and very narrowly

Menelaus, minded to succour

missed him, but the spear hit Coiranus, a follower

Menelaus heeded his words and went his way as

his harassed comrades, when Antilochus had left

and charioteer

a lion from a stockyard-

the Pylians- and greatly

of Meriones who had come with him from Lyctus.

the lion is tired of attacking the men and hounds,

did they miss him- but he sent them noble

Idomeneus had left

who keep watch

Thrasymedes, and himself

the ships on foot and would have afforded a great

the whole night through and will not let him feast

went back to Patroclus. He came running up to

triumph to the Trojans

on the fat of their

the two Ajaxes and said,

if Coiranus had not driven quickly up to him, he

herd. In his lust of meat he makes straight at them

"I have sent Antilochus to the ships to tell

therefore brought

but in vain, for

Achilles, but rage against

life and rescue to Idomeneus, but himself fell by

darts from strong hands assail him, and burning

Hector as he may, he cannot come, for he cannot

the hand of murderous

brands which daunt

fight without armour.

Hector. For Hector hit him on the jaw under the

him for all his hunger, so in the morning he slinks

What then will be our best plan both as regards

ear; the end of the

sulkily away-

rescuing the dead,

spear drove out his teeth and cut his tongue in

even so did Menelaus sorely against his will leave

and our own escape from death amid the battle-

two pieces, so that

Patroclus, in great

cries of the Trojans?"

he fell from his chariot and let the reins fall to the

fear lest the Achaeans should be driven back in

ground. Meriones

rout and let him fall

Ajax answered, "Menelaus, you have said well: do

gathered them up from the ground and took them

into the hands of the foe. He charged Meriones

you, then, and Meriones

into his own hands,

and the two Ajaxes

stoop down, raise the body, and bear it out of the

then he said to Idomeneus, "Lay on, till you get

straitly saying, "Ajaxes and Meriones, leaders of

fray, while we

back to the ships,

the Argives, now

two behind you keep off Hector and the Trojans,

for you must see that the day is no longer ours."

indeed remember how good Patroclus was; he

one in heart as in

was ever courteous while

name, and long used to fighting side by side with

alive, bear it in mind now that he is dead."

one another."

With this Menelaus left them, looking round him

On this Menelaus and Meriones took the dead

as keenly as an eagle,

man in their arms and

Ajax and Menelaus noted how Jove had turned

whose sight they say is keener than that of any

lifted him high aloft with a great effort. The

the scale in favour of

other bird- however

Trojan host raised

the Trojans, and Ajax was first to speak. "Alas,"

high he may be in the heavens, not a hare that

a hue and cry behind them when they saw the

said he, "even a

runs can escape him

Achaeans bearing the body

fool may see that father Jove is helping the

by crouching under bush or thicket, for he will

away, and flew after them like hounds attacking a

Trojans. All their weapons

swoop down upon it

wounded boar at

strike home; no matter whether it be a brave man

and make an end of it- even so, O Menelaus, did

the loo of a band of young huntsmen. For a while

or a coward that

your keen eyes range

the hounds fly at

hurls them, Jove speeds all alike, whereas ours

round the mighty host of your followers to see if

him as though they would tear him in pieces, but

fall each one of them

you could find the

now and again he

without effect. What, then, will be best both as

son of Nestor still alive. Presently Menelaus saw

turns on them in a fury, scaring and scattering

regards rescuing

him on the extreme

them in all directions-

the body, and our return to the joy of our friends

left of the battle cheering on his men and

even so did the Trojans for a while charge in a

who will be grieving

exhorting them to fight

body, striking with

as they look hitherwards; for they will make sure

boldly. Menelaus went up to him and said,

sword and with spears pointed ai both the ends,

that nothing can

"Antilochus, come here and

but when the two Ajaxes

now check the terrible hands of Hector, and that

listen to sad news, which I would indeed were

faced them and stood at bay, they would turn

he will fling himself

untrue. You must see

pale and no man dared

upon our ships. I wish that some one would go

with your own eyes that heaven is heaping

press on to fight further about the dead.

and tell the son of

calamity upon the Danaans,

Peleus at once, for I do not think he can have yet

and giving victory to the Trojans. Patroclus has

In this wise did the two heroes strain every nerve

heard the sad news

fallen, who was the

to bear the body

that the dearest of his friends has fallen. But I can

bravest of the Achaeans, and sorely will the

to the ships out of the fight. The battle raged

see not a man

Danaans miss him. Run

round them like fierce

among the Achaeans to send, for they and their

instantly to the ships and tell Achilles, that he

flames that when once kindled spread like

chariots are alike

may come to rescue

wildfire over a city, and

hidden in darkness. O father Jove, lift this cloud

the body and bear it to the ships. As for the

the houses fall in the glare of its burning- even

from over the sons

armour, Hector already

such was the roar

of the Achaeans; make heaven serene, and let us

has it."

and tramp of men and horses that pursued them

On this Idomeneus lashed the horses to the ships,

for fear had taken
hold upon him.

see; if you will that

we perish, let us fall at any rate by daylight."

as they bore Patroclus

Antilochus was struck with horror. For a long

from the field. Or as mules that put forth all their

time he was speechless;

strength to draw

Father Jove heard him and had compassion upon

his eyes filled with tears and he could find no

some beam or great piece of ship's timber down a

his tears. Forthwith

utterance, but he

rough mountain-track,

he chased away the cloud of darkness, so that the

did as Menelaus had said, and set off running as

and they pant and sweat as they, go even so did

sun shone out and

soon as he had given

Menelaus and pant

and sweat as they bore the body of Patroclus.

disfiguring his comely face, and letting the refuse

up to him as he lay groaning; she laid her hand

Behind them the two

settle over his

upon his head and

Ajaxes held stoutly out. As some wooded

shirt so fair and new. He flung himself down all

spoke piteously, saying, "My son, why are you

mountain-spur that stretches

huge and hugely at

thus weeping? What sorrow

across a plain will turn water and check the flow

full length, and tore his hair with his hands. The

has now befallen you? Tell me; hide it not from

even of a great

bondswomen whom

me. Surely Jove has

river, nor is there any stream strong enough to


break through it-

screamed aloud for grief,

lifted up your hands

even so did the two Ajaxes face the Trojans and

beating their breasts, and with their limbs failing

and besought him that the Achaeans might all of

stern the tide of

them for sorrow.

them be pent up at

their fighting though they kept pouring on

Antilochus bent over him the while, weeping and

their ships, and rue it bitterly in that you were no

towards them and foremost

holding both his hands

longer with them."

among them all was Aeneas son of Anchises with

as he lay groaning for he feared that he might

valiant Hector. As

plunge a knife into


a flock of daws or starlings fall to screaming and

his own throat. Then Achilles gave a loud cry and

Olympian Jove has indeed vouchsafed

chattering when

his mother heard

me the fulfilment of my prayer, but what boots it

they see a falcon, foe to i'll small birds, come

him as she was sitting in the depths of the sea by

to me, seeing that

soaring near them,

the old man her

my dear comrade Patroclus has fallen- he whom I

even so did the Achaean youth raise a babel of

father, whereon she screamed, and all the

valued more than all

cries as they fled

goddesses daughters of Nereus

others, and loved as dearly as my own life? I have

before Aeneas and Hector, unmindful of their

that dwelt at the bottom of the sea, came

lost him; aye,

former prowess. In the

gathering round her. There

and Hector when he had killed him stripped the

rout of the Danaans much goodly armour fell

were Glauce, Thalia and Cymodoce, Nesaia, Speo,

wondrous armour, so

round about the trench,

thoe and dark-eyed

glorious to behold, which the gods gave to Peleus

and of fighting there was no end.

Halie, Cymothoe, Actaea and Limnorea, Melite,

when they laid you

Iaera, Amphithoe and

in the couch of a mortal man. Would that you


Agave, Doto and Proto, Pherusa and Dynamene,

were still dwelling among


Dexamene, Amphinome and

the immortal sea-nymphs, and that Peleus had

Callianeira, Doris, Panope, and the famous sea-

taken to himself some

nymph Galatea, Nemertes,

mortal bride. For now you shall have grief infinite

Apseudes and Callianassa. There were also

by reason of the

Thus then did they fight as it were a flaming fire.

Clymene, Ianeira and Ianassa,

death of that son whom you can never welcome

Meanwhile the

Maera, Oreithuia and Amatheia of the lovely

home- nay, I will not

fleet runner Antilochus, who had been sent as

locks, with other Nereids

live nor go about among mankind unless Hector

messenger, reached Achilles,

who dwell in the depths of the sea. The crystal

fall by my spear, and

and found him sitting by his tall ships and boding

cave was filled with

thus pay me for having slain Patroclus son of

that which was

their multitude and they all beat their breasts


indeed too surely true. "Alas," said he to himself

while Thetis led them

in the heaviness

in their lament.







of his heart, "why are the Achaeans again

granted you the prayer you made him, when you





Thetis wept and answered, "Then, my son, is your

end near at hand-

scouring the plain and flocking

"Listen," she cried, "sisters, daughters of Nereus,

for your own death awaits you full soon after that

towards the ships? Heaven grant the gods be not

that you may hear

of Hector."

now bringing that

the burden of my sorrows. Alas, woe is me, woe

sorrow upon me of which my mother Thetis

in that I have borne

Then said Achilles in his great grief, "I would die

spoke, saying that while

the most glorious of offspring. I bore him fair and

here and now,

I was yet alive the bravest of the Myrmidons

strong, hero among

in that I could not save my comrade. He has fallen

should fall before