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Hand Disorders, A Simple Guide To The Condition, Diagnosis, Treatment And Improvised Treatment

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Hand Disorders, A Simple Guide To The Condition, Diagnosis, Treatment And Improvised Treatment

Lunghezza: 108 pagine1 ora

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This book describes Hand Disorders, Diagnosis and Treatment and Improvised Treatment

The hand is one the most useful organ of the human body.
Hands are made up of a very delicate and complex structure.
The muscles and joints in the hand have a great range of movement and precision.
Because of the hands the human person can do a wide range of things with the hands, such as grip objects tightly and lift heavy weights, and guide a fine thread through the tiny eye of a needle.
Fingers have some of the densest areas of nerve endings in the body, and are the best source of tactile feedback.
They also have the largest positioning capability of the body.
The sense of touch is intimately linked with hands.
The human hands have an important part to play in body language and sign language.
Similarly the 10 digits of 2 hands, and the 12 phalanges of 4 fingers (touchable by the thumb) have given rise to number systems and calculation techniques.
It enables a human person to hold a pen and write words as in this book or type words in a computer to produce a digital book.
Hands are also quite susceptible to disorders though.
Tendons, nerve fibers, blood vessels and fairly thin bones are all placed right under the skin and are only defended by a thin layer of muscle and fat.
Only the palm is defended by a strong pad of tendons (aponeurosis), permitting a powerful grip.
The hands are put through quite a lot every day, and often come into contact with possibly harmful objects and germs.
As a result, hand injuries and disorders due to wear and tear are very frequent.

Trigger Finger
Trigger finger is the frequent name for a condition that causes swelling in the tendons that control finger bending.
Such swelling stops the tendons from gliding smoothly, which produces pain, popping, or a catching feeling.
Whenever possible, non-surgical treatment is tried first.
Splints, oral anti-inflammatory medications, steroid injections, and modifications in daily activities may be effective in reducing the swelling around the tendon.
If the finger does not react to non-surgical treatments, surgery may be advised.

DeQuervain's Disease
DeQuervain's disease is an irritating swelling of the sheath or tunnel that encloses the thumb tendons as they pass from the wrist to the thumb.
The cause of DeQuervain's disease is often not known, but it may be produced by overuse and repetitive motions and has been linked with pregnancy and certain inflammatory disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis.
While anyone can get DeQuervain's, it involves women significantly more often than men.
Symptoms may be
1. Twinges of pain at the base of the thumb or the thumb side of the wrist.
2. Pain that happens gradually or suddenly and it is felt in the wrist and can radiate up the forearm.
3. Pain that is normally worse with use of the hand and thumb, particularly when forcefully grasping things or lifting items such as a gallon of milk.
Treatment
In almost all cases, non-surgical treatments are tried first.
Splints, oral anti-inflammatory medicines or injections may assist to decrease the irritation and swelling.
The temporary avoidance of activities that cause pain may also put off symptoms.
For those cases that do not react to non-surgical treatments, surgery may be advised.
The surgery widens the tendon compartment to make more room for the irritated tendon.
Normal use of the hand can be continued once comfort and strength return.

Fractures

Normally, fractured hands, fingers, and wrists will recover without surgery and non-surgical treatment often involves improvised splints and physical therapy.
Buddy taping is one way to treat a fracture of a finger.

TABLE OF CONTENT
Introduction
Chapter 1 Hand Disorders
Chapter 2 Trigger Finger
Chapter 3 De Quervain’s Disease
Chapter 4 Dupuytrens Contractur

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