Trova il tuo prossimo libro preferito

Abbonati oggi e leggi gratis per 30 giorni
Lonely Planet England

Lonely Planet England

Leggi anteprima

Lonely Planet England

valutazioni:
3/5 (30 valutazioni)
Lunghezza:
1,918 pagine
19 ore
Pubblicato:
Apr 1, 2019
ISBN:
9781788685238
Formato:
Libro

Descrizione

Lonely Planet: The world's number one travel guide publisher*

Lonely Planet's England is your passport to the most relevant, up-to-date advice on what to see and skip, and what hidden discoveries await you. Ponder the mysteries of Stonehenge, visit Shakespeare's home town and take in a London show - all with your trusted travel companion. Get to the heart of England and begin your journey now!

Inside Lonely Planet's England:

  • Colour maps and images throughout
  • Highlights and itineraries help you tailor your trip to your personal needs and interests
  • Insider tips to save time and money and get around like a local, avoiding crowds and trouble spots
  • Essential info at your fingertips - hours of operation, phone numbers, websites, transit tips, prices
  • Honest reviews for all budgets - eating, sleeping, sightseeing, going out, shopping, hidden gems that most guidebooks miss
  • Cultural insights provide a richer, more rewarding travel experience - history, people, music, landscapes, wildlife, cuisine, politics
  • Covers London, Newcastle, Lake District, Cumbria, Yorkshire, Manchester, Liverpool, Birmingham, Midlands, the Marches, Nottingham, Cambridge, East Anglia, Oxford, Cotswolds, Canterbury, Devon, Cornwall and more

The Perfect Choice: Lonely Planet's England is our most comprehensive guide to England, and is perfect for discovering both popular and offbeat experiences.

Looking for just the highlights? Check out Pocket London, Pocket Bath, Bristol & the Southwest, Pocket Oxford & the Cotswolds and Pocket The Lake District, our small, handy-sized guides featuring the top sights and attractions for a shorter visit or weekend away.

About Lonely Planet: Lonely Planet is a leading travel media company and the world's number one travel guidebook brand, providing both inspiring and trustworthy information for every kind of traveller since 1973. Over the past four decades, we've printed over 145 million guidebooks and grown a dedicated, passionate global community of travellers. You'll also find our content online, and in mobile apps, video, 14 languages, nine international magazines, armchair and lifestyle books, ebooks, and more.

'Lonely Planet guides are, quite simply, like no other.' - New York Times

'Lonely Planet. It's on everyone's bookshelves, it's in every traveller's hands. It's on mobile phones. It's on the Internet. It's everywhere, and it's telling entire generations of people how to travel the world.' - Fairfax Media (Australia)

*Source: Nielsen BookScan: Australia, UK, USA, 5/2016-4/2017

eBook Features: (Best viewed on tablet devices and smartphones)

  • Downloadable PDF and offline maps prevent roaming and data charges
  • Effortlessly navigate and jump between maps and reviews
  • Add notes to personalise your guidebook experience
  • Seamlessly flip between pages
  • Bookmarks and speedy search capabilities get you to key pages in a flash
  • Embedded links to recommendations' websites
  • Zoom-in maps and images
  • Inbuilt dictionary for quick referencing

Important Notice: The digital edition of this book may not contain all of the images found in the physical edition.

Pubblicato:
Apr 1, 2019
ISBN:
9781788685238
Formato:
Libro

Informazioni sull'autore

Lonely Planet has gone on to become the world’s most successful travel publisher, printing over 100 million books. The guides are printed in nine different languages; English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian, Chinese and Korean. Lonely Planet enables curious travellers to experience the world and get to the heart of a place via guidebooks and eBooks to almost every destination on the planet, an award-winning website and magazine, a range of mobile and digital travel products and a dedicated traveller community.

Correlato a Lonely Planet England

Leggi altro di Lonely Planet
Libri correlati
Articoli correlati

Anteprima del libro

Lonely Planet England - Lonely Planet

England

Contents

Plan Your Trip

Welcome to England

England’s Top 20

Need to Know

First Time England

What’s New

If You Like

Month by Month

Itineraries

The Great Outdoors

Travel with Children

Regions at a Glance

On The Road

LONDON

Sights

Tours

Festivals & Events

Sleeping

Eating

Drinking & Nightlife

Entertainment

Shopping

CANTERBURY & SOUTHEAST ENGLAND

Kent

Canterbury

Whitstable

Margate

Broadstairs

Ramsgate

Sandwich

Dover

East Sussex

Rye

Hastings

Eastbourne

South Downs National Park

Lewes

Brighton & Hove

West Sussex

Arundel

Chichester

OXFORD & THE COTSWOLDS

Oxford

Around Oxford

Woodstock

The Cotswolds

Cirencester

Bibury

Burford

Northleach

The Slaughters

Stow-on-the-Wold

Chipping Norton

Chipping Campden

Broadway

Moreton-in-Marsh

Painswick

Winchcombe

Western Gloucestershire

Cheltenham

Forest of Dean

Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire & Hertfordshire

St Albans

Stowe

Woburn

The Thames Valley

Windsor & Eton

Bray

BATH & SOUTHWEST ENGLAND

Bristol

Bath

Somerset

Wells & Around

Glastonbury

Hampshire

Winchester

New Forest

Isle of Wight

Cowes & Around

Ryde & Around

Ventnor & Around

Steephill Cove

West Wight

Dorset

Bournemouth

Poole

Lulworth Cove & Around

Dorchester & Around

Weymouth

Isle of Portland

Chesil Beach

Lyme Regis

Sherborne

Shaftesbury

Wiltshire

Salisbury

Stonehenge

Longleat

Lacock

Avebury & Around

Exmoor National Park

Dulverton

Dunster

Porlock & Around

Lynton & Lynmouth

Devon

Exeter

Torquay & Around

Dartmouth & Around

Totnes & Around

Plymouth & Around

Dartmoor National Park

Croyde & Braunton

Ilfracombe & Around

Cornwall

Bude

Boscastle

Tintagel

Port Isaac

Padstow & Rock

Newquay

Perranporth to Porthtowan

St Ives

Zennor & St Just

Sennen & Land’s End

Mousehole

Penzance

The Lizard

Falmouth & Around

Truro

Fowey

Looe

Bodmin Moor

Isles of Scilly

St Mary’s

Tresco

Bryher

St Martin’s

St Agnes

CAMBRIDGE & EAST ANGLIA

Cambridgeshire

Cambridge

Ely

Essex

Colchester

Dedham Vale

Saffron Walden

Southend-On-Sea

Suffolk

Long Melford

Lavenham

Bury St Edmunds

Aldeburgh

Southwold

Norfolk

Norwich

Cromer

Cley-next-the-Sea

Blakeney

Wells-next-the-Sea

Holkham

Burnham Deepdale

King’s Lynn

BIRMINGHAM & THE MIDLANDS

Birmingham

Warwickshire

Coventry

Kenilworth

Warwick

Stratford-upon-Avon

Staffordshire

Lichfield

Worcestershire

Worcester

Great Malvern

Herefordshire

Hereford

Ledbury

Ross-on-Wye

Shropshire

Shrewsbury

Ironbridge Gorge

Much Wenlock

Bridgnorth

Church Stretton

Bishop’s Castle

Ludlow

Nottinghamshire

Nottingham

Newark-on-Trent

Southwell

Lincolnshire

Lincoln

Boston

Stamford

Leicestershire

Leicester

Rutland

Derbyshire

Derby

Ashbourne

Matlock Bath

Chesterfield

Peak District

Buxton

Castleton

Derwent Reservoirs

Edale

Eyam

Bakewell

YORKSHIRE

North Yorkshire

York

Castle Howard

Harrogate

Scarborough

North York Moors National Park

Helmsley

Pickering

Whitby

Yorkshire Dales National Park

Skipton

Grassington

Hawes

Malham

Richmond

West Yorkshire

Leeds

Bradford

Hebden Bridge

Haworth

South Yorkshire

Sheffield

East Riding of Yorkshire

Hull

Beverley

MANCHESTER, LIVERPOOL & NORTHWEST ENGLAND

Manchester

Chester

Liverpool

Lancashire

Blackpool

Lancaster

Ribble Valley

Isle of Man

Douglas

Northern Isle of Man

Southern Isle of Man

THE LAKE DISTRICT & CUMBRIA

The Lake District

Windermere & Around

Ambleside

Grasmere

Hawkshead

Coniston

Elterwater & Great Langdale

Wasdale

Cockermouth

Keswick

Borrowdale

Buttermere

Ullswater & Around

Kendal

Cumbrian Coast

Northern & Eastern Cumbria

Carlisle

Penrith

NEWCASTLE & NORTHEAST ENGLAND

Newcastle-upon-Tyne

Tynemouth

Durham

Barnard Castle

Hadrian’s Wall

Northumberland National Park

Northumberland Coast

Understand

Understand England

England Today

History

Food & Drink

English Architecture

The English Landscape

Arts

Sporting England

SURVIVAL GUIDE

Directory A-Z

Accessible Travel

Accommodation

Customs Regulations

Climate

Electricity

Emergency & Important Numbers

Health

Insurance

Internet Access

Legal Matters

LGBTIQ+ Travellers

Money

Opening Hours

Post

Public Holidays

Safe Travel

Telephone

Time

Toilets

Tourist Information

Visas

Transport

Getting There & Away

Getting Around

Behind the Scenes

Our Writers

Welcome to England

This green and pleasant land, this sceptred isle, this crucible of empire and pioneer of parliamentary democracy: England is eccentric, exhilarating and endlessly intriguing.

Lyrical Landscapes

It might be small, but England packs a lot of scenery into its pint-sized shores: green fields and rumpled hills, chalk cliffs and breezy plains, ancient woods and moody moorland. There are 10 national parks, 34 Areas of Outstanding National Beauty (AONB) and miles of craggy, beach-fringed coastline – 2795 miles, in fact, making England’s coast one of Europe’s longest, and the only one to have a public coast path the whole way round. Whether you’re tramping over the South Downs or wandering above Dover’s fabled White Cliffs, England is a never-ending feast for the eyes.

Living History

With a story that stretches back more than 5000 years, England is a place where the past is a constant presence. Ruined castles perch on lonely hilltops. Mysterious menhirs, barrow tombs and stone circles sit in the corner of forgotten fields. Medieval cathedrals, regal palaces and ostentatious stately homes pop up with bewildering regularity. And every English city, town and village has its own tale to tell: a sprawling, historical epic of kings and commoners, industrialists and inventors, dreamers and rebels that’s as fascinating as anything Shakespeare, Dickens or JK Rowling could dream up.

Urban Experiences

From York’s cobbled streets to Oxford’s dreaming spires, from Bristol’s Floating Harbour to the Liverpool Docks, England’s cities are main attractions. London, of course, is the trump card: a trendsetter, history-maker and game changer for more than a thousand years, encompassing everything from royal residences to world-class museums, landmark theatres and vast urban parks. But there’s a varied urban landscape to explore outside London, too: delving into Manchester’s pulsing music scene, visiting Newcastle’s innovative art galleries, admiring Bath’s glittering Georgian architecture or browsing for bargains along Brighton’s quirky shopping streets.

Easy Does It

Travel here is a breeze. Granted, it may not be totally effortless, but it’s easy compared with many parts of the world. And although the locals may grumble, public transport is very good, and a train ride through the English landscape can be a highlight in itself. But whichever way you get around, in this compact country you’re never far from the next town, the next pub, the next restaurant, the next national park or the next impressive castle on your hit list of highlights. The choice is endless.

Clovelly, North Devon | ANDREW RAY / ALAMY STOCK PHOTO ©

Why I Love England

By Oliver Berry, Writer

I’ve travelled all round the world, but England is where I’m from, and I always find myself being drawn back home. I’ve hiked, biked and road-tripped the nation, from the tip of Cornwall to the coast of Northumberland, and it’s the landscapes that make it special: its topography of craggy cliffs, green meadows, rolling hills, rural valleys and wild moors, all stitched together by miles of drystone walls, hedgerows and footpaths. And, wherever you wander, you can always be sure of one thing – a village pub is never too far away. Now that’s my kind of country.

For more, see our writers

England’s Top 20

Stonehenge

Mysterious and compelling, Stonehenge is England’s most iconic ancient site. People have been drawn to this myth-laden ring of boulders for more than 5000 years, and we still don’t know quite why it was built. Most visitors gaze at the 50-tonne stones from behind the perimeter fence, but with enough planning you can arrange an early-morning or evening tour and gain access to the inner ring itself. In the slanting sunlight, away from the crowds, it’s an ethereal place. This is an experience that stays with you.

FUNKYFOOD LONDON - PAUL WILLIAMS / ALAMY STOCK PHOTO ©

Top Experiences

Oxford

A visit to Oxford is as close as most of us will get to the brilliant minds and august institutions that have made this city famous across the globe. But you’ll catch a glimpse of this rarefied world in the cobbled lanes and ancient quads where cycling students and dusty academics roam. The beautiful college buildings, archaic traditions and stunning architecture have changed little over the centuries, coexisting with a lively, modern, working city.

Radcliffe Camera | CAROL CARPENTER / ALAMY STOCK PHOTO ©

Top Experiences

The Lake District

William Wordsworth and his Romantic friends were the first to champion the charms of the Lake District and it’s not hard to see what stirred them. Already the UK’s most popular national park, the Lake District also became a Unesco World Heritage Site in 2017, recognising its long history of hill farming – but for most people it’s the chance to hike the humpbacked fells and drink in the gorgeous scenery that keep them returning year after year.

DANIEL_KAY/SHUTTERSTOCK ©

Top Experiences

York

With its Roman and Viking heritage, ancient city walls and maze of cobbled streets, York is a living showcase for the highlights of English history. Join one of the city’s many walking tours and plunge into the network of snickelways (narrow alleys), each one the focus of a ghost story or historical character. Explore the intricacies of York Minster, the biggest medieval cathedral in all of northern Europe, or admire the exhibits from more recent times at the National Railway Museum, the world’s largest collection of historic locomotives.

The Shambles | DARREN GROVE/SHUTTERSTOCK ©

Top Experiences

Bath

In a nation packed with pretty cities, Bath still stands out as the belle of the ball. Founded by the Romans, who established the spa resort of Aquae Sulis to take advantage of the area’s hot springs, Bath hit its stride in the 18th century when the rich industrialist Ralph Allen and architects John Wood the Elder and John Wood the Younger oversaw the city’s reinvention as a model of Georgian architecture. Awash with golden stone townhouses, sweeping crescents and Palladian mansions, Bath demands your undivided attention.

Roman Baths | JON DAVISON/LONELY PLANET ©

Top Experiences

The Cotswolds

The most wonderful thing about the Cotswolds is that no matter where you go or how lost you get, you’ll still end up in an impossibly quaint village of rose-clad cottages and honey-coloured stone. There’ll be a charming village green, a pub with sloping floors and fine ales, and a view of the lush green hills. It’s easy to leave the crowds behind and find your very own slice of medieval England here – and some of the best boutique hotels in the country.

Lower Slaughter | J NEED / SHUTTERSTOCK ©

Top Experiences

Hadrian’s Wall

Hadrian’s Wall is one of the country’s most dramatic Roman ruins, its 2000-year-old procession of abandoned forts, garrisons, towers and milecastles marching across the wild and lonely landscape of northern England. This wall was about defence and control, but this edge-of-empire barrier also symbolised the boundary of civilised order – to the north lay the unruly land of the marauding Celts, while to the south was the Roman world of orderly tax-paying, underfloor heating and bathrooms.

DAVE HEAD/SHUTTERSTOCK ©

Top Experiences

Cambridge

One of England’s two great historic university cities, Cambridge highlights include a tour of at least one of the ancient colleges, and time spent marvelling at the intricate vaulting of King’s College Chapel. But no trip to Cambridge is complete without an attempt to take a punt (flat-bottomed boat) along the river by the picturesque ‘Backs’ – the leafy, green lawns behind the city’s finest colleges. Polish off the day with a pint in one of the many historic pubs. You’ll soon wonder how you could have studied anywhere else.

FRANK BACH / SHUTTERSTOCK ©

Top Experiences

Peak District

Curiously, you won’t find many peaks in the Peak District. But you will find blissful miles of tumbling moorland, plunging valleys, eroded gritstone crags, lush farmland and ancient pocket-sized villages. This beautiful landscape attracts a veritable army of outdoor enthusiasts – cyclists, hikers, cavers and rock climbers – on summer weekends, while those seeking more relaxing enjoyment can admire the rural market and famous puddings of Bakewell, the Victorian pavilions of spa-town Buxton, and the architectural drama of Chatsworth House – the ‘Palace of the Peak’.

DAVID MUSCROFT / SHUTTERSTOCK ©

Top Experiences

Stratford-upon-Avon

The pretty town of Stratford-upon-Avon is where William Shakespeare was born and later shuffled off this mortal coil. Today its tight knot of Tudor streets form a living map of Shakespeare’s life. Huge crowds of thespians and theatre lovers come to take in a play at the famous theatre. Visit the five historic houses owned by Shakespeare and his relatives, and the schoolroom where he was educated, then take a respectful detour to the old stone church where the Bard was laid to rest.

Anne Hathaway’s Cottage | DAVID STEELE/SHUTTERSTOCK ©

Top Experiences

Liverpool Museums

After a decade of development, the reborn waterfront is once again the heart of Liverpool. The focal point is Albert Dock, a World Heritage Site of iconic and protected buildings, including a batch of top museums: the Merseyside Maritime Museum and the International Slavery Museum ensure the good and bad sides of Liverpool’s history are not forgotten, while the Tate Liverpool and the Beatles Story museum celebrate popular culture and the city’s most famous musical sons (still).

Sculpture of the Beatles by Andy Edwards in Pier Head, Liverpool | CHRISDORNEY / SHUTTERSTOCK ©

Top Experiences

England’s Pubs

Despite the growth of stylish clubs and designer bars, the traditional neighbourhood or village pub – Ye Olde Trip to Jerusalem is the country’s oldest – is still the centre of social life in England, and a visit can be one of the best ways to get under the skin of the nation. A drink may be necessary as well, and ideally that means traditional beer. To outsiders it may be ‘warm and flat’, but try it and you’ll soon learn to savour the complex flavours of the country’s many regional varieties.

NIGEL JARVIS / SHUTTERSTOCK ©

Top Experiences

Canterbury Cathedral

Few English cathedrals come close to Canterbury Cathedral, the very fulcrum of the Anglican Church and a place of worship for more than 15 centuries. Its intricate tower dominates the Canterbury city skyline, while at its heart lies a 12th-century crime scene, where Archbishop Thomas Becket was put to the sword after disagreements with the king – an event that launched a million pilgrimages and still pulls in the crowds today. A lone candle mourns the gruesome deed, the pink sandstone before it smoothed by 800 years’ worth of devout kneeling.

PAOLO PARADISO / SHUTTERSTOCK ©

Top Experiences

Afternoon Tea

Among England’s many and varied traditions, afternoon tea is one of the most enticing, and certainly one of the tastiest. Centre of the ritual is the iconic beverage itself – brewed in a pot, ideally silver-plated, and poured carefully into fine bone-china cups and saucers. Depending where you are in the country, this hot drink is served with scones and cream, fruit cake or feather-light cucumber sandwiches. Fancy city hotels and traditional tearooms, such as Bettys in Harrogate, are among the best places to sample this epicurean delight.

CHRISTOPHER FURLONG / GETTY IMAGES ©

Top Experiences

Brighton

It’s barely an hour’s train ride from the capital, but the seaside city of Brighton has a quirky character that’s completely its own. Overlooking the English Channel on England’s pebbly south coast, it’s a city that’s long been known for its oddball, alternative character. The warren of streets known as The Lanes is a good place to soak up the vibe; sprinkled with vegan cafes, espresso bars, hugger-mugger pubs, record stores and bric-a-brac shops, it’s a browser’s dream come true.

Brighton Pier | JOHN MICHAELS / ALAMY STOCK PHOTO ©

Top Experiences

Seven Sisters Chalk Cliffs

Dover’s iconic white cliffs grab the most attention, but the colossal chalky walls of the Seven Sisters are a much more spectacular affair. This 4-mile roller coaster of sheer white rock rollicks along the Sussex shore overlooking the waters of the English Channel, an impressive southern border to the South Downs National Park and most dramatic at the towering headland of Beachy Head. Hikes through the grassy clifftop fields provide wide sea views, breathtaking in every sense.

JORDI PRATS / SHUTTERSTOCK ©

Top Experiences

London’s Theatre Scene

However you budget your time and money in London, make sure you take in a show. For big names, head for the West End (London’s equivalent of Broadway), where famous spots include the National Theatre, the Old Vic, the Shaftesbury and the Theatre Royal at Drury Lane. For new and experimental works, try the Donmar Warehouse and Royal Court. Either way, you’ll see that London’s theatre scene easily lives up to its reputation as one of the finest in the world – whatever New Yorkers say.

KEVIN FOY / ALAMY STOCK PHOTO ©

Top Experiences

Tower of London

Begun in the 11th century by William the Conqueror, the Tower of London is Europe’s best-preserved medieval fortress and one of Britain’s best-known attractions. At almost 1000 years old (more if you count the Roman foundations) it’s an enduring landmark of the capital, and over the centuries this sturdy fortress has served the nation as a palace, a prison, an arsenal and a mint. Today it’s home to the spectacular crown jewels, the legendary ‘Beefeaters’ with their distinctive red uniforms, and ravens that are attributed with mythical powers.

IOAN PANAITE/SHUTTERSTOCK ©

Top Experiences

Walking in England

Call it hiking or rambling – but most often simply walking – England is the perfect place to explore on two feet, thanks to its compact nature and protected network of ‘rights of way’. You can stroll the narrow streets and hidden alleyways of the nation’s famous historic towns, then head for a patch of open countryside or one of England’s network of national parks: the wild tors and heaths of Dartmoor make a fine introduction.

DRU NORRIS / ALAMY STOCK PHOTO ©

Top Experiences

The Eden Project

Looking like a cross between a lunar landing station and a James Bond villain’s lair, the gigantic hemispherical greenhouses of the Eden Project have become a symbol of Cornwall’s renaissance. Dreamt up by Tim Smit, and built in an abandoned clay pit near St Austell, Eden’s glass-domed ‘biomes’ recreate major world climate systems in microcosm, from the lush jungles of the Amazon rainforest to the olive trees, citrus groves and colourful flowers of the Mediterranean, South Africa and California.

KEV WILLIAMS/SHUTTERSTOCK ©

Need to Know

For more information, see Survival Guide

Currency

Pound sterling (£)

Language

English

Visas

Generally not needed for stays of up to six months. Not a member of the Schengen Zone.

Money

ATMs widely available; credit cards widely accepted.

Mobile Phones

The UK uses the GSM 900/1800 network, which covers the rest of Europe, Australia and New Zealand, but isn’t compatible with the North American GSM 1900. Most modern mobiles can function on both networks, but check before you leave home.

Time

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT/UTC)

When to Go

High Season (Jun–Aug)

A Weather at its best. Accommodation rates high, particularly in August (school holidays).

A Roads busy, especially in seaside areas, national parks and popular cities, such as Oxford, Bath and York.

Shoulder (Easter–May, mid-Sep–Oct)

A Crowds reduce. Prices drop.

A Weather often good: March to May sun mixes with sudden rain; September and October can feature balmy ‘Indian summers’.

Low Season (Dec–Feb)

A Wet and cold is the norm. Snow can fall, especially up north.

A Opening hours reduced October to Easter; some places shut for the winter. Big-city sights (especially London’s) operate all year.

Useful Websites

BBC (www.bbc.co.uk) News and entertainment.

Enjoy England (www.visitengland.com) Official tourism website.

Lonely Planet (www.lonelyplanet.com/england) Destination information, hotel bookings, traveller forum and more.

National Traveline (www.traveline.info) Great portal site for all public transport around England.

British Arts Festivals (www.artsfestivals.co.uk) Lists festivals – art, literature, dance, folk and more.

Important Numbers

Exchange Rates

For current exchange rates, see www.xe.com.

Daily Costs

Budget: Less than £55

A Dorm beds: £15–30

A Cheap meals in cafes and pubs: £7–11

A Long-distance coach: £15–40 (200 miles)

Midrange: £55–120

A Double room in a midrange hotel or B&B: £65–130 (London £100–200)

A Main course in a midrange restaurant: £10–20

A Long-distance train: £20–80 (200 miles)

Top End: More than £120

A Four-star hotel room: from £130 (London from £200)

A Three-course meal in a good restaurant: around £40

A Car rental per day: from £35

Opening Hours

Opening hours may vary throughout the year, especially in rural areas where many places have shorter hours, or close completely, from October or November to March or April.

Banks 9.30am–4pm or 5pm Monday to Friday; some open 9.30am–1pm Saturday

Pubs & bars noon–11pm Monday to Saturday (some till midnight or 1am Friday and Saturday), 12.30pm–11pm Sunday

Shops 9am–5.30pm or 6pm Monday to Saturday, often 11am–5pm Sunday

Restaurants lunch noon–3pm, dinner 6pm–9pm or 10pm (later in cities)

Arriving in England

Heathrow Airport Heathrow Express train (£27, 15 minutes) is the fastest link to London; Piccadilly line on the London Underground (£6, one hour) is slower but cheaper. Services run from around 5am to midnight. At other times catch the N9 night bus (£1.50, 1¼ hours) or a taxi (£48 to £90).

Gatwick Airport Trains to central London £10 to £20; hourly buses to central London around the clock from £8; taxi £100.

St Pancras International Arrival point for Eurostar trains to/from Europe, with Underground/bus connections across London.

Getting Around

Transport in England can be expensive compared to Continental Europe; bus and rail services are sparse in the more remote parts of the country. For timetables, check out www.traveline.info.

Car Useful for travelling at your own pace, or for visiting regions with minimal public transport. Cars can be hired in every town or city.

Train Relatively expensive, with extensive coverage and frequent departures throughout most of the country.

Bus Cheaper and slower than trains, but useful for more remote regions that aren’t serviced by rail.

For much more, see getting around

First Time England

For more information, see Survival Guide

Checklist

A Check the validity of your passport.

A Check any visa or entry requirements.

A Make bookings (sights, accommodation, travel).

A Check the airline baggage restrictions.

A Put restricted items (eg hair gel, pocket knife) in your check-in baggage.

A Inform your credit/debit card company.

A Organise travel insurance.

A Check mobile (cell) phone compatibility.

What to Pack

A UK electrical plug adaptor.

A Umbrella – because the rumours about the weather are true.

A Waterproof jacket – because sometimes the umbrella is not enough.

A Comfortable walking shoes.

A A taste for warm beer.

Top Tips for Your Trip

A At major London airports, tickets for express trains into central London are usually available in the baggage arrivals hall; this saves queuing or dealing with machines on the station platform.

A The best way to get local currency is usually from an ATM, but this term is rarely used in England; the colloquial term ‘cash machine’ is more common.

A If staying more than a few days in London, get an Oyster Card, the travel card the locals use.

A Pickpockets and hustlers lurk in the more crowded tourist areas, especially in London. Don’t be paranoid, but do be on your guard.

What to Wear

A rain jacket is essential, as is a small backpack to carry it in when the sun comes out. In summer, you’ll need sunscreen and an umbrella; you’re bound to use both – possibly on the same day.

For sightseeing, comfortable shoes can make or break a trip. If you plan to enjoy Britain’s great outdoors, suitable hiking gear is required in higher/wilder areas, but not for casual strolls in the countryside.

Some bars and restaurants have dress codes banning jeans, T-shirts and trainers (sneakers or runners).

Sleeping

Booking your accommodation in advance is recommended, especially in summer, at weekends and on islands (where options are often limited). Book at least two months ahead for July and August.

B&Bs These small, family-run houses generally provide good value. More luxurious versions are similar to a boutique hotel.

Hotels English hotels range from half a dozen rooms above a pub to restored country houses and castles, with a commensurate range of rates.

Hostels There’s a good choice of both institutional and independent hostels, many housed in rustic and/or historic buildings.

Money

ATMs (usually called ‘cash machines’ in England) are common in cities and even small towns. Cash withdrawals from some ATMs may be subject to a small charge, but most are free. If you’re not from the UK, your home bank will likely charge you for withdrawing money overseas. Watch out for tampered ATMs; one ruse by scammers is to attach a card-reader or minicamera.

Bargaining

A bit of mild haggling is acceptable at flea markets and antique shops, but everywhere else you’re expected to pay the advertised price.

Tipping

In England you’re not obliged to tip if the service or food was unsatisfactory (even if it’s been automatically added to your bill as a ‘service charge’).

Restaurants Around 10% in restaurants and teahouses with table service, 15% at smarter restaurants. Tips may be added to your bill as a ‘service charge’. Not compulsory.

Pubs & Bars Not expected if you order drinks (or food) and pay at the bar; usually 10% if you order at the table and your meal is brought to you.

Taxis Usually 10%, or rounded up to the nearest pound, especially in London.

Eating

It’s wise to book ahead for midrange restaurants, especially at weekends. Top-end restaurants should be booked at least a couple of weeks in advance.

Restaurants England’s restaurants range from cheap-and-cheerful to Michelin-starred, and cover every cuisine you can imagine.

Cafes Open during daytime (rarely after 6pm), cafes are good for a casual breakfast or lunch, or simply for a cup of coffee.

Pubs Most of England’s pubs serve reasonably priced meals, and many can compete with restaurants on quality.

Fish and chips at the Ship Inn, Newcastle-upon-Tyne | JUSTIN FOULKES/LONELY PLANET ©

Etiquette

Manners The English have a reputation for being polite, and good manners are considered important in most situations. When asking directions, ‘Excuse me, can you tell me the way to…’ is better than ‘Hey, where’s…’

Queues In England, queuing (‘standing in line’) is sacrosanct, whether to board a bus, buy tickets at a kiosk or enter the gates of an attraction. Any attempt to ‘jump the queue’ will result in an outburst of tut-tutting and hard stares – which is about as angry as most locals get in public.

Escalators If you take an escalator (especially at London tube stations) or a moving walkway (eg at an airport) be sure to stand on the right, so folks can pass on the left.

What’s New

Crossrail

It’s Britain’s largest, most complex and costliest engineering project, but after years of work, London’s long-awaited new rail line sent its first trains shuttling across the city in 2019.

The Lake District World Heritage Site

After intensive local lobbying (both for and against), the UK’s best-known national park secured World Heritage status in 2017, recognising its unique landscapes and hill-farming culture.

The England Coast Path

In 2020 a long-held dream to provide walkers with a nonstop walking trail around the coastline of England will be realised – all 2795 miles of it.

Tate Modern Extension

At long last the Tate Modern can spread its expansive collection into Switch House. The views from the 10th floor are second to none – and free.

Ashmolean Museum

To mark its 400th birthday, this Oxford museum has a new exhibit celebrating its founder, Elias Ashmole, along with treasures such as the hat worn by the judge at Charles I’s trial and a cape belonging to the father of Pocahontas.

The Endeavour at Whitby

To coincide with the 250th anniversary of Captain Cook’s voyage to Australia, a full-size replica of his ship Endeavour has docked in Whitby, the Yorkshire town where the original vessel was built.

Tate St Ives

In 2018 a multimillion pound extension to the Cornish Tate has added new space for contemporary work, as well as a platform for the many famous artists of the St Ives School.

Being Brunel

A new exhibition at Bristol’s SS Great Britain explores the life of engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel, architect of the Great Western Railway and the city’s iconic suspension bridge.

Roman Baths

The city of Bath’s 1st-century bathing house now has some 21st-century tech: projections show what it was like to take a dip here 2000 years ago.

The Swale Trail

A cycle path has been created between the villages of Reeth and Keld in the Yorkshire Dales, snaking beside the River Swale via pubs, tearooms and waterfalls.

Mackie Mayor Market

In disrepair for 30 years, this Manchester market has been restored as a food hall, showcasing producers from across the city and the north of England.

Hull

Hull’s designation as UK City of Culture in 2017 has spurred exciting regeneration, from a new street-food hall to independent boutiques, quirky cafes and maritime attractions.

For more recommendations and reviews, see lonelyplanet.com/england

If You Like...

Royal England

Buckingham Palace The Queen’s official London residence, best known for its royal-waving balcony and the Changing of the Guard.

Westminster Abbey Where English monarchs are crowned and married – most recently William and Kate.

Tower of London A castle and royal palace for centuries, now holding the Crown Jewels; 900 years of history in one iconic building.

Sandringham The monarch’s country residence, with a royal memorabilia museum.

Royal Pavilion Opulent and fantastical palace built for King George IV.

Althorp House Ancestral home and burial place of Diana, Princess of Wales.

Osborne House Royal retreat on the Isle of Wight, built for Queen Victoria.

Castles

Windsor Castle Largest and oldest occupied fortress in the world, and the Queen’s weekend retreat.

Warwick Castle One of the finest castles in England; this well-preserved castle is both impressive and romantic.

Tintagel Castle Atmospheric clifftop ruin, and the legendary birthplace of King Arthur.

Bamburgh Castle Spectacularly positioned and largely rebuilt fortress on the Northumberland coast.

Richmond Castle Among England’s oldest castles, with fantastic views from the medieval keep.

Skipton Castle Little known, but probably the best-preserved medieval castle in the country.

Museums

British Museum England’s largest and most visited museum is also one of the oldest and finest in the world.

National Railway Museum The epicentre of the nation’s obsession with steam engines and railway history.

Natural History Museum A surefire hit with kids of all ages, with dinosaur skeletons, earthquake simulators and interactive exhibits.

Museum of Liverpool The city’s multilayered past is celebrated at this interactive exploration of cultural and historical milestones.

Ashmolean Museum England’s oldest museum, established in 1683, crammed with Egyptian mummies, rare porcelain and priceless musical instruments.

Mary Rose Museum Superb modern facility built around the remains of King Henry VIII’s 16th-century flagship.

Blue Whale skeleton in Hintze Hall, Natural History Museum | EXFLOW / SHUTTERSTOCK ©

National Parks

North York Moors National Park Wild and windswept, with whale-back hills stretching all the way to the sea, topped by England’s largest expanse of heather.

Northumberland National Park Arguably the last area of true wilderness left in England, designated a Dark Sky Reserve thanks to its crystal-clear night skies.

The Lake District A feast of mountains, valleys, views and – of course – lakes; the hilltops that inspired William Wordsworth.

Yorkshire Dales National Park With scenic valleys, high hills and deep caves, the Dales are designed for hiking, biking and caving.

Dartmoor Exhilarating wilderness, hidden valleys and southern England’s highest hills.

Peak District OK, so it’s the most visited national park in Europe, but all those outdoor enthusiasts can’t be wrong.

Historic Houses

Blenheim Palace Monumental baroque fantasy, Winston Churchill’s birthplace and one of England’s greatest stately homes.

Castle Howard An impressive baroque edifice, best known as the setting for TV’s Brideshead Revisited.

Audley End One of England’s grandest country houses set amid glorious Lancelot ‘Capability’ Brown landscaped gardens.

Chatsworth House Quintessential stately home and gardens; a treasure trove of heirlooms and works of art.

Longleat The first of England’s stately homes to be opened to the public, complemented by a safari park on the grounds.

Wilton House Packed with exquisite art and period furniture; gives a glimpse into the rarefied existence of British aristocracy.

Cathedrals

St Paul’s Cathedral Symbol of London for centuries, and still an essential part of the city’s skyline.

York Minster One of the largest medieval cathedrals in all of Europe, especially renowned for its windows.

Canterbury Cathedral Mothership of the Anglican Church, attracting pilgrims and visitors in their thousands.

Salisbury Cathedral Truly majestic cathedral and an English icon, topped by the tallest spire in England.

Ely Cathedral Visible for miles across the flatlands of eastern England, and locally dubbed the ‘Ship of the Fens’.

Liverpool Cathedral The largest Anglican cathedral in the world.

Quaint Villages

Clovelly A picture-postcard fishing village with cute cottages tumbling down a steep cobbled hill to the harbour.

Bibury Designer William Morris once called it ‘the most beautiful village in England’, and with its thatched cottages and timeless streets, it’s hard to disagree.

Lacock A favourite for film crews, this Wiltshire village has starred in productions ranging from Downton Abbey and Pride and Prejudice to Harry Potter.

Lavenham A collection of exquisitely preserved medieval buildings in East Anglia virtually untouched since the 15th century.

Goathland One of Yorkshire’s most attractive villages, complete with village green and traditional steam railway station.

Hawkshead The picture of a Lakeland village – whitewashed cottages, medieval pubs, village square and all.

Crooked house in Lavenham | RON ELLIS / SHUTTERSTOCK ©

Shopping

Portobello Road Market One of the best-known street markets, surrounded by quirky boutiques and gift stores.

Leeds’ Victorian shopping arcades Elegant passageways of wrought ironwork and stained glass, home to fashion boutiques and quirky independents.

North Laine The perfect place in Brighton to pick up vegan shoes, Elvis outfits and circus monocycles.

Ludlow Foodie heaven, where almost everything is organic, artisanal, sustainable or locally sourced.

Totnes This Devon village is a champion of all things local and sustainable, and its main street is lined with intriguing independent shops.

Art Galleries

Tate Britain The best-known gallery in London, full to the brim with the finest works.

Tate Modern London’s other Tate focuses on modern art in all its wonderful permutations.

BALTIC – Centre for Contemporary Art The ‘Tate of the North’ features work by some of contemporary art’s biggest show-stoppers.

Hepworth Wakefield An award-winning gallery of contemporary sculpture, anchored by a world-class collection of works by local lass Barbara Hepworth.

Barber Institute of Fine Arts With works by Rubens, Turner and Picasso this provincial gallery is no lightweight.

Turner Contemporary The south coast’s newest art space occupies a purpose-built structure next to the sea.

Yorkshire Sculpture Park England’s biggest outdoor sculpture collection, with key works by artists including Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth.

Festivals

Notting Hill Carnival London’s Caribbean community shows the city how to party.

Glastonbury More than 40 years on and still going strong, this is Britain’s biggest and best-loved music festival.

Brighton Festival You know a festival’s matured when it grows a fringe; this gathering of all things arts is now firmly placed on the calendar.

Latitude Festival An eclectic mix of music, literature, dance, drama and comedy, this festival has a stunning location in Southwold.

Grassington Festival A village in the scenic Yorkshire Dales hosts this amazing two-week cultural extravaganza.

Reading Festival Venerable rock gathering that traces its roots back to the 1960s.

Leeds Festival Northern companion to the long-established Reading Festival.

Coastal Beauty

Holkham Bay Pristine 3-mile beach; the vast expanse of sand gives a real sense of isolation.

Jurassic Coast Towering rock stacks, sea-carved arches and fossils aplenty, plus some of the best beaches in the country.

Beachy Head & Seven Sisters Where the South Downs plunge into the sea, these mammoth chalk cliffs provide a dramatic finale.

Robin Hood’s Bay Picturesque fishing village nestled in a nook amid impressive sea-cliff scenery.

Land’s End The cliffs and coves are some of the most dramatic in the country (if you can ignore the theme park).

Seaside Towns

Brighton London’s naughty little seaside sister makes an easy day trip from the capital, with scores of independent shops to explore.

Blackpool If you’re looking for the quintessential English seaside resort – candy floss, deck chairs, pier and all – Blackpool is where you’ll find it.

Whitby A classic northern seaside town with haunted lanes, fossil hunting and arguably England’s finest fish and chips.

Margate Beloved of JMW Turner and Tracy Emin, this once-faded south-coast town is enjoying an exciting artistic renaissance.

Southwold A genteel seaside town with a lovely sandy beach, a charming pier and rows of colourful beach huts.

Falmouth Once a hub for nautical traffic between England and the rest of the British Empire, this lively Cornish town is now home to a renowned maritime museum.

Ferris wheel and Blackpool Tower, Blackpool | PAUL DANIELS / SHUTTERSTOCKS ©

Month by Month

TOP EVENTS

Brighton Festival, May

Glyndebourne, May–August

Trooping the Colour, June

Glastonbury Festival, June

Notting Hill Carnival, August

January

After the festivities of Christmas and New Year’s Eve, the first few weeks of the year can feel a bit of an anticlimax – never helped by the often bad weather.

z The London Parade

A ray of light in the gloom, the New Year’s Day Parade in London (to use its official title; www.londonparade.co.uk) is one of the biggest events of its kind in the world, featuring marching bands, street performers, classic cars, floats and displays winding their way through the streets.

z Chinese New Year

Late January or early February sees London’s Chinatown snap, crackle and pop with fireworks, a colourful street parade, lion dances and dim sum aplenty.

February

February is midwinter in England. The country may be scenic under snow and sunshine, but is more likely to be grey and gloomy. Festivals and events to brighten the mood are still thin on the ground.

z Jorvik Viking Festival

In chilly mid-February, the ancient Viking capital of York becomes home once again to invaders and horned helmets galore, with the intriguing addition of longship races.

Jorvik Viking Festival participants | IAN FORSYTH / STRINGER / GETTY IMAGES ©

3 Six Nations Rugby Championship

This highlight of the rugby calendar (www.rbs6nations.com) runs from late January to March, with the England team playing its home matches at London’s Twickenham stadium.

March

Spring starts to show itself, with daffodil blooms brightening up the month. Some people cling to the winter mood, but hotels and inns offer special weekend rates to tempt them out from under their duvets.

z Bath Literature Festival

The elegant Georgian streets of Bath fill up with bibliophiles during this major literary event, held from late February to early March.

3 University Boat Race

An annual race in late March down the River Thames in London between the rowing teams from Cambridge and Oxford Universities – an institution (since 1856) that still enthrals the country.

April

The weather is looking up, with warmer and drier days bringing out the spring blossoms. Sights and attractions that closed for the low season open up around the middle of the month or at Easter.

3 Grand National

Half the country has a flutter on the highlight of the three-day horse race meeting at Aintree: a steeplechase with a testing course and high jumps. First Saturday in April.

2 London Marathon

In early April, superfit athletes cover 26 miles and 385yd in just over two hours. Others dress up in daft costumes and take considerably longer.

z Stratford Literary Festival

The top event on the cultural calendar in William Shakespeare’s home town attracts big hitters from the book world for a week of debates, author events, workshops and humour.

May

With sunny spring days, the calendar fills with more events. Two public holidays (the first and last Mondays of May) mean road traffic is very busy over the adjoining long weekends.

z Padstow May Day

Known locally as ‘Obby ‘Oss Day, the north Cornish town of Padstow celebrates its ancient pagan spring festival on 1 May, featuring two rival ‘osses that swirl through the crowds to the town’s maypole.

3 FA Cup Final

The highlight of the football season for over a century. Throughout winter, teams from all of England’s football divisions have been battling it out in a knockout tournament, culminating in this heady spectacle at Wembley Stadium – the home of English football. Held in early May.

z Brighton Festival

The lively three-week arts fest takes over the streets of buzzy south-coast resort Brighton during May. Alongside the mainstream performances there’s a festival ‘fringe’ as well.

z Chelsea Flower Show

The Royal Horticultural Society flower show in late May is the highlight of the gardener’s year. Top garden designers take gold, silver and bronze medals (and TV accolades), while the punters take the plants in the last-day giveaway.

3 Glyndebourne

From late May till the end of August, this open-air festival of world-class opera enlivens the pastoral surroundings of Glyndebourne House in East Sussex.

z Cotswold Food & Farming Festival

A celebration of local food and farming (www.thecotswoldfoodandfarmingfestival.com) at the Cotswold Farm Park near Cheltenham, with stalls, displays, activities and demonstrating chefs. Main festival in May; others later in the year.

2 Keswick Mountain Festival

A long weekend in late May in the heart of the Lake District is dedicated to celebrating all things outdoor-related, from outdoor activities and celebrity speakers to live music and sporting events.

June

Now it’s almost summer. You can tell because June sees the music-festival season kick off properly, while sporting events – from rowing to racing – fill the calendar.

3 Derby Week

Horse racing, people watching and clothes spotting are on the agenda at this weeklong race meeting (www.epsomderby.co.uk) in Epsom, Surrey, in early June.

z Cotswold Olimpicks

Welly wanging, pole climbing and shin kicking are the key disciplines at this traditional Gloucestershire sports day in early June, held each year since 1612.

3 Isle of Wight Festival

Originally held from 1968 to 1970 during the high point of hippie counterculture, this musical extravaganza was resurrected in 2002. Today it attracts top bands, especially from the indie and rock fraternities. Held in mid-June.

1 Trooping the Colour

Military bands and bear-skinned grenadiers march down London’s Whitehall in this mid-June martial pageant to mark the monarch’s birthday.

3 Royal Ascot

It’s hard to tell which matters more – the fashion or the fillies – at this highlight of the horse-racing year, held in mid-June at Berkshire’s Royal Ascot racetrack. Expect top hats, designer frocks and plenty of frantic betting.

3 Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Championships

Correctly titled the All England Club Championship, and the best-known grass-court tennis tournament in the world, Wimbledon attracts all the big names. Held in late June.

z Glastonbury Festival

England’s favourite pop and rock fest held (nearly) every year on a dairy farm in Somerset in late June. Invariably muddy and still a rite of passage for every self-respecting British music fan.

z Meltdown Festival

In late June, London’s Southbank Centre hands over the curatorial reigns to a legend of contemporary music (David Bowie, Morrissey, Patti Smith) to pull together a full program of concerts, talks and films.

3 Royal Regatta

In late June or early July, boats of every description take to the water for an upper-crust river regatta at Henley-on-Thames.

z Broadstairs Dickens Festival

Charles Dickens, one of England’s best-known writers, is celebrated at this literary festival in the town where he spent his summers and based many of his novels.

z Pride

The big event on the gay-and-lesbian calendar is a technicolour street parade through London’s West End, culminating in a concert in Trafalgar Sq. Late June or early July.

3 Aldeburgh Festival

Founded by composer Benjamin Britten in 1948, this exploration of classical music is East Anglia’s biggest festival, taking in new, reinterpreted and rediscovered pieces, and extending into the visual arts.

July

This is it: summer, with weekly festivals and county shows. Schools break up at the end of the month, so there’s a holiday tingle in the air, dulled only by busy Friday-evening roads.

z Great Yorkshire Show

The charming town of Harrogate plays host to one of England’s largest county shows. Expect Yorkshire grit, Yorkshire tykes, Yorkshire puddings, Yorkshire beef…

z Latitude Festival

Popular and eclectic festival held near the lovely Suffolk seaside town of Southwold, with top names from the alternative-music scene complemented by theatre, cabaret and literary events. Held in mid-July.

3 Cowes Week

The country’s biggest yachting spectacular hits the choppy seas around the Isle of Wight in late July.

z Womad

In late July, roots and world music take centre stage at this former Reading-based festival (www.womad.org), now in a country park near Malmesbury in the south Cotswolds.

August

Schools and colleges are closed, parliament is in recess, the sun is shining (hopefully), most people go on holiday for a week or two (some of them abroad), and England is in a holiday mood.

1 British Fireworks Championships

The biggest fireworks championship in the UK lights up the skies over Plymouth for two nights in mid-August.

z Notting Hill Carnival

A multicultural, Caribbean-style street carnival in late August in London’s district of Notting Hill. Steel drums, dancers and outrageous costumes.

z Reading Festival

England’s second-oldest music festival. Originally a rock fest, it veers a bit more towards pop these days, but it’s still a good bet for big-name bands. Happens in late August.

z Leeds Festival

Leeds’ major music festival, and the northern sister of the festival in Reading. The two festivals are held on the same late-August weekend, with the same line-up. If artists play Reading on the Friday, they’ll play Leeds on Saturday, and vice versa.

z Manchester Pride

One of England’s biggest celebrations of gay, bisexual and transgender life. Happens in late August.

3 International Beatleweek

Held in the last week of August, the world’s biggest tribute to the Beatles features six days of music, exhibitions, tours and memorabilia sales in Liverpool.

September

The first week of September feels more like August, but then schools open up again, motorway traffic returns to normal and the summer party’s over for another year. Good weather is still a chance.

3 International Birdman Competition

In the first weekend in September, competitors dressed as batmen, fairies and flying machines compete in an outlandish celebration of self-powered flight (www.birdman.org.uk) at West Sussex’ Bognor Regis. The furthest flight takes home a £30,000 prize. So far no one’s got near the hallowed 100m goal.

z Bestival

Quirky music festival in early September, with a different fancy-dress theme every year. Held at Robin Hill Country Park on the Isle of Wight.

3 World Gurning Championships

Gurning is face-pulling, and this has to be one of the weirdest events of the year. Elastic-faced contestants come to Egremont in Cumbria in mid-September every year, contorting their features in a bid to pull the most grotesque expressions. See www.facebook.com/EgremontCrabFairWorldGurningChampionships.

2 Great North Run

Britain’s biggest marathon is in London, but the Great North Run in Tyneside in September is the biggest half-marathon in the world, with the greatest number of runners of any race over this distance.

October

October means autumn. Leaves turn golden-brown and, unless there’s an ‘Indian Summer’, the weather begins to get cold. Sights and attractions start to shut down for the low season, and accommodation rates drop.

5 Falmouth Oyster Festival

The West Country port of Falmouth hosts this event to mark the start of the traditional oyster-catching (‘dredging’) season, and to celebrate local food from the sea and farmland of Cornwall.

3 Horse of the Year Show

The country’s major indoor horse show (www.hoys.co.uk), with dressage, showjumping and other equine activities. Held in early October at the NEC arena near Birmingham.

z Cheltenham Literature Festival

Established in 1949, the world’s longest-running book-focused festival showcases the biggest names in literature over 10 days in autumn.

November

Winter’s here, and November is dull. The weather’s often cold and damp, summer is a distant memory and Christmas seems far away: suitably sombre for Remembrance Day, while Guy Fawkes Night sparks up some fun.

z Guy Fawkes Night

Also called Bonfire Night and Fireworks Night (www.bonfirenight.net), 5 November sees fireworks filling the country’s skies in commemoration of a failed attempt to blow up parliament in 1605. Effigies of Guy Fawkes, the leader of the Gunpowder Plot, often burn on bonfires.

Guy Fawkes Night bonfire | MITOTICO / SHUTTERSTOCK ©

z Flaming Tar Barrels

The unhinged locals of Ottery St Mary carry flaming tar barrels through packed-out streets on 5 November, while paramedics and health-and-safety officials watch on in horror.

1 Remembrance Day

On 11 November, red poppies are worn and wreaths are laid in towns and cities around the country. The day (www.poppy.org.uk) commemorates military personnel killed and injured in the line of duty, from the world wars to modern conflicts.

3 World’s Biggest Liar Contest

Another whacky event, and it’s Cumbria again. Fibbers from all walks of life go head-to-head in a battle of mid-November mendacity at the Bridge Inn in Wasdale. See www.santonbridgeinn.com.

December

Schools break up around mid-December, but most shops and businesses keep going until Christmas Eve. Many towns and cities hold Christmas markets, ideal places for picking up Christmas presents.

z Victorian Festival of Christmas

Portsmouth’s historic dockyard, home to HMS Victory and the Mary Rose Museum, gets a Dickensian makeover for this celebration of Victorian Christmas traditions (www.christmasfestival.co.uk), including street entertainment, carol singing and a Christmas market. First weekend in December or last weekend in November.

z New Year Celebrations

On 31 December, fireworks and street parties happen in town squares across the country, lighting up the nation to welcome in the New Year.

Itineraries

Essential England

2 WEEKS

Just over a week is long enough to tick off many of England’s highlights. This tour takes in a dozen of the nation’s top sights, from London to the Lakes.

Start with a full day in the nation’s capital, London, simply walking the streets to admire the world-famous sights: Buckingham Palace, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Sq and more. Then head west for one or both of the grand cathedral cities of Winchester and Salisbury. Next stop: ancient history – the iconic megaliths of Stonehenge.

A short hop northwest leads to the beautiful city of Bath, for Roman history and fabulous Georgian architecture. Then cruise across the classic English countryside of the Cotswolds to reach that ancient seat of learning, Oxford. Not far away is Stratford-upon-Avon, for everything Shakespeare.

Next, strike out north for the Lake District, one of the country’s most scenic areas, then across to York for Viking remains and the stunning Minster. End your trip with a visit to Cambridge, England’s other great university city. Then a final day back in London, immersed in galleries, museums, luxury shops, street markets, West End shows or East End cafes – or whatever takes your fancy.

Itineraries

The Full Monty

4 WEEKS

With a month to spare, you can enjoy a trip taking in all the very best that England offers, without the pressure of a crowded schedule. This circuit covers all the bases.

Kick off in London, and spend a couple of days seeing the big-ticket attractions, but make time for exploratory saunters as well – along the south bank of the River Thames, or through the markets of the East End. Next, go down to the sea at the buzzy coastal resort of Brighton; then west, via Portsmouth for the historic dockyard, to reach the picturesque New Forest. Head inland to the grand cathedral cities of Winchester and Salisbury, and on to England’s best-known ancient site, Stonehenge, and nearby Avebury Stone Circle – bigger than Stonehenge but a more intimate experience.

Onwards into deepest Wessex, via Thomas Hardy’s hometown, Dorchester, to reach the wild expanse of Dartmoor National Park. Then it’s time for yet another historic city, Wells, with its beautiful cathedral, en route to the Georgian masterpiece of Bath and the southwest’s big little city, Bristol. Next comes the classic English countryside of the Cotswolds, with a pause at delightful Stow-on-the-Wold, and maybe Broadway or Chipping Campden, before reaching Oxford, England’s oldest university city. Not far away is Shakespeare Central at Stratford-upon-Avon – plan on seeing a play by the Bard himself. Continue journeying north via the heather-clad moors and tranquil limestone dales of the Peak District to reach England’s second city, Manchester, and cultural crossroads Liverpool.

Then it’s back to the wilds again with a short hop to the scenic wonders of the Lake District. From the sturdy border town of Carlisle, follow the ancient Roman landmark of Hadrian’s Wall all the way to revitalised city Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Then it’s into the home stretch, south via Durham and its world-class cathedral, and then York for its Viking remains and stunning minster, to reach England’s other great seat of learning, Cambridge. From here it’s a hop back to London, to use up the last few days of your grand tour, taking in highlights such as Trafalgar Sq, the National Gallery, Tate Modern and the Tower of London, all polished off with a stroll across Westminster Bridge as the sun sets over the Houses of Parliament.

Itineraries

The Wild Side

2 WEEKS

This is a tour through the best of England’s natural landscape, the inspiration for generations of poets, writers and composers. So put on your hiking boots, or have a camera at the ready, as we take a northeast–southwest meander through some of the country’s finest national parks and stretches of open countryside.

Start at the spectacular Roman remains of Hadrian’s Wall, one of England’s finest reminders of the classical era, where you can explore the ancient forts and stride beside the ramparts centurion-style. Then continue into Cumbria for the high peaks of the Lake District National Park, once the spiritual home of Wordsworth and the Romantic poets, now a mecca for outdoor enthusiasts, with hikes and strolls for all abilities, plus cosy inns and traditional country hotels.

Travelling east from the Lakes carries you across the Pennines – the chain of hills known as the backbone of England – to reach the green hills and valleys of the Yorkshire Dales National Park. Nearby are the moors around Haworth – inspiration for Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights.

Travel south through the hills and dales of the Peak District National Park – stopping off to explore the great park around Chatsworth if time allows – then through central England, via Elgar’s beloved Malvern Hills, to reach the classic English countryside of the Cotswolds. Then continue southwards again to enjoy the epic emptiness of Salisbury Plain, home to Stonehenge and other archaeological intrigues. Nearby is Avebury, England’s other great stone circle. A few miles more and you’re on Dorset’s spectacular fossil-ridden Jurassic Coast.

Then head into England’s toe, the West Country Peninsula, jutting deep into the Atlantic. Take in the lush farmland of Devon and the heathery hills and sandy coves of Exmoor National Park, then it’s on to the eerie granite tors of Dartmoor National Park, which offers some of the country’s most bleakly beautiful views. Next stop: Cornwall, for pretty ports, gorse-clad cliffs and sparkling bays. Then finish this bucolic excursion at Land’s End, where the English mainland finally plunges headlong into the restless ocean.

Itineraries

Heart of England

2 WEEKS

This journey through the country’s heartland takes in the best of ‘Olde England’, concentrating on castles, cathedrals and picturesque medieval towns and villages.

Start in London, with its biggest landmarks: Westminster Abbey, the Tower of London, St Paul’s Cathedral and Buckingham Palace. Out of the centre, the gorgeous gardens at Kew, Eton College and Windsor Castle are also must-see sights.

Beyond the capital lies old England proper, especially around the market towns of Kent, where Canterbury Cathedral and Leeds Castle are top sights.

Head to Winchester, the ancient capital, which boasts another fine cathedral. Jostling for prominence is nearby Salisbury, with its famous cathedral spire dominating the landscape for miles around.

Out west, Bath is crammed with Georgian architecture, while the Cotswolds conceal a host of pretty towns, such as Cirencester, as well as Blenheim Palace. On to picturesque Oxford and Stratford-upon-Avon, the home of Shakespeare, leaving just enough time to top up on English history at stunning Warwick Castle.

Itineraries

Urban Experiences

8 DAYS

Outside of London, England’s provincial cities provide a vibrant counterpoint to the country’s tranquil coast and countryside.

Start in Bristol, a thriving regional capital famed for its engineering heritage and lively cultural scene. Then head to Birmingham once forlorn but now a byword for successful urban renewal.

Continue north to reach Manchester, famous for its music and football team, where architectural highlights include the stunning Imperial War Museum North. Nearby Liverpool is reinventing itself as a cultural capital, with the redevelopment most apparent at the historic waterfront,

Hai raggiunto la fine di questa anteprima. Registrati per continuare a leggere!
Pagina 1 di 1

Recensioni

Cosa pensano gli utenti di Lonely Planet England

3.1
30 valutazioni / 0 Recensioni
Cosa ne pensi?
Valutazione: 0 su 5 stelle

Recensioni dei lettori