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The Irish Civil War 1922–23

The Irish Civil War 1922–23

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The Irish Civil War 1922–23

valutazioni:
5/5 (1 valutazione)
Lunghezza:
137 pagine
1 ora
Pubblicato:
Jun 6, 2014
ISBN:
9781472810335
Formato:
Libro

Descrizione

In this follow-up to the acclaimed The Anglo-Irish War, Peter Cottrell explores the Irish Civil War, a devastating conflict that tore Ireland apart. This book examines the many factions that played a part in the fighting and the terror and counter-terror operations, focusing on the short bloody battles that witnessed more deaths than the preceding years during the struggle for the Free State. Cottrell particularly focuses on the contrasting styles of leadership and the conduct of combat operations by the IRA and the National Army, providing a fascinating study for all students of Irish history as well as military history.
Pubblicato:
Jun 6, 2014
ISBN:
9781472810335
Formato:
Libro

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The Irish Civil War 1922–23 - Peter Cottrell

Background to war

The Anglo-Irish War

In many respects the Irish Civil War bore remarkable similarities to the conflicts that had rent Ireland during the previous 200 years, in that it was fought between Irishmen with different views of how their country should be governed. Its principal difference was that it was contested over how an independent Irish State should be governed, though the nature of that state’s relationship with its British neighbour was also central to the cause of the war, as was the existence of Northern Ireland.

British influence had dominated Irish politics for centuries and in 1801 Ireland been absorbed into the United Kingdom by an Act of Union passed by the Irish Parliament. Ireland was always the junior partner in the Union, and efforts to break the link by both revolutionary and constitutional means culminated in a war of independence that finally removed the British from 26 of Ireland’s 32 counties in 1922.

The Anglo-Irish War of 1913–22 bore many of the hallmarks of a civil war, especially in Ulster, and the Irish Civil War of 1922–23 was to a great degree the endgame of that conflict. The IRA campaign had effectively undermined the rule of law in rural areas and legitimized political violence. The problem that the Saorstát faced was that a significant number of the IRA objected to the Treaty that had established it, even if the majority of the Irish electorate did not, and felt that they were morally justified to overthrow it.

Although Ireland was never isolated from events in Britain, it was in the 12th century that the island was drawn into the orbit of the English and later the British Crown. The relationship between Ireland and its neighbour was often fraught but it was not until 1798 that an Irish insurrection aimed to break with the British Crown and create a secular republic along Franco-American lines. Rather than severing the link, the failure of the United Irishmen drew Ireland formally into the United

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