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Sports Turf and Amenity Grasses: A Manual for Use and Identification

Sports Turf and Amenity Grasses: A Manual for Use and Identification

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Sports Turf and Amenity Grasses: A Manual for Use and Identification

280 pagine
1 ora
Jun 13, 2002


Sports Turf and Amenity Grasses is a comprehensive reference for anyone involved with the selection and maintenance of grasses used in sports and amenity areas in all areas. It provides a means to identify these grasses through keys, descriptions and photographs, and also provides detailed information on sowing, oversowing, stolonising and mowing heights.

The performance of each grass is assessed and detailed comments made on positive and negative aspects of its use. A grass’s tolerance to high temperature, frost, drought, shade, wet soil, salinity, low soil fertility, wear and close mowing is given in a table with each aspect rated. Further comments are made on how well it combines with particular grasses and on issues such as seedling vigour and sowing times.

Jun 13, 2002

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Sports Turf and Amenity Grasses - David E D.E. Aldous

Sports turf &

amenity grasses


D E Aldous and I H Chivers

Colour illustrations by Enid Mayfield

National Library of Australia Cataloguing-in-Publication entry

Aldous, David E., 1946–.

Sports turf and amenity grasses: a manual for use and identification.


Includes index.

ISBN 0 643 06666 7 (hardback).

ISBN 0 643 09001 0 (eBook).

1. Turfgrasses. 2. Turfgrasses – Handbooks, manuals, etc. 3. Turf management – Handbooks, manuals, etc. I. Chivers, Ian (Ian H.). II. Title.


© 2002 David E Aldous and Ian H Chivers

All rights reserved. Except under the conditions described in the Australian Copyright Act 1968 and subsequent amendments, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, duplicating or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Contact the publisher for all permission requests.

Available from:

Landlinks Press

150 Oxford Street (PO Box 1139)

Collingwood VIC 3066


Photographs by Ian H Chivers; colour illustrations by Enid Mayfield

Set in 9pt Frutiger Light

Cover and text design by James Kelly

Typeset by James Kelly

Printed in Australia by Brown Prior Anderson


About the authors


Major sports turf and amenity grasses

Minor sports turf and amenity grasses

Further reading

Helpful links

Turfgrass identification

Turfgrass terminology


Using a visual turfgrass key

Key to common turfgrasses


Cool season grasses

Agrostis capillaris Browntop bentgrass

Agrostis stolonifera Creeping bentgrass

Festuca arundinacea Tall fescue

Festuca longifolia Hard fescue

Festuca rubra ssp. commutata Chewing’s fescue

Festuca rubra ssp.rubra Red fescue

Lolium perenne Perennial ryegrass

Poa annua Annual bluegrass

Poa pratensis Kentucky bluegrass

Poa trivialis Rough stemmed bluegrass

Warm season grasses

Axonopus affinis Narrow-leaf carpetgrass

Axonopus compressus Broad-leaf Carpet grass

Buchloe dactyloides Buffalo grass

Cynodon dactylon Bermuda grass

Cynodon dactylon × C. transvaalensis Hybrid bermudagrass

Dactyloctenium australe Durban grass

Digitaria didactyla Queensland blue couch

Eremochloa ophiuroides Centipede grass

Paspalum dilatatum Dallis grass

Paspalum notatum Bahia grass

Paspalum vaginatum Seashore paspalum

Pennisetum clandestinum Kikuyu grass

Stenotaphrum secundatum St Augustine grass

Zoysia japonica Japanese lawngrass

Zoysia matrella Manila grass

Zoysia tenuifolia Korean lawngrass 76


Cool season grasses

Agrostis alba Redtop bentgrass

Agrostis canina ssp. canina Velvet bentgrass

Austrodanthonia spp. Wallaby grass

Bromus catharticus Prairie grass

Cynosurus cristatus Crested dog’s tail grass

Dactylis glomerata Orchard grass

Ehrharta calycina Perennial veldt grass

Elytrigia repens Twitch grass

Festuca ovina Sheep fescue

Festuca pratensis Meadow fescue

Holcus lanatus Meadow softgrass

Lolium multiflorum Italian ryegrass

Microlaena stipoides Weeping grass

Phleum pratense Timothy grass

Poa compressa Canada bluegrass

Poa pratensis × P. arachnifera Reveille bluegrass

Poa supina Supina bluegrass

Puccinellia distans Alkali grass

Warm season grasses

Bothriochloa macra Red grass

Chloris gayana Rhodes grass

Chloris truncata Windmill grass

Chloris ventricosa Tall chloris

Cynodon nlemfuensis African stargrass

Cynodon transvaalensis South African bermudagrass

Eragrostis cilianensis Spreading lovegrass

Panicum laxum Lax panic grass

Panicum repens Torpedo grass

Paspalum distichum Mercer grass

Paspalum nicorae Brunswick grass

Sporobolus virginicus Marine couch

Zoysia macrantha Prickly couch


About the authors


To many people grass is unimportant. They walk on it, run on it, sometimes sleep on it, yet they pay little attention to it. This book will be of no interest to them. This book will be of great interest, however, to people who love to mow their lawn, repair the sports field, worry about the lie of the ball on the green or are interested in improving their environment by reducing pollution. This book is written to help identify the grasses that they mow, repair, fertilise and otherwise take care of. It aims to help identify the grasses in their turf and how they are likely to perform.

The turfgrass manager needs to be able to identify the grasses that are being used in order to tailor the management to its characteristics. The manager also needs to be able to select the best grass for a particular site to ensure the most suitable combination for the needs of that site. Turfgrass identification commonly depends heavily on the reproductive characteristics of the plant but often the flower head, or inflorescence, has been removed in the mowing

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