Official Country Name REPUBLIC OF TURKEY

Languages TURKISH

Population 81,257,239

Median Age 31.4

GDP Per Capita US $27,000

Source: CIA World Factbook

Total Value of Art Exported (UN Comtrade Database 2018) US $19,674,658

Arts Funding (Culture and Tourism) US $987,126,000

Art Programs (University Level) 80

Student Enrollment 23,686

Source: Ministry of Treasury and Finance, Information Management System of Higher Education, AAP (non-official)

Museums Exhibiting Contemporary Art 19

Contemporary Art Galleries (Commercial) 78

Contemporary Art Spaces (Nonprofit) 48

Art Foundations (NGO + Private) 21

Source: AAP (non-official)

Acknowledgments: Tankut Raşit Aykut, Merve Elveren, Mine Kaplangı, Esra Sarıgedik Öktem, Huo Rf, Nilüfer Sasmazer, Ulya Soley, Aslı Sümer, Yesim Turanli

With a major decline in the value of the lira, Turkey’s economy struggled throughout 2019. The opposition candidate Ekrem Imamoğlu won the mayorship of Istanbul, first in March and then again by a much wider margin in June, after the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) demanded a revote. His victory meant that Istanbul joined capital city Ankara and the Aegean port of Izmir, and many smaller cities, in ousting incumbent officials from President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s party. In early October, Turkey’s military began Operation Peace Spring in northern Syria to push Kurdish communities away from the border, which prompted international critics in

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