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MACHINE TOOLS AND MACHINING

LAB PRESENTATION

GROUP PARTNERS
Muhammad Waseem (2009-ME-388) Waseem Mushtaq (2009-ME-363) Khurram Asslam (2009-ME-398) Rashid Sikander (2009-ME-351) Kashif Shabbir (2009-ME-373)

PRESENTATION TOPIC

MILLING MACHINE

INDEX
Introduction Milling machine Classification Operations Structure Applications Modern Milling machine

Introduction
Invented and developed by Eli Whitney. Although crude, these machines assisted man in maintaining accuracy and uniformity while duplicating parts that could not be manufactured with the use of a file.

Definition
Milling machine is a machine tool which is use to removes metal with a revolving cutting tool called a milling cutter. With various attachments, milling machines can be used for boring, slotting, circular milling dividing, and drilling. This machine can also be used for cutting keyways, racks and gears and for fluting taps and reamers.

Operations
Milling operations may be classified under four general headings as follows:

Face Milling Plain or Slab Milling Angular Milling Form Milling

FACE MILLING
Face milling, also called end milling and side milling, is machining surfaces perpendicular to the axis of the cutter.

Plain Milling or Slab Milling


In plain milling machining machine flat surfaces which are parallel to the axis of the cutter.

Angular Face Milling


Angular face milling is a machining in which machine flat surfaces which are at an inclination to the axis of the cutter.

Angular Milling
In Angular milling machining is being done at a specific angle to draw out specific shapes.

Gang Milling
Gang milling is the term applied to an operation in which two or more milling cutters are used together

Straddle Milling
When two or more parallel vertical surfaces are machined at a single cut, the operation is called straddle milling. Straddle milling is accomplished by mounting two side milling cutters on the same arbor, set apart so that they straddle the workpiece.

Form Milling.
Form milling is the process of machining special contours composed of curves and straight lines, or entirely of curves, at a single cut. This is done with formed milling cutters, shaped to the contour to be cut, or with a fly cutter ground for the job.

Woodruff Keyway Milling.


Keyways are machined grooves of different shapes, cut along the axis of the cylindrical surface of shafts, into which keys are fitted to provide a positive method of locating and driving members mounted on the shafts.

Gear Cutting.
Gear teeth are cut on the milling machine using formed milling cutters called involutes gear cutters. These cutters are manufactured in many pitch sizes and shapes for different numbers of teeth per gear

Drilling And Boring.


Drilling is to make a hole and boring is to enlarge a hole . BORING DRILLING

Speeds For Milling Cutters


The speed of a milling cutter is the distance in feet per minute that each tooth travels as it cuts its chips.

Cutting Oils.
The major advantage of a cutting oil is that it reduces frictional heat, thereby giving longer life to the cutting edges of the teeth. The oil also serves to lubricate the cutter face and to flush away the chips, consequently reducing the possibility of marring the finish.

2nd presentator

WASEEM MUSHTAQ ( 2009-ME-363)

COMPUTERISE NUMERICAL CONTROL


Most CNC milling machines (also called machining centers) are computer controlled vertical mills with the ability to move the spindle vertically along the Z-axis. This extra degree of freedom permits their use in die sinking, engraving applications, and 2.5D surfaces such as relief sculptures. When combined with the use of conical tools or a ball nose cutter, it also significantly improves milling precision without impacting speed, providing a cost-efficient alternative to most flat-surface hand-engraving work.

BENEFITS OF CNC MACHINES


CNC Turning Is Beneficial. CNC Machining Automates Industry. CNC Machine Functioning.

CNC Turning Is Beneficial


Mankind is continually looking for ways to make his undertakings more efficient and productive. You cannot dispute that modern technology gives us the hindsight to eliminate redundant operations on an industrial scale, thereby saving on production costs. One such method is CNC turning. CNC turning is a facile method of machining by which parts are cut

CNC Machining Automates Industry


The introduction of CNC machining radically changed the manufacturing industry. CNC is an abbreviation that means computer numerical control. This computer controller reads G-code and M-code, transmitting commands and driving a machine tool. It numerically directs a cutting tool in the work envelope of a machine tool

CNC Machine Functioning


CNC machining, as a recent innovation in the sphere of current technologies, may be of great interest for those who intend to turn to the help of CNC machines. Generally CNC machines are combined into one station called a "cell." Today, they are directly controlled from files created by CAM software packages.