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(DIGITAL DISTRIBUTED

CONTROLS AND MANAMAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS) IN POWER PLANT


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SALIENT FEATURES AND MEASURE COMPONENTS OF DDCMIS

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SALIENT FEATURES OF DDCMIS


INTEGRATED PLANT CONTROL FOR SG, TG AND BALANCE OF PLANT CONTROL IT MAY BE REMEMBERED THAT HISTORICALLY THE TERM DDCMIS USED TO BE REFERRED FOR THE SO-CALLED BOPC&I . THE SG-C&I, i.e. FSSS etc. TG-C&I i.e. ATRS, TURBINE PROTECTION etc. ORIGINALLY WERE NOT CONSIDERED UNDER DDCMIS OR DCS AS PER MANY SUPPLIERS. ONLY RECENTLY THE TYPE OF SYSTEMS FOR ALL THE SYSTEMS HAVE BECOME SIMILAR (WITH SOME DIFFERENCE WHICH WILL BE DISCUSSED LATER),.
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SALIENT FEATURES OF DDCMIS

INTEGRATED PLANT OPERATION THROUGH FULLY INTERCHANGEABLE OPERTAOR WORK STATIONS (OWS) FOR SG, TG AND BALANCE OF PLANT
(SOMETIMES THIS MAY NOT BE POSSIBLE DUE TO PACKAGING CONCEPT)

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SALIENT FEATURES OF DDCMIS

PROVISION OF EXTENSIVE SELFDIAGNOSTICS USE OF LARGE VIDEO SCREENS FOR PROJECTIONS OF VARIOUS PLANT MIMICS ETC. PROVISION OF FAULT ALARM ANALYSIS TO GUIDE THE OPERATOR TO THE MOST LIKELY EVENT PROVISION OF TREND ALARMS

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SALIENT FEATURES OF DDCMIS


PROVISION OF SAFETY HARDWARE FOR BURNER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS PROVISION OF FAIL-SAFE HARDWARE FOR TURBINE PROTECTION SYSTEM PROVISION OF ADEQUATE RELIABILITY AND AVAILABILITY WITH PROPER REDUNDANCY IN SENSOR, I/O AND CONTROLLER.

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DDCMIS CONFIGURATION

maxDNA SYSTEM
ENGG. STN FOR HMI HMI MMI LAN HMI REDUNDANT SERVERS ENGG.STN. FOR CONTROL SYS.

PROCONTROL SYSTEM

I.P. BUS Max. 4 nos. rdundant


Redundant F.G.Controllers

Measurement system / I/O subsystem

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MAJOR COMPONENTS OF DDCMIS

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MAJOR COMPONENTS OF DDCMIS


CONTROL SYSTEM MAN-MACHINE INFORMATION AND PLANT INFORMATION SYSTEM (MMIPIS) REDUNDANT DATA COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

(DCS)

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MAJOR COMPONENTS OF DDCMIS


SEQUENCE OF EVENT (SOE ) AND ANNUNCIATION SYSTEM FUNCTIONS SYSTEM PROGRAMMING FACILITY a) TUNING & CONFIGURATION FOR CONTROL SYSTEM b) MODIFICATION & PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT FOR MMIPIS

MASTER & SLAVE CLOCK SYSTEM

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CONTROL SYSTEM

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CONTROL SYSTEM
PROGRAMMING & CONFIGURATION MMIPIS SYSTEM M&S CLOCK

DCS

SG- C&I SYSTEM


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BOP- C&I SYSTEM


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TG- C&I SYSTEM


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SG-C&I SYSTEM
CONSISTS OF BURNER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (BMS), SOOT BLOWER CONTROL SYSTEM (SBC), SECONDARY AIR DAMPER CONTROL SYSTEM (SADC), AUXILIARY PRDS CONTROLS (APRDS) FOR BMS, SAFETY SYSTEM HARDWARE IS SPECIFIED, i.e. THE HARDWARE , WHICH MEETS THE REQUIREMENT OF RELEVANT NFPA AND VDE STANDARDS`
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SG-C&I SYSTEM
TRIPLE REDUNDANT CONFIGURATION FOR THE FURNACE PROTECTION (MFT) PORTION OF BURNER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (BMS) FOR SBC, SADC, APRDS,MILL & OIL ELEV. SEQUENCE, INTERLOCK AND PROTECTION, CONFIGURATION SIMILAR TO OLCS/CLCS (DESCRIBED LATER) FOR MILL & OIL ELEV. LOGICS, SAFETY SYSTEM HARDWARE SHALL BE USED

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TG-C&I SYSTEM
CONSISTS OF TURBINE PROTECTION SYSTEM (TPS), AUTOMATIC TURBINE RUN-UP SYSTEM (ATRS), AUTOMATIC TURBINE TESTING SYSTEM (ATT), ELECTRO- HYDRAULIC TURBINE CONTROL SYSTEM (EHTC) FOR MAIN & BFP TURBINE, TURBINE STRESS CONTROL SYSTEM (TSCS), GLAND STEAM PRESSURE CONTROL GENERATOR SEAL OIL, PRIMARY WATER & HYDROGEN CONTROL SYSTEM (RECENT ADDITION).
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TG-C&I SYSTEM
TRIPLE REDUNDANT OR 2 X 100 % REPEATED TWICE CONFIGURATION FOR THE TURBINE PROTECTION SYSTEM (TPS). FOR THIS, SAFETY SYSTEM HARDWARE / FAIL-SAFE HARDWARE SHALL BE USED FOR OTHERS, CONFIGURATION SIMILAR TO OLCS/CLCS (DESCRIBED LATER) TO BE USED

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BOP-C&I SYSTEM
CONSISTS OF OPEN LOOP CONTROL SYSTEM (OLCS) AND CLOSED LOOP CONTROL SYSTEM (CLCS) OLCS -THE SEQUENCE CONTROL, INTERLOCK OF OF ALL THE PLANT SYSTEMS WHICH ARE NOT COVERED IN THE SG-C&I AND TG-C&I. THIS INCLUDES MAJOR AUXILIARIES LIKE FD/ID/PA FANS, AIR-PREHEATER, BFP/CEP/CWP/ BCWP , DMCWP/CLCWP AND ELECTRICAL BREAKERS.

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BOP-C&I SYSTEM
(CLCS) -THE MODULATING CONTROL FOR VARIOUS IMPORTANT PLANT PARAMETERS, LIKE FW FLOW (DRUM LEVEL), FURNACE DRAFT, COMBUSTION CONTROL (FUEL FLOW AND AIR FLOW), PA HDR PRESSURE CONTROL, DEAERATOR/HOTWELL/HEATER LEVEL CONTROLS ETC.

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MMIPIS

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MAN-MACHINE INTERFACE AND PLANT INFORMATION SYSTEM


LATEST STATE-OF-THE-ART WORKSTATIONS /PCs AND SERVERS BASED ON OPEN-ARCHITECTURE AND INDUSTRY STANDARD HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE TO ENSURE BETTER CONNECTIVITY. e.g. HARDWARE FROM COMPAQ/DIGITAL, HP, SUN MICRO-SYSTEM OR OTHER MAJOR SUPPLIERS (LESS DEPENDENCE ON THE C&I SYSTEM SUPPLIER IN THE LONG RUN) OPERATING SYSTEM WINDOWS-2000, OPEN-VMS OR UNIX.
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MAN-MACHINE INTERFACE AND PLANT INFORMATION SYSTEM


64/ 32-BIT SERVER/OWS WITH HIGH-SPEED AND LARGE MEMORY (256/512 MB RAM, 8 GB HDD FOR SERVER AND 128/256 MB RAM AND 4/6 GB HDD FOR OWS) TO ENSURE FAST RESPONSE PROVISION OF LVS CONNECTION TO OTHER SYSTEM THROUGH STATIONWIDE WAN

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MMIPIS FUNCTIONALITIES
VPC OPERATION OTHER OPERATOR INFORMATIONS THROUGH VARIOUS DISPLAYS ALARMS, LOGS, HISTORICAL AND LONG TERM STORAGE. PERFORMANCE AND OTHER CALCULATIONS

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OPC Solves the Problem


Display Application OPC Trend Application OPC Report Application OPC

OPC Software Driver

OPC Software Driver

OPC Software Driver

OPC Software Driver

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SOE

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SEQUENCE OF EVENT (SOE ) AND ANNUNCIATION SYSTEM FUNCTIONS

ORIGINALLY THESE USED TO BE STAND-ALONE SYSTEM (DIODE AUCTIONEERING, DBTC ETC REQUIRED) NOW INTEGRATED -THEREFORE THE DIODE AUCTIONEERING, DBTC ETC NOT REQUIRED SOE - 1mS RESOLUTION, STORAGE OF REPOTRS FOR LONG DURATION ANNUNCIATION LOGIC THROUGH OLCS/CLCS CONTROLLERS.
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SYSTEM PROGRAMMING FACILITY

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SYSTEM PROGRAMMING FACILITY

LATEST TREND - COMBINED CONTROL


SYSTEM TUNING & MMIPIS PROGRAMMING SELF-DOCUMENTATION ENGINEERING WORKSTATIONS

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Object-Oriented Configuration Graphical object-oriented configuration software tool Includes self-documentation of configuration True object-oriented features including encapsulation and inheritance Library of standard algorithms or objects
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MASTER & SLAVE CLOCK SYSTEM

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MASTER & SLAVE CLOCK SYSTEM

RECEIVES TIME SYNCHRONISATION SIGNALS EITHER FROM THE GEOPOSITIONARY SATELITE (NPL SIGNAL) DISTRIBUTES THIS SIGNAL TO THE MMIPIS AND THE CONTROL SYSTEM.

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OTHER RELATED TOPICS

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OTHER RELATED TOPICS POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM


CABLING & TERMINATION OTHER

SG/TG C&I SYSTEM/ EQUIPMENT


PACKAGING CONCEPTS- SCOPE OF SUPPLY OF C&I SYSTEM/PACKAGE

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OTHER RELATED TOPICS

OPERATION PHILOSOPHY , CONTROL AREA AND BACK-UP INSTRUMENTATION & GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION - COMBINED CYCLE PLANTS REDUNDANCY DESIGN CRITERIA
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POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM

CONTROL SYSTEM POWER SUPPLY TWO SETS OF DC POWER SUPPLIES - ONE SET FOR SG/TG-C&I AND OTHER FOR BOP-C&I EACH WITH 2 X 100 % CHARGER AND 2 X 100 % BATTERY. OTHER IMPORTANT AC LOADS LIKE MMIPIS, PANEL INSTRUMENTS, ANALYSERS ETC. SHALL BE POWERED FROM UPS COMPRISING OF 2 X 100 % CHARGER, 2 X 100 % INVERTER AND 1 X 100 % BATTERY. HEAVY DUTY Ni-Cd BATTERIES HAVE BEEN ENVISAGED FOR LONGER LIFE & LESSER MAINTENANCE

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CABLING & TERMINATION

EXTENSIVE GROUPING OF SIGNALS BY LARGE SCALE USE OF JBs AT STRATEGIC LOCATIONS


USE OF CABLES WITH HIGHER NO OF PAIRS USE OF CAGE-CLAMP CONNECTION FOR SYSTEM CABINETS, MARSHALLING PANELS & OUTGOING SIDE OF JBs, CJS BOXES etc. USE OF PLUG-IN SOCKET AND CONNECTORS FOR TRANSMITTERS, SWITCHES, LS/TS etc.

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IMPORTANT SG/TG RELATED C&I SYSTEM

FLAME MONITORING SYSTEM COAL FEEDER C&I ELECTROMATIC SAFETY VALVES FURNACE TEMP PROBES ACCOUSTIC PYROMETER FOR FURNACE TEMP PROFILE BOILER FLAME ANALYSIS SYSTEM COAL BUNKER LEVEL MONITORING SYSTEM ELECTRONIC DRUM/SEPARATOR LEVEL MONITORING SYSTEM TURBINE SUPERVISORY SYSTEM TDBFP TURBINE SUPERVISORY SYSTEM

IN PACKAGED SYSTEM, THESE ARE UNDER SG & TG PACKAGES.

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OPERATION PHILOSOPHY
CENTRALISED OPERATION OF MAIN PLANT THROUGH OWS & LVS OFF-SITE PLANTS TO BE CONTROLLED FROM THEIR LOCAL STATIONS WITH STATION-WIDE LAN DATA LINK MINIMUM BACKUP INSTRUMENTATION ( ORIGINALLY CONSERVATIVE, NOW REDUCED. CRITERIA - HANDLING EMERGENCY & SAFE SHUT-DOWN) GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION - ALTHOUGH NOT VERY USEFUL FOR POWER PLANTS AS COMPARED TO PROCESS/INDUSTRIES, BEING ADOPTED FOR FEW AREAS WHERE SIGNALS ARE CONCENTRATED (REDUCTION OF CABLING, MUCH LESS ERECTION & COMMISSIONING TIME)

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DESIGN CRITERIA
PROVENNESS
SUPPLIERS EXPERIENCE SYSTEM EXPERIENCE PROVENNESS VS OBSOLESCENCE

RELIABILITY AVAILABILITY
HARDWARE QUALITY (PUBLISHED MTBF etc.) CONFIGURATION REDUNDANCY FAULT TOLERANCE

STANDARDISATION AND UNIFORMITY OF H/W


SAME SERIES & FAMILY OF H/W AS FAR AS POSSIBLE DIFFICULTIES BECAUSE OF PACKAGING CONCEPTS & RESPOSIBILITY CENTRE & INTERFACES (EVEN IN TURNKEY PACKAGE)
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DESIGN CRITERIA
OPERABILITY
DESIGN CONCEPT - FAIL SAFE ETC. FALSE TRIP VS SAFETY OPERATOR CONVENIENCE DURING NORMAL RUNNING & EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT REPORTING

MAINTAINBILITY
STANDARDISATION (AS INDICATED ABOVE) MODULAR DESIGN AND EXPANDABILITY DIAGNOSTIC, FAULT IDENTIFICATION AND FAULT TOLERANCE GUARD AGAINST OBSOLESCENCE AVAILABILTY OF SPARES

OTHER CRITERIA
UNIT OPERATION PHILOSOPHY MARKET TRENDS AND EVOLUTION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FEEDBACKS FROM EXISTING SYSTEMS
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THANK YOU

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