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DTH stands for Direct-To-Home television. Defined as the reception of satellite programs with a personal dish in an individual home. DTH symbols the Transmission of digital video channel to home subscribers through small dish antenna

DTH services were first proposed in India in 1996 but failed with approval. Due to national security, In 1997 Again Ban imposed Rupert Murdoch- owned INDIAN SKY BRODCASTING(ISKYB). Finally Approved & Allowed in 2000. New policy requires all operators to set up in 12 months for license. DTH licenses in India will cost $2.14 million and will be valid for 10 years.
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A DTH network consists of a

Programming Sources Broadcasting Centre Satellites Encoders Multiplexers Modulators and DTH receivers


The broadcast center converts all of this programming into a high-quality, uncompressed digital stream. At this point, the stream contains a vast quantity of data about 270 (Mbps) for each channel.
For DTH system communication channel is air and

Band-Width is : Ku Band Uplink : 13.75 to 14.5 GHz Ku Band Down links: 10.95 to 11.2 GHz : 11.45 to 11.70 GHz : 12.50 to 12.75 GHz


Moving Picture Experts Group is a working group of the ISO. The term also refers to the family of digital video compression standards and file formats developed by the group. MPEG generally produces better-quality video than competing formats, such as Video for Windows and QuickTime. MPEG files previously on PCs needed hardware decoders(codecs) for MPEG processing. MPEG compression is accomplished through the use off our basic techniques: preprocessing, temporal prediction, motion 5 compensation, and quantization coding


Geostationary satellite plays an important role for DTH system


Geostationary satellite are located exactly above the earth's equator and revolve around the earth in a circular orbit. Geostationary satellites are positioned at an exact height above the earth (about 36000 Km). At this height they rotate around the earth at the same speed as the earth rotates around its axis
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Interface cables

Receiver solid Antenna

LNB feed system

Set top box

The receive terminals are basically for the reception of the signals being beamed from the transmission station. The terminal consists of the following: o receive type solid offset antenna o LNB feed system o Interface cables & o Set top box
The terminal can be placed outside the window of a high rise building, on the ground or a roof mount. The terminals can be used as per the contents being beam by the transmission stations.


LNB is the part of a satellite antenna which is positioned in front of the dish to receive the signal and converts the signal to be carried by cable to the receiver . Low noise block down converter is the antenna of what is commonly called the parabolic satellite dish commonly used in satellite TV reception.


set-top box is a device that enables a television set become a user interface to the Internet and also enables a television set to receive and decode digital television (DTV) broadcasts.
TV set-top boxes are sometimes called receivers. A set-

top box is necessary to television viewers who wish to use their current analog television sets to receive digital broadcasts.
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Satellite TV involves receiving signals from a satellite where as cable TV entails airing programs. The biggest difference between satellite and cable TV is the picture and sound quality. Unlike cable TV, satellite TV programs are excellent quality with some of them being high definition. Here are some guidelines that can help compare Dish Network with cable TV.

Dish tv
Dish network features, HD, Dolby5.1ch, CD sound, superior picturequality with huge nos of Channel access. Dish tv has remote geographical access with limited instalation Special features- recording and play games , study aids for children, and language and home tutorial packages, with movies on demand.

Cabel tv
Average Accessed quality of sound and picture, Limited numbers of channels accessed. Cable for subscriber is a limited to wire but major to the supplier with huge installation. Cable TV had manual access with least features 10 but with Cable modem net.


Doordarshan free-to-air services providing 40 TV channels with no subscription fees is an attractive preposition to people in urban and rural areas. A number has started IP broadcast with return channel on PSTN line and this would be for education and other application. Cost effective communication , information and entertainment. DTH services are transparent providing digital quality video, audio, radio, and IP to all at equal prices and other benefits with reliability Small size terminals can provide upto4000 TV channels and 2000 radio channels through a click of a button and thus brings worlds latest information , news , entertainment to your home.



DTH has made the hopes of the people of rural areas to come true.

It helps to develop and explore the ignited mind of people of India to think beyond the scope of imagination.
It also helps to develop the economic conditions of a country.

The DTH market in INDIA is relatively increase day -by-day, Major competitors like Airtel , Reliance, TATA, Videocon market clash would managed to overtake Japan as the largest DTH market in Asia. In the next 5 years (by 2014-15) we will be able to add another 30 million subscribers .