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The State-NGO relationship in

Indonesia and Uzbekistan:

Comparative Analysis
Isma Headiyani Fadhil, 11207472
Artur Gaynulin, 11105460
• State - NGO relationship
• Prove that the health of the State
-NGO relationship is sector-specific
• Case Studies:
NGOs in Indonesia
NGOs in Uzbekistan
State-NGOs Relationship
• State-dependent relationship – State as a
donor, NGO implementer
• Adversarial – no common ground for
• Collaborationist – a genuine partnership
of competing alternatives but
complementary contributions > IDEAL
Civil Society and NGOs
• NGOs as a part of Civil Society
• NGOs as one of the means of
representation within Civil Society
• Dysfunctional Civil Societies – a missing
link of a healthy Civil Society –
Government relationships in

NGOs in Indonesia
NGOs in Uzbekistan
Background on Indonesia-Uzbekistan
• Geographical difference:
 Indonesia – an island country
 Uzbekistan – double-landlocked
• Indonesia – former Dutch colony
• Uzbekistan – former Soviet/USSR colony
• Religion: Prevalence of Islam
• Economy: Developing States
• Political Regimes: Authoritarian, Transitional
State-NGO Relationship, Indonesia
• State-dependent relationship – Religion
Indonesian Association of Muslim Intellectuals –
NGO committed to fight against poverty and
improve education in Indonesia
• Adversarial – Media dissemination
2005 Energy Crisis of Indonesia – NGOs
challenging government not to limit dissemination
of media/basic human rights due to energy
State – NGO relationship, Uzbekistan
• State-dependent relationship – Environment
ARAL Sea Disaster – Government supports NGO activities to
draw funds
• Adversarial – Human Rights
ANDIJAN Massacre of 13 May, 2005 – 187 people killed
NGO Actions: Criticize the government of HR Abuses
State-NGO relationship: Uzbek Government shuts down
NGOs advocating Human Rights:
Winrock International, Urban Institute, Eurasia Foundation,
Freedom House, IREX, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, BBC
World Service, Uzbek branch of UNHCR, etc.
Comparative Analysis: Conclusion

• State-NGO relationship is indeed sector-specific

predominantly in developing countries
• Transitional democracies/developing countries lack
collaborationist approach facing a dysfunctional civil
• The governance of developing states avoid criticism
from the civil society by hiding their mistakes,
restricting the rights of civil society, etc.
Thank YU!