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Golden Passports

Managerial Socialization and Graduate Education Aman Kurl Amlan Mathur Ankur Garg Apurva Sinha

Terms Key Terms


Organization

Socialization The process by which members learn and internalize the values and norms of an organization.

Anticipatory Socialization The process by which people take on the perspectives of the group they aspire to be in. Culture of Orientation It refers to the culture that the new recruits bring with them and How new entrants are initiated into the institutions' culture.

Terms Culture of Orientation

Culture of Orientation
Individualized role orientation
Individuals are allowed to be creative and to experiment with changing norms and values of the organization

Institutionalized role Orientation


Individuals are taught to respond to a new context in the same way that the existing organizational members do

Facts

Goals of MIT and Harvard

Make students

Smarter Wiser More Skilled Knowledgeable

Transmission of values or ideologies Preference for certain activities Distaste for other activities Standards of evaluation Making new friend and associates Refinement of Social Skills

SAME GOALS

Facts Organization Socialization Tactics: A comparison

Organized by Section 70 students Same classes Similar problems Live, party, study together Sectional identity

Harvard

No Sectioning 150 Students Move from class to class Class size varies by course

MIT

Facts Organization Socialization Tactics: A comparison

Sectional ties even in 2nd Year Same classroom; Classes back to back Strict attendance norms

Harvard

No Sectioning 150 Students Open ended course Attendance norms variable

MIT

Facts Organization Socialization Tactics: A comparison

Isolated campus Physically isolated Classes non common with other Harvard students 33% more class hours

Harvard

Common campus Shared with other MIT courses Common courses

MIT

Facts Organization Socialization Tactics: A comparison

Participation evaluated Nameplates Faculty names students Study groups encouraged Assignment norms

Participation not evaluated No Nameplates Specialization required Master thesis required No norms

Harvard

MIT

Analysis Levels of Culture

3 2 1

Process of conversion Repeatedly successful solution made the preferred solution Internalization of values Tried solutions of problems tested Turn perceptions into values Visible & Physical Superficial Level Rituals, ceremonies

Analysis

Level 1: Visible

Organized by section Same classes Same assignments Similar Problems Attendance norms Participation evaluated Isolated campus

Harvard

MIT

No sections
Different classes

No evaluation of participation Common Campus

Analysis

Level 2: Tried solutions

Formation of study groups Friendship by disinterest Sectional identity Impression management Pegging production Student collective influences individual & Faculty Hidden Competition

Harvard

Amount of effort to put in a course Classroom time Friendships by common interests Temporary groupings Competition with self

MIT

Analysis

Level 3: Preferred solution

Harvard

Managerial Teamwork Learn from coworkers Good interpersonal skills

Individual performance Risky High growth

MIT

Analysis Impact

Harvard

Find jobs in large fortune 500 companies attractive

Staff positions, technical consultant roles in small firms which are Risky High growth

MIT

Analysis Values at MIT & Harvard


Harvard MIT
Inward directed completion Uniformity Collective solutions

Information sharing
Impression management Completion; but not displayed

Terminal Values
Excellence
Innovation Social Responsibility Ethical Leadership

Analysis
Tactics used to achieve culture of Orientation

Collective Formal Sequential Fixed Variable Divesture

Individual Informal Random Variable Disjunctive Investiture

Harvard

MIT