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TOPIC 1.

PEDAGOGY AS A SCIENCE PEDAGOGICAL PROCESS


Senior teacher, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences Olyesya V. Razdorskaya

PLAN 1. Pedagogy as a science. Object and subject of pedagogy. 2. Aims of higher medical education. 3. Functions (tasks) of pedagogical science in medical education. 4. The main categories and notions of pedagogy. 5. Problems of education and self-education. 6. Pedagogy as a field of humanitarian practice. 7. System of pedagogical sciences. Connection of pedagogy with other sciences.

The art of communication with a patient that the students must be taught

Pedagogy in the medical higher education establishment

Methodical recommendations for working out the educational plans and programs

PEDAGOGY (Greek) guiding of the children


PEDAGOGUE (Greek) the slave who accompanied his

masters children to school

The sources of folk pedagogy:


fairy tales, songs, proverbs, sayings

Object of pedagogy

- education as a phenomenon including learning, training and development

Learning

- reproductive mastering of the knowledge

Education

- getting knowledge and development of a competent personality

The object of pedagogy is pedagogical (educational) process


carried out by the teachers of different subjects.

Scientist

teacher

Not only the knowledge, but the ability to teach it is necessary.

Pedagogical process is a dialogue between a teacher and a


student

Pedagogical process in medicine is a dialogue between a


doctor and a patient.

The aims of higher medical education:


Formation of a future doctors personality (competent and responsible) Formation of a doctor able to help, a merciful and compassionate person)

Doctor = education + experience + competences + pedagogical abilities

Sources of information in pedagogy

written sources

verbal sources computer texts

Transference of knowledge
Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia

from father to son

Ancient India

Songs and poems (Vedas)

Written sources

Papyrus (Ancient Egypt)

Clay tablets (Mesopotamia)

Paper (China)

Parchment (Medieval Europe)

Aspects of the contents of education: External educational environment of the University, educational plans, textbooks, manuals and visual aids Internal obtaining of knowledge and personal changes which are unique for each student

Pedagogy at a medical University is a science of medical education characterized by the creation of the conditions for the students mastering the basis of professional competence, spiritual and professional development. The object of pedagogy is medical education, its subject is pedagogical interrelation between the participants of educational process allowing the students to master the basis of professional competence.

Three main functions (tasks) of pedagogy as a science

analytic studying, description, generalization of pedagogical experience

prognostic working out the strategies of education

projective and constructive Inculcation of the results of research into practice

Technologies in medical education


Structural and logical (making the schemes and algorithms of educational
activity); activity);

Integrated (interrelation between the knowledge and skills of certain types of Game (different types of business games, educational games); Training (algorithm of doing typical practical tasks); Dialogue (empathic talks of a doctor with a patient) Information and computer technologies (The 21st century is the century of
computer era)

The main categories and notions of pedagogy


Teaching is defined as a process of appropriation of the norms and ways of doing something, of socially important experience. It can be achieved by a person's individual activity (learning) or by the activity organized by a teacher (teaching). Thus, it is always a two-sided process. Upbringing is an influence on a person's needs and values, it is a process of comprehension of external aims and turning them into internal ones. Upbringing is predetermined by orientation to a personality, a personality's interests and values. Development is a process of formation a person's fundamental abilities: cognitive (the ability to think), reflective (the ability realize and analyze one's actions), communicative (the ability to socialize).

Aspects of pedagogical process: Aims what to study (to teach) for Contents what to study (to teach) Methods and means how to study (to teach)

A medical students choice


I can I cant
student

I must I mustnt

I want I dont want

educational environment

Four types of educational environment (after Janusz Korczak)


Dogmatic educational environment promotes the development of the students passivity and dependence; Career environment promotes the formation of the students activity, but at the same time keeps a certain dependence; The environment of tranquil consumption causes the free formation of a personality, but also causes a certain passivity; Creative educational environment presupposes free active development of the students.

PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION AND SELF-EDUCATION Education is a purposeful help in the development of character and merits of the person, abilities and habits. Such qualities are defined first of all by the relation of a person to another person, to the society, to all realities of the world around, to a science and the process of education. Self-education is the realized, purposeful activity of the person presupposing cognition and development, formation and perfection of the positive personal qualities and overcoming negative ones, mastering the ability to harmonize the inner world and the relations with the people around.

The ideas of philosophical and anthropological approach


A persons ability to self-cognition, self-development and self-determination, used as a way of training of a medical student; An ability to dialogical interrelation; Education and self-education, upbringing and learning as the ways of existence of the subjects of educational process; Approval of the equality of the participants of the educational process, dialogical style of communication and interrelation in the way subject subject.

PRINCIPLES OF UPBRINGING AT A MEDICAL UNIVERSITY The unity of the processes of education and upbringing Professional and deontological orientation Help, support and cooperation Psychological safety

FORMS OF MASTERING

Mastering is a psychological process; by means of it a person acquires knowledge, abilities and skills as well was social and historical experience kept by the generations. Forms of mastering: emotional communication, manipulative form, games, educational, socially useful and labor activity. Development is a synonym of the notion mastering, used when we speak about mastering of the operations, actions, forms of activity.

THE CHANGE OF FORMS OF EDUCATIONAL CULTURE

Traditional Do like I do

Craft Be like me

Professional (organized set of knowledge)

Technological (programming, making projects, creation of virtual reality)

THE RELATION OF PEDAGOGY AND PHILOSOPHY

philosophy

Philosophy of education

pedagogy

SYSTEM OF PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCES


general pedagogy history of pedagogy age pedagogy methods of teaching didactics comparative pedagogy special pedagogy professional pedagogy

certain subjects

SCIENCES CONNECTED WITH PEDAGOGY

CONNECTION OF PEDAGOGY AND PSYCHOLOGY


Pedagogy studies a person as he can become under the influence of education and upbringing Pedagogical

psychology
Age

Psychology studies a person as he is

psychology Psychology of
management

CONNECTION OF PEDAGOGY AND PSYCHOTHERAPY

pedagogy

Specific forms of teaching

psychotherapy

Knowledge of functioning of the nervous system, age peculiarities and socialization

Fields studied by philosophy of education

Philosophy of upbringing

Philosophy of law

Philosophy of culture

Philosophy of science

Philosophy of history

Sciences using pedagogical methods for solving their own tasks

Scientific and practical potential of pedagogy

history

economics
Ethnology and ethnography

literature

pedagogy
politics

cybernetics

geography

ecology

THANKS FOR

YOUR ATTENTION!