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P R E S E N T A T I on

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN CITY DEVELOPMENT AUROVILLE PLAN,AUROVILLE

UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF: PROF. SACHIN JAIN

PRESENTED BY
RUCHIKA JAROLI -GO4115 SAILEE NANDKARNI -GO 4124

MCM:613

REAL ESTATE DEVELOPMENT

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

C O N T E N T S

Part One describes the existing scenario

Part Two lays down principles and directions for long-term growth and gives Development Proposals to make Auroville the most eco-friendly city.

Part Three gives the development promotion regulations and the procedure to be adopted for development

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

C O N T E N T S

Part One describes the existing scenario

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

H I S T O R Y

The Universal Township of Auroville was inaugurated on 28th February 1968 as a project of Sri Aurobindo Society

attended by delegates of 124 nations, in the presence of 5000 people Alfassa gave Auroville its 4-point Charter setting forth her vision of Integral living: Auroville belongs to nobody in particular. Auroville belongs to humanity as a whole. But to live in Auroville, one must be the willing servitor of the Divine Consciousness. Auroville will be the place of an unending education, of constant progress, and a youth that never ages. Auroville wants to be the bridge between the past and the future. Taking advantage of all discoveries from without and from within, Auroville will boldly spring towards future realizations. Auroville will be a site of material and spiritual researches for a living embodiment of an actual Human Unity.

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

G O V E R N M E N T

AUROVILLE
The Government of India endorsed the township, and in 1966, UNESCO also endorsed it inviting the member-states to participate in the development of Auroville. governed by the Auroville Foundation through an act of the Indian Parliament. The Foundation is controlled by the Indian Government,

currently owns about half of the total land required for the township. The remaining lands are being purchased whenever funds are available. It is the Foundation, not the inhabitants, which owns the houses.

E X I S T I N G S C E N A R I O

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
originally intended to house 50,000 inhabitants form for the township was subdivided into four principal zones: Residential Zone International Zone Industrial Zone Cultural Zone

The relevance of Auroville to the country as a whole is to use all the researches carried out here diligently and with commitment, individually and collectively, in order to raise the overall quality of life.

actual population is 2,200 (1,553 adults and 454 minors), coming from 43 nationalities, 836 of whom are of Indian origin

community is divided up into neighborhoods with English, Sanskrit, French and Tamil names like Aspiration, Arati, La Ferme, and Isaiambalam

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

L O C A T I O N

an "experimental" township in Viluppuram district , Tamil Nadu, near Pondicherry

AUROVILLE

founded in 1968 by Mirra Alfassa (called "The Mother )

designed by architect Roger Anger "Auroville is meant to be a universal town where men and women of all countries are able to live in peace and progressive harmony, above all creeds, all politics and all nationalities.

The purpose of Auroville is to realize human unity."

R E G I O N A L S E T T I N G

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
Most of areas lies in Villupuram district and some part within the Union Territory of Pondicherry. Auroville's development is closely linked with the development of the surrounding region. The development models evolved in Auroville township, be it plantation, regeneration of land, water harvesting, building technology, etc., are benefitting the entire region. The land is generally of poor quality for agriculture and the entire area was identified as a backward area.

R E G I O N A L S E T T I N G

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
Township boundary is in the form of a circle of 2.5 km radius encompassing 20 sq. km area Village settlements designated area of the township Edayanchavadi, Irumbai, Kottakarai, Rayapudupakkam, Pettai and Alankuppam with a population of 8000 persons. on periphery of the township of Kuilapalayam, Acharampattu and Oddampalayam with population of 3,000 persons. Adjacent urban centers: Pondicherry city at 6km , with a population of about 4 lakh in south Tindivanam, with a population of over 60,000, is about 25 km to the north-west. Cuddalore town, further south of Pondicherry with a population of about 1.5 lakh.

Resources : Kaliveli tank, a unique environmental resource at 10 km towards north Ustery tank, source for irrigation towards south

P H Y S I C A L F E A T U R E S

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
50 m above mean sea level site slopes down from the centre to the periphery. topsoil is hard laterite on a bed of clay of varying depths. soil not suitable for productive agriculture with traditional methods. area exposed to wind and water. cyclonic belt

P H Y S I C A L F E A T U R E S

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
CONSTRAINTS AND OPPORTUNITY OFFERED BY THE TOPOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE: The constraints, in the form of gullied, windswept barren lands generally considered unsuitable for urban development, have been used as opportunities for evolving the form of the township. The slopes radiating from the centre to the periphery provided a suitable location for Matrimandir as the centre of the township and also the soul of Auroville. The rocks and land forms helped in conserving and utilizing the rainfall run-off to convert this inhospitable site into a hospitable environment for the development of a human settlement in harmony with nature.

E X I S T I N G L A N D U S E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN E X I S T I N G L A N D U S E

AUROVILLE
LAND USE A. Developed Area 1. Residential a) Village settlements b) Auroville communities 2. Commercial 3. Manufacturing & Economic activities 4. Public & Semi-Public uses including peace area, gardens and area under administration / institution. 5. Roads / Streets 6. Recreational (playgrounds) Sub Total B. Unbuilt Area 1. Regenerated land 2. Agriculture a) Agricultural & related research b) Farming 3. Water Bodies 4. Canyon, waste and other lands Sub Total Grand Total 1963 EXTENT (HA) 95 20 75 19 10 65 30 13 232 598 50 940 45 98 1731 % 40.9 8.2 4.3 28.0 13.0 5.6 100.0 34.5 2.9 54.3 2.6 5.7 100.0

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN E X I S T I N G L A N D U S E

AUROVILLE
Out of 20 sq. km of the designated area of the township, about 12% is presently developed for urban uses and the rest is under agriculture, plantation and other nonurban uses. the early residents with their hard work in collaboration with villagers built check dams across canyons, put up a large number of bunds to check soil erosion, and planted and reared trees in large numbers. Over two million trees were planted during the last 32 years. A good part of this work was carried out with support from Government of India projects such as Waste Land Regeneration, Watershed Management and Reforestation projects. All this contributed in regenerating the barren land into a productive and developable site for urban and green uses.

D E M O G R A P H I C F E A T U R E S

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
The present population of Auroville consists of: Resident Aurovilians Researchers and students, who come for short duration to learn and contribute to the efforts of development. The estimated number of researchers is 1,200 annually FLOATING POPULATION Day-workers from neighboring villages working in Auroville's economic and service activities. 48% of the day-workers in manufacturing and services are female workers, indicating a higher participation ratio of women in the workforce.
Category Manufacturing Services Total Male 1550 1050 2600 % Female % Total % 58.5 41.5 100

59.6 1375 40.4 1025 100 2400

57.3 2925 42.7 2075 100 5000

D E M O G R A P H I C F E A T U R E S

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
Short-term, including casual visitors coming to see the experience of Auroville's work in diverse fields. on an average, 1,000 persons visit it every day. Sundays and holidays are special days when the number of visitors go up to 2,000 persons. The number of casual visitors is estimated at 2.5 lakh/year. Age and sex composition
Age group 0-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60+
Main Sector Manufacturing Services Rural & agricultural related

No. of persons 298 99 91 131 278 308 228 86


No of Units 35 120 10 Aurovillians 200 520 130

% 19.62 6.52 5.99 8.62 18.30 20.28 15.01 5.66


Day - Workers 2925 1775 300

Occupational structure

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D E M O G R A P H I C I M P A C T

AUROVILLE
YEAR 1972 1980 2006

POPULATION 320 676 1519

The population is showing a five-fold increase during the last thirty years Auroville will attract a large number of people from various countries in the years to come due to the development activities .

Thus it is proposed to set up similar centers in the different states of India. Thereby raising awareness and attracting resource persons in larger numbers for the expansion of the present activities of Auroville.

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Economy is mainly based on manufacturing units and services MANUFACTUING UNITS: Main occupation

AUROVILLE

E C O N O M Y

More than 100 small and medium industries Cottage industries With total turnover of Rs. 25.50 crores SERVICE SECTOR commercial and transport sectors is marginal, it is steadily growing construction and architectural services research and training

For efficient management and sustainable development, such as renewable energy and appropriate building materials. AGRICULTURE SECTOR food production, mainly fruits and vegetables, dairy products related research and training organic farming, soil conservation and water management.

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
Individual dwellings, community housing, apartments and youth hostels Community housing provides for individual and family living spaces with common kitchen and other collective facilities The average household size is around 2 persons Local materials as well as innovative building materials such as ferrocement roofs and panels made locally. HOUSING CONSTRUCTION
MATERIAL Local material Ferro - cement Tiles Concrete All types 30 - 70 111 122 56 11 300 AREA OF UNIT(sqm) 80 - 150 59 165 70 27 321 160 and above 31 69 20 26 146 TOTAL 201 356 146 64 767

H O U S I N G

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C O N S T R U C T I O N

AUROVILLE
EXPERIMENTING WITH CONSTRUCTION ELEMENTS: Wall materials: adobe, stabilized earth blocks and rammed earth to fired bricks. 'Fire bricks house' technique: entire structure is built in earth and fired like a kiln, producing a innovatively constructed house. The experiments made in building technology have far-reaching implications in terms of design and materials, of reduction in energy consumption, and adoption of eco-friendly practices.

EARTH BLOCK CONSTRUCTION

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I N F R A S T R U C T U R E

AUROVILLE
ROAD NETWORK WATER SUPPLY SEWAGE AND SANITATION SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL POWER TELEPHONES AND COMMUNICATION Cremation and Burial Ground EDUCATION HEALTH TOURIST INFRASTRUCTURE RECREATION SOCIO CULTURAL FACILITIES SPIRITUAL CENTRE VILLAGE OUTREACH

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R O A D N E T W O R K

Tarred roads connects the East Coast Road and TindivanamPondicherry road with village settlements, internal gravel roads, footpaths and cycle tracks. The existing road pattern is comprised of one circular road around the centre of the township and another semi-circular road passing along the periphery (outer circle) of the designated area of the township.

AUROVILLE

Both the inner and the outer circular roads are connected by radial roads. internal roads are of a temporary nature giving access to residential communities and public facilities. The gravel roads are about 10 m. wide. The surface of road has been kept as gravel to allow percolation of rainwater for re-charging the aquifers.

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE R O A D N E T W O R K
NEED OF IMPROVED ROAD NETWORK Conceptually these are maintained as pedestrian roads, but slow moving traffic consisting of cycles and scooters is slowly and steadily increasing. With the increase of tourists and visitors to the Matrimandir area, the motorized traffic consisting of cars and buses also increased, particularly on holidays and weekends. Apart from missing links in the outer circular road in the eastern part of the township, the road network in the township is devoid of street furniture, signage and indicators. Geometrics of the major linkages to the township both from the East Coast road and the Tindivanam-Pondicherry road, as well as of the internal roads, access and approaches need to be improved.

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W A T E R S U P P L Y

water supply dependent on underground sources 130 wells, of which 60 wells give a significant output

AUROVILLE

average water supply of 3800 cu.m. per day, amounting to 1.4 million cu.m. annually. ground water situation is'critical' Needs to increase the recharge rate but also conserve and recycle water Auroville is engaged in extensive water management research and application drinking water usage is excessive and needs to bring down to reasonable urban standards. distribution system :decentralized pumping units and storage reservoirs present pumping capacity adequate for future population water conservation is essential to economise on energy and water consumption. rainwater runoff from roads and paved areas is diverted to the canyons, where a system of check dams helps in storage and recharge of ground water.

S E W R A G E S A N I T A T I O N

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
SEWERAGE own system for sewage disposal for all residential units 20 community-level treatment facilities consisting of septic tanks, Imhoff tanks, baffle reactors, and root zone and lagooning systems SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL managed by the Eco Service, 1995 Organic waste is composed on site and inorganic is recycled. non-recyclable wastes stored in a temporary storage facility until an acceptable disposal solution is found. waste disposal management possible by segregation of wastes at the source

P O W E R C O M M U N I C A T I O N

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN


POWER Auroville consumes about 1.75 million kilowatts of power/year for domestic and for industrial ,commercial purposes. About 150 houses use solar PV electricity and heaters for their energy requirements. 140 solar water-pumping systems and 30 wind-driven pumps. The power distribution is carried through distribution transformers and underground cables. TELEPHONES AND COMMUNICATION: telephone exchange of 1000 lines small post office located in Bharat Nivas Auronet, Auroville's email and electronic bulletin board network own internal messenger service and the weekly Auroville News through well-established printing and multimedia resource units.

AUROVILLE

E D U C A T I O N R E C R E A T I O N

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN


EDUCATION:

AUROVILLE

At present, there are two crches, one kindergarten, two primary schools and three high schools for children residing in Auroville.

located within walking distances and are well-dispersed in the township. New high school facilities are presently under construction. There are also four schools specifically serving surrounding villages serving 700 children from 13 surrounding villages and from Auroville use innovative learning and teaching methods provide playground and sports facilities

RECREATION township has four play fields for various outdoor sports, a gymnasium and indoor sports facilities Organizes team games ,athletic meets, and competitions where participants come from surrounding villages developed beach facilities at 'Repos', near Chinnamudaliarchavadi village

H E A L T H S P I R I T U A L C E N T R E

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HEALTH Mini health centre recognized by Tamil Nadu State Government serves Auroville community & patients from villages, and has six sub-centres For emergencies and complicated cases, patients referred to health facilities in Pondicherry Auroville promotes alternative healing methods and natural therapies.

AUROVILLE

CREMATION AND BURIAL GROUND Presently one burial ground within Auroville, used by villagers. no regular burial or cremation facility for the Aurovilians as such, but a site chosen near Adventure community in the southern part of the Green Belt. SPIRITUAL CENTRE Matrimandir, spiritual and physical centre of Auroville extended over a area of 28 ha major areas of work on the structure are under completion development of surrounding gardens required This signals growth and increasing perfection of Auroville as a whole.

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S O C I O C U L T U R A L

AUROVILLE
SOCIO-CULTURAL FACILITIES Sri Aurobindo Auditorium at Bharat Nivas with a capacity of 840 persons Workshops and recitals for both traditional and modern dance, drama and music cultural events based on community and environmental awareness programmes

TOURIST INFRASTRUCTURE Visitors Centre which has an information service, a boutique and a restaurant guest houses accommodation for about 400 persons Dormitory accommodation for youth and young researchers Parking facilities for 20 buses at any time

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V I L L A G E O U T R E A C H

AUROVILLE
13 villages with 40,000 people in the immediate area of Auroville and 40 villages in the bioregional area. Auroville provides alternative to young people for migration to the cities and urban centers for self improvement and employment. Auroville village development groups have been a development programme for the neighboring villagers PEOPLE SUPPORTED BY AUROVILLE Surrounding villages Local people employed (sweepers to engineers) Children in Auroville schools from neighboring villages Children in Auroville classes in village schools Health care for people from neighboring villages NO. OF PERSONS 350 5000 More than 5000 900 20,000

A D M I N I S T R A T I V E S E T U P

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
The Auroville Foundation Act, 1988 provides for the better management and further development of Auroville It comprises of : The Governing Board: responsibility for proper management and development of Auroville The Residents Assembly is required to formulate the Master Plan of Auroville for the approval of the Governing Board The International Advisory Council: act as advisors to the Governing Board and the Residents' Assembly Foundation's functions include : monitoring and review of Auroville activities preparation of a Master Plan for Auroville co-ordinating the raising of funds for Auroville

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN


S E R V I C E A G E N C I E S
SERVICE AGENCIES

AUROVILLE

Auroville has at present service units for water supply, power and communication, roads and waste management

maintained through service charges from users and contributions from Auroville's Central Maintenance Fund

There is one Auroville centralized purchasing and distribution service known as "Pour Tous" (For All) It operates like a departmental store There is no cash transactions, works on credit through maintenance of individual accounts. Pour Tous building / facilities presently located just on the periphery of the township is proposed to be relocated in the Crown area and it will have a number of outlets in the township

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN


CONTRIBUTIONS FROM residents grants and donations from India and abroad

AUROVILLE

F U N D I N G

income generated by Auroville units Government of India grants In past 10 years, Auroville generated Rs. 150 crores for its activities; Rs. 100 crores internally and Rs. 50 crores raised through donations CENTRAL FUND system to provide collective support to Auroville's services ,maintenance allowances to those who do not have private resources. financed through income from commercial units, from guestsAuroville Fund and. Donations at present total capital of over 4 crores; interest of it is used to finance monthly budgets distributes its income of approx. Rs. 35 lakh per month to more than 40 activities and services. one

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

L A N D O W N E R S H I P

AUROVILLE
designated area = 19.63 sq. km = 1963 ha. existing village settlements, water bodies and roads = 156 ha. WITHIN CITY AREA Land under Auroville foundation = 83% Land to be acquired = 17% WITHIN GREEN BELT Land under private ownership = 70% planned and orderly development required

Government lands Owned by Auroville City Area Green Belt Total 26 56 82 383 395 778

Private ownership Total 82 865 947 491 1316 1807*

D E V E L O P M E N T I M P E R A T I V E S

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN


REQUIREMENTS FOR GROWTH OF AUROVILLE: housing : tied up with funds for development infrastructure facilities : roads, sewerage, water supply, power and communication Green Belt usage surrounding the City Area material researches to promote sustainable development to be carried out in the Green Belt, should be secured against speculative urban development Green Belt to be maintained for agricultural and forest type of uses to promote water harvesting, aquifer recharge, biodiversity conservation and recreation Auroville can therefore only be realized to its full potential through intense resource mobilization and the proper implementation of the Master Plan.

AUROVILLE

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

C O N T E N T S

Part Two lays down principles and directions for long-term growth and gives Development Proposals to make Auroville the most eco-friendly city.

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

C O N T E N T S

Auroville Assigned Population The need for the Master Plan Goals & Objectives of the Master Plan Concept & Approach Proposed Land Use Plan Proposed Land Use Plan Physical & Social Infrastructure Distribution of Assigned Population Development Models for Built Space Implementation & Monitoring Mechanism Phasing & Resource Mobilisation Reviewing the Master Plan

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

ASSIGNED POPULATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF ASSIGNED POPULATION

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D E M O G R A P H Y

AUROVILLE

will come and stay here to accomplish the special task of carrying out spiritual as well as material researches, which will have wider applications not only in India but the world over.

2025: 50000
2010: 15000 2007: 1000
DEDICATED PEOPLE FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD WHICH EVOLVE THE SURROUNDINGS

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P O P U L A T I O N

AUROVILLE

AGE GROUP

TOTAL

MEN

WOMEN

TOTAL

0-19

4000

2000

2000

17000

20-59

10000

6000

4000

28000

60 AND ABOVE

1000

400

600

5000

ALL AGE GROUP

15000

8400

6600

50000

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P O P U L A T I O N

AUROVILLE

Zone Residential International Industrial Cultural Crown area in all zones Green Belt All Zones

Ultimate 40,000 600 1,800 600 5,000 2,000* 50,000

Phase 1 11,000 300 600 300 1,800 1,000* 15,000

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P O P U L A T I O N

AUROVILLE

1. Main concentration of Auroville's population will be in the Residential Zone. The overall density in the Residential Zone will be 240 persons/ha. 2. The floor space per person will be in the order of 30 sq. m and 55% of the area will remain unpaved
Type of housing Single family dwelling Low rise apartment High rise apartment No. of floors 1-2 2-4 5-8

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P O P U L A T I O N

AUROVILLE

1. It is proposed that the Residential Zone be delineated into ten sectors of approximately 10 ha. each. 2. Each of these sectors will be developed at densities varying from 100 persons/ha. to 640 persons/ha. particularly in high-rise building blocks in a wide range of urban forms. 3. The net size of residential areas would be about 100 ha., which would provide a residential floor space of 1,500,000 sq.m. (FAR 150), that could accommodate the entire 40,000 persons at an average floor space of 30 sq.m. / person.

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E M P L O Y M E N T

AUROVILLE
SECTOR ESTIMATED NO. %

PRIMARY-Farming, forest development, 1000 animal husbandry, wildlife, fisheries and such activities. SECONDARY- Manufacturing including 6000 medium- sized clean industries, cottage & household industries & artisans both for local consumption and export. TERTIARY- Trade, transport, construction and services TOTAL 3000

10

60

30

10000

100

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AUROVILLE

NEED OF MASTER PLAN

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M A S T E R P L A N

AUROVILLE

1. Laying down broad policies and directions for growth in the principal zones. 2. Determining the hierarchy of roads and access ways. 3. Establishing the zoning of land use on all lands falling within a 20 sq. km. area of the Township. 4. Determining the standards for common facilities for education, health & social needs of the resident population. 5. Identifying the social and physical infrastructure requirements of the township. 6. Identifying the need for conservation of historic, ecologically sensitive and aesthetically important areas. 7. Developing a mechanism for sustainable developments that harmonise both the needs of the environment and of development, as well as guidelines for such developments. 8. Identifying the requirement of investments. 9. Suggesting policies for integrating the neighbouring villages in the Master Plan so they may take advantage of and benefit from their proximity to Auroville for their economic betterment.

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AUROVILLE

CONCEPT AND APPROACH

C O N C E P T &

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AUROVILLE

NEBULA 1966 MOTHER SKETCH 1965

A P P R O A C H

GALAXY 1967

GALAXY 1968

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F O O T P R I N T S

AUROVILLE
1. Embarked upon several innovations assisting human development 2. help other cities in India and other countries experiencing high urbanisation trends. 3. It would demonstrate how 'urban' and 'rural' areas can complementarily develop in an integral and holistic way for their mutual benefit 4. The approach of the Master Plan is to establish that economic and human intellectual resources, which normally gravitate to urban areas, can be effectively used to plan development more evenly and to create an equitable and economically sound society. 5. It is Auroville's concept, therefore, to build a City that will economise on land needs by introducing development approaches with an optimum mix of densities but not sacrificing the appealing urban forms or required amenities. 6. The surrounding Green Belt will be a fertile zone for applied research in the sectors of food production, forestry, soil conservation, water management, waste management, village development and other areas essential for sustainable development.

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN


It is center CIt comprises of of the township. Itits Matrimandir and is a 109-hectare area to the gardens, the amphitheatre a north of the Peace Area. It iswith the O Urn of"green" industries, It will zone for Human Unity that contains contain small and medium-scale the soil of 121 nations 23 is the the four city NIt Indian largest ofcentres,andhelp states, and to industries, training a lakearts zones. This zone provides a wellcreatecrafts, and the city's and an atmosphere of calm and C adjusted habitattobetween a serenity and serve as administration. individual and collective living. groundwater recharge area. 55% of the area will be green and E only 45% built surface, thereby P creating an urban density balanced by nature. T The central focus of this zone is to create U demonstration of a living unity human in diversity through the A expression of the genius and L contribution of each nation to humanity

AUROVILLE
The city area with a radius of 1.25 km. will be surrounded by TheGreen Belt of 1.25 be a site a Cultural Zone will km width. It fora zone of organic in is applied research farms, educationand provides dairies, orchards, forests, and facilities for cultural, wildlife areas. educational, art and sports activities.

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S N A P S H O T S

AUROVILLE

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

PROPOSED LAND USE ANALYSIS

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AUROVILLE

P R O P O S E D

TOTAL AREA BUILT AREA


Built-up area, consisting of buildings and developments for residential, cultural, manufacturing, commercial and utility uses, international pavilions and open spaces, would evolve around the Matrimandir with its gardens in the centre of the township.

UNBUILT PART
Un built part consisting of agricultural uses, regenerated forests, tanks, water bodies, channels and a number of green activities linked to the promotion of sustainable development, would encircle the built-up area and also act as interface between the City and its bioregion.

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

F E A T U R E S

1. These is another special use zone, which traverses all the four zones in a concentric fashion with a width of about 75 meters 2. consisting of a circular road with buildings facing it. 3. This Crown area will provide most of the service facilities required to support the activities in the four zones mentioned above. 4. The developments in the Crown area will naturally be somewhat different, depending upon its proximity or interface with each zone. 5. For the purposes of zoning regulations, the crown area is considered as a separate zone under each of the four zones.

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AUROVILLE

P O L I C I E S

Maximum living space per person: 30 sqm Range of densities and interesting architectural forms 50% unpaved area as permeable space Collective and community use Eco friendly practices in water and energy management Pedestrian and cycle ways Harmonious landscaping and tree planting

Clean, non-polluting industries Small and medium scale Expand local employment Vocational training for youth Encourage local entrepreneurship Good working environment for workers Efficient management practices

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AUROVILLE

P O L I C I E S

International studies on Humanity Indian / East-West Culture Synthesis of knowledge Arts, craft and technology

International pavilions for cross country exchange Science and technology Culture, philosophy and humanities

Innovative, low energy consumption, cost-effective technology, eco-friendly, barrier-free architecture, indigenous materials

Water harvesting Watershed management Waste water recycling Aquifer storage and recovery Preventing saline intrusion Water conservation

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

P O L I C I E S

Use of solar, wind and biomass energy Better demand and supply side management

Segregation at source Composting and recycling Special disposal of hazardous and biomedical waste Attaining zero garbage situation

Exclusive pedestrian and cycle paths Encouraging non-polluting traffic Service nodes for interface with villages Designing nonpolluting vehicles

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

P O L I C I E S

People s participation in sustainable development Improving sanitation and water supply Improving housing through costeffective techniques Innovative research programmes Better agriculture practices

Healthy productive employment Field laboratory for best practices in eco-friendly techniques Environmental sustainability Food security Developing urban-rural linkages

P R O P O S E D L A N D U S E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
Use Zone Peace Area 1. Residential Zone Area in ha. 28 173 % 5.7 35.2 Residential houses, apartments in five sectors at different densities, and basic community facilities. Shopping, utilities, communication, recreation and community facilities of higher order, supporting residential use. Principal Uses Matrimandir, Lake, Gardens

160

32.6

Crown 2. International Zone Pavilions

13 68 63.5

2.6 13.9 12.9

National and international pavilions, conference and exhibition halls. Utilities, communication, shops and other common facilities related to the main activity in the International Zone, including housing and staff quarters.

Crown

4.5

P R O P O S E D L A N D U S E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
Use Zone 3. Industrial Zone Economic Crown Administration Vocational training 4. Cultural Zone Major cultural Crown Area in ha. 126 94.5 8.5 7 16 96 91 5 % 25.7 19.3 1.7 1.4 3.3 19.5 18.5 1 Educational Institutions, University, sports centers and staff quarters. Shopping, utility, communication and recreation centers and related facilities supporting cultural activities in the zone, including housing. Non-polluting manufacturing units, including cottage industries. Hostels, dormitories, guesthouses and supporting facilities for the main activity in the zone. Town Hall, City Administration offices and housing. Vocational training centres, research institutions including laboratories. Principal Uses

Total

491

100

P R O P O S E D L A N D U S E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

BUILT
(Existing settlements 156 to be Area in ha. retained)

10.5 Auroville Communities and Village Residential Areas,


% Principal Uses Service Nodes

and utilities and main access roads.

UNBUILT

1316

89.5 life.

Farming and Forest type uses and recreation, bird & wild

Total

1472 100

P R O P O S E D L A N D U S E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

Use
1. Residential
Use

Extent in Ha
Extent in Ha %

%
Remarks

Remarks

121

24.64 Residential Zone 80% Other zones Mostly in Crown Area connecting the zones Industrial Zone/Manufacturing units

2. Commercial 3. Industrial

20

4.1

56

11.4

P R O P O S E D L A N D U S E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
Use
4. Public & Semi-public a. Matrimandir b. Pavilions c. Educational & Cultural d. Administration, utilities & other uses 5. Open space & recreation

Extent in Ha
159 28 38 73 20 46 89 491

%
32.38 5.7 7.73 14.86 4.07 9.36 18.12 100

Remarks

Peace Area International Zone Cultural and Residential Industrial and other zones To be provided in all zones To serve all zones

6. Transport & communication Total

P R O P O S E D L A N D U S E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
UNBUILT AREA IN GREEN BELT ZONE FOREST AND LAND REGENERATION

AGRICULTURE AND FARMING

RECREATIONAL AREAS

500 ha of land Eris, natural drainage channels and village settlements, is reserved for intensive agricultural development

560 ha. of land Dense plantations of trees, acts as a barrier against cyclone-strong winds coming from the coast

256 ha. OF LAND Openair recreational facilities for the inhabitants include a botanical garden and agro and social forestry for the benefit of neighbouring villages. Within this zone, a modern burial and cremation site is also proposed.

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

S N A P S H O T S

AUROVILLE

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE

I N F R A S T R U C T U R E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

PLAN OF ROAD NETWORK

SECTIONS OF ROAD

I N F R A S T R U C T U R E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

INDUSTRIAL 2 FROM TINDIVANAMPONDICHERRY ROAD INTERNATIONAL 4 PRINCIPLE ACCESSES 30 m WIDE RESIDENTIAL ZONE 2 FROM EAST COAST ROAD (ECR) CULTURAL ZONE

I N F R A S T R U C T U R E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

1. Two ring roads are proposed within the City area 2. One circumscribing the four main use zones and the other adjoining the utility zone which is designated as the Crown road. 3. Roads is also suggested to be 30 m. 4. entire City area has been envisaged as a "non-polluting vehicular zone 5. Hence City Area will be used by progressively non-polluting vehicles.

I N F R A S T R U C T U R E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

Consist of vehicular roads as well as pedestrian and cycle paths. vehicular roads Would vary between 18-24 mt. depending upon their functions. Pedestrian and cycle paths 1. These are integrated with open spaces and green corridors. 2. A minimum of 3 m width 3. Reserved only for pedestrian and cycle movement.

I N F R A S T R U C T U R E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
SERVICE NODES PRIMARY SECONDARY

These service nodes are provided in the Green Belt were proposed at the intersection of the four main access roads linking the township and the City area.

I N F R A S T R U C T U R E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

Average rainfall of around 120 cm/annum In spite of such a good amount of rainfall, the water situation in the region is not satisfactory because, 1. excessive runoff, 2. Limited surface storage 3. Inadequate knowledge of aquifer storage areas 4. Evaporation losses There is adequate potential for groundwater supply of good-quality potable water Can be get from tube wells and open well. Runoff itself when harvested is estimated between 7.70 million cu.m and 2.84 million cu.m giving an average of 5.28 million cu.m.

I N F R A S T R U C T U R E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
Demand for drinking water for Auroville will depend on population and level of supply.
At litres per capita per day Population 15,000 1st Phase Annual need 50,000 (ultimate) Annual Need 1.278 mcum 1.825 mcum 3.650 mcum 0.383 mcum 3.5 mld 0.547 mcum 5.0 mld 1.094 mcum 10 mld 70* 1.05 mld 100@ 1.5 mld 200# 3.0 mld

* No Underground Sewerage @ Partial Underground Sewerage # Includes supply for gardens and industries.

I N F R A S T R U C T U R E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

Each of the principal zones will be supplied from local tube wells located in the particular zone itself or in the Green Belt adjoining the zone.

1. Auroville has been experimenting with septic tanks, Imhoff tanks. 2. Restricted only for the Industrial and Residential Zones to avoid contamination of groundwater. 3. The approach to sanitation will be through the use of a variety of night soil disposal methods

1. A storm water drainage system will be provided to fully support the "zero runoff" concept. 2. In addition, Auroville is exploring rooftop water harvesting. 3. Collecting the excess runoff within the Green Belt and pumping it out to a central lake that is to be created.

I N F R A S T R U C T U R E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

Efficient collection and recycling of both organic and non-organic wastes. Incinerable wastes are burnt at 800C in a two-chambered LPG-fuelled incinerator solid waste management will include: 1. Finding practical and ecological packing alternatives to reduce nondegradable wastes. 2. Sorting wastes at source into 5 or 6 streams - paper, plastic, metal, glass, organic, batteries, etc. 3. Converting recyclable wastes into useful products. This would include conversion of compostable material to soil enrichers. 4. Using building debris as road / building material. 5. Using incinerable wastes to generate electricity. 6. Scientific and safe disposal of bio-medical and hazardous wastes.

I N F R A S T R U C T U R E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
1. Initiate and promote the "zero-garbage" concept to the maximum. 2. Hence no dumping or sanitary landfill and Transportation of solid waste for disposal will also be minimal.

1. Auroville has been experimenting from the beginning with the use of renewable energy sources such as sun and wind 2. Auroville's vision is to become energy independent and self-sufficient, with all its energy requirements met from renewable sources. 150 houses use solar photovoltaic electricity 140 solar water pumping systems and 30 wind pumps are in operation Specially designed ferro-cement biogas systems to produce methane gas for cooking and organic fertilizer.

I N F R A S T R U C T U R E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN Solar Energy Bowl

AUROVILLE

Generates enough energy to cook meals for about 1,000 persons a day for the Auroville community.

I N F R A S T R U C T U R E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE Solar Photovoltaic


1. Solar photovoltaics will serve as the main energy source, backed up by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board. 2. Solar panels will be installed on the rooftops.

S O C I A L I N F R A S T R U C T U R E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
The social infrastructure in Auroville will consist of two distinct parts

For residential population


Cluster or community level, serving a population of 250 persons.

And other facilities needed for city


Large number of visitors from abroad as well as from within the country, who come to experience both spiritual and material experiments and progress. Such facilities will consist of guesthouses, restaurants, information centres and other amenities required by tourists.

Sector level, serving a population of 1,000 persons.

Neighbourhood level, serving a population of 5,000 persons

City/District level, initially serving a population of 15,000 persons with target of 50,000 persons.

S O C I A L I N F R A S T R U C T U R E

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
Infrastructure Health Education Public & Semi-public Shopping & Commercial Recreation including open spaces & parks and playgrounds Roads including cycle tracks and footpaths Total Extent in ha. 3 7 8 5 17 30 70

Social infra in residential zone For population - 15000

Social infra for visitors

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

DEVELOPMENT MODELS FOR BUILT SPACE

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

D E V E L O P M E N T

AUROVILLE
Auroville has been developing new and innovative models of planning, building design and built-up spaces. This is evident not only in the use of materials and construction technologies, but also in the introduction of new principles of waste treatment, water harvesting, energy development and other fields. Such as. 1. Solar kitchen and plaza kitchen plaza for resident located at residential crown

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

D E V E L O P M E N T

AUROVILLE
2. CREATIVITY HOUSING PROJECTS

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

D E V E L O P M E N T

AUROVILLE
2. LINE OF FORCE : PROGRESS 1. Collective building of medium density, to be constructed shortly in sector II of the Residential Zone 2. It is composed of 7 interconnected modules shaped as one of the lines of force of a galaxy 3. HEIGHT OF MODULES VARIES FROM - ground + 1 floor to ground +6 floors 4. The whole project is a research in medium-density housing, combining architecture and art, eco-friendly construction materials and techniques, ecological systems for water, energy and landscaping. 5. It will provide accommodation for about 350 people. 6. Modules with pillared supports at ground level to allow air movement. 7. Progress' will contain facilities to promote a more communal lifestyle. 8. There will be different types of apartments, varying in size, facilities and finishing.

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
3. SERVICE NODE

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

1. The implementation of the Master Plan (Perspective: 2025) for Auroville requires a more structured organizational set-up than hitherto available. 2. he Planning Group will be responsible for the preparation of the Five Year detailed Development Plans 3. The implementation and monitoring of the projects will continue to be the responsibility of the concerned AV group through their project leaders. 4. 3 important aspect in implementation of plan 1. relates to the provision of main access ways to the township 2. relates to securing the lands that are not under the ownership of Auroville for developments proposed in the Master Plan. 3. Is the development of villages within the designated area of Auroville as well as those in its 'bio-region'. 5. Planning group provides for an independent Division which will be involved in implementation work.

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

D E V E L O P M E N T

AUROVILLE

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

REVIEWING THE MASTER PLAN

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

D E V E L O P M E N T

AUROVILLE

Although the Master Plan (Perspective: 2025) indicates a time horizon of 25 years, it will neither be traditional, nor static and rigid. Planning Group - prepare a detailed Five Year Development Plan containing the priority items to be taken up for development 1. Second-phase detailed development plan would then be prepared on the basis of the feedback obtained from the field/monitoring 2. Further detailed development plans for subsequent five-year periods. Planning Group and the Implementation and Monitoring Group 1. Will assemble the necessary data required for such a review. 2. The review process will be the same as the process followed for the preparation of the Perspective Plan, and the results will be approved by the Governing Board in consultation with the supervisory Ministry, namely the HRD Ministry of Government of India.

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE

C O N T E N T S

Part Three gives the development promotion regulations and the procedure to be adopted for development

D E V E L O P M E N T R E G U L A T I O N S

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

AUROVILLE
zoning and development promotion regulations : land uses (permissible /prohibited) maximum buildable area on all floors total floor area that can be covered on a site minimum size of site required for development freedom to try innovative developments meeting the basic parameters of the Master Plan Support from the concerned local bodies, i.e. the Panchayats becomes very important to the proper implementation of the Master Plan

State and Central government , Departments and Ministries such as Environment and Forest and Rural Development , international development organisations , UNESCO are assisting Auroville in various ways to promote a sustainable development that will benefit the country at large.

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN


D E V E L O P M E N T

AUROVILLE
written approval from the prescribed authority required to make any development Development proposals will be considered only if the development is: As per requirements of regulations As per building rules/regulations or National Building Code Effectively eco-friendly and environmentally appropriate as may be decided in each case. The prescribed authority, after considering feedback may: Approve proposal with modifications necessary

Return proposal for re-submission with additional particulars P R Refuse approval, giving reasons for such refusal O C ZONING REGULATIONS E D U R E