Sei sulla pagina 1di 68

The image cannot be displayed.

Your computer may not have enough memory to open the image, or the image may have been corrupted. Restart your computer, and then open the file again. If the red x still appears, you may have to delete the image and then insert it again.

Smirnoff

, , , , , ,

: , , ,

2,17

. , , 24

1 4 15 29 .

H H C H (CH3-CH2-OH)

H C H OH

Historical Development
 Beer
10,000 years ago accident from grain? 1100 AD guild formed devoted to brewing 1722 a nourishing drink for potters and laborers created called Potter

 Wine
8,000 years ago 5,000 years ago the vineyards 2,000 BC - Hammurabi ruler of Babylon sets rules for the sale and purchase of wine 1,500 BC Greek god of wine Dionysus / Bacchus

Production of Alcohol
Fermentation Sugar to Alcohol and Carbon dioxide C6H12O6 2(CH3-CH2-OH) + 2CO2

H H C H

H C H OH
ADH

H H C H C H

=O

(ADH Alcohol Dehydrogenase)

Metabolism II

H H C H
Acetaldehyde

H C H
=

ALDH

C H
Acetate

OH

(ALDH Acetaldehyde Dehydrogenase)

(F)

C2H6O

( 25C, P = 1 atm) , , , C2H5OH CH3CH2OH. . O C2H6O . , . . ,

,T=

. ( , .[1] ).

, , , . . .

. 9.000 ,

Al Cuhl

12

1.

2.

, CH3-CH2-OH). , , , ( spirit= ).

, :

. ( , 18 ( ). ).

( , ,

" ,

"). . .

: , ( ) . , .

, 1820

. .

. . , . , , .

&

, , . , . ,

, , .

: , , .

, .

, . C6H12O6 ( )+ ( ) + 2CO2 ( , = 2C2H5OH )

, , . , , . ,

6 . . . , , , , 1. . , , , , . .. , . , . , 3 , . . ,

1840, John Coakley Lettson. , . ,

1972

( . . .) ,

, , . . , ), . ,

. ( ( ( ). . . , , . . , , , . ( . , ) , , ) , , , , , ).

(Delirium Tremen)

. , . .

, , , , 1-3 , ,

, , .

12 . 16 . 18

4 ( ( ) )

, , , , , , ,

: 4

FAS:

4.000-12.000 : 4 4 Growth retardation

60 - 70% 65% 60% 50% 50% 47% 40% 22%

29 2011

Tiesto_-_March_16%2C_2007.jpg Cavo Paradiso, Dj Tiesto , , . , ,

.
. , .

( Winehouse, 14 2011[1]) , contralto ,

:Amy Jade 1983 - 23

, Rhythm n Blues .

23 2011 .

, , . .

25/4/2011

15

, .

. 15 .

( (

" )

")

: C6H12O6 ( C6H12O6 CH3CH2OH CO2 2 CH3CH2OH + 2 CO2 :118 kJ/mol) , (


)

, ! ( , ) ... ( ! ), ... ,

. 47 , .

. , .
http://archive.enet.gr/online/online_text/c=113,dt=09.08.2008,id=85779416