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PREPOSITIONS

PREPARED BY: KHAIRUNNISA BINTI NURDIN PISMP PK(BM)/PJ/ BI-SEM 3

jjDEFINITION OF PREPOSITION

The words that indicate location.

Show the location in the physical world.

Links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence.

PLACE TIME DIRECTION

TYPES OF PREPOSITION

PREPOSITION OF TIME

at
on

in

PREPOSITION OF TIME

We use at for specific times. For example:- I start work at 7.00 a.m. - I don't work at night.

We use on for specific days and dates . For example: - My birthday is on Monday. - We're having a party on 7th June.

We use in for nonspecific times during a day, a month, a season, or a year. For example: - In summer it's too hot to work. - I started this web site in 1999. - She woke up in the night.

PREPOSITION OF PLACE
Prepositions of place are used to clarify a specific place. For example: aboard - She is aboard the boat. above - The picture is above the sofa. across - My house is across the street. against - The desk is against the wall. around - My house is around the block.

PREPOSITION OF PLACE

between - We sit between the two boys. behind - The girls sit behind the two boys. below - The desk is below the window by - The books are by the door. in - I live in the big green and white house. inside - I live inside the big green house.

PREPOSITION OF DIRECTION

to into onto

PREPOSITION OF DIRECTION
Uses of "to": The preposition to is used as an ordinary preposition with verbs of communication such as listen, speak, relate (as in telling someone something), appeal (meaning 'pleading', not as in 'be attractive to') Betty began to speak on the microphone. Jonah started to listen to her, but his phone rang.

PREPOSITION OF DIRECTION
The preposition to is used as an ordinary preposition with verbs of movement such as move, go, transfer, walk, run, swim, ride, drive, fly, travel. Maryann needed to drive to the cabin. She had planned to fly there, but then changed her plans.

PREPOSITION OF DIRECTION
Uses of into: Remember that into shows completion of an action, in shows the position of the object as a result of an action. Connie put the vase into the sink. The vase is in the sink. Harriet threw her coat into the closet. Her coat is in the closet. The chef put the soup bones into the pot. The bones are in the pot.

PREPOSITION OF DIRECTION
Uses of onto: With verbs of motion, onto and on are usually interchangeable. Some motion verbs indicate that the subject causes itself or some other object to be located in a specific place. Some of these verbs can only be used with on. Others can be used with both on and onto. There are also times when the word "add" is used alone, or used with the word to.

PREPOSITION OF DIRECTION
Daniel bounced on/onto the floor. Peter climbed on/onto the fence. Heather threw her coat on/onto the bed. The birds scattered the seeds that had fallen on/onto the ground. I would like to have one more room added to/onto the house.

REFERENCE
Preposition. 6 April 2011. Taken from http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergram mar/preposit.html Preposition. 6 April 2011. Taken from http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergram mar/preposit.html Types of preposition. 6 April 2011. Taken from http://www.englishsoftware.org/articles/writebetter-english/prepositions-types-and-meaning/